Alcohol by zhangyun


									      Personal Safety and Protection- Day 1
Safety and Home and In Your Community-Day 2
             Outdoor Safety- Day 3
           Safety on the Road- Day 4
                 Review- Day 5
                   Test- Day 6
Personal Safety and Protection
Learning basic safety precautions can
help a person avoid threatening or
harmful situations.
personal safety
The key to personal safety is learning how to
recognize and avoid dangerous situations.

Teens are the victims of more violent crimes than
any other age group.
   Teens are more likely than children to go out at
    night, but they are less likely than adults to
    protect their personal safety.

               Personal safety
               The steps you take to prevent
               yourself from becoming the victim of
   About half of all violent crime occurs within
    one mile of a victim’s home, and many victims
    know their attackers.
   If you carry a cell phone, make sure it’s easy to get to.

   Call 911 if you need emergency services.

    Avoid walking alone at night or in isolated areas, such as
   alleys or parks.

   Stick to brightly lit, well-traveled streets.

   Walk briskly and confidently.
   Wear comfortable shoes so that you can move quickly.

    Carry your wallet or purse in a place that makes it difficult
   to grab.

    Avoid openly displaying expensive jewelry, electronics, or
   anything that would attract a thief.

    If you drive, park your car in a well-lit area and lock it.
    Before getting in, check the inside of the car.

    Never hitchhike or give a ride to anyone you do not know
   well.
    Keep in mind that even someone you’ve met before could
   be dangerous.

   Get on and off public transportation in busy, well-lit areas.

   Sit near the driver or with a group of people.

    Know the locations of nearby public places where you can
    seek help if you need it.

    Let your family know where you’re going and when you’ll
    be back. Call them if your plans change.
   One way that you can protect yourself from
    crime is to avoid the places where it is likely to

   Be aware of what’s happening around you,
    even when you are in familiar places.
   One self-defense strategy is to project a strong,
    confident image.

               Any strategy for protecting
               yourself from harm
       If you think you are being followed in a public place

Let the stalker                                 Seek help from
                       Try changing
know that you                                   someone nearby
                       directions or
are aware of                                    or enter a
                       crossing the
his or her                                      business that’s
presence.                                       open.
   If you are attacked or about to be attacked, do
    whatever is necessary to escape, such as
    running, yelling, or kicking.

   Shout “fire” instead of “help”—it’s more likely
    to get a response.
   Self-defense classes can
    boost your confidence
    and help you take
    charge of your own
                       physically protect

                       size up situation
Self-defense classes
can teach you how to

                       figure out what to do

                       catch your attacker off-
Teens need to protect themselves online.

The Internet is a useful resource, but it can also be a
dangerous place.
        Tips for Staying Safe Online

   Keep your identity private.

   Keep online relationships online.

   Don’t respond to inappropriate messages.

    Let your parents or guardians know what
   you’re doing online.
   About 40 percent of teens say they have
    experienced cyberbullying.

              Cruel or hurtful online
   Cyberbullies can be people you know or

   Cyberbullying can range from immature and
    annoying to threatening and scary.
    Tips for Coping with Cyberbullies

   Be careful how you communicate online.

   Follow Web site rules for postings.

   Be careful how you word your messages.

   Don’t respond to hurtful messages.
   Keep your identity private, and don’t agree to
    meet in person with someone you’ve met
   If you ever find yourself in
    an online conversation that
    makes you feel
    uncomfortable or
    threatened—for any
    reason—log off and let a
    trusted adult know about
    the incident.
After You Read
     Reviewing Facts and Vocabulary

  1. What steps can you take to protect yourself
     from an attack when entering or leaving a

    Park in a well-lit area, lock your car, check the
    car for intruders before getting in, and lock the
    doors as soon as you get in.
After You Read
     Reviewing Facts and Vocabulary

  2. Name two threats you may encounter on the

    Cyberbullying and Internet predators
After You Read
     Reviewing Facts and Vocabulary

  3. How can you avoid becoming the target of a

    Sample answer: Be careful how you
    communicate online.
Safety and Home and In Your
Reducing the potential for accidents
can help a person stay safe at home
and at work.
unintentional injuries
accident chain
fire extinguisher
smoke alarm
carbon monoxide
peer mediation
Many accidental injuries are preventable.
   Every year, more than 20 million children and
    teens require medical attention or face
    restricted activity due to unintentional

            Unintentional injuries
            Injuries resulting from an
            unexpected event
   You can prevent unintentional injuries by
    breaking the accident chain.

            Accident chain
            A sequence of events that leads to an
            unintentional injury
Breaking any of the links in this chain can
prevent the accident and the resulting injury.
Safety precautions can prevent injuries at home.

Accidents in the home are one of the top causes of
injury and death in the United States.
   Common types of household accidents include
    fires, falls, and poisonings.

   You can reduce the risk of these accidents by
    taking safety precautions.
   Common causes of household fires include
    burning candles and incense, smoking, kitchen
    fires, and faulty electrical wiring.
Fire Prevention Tips

 Keep matches, lighters, and candles away from children.

 Don’t leave burning candles unattended
 Make sure that smokers extinguish cigarettes completely, and that no
 one smokes in bed.

 Don’t leave cooking food unattended.
 Clean stoves and ovens to prevent grease buildup, which can
 catch fire.

 Follow the operating instructions for using space heaters.
   Keep an all-purpose fire extinguisher in your
    kitchen and make sure everyone in the house
    knows how to use it.

               Fire extinguisher
               A portable device for putting out
               small fires
   Every home should have a smoke alarm on
    each floor, near the kitchen and bedrooms.

               Smoke alarm
               A device that produces a loud warning
               noise in the presence of smoke
   Test your smoke alarm once a month, and
    change the batteries twice a year.
                      More Fire Tips
    Plan an escape route with an escape path from every room
   of your home.

    Designate a spot to meet up with your family after you
   get out.

    When you are escaping from a fire, stay close to the ground
   so that you can crawl under the smoke.

    If your clothes catch fire, stop, drop, and roll to put out the
   flames.
   Avoid overloading your electrical system.

   Unplug and don’t use appliances with worn wiring.

   Make sure extension cords are properly rated for their
    intended use and have polarized (three-prong) plugs.

   Do not run electrical cords under rugs or behind
   Don’t let furniture sit on cords.

   Don’t attach cords to walls using nails or staples.

   Avoid using an electrical appliance near water.

   Never reach into water to retrieve a dropped appliance
    without first unplugging it.
    In homes with small children, cover unused outlets with
   safety caps.
   On Stairs

            Keep stairways well lit, in good repair,
                      and free of clutter.

           Staircases should have sturdy handrails.

                 All stair coverings should be
                   securely fastened down.

                 Never put small rugs at the
                     foot of a staircase.
   In Bathrooms

              Put nonskid mats or strips in
                   the tub or shower.

                   Keep a night-light in
                     the bathroom.
   Windows

        If there are small children in the home, install
              window guards on the upper floors.

           Make sure the windows can be opened
               completely in case of a fire.
   In the Kitchen

               Keep the kitchen floor clean,
               and mop up spills promptly.

               Use a step stool to get things
                down from high places.
   In Living Areas

               Keep the floor clear of clutter.

             Use nonskid rugs or place nonskid
                     mats under rugs.

              Keep phone and electrical cords
                 out of the flow of traffic.
   Many common household items can be
    harmful or even fatal if swallowed.

   To prevent poisonings, store products safely
    and read and follow instructions on all labels.
   Setting up your
    correctly will
    reduce eyestrain,
    fatigue, headache,
    and injury.
   Adjust your position from time to time.

   Stretch your hands, arms, and body.

   Stand up and walk around for a few minutes every hour.

    Sit in a “neutral body position,” a comfortable posture in
   which your joints are naturally aligned.

   Blink your eyes to moisten them and reduce eyestrain.
   Children need to know that guns are
    dangerous and can kill people.

   Instruct them never to touch a gun and to leave
    the area and tell an adult if they find one.
   When handling a gun, always assume that it is loaded.

   Never point a gun at anyone.

   Add a trigger lock, and keep your finger off the trigger
    except when firing.

   Store guns unloaded and in a locked cabinet, separate
    from ammunition, and safe from children.
   Keep your doors and windows locked.

   If doors or windows are damaged, repair them promptly.

    Don’t hide a spare key outside the house. Instead, give a
   key to a neighbor you trust.

   Use a peephole to identify people who come to the door.

   Don’t open the door to a stranger.
   Never tell people that you’re home alone.

    Make sure your answering machine does not tell callers you
   are away from home.

    Don’t go in your home if you see something suspicious. Call
   the police or go to a neighbors house.
You can work with others to protect your safety at
school, at work, and in your community.

You have a right to be safe everywhere you go.
How Communities are Making Neighborhoods Safer

           Increased police presence

        Neighborhood Watch programs

             After-school programs

       Improved lighting in public areas
   What School Staff Can Do

               Develop security procedures.

              Put disciplinary policies in place
                   to deal with offenders.

              Adopt “zero-tolerance” policies.
   What Students Can Do

              Develop peer mediation programs
                   to help settle conflicts.
               Report crimes or other suspicious
                   activities to school staff.

                       Clean up graffiti.

                  Lead anti-violence groups.

           Get others involved in community service.
   What Parents Can Do

           Be aware of the conditions at the school.

                 Join parent-teacher groups.

                    Chaperone field trips.

                  Help out in the classroom.
   Each year, about 70,000 teen workers suffer
    injuries or illnesses serious enough to send
    them to a hospital emergency room.

   The federal government has enacted laws to
    protect the health of young workers.
   All employers must meet standards set by the
    Occupational Safety and Health
    Administration (OSHA).

      Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA)
      The agency within the federal government that is responsible for
      promoting safe and healthful conditions in the workplace
   Job Safety Tips

                 Be aware of the risks of jobs.

                  Follow safe work practices.

              Refuse to work in unsafe conditions.
After You Read
     Reviewing Facts and Vocabulary

  1. Define unintentional injuries.

     Injuries resulting from an unexpected event
After You Read
     Reviewing Facts and Vocabulary

  2. Identify two important pieces of fire safety

     Fire extinguishers and smoke alarms
After You Read
     Reviewing Facts and Vocabulary

  3. What are two steps you can take to prevent
     poisonings in your home?

    Store products safely, and pay attention to labels.
Outdoor Safety
Common sense and caution can
minimize the risk of accidental injuries
during outdoor activities.
personal flotation device (PFD)
Planning ahead can protect you from injury
during outdoor activities such as camping, hiking,
and winter sports.

The most important general rule for all outdoor
activities is to plan ahead. Here are some specific ways
to do just that:
                Know your limits.

Tell people                              Bring
your plans.
                 Outdoor                supplies.
              Recreation Tips

    Wear appropriate           Plan for the
       clothing.                weather.
                  Camp with a group.

 Respect the                           Stick to well-
                       Camping         marked trails.
                      and Hiking
        Take care              Be cautious
        with fires.          around wildlife.
   Wear warm, layered clothing to protect you
    from frostbite (skin and tissue damage) and
    hypothermia (dangerously low body
   Apply sunscreen with at least SPF 15 to all
    exposed skin.

   Make sure you have a buddy with you to help
    out in an emergency.
   Proper clothing and
    equipment are two
    of the keys to
    outdoor winter
   Sledding

         Make sure your equipment is in good condition.

          Choose gently sloped hills with plenty of space
         and a level area to come to a stop at the bottom.

               Don’t sled on or near frozen lakes,
                because the ice may not be solid.
   Ice Skating

                  Skate only in designated areas.

              Never skate where you don’t know
                   the thickness of the ice.

                  Wear skates that fit comfortably
                    and support your ankles.
   Skiing, Snowboarding, and Snowmobiling

             Wear an approved, properly fitting ski helmet.

     Make sure that your other equipment, such as your snowmobile,
               boots, and bindings, are in good condition.

               Stick to marked trails that are appropriate
                         for your level of ability.
   Skiing, Snowboarding, and Snowmobiling

                Look both ways and uphill before
                 crossing or merging onto a trail.

            When heading downhill, give the people
               ahead of you the right of way.

          If you need to stop, get to the side of the trail,
                    out of the path of others.
Following safety precautions can prevent drowning
and other water-related injuries.

Although most drowning incidents involve young
children, people of all age groups need to pay attention
to water safety guidelines.
   Know how to swim.

   Know your limits as a swimmer.

    If you’re just learning, stick to shallow areas where
   your feet can touch the bottom.

    If you are a strong swimmer, keep an eye on friends
   who aren’t as skilled as you are.
   Never swim alone.

    Swim only in designated areas where a lifeguard is
   present.

   Obey “No Swimming” and “No Diving” signs.

    Dive only into water that you know is deep enough.
   Make sure the person handling the boat is

   Never get into a boat with an operator who has
    been using alcohol or other drugs.
   Always wear a personal flotation device
    (PFD) when you go out in a boat.

               Personal flotation device (PFD)
               Life jacket
   Plan ahead and check weather reports. If a
    storm is predicted, do not go out onto the

   If you are already on the boat, head back to
    shore immediately.
   Make sure someone on land knows where you
    are and when you expect to be back.

   Because the water is likely to be cold, dress in
    layers and choose synthetic fabrics that will
    wick moisture away from your body.
   Know your limits when canoeing or kayaking
    and don’t attempt rivers or rapids that are
    beyond your abilities.

   Make sure you know how to handle a boat
    properly and recognize river hazards before
    heading out on the water.
   The same safety rules that apply to boating also
    apply to personal watercraft.

   In some states there is an age limit for
    operating personal watercraft devices or a test
    you have to pass before you can use one.
After You Read
     Reviewing Facts and Vocabulary

  1. Identify three strategies for preventing
     accidental injuries while hiking or camping.

     Sample answer: Take plenty of safe water with
     you. Plan for the weather. Wear appropriate
After You Read
     Reviewing Facts and Vocabulary

  2. List three general safety guidelines for
     participating in winter sports.

     Wear warm clothing, apply sunscreen, bring a
     friend along.
After You Read
     Reviewing Facts and Vocabulary

  3. What is the main safety rule for diving?

     Dive only into water that you know is deep
Safety on the Road
Drivers, pedestrians, and others on the
road need to follow rules to stay safe.
vehicular safety
graduated licensing
road rage
defensive driving
Paying attention and following the rules of the
road are the keys to safe driving.

Young drivers are more than twice as likely to be
involved in a vehicle crash as the rest of the
   Vehicular safety is an important issue for teens
    because motor vehicle crashes are the leading
    cause of death for people between the ages of
    15 and 20.

                Vehicular safety
                Obeying the rules of the road and exercising
                common sense and good judgment while
   The most important rule of driving safety is:
    Pay attention.

   According to the National Highway Traffic
    Safety Administration (NHTSA), at least 25
    percent of car crashes happen when a driver is
   Position the seat and mirrors, fasten your
    safety belt, and adjust the radio and
    temperature controls before starting the engine.
   Pay attention to other drivers. Be aware of the
    cars around you and how they’re moving.

   Make sure other drivers can see you by
    switching on your headlights at night and in
    bad weather.
      Reduce your speed if

the road is icy or wet.
heavy snow or rain is limiting your
a lane narrows.

there are sharp curves ahead.
there is construction or heavy
   Pay attention to your physical state. Never
    drive when you’re tired.

   Drowsiness can impair your reaction time and
    your judgment.
   Passengers must also take responsibility for
    their own safety.
       Avoid getting into a vehicle with an impaired driver.
       Avoid doing anything that might distract the
        driver’s attention.
   Young drivers may be more likely to get into
    an accident for these reasons.
     They lack driving experience and skills.
     They are more likely to underestimate the hazards of
      the road.
     They may take more risks.
   To help protect young drivers and others on
    the road, most states have graduated licensing

               Graduated licensing
               A system that gradually increases
               driving privileges over time
   Getting lessons from an experienced driver
    will help you improve your driving skills.
               Many graduated licensing
              programs have three stages.

   Learner           Provisional            Full
driver’s license   driver’s license    driver’s license
   Never try to retaliate against drivers who
    exhibit road rage behaviors, or the conflict
    could turn deadly.

                Road rage
                Responding to a driving incident with
        Examples of Road Rage

 Honking, shouting, gesturing, or flashing lights

      Chasing or tailgating another vehicle

 Cutting off another car or forcing it off the road

   Deliberately hitting or bumping another car

Threatening or physically attacking another driver
   Defensive driving will help you protect
    yourself from others.

               Defensive driving
               Being aware of potential hazards on
               the road and taking action to avoid
Everyone on the road shares a responsibility to
follow traffic laws.

You share the road with other motorists, pedestrians,
cyclists, and people on skates, scooters, or small motor
   When you’re driving, watch for other vehicles
    and pedestrians.

   When you’re on foot, on a bike, or skating, be
    aware of vehicles and follow the rules of the
   Always use the sidewalk.

    If there is no sidewalk, walk on the side of the road facing
   oncoming traffic.

    Before you cross a street, look left, then right, then left
   again.

   Cross only at marked crosswalks, or at a corner.

    Make sure the cars have seen you and stopped before you
   step into the street.
   Always wear a safety-approved helmet that fits properly.

   Follow the rules of the road, and obey traffic laws.

   Ride single file, and keep to the far right side of the road.

    Watch out for obstacles such as opening car doors, sewer
   gratings, soft shoulders, and cars pulling into traffic.
    Signal turns about half a block before reaching the
   intersection.
   Extend your left arm straight out to the side to signal a left
    Bend your left arm upward at the elbow to signal a right
   turn.

    Do not tailgate motor vehicles or ride closely behind a
   moving vehicle.
    Look left, right, and left again before riding into the stream
   of traffic.
    Wear bright colors in the daytime and reflective clothing at
   night. Place reflectors on the front and rear of your bike.
    Wear a helmet, knee and elbow pads, wrist guards, and
   gloves.

    If you’re a beginner, avoid skating in high traffic areas.

    Watch out for pedestrians, cyclists, and others on the
   road.
    Avoid skating in the street, and cross streets safely when
   you come to them.

    If you lose your balance, crouch down so that you won’t
   have as far to fall.

    Try to keep your body loose and roll, rather than
   absorbing the force of the fall with your arms, which can
    cause wrist injuries.
   Small motor vehicles include motorcycles,
    mopeds, and all-terrain vehicles.

   Motorcyclists must have a special license in
    addition to their driver’s license.
   According to the NHTSA, motorcyclists and
    passengers are 32 times more likely to die in a
    crash than automobile drivers and passengers.

   Head injuries cause the most deaths in
    motorcycle accidents.
   In 20 states, all motorcyclists and passengers
    must wear protective helmets.

   In another 27 states, motorcyclists and
    passengers under the age of 18 are required to
    wear a helmet.
   Wearing sturdy clothing that covers the arms
    and legs provides some protection.

   Passengers should avoid riding with a
    motorcyclist who is impaired by drug or
    alcohol use.
   All-terrain vehicle (ATV) are off-road vehicles
    used for recreation, as well as for work on
    farms and ranches.

   About 46 percent of all injuries and deaths
    from ATV use occur among children and teens
    under age 16.
   ATVs are intended for off-road use.
   Only one person should ride on an ATV at a time.

    Avoid using attachments that will reduce the stability and
   braking of the ATV.

   Wear appropriate gear when riding an ATV.
    Wear a DOT-approved helmet, eye protection, a
   long-sleeved shirt, long pants, gloves, and boots that cover
    your ankles.

   Avoid taking an ATV out on paved roads.

    Avoid ATV drivers who have been using alcohol or drugs.
After You Read
     Reviewing Facts and Vocabulary

  1. What is the most important rule of driving

    Pay attention to what you’re doing.
After You Read
     Reviewing Facts and Vocabulary

  2. Identify three behaviors associated with road

     Sample answer: Chasing another vehicle,
     tailgating, and forcing a car off the road
After You Read
     Reviewing Facts and Vocabulary

  3. What piece of safety equipment is required for
     both cycling and in-line skating?


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