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Local 45 International Brotherhood of Electrical Workers QUARTERLY Business Manager Lloyd Webster Winter 2006 Hunter Bloch Explains the New Digital XD Camera Frank Walters Explains the Fast-paced World of News Editing and Recent Technological Changes in the Industry Page 1 Business Manager’s Message Business Manager’s Year End Report 2005 By Lloyd Webster Dear Sisters and Brothers, tory and Path Fire for loading commercials into servers. Management is currently looking for This is to inform you of what sites to install a new radar facility. They has been happening at the various upgraded the transmitter and infrastructure shops we represent here at Local at Mount Wilson. 45. Finally, the Nextel change-over proj- Television City - Hollywood ect has been delayed. This is a nationwide Television City has been very busy problem. with the following shows being shot there: CBS Radio • Young and the Restless There has been a name change from • Bold and Beautiful Inﬁnity to CBS Radio. • Price is Right In LA, the combining of four stations • Late Late Show with Craig Ferguson into one building is now complete. They • Real Time with Bill Maher are very heavily into HD Radio, on both • Tyra Banks Show AM and FM. • Dancing with the Stars The Company is seeking new Engi- • Dreamgirls neering people with R.F. backgrounds. • Deal or No Deal And coming up will be a Game Show LA CITY • American Idol Local 45 Staff and members gave Marathon. • Survivor Finale their Power Point presentation to numer- Television City can now boast that it • Rock Star ous City Council members outlining the has a top ten show for all four networks, • The Biggest Loser Finals wage disparity within similar classiﬁca- CBS, NBC, ABC and Fox. tions between the Department of Water & IBEW Local 45 On the technical side, the Company has upgraded two studios to Hi-Deﬁni- Power and the Information Technology 6255 Sunset Blvd., Ste. 721 tion, with new SSL audio consoles, new Agency. Hollywood, CA 90028 Contract negotiations continue after Hi-Deﬁnition Editing Room and they are the Bargaining Unit rejected the City’s (323) 851-5515 planning to get SR equipment and DVD ﬁnal offer. Mastering. Local 45 Staff and members met with Business Manager/ Syndication continues to be very the City Administrative Ofﬁcer to discuss Financial Secretary busy. Promos for CBS network and UPN, the wage disparity issue. Lloyd Webster soon to be the CW network, are still being IBEW Ninth District Vice-President done at Television City. Mike Mowrey and IA Representative Executive Assistant CBS News Bureau - Hollywood Tim Dixon met with Local 45 Staff and Miriam Marchan The good news is the network has members and pledged their support for our given our members the new Sony XD issues in negotiations with the City of LA. Bookkeeper Cam and Avid Editors. They have also Gayle Jordan trained our members. The shooters really LA COUNTY love the new cameras. The Company The Agency Fee Procedure was Dues Administrator implemented thereby guaranteeing that announced it plans to install video servers Tasha Curtis in the LA bureau. The Edit Rooms have all employees that are represented by the been upgraded to newscutter adrenalines. Union are paying their fair share. Assistant Dues Administrator The Bargaining Unit received a union Kristy Graham KCBS/KCAL - Hollywood negotiated wage increase of 2.5%. The big story at both stations is the Business Representatives new studios being built to house both sta- LA City College Southern California tions. The project should be completed in A successor three-year contract was Richard “Rick” Rogers the second quarter of 2007. negotiated by the Union which provided The Company purchased seven new for an initial wage increase of 5.23%. Northern California ENG vans and upgraded the satellite truck LA Uniﬁed School District Hugh McGuigan to digital. They are working on Flip Fac- Local 45 members continued to re- ceive the 7% increase as negotiated by the Page 2 Union that covers the training of employ- of classiﬁcation to wage compensation, worked well with Local 45 in his previous ees to become Communications Techni- were discussed and resolved. position at KRON and we look forward to cians. NMT a continued good working relationship. The Bargaining Unit received a 2% Assisted Business Manager Webster The Union and the company reached wage increase retroactive to July 1, 2004. in negotiating a successor contract for both a tentative Agreement on a new three-year KTNV – Las Vegas the Engineers and Drivers. The Drivers agreement for the writers and PA’s with Negotiated the ﬁrst TV Union con- received a 1.5% increase on 1/1/06. The wage and holiday increases for our free- tract in Las Vegas on behalf of the ﬁfteen Engineers’ compensation was changed to lance members. newly organized Photojournalists that reﬂect a salary based system that in each Local 45 wishes to thank long-time guarantees an average of at least a 2% of the ﬁrst two years guarantees an amount steward Curtis Caldwell for his many wage increase in each of the next three equal to 10% of what they received in years of assistance. Curtis has decided to years and includes increased protection 2004 while still being paid many of their step down, as he will be retiring soon. against last minute schedule changes. existing premiums. KRON – San Francisco We also held a shop meeting and Holiday Local 45 conducted several La- Changes continue at KRON. The lo- party for the members. bor/Management Committee Meetings in cal has assisted several members in receiv- KGET-TV which numerous issues, from scheduling ing voluntary severance packages. Members received a Union negoti- to wage compensation, were discussed and The local worked for many months ated wage increase of 3.25%. resolved. on a new agreement that was ultimately We also held a shop meeting and Holiday KRTH/KROQ agreed upon in August 2005. A new clas- party for the members. Our members received a Union siﬁcation, Video Journalist, was created KERO-TV negotiated increase of 3%. We also made with shooters reporting and also editing. Members received a Union negoti- a shop visit to our members. The jurisdiction is shared with ated wage increase of 2%. KTVU – Oakland AFTRA, and members working in this We also held a shop meeting and Holiday The company added a 5:00PM news position are receiving signiﬁcant wage party for the members. show giving additional work to our mem- improvements. The Company is very pleased with the speed in which our mem- KBAK-TV bers. bers have embraced the new classiﬁcation. Members received a Union negotiated The local ﬁled a grievance for a member who was wrongly denied a job The Local was successful in revers- wage increase of 2%. ing an out-of-sequence layoff of two We also held a shop meeting and Holiday opportunity. The company agreed to give the job to our member, she is performing members. party for the members. A grievance was ﬁled and we were Hollywood Park/ well and it has been a success for both the local and the employer. successful in reducing a suspension to Santa Anita-Television Members continue to improve on a letter of warning. We argued that the Members received a Union negoti- ENG editing in the ﬁeld. company had not followed any progres- ated wage increase of 3%. We are now in the ﬁnal year of the sive discipline and that a suspension for an The Union conducted several shop CBA and will be working with members employee with an otherwise clean record meetings and visits to our members to hear for their input on a new agreement. was excessive. their concerns. Local 45 wishes to thank long-time KCRA – Sacramento Clear Channel Radio steward Eddie Ento for his many years of Members are in the ﬁnal year of KIIS-FM/KHHT Engineers received service to the Local and the KTVU mem- agreement and the working relationship a Union negotiated wage increase of 4%. bers. with the employer is constructive and Assisted Business Manager Webster Eddie has decided to step down but has positive. in negotiating the ﬁrst contract with the agreed to assist us in bargaining. Local worked with management and ﬁve newly organized Engineers who work KPIX/KBHK – was successful in reducing the duration of for KTLK, KYSR, KBIG, KOST, KLAC a couple of disciplinary suspensions. and KFI that guarantees average wage in- San Francisco Union objected to the use of produc- creases of 2.83% over the next three years. The local ﬁled a grievance for ers to shoot still shots for air and it was wrongful termination of a member. The Capitol Records company subsequently offered a sever- stopped. Technicians received a Union negoti- Local 45 highlighted The KCRA ance package, which was accepted by the EXPERIENCE in the Quarterly newslet- ated 2% wage increase. member. Building Engineers received a Union ter. The Union held a Holiday luncheon The local was successful in getting for our KCRA members with Management negotiated 2% wage increase. a service credit adjustment for one of our Charter Communications also in attendance. members. This allows him to receive sig- Members received a Union negoti- niﬁcant vacation improvements and other KSEE – Fresno ated increase on average of 3.5%. service credit issues. A number of grievances were suc- Local 45 conducted several La- The company has hired Don Sharp cessfully processed this year. bor/Management Committee Meetings in as the News Operations Manager. Don has We were able to reverse company which numerous issues, from working out practice of charging a vacation day when Page 3 employee was off on a holiday. The com- employees have since been added. The the agreement. Additionally, the employer pany stopped the practice and reinstated employer continues to look for additional stated during bargaining that if station lost vacation days. Service Technician hires. results were good, a bonus would be The duration of a disciplinary sus- The union ﬁled a grievance over given. The company kept the promise and pension was reduced after consultation company action of sending employees gave out bonuses earlier this year to the with Management. home with less than the contractual 40- members. Company plans to have reporters hour workweek. Company agreed to stop The Station has almost completed its shoot news stories for air was stopped due practice but state they believe they have digital conversion. to union’s objections. the right and will present at next round of KFSN – Fresno bargaining. Local 45 wishes to thank long-time We continue to work on company steward Tom Moscatelli for his many abuse of start time and travel time. years of service to the Local and member Day Wireless – of KFSN. Bay Area/Sacramento Tom has retired and we wish him a A new one-year agreement was long and happy retirement. reached without many changes. The em- A new three-year agreement was ployer did agree to pick up an additional reached with employees receiving 9% 5% of medical costs. over the life of the agreement. Union and Steward Dave Green resigned and management worked together on an exten- moved to Montana. We have a replace- sion of existing terms and conditions with ment Steward, Frank McClory, who has the wage adjustment. The membership volunteered to take the position. overwhelmingly accepted the agreement. Company has consolidated facilities The company has added three full and is now operating in Benicia, Hayward, time positions this year. and Sacramento. GE – Bay Area/ Sacramento KVIE – Sacramento The union ﬁled a grievance over A new three-year agreement was the use of non-union temporary employ- reached and accepted by the membership. ees and was successful in getting them Wages will improve 8% over the life of Cameraman Tom Rapier removed from the job. Three full time New KCBS/KCAL Studio Under Construction A new KCBS/KCAL studio is under construction and scheduled to open in early 2007. It is expected to be the most modern in the nation, if not the world. The new $45 million studio is rising on a 11.5- acre plot about seven miles from Columbia Square in Hollywood. The newsroom in the new building will be named after Jerry Dunphy, who died in 2002 after a half-century as a Los Angeles broadcast journalist. Ground was ceremonially broken on June 18 by CBS brass and Mayor Antonio Villaraigosa. Page 4 Hunter Bloch Explains the New Digital XD Camera: For CBS news camera operators like tape, Bloch’s new Hunter Bloch, a second’s decision can camera records di- mean catching the perfect shot — or miss- rectly onto a CD that ing it by a mile. is held stable inside Armed with a new digital XD cam- a transparent plastic era, Bloch has a powerful new tool for the cartridge. “They look task of telling a story with pictures on TV. like the old ﬂoppy It’s an important job, because the footage disks, only bigger Bloch captures during his day of shooting and capable of hold- in the city of Los Angeles ends up on the ing so much more CBS evening news that night for millions information,” Bloch of Americans to see. said. “We can hold 45 The new cameras are powerful tools minutes of high-deﬁ- because they offer Bloch a variety of new nition video on these features that turn seconds into a lifetime disk cartridges.” — and make possible what was previously Another im- unheard of with cassette- based technology. resolution by the time “As long as you’re we get back in from the pointing the camera and ﬁeld.” not shaking it, it will log Once they’ve returned the last twelve seconds in from a day of shoot- a temporary video cache,” ing, Bloch said they can said Bloch, a 40-year tell the computer to go veteran of the industry into the hard copy and and a Local 45 member pull out the particular since he came to CBS in timecodes used by the 1977. He likens the video editors when they were cache feature to a mini- editing the low-res cut. TIVO digital recorder. “It’s really revolutioniz- “As soon as I hit record ing the way we’re doing it grabs those last twelve things,” said Bloch. “We seconds and tacks them used to have to wind and onto the beginning of my re-wind back and forth shot,” Bloch marveled. “If to ﬁnd what you wanted I’m waiting for someone on the tape. Now we can to come out of a building or waiting for portant feature now available to the CBS access the shot immediately if we know a demolition, I can hit record as soon as I news crew is a proxy-video function. The the timecode.” see action. As long as I was pointing at the feature allows camera operators to upload Never one to shy from the techno- building I’ve got the last twelve seconds low-resolution copies of their footage to logical advances demanded in the news of my shot.” the bureau computer system. The process industry, Bloch test drove his new XD It’s only possible because of the evo- takes only a few minutes, and then the camera covering Hurricane Katrina in the lutionary jump from analog cassettes to low-res footage can be used by editors waist-deep waters of New Orleans. It was the XD camera’s digital disk technology. to start piecing the stories together while all part of the moment-to-moment nature For camera operators like Bloch it means crews are still out in the ﬁeld. of his business. less time wasted and more time capturing “In the old days editors had to wait “We’re like ﬁremen,” Bloch said. the images that will remain burned in our until the crews brought their tapes in from “Some days we don’t do anything, but minds long after the program has ended. a day of shooting,” said Bloch. “Now I can we’re here when the alarm rings and “It’s not so much the camera that’s go to Starbucks and use their wi-ﬁ con- there’s a crash somewhere. If there’s a special — it’s the medium we’re record- nection to upload low-res video footage shooting or a disaster we scramble to the ing on now,” Bloch explained of the new which includes the time code. The editors scene.” technology. Rather than using a cassette can have the story edited together in low Page 5 Frank Walters Explains the Fast-paced World of News Editing and Talks About Recent Technological Changes in the Industry In the-fast paced world of television “The evening news goes live news, camera operators, journalists, edi- on the East Coast at 6:30, and tors and producers work on tight schedules that means we have to have under enormous pressure. Their industry our pieces fed by 3:30 in the is, by its very nature, a high-pressure afternoon.” environment, but because of the time dif- Walters explained how ference, news crews at CBS on the West stressful the process sometimes Coast have the added pressure to deliver becomes. their product three hours earlier than their “It can be seven hours East Coast counterparts. of boredom and one hour of “We have the shortest turnaround terror,” he laughed, recalling times of all the network bureaus,” said some of the tighter deadlines Frank Walters, a news editor who’s been he had to deal with. “You’re a member of Local 45 since 1991 when waiting on a script and waiting he worked at KPIX in San Francisco. on a producer and you’re wait- ing for your footage and the voice-overs. Some- times they all come to you with an hour to spare and say, make a piece out of it.” With the clock ticking, Walters takes the as- sembled components and begins crafting the Kimberly Everett - Video Tape Editor story, cutting and splicing together various segments Walters. “And we do — we know a good of footage and on-site reporting. shot when we see it. We put together good “They dump it at our door and we’re stories.” supposed to make art out of it,” said Everything Walters and his edit- ing team create must be approved by the show’s producers as part of the process. He commented that at CBS they are considered trusted members of the creative team. “When it comes down to deadline, the way it is here — the editor in essence takes over and does what he or she feels is necessary to the piece,” Walters said. “The producers aren’t hanging over your shoul- der saying do this shot or that shot — they don’t have to work that way here.” Walters said that if there’s one thing that’s a constant in his industry it’s change, and with the recent purchase of six new XD cameras, the industry just took another step into the 21st century. The digital disc technology gives the editing team unprec- edented ﬂexibility in cutting and pasting sections in the computer. “It used to be the linear world,” said Page 6 Walters — where every time he wanted to add in material, the end of the tape had to be dubbed off onto a separate tape. The new material was then recorded onto the piece and the end section was dubbed back on from the other tape. “Every time you do that you’re dropping generations, and you’re losing video quality,” Walters said. “It’s making a copy of a copy, and we don’t have to worry about that any more with these new cameras.” With the new XD technology, Walters can simply drag and click with his mouse to cut and paste pieces together — completing the equivalent of hours of work under the old system in a matter of moments. He works on an AVID digital edit- ing system, and said digital technology — while still in the ﬂedgling stage of growth — will be the standard in the near future. Yet while the technology might make the job faster, Walters joked that it gives producers more opportunity to ask for changes as deadline approaches. “The faster you can do it, the more Above: Editor Frank Walters AVID time you have left to work, the more pro- ducers are going to ask you to change it,” Below: Editor Gilbert Le Veque he laughed. “Now, if the producers always knew what they wanted — that’d be a dif- Far Right: Various new equipment ferent story…” Page 7 Timothy Cruz Saves a Lucky Woman’s Life There are many heroes in the City of Angels. But on a rainy night in Janu- ary 2003, Local 45 member Timo- thy Cruz went above and beyond the mere title of ‘hero’ on his way to becoming an angel for one lucky young woman. The evening began innocently as Cruz worked two hours past the normal end of his workday. “I stayed late working and then looked at some stuff on the in- ternet,” he remembered. “But it was the ﬁrst of several coincidences that happened that night. Lots of things came together.” Usually Cruz took the quick- est way home after work, but that night he took a different, longer route. “I took a detour, and I came across a horriﬁc car crash on a bridge over the L.A. River,” said Cruz. “It was a fresh accident Timothy Cruz with Business Agent Rick Rogers — it had just happened.” It looked like only one car was involved, but Cruz Recognizing that he was probably pelvis, skull, feet, and arms — requiring remembered the vehicle as resembling the only chance for the woman’s survival, six surgeries in all. When she awoke from nothing more than a twisted heap of scrap Cruz leapt over a tall chain-link fence and her coma, Cruz visited with the woman metal. “It was a four-door that had turned scrambled down to where she lay in water and they became friends as she worked into a two-door,” he recalled. “But there several inches deep. Relying on his EMT her long way back to recovery. Because was no one there — there was no driver knowledge Cruz called the ﬁre department she had broken so many bones, the woman and I thought at ﬁrst that maybe the car and told them to send a battalion chief, was conﬁned to a hospital bed for sev- had been stolen and the driver had run paramedics, the ﬁre chief and an EMT, eral months with a variety of metal pins, after the wreck happened.” plus 15 ﬁreﬁghters for support. “At one needles, bolts, and screws sticking out of While a crowd of motorists gathered point I thought I’d lost her,” he said. “She her. Realizing how bored she would be, around the wreckage, Cruz walked off to was bleeding profusely from her leg — I Cruz fashioned an apparatus to hold a ﬂat- the edge of the bridge and looked down had to pinch her femoral artery with one screen television over the bed. “She had into the darkness. hand and hold her head with the other.” a cage around her head to hold it in place “All the sudden a reﬂection of light She’d been bleeding profusely for three and she couldn’t sit up,” he said. “All she came across the water and this person’s minutes and when the EMT’s arrived they could do was count the dots in the ceiling leg moved,” he said. “I knew it was a told Cruz the fact that he’d been there to panels, until I hooked up a DVD player so person, and I knew that she was alive.” stop the bleeding probably saved her life. she could watch movies.” From police conducting the wreck “She survived so many deaths that night,” Cruz hopes to get the story on a tele- investigation, Cruz later learned that the Cruz said. “She survived the high impact vision show some day, especially because woman had fallen asleep at the wheel and where she broke her neck on the wind- publicity might help the family raise the slammed into the bridge’s cement guard- shield, she survived the ejection, a 65-foot funds to pay for one ﬁnal surgery. “Both rail — an impact that tore the driver’s fall, not bleeding to death, not having the her arms are frozen in L-shapes and she side door off her car. As the car spun 360 wound get infected from bacteria in the needs a reconstruction on her elbow,” he degrees the woman was ejected from the L.A. River.” said. Still, both recognize how lucky she vehicle and thrown over the edge of the At the hospital the report was grim. is to be alive. “It was divine intercession,” bridge where she landed 65 feet below in She’d broken 32 bones in her body, Cruz summed it up. “Something wanted the river bottom. including multiple fractures to the spine, me to be there to go down into the river.” Page 8 CBS Electrical Department Keeps the Shows Going The 16 members of Local 45 work- lights, plugs, and air conditioning.” week,” Amato said of ABC and Fox’s im- ing in the electrical department at CBS That’s important for the variety of mensely popular reality shows. Television City studios do more than just programming that tapes daily in CBS’s Keeping the lights on and the sound- keep the juice ﬂowing smoothly. state of the art recording studios — every- stages cool means that Local 45 members Working 24 hours a day, seven days thing from the classic game show “The spend their days replacing old wiring a week, these devoted electricians and air Price is Right” to soap operas like “The with modernized technology and keep the conditioning repair specialists ensure that Bold and the Beautiful” and “The Young studio’s massive air conditioning units up the show will go on for many of CBS’s and the Restless.” to par. “It’s a lot of work sometimes — we most popular shows. “We have eight of the nicest studios recently had to replace a bunch of antique “There’s no such thing as an off-day in the city,” said Amato — so nice, in fact, voltage regulators with new uninterrupted for us,” said department foreman Tom that CBS leases out two of the studios for power supplies,” said Amato. “But we Amato. “Without a dedicated source of taping by nearly every major network. enjoy our jobs and we have a good time.” power these shows can’t record, and we “’Dancing With the Stars’ just wrapped make sure that everybody in this place has up and ‘American Idol’ is moving in this Pictured above are members of the Electrical Department at CBS: Foreman Tom Amato, Walter Alta Mirano, Ray Chavez, John Ruiz and Shop Steward Gene Dickens Page 9 Chuck Clifford at KRON 4 News Gets New Camera, Goes to Australia Local 45’s camera operators at CBS aren’t the only members this month to take a few steps into the technological future. Local 45 member Chuck Clifford, a video journalist at KRON in San Francisco, recently got a new digital video camera — and a trip to Australia to boot. At ﬁrst glance, the biggest differenc- es between the new technology and the old are reductions in size and weight. These advantages bring enthusiastic approval from the camera professional. “After years of lugging around beta- cams and other big cameras, to suddenly be able to work with a small camera that’s only a couple of pounds is a dream,” said Clifford. Shooting on mini-DV tapes, the camera is small enough to be hand-held, and it still delivers great video quality and high audio quality through the attached shotgun mic. “I love it, and my back is thanking me every day for it,” he laughed. Clifford commented that beyond the obvious size and weight differences are a host of evolutionary advances in tech- Page 10 niques he can use to create stories for the evening news. “A typical day for me involves going into the studio and getting an assignment, and then spending the rest of the day putting together the story,” said Clif- ford. From its ofﬁces in downtown San Francisco, KRON runs stories about a wide range of newsworthy topics — from police shootouts to celebrity events. He remarked, “Once in a while you have to use some ﬁle video, but I try to shoot my entire story on my camera.” Clifford then loads all the video onto his Panasonic laptop and edits his story in the computer. “I can take the ﬁnal story into the studio and load it onto the server, or I can upload it over the Internet,” he said. “They’re still working out the kinks, though — it’s either super-fast or super- slow.” Clifford recently got to test-operate his new camera in the ﬁeld when the sta- tion sent him and several other reporters to Australia. As part of a joint agreement between the station and the Australian government, Clifford traveled around the country for a week and put together stories for the KRON morning show. “It was great,” he recalled. “We went diving on the Great Barrier Reef and had a chance to visit Port Douglas. It was nice, but a lot of work.” Richard LeComte, LA County Communications Systems Support Department With over 4,000 square miles in area and a population of over 10 million, Los Angeles County is one of the largest coun- ties in the United States, both in square mileage and population. That’s a lot of area for a single county department to service, but the 16 technicians from Local 45 that make up the L.A. County Communications Systems Support Department cover it all. From Torrance to Malibu, Lancaster to Pomona, CSS technicians bring their skills and experience to any job where the county needs audio, video, or security work. “We have a lot of work we need Continued on page 12 Page 11 LeComte careful.” LeComte said his department has re- job descriptions. They try to get away with it and keep piling away on us.” Continued from page 11 cently been waging a battle with manage- LeComte said Local 45 has loyally to get done, and we don’t have enough ment at the county. “They’ve done a lot of supported his department’s complaints, people to do it,” said shop steward Rich- shady things like change job specs in the and said that soon the matter may proceed ard LeComte. “It’s like everywhere these middle,” he said. “Management is trying to arbitration. “They say ‘We can do this,’ days, but we ﬁnd a way to get it done. My to take the existing technicians and have and we say ‘No you can’t’ — but with the technicians are great.” them perform jobs over and above their support of the Local we’ll win,” he said. With a variety of technical certiﬁcations on their resumes, LeComte’s technicians are masters of what they do. “A lot of what we do deals with security,” LeComte said. “We install video systems and closed circuit television systems in parking lots, hallways, door entries — any place where you want a record of who’s coming and going.” Much of their work takes place in L.A. County Superior Court System, and LeCompte said they also do work in the prison system. “We do a lot of work in places where it’s especially important to have good sur- veillance,” he said. “These days you can never be too Richard LeComte Local Union #45 International Brotherhood PRESORT STD of Electrical Workers U.S. POSTAGE 6255 Sunset Blvd., Ste. 721 PAID Hollywood, CA 90028 LOS ANGELES, CA PERMIT NO. 34694 Visit your website: www.ibew45.org Page 12
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