BAREFOOT COLLEGE TILONIA

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          BAREFOOT COLLEGE TILONIA 
                                      
                                      
                                      
                                      
                                      
                                      
                                      
                          ANNUAL REPORT 

                              2006 – 2007 




BAREFOOT COLLEGE TILONIA
(VIA) MADANGANJ, AJMER DISTRICT,
RAJASTHAN
TEL NO : + 91(0) 1463-288204
FAX     : + 91(0) 1463-288206
E-mail : barefootcollege@gmail.com
Web Site : www.barefootcollege.org
EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
When we reflect back on the highlights of year 2006-2007 what is central to all on-going
community managed initiatives of Barefoot College, Tilonia such as Drinking Water, Health,
Pre-school and Rural Education, Employment, Energy and Improved Quality of Life amongst
poorest of the poor in rural communities has been concretising further its barefoot approach
within as well as outside the country to access these basic minimum needs.

This had necessitated efforts to take the footprints of community-managed initiatives in more
than 16 states of the country as well as 6 South-South countries in Asia-Africa and Latin
America.

Initiatives to identify, select and train semi-literate and literate youth including men as well as
women to involve them in a 4-6 month residential training at Barefoot College emerged as a
benchmark in visualising training as an important component of replicating the barefoot
approach to the widest extent possible.

To strength and consolidate the approach, efforts to register indigenous associations of such
trained semi-literate youth men and women have been completed which assumed great
significance in decentralising the technology and ushering sustainability in human resource
for the betterment of common good in improving the quality of lives amongst the poorest of
the poor.

Elections to the 6th Children’s Parliament of Barefoot College’s night schools in more than
150 villages have elicited active participation amongst children attending the night schools to
be part of an educational process that inculcates strong democratic values in emerging as
future responsible citizens. More than 6000 children including 4500 girls in the age-group of
6-14 years who graze cattle or help their families in marginal plots of land attend the 150
night schools in 5 districts of Rajasthan.

The Barefoot approach has provided requisite self-belief amongst trained women barefoot
solar engineers and solar cooker engineers to register themselves as Associations of Women
Barefoot Solar Engineers in Andhra Pradesh, Rajasthan in the country as well as in Ethiopia
and Afghanistan. These Associations shall as autonomous organisations be able to sustain
themselves in their states and countries in the future.
                                            -1-
“Water teaches us to co-exist peacefully as a community.”
                                                                         -A marginal farmer
DRINKING WATER

Over the past one decade or so, drought has become almost a part of rural lifestyle so to
speak. Decreasing annual rainfall, that too at the most inopportune time has forced the
poorest of the poor, the marginal farmers dependent on a rain fed crop in their non-irrigated
land to cope with very little fodder and no sustained output of food grains. This has been
further accentuated with acute scarcity of drinking water because most existing water sources
like hand pumps and ponds have become shallow or dried up.

The barefoot approach of constructing rain water harvesting (RWH) structures in rural
schools has enabled rural communities especially children to access drinking water all the
year around. This has also increased attendance levels of children especially grils in both
government day primary schools where RWH structures are constructed as well as Barefoot
Colleges’ night schools that function mostly in its building premises.

In principle RWH structures in rural primary schools includes access by children to 2 toilets.
(water seal type)

Within this context, Barefoot College has constructed 39 RWH structures in equal number of
rural school as well as community centres/ public buildings.(39 villages) The structures, with
a capacity of collecting 17,50,000 litres of rainwater annually provide drinking water access
to more than 14000 people including women and children living in of Ajmer and Barmer,
districts of Rajasthan. The structure constructed by barefoot architects include 64 toilets and
have provided gainful employment to 500 persons.

The process of constructed RWH structures entailed a regular series of village meetings from
selection of the sites up until completion which envisages social audit. There were in all 78
such meetings participated by 1500 persons including 700 women of 60 villages who are
members of Village Water Committees.(VWCs) There were 30 workshops organised during
the process of constructing the structures participated by 600 members of VWCs. including
250 women. All meetings, workshops and different phases of the actual construction of RWH
structures had been documented digitally.

JAL CHITRA

Since 1999-2000, Jal Chitra a software on Water Budgeting developed at Barefoot Collage
has been regularly collecting and keying data on existing village water sources and their
status. This data is collected during pre-monsoon, monsoon and post-monsoon months. The
software is handled by semi-literate and literate rural women since 2000 and have also been
involved in training rural youth in handling this computer software.

Presently in 2006-2007, data has been collected from 16 villages that include Balapura,
Tikawda, Bhunwada, Mundolav, Kada, Gordhanpura, Raghunathpura, Udaipur Khurd,
Udaipur Kalan, Godiyana, Kachariya, Kadampura. Theses villages are situated in Silora and
Srinagar Panchayat Samitis (development blocks) of Ajmer District, Rajasthan.
                                                 -2-
      “We are yet see a doctor emerge from any of our surrounding villages. The doctors in
      Primary Health Centre like the teacher in our school commute from town/cities. They
      do not belong to any of our villages.”

                                                                                 -A 70 year old in a village
      COMMUNITY HEALTH

      The village elders’ matter-of-fact remark reflects the need for rural communities to sustain
      their health status as well as their very existence by acknowledging interdependence amongst
      community members. Primary Health Centres and their infra-structural facilities would have
      to be optimised by mobilising rural communities to access them given such a scenario. This
      has been central to the barefoot approach that trains rural youth as barefoot doctors in
      community health to mobilise rural men, women and children to access government health
      infra-structural facilities. Barefoot College therefore is in principal committed to take up on-
      going preventive health initiatives by organising health education training of rural midwives
      and barefoot doctors as well as mobilising rural communities for Immunisation. (Women and
      Children) Use of bio-chemic and homeopathy is popularised as a low-cost health care that
      deals with minor illnesses. Barefoot College therefore organises one-day medical camps in
      villages where the rural population is able to access the services of government doctors and
      health staff in Primary Health Centres.

      Data-collection is collected on their health status initiative while health checkups of children
      attending Barefoot Colleges pre-school education centres (balwadis) and night schools are
      undertaken. The check-ups are conducted by trained barefoot doctors based in villages.
      Supplementary Nutrition including milk is provided to children attending balwadis especially
      to those who are malnourished.

      Main Community Health initiatives taken up during 2006-2007 are given in the table below:

S.     Community      Data specific    No of      No     of    Women   No of Men        No of Children       Grand
No.    Health         to         the   villages   participants         Participants                          total
       Initiative     Initiative
                                                                                      Boys Girls Total
1.     Pathological   Sputum                 3                    3              3       -       -       -       6
       Laboratory     Tests-6
                      ESR Tests             25                   64            120       -       -       -     184
                      Haemoglobin           69                  244            789                            1033
                      Tests
                      Urine Tests           58                  402            689                            1091
                      (for Sugar,
                      Protein Bile)
                      Malaria Test         138                  201            636       -       -       -     837
                      TLC                   26                   65             90       -       -       -     155
                      DLC                   22                  121             20       -       -       -     141
                      Blood Group           35                  255            305       -       -       -     560
                      Tests
                      Blood Sugar           13                   14             16       -       -       -      30
                      Tests
S.   Community     Data specific to      No of    No of Women       No of Men        No of Children               Grand
No   Health        the Initiative      villages     participants   Participants                                    total
     Initiative                                                                   Boy    Girls       Total
                                                                                   s
2.   One – day     Ante – Natal            106             2298               -      -           -            -    2298
     Medical       Care & Poste –
     Camps         Natal      Care
                   Camps - 1322
                   Mental                   30               35             95       -           -            -     130
                   Wellness
                   Camps – 12
                   Homeopathic              25               52             10                                      112
                   Camps – 5
3.   Health        Health                   77                 -              -   570      679          1249       1249
     Checkups      Checkups     in
                   Night Schools
                   Health                   58                 -              -   101     1071          2088       2088
                   Checkups     in                                                  7
                   Rural Creches
                   (Balwadis)
4.   Mother &      T.T. First Dose          51
     Child         – 755
     Welfare       T.T.    Second
                   Dose 728
                   Haemoglobin              51              696               -      -           -            -     696
                   Tests
                   Weighting of             51              741               -      -           -            -     741
                   Expectant
                   Mothers
                   Blood Pressure           51              755               -      -           -            -    1595
                   checkups       of
                   Women
5.   Educational   Rural                    25               43               -      -           -            -      43
     Excursions    Midwives
                   Health Workers            5                9              2       -           -            -       9
                   Pre-School               72              105              -       -           -            -     105
                   Teachers
                   (Balsevikas)
6.   Infant    &   Female                   51                 -              -      -           -            -      -4
     Female        Mortality
     Mortality     during delivery
                   Infant                   51                 -              -      -           -           45      45
                   Mortality
                   during      first
                   week-45
                   Infant                   51                 -              -      -           -           5        5
                   Mortality
                   during      first
                   month-5
                   Infant                   51                 -              -      -           -           13      13
                   Mortality
                   during      first
                   year-13
S.   Community            Data specific to     No of       No of Women     No of Men        No of Children          Grand
No   Health Initiative    the Initiative       villages    participants    Participants   Boys Girls Total          total

7.   Mother         and   Expectant                   51            1083              -         -       -       -       2309
     Child Care           Mothers
                          Total Deliveries-
                          1177
                          Safe Deliveries -
                          handled        by
                          Trained     Rural
                          Midwives     688
                          Deliveries
                          handled        in       -             -               -           -       -       -
                          Hospital – 258
                                                                                                                         -
                          Deliveries
                          handled        by
                          untrained
                          rural midwives –
                          207
                          Total No of
                          Trained      Rural
                          Midwives - 77
8.   Family Welfare       Sterilisation                              91                                                  91
                          Vasectomy                                   -               1                                   1
                          Use of                                                                                        250
                          Contraceptives                            250             250


9    Tuberculosis         Regular Follow-              2               -              4                                       7
     Eradication          up measures with
                          T.B.Patients
10   Training             Rural Midwives-             43                                                                     52
                          Village-Level
                          Health Worker-
                          9
                          Total – 52
                          No. of Training
                          Camps – 3
                          Duration       of
                          Training – 9days
                          Pre-School
                          Teachers
                          Training
                          (Bal Sevikas) –
                          105
                          No. of Training –
                          2
                          Duration – 7
                          days
11   Outpatient           Total No. of                51                                                                2590
     Dispensary           Persons-2590
                          Persons
                          Referred-54                                                                                        54
                                                                                                                    5
                                                   -3-

“You see those children going to the government school. Each one of them have
attended my balwadi.”
                                                     -Balsevika Village: Chota Narena

PRE-SCHOOL EDUCATION

This self-fulfilling remark of the balsevika is a familiar one, that is common to each of the
120 trained barefoot teachers at rural pre-school education centres (balwadis) of Barefoot
College in Ajmer, Jaipur, Sikar and Barmer districts of Rajasthan. This is reflected in the fact
that there were 309 boys and 314 girls entering formal mainstream education in government
primary schools during 2006-2007. This year the number of girls has increased as compared
to 100 of them joining the mainstream education last year.

 A network of 120 trained balsevikas initiate a lively and interesting educational process in
the 40 balwadis attended by a total 1182 children including 682 girls. The balsevikas in
principle participate in training camps regularly to familiarise themselves to more creative
ways of initiating a learning process at the rural crèches.

 There were 2 training camps organised during the year where 120 balsevikas participated in
2 batches. The balsevikas also went on an educational excursion visiting organizations and
institutions involved in Child Development as part of their on-going training process.

RURAL CRECHES (BALWADIS)

Disaggregated figures of children attending the crèches coordinated by BC are given below:

S.    Name of the      No. of    Age: Group     Age: Group     Age: Group     Age: Group        Total
No.   Field Centre /   Crèches    of 1 year     of 2-3 year    of 4 -5 year   of above 5
      Sub-Centre                                                                 year

                                 Boys   Girls   Boys   Girls   Boys   Girls   Boys   Girls   Boys   Girls


1.    Shodh                 8     12     17      76    161      18      46                   106     138
      Sansthan,
      Nalu
2.    Kadampura             4      5     17      34      38      9      13                    48      68
3.    Kakalwada             6     12     16      39      62     25      37                    76     115
4.    Tikawda               3      7      8      28      23     12      12                    47      43
5.    Brjpura               8      7     24      65      77     17      66      1             90     147
6.    Manthan,              8     15     19      54      54     39      44      1            100     119
      Kotdi
7.    Chota                 3      5       3     17      25     10      18      1             33        52
      Narena
      Total                40     63    104     403    359     364    130       2            500     682
                                                -4-

“The night school belongs to us.”
                                    -A girl attending Night school in Village Samiti, Dhani

EDUCATION - NIGHT SCHOOLS
This sums up the sense of belonging that children have like this girl in village Chota Narena
towards Barefoot Colleges 120 schools that are attended by more than 3325 children
including 2450 girls.

The learning process in night schools is informal, easy-paced and gradual, enabling children
to participate in a wide spectrum of activities and inputs emerging from responses to their
expressed needs. Like meeting children attending night schools from other villages and other
parts of the district in Children’s Fair (Bal Melas). Timings of night schools are according to
the children’s convenience. The informal learning process is strongly founded in children’s
own concerns and ultimately the best input for them is perceived as that which enables them
to break the stranglehold of poverty. Literacy and numeracy are generally recognised as tools
that increase access to development. However literacy is considered not sufficient in itself to
help the children to get employment and to deal with various aspects of the power structure.

A Children’s Parliament consisting of MPs elected every two years by children attending
night schools monitor them. This innovative process which was initiated in 1993 was
conceptualised to enable children in having ‘hands on’ experience of self- governance for
understanding linkages among the education system, the schemes for development and the
political process. Constituencies are defined as two or three adjoining night schools and the
electorate being all children attending the 150 night schools for a period of more than 2 years.
The criteria for MPs are determined by children as those in the age group of 11-12 years. The
Children’s Parliament MPs elect their Prime Minister and Cabinet with its Speaker and
together monitor the night schools by meeting every month in different villages as well as
through MPs visiting night schools on a monthly basis.

Disaggregated data regarding Barefoot Colleges’ night schools is given in the table below:

           S.No   Village Where          Total            Total         Grand
                  Field centres/sub-     Number of        Number of     Total
                  centres are            Boys             Girls
                  situated               attending        attending
                                         night schools    Night schools
          1       Kankalwada                        48              343     391
          2       Brijpura                          75              197     272
          3       Kadampura                         27              150     177
          4       Tikawda                           45              167     212
          5       Chota Narena                      31              176     207
          6       Nalu                              41              222     263
          7       Kotri                            113              188     301
          8       Radoli                            29              172     201
          9       Solavta                           30              162     192
          10      Lamipura                          35              132     167
          11      Jawaja                           102              308     410
          12      Dhanau                           115               99     214
          13      Mamoni                           189              133     322
          Total                                    880             2449    3329
                                           -5-
“The Poorest of the poor in villages in should access and travel in the technological
highway”.
                                                                                    -Anon

APPLICATION AND DEMYSTIFICATION OF TECHNOLOGIES- SOLAR
ENERGY

THE FIRST SOLAR POWERED DE-SALINATION PLANT IN RAJASTHAN

        In September 2006 in the small village of KOTRI bordering the Sambhar salt lake the
first ever Reverse Osmosis plant has started functioning off solar power producing 600 litres
of potable water(450ppm) from brackish saline water measuring 4000 ppm. The first village
based plant of its kind in the country.

        The Barefoot College has been interacting with the scientists from the Central Salt
and Marine Chemical Research Institute (CSMCRI) for over 6 months to design a tailor made
relatively small de-salination plant that could be managed, repair and operated by the
community themselves.

       The Barefoot College provided the 2.5 kws solar plant from UNDP/Ministry of Non-
Conventional Energy Sources(MNES) funds. Funds up to Rs 6 lakhs was provided to the
CSMCRI to fabricate the Reverse Osmosis Plant in Bhavnagar. It took 6 months to complete
this work in3 September 2006.

The village selected to install the first ever solar powered de-salination plants was KOTRI. Its
60 miles from the district head quarters-Ajmer. It is 10 miles from the Sambhar Lake. There
is a small voluntary organization called Manthan working there collecting rain water from the
roofs of rural schools into underground water proofed tanks, running schools at night for drop
out children and implementing a preventive health programme for the last8 years.

It is producing potable water at 600 litres per hour. The brackish water is coming to the
village through the government pipelines and this is being pumped through the RO plant and
stored in a 5,000 litre tank.

The table overleaf highlights the initiatives taken up so far with and outside India.
BAREFOOT COLLEGE, TILONIA (INDIA): SOLAR ELECTRIFICATION OF REMOTE VILLAGES FOR DOMESTIC LIGHTING
IN COUNTRIES- 1) INDIA, 2) ETHIOPIA, 3) AFGHANISTAN & 4) SIERRA-LEONE BY THE BAREFOOT SOLAR ENGINEERS
AS ON DECEMBER 2006.
                                                                           Location-wise solar lighting systems, users and        Community based maintenance system so far
     Location          Solar systems fabricated and installed so far                          capacity
                                                     Solar       Solar                                                           VEECs    Community      Male     Female           REW
  State/Country       Power     Fixed      Solar                           Schools    No. of    No. of    No. of     Total
                                                     Water     Parabolic                                                        formed   contribution     BSEs      BSEs        Established
      India:          Plant     Units    Lanterns
                                                    Heaters     Cooker
                                                                            (No.)    families   people   villages   Wattage
                                                                                                                                 (No.)   in Bank A/Cs   trained   trained          (No.)

  Andhra Pradesh       1        100       120         0           0           13       100       1400       2        8900          2       35000           1         8              3
Arunachal Pradesh      0         10         0         0           0           10        0        300       10         370          0         0             1        1               0
           Assam       0        859       488         2           1           2        700       5500       8        40885         8      250000           7        6               2
             Bihar     0       1215       650         0           1           40       488       7655      41        59265        29      250000           6        4               2
           Gujarat     0         20        0          0           0           20        0        600      10          800         0          0            2         0               0
Himachal Pradesh       0        190        75         0            0          9        256       2355      14        7780         10      228000           4        3               1
Jammu & Kashmir        1       2542       620         4           0           15      3162      21000      77       102754        77      1350000         73        0               2
       Jharkhand       0         90         0         0            0          90        0        2500      45         5400         0         0             2         0              0
            Kerala     0          0         0         0            0          0         0          0        0          0           0         0             2        2               0
  Madhya Pradesh       1        111        94         1           0           20       300       3500      17        7547          7       23500           6        0               1
            Orissa     1        130         0         0           0           15       130       4500      65        9630          3       10000          10        0               1
        Rajasthan      9       2110       1404        27          37         275      3515      22000     225       210540       200      8500000         55        13              9
           Sikkim      2        932       400         36           1          0       1332      17000      32        55600        32      225000          32        15              3
      Tamil Nadu       0         30         0          0           0          30        0         700      15         1800         0         0             2         0              0
    Uttar Pradesh      0         90       125         0           0           10       205       3500       3        4580          3         0            3         0               1
       Uttranchal      1        368       160         1           0           0       528       4500       10       17716         10      160000           7        5               1
1.India (16
States)                16      8,797      4,136           71      40          549    10,716     97,010    574       528,567       381    11,031,500      213        57                   26
2.Afghanistan          1        884        83         0           0           0       967       13000      12        68810       12           0           8         6               12
3.Sierra-Leone         0         10        10         0           0           0        10        600        2         770         2           0           2         0               1
4.Ethiopia             0        530        270        0           0          13       1700      15000      21        43100       21           0           18        18              13
                                                                                     13,39      125,61    609         646                11 Million
              Total    17     10,221     4,499        71         40         562                                                 416                      241       81              52
                                                                                       3          0      village    Kilowatts              Rupees
                                                                                                                                                                            9
                                                -6-

“Wood is not cheap enough anymore for windows and doors for people while building their
houses.”
                                                  -Barefoot Architect- Village: Phaloda

TECHNOLOGY DISSEMINATION – MECHANICAL FABRICATION WORKSHOP


Since 1986, Barefoot College has encouraged and popularized, traditional blacksmithy and
metal craft as an eco-friendly alternative, for housing hardware needs, for rural communities.
Under the watchful guidance of a traditional metal craftsperson, rural youth have over the
past 20 years, been trained for gainful self-employment and metal crafting items to meet
community’s needs, as well as those of Barefoot College’s, through doors, windows, frames for
them, pot stands, battery-boxes, slides and swings for schools, tank lids, ladders, gates and
structures for power plants and garment hanger stands for Craft Shop. The Mechanical
Fabrication Workshop which has a team of 6 barefoot engineers are involved in metal crafting
these items.

The Workshop has during the year fabricated and produced window and door frames, SPV panel
stands, signboards, tables, ladders, doors, windows, cost, puppet stands and all other hardware needs
of both rural communities in and around Tilonia as well as Barefoot College.
                                                 -7-

THE WOMEN BAREFOOT SOLAR ENGINEER’S SOCIETY, TILONIA
..
The Women Barefoot Solar Cooker Engineers Society, Tilonia, (WBSCES) is the first registered
association in Rajasthan of semi-literate and literate women having its office and workshop in
Tilonia. The Association presently has 6 members who complete the full fabrication and production
of the parabolic solar cookers (2.5 and 8sq.m). Parabolic solar cookers produced by the women have
been installed in 9 villages and are meeting the eating needs of more than 400 people daily. 2.5sqm
models can be found at Kadampura, Tikawda, Singla, Jawaja, Solavta, Kallian, Nalu, Tilonia and
8sqms at Tilonia and Kishangar in Rajasthan.
All forms of cooking possible on a gas stove can be performed on a solar cooker. From frying,
boiling or steaming, a 2.5sq.m cooker matches the cooking speed/capacity of any modem gas stove
while the more powerful 8sq.m can bring 20litres of water to the boil within an hour (i.e. produces
approx 2.5kw), ideal for large scale catering.

PROFILES OF THE BAREFOOT WOMEN ENGINEERS:


Sita Devi has studied until 3rd standard in Jawaja. She has been in Tilonia since 2003 where she has
learnt to read and write in Hindi and now coordinates the solar cooker workshop. She is married with
no children.
Shamma Jyogi is married with no children. She has studied until 5th standard and has been in
Tilonia since 2003 after being selected by her village Bamolav to train at Barefoot. She is fully
trained in solar cooker engineering.
Shehenaj Bano from Arain has been at Barefoot college since 2003 where her husband has followed
her and they now live with their 3 children. She has studied up to 4th standard and is fully trained in
solar cooker engineering.
Norti Devi from Kakalwara, a housewife who followed her husband to Barefoot college took up
solar cooker training in March 2006. She has had no school education and is the mother of 2 boys
studying at higher level.
Sanju Devi of Harmara joined the workshop in May 2006. She is the mother of 5 children and
despite being deaf and dumb, and never having studied at school, she has taken the challenge of
training with great enthusiasm.
Kamla Devi from Jawaja also joined in May 2006. Although she has had no formal education she
has learnt to read and write in Hindi since joining the workshop. She is the mother of 3 children.




                                                    
                                                 -8-

“Tilonia Crafts are aesthetically excellent but we are talking about quantity- bulk. We need huge
quantities and within a short time. Can you deliver?”
                                                                                         -A client

PROMOTION OF RURAL HANDICRAFTS

Can aesthetics be mass produced?

This is what Barefoot craft has been encountering at home as well as globally which is to be seen in
the context of mechanisation. It has taken years for the Barefoot College to work closely with artisans
including women. We have been striving hard for promotion and production of tastefully crafted and
aesthetically designed craft items to be recognised for the persons who craft them and improve their
quality of life.

Barefoot College, Tilonia would in the coming year make concerted efforts to firm up its online
shopping initiatives to augment the Crafts sales.

Promotion of Rural Handicrafts as well as Crafts persons therefore should be seen as an integral part
of all Barefoot College’s initiatives with the poorest of the poor of that most certainly includes
artisans.

IN-COUNTRY AND OUT-COUNTRY SALE

This year there were Tilonia Bazaars organised in Bangalore, New Delhi and Gurgaon. The
exhibitions generated a total sales of Rs. 12,94,875.
At Tilonia Craft shop situated in Barefoot College campus, the annual sales have been Rs. 8, 33, 655.
Sales of items during the year through orders by clients and buyers has been Rs. 23,52,940.
Smaller exhibitions and Discount Sales held during the year has generated total sales of Rs. 13,14,230.
Hatheli Sansthan a separately registered organisation has generated export sales of
Rs. 7,64,585.
The handcrafted items exported have been mainly to countries like Germany, US and UK.

CRAFTS PERSONS
During 2006-2007, BC has been involved with 266 craftspersons that include 241 women artisans.

TRAINING
5 persons including 4 women have undergone training at the Handloom in Tilonia for a duration of 8
months under the guidance of a master weaver.

WAGES
Craftspersons have been able get provided with Rs. 8,54,410 as wages during the year with each of
them able to get a monthly wages of Rs. 3213.
                                            -9-
“Wherever you go there are as many rural women as men at the Barefoot College campus”.
                                                         -A visitor to Barefoot College, Tilonia

RURAL WOMEN’S DEVELOPMENT

During 2006-2007 rural womens’ groups have taken up initiatives at the village(s) level field centre
level, block district and state level., Initiatives taken up by the groups have been monthly meetings
training camps, workshops rallies and demonstrations.
Detailed information about their involvement in these initiatives are given in the table below:
S.    Initiative     Number       No           Number of      Village Level   Field    Tilonia   Issues   taken   up   for
No.                              of villages   participants                   Centre   Level     Discussion
                                                                              Level
1.    Monthly           117               53        2873           a            -      -         Minimum         wages,
      meetings                                                                                   Employment,
                                                                                                 Guarantee          bill,
                                                                                                 Education, Atrocities
                                                                                                 towards        women,
                                                                                                 Water, Prohibition,
                                                                                                 Public Distribution
                                                                                                 System         Nuclear
                                                                                                 Disarmament Social
                                                                                                 Audit
2.    Two      day          9             59        1080            -           -      a         Education
      meetings                                                                                   Governmental
                                                                                                 Schemes       specially
                                                                                                 related to women,
                                                                                                 EGB, Right to
                                                                                                 Information, Social
                                                                                                 Security Ordinance,
                                                                                                 Drinking Water
3.    Workshops/       3                107           290 organised             -          -     Minimum         wages,
      Padyatras                                               in village                         Right to information,
                                                              pingoon                            Women’s         Rights,
                                                                                                 Health,      Education,
                                                                                                 Atrocities         and
                                                                                                 towards        Women,
                                                                                                 EGB, Water
4.    Rallies,              13            73          850           -           -          -     Right      to    work,
      Demonstrati                                                                                Minimum         Wages,
      ons Dharnas                                                                                Atrocities         and
      organised at                                                                               Violence       towards
      village,                                                                                   women, Employment
      block, state                                                                               Guarantee Bill, Right
      and national                                                                               to        Information,
      level                                                                                      Public Distribution
                                                                                                 System
5.    May Day           -                 37          130 organised             -          -     Right to work, Right
                                                              in Bhim                            to        Information,
                                                              Town                               Employment
                                                                                                 Guarantee         Bill,
                                                                                                 Minimum Wages
                                                    -10 -

“Puppet shows and Street Plays have a great potential of making strong politically correct
comments on the inherent politically incorrectness existing in rural society.”
                                                                         -A barefoot Communicator

RURAL COMMUNICATION – USE OF TRADITIONAL MEDIA

When the team of barefoot communicators visit villages to present Puppet Shows / Street Plays and
Songs at Barefoot Colleges’ 150 night schools and 80 rural crèches ( balwadis ) almost the entire rural
community is present to watch them in these villages which gives the team opportunities to convey
socially relevant messages in order to mobilize the rural communities in taking up issues that affect their
lives like Drinking Water, Right to Information, Minimum Wages, Public Distribution System,
Employment, Untouchability, Money lending, Death feast, Communal Harmony and Atrocities towards
Women

During 2006-2007 the team has performed to a total audience of 58,405 people including men women,
children and visitors to Barefoot College Tilonia. The team has presented puppet plays and songs in 214
villages as well as hamlets of Jaipur, Sikar, Ajmer and Jawaja districts apart from performing in cities
like Jaipur, Ajmer and Delhi.

TRAINING OF BAREFOOT COMMUNICATION

This year there were 9 persons trained as barefoot communicators in puppet making and handling them,
including 5 women.

AUDIO-VISUAL UNIT
This year the AV unit had screened 103 films watched by 2210 persons including visitors from
organisations within and outside the country as well as during training camps workshops.

The unit had also screened 83 films watched by more that 71,100 persons in night schools and training
camps organised in field centres/ sub-centres situated in districts of Rajasthan. 245 hours of Audio-
visual documentation has been undertaken by the unit of different activities in audio and video. (DVD)

During 2006-2007 the unit provided sound arrangements in 25 villages for medical camps, childrens
Parliament sessions, Health Fairs, Children’s Fairs (Bal Melas) and Public Meetings/ Functions.

SILK SCREEN PRINTING UNIT
This unit provides all support for publishing BCs initiatives through posters, banners, manuals, maps,
invitation cards as well as book-binding envelops files cardboard boxes. The unit also undertakes silk-
screen printing on T shirts, bags and other accessories.
This year the Unit has printed 3000 cards, 500 posters 2000 health cards 5400 health registers. It has
also supported BC through production of 4000 envelopes as well as printing on 6000 exercise note-
books for night schools.
The unit has printed more than 50 banners for campaigns, rallies and demonstrations.
                                                   -11-

“Must admit that all tests conducted by the barefoot pathologists (physically challenged youth)
at their laboratory are surprisingly up to the mark”
                                                           -An Australian Neurosurgeon visiting
                                                                       Barefoot College, Tilonia.

THE PHYSICALLY CHALLENGED

Barefoot College has been involve with the physically challenged (moderate) youth, men and women
since 1996 upgrading their already existing skills and learn new ones in order that they could gradually
play an equal role for the betterment of their own communities.

WOODCRAFT

This year there were 9 such youth who were trained at the Carpentry Workshop.

During the course of their training, the youth have produced more than 1200 wooden toys for science
teaching at night schools and rural crèches.

In addition, as part of their training, the youth have crafted 75 wood crafted items like tables, stools,
chairs boxes, blackboards and windows.

TOYS OUT OF RECYCLES WASTE

There are 8 physically challenged youth who have been trained in making toys out of recycled waste.

This year their units had made ballot boxes for election to the 6th Children’s Parliament of Barefoot
Colleges’ 150 night schools in 5 districts of Rajasthan. Also the youth have participated in Children’s
Fairs, Training camps and all educational activities of night schools demonstrating toy making out of
recycled waste.

The trainee youth have in 2006-2007 also produced 17,000 exercise note-books, (for night schools)
2000 boxes of chalk, (for night schools) 2000 packets of candles, 275 registers and pads as well as 100
diaries (Hindi & English).
                                                 -12-

   “Such a nice library-cum–reading room out of nowhere”
                                                        -A visitor at Barefoot College, Tilonia

POPULARISING THE READING HABIT-RURAL LIBRARIES-CUM-READING ROOMS

The Barefoot College reading room-cum-library has a rural membership of 585 persons. It has 20,000
books and regularly subscribes to important journals and newsletters, both in English and Hindi.

MOBILE LIBRARY

A Mobile library visits night schools regularly all through the year. It has a collection of more than
9,000 books for children. This year more than 1,215 books have been accessed by children, teachers
and members of rural communities living in 150 villages of 5 districts in Rajasthan.
                                                  -13-

“The Barefoot College is truly a well connected campus”
                                                                                -A software engineer


COMPUTERISATION
The internet dhaba is an important hub of activity at Barefoot College campus where semi-literate and
literate rural women are trained in handling computers by a semi-literate rural woman from village
Harmara, Northi Devi. The dhaba is also accessed by volunteers as well as guests staying at the
campus.

There are presently 56 computers, 3 scanners, 10 printers and two Xeroxing machine. Data entry and
other computer work is also done in the four field centres namely Kadampura, Tikawda, Kakalwada,
Singla.

Devki former Prime Minister of the 4th Children’s Parliament of Barefoot Colleges’ 150 night schools
has been actively involved in training herself to access the dhaba and in handling computers from
Northi.

The table below provides details of rural youth who underwent training at the Internet Dhaba.


                      S.        Computers        Edu.        Age       Name of the
                      No.        Training        Qual                    village
                       1.       Pokharmal         9           18         Gudha
                       2.        Chandra           7          28         Tilonia
                                   Kanta
                       3.      Kishor Kumar       12          20         Phulera

				
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