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Renaissance writers_ painters_ and sculptors


									Renaissance writers, painters,
       and sculptors
      Renaissance Painters and
       Sculptors (Ninja Turtles)
•   Leonardo
•   Donatello
•   Michelangelo
•   Raphael
Leonardo da Vinci
•   Considered to be a true “Renaissance
•   Studied the human body & flight
•   Was an inventor, sculptor, painter, &
the Artist
From his Notebooks of over 5000
His “Last Supper” shows Jesus’
last meeting with the 12 apostles
before the crucifixion

The facial expressions, detail,
and emotion had made it a
The Last Supper – da Vinci,
       & Geometry
    The Last Supper and Perspective

     The Da Vinci “Code”
St. John or Mary Magdalene?
  da Vinci’s
  Mona Lisa
is great for its
 emotion and
Mona Lisa has no visible facial
hair at all - including eyebrows
         and eyelashes
•   On August 12, 1911, a Louvre
    employee stole it by entering the
    building during regular hours, hiding in
    a broom closet and walking out with it
    hidden under his coat after the
    museum had closed
•   After keeping the painting in his
    apartment for two years, the man grew
    impatient and was caught when he
    attempted to sell it to an art dealer; it
    was exhibited all over Italy and
    returned to the Louvre in 1913
•   In 1956, the lower part of the painting
    was severely damaged when someone
    doused it with acid
•   On December 30 of that same year,
    another person damaged the painting
    by throwing a rock at it
•   The result was a speck of pigment
    near Mona Lisa's left elbow
•   The painting is now covered with
    bulletproof security glass
Leonardo, the
Pages from his
Leonardo, the Engineer:
•   Leonardo
    several designs
    for flying
    including this
    one with a
    rotating screw
•   He intended to
    power it with a
•   Leonardo’s many
    military inventions
    included this
    design for an
    armored tank
•   Four soldiers
    sitting inside
    could turn cranks
    to move the
    wheels on this
•   da Vinci also
    invented a gigantic
•   It's difficult to know
    whether it would
    have worked, or
    whether it would
    have been
    superior to
    cannons of the
    same period
•   The length of a man's
    outspread arms is equal to
    his height
•   The maximum width of the
    shoulders is a quarter of a
    man's height
•   The distance from the
    elbow to the tip of the hand
    is one-fifth of a man's

•   Michelangelo was a great painter &
    sculptor; his “Pieta” & “David”
    sculptures are perceived as
•   His greatest work is the 130 ft x 44 ft
    ceiling of the Sistine Chapel, which
    shows biblical images of amazing detail,
    power, & beauty
“Pieta” depicts the
Virgin Mary
cradling the limp
body of the
crucified Jesus

It’s his only signed
    statue of
 expresses the
belief in human
  dignity and
    The Ceiling of the
     Sistine Chapel
•    Michelangelo
     painted more than
     300 massive human
     figures onto the
     5,800 square-foot
     ceiling while laying
     on his back
•    The ceiling contains
     illustrations from the
     creation of Adam to
     the story of Noah
 of the
     The Sistine Chapel Details

Creation of Man

•   Raphael “perfected” Renaissance painting
•   He became the favorite painter of the Pope
    because of his amazing detailed paintings
    showing Greeks & Romans along with
    Renaissance people
•   “School of Athens” is his greatest work
•   All of the important Greek
    philosophers and thinkers are included
    in this painting  all of the great
    personalities of the classical period
•   A great variety of poses
•   Raphael worked on this commission
    simultaneously as Michelangelo was
    doing the Sistine Chapel
    Plato and Aristotle
Alexander the Great



•   Donatello was the greatest sculptor of
    the Renaissance
•   Medieval sculptors only carved the front
    of a statue, but Donatello wanted
    sculptures to be viewed from all sides
    like Greek & Roman statues
•   Donatello’s “David”
    became the first
    large, free-standing
    human sculpture
38c – explain the main characteristics of
humanism to include the ideas of Petrarch,
Dante, and Erasmus
Renaissance Writers

•   The Humanities
    –   Subjects taught in ancient Rome & Greece
        •   Grammar, Rhetoric, Poetry, History
•   Humanism
    –   Outlook focusing on human potential &
        •   Humanists were practical; they wanted to learn about the
            world and wrote in the vernacular (common language) either
            for self-expression or to portray the individuality of their
        •   Ancient writings, rediscovered after being lost during the
            Middle Ages, influenced this movement
Francesco Petrarch (1304-1374)
•       Writer from Florence
•       Traveled all over Europe looking for old writings and
        realized how much had been lost

•       Petrarch is considered the "Father of the
        Renaissance." Petrarch found old Roman
        works and studied them, and he also
        encouraged others to study them

•       Wrote sonnets in Italian about Laura, his ideal
    –     He also wrote in Latin
Dante Alighieri (1265-1321)
•   Poet from Florence
•   Wrote The Divine Comedy
    –   The story is about Dante’s journey through Hell,
        Purgatory, and Paradise
    –   Written in the vernacular (everyday language) so
        everyone could enjoy his writing
    Desiderius Erasmus (1469?-1536)

•       Christian Humanist writer
•       Wrote the book In Praise of Folly
    –     Poked fun at flaws in real people, such as greedy merchants,
          arrogant priests, etc.
    –     Criticized the Church for teaching rituals instead of following
          •   Believed the clergy was ignorant
          •   Believed in Christianity of the heart, not in a religion of rules and
    –     Believed that to improve society, people should study the Bible
    –     Believed basis of education should be Roman & Greek classics
    Sir Thomas More (1478-1535)

•    Christian writer who was concerned with
     society’s flaws
    –   Said literature should serve Christian goals
•    Wrote Utopia
    –   Described his ideal society, where people worked
        hard, lived in peace, and were well-educated
    –   No one owned private property
William Shakespeare
 •   English writer
 •   Invented 1,700 new words in 37 plays
     –   Plays examined human flaws and also expressed
         the Renaissance’s high view of human nature
     –   He drew on Greek and Roman classics for some of
         his plots
         •   Exs: Julius Caesar, Antony & Cleopatra
Miguel de Cervantes
•   Spanish writer
•   Wrote Don Quixote de la Mancha
    – Birth of modern European novel
    – It is about a poor Spanish nobleman who
      went a little crazy after reading too many
      books about heroic knights
38g – explain the importance of Gutenberg
and the invention of the printing press
•   WARM-UP:
The Printing Press
•   The most important invention of the 1400s
•   It was a gradual process:
    –   First, they learned to make paper from the Arabs
    –   Then came the development of printing blocks and
        moveable type
    –   Johann Gutenberg built the first printing press in
        1455 and used it to print a Bible
The Printing Press
•   Effects:
    –   Spread ideas – crucial for the success of the
    –   Books became cheap so many people could buy
        them (especially the Bible)
        •   Books written in vernacular for people who had not had
            classical educations
        •   Revolutionized learning because books were so readily
            available, so more people learned to read

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