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Unit Four

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					  Unit Three

Persuasive Writing
         Persuasive Writing
• What do I know?   • What questions do I
1.                     have?
                    1.
2.
                    2.
3.
                    3.
          Persuasive Writing
• Is written for a specific purpose and audience
• Involves opinions supported by reasons and
  facts
• Involves counterarguments
• Solicits reader support
• Involves the use of strong words and images
• Is driven by transition words/phrases related to
  logical thinking
                Purpose
• The writer must have a controlling idea.
• The controlling idea is the Thesis
  Statement.
• The thesis statement is evident in your
  introductory paragraph.
• You may also refer to the thesis statement
  as your CLAIM.
                  Audience
• Knowing your audience will determine the kind
  of language and arguments to use and avoid.
• It will determine how much background
  information to include in the introduction.
• It will help the writer find common ground with
  the audience. The power is in connecting with
  the audience.
   Be sure to appeal to common interests and
       shared goals.
                           Bridge Map


  Early elementary                                Women in
                          Teenage girls
  age children                                    their 20s
                     as                   as

 “Highlights”             “Seventeen”          “Cosmopolitan”




If the audience has no interest, then do not present it in an
argument.
Persuasive Appeals
NO!
       Whine
        Beg
 Make wild promises
 Threaten blackmail
             Opening Statement with
                Writer’s Opinion


Persuasive     Series of Arguments
  Essay      that Support the Opinion


             Conclusion Drawn From
                 the Arguments
         Time to Review!!!!
You have 30 seconds each to discuss one
 thing you have learned so far.



 On your mark,
             get set,
                        GO!
          Modeling the Persuasive Essay
Step 1: Consider your audience and the format
        that your writing will take
Prompt: There has been much talk among members of
the school board in your district regarding whether or
not to require students to wear uniforms to school.
Write a letter to the editor of your local newspaper
stating your position and supporting it with three
convincing reasons.

Audience – literate adults, many influential in local
           decisions – members of school board could
           also read the information
Format – letter to the editor
Step 2: Consider the pros and cons of both
        positions. Record this information on
        a T-Chart.
                      Topic: Wearing Uniforms
       Pros:                                      Cons:
   People won’t be                          Boring to look at
  judged by clothes                        everyone dressed
                                                the same
   Less costly to
      parents                             Takes away freedom
                                               of choice
   Allows more time
 to focus on activities                   Everyone might not
 more worthwhile than                        look good in
       shopping                              school colors
   Creates a sense of                     Takes away from
    school spirit and                    shopping, a favorite
          unity                           pastime for teens
Step 3: Choose your three strongest reasons.
                                              Make sure you cover the cons —
                 Topic: Wearing Uniforms      This is where you will be attacked.


         Pros:                                        Cons:
                                              Boring to look at
    People won’t be
                                             everyone dressed
   judged by clothes
                                                  the same

    Less costly to                          Takes away freedom
       parents                                   of choice

   Allows more time                         Everyone might not
 to focus on activities                        look good in
 more worthwhile than                          school colors
       shopping
                                            Takes away from
  Creates a sense of
                                           shopping, a favorite
   school spirit and
                                            pastime for teens
         unity
Step 4: Write your opening paragraph. Use an
        attention-getting technique to introduce
        your position. Include a thesis statement
        that clearly states your opinion.
 Have you ever been to a party or public function where
 you felt out of place because of what you were wearing?
 Maybe you did not have on the latest fashion because
 your budget would not allow you to spend that kind of
 money on clothes. Every day there are students in our
 schools who feel self-conscious because of their clothes.
 Such would not be the case if students in our school
 district wore uniforms to school. Please consider the
 following before making your final decision regarding this
 issue.
Step 4: Write your opening paragraph. Use an
        attention-getting technique to introduce
        your position. Include a thesis statement
        that clearly states your opinion.
 Have you ever been to a party or public function where
    Attention of place because of what you were wearing?
 you felt out getter – make a connection with reader.
 Maybe you did not have on the latest fashion because
 your budget would not allow you to spend that kind of
 money on clothes. Every day there are students in our
 schools who feel self-conscious because of their clothes.
         thesis statement
 Such would not be the case if students in our school
 district wore uniforms to school. Please consider the
                    invitation final decision regarding this
 following before making yourto read further
 issue.
Step 5: Select your 2/3 best reasons to support
        your position. Place the reasons on your
        flow chart in the order of least important
        to most important.
     Have you ever been to a party or public function where
     you felt out of place because of what you were wearing?
     Maybe you did not have on the latest fashion because
     your budget would not allow you to spend that kind of
     money on clothes. Every day there are students in our
     schools who feel self-conscious because of their clothes.
     Such would not be the case if students in our school
     district wore uniforms to school. Please consider the
     following before making your final decision regarding this
     issue.

  In the first place             Another reason                   Finally
  More time for                     Less costly to                People won’t be
  other activities                     parents                    judged by clothes

           Select transition words and phrases..
Step 6: Write supporting details under each reason.
  Have you ever been to a party or public function here you felt out of place
  because of what you were wearing? Maybe you did not have on the latest
  fashion because your budget would not allow you to spend that kind of
  money on clothes. Every day there are students in our schools who feel
  self-conscious because of their clothes. Such would not be the case if
  students in our school district wore uniforms to school. Please consider
  the following before making your final decision regarding this issue.

  In the first place          Another reason                 Finally
  More time for                Less costly to                People won’t be
  other activities                parents                    judged by clothes
  Won’t hang out                 Parents have                Popular kids have
    at malls                     extra money                  stylish clothes
     Do more                    Single parents               People who don’t
 community service           can’t afford clothes           dress well labeled
  Spend more time               Put money into                People judged
    with family                  college fund                by other qualities
                                                                                  *
Put an * where you will address counterarguments.
  Step 7: Write a closing paragraph.
There is absolutely no doubt that requiring students to
wear uniforms to school would solve a lot of problems
for both students and their parents. Mothers and
fathers will feel less pressure financially, students will
not be judged by the clothes they wear, and, without
the focus on shopping for the latest fashions, students
could be encouraged to spend their time in more worth-
while activities. While we all acknowledge that the
adolescent years are a time for self expression and
developing a personal identity, I urge you to allow our
students to be appreciated and recognized by what is
within rather than what is on the outside.
  Step 7: Write a closing paragraph.
          restatement doubt that
There is absolutely no of position requiring students to
wear uniforms to school would solve a lot of problems
for both students and their parents. Mothers and
fathers will feel less pressure financially, students will
              arguments summarized
not be judged by the clothes they wear, and, without
the focus on shopping for the latest fashions, students
could be encouraged to spend their time in more worth-
             acknowledge opposition
while activities. While we all acknowledge that the
adolescent years are a time for self expression and
                    solicitation of urge you
developing a personal identity, I support to allow our
students to be appreciated and recognized by what is
within rather than what is on the outside.
Step 8: Orally rehearse. Remember the format.
Have you ever been to a party or public function here you felt out of place
because of what you were wearing? Maybe you did not have on the latest
fashion because your budget would not allow you to spend that kind of
money on clothes. Every day there are students in our schools who feel
self-conscious because of their clothes. Such would not be the case if
students in our school district wore uniforms to school. Please consider
the following before making your final decision regarding this issue.

In the first place                Another reason                        Finally

More time for                          Less costly to                          People won’t be
other activities                          parents                              judged by clothes

    Won’t hang out                        Parents have                        Popular kids have
       at malls                           extra money                          stylish clothes
      Do more                             Single parents                      People who don’t
  community service                    can’t afford clothes                  dress well labeled
  Spend more time                        Put money into
    with family *                                                                  People judged
                                          college fund                                             *
                                                                                  by other qualities


  There is absolutely no doubt that requiring students to wear uniforms to school would solve a lot
  of problems for both students and their parents. Mothers and fathers will feel less pressure
  financially, students will not be judged by the clothes they wear, and, without the focus on
  shopping for the latest fashions, students could be encouraged to spend their time in more
  worth-while activities. While we all acknowledge that the adolescent years are a time for self
  expression and developing a personal identity, I urge you to allow our students to be appreciated
  and recognized by what is within rather than what is on the outside.
The introduction has a "hook or grabber" to catch the reader's attention.
                             Some "grabbers" include:
1. Opening with an unusual detail: (Manitoba, because of its cold climate, is
not thought of as a great place to be a reptile. Actually, it has the largest
seasonal congregation of garter snakes in the world!)
2. Opening with a strong statement: (Cigarettes are the number one cause of
lighter sales in Canada!)
3. Opening with a Quotation: (Elbert Hubbard once said , "Truth is stronger
than fiction.")
4. Opening with an Anecdote: An anecdote can provide an amusing and
attention-getting opening if it is short and to the point.
5. Opening with a Statistic or Fact: Sometimes a statistic or fact will add
emphasis or interest to your topic. It may be wise to include the item's
authoritative source.
6. Opening with a Question. (Have you ever considered how many books we'd
read if it were not for television?)
7. Opening with an Exaggeration or Outrageous Statement. (The whole
world watched as the comet flew overhead.)

				
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