HOMOSEXUALITY: ITS GENETIC BASIS & EVOLUTIONARY BENEFIT RESCRĪPTUM ATHENADORĪ Nº 1: IN CULTŪS PRÆNŌTIŌNEM GENERIS RESCRIPT Nº 1 OF ATHENADORUS: AGAINST RELIGIOUS PREJUDICE TOWARD SEXUALITY S CIENCE Has established that one of the most powerful influences on the behavior of living things is their drive to pass their genes on to the next, and future, generations. Many have seen in this a reason to label homosexuality as unnatural, and a further justification for making homosexuals the object of their hatred and derision. However, this label of execration hides major flaws in the logic, facts and observations of those who use it. Not only is homosexuality natural, it bestows evolutionary benefits to the cultures in which it is allowed to function freely, in accordance with Nature’s design. H OMOSEXUALITY 1 Exists in proven ratios in all mammal species. Studies, biological and psychological,2 have shown that homosex- uality is a product of genetics, and that it is evidenced, among other things, in differences in brain structure and in individuals’ responses to hormones. These structural and functional characteristics are different from those of both male and female heterosexuals. This shows that the brains and bodies of homosexuals are specialized for a particular purpose, in the same way that the brains of males and females are specialized for the roles each is, in general, to play in the future of its species. The question, the answer to which has either stumped previous investigators, or has been pointedly ignored, is this: why would evolution create and continue a situation in which it seems that genetic material is lost? Only within the last thirty to fifty years has sufficient information been available to allow for an answer to this question. In each cell in every living thing’s body there are organelles called mitochondria. These mitochondria are essentially what enable life, for they are the ‘refineries’ in which each cell transforms the energy contained in glucose and other molecules into a form that the cell can use to power its activities. Without these mitochondria, cells would have no power with which to perform even the most simple tasks, much less to perform complicated, vital things such as the contraction of chemical strands to provide muscular movement. Mitochondria contain their own DNA. This DNA is separate in origin and almost completely independent of the DNA contained in the nucleus of the cell.