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									                                     Freshman Master Vocab List
                             Do Not Lose this List!! (We will use this list all year.)


ab = away; from
ad = to; toward
ambi/amphi = both; around; about

1. abdicate: (v.) to give up something
2. abduct: (v.) to take away by force; to kidnap
3. abstain: (v.) to refrain from; to stay away from
4. adhere: (v.) to stick to
5. adjacent: (adj.) lying next to; nearby
6. advocate: (v.) to speak for; to support
7. ambidextrous: (adj.) able to use both hands with equal strength or skill
8. ambiguous: (adj.) lacking clearness; likely to be interpreted both ways or having multiple interpretations
9. ambivalent: (adj.) having mixed feelings
10. amphibious: (adj.) functional on both land and water


ante = before
anti = against
auto = self

11. antebellum: (adj.) before the war (usually referring to the Civil War)
12. antemeridian: (adj.) before noon
13. anterior: (adj.) placed in front; located forward
14. anticlimactic: (adj.) disappointing, especially in contrast with a previous rise; trivial or commonplace compared
to a series of significant events
15. antidote: (n.) a remedy that acts against a poison
16. antipathy: (n.) a hatred or dislike for something
17. antiseptic: (adj.) capable of killing germs
18. autobiography: (n.) a story of a person’s life which is written by himself or herself
19. autonomy: (n.) independence; self-government
20. autopsy: (n.) a medical examination to find the cause of death


bene = well; good
bi, di = two
cata = down
circum = around

1. benediction: (noun) a blessing
2. benefactor: (noun) one who does good for others
3. benevolent: (adj.) kind; good-hearted
4. benign: (adj.) not deadly
5. biannual: (adj.) occurring twice a year
6. bigamy: (noun) marriage to two people at the same time
7. bilingual: (adj.) containing, expressed in, or using two languages
8. bipartisan: (adj.) representing two political parties
9. catacomb: (noun) an underground burial place
10. circumspect: (adj.) cautious; careful (literally: looking around)


Prefixes:         circum = around
                 co, com, con = together; with
                 contra = against; opposite
                 deca = ten
1. circumvent: (v.) to go around; to defeat by trickery
2. coherent: (adj.) logically connected with the subject
3. concurrent: (adj.) existing or happening at the same time
4. congenital: (adj.) existing at birth (literally: born with)
5. convene: (v.) to meet together as a group; to assemble
6. contraband: (noun) goods or merchandise which are against the law
7. contradict: (v.) to say the opposite; to oppose in words
8. decade: (noun) a time period made up of ten years
9. decathlon: (noun) an athletic contest made up of ten different events
10. dichotomy: (noun) a division into two parts


Prefixes: de = away; down
          dia = across
          dis, div = not; apart; separation; away

1. degenerate: (noun) one who drifts away from the norm physically, mentally or morally
2. delete: (verb – t.) to erase; to leave out (literally: to take away)
3. demented: (adjective) out of (down from) one’s mind; insane; deranged
4. denounce: (verb – t.) to put down; to criticize; to accuse
5. depreciate: (verb – t.) to go down in price or value
6. diagonal: (adjective) running across from corner to corner
7. discrepancy: (noun) something that is not consistent; difference
8. disgruntled: (adjective) not in good humor; grouchy
9. dispassionate: (adjective) calm; composed (literally: not showing emotion)
10. dispatch: (verb – t.) to send away hastily on special business


Prefixes: dis, div = not; apart; separation; away
          em = out of; from
          en = in

1. disperse: (verb – t.) to drive away; to scatter
2. dissect: (verb – t.) to separate into parts, especially for study or analysis
3. dissent: (verb – i.) not to agree; to differ in opinion
4. dissuade: (verb – t.) to advise not to do something
5. divulge: (verb – t.) to reveal something that was secret
6. emigrant: (noun) a person who leaves a place to settle elsewhere
7. eminent: (adjective) standing out above others; superior
8. emit: (verb – t.) to give off or out
9. encroach: (verb – i.) to trespass gradually on the rights or possessions of others
10. entice: (verb – t.) to tempt; to lure in


Prefixes:       ex: out of; from
                extra: outside; beyond
                fore: before; in front of
                hetero: different
                homo: same

1. exalt: (verb-t.) to raise in rank, power, or dignity
2. excerpt: (noun) a passage selected from a book or other literary work
3. excise: (verb-t.) to cut out
4. exonerate: (verb-t.) to free from blame
5. extrasensory: (adjective) outside the five senses
6. extraterrestrial: (adjective) from beyond the earth
7. forebear: (noun) a relative who came before you; ancestor
8. foreshadow: (verb-t.) to indicate beforehand; to give hints of things to come
9. heterogeneous: (adjective) dissimilar; of different kinds
10. homogeneous: (adjective) of the same kind


Prefixes:hyper: over; above
        hypo: under
        in: in; into

11.   hyperbole: (noun) an overly exaggerated statement
12.   hypercritical: (adjective) overly harsh in judgment
13.   hypertension: (noun) blood pressure above normal
14.   hypodermic: (adjective) under the skin
15.   hypochondriac: (noun) one who has abnormal anxiety about one’s health
16.   hypocrite: (noun) one who pretends to be better than he or she is
17.   incarcerate: (verb-t.) to put into prison
18.   induct: (verb-t.) to bring in, usually to a group, army, or club
19.   influx: (noun) the act of flowing into
20.   innate: (adjective) inborn; belonging to the mind or body by nature


Prefixes: im, in= not
          Inter = between; together

1. immaculate: (adjective) not soiled; absolutely clean
2. impartial: (adjective) not favoring one more than another; unbiased
3. imperceptible: (adjective) not noticeable by the senses
4. impudent: (adjective) not modest; bold; not ashamed
5. inanimate: (adjective) not having life; lifeless
6. incessant: (adjective) not ceasing; continual
7. incorrigible: (adjective) not correctable
8. inept: (adjective) not suited; not competent
9. insatiable: (adjective) not easily satisfied; greedy
10. intercede: (verb-i.) to act between two parties to reconcile differences


        inter: between; together
        intra: within
        intro: inside

1. interlude: (noun) a temporary pause or lull between activities
2. intermingle: (verb-t. or i.) to mix together
3. interracial: (adjective): bringing together of unlike races
4. interstate: (adjective) between states
5. intertwine: (verb-t. or i.) to become twisted together
6. intramural: (adjective) existing within the limits of an institution
7. intrastate: (adjective) within a state
8. intravenous: (adjective) occurring within a vein
9. introspective: (adjective) capable of looking into one’s self to examine one’s thoughts or feelings
10. introvert: (noun) one who withdraws into himself; one who is shy or reserved


Prefixes: mal = bad; evil
          mis = bad; wrong

      1. malignant: (adj.) having an evil influence; tending to cause death
      2. malevolent: (adj.) wishing evil; hateful
      3. malady: (noun) anything bad happening to the human body; illness
    4.  malign: (verb – t.) to speak badly of someone; to slander
    5.  malingerer: (noun) one who fakes illness to escape duty
    6.  malediction: (noun) a proclaiming of evil on someone; curse
    7.  misanthrope: (noun) one who hates mankind
    8.  misdemeanor: (noun) bad behavior; minor crime
    9.  misnomer: (noun) an error in naming a person or place; a name wrongly or unsuitably applied to a person
        or object
    10. misogamy: (noun) the belief that marriage is bad


Prefixes:    mono = one
            non = not
            per = through

    11.   monogamy: (noun) marriage to one person at a time
    12.   monologue: (noun) a long speech given by one person
    13.   monopoly: (noun) control of the market by one
    14.   monotheism: (noun) belief in one god
    15.   monotonous: (adj.) using one tone without any variation and therefore tiresome
    16.   nonconformist: (noun) one who does not follow the crowd
    17.   nonentity: (noun) nonexistence; a person of no importance
    18.   perforate: (verb – t.) to make holes through
    19.   perceptible: (adj.) that which can be detected or perceived through the senses
    20.   pervade: (verb – i. or t.) to spread through; to permeate; to be present throughout


Prefixes: proto   =   first
        quasi     =   as if, seemingly; approximately
        quint     =   five
        retro     =   backward
        semi      =   half

    1. protocol: (noun) the first of a legal document; diplomatic or military etiquette
    2. prototype: (noun) original work used as a model by others
    3. quasi: (adjective or adverb) as if, seemingly but not absolutely (as in quasi-judicial, quasi-official, quasi-
    4. quintessential: (adjective) of the highest or purest form (literally of the fifth or highest essence)
    5. quintet: (noun) musical composition for five voices or instruments or the five performers of this
    6. retroactive: (adjective) to be applied backwards; applicable to the past
    7. retrograde: (verb - i.) to move back; to fall back to a worse condition
    8. retrospect: (noun) a backwards look; contemplation of the past
    9. semiannual: (adjective) occurring every half year
    10. semiconscious: (adjective) not completely aware; half-awake and half-aware


                  sub       = under; below
                  super     = over; above

    11.   subconscious: (adjective) beneath one’s awareness or knowledge
    12.   subdue: (verb - t.) to bring under control
    13.   subordinate: (adjective) below another in rank or importance
    14.   subsequent: (adjective) following in time or order
    15.   subservient: (adjective) acting as if one is under someone’s orders; acting like a servant
    16.   subsidy: (noun) direct financial aid by the government (literally that which is placed beneath as a support)

    17. supercilious: (adjective) excessively proud or arrogant; acting as if others were inferior
    18. superficial: (adjective) on the surface; shallow (literally over the face of)
    19. superfluous: (adjective) over or above what is needed; extra
   20. supersonic: (adjective) above the speed of sound


Root words:
                  aero = air
                  agog = leader
                  anni, anno, enni = year
                  aqua = water
                  amat, amor = love
                  arch= rule; first
                  andro, anthro = man, human

   1.   aerial: (adjective) pertaining to air
   2.   aerodynamics: (adjective) the field of designing an object so that air flows efficiently around it
   3.   demagogue: (noun) a person who appeals to people’s prejudice; fake leader of people
   4.   pedagogue: (noun) teacher; dull and formal teacher
   5.   amateur: (noun) one who cultivates any study or art for the love of it and not for professional gain
        6. amorous: (adjective) in love
        7. enamor: (verb – t.) to be enflamed with love; charm; captivate (usually followed by of or with)
        8. paramour: (noun) an illicit lover
        9. android: (noun) a robot resembling a human
        10. anthropology: (noun) the study of the characteristics and customs of mankind


Root words:
                  aero = air
                  agog = leader
                  anni, anno, enni = year
                  aqua = water
                  amat, amor = love
                  arch= rule; first
                  andro, anthro = man, human

        11.   anno Domini: (adjective) in the year of our Lord
        12.   annuity: (noun) yearly allowance
        13.   perennial: (adjective) lasting throughout the year
        14.   aquatic: (adjective) pertaining to water
        15.   aqueduct: (noun) an artificial channel for carrying water
        16.   anarchy: (noun) absence of a governing body; state of disorder
        17.   archaeology: (noun) the study of the artifacts and relics of early mankind
        18.   archetype: (noun) a model or first form; prototype
        19.   archives: (noun) public records; place where public records are kept
        20.   autarchy: (noun) rule by one having absolute power

Vocabulary #17

        Root Words:       cide = kill
                          clud, clus = shut
                          cognit = knowledge
                          corp = body
                          cracy = government
                          cur, curs = run

   1.   fratricide: (noun) the act of killing one’s brother
   2.   infanticide: (noun) the act of killing an infant
   3.   regicide: (noun) the act of killing a king or queen
   4.   sororicide: (noun) the act of killing one’s sister
   5.   tyrannicide: (noun) the act of killing a tyrant
   6.   recluse: (noun) a person who lives alone away from others; a hermit
   7.   seclusion: (noun) the act of shutting off from others; isolation
   8.   agnostic: (noun) one who believes that it is impossible to know whether God exists
  9. cogitate: (verb) to think deeply about something; to ponder
  10. cognition: (noun) the act of coming to know or the act of knowing; knowledge


        Root Words:    cide = kill
                       clud, clus = shut
                       cognit = knowledge
                       corp = body
                       cracy = government
                       cur, curs = run

  11.   incognito: (adj. or adv.) with identity concealed; using an assumed name
  12.   corporal: (adj.) bodily
  13.   corpulent: (adj.) bulky; obese; very fat
  14.   corpus delecti: (noun) facts proving that a crime has been committed (literally, “body of the crime”)
  15.   aristocracy: (noun) government by the nobility or privileged class
  16.   plutocracy: (noun) government by the wealthy
  17.   concur: (verb) to agree; to be of the same opinion (literally, “to run together”)
  18.   courier: (noun) a messenger who usually carries urgent messages in haste
  19.   cursory: (adj.) running over hastily; superficially done
  20.   precursor: (noun) forerunner; something that comes before


  Root words:          cred = believe
                       dict = say
                       doc = teach
                       dox = opinion
                       duct = lead
                       eu = well, good

  1.    credential: (noun) a document, letter, or reference which inspires trust
  2.    credence: (noun) belief
  3.    creed: (noun) summary of beliefs or principles believed in
  4.    incredulous: (adj.) not willing or able to believe; doubting
  5.    edict: (noun) a public order; decree
  6.    indict: (verb – t.) to charge with a crime
  7.    docile: (adj.) easily managed; teachable
  8.    indoctrinate: (verb – t.) to teach a belief to
  9.    heterodox: (adj.) rejecting accepted beliefs or opinions; heretical
  10.   orthodox: (adj.) conforming to the accepted beliefs and opinions; conventional


Root words:     cred = believe
                dict = say
                doc = teach
                dox = opinion
                duct = lead
                eu = well, good

  11.   paradox: (noun) self-contradictory statement, which may nevertheless be true
  12.   conducive: (adj.) tending to lead to; helpful; contributive
  13.   deduction: (noun) reasoning that leads from the general to the particular
  14.   induce: (verb – t.) to lead on; to move by persuasion or influence
  15.   viaduct: (noun) bridge for carrying a railroad or road over a valley or river
  16.   euphemism: (noun) substitution of a pleasant expression for an unpleasant one
  17.   eulogize: (verb – t.) to praise
  18.   euphonious: (adj.) pleasant sounding
  19.   euphoria: (noun) sense of well-being
    20. euthanasia: (noun) mercy-killing


Root Words:     labor: work
                leg, lex: read, word
                loqu: speak
                luc, lumen: light
                macro: large
                magni, mega: great, mighty
                mater: mother
                mar: sea
                micro: small

1. collaborate: (verb-t.) to work together with others
2. elaborate: (adj.) worked out with great detail
3. laborious: (adj.) difficult; requiring hard work
4. dyslexia: (noun) impairment of the ability to read
5. illegible: (adj.) not able to be read
6. lexicon: (noun) the particular vocabulary associated with a profession, activity, or field of interest
7. colloquial: (adj.) used in everyday speech
8. elocution: (noun) art of speaking or reading effectively in public
9. loquacious: (adj.) talkative
10. lucid: (adj.) easily understood, clear, or intelligible


Root Words:     labor: work
                leg, lex: read, word
                loqu: speak
                luc, lumen: light
                macro: large
                magni, mega: great, mighty
                mater: mother
                mar: sea
                micro: small

11. luminous: (adj.) radiating or reflecting light
12. macrocosm: (noun) a large world; universe
13. magnanimous: (adj.) noble; honorable
14. magnitude: (noun) greatness; large size
15. megalomania: (noun) delusions of grandeur; a form of mental illness which makes one feel greatly superior to
16. maternal: (adj.) of or like a mother
17. matricide: (noun) the act of killing one’s mother
18. mariner: (noun) sailor
19. maritime: (adj.) pertaining to the sea; bordering on the sea; living near the sea
20. microcosm: (noun) a small world

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