N OI T A V R E S N O by wulinqing

VIEWS: 16 PAGES: 42

									                                           CO NSE RVATION
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PU RPOSE

        T h i s elem ent de s cribe s the br ead t h o f natura l a nd cult ura l resou rce s prese n t i n
        A ma d or C ount y , w hi ch contr ib ute to i t s rural c haracter and eco no m i c diver s ity.
        T he purpose of t he Con servation E le m ent i s to ide nti f y the C ou nty’s m p o r t ant                i
        r es ou rce s—in cl udi ng w ater, energ y , agricu lture and agr icu ltura l land s , timb er ,
                             c                                                 r
        m i n e r a l re s our e s ,h i s t o r i c a n dc u l t u r a l re s ou c e s , a nd c l e a n ai r—an de s t a b l i s h a
        f r amew or k f o r the i r conserva t ion a nd jud iciou s use.

SCOPE AND CONTENT

         The Conse rva tio n Elem en t in cl ud e s the f o llowing se c ti on s:

          W a t er, incl u ding a desc ription of the cou nty’s w ater bodie s , source of water
           suppl y , a nd wa ter ri gh t s , as w ell as i ssues reg arding wa ter q ua l i ty.

          E nergyR e s oruc e s. Th is s e c t ion brie f ly de s cribes energ y pr o duct ion i n th e
            Co un t y , i n cluding h yd r oel ec t r i c da ms a nd renewable a n d loca lly a vailable
                     y
           e n e r g r e s o u r c es .

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          A g r i clu u r a L a n ds. T h is s ect i o np r o v ide s a no v e r v iew of g r i c u l t u r ar e s o u r c es
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            and e x i s ting conse rva ti one f f o r t s , in cludin g de s cri ption s o f Sta te-de signated
            Far m lan d s a nd Williams on A c t prope r ties.

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          H i s t o r i c a l a nd Cu u r aR e s o u rce s. This sec tion present s the co unt y’s kn o w n
               c u ltural resour ces , incl u ding prehistor ic si t e ssign ificant a nd uniq ue native
Ame ric an h i stori c sites, g old-mi ning s ites , and other
               historic sites th at tell the co u nty’s story.

            MLTP Comment: “prehistoric sites” is too open ended. This shouldn’t
include every fossil or dinosaur bone. Neither should it include every Native American
campsite or grinding stone.

              Air Q uality an d Clim ate Change. Thi s s e c ti on su mmar ize s po ten tial e ffe c t s o f
               air pollut an t s on cou n ty r e siden t s , res ou rce s , a nd b usinesse s. It also
                    r                                   l
               d es c i b es ca uses and e ffec t s o f ci m a te ch ang e.

                             o
               Mineral Res urces. This section presents the County’s known mineral
               r es ou rce s and the i r loca tions.

                    R         r
          T i m b er e s o uc e s. T h iss e c t i o n p r o vid es a no v e r v i e w o ft i m b e r r es u r c e s a n d
                                                                                                          o
             o p eration s in t h e cou n ty.

                                    o a
          R e lated Pla ns and Pr gr ms. T h i s s e c t ion p r o v ide s ano v e r v i e w of p l a n s a n d
           l e g islation related to t he to p i cs covered in t h i s element.
AMADOR COUNTY GENERAL PLAN
           C- 1
C ONSER VATION
Prelimin ary Draft



              Iss ues, Goals, and Polici es. This section identifies natural and cultural
                                  r
               r es ou rce co ns e v a ti on planning iss ues in th e c o un t y. It a lso descri bes
               cou ntyw ide co nserv a ti on g oa l s a nd poli cie s.

         T he Conser v at ion E leme nt is on e of t he sev en m a ndated g ene ral pl an e leme nts
          re quired by the Cali f orni a G ov ernmen t Co de Se c ti on 65 300.
         T he infor matio n
         f ound in this element i s su ppo rted by bac kground infor mation pres ented in the
               i                                       E
          En vr o nme nt al I mpa ct Rep or t ( I R) ac o m p anying t heG e n er al Pl an. Ple as e ref er to
         t h e E I R fo r data a nd ma ps d e scribi ng c urren t co nd ition s wh ich are subje c t t o
                                                       G
        c h a n g eo v e r t h e l i f e tim e o f th e e n e r a l P l an.

         MLTP Comment: Referencing an EIR that hasn’t been written yet as a source
         for supporting this element raises the question of control. This document
         should control the EIR, not the other way around.

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         T h e o n s e r v a t i o nE l e m e nti n c l u d e s a d is c s s i o n of wat e r , a n d g o a ls a n dp o l i c i e s
         relate d to water s up pl y and w ater q ua lit y protec ti on. T h i s porti on of th e element
         w as prepare d to inclu d e inp ut from th e Cou nt y ’ s w ater prov i der s , includ in g the
         A ma d or Water Age nc y.

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       D e v e l o p m e nt o f t h e L a n d U s e D i a g r am (F igu r e LU-1) e s i g n a t e s a n d s i n p u bl ic
                                                                      e
         ow ne rship fo r Open-Fores t , Ope n-Wildern s s , o r Ag r icu ltural-G e nera l use s.
         The s e de signation s allow for c o n ti nued s t ew ar dship of n atura l resource s o n thes e
         publi c lands.

WATER SUPPLY AND WATER QUALITY PROTECTION

                        l                                                                    o
        T h e M o keu m ne and C osumnes Rivers are the lar ges t rivers i n the c u n ty. E ach is a
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         t r ibu tar y t o the Sa n Joa quin R ive r. Other si gn i f ica n t ri e r s a nd s tream s in cl ud e :
                     r        c       r                  i      r             n         r
         Sutte r C e ek, Ja k so n C e ek, Dry Creek , T g er C e ek, Pa t h er C e ek,B e ar Rive r , and
         Cole C re ek. Fi gur e C-1 s h ows the lo cation s of major water b odie s in the c o unty.
         Amador County lies primarily within the Upper Mokelumne and the Upper
         Cosu mn es w atershed s. The far northeastern portion of the County (around
         K irkw ood) is i n the South For k American R iver watershed. Snowmel t a nd rai n fall are
         tra nspo rted d o w nstre am through these watersh eds via rivers and their tributaries.

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         S v e ra l w ater sto a ge reservo ir s a re used to g ene rate p o w er and su pp ly wate r
         alo ng co unty rivers a nd s treams , a l t h ough mu ch of the p o wer a nd water is use d
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         o ut s id e of Ama d or Cou nty. T he Mokelumne R iver fo w s i nto P a rdee Reservo i r an d
         su bsequently, C ama nch e R ese rvoir. Both reservoirs are located along the
                                                                   a
         southwestern boundary of Amador County. P r d ee Rese rvo ir se rves as t he
         prim a r y water s u p p l y for the E a s t B a y Municipal Utili ty Dis tri c t (EBMUD). T he
                             u                                                                 e
         Pa r dee P o w erho s e is locat ed at the base o f t he dam.C a m a nche Res r v o i r is
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         l ocated do wns t ream of Pa rdee Reservoir , on the Mokeu m ne R iver. T h is r es ervoir
         i s operated jointly with Pardee Reser voir stori ng water for ir rigation a nd s tream-
         flow regulation, providing flood protection, and storing water to meet the
         demands of downstream water rights holders. The r ese rvo i r a lso provides
s ig nifi ca nt recre ati on o pportu ni ties.



                         AMADOR COUNTY GENERAL PLAN
                                    C- 2
Figure C-1: Amador County Water Bodies
                                                                                              CO NSE RVAT ION
                                                                                                   Preliminary Draft


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          L a k e A mad or, a l so k n o wn a s J a cks on V a l l e y R s e rvo i r , i s a n imo u n d m e nt on
             c                             t               c
          Ja k so n C reek l oca t ed so uh w est of Ja k so n. Lake Amad or s erves as an irri ga tion
          wat er su pp ly f o r the Jac kson Va l ley a rea a nd is managed b y the Jackso n Va l ley
          Irrigation District. J ack s on C r e e k f l o w s o ut o f L a keA m a d o r a n de v e n t u a l l y i nto
                 r
          D r y C e ek .

             a                                                        r
          I n d d i t i o n, the B ear R iver R ese rvo ir, S a l t Sp i n gs R ese rvo i r , a nd S i lve r L ake are
          used to store w ater for a c omb i nation of d omestic use, i rrigati on, a nd p ower
         g e n e r ation.

Wate r Suppl y
          Th e A ma d or Water Age ncy (AWA) i s th e larg es t do mes ti c w ater pur vey o r in
          A ma d or Count y. Through t he A ma dor Water Syste m , wh ich wa s a c q u ired by
                             a
          AWA fro m P c i f i c Ga s and Elec t r i c Co mpan y ( PG&E ) in 19 85, AWA p ro vides
          r eta i l tr ea ted w ate r se rvic e t o S u t t e r Cree k , Ione , Amad or C i t y and surro unding
          ar ea s , wholesal e tre ated wa ter t o t he citie s o f Ja c kson an d Plymou t h , and t o the
          C om m uni t y of Dr y to w n, a n d u ntre at ed w ater ser vi ce to pro p erti e s alo n g the
         A m a d o r C a n a l. Th e water s u pply for the A ma dor Water Sys t e m i s furn ishe d by
                                                                   h
          PG& E pursu ant to a 1 985 agre eme nt w e r e b y AW A i s entitled to a supply of
          15, 0 00 a cre-fe et of wat e r a nnu a lly. PG&E holds the water rig hts to such supply
         w h ich comes f rom th e Mokelum ne R ive r. The wat e r right s have a p riori t y dating
          back to the 1 8 50s.

          A W A o w ns a n d operates th e C e ntral Ama d or Wat e r P rojec t, w hich provides
          w holesale a nd ret ail tre ated w ater servic e to 10 co mmu n i ties in the ce ntr a l
          portion of the County. T he C entra l Am a dor Wate r Projec t water su pply is
          aut h o riz ed pur suant to a water right perm i t issued b y t he State Water R esour ces
          C ontrol Board in 19 79 a u t horizing the an nua l diversion of 1, 1 50 acr e-f eet of
          North For k Mokelumn e Ri ver water , w ith stora ge of 1,60 0 a cre-feet. AW A uses
          P G& E fa c ili t ies f o r the di ver s ion an d stora ge o f the No rth For k Mokelumne River
          w ater pur suant to a n agre eme nt b etween the p ar ties i n i tially enter ed into in
          1 9 75. The C entral A ma dor Water P roject water right s have a 1 92 7 priori t y. AWA
                                                d
          a lso ope rates seve ra l groun w ater wells serv in g Lake C amanche V i llage a nd La
          Mel H eig ht s , b ut gro u n dw a ter makes up onl y a s mall p or tio n ( ab o ut 2 p erce nt) of
          s u pply.

          O th er retail w at e r p urveyo r s in th e Cou nt y include th e c ities of P l y m outh an d
          J a c ks on , the comm un i t y o f D r y tow n , and the Ri ver P ine s a nd Kir kwo od M ead ows
          Pu blic Utility Districts.

          Grou n d water fr om individ ual well s r e p r esents a m ajorthe o n l y wat e r source for
m any i ndiv i dua l resi den c e s in th e c o unty.
                                                    o
          In mos t of A mado r Co unty, gr u n d water-b earing u n i t s an d a q u i f e r s a re p oorly
        d e f i n ed. Th e ma j o r ity of available groun d water i s tra n sient and fo u nd in fr a cture d
                           c                                                    a                  u
         r ock. T h i s f ra t u r e d b e droc k a q u i f e r has n o t bee n d e q u a t e l y st d i ed, a n d no
         i n forma ti on is ava il able concernin g the c apac i t y of t h e aqu ifer. T h e C os m nes     u


              AMADOR COUNTY GENERAL PLAN
C- 5
C ONSER VATION
Prelimin ary Draft



         Gr oun dw ate r Sub ba sin under lie s southwe s te rn Am ador Co un t y. T h e C osum nes
         S u b basin is in ove r draft; in other word s , more water is leaving t he gro und wat er
         b as in tha n e nter ing i t.

         T y p ica l gr o undw ate r inflo w sou rce s in cl ud e:

               n atura l recharge fro m pr e cip ita tio n;

              r
               e c h a rg e fro m surface wat erc h a nn e ls;

           intentional recharge via ponds, ditches, and injection wells and other
                                                     a
          g r o u n d w a t e r r e c h a r g e pro gr m s ;

               r echarg e fr om p e rcolation of water f o r a g ric u ltural an d other irri gatio n use s;

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           u n i n t e n t i o n ar e c h a r g e f r o ml e a k c o n v e y a n c e i p e l i n e s ; a n d

              s u bsu rfa c e in f low s f ro m o u tside grou ndwa ter basi n bo u ndarie s.

          Gr oun dw ate r l eave s the b as i n t hr o ug h s ubsu rfa c e groun dw ate r f low s t o su rfac e
         w ate r b odie s and springs, and b y evap or a ti on. Oth er o utflo w s inclu d e p umping
         f o r ur ba n , r esid en tia l , a nd ag r icu ltura l use.

       The use of individual wells for residences where the well has shown to provide a
minimally acceptable flow or better will not be a cause to deny development.

Water Quality
          The quali t y o f s u r fac e wa t e r a nd gr oundwate r can be a f f e cte d by a va rie t y o f
          ac ti v i ties. Am a dor Co unty’s surface a nd groun d water q uali t y i s v e ry hig h, an d the
          County will maintain water quality by implementing state and federal water
          quality regulations, including the National Pollutant Discharge Elimination
           y
          S s tem.

              I      c
         L o w m p a Dte v e l o p m e n t

         N ew devel opme n t add s pav em en t an d stru cture s , o f ten a lte ring na tur a l draina g e
         p atterns and re d ucin g infiltratio n and p er colatio n of rain an d sno w. Using low
                                                                                                   c
         i mpac t d ev el opm en t ( L ID) st r a tegie s help s t o re duce t h e am ou n t o f ex e s s r un o ff
                                         o
         gen e rated b y n ew devel p m ent, and als o to impro ve the q uality of th e wat e r
         whi ch drains off a p r o perty.

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F l oo p l a i n s an d G roun w a t e r R ec a r ge
          F igure S-1 in the S afe t y Elem en t i l l u stra t e s the locati on s o f f loodplai ns. These
         a r e a s , a s we ll as a r e a s of irp a r i a nh a b i t a t a l o n g t h er i v e r s a n ds t r e a m si l l u s t rat e d
          o n F i g u r e C-1, m a y a co m m o d a t ef l o o d w a t e r s f or p u r p o s e s o fg r o u n d w a t e r
                                              c
                          s                   a
        r e c h a r g e and t o r m w a t e r mn a g e m e n t.
AMADOR COUNTY GENERAL PLAN
           C- 6
                                                                                                     CO NSE RVAT ION
                                                                                                          Preliminary Draft


E N ER G Y R E SO U R C ES

         The pro du c tio n a nd use of en er g y w ithi n Cal i forn ia ha s come u nder i ncreasing
        s c r u tin y a s the Sta t e w orks t o les sen dep e ndence on o ut-o f-s t ate a nd f orei gn
          n                                                                             n
         e e rgy su pp l i es a nd increase t he pro ducti on a nd u se o f re e w able e nergy so urces.
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        T h e g oal of in r e a s e d e n erg y o n s e r v a t i on h asi m p l i ca i o n s f o r l a nd u s e, b uil d ing
         desi gn, individ ual practices, and transportati on. T h e co s t ofe n e r g y i s o f p a r tc u l a r    i
         con cer n to A mado r Co u nt y r esid en ts beca use of t h e temperature e xtreme s
                                               u
         experie nc ed in par t s o f the co n t y.

         A ma d or Cou nt y h os t s ei ght p o w er p lant s , includ ing s i x hydro elec tr i c fac ili ties ,
         o n e n a t u r a l g a s p l a nt (at M u l e C re ek S t a t e P r ison ) , a n d one c o g e n e r ation
         plant/facility (not currently operating).B e c a u s e o f A m a d o rC o u n t y ’ s r e l a t i v ely
         sma ll pop u lation and hig h en e rgy pr oduction ca pacit y , t h e co unt y i s a l arg e
         e n ergy export er. However, the county imports both oil and gas. P o pulation
         gro wth , b usine s s ex p an sio n , in cr eases in t o uri s m, a n d energ y conse rva ti o n
         measure s wil l al l have an ef e c t o n e nerg y c on sum ptio n.

H ydr oe lectric Fa cilit ies
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          La r ge hyd roelec tr ic faci l i ties a re o c ated a t seve ra l creek s, d ams , an d wa e r ways     t
                                                     d                                                 r
       t h r o u g h o u t t h ec o u n t y, i n c lu i n g P ard e e D a m, Tig e rC r e e k , Salt S p i n g s, a n d L ake
        A m a dor Dam (see T a ble C-1). Most ele tr i c i t y generate d in Ama d or C ounty
                                                                        c
                  a                                                   l
          o rigi n t e s f rom one o f these s i x hydr oee c t r i c fa c i l ities. In a d di tion to r i ver s and
               a
          s t re m s , s ma l l hydr oele c t ric pla n t s can be s ited i n i rr iga ti on c anal s and water
          treat men t plant s.

                                                  T able C-1
                                                                     m
                                Hydro-el ect ric Fac i ltii e s i n A ador Count y

                              Y e ar             v
                                              S er ice                                                          O n line
                             O n l i ne         Ar ea                         O w n er                                a
                                                                                                               Megaw t t s
                              1930             PG&E           Ea st Ba y M unicip al Ut i l i ty District        2 3.6
                              1931             PG&E            a                       t
                                                               P c i ficG a s And E l ec r i c Com pany          4 4.0
                              1931             PG&E            a                       t
                                                               P c i fic G as And E l ec r i c Com pany          5 8.0
                              1948             PG&E            a                       t
                                                               P c i ficG a s And E l ec r i c Com pany          9 9.0
                              1 9 48           PG&E                                    t
                                                              P a cificG a s And E l ec r i c Com pany           1 4.5
                               1982             PG&E            Jackso n V a lley I r ri gatio n Dis t ric t       0.5

                                                 t       0
 Sou rce: Ca li fornia En ergyC o mmi ssion, Se pe m ber 2 0 9




             AMADOR COUNTY GENERAL PLAN
                        C- 7
 C ONSER VATION
 Prelimin ary Draft




 Re new ab l e and Lo cal l y Ava i lable Energy So ur ce s
                                u
             Am ador C o n t y has the capac i t y to f urt he r de velop r ene wa ble energy resources
                                  i
             t op r o t e c t r esd e n t s f r o mv o l a t ile e n ergyp r i c e s a n d reduc e t h e s tat e ’ s dep end ence
             on o ut-of-state an d foreig n oil a nd g as. Sol a r po w er a n db i o m a ss a r ep o t e n t ial
            f u t ure source s o f r e newable energy in the co un t y.

                                                                                     l
              S o l a r p o w er c a n b eh a r n e s s e d f o r s ever a l a p pci a t i o n s , i n c l u d ing h e a t i n g a n d
                 l
               ee c t r ici t y gen er a ti on. When used to pro duce energy, t he mos t com mon method
               is to use photovoltaic cells, which convert sunlight directly into electricity.
               Amador County currently does not generate solar power at a large scale.
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             H o w e v e r ,i n d i v i d u a l b u s in s s es o r h o m eo w n e rs i nos e l o c a t i o n s m ay f i nd
s m a l l e r-s c ale s ola r
                                                                             l
               en er g y appli c ation s b e ne f i cia l to m ee t their ee c t r ici t y needs.

        MLTP Comment: Trees and north facing slopes may make solar impractical
 for some otherwise good sites. This should not be a basis for denying development.

                                                                                                                        m
           B i o m a s sr e f e r s t oo r g a n i cm a t e r i a l w h i c h c a n b e u s ed a s f u e l.B i o m as s a t e r i a ls
            ra ng e fro m wo od a nd cr o ps t o tra s h and m anu re. Man y bi om s s mate ria ls are      a
                                                                                      e
            bu rned t o rele ase th eir s tored en erg y , either dir c t l y li k e w ood burn ed f o r hom e
            he ating or ind ire c tl y to generate elec tri city. Add itionall y, bio mass materia l s ca n
            b e used to produc e biodiese l , et han ol, or me th a ne. Trans f or ma t ion proe c t s (also          j
                                                            o                 w
            k n o wn a s resource recovery pr j e c t s o r “ a s t e-t o-ene r g y ” development) convert
            agricultural and municipal wastes to fuel or electricity. Ama d or C ounty’ s
            agricultura l , ti mb er, and buildin g industrie s pro vide a d ire c t source of wa ste
                 d
            pr o u c t s tha t c an be use d to ge nera t e energ y a nd boos t t h e reven ue po ten tial o f
            agr icu lture.

 AGRICULTURAL LANDS

             Agriculture is important to the history, character, culture, economy, and
             e nv i r onm ent of A ma d or Co u nt y. Th e C ount y ’ s prima r y a gr i cul tural p oli c y i s t o
             maintain the economic viability of agricultural land uses. F or th is r eason ,
                             i                                                 d
             econ om ic s s ues r e l ated to agri cultu re are ad r e ssed in th e Ec n o mic               o
             D evelopm ent E le ment, whic h a lso in cludes the major it y o f goal s a nd policie s fo r
                                                            e                        u
             agr icu lture i n th e Genera l Pla n , and a d s c rip ti on o f the co n t y’s a gr icu l tu ra l ar eas
                        u
             an d p r od c e.

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             H o wever , in add i tion to agric l t u r e ’ s status a s o n e of Ama dor County’s key
             indus t rie s an d econom ic engi nes, agricu ltura l lands pro vide o the r be ne f i t s to
             Ama dor C ount y and its reside nts. When agricultu r a l la nds are converted to ot h er
             use s , t he pot ential future agricultura l value of these l a nds i s los t, and so th e
                                                        t
             agricultura l land base is an importan t o p i c for th i sC o n s e rvation Eleme nt.

            In 2 004, th e c ou nt y co nt a in e d a lmos t 2 0 0, 000 ac r e s of a gr i c u ltur a l l an d, the
            overw h e lming ma j o r ity of whi ch was grazi ng l and (defined in t h e Ca lifo r nia
            G o v ernment C o de as land on which the e xis ting veg etati on, w het her grown
naturally or through management, is suitable for grazing or browsing of

                AMADOR COUNTY GENERAL PLAN
                           C- 8
                                                                                                         CO NSE RVAT ION
                                                                                                              Preliminary Draft


       l i v e s t o c k). The cou n ty al so con tain ed ab ou t 1 0, 00 0 ac r es o f la nd d esig na ted as
                                                                                     a
          P ri me F a rmland, F a rm land of Sta tewi de Imp o rt n ce , or Uniq ue F a rm land
                                                 l                                                          i
      ( F a r m l a n d ) by t h e S t a t e ( Pe a s e r e f e r t o theG e n e r a l P l a n E IR f o r a nl l u s t r a t i o n of
                                                a
         a r e a s o fF a r m l a n d i n Am d o r C o u n t y ). O v e r a 20-y ear pe riod (1 9 84 throug h
                                                n       F                                   i
         2 0 0 4) , t h ea c r e a g e o f d esig a t e d a r m l a n d i n t h eC o u n tyn c r e a s e d. Howeve r , th e
              u
           co n t y ha s experienced a lon g-t erm lo s s o f gra zin g land s i nce 1 984. About 4,500
          a cre s co nve rt ed f rom f armland t o no n-f arml an d use s be tween 2 0 02 an d 20 04.

F ar ml an d
        I n 1982 , the Ca l ifornia Dep ar tme n t o f C onse rva ti on la unched t he F arml and
                                  n                r                         r
       M a ppi n g a n d Mo i t o r ing Po g r a m ( F MMP )d a t a b ase i n e s p o n s e t o ac r i t i c a l n ee d
        to as ses s th e location, q uali t y , a n d qu anti t y of a gri cultural lands in th e s tate and
        t o t r a c k c onve r si on o f these l an ds ove r time. F MMP is a n on-r egul ato ry progr a m
                                  c                    f
       t h a td e f i n est h r e e a t e g o r i e s oF a r m l a n d :

                        a
        Pri me Fa rm l n d: Pr m e F a rm la nd is land wh ich h a s th e best co mbinatio n of
                                  i
                                              r
        phy s ica l a nd chem ica l c hara c tei s t i c s fo r the pro du c ti on o f cro ps. It has the soil
        quali t y , growi ng s easo n , a nd mo i sture supp l y ne ed ed t o produce su s t ai n ed hig h
        y i el ds o f crop s wh en trea ted and ma n aged, incl udin g wat er man a gem en t,
        ac cording to curr ent far mi ng meth ods.

              l                            I      r
       F a rm a n d of State wid e m p ot a n ce : a r m l a n d o f Sa t e wid e Im o r t ance is l and
                                                            F                 t             p
       o the r th an Pr ime Fa rml and whi c h has a good com bi na tio n of p hys ica l and
       c h e mi cal chara c t e ris tic s f or th e p r o d u c tion of crops. It m u s t hav e b ee n u sed for
       th e produc tio n of i r r i gate d c ro ps at some ti me d uring th e tw o upd ate c ycles p r ior
       to th e ma p pi ng d ate. It d o es n ot inc lu d e public l y owned lands for w hich th ere is
       a n ad op ted po lic y p re ven ti ng agr icu l tu ra l u se.

                           l
       U n iqu e F a rm a n d:U n i q u eF a r m l a n d i s la n d w h i c h doe s n o t m e et t hec r i t e r i a f or
                                                               I
       P r i m e F a r ml an d o rF a r m land o f S tat e wid e m p o r t a n ce th a t h a s b e e n u s ed f o r the
       pro ducti on of speci fic high eco n o mic value crops at s ome time duri ng the tw o
       update cycles prior to t he map ping date. It has the speci a l combinatio n of soil
       quality, location, growing season, and moisture supply needed to produce
       s u s t aine d hig h quali t y a n d /or hig h yi elds of a speci fic c ro p w h en treated a n d
       ma nag ed a ccording t o curre n t farmi ng me th od s.

        P lease ref er to t he Gene ral Pl an EIR fo r a d ep icti on of f a rm la nd cl assi f ica tion s in
        Am ador C oun t y a s o f 2 0 04 , t h e most r ec en t yea r f o r wh ich F MMP d ata are
                                  a                 o                               g
        ava i lable. P r ime F r m lan d a n d s m e s mal l a reas d esi n a t e d asU n i q ue F r m l and   a
                                 S            o            y                              s
        a r el o c a t e di n t he h e n a n da h V a l l ea n d i n s e v e r a la r e a s o u t h a nd w e st o fI o n e.

Wil li a mso n A ct
        T he California L a nd C onservation A c t, bett e r kn own a s t he Williamson Act, has
        been the stat e ’ s pre mier ag r icu l t ural land prot e c tion progra m since i t s en a c tment


            AMADOR COUNTY GENERAL PLAN
                       C- 9
 C ONSER VATION
 Prelimin ary Draft



          in 1965. L ocati ons of W illiam so n A c t co ntrac t p ar cels as of 20 08 are show n i n
               e
          t he G n e ra l Pl an EIR.

          T he Willi ams o n Ac t s u p p o r t s the c o nservation of ag r icu l t ural and o p en space
          lands b y d i sc our agin g pre ma tur e co nv er sio n to urban us e s. U n d e r t h e Act, pr i vate
          landowners contract with the County to voluntarily restrict land to agricultural
                                                                        g
          and op en-space uses. T h ev e h i c l e f o r t h e s e a r e ement s is a rol l ing t e r m 10-y ear
          co n tra ct. Unless either party files a “notice of nonrenewal” the contract is
           to                                                                                                 n
          au m a t i c a l ly r e n e w e d eac h y e a r t o c o v e r t h e n e xt 1 0 y e a r s. P a rcels u d e r
          W illia mso n Ac t contracts pay prop e rty taxe s at a rate co ns istent wi th thei r ac tual
          use, rat her than pot enti a l market value.

          In 2006, t h e re w e re a b out 93, 4 00 a cres of lan d in A mad o r Co unt y p rote c t ed b y
          W illiamson Act contra cts. Mos t of these l a n d s are locate d in th e we stern por tion
          of the cou nty a nd g e nerally s u rroun d t h e ci ties of Ply mo uth, Sutter Creek, Ione,
         a n d Jac kson.

       r                   t          A           u
C o n se v i n g an d P r oe c t i n g g r i c u lt r a lL a n ds
          Agriculture remains a crucial industry for Amador County, both in terms of its
          economi c imp or tance a nd because f arming and ra nching lie a t th e core o f t h e
                                                                            s
          co mmu n it y ’ s ide ntit y a nd c ul ture. A mador Coun t y fac e t h e c ha llen ge o f en surin g
          t he c onti n u ed viability of agricultura l pra c tic e s and busines ses in t he f a ce of
          increasing development pressure, while respecting the rights of individual
          landow ners a n d t h e ir p rivatep r o p e rty r i ghts.

           T he C ou nty will encoura ge t he contin u ed econo mic viabili ty of far mi ng and
         r a n c h i ng. Agri culture-related busi n e sses and a g ri-tourism can offe r i mpo rta nt
                                                      o
        s u p p l e m e n t ary s o u r c e s of i n c m e fo r f a r m e r s a n dr a n c h e r s. The County will
          s u p por t co ntinued use of agriculture-related busi ness e s , including wine tas ting
           an d ro ads ides t a nds.P r o v i din ga d e qua t ew a t e r f o r f a r min g i s a l s o ac r i t i c a ln e e d.

        F a r m i n g a n dr a n c h i n ga c t i v i t i e s c a nc r e a t e no i se a nd d u s t , a n d lea d to t h e n eed
         f o ra e r i a ls p r a y i n g. Future residential development which w ould detrac t fro m t h e
                                                                                             s
          abili t y o f f ar me r s a nd ranc he r s t o main tai n their b usin e s e s on n earb y pr oper t ie s
          will b e res tric te d. The County’ s “Ag r icultu r a l L and s and Operations” ordin ance
          (A mad o r C ount y Code C h apter 1 9.80) prot e c t s far m ing o peration s fro m n u isance
          and o the r complai n t s b y en cr oa ching res id en tial uses , and requir e s no t i ces to
                                                    g
        p u r c h a s e r s o fp r o p e r t y i n ar i c u l t u r a la r e a s.

          F armin g a nd ranching do have t h e po tential t o degrade wa ter q uali t y. P romoting
          s u s tain able f armin g an d r anching prac t i ces can hel p pr ote c t the qua l i t y o f su rfa ce
          wat er r eso urces.

                                v
          T h eE c o n o m i c De e l o pmen tE l e m e n tc o n t a i n s g o a ls a n d p oli c i es w h i chs u p p o r t
          conservation of agricultural lands by encouraging the continued economic

                                      AMADOR COUNTY GENERAL PLAN
                                                 C- 1 0
                                                                                                    CO NSE RVAT ION
                                                                                                         Preliminary Draft


                                                                       c
          viability of far mi ng a nd ra n c hin g. R elevant g oa ls in l u de goal s E-8, E-9, E-10 , and
          E-11.

HISTORICAL AND CULTURAL RESOURCES

                                                                          u
          C u ltura l r esour ces ar e impo rta n t to Ama do r C o n t y beca use they are r emi nders
                                                i                                      h
          and rem n an t s o f t h e rich hs t o r y o f t h e ar ea and off er p y s ica l evi de nce o f the
          pre hi stor i c an d h i s tor i c occu p ati on and expl o i tatio n of th e co u nt y.

Known C ultural R esou rces
           Ama dor C o unt y has a variet y of kno wn cultura l an d h i stori c r esour ces , in cluding
           prehistoric sites , gold mining-r elat ed s ites , a nd other his t o ric sites. It is important
           t o no te tha t these s ite s are general l y ide nti f ied i n the c ourse o f an a rc haeol o gical
                                                                                         j
           s u rve y fo r a pl ann ed developm en t , s uch as f ed eral p roe c t s , ne w c on s tru c tio n , or
           oth er s imilar ac ti v i ties. T herefore, t he kn o wn site s t en d to cl u ster in r egions
           where d ev el opm en t ha s o ccu rr ed in the pa s t. Although less information is
           ava ilable for le ss-devel o pe d area s , the de nsi t y and typ e s o f known cultura l
                                                                                      e                       a
         r e s o u r c e s i t e s a r e p r e s u m e d t o c o n t i n u e i n t o un x p l ore d are a s. Ex m i n ing
           gro uping s of simil a r s ite ty p e s can help to predict the types an d d ensi tie s of
           c u ltural resour ce sites in similar geo g r a phic lo cations w i t hin A mado r Co unt y.

          Prehis t o ric Si g n i fic ant a nd uniq ue h i stori c Native A merican sites in Amado r
C ou nty includ e b edrock mortars , occ u pati on si tes ,
          and t rad i tiona l cu ltura l prope r tie s (TCP s).
        B e d r ock mortar si t e s tend to be f ound
                                                                                 r
         i n loca tions t h a t in clude n earb y oa k trees , a w ate r so u c e , an d bedro ck. TCPs c an
                                       e                                                               a
         i n cl ud e g at heri ng ar a s , rel i gi ou s s ites, o r m yth i c loca t ions. T h ese l oc t i o ns ar e
          important to maintain the continuing cultural identity of Native American
          com mun i ties.

                                                                                 o
         H i stori c sites in A ma dor Co unt y in clude m ining and pr s p e c t locati o n s ass o ciate d
         wi th th e Gold R ush, a n d oth er s i tes rangi ng from hi sto r i c h o uses an d bu il d ings to
         l oca tio n s such a s tr ail s , c emete ries, a nd mil ls. Gold mining ha s e normous
                                                         u
         h i sto r ica l si gni f ic an c e in Amad or Co n t y a nd ha s li terally s haped the la nd scape in
                                                l
         m a ny a reas. L arg e r m i n inga n d s c a p e s m i g h t i n c l ude o p e n p i t s , s l u i c e s, p l a ce r-
         s coure d s tr ea m c han ne l s, d i t che s , o pe n e ntrie s o r s h a f t s, t ailin g s p ile s , a nd
         hab ita tio n are as. Smalle r s ite s can co ntain an y combi n at i o n o f these fea tur es.

          The groupi ng s o f m ine s c an b e i nterpre ted as follow ing go ld-bea ri ng ge ologic
          s trata. L i n e a r d i t c h e s a n d c a n a l s a r e g e n e r all y f ound r u n n ing f r o m a h i g h er-
          ele vation water source do wn to the mine comple x.

                              i
          A t s ome locat o n s , combinations of di fferent r esou rce t y pes a r e f o u nd, s uch as
          historic home s t e ad sites a nd pre h i stor ic s ite s. The s am e typ es of r esources m ay
          have b e en exploited b y both t he h ist o ric an d prehis t o ric o ccupants , such as
         n e a r b yw a t e r a n dl e v e l l a nd. Thu s , these t ype s o f s ites m a y b e fo u nd t ogether. In
AMADOR COUNTY GENERAL PLAN
           C- 1 1
  C ONSER VATION
  Prelimin ary Draft



           othe r instance s , i t i s more lik e ly t o be co i n cid ence, such a s w hen prehis t o ric si t es
                            r
           are l ate r in te s e ct ed b y mining or loggi nge f f o r ts.

                     u          n               G
C u l t u r a l R e so r c e s Se s i t i v i t y u i d a n ce
            T he kn own locations of cultural an d h i storic resourc es, alo ng with his t o ric maps ,
            provide some ability to predict the locations of as-yet unknown cultural
                o
            r es u rces. H i stori c gold , cla y , s ili ca sa nd , and coal m ine s are l ocat ed in t he
            western pa r t of t he county , an d the regio n s in a n d arou nd t h o se mines may
                                  r
          i n c l u d e s imi lar e s o u r c e s. Ea s t o f Ione and we s t o f SR 4 9 , there i s a no rth-s outh
                                                               l
            b e l t o fc o p p er o r e a n d a s eri e s o f rea t e dm i n e s. SR 49 runs along th e Mo therlode,
            a si milar n orth-so ut h be lt o f gold-be ar ing qu ar t z veins a n d th us he lps to d efin e a
            lon g , nar ro w se rie s o f har d-ro c k veins. Another large region of gold mining
                                                 c
          a c t i v i ty e x ists n e a r t he V ola n o / R e d C orr a l a r e a. E ach o f t h ese areas m ayi n d icate
            a hig h er likelihood of h i s t o r i c reso urces relat ed to m inin g or s up p or t for m i n in g.
               Cosu m                                                                    e
           B o t h t h e n e s a n d M o k e l u m n e R i v e r s w e r e a l s o x t e n s i v e l ym i n e d.

            Pr eh i sto r i c res ou rce s c an be found thro ug h a n a ssocia t ion w i t h availa ble n atura l
           r e s o u rces , including w ate r , t y pes of f o od, or stone outcr ops that supply materials
            for to ol-mak ing. W i th th ese fac tor s in m i nd, i t would be re as on ab le t hat r i ver and
                   d                                                         p                    u          l
           c r e e k r a i n a g e s a r e m o r e lik e l y t oc o n t a i n r e h i s t o r i c c l t u r ar e s o u r c e s. B ased on
                                                                                                  s
            known in f orma t ion regardin g cu ltura l res ou rce s , phy i c a l ge o gra ph y an d min e
         r e s o u r c e s , Fi gur e C-2i l l u s tr t e sc u l t u r a l lys e n s i tiv ea r e a s o fA m a d o rC o u n t y.
                                                     a

  AIR Q UALITY AND C LIMATE CHANGE

           Chronic exposure to a i r pollutant s i s a seriou s h e a l th ri sk t o millions of C a liforn i a
           r e si d en t s , pa r ticular l y the you ng , the elderly , an d pe ople w ith h ea r t di sease and
           r espir ato r y prob lems. Air pollu t ion also a f fec t s l ocal e co no mies b y dam aging
                                                                                                   .
           agricultura l cro p s , natura l veg etati on, bu ildings, a nd other materi a l sG e n e r al P la n
           air qua lity p olicies are de signe d t o h elp maint ain air pollution to le v e ls consi stent
           w i t h st andard s s e t b y th e sta t e and f edera l gover nmen ts. W i th effecti ve pla n nin g,
           projec t m itigatio n, publi c e d ucati on a n d inter-age nc y co o p erati on, ai r q ua li t y can
              m                      t
           b e a i n t a i n e d aa p p r o p r i a t el e v e l s.

            Air quality policies guide land use decisions, including, but not limited to
            dec i si on s a f fec t ing propo sed develo pm en t projec t s a nd the lo c atio n o f ne w r o ads
            and transit facilities. Air pollutant levels from existing land uses, including
            minin g, agric u lt u r al , a nd indu s trial a c tiv ities , m u s t a lso be closely track ed t o
                        o                                                             r
            ensure c m pa tibili t y w ith sta t e and fe dera l st and a d s , esp eciall y where residen tial
                                                               e
           a n d o t h e rs e n s i t i v er e c e ptors h a v e n c r o a c h e d i n t oa r e a sa d j a c e n t t ot h e s e u s es.
           P o l ic ies a nd i mple men tation prog r ams add res s ex i st ing and fo reseeable a ir
            p ollutio n prob lems, a n d set g uidelines for com p lian ce wi th a i r quali t y c ontrol
          r e q u i r emen ts.


                                         AMADOR COUNTY GENERAL PLAN
                                                    C- 1 2
Figure C-2: Culturally Sensitive Areas of Amador County
                                                                                                          CO NSE RVAT ION
                                                                                                               Preliminary Draft


G ree nhouse Gases
        Various gases in the earth’s atmosphere trap solar radiation through the
        gr een hous e e f f e ct a nd pla y a c r i t ica l role in determ ining t he ea rth ’s sur f ac e
                                                                    o                            a
     t e m p e r a t u re. T h ese gases a r e k n o wn as a tm s p h e ricg r e e n house g s e s (GHG s).
        Promin en t GHG s in cl ude car bo n dio xide (CO2) , me thane ( CH4) , ozone , n i tr ous
                                                                   o
        o xi de , hydro fl uorocarbon s , c hloro fluo rocar b n s , and su l fur hexa f luoride. H uman-
                                                                  c
        c aused em is s ion s of t hese GHGs h ave ex e eded their nat u ra l ly-occu rr in g le ve ls,
       i n tensi f y ing the gr een house e f f e c t , which ha s le d to c hange s in globa l cli m ate
        co n di tions. GHG e mission s are attrib utable in large pa r t to h uma n a c tiv ities
        associated with the industrial/manufacturing, utility, transportation, residential,
                                     o
        and ag r icu ltura l ec o n m i c s e c tor s. In C ali fornia, th e tra nspo r tatio n s e c tor i s the
                                                                l
        l ar ge s t emi t t e r o f GHG s , fo llow ed b y ee c t r ici t y gener a ti on. CO2 em is s io ns a re
                                                                                           -
        byprod uc t s of fossil fu el c o mb us ti on. Methaner e s u l t s fr o m o f fg a s s i n ga s s o c iat e d
        w i th agricu l t ural pra c tic es an d l a ndfill s , and is 23-ti mes mo r e potent a s a GHG
        t ha n C O2.

                                                                                                           l
      C l i m a t e c h ang e i s a g lob al pr ob l emb e c a u s e G H G s a re glo bal p olu t a n t s , u n l ik e
       othe r air polluta nts of regio nal a nd lo c a l concern. Addit i onal re source s b ey o nd ai r
                                                   f            i                     e
      q u a l i t y c o u ld b ei n d i r e c t ly af e c t ed byn c r e a s e d G H G m i s s i o n s. F o r exam ple, an
       i ncrease in th e globa l averag e t e m perat ure is e x p ect ed to resu l t in a decre ased
                                                                              i
       v olume of pre cip i tation falling a s snow in Cal f o r n ia a nd an overa ll reducti on in
                                                                                           a
      s n o wp ack in t he S ie r ra Nevad a. T he S ierraN e v a da sno wp c k provides both wat e r
       su p pl y (ru n off) a n d s tor a ge (wi t h in t he snowpac k before m e lti ng) , w hich i s a
       major s o u r ce of pot a b l e water for t he stat e a nd A mado r C ou nty i n pa r tic ular.
       A l th o ugh cur re nt forecas t s var y , i t i s evid e nt th at thi s p h enomen on cou ld lead to
       significant challenges in securing an adequate water supply for a growing
      p o p ulation. A shi ft in precipi tatio n from snow to rain co uld al so l ead to inc r eased
       fl o oding pot entia l because water that would normall y be held in t he sn o w pac k
       u ntil spring could flow into th e Central Valley with winter storm e vents.

        MLTP Comment: Scientists have yet to form a consensus on the effects of
human generated Green House Gases. Until that occurs, the County should not
adopt policies restricting or adding cost to development projects beyond those
required by State and Federal law. Including this section acknowledges human
generated GHG’s as a contributor to Climate Change, thereby encouraging creation
of regulations to limit them. Therefore the section should be deleted.

MI NE RAL RE SO URCE S

       T he d is covery of gold in the Si e rra Nevada foot hills in 18 49 led to the settlement
       of Ama dor C o unt y , a nd Amado r C ou nty’s minera l resourc e s remain an i mportant
       p art of the coun ty ’ s eco nomy a nd id e ntity.

       Currently, mining in the county includes clay, gold, lignite, and aggregate
       mat e ria l s , but t he c o unty’ s minera l pro ducts i n clu de (among others) , cla y , san d,
      g r a v e l ,a g g r e g a t e , q u a r t z s a n d , c o p p er, s i l v e r , g old,s o a p s t o ne , m a r b le, s l a t e ,
       gr ee n st on e , rive r ri p r ap , road b ase , lime st on e , sands t one , zin c , chrom ite , t alc,
lignite, a nd diamo nds.




   AMADOR COUNTY GENERAL PLAN
              C- 1 5
 C ONSER VATION
 Prelimin ary Draft




           l
M i n e r aR e s o u r c e Z on es
                  a                   o                                               e             g
          T h e C l i f o r n ia G e l o g ica l Su rveyi d e n t i fies sev r a l ca te o r i es o f m i n era l r esources
                                l                                           s         t                           r
          i n i tsM i n e r a R e s o u r c e Z one( M R Z ) c la s i f i cai o n s. MRZ-2 d es c i b es are as where
          t here is ad e q uat e infor mati o n to i n d icate that signific ant mineral d eposi t s a r e
           prese n t , o r h ave a hi gh l i ke lihood o f being prese nt. M RZ-2a d es c i b es ar e as w here    r
                                r          i             s                                                         e
         g e o l o g i c i n f om a t i o nn d i c a t e s i g n i f i c a n tm i n e r arl e s o u r c e s a r e pr s e n t , a n d M R Z-
          2 b describes ar easw h e re the presence o f s i gn i f icant mine ra l resources is inf e rre d
          fr o m geologic infor mation.

                             u
           Am ador C o n t y’s mi nera l resour c e z o ne s incl ude ar ea s w ith known o r i nferre d
                o
           de p s i t s o f go l d , lode g old, coppe r , zin c, tal c , li mes ton e , s a nd , s i l ica sand , cla y,
           and li g n ite. F ig ure C-3 i l l usr a t e s t h ek n o w nl o c a t i ons o ft h e s em i n e r arle s o u r c e s .
                                                   t
           The con ti n ued v iabili t y o f m in er a l an d aggrega t e resou rce s in the c o n t y sh oul du
           b e a f a cto r w he n cons ider ing f u tu re d evelopm ent p ro po sals. Go a l E-1 2 an d
                               l                                   v                  e
         a s s o c i a t e d poi c i e s i n t h eE c o n o m i c De e l o pme n t El m e n t a d dress t h e c o u n t y’s
           m in eral res our ces , inc l udi ng protec ti ng th ei r co ntin ue d v ia bili t y.

          The I one Forma ti on , l ocated i n w e st ern Am ador Co un t y , i s a so ur c e o f mineral
          pro d uc t s , inclu din g pri marily c lay. The Io n eF o r m a t ion i s t h e o n l y l a r g es o u r c e of
                              a
          s u per dut y refr c t o r y clay in th e w e s t ern Un ited State s. Th is resour c e is use d i n
          t he produ c tion of h eat-re si st ant brick f o r high-temperature furnace s.

           Ama dor Co unt y i s one of the few places in the state w here coal mi ning oc curs .
           Lignite, a form of low-grade coal found in Amador County, is brown, very
                                                                                                l
           c rumbl y , a nd ha s be en main l y us ed at the source to ge nera t e ee c t r ici t y. The
           po we r pl an t o n C oa l Mine Ro ad ha s used lign ite co a l in i ts p r oc ess i n the pas t ; as
           of 2 010, this p o wer plant is n ot in o peratio n.

 TIMBER RESOU R C E S

          T i mb er h ar ves tin g i s a n imp or ta nt indus tr y in A ma d or C o u nt y. Although timber
          harve s ting i s oft e n d e s crib ed a s a n a g r icultu r a l activi t y, th e cultura l i mportance of
          timber production in Amador County is distinct from other agricultural
          pro d u ction.

          T imberland in Ama do r C o un t y i s l oca ted i n ar ea s ab ove a ppro ximate l y 3 ,5 00 feet
           elevation, a n d inc l ud es both pr i vat e l y- and publi cly-o w ned softw o o d fores ts.
                                                   l                l                          P
          M a n y o f t h e l a r g er l a n d hod i n g s a r e o c a t e d i n T imber r o d u c t i o nZ o n e s( T P Z s ).
           At lower elevations between 2,000 feet and 3,500 feet, Amador County’s
                                                               c                               e
         s o f t w o o d f o r est s h a v eb e e nl a r g e l y o n v e r t e d t or u r a l rs i d e n t i a l u s e s.

         A ma d or Cou nt y su p p or t s th e co ntinue d v ia bili t y of timb er h ar ves tin g. E f fective
                                      u
        m a n a g e m e nt a n d p r od c t i o n o f t i m b e rr e s o u r c es can a l s o r e d u c e t h e r isk o f
         catas tro ph i c wildfi re, es pecially in t he e as tern p or tio n o f th e co u nt y. T he

                                         AMADOR COUNTY GENERAL PLAN
                                                    C- 1 6
Figure C-3: Mineral Resource Zones
                                                                                                    CO NSE RVAT ION
                                                                                                         Preliminary Draft


       Econ om ic Developmen t Eleme nt in cludes a go a l (E-11 ) and po lic ies d esc ribing
                             o
       con serva t ion a nd pr t e c ti o n o f t imber resour ces.

REL ATED PLANS AND PROGRAMS

                                                     a
Se nate B ill 18, Tr adit io na l T ri bal Cultural Pl c e s
                                                                          w
       S B 1 8 w a s s i g n ed i n t o law by G o v e rno r A r nold Sch a r z e n e g g er i n Septe m ber
       2 0 0 4 (Chapter 905, S tatutes of 2 0 0 4). S B 1 8 re q ui res th e Cou nt y to co nsul t with
       California Native American tribes to aid in the protection of traditional tribal
       culture through local land use planning. The intent of SB 18 is to provide
       C alifornia Nati ve A meri can tr ib es a n oppor tu ni t y to par ti c i pate in loc a l land use
       decisi o n s at an early pla n n i ng s t a ge, for the p u r p o s e of protecting, o r mi tigating
       impacts to, cultura l places. S B 18 requires local g overnment s to c o n s u l t with
       tr ib es prior to makin g cer t ain pl an nin g d ec isio ns and to prov id e n oti ce to tr ib es at
       certain key points in the planning process. T h ese co nsulta ti on an d notic e
                                                   n
       re qu irem en t s a pp l y t o Am ador C o u t y ’ s Gen eral Plan.

       T h e p r in cipalo b j e c t i v e of S B 1 8 i s top r e s e r v e a n d p r o t e c t c u l t u r a l p l a c e s o f
                                                           e
       C ali f ornia N ative Americans. S B 18 r f e rs t o Pub l ic R esources Cod e S ect ions
       5097.9 a nd 5 0 97. 9 95 to defi ne c u ltural p l aces as :

            Native American sanctified cemeteries, places of worship, religious or
                e                                        u
             c er m onia l sites, or sacred s hr ines ( P b l icR e s o urces Code § 5097. 9).

       Nati ve A merican h i stori c, c u ltural , o r sacr ed sites , that a r e li sted o r ma y b e
       eligib le for listing in the California Reg i ster of H i stori c R esou rces pu rsu ant to
       Sec tio n 5024.1, includi ng any hi s tor i c or pr ehi s tor i c ruins , a ny b urial gro u nd, and
          y                               i                               R
       a na r c h a e o l o g i c a l o r hs t o r i c s i t e( P u b l i c e s o u r c e s Cod e§ 5 0 9 7 . 995 ).

As s embly Bil l 32, the Cal ifornia G lobal Warming Solut io n s A ct
                   t                      e
      I n S e pe m b e r 2 0 0 6 , G ov r n o r A rno l d S c h w a r zeneg ger s i g n e d A B 3 2 , the
       California Glo bal War m ing S olutions Ac t (C h apter 488 , S tatutes of 200 6 ). A B 32
       re qu ire s th a t sta t ewide GHG e mis sio n s b e r e du ced to 19 90 l evels b y 2020. T h is
       re du c t ion w i l l be a ccompl ishe d thr ough an en for ce able s t a tewide ca p on GHG
       em i s sio ns that will b e pha se d in s tar tin g in 20 12. T o e f f e c tivel y imp le me n t th e
                                       a
      c a p , A B 32 d i r e c ts t he C l i f o r n i a A i rR e s o u r c e s Boa r d ( A R B ) to d e v e lop a n d
      i mplem en t regula tion s to re du ce sta t ewide GHG e mis sions f rom s t a tiona ry
       so urces.

       AB 32 require s tha t ARB adop t a quanti f ied cap on GH G em i ssions rep re sent ing
                                                                                             c
       199 0 emissions l evels and disclose h ow i t arriv e d at the ca p; in s titute a s h e d ule
       t o mee t the e m i ssion s cap ; and devel op t r a ck ing , rep or t ing , and e nfo rcement
               i
       m ec hans m s t o ensure that t h e s t ate achie ves the redu c tio n s i n GHG em i ssions
        e
       n c e ssar y to m ee t the cap. A B 32 al so i n clu des guid ance to in s titute e mission

           AMADOR COUNTY GENERAL PLAN
                      C- 1 9
C ONSER VATION
Prelimin ary Draft



         r e duction s in an eco nom ic a lly effici ent mann e r a n d c o ndition s to ensure that
                               c                                                               r
       b u s i n e s s e s a n d o n s u m e rs a r e n o tu n f a i r ly a f f ect e d b y th ee d u c t i o n s.

                                         t
Se nate B i ll 375, Susta inable Co mm uni i e s S trateg y
          Pro moted as the cr itica l implementation tool fo r AB 3 2, SB 375 (Chapter 728,
         S t atu tes o f 20 08 ) in t ro duced num erou s cha n ge s in C ali f ornia’s la nd use an d
          tr ansportati on pla nning p r o c e s s. SB 375 firmly links land use planning,
          t ran sp or t a ti on planni ng , a ffor dabl e hou si ng , an d CEQA t o G HG re du c tions. SB
          3 75 p l aces a dd i tio nal planning re sp on si bil ities on Metro p olitan P l a n n i n g
          Organizations (MPOs) throughout the state, which are now charged with
                        s                                                               a C                     t
         p r e p arin g u s t a i n a b l e land u s ep l a n s k now n a sS u s t a in b l e o m m u n i t y Sr a t e g i es
                                                          r          n
        ( S CSs). T he S CS is a pr e ferre d g o wth sce a r i o d esigne d to ach i eve c e t a in GHG      r
          re du c t ion goa ls fo r transport a t ion em i ssion s , a nd bec om e s th e land use a lloca tion
         f o r tr an sp or t a ti on m odel ing in f u tu re Regi onal Tra ns po rta t ion Pla n s ( RTP s). Fut u re
                                                                                         t             n
         R T P f u n d ingd e c i s i o n s a re t i e d to t h e S C S , c r e a t ing sr o n g i n ce t i v e f o r l ocal
          government s to pa r ticipate in t hese eff o r t s in order t o en sure fu nding f o r m uch-
            e
          n e ded s y s te m i m p rovement s. Future developmen t pr oje c t s th a t a re con s i ste n t
                                                       i                              x                  s
         w i t ha d o p t e d S C S s a r e a lso e lg i b l e for n e w C E Q A e e m p tio n s a n d t r e a m l i n ing
          provisions established by t he law. Amador County does not fall within the
          jur isdi c ti on of a n M P O , a nd so i s n ot di rec tl y sub jec t t o th e prov isio ns of S B 3 7 5.

Se nate Bills 22 1 and 610
          SB 221 (Chapter 6 42, Statutes of 2 0 01) re quires a count y or c ity to in clu de as a
          condition of approval of any tentative map, parcel map, or development
          agreement for c e r t ain r e side ntial su bdivision s a re quirement t hat a “sufficient
         w ate r s uppl y ” be ava il able. Pr oo f o f a su f f i cie n t w ate r supply must b e ba sed on a
          wr i tte n veri fi catio n from t he p u bli c w ater s y s tem th at w o uld serve th e propose d
                   p
         d e v e lo m e nt.

         SB 6 10 (Chapte r 6 43, Statu t es o f 2 001) requ ire s a wa ter su pp ly a sse ss me n t for
                                                                                               m
         projec t s wi th 500 or more res identi a l u ni t s or e q ui v ale nt. T h e asses s e nt m us t
         docume nt lo ng-term w ater d e m and and water supply ove r a 20-y e a r p l anning
              d                                                              l
         peri o , i n cl udi ng normal yea r s , d r y year s , a nd mu l tipe d r y y ea r s.

IS SUE S, GOAL S A ND PO L IC IES

         T h e g o a ls and p o l i cie s of th eC o n s e r vat i o n E l eme n tp r e s e n t s t r ate gie s to p r ote ct
          and c onse rve Am a do r Cou n ty’ s na t ura l resource s , i n cl ud ing water suppl y and
          water q uali t y , e nergy re sourc e s , agriculture a nd ag ric u ltural land s , air qu a lity,
        t i m b er, m i n e r a l r e s o u r c e s , h i s t o r ic r e s o u r c e s, a n d c u l t u r a l r e s o u r c e s. The
          Conse rva tio n Elem ent also o u tline s the C ou n ty’s GH G red u ction a nd c limat e
                           a
        c h a n g ea d a p t t i o ns t r a t e g y.


                                      AMADOR COUNTY GENERAL PLAN
                                                 C- 2 0
                                                                                                   CO NSE RVAT ION
                                                                                                        Preliminary Draft


W ater Sup p l y a n d W ater Qua l ity
            Adequate water supply for the county, including water for residential,
            agricultura l , indu s tri a l , a nd c om mercial use, i s of p ri ma r y i mpo r tance. Maintaining
            the wate r sup ply inc lude s prov iding q u ality wate r for t o su pport both cur ren t a nd
           f u t ure devel opme nt.

           Deve l o pment of reclaimed wat e r should pla y an i mpo rta nt role in p r o viding
           sustained water supply for appropriate uses and extending finite supplies.
           Conse rva tio n mu s t al s o be e xp a nded as an i mpor ta nt m ec ha nis m o f t o e xt en d
           ava ilableing w ater su pplies in add i tion to deve l o pin g n ew wat e r sup p l y proje c t s t o
           mee t f u tu re w ate r dem and s.

           Be cause su rface w ater i s t h e prima r y wa ter su pp l y source , pre ventin g pol u ti o n
           from point- and non-point sources is important to the future well-being of the
                         r                  q
           co u nty. Po v i d i ng ade u ate sewage treatm ent capac ity is imp orta nt for
                                                                                                          o
           maint a inin g and i mproving w ater q u ali t y. In ad d i tio n , resi d enti a l devel p m ent
           ge nerate s in cr ea sed urb an r un o f f t o s tream s , which i s a so ur ce o f pollu ti on.
                                  i
           Ag r icu ltura l pr a ct c e s ca n al s o ge nera t e po llu tan t s such a s erod ed m aterial f r om
           s t rea m b an k s and f iel d s, an d pe s t icide , he rb i cide, an d fe r til ize r r un o ff. T he
           c o unty’ s his t o ric and current m ining a ctivi tie s a lso rep r e s ent p otenti a l s o u rces of
           pollution to s treams a nd rivers , in cluding h e a v y metals and eroded soil.

           Water planning for Amador County should consider the Urban Water
          M a n a g eme n t P lan a n d t heC a l i f o r n i a S t a t e W a t e r P lan a su p d a t e d a n dr e v i s e d
          p e r iod i cally. Th e AWA a c ti vely particip ate s in th e State Water Pl an U p dat e s.

          G o al C-1 :                                              o                            c
                               E n s u r e t h at allf u t u re d evelp m e nt p e rmitt ed in the o u n ty c a n
                                     r                               n                             e
                                b e p o vided adeq uat e amou t s o f w ate r from the supp li r wh ether
               r
p ubl i c o r p i vat e.

                         Coordinate with the Amador W ater Agency (AW A) and other
           P oli c y C-1.1:
                                                                                         n
                         l oca l and regio na l a genc i es and water p ur v ey or scCo u t y ’ s wa t e r
                         s u ppliers, w hether pub lic or private to ensure that water is
ava ilable to serve both c urr ent
                         and planned future residential, commercial, industrial, and
                         agric ul t u r al n eeds. I n c l ude upland are as in future w ater
                            n
                         ma a g ement pl ans.

           P oli c y C-1.2:                                                           u
                                 G uid e fu tu re d evelopmen t to ar ea s o f the c o n t y w here adeq ua te
                                                           n       d                           u
                                 wat er supp lies can be e s u red e mon s tra ted b y t he s p pl i er.

                                  MLTP Comment: To ensure is to guarantee, and therefore a
subjective requirement.

           P oli c y C-1.3:       Lim i t relia n ce on gro u ndwater well s as source s for com muni ty
                                                                  o              u
                                  water sy stems. W here p s sible, e nco r age co n nec tion of
                                  develo pment s to exi sting water sup p l y sys t ems.

           Pol i c y C-1.4 :      Encourage        new       e     p                         l
                                                            d v e lo m e n t, r e novati on, a n ds cap e,             an d
                         j
       agr icu ltura l proe c t s t o i nc lu de w ate r conse rva tion m e as ure s,
      i n cl uding use o f gra ywat er , r e claimed , o r re c ycle d w a ter f or

AMADOR COUNTY GENERAL PLAN
           C- 2 1
C ONSER VATION
Prelimin ary Draft



                              l a nds capingirri gation, wat e r-conserving plu m bing fi xtures, an d
                                     w        n                              l                    e
                              l o w- a t e r lad s c a p e s .New d e veo p m ent s h o u l d be n c o u r a g ed
                               to a ssi s t in the e x t e n sion o f reclaimed water facili ti es ( e ithe r off-
                              s i t e o r on-s ite ) fo r be ne f i cial u se.

         Goal C-2 :                                       a r                    i                s      t
                               Mai nta in a nidm p r o ve w t e s u p p lyp l a nn n ga n di n f ra t r uc u re.

          o
         P l i c y C-2.1 :                                             n m
                              Encourage int egra t ed ma a ge e nt o f s r f ace water a n d     u
                                                    e
                              gro und water r s o u rces , waste water , stor mwater trea tme nt a n d
                                                e                      f
                              u s e , a n d t h d e v e l o p m e n t or e c l a i m e dw a t e r.

         P oli c y C-2.2:                   c                           f
                              E n c o u ra ge o n j u n c t i v e us e og r o u n d w a t e r a n ds u r f a c e w a t er by
                               water a g enci e s to i mpro ve water supp l y r eli a b ili t y.

         P oli c y C-2.3:      Supp o r t the co unt y’s wat e r su ppliers, i n clu d i n g p u b lic a g encies
                               and private entities within Amador County, in their efforts to
                               protec t w ater r ig ht s a n d wa ter su p pl y co ntrac t s.

         P oli cy C-2.4:                    n
                              P u rsue ma a g eme nt st rat egies that d eve lop u p s t re am /
                                                                                     w        a
                              d own strea m i n t e rregi onal co nj unc ti ve u s e/ a t er tr n s fer
                               progra m s to meet future w a ter n eed s in A ma dor Co unty.

         P oli c y C-2.5:     S up po r te f f o r t s b y wa ter a nd wa s te w at e r agencie s t o r es pond to
                                      m               a                                c
                              s t a t e a n d a t e s d d r e s s i n g t h ef u t u r e h a l l e n g e sp o s ed b yc l i m a te
                               h
                               c a nge.

         P oli c y C-2.6:      Reduce erosion and sediment loads which might limit the
                              l i f es pa n o fe x i s ti ng wate r stor ag e fa cil i tie s.

          o
         P l i c y C-2 . 7:   P r omote deve lopme nt patterns a nd prac ti ces w h ich permi t t h e
                              con t in ued use a nd futur e de velo pment o f w ate r st or ag e a n d
                              p owe r ge nerati o n f a cilities on t he co unty’ s s treams a nd rive r s.

         (Po lic y C-1.5 :                                                         n
                               Develop and i mple ment reason ab l e be st ma a g e men t pract ices
                                                     o
                               (BMPs ) f o r w ater c n s e rva ti on in th e county a s ad opted by th e
                               Amador Water Agency (AW A). T o i mplementatio n progra m )

         (Po lic y C-1.6:      En cour a ge regi on al a nd in tera g en c y co ordi na tio n to ensure f utur e
                               w ater supply. I n c l ude up land area s in f uture wa ter man a geme nt
                               p lans. C ombined wi th Policy C-1.1)

          (Policy C-1.7: Coordinate with the Amador W ater Agency (AW A) and other
                           org anizations to develop water-use sta ndards an d regulati o n s t o
                         l i m i t dem a nd s during wa ter suppl y em erg en cie s and drou gh t s. T o
                           implementation p r o g r am)



                                   AMADOR COUNTY GENERAL PLAN
                                              C- 2 2
                                                                                                   CO NSE RVAT ION
                                                                                                       Preliminary Draft


         (Po lic y C-1.8 :       Coordinate with the Amador W ater Agency (AW A) and other
                                 org anizations to plan f o r coordinated resp onse to future water
                                 supplie s , a nd f u t ure wa ter supply emerg en cie s and d rou gh t s. T o
                                 implementation p r o g r am)

                                           d                                          M
         (Po lic y C-1.9 : E x p l o r e the e v e l o p m e n t o fG r o u n dwa t e r a n a g e m ent P l a n s to
                                                                  x
                            con serve a nd pro tec t the e i s t ing gr oundwate r resourc e s o f t h e
                            sed im en tar y b asi n s of t he C oun t y , i ncludi ng t h e S hen a ndo ah,
                           I o ne , an d Jackson V alley s. To implementa t ion prog ra m )

        G o al C-3:                i                                           a
                                 Minm i zen e gative ef e ct s of s ewa get r et m e nt on w aterq u ality .

          P oli cy C-3.1:        Gui de Enco urage future d ev e lopm ent to are as of th e co u nt y
wi th th e a bili ty
                                 t o o btain a deq ua t e wa s te wa ter s e rvice a nd tre atmen t cap aci t y.

          o
         P l i c y C-3.2 :       Encoura ge rec y cling and wate r-sa vi ng e a t u r es in ne wf
                                                                                               y
                               d e v e l o p m e nt,i n c l u d ing use ofg r a y w ate r , r ec c l e d, or r e c l a imed
                                 water for irrigation, to limit the unnecessary water flows to
septic systems
                                a n d l e achf i e l ds.

         Pol i c y C-3.3 :       Encourage co u n tywide co ordination a nd or g ani zational
                                 structures to maximize recycled water reuse opportunities
                                thro u g h o ut the county.

          o
         P l i c y C-3 . 4 :     W ork with landowners and wastewater providers to provide
                                 a l te rn a t ive s y ste m s for in ade q ua t e or f ailin g se p t ic and sewer
                                s y s t ems.

        G o al C-4:                 i                 f                           p      s
                                 Minm i ze ne gative e f ect s of poi nt a nd n on- o in t o u r c es o n
                                w a t er qua lit y.

         P oli cy C-4.1:                r                                  r
                                E ncou a ge si te pl an el em ents in p o p osed develop ment such as
                                reduced pave ment /cover and p erm eable paveme nt, as well as
                                dra i n age f eature s w h ich lim i t ru noff a nd i n crease infil tration a n d
                                       d                        a
                                gro un w ater rechar ge. Me s ure s may in clu de r educed a v e m ent p
                                        c            e            p                          i
                                or site o v e r age, p r m ea ble a v e m ent, a nd/ or d ra n a ge fea tures

         P oli c y C-4.2:        Limit the effects of current and former mining and mineral
                                 e x tra c tio na c t i v i tie s on ground wa t er a nd sur f ace wa t e r, e spe cial ly
                                 t hrou gh pl ann ed avoi da nce o f theses i t e s.

         P oli c y C-4.3:        Pro mote agricultura l an d d e v e lopme n t practices which li mi t soil
                                 ero si on an d r un o f f.

         P oli cy C-4.4:         Pr omote u se of of buffers o r prot e ctive measure s to limi t th e
                                e f f e c t s o f in du s t ria l o r haz ard ou s mate ria l s si t e s on surf a ce wa te r
                                    s                           n            c
                                 re o urces and g r ou d wat er re h a rge zo nes .Po l ic y C-3. 5: Develop
AMADOR COUNTY GENERAL PLAN
           C- 2 3
 C ONSER VATION
 Prelimin ary Draft



                                                                       r
                                    a nd implement a co mp e h e nsive s tor mw ater m an g e ment           a
                                    program to limit the quantity and increase the water quality of
                                                                                    t
                                    runoff flo wing to th e co u nty’s sr e a ms an d rive rs. Any
                                                                                           u
                                    s t o rmwater mana g ement p r ogra m for agric l t u r a l land s h ould b e
                                    d eveloped and main ta ined wit hin the Amad or C o unty
                                    Agr i c u l tural Dep ar t me nt and foll ow s tate a gr i c u l tural guide li nes.

             o
            P l i c y C-3.6 :         Maintain a n d i m p r o ve e x i sting dra inage and sto rmwate r
                                      infras truc ture, a nd d evelo p new d r a i n age and s to rmwate r
                                  i n f r a s t r u c t u r e a s n e e d e d. Consolidation of this function to a
                                                     o
                                    s i n g l e C u n t yd e p a r t m ent o rr e s p o n s i ble a g e n c y is d e s i r a ble.
                                     W h en maint aining o r develo p i ng draina ge a nd/or stor mwat e r
                                      infr a s tructu re, consider vector c ontro l.

            Goal C-5 :               Re duc e the negative effects of new de velopme nt on s to rmwa te r
                                                          i                    p
                                     r uno f f and no n-po n t so ur ce w ater o l l u t i on.
             o
            P l i c y C-5 . 1:                                                                  a
                                   D e v e l o p Lo w I m p a c tD e v e l o p m e nt ( L I D) st n d ard s fo r n e w
                                   c o n s tructi on, including reside ntial developments of 5 or mo re
                                    units , and com mercial or indu s trial p r ojects. These st an a rds       d
                                    should b e i n corporated into the Co u n ty ’s developm ent
                                    ord ina nces. (modify to reflect the intended focus on large
                                    develo pment s , cl a r ify in i mplementation )
             o
            P l i c y C-5.2 :       E nc our age t h e u s e o f L I D s t r ategies to help A mado r Co un ty
                                    s u s t ain an d i mprove both surface- and grou n d water q uali t y.

E ner gy Resou rces
          I n c r e a s i n g e n e r g y e f f i c i e ncy a n d m a k i n g b e t t e r u s e ofc u r r e n t a n d l o c a l e n e r gy
              r es ou rce s i s an im po rt an t m ec hani s m fo rc an r ed ucing re duce d ire c t an d hid d en
                                                                                                    r
           e n e r g y c o s t s i n t h e f u t u r e, a s e n e r g y co sts r i s e a n d s o u c e s o f e n e r g y b e c ome
              more difficult to o btain. Impro vi ng energ y e f f i ci en c y an d i nc re asing the amo un t of
                                             e g                                                n                                 f
            l o c a l , m i c r o-s ca l e en r g y e n e r a t i o n wi ll hel p r e d uce e e r g y c o s t s a n d t h e e f e cts
              o f our energ y use o n t he e nv i ro nmen t.

            G oal C-6:                                  w               i
                                  R e d u ce e n ergy u s eh e r e f e asb l e and p romo te r ene wable an d
         a
l o c ally v a i l a bl e
                                         r             g
                                    s o uc e s o fe n er y.

               o                                    h                               o
              P l i c y C-6 . 1: E n c o u rage n e wi g h e r d e n s i t y d e v el p m e n t t o be
    e           -
 p ed s t r i anf r i e n dly, and
                                   located near existing activity centers to limit energy use
                                   as sociated with automob ile tr ansportati on e nergy use.

                                     MLTP Comment: This should not apply to or restrict rural
 homesites.

             o
            P l i c y C-6 . 2:                                  i
                                    E ncour age e n ergy-e f f ice n t b usi n es ses and m anu f actur e rs o f gr e en
pro d u cts t o locate in Amador Co u n ty.



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                        o
                       P l i c y C-6 . 3:      P r o mote in creased e n ergy eff iciency and gre en bu ilding pract ic es
                                                 thro ugh t he Co unty’s use of t h ese practices a nd thr o ug h use of
                                              i n c e n t i v es.

                        o
                       P l i c y C-6.4 :                    e                      f                                      a
                                              E n c o u rag d e v e l o p m e n t oa l t e r n a t i v ee n e r g yg e n er t i o no p t i o ns .

                                                               s y                                v t tr
                      M L T P C o m m e nt: S e e G l os a rT.h e d e f i n i t i o n f o r A laei v e E n e r g y G e n e r a t i o n
                                                                              to                                G                    h
b e t t e r d e f i n e s r e n e w a b l e e n e r g y s o u r c e s u s e d g e n e r a t e e l e c t r i ci.ty e n e r a t o r s ta t u s e o i l
                                                    lw,                                      ,           m
     o r n a t u r a l g a s , u n d e r t h i s poi c yo u l d n o t b e e n c o u r a g ed w h i c h e a n s e v e ry e meg e n c yr
                                                    l                      t             t
     g e n e r a t o r i n t h e C o u n t y . Poi c y C-6 . 5c o v e r sh e i n t e no f P o l i c y C-6 .4



                       P oli cy C-6.5:                                                                   r
                                               S up port use o f r ene wable a nd locally-ava i lab le sou c e s of energy
                                                             i
                                               w h er e f e as b l e.

                       P oli c y C-6.6:        C oordinate w ith other org ani zations an d a gen cies to promot e
                                                                                   e
                                               p u blic e d uca ti on re garding en r gy e f f icient pr act ices a n d
                                                tech nologie s which c an be used b y individ uals to r e duce their
                                             e n e r g y u s e.

                       P oli cy C-5.7:         Provide i n cen ti ves (e.g. waived building or planning fees, or
                                                                  o                                      i               u
                                               e x ped i ted prc e s s i n g ) f or u s e o f e ne rgy-effc i e n t f e at r e s fo r
                                               r e si d en t ial a nd co mm er cia l con s tru c t ion.

                       P oli c y C-6.1:         Reduce erosion and sediment loads which might limit the
                                               l i f es pa n o f exi s t ing fac i l i tie s.

                        o
                       P l i c y C-6.2 :       P r omote deve lopme nt pattern s and pra c tic e s wh ich pe rmi t the
                                               c onti n u ed use and future deve l o pment of water p o wer gen e ratio n
                                               facili tie s on t he C o unty’ s streams a nd rivers.

                        o
                       P l i c y C-6 . 3 :      Guid e fu tur e developm ent t o pr eser ve p o ssibl e future s u itable
                                                l ocations f o r waters t o r a ge or h y droelectric g e neration facili tie s.

                r
           Hist o i c al Reso urces
                       Ama dor Co unt y has a rich h i story , and is characte ri zed by h i sto ric a l s tructure s,
                       districts, and mines dating back to the Gold Rush of 1849. T hese hi s to r ical
                      r e s o u rces offe r an important tool fo r e ducatio n, he l p to provide a dis tinc tive
                       “ se nse of place” to th e count y , a n d are v i t a l to a sig ni fica nt reso urce in promoting
                       to urism. The C o unt y w ill supp o r t the p r eservatio n of histori cal reso u rces thro u g h
                       b oth pro p er t y ow ne r inc entives a n d e du cati on al and interpretive o p p or t uni ties.

                        The Co un t y w ill explore us in g Use o f build ing en velope s o r cl u ste r developm en t
                       w ill be explored as a met ho d to a llow deve lop men t of p r o pertie s while also
                        preserving cultural or historical resources located on the property. Cl u ster
                        deve lop me nt i s des c ri bes a development pa t tern wh er e t he t otal improvem en ts
                       ( ro ad s and residences) perm i t ted for a pro pe r t y are cl us t ered on a small po rtion o f
                       t h e o r i g i n a l o r p r o p o s ed p a r c e ls, i nst ead o f b e ings c a t t e r e d e v e n l y o v er the
                                                                                 a di d
    ava i lab le s pace. T h e ba l a nce o f t h ep a r c e l i s t h e nd e t ec t o e i t h e r o p e n s p a c e o r
                                                                                         u
    agr icu ltura l use. In ad d i tion to preserving land f o r agric l t u r a l or conse rvation
    use s , c l u ste r develo pme nt a llows f or c hea pe r and mor e e f f i ci ent provi sio n o f
                                                                d
i n f r a s t r u c t u r es u c h a sr o a d s ,w a t e r , a ns e w e r s e r v i c e.

       AMADOR COUNTY GENERAL PLAN
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         Goal C-7:             Preserve the county’s hist orica l res ource s.

         P oli cy C-7.1:       Bal ance t he com mu ni ty’ s interes t in hi s tor i c preservatio n w i t h
                               th e r ig ht s of in divi du al pr o per t y o w n er s.

          o                                                   s                                 o
         P l i c y C-12. 2 : U s e i n c e ntive s w h e r e po s i b l e a s a m e a n s o f pr t e c t i n g a nd
                             prese rvi n g h istorica l structu r e s and dis tric t s.C o n sider u si ng Mi l ls
                             A c t contracts as a wa y of providing such incentiv e s.

                                                                                              r
         P oli c y C-7.2: P r o m o t e u s e of b u i l d inge n v e l o p e s or c l u s t ed e v e l o p m e n t a s a
                           me an s o f pro tec t ing hi s tor ica l res ou rce s w he n la nd i s develop ed.

         P oli c y C-7.3:      S u ppo rt t he preserva tion of historic s tructures, inclu ding
                               rehabilitation and adaptive reuse of structures. Encoura ge
                                                                                                 u
                               pro per t y o wne r s to p r eserve a nd maint ain h i stori c s tr c t u r e s.

         P oli c y C-7.4:      Pro mote the preser vation of his t o ri cally significant Go ld Rush
                               s ites , min i ng s ites a nd othe r ide nti fied s ites.

         P oli cy C-7.5:       Collaborate with interested groups to develop interpretive
                               mater i a l s for hi s tori call y-imp or ta nt s i tes.

         P oli c y C-7.6:                                                                          u
                               Promote histo r i c prese rva tio n a s an engine f o r A mado r C o n t y’ s
                               to ur ist eco nom y.

     u
C u lt r a lR e s ource s
          Cultura l r esou rce s are important remi n ders a nd remn ant s of the rich h i story of
                                         u
         t h e ar eaAmad or C o n t y. T hese reso urces o ff er phy sical e vid ence of t he p r eh is t or ic
         a n d hi s tor i c oc cupation a nd ex p loi tatio n of th e co u nt y.C u l t u r a lr e s o u r c es s i t es
         i n clu de both prehis t o ric and mi ning re lated s ites. Amador County will work with
          intere s t ed gro ups, including Native American communities , to preserve and
            o
          pr t e c t cultura l resource s. Inc enti ves a nd cluster deve lop m ent are t wo tools
         w h ich ma y be used. In addition, an inventory of cultural resource locations
         m aintained b y th e Co un t y can help l a ndowner s become aware o f the pres en c e of
         c u ltural or arc h a eological r e s our ces on t h e i r pro per tie s, pot enti a lly aff e c ting fut u r e
                    p              o                o
         d e v e lo m e nt. Pr t e c ti on Pr t e c ti ng of cu ltura l res ou rc es i s ma n date d b y the S tate
         o f C ailf o r n ia thro ugh t he C a l i f o rnia E n v i r o n m e ntal Q u ality Act (C EQA)
                                                                          c
       e n v i r o n m e n t a lr e v i e wp r o c e s s a n d t h e S B 18 o n s u l t a tio np r o c e s s.

         G o al C-8:                         c       c ’l
                            P r e s e r v e theo u n t yu st u r a l r e s o u r ces .

         P oli c y C-8.1:      Bala nce the com mun i t y ’ s interes t i n th e protec tion of cul tural
                               reso urces wi th th e r ig ht s of in dividual pr op er t y own er s.




                                   AMADOR COUNTY GENERAL PLAN
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        o                                                            s
       P l i c y C-13. 2 : U s e i n c e n t ive s w h e r e po s i b l e a s a m e a n s o f pro t ect i n g a nd
                   p r e s e r v i n g c u l t u r a l a n d a r c h a e o l o g i c a l s i t e s.

        o
       P l i c y C-8 . 2 :      r              u                              E
                               Po m o t e lc s t e r i n g o fd e v e l o pme nt n c o u r a g e pro j e ct d e sig n t h a t
                                        o                                                        c
                              w i l l p r t e c t cul tural a nd archaeol og ica l resour e s , a nd con si der
                               t he u s eu sing of in c entives a s a mea n s of protectin g to s u p port
                                                                                                            r
                               pro t e ction of c u l tural a nd a rc haeol ogical t h ese re so u c e s w hen
                                              e
                             l a n d i s d ev l o p ed .

       P oli cy C-8.3:                                           o       o                            g
                              Educate l o ca l re altors, pr p er ty w n e r s, a nd de vel opers re a rding
                              t he need to protec t and prese rve cultura l resources , w ith t h e
                                 j                      a                                               m
                              o be c t i v e o f i n c re s i n g cu l t ural re sourc e a w a renes s a o n g
                                                                 y
                              exi stin g a nd n ew pro pert o w ner s.

       P oli c y C-1 3.5: Utilize th e C o u nty’s inve ntory of id e ntifie d cultural reso urce s to
                           hel p e duca t e pro pe r t y owne r s and develo pe r s , an d ale r t th em t o
                           p otential cul tural r es ources is su es as socia ted with n e w
                                   p
                          d e v e lo m e nt.

       P oli c y C-13.7: E n force l aw s tha t pr es er v e an d pr ot ec t N a t ive Americ an cul t ural
                         and archa eo log ica l si te s.

        o
       P l i c y C-8.4:       C ollaborate with other E ncourag e other intere s t ed group s t o
                              develop i nt erpre t ive ma t eria l s fo r cu ltura l l y an d a rc h aeolog ically
                              i mp o rta n t s i tes.

Ai r Q ualit y
       A i r q u ali t y is a n i s su e thr ou g hout C alifornia. A ut omob ile emi s sion s are a majo r
       contributor to air quality problems, and efforts to improve air quality are
       i n creasing ly directed at t h e relati o nship b etw e en g r o w th, lan d use activi ties , and
       air quality. Land use p atterns dir e c tly influence transportation dema nd w h ich, in
       turn, affec t s ai r q u ali ty. Ama d o r C o unty ca n h elp to m aintain its g o od air qu ality
       by modifying development patterns and offering alternative transportation
                                   s                             y                         e
      o p t i o n s , a s w e l l ae n c o u r a g i n ge n e r gc o n s e r v a t i o n and f f i c i e n c y.

       G oal C-9:             Main tai n and impr ovea i r qua lity.

                                         v                                                       l
       P oli cy C-9.1: E n c o u r a ge de e l o pmen t ofc o m m e r cia l o ri n d u s t r i a b u s i n e s s e s
                        whi ch provide jobs for coun t y r e sid ent s in o r der to red u ce veh icle
                        miles traveled for residents who must drive elsewhere for
                        e m ploym ent.

        o
       P l i c y C-9 . 2:                                                       v
                             E n c o u rage i n f i l l d e velopmen t , a n d de e l o pme n t n e a r e x i s t i n g
                              activi t y cent e r s in o r d e r to encourage walking or bicy cle use in
                              ru nnin g loca l erra nd s.


           AMADOR COUNTY GENERAL PLAN
                      C- 2 7
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          P oli c y C-9.3:        P rom ote t h e separa ti on o f emi s si on sou rce s from sensiti ve
                                     c
                                   re e ptors such a s scho ols, day ca re c ent ers , and he alth ca r e
                                 f a c i l i ties.

           o
          P l i c y C-9.4 :                                      n
                                 Enco ura ge ene rgy co s ervat ion and energy eff icient design i n n e w
                               d e v e l o p m e ntp r o j e c t s.

           o
          P l i c y C-9.5 :       r                c                   t                                      c
                                 Po m o t e r e cy l i n g of was t e mae r i a l s a nd t h e u s e of r e cy l e d
                                m a t e r i a l s.

          P oli c y C-9.6:        Main t ain vi a ble pu blic tr a nsport ation o ptio n s in Ama d o r C ounty ,
                                                                                                           i
                                  and pro vide t ran s i t con ne c tions s uch a s pa rk-a nd-ri de s e rv c e s t o
                                  job ce nte r s i n ne ar b y c ou n tie s.

          P oli cy C-9.7:        Wor k wi t h s t a t e and fed era l a g en cies to see k rec o gn i tio n o f ai r
                                 p olluta nt tra n sp ort moveme nt from valle y to m ou ntain co u ntie s
                                 as a c ontr ib utor to re d uce d ai r quali t y.

          l                                       s
G l o b a C l i m a t eC h ang e G r eenho useG a E m i s s i o n s
                                                 m
          T h eC a l i f o r n ia G l o b a l W ar i n g Sol u t ion s A c t ( A B 3 2) w a s p assed i n S e p te mb er
                                                                   e                                     i
          2 0 0 6. A B 32 r e q u ire s t h a ts t a t e w i d e gre n h o u s e g as( G H G ) e m i ss o n s m ust be
          r e duced to 1990 l evels by 20 20, which represent s ab out a 2 5% re duc tion relative
                                                                                        o
          to cu rrent leve ls.T h e Cl i mate Cha g e Sc op ing P lan (Sc p i n g P l an) was app r o e d
                                                          n                                                           v
                               e
          b y A R B in D c e m b e r 2 008 a n d o u t l i n e s C ailf o r n i a ’s p l a n t o a c h i e v e t h e G H G
                                                                                                    i        s
          r e duction s required in A B 32. T h e S cop ing P l a n c o nta i n s t h e prm a r y t r a t e g i e s
          C alifornia will impleme nt to achieve a reduc ti on of 1 6 9 millio n metr i c to ns of
          c a r b on d ioxide e quivalent, or a pproximat ely 2 8% from th e stat e ’s pro j e cted 202 0
                i
          em s s i on l evel s. Future p l a nning eff o r t s th at do not e ncourag e red u c tions in GHG
          em i s s ion s w o uld conflict wi th AB 32, i mpedin g C ali fo r nia’ s a bility to compl y w ith
          th e p oli c y.

                                                    n                    l                           r
          I n t heS c o p ing P l an, ARB e c o u r a g e s l oca g o v e r n ment s toa d o p t a e d u c t i o n g oa l
          f o r m un i ci pa l o pera tio n s emi s s ion s and move t ow ar d es t abl ishin g sim ila r goa l s fo r
          c om muni t y emi ssions that parallel the S tate comm itment to re duce GHGs. T h e
           Plan id enti fies Cali f ornia’s c i tie s a nd countie s as “essential partners” with in the
           overa l l sta t ewide e f for t a nd recomme nd s tha t l oca l govern me n t s s e t a GH G
          r e ductio n target of 15 per cent below tod a y’s levels by t he ye ar 2020. T h ou gh the
             e
           sp c i f i c role l oca l governme n t s w i l l play in mee tin g C ali f ornia’ s G HG re du c tion
                                               d
           goals i s s t i l l bein g de f in e , t hey w i l l n on et hele s s be a ke y pl ay er.

          I n Ca l ifornia,S t ate wi de , mor e th an 4 0% o f G HG emiss ion s are ass oci at ed w ith
          transportation. Reduction of GHG emissions will thus primarily require a
          re du c t ion o f moto r v eh i cle fuel consume d a nd veh i cle m ile s t r aveled (VM T). O th er
          me an s o f addre s si ng g lobal c l imate ch ange in cl u de use o f al t er na t ive low- or no-
         e m i s s i o n e n e r g y s o u r c es a t t he l o c a l a n d m i c ro sca l e ( i . e ., s o lar c e l l s ), since

                                      AMADOR COUNTY GENERAL PLAN
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                                                                                                      CO NSE RVAT ION
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                                       e                                                  u
        e l e c t r i c p ow er g en r a t i o n al s oa c c o u n ts f o r n e a r ly a q a r t e r o f GH G e m i ssi ons .
       C o n s e r v a t i o n e f f o rts w h i c hr e d u c e e n erg y u s e a r e also e f f e c tiv e inr e d u c i n g GH G
         e mis sio n s a sso cia ted w ith el e c tri c powe r ge nera tion.

        G o a l C-10:                                                                        b   v
                                 Reduc e G HG emi ssions from a sso ciate d wi th automo i l e tra e l,
                                                  w rn                     d
                             e l e c t r i c a l po e e g e r a t i o na n e n e r g yu s e.

         P oli cy C-10.1: E v a luate the p ote ntial e ffe c t s o f climate ch ange on t he coun t y ’s
                          hu ma n an d na tu ra l s y ste ms and pre pare s tra tegie s that a llow t h e
                          C ou nty to approp riately respond a nd a d apt.
                                                          r
         P oli c y C-1 0.2: De velop and ad op t a co mp e hen siv e strat egy to reduce GHGs
                            wi thin A mador Cou nt y by a t le ast 1 5 p er ce nt from curr e nt lev e ls
                            by 2 02 0.
                         MLTP Comment: This is a costly and potentially wastefull goal.
The County should take no action beyond that which is required to meet State and
Federal regulations until such time as a Scientific consensus is reached regarding
human generated GHG’s.


         P oli c y C-1 0.3: Gui de n ew d e v e lop ment to area s w h e re pe des trian a nd
                                         N                                              e
                            b i c y c l e/ E V a c c ess t o ex i sti n g a c t i v ity c n t e r s a re i s po s sib le, i n
                             or de r t o reduce the need for au tomobile t r ave l and VMT. Re quire
                             new d evelopmen t pr oje c ts t o pro vide bic y cle /N EV a nd pe de s t rian
                             facili tie s to incr e a se the sa fet y a nd f e a sib ility of non-aut omobile
                            t r a v el.

         P oli c y C-15.2: On an a nnua l ba sis, set go als a n d assess p r o gres s on t he
                                                                                      i
                           p riori tie s ident i fi ed b y t he P ede s t ri an an d B c y cle Mast e r Pl an in
                                                                                                p
                           order to i mprove pe destrian a nd bicycle ci rculation o ti o n s i n the
                           co u nty.

         P oli c y C-10.4: Wor k wi th ser v i ce provide r s to e nsur e th at tra ns i t offer in gs in the
                           co u nt y are s ta ble or expan di ng, a n d that tra ns i t i s tailor ed to
                           meet res ident s’ ne eds.

        G o al C-16:                              si       f    e              l     er
                              R e d u c eG H G e m s i o ns r o m l e c t r icap o w g e n e r a t i o n.

       P oli c y C-1 0.5: Require Encourage new development projects to
incorporate building
                            l                                           a     n
                          p a c eme nt a nd des i gn f eatur es to incre s e e e rgy eff icienc y i n
                          n e w s truc tures.

                       MLTP Comment: There are other important factors in building
placement, such as topography and views.

         P oli c y C-10.6: Su ppo r t g r een bu ilding thro u gh i ncent ive s f o r Le a de rship in
                              n                  o                        E       r
                            E e rgy a nd E nv ir n men tal Design ( LE D ) ce t i f ication of new
                           c o m mer ci a l, indu str ial, pu bli c, and multi-family r e s i d e n t ial
                                                                        d
                            buildings. Id e nti fy a desi red L ea e rship in En ergy a nd
             ir                         L
       E n v o n m e n t al D esign (E E D) cer ti fi cation l evel for n e w
      c o m m erc ial, indu str ia l, p u blic a nd multi-family r e s i d e n t i al
        buildings. Promote in c entives f o r comp liance with th is s t a nda r d
                                                              i
       a s a w ay toi n c r e a s e t he e n e r g y e f f i ce n c y o f n ews t r u c t u r es .
         r
        P o mote increased energy e f f ic i ency a nd g ree n bu ilding p ract ices
        thro ug h the County’s use o f these practices. [ N ote: Gene ral Pl a n


AMADOR COUNTY GENERAL PLAN
           C- 2 9
C ONSER VATION
Prelimin ary Draft



                            t e x t w i l l ident i f y t h e de s ired L EE D c er t ifica tio n le vel , and policy
                             w ill be r e vi sed to reflec t t h e s t and a rd.]

         P oli c y C-16.3: Re q u ire that n e w residentia l build i n g perm its f o r m o re th an 6
                           mar k et-ra t e un i t s pr ovide s ola r powe r ge nera tio n an d/o r solar
                           heating systems for water on 25% of units. T h i s m a y i n c l u d e
                           par t i ci pa t ion i n the Cal ifornia E nerg y Com mis si on’s N e w Solar
                           H o mes P art ner ship re bate p rog r am.

          o
         P l i c y C-10.7: Support Prom o te pa rcel-s ca le energy g ene r ation, inc luding
                           a d di tion of so lar p ane ls f o r re sid e ntial s tructures a nd
                           coge nera tio n for large r commer cia l o r i nd u stria l use s.

         P oli c y C-10.8: Expand recycling and waste minimization efforts, including
                           r e cycli ng of constr u c tion a nd d emoli tion materia l s.Poli cy C-16.6:
                                      R eq ui re that n ew residences use E nergy St ar-r ate d
                           ap pli an c es and the mo s t ene rgy-e f f i cie n t w ater h ea ter s a nd a ir
                           condi t ioni ng s y ste m s fea si bl e.




                                AMADOR COUNTY GENERAL PLAN
                                           C- 3 0

								
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