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					             NORTH GRENVILLE
             I N T E G R AT E D
             COMMUNIT Y
             TRAILS STRATEGY
D16-011-12




             JUNE 2011 Draft for Review
                                          Table of Contents

EXECUTIVE SUMMARY


1.0 INTRODUCTION............................................................................................. 1

   1.1 History and Background................................................................................ 1
        1.1.1 Key Trail Systems............................................................................... 2

   1.2 Definition of Trail .......................................................................................... 3

   1.3 Purpose for North Grenville’s Integrated Community Trails Strategy.......... 3

   1.4 Study Vision, Goals and Objectives............................................................... 4

   1.5 How we Completed the Study ...................................................................... 5

   1.6 Organization of the Report ........................................................................... 6


2.0 EXISTING CONTEXT ..................................................................................... 09
   2.1 PRIMARY EXISTING LOCAL TRAILS and NETWORK ........................................ 10
          North Grenville’s “150 Kilometres of Trails” ............................................ 10
          Ferguson Forest Centre Management Trail and Turtle Trail.................... 10
          Limerick Forest South Trails ..................................................................... 10
          Kemptville Campus Agroforestry Centre Trails ........................................ 11
          Tip Tip Trail at Burritts Rapids Rideau Heritage Route........................... 12

   2.2 NATIONAL TRAILS RELEVANT TO NORTH GRENVILLE.................................... 16

   2.3 THE EXISTING ABANDONED RAIL LINE .......................................................... 16

   2.4 THE BENEFITS OF TRAIL DEVELOPMENT ....................................................... 16
          Health and Fitness.................................................................................... 16
          Economic & Tourism ................................................................................ 17
          Transportation ......................................................................................... 20
          Environmental .......................................................................................... 21


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     2.5 RELEVANT TRAIL INITIATIVES AND POLICIES ..................................................22
            Provincial Level Trail Related Initiatives...................................................26
            Federal Level Trail Related Initiatives.......................................................28
            Relevant Trail Related Organizations .......................................................28


3.0 CONSULTATION STRATEGY & WHAT WAS HEARD........................................ 31
     3.1 PUBLIC CONSULTATION PROCESS & WEB BASED QUESTIONNAIRE..............34

     3.2 STAKEHOLDER ENGAGEMENT........................................................................40

     3.3 PUBLIC INFORMATION CENTRES....................................................................41
           3.4.1 Public Information Centre #1: Sweet Heart Brunch .........................41
           3.4.2 Sustainability Fair.............................................................................42
           3.4.3 Public Information Centre #2: Dandelion Festival............................42

     3.4 COMMON THEMES AND TRENDS...................................................................44

     3.5 HOW COMMENTS WERE INCORPORATED .....................................................45


4.0 DEVELOPMENT OF THE NETWORK............................................................... 46
     4.1 PROCESS .........................................................................................................47

     4.2 INVENTORY AND ASSESSMENT OF EXISTING TRAILS: Itemized Opportunities
       for Trails in North Grenville ..............................................................................52
            4.2.1 Route Selection Criteria....................................................................53
            4.2.2 The Trail Network Concept...............................................................60
            4.2.3 Facility Types for Consideration and Implementation .....................68
            4.2.4 Communications, Marketing, and Education ..................................70




5.0 TRAIL DESIGNER’S TOOLBOX: GUIDELINES TO PLAN, DESIGN AND CONSTRUCT
TRAILS IN NORTH GRENVILLE ............................................................................ 83
     5.1 HOW TO USE THESE GUIDELINES ...................................................................83
     5.2 TRAIL USERS AND NEEDS................................................................................86
            5.2.1 Pedestrians.......................................................................................86
            5.2.2 Cyclists..............................................................................................87
            5.2.3 In line Skaters, Skateboarders and Non Motorized Scooter Users ..88
            5.2.4 Wheelchairs and Electric Scooter Users...........................................89

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         5.2.5 Equestrian ....................................................................................... 89
         5.2.6 All Terrain Vehicles and Snowmobiles ............................................ 90
  5.3 GENERAL DESIGN PARAMETERS.................................................................... 91
  5.4 ACCESSIBILITY ................................................................................................ 92
  5.5 PERSONAL SECURITY ..................................................................................... 94
  5.6 TRAIL LIGHTING ............................................................................................. 95
  5.7 TRAIL TYPES ................................................................................................... 96
         5.7.1 Multi use Trails................................................................................ 96
         5.7.2 Boulevard Multi use Trails ............................................................ 103
         5.7.3 On road Connections..................................................................... 107
  5.8 TRAIL CROSSINGS......................................................................................... 109
         5.8.1 A Midblock Pedestrian Signal........................................................ 109
         5.8.2 Pedestrian Refuge Islands ............................................................. 110
         5.8.3 Trail Crossings at Minor and Major Roads.................................... 112
         5.8.4 Active Railway ............................................................................... 114
         5.8.5 Gates and Barriers......................................................................... 115
  5.9 OFF ROAD TRAIL STRUCTURES .................................................................... 117
         5.9.1 Bridges........................................................................................... 117
         5.9.2 Underpasses and Tunnels.............................................................. 118
         5.9.3 Elevated Trailbeds and Boardwalks .............................................. 119
  5.10 TRAIL SIGNAGE .......................................................................................... 120
         5.10.1 Signage Strategy ......................................................................... 122
         5.10.2 Sign Types.................................................................................... 123
  5.11 TRAILHEADS AND TRAIL AMENITIES.......................................................... 125
         5.11.1 Seating and Rest Areas ............................................................... 126
         5.11.2 Washrooms and Waste/Recycling Receptacles .......................... 127
         5.11.3 Bicycle Parking ............................................................................ 129
  5.12 TRAILS IN NATURAL AREAS AND ENVIRONMENTAL BUFFERS .................. 130
  5.13 UTILTIY CORRIDORS AND TRAILS............................................................... 131
  5.14 TRAIL ACCESS AND ACTIVE CONSTRUCTION ZONES ................................. 131
  5.15 TRAIL CLOSURES AND REHABILITATION .................................................... 133
  5.16 TRAILS AND NEW DEVELOPMENT ............................................................. 134




6.0 IMPLEMENTATION STRATEGY ....................................................................135
  6.1 PRIORITIES AND PHASING ........................................................................... 135
         6.1.1 Trail Facilities ................................................................................ 136
  6.3 HOW TO IMPLEMENT THE INTEGRATED COMMUNITY TRAILS STRATEGY . 137
  6.4 TRAIL MAINTENANCE AND OPERATIONS.................................................... 138
         6.4.1 Winter Maintenance of Off Road Trails........................................ 141
         6.4.2 A Trail Maintenance Plan.............................................................. 143

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            6.4.3 Managing Trails .............................................................................147
            6.4.3.1 A Trails Advisory Committee.......................................................147
            6.4.3.2 Who Does What? ........................................................................149
            6.4.3.3 A Network Management Tool ....................................................149
            6.4.3.4 A Five Step Network Implementation Process............................150
            6.4.3.5 Creating New Trails In Established Neighborhoods....................152
            6.4.3.6 Trails In New Development Areas...............................................153
            6.4.4 Trails and Development Charges By law (55 09)...........................154
            6.4.5 Land Acquisition/Securement Strategies .......................................154
            6.4.6 Public Outreach and Trail Promotion.............................................159
     6.5 PROPOSED TRAIL POLICIES FOR INLCUSION IN THE OFFICIAL PLAN............162
     6.6 FUNDING STRATEGY.....................................................................................166
            6.6.1 What is the Investment? ................................................................165
            6.6.2 Capital ...........................................................................................166
            6.6.3 Where Will The Money Come From ? ............................................167
            6.6.4 Why Should the Municipality Make the Investment? ....................168

     6.7 MANAGING THE PLAN..................................................................................170
           6.7.1 Insurance, Liability and Risk Management ....................................170
           6.7.2 Monitoring Implementation and Performance Measures .............171


7.0 SUMMARY OF RECOMMENDATIONS AND NEXT STEPS.............................. 173
     7.1 RECOMMENDATION SUMMARY ..................................................................173
     7.2 NEXT STEPS...................................................................................................180
            7.2.1 Establish a Trails Advisory Committee ...........................................180
            7.2.2 Municipal Role in the Implementation of the Strategy..................181
            7.2.3 Signage Strategy ............................................................................181
            7.2.4 Communications and Marketing Plan ...........................................181
            7.2.5 Sidewalk Priority ............................................................................182
            7.2.6 Abandoned Rail Corridor................................................................182




LIST OF TABLES
     Table 4 1: Recommended 5 year Sidewalk Priority List for sidewalk
       improvements, in order of priority...................................................................56

     Table 5 1: Trail User Operating Space..................................................................91

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  Table 5 2: Reccommended/Preferred Guideline by Trail Hierarchy ................... 96

  Table 5 3: Comparison of Trail Surfacing Materials ............................................ 99

  Table 5 4: Driveway Crossings & Thresholds for Boulevard Multi Use Trails ... 104

  Table 6 1: Trail Maintenance Plan..................................................................... 143

  Table 6 2: Land Securement Tools .................................................................... 156

  Table 7 1: Summary of Recommendations – Integrated Community Trails
    Strategy.......................................................................................................... 143


LIST OF FIGURES
  Figure 2 1: The Rideau Heritage Route ............................................................... 12

  Figure 2 2: North Grenville in Context with the Trans Canada Trail and
     Waterfront Trail ............................................................................................... 13

  Figure 3 1: Graphic Highlight of Select Questionnaire Results ........................... 35

  Figure 3 2: Frequency of Mode/Trail Use in North Grenville ............................. 36

  Figure 3 3: Motivators for Trail Use in North Grenville ...................................... 37

  Figure 3 4: Facility Type Comfort Pyramid ......................................................... 38

  Figure 4 1: Area of Potential Crossing over Rd. 43.............................................. 54

  Figure 4 2: Potential Multi Use Pathway along Rd. 43 ....................................... 55

  Figure 5 1: Examples of Multi Use Trail sections ................................................ 98

  Figure 5 2: An Example of a Boulevard Multi Use Trail Cross Section .............. 104

  Figure 5 3: General Boulevard Multi use Examples .......................................... 106

  Figure 5 4: Example of Shared Curb Land and Dedicated Cycling Lane ............ 107

  Figure 5 5: Example of a Pedestrian Refuge Island, Guelph, Ontario ............... 111

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     Figure 5 6: Elements of a Typical Trail Crossing.................................................113

     Figure 5 7: Example of an At Grade Trail Crossing of a Railway, Newmarket,
        Ontario............................................................................................................114

     Figure 5 8: Example Trail Crossing with Bollards, Aurora, Ontario ....................115

     Figure 5 9: Light Duty Swing Gate Trail Barrier, City of Guelph .........................116

     Figure 5 10: An Example of a Swing Gate, North Grenville, Ontario .................117

     Figure 5 11: Trail Signage, North Grenville, Ontario ..........................................121

     Figure 5 12: North Grenville’s Designation Signage...........................................122

     Figure 5 13: Example of Designation Signage ....................................................123

     Figure 5 14: Example of Trailhead Signs in North Grenville, Limerick Forest
        Chalet Trail and Burritts Rapids Tip to Tip Trail, respectively ........................126

     Figure 5 15: Example of a Trail Lookout/Interpretive Node,
        Ottawa Carleton Trailway near Stittsville, Ontario ........................................127

     Figure 5 16: Bicycle Parking at Transitway Station, Ottawa ..............................129

     Figure 5 17: Typical Trail Closure and Rehabilitation in a Naturalized Setting ..134

     Figure 6 1: Implementation Structure for the Integrated Community Trails
        Strategy...........................................................................................................148


LIST OF APPENDICES

Appendix A Summary of Consultation
Appendix B Cost Schedule
Appendix C – Maps: Network Concept, Facility Types, Phasing & Implementation




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                     1.0      INTRODUCTION
                     The Municipality of North Grenville is committed to developing and
                     implementing integrated and networked trails        for community use and
                     enjoyment that embody a comprehensive approach to the promotion of
                     facility use, health and fitness, tourism, and increased awareness of trail
                     related activities.


                     This strategy was made possible through the generous support of the Ontario
                     Ministry of Health Promotion.


                     Health and fitness benefits of trails are a cornerstone piece of North Grenville
                     becoming a healthy community in which to live, work, play, and visit. This
                     Integrated Community Trails Strategy proposes policies and a network to:
                     1.    Promote trail use and the health and fitness benefits of trails;
                     2.    Integrate North Grenville’s tourism potential as a cycling and trail
                           destination;
                     3.    Increase trail connectivity and key destinations in a coordinated manner
                           with existing, current and future developments;
                     4.    Facilitate recreational and utilitarian transportation choices, and;
                     5.    Provide an enhanced quality of life for North Grenville’s residents.

                              1.1      HISTORY AND BACKGROUND

                              The development of a trails strategy has its roots in the captured
                              imagination of the Province recognizing the benefits of trails as a
                              prospective driver of health promotion, tourism, and quality of life.

                              The concept of developing a system of trails throughout North
                              Grenville was initially community driven, with a few key individuals
                              developing and carrying on the vision of trails in North Grenville. Long
                              time resident and beekeeper Terry McEvoy envisioned the
                              development of a trail network that would encourage residents and
                              visitors to be outside and explore North Grenville. Terry’s vision
                              became the ‘150 Kilometres of Trails’ project. After his death, Terry’s
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        vision continued through other community members. Five legacy
        projects were developed, including a community garden, Anniversary
        Park, a trail and boardwalk between the Ferguson Forest Centre (FFC)
        and downtown Kemptville, ‘150 Kilometres of Trails’, and Ryan’s Well.
        Each project was created to promote and celebrate Kemptville and
        North Grenville. The ‘150 Kilometres of Trails links each project.
        In 2008, the Municipality received funding through the Eastern Ontario
        Development Program to create maps, install signs, develop self
        guided walking tours of the towns and hamlets, and to launch the
        website NGTrails.ca. The municipality collaborated with a number of
        local groups including the historical society, heritage North Grenville,
        Kemptville district hospital, local walking and biking groups and in July
        2010 applied for funding from the Ministry of Health Promotion under
        its Healthy Communities Fund to undertake the Integrated Community
        Trails Strategy.

1.1.1   KEY TRAIL SYSTEMS

The ‘150 Kilometres of Trails’ legacy project incorporates 6 key trails systems
(which will be discussed in chapter 2): Ferguson Forest Centre trails, University
of Guelph’s Kemptville Campus Agroforestry Centre, Limerick Forest, Rideau
Canal lock station in Burritt’s Rapids, towns and hamlets, and the roadway
network, with the goal of bringing and coordinating all the trail systems
together within the municipality.

As per data collection and questionnaire results associated with the
development of the Strategy, existing trails in North Grenville are well used
(refer to appendices for summary of questionnaire data) . The top three uses
of trails in North Grenville are:
    1. Walking/Jogging;
    2. Hiking;
    3. Cycling;


                  Motivation for trail use is heavily geared toward the
                  enjoyment of ‘The Great Outdoors’, fitness, and recreation.
                  Per consultation resultant of this study, the top two
                  motivators for trail use unique to North Grenville are:


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                                        1.     Enjoyment of the Natural Environment
                                        2.     Exercise and Fitness


                     1.2       DEFINITION OF TRAIL

                     Trail: Multi purpose municipal infrastructure that promotes health benefits,
                     and safe and comfortable use, of human powered modes of transportation
                     (active transportation) by linking communities, businesses, and recreation.


                     Trail infrastructure can include off road trails and pathways; paved shoulders;
                     sidewalks and walkways for hikers and equestrian uses, as well as the use of
                     permitted motorized recreational vehicles such as snowmobiles and ATVs.
                     Kemptville’s waterways have a significant potential role in the use of active
                     modes of transportation (such as canoes and kayaks).




                     1.3       PURPOSE FOR NORTH GRENVILLE’S INTEGRATED
                               COMMUNITY TRAILS STRATEGY
                     The purpose of the integrated community trails study is to:
                           x   Provide a vision for linked trails and open spaces in the Municipality of
                               North Grenville
                           x   Examine in detail the current requirements for on and off road
                               pedestrian and cycling routes
                           x   Complete a reconnaissance level study of the use levels and user
                               characteristics of existing trails in the municipality
                           x   Include a strategy and recommendations to address missing links in the
                               existing trail and open space system and anticipate needs associated
                               with community growth
                           x   Provide detailed mapping, plans and standard construction details for
                               the integration of a linked open space system of pedestrian and cycling
                               routes throughout the municipality
                           x   Provide a schedule for the implementation of study recommendations
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1.4       STUDY VISION, GOALS AND OBJECTIVES
The Strategy is guided by a clear set of objectives but it should also establish a
vision that will result from the successful implementation of the Strategy. The
following vision and objectives were prepared during the initial stages of the
study and confirmed through consultation with the study team, local
stakeholders and interested groups.
Vision:
Develop a well connected system of trails that will provide residents and
visitors with the opportunity to engage in active healthy lifestyles, travel to key
destinations and experience nature.
Objectives:
x     Develop a set of policies for trail development, uses, location, and
      implementation that will guide future development of a trails system for
      the next 10 plus years (phased over 3 periods: 0 5years, 6 10 years, 10
      years +);
x     Build upon the existing North Grenville trail system which links together
      150 kilometres of existing trails, urban streets, rural roads and waterways
      by developing a user friendly trail network;
x     Consult with the public on trail development, particularly during
      implementation; and
x     Assist with and help guide the development of promotional and
      educational materials and programs to attract residents and visitors to the
      trails of North Grenville;
The achievement of the vision, goals and objectives will require ongoing effort
by key agencies, organizations and individuals throughout the Municipality.




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                     1.5      HOW WE COMPLETED THE STUDY
                     In December 2010, the Municipality of North Grenville retained the MMM
                     Group to undertake a Municipality wide Integrated Community Trails Strategy.
                     The approach of the Strategy is to meet the specific objectives established in
                     the Terms of Reference, goals of the Ministry of Health Promotion Grant
                     application, and reflect trail related planning initiatives currently underway in
                     North Grenville.
                     The study approach that led to the development of the Integrated Community
                     Trails Strategy includes the following phases:
                     Phase 1: Understanding the Resources – This phase included the development
                     of a communication strategy, vision, goals, objectives as well as a draft set of
                     route selection principles to be utilized throughout the development of the
                     proposed candidate routes. The study team also undertook an analysis of Best
                     Practices Guidelines and studies across Canada and internationally. A review of
                     the current state of trails within the Municipality was developed through an
                     assessment of existing and previously proposed trail related policies and
                     initiatives as well as an inventory and assessment of exiting trails through field
                     work. Public and stakeholder consultation was conducted throughout this
                     phase using a number of venues and events including a stakeholder session, a
                     public information centre as well as a children’s survey and a Municipality wide
                     online questionnaire. An online questionnaire was used seek public input and
                     identify trail opinions and needs in the Municipality of North Grenville.
                     Phase 2: Developing the Strategy – This phase focused primarily on the
                     development of the proposed integrated community trails network and
                     strategy for North Grenville. As a first step, the draft trail network was
                     developed and provided to the public, study team, Steering Committee,
                     Municipality and stakeholder for input and comment, after which the network
                     was confirmed and finalized. (Refer also to Section 3.0 ‘How We Consulted and
                     What You Told Us’.) Upon finalization of the network the draft report was
                     developed and provided to the public, local stakeholders as well as the steering
                     committee.
                           A key component in the development of an integrated community trails
                           network was to create a strategy that supports both on and off road
                           pedestrian and cycling activities as well as other non motorized and
                           motorized transportation modes. The network approach and process
                           involved a set of iterative steps which were used to establish a
                           recommended trails network, including:
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         o   An Inventory of Existing Conditions which compiled and digitally
             mapped existing or previously planned on and off road trail
             facilities in the Municipality in order to establish a base condition
             for future development.
         o   A Route Selection Process which included a set of principles and
             supportive qualitative and quantitative criteria for determining the
             preferred route and facility types; and
         o   Selecting Candidate Routes and Finalizing Trail System
             Improvements and the Network which involved identifying missing
             links and evaluating each for feasibility and inclusion as part of the
             Municipality wide Integrated Community Trails network.
      The second and final public information centre was held at the end of
      Phase 2, which provided the public with the opportunity to provide the
      study team with comments and suggestions on the proposed strategy.
Phase 3: Finalizing the Integrated Strategy – Phase 3 focused on the draft
implementation strategy       promoting active lifestyles, attracting and
coordinating ongoing and future economic development activity, and
increasing tourism potential related to trails. Trail related policies and
recommendations were finalized along with the Study, Notice of Study
Completion and a presentation to Council, June 2011.
It is important to note that in addition to these steps taken to develop the
strategy, the study team met regularly with the Steering Committee which
consisted of Municipality Staff, members of the consultant team as well as
representatives from the local Health Unit, Kemptville Campus of University of
Guelph, Ferguson Forestry Centre, United Counties of Leeds Grenville, North
Grenville Community Living, Ministry of Natural Resources, St. Michael’s High
School, and the Kemptville District Hospital. The meetings were held at key
stages throughout the study to receive input on the study direction, findings
and recommendations.

1.6      ORGANIZATION OF THE REPORT
The North Grenville Integrated Community Trails Strategy has been designed to
be a living document that is flexible and capable of evolving over time. It is
intended to maintain and enhance existing programs and infrastructure, while
guiding the development and implementation of new trail facilities and
programs. Implementation of the Integrated Community Trail Strategy is aimed
at encouraging people to leave their cars at home and use non motorized



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                     modes of transportation for recreational as well as utilitarian purposes
                     throughout the Municipality and connecting to local attractions, key
                     destinations or points of interest.
                     The North Grenville Integrated Community Trails Report includes the following
                     sections:


                     CHAPTER 1             Provides background information on the development of
                                           the Integrated Community Trails Strategy as well as the
                                           process undertaken to develop the final document.
                     CHAPTER 2             Addresses and assesses the existing trail conditions and
                                           trail related policies within the Municipality as well as the
                                           existing trail system in place. The chapter also provides an
                                           overview of the benefits associated with trail use and
                                           development.
                     CHAPTER 3             Details the consultation methods undertaken throughout
                                           the study process, documents the comments that were
                                           received and outlines some common trends and themes
                                           identified throughout the study process used to develop
                                           the proposed network and recommendations for the
                                           strategy.
                     CHAPTER 4             Outlines the approach used to develop the integrated
                                           community trails network as well as the final proposed
                                           trails network with a brief description of the proposed
                                           facilities types and length of final build out.
                     CHAPTER 5             Is the Trail Designer’s Toolbox which provides details on
                                           potential facility types as well as trail user needs and
                                           associated trail design parameters.
                     CHAPTER 6             Outlines the proposed implementation strategy for the
                                           integrated community trails strategy. This chapter defines
                                           the role of the Municipality and other local organizations.
                                           It also recommends a timeline and costs associated with
                                           the implementation of the plan.
                     CHAPTER 7             Is a summary of the trail policies and recommendations
                                           developed throughout the body of the report. In addition,
                                           this chapter also outlines the next steps suggested to move
                                           forward in order to effectively begin implementing the
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    North Grenville Integrated Community Trails Strategy for
    the Municipality of North Grenville and local stakeholders.




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                     2.0      CONTEXT
                     In order to develop a comprehensive and high quality integrated community
                     trail system, it is important to understand the current state (and existing
                     context) of trails in North Grenville.
                     Although North Grenville has demonstrated success in regards to trail
                     development in the past few years, there remains immense opportunity to
                     further develop and enhance trails in relation to the municipality’s unique
                     outdoor environment, the perception of safety of its on road trails, pedestrian
                     crossings, sidewalks in the town core, and to enhance major recreational trail
                     amenities such as signage in the Ferguson Forest Centre.
                      This chapter provides an assessment of local, regional, provincial, and national
                     trail systems and information on the benefits of trail development. It also
                     identifies key policies and initiatives which can influence and support the
                     development of trails in North Grenville.



                     North Grenville – A Flat Terrain and Unique Environment

                     From a cycling perspective, it is notable that North Grenville has relatively flat
                     terrain and topography, including expanses of low lying marsh lands and
                     wetland habitat forests – a unique environment conducive to active modes of
                     transportation. Flanked by the Rideau River to the north, Kemptville Creek
                     transects the municipality a prominent feature of Old Town Kemptville.

                     North Grenville’s historic roots, founded primarily on an agricultural economy,
                     are keystone to its sense of place and community today.
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2.1   Primary Local Trails
      North Grenville’s 150 Kilometres of Trails
      The network links five legacy projects described previously ad includes
      150 kilometres of rural roads, streets, and existing trail networks
      (including the Ferguson Forest Centre Management Trail and Turtle
      Trail, Limerick Forest South Trails, University of Guelph Kemptville
      Campus Agroforestry Centre Trails, and Burritts Rapids Tip to Tip Trail
      Rideau Heritage Route).


      Ferguson Forest Centre Management Trail and Turtle Trail
      The Ferguson Forest Centre Management Trail and Turtle Trail are
      located between Hwy 44 and the Rideau River in north Kemptville.
      Undesignated farm access roads are used throughout the Centre, as
      ‘trails’.   Adjacent St. Michael’s High School, the designated
      Management Trail is 2.3 kilometre aims to educate students, residents
      and visitors about forestry in Eastern Ontario. The trail takes trail users
      through a variety of both natural and plated forest types common in
      Eastern Ontario.


      Limerick Forest South Trails
      Limerick Forest is a 5,782
      hectare        community
      forest,     owned      and
      managed by United
      Counties of Leeds and
      Grenville (UCLG). ‘Area
      3’     north of Limerick
      Road is within North
      Grenville study area,
      hosting hiking trails, a
      double track multi use
      trail,   and     vehicular
      access     through     the
      centre of this parcel. This portion of the site houses a de facto
      ‘trailhead’ chalet with washroom facilities and parking (image:
      limerickforest.ca, June 2011).



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                              A Tourism and Recreational Development Study (August 2006)
                              reviewed current and potential uses and introduced recommendations
                              to promote sustainable recreational use of the forest. The health of
                              Trails and linked to the health of North Grenville’s forests.
                     The Twenty Year Forest Management Plan (2007) recognizes those strategies
                     and has identified the following objectives to help attain the goal of providing a
                     wide range of quality recreational opportunities.
                     Resultant of this strategy, plans for trail development to, from and within
                     Limerick Forest ought to consider:
                              x    Identification and design of a recreational trail system within
                                   Limerick Forest that meets the needs of all current and potential
                                   users, including motorized, non motorized uses;
                              x    Identification of other (non trail) type recreational opportunities
                                   (e.g. tobogganing, wildlife viewing, picnicking and camping);
                                   A code of conduct and guiding trail etiquette that factors for
                                   traditional recreational past practices such as hunting.


                     Kemptville Campus Agroforestry Centre Trails
                     The Kemptville Campus AgroForestry Education Centre is located on the south
                     west corner of Concession Road and Hwy 44 and covers 300 acres of forest.
                     This area contains several kilometres of walking pathways which make up part
                     of the “150 Kiolmetres of Trails” trail system.
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     Tip Tip Trail at Burritts Rapids Rideau Heritage Route
     North Grenville is located along the ‘North Rideau’ portion of the
     Rideau Heritage Route. “The Rideau Canal is the oldest continuously
     operated canal in North America” (rideauheritageroute.ca, June 2011).
     Where it passes through North Grenville, the Heritage Route is located
     along the southern bank of the Rideau River the northern boundary of
     North Grenville on River Road.




     Figure 2.1: The Rideau Heritage Route
     Image: HTTP://WWW.RIDEAUHERITAGEROUTE.CA/EN/MAPS/INDEX.ASP (June 07, 2011)




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                     2.2      National Trails Relevant to North Grenville
                              Trans Canada Trail (TCT)
                              The Trans Canada Trail (TCT) offers North Grenville potential trail
                              linkages to a significant nation trail initiative. The TCT intends to
                              become the longest connected trail system in the world, with an
                              eventual completed network of more than 22,000 kilometres of shared
                              and single use pathway. The TCT supports as many as five core uses:
                              walking, cycling, horseback riding, cross country skiing, and
                              snowmobiling.




                                   Figure 2.2: North Grenville in context with the Trans Canada Trail and
                                   Waterfront Trail (Image: MMM Group, 2011)



                              Currently, sections of the TCT have been completed in every province
                              in the country, and in two of the territories, with Prince Edward Island
                              and Quebec having the greatest proportion of their system developed
                              and operating.
                              In Ontario, large sections of the TCT have been designated, several of
                              them running quite close to North Grenville, including:
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             North Grenville Integrated Community Trail Strategy | Draft June 2011                    13
     x     The Cataraqui Trail, from Smiths Falls toward Kingston to
           Sydenham;
     x     The Ottawa Carleton Trailway;
     x     The Central Frontenac Trailway, Sharbot Lake to Tweed.
     The TCT in Ontario offers funding and trail development expertise. In
     conjunction with the Ontario Trails Council (OTC), TCT actively
     encourages communities neighbouring the main corridor of the TCT to
     make connections and develop scenic loops. Within the United
     Counties of Leeds and Grenville, the Municipality has potential to link
     to both trails – connecting Kemptville and North Grenville to these two
     distinguished regionally and nationally significant trails. Although
     outside of the Municipality, these trail networks offer potential to
     further develop North Grenville’s relationship to the regional cycling
     and trail tourism industry outside of the specifics of this study.
     The Waterfront Trail
     The Waterfront Trail stretches over 900 km, along the St. Lawrence
     River nearest North Grenville. In 2010, the Waterfront Regeneration
     Trust compiled a second phase for the Waterfront Investment
     Program. The program involves 16 municipal partners and represents
     an investment of $18 million.
     National Capital Region Trails
     Eastern Ontario and Western Quebec, in relatively close proximity to
     North Grenville, maintains one of the largest regional trail systems in
     Canada, consisting of four distinct components: Gatineau Park summer
     uses, Gatineau Parks Winter uses, Greenbelt Trails, and the Capital
     Pathway.
     There are three major corridors that North Grenville should consider in
     order to form a comprehensive trail network in Eastern Ontario. North
     Grenville is at the centre of these corridors and developing connections
     to them will encourage the use the trails within the municipality for
     recreational and tourist activities. The corridors are described briefly
     below:




14
                                  o    Dwyer Hill Road – this corridor goes north and west from
                                       North Grenville through Lanark County and meets up with the
                                       TransCanada Trail.
                                  o    Osgoode Link Pathway – this trail goes north and east from
                                       North Grenville through Osgoode and connects to trails within
                                       the Municipality of Ottawa.
                                  o    South Grenville Bicycle Trail – this important 32 kilometre trail
                                       follows the shore of the St. Lawrence River through Augusta
                                       and Edwardsburg/Cardinal Townships along County Road 2
                                       (Heritage Parkway) and forms part of the Waterfront Trail.



                              The Friends of the North Grenville Trails:

                                  x   Municipality of North Grenville
                                  x   Ontario Ministry of Health Promotion
                                  x   United Counties of Leeds & Grenville
                                  x   Ferguson Forest Centre
                                  x   Friends of the Ferguson Forest Centre
                                  x   Rideau Canal Burritts Rapids Tip to Tip
                                  x   University of Guelph Agroforestry Centre and Trails
                                  x   Rideau Heritage Route
                                  x   Lanark, Leeds & Grenville District Health Unit
                                  x   Kemptville District Hospital
                                  x   Community Living North Grenville
                                  x   Ministry of Natural Resources
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2.3 THE EXISTING ABANDONED RAIL LINE
ABANDONED RAIL LINES PROVIDE WONDERFUL OPPORTUNITIES FOR THE
DEVELOPMENT OF trail corridors as they are generally flat, relatively straight
and intersect with major roads. THE ABANDONED RAIL LINE THROUGH
NORTH GRENVILLE HAS THESE QUALITIES, AS WELL AS KEY GEOGRAPHIC
ALIGNMENT – PRESENTING THE THE OPPORTUNITY TO FORM PART OF THE
MAIN SPINE NETWORK OF TRAILS WITHIN NORTH GRENVILLE LINKING THE
HAMLETS TO OLD TOWN KEMPTVILLE AND NEW ADJACENT DEVELOPMENTS,
SUCH AS THE COLLONADE RETAIL SHOPPING DEVELOPMENT. BEYOND THE
LIMITS OF NORTH GRENVILLE TO THE NORTHEAST, THIS SECTION OF THE RAIL
LINE LINKS WITH THE CITY OF OTTAWA’S OSGOODE LINK PATHWAY – TO THE
CENTRE OF OTTAWA AND INTERNATIONAL AIRPORT. To the south beyond
North Grenville, this rail line provides for the opportunity to connect to
Prescott and the Waterfront Trail Opportunities such as this should be
investigated by the municipality for acquisition and development. It is
understood that portions of the rail line with municipal boundaries are
segregated into three unique scenarios: private land ownership (north of the
town centre), currently under abandonment (year 3 of a 5 year Federal
process) and abandoned and publically held (south of the town centre).
Linking these portions of the abandoned rail corridor is, as described above,
and wonderful opportunity for North Grenville – linking the key destinations
and answering the Vision and objectives of this study as well as the essence of
the Official Plan related to trails.


2.4 THE BENEFITS OF TRAIL DEVELOPMENT
Trail activities provide significant health fitness, transportation, environmental,
economic and tourism benefits. Municipalities in Eastern Ontario and
throughout North America are implementing initiatives to promote and
encourage trail activities as a method of promoting a more active and healthy
lifestyle and to encourage alternatives to the private automobile for short
distance trips.


Health and Fitness
Walking and cycling provide an enjoyable, convenient and affordable means of
exercise and recreation. Research suggests that the most effective fitness
routines are moderate in intensity, individualized and incorporated into our
daily activities. In addition, studies have shown that people who walk, run,


16
                     cycle, ski (to name a few) are, on average, more physically fit, less obese and
                     have a reduced risk of cardiovascular disease1.
                     In 2001, approximately $2.8 billion was spent on health care due to physical
                     inactivity in Canada, which could be reduced by $280 million if physical activity
                     was increased by 10%2 Evidence suggests that improved cycling facilities lead
                     to increased bicycle use3. Increased physical activity such as walking and cycling
                     can help reduce the risk of coronary heart disease, premature death, high
                     blood pressure, obesity, adult onset diabetes, depression and various types of
                     cancer. A more active population can in turn reduce the cost of medical care,
                     decrease workplace absenteeism, and maintain the independence of older
                     adults and younger children. In Canada, the prevalence of obesity has more
                     than doubled in the last 20 years (Katzmarzyk & Mason, 2006).
                     Making strategic investments, through partnerships when feasible, in both
                     infrastructure and outreach to support the use of active transportation in daily
                     commuting habits, fitness and active recreation can help to promote a healthy
                     and active lifestyle for North Grenville residents and can have other valuable
                     benefits.


                     Economic & Tourism
                     A study published by Go for Green in March of 2004 establishes a convincing
                     business case for active modes of transportation in the report entitled “The
                     Economic Benefits of Walking and Cycling” (Go For Green, 2004). Listed
                     benefits include:
                 x   Reduction in road construction, repair and maintenance costs;
                 x   Reduction in costs due to air pollutants, greenhouse gas emissions and water
                     pollution;
                 x   Reduction in health care costs due to increased physical activity and reduced
                     respiratory and cardiac disease;
                 x   Reduction in fuel, repair and maintenance costs to users;
                 x   Reduction of costs due to increased road safety;
                 x   Reduction in external costs due to traffic congestion;
                 x   Reduction in parking subsidies;
                 x   The positive economic impact of bicycle tourism;
                 x   The positive economic impact of bicycle sales and manufacturing;
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             North Grenville Integrated Community Trail Strategy | Draft June 2011                  17
x   Increased property values along greenways and trails; and
x   Increased productivity and reduction of sick days and injuries in the workplace.
    There is ample evidence that on and off road trail facilities provide significant
    economic benefits for adjacent landowners and local businesses. Trails provide
    benefits to the local economy during both construction (jobs and materials)
    and operation. Following construction, benefits emerge in the form of
    expenditures by facility users. A few examples include:
x   Trails in New Brunswick employ around 1500 people for an average of six
    months per year;
x   70% of Bruce Trail users, in the Greater Toronto Area, cite the trail as the main
    reason for visiting the area, and they spend an average of about $20.00 per
    user per visit within a 10 km corridor on either side of the trail;
x   Annual expenditures linked to La Route Verte rose to $95.4 million in 2000,
    representing 2,000 jobs and $15.1 million and $11.9 million for the
    governments of Quebec and Canada, respectively;
x   In 2002, Quebec hosted 190,000 bicycle tourists who spend an average of $112
    per day and an average of 6.5 nights compared to $52 per day and an average
    of 3.1 nights spent by other tourists; and
x   In Ontario, the Eastern Ontario Trails Alliance estimated that at the end of a
    ten year build out period, 320 km of their system, constructed at a cost of $5.4
    million, will generate approximately $36 million in annual economic benefits in
    the communities through which it passes, and create/sustain over 1,100 jobs.


    Trails systems can have varied levels of attraction for tourists. By increasing
    the level of tourist draw, travelers can be expected to stay longer, resulting in
    additional night’s lodging and meals, a major benefit to local businesses.
    Bicycle manufacture, sales and repairs, as well as bicycle tourism, recreation
    and delivery services contribute to the economy with little to no public
    investment or subsidy. In 2002, Canadian households spent an average of $42
    on bicycles, parts and accessories for a total of approximately $500 million11.
    North Grenville has immense potential to serve a growing demand for cycling
    and eco tourism. The demand stems from an increasing desire to explore new
    areas through an active mode of transportation and experience one’s natural
    surroundings (and clearly communicated from the results of the online
    questionnaire on public consultation as a main drive for trail use in North
    Grenville). Expressed throughout the public consultation of this study, the


    18
                     ‘Baby Boomer’ population in North Grenville is demonstrating a new found
                     interest cycling. This is consistent with known trends across Eastern Ontario
                     and North America. Increase in cycling and active tourism has a direct impact
                     on the economic standing of the Municipality in which cycling infrastructure is
                     emphasized and/or implemented.
                     North Grenville’s Economic Development Vision (Part 2.3.1) recognizes the
                     multitude of opportunities for residents and visitors to engage in recreation,
                     both passive and active, particularly with respect to use of the Rideau River
                     and the South Branch, and the Ferguson and Limerick Forests a growing trail
                     network, and equine tourism.
                     A study done by the Victoria Transport Policy Institute shows that walking and
                     cycling facility improvements and promotion programs have a direct impact on
                     economic development by increasing shopping opportunities and tourism
                     activities. More specifically, “one study estimates that rail trails in Australia
                     provide an average of $51 to the regional economy per cycle tourist per day
                     (Beeton, 2003)”. A number of studies show a direct correlation between the
                     implementation of well planned, non motorized transportation improvements
                     and an increase in local tourism economies.
                     In the United States, studies have shown that trails and greenways have been
                     able to stimulate tourism and recreation related spending and that trail and
                     greenway systems have become the central focus of tourist activities in some
                     communities. In these communities, this push in active tourism can be a key
                     means of “kick starting” the economy.
                     When looking at pedestrian, cycling and trail related tourism one must also
                     look at the other expenditures associated with the trips. These include the food
                     and beverage, maintenance, and lodging related costs which can be accrued
                     over time. In one study undertaken throughout the United States, the
                     expenditures on three multi purpose trails were compared. On two rural multi
                     purpose trails in Iowa and Florida, the expenditures were US $9.31 and US
                     $11.02 respectively. For an Urban multi purpose trail in California, the
                     expenditure was US $3.97. Though lower for the urban trail, with higher
                     visitation levels the expenditures can provide significant monetary benefit for a
                     region [1].
                     Though tourism benefits from active transportation and trail facilities prove to
                     provide an injection into the local economy there are also a wide range of
                     social, environmental and health benefits associated with AT and trail tourism.
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             North Grenville Integrated Community Trail Strategy | Draft June 2011                 19
As people become increasingly more aware of the benefits to trail use and
pedestrian and cycling activities there tends to be a continuous increase in the
number of cycling tourists who will provide further benefits to their
communities and the communities to which they visit.
Over the last ten years, the concept of trails (active transportation and
pedestrian and cycling network development) has been gaining popularity
because of the health; social, environmental, economic and tourism benefits
are so substantial. There is clear evidence of benefits associated with designing
trail friendly communities and encouraging people to be more active by
walking and biking more often for both recreation and utilitarian purposes.
Promoting trails, especially through the development of an integrated on and
off road system that provides transportation and recreation options, is a
simple and obvious strategy that can encourage people to reduce their use of
the personal automobile, and create sustainable, more livable, safe and active
communities.


Transportation
Walking and cycling are both popular recreational activities and a means of
transportation that are efficient, affordable and accessible. They are the most
energy efficient modes of transportation that generate no pollution, and lead
to reduced road congestion and maintenance costs, less costly infrastructure,
increased road safety and decreased user costs. In many cases, for distances up
to 10 km in urban areas, cycling can be the fastest of all modes from door to
door. Seven in ten Canadians say they would cycle to work if there “were a
dedicated lane which would take me to my workplace in less than 30 minutes
at a comfortable pace”.6 These facts clearly demonstrate the potential for
increasing the number of trips by bicycle, especially in the more “urban” areas
of the Municipality. There is strong evidence that given complete networks of
high quality cycling routes, a significant number of people will cycle as
residents can simply get on their bicycles with confidence knowing there will
always be a safe route to their destination (British Columbia Cycling Coalition
Budget Submission, 2007).
An emphasis on walking, cycling and other active modes can result in a
reduction in roadway costs. Bicycles are lightweight vehicles that take up little
space and cause little wear and tear on a road surface.


[1]
   Litman, T. Quantifying the Benefits of Non-motorized Travel, Civtoris Transport Policy Institute
(2010).



20
                     Road improvements to increase the safety of pedestrians and cyclists can and
                     should enhance the safety of other road users. The U.S. Federal Highway
                     Administration reports that paved shoulders on two lane, rural roads have
                     been shown to reduce run off the road, head on and sideswipe collisions by
                     30% to 40%. In addition, many municipalities have found that paved shoulders
                     reduce maintenance costs related to shoulder deterioration, grading and snow
                     removal.
                     It is also much cheaper to provide paved shoulders on a road for cyclists than
                     to provide two additional motor vehicle travel lanes. A small portion of a
                     municipality’s transportation budget can be used to facilitate high levels of
                     bicycle use.
                     Another benefit of reduced car use is a decrease in the number of parking
                     spaces required. Bicycle parking facilities could be provided in an existing
                     surface or underground parking lot with no additional parking lot expansion
                     required.


                     Environmental
                     Non motorized transportation modes are energy efficient, non polluting
                     modes of travel. Short distance motor vehicle trips are the least fuel efficient
                     and generate the most pollution per kilometre. These trips have the greatest
                     potential of being replaced by walking or cycling trips and integrated walking
                     transit and cycling transit trips.
                     Reducing the number of motor vehicles on the road decreases the number of
                     pollutants released into the atmosphere by motor vehicles. Motor vehicles,
                     roads and parking facilities are major sources of water pollution and hydrologic
                     disruptions due to such factors as road de icing, air pollution settlement,
                     roadside herbicides, road construction along shorelines, and increased
                     impervious surfaces.
                     Bicycles make little noise, and are not disruptive to communities from a noise
                     perspective. Automobile dependent communities require more land for road
                     rights of way and parking than communities that are not as reliant on the
                     automobile.
                     Making communities less auto dependant by providing infrastructure for
                     sustainable transportation modes, such as walking and cycling can reduce the
                     amount of land required to construct new communities, thus creating more
                     compact subdivisions that make more efficient use of available land.
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             North Grenville Integrated Community Trail Strategy | Draft June 2011                21
Given the important roles that cycling and walking play in reducing emissions of
air pollutants and greenhouse gases, and fostering good health directly, it is
important to create a trail network that has the potential to create a desirable
walking and cycling environment. A literature and best practices review
suggests that the number of beginner or infrequent cyclists increases when the
effects of climate change can be reduced by encouraging drivers to use other
modes, or to travel outside rush hours.


2.5     Relevant Trail Initiatives and Policies
The Ontario Trails Strategy
The Ontario Trails Strategy is a long term plan that “establishes strategic
directions for planning, managing, promoting and using trails in Ontario.” (The
Ministry of Health Promotion, Active 2010, Ontario Trails Strategy)
The Strategy focuses on outdoor designated trail networks such as North
Grenville, that are used for recreation, active living, utilitarian and tourism
purposes, including but not limited to:
                                       x   Trails with natural/treated surfaces;
                                       x   On road bicycle routes;
                                       x   Sidewalks, walkways, boardwalks;
                                       x   Trails in transportation corridors;
                                       x   Access roads used for trail use;
                                       x   Trails integrated with public transit.
                                       x   Waterway routes.
                                   The Strategy has much relevance and insight
                                   into the reasons for trail development and
                                   benefits to healthy living in North Grenville.


The Official Plan (Municipality of North Grenville)
The Official Plan (2010) intends that the concept of recreational trails
connecting various parts of the Municipality be considered as an integral part
of the Municipality’s future development. North Grenville’s vision and
mechanisms aimed to develop and implement trails are extensively articulated



22
                     in the Official Plan (OP). A number of trail related statements and policy
                     excerpts from the OP include:
                         x    [Create] opportunities to experience the natural environment through
                              an expanded trail system, the Rideau River, South Branch and
                              numerous public open space areas.” (Part of Social Needs f);
                         x    North Grenville impresses all who visit with its continuously improving
                              quality and its integration of community design and development.
                              This is particularly evident in the downtown and its waterfront, its
                              major streets including County Road 43, and the strong pedestrian and
                              green space linkages between all major community assets and
                              throughout the community (Part of 2.1 Vision Statement);
                         x    [A] number of recreational facilities and opportunities, including golf
                              courses, walking, cycling, skiing and snowmobile trails, will help
                              service the leisure needs of the tourists and residents… (Part of 2.2.7
                              Tourism);
                         x    The Rideau River and South Branch waterways are a well established
                              trail system and will be major elements in the recreational linkages
                              within the Municipality. (Part 2.2.10 Linkages);
                         x    The protection of former railway corridors, as public lands, should be
                              encouraged in those appropriate circumstances for such potential uses
                              as recreation… (Part 2.2.10 Linkages);
                         x    The integrity of existing Provincial, County and Municipal road
                              networks shall be maintained and upgraded, and integrated with
                              cycling and walking routes as much as possible. (Part 2.2.10 Linkages);
                         x    Improve accessibility to the Downtown and other major destinations
                              through a safe, efficient and integrated system of bicycle routes and
                              pedestrian paths (Part of 13.1.1 Transportation Strategies)
                         x    Council shall adopt a pedestrian walkway plan for urban and rural
                              areas which outlines areas where walkways exist and where they
                              should be created within an overall network. (Part of 13.2.6 Pedestrian
                              Policies).
                         x    Council shall adopt a cycling plan for urban and rural areas which
                              identifies cycling routes.        Such a plan shall encourage the
                              interconnection between bike routes and open space areas. Such a
                              plan shall be designed to improve the viability of cycling as an
                              alternative to car use.” (Part of 13.2.7 Cycling Policies)
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     x   Parks, Recreation and Open Space Policies of the Official Plan set out
         provisions for a continuous linear park / open space network by
         integrating North Grenville’s unique Natural Heritage System (the
         Rideau River, South Branch and its tributaries). Trails are a ‘natural fit’
         in defining and leveraging the benefits of networked open space and
         parks. As described in the Official Plan (Part 12), a recreational system
         of trails creates a unique community resource by providing
         opportunities for public waterfront access, outdoor leisure and
         recreational activities, interpretation of the natural environment and
         historic context of the community, and diversity of tourism activities.


The Economic Development Plan of the Algonquins of Ontario proposes a
system of Algonquin Nation Trails and Tourist Commercial Rest Stop areas
based on historic Waterways (the Rideau River in vicinity of North Grenville)
and Highways (e.g. County Road 43 and Highway 416), as well as Recreational
Vehicle Trails. The Town of Kemptville and environs immediately north and
east have been identified as a potential convergence of all three Algonquin
Nation Trail systems. The Municipality recognizes this as an important Tourist
and Highway Commercial development initiative, which has the potential to be
mutually beneficial.


The City of Ottawa
The City of Ottawa has a number of documents that support the development
of trails and the use of sustainable modes of transportation. The
Transportation Master Plan (2008) includes policies and direction for the
development of walking and cycling facilities and the development of multi use
pathways. They have also included a number of supporting measures that will
encourage the use of active modes of transportation throughout the
municipality.
The municipality has also developed two plans specifically aimed at the
development of cycling and pedestrian infrastructure. The Ottawa Pedestrian
Plan’s vision is to facilitate year round walking as a comfortable, realistic,
viable, well integrated and well used component of the transportation system
in the municipality. The Ottawa Cycling Plan has a vision to develop a
municipality wide, visible and connected cycling network of on and off road
facilities that is actively used by all types of cyclists. This network would be
supported by various programs, policies and strategies that would help to



24
                     identify Ottawa as the premiere cycling capital of Canada and as one of the
                     most sustainable transportation cities in the world.
                     Township of North Dundas
                     Tourism initiatives in North Dundas promotes the Nation Valley Snowmobile
                     Association and the Nation Valley All Terrain Vehicle Club Inc. Through the
                     consultation strategy, the ATV club has expressed a desire to link (generally
                     from the east – North Dundas) into North Grenville.
                     United Counties of Stormont, Dundas and Glengarry
                     The United Counties of Stormont, Dundas and Glengarry Official Plan (2006)
                     outlines certain key policies with respect to trails:
                         x    Special purpose trails, eg. Five County Trails, Trans Canada Trail, and
                              snowmobile trails, should be protected and incorporated into design
                              and development decisions. Trails should be designed as a contiguous
                              system with linkages, notably to park and open space facilities and
                              community services (Section 4.06.2.5. Recreation and Leisure Services);
                         x    [Community] design should focus on making communities walkable
                              and safe, particularly for children and seniors. Parks, open spaces or
                              green areas should be planned to meet a variety of leisure and
                              recreation needs and should be readily accessible to users, [eg. …
                              recreational trail systems] (Part Section 3.06.7.1 Community Structure).
                     Township of Edwardsburg/Cardinal
                     The Township of Edwardsburg / Cardinal Official Plan (Final Draft for Adoption)
                     contains no specific trail or recreation policies in the Plan. Mention of trails can
                     be found in the Guiding Principles “We will support waterfront development
                     having regard to public spaces, recreation and access including interconnected
                     facilities through the development of pathways and parklands.“
                     Township of Augusta
                     The 2010 Township of Augusta Official Plan (awaiting MMAH approval)
                     contains no identified specific trail or recreation policies within their Official
                     Plan.
                     Village of Merrickville – Wolford
                     The Village of Merrickville – Wolford Official Plan (2008)has a number of
                     policies relating to cycling and walking, on road cycling, and open space
                     policies regarding the development of trails. Merickville Wolford represents a
                     major local adjacent tourist draw for North Grenville.
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Provincial Level Trail Related Initiatives
The Ministry of Health Promotion
Active Transportation (trails for the purposes of this study) and the Ministry’s
efforts towards the development of infrastructure that enables the
development and use of trails is a significant provincial initiative. Enabling
active and sustainable modes of transportation is central to the Integrated
Trails Strategy and vision for the Municipality of North Grenville and health
benefits of society.
As the designated lead for trails in Ontario, the Ministry of Health Promotion is
tasked with the responsibility for the coordination of recreational trail issues,
policy development and planning.
The Ministry’s draft vision for Ontario Trails mandates:
     x “A world class system of trails that captures the uniqueness and
       beauty of Ontario’s vast open spaces and natural and built
       cultural/heritage resources. People and places are connected through
       quality, diverse, safe, accessible and environmentally sensitive urban,
       rural and wilderness experience trails for recreational enjoyment,
       active living and tourism development”.
Current initiatives and vision at the Municipality of North Grenville are well
aligned with the vision of the Ministry of Health Promotion in developing a
networked system of trails that sponsors active commuting, being outdoors –
and celebrating our unique natural and built heritage landscape. North
Grenville has a plethora of both, and immense opportunity for improvement,
resultant of this strategy and the vision of its municipal leaders and engaged
public.


Bill 51 – Plan Reform
Bill 51 includes reforms to the Planning Act, which provides the legislative
framework for land use planning in Ontario. Bill 51 includes changes to the
planning process that are intended to support intensification, sustainable
development and protection of green space by giving municipalities greater
powers, flexibility and tools to use land, resources and infrastructure more
efficiently.




26
                     Bill 51 is in line with Ontario’s recent policy shift towards sustainable land use
                     development and planning. For instance, Bill 51 permits municipalities to
                     require environmentally sustainable design for both individual buildings and
                     entire neighbourhoods. It also adds sustainable development as a provincial
                     interest in the Provincial Policy Statement.
                     Provincial Policy Statement
                     The Provincial Policy Statement (PPS) sets the foundation for regulating land
                     use and development within the Province and supports provincial goals. The
                     PPS provides for appropriate development and protects resources of provincial
                     interest. The vision of the land use planning system in the PPS is that the “long
                     term prosperity and social well being of Ontarians depend on maintaining
                     strong communities, a clean healthy environment and a strong economy”1.
                     The PPS promotes transportation choices that facilitate pedestrian and cycling
                     mobility and other modes of travel.
                     Municipal Act, 2001
                     The Municipal Act, 2001 gives municipalities a broad new flexibility to deal with
                     local circumstances, and to react quickly to local, economic, environmental or
                     social changes. It recognizes municipalities as responsible and accountable
                     governments with respect to matters within their jurisdiction2. The Municipal
                     Act, 2001 also provides policies relating to municipal jurisdiction over municipal
                     highway rights of way.




                     1
                         Provincial Policy Statement, Ministry of Municipal Affairs and Housing, 2005.

                     2
                         Ministry of Municipal Affairs and Housing: ww.mah.gov.on.ca/userfiles/HTML/mts_1_7748_1.html
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Federal level Trail Related Initiatives
Transport Canada’s 2005 “Strategies for Sustainable Transportation Planning:
A Review of Practices and Options” provides a foundation to build guidelines
for incorporating sustainable transportation principles into municipal
transportation plans (IBI Group. "Strategies for Sustainable Transportation
Planning: A Review of Practices and Options." Editorial. Transport Canada:
Transportation Planning Summer 2005. Print.). The strategy considers the
transportation integration with Land Use Planning, Environmental Health, and
modal sustainability.


Relevant Trail Related Organizations
A summary of existing relevant national trail organizations and initiatives
include, but are not limited to, the following listed below. The Municipality
should continue to leverage the resources these organizations provide
regarding trails promotion and development.

The Ontario Trail Council (OTC)

The Ontario Trail Council (OTC) promotes the development, access and use of
recreational trails.


Ontario Cycling Association (OCA)
The OCA vision is to be a leading
organization providing opportunities for
personal excellence in the sport of
cycling by developing, delivering and
promoting quality programs and
services for existing and future
members in the sport of cycling (text
and image source: ontariocycling.org
June 2011).


Leeds, Grenville and Lanark District Health Unit (LGLHU) provides a wide
range of services to promote healthy living, healthy growth and development,
prevent illness, injury and control of communicable diseases in the community.


28
                     Under the Ministry of Health Ontario Public Health Standards, 2008 the LGLHU
                     supports the creation or enhancement of supportive environments in
                     recreational settings and the built environment related to physical activity and
                     off road safety.


                     Child and Youth Wellness Centre of Leeds and Grenville is one of 89
                     accredited children’s mental health agencies located in Ontario. It is dedicated
                     to serving the mental health needs of children, youth and their families. The
                     Centre works in partnership with a number of community agencies. There is a
                     link between mental health and physical activity and this agency may be able
                     to assist in the promotion of trail use to the children, youth and families they
                     serve.


                     Community Living North Grenville
                     This organization supports individuals with an intellectual disability and their
                     families. They support full inclusion in all aspects of community living,
                     including access to recreational and community facilities.


                     Eastern Ontario Trails Alliance (EOTA) promotes multi use of a 700 km trail
                     system extending from Pembroke/Petawawa to Belleville including a portion of
                     the Trans Canada Trail from Glen Tay West to Hastings. It also includes the 104
                     km Cataraqui Trail which extends from Smiths Falls to Strathcona serving
                     hikers, cyclists, equestrians, cross country skiers and snowmobilers (no ATVs).


                     Hike Ontario is a provincial association with a mandate to encourage walking,
                     hiking and trail development a member of the Ontario Trails Council, offering
                     programs such as: Insurance, Safe Hiker Certification, Certified Hike Leader
                     Courses, and Young Hikers Programs.


                     Ontario Federation of Trail Riders (OFTR) goal is to educate snowmobile riders
                     and promote safe and responsible riding. OFTR has been a member of ‘Tread
                     Lightly!®’ since 2005. Tread Lightly!® is a national non profit organization with
                     the mission to promote responsible outdoor recreation through ethics
                     education and stewardship. Tread Lightly!® principles: Travel responsibly,
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Respect the rights of others, Educate yourself, Avoid sensitive areas, Do your
part”.
Ontario Federation of Snowmobile Clubs is a non profit organization
dedicated to establishing and maintaining quality snowmobile trails which
are used in a safe and environmentally responsible manner, and to furthering
the enjoyment of organized snowmobiling “Conserving Ontario’s Last
Frontier” “Leave Tracks Not Trash”. Locally, the Kemptville Snowmobile Club
is a member of the OFSC.


Bytown Motorcycle Association is a group of off road motorcycle enthusiasts
dedicated to preserving and expanding dirt bike riding opportunities in the
Ottawa Area and Eastern Ontario maintaining a code of conduct based on the
“tread lightly” concept.


Ontario Bike Route (OBR) network’s vision consists of an on road cycling
network across Ontario that connects all regions, many municipalities and key
points of interest. The OBR encourages cycling connections at the local level
and serves as a focus for route preservation and improvement, with benefits to
safety, economic development (i.e. tourism, cycle engineering, construction
and retail industries) the environment and community health.


The South Nation ATV Club has a mandate to create a safe, policed and
insured trail network for its 160 members. There are currently no designated
ATV trails in North Grenville. The club’s vision is to improve the image of ATV
owners through organization and identified ATV trails.




30
                     3.0      CONSULTATION STRATEGY AND WHAT WAS HEARD
                     A comprehensive consultation strategy was developed at the outset of the
                     study in order to draw upon the knowledge of those who live and work in and
                     visit North Grenville. Consultation with Municipal staff and Council, general
                     community members, target groups, volunteer organizations and agencies was
                     integral in identifying and prioritizing issues and goals. Consultation also led to
                     a shared vision and definition of priorities for the implementation of the North
                     Grenville Integrated Community Trail Strategy. Involvement from the public
                     and organized groups created interest throughout the Municipality which built
                     momentum for the plan, and increased awareness about the benefits of the
                     Strategy.
                     The consultation strategy was designed to:
                        x Continue to engage Municipality staff, Councillors, community members,
                          target groups, volunteer organizations and agencies to participate in the
                          study process to understand the purpose, approach and findings of the
                          North Grenville Integrated Community Trail Strategy;
                        x Provide information related to the benefits of investing in trails and
                          encourage behaviour that helps reduce unnecessary single occupant
                          motor vehicle use;
                        x Promote trail use and active transportation, particularly walking and
                          cycling, for all ages;
                        x Promote physical activity and healthy lifestyles; and
                        x Gain support for the North Grenville Integrated Community Trail
                          Strategy.
                     Internal and external consultation efforts were utilized to obtain meaningful
                     input regarding the existing network as well as recommendations for potential
                     improvements and additions. Suggestions for promotion and funding strategies
                     were also actively solicited. The primary consultation techniques that were
                     undertaken throughout the study process are grouped into four main
                     categories identified below.
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Steering Committee Meetings

Description: Regularly scheduled meetings were conducted with Municipal
Staff, study partners and the Project Team. Steering Committee Meetings were
attended by representatives from the Municipality including the study’s project
manager, staff from the Department of Parks, Recreation and Culture.
community organizations, as well as members of the consultant team.
Purpose: To fully define the parameters of this study, to discuss the ongoing
status of the project, its specific components, review and to provide comments
on deliverables and direction on upcoming tasks.


Public Awareness Campaign

Description: The Public Awareness Campaign had several components:
9 A Notice of Study Commencement published on North Grenville’s website
used to inform the public of the study’s vision and objectives, provide
information on how to get involved in the consultation process, and contact
information for additional information regarding the study undertakings;
9 Articles in the local newspaper and e newsletters      North Grenville Trail
News;
9 An information page on the Municipality of North Grenville website
(http://www.northgrenville.ca/trailstudy.cfm) was developed and maintained
exclusively for the North Grenville Integrated Community Trail Strategy. Study
updates and materials developed over the course of the study were posted on
the Town’s website for public review. This included the Notice of Study
Commencement, the study work schedule, presentations from the Public
Information Centres, related internet links and background information. The
website also served as a source of contact information for community
members and stakeholders who required additional information;
9 Information on the Strategy was also included in a weekly electronic
newsletter: This Week in North Grenville;
9 An on line questionnaire available on the study website;
9 A Facebook Fan Page that provided Integrated Community Trail Strategy
updates through the news feed and provided a forum for trail users to connect
as a community to share ideas, photos, and upcoming events; and




32
                     9 Promotional business cards and comment sheets that were placed at the
                     local community centre and other public venues.
                     Purpose: To notify the public of the Community Integrated Trail Strategy,
                     explain the process, outline the study’s goals, announce upcoming public
                     information centres and opportunities to participate, and provide contact
                     information.


                     Stakeholder Engagement

                     Description: Stakeholder engagement was achieved through consultation with
                     key agencies, advocacy groups and committees that were identified by the
                     Municipality and approached to participate in stakeholder interviews or group
                     meetings about the Integrated Community Trail Strategy (refer to Sub section
                     3.3 for detailed information).
                     Purpose: To invite input and provide opportunity for candid discussion with
                     identified organizations on major topics, issues, concerns, challenges, and
                     opportunities to be addressed in the study, and on some that this study would
                     not address (such as motorized uses.)


                     Public Information Centres

                     Description: Two Public Information Centres (PICs) and an information booth at
                     the Annual Sustainability Fair were held for this study. PICs bring the
                     consultation to the public by hosting an open house at community events.
                     Purpose: The first PIC was held to allow for one on one interaction between
                     the public and project team. This gave the project team an opportunity to
                     introduce the public to the project and to hear from them regarding any issues
                     and opportunities, potential use standards and protocols related to trails in
                     North Grenville. The information booth set up at the Annual Sustainability Fair
                     provided the public with an update on the status of the project. The second PIC
                     was held to present various components of the proposed draft Integrated
                     Community Trail Strategy. For more information refer to Sub section 3.4.
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3.1      Public Consultaiton: Online Web based Questionnaire
         (‘The Survey’)
The online web based questionnaire was an essential component of the Public
Awareness Campaign and for the purposes of this study, a significant
achievement and success. The questionnaire was available and issued early in
the study and attracted more than 485 respondents. This dwarfs the expected
turn out of less than 200 respondents.
On behalf of the municipality, the study team was thrilled to have received
such an active response to the questionnaire from the community to aid in the
development of this strategy. Strong themes emerged from the online
questionnaire reflective in the recommendations of this strategy. A BIG
thank you is owed to the community and those that provided their time and
valuable input – a community that wants to be engaged.
The questionnaire was developed with an emphasis on gathering information
from specific user groups and social determinants, including but not limited to:
Low income earners; Children and youth; Persons with disabilities; Older
adults; Women and girls, as well as a representative general population. The
Steering Committee provided valuable insight and recommendation regarding
social determinants unique to North Grenville.
The online questionnaire was available for more than two months (February
and March) and was accessible from the Integrated Community Trail Strategy
website (via NGTrails.ca). The questionnaire was advertised prominently at the
first PIC, in the Notice of Study Commencement and in the North Grenville Trail
News (Issue #1) e newsletter. Sustainable North Grenville provided a link from
their website to the survey to encourage more participation in the
development of the strategy. Others also promoted the survey, including
Lanark, Leeds, Grenville Public Health and local school teachers.




The study team gathered specific information, including:
     x Frequency of participation in specific trails related activities, including
       motorized;
     x Potential uses to be considered for the trails system;

34
                        x Factors that encourage residents to use trails;
                        x Reasons why residents think an Integrated Community Trail Strategy for
                          North Grenville should be developed;
                        x Potential locations or corridors for the trails network within North
                          Grenville; and
                        x Challenges, constraints or barriers to improving trail conditions in North
                          Grenville.
                     Simply stated, the questionnaire revealed an engaged population of outdoor
                     recreational users that use and want trails in a convenient and connected
                     network for a variety of uses, including cycling, walking & hiking, cross country
                     skiing and equine use. A summary of the key findings from the questionnaire
                     and a summary of all questionnaire questions and responses can be found in
                     the Appendices. The below graphic demonstrates percentage response rates
                     for a few select highlighted sections of the questionnaire.
                     Figure 3.1 – Graphic Highlight of Questionnaire Results
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What activities are existing trails currently being used for?
Walking/jogging, cycling and hiking are the top recorded uses (and desires for
use) of existing trails. Active groups in equine, cross country and dog sledding
also noted desire and current use of trails. Of those that participated in the
survey most do not use motorized recreational vehicles.




Figure 3.2: Frequency of mode/trail use in North Grenville



What are the motivators for trail use in North Grenville?
Enjoyment of the natural environment and fitness are primary motivators for
trail use in North Grenville. Almost 87% use the existing multi use trail system
because they enjoy the natural environment and 81% use existing trails for
fitness and exercise. Other motivators were less common. Destination oriented
trips to visit family and friends, running errands or shopping and commuting to

36
                     recreation centres, school or work generally do not motivate residents of North
                     Grenville to use the existing multi use trail system. A comparison of responses
                     is illustrated in figure below.




                                         Figure 3.3: Motivators for trail use in North Grenville



                     What types of trails are residents most comfortable using?
                     Respondents are most comfortable with walking or hiking (77%) on multi use
                     trails typically found in parks, natural areas and hydro corridors. Respondents
                     are also very comfortable with cycling on multi use trails typically found in
                     parks, natural areas and hydro corridors (62%) or walking on sidewalks along
                     local streets (61%).
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In contrast, respondents are least comfortable with cycling on busier local
roads with or without bike lanes or paved shoulders.




                   Figure3 4 : Facility Type Comfort Pyramid


Why should an Integrated Community Strategy be developed?




38
                     The majority of respondents support North Grenville in investing in trail
                     improvements and identified the following top three reasons as to why an
                     Integrated Community Trail Strategy should be developed:
                         1.) TO IMPROVE QUALITY OF LIFE AND HEALTH OF NORTH GRENVILLE
                             RESIDENTS (81%), 2.) TO PROVIDE ACCESS TO NATURAL AREAS (78%);
                             AND 3.) To provide places to walk and cycle within neighbourhoods for
                             recreation (78%).
                     Respondents were also given the opportunity to highlight key destinations and
                     connections that should be considered within the overall trail network; to
                     identify challenges, constraints or barriers to improving trail conditions; to
                     indicate if they currently use roads and/or sidewalks for walking/jogging or
                     cycling and whether they would switch to trails to conduct these activities if
                     they were available; and to provide an opinion regarding North Grenville
                     purchasing private land, for the purposes of securing trail connects. All
                     responses from the online survey are summarized and presented in
                     Appendices.
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3.2       Stakeholder Engagement

At the onset of the study, key stakeholders were identified to provide input
into the trails strategy on major topics including: issues, concerns, challenges
and opportunities. Stakeholders identified included school boards, business
organizations, trail user groups, youth and children organizations, and health
related groups. There were a total of 60 stakeholders identified, of which 6
were interviewed. Each interview lasted between 15 and 40 minutes, in which
a series of questions were asked and answers recorded. The interview
questions were sent out to the stakeholders with the invitation to participate,
enabling them to develop answers in advance or to send in the answers.


During the stakeholder sessions, comments were received on a variety of
topics which have been taken into account in the development of the strategy.

Specific comments included:
      x   Need for more volunteers and user groups (both motorized and non
          motorized) to increase safety on the trails and provide better patrolling
          and self policing
      x   Promotion of the trails for tourism and use by residents
      x   Maintenance and development of trails
      x   Trails used for community and fundraising events
      x   Corridors:
              o   Link smaller communities
              o   Connection to cross County Road 43
              o   Connect to Limerick
              o   Connect to established motorized trails outside North Grenville




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                     3.3      Public Information Centres

                     Two Public Information Centres (PICs) were held during the course of the
                     study. At the mid point between the two PICs, an information booth was set up
                     at the Annual Sustainability Fair. The first PIC was held as a “Sweetheart
                     Brunch” at the North Grenville Municipal Centre on February 13th, 2011. The
                     PIC introduced attendees to the Integrated Community Trails Strategy and
                     discussed the study’s vision, objectives and goals. It provided attendees with
                     information about existing policies and initiatives, trail route selection
                     principles and showed maps illustrating the existing context within North
                     Grenville. The Annual Sustainability Fair took place on April 17th, 2011. An
                     information booth was set up in order to update North Grenville residents on
                     the progress of the Integrated Community Trail Strategy. The second PIC was
                     held during the Dandelion Festival in downtown on May 28, 2011. The purpose
                     of the second PIC was to present the draft preferred network, and Strategy
                     policies.




                     Image: Sweetheart Brunch display, February 13, 2011.


                     Attendees at both PICs were given the opportunity to provide comments and
                     input on the presented information. Following each of the PICs, display
                     materials were posted on the study website to assist those who were unable to
                     attend the sessions or who wanted to review the information in further detail.
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All comments received during the PICs and at the Sustainability Fair were
considered in the development of the Integrated Community Trail Strategy.
The following subsections provide more detailed information about these
events.


The Sweetheart Brunch: Public Information Centre #1
The first PIC was held in conjunction with North Grenville’s Sweetheart Brunch
at the municipality’s community centre in February, 2011. A set of display
boards were prepared and attended by project team members to inform
attendees about the Study’s vision and objectives, summarize relevant
background information, as well as outline the Study’s next steps and how
individuals could get involved.

These display boards included the draft vision, objectives and goals for the
study, information about active transportation and the benefits of trails,
existing policies and initiatives, and active transportation route selection
principles. In addition to these materials there were two maps on display
illustrating the existing trails as well as some potential candidate routes
identified for future investigation. Four representatives from the consultation
team were in attendance for the duration of the event in addition to members
of the steering committee. It was estimated that approximately 100 people
reviewed the display boards and / or spoke with one or more of the project
representatives. Comment forms were also available along with the study’s
business card which provided the necessary contact names and numbers if the
attendee required further information or wanted to provide their commentary.
All comments from the 1st PIC, as well as the other consultation efforts were
consolidated into a project consultation record and considered in the
development of the Integrated Community Trail Strategy. Information
collected can be found in the Appendices.

The Sustainability Fair

The Sustainability Fair, presented by
Sustainable North Grenville,was held
on April 17 from 11 am to 3 pm at
the North Grenville Municipal
Centre, with over 320 people in
attendance. A display providing
information about the Integrated
Community Trails Strategy was set up
to provide an update to the public

42
                     about the strategy. There was a lot of interest as numerous people stopped by
                     the booth to see what was occurring and to get an update on the progress of
                     the strategy. This event increased the public’s exposure to the Strategy and
                     resulted in more input into the proposed network and policies. Each event
                     held has increased the community profile identity of the Strategy within the
                     municipality.


                     The Dandelion Festival : Public Information Centre #2

                     A second public information centre was held at the annual Dandelion
                     Festival. An exhibit outlining the proposed recommended policies and route
                     network was set up on Prescott Street on Saturday May 28th. Members of the
                     consulting team and municipal staff were on hand to answer questions and
                     discuss the strategy with members of the public. Approximately 100 attendees
                     visited the booth, adding valuable input into the strategy. There was
                     tremendous support from those who stopped to review the material.


                     Image: Display at the 2011 Dandelion Festival.
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3.4 Common Themes and Trends
Trends from the consultation program include:

General:
   x Trails need to be maintained – but how: through volunteers, some of
       whom are experiencing burnout, or through staff
   x Safe routes to and from school as well as to recreational areas
   x Funding and costs – can the trails be built; how will the program be
       funded?
   x Develop safety, promotion and education campaigns
   x More signage; particularly signs that are visible
   x Motorized uses need a place to go, but some see don’t want them in
       urban areas or areas where there are a lot of non motorized users
   x Leisurely activities are popular – dog walking, horseback riding,
       running/jogging/walking for exercise, are used for regular exercise
   x Collaboration and cooperation required, particularly between different
       user groups, various levels of government and community groups
       (offers of help for grooming and so on)
   x Tourism opportunity
   x Need a clear set of trail standards
   x Development of trails over private land – issues with maintaining
       agreements when ownership changes, etc.
   x Sidewalks have been suggested for throughout the municipality,
       however, Old Town Kemptville has been singled out

Trail Network Concept:
    x Connection to commercial areas – Walmart, etc very important to the
        community – along 43 but also from various residential areas
    x Improve infrastructure along CRs 43 and 44 to accommodate non
        motorized users
    x Trails along waterways
    x Connections to the Ferguson Forestry Centre are very important from
        various origins in the municipality
    x Need to be able to cross CR 43 safely – ideas include: pedestrian signals
        or grade separated crossing


44
                         x    Motorized linkages to trails outside of North Grenville
                         x    Link communities to each other, each of the small communities as well
                              as new residential areas (such as Oxford Mills, Bishop Mills, Glen
                              Gables subdivision and eQuinelle)


                     3.5 How Comments Were Incorporated
                     The consultation program provided the study team with a wide range of
                     comments and ideas from members of the public, stakeholders, steering
                     committee members and municipal officials. These comments were reviewed
                     and where applicable, they were incorporated in the Integrated Community
                     Trails Strategy. Based on the study team’s review of the comments received
                     from the 3 Public Information Centres, Online Questionnaire and stakeholder
                     interviews, some common themes were confirmed. These included:
                          x Increase the number of connections to increasing multi modal
                            transportation choices throughout the municipality by providing trails
                            that connect key destinations;
                          x Provide adequate accessibility to existing and proposed trails facilities;
                          x Improve signage throughout the municipality by implementing a more
                            detailed set of signage with a cohesive branding strategy;
                          x Implement a wide range of facilities for both pedestrians and cyclists
                            throughout the municipality;
                          x Ensure the preservation and promotion of key natural features
                            throughout the municipality; and
                          x Increase the level of safety for pedestrians and cyclists throughout the
                            municipality by implementing a range of facility types and
                            recommended crossing locations and types.
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4.0 DEVELOPMENT OF THE NETWORK

This chapter describes the proposed Integrated Community Trails Network for
the Municipality of North Grenville, destinations, opportunities and barriers
that were identified as well as the approach taken to develop the
recommended network. The network is based on a number of opportunities
identified including currently un opened road allowances throughout the
Municipality, builds upon the existing transportation corridors and trail
network at a local, regional and national level, and the existing parks systems.
In addition to the proposed network, this chapter also provides further detail
on the proposed facility types considered to form the recommended network.
For more information on the proposed facility types for consideration please
see Chapter 5 – Trail Designer’s Toolbox.

The Strategy outlines a number of policies and recommendations that
encourage the improvement of pedestrian and bicycle facilities in urban and
rural areas to complement those in the Municipality’s Official Plan as well as
other provincial and federal policies and plans (as outlined in chapter 2 of the
report). The range, type and density of recommended trail infrastructure will
vary depending on the location of the more densely populated areas as well as
the land use associated. Part of this support includes recommendations for a
network of on and off road corridors which support active transportation and
provide increased connectivity throughout the Municipality as well as to key
destinations within and surrounding it.

Overall, a community trail strategy can be defined as a long range plan
integrating infrastructure requirements for existing and future land use within
environmental assessment principles. These plans examine the entire
infrastructure system as a group of related projects, or an overall system, in
order to strategically plan out the future needs of the municipality. In many
cases the infrastructure considered for future integration can include those
associated with trail development and healthy lifestyles..




46
                     4.1     Process

                     An approach used to establish the recommended community trails network
                     was iterative, as was the process for identifying proposed facility types as well
                     as the costing and implementation for the Integrated Community Trails
                     Strategy for North Grenville. The community trails network development
                     approach included:

                     1.       Collect and Assemble Background Information
                     The network development process was initiated with the consolidation and
                     digital mapping of all previously planned trails routing and facilities in North
                     Grenville as well as connections surrounding communities. These included both
                     on and off road facilities provided by Municipal Staff as well as the Steering
                     Committee.

                     2. Review Consolidated Base Mapping with Municipal Staff and Steering
                         Committee
                     The Base mapping generated by the study team was reviewed with the
                     Municipal staff as well as members of the Steering Committee with the goal of
                     clearly understanding current trail opportunities as well as any previously
                     approved plans in place for related facilities. These facilities can include those
                     within the road right of way as well as those outside of the road right of way.

                     3. Develop Route Selection Principles
                     A set of qualitative principles was developed to guide the selection of routes
                     for consideration at the Candidate Routes level. These principles were
                     reviewed with Municipal Staff as well as the Steering Committee, local
                     stakeholders and public and were then revised where applicable. These
                     principles should also be utilized and referred to in the future when changes to
                     the route network are being contemplated, and again as part of the
                     preliminary design stage to ensure that the route still satisfies these principles.

                     4. Field Review and assess Candidate Routes
                     In order to fully assess the existing conditions as well as potential candidate
                     routes for the community trails strategy a field investigation was undertaken
                     by the study team. The field investigation steps included:
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             North Grenville Integrated Community Trails Strategy | Draft June 2011
x    Undertaking field investigation to collect information for each existing
     condition and candidate route; and

x    Applying the route selection criteria, information collected in the field
     combined with the technical expertise of the study team, plus input from
     the Steering Committee and the public.

5. Prepare Candidate Routes Mapping using the following inputs:
x    Consolidated base mapping;

x    Field investigation and assessment;

x    Route selection principles;

x    Consultation with the Study Steering Committee; and

x    Expertise of the Study Team.

6. Direct input to the proposed network and route selection principles
Municipal staff members were consulted as well as members of the steering
committee and asked to provide their input on the proposed community trails
network. Input was received from the public as well as local stakeholders based
on comments provided at the first Public Information Centre held on February
13, 2011 and additional discussions with local stakeholders and members of
local community organizations. The network was then further refined through
responses from an online questionnaire (see Appendices for data) as well as
comments received following the Public Information Centres.

7. Accept or reject each candidate route based on Steps 4 through 6 and
   map the recommended route network

8. Suggest appropriate Facility Types
The route network was then assessed to identify the appropriate facility types
for each segment. These were based on the following for each route in the
network based on the results of Steps 1 through 7 and consideration of a
number of factors including:

x    Location/Setting (urban area vs. rural area, within road right of way vs.
     outside of road right of way e.g. in a park or utility corridor);

x    Facility Type Noted in any Relevant Environmental Assessment (where
     applicable);


48
                     x   Planned Facility Types; provided by local municipal representatives on the
                         Steering Committee (where applicable);

                     x   Current Road Cross Sections;

                           o Curbed vs. shoulder and ditch;
                           o Permitted on street parking vs. prohibition of on street parking;
                           o Single lane in each direction vs. multiple lanes in each direction. For
                             example in urban areas where there may be a 4 or 5 lane roadway
                             with a wide enough curb lane and a posted speed of 50 km/h, a
                             signed route with Sharrow lane markings would be viewed as a
                             suitable facility type, allowing for cyclists to share the lane with
                             vehicles and for vehicles to appreciate the anticipated travel patterns
                             of cyclists on the roadway; and

                           o Current lane widths in particular those locations where other data
                             collected suggested that a bicycle lane would be preferred and that
                             field observations revealed the potential to add bicycle lanes through
                             simply repainting lane markings. It should be noted that in areas
                             where there is a wide enough curb lane for vehicles and cyclists to
                             share, the preference would be to recommend a higher order facility
                             such as a standard buffered bike lane (1.5 m bike lane and 0.5 m
                             buffer). However, where the recommended minimum of 1.5 m for a
                             designated bike lane is not available a lower order facility type such
                             as a signed route with or without shared lane markings and signage
                             should be considered.

                     x   Current Character of the Corridor;

                           o Land uses along corridor/type of destinations along the route or
                             nearby the route;

                           o Number of road intersections and/or private entrances along
                             corridor;

                           o Facility type that is being connected to (where they currently
                             exist/where applicable); and

                           o Distance from key destinations not directly on proposed corridor
                     x   Current Traffic Characteristics:

                           o Traffic volume (where data is available and was provided);
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             North Grenville Integrated Community Trails Strategy | Draft June 2011
      o Commercial vehicle/heavy vehicle/transit vehicle percentage (where
        data is available and was provided);

      o Posted speed limit;
      o Operating speed and speed differential between cyclists and motor
        vehicles; and

      o Field observations.
x    Right of way width;

x    Distance to nearest proposed route; and

x    Technical expertise of the study team.

The observations by the study team were then balanced by comments received
from the Municipality and the Steering Committee, as well comments received
from the public and local stakeholders.

9. Review Suggested Facility Type with Municipal Staff
The suggested facility types are tools to be used at the master planning level to
develop an order of magnitude cost estimate for the implementation of the
network.
It is also important to note that as part of the implementation of each route
segment, a more detailed assessment will be undertaken at the segment
specific level to confirm the route and facility types for the purposes of detailed
design. This 5 step process will be clearly described in the Implementation
chapter of the North Grenville Integrated Community Trails Strategy (see
chapter 6, section 6.3.4).

10. Implementation/Phasing Plan
The implementation and phasing plan for the Integrated Community Trails
Strategy was developed to guide the short, medium and long term
development of the proposed routes and facilities throughout the Municipality.
In addition, policies and recommendations were developed to guide the future
development and implementation of active transportation and trail facilities.
Further detail on the implementation and phasing plan for the Municipality can
be found in Chapter 6 of the report.




50
                     11. Direct Input on the Candidate Routes and Recommendations
                     Inputs regarding the draft candidate routes as well as the proposed Trail
                     related recommendations from the Municipality were gathered through direct
                     discussion with the Steering Committee. The public as well as local
                     stakeholders and agencies were able to provide their comments on the
                     proposed network through a second public information centre held on
                     Saturday May 28, 2011 during the Dandelion Festival in downtown Kemptville.
                     Results from the online questionnaire were also utilized throughout this stage
                     of the study. Input from multiple venues of consultation is summarized in
                     Chapter 3 of the report.

                     The proposed community trails network is a key outcome of this study, and
                     consists of both on and off road trails facilities and accommodated related
                     active transportation uses such as pedestrian and cyclist activities. The
                     following figure, Figure 4 1 Network Development Process, is an illustration of
                     the network development process, as described above, that was undertaken to
                     develop the Community Trails Strategy. The figure identifies the key steps of
                     the study as well stages in which potential routes were removed or
                     determined.
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             North Grenville Integrated Community Trails Strategy | Draft June 2011
4.2       Inventory and Assessment of Existing Trails:
          Itemized Opportunities for Trails in North Grenville
There are immense opportunity for the municipality to enhance trail use,
safety, comfort, and ease of access.

A key first step in the development of the Community Trails network is the
assessment of existing and previously proposed trail facilities.




Images: 2001 County Road 43 Design Guidelines Workshop (left), and 2007
Environmental Assessment of proposed lane upgrade along County Road 43 (right).

A number of precedent studies and supportive data were referenced relevant
to the subject trails strategy. The Municipality of North Grenville also provided
the study team with precedent Geographic Information System (GIS) data and
study documentation, including but not limited to:

      x   The Official Plan and supporting documents;

      x   Class EA for the Four Lane Upgrade of County Road 43, Kemptville
          Corridor Environmental Study Report;

      x   Practical Design Guidelines for the Corridor of County Road 43 as a
          Public Space, June 2001;

      x   Digital Orthographic (photos acquired Spring 2008);


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                         x   Geographic Information System Data (layers pertaining to existing
                             roads, waterways, parklands, Crown Lands).

                     Background materials from key trail organizations and interest groups were
                     reviewed in developing the inventory of existing and previously proposed
                     facilities, including but not limited to local trail organizations and adjacent ad
                     near by municipalities.



                     Assessment & Opportunities:
                     FACILITY INFRASTRUCTURE The existing ‘150 Kms of Trail’ is a relevant
                     initiative, but work is required to enhance trail use and cycling along its rural
                     roads. Consultation and field reconnaissance revealed that perceived safety,
                     comfort, roadway geometry and materials, and overall connectivity are issues
                     that need to be addressed to bring this network ‘to the next level’ – to making
                     North Grenville ‘bike friendly’.

                     Note that the proposed network, as part of this strategy, does not include all of
                     the existing ’150 Kms of Trail’, notably along South Gower Road south of
                     Kennedy Road (refer to the Facility Types Map). In general, the below
                     considerations are recommended for the existing designated ‘150 Kms of Trail’:

                         x   Widening the paved sections of the route, with paved shoulders and
                             ‘Share the Road’ signage (in addition to the existing NG Trails signage
                             markers). Add ‘Sharrow’ markings on paved roads where expanding or
                             paving the shoulder is infeasible (most commonly in more urban
                             areas);

                         x   Harden the surface of existing unpaved sections of the ‘Trail’ with an
                             expanded shoulder, with ‘Share the Road’ signage;

                         x   Consideration of re routing the ‘150 kms’ of Trail’ per the enclosed
                             Network Concept Map (pending review and coordination of a true 150
                             kilometres of route.

                     CONNECTIVITY Pedestrian crossing over County Road 44. Road 44 is a busy
                     road currently acting as a barrier to pedestrian movement, north to south
                     between Ferguson Forest and Old Town Kemptville. As expressed throughout
                     consultation, a strong desire exists to connect pedestrian access between
                     these two community amenities.
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Logical locations exist for the consideration of pedestrian crossing
enhancements between the creek and intersection with County Road 44. Per
the recommendations of this strategy, a pedestrian crossing is proposed in the
vicinity of Grenville Street and County Road 44. Outlined in Chapter 5 –
Designer’s Toolkit – multiple options exist for a crossing here, including an at
grade crossing or grade separated. An at grade crossing is more likely in this
area and is generally less expensive than a grade separated crossing.

These recommended enhancements ought to be considered along with
prospective future widening of 43 – to consider/review a pedestrian refuge
island with signalization. Further feasibility, analysis and design is required.
This connection is a ‘missing link’ and would tie Ferguson Forest (one of North
Grenville’s most significant recreational amenities) with Old Town Kemptville.




Figure 4.1: Area of potential pedestrian crossing over 43. (Image: Google Images, 2011)



CONNECTIVITY – Pedestrian and Cycling access along County Road 43. As per
the recommendations of the 2001 Urban Design Workshop and resultant of
site reconnaissance and consultation, pedestrian connection along County
Road 43 (as shown below) represents a great potential for the municipality and
pedestrian comfort with access to Kemptville Creek, Ferguson Forest, Old
Town, the Municipal Centre, retail shops in the vicinity, and beyond. In
conjunction with a potential pedestrian crossing in the vicinity of Grenville
Street at 43, a multi use pathway along the north edge of 43 between the
Creek and County Road 44 could serve a wide range of cyclists and pedestrian –



54
                     an off road alternative. The pathway could be built along a retrofitted existing
                     farm access road along 43 in Ferguson Forest.




                     Figure 4.2 Potential recreational trail (pathway) development along County Road 43.
                     (Image: Practical Design Guidelines for the Corridor of County Road 43 as a Public
                     Space, June 2001.)

                     CONNECTIVITY AND OPPORTUNITY – The abandoned rail corridor (running
                     north south) transects the municipality in such a way that presents immense
                     opportunity to link certain Hamlets, Old Town, new and existing retail
                     development, current and future residential areas, and to create an expansive
                     and continuous recreational amenity throughout the municipality.
                     Development of this corridor into a multi use corridor would function as a
                     main spine to the Network Concept.

                             This would provide connections both within the community and to
                             trails outside of North Grenville, including the Osgoode Trail and the
                             Prescott and Waterfront Trails. The corridor consists of 4 segments:

                                  o   Segment south of the active rail line within North Grenville is
                                      abandoned but requires the removal of the existing ties.

                                  o   The segment from the active rail line to the Bedell Road is on a
                                      3 year abandonment list.

                                  o   North of Bedell Road is privately owned and opportunity is
                                      available to acquire this portion.

                                  o   The abandoned corridor is intersected by Hwy 416 and building
                                      a grade separated overpass is highly unlikely due to the cost,
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             North Grenville Integrated Community Trails Strategy | Draft June 2011
                however bringing the trail along Flynn Road/Rideau River Road
                to take advantage of the existing grade separated structure is
                more feasible and would allow for a link to the rail corridor and
                into Ottawa.

CONNECTIVITY AND ACCESSIBILITY Sidewalks serve mainly the Old Town core
and new development and were mentioned notably throughout public
consultation, and through the online questionnaire. In coordination with the
municipality’s planning department, a recommended prioritization of sidewalk
improvements is listed below. Although Old Town is served by sidewalks in
select areas, opportunity for new sidewalks, with improved accessibility will
extend the connectivity, perceived safety, and comfort for pedestrians.

Table 4.1     Recommended 5 year Sidewalk Priority List for sidewalk
improvements in order of priority:

     Street                    From                      To
1    County Road 43            County Road 44            Lydia
2    County Road 44            County Road 43            Municipal Centre
3    Rideau Street             Clothier Street           County Road 43
4    Bridge Street             Maley Street              Creek
5    Bridge Street             Creek                     Van Buren Street
6    Maley Street              Bridge Street             Grenville Street
7    Grenville Street          Maley Street              County Road 43
8    Van Buren Street          Raina Way                 Jack Street
9    County Road 44            Municipal Centre          Equinelle
10   Concession Street         Wilson Lot                Prescott Street
11   George Street West        Rideau Street             Sage Development
12   Hurd Street               Clothier Street           South Branch School
13   County Road 19            Colonnade                 Country Road 43
                               Development
14   Wellington Road           Forest Creek              Bridge Street


CONNECTIVITY Pedestrian Linkages over the Kemptville Creek. The main
public pedestrian access points across Kemptville Creek exist at Bridge Street,
Prescott Street and Somerville/Hurd Street. An additional, solely pedestrian,
bridge across Kemptville Creek would allow for increased linkage between
Kemptville’s greenspaces. A pedestrian crossing in the vicinity of Riverside Park
and the water facility on the north bank of the creek would create a valuable
community link.




56
                     CONNECTIVITY AND NETWORK EXTENSION Unopened Road Allowances.
                     North Grenville has a unique variety of unopened road allowances. As a
                     secondary support to the Spine Network, these areas should be reviewed on a
                     case by case basis for feasibility of development construction.             The
                     arrangement of unopened road allowances along Pratt Road and within the
                     area of the currently under development ‘Northwest Quadrant’ have high
                     potential for trail use and consideration – providing direct access to Old Town
                     from eQuinnelle, Settler’s Grant, River Road environs, and beyond.

                     CREATING A SENSE OF ARRIVAL AND ORIENTATION Trailheads Creation of a
                     trailheads, most notably at the North Grenville Municipal Centre and the
                     northern section of the U of Guelph campus in vicinity of the schools and
                     hospital enhance accessibility and orientation of trails and also offer the
                     potential for public use of building facilities such as bathrooms and shower
                     facilities particularly for out of town travellers and tourists. The Municipality
                     is currently under works with the Rideau Heritage Route designing and
                     implementing a Trail Kiosk at the Municipal Centre – an excellent initiative. In
                     addition to the above, trailheads provide parking and enhanced exposure of
                     trails as a healthy life choice – linking key community destinations and
                     communities.

                     CONNECTIVITY, OPEN SPACE AND RECREATION Curry Park Waterfront Trail.
                     Currently underway, the waterfront trail, extending along the north back of
                     Kemptville Creek from the park to the vicinity of Rd 43 will serve a critical
                     recreational off road link. Prospective pedestrian crossings over Rd. 43 should
                     link to this pathway.

                     GENERAL

                         x   Providing multi purpose off road trail opportunities (including biking,
                             hiking, equestrian, and areas for appropriate motorized uses) enhances
                             community linkages and recreational opportunity to enjoy the Great
                             Outdoors;

                         x   Enhancing sidewalk connections in the town core is well voiced in the
                             public questionnaire;

                         x   Providing potential enhancement of the Rideau Heritage Trail, along
                             the waterfront in Ferguson Forest (including the municipality’s kiosk
                             currently in progress at the Municipal Centre) and connections to a
                             potential trail head and boat top launch for canoes/kayaks in Ferguson
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         Forest has the potential to extend the ‘trail network’ off land and into
         the water – ‘trails in their broadest sense’.

     x   Developments such as the Northwest Quadrant Plan, Colonnade
         Development shall be reviewed thoroughly for their potential
         contribution to trail linkages, feasibility and construction. Trails shall
         be integrated into their planning and design.

     x   Enhancing connections between the Hamlets of Bishop’s Mills, Oxford
         Mills, Oxford Station and Heckston and Kemptville, for cyclists in
         particular, by undertaking the proposed facility type improvements will
         contribute to North Grenville’s unique opportunity to promote and
         develop cycling tourism in the area and link residents to key
         destinations by bike rather than automobile.




58
                     4.2.1 Route Selection Criteria
                     When making decisions about future locations for the proposed community
                     trail network, the following route selection principles were used to help define
                     the character of the trail system as well as assist in the selection of trail routes
                     proposed in the North Grenville Integrated Community Trails Strategy:

                     x   Safety: Reducing risks to trail users, motorists, and adjacent landowners
                         and providing facilities that support trail use will be key considerations
                         when selecting routes for North Grenville trail network.

                     x   Visible: The route should be a visible component of the transportation and
                         trail system. They should be well marked so that they are easily
                         recognizable and visible by trail users and motorists.

                     x   Destination Oriented: Trails should provide access to major destinations in
                         North Grenville including but not limited to Kemptville District Hospital,
                         University of Guelph Kemptville Campus, Ferguson Forest Centre, and
                         downtown Kemptville.

                     x   Attractive and Scenic: Active transportation routes should take advantage
                         of attractive and scenic areas, views and vistas.

                     x   Accessible: Trails should be accessible from all neighbourhoods and within
                         the rural areas of the Municipality. Specific trails that can be designed to
                         be accessible for those who require wheelchairs will be identified and
                         appropriately signed.

                     x   Connected: All routes should be connected to form an overall network that
                         supports connections between existing and planned neighbourhoods,
                         different land uses and beyond municipal boundaries to North Grenville.

                     These principles should also be referred to in the future when network changes
                     may be considered, new opportunities are identified and when individual
                     routes are entering into the detailed planning and design stage.
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    Recommendation:

    41    That the route development and selection principles identified in this
          plan should be considered when future network changes are
          explored, new opportunities identified and when individuals routes
          are entering into the detailed planning and design stage of
          implementation. All new development and public works proposals
          be required to consult/review/consider the trails strategy.




4.2.2 The Trail Network Concept

Cyclists
Cyclists come in all ages, shapes, sizes and skill levels and they have different
reasons for cycling which range from basic transportation to recreation and
physical fitness. The cycling population can generally be divided among the
following four groups.

x    Group 1: the “Strong and Fearless” This small sector (i.e. 1 2%) of the
     population are typically highly experienced cyclists, many of whom have
     been riding for years. They are often quite comfortable riding with traffic,
     even on arterial roads without facilities such as bike lanes. Within this
     group are those who ride year round regardless of weather or road
     conditions.

x    Group 2: the “Enthused and Confident” Typically in the range of 5 to 10%
     of the population, these cyclists may ride regularly or infrequently, they
     generally are comfortable riding on trails and quieter streets without
     facilities and appreciate the addition of facilities to busier roads, often
     noting that proper cycling facilities might encourage them to cycle more
     regularly.

x    Group 3: the “Interested but Concerned” – This fairly large sector of the
     population, as high as 90% of all cyclists and 60% of the total population,
     ride infrequently, indicating that they like to cycle but are afraid to ride in
     traffic. They typically indicate a preference for pathways and trails, and
     some note that designated on road facilities improve their perception of
     safety, and that designated on road facilities might encourage them to ride
     more often. A fairly low percentage of this group ride regularly.



60
                     x   Group 4: the “Non cyclist” – Approximately 30% of the average population
                         is not interested or may not be physically able to cycle.

                     Recognizing that there is a wide range of experience, skill and confidence levels
                     among cyclists, and that 60 75% of the population may fit into Groups 2 and 3,
                     the provision of a comprehensive network of facilities has strong potential to
                     lead to greater participation in cycling by a broad sector of the population. A
                     network of trail facilities which accommodate all levels of cyclists is needed to
                     develop a connected system linkage to overcome barriers and create links
                     within North Grenville, while at the same time promoting connections between
                     the rural and urban communities as well as surrounding municipalities.

                     Pedestrians
                     Improving conditions for pedestrians is more than just creating a network of
                     connecting pedestrian facilities such as trails and sidewalks. Although these
                     facilities are important, the essential element is to create a system that
                     “engages” pedestrians and makes them feel comfortable when using it, rather
                     than a system that treats pedestrians as an after thought. As the Municipality
                     of North Grenville continues to grow and expand, these concepts must be
                     considered at all stages of development. One of the primary goals of the plan is
                     to improve the environment for pedestrians of all ages, levels, create a system
                     that is accessible for all types of users and encourage more people to walk
                     more often. In particular, improving the safety and comfort for pedestrians
                     traveling along County Roads 43 and 44 is a primary concern.

                     Key goals of the pedestrian component of the Strategy include improvements
                     to sidewalks on local streets, as well as the support of pedestrian friendly
                     urban design and streetscaping, the improvement of pedestrian connectivity
                     and accessibility and elimination of missing links. These goals are described in
                     further detail below.

                     Complete Missing Sidewalk Links
                     A key step to improving conditions for walking in the Municipality is the
                     process of identifying missing links in the existing sidewalk system on local
                     roads. Missing links in the sidewalk system can act as barriers and can
                     discourage walking which is especially critical in the urban areas of North
                     Grenville.

                     The Municipality has developed a 5 year sidewalk implementation program. In
                     light of the comments and input from the public, stakeholders and steering
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committee members as well as field investigations, the priority list should be
re prioritised to address this input. It is also recommended that the
Municipality of North Grenville update their sidewalk inventory mapping to
include sidewalks proposed in the new development areas of the Municipality,
as well as those listed in the 5 year sidewalk implementation program, as
shown below in Table 4.1. With this information along with the existing
sidewalk network, the Municipality will be in a better position to identify and
map missing links.

Improve Urban Design and Streetscaping for Pedestrian Areas
As mentioned previously, improving pedestrian activity in the Municipality of
North Grenville is more than just installing a sidewalk along a street. It is
creating a street and infrastructure that encourages walking. This can be
accomplished through adopting appropriate urban design and streetscape
design guidelines and practices that address aspects such the provision of
pedestrian amenities along walking corridors such as benches and patios,
creating lively streets with viable retail shops abutting the sidewalk.

Recommendation(s):

42      Recognize that the North Grenville Integrated Community Trails
        network will change over time by adding missing links and
        opportunities offered by unopened road allowances, hydro rights of
        way, existing or abandoned rail corridors, open green space and
        future roadway improvements.

4.3     That the Municipality update its sidewalk inventory to include
        sidewalks proposed in potential new development areas, and once
        completed, identify missing sidewalk links so that can be prioritized
        for future development/implementation. The municipality should
        refer to the sidewalk priority list as part of the yearly capital budget
        process, to select projects to be undertaken

Improve Pedestrian Connectivity and Accessibility
Connectivity for pedestrians is very important. Unlike cyclists, pedestrian trips
are usually short and connections that are out of the way or circuitous may
discourage walking.        Pedestrian facilities, particularly sidewalks and
connectivity to off road trails in subdivisions, are crucial to providing an
effective alternative to the private (single occupant) automobile for trips to and
from schools, recreation facilities, community shopping areas, commercial and


62
                     employment areas. Pedestrian connections should be facilitated in urban
                     centres through the further exploration of a network of sidewalks, and in rural
                     areas through the development of paved shoulder facilities. Further work
                     should be undertaken to create connectivity to existing community facilities
                     such as Riverside Park by developing pedestrian crossings enabling
                     neighbourhoods access to such community amenities.


                         Recommendation(s):

                         44    The Municipality should ensure the safe movement of pedestrians
                               throughout North Grenville by providing safe pedestrian facilities
                               such as:
                               x Safety enhancements to pedestrian crossings on County Road
                                   43;
                               x Sidewalks of sufficient width; and
                               x Protective barriers and buffers between streets and sidewalks.

                         45     Consider the application of the Canadian Institute of Transportation
                                Engineers (CITE) report: “Promoting Sustainable Transportation
                                through Site Design: An ITE Proposed Recommended Practice”

                         46     The Municipality should develop additional pedestrian crossing over
                                the Kemptville Creek in the vicinity of Pine Hill Road and Riverside
                                Park.



                     Municipality wide Spine Trails
                     The municipality wide spine routes act as the “skeleton” of the network
                     offering opportunities to move throughout North Grenville along major
                     corridors and also provide the connections/gateways to North Grenville’s
                     neighbouring municipalities. The primary system consists of off road trails,
                     including abandoned rail corridors, wherever possible and on road bicycle
                     routes (where links are needed). The municipality wide system is expected to
                     accommodate:

                          x   Potentially high volumes of use;

                     x    Trail user traffic that may be more destination oriented and/or utility
                          focused than those using local or special use trails;
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x    The widest range of trail users; and

x    Links to major destinations such as community centres, schools, significant
     commercial nodes, and significant tourist destinations.

Off road Facilities Characteristics:
x    Would be designed to accommodate multiple uses such as cycling, walking,
     users with mobility assisted devices, strollers, small wheeled uses such as
     skateboarding, in line skating and scooters (where appropriate), cross
     country skiing (where possible and appropriate);

x    Would consider motorized and equestrian activity on a case by case basis;

x    Would typically consist of a compacted granular surface. Hard surfaced
     (e.g. asphalt) trails would generally only be found where the trail is located
     in the public boulevard (i.e. multi use trails along regional roads), on slopes
     where erosion of the surface is an ongoing problem, or in parks where
     paved trails are intended to accommodate a wider range of users such as
     inline skating and skateboarding;

x    May include multi use trails within boulevards in key locations;

x    Would offer the highest density of trailside amenities including benches,
     signing, washrooms, and trail access nodes (staging areas); and

x    Depending on volume and type of use; some sections may be maintained
     for year round use.

Local Neighbourhood Trails
The local system links with the municipality wide system, creates access to
local points of interest, and offers neighbourhood or community recreational
loop opportunities. The local system will be designed to accommodate:

x    Potentially high volumes of use;

x    Trail traffic that tends to be more locally oriented; and

x    Connecting routes for users wanting to access the primary system.

Off road Facilities Characteristics:
x    Would be designed to accommodate multiple uses such as cycling, walking,
     and running; and other uses such as mobility assisted devices/strollers,




64
                         skateboarding, in line skating and scooters will be accommodated where
                         appropriate;

                     x   Would prohibit motorized and equestrian uses;

                     x   Would typically consist of a compacted granular surface, but may include
                         hard surfacing (e.g. asphalt) on slopes where erosion is a problem and
                         parks where paved trails are intended to accommodate a wider range of
                         users such as inline skating; and

                     x   Would offer a moderate density of trailside amenities including benches,
                         signing, and trail access nodes/staging areas.

                     Special Use Trails
                     The special use trail system includes routes in designated locations or those
                     that are implemented for a specific use such as “hiking only”. They are directly
                     connected to local and, in some cases, Municipality wide spine routes. These
                     routes may have a local neighbourhood focus, but more often are a destination
                     for specific user groups.

                     The special use system consists of only off road trails and will typically be
                     designed to accommodate:

                     x   Single or restricted use(s);

                     x   Moderate to low volumes of use; and

                     x   Components of the special use system may not all be linked, potentially
                         including “stand alone” loops or solitary trail segments for specific
                         purposes.

                     Off road Facilities Characteristics:
                     x   Would be designed to accommodate single or limited uses such as hiking.
                         Other uses such as mobility assisted device users/strollers, skateboarders,
                         in line skaters and scooter users are typically restricted by the nature of
                         trail alignment, width and surface type;

                     x   Motorized and equestrian uses would be prohibited;

                     x   Typically are narrower and consist of a natural earth or woodchip surface
                         and hard surfacing with appropriate trail hardeners where necessary or
                         dictated by environmental conditions (i.e. boardwalk);
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x    May use “low tech” design techniques that are appropriate for the location
     and volume of use;

x    Trail obstructions such as deadfall trees and rocks may remain in place,
     depending on the setting and intended nature of the trail;

x    Typically would offer a low density of trailside amenities including benches,
     signing, and trail access nodes (staging areas). Site/route specific
     interpretive signing programs may be implemented where deemed
     appropriate; and

x    May include minor nodes at junction points with features such as bicycle
     parking, and information signage to inform users of permitted and
     restricted uses.

The Special Use trail is typically narrower than both Municipal Wide Spine and
Local Neighbourhood Trails to ensure that the facility is in scale and context
within the area through which it passes. This creates a challenge from a
maintenance point of view as is it not possible to travel these routes with much
of the equipment that North Grenville is likely to currently have. Local partners
will be invaluable in assisting with maintenance of special use trails.


    Recommendation(s):

    47    The Trail Network Hierarchy as identified in the North Grenville
          Integrated Community Trails Strategy should be adopted by the
          Municipality to assist in the planning of trails throughout the
          community.

    48    The Municipality should acquire and develop existing abandoned
          and to be abandoned rail corridors/spurs for future use as critical
          multi use recreation facilities throughout North Grenville and linking
          to adjacent municipalities.




66
                     4.2.3 Facility Types for Consideration and Implementation

                     Recommended Facility Types:


                         1. On road cycling routes – both spine and local (currently paved, to
                            receive paved shoulders);


                         2. On road cycling routes – both spine and local (currently unpaved, to
                            receive hardened surface and shoulder, e.g. Tar & Chip);


                         3. On Road Signed Routes (on road cycling routes to receive signage and
                            consideration of ‘Sharrow’ marking where appropriate and
                            constructing a paved shoulder is not feasible );


                         4. Off road multi use trails – spine and local which will permit non
                            motorized uses (and may permitted motorized where appropriate);


                         5. Sidewalks and pathways – located within the right of way – some will
                            be pedestrian only while others such as those recommended to be
                            built along County Road 43 between the Colonnade Development and
                            County Road 44 (and along County Road 44 from County Road 43 to
                            River Road)shall be considered for multi purpose use.



                     The Network Concept

                     Refer also to The Network Concept Map.

                     The recommended Integrated Community Trail network, including facility types
                     (refer to Facility Types Map) establishes recommendations for a connected
                     network. The estimated cost associated with developing the network and
                     other details pertaining to implementation are discussed in Chapter 6.

                     Infrastructure priorities are assigned based on logical build out of the network
                     over time, with the following overall objectives in mind:

                     x   Increasing linkages to the existing trail network supporting urban streets,
                         rural roads and waterways.
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x    Establishing main corridors and linkages between important community
     destinations such as schools, community centres and recreation
     complexes, major sports fields, park space, employment lands and key
     points of interest throughout North Grenville.

x    Making or completing key connections that integrate into existing federal,
     provincial, regional and local trail systems.

x    Making connections between existing facilities in locations where the
     completion of small missing links results in the creation of a significantly
     longer continuous trail.

x    Scheduling implementation with planned municipal capital projects.



The recommended network is composed of a mix of on road and off road
facilities designed to respond to the needs of a range of users (i.e. recreation
and utilitarian/commuter), age and skill levels.

Given there is no one facility type that meets the needs of all users, route and
facility selection was based on the route selection principles established and
confirmed with staff, the steering committee, stakeholders and the public
during the early stages of the study. This also included the study team’s
judgement regarding the types of users who would be most likely use to use
the facilities given the location.

In developing this network plan the study team made every effort to balance
the needs of users with appropriate routes and facility types. The complete
recommended trails network should be viewed as a connected system of
different facility types that are designed to be comfortable and convenient for
both existing and future users. It is, however, important to note that the trails
network has also been designed to evolve as new opportunities to create
connections arise.




68
                       Recommendation(s):

                       49       The trails network and associated mapping as identified in the North
                                Grenville Integrated Community Trails Strategy should be adopted
                                by the Municipality as a blue print for the development of a
                                comprehensive Community Trails network throughout the
                                Municipality of North Grenville.

                       4 10     The Municipality and Council should acknowledge that by adopting
                                the North Grenville Integrated Community Trails Strategy, that the
                                multi function of the trail network as community infrastructure for
                                non motorized and self propelled transportation for utilitarian as
                                well as motorized and non motorized recreational purposes by
                                including the Network Plan developed as part of this Strategy as a
                                Schedule in the Official Plan as part of its next update.

                       4 11     The Municipality should include a policy within the Official Plan as
                                part of its next update to indicate that any changes to the network
                                plan or updates to the policies of the Integrated Community Trails
                                Strategy will not require an amendment to North Grenville’s Official
                                Plan.
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4.2.4 Communications, Marketing and Education
There is no point in building trails if they are not used, and North Grenville’s
trails will not be used without effectively marketing them both within the
community and to neighbouring municipalities.

A. Signage

One of the most effective marketing tools for any trail system is its signage,
both on the trails and within the community. People regularly report that they
do not use trails because: they did not know they existed, they did not know
where to find them, and they became lost once they started. Effective signage
can correct all these issues:

       I.   Extend the design and use of the current ‘NGTrails’ distinct logo
            for the trails and use it consistently. A recognizable symbol will
            make it simpler for the public to recognize all parts of the system.
            Once they know that image, they will find it easier to identify trail
            segments whenever they are encountered. Using the same logo
            throughout the trail system, including on properties such as within
            the Ferguson Forest Centre, will make it easier for the public to
            find, use, and most importantly, trust the trails.

      II.   Use frequent directional signage: The public, particularly those
            who do not venture into the forest regularly, often fear becoming
            lost when on a trail. This fear can be overcome by frequent use of
            directional signs. This means not only markers to sign the trail
            route, but placement of maps at junctions, providing street names
            at road crossings, and signs indicating distances to key
            destinations.

     III.   Interpretive signage: In the majority of National Parks, the most
            heavily used trails are those that feature interpretive signage.
            Visitors to an area frequently are curious about its natural and
            cultural history, and a creative interpretive signage can transform
            what might otherwise be just another footpath through the forest
            into a powerful educational experience. Parks Canada has created



70
                                  its first interpretive program that can be downloaded into a
                                  SmartPhone.

                           IV.    Trailhead signage: When new trail users find a pathway, they can
                                  have no idea what type of experience they will face without an
                                  effective trailhead. This should include such information as: where
                                  you are in the network, the path of the trail, important landmarks,
                                  distances to key features, and other directional and interpretive
                                  information. Several visible trailheads should be created, at
                                  prominent locations, both to inform the public and to create
                                  routes (i.e. trailhead to trailhead).

                           V.     Road signage: Despite all other marketing efforts, the majority of
                                  the public will probably learn about the trails either by word of
                                  mouth or through noticing the trails as they drive. Furthering the
                                  undertaking of ‘NGTrails’ road signage can facilitate knowledge of
                                  the trails existence and location. There are three primary types of
                                  road signage that should be used:

                                         a. When the trail is on road,
                                         b. When an off road trail crosses a highway,
                                         c. To mark an upcoming trailhead.

                     B. For Residents

                     A wide variety of programs and events can be used to educate residents about
                     the trail network and to encourage use of the pathways. The below events and
                     programs for residents (in addition to specific recommendations for visitors
                     and tourists) are recommended ‘musts’ in terms of trails promotion,
                     marketing, and education:

                            I.    Events: There are a number of national and international events
                                  that can take place on trails:

                                      a. International Trails Day: Held on the first Saturday of June
                                         annually. Events take place in Canada and the United
                                         States primarily. (Sample Website:
                                         www.americanhiking.org/NTD.aspx)
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             North Grenville Integrated Community Trails Strategy | Draft June 2011
              b. Bike to Work: There are daily and weekly events
                 nationally. Bike to Work takes place typically during the
                 first week of June. (Sample Website:
                 www.smartcommute.ca/en/whats happening/bike work
                 day)

              c. Walk to School: There is an international movement to
                 promote children walking to school. There are day events
                 and month long programs, usually held in October,
                 supported by a provincial and national organization.
                 (Sample Website: www.saferoutestoschool.ca/iwalk.asp)

              d. Jane’s Walks: Held in the first week of May every year,
                 Jane’s Walks are held internationally in communities to
                 explore neighbourhoods and meet neighbours. Although
                 primarily urban focused, they include off road components
                 in many communities. (Sample Website:
                 http://www.janeswalk.net/)

              e. Terry Fox Run: In a number of Canadian communities,
                 including Kanata, the Terry Fox Run is held on a local trail.
                 In addition to this particular activity, trails are used widely
                 to hold fund raising walks, runs, and bikes throughout
                 North America

     II.   Programs: Special or ongoing activities can be organized that will
           encourage residents to learn about and use the trails:

              a. Women’s Walks and Bikes: Many women express concern
                 with being alone on off road trails. Through the recreation
                 department, organize regular walks/bikes that are based
                 on the trail system. Both evening and daytime, and
                 weekend activities have proven successful in other
                 communities, and a number of these groups have evolved
                 into regular walking/social groups that meet without
                 reference to the recreation department.


72
                                      b. Trail Runners Club: A growing number of distance runners
                                         are venturing off road, rather than remain with street
                                         running. Mostly in the 30 55 age category, these people
                                         are often training for long distance adventure style races
                                         or else simply prefer the softer surface of trails to asphalt
                                         or concrete. In areas such as Gatineau Park, groups of 10
                                         25 gather on weekend mornings to train together.

                                      c. Mall walking: Seniors in urban area frequently gather to
                                         exercise in enclosed malls. They do so because they are
                                         protected from the weather and there are nearby
                                         amenities. Some sections of the trail, particularly the
                                         abandoned rail line, could create an appropriate site for a
                                         “Rural Mall Walk”. As seniors are the fastest growing
                                         component of the population, and walking is their
                                         preferred form of recreation, this segment of the
                                         population is a prime user of the less remote sections of
                                         the trail system.

                                      d. Naturalist Walks: Young people today venture into the
                                         forest far less often than their parents did. This situation is
                                         so pronounced that it has even been described as “nature
                                         deficit disorder”. The trail system, particularly that in the
                                         Ferguson Forest, would be ideal for a series of guided
                                         walks hosted, perhaps, by the Ottawa Field Naturalists
                                         (Website: http://www.ofnc.ca). These could be conducted
                                         in association with the school system.

                                      e. Safe Hiker Program: Hike Ontario conducts a “Safe Hiker
                                         Program”. This course for day hiking introduces the new
                                         hiker to the skills and benefits of walking with special focus
                                         placed on safety, sustainability and enjoyment. The
                                         recreation program should have one or more of their staff
                                         become a Certified Hike Leader so this course may be
                                         regularly      offered      to       residents.     (Website:
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             North Grenville Integrated Community Trails Strategy | Draft June 2011
          http://www.hikeontario.com/services/safehikingprogram.
          htm)

     f.   CanBike Safety Program: The Canadian Cycling Association
          supervises an extensive program of safe cycling
          instructional courses for youth and adult. The Recreation
          department should develop its own instructors so these
          courses can be offered regularly on the trail in North
          Grenville. (Website: http://www.canbike.net).

     g. The Yellow Bike Program is a system where bicycles are
        made available for use by individuals to borrow as a free
        method of active transportation. Old Town Kemptville
        ought to consider a pilot Yellow Bike Program aimed to
        reduce the use of automobiles for short trips. Examples of
        the program can be found in Kingston, Ontario and
        Portland, Oregon.

     h. Self guided routes: In addition to maps of the entire
        system, selected route segments of various distances
        should be mapped and suggested as walking/biking
        options. These suggested routes would typically
        start/finish at a designated trailhead and traverse a certain
        distance of the trail network. I suggest that the routes not
        be framed in terms of distance, but in terms of time: e.g.
        thirty minutes, one hour, two hours. These could be
        printed and placed at trailheads, and/or made available
        online. Their great advantage is that for new trail users
        they reduce the uncertainty factor and enable them to
        have a safe, fun first experience on the trails. I recommend
        at least five options for each time segment.

     i.   Geo caches: An extremely popular phenomenon, geo
          caches are extremely popular both with young people
          because of their “treasure hunting” aspect. Aficionados
          will travel great distances to visit new and potentially
          interesting caches. Parks Canada has recently instituted a


74
                                           program of geo caches at certain parks, and is designing a
                                           national program. However, once established, ongoing
                                           maintenance and restocking of caches is required.

                                      j.   Go For Green. There are many ways that trails can lead to
                                           economic development and tourism. The potential that
                                           trails have for economic development within a community
                                           cannot be understated. In 2004, Go for Green released a
                                           study outlining the Business Case for Active
                                           Transportation. Businesses can reap the benefits of
                                           increased promotion of trails and support for the users.

                                      k. The Welcome Cyclists Network North Grenville, as a
                                         partner in this initiative and should continue to promote
                                         the benefits of being a bicycle friendly business throughout
                                         the community. To encourage business to be bicycle and
                                         trail friendly, an Annual Award Program similar to those in
                                         Toronto and other North American cities could be
                                         established.

                                      l.   Incentive Programs: The Rideau Trail Association has its
                                           “End to end” badges; the Volksmarch clubs offer crests for
                                           each 1,000 km walked; Hike Nova Scotia offers pins for
                                           150, 250, and 500 km walked in a year; Cape Breton
                                           Highlands National Park has a “10 days in a day” t shirt
                                           contest. (Sample Website: www.hikenovascotia.ca/
                                           distanceawards.cfm). Incentive programs are often quite
                                           successful, especially with both youth and seniors.
                                           Consider offering some types of “Frequent Trail
                                           walker/biker” pins. One possible variation from the usual
                                           distance based incentives could be the “Twelve months of
                                           trail walking/biking” requiring three trail uses of a certain
                                           distance (30 minute minimum) in every month of a year.
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             North Grenville Integrated Community Trails Strategy | Draft June 2011
C. Programs and Events for Visitors

In addition to use by residents, the North Grenville trails can have tourism
value, and as discussed earlier. A number of clubs/organizations can be
contacted in order to attract visitors to the area,.

      I.   Clubs: The region’s proximity to the Ottawa metropolitan area
           means that there are a number of clubs in the region who will have
           interest in learning about new trail opportunities:

                 a. Volksmarch Clubs: There are four in the Ottawa area and
                   another in Kingston. These are interested in walks of at
                   least 10km, and typically plan their annual program six
                   months or more in advance. An Ottawa out of town event
                   will see 30 60 participants, usually seniors. (Website:
                   http://www.walks.ca)

                 b.Ottawa Bicycle Club: They plan rides every weekend
                   throughout the summer and fall, including trips more than
                   100km in distance. They are always looking for new routes,
                   and favour those with facilities that may be used by their
                   riders. They also organize road races, and will travel to
                   areas outside the City of Ottawa to hold events. (Website:
                   http://www.ottawabicycleclub.ca/)

                 c. Rideau Trails Association: This group comprises three
                    clubs with more than 1,000 members. Each club conducts
                    guided walks throughout the year, and each holds most of
                    their events on non Rideau Trail pathways. (Website:
                    http://www.rideautrail.org/)

     II.   Events: There are a variety of special events that can attract
           visitors:

                 a. Hiking Festival: Haliburton has put on an event for the
                   past eight years, and will hold it again this fall. (Website:
                   http://www.ontariotrails.on.ca/trail news events


76
                                           2/index.cfm?mode=view&eid=166) I believe that an
                                           “Eastern Ontario Trails Festival” comprising the regions
                                           surrounding the City of Ottawa, held in late September,
                                           early October, could be a very successful tourism draw for
                                           the rural municipalities.

                                         b.The Hamlets of North Grenville and the proximity of other
                                           historic villages such as Merrickville, provide for a unique
                                           opportunity. Based upon the popularity of walking in
                                           Britain and numerous websites associated with walks
                                           (including maps, destinations, restaurants and pubs,
                                           attractions), a system of mapped walks could be developed
                                           which shows the best walking routes in the municipality.
                                           A website with printable maps and information about the
                                           attractions, amenities and type of walk could be developed
                                           to encourage this unique opportunity and attract more
                                           visitors to the area. Examples of websites on walks
                                           include:        http://www.walkingbritain.co.uk/         and
                                           http://www.walkingworld.com/. This website could be
                                           promoted through the tourist groups.

                                         c. MS Bike Tour is a key contributor to trails promotion and
                                            marketing in North Grenville. The one day event from
                                            Ottawa to Kemptville (this year, 2011, in August) takes
                                            bikers along marquee rural roads throughout North
                                            Grenville en route to Ottawa. The municipality should
                                            seek continue involvement with this event. The strategy
                                            enclosed seeks to further link and contribute to on road
                                            cycling    facilities  throughout     the     municipality.
                                            (http://mssociety.ca/ontario/bike_ottawa.htm)

                     D. Other & Existing Communications and Marketing Tools:

                                         a.The NGTrails.ca website provides updates and information
                                           on the trails within North Grenville and should be
                                           continued to be used as a valuable resource to advertise
                                           trails events, programs, and maps.
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             North Grenville Integrated Community Trails Strategy | Draft June 2011
                  b.The municipality should regularly update Google Maps
                    with their trail and bike route information to show trail and
                    cycling routes.

                  c. Links to email distribution lists (‘listservs’) on trail
                     information through three listservs – NG Trails, This Week
                     in North Grenville and the Green and Growing can help
                     disseminate trail related events and programs.

                  d.The existing Facebook page provides updates on activities
                    in North Grenville and should be continued to be used

                  e.The ongoing trails Newsletter created for the promotion of
                    trails and the development of the strategy can be a
                    valuable tool, in conjunction with the above to advertise
                    trails in North Grenville.

                  f. Continued updating, expansion, and distribution of tourist
                     maps of the existing designated trails – ‘Explore North
                     Grenville Trails Map’ and ‘Kemptville – Trails in and around
                     town’, including walking tours of Kemptville and the
                     hamlets: Bishops Mills, Burritt's Rapids, Burritt's Rapids
                     Tip to Tip Trail, Kemptville        Clothier Street East,
                     Kemptville Prescott Street, Kemptville South, Kemptville
                      Ghost Tour, Oxford Mills, Peltons Corners.


Tourist Trail Mapping
Maps inform users where the routes are located and provide an opportunity to
educate trail users through messages such as “rules of the trail” and trail user
etiquette. Using this Strategy as a guide, the municipality should consider
development of a comprehensive trail map that outlines the types of trails
available, the type of uses permitted, level of experience and points of interest
that can be used for information on etiquette, emergency contact, safety,
visibility and user information and regional context with connections to
surrounding municipalities. This would help promote the trails for physical
activity as well as for tourism.


78
                     Though expensive to produce initially, maps can be updated with the release of
                     new additions as the system grows, making the initial investment pay for itself
                     over time. The GIS Network Management Tool prepared as part of the
                     Integrated Community Trails Strategy is being used as the basis for an update
                     to the municipality’s current trails map, and when complete it will become an
                     excellent tool to communicate to residents and visitors about the location of
                     trails, provide educational information about trail etiquette and to promote
                     North Grenville as a trail users destination and a place where healthy, active
                     lifestyles can be enjoyed. To assist in offsetting the cost of producing trail
                     maps, many other municipalities have been very successful at selling
                     advertising space on their map. Many have found that once local businesses
                     become aware of the opportunity, they “line up” to have their space on the
                     map as they see the benefit of being associated with an activity that promotes
                     green and active lifestyles.
                     It should be developed, not only as a hard copy map but also as a web based
                     map that can be based on the Niagara Region trails and bike route maps.
                     These maps are interactive and provide information on specific scenic routes
                     within the Niagara Region. The development of this map could be done with
                     local and regional partners to create a regional resource promoting the use of
                     trails throughout the area.


                     Tag Lines & QR Codes
                                                Tag lines and the use of QR Codes have the potential
                                                to help promote trails and their network. This can
                                                 be done as part of the sign and branding strategy as
                                                the tag lines and QR Codes will not only need to be
                                                incorporated on giveaways, but will also need to be
                                                on signs, at trail heads in particular, maps,
                                                pamphlets and other information materials. QR
                                                Codes link specific sites and amenities with an
                     associated URL code online. For example, a QR Code posted on a trailhead sign
                     at Ferguson Forest Centre could link to the NGTrails website, or even to a
                     Ministry of Natural Resources website with interpretive information on the
                     natural and historic landscape (Image: www.wikipedia.com)
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             North Grenville Integrated Community Trails Strategy | Draft June 2011
Information Dissemination
North Grenville has already developed a system of disseminating information
to the community which has proven to be successful. This should be
encouraged to continue and be built upon.
Newsletters should continue on a regular basis (Quarterly, with the changing of
seasons, if possible) to continue to encourage the use of trails.
                              The use of social media will continue to grow in
                              importance as the various sites are key
                              information sources and communication
                              methods and for youth in particular. The
                              municipality should continue to promote the use
                              of trails on their Facebook page and through the
                              email distribution lists (‘listservs’) that have been
                              set up to promote activities, including trails in
                              North Grenville. Mechanisms such as Twitter can
                              also be used.
                              Hard copies of maps, pamphlets, newsletters and
                              other trail related information should be made
available throughout the municipality, particularly at the Municipal Centre, the
new library, partner organizations and interested businesses. Information
should also be provided to Ontario Travel Information Centres in Eastern
Ontario.


Displays and Information Booths
The use of displays and information booths at public events such as those
attended by the study team (and described in Chapter 3) during the
development of the Strategy should continue. The opportunity to provide
information to residents and visitors about the existing trails in North Grenville
is necessary to continue to promote the benefits that they bring to the
community. Any information that is available should be provided at the
booths, including walking tour maps, trail maps, newsletters and contact
information. These events are wonderful locations to promote new trails that
are being developed. This will provide the residents of North Grenville with the
opportunity to participate in the development and even the promotion of new
trails. Trail development and use is most effective as community based
initiatives, enabling the community to take ownership.




80
                     Providing information about the trails in North Grenville, including any
                     potential trails that will be developed in the future and the benefits of trails
                     will help to increase exposure about the trails and encourage their use. Going
                     out to events will continue to expose more residents to the trails within their
                     community and allows for one on one discussions about the trails and their
                     benefits.


                     Partnerships
                     Developing partnerships can be beneficial to the marketing of trails. Many
                     community groups should be engaged, including Lanark, Leeds and Grenville
                     District Health Unit who can espouse the health (both physical and mental)
                     benefits of trails and the active lifestyles that can result from their use. Other
                     partners can include children and youth organizations, service groups, schools,
                     trail developers and many other local community based organizations. All can
                     play an important role in the promotion of trails and the increase in use that
                     can result when groups encourage the use of facilities within the community.
                     A plan should be developed to encourage the development of the
                     partnerships, including an “adopt a trail” program and corporate sponsorship
                     of trail and trail head development on a larger scale than an “adopt a trail”
                     program.




                     Community Based Social Marketing
                     The use of community based social marketing (CBSM) techniques can lead to
                     more awareness and use of the trail system. This is more than just a marketing
                     and advertising initiative. It is directed at changing behaviours over a period of
                     time through direct contact, prompts, pledges and changing social norms.
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             North Grenville Integrated Community Trails Strategy | Draft June 2011
 North Grenville has great opportunity to promote the trails for seniors and other
 user groups by ensuring that all the extended care homes know about the trail
 route and its condition. The above picture is from Fredericton NB; once the trail was
 paved an adjacent extended care home started to bring seniors to the trail for
 exercise and fresh air.



Community based social marketing evolved from the social psychology and
social marketing streams after it was determined that the social marketing
concept was not enough to change behaviour. Therefore, it evolved to
become a community based method of influencing behavioural change
through direct contact with individuals, prompts, norms, commitments and
incentives. It has been applied to transportation in the form of Individual
Travel Plans (or Marketing), which is labour intensive. On a smaller scale it can
be used to influence travel choice and can be applied to the increased use of
trails, which is recommended for North Grenville. It can be used to increase
the use of trails and promote the health benefits to the residents of North
Grenville.




82
             5.0      TRAIL DESIGNER’S TOOLBOX: GUIDELINES TO PLAN, DESIGN AND
                      CONSTRUCT TRAILS IN NORTH GRENVILLE
             A well designed and properly maintained trail system is a critical part of the users’ experience
             and enjoyment. For some users, the way a facility has been designed and maintained will
             significantly influence their decision to return and use that trail at a later date. Trails that have
             been thoughtfully designed and constructed also perform better over their lifespan, provide
             minimal impacts to the surrounding environment, are easier to maintain and may result in fewer
             concerns or issues of liability. The better the quality of the design and construction, the more
             attractive it will be to users, the more it will be used, and the longer it will be before requiring
             upgrades.

             Trail users vary widely in terms of age and physical ability, and have a their own sense of what
             the experience should be, depending on the type of use they are interested in or what user
             group they consider themselves to be a part of. A “one size fits all” design approach does not
             apply to trails, and it is important to try and match the trail type and design with the type of
             experience that is desired. A recognizable and consistent high quality design will create a
             community asset where user experience, enjoyment and safety are maximized.

             Information included in these guidelines is based on currently accepted design practices in
             North America, and ongoing research and experience gained during the implementation of the
             150 Kms of Trails, and other municipal undertakings such as the County Road 43 EA and current
             municipal recreation programs The guidelines are not intended to be prescriptive, rather should
             be treated as a reference to be consulted during the development and construction of the trail
             network. They are not meant to be inclusive of all design considerations for all locations, nor are
             they meant to replace “sound engineering judgment”. These guidelines are not intended as
             detailed solutions to specific problem areas. A site specific design exercise involving a detailed
             site inventory should be applied as part of the analysis to arrive at final decisions for any section
             of the trail network. Therefore, care should be given in the strict application of these guidelines
             to all situations and location because it may limit the ability to implement a trail in a constrained
             corridor when an area specific design solution might be more appropriate.

             5.1      How to Use These Guidelines
             The purpose of these guidelines is to assist trail planners, designers and managers in making
             informed decisions about the design of these facilities. The guidelines provide general
             information about users and their needs as well as broad and specific design parameters for key
             trail facility features. Where appropriate, summary tables are provided to highlight
             recommended design treatments and/or considerations in addressing these key features. A
             number of the individual guidelines contained in the Trail Designer’s Toolbox provide an
             indication of “minimum” and “preferred” conditions or dimensions for proposed trail
             alignments and facilities.
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“Minimum recommended” conditions typically reflect a situation that is at the lower end of the
spectrum in terms of user level of service and in some cases user safety. The minimum
recommended condition may be considered a threshold that the design or condition should not
fall below, and the minimum recommended condition may be considered in locations where
anticipated use is very low, and/or significant constraints do not enable the provision of the
preferred condition.

“Preferred” conditions or treatments reflect conditions that typically serve a broader range of
uses and a greater number of trail users. Achieving the preferred condition or treatment may
also provide a longer service life span.

The application of these guidelines in the development, implementation, and operation of
individual sites will require specific consideration of a number of factors including public safety,
local, regional and/or provincial jurisdictional requirements, building codes and by laws.

Where existing on and off road community trails and facilities are to be incorporated as part of
the North Grenville Trails system but do not meet the minimum recommended conditions
described in these Guidelines, the following approach should be considered:

     1. Examine the community trail or route to identify any design issues, or areas that may be
        seen as a potential risk to users.

     2. Assess whether the trail is reasonably capable of handling anticipated levels of use.

     3. Set up a monitoring program to identify emerging problems.

     4. If necessary, establish an upgrading program to address areas of risk and/or emerging
        problems, as this helps to create awareness and appreciation towards the issue(s), and
        determines ways in which they can be resolved so that at least the minimum
        recommended guidelines can be achieved over time.

     5. Set up a maintenance program to ensure that all designated trails are in the best
        possible condition to achieve the objectives of this strategy.




84
             Recommendation 5 1:                The trail design guidelines presented in the ‘Trail Designer’s
                                                Toolbox’ as part of the North Grenville Integrated Community
                                                Trails Strategy be adopted as the basis for trail design in the
                                                Municipality.

             Recommendation 5 2:                That Municipal staff should be directed to remain current with
                                                best industry design practices through attending trail design
                                                seminars and conferences.

             Recommendation 5 3:                That area specific design solutions that are consistent with good
                                                engineering judgment should be considered, given that the
                                                strict application of the recommended trail design guidelines in
                                                the Integrated Community Trails Strategy may not be
                                                appropriate for all situations and locations, and could also limit
                                                the ability to implement a trail in a constrained corridor.


             5.2       TRAIL USERS AND NEEDS
             When developing and applying guidelines, it is important to consider the characteristics and
             preferences of potential users. In North Grenville, potential user groups include pedestrians /
             hikers, cyclists, cross country skiers / snowshoers, in line skaters, users with mobility aids, all of
             which are self propelled. The following sections briefly describe each of these user groups, how
             they tend to use the trails and some of the design parameters/needs that should be considered.

             Pedestrians
             Pedestrians can generally be divided into several sub categories:

                   x   Walkers;
                   x   Hikers; and
                   x   Joggers and Runners.

             Walkers
             A study conducted by Environics International on behalf of Go for Green (1998) reported the
             following top five reasons for walking in Canada:

                   x   Exercise / Health;
                   x   Pleasure;
                   x   Practicality / Convenience;
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     x    Environmental Concern; and
     x    Saving money1.

Because walking is such a basic activity and a freedom that is enjoyed by most people, guidelines
that facilitate this activity must be established for all potential users. Planners and designers
should also consider the needs of walkers with baby strollers or walking aids, carrying picnic
baskets or other equipment, and walkers in pairs or in groups, such as a class of school children.
Planners and designers need to be aware that potential users may have sensory, cognitive or
ambulatory difficulties.

It is important to consider pedestrians who walk for utilitarian or transportation purposes (trips
focusing on shopping and errands or walking to work and school). Where no sidewalks are
provided and there are no road shoulders, the Ontario Highway Traffic Act allows pedestrians to
walk on the edge of the roadway, facing oncoming traffic2.

Hikers
Hikers are often considered more of the elite of the recreational walking group and may
challenge themselves to cover long distances. Multi use pathway and trail planners should
assume that there will be keen pedestrian users, even in remote or highway environments,
despite the fact that the frequency may be very low.


Runners and Joggers
Although the motive for runners and joggers is primarily fitness and exercise, they may share
more in terms of profile characteristics with distance hikers than they do with leisure walkers.
Runners enjoy the trails at higher speed and over distances between 3 and 15 km or more and
tend to prefer to run on granular, natural (earth) and turf surfaces as they provide more
cushioning effect.

5.2.2     Cyclists
Recreational cyclists would be considered to have the similar motives as leisure or fitness
walkers. The mechanical efficiency of bicycles allows users of all ages to significantly increase
their travel speed and distance, often allowing them to experience much more countryside by
cycling rather than walking.


1
     Go for Green, and Environics. Rep. 1998. Print.

2
     Ministry of Transportation. Ontario Highway Traffic Act. Rep. 1990. Print.




86
             Some bicycles can travel easily over stonedust and gravel surfaces, whereas traditional narrow
             tired touring and racing bicycles require well compacted granular surfaces or asphalt pavement.
             Distances covered vary widely and is dependent upon the fitness level and motivation of the
             individual cyclist. Many inexperienced cyclists feel unsafe sharing the road with automobiles,
             and therefore off road multi use pathways and trails, shared with pedestrians, can offer
             recreational and commuter cyclists a more secure environment to enjoy the use of their
             bicycles. Those that travel the longer distances are more likely to focus a significant portion of
             their route on the roadway network, and often seek out quieter, scenic routes over busier roads.

             When using roads, cyclists generally travel 0.5 1.0 m from the curb or other obstruction because
             of the possibility of accumulated debris, uneven longitudinal joints, catch basins, or concern
             over hitting a pedal on the curb or handlebar on vertical obstacles. However, when cyclists use
             or cross a public roadway they are considered vehicles by law and are expected to follow the
             same traffic laws as motorized vehicles3.

             Speed limits and warnings should be posted along multi use trails to discourage fast riding and
             aggressive behaviour. Cyclists other than young children should be discouraged from cycling on
             sidewalks because of potential conflicts with pedestrians and dangerous conditions resulting
             from driveways and intersections. Many municipalities have prohibited sidewalk cycling through
             by laws.

             5.2.3        In Line Skaters, Skateboarders and Non Motorized Scooter Users
             In line skating, skateboarding and the use of non motorized scooters are becoming increasingly
             popular among all age groups, particularly in urban areas. Although in line skaters may have
             more in common with cyclists than pedestrians when considering travel motive and speed, they
             are not considered “vehicles” by the Ministry of Transportation for Ontario (MTO). Some
             municipalities have responded on an individual basis to the question of where to allow in line
             skaters to travel through by laws, however, no standards have been widely adopted. In some
             municipalities, in line skaters, skateboarders and scooter users have been prohibited from using
             either roadways or sidewalks by local by laws. Consequently, they are avid users of hard surface
             off road facilities and may travel some distance to reach a facility that suits their needs.




             3
               Region of Hamilton-Wentworth Transportation, Operations & Environment Division. Shifting Gears: A New Cycling Plan for Hamilton-Wentworth. Rep. Hamilton-
             Wentworth, December 1999. Print
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This user group prefers a very smooth, hard surface, and loose sand, gravel, twigs, branches,
fallen leaves and puddles can be significant hazards. Though skateboarders and scooter users
can quickly become pedestrians by dismounting, they too are vulnerable to the effect of
grades (both up and downhill) and require ample manoeuvring space. An inability to come
quickly to a complete stop can be a significant concern for all but the most experienced users
in this group.

5.2.4   Wheelchair and Electric Scooter Users
Trail users who rely upon wheelchairs (both motorized and non motorized) and electric scooter
have varying levels of mobility. Some use wheelchairs occasionally due to injury, however
others due to permanent paralysis and other medical conditions require the use of these devices
on a full time basis.

The ability of a wheelchair or scooter user to negotiate a trail will depend upon the type of trail
and the type of wheelchair or scooter. Where trails are developed to be accessible to all users,
there will be a need to obtain input from these users to determine that type of trail surface and
width required.

‘All terrain’ wheelchairs exist to promote potential use of non universally accessible (hiking)
trails. Scuh wheelchairs could be made available at the North Grenville Municipal Centre or
other trail head locations for use by individuals who require a wheelchair or scooter to travel
around but would like to experience some of the non universally accessible trails in the
municipality.



5.2.5 Equestrian

Trail riding on horseback is most desirable in quiet, rural settings however there are occasions
when equestrian users require access to public roads, trails and road rights of way.
Furthermore, under Ontario’s Highway Traffic Act, equestrians are permitted on provincial
roads, although many municipalities place restrictions on riding in urban areas. Input from the
equestrian community regarding trail use by horseback riders was received during the
development of the North Grenville Integrated Community Trails Strategy. It is recommended
that the equestrian community continue to be granted access to key rural off road trail
corridors, provided that they can be suitably designed for shared use. It may also be appropriate
for the municipality to assist organized local equestrian groups from time to time in identifying
and developing opportunities for exclusive use.

Safety is a significant consideration when horses must mix with motorized vehicles and other
trail users. Trail width should accommodate a shy distance of 0.6 m, to allow for uneasy horses



88
             to shy to one side of the trail, and pull out sections should be regularly located to allow for
             passing of other equestrians or other trail users. Visual barriers such
             as vegetation or solid fences are also recommended where trails are adjacent to roadways or
             areas of high activity (i.e. sports fields) where the motion may alarm the horse.

             Where bollards are used to limit trail access, it should be noted that mounted riders generally
             cannot pass through bollards spaced less than 1.5 m apart, unless they are less than 0.9 m high.
             This spacing will enable ATV users to access these trails, however if ATV use is to be restricted,
             but equestrian use permitted, a “step over” gate design can be used.

             5.2.6 All Terrain Vehicles and Snowmobiles

             The use of ATV’s is increasing throughout Ontario and snowmobile clubs have been in existence
             for a long time in Ontario. There is an increase in demand for trails throughout North Grenville
             for motorized uses. Most of the clubs work with private landowners to develop trails, but
             occasionally access to public trails and road rights of way is required. This could result in a
             conflict with other trail users if the trails are not designed and signed to accommodate the mix
             of users.

             Motorized uses on trails are typically more prevalent in large rural areas. Clubs often look to
             find routes that will connect to networks developed by other organized clubs. However, there
             are times when the municipality may want to assist the clubs in identifying and developing
             opportunities for exclusive ATV and snowmobile use and to partner with them to maintain the
             trails.

             Snowmobile club members with valid OFSC (Ontario Federation of Snowmobile Clubs)
             memberships are the only ones who are permitted on the trails. This will assist in developing a
             positive attitude toward these trail users.


             Recommendation 5 4:                That the characteristics and preferences of trail user groups
                                                need to be accommodated in the application of the
                                                recommended trail design guidelines for each trail and be
                                                context sensitive to the location and type of trail planned.
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5.3     GENERAL DESIGN PARAMETERS
Careful consideration should be given to the physical, aesthetic and environmental
requirements for each trail type. In many instances physical design criteria related to operating
space, design speed, alignment and clear zones are often governed by the needs of the fastest,
most common user group on the majority of the trails, that being the cyclist. This is not to say
that all trails should be designed to meet the requirements for cyclists, however when multi use
trails are being designed it is prudent to use parameters for the cyclist. When considering single
or specialty uses, such as BMX or freestyle biking, designers should consult directly with the user
group and/or design manuals that are specific for that use.

Trail user operating space is a measurement of the horizontal space that the user requires. In
the case of in line skating and cycling, the space includes room required for side to side body
motion used to maintain balance and generate momentum. Table 5.1 outlines minimum and
preferred operating space for different uses.


Table 5.1        Trail User Operating Space

         Operating Condition by
                                                 Minimum (metres)            Preferred (metres)
            Trail User Type

 One way travel (one wheelchair user)                    1.2                        1.5

 One way travel (two pedestrians)                        1.5                        2.0

                                                          1.2
 One way travel (one cyclist)                                                      1.5+
                                              (in constrained locations)

 One way travel (one in line skater)                     2.3                        3.0

 Two way travel (two cyclists)                           3.0                       3.0+

 Two way travel (two wheelchair users)                   3.0                       3.0+




90
             Recommendation 5 5:                           That the Municipality adopts the minimum and preferred trail
                                                           user operating space widths identified in Table 5.1 of the
                                                           Integrated Community Trails Strategy.


             Roads are designed to accommodate vehicles that move at a significantly higher rate of speed
             than bicycles, therefore it is assumed that horizontal alignment of on road routes will be ample
             to accommodate cyclists and other trail users.

             Sight stopping distance is defined as the distance required for a trail user to come to a full
             controlled stop upon spotting an obstacle. It is a function of the user’s perception and reaction
             time. Once again, stopping sight distances for off road trails are typically governed by the
             distance required for cyclists since pedestrians and other trail users (with the exception of in
             line skaters) can typically stop more immediately than cyclists, regardless of the trail
             configuration. In terms of in line skaters however, no definitive data currently exists concerning
             stopping distance, the experiences and observations of in line skaters, indicate that an in line
             skater travelling near the same speed as a bicycle can stop in a distance equal to or less than
             that of a cyclist. Therefore, basing stopping distance on the distance required for a cyclist
             should accommodate all other expected self propelled trail users including in line skaters.

             5.4        ACCESSIBILITY
             Approximately one in eight Canadians suffer from some type of physical disability, however this
             increases with age.

             The Accessibility for Ontarians with Disabilities Act (ODA) states that “The people of Ontario
             support the right of persons of all ages with disabilities to enjoy equal opportunity and to
             participate fully in the life of the province.”4 Within the ODA, Bills 118 and proposed Bill 125
             recognize the need to provide for accessibility standards, improve opportunities and facilitate
             the removal of barriers in order to enable persons with disabilities to fully participate in the life
             of the province5.

             Universal Trail Design is a concept that takes into consideration the abilities, needs, and
             interests of the widest range of possible users. In regards to trail design, it means planning and
             developing a range of facilities that can be experienced by a variety of users of all abilities.



             4
                   Canada. Province of Ontario. Minitry of Community and Social Services. Accessibility for Ontarians with Disabilities Act. By
                   Ministry of Community and Social Services. 2005. Web. Spring 2010.
                   <http://www.mcss.gov.on.ca/en/mcss/programs/accessibility/OntarioAccessibilityLaws/2005/index.aspx>.

             5
                   Ontarians with Disabilities Act - Bill 118 and 125, 2001
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Principles of universal trail design can be summarized as follows:

Equitable use: provide opportunity for trail users to access, share and experience the same
sections of trail rather than providing separate facilities;

Flexibility in use: provide different options for trail users in order to accommodate a variety of
experiences and allow choice;

Simple, intuitive and perceptible information: whether conveying trail information through
signage, maps or a web site, communicate using simple, straightforward forms and formats with
easy to understand graphics and/or text;

Tolerance for error: design trails and information systems so as to minimize exposure to
hazards, and indicate to users any potential risks or challenges that may be encountered;

Low physical effort: trails may provide for challenge but should not exceed the abilities of the
intended users; where appropriate, rest areas should be provided; and

Size and space for approach and use: trails and amenities should provide for easy access,
comfort and ease in their usage.


Where possible and practical, trails should be designed to be accessible to a wide range of users
at all levels of ability. It must be recognized however, that not all trails throughout the system
can be fully accessible, though the use of all terrain wheelchairs may increase accessibility to the
trail network. Designing trails to be within the threshold (5%) for universal access will not only
overcome this significant barrier but it will help to reduce the potential for erosion of the trail
surface. The following are some additional considerations for making existing and new trails
accessible:

     x   Designers should consult the most current standards available;

     x   Where the trail requires an accessibility solution that is above and beyond what is
         normally encountered, a representative of the North Grenville Accessibility Advisory
         Committee should be consulted early on in the process to determine if it is practical and
         desirable to design the specific trail to be fully accessible;

     x   Where it has been determined that full accessibility is appropriate, the accessibility
         representative should be consulted during the detailed design process to ensure that
         the design is appropriate; and




92
                   x    Work collaboratively with the North Grenville Accessibility Advisory Committee to
                        consider developing signage/content to clearly indicate trail accessibility conditions,
                        which allow users with mobility assisted devices to make an informed decision about
                        using a particular trail prior to travelling on it.


             Recommendation 5 6:                      Where practical, new multi use spine trails and trailheads be
                                                      designed to be Universally Accessible and existing and new trails
                                                      should be signed to indicate whether they are Universally
                                                      Accessible.


             5.5        PERSONAL SECURITY
             To the extent possible, trails should be designed to allow users to feel comfortable, safe, and
             secure. Although personal safety can be an issue for all, women, the elderly and children, are
             among the most vulnerable groups. Principles of Crime Prevention Through Environmental
             Design (CPTED) should be considered and applied to help address security issues concerning trail
             use, particularly in locations where trails are infrequently used, isolated or in areas where
             security problems have occurred in the past.

             The four main underlying principles of CPTED are:

                   x    Natural Access Control: deters access to a target and creates a perception of risk to the
                        offender;

                   x    Natural Surveillance: the placement of physical features and/or activities that provides
                        for natural visibility or observation;

                   x    Territorial Reinforcement: defines clear borders of controlled space from public to semi
                        private to private, so that users of an area develop a sense of proprietorship over it; and

                   x    Maintenance: allows for the continued use of space for its intended purpose6.

             Specifically related to trails, the following CPTED related design criteria include:

                   x    Good visibility by having routes pass through well used public spaces;

             6
                   Crowe, Timothy D. "Crime Prevention Through Environmental Design." CPTED Ontario Home Page. CPTED Ontario, 2002.
                   Web. 30 Sept. 2010. <http://www.cptedontario.ca/>.
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      x   Have good signage that tells users where they are along the trail system, in order to
          obtain help;

      x   Provide “escape” routes from isolated areas at regular intervals;

      x   Maintain sight lines and sight distances that are appropriately open to allow good
          visibility by users;

      x   Provide trailhead parking in highly visible areas;

      x   Minimize routing close to features that create hiding places such as stairwells, and
          dense shrubs;

      x   Design underpasses and bridges so that users can see to the end and beyond; and

      x   Use signs near entrances to identify and suggest alternative routes




Recommendation 5 7:                The Municipality of North Grenville has regard to the principles
                                   of Crime Prevention Through Environmental Design (CPTED)
                                   when designing new trails or improving existing trails.


5.6       TRAIL LIGHTING
Lighting of trails in North Grenville must be carefully considered. Very few municipalities make
the decision to light their entire trail system for a number of important reasons, including:

      x   The cost of initial installation can be prohibitive, in some cases exceeding $40,000 per
          kilometer not including power supply;

      x   Staff time and material cost for proper monitoring and maintenance

      x   Energy consumption;

      x   Excessive light pollution, especially in residential rear yards and adjacent to natural
          areas (though this can be controlled with proper shielding);




94
                   x   Potential detrimental effects on flora and fauna, especially with light pollution in natural
                       areas such as woodlots;

                   x   The potentially false sense of personal security created by lighting in the night time
                       environment; and

                   x   Inability of the human eye to adapt to the high contrast resulting from brightly lit and
                       dark shadowed areas adjacent one another.

             While lighting the entire trail system is not recommended, there may be some locations where
             lighting might extend the hours of use and enjoyment by the community and visitors. The
             decision to light a trail or not, should be made on a site specific basis, and where it has been
             determined that lighting is appropriate. In addition, the quality and intensity of lighting should
             be consistent with prevailing standards for the setting being considered.

             5.7       TRAIL TYPES
             5.7.1     Multi use Trails
             Main multi use trails are typically designed to accommodate the widest spectrum of users.
             Table 5.2 provides recommended guidelines for trail width and surface treatments for Major
             and Minor trails according to location type throughout North Grenville. Spine or main trails are
             wider, typically have a granular surface (i.e. limestone screenings) and may have an asphalt
             surface where warranted in places of high trail use or areas of high erosion. Local
             Neighbourhood or secondary trails are generally narrow and follow the topography more
             closely than main trails. Intended trail uses should be considered when selecting trail surface as
             some surfaces tend to exclude certain uses.



             Table 5.2 Recommended/Preferred Guideline by Trail Hierarchy*


                                                      Recommended/Preferred Guideline by Trail Hierarchy*


                                                                                        Local Neighbourhood Trails /
                       Trail Location                 Spine Trail Network
                                                                                              Special Use Trails

              Major municipal wide            3.0 3.5m wide, to accommodate            2.4 3.0m wide granular surface.
              destination (i.e. Major         small wheeled users and urban rail
              municipal parks, Community      trails where they pass through core      Hard surfaces will be used for
              Centre, Civic complex, trails   areas and major municipal wide           in boulevard multi use trails
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Table 5.2 Recommended/Preferred Guideline by Trail Hierarchy*


                                      Recommended/Preferred Guideline by Trail Hierarchy*


                                                                        Local Neighbourhood Trails /
        Trail Location                 Spine Trail Network
                                                                              Special Use Trails

in utility / linear green     destinations.                            where erosion in an ongoing
corridors)                                                             problem or for locations where
                              Generally granular surface. Hard         a wide range of uses (i.e. small
                              surfaces will be used for in boulevard   wheeled uses) are intended.
                              multi use trails where erosion in an
                              ongoing problem or for locations
                              where a wide range of uses (i.e. small
                              wheeled uses) are intended.

                              Consider width and turning radii of
                              service access vehicles when
                              designing trails in utility corridors.

                              2.4 3.0m wide granular surfaced.
                                                                       2.4m wide granular surface.
                              Hard surfaces will be used for in
Minor municipal parks,
                              boulevard multi use trails where         Hard surfaces will be used
stormwater management
                              erosion in an ongoing problem or for     where erosion in an ongoing
areas with trails
                              locations where a wide range of uses     problem.
                              (i.e. small wheeled uses) are
                              intended.

                              2.4m wide granular surface.              1.5m wide granular surface
Natural Area Buffers, Rural
                              Trail hardening for maintenance          Trail hardening for maintenance
Areas,
                              concerns only – use soil bonding         concerns only use soil bonding
                              agents.                                  agents.

                                                                       0.5 – 1.5m wide woodchip
                                                                       surface.
Woodlots and Conservation 2.4m wide granular or woodchip
                                                                       May be granular (compacted
Areas (urban and rural areas) surface.
                                                                       stonedust/limestone
                                                                       screenings) or smooth earth
                                                                       surface where disabled access is



96
             Table 5.2 Recommended/Preferred Guideline by Trail Hierarchy*


                                                      Recommended/Preferred Guideline by Trail Hierarchy*


                                                                                        Local Neighbourhood Trails /
                      Trail Location                  Spine Trail Network
                                                                                              Special Use Trails

                                                                                       desired.




              Wetlands: includes Treed
              Swamps, Marshes, Shrub         Width and surface type to be              Width and surface type to be
              Thickets/ Meadow Marshes,      considered in the context of site         considered in the context of site
              Marshes (urban and rural       conditions                                conditions
              areas)

              * = Standards are to be achieved where possible. Some variation from standard width and surface type
              will be applied on a site by site basis when considering local environmental constraints and/or access
              needs for people using mobility devices.


             Minimum trail corridor widths will vary based on the location of the trails and whether it is
             located in a constrained linear corridor or a wildlife corridor:

                 x    Where trails are to be located within designated wildlife corridors, a minimum 20.0m
                      corridor width should be provided, where possible, which includes the trail and trail
                      clear zone as well as a suitable buffer from the wildlife passage area in the corridor.

                 x    Trail links between residential or commercial lots that connect to the trail system should
                      be designed with a minimum 6.0m corridor width and a minimum 3.0m trail in the
                      centre of the corridor. If the trail link is to include a row of trees along each side of the
                      corridor, the corridor width should be increased to 12.0m.

                 x    Walkway connecting links that consist of a 2.0m concrete sidewalk are to be located in a
                      minimum 6.0m corridor.
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Recommendation 5 8:             In designated wildlife and trail corridors, a minimum 20m
                                corridor width should be provided, where possible that includes
                                the trail and trail clear zone as well as a suitable buffer from the
                                wildlife passage area in the corridor.

Recommendation 5 9:             Trails links between residential or commercial lots that connect
                                to the trail system should be designed with a minimum 6.0m
                                corridor width and a minimum 3.0m trail in the centre of the
                                corridor. If the trail link is to include a row of trees along each
                                side of the corridor, the corridor width should be increased to
                                12.0m.

Recommendation 5 10:            Walkway connecting links that consist of a 2.0m concrete
                                sidewalk are to be located in a minimum 6.0m corridor.




                          Figure 5.1 Examples of Multi Use Trail sections

There are a number of options for trail surface materials, each with advantages and
disadvantages related to cost, availability, ease of installation, lifespan and compatibility with
various trail users groups. Table 5.3 provides a summary of the most commonly used trail
surfacing materials along with some advantages and disadvantages of each. There is no one trail
surface material that is appropriate in all locations, and material selection during the design
stage must be considered in the context of the anticipated users and location. Asphalt is the
most commonly used hard surface and Stonedust / “Screenings” is likely the most widely
accepted granular surface.




98
              Table 5.3         Comparison of Trail Surfacing Materials

                   Type                      Advantages                                  Disadvantages

                                                                        High cost to install.

                               Smooth surface, can be designed         Requires expansion joints which can create
                               with a variety of textures and colours, discomfort for users with mobility aids.
                               providing flexibility for different
              Concrete
                               urban design treatments.                Must be installed by skilled trades people.

                               Long lasting, easy to maintain.          Is not flexible and cracking can lead to heaving
                                                                        and shifting, sometimes creating large step
                                                                        joints.

                                                                        Moderate high cost to install.
                               Smooth surface, moulds well to
                               surrounding grades, and is easily        Must be installed by skilled trades people. Has
                               negotiated by a wide range of trail      a lifespan of 15 20 years depending on the
                               user groups.                             quality of the initial installation. Poor base
                                                                        preparation can lead to significant reduction
                               Relatively easy to install by skilled    in lifespan.
              Asphalt
                               trades.
                                                                        Cracking and “alligatoring” occurs near the
                               Patterned and coloured surface           edges, grass and weeds can invade cracks and
                               treatments are available; however        speed up deterioration.
                               patterning in surface may be difficult
                               for some user groups to negotiate.       Must be appropriately disposed of after
                                                                        removal.

                               Pit Run: Mixed granular material
                               “straight from the pit” containing a
                               range of particle sizes from sand to
                                                                        Not appropriate for trail surfacing.
                               cobbles. Excellent for creating a
                               strong sub base, relatively
                               inexpensive.
              Granulars
                               ‘B’ Gravel: Similar characteristics to
                               Pit Run with regulated particle size
                               (more coarse than ‘A’ Gravel).
                                                                        Not appropriate for trail surfacing.
                               Excellent for creating strong, stable
                               and well drained sub bases and
                               bases. Relatively inexpensive.
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Table 5.3     Comparison of Trail Surfacing Materials

      Type                  Advantages                                    Disadvantages

              ‘A’ Gravel: Similar characteristics to
                                                          Subject to erosion on slopes.
              ‘B’ Gravel, with smaller maximum
              particle size. Excellent for trail bases,
                                                          Some users have difficulty negotiating surface
              may be appropriate for trail surfacing
                                                          due to range in particle size and uneven
              of in rural areas and woodlots. Easy
                                                          sorting of particles that can take place over
              to spread and re grade where surface
                                                          time with surface drainage.
              deformities develop.

              Clear stone: Crushed and washed
              granular, particles of uniform size, no
              sand or fine particles included.
              Excellent bedding for trail drainage
              structures and retaining wall
              backfilling, if properly levelled and
              compacted, makes an excellent base
              for asphalt trails.
                                                          Not appropriate for trail surfacing.
              Recycled Crushed Concrete:
              Concrete from curbs and sidewalks
              that have been demolished can be
              crushed to meet specifications for
              recycled concrete. When properly
              compacted it creates an excellent
Granulars
              base for hard surfaced trails.


              Stone fines (Screenings): Mixture of
              fine particles and small diameter
                                                          Subject to erosion on slopes.
              crushed stone. Levels and compacts
              very well and creates a smooth
                                                          Wheelchair users have reported that stone
              surface that most trail users can
                                                          shards picked up by wheels can be hard on
              negotiate easily. Easy to spread and
                                                          hands.
              re grade where surface deformities
              develop. Inexpensive and easy to
                                                          May not be suitable as a base for hard
              work with. Widely used and
                                                          surfaced trails in some locations.
              accepted as the surface of choice for
              most granular surfaced trails.


Mulches and   Bark or wood chips, particle size           Breaks down over time, therefore requires




100
              Table 5.3         Comparison of Trail Surfacing Materials

                   Type                      Advantages                                     Disadvantages

              Wood Chips       ranges from fine to coarse depending         “topping up”.
                               on product selected, soft under foot,
                               very natural appearance that is              Source of material must be carefully
                               aesthetically appropriate for woodlot        researched to avoid unintentional importation
                               and natural area settings.                   of invasive species (plants and insects).

                               Some user groups have difficulty
                               negotiating the softer surface;
                               therefore this surface can be used to
                               discourage some uses such as cycling.

                               May be available at a very low cost
                               depending on source, and easy to
                               work with.

                               Native soils existing in situ. Only cost     Subject to erosion on slopes.
                               is labour to clear and grub out
                               vegetation and re grade to create            Different characteristics in different locations
              Earth/Natural
                               appropriate surface. Appropriate for         along the trail can lead to soft spots.
              Surface
                               trails in natural areas provided that
                               desired grades can be achieved and           Some user groups will have difficulty
                               that soil is stable (avoid organic soils).   negotiating surface.

                               Soil Cement (a mixture of Portland
                               Cement and native/parent trail
                               material). When mixed and sets it
                               creates a stable surface that can be
                               useful for “trail hardening” on slopes,
                               particularly in natural settings.
                                                                            Useful for specific locations only.
              Soil Cement,
                               Soil Binding Agents (a mix of
              and soil
                               granulars and polymers that create a         Soil binding agents tend to be expensive and
              binding agents
                               solid, yet flexible surface that may be      have been met with mixed success.
                               appropriate for “trail hardening” on
                               slopes in natural areas).

                               Limits volume and weight of
                               materials to be hauled into remote
                               locations.
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 Table 5.3           Comparison of Trail Surfacing Materials

          Type                   Advantages                                    Disadvantages

                                                              Requires skill to install, particularly with the
                                                              substructure.
                    Attractive, natural, renewable
 Wood (i.e.         material that creates a solid and level
                                                              Gradually decomposes over time, this can be
 bridges and        travel surface. Choose rough sawn
                                                              accelerated in damp and shady locations, and
 boardwalks)        materials for deck surfacing for
                                                              where wood is in contact with soil.
                    added traction.
                                                              Expensive to install.




Recommendation 5 11:                 That the Municipality of North Grenville’s multi use spine trail system
                                     in parks and linear corridors be designed with a trail width of 3.0m. In
                                     constrained corridors the trail width should not be less than 2.4m for a
                                     multi use trail.

Recommendation 5 12:                 That the Municipality’s multi use spine trail system continues to be
                                     designed and constructed with a granular surface. However, trail
                                     segments in parks or in areas where erosion is a concern may have an
                                     asphalt or concrete surface as a maintenance design solution or to
                                     accommodate a wider range of users.




5.7.2       Boulevard Multi use Trails
A boulevard multi use trail can be used where the characteristics of the boulevard are suitable.
Intersections, including driveways and roadways are potential conflict points. Intersecting
roadways are a particular concern as motor vehicles making right hand turns may not be
anticipating the speed at which some users of the boulevard multi use trail may be traveling (i.e.
cyclists and in line skaters). Therefore, the boulevard multi use trail has limited application. The
following are some general roadway characteristics where the application of a boulevard trail
may be considered:

      x     Urban arterial, collector or rural roads where there is ample right of way between the
            edge of the road (curb for urban cross section and shoulder for rural cross section) and




102
                      the limit of the right of way to maintain a minimum separation between the road and
                      the trail;

                 x    Routes that provide connections between important destinations or links between off
                      road trails where no parallel route(s) exist nearby;

                 x    Routes that are intended to provide short connections between long off road trail
                      segments (i.e. 4 – 6 blocks or less where other alternatives are not available); and

                 x    Along corridors where there are limited commercial or residential driveway crossings.
                      The following guideline thresholds have been applied in several other municipalities and
                      are suggested for North Grenville.




                               Figure 5.2 An Example of a Boulevard Multi Use Trail Cross Section




             Table 5.4 Driveway crossings thresholds for Boulevard Multi use Trails


                Number of Driveway Crossings /                        Guideline Recommendation for
                    Intersections Per Km                                Boulevard Multi use Trail

                               03                     An ideal application for boulevard multi use trail.
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Table 5.4 Driveway crossings thresholds for Boulevard Multi use Trails


   Number of Driveway Crossings /                   Guideline Recommendation for
       Intersections Per Km                           Boulevard Multi use Trail

                                     Consider applying on road paved shoulders or bike lanes,
                4 10
                                     where other conditions noted above can’t be met.

                                     Boulevard trail not recommended. Pedestrian trail users should
                >10                  be directed to follow sidewalks, bicycle lanes should be
                                     installed on road for cyclists.




Recommendation 5 13:            When implementing Boulevard Multi use Trails, utilize the
                                following design elements:

9 A setback from the curb is required to provide space for snow storage, to provide an
adequate clear zone from site furniture and utility poles and in some cases street tree plantings.
Where street tree plantings are included, the preferred setback is 3.0 4.5 m from the curb.
Where no trees are included and vehicle speed is 60 km/hr or less, the preferred setback can be
reduced to 2.0 m;

9 The setback should be achieved throughout the length of the route with the exception of
intersections where the trail should cross with the formal pedestrian crossing;

9 Signing in advance of, and at roadway intersections, to inform cyclists to stop, dismount and
walk across intersections as required by the Highway Traffic Act, or a suitable crossing design to
permit cyclists to legally ride through intersections after stopping but without dismounting;

9 Stop or yield signs (decision on a site by site basis) at driveways, depending on the number of
driveways and the distance between each;

9 A treatment at road intersections (i.e. swing gate) to separate “lanes of traffic” in each
direction. The treatment must be spaced adequately to allow for the passage of bicycles with
trailers;

9 Open sight lines at intersections with driveways and roadways;




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             9 A centre yellow line be considered for hard surface trails to separate directions of travel and
             to guide riders overtaking pedestrians and slower moving riders; and

             9 Curb ramps at driveways and roadway intersections where trails intersect.


             When new roads are being built or existing roads are being reconstructed, the alignment of the
             centre line of the road within the right of way should be examined where the Strategy
             recommends an off road connection. For example, when a road is being reconstructed from a
             two lane rural to a three or four lane urban cross section and the potential for a boulevard trail
             has been identified, an offset road centreline within the road right of way can provide
             additional boulevard space on one side. This will provide more space for the development of
             the boulevard trail and/or increased separation distance between the road and the trail. Where
             boulevard trails are implemented on one or both sides of a road, it is reasonable to assume that
             they can perform the same function as the sidewalk; therefore it is not necessary to install both
             a trail and sidewalk on the same side of the road. The boulevard trail should be clearly signed
             (i.e. trail and shared use signage) so that users are aware that the segment is multi use and not
             pedestrian only.




                                         Figure 5 3 General Boulevard Multi use Examples
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Where boulevard trails are provided as multi use primary or secondary trail connections, some
cyclists may still prefer to, and have the legal right to, cycle on the road. The addition of bicycle
lanes or cycle tracks should be evaluated during the design stage for new roads and upgrading of
existing roads even where boulevard trails are provided. Where it is not appropriate or feasible
to include bicycle lanes, consideration should be given to providing a wide curb lane to
accommodate cyclists, along with other improvements to make the street more bicycle friendly
(e.g. bicycle friendly catch basin covers and sharrow pavement markings).

5.7.3   ON ROAD CONNECTIONS
One of the objectives of the Strategy is to develop a trail network that is off road, wherever
possible, recognizing that in some cases an off road alignment is not possible even in the long
term. Where public land (other than the road right of way) is not available and access
agreements for trails on private lands are not feasible, it is necessary to provide connecting links
using the road network. Where this is the case, pedestrians and other small wheeled users
(strollers, in line skaters, users with mobility assisted devices etc.) are expected to use sidewalks
in urban areas and road shoulder in rural areas, whereas cyclists are expected to use the road.
Bicycles are designated as a vehicle under the Highway Traffic Act (HTA) and as such are
required to obey all of the same rules and regulations as automobiles when being operated on a
public roadway. The Ministry of Transportation (MTO) and the Transportation Association of
Canada (TAC) have developed standards for the design of on road facilities and signing for on
road bike system. In North Grenville, a number of options exist for on road cycling routes
including paved shoulders, bicycle lanes, wide curb or shared lanes and signed routes. In
addition to the commonly encountered situations to which relatively simple guidelines can be
applied, there are often situations where the proper design requires a bicycle system design
specialist who is familiar with not only the common guidelines, but also with innovative
techniques that have been successfully applied elsewhere.




Figure 5.4 Example of Shared Curb Land and Dedicated Cycling Lane
Practical Design Guidelines for the Corridor of County Road 43 as a Public Space, June 2001.



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             Paved Shoulders

             Paved shoulders provide a space for cyclists on rural cross section roads (with shoulders, no
             curb and gutter). Pedestrians can use paved or granular shoulders where necessary (traveling in
             a direction facing traffic). Paved shoulders are typically recommended on rural cross section
             roads where traffic volume and speed are high. Roads with poor sight lines and high truck
             volumes are additional situations where paved shoulders should be considered.

             Bike Lanes

             Bike lanes are typically located on urban cross section roads (with curb and gutter) to create a
             physical space reserved for cyclists. In many municipalities, persons who use mobility assisted
             devices also use this space. The diamond symbol and bicycle symbol painted on the pavement,
             in addition to roadside signs are useful on higher volume and higher traffic roadways. In areas
             where on street parking is permitted, continuing the bike lane is the ideal method where space
             permits. Where road right of way widths are limited, where narrowing or removing traffic lanes
             is not feasible, and/or where the relocation or removal of parking is not an option, the bike lane
             must be properly terminated, which includes proper signage. The Bikeway Traffic Control
             Guidelines for Canada (Transportation Association of Canada 1998) should be consulted for
             additional details and specifications.


             Wide Curb or Shared Use Lanes

             Wide shared use lanes, sometimes also referred to as wide curb lanes are used on roads where
             vehicle speeds or traffic volumes are higher than those associated with signed routes (e.g.
             arterial and collector roads). Where necessary or desirable, the shared use arrow or “Sharrow”
             can be painted on the road at regular intervals to inform road users to expect cyclists, and to
             assist the cyclist in understanding the preferred location to travel.

             Signed Routes

             Signed routes are typically found along roads where traffic volumes and vehicle speeds are low.
             Typical of quieter residential streets (low volume and low speed) and urban areas (higher
             volume and low speed), cyclists can share the road with motor vehicles and there is no need to
             create a designated space for cyclists. Signs located at intersections and at regular intervals in
             rural areas help trail users find their way and alert motorists to the presence of cyclists. Along
             signed routes where the street is very narrow, “share the road” signs can also be erected to
             encourage cooperative behaviour between cyclists and motorists. In some areas, particularly
             urban residential neighbourhoods, traffic calming techniques such as through travel restrictions
             for cars, traffic circles and reduction in the number of stops signs can be used to create “bicycle
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priority streets” which allow the cyclist to travel more efficiently by not having to stop at
frequently placed four way stops.


5.8       TRAIL CROSSINGS
A significant challenge when implementing a trail system is how to accommodate trail users
when crossing roads. In the case of arterial and busier collector roads, options generally include:

      x   Grade separated crossings (bridges and underpasses including both shared and
          pedestrian/trail only facilities);

      x   Directing users to cross at an existing signalized or stop controlled intersection;

      x   Utilizing a mid block pedestrian signal or Intersection Pedestrian Signal (IPS); and

      x   At a mid block location with a pedestrian island or refuge.

The IPS and pedestrian refuge are described in further detail in the following sub sections.


5.8.1     A Midblock Pedestrian Signal
A midblock pedestrian signal is a device to assist pedestrians crossing major streets and is a
more positive and effective pedestrian crossing device than a pedestrian crossover (PXO).

A midblock pedestrian signal includes:

      x   Standard traffic signal indications to control traffic on the major street; and

      x   Standard pedestrian “Walk” and “Don’t Walk” indications, activated by push buttons,
          for pedestrians wishing to cross the major street at the trail crossing.

Midblock pedestrian signals may be considered when:

      x   A trail crosses a high volume and / or multi lane road;

      x   A grade separation is not practical; and

      x   There is no other controlled crossing within 150 m of the trail crossing.




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             Vehicles approaching from the side street will be permitted to turn onto the main street only
             when it is clear and safe to do so, yielding the right of way to both pedestrians crossing the main
             street as well as vehicles traveling along the main street.

             5.8.2    Pedestrian Refuge Islands
             Pedestrian refuge islands are medians that are placed in the centre of the roadway separating
             opposing lanes of traffic. They allow trail users to cross one direction of traffic at a time, with a
             location in the centre of the roadway to wait for a gap in traffic for the other direction. They are
             particularly suited for roadways with four to five lanes since the cognitive requirements to select
             a gap in traffic traveling in two direction in four lanes is considerably higher than that required
             for cross two lanes of traffic. A number of jurisdictions have implemented Pedestrian Refuge
             Islands.

             Guidelines for the typical design elements for a pedestrian refuge island are as follows7:

                 x    Islands are typically a minimum of 6 m in length;

                 x    Island width should be at least 1.8 m wide, but 2.4 m is preferred to accommodate
                      wheelchairs in a level landing 1.2 m wide plus 0.6 m wide detectable warning devices on
                      each side. The 2.4 m width will also accommodate bicycles in the refuge;

                 x    Curb ramps are provided to allow access to the roadway and island for wheelchair users,
                      and detectable warning devices (0.6 m in width) should be placed at the bottom of the
                      curb ramps;

                 x    The pathway on the island is constructed of concrete, not asphalt. The visually impaired
                      can better detect the change in texture and contrast in colour supplemented by the
                      detectable warning devices to locate the refuge island;

                 x    Appropriate tapers are required to diverge traffic around the island based on the design
                      speed of the roadway;

                 x    The pathway on the island can be angled so that pedestrians are able to view on coming
                      traffic as they approach the crossing;

                 x    Illumination should be provided on both sides of the crossing;

             7
                 Traffic Engineering Council Committee TENC-5A-5, Design and Safety of Pedestrian Facilities: A Recommended Practice of the
                 Institute of Transportation Engineers, Institute of Transportation Engineers, Washington, D.C., March 1998.
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      x   Signage associated with the pedestrian refuge island includes “Keep Right” and “Object
          Marker” warning signs installed on the island facing traffic, and “Pedestrian Crossing
          Ahead” warning signs installed on the roadway approaching the crossing. “Wait for Gap”
          warning signs can be installed on the far side of the crossing and on the refuge island is
          pedestrians are failing to cross in a safe manner;

      x   Crosswalk markings are not provided unless the crossing is at an intersection controlled
          by signals, stop or yield signs, or controlled by a school crossing guard; and

      x   Railings on the island to control pedestrian access are not recommended because they
          are a hazard in potential collisions (spearing of a driver or pedestrian). Some pedestrians
          will walk in front of or behind the island to avoid the railings, a less safe refuge location
          than on the island.




                   Figure 5.5 Example of a Pedestrian Refuge Island, Guelph, Ontario




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             5.8.3    Trail Crossing at Minor and Major Roads
             In the case of lower volume, lower speed roads the crossing can be accomplished with greater
             ease. The figure on the following page illustrates the key aspects of trail crossings of roadways.

             Trail crossings of minor roads should include the following:

                 x    Creation and maintenance of an open sight triangle at each crossing point;

                 x    Trail access barriers;

                 x    Signing along the roadway in advance of the crossing point to alert motorists to the trail
                      crossing (advisory signs);

                 x    Signing along the trail to alert trail users of the upcoming roadway crossing;

                 x    Alignment of the crossing point to achieve as close to possible a perpendicular crossing
                      of the roadway, to minimize the time that trail users are in the traveled portion of the
                      roadway; and

                 x    Curb ramps on both sides of the road.

             Pavement markings, to delineate a crossing, should not be considered at “uncontrolled” trail
             intersections with roads as trail users are required to wait for a gap in traffic before crossing at
             these locations. Pavement markings designed to look like a pedestrian cross over may give
             pedestrian and trail users the false sense that they have the right of way over motor vehicles,
             which is contrary to the Highway Traffic Act of Ontario for uncontrolled intersections.

             In some locations signing on the trail may not be enough to get trail users to stop before
             crossing the road. Under these circumstances or in situations where the sight lines for motorists
             are reduced and/or where there is a tendency for motorists to travel faster than desirable, the
             addition of other elements into the trail crossing may be necessary. Changing the trail
             alignment may help to get trail users to slow and stop prior to crossing. Changes to the
             streetscape may also provide a cue and traffic calming effect for vehicles.
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      Figure 5.6 Elements of a Typical Trail Crossing



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             5.8.4    Active Railway
             Currently, in order to establish a pathway crossing of an active rail line, proponents must submit
             their request directly to the railroad company. Submissions need to identify the crossing
             location and its basic design. Designs should be consistent with Draft RTD 10, Road/Railway
             Grade Crossings: Technical Standards and Inspection, Testing and Maintenance Requirements
             (2002) available from Transport Canada. In the event that an agreement cannot be reached on
             some aspect of the crossing, then an application may be submitted to the Canadian
             Transportation Agency, who will mediate a resolution between the parties. Contact information
             is below.

                                                Canadian Transportation Agency
                                                         Ottawa, ON
                                                           K1A 0N9
                                                  Telephone: 1 888 222 2592




                       Figure 5.7 Example of an At Grade Trail Crossing of a Railway, Newmarket, Ontario
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5.8.5      Gates and Barriers
Access barriers are intended to allow free flowing passage by permitted trail user groups, and
prohibit access by others. Barriers typically require some mechanism to allow access by service
vehicles and emergency access. Depending on site conditions, it may also be necessary to
provide additional treatments between the ends of the access barrier and limit of the trail right
of way to bypassing of the barrier altogether. Each access point should be evaluated to
determine if additional treatments are necessary. Additional treatments can consist of
plantings, boulders, fencing or extension of the barrier treatment depending on the location.
There are many designs for trail access barriers in use by different trail organizations; some are
more successful than others. They can be grouped into three categories: Bollards, Offset Swing
Gates and Single Swing Gates.

Bollards

The bollard is the simplest and least costly barrier, and can range from permanent, direct buried
wood or metal posts, to more intricately designed cast metal units that are removable by
maintenance staff. An odd number of bollards (usually one or three) are placed in the trail bed
in order to create an even number of “lanes” for trail users to follow as they pass through the
barrier. Although the removable bollard system provides flexibility to allow service vehicle
access, they can be difficult to maintain as the metal sleeves placed below grade can be
damaged by equipment and can become jammed with gravel and debris from the trail bed.




                    Figure 5.8 Example Trail Crossing with Bollards, Aurora, Ontario




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             Swing Gates

             The single swing gate combines the ease of opening for service vehicle access, with the ease of
             passage of the bollard. Gates also provide a surface/support for mounting signage. The swing
             gate should provide a permanent opening as shown in the illustration below to allow trail users
             to flow freely along the trail.




                                   Figure 5.9 Light Duty Swing Gate Trail Barrier, City of Guelph

             The offset gate is similar to the single swing gate, except that barriers are paired and offset from
             one another. Although they can be effective in limiting access by unauthorized users and can be
             easily opened by Operations staff, some groups including cyclists, especially cyclists pulling
             trailers and wheelchair users, can have difficulty negotiating the offset swing gate if the spacing
             between the gates is not adequate.
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                   Figure 5.10 An Example of a Swing Gate, North Grenville, Ontario
 (Note: that this gate does not provide a permanent opening to allow trail users to flow through freely.)

In urban areas the single swing gate is recommended for most applications. In some locations
bollards may be sufficient. In rural locations, a more robust single swing gate should be used.


Recommendation 5 15:
At grade mid block trail crossings of collector and arterial roadways should be controlled by a
pedestrian signal or pedestrian cross over if a grade separation is not practical, or the trail
crossing should be relocated to the nearest controlled intersection.

Recommendation 5 16:
That trail crossings of local minor roads at mid block locations include advance advisory
pedestrian crossing signs on the roadway approaches and a yield or stop sign on the trail
approaches.


5.9     OFF ROAD TRAIL STRUCTURES
5.9.1   Bridges
Where possible, the trail network should make use of existing bridges, including pedestrian
bridges, vehicular bridges and abandoned railway bridges in appropriate locations. In cases
where this is not possible a new structure will be needed and the type and design of a structure
needs to be assessed on an individual basis. The following are some general considerations:




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                 x    In most situations the prefabricated steel truss bridge is a practical, cost effective
                      solution;

                 x    In locations where crossing distances are short, a wooden structure constructed on site
                      may be suitable;

                 x    Railings should be considered if the height of the bridge deck exceeds 60 cm above the
                      surrounding grade, and should be designed with a “rub rail” to prevent bicycle pedals
                      and handlebars from becoming entangled in the pickets;

                 x    When considering barrier free access to bridges, an appropriate hardened surface
                      should be employed on the trail approaches and bridge decking should be spaced
                      sufficiently close to allow easy passage by a person using a mobility assisted device; and

                 x    Decking running perpendicular to the path of travel is preferred over decking running
                      parallel, as the latter is more difficult for use by wheelchairs, strollers, in line skates and
                      narrow tired bicycles.


             5.9.2    Underpasses and Tunnels
             Often an underpass or tunnel is the only way to cross significant barriers such as elevated
             railways and multi lane highways. Designing trails through underpasses and tunnels can be
             challenging because of the confined space. Underpasses should be wide enough to
             accommodate all trail users whether they are traveling by foot, bicycle, in line skates,
             wheelchair or other forms of transportation. Where feasible, it is suggested that trail widths
             through underpasses be equal to or greater than that of the approaching trail.




                Pedestrian trail Bridge                              Trail Underpass
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Recommendation 5 17:
The following are recommended design criteria for underpasses, tunnels and trails through
culverts:

9       The minimum recommended underpass or tunnel width for a multi use trail is 3.6 m.
        Where the structure exceeds 18 m in length, in high traffic and/or urban areas the width
        should be increased to 4.2 m or greater;

9       For shorter length underpasses, a vertical clearance of 2.5 m is usually sufficient;

9       For longer structures a vertical clearance of 3.0 m should be considered. If service
        and/or emergency vehicles are to be accommodated within the underpass, an increase
        in vertical clearance may also need to be provided;

9       Underpasses and tunnels can be a security concern and also present maintenance
        challenges. To address these issues, tunnels should be well lit with special consideration
        made to security, maintenance and drainage. Approaches and exits should be clear and
        open to provide unrestricted views into and beyond the end of the structure wherever
        possible;

9       Abutments should be appropriately painted with hazard markings;

9       Offensive graffiti and debris should also be removed promptly and regularly; and

9       Ideally, the transition between the trail and underpass crossing should be level and
        provide for accessibility. In the case where an underpass crosses beneath ground level
        travel ways, ramps should ideally be provided to provide a transition down to the lower
        grade under the passage, with grade or alignment changes being taken up by the access
        ramps wherever possible.


5.9.3   Elevated Trailbeds and Boardwalks
Where trails pass through sensitive environments such as marshes, swamps, or woodlands with
a large number of exposed roots, an elevated trailbed or boardwalk is usually required to
minimize impacts on the natural feature. If these areas are left untreated, trail users tend to
walk around obstacles such as wet spots, gradually creating a wider, often braided trail through
the surrounding vegetation. The turnpike and low profile boardwalk are two relatively simple
yet effective methods for secondary and special use (i.e. hiking only) trails.




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             The turnpike is a low tech, low cost method that works very well in areas where organic soils are
             encountered. Various geosynthetic products have also been successfully used to overcome
             difficult soil conditions.


             5.10 TRAIL SIGNAGE
             North Grenville is made up of both urban and rural communities which have their own identity.
             Local identity has evolved over time, in some cases the result of the architecture, landscape,
             land use, cultural history and residents. Trail themes can add a local flavour to individual trails
             or loops, creating an overall unique quality to the trail network. It also provides an additional
             opportunity and incentive for neighbourhood associations and interest groups to become
             unified as partners in developing and maintaining the trails throughout the entire Municipality.

             Other jurisdictions have taken this approach using a variety of methods including:

                 x    Adding a distinct trail name or additional logo plate while maintaining other common
                      design elements of the signs;

                 x    Creating neighbourhood/district gateway nodes in key locations where the edges of
                      neigbourhoods are considered to be; and

                 x    Creating distinct interpretive themes for different neighbourhoods.

                 x    Signage is a critical element of the trail network and serves many important functions
                      including:

                          o    Providing instruction regarding traffic operations (for both motorists and trail
                               users);

                          o    Providing information regarding safety while traveling (i.e. maximum travel,
                               upcoming hazards, junctions and crossings);

                          o    Advertising the network to attract new users;

                          o    Orienting and guiding trail users as they travel throughout the network, which
                               can also be used as reference points to guide Emergency Services personnel to a
                               specific trail location;

                          o    Providing information about the routes, nearby services and trail–related
                               events;
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              o   Informing users of their responsibilities while on the network; and

              o   Providing interpretation of local historical, cultural, natural and other resources.




                           Figure 5.11 Trail Signage, North Grenville, Ontario

Good signing systems have common characteristics, including:

      x   Clearly, concisely and consistently communicate information related to identification,
          direction, regulation and operation of the trail;

      x   Informing, but not distracting, trail users and detracting from the visual quality of overall
          trail experience;

      x   Graphics and internationally recognized symbols instead of excessive text to overcome
          language barriers;

      x   Visibility at night through the use of reflective materials should also be considered in
          locations where low light and night use is anticipated;




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                 x    A design that is timeless, in scale and visually integrated with the landscape without
                      creating unnecessary clutter; and

                 x    High quality, durable (including resistance to ultraviolet radiation), vandal resistant
                      quality materials and finishes.


             5.10.1 Signage Strategy
             An effective way of coordinating trails throughout a Municipality is by developing a brand to
             promote the trails network. North Grenville has developed a brand which is currently being
             used on signs which depict the trails designed under the 150 Kms of trails project. The use of the
             signage and the brand should continue to be used and expanded through the development of a
             Signage and Branding Strategy. The Branding Strategy will continue to support the use of the
             current logo (as shown below) to depict trail use throughout the Municipality. This logo should
             continue to be used on the signs along the network and on the website as well as be
             incorporated into all maps, guides and other promotional materials to promote the trails of
             North Grenville which will increase awareness and use of the trail system. The logo is versatile
             enough to be used on multiple sign types and promotional materials and is an attractive and
             effective tool in identifying trails for users of all ages and abilities. This branding can be used to
             draw visitors or trail users to different attractions and destinations along the trail or within the
             Municipality which will promote not only the use of the trail system but also draw new visitors
             to local activities and venues.




                                         Figure 5 12 North Grenville’s Designation Signage




             The signs shown below can be adapted and used by North Grenville as part of their signing and
             branding strategy.
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                           Figure 5 13: Example of Designation Signage

Currently, the Municipality of North Grenville uses the following logo for designation signage to
mark their “150 kilometres” trail system which includes:

      x   Ferguson Forest Centre Management Trail;
      x   Limerick Forest Chalet Trail;
      x   Rideau Canal Lockstation – Burritts Rapids Tip to Tip Trail;
      x   University of Guelph – Kemptville Campus Agroforestry Trail; and
      x   Various on road routes as identified in the 150 Kilometres of Trails.




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             5.10.2 Sign Types
             The design and construction of the network should incorporate a hierarchy of signs each with a
             different purpose and message. This hierarchy is organized into a “family” of signs with unifying
             design and graphic elements, materials and construction techniques. The unified system
             becomes immediately recognizable by the trail user and can become a branding element.
             Consistent with this approach is the correct use of signage, which in turn reinforces the trail’s
             identity. Generally the family of signs includes:

             Orientation and trailhead signs, which are typically, located at key destination points and major
             network junctions. They provide orientation to the network through mapping, other
             appropriate network information as well as any rules and regulations. Where network nodes are
             visible from a distance, the signs can act as a useful landmark. In some municipalities,
             orientation signing has also been used as an opportunity to sell advertising space. This not only
             provides information about local services that may be of interest to trail users, but it may also
             help to offset the cost of signs and/or trails.

             “Rules of the Trail” signs, which should be posted at public access points to clearly articulate
             which trail uses are permitted, regulations and laws that apply, as well as trail etiquette, safety
             and emergency contact information. Reminder signs may be needed at some locations such as
             “Please stay on the Trail”. At trailheads, this information can be incorporated into trailhead
             signs. In other areas, this information can be integrated with access barriers.

             Regulatory signs which are required throughout the system. Where traffic control signs are
             needed (stop, yield, curve ahead etc.), it is recommended that recognizable traffic control signs
             be used (refer to the Ministry of Transportation for Ontario’s (MTO) Manual of Uniform Traffic
             Control Devices, 1996).

             Interpretive signs which should be located at key trail features having a story to be told. These
             features may be cultural, historical, or natural. Interpretive signs should be highly graphic and
             easy to read. They should be located carefully in highly visible locations to minimize the
             potential for vandalism.

             Route marker and trail directional signs, which should be located at regular intervals
             throughout the network and at intersections. The purpose of route marker signs is to provide a
             simple visual message to users that they are on an approved network route.


             Recommendation 5 18:               That the Municipality build upon their logo currently used for
                                                the “150 kilometres” trail system by completing a trail signage
                                                design and branding study to establish a set of trail signing
                                                standards for the Municipality.
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Recommendation 5 19                That the proposed trail signing design and branding study
                                   include consultation with the strategy steering committee
                                   members, local residents, artists and other interested
                                   stakeholders, and that this consultation include a public
                                   workshop or design charrette.

Recommendation 5 20:               That the Municipality undertake the proposed trail signing
                                   design and branding study in 2012.


5.11 TRAILHEADS AND TRAIL AMENITIES
Major trailhead areas are generally proposed for important community destinations such as
community centres. Because of their high visibility and proximity to other recreation facilities,
they help to raise the profile of the trail system, and some of the necessary facilities and
amenities may already be present or located nearby. In some locations it may be possible to
share parking and washrooms with other community facilities or other partners (e.g. School
Boards for parking, Conservation Authority for parking and washroom facilities). A well
designed trail staging area typically incorporates the following elements:

      x   Regular and accessible (handicapped) parking with an appropriate number of spaces in
          relation to the anticipated level of use of the nearby trail, with the flexibility to increase
          the number of spaces where warranted by future demand;

      x   Trail access barriers;

      x   Easy access to and from the trail;

      x   Ample room to load and unload equipment;

      x   Secure bicycle parking facilities;

      x   Waste receptacles;

      x   Lighting (may or may not be included, depending on location and site context);

      x   Signing;

      x   Washrooms;




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                 x    Seating and or picnic/informal activity space (more often associated with a major
                      trailhead); and

                 x    A food concession and/or other entrepreneurial facilities (i.e. canoe rentals, bicycle
                      rentals) may also be available, depending on the size and setting.

             A trail gateway is articulated with a sign indicating to the trail user that they have entered North
             Grenville. This is the first opportunity to introduce the North Grenville trail logo and character
             of the trail system as expressed through the design of the sign and the trail gateway. In cases
             where the trail gateway is located in a rural setting it may be limited to simply a sign. Where the
             trail gateway is in an urban setting or in a prominent location, a more elaborate treatment may
             be desirable and include a plaza setting with hard surfacing, kiosks, landscape treatments and
             furnishings.




                Figure 5 14: Example of Trailhead Signs in North Grenville, Limerick Forest Chalet Trail and Burritts
                                               Rapids Tip to Tip Trail, respectively


             5.11.1 Seating and Rest Areas
             Seating provides the opportunity to pause along the trail at points of interest or just to rest.
             Young children, older adults and those with disabilities will need to rest more frequently than
             others. Benches are the most common form of seating, but walls of appropriate height and
             width, large flat boulders, and sawn logs are some alternatives depending on the trail setting.
             Where seating/rest areas are planned, the design should consider a 1 m wide level area with a
             curb or other appropriate wheel stop for mobility assisted devices. Staging areas, trail nodes
             and heavily used trails typically require a higher density of seating opportunities. For heavily
             used trails it is reasonable to provide some form of seating at approximately 500 m intervals.
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Recommendation 5 21:            Where seating / rest areas are planned, implement a 1.0m wide
                                level area with a curb or other appropriate wheel stop for
                                mobility assisted devices. For heavily used trails it is reasonable
                                to provide some form of seating at approximately 500 m
                                intervals.


5.11.2 Washrooms and Waste / Recycling Receptacles
Washrooms must be provided along the trail. Typically, they are located at major trailheads and
where possible make use of existing facilities (i.e. at community centres and in major parks). As
trail use continues to increase, and as the network becomes denser, it may be necessary to
provide additional facilities. Where this is necessary, they must be placed where they can be
easily accessed for maintenance and surveillance. Many trail groups have used portable
washrooms prior to installing permanent facilities, which provides the opportunity to determine
the most appropriate location for permanent washroom facilities before the investment is made
in design and construction.

Waste and recycling receptacles are an absolute necessity throughout the trail network.
Generally they should be located at regular intervals and in locations where they can be easily
serviced. Mid block crossing points, staging areas, trail nodes and in association with other site
amenities such as benches and interpretive signs are ideal locations. They must be monitored
and emptied on a regular basis to prevent unsightly overflow. Several municipalities are
reporting good success with below ground trash receptacles in heavily used areas. These have a
larger capacity, are “out of sight” and may result in fewer odours as trash is stored at cooler
temperatures.




                     Figure 5 15: Example of a Trail Lookout/Interpretive Node,
                         Ottawa Carleton Trailway near Stittsville, Ontario



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             Recommendation 5 22:               That information signs be provided along the trail and on the
                                                Municipality’s Trail Network map to identify the location /
                                                direction to publicly accessible washrooms and waste and
                                                recycling receptacles.

             Recommendation 5 23:               Waste and recycling receptacles should be located at mid block
                                                crossing points, staging areas, trail and trail nodes and in
                                                association with other site amenities such as benches and
                                                interpretive signs.
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5.11.3 Bicycle Parking
Adequate bicycle parking facilities at key locations throughout the network will allow trail users
to confidently secure their bicycles while pausing along the trail, enjoying nearby attractions,
reaching their destination, or taking a trail journey on foot. Key locations for bicycle parking
include trailheads, major trail nodes and lookouts. Proper bicycle parking facilities should be
considered where multi use trails intersect with pedestrian only trails. The provision of bicycle
parking facilities in these locations along with signing explaining the reasons for restricting
bicycle use will help to discourage cycling on unsuitable trails, reinforce trail etiquette and
encourage the proper use of the trail system.

Racks, whether as single units or grouped together, should be securely fastened to a mounting
surface to prevent the theft of a bicycle attached to a rack. Another alternative is to create a
bicycle rack that is large enough that it cannot be easily lifted or moved from its position with
bicycles attached. Bicycle racks should be placed as close as possible to the trail facility that it
serves, but not in a location where they would inhibit trail user flow.

Generally bicycle parking devices/facilities should:

      x   Enable the bicycle to be securely locked to the device
          without damaging the bicycle, and be easy to use
          without the need for detailed instructions;

      x   Be placed along key trail routes, connections and other
          destinations where cyclists are expected;

      x   Be placed in public view where possible, where they can
          be viewed by passers by, trail attendants, fellow
          workers, etc.;

      x   Present no hazard to pedestrians;                               Figure 5-16: Bicycle
                                                                         Parking at Transitway
      x   Be easily accessible from the road or trail; and                  St ti    Ott


      x   Be arranged so that parking maneuvers will not damage adjacent bicycles.


Recommendation 5 24:              Establish bicycle parking guidelines for North Grenville, including
                                  bicycle parking requirements for new developments as part of
                                  the proposed Integrated Community Trails Strategy.




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             5.12 TRAILS IN NATURAL AREAS AND ENVIRONMENTAL BUFFERS
             Trail users often seek natural areas such as woodlots and wetlands where they can find some
             relief from the urban environment. Natural areas provide opportunities to enjoy and interpret
             nature, and to pursue some trail activities that are not possible in more traditional parks. In
             many cases, trails are compatible with natural areas, in some cases they are not. Creating the
             balance between providing public access and the need to conserve and/or protect the resource
             itself can be a difficult goal, especially in situations where there is a large population of residents
             nearby or surrounding the feature. This often serves to increase the pressure on the very
             resource that users seek and enjoy.

             Where trails are to be located in natural areas it is important that they be sited and designed
             appropriately and that the area be monitored for the effects of inappropriate use and/or
             overuse. If trails are not carefully planned, designed, constructed and maintained in these
             areas, people will create their own trail routes sometimes in sensitive locations where it would
             be preferable not to have trails at all. Proper planning, design and construction of trails, coupled
             with public education can go a long way to achieving the balance between use and protection.

             Change in natural systems is inevitable, especially where there are significant changes in the
             character of lands surrounding the natural area. Managing change is the key and this involves
             deciding what an acceptable limit of change should be, and having a plan in place should the
             change exceed the acceptable limit. Using background ecological data such as the Ecological
             Land Classification (ELC) system, a natural area can be divided into different zones based on
             sensitivity to disturbance. Using sensitivity mapping, decisions can be made regarding trail
             closures, rerouting, design strategies as well as a definition of indicators of disturbance over and
             above an acceptable threshold. Critical wildlife habitat may also be used in delineating
             management zones. Consultation with both the Rideau Valley and South Nation Conservation
             Authorities and the local branch of the Ministry of Natural Resources is recommended as part of
             the trail design process where sensitive vegetation communities and significant wildlife habitat
             occur.

             In some cases trails (and people) should not be in natural areas. Vegetation communities that
             are highly sensitive to disturbance and narrow, constrained wildlife corridors are two examples
             where trails may not be appropriate. In these cases, it is advisable to provide alternative trail
             routes and information (e.g. signing, public information campaigns, etc.) explaining the
             management decision to exclude trails from the area. When designing trails through sensitive
             natural heritage features the following general considerations should include:

                 x    Route or reroute to avoid the most sensitive and/or critical habitats;

                 x    Interpret sensitive species away from their location;
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      x   Consider and evaluate alternative routes and design treatments;

      x   Balance the effect of alternatives;

      x   Use previously disturbed areas where possible and appropriate;

      x   Maintain natural process;

      x   Limit accessibility;

      x   Incorporate habitat enhancements; and

      x   Complement and highlight natural features.


Recommendation 5 25:              Where trail routes are being proposed within environmental
                                  buffers surrounding natural sensitive heritage features, the
                                  conditions in the buffer (width, slope, etc.) must be sufficient to
                                  support the development of a trail such that the intended
                                  function of the buffer is not compromised.


5.13 UTILITY CORRIDORS AND TRAILS
Pipeline and hydro corridors, are examples of linear corridors that provide excellent
opportunities for trail development and should be considered for the development of trails in
North Grenville. Utility lines in urban areas often have a substantial easement, and in many
cases are used informally as trail routes, as they tend to provide direct connections to a variety
of destinations over long distances. A number of municipalities have recently adopted practices
and policies whereby emergency service access must be provided to manholes along sanitary
sewer lines in river corridors in the event of an emergency. For example the City of London now
provides emergency service access to sanitary sewer lines running through their valley lands,
and these routes are also used as main or trunk trails throughout the city.

5.14 TRAIL ACCESS AND ACTIVE CONSTRUCTION ZONES
Planning for the safety and movement of trail users through construction zones is as important
as planning for vehicular movement, and should be considered an integral part of the
construction staging and traffic management plan for any project. The Institute of




130
             Transportation Engineers’ (ITE) manual for Design and Safety of Pedestrian Facilities8 and the
             American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials’ (AASHTO) Guide for the
             Planning Design and Operation of Pedestrian Facilities(9) provide guidelines for the development,
             management and monitoring of pedestrian walkways through construction zones. The Ontario
             Traffic Manual Book 7: Temporary Conditions provides guidelines and requirements in the
             Ontario context for pedestrian and cyclist access through road construction sites. These
             guidelines can be applied to trail construction zones in areas outside road rights of way as well. .

             Planning for the safe passage of trail users through or beside active construction zones may vary
             depending on the proximity of the route to the active construction zone, the type and duration
             of construction and the volume of pedestrian traffic expected.

             The designated route must not be used for storage of construction equipment, materials, or
             vehicles. Furthermore, stopping or parking of work vehicles beside the temporary route should
             be discouraged as this may indirectly encourage the movement of workers, materials and
             equipment across the pedestrian path of travel.

             Crossings of the temporary route should be minimized. Where construction access routes must
             cross the path of travel, signals, flag persons or police officers should be considered as a means
             to control movements. This is most important in high volume trail zones and near locations that
             children and seniors frequent.

             Daily inspection of the temporary route is required. Modifications should be made to adapt to
             changes in the nature of the construction site, to further direct trail user movement where the
             route is not functioning as planned or where unanticipated conflict points are observed. Good
             engineering judgment should always be employed.


             Recommendation 5 26:                      The Municipality of North Grenville should require a trail
                                                       management plan for all active construction zones when a trail
                                                       or trail crossing is impacted. Key principles in the development
                                                       of an appropriate plan include:

             9 Separate trail users from conflicts with work site vehicles, equipment and operations;

             9 Separate trail users from conflicts with the main flow of vehicular traffic moving through,
             around or along side the work site; and

             8
                 Donaldson. G.A., in Design and Safety of Pedestrian Facilities: A Recommended Practice of the Institute of Transportation
                 Engineers, March 1998

             9
                 American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials. Guide for the Planning, Design and Operation of Pedestrian
                 Facilities, July 2004
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9 Provide trail users with a safe, accessible and convenient route that duplicates as nearly as
possible the most desirable characteristics of sidewalks or pathways.


5.15 TRAIL CLOSURES AND REHABILITATION
From time to time it will be necessary to temporarily close sections of trails or entire routes to
public access. Situations such as inundation by water, culvert washout or general trail
construction are typical reasons for temporary trail closures. As these situations arise, users
must be informed well in advance of the closure. If the closure is planned, advance notices
should be placed at all access points for the affected section(s). In the event of an emergency
closure, notices must be placed at these locations immediately following the discovery of the
problem. Signing and temporary barricades, notification in community newspapers, on local
radio stations and the North Grenville website are possible methods of informing users of about
temporary trail closures.


Recommendation 5 27:              When temporary trail closures are planned, inform users in
                                  advance by placing trail closure notices at all trail access points.


Permanent trail closures may be required at some point in the life cycle of the trail, especially in
the case of trails in woodlots and other natural settings. It is important when closing a trail to
rehabilitate the landscape to match the surrounding conditions, inform trail users that it has
been closed, and to provide reasons for the closure. The following illustration describes the key
elements of a typical permanent trail closure and rehabilitation in a naturalized setting, which
include:

      x   Slope stabilization, using engineered material and methods for severely eroded slopes;

      x   Terracing, using locally collected low tech materials for eroded slopes of moderate and
          low severity;

      x   Live staking using locally collected cuttings from appropriate species;

      x   Plantings with appropriate native species (may include plants salvaged from nearby sites
          that will be cleared for development, roadway widening etc.);

      x   The application of erosion blankets and mulches;




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                 x    Seeding with mixes that are appropriate for the site in which they are to be applied;

                 x    Scarification of the surface of the trail to be closed and covering it with forest litter
                      (leaves, branches, and limbs) in a naturalistic manner which can help to reinforce the
                      message that the trail is closed, reduce erosion, and supply nutrients to plants during
                      establishment;

                 x    Placement of a detector object at the beginning of the closure area so that the closure
                      can detected by visually impaired users; and

                 x    Erecting signage describing the closure to inform users of the conditions and “Water
                      Me” signs for newly planted trees.




                            Figure 5 17: Typical Trail Closure and Rehabilitation in a Naturalized Setting



             5.16 TRAILS AND NEW DEVELOPMENT
             Community trails are an integral part of the urban fabric and are a key component of the
             recreation and transportation system. New developments must be planned for the efficient
             movement of people for utilitarian and recreation purposes. This includes not only roads and
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sidewalks, but also trails that must make connections among neighbourhood destinations and
the city wide trail network.

Developers are expected to work through an iterative process with City staff, beginning early in
the planning stages to create a trail network within their development area that reflects the
intent of the Integrated Community Trails Strategy. Providing developers with information
about the network, desired connections and design expectations will only serve to strengthen
this relationship.

It is expected that proposals for new development areas (both greenfield and infill) will contain
a network of on road bikeways and off road trails that reflect the density, variety, hierarchy and
character that is consistent with the Integrated Community Trails Strategy.

Specifically this implies the planning and development of:

      x   A network of trails that overcome physical barriers, make appropriate connections to
          important destinations and enhance connectivity with the existing or planned system of
          trails surrounding the development area;

      x   A network of trails that is both sensitive to, and takes advantage of, inherent qualities of
          the natural and cultural landscape features within the development area; and

      x   A careful examination of a variety of factors including topography and drainage, slopes,
          soil conditions, plant and animal communities, microclimate and human comfort,
          historic/cultural resources, public education opportunities, significant views and vistas
          should be part of the process to integrate trails in new developments.

In new development areas trails should be constructed prior to or concurrently with the
construction of other infrastructure and homes. Where trail construction will not take place
until a later date, there is often conflict as residents claim that they were not aware of plans for
trail construction even if this intention has been clearly indicated in municipal planning
documents. Developers should be encouraged to be very proactive about notifying prospective
buyers where trails are to be located at the time they are selling lots. Providing information at
sales offices, including information in sales packages and erecting signs in locations where trails
are to be constructed may help to alleviate difficulties at a later date.




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                     6.0      IMPLEMENTATION STRATEGY

                     The Implementation of North Grenville’s Integrated Community Trails Strategy
                     will be accomplished through both short and long term actions. Short term
                     actions include Council adopting the Strategy. The key polices and network in
                     the Strategy should then form a schedule in the next update to North
                     Grenville’s Official Plan. The Municipality has already taken an important step
                     by establishing a Steering Committee of community partners to guide the
                     development of the Strategy. This steering committee could potentially act as
                     an Advisory Committee of Council on all matters relating to the future planning
                     and implementation of a system of linked recreational trails within North
                     Grenville.


                     Other recommended actions include committing to annual funding to
                     construct the Trails network generally in keeping with the phasing illustrated in
                     Figures 6 1 and 6 2; implementing the education, promotion and enforcement
                     strategies, and providing operational support, such as staff resources,
                     management and administrative functions as outlined in this chapter.


                     The Integrated Community Trails Strategy is a long term strategy that consists
                     of three phases. Phase 1 (short term) spans the initial 5 years of the plan.
                     Phase 2 (mid term) is a 5 year period from year 5 to 10. The third and final
                     phase (long term) is beyond the 10 year horizon. This chapter discusses the
                     Implementation Plan, and includes prioritized projects for initial development
                     and program initiatives, as well as associated costs.


                     6.1 Priorities & Phasing

                     Chapter 4 identifies a comprehensive trails network consisting of existing and
                     proposed multi use trails within street rights of way and trails on lands outside
                     of road rights of way. This section of the trails strategy recommends an
                     implementation (phasing) plan for all new components of the trails network
                     that is based on a logical build out of the network over time, field observations
                     and the application of the following criteria:
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      1. Focus on developing a network of spines in the short term that
        connect the municipality through major east west and north south
        corridors;

      2. Connect to existing trail facilities in North Grenville and beyond;

      3. Where feasible provide grade separated or at grade facilities at
        important crossings for pedestrian and cyclists, including railways,
        watercourses, major arterial roads, highways, and mid block road
        crossings;

      4. Focus on improved access to connect proposed Neighbourhood routes
        to the proposed Spine network. This will serve to build a web from which
        to draw residents to the system as it is implemented;

      5. Schedule implementation with planned capital works and servicing
        projects where possible so that trail facilities are constructed as part of
        new capital projects and economies of scale can be realized;

      6. Acquiring additional land to expand trails and road rights of way for
        the sole purpose of implementing proposed pedestrian or cycling, which
        may be the only long term option if no other alternative emerges;

      7. Provide access to key destinations (Parks, Schools, Community Centres,
        Plazas, hospital, Ferguson Forestry Centre, University of Guelph and
        commercial areas);

      8. Create connections to regional trails. Notable examples include making
        priority connections to Dwyer Hill Road, the Osgoode Trail and South
        Grenville Bicycle Trail; and

      9. Closing short gaps in the existing network with a focus on those short
        gaps that, when completed result in long and continuous routes (this is
        particularly true for sidewalk improvements in Kemptville).

6.1.1 Trail Facilities




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                     The Facility Types Maps and Phasing and Implementation Map (see Appendix
                     C) illustrate the implementation of trail facilities by phase: short term (Phase 1:
                     0 to 5 years), mid term (Phase 2: 6 to 10 years) and longer term (Phase 3: 10+
                     years). Each of the facility type and phases is distinguished according to colour
                     and line type. The ultimate network (following build out) would be represented
                     by the combination of all of the colours and lines. A number of route segments
                     and related facility types proposed for implementation in Phases 2 and 3 may
                     not prove to be feasible because of other circumstances (e.g. funding
                     constraints, outcome of an Environmental Assessment or detailed design,
                     negotiations for easements and purchase of land). In these situations, an
                     interim solution may be possible and should be investigated by Municipal staff.

                     The implementation of the sidewalk priority program described in Chapter 4 is
                     shown below with costs for each project. Each project has been scheduled by
                     each year to create connectivity and ensure that the safety of pedestrians is
                     ensured.


                     6.3 How to Implement the Integrated Community Trails
                         Strategy

                     A successful trails strategy requires champions and leadership to move from
                     the plan and design stage to the funding and implementation stage. The
                     formal relationships between individuals and organizations and their
                     operational practices are important factors in determining whether trails
                     initiatives will proceed and be successful. Maximizing participation and
                     removing obstacles to the flow of information between participants are two of
                     the main objectives in managing implementation.

                     The North Grenville Integrated Community Trail Strategy is more than just a
                     proposed network of on and off road trail facilities. It is a Strategy that
                     includes a set of recommendations to promote safe trail use and to recognize,
                     realize and share in the economic, health, and quality of life benefits that trails
                     can offer.

                     While municipal staff led by the Planning and Development Department, will
                     oversee the implementation of the Strategy, they will also require ongoing
                     support from and communication with the steering committee partners (Leeds
                     Grenville Lanark District Health Unit, United Counties of Leeds and Grenville,
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Ferguson Forestry Centre, Kemptville District Hospital, University of Guelph
[Kempville Campus], Community Living North Grenville, Ministry of Natural
Resources, St, Michael’s High School), adjacent local municipalities;
conservation authorities; other organizations and advocacy groups. The
successful implementation of the Integrated Community Trails strategy will
require a strong working relationship between North Grenville staff,
conservation authorities, developers and the public.




Recommendation:                 The planning, design and development of trails
                                in North Grenville are to be consistent with the
                                North Grenville Integrated Community Trails
                                Strategy, once approved by Municipal Council.


6.4     Trail Maintenance and Operations
Operations costs include on going funding related to implementing the
Strategy, preparing the annual progress report, delivering safety, educational
outreach and promotional programs, and performing network and
infrastructure maintenance to achieve a state of good repair and to ensure all
season use. This also includes staff resources, as well as management and
administration.
The incremental cost to maintain trails is relatively low. Generally speaking,
most municipalities adjust maintenance budgets based on the number of
kilometres of each facility and increase maintenance budgets relative to the
length of new infrastructure added on an annual basis. Maintenance of mature
off road multi use trails, particularly in greenways and parks can cost from
$4,000 to $6,000 per linear kilometre of trail (3.5 m wide), depending on the
level of service standard of a municipality. Annual maintenance can include
drainage and storm channel maintenance, sweeping, clearing of debris, trash
removal, weed control and vegetation management, mowing of grass along
shoulders, minor surface repairs, repairs to trail fixtures (benches, signs) and
other general repairs. Costs also can vary depending on whether the trail is in a
road boulevard or in a linear greenway or park and whether it is paved or has a



138
                     granular surface. New asphalt off road trails also typically have lower
                     maintenance costs in the first 10 years.
                     An absolute dollar value for maintenance costs was not calculated for trails
                     network as the budget for maintenance will need to grow in an incremental
                     fashion along with the incremental growth of the trails network. As each new
                     network segment is added (either in boulevard or off road), the impact to the
                     operations budget should be calculated by Municipality staff so that it can be
                     added into the annual maintenance budget request.


                     Many jurisdictions have formalized programs to plan and construct trail
                     systems, however the number that have formal programs for trail maintenance
                     is lower. In 2004, telephone interviews were conducted with approximately a
                     dozen southern Ontario municipalities to determine the overall scope of their
                     trail maintenance, to learn about significant issues and priorities and to gain an
                     understanding of basic costs for trail maintenance1. The following are some
                     highlights:
                         x    Very few maintain their trails in winter. Of those that do, none
                              reported maintaining all of their trails in winter. Generally winter
                              maintained trails included only asphalt trails and those that are heavily
                              used, or are main connections serving utilitarian purposes such as
                              connections to schools and main bicycle/pedestrian commuter routes;
                         x    Several reported having defined maintenance standards for trails,
                              based on trail type. Many of those that did not currently have
                              standards reported that they were working towards them;
                         x    Most have a call in/hot line for areas requiring emergency repairs, or
                              areas where garbage containers are heavily used. None of the hot lines
                              were trail specific, most often they were included with a parks or even
                              municipal wide hotline for parks, roads, infrastructure etc.;
                         x    In most cases, respondents felt that they could do a better job at trail
                              maintenance, but were limited by resources (staff resources/budget
                              and time);
                         x    Most reported conducting an annual safety audit, in most cases this
                              was included as part of their annual safety and security audit for parks,
                              playgrounds and recreation facilities;
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  x   Many noted that proactive or preventative maintenance, especially
      with regard to trail surface condition, signing, trash and vandalism was
      a key success factor;
  x   Most use trail patrols or supervisors conducted a regular (i.e. as often
      as weekly) review to assess conditions, prioritize maintenance tasks
      and monitor known problem areas;
  x   Some use maintenance logbooks to set out a schedule of tasks,
      priorities, standards to be achieved and method of tracking that the
      work has been completed. This method of tracking was also noted as
      useful for being able to predict which locations would require the
      highest level of maintenance;
  x   In most cases, parks crews performed trail maintenance as part of their
      regular park maintenance role. Where extensive maintenance
      programs were reported, additional seasonal labour was added to the
      workforce (often summer students). Volunteer “adopt a trail”
      programs were also identified as useful for basic trail cleanup and
      monitoring;
  x   Trail maintenance is generally handled under Parks Operations
      budgets, sometimes tracked as a separate trail maintenance budget,
      but most often grouped in with other parks maintenance budgets;
  x   Trail maintenance costs range depending on the type of trail and
      location. Costs to maintain highly urbanized trails ranged from $4000
      $6000/km per year, whereas costs to maintain rural trails (including rail
      trails) were significantly lower, ranging from less than $100/km year to
      $350/km per year. Tasks covered as part of these estimates included
      maintenance of trail drainage, storm channel and culvert maintenance,
      grading and minor topping up of trail surfaces, minor pothole repair,
      sweeping and clearing of debris, trash removal, mowing of clear zones,
      minor surface repairs and repairs to trail fixtures/furnishings;
  x   Many respondents reported that asphalt surfaces on trails have a life
      span of approximately 15 20 years, and trails that were installed in
      1980’s and earlier now require reconstruction, and in the process are
      generally being widened to meet higher levels of use/demand
      experienced today. Wider trails are also better for preventing damage
      to trail edges by municipal service vehicles, as vehicle wheels are less
      likely to roll over and break trail edges and less likely to create ruts in
      the soil beside the trail;



140
                         x    Trails that were properly constructed at initial installation had the
                              fewest maintenance issues. Proper subgrade excavation, adequate
                              base and proper drainage were noted as keys to trail longevity;
                         x    Many reported that erosion is a big challenge and that “trail
                              hardening” with asphalt on sloped trails is the best way to prevent
                              further erosion. Some reported trying other soil binding compounds
                              for trails on slopes and reported only moderate success with these
                              alternative materials;
                         x    Mowing grass along edges of trails is performed on a regular basis.
                              Depending on trail location this may be weekly, biweekly, monthly or
                              infrequently throughout the growing season. The width of the mown
                              swath generally varies from 0.5m to 2.0m depending on the
                              municipality and location. Mowing helps to keep clear zone open and
                              can also help with the invasion of weeds into granular trail surfaces;
                         x    Several have trained their mower operators to be more observant
                              while mowing and to take note of problem areas along the trails;
                         x    Garbage pickup is performed on a regular basis (i.e. 10 day cycle), with
                              receptacles located at the ends of trail segments where they can be
                              easily accessed for service vehicles;
                         x    Tasks performed on a seasonal basis include culvert cleanout and
                              pruning to maintain trail clear zones;
                         x    Grading/grooming the surface of granular trails is generally performed
                              once per year or as required after heavy storm events in areas prone to
                              erosion;
                         x    Tasks performed every 3 to 5 years cycle include refurbishment of
                              signs, cleaning and refurbishment site furnishings;
                         x    Tasks performed on an as required basis include moving or marking
                              obvious hazards within 24 hours of their identification,
                              inspection/monitoring of trail areas prone to damage following heavy
                              storms, repairs to vandalized items, minor repairs to structural
                              elements such as bridges, trail surfaces, railings, benches, gates and
                              signs; and
                         x    Major renovation or replacement of large items such as bridges, kiosks,
                              gates, parking lots, and asphalt trail surfaces was generally described
                              as a 10 20 year replacement item.
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6.4.1    Winter Maintenance of Off Road Trails

As previously noted very few municipalities in Ontario maintain their off road
trails during winter months. For those municipalities that do offer winter
maintenance services on trails, only certain routes are maintained and these
tend to be primary routes that serve a commuter function to key destinations
such as schools and community centres. The following are some general
initiatives that are being used in other jurisdictions to identify candidates for
winter trail maintenance and to develop priorities among those candidate
routes.
a. Trail Function and Location
      x The trail's role in the overall transportation network and community
         connectivity (primary vs. secondary function);
      x The trail does not provide an alternate route to a nearby sidewalk or
         trail that is already being maintained in winter;
      x Determine if the trail is integral to the overall network such that it
        provides a primary route to schools, public facilities such as
        recreational centres and to other pedestrian generators such as
        senior’s homes, shopping and commercial establishments;
      x The trail is not merely a convenient short cut. If the trail is not available
         for winter use, the length of the detour required should be explored
         further. Although these should be explored further on a case by case
         individual basis, 500m could be used as a threshold guideline;
      x The trail connects dead end streets or cul de sacs where alternative
         routes do not exist;
      x Consideration is given to neighbouring land use(s) and how this relates
         to pedestrian origins, destinations and pedestrian generators; and
      x Consideration is given to trails that have historically received winter
         maintenance, but winter maintenance has not been formally adopted.
b. Trail Design and Condition
    x    The trail should be constructed to a minimum standard including:
             o     Adequate surface drainage to prevent ponding of water on the
                  trail surface;



142
                                  o   Minimum width (e.g. no less than 3.0m) and there is adequate
                                      access for maintenance equipment;
                                  o   The trail has an asphalt surface (this factor may not apply if a
                                      snowblower is used instead of a plow); and
                                  o   There should be no danger adjacent to the trail, such as a steep
                                      drop off that could be a hazard for equipment operators.

                     6.4.2    Trail Maintenance Plan

                     Based on the information in the previous sections, this section describes a
                     potential trail maintenance program for North Grenville. The general objectives
                     of a trail monitoring and maintenance plan are to:
                         x    Provide safe, dependable and affordable levels of service;
                         x    Preserve infrastructure assets;
                         x    Protect the natural environment;
                         x    Enhance the appearance and health of the community;
                         x    Provide a reference         framework      against     which   to   measure
                              performance;
                         x    Provide the basis of a peer review that is comparable with other
                              municipalities; and
                         x    Provide citizens and Council with a reference for expectations.
                     The first step in implementing a maintenance and management program is to
                     determine its scope. Trail plans, maps, inventories, trail logs, traffic count
                     information and condition surveys are all valuable sources of information for
                     developing maintenance management systems.
                     Table 6 1 outlines typical trail maintenance activities that North Grenville
                     should include as part of the development of a trail maintenance program that
                     is tailored to suit the Municipality’s needs. The maintenance plan below applies
                     to trail corridors that are under the jurisdiction of the municipality. The trails
                     that are owned or operated by other agencies or private interests are not
                     required to adhere to this plan, but could take these guidelines under
                     advisement. Tasks have been grouped according to the frequency with which
                     they would typically be performed:
                         x    Immediately (within 24 to 48 hours);
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    x    Regularly (weekly/biweekly/monthly);
    x    Seasonally;
    x    Annually;
    x    Every 3 to 5 years; and
    x    Every 10 to 20 years.

Table 6 1          Trail Maintenance Plan
Frequency                      Maintenance Opportunities for Off Road Trails
Immediate                          x As a minimum, mark, barricade and sign the
                                      subject area to warn trail users, or close the trail
(within 24 hours of                   completely until the problem can be corrected.
becoming aware of the
                                   x Remove vegetation and/or windfalls, downed
situation through a
“hotline”, email, other               branches etc., where traffic flow on the trail is
notification or observation)          being impaired or the obstruction is resulting in
                                      a sight line issue. Remove hazard trees that have
                                      been identified.
                                   x Repair or replace items that have been
                                      vandalized or stolen/removed. This is especially
                                      important for regulatory signs that provide
                                      important information about trail hazards such
                                      as road crossings, steep grades, and sharp
                                      curves.
                                   x Removal of trash in overflowing containers or
                                      material that has been illegally dumped.
                                   x Repair of obstructed drainage systems causing
                                      flooding that poses a hazard to trail users or that
                                      is resulting in deterioration that poses an
                                      immediate safety hazard.
                                   x Monitor trail areas and structures that are prone
                                      to erosion after severe summer storms and
                                      repair as required.
                                   x Repairs to structural elements on bridges such
                                      as beams, railings, access barriers and signs.
Regularly                          x Trail patrols/inspections should review the trail
                                      conditions (as often as weekly in high use
(weekly/biweekly/monthly)             areas), to assess conditions and prioritize
                                      maintenance tasks and monitor known problem
                                      areas.



144
                                                        x Mow grass along edges of trails (in open settings
                                                          only). Depending on trial location this may be
                                                          done weekly, biweekly, or monthly and the
                                                          width can vary according to the location
                                                          (typically 0.5 to 1.0m). This helps to keep the
                                                          clear zone open and can slow the invasion of
                                                          weeds into granular trail surfaces. Not all trails
                                                          will have mown edges. In woodland and wetland
                                                          areas, pruning and brushing is typically the only
                                                          vegetation maintenance to be undertaken.
                                                        x Regular garbage pickup (10 day cycle or more
                                                          frequent for heavily used areas).
                                                        x Restock trailhead information kiosks with
                                                          brochures as needed.
                                                        x Repair within 30 days or less, partially
                                                          obstructed drainage systems causing
                                                          intermittent water backups that do not pose an
                                                          immediate safety hazard, but that if left
                                                          unchecked over time will adversely affect the
                                                          integrity of the trail and/or any other trail
                                                          infrastructure or the surrounding area.
                     Seasonally                         x Patching/minor repair of trail surfaces and
                                                          removal of loose rocks from the trail bed.
                                                        x Culvert cleanout where required.
                                                        x Top up approaches to bridges.
                                                        x Planting, landscape rehabilitation,
                                                          pruning/beautification.
                                                        x Installation/removal of seasonal signage.
                     Annually                           x Conduct an annual safety audit. This task is not
                                                          necessarily specific to trails and may be included
                                                          with general annual safety audits for parks,
                                                          playgrounds and recreation facilities.
                                                        x Evaluate support facilities/trailside amenities to
                                                          determine repair and/or replacement needs.
                                                        x Examine trail surface to determine the need for
                                                          patching and grading.
                                                        x Grading/grooming the surface of granular trails,
                                                          and topping up of wood chip trails.
                                                        x Pruning/vegetation management for straight
                                                          sections of trail and areas where branches may
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                         be encroaching into the clear zone. This task is
                         more of a preventative maintenance procedure.
                         Cuttings may be chipped on site and placed
                         appropriately or used as mulch for new
                         plantings. Remove branches form the site unless
                         they can be used for habitat (i.e. brush piles in a
                         woodlot setting), or used as part of the
                         rehabilitation of closed trails. Where invasive
                         species are being pruned and/or removed,
                         branches and cuttings should be disposed of in
                         an appropriate manner.
                       x Inspect and secure all lose side rails, bridge
                         supports decking (ensure any structural repairs
                         meet the original structural design criteria).
                       x Aerate soils in severely compacted areas.
Every 3 to 5 years     x Cleaning and refurbishment of signs, benches
                         and other trailside amenities.

Every 10 to 20 years   x Resurface asphalt trails (assume approximately
                         every 15 years).
                       x Replace or reconstruct granular trails (assume
                         approximately every 15 years, but this may not
                         be necessary if adjustments/repairs are made
                         on an annual basis).
                       x Major renovation or replacement of large items
                         such as bridges, kiosks, gates, parking lots,
                         benches, etc.




Recommendation 6 14    The Municipality should adopt the Trail
                       Maintenance Plan as outlined in Table 6.3 in
                       order for tasks to be carried out in the timely
                       manner that they would typically be
                       performed.




146
                     6.4.3    Managing Trails


                      6.4.3.1 A Trails Advisory Committee


                     The Steering Committee that has led the development of the Trails Strategy
                     has played an important role in North Grenville in advancing trails initiatives.
                     This includes promoting and advocating for trail use and development;
                     construction of trails and related amenities and with trail maintenance. This
                     role should continue and be expanded. In addition to areas where the steering
                     committee has been involved, promoting cycling, equestrian, snow shoeing
                     and other non motorised options should be added to the traditional roles each
                     member has played. This will also result in an expanded committee that could
                     include members of the general public and some of the larger user groups.
                     Sub committees could be created to deal with specific topics such as on road
                     cycling, promotion and education, and motorised uses.




                     Recommendation 6.2:                The Municipality should build upon the
                                                        expertise of the Steering Committee
                                                        established for the development of this
                                                        Strategy to develop a Community based Trail
                                                        Advisory Committee.
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  6.4.3.2 Who Does What?


 An efficient reporting and implementation structure is vital to ensure that the
 decision making process associated with the implementation of the Trails
 Strategy is managed and all relevant municipal departments are engaged. A
 suggested structure for implementing and managing the Integrated
 Community Trails Strategy is illustrated in Figure 6 1.

Figure 6 1: Implementation Structure for the Integrated Community Trails Strategy




 148
                     Led by North Grenville’s Director of Planning and Development (through the
                     recommended Trails Advisory Committee) a core team would be formed with
                     representation from Public Works; Parks, Recreation and Culture; Economic
                     Development and Planning and Development. The core group would oversee
                     and make recommendation regarding funding and priorities associated with
                     the Integrated Community Trails Strategy, as well as other initiatives as
                     required.

                     The proposed structure in Figure 6 2 is intended as a suggestion only. North
                     Grenville staff should select the reporting model that is inclusive of affected
                     departments and provides for the efficient implementation of the
                     recommendations contained within this strategy.

                      6.4.3.3A Network Management Tool
                     The proposed Trails network was developed using the North Grenville’s
                     Geographic Information System (GIS) base. This digital GIS based network map
                     provided to the municipality as part of the Trails Strategy can also be used as a
                     pedestrian and cycling facility management tool. A database is associated with
                     the map information and includes a number of different attributes. For
                     example, the network has been divided into segments, each specifying a length
                     of the segment and the trail facility type proposed, as well as the phase in
                     which the route and facility is proposed to be implemented.
                     During the implementation process, municipal staff can use this tool to assist in
                     confirming the feasibility of pedestrian and cycling routes and facilities and the
                     proposed schedule (Phases 1, 2 or 3) for implementation.
                     The GIS tool can also be used to track and document new segments as they are
                     implemented. Updating the facilities component of the Integrated Community
                     Trails Strategy on a regular basis will significantly reduce the effort and cost to
                     update the entire Strategy, which is recommended to occur every five years. If
                     the municipality chooses, this GIS information, with some programming, could
                     also be posted on North Grenville’s website in an interactive map format. This
                     would be useful to the public and developers and would also serve as a ‘quick
                     reference’.
                     Recognizing that not all staff will have access to GIS software, key components
                     of the database and map provided in a KML format will allow anyone with
                     access to Google Earth digital aerial photography over the internet (this is
                     currently a free service) to overlay the network route and facility information
                     on an aerial photo of North Grenville.
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6.4.3.4A Five Step Network Implementation Process
The North Grenville Integrated Community Trails Strategy is intended to be a
dynamic document. The timing and details related to implementation,
particularly the location of recommended routes and facility types should and
will evolve through community consultation and technical review during the
implementation. At the same time, however, the extensive effort that
established the overall direction for the network should be respected when
network modifications are being contemplated.
The following 5 step process is a step by step mechanism to confirm the
feasibility of each route recommended in this report at the time
implementation is proposed. It will assist municipal staff from affected
departments to work together, to share information and to facilitate the
implementation of the Strategy. Each part of the network implementation
process is described in the following sections.

Part I: Preliminary Review
The first step in implementing segments of the network is to identify and
communicate opportunities. As such, municipal infrastructure projects
including the capital works forecast should be monitored. When a project
identified in the Integrated Community Trails Strategy is advanced to the
planning stage, or an opportunity to establish a new route not identified in the
Strategy comes forward, staff responsible for the implementation of the
Strategy network should undertake a preliminary review. This review should:
   x Compare the timing of the project to the short, mid and long term
     implementation priorities identified in the North Grenville Integrated
     Community Trails Strategy;
   x Assess whether the nature of the project may permit implementation of
     the recommended facility type in a cost effective manner; and
   x Inform the project lead and affected departments whether or not a
     feasibility assessment should be undertaken to confirm the feasibility
     and costs for implementing the proposed route as part of the subject
     project.

The key aspect of this initial step is communication. Staff from various
departments should report all upcoming projects that may involve or impact a
trail route identified in the Strategy.




150
                     Part II: Feasibility Assessment
                     If a network route is confirmed through the preliminary review process (Part I),
                     a brief feasibility assessment should be undertaken, which includes the
                     following:
                        x Confirm the feasibility of the route based on a review of the Strategy to
                          include:
                                  o   supporting route selection;
                                  o   planning and design criteria; and
                                  o   conducting a field check for off road trail segments to identify
                                      any other issues that should be explored in the future.
                        x Determine if further public consultation should be conducted and to
                          what level it is required (i.e. Environmental Assessment in the case of
                          watercourse crossings versus notification of neighbouring residents in
                          the case of a local connection or upgrade);
                        x Undertake a functional design for the segment and estimate
                          implementation costs, including construction and signing;
                        x Identify any less costly alternatives and how they may fit within the
                          intent of the overall network plan, and this may include alternative
                          parallel routes that meet the intent of the Strategy; and
                        x Provide a recommended course of action.
                     Part III: Detailed Design, Tender and Implementation
                     Once it has been determined that a project should proceed the necessary
                     detailed design should be completed. The final step involves tendering the
                     project (if not undertaken in house) and then construction / implementation. It
                     is also possible that following detailed design the decision is made not to
                     proceed with the facility or preferred facility type because of the cost, other
                     constraints that arise through the detailed design process or based on direction
                     from Council. If this occurs, the network should be updated and an alternative
                     route should be proposed.
                     Part IV: Monitoring Phase
                     Once facilities have been constructed, their design and use should be
                     monitored to ensure they function in the manner intended. When necessary,
                     the facilities should also be upgraded and maintained to ensure continued safe
                     use. A set of performance measures to assist in monitoring and evaluating the
                     implementation of the plan should be developed by the Trails/ Advisory
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Committee and municipal staff. Examples of such measures are outlined
further on in this chapter.
Part V: Municipal Official Plan
The fifth part of the implementation process includes updating the
Municipality’s Official Plan to account for changes in policy and network
routes.

6.4.3.5 Creating New Trails In Established Neighbourhoods

It is often challenging to implement trails in established neighbourhoods, even
if the intent to do so has been clearly documented in strategic plans such as
this strategy. It is sometimes difficult to obtain public opinion related to
specific trail segments at the master planning stage and it is not until a project
reaches the implementation stage that residents who perceive themselves as
being directly affected become more involved and vocal. Real and perceived
concerns over increased neighbourhood traffic, access to their rear yards,
invasion of privacy, a perception that there may be an increased potential for
vandalism and theft are often cited as key concerns.
One aspect of a program to overcome this challenge is to engage residents in
an open, public consultation process at the earliest possible stages of the
project. In some cases, the most vocal opponent can become the greatest
supporter if the process provides an effective avenue to address concerns.
Some keys to successes include:
   x Notifying adjacent landowners early in the process and taking the time
     to understand and respond to their concerns. Some successful
     techniques include:
            o   Their participation in the design process through events such
                as local design workshops to determine trail layout, design
                materials and privacy features, as well as site meetings to
                examine and refine proposed layouts;
            o   Emphasizing the benefits of trails for their neighbourhood and
                community, including themselves and their children; and
            o   Emphasizing successful examples and effective solutions where
                similar problems were overcome.




152
                      6.4.3.6 Trails In New Development Areas

                     Growth in North Grenville includes both the development of new land areas
                     around the periphery of the urban areas as well as the redevelopment of
                     under utilized lands within the existing urban area. In both cases, the planning
                     of the trail system is seen as a critical component of the land development
                     process. Community trails are an integral part of the urban fabric and are a key
                     recreation and transportation asset. Developers should be expected to work
                     with municipal staff, beginning early in the planning stages to create as traffic
                     free a trail network as possible within their development area that reflects the
                     intent of the Integrated Community Trails Strategy. Many developers recognize
                     the value of integrating trails into their projects and often use trails as a selling
                     feature for their neighbourhoods. Providing the development community with
                     information about the network, desired connections and design expectations
                     will help to improve communication among all parties involved. It is expected
                     that proposals for new development (both greenfield and infill) will contain a
                     network of trails that reflect the density, variety, hierarchy and character that
                     is consistent with the Integrated Community Trails Strategy. Proposed
                     networks should provide:
                        x Trails that overcome physical barriers, make appropriate connections to
                          important destinations and enhance connectivity with the existing or
                          planned system of trails surrounding the development area; and
                        x Trails that are both sensitive to, and take advantage of, inherent
                          qualities of the natural and cultural landscape features within the
                          development area.
                     A careful examination of a variety of factors including topography and
                     drainage, slopes, soil conditions, plant and animal communities, microclimate
                     and human comfort, historic/cultural resources, public education
                     opportunities, significant views and vistas should be part of the process to
                     integrate trails in new developments.
                     Ideally, in new development areas trails should be constructed prior to or
                     concurrently with the construction of other infrastructure and homes. When
                     trail construction / implementation is deferred until homes are built there can
                     be conflict when residents adjacent to a planned trail corridor claim that they
                     were not aware of plans for trail construction even if this intention has been
                     clearly indicated in municipal planning documents. Developers should be
                     encouraged to be very proactive about notifying prospective buyers where
                     trails are to be located at the time they are selling lots. Providing information
                     at sales offices, including information in sales packages and erecting signs in
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locations where trails are to be constructed may help to alleviate difficulties at
a later date.


Recommendation 6.3:              That the municipality adopt the Five Step
                                 Network      Implementation      Process   to
                                 incorporate trails into new development areas
                                 as well as established neighbourhoods and
                                 communities.




6.4.4   Trails and Development Charges By Law (55 09)
By law 55 09 pertains to Development Charges in the Municipality of North
Grenville. The Development Charges By law enables the municipality to collect
a fee from a development proponent, based on a set amount per new
development unit. These fees are used by North Grenville to offset the cost of
providing public infrastructure to meet the needs of the community as it
grows. By law 55 09 is not “area specific”, meaning that a portion of
Development Charges collected for projects in a new neighbourhood can be
used elsewhere in the Municipality under certain circumstances.
Development Charge funds can be applied to projects in other parts of the
municipality provided that it can be clearly demonstrated that the project(s)
are for new public infrastructure that is growth related.
In many instances the owner (Municipality) requires or negotiates with the
developer to provide some of the infrastructure in their subdivision that would
otherwise be implemented in the future by the Municipality using
Development Charge funds. In these instances it is not uncommon for the
developer to seek a Development Charge credit related to the infrastructure
provided.
Section 1 (6) of the by law 55 09 refers to Schedule ‘B” where the categories of
services for which Development Charges are imposed can be found. Park
Development, amenities and trails are listed in Schedule “B”.


6.4.5 Land Acquisition / Securement Strategies
Although the majority of the recommended trail network lies on lands that are
currently in public ownership there are some areas of the municipality where a



154
                     trail connection is desired, yet there is no public land available at the present
                     time. Some of these connections are located along natural heritage corridors
                     (i.e. water courses) in land that is presently rural. At some time in the future it
                     is anticipated that some of these tracts may become part of the urban fabric
                     and at that time these corridors would be set aside along with a suitable buffer
                     because of their natural heritage. These corridors could accommodate trails at
                     that time.
                     There are a number of other locations throughout the municipality where the
                     land has already been urbanized, yet a future trail connection is desired and no
                     public land exists. To realize the full build out of the network and complete the
                     connections across these lands may require permission for access or a strategy
                     to secure ownership. A range of strategies are available to accomplish this,
                     from “handshake” access agreements to purchase of these lands by the
                     municipality. Regarding the purchase option, as reported in Chapter 3, slightly
                     over 83% of respondents to the online survey conducted as part of the study
                     felt that it was a good idea for North Grenville to purchase lands needed to
                     make key connections in the trail network.
                     Table 6 2 is a summary of some of the land securement techniques available to
                     the Municipality of North Grenville for making key connections in the trail
                     network over lands that are not currently in public ownership. The Municipality
                     should review these potential strategies and use them as a starting point for
                     developing an access/acquisition policy for key trail links.
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                                                           Table 6 2 Land Securement Tools
Land Securement Tools
Techniques              Description              Advantages/                   Legislative       Who/How                Type of Lands
                                                 Disadvantages                 Basis             Administration
Purchase                Purchase of land at      Municipal or other group      Municipal Act     Municipal              Any green
                        fair market value.       directly acquires land.       (right of         government Land        space,
Includes “First Right                            Permanent protection and      municipality to   Trusts                 particularly
of Refusal”                                      public access. Options        acquire and       Non Profit Groups      those requiring
                                                 exist to recover costs        dispose of own    (e.g. Nature           environmental
Local Area Levies                                through levies or charges     land) and right   Conservancy)           protection.
and Local                                        on benefitting owners.        of municipality   Community Co
Improvement                                                                    to levy local     Operative
Charges                                                                        improvement       Partnerships
                                                                               charge on
                                                                               benefitting
                                                                               land.
Land Exchange           Lands or interest in     Same cost as purchase;        Municipal Act     Municipal most         Any land or
                        land can be traded       permanent protection;                           common – public        land use green
(Equivalent to          to achieve mutual        public access possible.                         ownership.             space or other
Outright Purchase)      interests, and net                                                                              type of use
                        differences in values    Must be equitable for both                                             including
                        can then be settled.     parties                                                                housing.
Donation/Bequest,       Land or interests in     Low cost/permanent            Municipal Act     All of the above       Any green
                        land donated during      protection and public                                                  space or other
Including a Life        an individual’s          access. Tax benefits for      Income Tax Act    Both public and        type of lands
Estate                  lifetime or by private   donor.                                          private ownership      including
                        corporation or as a                                                                             housing.
                        bequest as part of an    Lands must meet Federal
                        estate. The donor        Tax rules for donation in
                        may opt to retain        order to qualify for tax
                        use of land until        exemptions.
                        death.
Parkland                Lands dedicated to       Provides parkland in          Planning Act      Municipal ownership    Any green
Dedication              municipality for         growing communities: Can                                               space, but
                        parkland purposes        be converted to cash for                                               usually active
                        as a result of           more flexibility.                                                      parkland.
                        subdivision
                        development.             Planning Act limits amount
                                                 of land that can be
                        Usually relates to       required at no charge.
                        recreation land but
                        may be used to
                        acquire natural
                        areas.
Traditional Land        Use of land use          Intent for the land is        Planning Act      Municipal, Province,   Any green
Use and Other           planning (Official       provided in the Official                        Conservation           space if
Regulatory Controls     Plan/Zoning/Subdivis     Plan. Permanent               Conservation      Authorities.           designation or
                        ion Watershed and        protection can be             Authorities Act                          zoning is not
                        Sub watershed            achieved.                                       Usually private        successfully
                        Plans) and other                                       Fisheries Act     ownership or public    challenged.
                        regulatory controls.     May not be popular and                          ownership other
                                                 does not provide for public   Aggregate         than the City.
                        Land Ownership           access. May trigger           Resources Act
                        does not change.         requests for financial
                                                 compensation or



                        156
                                                           purchase.
                Sale with          Land can be sold        Generates revenue while        Municipal Act   Municipal/Provincial     Green spaces
             Restrictions          with restrictions in    maintaining green space;                       Government               requiring
             (including            place to control        permanent protection;          Conservation                             environmental
             acquisition and       future uses.            public access can be           Land Act                                 protection
             resale)                                       negotiated.                                                             where public
                                                                                                                                   access may not
                                                           Restricted land more                                                    be as critical.
                                                           difficult to sell, limited
                                                           market and reduced value.
             Land Trust            Non profit              High profile grass roots                       Generally non profit,    Usually land
                                   organizations           organization. Provides                         incorporated             needing
                                   dedicated to            permanent protection and                       community                environmental
                                   conserving open         public education.                              organization or a        protection or
                                   space, natural areas,                                                  chapter with an          recreation
                                   etc.                    Limits public access. Needs                    existing organization.   trails.
                                                           high profile and
                                                           independence to get
                                                           funds.
             Corporate             Similar to Land Trust   An alternative to              Corporations    Private Landowners       Any green
             Landowner             Conservation land       government ownership           Act             would not involve        spaces
             Agreement/            can be owned by a       and management; no cost;                       public ownership
             Condominium           shareholder’s           flexible; management           Condominium
             Agreement             corporation or          costs borne by those           Act
                                   condominium             directly benefiting.
                                   devoted to the          Protection not guaranteed.
                                   protection and
                                   management of the       Little used; no guarantee
                                   lands.                  of public access, needs a
                                                           willing corporate entity.
             Conservation          An agreement that       Low cost; may be more          Ontario         Only Government          Usually land
             Easement              restricts uses for      acceptable to landowner;       Heritage Act    agencies and             needing
                                   conservation            can provide permanent                          registered charities     environmental
                                   purposes, and when      protections                    Ministry of     including land trusts.   protection as
                                   registered on title                                    Government                               well as heritage
                                   they bind both          Cost of easements may be       Services Act    Private ownership        buildings.
                                   current and future      as great as purchase;
                                   land owners             public access may be           Ontario
                                                           limited; requires ongoing      Conservation
                                                           monitoring; not                Land Act
                                                           extensively used in
                                                           Ontario.
             Restrictive           A condition on title    Low cost; can provide          Common law      Any government or        Usually land
             Covenant              that restricts the      permanent protection.                          conservation             needing
                                   landowner’s use of                                                     authority.               environmental
                                   land or assigns         Can only be used under                                                  protection.
                                   certain rights or       certain conditions; unlikely                   Private ownership
                                   access to an            to be able to specify long
                                   adjacent landowner.     term management
                                   Applicable where a      obligation. Public access
                                   government wishes       not likely
                                   to control land use
                                   but not own the
                                   land.
             Lease/License         A lease gives           Public access can be                           Legal lease or license   Any land
                                   exclusive rights to     negotiated                                     agreement between
                                   use land for a                                                         parties.
                                   specified term and      Agreement must be
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                      cost.                   renewed periodically; may                     Private or public
                                              not protect land in                           ownership
                      Licenses give           perpetuity.
                      permission to use a
                      property for a
                      purpose but not
                      exclusive rights and
                      does not bind future
                      owner.
Incentives/Assistan   Tax or management       Lower cost and non          Woodlands         Ministry of Natural     Usually land
ce                    incentives to           confrontational; willing    Improvement       Resources               needing
                      encourage               landowner agreement.        Act                                       environmental
i.e. Tax Rebates/     retention/                                                            Conservation            protection
Credits/              restoration of          Difficult to monitor        Games and         Authorities
Management            natural areas.          compliance; does not        Fish Act
Agreements/           Usually linked to       provide public access or                      Private ownership
Funding Assistance    land use restrictions   permanent protection.       Conservation
                      such as provincial      Lost tax revenue.           Authorities Act
                      policy and zoning.
                                                                          Conservation
                                                                          Land Act
Stewardship           Private land owner      Voluntary. Least costly;                      Private although all    Usually land
Support/ Education    care and protection     non threatening; builds                       levels of government    needing
                      of land. Can be         rapport.                                      publicize and provide   environmental
                      linked to incentives.                                                 support.                protection.
                                              Not permanent. No public
                                              access or protection




                      158
                     Recommendation 6.3:                That North Grenville develops a land
                                                        securement strategy for trail development for
                                                        routes that are identified on lands under
                                                        private ownership. This may include property
                                                        acquisition if the land is donated by the owner
                                                        or is for public sale. The acquisition could also
                                                        take the form of an easement agreement with
                                                        the property owner for the purposes of a trail
                                                        connection.




                     6.4.6    Public Outreach and Trail Promotion

                     Interpretive programs and signs, brochures, either self guided or as part of a
                     wider natural and cultural heritage education program (such as the walking
                     tour pamphlets), offer endless opportunities to raise awareness about the
                     privilege of using trails. More importantly, the need to educate users about
                     their obligations as responsible trail users is an integral part of managing the
                     network. Posting signs is a useful way to get messages out to trail users and
                     can be a good tool for building positive relations where neighbours have raised
                     concerns about trail use. Public Service campaigns, information signs and
                     interpretive signs are also useful ways to send messages to trail users and
                     neighbours that the municipality is aware of particular concerns, that situations
                     are being monitored and actions are being taken.
                     Trail heads are excellent locations to offer information about the trail system
                     as well as trail etiquette. As part of the Signage Strategy discussed in Section
                     5.10.1, signs will be provided at trail heads to display information for all trail
                     users.

                     The Communications and Marketing Plan, which is outlined in Section 4.1.8,
                     provides the basis for the promoting the trail network in North Grenville. The
                     plan includes the building upon existing information and message sites as well
                     as the development of maps, marketing materials and branding. The
                     Municipality should look to develop the Communications and Marketing Plan in
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the short term in order to “get the word out” on the trail system and amenities
available in North Grenville.




Recommendation 6 5:              The municipality develop/update its trail map
                                 by 2012 to include educational information
                                 about trail etiquette and safety as well as
                                 promote the benefits of trail use as an active
                                 and healthy lifestyle choice.

Recommendation 6 6               The Municipality should look to develop the
                                 Communications and Marketing Plan in the
                                 short term in order to “get the word out” on
                                 the trail system and amenities available in
                                 North Grenville


Trail Ambassadors
Many municipalities have successfully implemented trail ambassador
programs. These often involve teaming a staff leader with summer students
who attend events and functions organized by private businesses and agencies,
camps and related recreation programs, where they promote the use of the
trails and in some cases teach certain skills such as cycling. In addition,
ambassadors ride the routes and trails, hand out trail brochures, provide
assistance to users, and monitor the condition of facilities.
Trail patrols travel the entire trail system on a regular basis and can be trained
to take note of, and report observations related to trail surface conditions,
vandalism, user conflicts, environmental degradation and overgrown
vegetation to Parks Operations staff. In addition, the ambassadors are available
to the public and can gather important data on user satisfaction, and can
educate trail users about proper trail etiquette.
A trail ambassador program is more typical of a mature, urban trail system. As
the trail system in North Grenville continues to grow and mature, the
municipality should explore the merits of a trail ambassador program. In the
interim, training park maintenance staff (including seasonal staff) to carefully
observe and take note of trail conditions as part of their day to day
maintenance role is an effective way to assist Parks Operations in keeping track
of trail conditions. Members of the proposed Trails Advisory Committee can




160
                     serve initially as informal trail ambassadors and should be included in future
                     formal initiatives related to a trail ambassador program.




                     Recommendation 6 7:                That the Municipality of North Grenville
                                                        develop a volunteer trail ambassador or trail
                                                        patrol program as a stewardship and public
                                                        engagement initiative.


                     Partnering with Others
                     Opportunities exist for the municipality to develop partnerships with
                     businesses and other agencies that provide services to a large sector of the
                     population. In many municipalities there is a strong interest in partnering with
                     other agencies in promoting trails and trail use as a healthy lifestyle choice.
                     Partnerships with agencies can include jointly produced promotional or
                     educational literature in magazines, materials distributed through offices,
                     materials on or linked to corporate/agency websites. The local Health Unit
                     delivers important messages on healthy living choices and active living and is
                     one such organization where there is a great opportunity for the municipality
                     to continue with the strong and mutually beneficial partnership for the
                     purposes of promoting and educating the public about trails in North Grenville.
                     Partnerships with agencies can also include co participation in annual events
                     related to trail use. Events such as Earth Day are natural matches. Allowing
                     time for key staff to contribute to the organization of these events that use the
                     trails is a simple, cost effective way to spread the word about using the trail
                     system. The Manulife Ride for Heart in Waterloo and the Tour de Grand in
                     Cambridge for example, attract thousands of cyclists to one day fundraisers
                     that use trails extensively, providing visibility through extensive media
                     coverage at essentially no cost to the owners of the trail.
                     It is mutually beneficial to recognize the efforts of private business when they
                     partner with the municipality on initiatives related to the development and use
                     of the trail system. Recognition through the media for efforts that encourage
                     more trail use is a very positive way of showing partners that their contribution
                     is appreciated. Furthermore, media recognition is a simple and cost effective
                     way to raise awareness and encourage use. Where contributions are made that
                     improve conditions of the trail, such as the provision of trail amenities, creation
                     of links across private properties, the Municipality should recognize the effort
                     which has been displayed for these contributions. This can be done with donor
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signs and plaques that are tastefully designed and carefully located. Many trails
across the country have been built this way.
In addition to recognizing those individuals and businesses that make a
contribution to the development of actual trail routes, some municipalities
have developed incentive programs to recognize businesses that, through their
actions indirectly encourage more user participation on trails. For example, the
City of Toronto hosts an annual “Bicycle Friendly Business Awards” program,
which recognizes businesses that have made considerable effort to improve
their facilities for cyclists through things that may be as simple as providing
high quality and conveniently located bicycle parking. Winners are presented
with a plaque and are recognized in the local media for their participation.


Recommendation 6 8              The municipality explores opportunities to
                                develop partnerships with the United Counties
                                of Leeds and Grenville; local partners and
                                other public and community agencies to
                                promote the health and recreational benefits
                                of trail use.

Recommendation 6 9              That the municipality establishes a formal
                                recognition program for individuals, businesses
                                and organizations who contribute to the
                                development of trails.




6.5 Proposed Trail Policies for Inclusion In The Official Plan
The Municipality of North Grenville has recently updated its Official Plan and
was approved by the Ministry of Municipal Affairs and Housing on February 19,
2010 (by order of the OMB). A number of trail related policies were
incorporated into the Official Plan as previously discussed in Chapter 2, section
2.5.4 which lists the policies that relate to trail implementation and
development in North Grenville. The following recommended policies should
be considered when the Official Plan is next updated.
Parks/Open Space
The following should be added to the end of the first sentence in Section 10.7
Parks/Open Space:



162
                     “The Parks and Open Space designation of land shall mean that the
                     predominant use of land in the areas so designated shall be for conservation,
                     parkland and recreation, and similar public uses including off road trails.

                     The following can be inserted under the policies of Section 10.7.3:
                     Where possible, open space dedications shall be integrated into the open
                     space system, especially the pedestrian/bicycle paths system.


                     Land Acquisition
                     The following should be added to Section 14.9 Land Acquisition to ensure that
                     the community trail network will not have any missing links:
                     14.9.1 Council may, where possible, acquire easements over private property
                     to enable the construction and maintenance of off road trails to provide access
                     to other public lands or public road.
                     14.9.2 Where consistent with the Trails Master Plan and deemed appropriate,
                     the Municipality should acquire private land for the purpose of eliminating
                     missing links in the trail network if no public land exists.
                     In addition to the modifications proposed above, the following are a number of
                     new policies which should be further explored and integrated into Section 10.7
                     Parks/Open Spaces when North Grenville next updates its Official Plan:
                     1. The Municipality of North Grenville shall require the development of passive
                     and linear open spaces and trails within new developments and
                     redevelopments within the Municipality consistent with the Municipality’s
                     Trails Master Plan.
                     2. The Municipality shall work in collaboration with local stakeholders and
                     members of the public to implement and maintain the network and facilities as
                     proposed in the Municipality of North Grenville Trails Master Plan.
                     3. The Municipality shall pursue grant and partnership opportunities to fund
                     the implementation and future maintenance of trails in North Grenville.


                     Other Policies Related to Trails
                     As part of the overall inclusion of trails within the development process, the
                     following additional policies should also be incorporated into the Official Plan
                     when it is next updated. They should be placed in the appropriate location in
                     the updated Official Plan.
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The Municipality of North Grenville shall, routinely consider and wherever
possible accommodate the needs of trail users in the design and construction
of all infrastructure undertakings such as roadways, linear utilities such as
hydro and pipeline corridors, bridges and underpasses, and crossings of
physical barriers such as waterways, railways, existing and future highways.
All development applications, including, but not limited to, plans of subdivision,
severances, plans of condominium, Official Plan Amendments, zoning by law
amendments, site plans shall be reviewed by staff to ensure that they are
consistent with the Integrated Community Trails Strategy.
The planning, design and development of trails in North Grenville shall be
consistent with the Integrated Community Trails Strategy, once approved by
Council.
These final policy suggestions relate to the creation of trails as part of the land
development process:
      x   Prior to Draft Plan of Subdivision/Condominium approval the
          Developer shall be required to prepare and submit a trail concept plan
          and typical details for any trails within the boundaries of the plan of
          subdivision, to the satisfaction of the Municipality. The trail concept
          plan shall be consistent with the approved North Grenville Integrated
          Community Trails Strategy.
      x   Prior to Final Plan of Subdivision/Condominium approval and the
          registration of the applicable stage of the subdivision, the Developer
          shall be required to prepare and submit detailed design drawings,
          specifications and a detailed cost estimate for trail construction, to the
          satisfaction of the municipality.
The Development Agreement shall outline the requirements of the Developer
relating to trail construction, including the following:
      x The Developer shall agree to construct trails within the boundaries of
        the applicable stage of the subdivision/condominium to a base
        condition, to the satisfaction of the municipality, prior to building
        permits being issued;
      x The Developer shall agree to complete the finishing of trails within the
        boundaries of the applicable stage of the subdivision/condominium in
        accordance with the approved plans, to the satisfaction of the
        municipality, prior to assumption;




164
                          x Notice to purchasers of the existence of the municipal trail, including
                            identification of the trail on plans displayed in a sales office and a
                            warning clause in all agreements of purchase and sale and/or lease
                            agreements and registered on title, to the satisfaction of the
                            municipality.
                     In addition, the following definition is suggested and should be defined and
                     included in Section 15.1 Definitions when the Official Plan is next updated. The
                     following definition is proposed:
                     Trails Infrastructure that enables the use of human powered modes of
                             transportation and permitted motorized uses that link communities,
                             businesses, and recreation areas.

                     Recommendation 6.10                The      municipality    incorporate  the
                                                        recommended policies above into North
                                                        Grenville’s Official Plan when it is next
                                                        updated.
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6.6 Funding Strategy
North Grenville’s Integrated Community Trail Strategy can only be successful if
funding and staff resources are committed by Council on an annual basis. The
annual implementation budget for implementing the Integrated Community
Trail Strategy should be identified in an annual report prepared by Municipality
staff and based on implementation objectives and opportunities for the coming
year. This report could also comment on projects and trail related initiatives
completed from the following year.
The Integrated Community Trails Strategy is an integrated body of
components, and requires a strategic approach for implementation and a
funding commitment. Focusing efforts on individual elements of the Strategy in
isolation of the others will not result in the level of success that it has been
designed to achieve. For example, funding a paved/stonedust trail in the short
term but not the development and delivery of programming or promotional
campaigns, is not an efficient or recommended strategy.
The public and stakeholder input received during the preparation of the
strategy indicate that both residents and visitors to North Grenville support
improving trail facilities and programs to promote trail usage in the
Municipality.
6.6.1 What is the Investment?
The Integrated Community Trails Strategy is both an infrastructure and
operations plan. Therefore, it requires infrastructure, program development
and operations (maintenance) funding to ensure successful implementation
and monitoring. These types of improvements should be included in the
Municipality’s capital budget and forecasts.
6.6.2 Capital
Unit prices are summarized in Appendix A Cost Schedule for the subject facility
types specific to North Grenville Trails Strategy. Unit prices will assist the
municipality, public, and community organizations in planning for, and
budgeting specific facility improvements for trails. For example, price per
metre is provided for converting an existing It is assumed that in boulevard
right of way components of the network will typically be included as part of
the same tender for a road resurfacing, reconstruction or widening project.
Therefore, through economies of scale, the construction cost charged to the
Municipality by a contractor may be lower. The distances for multi use trails in


166
                     Municipality road rights of way have been assigned to the Municipality
                     because multi use trails, like sidewalks, are the responsibility of local
                     municipalities.


                     Recommendation 6.11                That the Municipality review and update its
                                                        annual maintenance budget for trails based on
                                                        the recommended design guidelines in the
                                                        Integrated Community Trails Strategy, and
                                                        increases this budget as additional kilometres
                                                        of trails are added to the network.




                     6.6.3 Where Will the Money Come From?
                     The annual implementation budget for the Strategy should be identified in an
                     annual report and be based on implementation objectives and opportunities
                     for the coming year. It is expected that the majority of Community Trails
                     Strategy capital costs related to proposed in boulevard right of way facilities
                     will be identified and included as component costs within a planned right of
                     way widening, reconstruction, resurfacing, new development, or other North
                     Grenville and United Counties of Leeds and Grenville projects.
                     To assist in reducing taxpayer costs, North Grenville should pursue outside
                     funding opportunities. Over the last few years funding sources made available
                     for cycling, pedestrian and trail related projects is at or near an all time high,
                     likely due to the enormous popularity of trails today. It is expected that this
                     trend will continue. Outside funding opportunities may include:
                          x Federal / Provincial Gas Tax;
                          x Federation of Canadian Municipalities Green Municipal Fund
                          x Ontario Ministry of Health Promotion grant programs;
                          x Ontario Ministry of Environment Community Go Green Fund (CGGF);
                          x   Ontario Ministry of Transportation Demand Management Municipal
                              Grant program;
                          x The Communities in Action Fund available through the Ontario Ministry
                            of Health Promotion for programming and promotional initiatives
                            related to health/active living/active transportation;
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      x   The Canada Ontario Infrastructure Program;
      x    Ontario Trillium Foundation that was recently expanded in response to
          the money collected throughout the Province by casinos;
      x Human Resources Development Canada program that enables
        personnel positions to be made available to various groups and
        organizations. For example, the Ontario Trails Council has been able to
        hire two people under this program;
      x Corporate Environmental Funds such as Shell and Mountain Equipment
        Co op that tend to fund small, labour intensive projects where
        materials or logistical support is required;
      x Corporate donations which may consist of money or services in kind,
        and have been contributed by a number of large and small
        corporations over the years;
      x Potential future funding that might emerge from the Province in rolling
        out the Ontario Trails Strategy;
x         Service Clubs such as the Lions, Rotary and Optimists have assisted
          with a number of high visibility projects at the community level; and
x         Private citizen donations/bequeaths.
If the municipality has monies set aside for the development of trails, it should
use this to leverage more money from the sources listed above.


Recommendation 6.12              That the Municipality evaluate the use of any
                                 resources available to them to leverage more
                                 funds to develop the trail network. Any
                                 monies received, such as rent from the
                                 Ferguson Forestry Centre, or monies
                                 earmarked for trail development, should be
                                 used, when possible, as the basis for leveraging
                                 more funding from federal, provincial or
                                 private sources.



6.6.4 Why Should the Municipality Make the Investment?
There are numerous benefits that emphasize why North Grenville’s
commitment to implement the Integrated Community Trails Strategy is so


168
                     important. Chapter 2 of this report details the various benefits of walking and
                     cycling in terms of recreation, health and fitness benefits; transportation
                     benefits; environmental benefits; and economic benefits. The municipality’s
                     investment in the Integrated Community Trails Strategy can be expected to
                     yield benefits in all of these areas.
                     In addition to these important benefits, the costs of the Strategy can be
                     justified as part of the cost of providing a more sustainable, balanced and
                     efficient recreation and transportation system in the municipality. Finally, as
                     the consultations conducted as part of this study confirmed, Municipality
                     residents want governments to invest in making North Grenville more walk
                     able and bike able. The municipality should make the investment in trail
                     implementation because residents are requesting it and it will support
                     Council’s efforts to make NG one of the most desirable communities in Ontario
                     to live and work.
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6.7 Managing the Plan

6.7.1 Insurance, Liability and Risk Management
Exposures to potential and concerns from private landowners who grant
easements or who are located adjacent to in boulevard right of way and multi
use trail facilities are liability concerns for the Trails Master Plan.
Even though multi use trails are separated from the roadway, they still may
legally fall under the definition of a “highway”, since bicycles are legally defined
as vehicles. This is an important point because it means that cycling facilities
are covered under many of the same basic immunities as other highways. It
also illustrates the importance of adhering to design and construction
guidelines, as this will provide the greatest legal protection. Aside from proper
design and operation of multi use trail facilities, the Municipality should
address potential hazards associated with these facilities including accidents,
theft, vandalism, and other problems. This becomes much more acute when
these facilities are located along waterways and residential backyard fences.
The following methods of reducing risk are proposed for North Grenville to
help minimize the liability associated with providing designated multi use trail
facilities:
Improve the physical environment, increase public awareness of the rights and
obligations of pedestrians and cyclists and improve access to educational
programs in order to demonstrate that efforts are being taken to reduce the
likelihood of accidents occurring and lawsuits being initiated by injured parties;
    x   Select, design and designate facilities in compliance with the highest
        prevailing standards;
    x   Design concept(s) should comply with all applicable laws and
        regulations;
    x   Maintenance operations should conform to acceptable standards. If a
        hazard cannot be removed, it must be isolated with barriers or notified
        by clear warning signage;
    x   Monitor on a regular basis the physical conditions and operations of
        trail facilities. All reports of hazardous conditions received from
        pedestrians, cyclists, police or others should be promptly and
        thoroughly investigated;


170
                         x    Keep written records of monitoring and maintenance activities;
                         x    Avoid describing or promoting routes or pathways as “safe” or “safer”
                              than alternatives. It is preferable for facility users to assess their
                              capabilities themselves and govern their choices accordingly, which is
                              the prevailing situation; and
                         x    Maintain proper insurance coverage as a safeguard against having to
                              draw payment for damages from the public treasury.


                     Recommendation 6 13                Establish and document, in association with
                                                        the      Municipality’s   legal      advisors,
                                                        recommended        procedures     for       risk
                                                        management as it relates to the design,
                                                        maintenance and operation of trail facilities in
                                                        North Grenville..


                     6.7.1 Monitoring Implementation and Performance Measures
                     Implementation of the Integrated Community Trail Strategy is expected to
                     begin in 2011. It is proposed that the Municipality implement the municipality
                     wide trail network infrastructure plan on an annual basis in accordance with
                     the proposed phasing and available capital funding, and as authorized by
                     Municipal Council.
                     Collecting data to evaluate the different and changing aspects of trail users’
                     behaviour will assist in evaluating the effectiveness and overall contribution of
                     various activities to achieve the stated vision and goals of this Plan. This data
                     collection should begin in 2011 and build upon the various initiatives, and may
                     include public attitude surveys. The data will establish a benchmark with which
                     to compare later data as the Integrated Community Trail Strategy is
                     implemented.
                     The data collection will be used to:
                         x    Confirm the overall direction and implementation of the Integrated
                              Community Trail Strategy;
                         x    Confirm statistics on the number and type of trail users; and
                         x    Verify the route selection process.
                     Over time, the evaluation system should identify changes in route preference
                     to assist in determining where to implement changes to “hard and soft” trail
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infrastructure. The results of this assessment may be used to determine the
success of implementing various types of trail facilities. However, caution must
be used in relying on an immediate response to a given improvement. An
extended timeframe should be established to ensure that trail use awareness
initiatives are in place to assist in changing travel patterns and habits.
Assessing the impact and costs of the implementation program might be based
on information such as:
    x   Origin/destination counts;
    x   Screen line counts on a finer scale that are appropriate to trail use
        patterns;
    x   Intersection counts to coincide with routes on which improvements are
        proposed, and also on parallel routes; and
    x   User counts on major trail systems.
This information should be collected every two years and during the peak trail
use season.
Data collected through evaluation/monitoring programs along with
information collected through on going public consultation exercises, such as
user surveys and public attitude surveys conducted every five years, will inform
and assist in preparing the list of annual priorities and measuring the
performance of the Plan.
A component of measuring the implementation of the Plan and its success in
meeting objectives is to establish performance measures and targets.




172
                     7.0      SUMMARY OF RECOMMENDATIONS AND NEXT STEPS
                     This section contains a summary of all the recommendations in the strategy as
                     well as the next steps to be undertaken.

                     7.1      Recommendation Summary
                     A summary of the recommendations contained within the Strategy is provided
                     below. It is a handy reference for the reader to find the recommendations
                     contained within the Strategy. To be completely comprehended, the
                     recommendations should be read in association with the text that outlines the
                     various components in more detail.

                     Table 7 1: Summary of Recommendations – Integrated Community Trails Strategy
                     Chapter 4 – The Trails Master Plan
                       Policy                         Description of Policy
                      Number
                                       Chapter 4: The Integrated Community Trails Strategy
                        41       That the route development and selection principles
                                 identified in this plan should be considered when future
                                 network changes are explored, new opportunities
                                 identified and when individuals routes are entering into
                                 the detailed planning and design stage of implementation.
                                 All new development and public works proposals be
                                 required to consult/review/consider the trails strategy.
                        42       Recognize that the North Grenville Integrated Community
                                 Trails network will change over time by adding missing
                                 links and opportunities offered by unopened road
                                 allowances, hydro rights of way, existing or abandoned
                                 rail corridors, open green space and future roadway
                                 improvements.
                        43       That the Municipality update its sidewalk inventory to
                                 include sidewalks proposed in potential new development
                                 areas, and once completed, identify missing sidewalk links
                                 so that can be prioritized for future
                                 development/implementation. The municipality should
                                 refer to the sidewalk priority list as part of the yearly
                                 capital budget process, to select projects to be undertaken
                        44       The Municipality should ensure the safe movement of
                                           pedestrians throughout North Grenville by
                                           providing safe pedestrian facilities such as:
                                           x Safety enhancements to pedestrian crossings
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 Policy                      Description of Policy
Number
                       on County Road 43;
                  x    Sidewalks of sufficient width; and
                  x    Protective barriers and buffers between
                       streets and sidewalks.

  45      Consider the application of the Canadian Institute of
          Transportation Engineers (CITE) report: “Promoting
          Sustainable Transportation through Site Design: An ITE
          Proposed Recommended Practice”
  46      The Municipality should develop additional pedestrian
          crossing over the Kemptville Creek in the vicinity of Pine
          Hill Road and Riverside Park.
  47      The Trail Network Hierarchy as identified in the North
          Grenville Integrated Community Trails Strategy should be
          adopted by the Municipality to assist in the planning of
          trails throughout the community.
  48      The Municipality should acquire and develop existing
          abandoned and to be abandoned rail corridors/spurs for
          future use as critical multi use recreation facilities
          throughout North Grenville and linking to adjacent
          municipalities.
  49      The trails network and associated mapping as identified in
          the North Grenville Integrated Community Trails Strategy
          should be adopted by the Municipality as a blue print for
          the development of a comprehensive Community Trails
          network throughout the Municipality of North Grenville
 4 10     The Municipality and Council should acknowledge that by
           adopting the North Grenville Integrated Community Trails
           Strategy, that the multi function of the trail network as
           community infrastructure for non motorized and self
           propelled transportation for utilitarian as well as
           motorized and non motorized recreational purposes by
           including the Network Plan developed as part of this
           Strategy as a Schedule in the Official Plan as part of its
           next update.

 4 11     The Municipality should include a policy within the Official
          Plan as part of its next update to indicate that any changes
          to the network plan or updates to the policies of the
          Integrated Community Trails Strategy will not require an
          amendment to North Grenville’s Official Plan.
 4 12     The Municipality develop a comprehensive
          communication and marketing plan which will incorporate
          the above components to promote the use of trails both



174
                       Policy                        Description of Policy
                      Number
                                 within the Municipality and beyond.
                        4 13     The Municipality should investigate alternatives for
                                 developing trail and cycling maps in the short term and
                                 report to Council on the best methods to use.
                                                 Chapter 5: Trail Designer’s Toolbox
                                 The trail design guidelines presented in the “Trail
                                 Designer’s Toolbox” as part of the North Grenville
                        51
                                 Integrated Community Trails Strategy be adopted as the
                                 basis for trail design in the Municipality.
                                 That Municipal staff should be directed to remain current
                        52       with best industry design practices through attending trail
                                 design seminars and conferences.
                                 That area specific design solutions that are consistent with
                                 good engineering judgement should be considered, given
                                 that the strict application of the recommended trail design
                        53       guidelines in the Integrated Community Trails Strategy
                                 may not be appropriate for all situations and locations,
                                 and could also limit the ability to implement a trail in a
                                 constrained corridor.
                                 That the characteristics and preferences of trail user
                                 groups need to be accommodated in the application of
                        54       the recommended trail design guidelines for each trail and
                                 be context sensitive to the location and type of trail
                                 planned.
                                 That the Municipality adopts the minimum and preferred
                        55       trail user operating space widths identified in Table 5.1 of
                                 the Integrated Community Trails Strategy.
                                 Where practical, new multi use spine trails and trailheads
                                 be designed to be Universally Accessible and existing and
                        56
                                 new trails should be signed to indicate whether they are
                                 Universally Accessible.
                                 The Municipality of North Grenville has regard to the
                                 principles of Crime Prevention Through Environmental
                        57
                                 Design (CPTED) when designed new trails for improving
                                 existing trails.
                                 In designated wildlife corridors, a minimum 20 m corridor
                                 width should be provided where possible that includes the
                        58
                                 trail and trail clear zone as well as a suitable buffer from
                                 the wildlife passage area in the corridor.
                                 Trail links between residential or commercial lots that
                                 connect to the trail system should be designed with a
                        59       minimum 6.0 m corridor width and a minimum 3.0 m trail
                                 in the centre of the corridor. If the trail link is to include a
                                 row of trees along each side of the corridor, the corridor
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 Policy                      Description of Policy
Number
          width should be increased to 12.0 m.
          Walkway connecting links that consist of a 2.0 m concrete
 5 10     sidewalk are to be located in a minimum 6.0 m wide
          corridor.
          That the Municipality of North Grenville’s multi use spine
          trail system in parks and linear corridors be designed with
 5 11
          a trail width of 3.0 m. In constrained corridors the trail
          width should not be less than 2.4 m for a multi use trail.
          That the Municipality’s multi use trails system continues
          to be designed and constructed with a granular surface.
          However, trail segments in parks or in areas where
 5 12
          erosion is a concern may have an asphalt or concrete
          surface as a maintenance design solution or to
          accommodate a wider range of users.
          When implementing Boulevard Multi use trails, utilize the
          following design elements:
                x A setback from the curb is required to provide
                    space for snow storage, to provide an adequate
                    clear zone from site furniture and utility poles
                    and in some cases street tree plantings. Where
                    street tree plantings are included, the preferred
                    setback is 3.0 to 4.5 m from the curb. Where no
                    trees are included and vehicle speed is 60 km/hr
                    or less, the preferred setback can be reduced to
                    2.0 m;
                x The setback should be achieved throughout the
                    length of the route with the exception of
                    intersections where the trail should cross with
                    the formal pedestrian crossing;
 5 13
                x Signing in advance of, and at roadway
                    intersections, to inform cyclists to stop, dismount
                    and walk across intersections as required by the
                    Highway Traffic Act, or a suitable crossing design
                    to permit cyclists to legally ride through
                    intersections after stopping but without
                    dismounting;
                x Stop or yield signs (to be decided on a site by site
                    basis) at driveways, depending on the number of
                    driveways and the distance between each;
                x A treatment at road intersections (i.e. swing gate)
                    to separate “lanes of traffic” in each direction.
                    The treatment must be spaced adequately to
                    allow for the passage of bicycles with trailers;
                x Open sight lines at intersections with driveways



176
                       Policy                       Description of Policy
                      Number
                                           and roadways;
                                      x    A centre yellow line be considered for hard
                                           surface trails to separate directions of travel and
                                           to guide riders overtaking pedestrians and slower
                                           moving riders; and
                                      x Curb ramps at driveways and roadway
                                           intersections where trails intersect.
                                 At grade mid block trail crossings of collector and arterial
                                 roadways should be controlled by a pedestrian signal or
                        5 14     pedestrian cross over if a grade separation is not practical,
                                 or the trail crossing should be relocated to the nearest
                                 controlled intersection.
                                 That trail crossings of local minor roads at mid block
                                 locations include advance advisory pedestrian crossing
                        5 15
                                 signs on the roadway approaches and a yield or stop sign
                                 on the trail approaches.
                                 The following are recommended design criteria for
                                 underpasses, tunnels and trails through culverts:
                                      x The minimum recommended underpass or tunnel
                                           width for a multi use trail is 3.6 m. Where the
                                           structure exceeds 18 m in length, high traffic
                                           and/or urban areas the width should be
                                           increased to 4.2 m or greater;
                                      x For shorter length underpasses, a vertical
                                           clearance of 2.5 m is usually sufficient;
                                      x For longer structures a vertical clearance of 3.0 m
                                           should be considered. If service and/or
                                           emergency vehicles are to be accommodated
                                           within the underpass, an increase in vertical
                                           clearance may also need to be provided;
                        5 16
                                      x Underpasses and tunnels can be a security
                                           concern and also present maintenance
                                           challenges. To address these issues, tunnels
                                           should be well lit with special consideration made
                                           to security, maintenance and drainage.
                                           Approaches and exits should be clear and open to
                                           provide unrestricted views into and beyond the
                                           end of the structure wherever possible;
                                      x Abutments should be appropriately painted with
                                           hazard markings;
                                      x Offensive graffiti and debris should also be
                                           removed promptly and regularly; and
                                      x Ideally, the transition between the trail and
                                           underpass crossing should be level and provide
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             North Grenville Integrated Community Trail Strategy | Draft June 2011               177
 Policy                      Description of Policy
Number
                     for accessibility. In the case where an underpass
                     crosses beneath ground level travel ways, ramps
                     should ideally be provided to allow for a
                     transition down to the lower grade under the
                     passage, with grad or alignment changes being
                     taken up by the access ramps wherever possible.
          That the Municipality build upon their logo currently used
          for the “150 Kilometres of Trails” system by completing a
 5 17
          trial signage design and branding study to establish a set
          of trail sign standards for North Grenville.
          That the proposed trail signing design and branding study
          include consultation with the strategy steering committee
 5 18     members, local residents, artists, and other interested
          stakeholders, and that this consultation include a public
          workshop or design charrette.
          That the municipality undertake the proposed trail signing
 5 19
          design and branding study in 2012.
          Where seating/rest areas are planned, implement a 1.0 m
          wide level areas with a curb or other appropriate wheel
 5 20     stop for mobility assisted devices. For heavily used trails,
          it is reasonable to provide some form of seating at
          approximately 500 m intervals.
          That information signs be provided along the trail and on
          the Municipality’s Trail Network Map to identify the
 5 21
          location/direction to publicly accessible washrooms and
          waste and recycling receptacles.
          Waste and recycling receptacles should be located at mid
          block crossing points, staging areas, trail and trail nodes
 5 22
          and trail heads and in association with other site
          amenities such as benches and interpretive signs.
          Establish bicycle parking guidelines for North Grenville,
          including bicycle parking requirements for new
 5 23
          developments as part of the proposed Integrated
          Community Trails Strategy.
          Where trail routes are being proposed within
          environmental buffers surrounding natural sensitive
          heritage features, the conditions in the buffer (width,
 5 24
          slope, etc) must be sufficient to support the development
          of a trail such that the intended function of the buffer is
          not compromised.
          The Municipality of North Grenville should require a trial
          management plan for all active construction zones when a
 5 25
          trail or trail crossing is impacted. Key principles in the
          development of an appropriate plan include:



178
                       Policy                        Description of Policy
                      Number
                                      x    Separate trail users from conflicts with work site
                                           vehicles, equipment and operations;
                                       x Separate trail users from conflicts with the main
                                           flow of vehicular traffic moving through, around
                                           or alongside the work site; and
                                       x Provide trail users with a safe, accessible and
                                           convenient route that duplicates as nearly as
                                           possible the most desirable characteristics of
                                           sidewalks or pathways.
                                 When temporary trail closures are planned, inform users
                        5 26     in advance by placing trail closure notices at all trail access
                                 points.
                                               Chapter 6: Implementation Strategy
                        61       The planning, design and development of trails in North
                                 Grenville are to be consistent with the North Grenville
                                 Integrated Community Trails Strategy, once approved by
                                 Municipal Council.
                                 The Municipality should build upon the expertise of the
                                 Steering Committee established for the development of
                        62
                                 this Strategy to develop a community based Trails
                                 Advisory Committee.
                                 That the municipality adopt the Five Step Network
                                 Implementation Process to incorporate trails into new
                        63
                                 development areas as well as established neighbourhoods
                                 and communities.
                                 The Municipality develop a land securement strategy for
                                 trail development for routes that are identified on lands
                                 under private ownership. This may include property
                        64       acquisition if the land is donated by the owner or is for
                                 public sale. The acquisition could also take the form of an
                                 easement agreement with the property owner for the
                                 purposes of a trail connection.
                                 The Municipality develop a comprehensive trail map by
                                 2012 to include educational information about trail
                        65
                                 etiquette and safety as well as promote the benefits of
                                 trial use as an active and healthy lifestyle choice.
                                 The Municipality should look to develop the
                                 Communications and Marketing Plan in the short term in
                        66
                                 order to “get the word out” on the trail system and
                                 amenities available in North Grenville.
                                 That the Municipality of North Grenville develop a
                        67       volunteer trail ambassador or trail patrol program as a
                                 stewardship and public engagement initiative.
                        68       The Municipality explores opportunities to develop
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             North Grenville Integrated Community Trail Strategy | Draft June 2011                 179
 Policy                       Description of Policy
Number
           partnerships with the United Counties of Leeds and
           Grenville; local partners and other public and community
           agencies to promote the health and recreational benefits
           of trail use.
           That the municipality establishes a formal recognition
  69       program for individuals, businesses and organizations who
           contribute to the development of trails.
           The Municipality incorporate the recommended policies
  6 10     above into North Grenville’s Official Plan when it is next
           updated.
           That the municipality review and update its annual
           maintenance budget for trails based upon the
  6 11     recommended design guidelines in the Integrated
           Community Trails Strategy, and increase this budget as
           additional kilometres of trails are added to the network.
           That the Municipality evaluate the use of any resources
           available to them to leverage more funds to develop the
           trail network. Any monies received, such as rent from the
  6 12     Ferguson Forestry Centre, or monies earmarked for trail
           development, should be used, when possible, as the basis
           for leveraging more funding from federal, provincial or
           private sources
           Establish and document, in association with the
           Municipality’s legal advisors, recommended procedures
  6 13
           for risk management as it relates to design, maintenance
           and operation of trail facilities in North Grenville.
           The Municipality should adopt the Trail Maintenance Plan
           as outlined in Table 6.3 in order for tasks to be carried out
  6 14
           in the timely manner that they would typically be
           performed.




7.2      Next Steps

This strategy is a dynamic document that will require certain things to happen
in a very quick manner. This will show that the municipality is eager to
implement the recommendations in the report and initiate the development of
the trail network. Below are some of the recommendations that should be
carried out within a year of the report receiving final approval from Municipal
Council.

7.2.1 Establish a Trails Advisory Committee



180
                     The steering committee that has led the development of the trails strategy has
                     played an important role in North Grenville in advancing trails initiatives. This
                     role should continue and be expanded. In addition to areas where the steering
                     committee has been involved, promoting cycling, equestrian, snow shoeing
                     and other non motorised options should be added to the traditional roles each
                     member has played. This will also result in an expanded committee that could
                     include members of the general public and some of the larger user groups.
                     Sub committees could be created to deal with specific topics such as on road
                     cycling, promotion and education, and motorised uses.

                     The establishment of the trails advisory committee will send a clear message to
                     the public and stakeholders that the municipality is eager to implement the
                     strategy and that the needs of the many user groups and the public will be
                     taken into consideration. This committee will be key to creating a trail network
                     that the citizens of North Grenville will be proud of.


                     7.2.2    Municipal Roles in the Implementation of the Strategy

                     An efficient reporting and implementation structure is vital to ensure that the
                     decision making process associated with the implementation of the Trails
                     Strategy is managed and all relevant municipal departments are engaged. As
                     per Section 6.3.2: Who Does What, an implementation system should be
                     established in which municipal staff will have defined roles. This will ensure
                     that there is an organized system in place to implement the strategy.

                     7.2.3    Signage Strategy

                     Since the municipality already has a brand established, it is important that it
                     continue and be used in a broader manner. Therefore, a strategy that will
                     widen the use of the brand is required, particularly as North Grenville wants to
                     encourage the use of the trail network amongst its residents and develop its
                     tourism potential.

                     7.2.4    Communications and Marketing Plan

                     The municipality should develop an outline as to how to proceed with the
                     marketing of the trail network and how this should be communicated. The
                     recommendations in Section 4.1.7 should be considered, with a few ideas that
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             North Grenville Integrated Community Trail Strategy | Draft June 2011                181
should be considered a priority. One is the development of a map for cycling
and showing all the trails. The format that will be used should be decided upon
however, it should be developed such that it can be a useful on line tool that
provides detailed information to residents and visitors alike. The map should
include the North Grenville trail logo which is used on its signs. The second
thing that should be done is to update the website and utilize the social media
options the municipality is currently using to let people know what is
happening. Third, the next edition of the newsletter should be published to let
the public know that the strategy is complete.

7.2.5   Sidewalk Priority

The municipality should consider implementing the top two sidewalk priority
projects as shown in Table 6.1 within the first year after the Strategy has been
adopted by Council. This will meet the needs of the public and provide safe
connections to key areas of the municipality.

7.2.6   Abandoned Rail Corridor

The Municipality should develop the plan to acquire the rail corridor. During
the abandonment process there are a number of requirements within the
legislation that need to occur and the municipality should be prepared for
when they need to indicate their interest in acquiring the corridor. This should
include getting the corridor appraised.




182
APPENDIX A:

SUMMARY OF CONSULTATION
SUMMARY OF CONSULTATION

North Grenville is a growing municipality located south of Ottawa and is committed to providing its
residents and visitors with a broad range of amenities and services. The trails within the municipality
are a valuable amenity which promotes healthy active lifestyles, positive mental health benefits and can
have a significant economic benefit for the community. The development of the Integrated Community
Trails Strategy will further solidify the trail network as an important community amenity that benefits all
residents and visitors.

In order to develop a strategy that will reflect the desires of the community, an extensive consultation
program was undertaken. The results of the consultation program are outlined below and the input
collected was used in the development of the strategy.

Introduction to the Integrated Community Trails Strategy

The study began with a notice of study commencement (see Annex A 1) that appeared in a number of
places. This informed the residents about the study. To ensure that as many residents as possible were
informed about the study, notices appeared on line, in municipal publications, the local newspaper
(Kemptville EMC). A newspaper article (see Annex A 2) at this time was published indicating that the
study was underway and inviting the public to take part.

Looking for Input

Public involvement is necessary for the Trails Strategy to be successful. To gather information from the
community, several possible mechanisms were used to not only collect information but to engage the
community in the strategy. These included:
   x A Steering Committee which included several staff members from North Grenville as well as
         representatives from the following organizations provided input into the Strategy and also
         shared with the Study team their interest in the strategy, the organization’s mandates and the
         needs of those who they represent and have contact with:
             o Ferguson Forestry Centre
             o Limerick Forest (United Counties of Leeds and Grenville)
             o University of Guelph, Kemptville Campus
             o Community Living North Grenville
             o Kemptville District Hospital
             o Lanark, Leeds and Grenville District Public Health Unit
             o Ministry of Natural Resources
   x An on line survey which included questions related to possible corridors, challenges, types of
         activities and so on. The survey was designed to encourage residents and stakeholders to
         become further involved in the development of the strategy (see Annex A 3 for copy of survey).
   x Public Information Centre #1 which was held in conjunction with Sweetheart Brunch on
         February 13, 2011 at the North Grenville Municipal Centre. During the public information
         centre, the following were available to the public to provide comments to the study team:
             o Comment sheets (on which visitors could provide written comments);
             o Proposed Network maps on which visitors would write down their comments directly on
                  mapping of North Grenville, including providing descriptions of routes, routes that were
                  missing, routes that were used and so on. This concept provided a tremendous amount
               of information. As well, several boards of information were also displayed (see Annex
               A 4 for the information that was on display).
           o   Discussions with staff also occurred during this session which enabled the study team to
               learn more about the trail network and what the public hoped would be achieved.
           o   Children comment sheets were also provided during the Sweetheart brunch with a
               number of families filling them out. It helped to inform the study team about the issues
               that surround this age group and their families. These are also available on North
               Grenville’s Trail website. In total 21 comment sheets were received (see Annex A 5 for a
               summary of the results from the Children’s survey and a copy of the Survey form).

   x   Stakeholder engagement which included the development of comment sheets to be used while
       interviewing the identified stakeholders. These sheets included similar questions to those on the
       on line survey, with some additional ones. Other information that was sought included: the
       mandate of the organization, destinations for organization and the role of the organization in
       the strategy and overall trail development. See Annex A 6 which provides a summary of the
       comments received during consultation with stakeholders.

   x   Sustainability Fair was held at the North Grenville Municipal Centre on April 17, 2011 in
       celebration of Earth Day. This family oriented event was well attended and staff from North
       Grenville was on hand to provide information about the trails in the municipality and the
       progress of the strategy (See Annex A 7 for information presented at the Sustainability Fair).

   x   Public Information Centre #2 which was held at the Dandelion Festival in downtown Kemptville
       on May 28, 2011. During the public information centre, the public was able to see the proposed
       trail network as well as policies and summaries from the on line survey. This event was very
       well attended with the Study team directly discussing the Strategy with well over 100 residents.
       The following were available to attendees:
            o Comment Sheets, which included a map of the proposed trail network
            o Display boards which incorporated proposed policies and other recommendations as
                well as the results from the on line survey, for which there was over 480 respondents
            o A large map showing the proposed trail network (all of the information available at the
                Dandelion Festival is located in Annex A 8).
            o A newspaper article after the event was published in the EMC Kemptville and is located
                in Annex A 9)

Providing Information

   x   North Grenville already had created a webpage for promoting trails. This website contained
       information on the recreational trails in North Grenville, the 150 km of Trails that was
       developed for Kemptville’s 150th Anniversary among other information. However, with the
       initiation of the Integrated Community Trails Strategy, the website became a much more
       important conduit of information for the public. The website included links to the on line
       survey, links to the information for children, youth and families; links to the various trails and
       the groups that are designated to oversee them and information on trails related events. A link
       to the Facebook page was also available.
   x   A newsletter was created for the promotion of trails in North Grenville. The first edition was
       published in February 2011 with more to follow. The newsletter promoted the survey, the PIC,
        the Facebook page (more below) as well as encouraging residents to get out and enjoy the trails.
        A copy of the Newsletter can be found in Annex A 10.
    x   Email updates were made available through the ‘This Week in North Grenville” listserv as well as
        through subscribing to email information for trails.
    x   Email updates were also provided through the listserv for the Green and Growing newsletter.
    x   As well, information about the PIC #1 was also included in the Parks and Recreation Guide:
        Come Out and Play.
    x   Overall the community was well informed about the commencement of the study and how to
        obtain information and provide input.
    x   Facebook has been used by the Municipality previous to the start of this study. It was decided
        that this could be a great way to contact the public and provide information about the strategy
        and the events that would be taking place.

Results of the Input

A significant component to the development of the strategy came from the public and stakeholders.
The experience and knowledge obtained from local residents and stakeholders leads to a plan that can
be considered a “made in North Grenville strategy”. This is very important to the development of the
strategy. Below is a summary of the results of the on line survey. Other information received has
already been identified.

On line Survey
There was a tremendous response to the on line survey. A total of 468 individuals took part in the
survey, which is very significant given that the population of North Grenville is approximately 15,000.
The highlights of the survey are below:


 Of survey respondents:
     x 60% have ‘experienced’ North Grenville’s “150 km of Trails”
     x 25% walk/jog everyday
     x 85% think walking/jogging should be considered as a primary
         factor to the development of trails in North Grenville
     x 87% use trails for “enjoyment of natural environment”;
         followed by 81% using them for fitness/exercise
     x 96% use the roads for cycling; while only 55% use the
         sidewalks for walking/jogging (78% use the road)
     x 93% would switch to trails for walking/jogging/cycling if they
         were available
     x 77% were very comfortable using trails for walking/hiking
         while only 19% were comfortable using the busy town
         streets with paved shoulders for cycling
     x 81% said that the development of the strategy was very
         important for the improvement of the quality of life and
         health for residents
     x 83% agree/strongly agree that the municipality should
         purchase private land for trails
     x 94% agree/strongly agree that North Grenville should invest
         in trail improvements
Summary of Input – Children’s Survey for NG Integrated Community Trails Strategy

No.      Comments
1        From Kemptville to Boundary Road
2        Nothing
3        Nothing
4        Likes trails because you can go all around. Usually travels by bike, walking and
         in a car.
5        Doesn’t use them but when with a friend. Wants to use the trails mores. And
         thinks trails are good. Usually walks or skateboards
6        Wants to travel along regional road 44 from Kemptville to Beckett’s Landing;
         from Beckett’s Landing along River Road and then along Regional Road 25 to
         Regional Road 18 to Todd School Road. Then from Oxford Mills to Kemptville
         along Regional Road 18.
7        Likes trails because of the nature and you don’t have to worry about cars.
         Usually bikes, walks or rides in a car
8        Likes trails because of nature and trails can be better if there were less cars.
         Usually rides a bike, walks or rides in a car.
9        Nothing
10       Highlighted the Ferguson Forestry Centre and Burritts Rapids. Likes that even if
         you have been on the same trail over and over, there is always something new.
         Thinks that there should be more signs in case people get lost on the trail.
         Thinks that Kemptville should make more trails for people to walk on together.
         Usually rides a bike, walks or rides in a car.
11       Likes trails because can see wildlife. Thinks that the trails are already good.
         Usually rides in a car.
    12   Likes trails because of the scenery. The trails could be better with more trees
         on the grass. Usually rides in a car.
13       Highlighted the Ferguson Forestry Centre and Burritts Rapids. Likes the trails
         because likes to collect nature treasures. The trails would be better with more
         sings so they don’t get lost. Really likes walking on the trails in the fall. Usually
         rides a bike, walks or rides in a car.
    14   Wants to travel from Kemptville to Oxford Mills and then on to Bishops Mills
         and then up Bolton Road to Highway 43 to go west. Really likes the scenery on
         the trails. It is fun to take hikes on them too. Thinks they are the most beautiful
         thinks on earth. There are a lot of trails where they live. They are all so lovely
         and pretty. More garbage cans on each trail – 4 to 5 trash cans on each.
    15   Likes the areas near Muldoon Road to the east ad south of River road as well as
         Ferguson Forest Centre. Enjoys the trails because they like walking over
         bridges. Also likes the trails because can collect leaves and little treasures.
         More signs are needed along the trails and an overall map at some of the main
         trail entrances. Usually travels around by bike, walks, rollerblades and rides in a
         car.
16   Nothing
17   Travels from school to the municipal centre and from Kemptville to Oxford Mills
18   Travels from Oxford Mills to Kemptville and from school to the municipal centre
19   Likes that trails go into the forest because get to see lots of nature, wildlife.
     Likes to go 4 wheeling and it is a good place for that. Also likes to go biking and
     cross country running. The trails are long and quiet. The trails can be improved
     by putting gravel over the muddy areas and removing tree stumps and trees in
     the pathway. More pathways would be good too. Usually bikes or walks.
20   Likes the trails because of nature and plants to see. It would be better if
     flowers were planted and the trees cleared that are down on the trails. Usually
     walks.
21   Likes the trails because they go through the woods. Likes to run and jump over
     things. The trails would be better if the holes were fixed and the big roots that
     are sticking up (and dangerous) are removed and remove the big trees that are
     fallen on the trails. Doesn’t like the big puddles on the trails after the rain.
     Usually walks.
22   Likes the trees ad things to jump over. Would like the fallen trees to be cleaned
     up. Usually walks.
ANNEX A 1




                             Integrated Community Trail Strategy
                               Notice of Study Commencement

Made possible by the generous support of the Ontario Ministry of Health Promotion, the Municipality of
North Grenville is commencing a study to develop an Integrated Community Trail Strategy,. The
strategy will build upon our community’s successful 2006 initiative celebrating Kemptville’s 150th
anniversary: “150 Kilometres of Trails”
Trails that are safe, attractive and accessible for users of all ages will enhance the quality of life unique to
North Grenville by encouraging physical activity, and connecting residents and visitors alike to our
communities and its places. The strategy will include a plan to guide future development and
construction of trails, study how to build and maintain high-quality trails, and establish trail usage and
design guidelines.

We Want To Hear From You

Public input is key to the development of a meaningful strategy. Share your ideas with us on how the
Municipality can create a community-focused trail network for all ages and abilities.

There are several ways that you can help:

    x   Complete the online survey located at: www.surveymonkey.com/NorthGrenvilleTrailStrategy.
        This survey will be available on January 24, 2011, through February 22, 2011.
    x   Join us at the Sweetheart Brunch at the Municipal Centre on February 13th 2011 to learn more
        about the strategy and provide us with your comments and ideas. The study team will be in
        attendance to hear your thoughts and receive comments.
    x   Provide your comments directly to the study team. Write, call or email the project
        representatives listed below with your comments, questions and ideas. Your input will help us
        develop a progressive and comprehensive Integrated Community Trails Strategy.

For additional information and updates please visit the North Grenville Trails web page: www.ngtrails.ca.
As the study advances, regular updates and materials will be posted online.


Forbes Symon
Director of Planning and Development                        Jonathan Loschmann
Municipality of North Grenville                             Project Manager
285 County Road 44                                          MMM Group Ltd.
Box 130                                                     1111 Prince of Wales Drive
Kemptville, ON K0G 1J0                                      Ottawa, ON K2C 3T2
Phone: 613-258-9569                                         Phone: 613-274-3200
Fax: 613-258-9620                                           Fax: 613-236-2270
fsymon@northgrenville.on.ca                                 LoschmannJ@mmm.ca
www.northgrenville.on.ca                                    www.mmm.ca
                                                                                                                         ISSUE 01   NORTH GRENVILLE
                                                                                                                        FEBRUARY
                                                                                                                           2011

WHAT ARE YOU WAITING FOR?
                                                                                                                                    TRAIL NEWS
Submitted by Megan Martin,
Recreation Department Intern

  Resist the urge to hibernate in-
doors, as winter offers so many         More adventure awaits on the                                                                  A PLAN FOR THE
opportunities for family, fun          Tip-to-Tip Trail located in Bur-                                                                                                          holding public information sessions
and fitness! Pull on your winter       ritt’s Rapids. This 4 kilometre hike                                                           COMMUNITY                                  to collect input and feedback from
gear and hit the trails for a fresh,   provides beautiful scenery for                                                                                                            the public and to provide informa-
snowy adventure! If you are not        anyone looking to escape the                                                                   Building upon the 150 Kilometres
                                                                                                                                                                                 tion on the progress of the strategy.
                                                                                                                                      of Trails initiative, North Grenville is
aware of the full extent of North      everyday hustle and bustle of ur-                                                                                                         The first session will be held in the
                                                                                                                                      developing an Integrated Commu-
Grenville’s 150km of trails, let me    ban life. Take a relaxing stroll on                                                                                                       lobby of the North Grenville Munici-
                                                                                                                                      nity Trails Strategy which will be the
tell you about some of the high-       this trail and experience nature’s                                                                                                        pal Centre on February 13, and the
                                                                                                                                      blue-print for trails development,
lights.                                beauty at its best, from one end                                                                                                          community is invited to stop by any-
                                                                                                                                      management and promotion over
                                       of the island to the other!                                                                                                               time between 8am and 1pm to learn
                                                                                                                                      the next 20 years. The goal is to
                                                                                                                                                                                 more about the study and provide
 Limerick Forest offers amazing                                                                                                       create a high quality, multi-use com-
                                                                                                                                                                                 input into the project.
trails for all kinds of trail adven-    For families looking to have a                                                                munity trail system for the broadest
tures, from hiking and snowshoe-       sweet time, there is University of                                                             range of trail users that will encour-
                                                                                                                                                                                 The project consulting team led
ing to horseback riding. It is also    Guelph Kemptville Campus Agro                                                                  age physical activity year round,
                                                                                                       Forbes Symon                                                              by Jonathan Loschmann of MMM
the perfect motor sport hot spot!      Forestry Trail where interpretive                                                              promote tourism and economic de-
                                                                              Director of Planning and Development                                                               Group and the steering committee
 Our Ferguson Forest Centre            tours and in-season demonstra-                                                                 velopment, and provide opportuni-
                                                                                      Municipality of North Grenville                                                            will be working towards developing
                                                                                                 285 County Road 44                   ties to explore nature on both land
Management Trail adjoins over          tions of maple syrup production                                                                                                           a strategy that includes a full inven-
                                                                                                             Box 130                  and water.
300 hectares of forested Crown         are offered, as well as 300 acres of                                                                                                      tory of the existing trails and future
                                                                                              Kemptville, ON K0G 1J0                                                             trail expansion; trail development,
land. That’s more than 800 acres       maple trees, pine trees and wet-                                                               The Ministry of Health Promotion,
                                                                                                Phone: 613.258.9569                                                              signage and maintenance guide-
perfect for walking, skiing, and       lands to discover.                                          Fax: 613.258.9620                  through the Healthy Communi-
snowshoeing along the many                                                                                                                                                       lines; trail policies; and a marketing
                                                                                  Email: fsymon@northgrenville.on.ca                  ties Fund has provided funding to
                                                                                                     www.ngtrails.ca                                                             campaign for the promotion of trails
trails and forest roads! The Man-       Gather your loved ones for a                                                                  undertake this project. With their
                                                                                                                                                                                 for recreation and physical activity.
agement Trail offers a 2.3 kilo-       fun filled day of exploration and                                                              generous support, we will be able to
metre self-guided walking trail        learning through North Grenville                                                               develop a strategy that will provide
                                                                                               Jonathan Loschmann                                                                TRAIL NEWS...
designed to further your under-        Trails. However you choose to ex-                                                              a plan to develop the trail infrastruc-
                                                                                                    Project Manager
standing of forestry in Eastern        plore, bundle up and hit the trails                              MMM Group                     ture required for increased physical
                                                                                                                                                                                 This is the first of a series of newsletters designed
Ontario. It takes you through          for some frosted forest scenery,                  1111 Prince of Wales Drive                   activity. We will also be able to de-
                                                                                                                                                                                 to inform you about the North Grenville Trails and
                                                                                                Ottawa, ON K2C 3T2                    velop a long-term plan to maintain
a variety of both natural and          winter giggles and family memo-                                                                                                           the current study
                                                                                               Phone: 613-274-3200                    the trails, continue to build the net-     to develop an Inte-
planted forest types common to         ries that will last a lifetime.
                                                                                                  Fax: 613-236-2270                   work as our community evolves and          grated Community
this part of the province. Along                                                       Email: LoschmannJ@mmm.ca                       provide information and education          Trail Strategy for
the way you will find a number                                                                        www.mmm.ca                      on the benefits of having a well de-       the community,
of information stops designed to                                                                                                      signed trail system in our communi-        building upon the
introduce you to forest manage-                                                                                                       ty. The benefits will be felt for years    150 kilometres
ment techniques. This gives you                                                                                                       to come.                                   of trails initiative
and your family a chance to ven-                                                                                                                                                 which was imple-
ture out, explore and learn some-                                                                                                     Community involvement will be the          mented in celebra-
thing new along the way!                                                                                                              key to developing this safe, accessi-      tion of Kemptville’s
                                       www.ngtrails.ca                                                                                ble and enjoyable system. We will be       150th Anniversary. www.ngtrails.ca
www.ngtrails.ca                                                                                                                                                                                   www.ngtrails.ca




                                      HOW CAN YOU GET INVOLVED?                                                  FAMILY ADVENTURE
YOU COULD WIN!
                                       As members of the community and users of the trails, we are looking for   IN ANY SEASON                                                                   families there who have gotten
 Complete our online survey by        your comments and input into the Integrated Community Trails Strat-
  March 15, 2011 and you will                                                                                    Submitted by Angela Rodger Casey,
                                                                                                                                                                                                 bonfires and outdoor grills going
                                      egy. There are a number of ways to take part in this study.                                                                                                for an afternoon of family fun.
  automatically be entered for                                                                                   Resident & Mom
                                       1. Complete the on-line survey located at www.ngtrails.ca
  a chance to win one of these
         great prizes:
                                       2. Fill in form below and submit it to the Municipality                                                                                                    Even though we live in a rural
                                                                                                                  We love heading to the Fergu-
                                       3. Come to a public information session, the first one will be held on                                                                                    community - we don’t have our
                                                                                                                 son Forest Centre to walk with
                Ipod Touch (8GB)      Sunday February 13, 2011 in the lobby of the Municipal Centre (8-1pm)                                                                                      own land for trails so we take
                 + Nike Sport Kit                                                                                our dogs. We’ve seen deer a few
                                       4. Join our online community-“Like” North Grenville Trails on Facebook                                                                                    full advantage of the local trails.
                                                                                                                 times, turtles even and so many
                                       5. Contact one of the project managers to share your input                                                                                                Because of the year-round avail-
                                                                                                                 different colours of mushrooms
                                      We look forward to your participation in this exciting project!                                                                                            ability we have instilled a love of
    Kodak C143                                                                                                   and fungi growing. We have a fa-
   Digital Camera                                                                                                vourite tree the girls love to climb                                            the outdoors in any season in our
       (12MP)                                                                                                                                                                                    children and love spending time
                                         TELL US ABOUT YOUR NORTH GRENVILLE TRAILS EXPERIENCE                    and always stop to see if we can
                    MIO Drive                                                                                    conquer a fallen tree - even the                                                together as a family whenever we
                   Pedometer &           What do you use the trails for, and how has your experience been?       dogs climb the ones that have                                                   can.
                    Heart Rate           ____________________________________________________________
                     Monitor                                                                                     fallen over. We’ve come out to
                                         ____________________________________________________________            help clean-up the trails. I have
  Visit www.ngtrails.ca for
                                         ____________________________________________________________
                                                                                                                 even taken a boot camp class that
                                                                                                                                                                                                          HEY KIDS!
                                         ____________________________________________________________                                                                                                   Visit the KID ZONE on
 more info and to respond to                                                                                     has had me lunging, jogging and                                                       our website and print a
         the survey.                     Do you have any suggestions for improving North Grenville Trails?       sweating through the trees - all                                                   WINTER SCAVENGER HUNT
                                        ____________________________________________________________             the while enjoying the peaceful-       Photo Submitted by Angela Rodger Casey      activity sheet for a fun family
                                        ____________________________________________________________             ness - I think the location is what                                                       hike on the trails!
                                                                                                                                                        someone has tested out the ice
                                        ____________________________________________________________             helped me through the workouts!                                                       www.NGTRAILS.ca
                                        ____________________________________________________________                                                    unsuccessfully - we have also had
                                                                                                                                                        wet shoes when we’ve cut across
 February 13                                                                                                      Our family get-togethers always
                                         Circle the demographics which best describe you:                                                               a trail only to find ourselves in the
  8am-1pm                                (you may choose more than one)                                          include a trip to the trails. Young
                                                                                                                                                        marsh. We’ve had dog-sleds and
                                         Male           Female                                                   and old enjoy getting out there
                                                                                                                                                        horses pass us by, met up with
                                         Adult          Senior Adult           Teen              Child           in the fresh air and grandparents
                                                                                                                                                        snowshoers and many others, al-
    PUBLIC INFORMATION                                                                                           and the kids are pointing out
                                         Do you use the trails: (you may choose more than one)                                                          ways with a cheerful hello.
          CENTRE                                                                                                 plants and wildlife and teach-
                                         Alone        With Family              With Dogs
          in the lobby of the                                                                                    ing the rest of us what they’ve                                                    JOIN OUR ONLINE
                                                                                                                                                         Limerick Forest is another family
   North Grenville Municipal Centre      Is there anything else you want us to know about you?                   learned. What starts as a quick
                                         ____________________________________________________________
                                                                                                                                                        favourite, especially in the winter
                                                                                                                 walk has occasionally turned into                                                    COMMUNITY!
 Drop by anytime between 8am and         ____________________________________________________________                                                   when we can take our toboggans
                                                                                                                 a long hike as we take ‘shortcuts’                                                    North Grenville Trails
 1pm to learn more about the Inte-                                                                                                                      to the ‘snow bowl’. We take hot               “Like” us on FACEBOOK!
                                         Yes, I would like to receive email updates about the trails study!      on a new trail that doesn’t always
 grated Community Trails Strategy                                                                                                                       chocolate and make an afternoon
                                         Name: _____________________________________________________             lead to where hope. We’ve come
 and provide input and feedback to                                                                                                                      of it - there have even been other
                                         Email: ______________________________________________________           home with soaked boots when
 our Steering Committee.
ANNEX A 2




North Grenville moving ahead with integrated community trails
strategy
Kemptville EMC - part of the Performance Group of Companies
Thu Jan 20 2011
Page: K3
Section: North Grenville
Byline: Ashley Kulp
Source: Kemptville EMC


EMC News - After receiving a $50,000 grant from the Ontario Ministry of Health Promotion last fall and having
selected a consulting company, North Grenville is ready to get down to work on the development of its
integrated community trails strategy.

Council endorsed a recommendation by director of planning and development, Forbes Symon, to award the
contract for the development of the strategy to MMM Group during Monday evening's Committee of the Whole
meeting. Out of six companies who submitted bids in response to the municipality's request for proposals
(RFP) document released in late October, MMM Group was the most qualified and lowest bidder at $68,000.
(The project will be financed not only with the $50,000 grant but with $20,000 from development charges).

According to Symon, MMM Group has extensive background in the creation of trails master plans.

"They are leaders in the development of trails master plans and have worked with municipalities who have also
received Ministry of Health Promotion grant funding for plans in the past," he explained, adding they have done
plans for the City of Guelph, the City of Ottawa's cycling strategy as well as the integrated waterfront trail plan
which runs from Niagara Falls to Montreal. "I'm excited to work with them on this project."

During an interview in his office last week, Symon could barely contain his excitement for the project, which will
build upon North Grenville's 150 kilometres of trails, established in 2006 as one of the legacy projects to
celebrate Kemptville's 150th anniversary.

"This is what I live for everyday; to be doing this wonderful community development work," he remarked.

The strategy will include those 150 kilometres of trails as well as develop design standards for additional trails
throughout the municipality to link areas of the community. In addition, sustainability and maintenance plans,
use standards and protocols, standards for signage, as well as a policy for dealing with the integration of the
trails to regional and national pathways and a communications and marketing strategy will be explored.

"The idea is to use the trails to knit the community together," Symon commented.

"We've got these scattered rural residential communities and we want to be able to tie them in with our major
community assets, such as the schools, downtown and the arena."

Due to the fact that the strategy is heavily community-based, the municipality has several partners on the
project, many of which have helped make up a steering committee that will meet with the consultants to help
establish a plan. Those partners include the Ferguson Forest Centre; Community Living North Grenville;
Kemptville District Hospital; University of Guelph-Kemptville Campus; United Counties of Leeds and Grenville;
representatives from the Leeds, Grenville and Lanark District Health Unit and Ministry of Natural Resources; as
well as Symon, CAO Andy Brown and director of parks, recreation and culture, Darren Patmore.

A solid relationship with the Ontario Trails Council (of which Symon serves as vice-president), also places the
municipality in a good position as they embark on this project.

Throughout the process, which got underway with the first steering committee meeting on Monday and is
expected to conclude in June, public consultation from all members of the community, including children and
youth, seniors, low-income residents, those with disabilities and women and girls, will be sought.

"The idea is that we want to have a very, very broad-based community consultation...what do they want to
see?" Symon said, noting that the steering committee will generate the trails master plan, but it isn't just their
input that's needed. "It's not just about the 10 people and they decide what they want...these trails are for the
community."

Symon admitted there is a "relatively short period of time" to create the strategy, but the plan should put the
municipality in the position to begin developing more trails as early as later this year or 2012. It is his hope that
in the future other communities look to North Grenville when doing similar master plans.

"There's a desire to have North Grenville become a center of excellence in eastern Ontario for trails
development. We want other communities to look at us and say that North Grenville did trails right and that they
need to talk to us about trails in their community," he remarked.

Down the road, Symon said he would love to see this plan lead to routes with dedicated bike lanes and trails
that link up with other regional trails. "These are the types of things we're talking about: liking up to regional
trails and the trails neighbouring municipalities have," he said, adding linkages with the Trans-Canada Trail and
the waterfront trail from Niagara Falls to Montreal would be beneficial.

"We have to think beyond our boundaries while at the same time keeping in focus that these (North Grenville's)
trails are first and foremost for our residents and their quality of life."

Those who wish to share their comments or opinions on the community-focused trail network have several
ways to do so including filling out an online survey at www.surveymonkey.com from Jan. 24 to Feb. 22 (search
for North Grenville Trail Strategy) and write, email or call Symon (613-258-9569 or fsymon@northgrenville.on.ca)
or MMM Group project manager Jonathan Loschmann (613-274-3200 or LoschmannJ@mmm.ca).

Members of the study team will also be on hand during Feb. 13's North Grenville Community Sweetheart
Brunch at the North Grenville Municipal Centre for residents to learn more about the strategy and provide input.
And the municipality will be using Facebook to reach out to younger residents.

"At the end of the day, I hope we will have a product that the municipality, University of Guelph-Kemptville
Campus, FFC, service clubs, youth groups and schools, should they want to do a project or something in the
community, we can give them a section of trails that need to be built and here are the standards and give them
the blueprints for how it should happen," Symon stated.

"...We need to have this master plan so we have a strategy and we know what we're doing and how to do it,"
he continued.

"The important thing here is to spend the money wisely so these (trails) can be sustained over the long run."

In the coming days, the North Grenville Trails website (www.ngtrails.ca) will be revamped and become the place
where residents can receive up-to-date information on the integrated community trails strategy.
North Grenville Trails Strategy Questionnaire
We want to hear from you!

Made possible by the generous support of the Ontario Ministry of Health Promotion, the Municipality of North Grenville
has initiated a study to develop an Integrated Community Trail Strategy. Public input is key to the development of a
meaningful strategy. Share your ideas with us on how we can create a community-focused trail network.

Trails that are safe, attractive and accessible for users of all ages will enhance North Grenville’s unique quality of life by
encouraging physical activity, connecting residents and visitors to our community, and enhancing opportunities to enjoy
nature. A comprehensive system of trails will also attract tourists to explore our built and natural heritage.

The vision for North Grenville’s Trails Strategy is to develop a network that builds upon our community’s successful 2006
initiative celebrating Kemptville’s 150th anniversary: “150 Kilometres of Trails”.

A community trail system begins with a strategy that includes:
• Non-motorized, self-propelled uses such as walking, cycling, hiking, and cross-country skiing, as well as motorized
recreational uses;
• Connections between Kemptville, the villages of North Grenville and new/future developments;
• Design guidelines for off-road trails, sidewalks and on-road routes;
• Policy guidelines for trail planning;
• Promoting trails for tourism opportunities;
• Education and promotion programs that support trail use and healthy living; and
• A way-finding (signage) system.

A series of trail network recommendations, policies, and priority initiatives will be provided to the Municipality’s ongoing
recreation and development initiatives. The study area is the entire Municipality of North Grenville, and will consider
connections to surrounding municipalities.

Note: The results of this survey are expected to capture a sample of opinions from North Grenville residents regarding
trails and will be used to inform and assist the study team in the development of North Grenville’s Integrated Community
Trails Strategy.

Thank you for your input!




                                                                                                                  Page 1
North Grenville Trails Strategy Questionnaire
   1. Have you experienced North Grenville's "150 Kilometres of Trails"?

    l
    m
    n
    j
    k       Yes


    l
    m
    n
    j
    k       No



   2. How often do you participate in the following activities?
   (Select one of the following for each mode)
                                     Every day        A few times a week       A few times a month     A few times a year   Never

   Walking/jogging                      k
                                        l
                                        m
                                        n
                                        j                       m
                                                                n
                                                                j
                                                                k
                                                                l                        l
                                                                                         k
                                                                                         j
                                                                                         n
                                                                                         m                    k
                                                                                                              m
                                                                                                              n
                                                                                                              j
                                                                                                              l              l
                                                                                                                             m
                                                                                                                             n
                                                                                                                             k
                                                                                                                             j
   Cycling                              k
                                        l
                                        m
                                        n
                                        j                       m
                                                                n
                                                                j
                                                                k
                                                                l                        l
                                                                                         k
                                                                                         j
                                                                                         n
                                                                                         m                    k
                                                                                                              m
                                                                                                              n
                                                                                                              j
                                                                                                              l              l
                                                                                                                             m
                                                                                                                             n
                                                                                                                             k
                                                                                                                             j
   Hiking                               l
                                        m
                                        n
                                        j
                                        k                       l
                                                                m
                                                                n
                                                                j
                                                                k                        m
                                                                                         l
                                                                                         k
                                                                                         j
                                                                                         n                    j
                                                                                                              l
                                                                                                              m
                                                                                                              n
                                                                                                              k              m
                                                                                                                             n
                                                                                                                             j
                                                                                                                             l
                                                                                                                             k
   Cross country skiing                 l
                                        m
                                        n
                                        j
                                        k                       l
                                                                m
                                                                n
                                                                j
                                                                k                        m
                                                                                         l
                                                                                         k
                                                                                         j
                                                                                         n                    j
                                                                                                              l
                                                                                                              m
                                                                                                              n
                                                                                                              k              l
                                                                                                                             m
                                                                                                                             n
                                                                                                                             k
                                                                                                                             j
   In-Line Skating /
                                        k
                                        l
                                        m
                                        n
                                        j                       k
                                                                l
                                                                m
                                                                n
                                                                j                        j
                                                                                         k
                                                                                         l
                                                                                         m
                                                                                         n                    l
                                                                                                              m
                                                                                                              n
                                                                                                              j
                                                                                                              k              j
                                                                                                                             k
                                                                                                                             l
                                                                                                                             m
                                                                                                                             n
   Rollerblading

   ATV                                  k
                                        l
                                        m
                                        n
                                        j                       m
                                                                n
                                                                j
                                                                k
                                                                l                        l
                                                                                         k
                                                                                         j
                                                                                         n
                                                                                         m                    k
                                                                                                              m
                                                                                                              n
                                                                                                              j
                                                                                                              l              l
                                                                                                                             m
                                                                                                                             n
                                                                                                                             k
                                                                                                                             j
   Snowshoeing                          k
                                        l
                                        m
                                        n
                                        j                       m
                                                                n
                                                                j
                                                                k
                                                                l                        l
                                                                                         k
                                                                                         j
                                                                                         n
                                                                                         m                    k
                                                                                                              m
                                                                                                              n
                                                                                                              j
                                                                                                              l              l
                                                                                                                             m
                                                                                                                             n
                                                                                                                             k
                                                                                                                             j
   Snowmobiling                         k
                                        l
                                        m
                                        n
                                        j                       m
                                                                n
                                                                j
                                                                k
                                                                l                        l
                                                                                         k
                                                                                         j
                                                                                         n
                                                                                         m                    k
                                                                                                              m
                                                                                                              n
                                                                                                              j
                                                                                                              l              l
                                                                                                                             m
                                                                                                                             n
                                                                                                                             k
                                                                                                                             j
   Dog Sledding                         k
                                        l
                                        m
                                        n
                                        j                       m
                                                                n
                                                                j
                                                                k
                                                                l                        l
                                                                                         k
                                                                                         j
                                                                                         n
                                                                                         m                    k
                                                                                                              m
                                                                                                              n
                                                                                                              j
                                                                                                              l              l
                                                                                                                             m
                                                                                                                             n
                                                                                                                             k
                                                                                                                             j
   Dirt Biking                          k
                                        l
                                        m
                                        n
                                        j                       m
                                                                n
                                                                j
                                                                k
                                                                l                        l
                                                                                         k
                                                                                         j
                                                                                         n
                                                                                         m                    k
                                                                                                              m
                                                                                                              n
                                                                                                              j
                                                                                                              l              l
                                                                                                                             m
                                                                                                                             n
                                                                                                                             k
                                                                                                                             j
   Other (please specify)




   3. Please select in order the types of uses you think should
   be considered in the development of a Trails Strategy for
   North Grenville:
                                            1. Most   2. Less                   4. Least      5. No
                                                                3. Not often
                                             often     often                     often       opinion

   Walking/jogging                            k
                                              l
                                              m
                                              n
                                              j         m
                                                        n
                                                        j
                                                        k
                                                        l           l
                                                                    k
                                                                    j
                                                                    n
                                                                    m             j
                                                                                  l
                                                                                  m
                                                                                  n
                                                                                  k            m
                                                                                               n
                                                                                               j
                                                                                               l
                                                                                               k
   Cycling                                    k
                                              l
                                              m
                                              n
                                              j         m
                                                        n
                                                        j
                                                        k
                                                        l           l
                                                                    k
                                                                    j
                                                                    n
                                                                    m             k
                                                                                  m
                                                                                  n
                                                                                  j
                                                                                  l            l
                                                                                               m
                                                                                               n
                                                                                               k
                                                                                               j
   Hiking                                     k
                                              l
                                              m
                                              n
                                              j         m
                                                        n
                                                        j
                                                        k
                                                        l           l
                                                                    k
                                                                    j
                                                                    n
                                                                    m             k
                                                                                  m
                                                                                  n
                                                                                  j
                                                                                  l            l
                                                                                               m
                                                                                               n
                                                                                               k
                                                                                               j
   Cross country skiing                       k
                                              l
                                              m
                                              n
                                              j         m
                                                        n
                                                        j
                                                        k
                                                        l           l
                                                                    k
                                                                    j
                                                                    n
                                                                    m             k
                                                                                  m
                                                                                  n
                                                                                  j
                                                                                  l            l
                                                                                               m
                                                                                               n
                                                                                               k
                                                                                               j
   In-Line Skating / Rollerblading            k
                                              l
                                              m
                                              n
                                              j         m
                                                        n
                                                        j
                                                        k
                                                        l           l
                                                                    k
                                                                    j
                                                                    n
                                                                    m             k
                                                                                  m
                                                                                  n
                                                                                  j
                                                                                  l            l
                                                                                               m
                                                                                               n
                                                                                               k
                                                                                               j
   ATV                                        k
                                              l
                                              m
                                              n
                                              j         m
                                                        n
                                                        j
                                                        k
                                                        l           l
                                                                    k
                                                                    j
                                                                    n
                                                                    m             k
                                                                                  m
                                                                                  n
                                                                                  j
                                                                                  l            l
                                                                                               m
                                                                                               n
                                                                                               k
                                                                                               j
   Snowshoeing                                k
                                              l
                                              m
                                              n
                                              j         m
                                                        n
                                                        j
                                                        k
                                                        l           l
                                                                    k
                                                                    j
                                                                    n
                                                                    m             k
                                                                                  m
                                                                                  n
                                                                                  j
                                                                                  l            l
                                                                                               m
                                                                                               n
                                                                                               k
                                                                                               j
   Snowmobiling                               k
                                              l
                                              m
                                              n
                                              j         m
                                                        n
                                                        j
                                                        k
                                                        l           l
                                                                    k
                                                                    j
                                                                    n
                                                                    m             k
                                                                                  m
                                                                                  n
                                                                                  j
                                                                                  l            l
                                                                                               m
                                                                                               n
                                                                                               k
                                                                                               j
   Dog Sledding                               k
                                              l
                                              m
                                              n
                                              j         m
                                                        n
                                                        j
                                                        k
                                                        l           l
                                                                    k
                                                                    j
                                                                    n
                                                                    m             k
                                                                                  m
                                                                                  n
                                                                                  j
                                                                                  l            l
                                                                                               m
                                                                                               n
                                                                                               k
                                                                                               j
   Dirt Biking                                k
                                              l
                                              m
                                              n
                                              j         m
                                                        n
                                                        j
                                                        k
                                                        l           l
                                                                    k
                                                                    j
                                                                    n
                                                                    m             k
                                                                                  m
                                                                                  n
                                                                                  j
                                                                                  l            l
                                                                                               m
                                                                                               n
                                                                                               k
                                                                                               j
   Other (please specify)




                                                                                                                            Page 2
North Grenville Trails Strategy Questionnaire
   4. Please select which reasons motivate you to use the multi-use trails system in North
   Grenville.
                                                                                         1. Most   2. Less    3. Not     4. Least    5. No
                                                                                          often    often       often      often     opinion

   Enjoyment of the natural environment                                                    k
                                                                                           l
                                                                                           m
                                                                                           n
                                                                                           j         m
                                                                                                     n
                                                                                                     j
                                                                                                     k
                                                                                                     l          l
                                                                                                                k
                                                                                                                j
                                                                                                                n
                                                                                                                m          k
                                                                                                                           m
                                                                                                                           n
                                                                                                                           j
                                                                                                                           l          l
                                                                                                                                      m
                                                                                                                                      n
                                                                                                                                      k
                                                                                                                                      j
   Fitness/exercise                                                                        l
                                                                                           m
                                                                                           n
                                                                                           j
                                                                                           k         l
                                                                                                     m
                                                                                                     n
                                                                                                     j
                                                                                                     k          l
                                                                                                                k
                                                                                                                j
                                                                                                                n
                                                                                                                m          k
                                                                                                                           m
                                                                                                                           n
                                                                                                                           j
                                                                                                                           l          l
                                                                                                                                      m
                                                                                                                                      n
                                                                                                                                      k
                                                                                                                                      j
   Commuting to school                                                                     k
                                                                                           l
                                                                                           m
                                                                                           n
                                                                                           j         m
                                                                                                     n
                                                                                                     j
                                                                                                     k
                                                                                                     l          l
                                                                                                                k
                                                                                                                j
                                                                                                                n
                                                                                                                m          j
                                                                                                                           l
                                                                                                                           m
                                                                                                                           n
                                                                                                                           k          m
                                                                                                                                      n
                                                                                                                                      j
                                                                                                                                      l
                                                                                                                                      k
   Commuting to recreation centres                                                         k
                                                                                           l
                                                                                           m
                                                                                           n
                                                                                           j         m
                                                                                                     n
                                                                                                     j
                                                                                                     k
                                                                                                     l          l
                                                                                                                k
                                                                                                                j
                                                                                                                n
                                                                                                                m          j
                                                                                                                           l
                                                                                                                           m
                                                                                                                           n
                                                                                                                           k          m
                                                                                                                                      n
                                                                                                                                      j
                                                                                                                                      l
                                                                                                                                      k
   Destination oriented trips such as travel to visit family / friends / run errands /
                                                                                           k
                                                                                           l
                                                                                           m
                                                                                           n
                                                                                           j         k
                                                                                                     l
                                                                                                     m
                                                                                                     n
                                                                                                     j          j
                                                                                                                k
                                                                                                                l
                                                                                                                m
                                                                                                                n          k
                                                                                                                           l
                                                                                                                           m
                                                                                                                           n
                                                                                                                           j          k
                                                                                                                                      l
                                                                                                                                      m
                                                                                                                                      n
                                                                                                                                      j
   shopping etc.
   Commuting to work                                                                       k
                                                                                           l
                                                                                           m
                                                                                           n
                                                                                           j         m
                                                                                                     n
                                                                                                     j
                                                                                                     k
                                                                                                     l          l
                                                                                                                k
                                                                                                                j
                                                                                                                n
                                                                                                                m          j
                                                                                                                           l
                                                                                                                           m
                                                                                                                           n
                                                                                                                           k          m
                                                                                                                                      n
                                                                                                                                      j
                                                                                                                                      l
                                                                                                                                      k
   Other (please specify)




   5. Do you currently use roads and/or sidewalks to participate in the following activities?
   (Please select all that apply)
                                                             Roads                                           Sidewalks

   Walking / Jogging                                           d
                                                               e
                                                               f
                                                               g
                                                               c                                                f
                                                                                                                g
                                                                                                                c
                                                                                                                d
                                                                                                                e
   Cycling                                                     d
                                                               e
                                                               f
                                                               g
                                                               c                                                f
                                                                                                                g
                                                                                                                c
                                                                                                                d
                                                                                                                e
   Other (Please specify activity and use - e.g. in-line skating on sidewalks)




   6. Would you switch to trails to conduct these activities if they were available?
    k
    l
    m
    n
    j    Yes


    l
    m
    n
    j
    k    No




                                                                                                                                  Page 3
North Grenville Trails Strategy Questionnaire
   7. Please rank, from the following list, where (1) = very comfortable and (5) = not
   comfortable, your personal comfort level.
   (Rank all statements)
                                  1. Very comfortable   2.   3.         4.        5. Not comfortable
   Hiking/walking on multi-use
                                          k
                                          l
                                          m
                                          n
                                          j             k
                                                        l
                                                        m
                                                        n
                                                        j    j
                                                             k
                                                             l
                                                             m
                                                             n          k
                                                                        l
                                                                        m
                                                                        n
                                                                        j                 j
                                                                                          k
                                                                                          l
                                                                                          m
                                                                                          n
   trails typically found in
   parks, green space / natural
   areas and hydro corridors
   Cycling on multi-use trails
                                          k
                                          l
                                          m
                                          n
                                          j             k
                                                        l
                                                        m
                                                        n
                                                        j    j
                                                             k
                                                             l
                                                             m
                                                             n          k
                                                                        l
                                                                        m
                                                                        n
                                                                        j                 k
                                                                                          l
                                                                                          m
                                                                                          n
                                                                                          j
   typically found in parks,
   green space / natural areas
   and hydro corridors
   Hiking/walking on multi-use
                                          l
                                          m
                                          n
                                          j
                                          k             j
                                                        k
                                                        l
                                                        m
                                                        n    k
                                                             l
                                                             m
                                                             n
                                                             j          k
                                                                        l
                                                                        m
                                                                        n
                                                                        j                 j
                                                                                          k
                                                                                          l
                                                                                          m
                                                                                          n
   trails found along side
   roads in Kemptville and
   surrounding areas
   Cycling on multi-use trails
                                          k
                                          l
                                          m
                                          n
                                          j             j
                                                        k
                                                        l
                                                        m
                                                        n    k
                                                             l
                                                             m
                                                             n
                                                             j          k
                                                                        l
                                                                        m
                                                                        n
                                                                        j                 j
                                                                                          k
                                                                                          l
                                                                                          m
                                                                                          n
   found along side roads in
   Kemptville and surrounding
   areas
   Walking on sidewalks along
                                          k
                                          l
                                          m
                                          n
                                          j             k
                                                        l
                                                        m
                                                        n
                                                        j    j
                                                             k
                                                             l
                                                             m
                                                             n          l
                                                                        m
                                                                        n
                                                                        j
                                                                        k                 j
                                                                                          k
                                                                                          l
                                                                                          m
                                                                                          n
   Town/local streets
   Cycling on quieter
                                          k
                                          l
                                          m
                                          n
                                          j             k
                                                        l
                                                        m
                                                        n
                                                        j    j
                                                             k
                                                             l
                                                             m
                                                             n          l
                                                                        m
                                                                        n
                                                                        j
                                                                        k                 j
                                                                                          k
                                                                                          l
                                                                                          m
                                                                                          n
   Town/local streets and
   sharing the road with motor
   vehicle traffic
   Cycling on busier
                                          k
                                          l
                                          m
                                          n
                                          j             k
                                                        l
                                                        m
                                                        n
                                                        j    j
                                                             k
                                                             l
                                                             m
                                                             n          l
                                                                        m
                                                                        n
                                                                        j
                                                                        k                 j
                                                                                          k
                                                                                          l
                                                                                          m
                                                                                          n
   Town/local roads with bike
   lanes or paved shoulders
   Cycling on busier
                                          k
                                          l
                                          m
                                          n
                                          j             k
                                                        l
                                                        m
                                                        n
                                                        j    j
                                                             k
                                                             l
                                                             m
                                                             n          k
                                                                        l
                                                                        m
                                                                        n
                                                                        j                 j
                                                                                          k
                                                                                          l
                                                                                          m
                                                                                          n
   Town/local roads roads
   without bike lanes or paved
   shoulders




                                                                                         Page 4
North Grenville Trails Strategy Questionnaire
   8. Please rank, from the following list, where (1) = very important and (5) = not important,
   why you think an Integrated Community Trails Strategy for North Grenville should be
   developed. (Rank all statements)
                                                               1. Very
                                                                          2.   3.   4.   5. Not important
                                                              important
   To provide places to walk and cycle within
                                                                 k
                                                                 l
                                                                 m
                                                                 n
                                                                 j        k
                                                                          l
                                                                          m
                                                                          n
                                                                          j    j
                                                                               k
                                                                               l
                                                                               m
                                                                               n    k
                                                                                    l
                                                                                    m
                                                                                    n
                                                                                    j          k
                                                                                               l
                                                                                               m
                                                                                               n
                                                                                               j
   neighbourhoods for recreation
   To connect the villages and new developments in North
                                                                 k
                                                                 l
                                                                 m
                                                                 n
                                                                 j        k
                                                                          l
                                                                          m
                                                                          n
                                                                          j    j
                                                                               k
                                                                               l
                                                                               m
                                                                               n    k
                                                                                    l
                                                                                    m
                                                                                    n
                                                                                    j          k
                                                                                               l
                                                                                               m
                                                                                               n
                                                                                               j
   Grenville to one another
   To improve quality of life and health of North Grenville
                                                                 k
                                                                 l
                                                                 m
                                                                 n
                                                                 j        k
                                                                          l
                                                                          m
                                                                          n
                                                                          j    j
                                                                               k
                                                                               l
                                                                               m
                                                                               n    k
                                                                                    l
                                                                                    m
                                                                                    n
                                                                                    j          k
                                                                                               l
                                                                                               m
                                                                                               n
                                                                                               j
   residents

   To provide access to natural areas                            k
                                                                 l
                                                                 m
                                                                 n
                                                                 j        m
                                                                          n
                                                                          j
                                                                          k
                                                                          l    l
                                                                               k
                                                                               j
                                                                               n
                                                                               m    j
                                                                                    l
                                                                                    m
                                                                                    n
                                                                                    k          m
                                                                                               n
                                                                                               j
                                                                                               l
                                                                                               k
   To connect neighbourhoods to each other                       k
                                                                 l
                                                                 m
                                                                 n
                                                                 j        m
                                                                          n
                                                                          j
                                                                          k
                                                                          l    l
                                                                               k
                                                                               j
                                                                               n
                                                                               m    j
                                                                                    l
                                                                                    m
                                                                                    n
                                                                                    k          m
                                                                                               n
                                                                                               j
                                                                                               l
                                                                                               k
   To provide access to historic /cultural destinations and
                                                                 k
                                                                 l
                                                                 m
                                                                 n
                                                                 j        k
                                                                          l
                                                                          m
                                                                          n
                                                                          j    j
                                                                               k
                                                                               l
                                                                               m
                                                                               n    k
                                                                                    l
                                                                                    m
                                                                                    n
                                                                                    j          k
                                                                                               l
                                                                                               m
                                                                                               n
                                                                                               j
   support tourism and economic development
   To improve walking and cycling as transportation
                                                                 k
                                                                 l
                                                                 m
                                                                 n
                                                                 j        k
                                                                          l
                                                                          m
                                                                          n
                                                                          j    j
                                                                               k
                                                                               l
                                                                               m
                                                                               n    k
                                                                                    l
                                                                                    m
                                                                                    n
                                                                                    j          k
                                                                                               l
                                                                                               m
                                                                                               n
                                                                                               j
   options

   Other (please specify)




   9. In your opinion, what are the top three locations or corridors (please indicate both the
   start and end points) in North Grenville where you think new or better connected trails
   should be considered?
   (Enter up to three responses in order of importance - maximum 100 characters each
   response)
   1

   2

   3


   10. What do you think are the top three biggest challenges, constraints or barriers to
   improving trail conditions in North Grenville?
   (Enter up to three responses in order of importance - maximum 100 characters)
   1

   2

   3




                                                                                          Page 5
North Grenville Trails Strategy Questionnaire
   11. What is your opinion regarding North Grenville purchasing private land, for the
   purposes of securing trail connections?

    k
    l
    m
    n
    j   Strongly Agree


    l
    m
    n
    j
    k   Agree


    k
    l
    m
    n
    j   Disagree


    l
    m
    n
    j
    k   Strongly Disagree


    k
    l
    m
    n
    j   No Opinion



   12. Do you agree that North Grenville should invest in trail improvements? (Select one
   response)

    k
    l
    m
    n
    j   Strongly Agree


    l
    m
    n
    j
    k   Agree


    l
    m
    n
    j
    k   Undecided


    k
    l
    m
    n
    j   Disagree


    l
    m
    n
    j
    k   Strongly Disagree



   13. Please indicate your postal code.
   Please enter your postal code with no spaces. (e.g. "A3AB4B").


   14. Please enter any other comments you have regarding the North Grenville Integrated
   Community Trails Strategy.
                                                        5



                                                        6




                                                                                   Page 6
North Grenville Trails Strategy Questionnaire
   15. Please enter your e-mail address here if you would like to be kept informed about the
   status of this study.
   (The address that you supply here will be used only to send you updates about the
   current planning process and the status of this study. It will not be shared, traded or
   sold for any other purpose.)




                                                                                   Page 7
North Grenville Trails Strategy Questionnaire
Thank you for taking the time to complete this questionnaire.


    16. If you wish to provide additional comments to the study team or be notified directly
    when a study update is posted on North Grenville's web site, please visit
    www.ngtrails.ca, see us on Facebook and/or provide us with the following information:


    (The contact information that you supply here will be used only to send you updates
    about the current planning process and the status of this study. It will not be shared,
    traded or sold for any other purpose.)
    Name

    Email

    Phone number

    Fax number (optional)




                                                                                     Page 8
North Grenville Trails Strategy Questionnaire
Thank you for your input on the North Grenville Integrated Community Trails Strategy.


To forward this questionnaire to someone else, provide them with the following link:

www.surveymonkey.com/NorthGrenvilleTrailStrategy


For more information, please contact:

Jonathan A. Loschmann
Project Manager
MMM Group Limited
1111 prom. Prince of Wales Drive, Suite 302,
t: 613.274.3200
f: 613.236.2270
Loschmannj@mmm.ca



You will automatically be re-directed to the North Grenville Trails website upon exiting this survey.




                                                                                                        Page 9
WELCOME!
North Grenville Integrated Community Trails Strategy
Made possible by the generous support of the Ontario Ministry of Health Promotion, the Municipality of North Grenville is
commencing a study to develop an Integrated Community Trail Strategy. The strategy will build upon our community’s
successful 2006 initiative celebrating Kemptville’s 150th anniversary: “150 Kilometres of Trails”.

Trails that are safe, attractive and accessible for users of all ages will enhance the quality of life unique to North Grenville
by encouraging physical activity, and connecting residents and visitors alike to our communities and its places. The
strategy will include a plan to guide future development and construction of trails, study how to build and maintain high-
quality trails, and establish trail usage and design guidelines.

                                                        Jonathan Loschmann                      Forbes Symon
                                                        Project Manager                         Director of Planning & Development
          February 13, 2011                             MMM Group Ltd                           Municipality of North Grenville
       8:00 a.m. until 1.00 p.m.                        1111 Prince of Wales Drive, Suite 302   285 County Road #44
        Sweet Heart Brunch –                            Ottawa, Ontario, K2C 3T2                Kemptville, Ontario, K0G 1J0
                                                        t: 613-274-3200 ext. 3563               t: 613-258-9569 ext. 125
   North Grenville Municipal Centre                     loschmannj@mmm.ca                       fsymon@northgrenville.on.ca
                                                        www.mmm.ca                              www.northgrenville.on.ca



                                                                                                                                     14-10-427-001
 WHAT IS ACTIVE TRANSPORTATION?
 Active Transportation can be defined as any form of
 transportation that is “human-powered” – such as walking,
 running, hiking, cycling, in-line skating and skateboarding.

 Types of Active Transportation:
 Active Commuting: which involves journeys to and from work;
 Active Workplace Travel: which include trips during working hours
 such as delivering materials or attending meetings;
 Active Destination Oriented Trips: which include trips to and from
 school, shopping, visiting friends and running errands; and
 Active Recreation: which involve the use of an active transportation
 mode for fitness or recreational pursuits, such as hiking or cycling.



WHAT IS A COMMUNITY TRAILS STRATEGY?
 A Community Trails Strategy is a long-range plan that integrates infrastructure requirements for
 existing and future land use within environmental assessment principles. These plans examine
 the entire infrastructure system as a group of related projects, or an overall system, in order to
 strategically plan out the future needs of the Municipality of North Grenville.

                                                                                                      14-10-427-001
STUDY VISION, OBJECTIVES AND GOALS
The vision for North Grenville’s Integrated Community
Trail Strategy is to develop a well connected system of
trails that will provide residents and visitors with the
opportunity to engage in active healthy lifestyles,
travel to key destinations and experience nature.

GOALS AND OBJECTIVES
• Build upon the existing North Grenville trail system which links together ‘150
Kilometres of Trails’, urban streets, rural roads and waterways by developing a user-
friendly trail network.
• Develop promotional and educational materials to attract residents and visitors to
the trails of North Grenville.
• Develop a set of policies for trail development, uses, location, and implementation.
• Consult with the public on trail development, particularly during implementation.


                                                                                    14-10-427-001
EXISTING POLICY AND INITIATIVES
LOCAL:
Municipality of North Grenville, Official Plan (2009)
ƒ   Encourage the development of trails facilities to reduce dependence on the personal
    automobile, increase economic activity and promote trail tourism.
ƒ   Recognize future growth as an opportunity to enhance the trails network.
ƒ   Improve/Establish Transportation Strategy, Pedestrian, Cycling and Accessibility Policies.
ƒ   United Counties of Leeds & Grenville (UCLG), Leeds, Grenville and Lanark District Health
    Unit (LGLDHU), Community Living North Grenville (CLNG), Leeds, Grenville Youth
    Wellness Center (LGYWC), the City of Ottawa, others.

PROVINCIAL:
Province of Ontario, Bill 51 – Planning Reform
ƒ   Promotes intensification, sustainable development and protection of green space by giving
    municipalities greater powers, flexibility and tools to use land, resources and infrastructure
    more efficiently.
ƒ   Ontario Trails Council (OTC), Ministry of Health, Municipal Act, Ontario Federation of Trail
    Riders (OFTR), Ontario Federation of Snowmobile Clubs (OFSC).

FEDERAL:
Transport Canada, “Strategies for Sustainable Transportation Planning: A
    Review of Practices and Options” (2005)
ƒ   Supports compact, mixed-use pedestrian/bicycle friendly communities.
ƒ   Recognizes public health benefits of enhanced active transportation facilities.

OTHER:
ƒ   The Federation of Canadian Municipalities (FCM), National Trails Coalition (NTC),
    International Mountain Biking Association Canada (IMBA), ATV clubs.


                                                                                                     14-10-427-001
BENEFITS OF TRAILS
             •   Provide opportunities for informal, active recreation
                 close to home, which results in numerous personal
                 benefits.
                  •   Psychological (better mental health).
                  •   Psychophysiological (reduced stress and
                      cardiovascular benefits).
             •   Supports tourism and local economic development.
             •   Accessible, affordable recreation opportunities to a
                 wide range of individuals regardless of socioeconomic
                 status.
             •   By-product of trails is improved self-image and social
                 relationships, reduced crime, a livelier community
                 atmosphere and a lifestyle which encourages young
                 people to find their entertainment in healthier and more
                 wholesome ways.
             •   Local Trail Organizations: Eastern Ontario Trail
                 Alliance (EOTA), Bytown Motorcycle Association
                 (BMA), Waterfront Trail and Rideau Trails Association
                 (RTA).




                                                                   14-10-427-001
WHAT TYPE OF ACTIVITIES DO YOU
ENGAGE IN WHEN USING TRAILS?
  Walking? Bicycling? In-line Skating? Cross
Country Skiing? Snowshoeing? Snowmobiling?
              ATV-ing? Other?

Ecological? Trails provide personal interactions
with vegetation, geology and wildlife with
activities such as hiking, nature hunts,
snowshoeing and more.

Educational? Experiences characterized by
cultural and historical sites which allow
exposure to historical information.


                                                   14-10-427-001
ACTIVE TRANSPORTATION ROUTE
SELECTION PRINCIPLES
Safety: Reducing risks to users and providing facilities that support active
transportation and trail use will be key considerations when selecting routes for the
North Grenville network.

Visible: The route should be a visible component of the transportation and trail
system. They should be well marked so that they are easily recognizable and visible
by active transportation users and motorists.

Destination Oriented: Active transportation routes should provide access to major
destinations in North Grenville including but not limited to Kemptville District
Hospital, University of Guelph Kemptville Campus, Ferguson Forest Centre, and
downtown Kemptville.

Attractive and Scenic: Active transportation routes should take advantage of
attractive and scenic areas, views and vistas.

Connected: All routes should be connected to form an overall network that supports
connections between existing and planned neighbourhoods, different land uses, and
beyond municipal boundaries to North Grenville’s neighbours.



                                                                                        14-10-427-001
14-10-427-001
14-10-427-001
NEXT STEPS
ƒ   Review the public input after today’s Public Open House;
ƒ   Review Stakeholder and Agency input;
ƒ   Review Online Survey Results (visit us @ www.ngtrails.ca)
ƒ   Refine Draft Route Network (may require additional fieldwork);
ƒ   Develop Implementation Strategy and Costing for the Network;
ƒ   Complete Draft Study Report and review with the Steering Committee; and
ƒ   Present at final Public Open House

HOW TO GET INVOLVED…
ƒ   Participate in the Online Survey at
    www.surveymonkey.com/NorthGrenvilleTrailsStrategy
ƒ   Visit the project website at www.ngtrails.ca
ƒ   Fill out a comment form, visit us online, or contact us directly.


                                                                         14-10-427-001
   When you have completed this feedback form, please return it to the North Grenville
Municipal Office, P.O. Box 130, 255 County Road 44, Kemptville, ON K0G 1J0 www.ngtrails.ca
Ipod Touch (8GB)        MIO Drive             Kodak C143
 + Nike Sport Kit     Pedometer &        Digital Camera (12MP)
                    Heart Rate Monitor
                          Tree
                         Cavity
                       A tree cavity
                       is a hole in a
                      dead or dying
                      tree. Wildlife
                     use it for nest-
                        ing, raising
young, roosting, denning, resting,
 feeding, catching food, escaping
    predators and hibernating.
22 February 2011



Dear Stakeholder:



Re: Stakeholder Meetings for North Grenville
Integrated Community Trails Strategy


It is our pleasure to invite you to participate in a stakeholder interview to provide
input into the North Grenville Integrated Community Trail Strategy. The
stakeholder interviews will take place on Tuesday, March 07, 2011 at the North
Grenville Municipal Centre. The sessions will commence at 9 am and continue
for the entire day. The time slots are 11 am to noon, 1 to 5 pm and 6 to 8:30 pm.
Each session will take no more than 30 minutes and we will adhere to a strict
schedule.

The Municipality of North Grenville is commencing a study to develop an
Integrated Community Trail Strategy, The strategy will build upon our
community’s successful 2006 initiative celebrating Kemptville’s 150th anniversary:
“150 Kilometres of Trails”

Trails that are safe, attractive and accessible for users of all ages will enhance
the quality of life unique to North Grenville by encouraging physical activity, and
connecting residents and visitors alike to our communities and its places. The
strategy will include a plan to guide future development and construction of trails,
study how to build and maintain high-quality trails, and establish trail usage and
design guidelines.

Please RSVP to Roxane MacInnis at 613-736-7200 or via email
rmacinnis@mrc.ca on or before February 25, 2011 or Jonathan Loschmann at
613-274-3200 or via email at loschmannj@mmm.ca and indicate if you are
interested in participating and when you would be available. We will send you
confirmation of your time by the close of business on February 28, 2011.

If you are not available to meet with us in person, please let us know and we will
contact you to provide you with more information, or you can provide us with your
written comments.

We look forward to meeting with you to get your input into this exciting study. For
your information, we are including a copy of the discussion questions. For further
information, please contact one of the undersigned.

Thank you in advance for your time.




Sincerely,




Forbes Symon                                    Jonathan Loschmann
Director of Planning                            Project Manager
Municipality of North Grenville                 MMM Group
613.258.9569                                    613.274.3200
fsymon@northgrenville.on.ca                     loschmannj@mmm.ca
WELCOME!
North Grenville Integrated Community Trails Strategy
Project update displayed at North Grenville’s Sustainability Festival on April 17th 2011.

Made possible by the generous support of the Ontario Ministry of Health Promotion, the Municipality of North Grenville has
commenced a study to develop an Integrated Community Trail Strategy. The strategy builds upon our community’s
successful 2006 initiative celebrating Kemptville’s 150th anniversary: “150 Kilometres of Trails”.

Trails that are safe, attractive and accessible for users of all ages will enhance the quality of life unique to North Grenville
by encouraging physical activity, and connecting residents and visitors alike to our communities and its places. The
strategy will include a plan to guide future development and construction of trails, study how to build and maintain high-
quality trails, and establish trail usage and design guidelines.

                                                                                             Forbes Symon
                                                                                             Director of Planning & Development
                                                                                             Municipality of North Grenville
                                                                                             285 County Road #44
                                                                                             Kemptville, Ontario, K0G 1J0
                                                                                             t: 613-258-9569 ext. 125
                                                                                             fsymon@northgrenville.on.ca
                                                                                             www.northgrenville.on.ca



                                                                                                                                  14-10-427-001
PROJECT TIMELINES
                                                             We are
                                                              Here




        •Study Start Up                                                       •Draft
                                      •Draft Candidate
                                                                               Implementation
        •Steering Committee            Trail Network
                                                                               Plan
        •On line Survey               •Sustainability Fair
Phase                         Phase                                   Phase   •Draft Report
        •Steering Committee           •Steering Committee
                                                                              •Steering Committee
        •Public Information            Meeting
                                                                               Meeting
  1      Centre #1              2     •Public Information               3     •Final Report
        •Stakeholder                   Session #2
                                                                              •Presentation to
         Sessions                                                              Council




                                                                                                14-10-427-001
WHAT IS ACTIVE TRANSPORTATION?
Active Transportation can be defined as any form of
transportation that is “human-powered” – such as
walking, running, hiking, cycling, in-line skating and
skateboarding.

Types of Active Transportation:
Active Commuting: which involves journeys to and from
work;
Active Workplace Travel: which include trips during working
hours such as delivering materials or attending meetings;
Active Destination Oriented Trips: which include trips to
and from school, shopping, visiting friends and running
errands; and
Active Recreation: which involve the use of an active
transportation mode for fitness or recreational pursuits, such
as hiking or cycling.


                                                                 14-10-427-001
WHAT IS A COMMUNITY
TRAILS STRATEGY?
    A Community Trails Strategy is
a long-range plan that integrates
infrastructure requirements for
existing and future land use within
environmental assessment
principles. These plans examine the
entire infrastructure system as a
group of related projects, or an
overall system, in order to
strategically plan out the future
needs of the Municipality of North
Grenville.

                                      14-10-427-001
The Draft Strategy
Will incorporate:
•Vision, goals and objectives
•Existing context at the local,
provincial and national levels
•Trail benefits
•Trail network mapping
•Policies
•Implementation
•Monitoring
•Promotion and Education
Program



                                  14-10-427-001
STUDY VISION, OBJECTIVES AND GOALS
The vision for North Grenville’s Integrated Community
Trail Strategy is to develop a well connected system of
trails that will provide residents and visitors with the
opportunity to engage in active healthy lifestyles,
travel to key destinations and experience nature.

GOALS AND OBJECTIVES
• Build upon the existing North Grenville trail system which links together ‘150
Kilometres of Trails’, urban streets, rural roads and waterways by developing a user-
friendly trail network.
• Develop promotional and educational materials to attract residents and visitors to
the trails of North Grenville.
• Develop a set of policies for trail development, uses, location, and implementation.
• Consult with the public on trail development, particularly during implementation.


                                                                                    14-10-427-001
EXISTING POLICY AND INITIATIVES
LOCAL:
Municipality of North Grenville, Official Plan (2009)
ƒ   Encourage the development of trails facilities to reduce dependence on the personal
    automobile, increase economic activity and promote trail tourism.
ƒ   Recognize future growth as an opportunity to enhance the trails network.
ƒ   Improve/Establish Transportation Strategy, Pedestrian, Cycling and Accessibility Policies.
ƒ   United Counties of Leeds & Grenville (UCLG), Leeds, Grenville and Lanark District Health
    Unit (LGLDHU), Community Living North Grenville (CLNG), Leeds, Grenville Youth
    Wellness Center (LGYWC), the City of Ottawa, others.

PROVINCIAL:
Province of Ontario, Bill 51 – Planning Reform
ƒ   Promotes intensification, sustainable development and protection of green space by giving
    municipalities greater powers, flexibility and tools to use land, resources and infrastructure
    more efficiently.
ƒ   Ontario Trails Council (OTC), Ministry of Health, Municipal Act, Ontario Federation of Trail
    Riders (OFTR), Ontario Federation of Snowmobile Clubs (OFSC).

FEDERAL:
Transport Canada, “Strategies for Sustainable Transportation Planning: A
    Review of Practices and Options” (2005)
ƒ   Supports compact, mixed-use pedestrian/bicycle friendly communities.
ƒ   Recognizes public health benefits of enhanced active transportation facilities.

OTHER:
ƒ   The Federation of Canadian Municipalities (FCM), National Trails Coalition (NTC),
    International Mountain Biking Association Canada (IMBA), ATV clubs.


                                                                                                     14-10-427-001
BENEFITS OF TRAILS
             •   Provide opportunities for informal, active recreation
                 close to home, which results in numerous personal
                 benefits.
                  •   Psychological (better mental health).
                  •   Psychophysiological (reduced stress and
                      cardiovascular benefits).
             •   Supports tourism and local economic development.
             •   Accessible, affordable recreation opportunities to a
                 wide range of individuals regardless of socioeconomic
                 status.
             •   By-product of trails is improved self-image and social
                 relationships, reduced crime, a livelier community
                 atmosphere and a lifestyle which encourages young
                 people to find their entertainment in healthier and more
                 wholesome ways.
             •   Local Trail Organizations: Eastern Ontario Trail
                 Alliance (EOTA), Bytown Motorcycle Association
                 (BMA), Waterfront Trail and Rideau Trails Association
                 (RTA).




                                                                   14-10-427-001
POPULAR TRAIL ACTIVITIES IN
NORTH GRENVILLE
Popular uses currently:
Walking, hiking, running and dog walking
Equestrian
Skijoring

Residents primarily use trails to:
• Enjoy nature
• Exercise

Residents would like to:
• Snowmobile
• Dirt Bike/ATV
• Travel by non-motorized modes to destinations in North
   Grenville



                                                           14-10-427-001
Summary of Consultation
Consultation has been a significant component to the development of the
Strategy. Below are the trends that came out of the consultation

•Trails need to be maintained                        •Leisurely activities are popular – dog walking,
•Safe routes to and from school as well as to        horseback riding, running/jogging/walking for
recreational areas                                   exercise, are used for regular exercise
•Funding and costs – can the trails be built; how    •Collaboration and cooperation required,
will the program be funded?                          particularly between different user groups,
•Develop safety, promotion and education             various levels of government and community
campaigns                                            groups
•More signage; particularly signs that are visible   •Tourism opportunity
•Motorized uses need a place to go, but some         •Need a clear set of trail standards
see don’t want them in urban areas or areas          •Development of trails over private land
where there are a lot of non-motorized users         •Sidewalks - Old Town Kemptville has been
                                                     singled out




                                                                                                    14-10-427-001
Summary of Consultation
Consultation has been a significant component to the development of the
Strategy. Below are the candidate trail corridors that were the most
common:
•Connection to commercial areas – Walmart, etc very important to
the community – along 43 but also from various residential areas
•Improve infrastructure along CRs 43 and 44 to accommodate non-
motorized users
•Trails along waterways
•Connections to the Ferguson Forestry Centre are very important
from various origins in the municipality
•Need to be able to cross CR 43 safely – ideas include: pedestrian
signals or grade separated crossing
•Motorized linkages to trails outside of North Grenville
•Link communities to each other, each of the small communities as
well as new residential areas (such as Oxford Mills, Bishop Mills,
Glen Gables subdivision and eQuinelle)
•Next two slides show preferred routes from on-line survey

                                                                     14-10-427-001
Working Plans – “Where you want
to go - and how to get there.” – a
graphic interpretation.




                                 14-10-427-001
ACTIVE TRANSPORTATION ROUTE
SELECTION PRINCIPLES
Safety: Reducing risks to users and providing facilities that support active
transportation and trail use will be key considerations when selecting routes for the
North Grenville network.

Visible: The route should be a visible component of the transportation and trail
system. They should be well marked so that they are easily recognizable and visible
by active transportation users and motorists.

Destination Oriented: Active transportation routes should provide access to major
destinations in North Grenville including but not limited to Kemptville District
Hospital, University of Guelph Kemptville Campus, Ferguson Forest Centre, and
downtown Kemptville.

Attractive and Scenic: Active transportation routes should take advantage of
attractive and scenic areas, views and vistas.

Connected: All routes should be connected to form an overall network that supports
connections between existing and planned neighbourhoods, different land uses, and
beyond municipal boundaries to North Grenville’s neighbours.



                                                                                        14-10-427-001
14-10-427-001
NEXT STEPS
ƒ   Refine Draft Route Network (may require additional fieldwork);
ƒ   Develop Implementation Strategy and Costing for the Network;
ƒ   Develop Promotion and Marketing program
ƒ   Complete Draft Study Report and review with the Steering Committee; and
ƒ   Present at final Public Open House to be held in May 2011




HOW TO GET INVOLVED…
ƒ   Visit the project website at www.ngtrails.ca
ƒ   Fill out a comment form, visit us online, or contact us directly.




                                                                         14-10-427-001
Hello.
North Grenville Integrated Community Trails Strategy
North Grenville’s Dandelion Festival, May 28, 2011.

Made possible by the generous support of the Ontario Ministry of Health Promotion, the Municipality of North Grenville has
commenced a study to develop an Integrated Community Trail Strategy. The strategy builds upon our community’s
successful 2006 initiative celebrating Kemptville’s 150th anniversary: “150 Kilometres of Trails”.

Trails that are safe, attractive and accessible for users of all ages will enhance the quality of life unique to North
Grenville by encouraging physical activity, and connecting residents and visitors alike to our communities and its places.
The strategy will include a plan to guide future development and construction of trails, study how to build and maintain
high-quality trails, and establish trail usage and design guidelines.

                                                                                        Forbes Symon
                                                                                        Director of Planning & Development
                                                                                        Municipality of North Grenville
                                                                                        285 County Road #44
                                                                                        Kemptville, Ontario, K0G 1J0
                                                                                        t: 613-258-9569 ext. 125
                                                                                        fsymon@northgrenville.on.ca
                                                                                        www.northgrenville.on.ca



                                                                                                                             14-10-427-001
PROJECT TIMELINES


        •Study Start Up                                                       •Draft
                                      •Draft Candidate
                                                                               Implementation
        •Steering Committee            Trail Network
                                                                               Plan
        •On line Survey               •Sustainability Fair
Phase                         Phase                                   Phase   •Draft Report
        •Steering Committee           •Steering Committee
                                                                              •Steering Committee
        •Public Information            Meeting
                                                                               Meeting
  1      Centre #1              2     •Public Information               3     •Final Report
        •Stakeholder                   Session #2
                                                             We are           •Presentation to
         Sessions                                                              Council
                                                              Here




                                                                                                14-10-427-001
What is a ‘TRAIL’?
Trail:        Infrastructure that enables the use of human-powered modes of
              transportation and permitted motorized uses that link communities,
              businesses, and recreation areas.

•   Off-road pathways and hiking trails;
•   On-road paved shoulders and bike lanes;
•   Pathways within the Right-of-Way; sidewalks and walkways.

•   Trails enable active transportation and recreation opportunities, including:
     •    walking, running, cycling, cross-country skiing, dog sledding;
     •    mixed use activities, including equestrian;
     •    snowmobiles, ATV’s, dirt bikes;
     •    Kemptville’s waterways have a significant potential role in the use of active modes of
          transportation (such as canoes and kayaks).




                                                                                                   14-10-427-001
What is a Community
Trails Strategy?
1.Long-range plan (0-5 years, 5-10 years, 10 years+)
integrating trail infrastructure with existing and
future land use planning.

2.Examines the infrastructure system as a
group of related projects to plan out the future.




                                                       14-10-427-001
STUDY VISION, OBJECTIVES AND GOALS
 OBJECTIVES OF THE TRAILS STRATEGY:

 1.   Develop a set of policies for trail development, uses, location, and
      implementation that will guide future development of a trails system
      for the next 10 plus years (phased over 3 periods: 0-5years, 6-10 years,
      10 years +);

 2.   Build upon the existing North Grenville trail system which links
      together 150 kilometres of existing trails, North Grenville’s Built
      Heritage, urban streets, rural roads and waterways by developing a
      user-friendly trail network;

 3.   Consult with the public on trail development, particularly during the
      master planning process and implementation of individual routes;

 4.   Guide the develop promotional and educational materials and
      programs to attract residents and visitors to the trails of North
      Grenville;




                                                                                 14-10-427-001
TRAIL ROUTE
SELECTION PRINCIPLES
Safe: Reducing risks to users and providing facilities that support trail use will be
key considerations when selecting routes for the North Grenville network.

Visible: The route should be a visible component the trail system. They should be
well marked so that they are easily recognizable and visible by active transportation
users and motorists.

Destination-Oriented: Trails should provide access to major destinations in North
Grenville including but not limited to Kemptville District Hospital, University of
Guelph Kemptville Campus, Ferguson Forest Centre, and downtown Kemptville.

Attractive and Scenic: Trails should take advantage of attractive and scenic areas,
views and vistas.

Connected: All routes should be connected to form an overall network that supports
connections between existing and planned neighbourhoods, different land uses, and
beyond municipal boundaries to North Grenville’s neighbours.




                                                                                        14-10-427-001
Highlights of Public Consultation
Consultation has been a significant component to development of the Strategy. We received more
than 450 responses to the online survey, including valuable and pointed input from stakeholders and
members of the public at the two previous Public Information Centres. Select themes revealed include:


•   Connection to commercial areas along 43 are important;
•   Desires to improve infrastructure along CRs 43 and 44 are strong;
•   Trails along waterways are valuable;
•   Connections to the Ferguson Forestry Centre are critical;
•   Crossing CR 43 safely is paramount - ideas presented include
    pedestrian signalization and safety enhancements;
•   Linkages for motorized uses of trails - within and outside of North
    Grenville - are desired;
•   Linkages to communities, existing and proposed, to one another are
    valuable community enhancements.



                                                                                                   14-10-427-001
“And the Survey Says”
Existing Trails are well-used.                     Trail Use

In order of ranking by questionnaire mention,      Motivation for trail use, in order of
the Top Ten trail uses in North Grenville are as   questionnaire mentioned, is heavily geared
follows:                                           toward the enjoyment of ‘The Great
                                                   Outdoors’, fitness, and recreation:
1.    Walking/Jogging (85%);
2.    Hiking (68%);                                1. Enjoyment of the Natural Environment (86.8%)
3.    Cycling (63%);                               2. Exercise and Fitness (81.4%)
4.    Cross Country Skiing (49%);                  3. Destination oriented trips (travel to visit
5.    Snowshoeing (42%);                              family/friends/errands etc.) (9.7%)
6.    Dirt Biking (26%);                           4. Commuting to Recreation Centres (8.1%)
7.    In-Line Skating/Rollerblading (19%);         5. Commuting to School (4.4%)
8.    ATV’ing/Snowmobiling (16%);                  6. Commuting to Work (3.6%)
9.    Dog Sledding/Skijoring (13%);
10.   Other (Geocaching, Horseback Riding,
      Tobogganing, Seasonal Uses) (7%).



                                                                                                     14-10-427-001
“And the Survey Says”
•   60% of respondents have experienced North Grenville’s “150 kms of Trails”;
•   97% of cyclists currently use the road network for cycling;
•   89% of respondents use Trails for Enjoyment of the Natural Environment.

•   4% use trails to commute to work;
•   10% use trails for destination-oriented trips;
•   4% use trails to commute to school.
•   86% of respondents use trails for walking/jogging;
•   82% use trails for fitness and exercise.

• 93% of respondents would use trails if available, connected,
  and enjoyable to use.



                                                                                 14-10-427-001
“And the Survey Says”
Challenges
1.   Cost (budget, construction, maintenance, need for             5. Conflicting Trail Uses (trail usage policies, seasonally,
     volunteers, staffing).                                           snowmobiles, off-leash dogs, litter, vandalism,
                                                                      enforcement).
2.   Physical & Geographic Constraints (available space,
     disruption and integration with natural environment,          6. Safety (speed of traffic on roads, lighting on trails, road
     linking of large geographic area, sidewalks, road                crossings, time to implement safety precautions).
     crossings, Hwy 43, accessibility, jurisdictional conflicts,
     parking).                                                     7. Site Improvements (way finding, advertisement of trails,
                                                                      signage, staging areas).
3.   Community Acceptance (political will, leadership, lack
     of community/business/public interest, need for               8. Infrastructure Priority to Cars (Hwy 43, roundabouts,
     education, incentives, volunteer potential).                     ‘roads are not trails’).

4.   Land Ownership, Development and Land
     Permissions (growth management, railways,
     trespassing, zoning, pace of on-going development
     versus policy, visioning, privacy, multi-year plan).




                                                                                                                            14-10-427-001
“And the Survey Says”
 Trails have the Opportunity to:

 1.   Improve quality of life and health of   4.   Improve walking and cycling as
      North Grenville residents (81.0%)            transportation options (64.6%)

 2.   Provide access to natural areas         5.   Connect the villages and new developments
      (78.6%)                                      in North Grenville to one another (49.2%)

 3.   Provide places to walk and cycle        6.   Provide access to historic/cultural
      within neighbourhoods for recreation         destinations and support tourism and
      (78.1%)                                      economic development (47.4%)




                                                                                          14-10-427-001
Select Draft Recommendations
The Municipality should ensure the safe movement of pedestrians
throughout the municipality and local communities by providing safe
pedestrian facilities such as:
•    Safety enhancements to pedestrian crossings on Rd. 43
•    Sidewalks of sufficient width;
•    Protective barriers and buffers between streets and sidewalks.



 The Municipality and Council formally recognize the multi-function of
 a trails network as community infrastructure for non-motorized and
 self-propelled transportation - for utilitarian as well as motorized and
 non-motorized recreational purposes by including the Network Plan
 developed as part of this Strategy as a Schedule in the Official
 Plan as part of its next update.



 Where practical, new multi-use spine trails and trailheads be
 designed to be Universally Accessible. Existing and new trails
 should be signed to indicate whether they are universally
 accessible.



                                                                            14-10-427-001
Select Draft Recommendations
That the route development and selection principles identified in this
plan should be considered when future network changes are explored,
new opportunities identified and when individuals routes are entering
into the detailed planning and design stage of implementation – that all
new development proposals and all public works proposals be
required to consult/review/consider the trails strategy.



Update the Municipality’s sidewalks inventory to include sidewalks
proposed in potential new development areas, and once completed,
identify missing sidewalk links so the can be prioritized for future
development / implementation.



That the Municipality of North Grenville’s multi-use trail system in parks
and linear corridors be designed with a trail width of 3.0m. In
constrained corridors the trail width should not be less than 2.4m for a
multi-use trail.




                                                                             14-10-427-001
Select Draft Recommendations
The Municipality should acquire and develop existing
abandoned and to be abandoned rail corridors/spurs for
future use as critical multi-use recreation facilities throughout
North Grenville and linking to adjacent municipalities.



 The Municipality should develop additional pedestrian
 crossing over Kemptville Creek in the vicinity of Pine Hill
 Road and Riverside Park.



 The Municipality should build upon the expertise of the
 Steering Committee established for the development of this
 strategy to develop a Community-Based Trail Advisory
 Committee.




                                                                    14-10-427-001
Promoting Trails
                                          •   Build upon existing walking tours, considering opportunities
Promotion of trails is integral to            for interpretation of Community Assets (Built and Natural
the strategy, and will include, but not       Heritage, Cultural amenities and unique aspects of The
be limited to:                                Hamlets).

                                          •   Promote natural beauty of existing trail systems such as the
                                              Ferguson Forest , Limerick Forest, and University of
                                              Guelph campus trails;

                                          •   Youth and Schools – incorporate ‘Fit for Life’ Program and
                                              promote trail usage;

                                          •   Promote use of trails through various Tourism outlets;

                                          •   Promote trail etiquette and use as part of active and healthy
                                              living;

                                          •   Promote trails and cycling by providing bicycle-friendly
                                              infrastructure at commercial and community facilities, for
                                              example, ‘Welcome Cyclists’ Program;

                                          •   Consider Bike rental facilities and programs, such as the
                                              ‘Yellow-Bike Program’.

                                                                                                       14-10-427-001
NEXT STEPS and DATES
ƒ   June 03, 2011
     ƒ Finalize Draft Proposed Route Network, Implementation Strategy, and
       Promotion/Marketing Program.

ƒ   June 20, 2011
     ƒ Tabling of Report – Committee of the Whole

ƒ   June 27, 2011
     ƒ Presentation to Council

Stay in touch:
ƒ   Visit the project website at www.ngtrails.ca
ƒ   Fill out a comment form, visit us online, or contact us directly.



                                                                             14-10-427-001
ANNEX A 9



Public gets first opportunity to
review trails strategy survey results
Posted Jun 16, 2011 BY ASHLEY KULP

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Click to Enlarge




                                                                                                                  Ashley Kulp, Kemptville EMC
Local residents speak with a representative from MMM Group, the company responsible for development of North Grenville's integrated
community trails strategy, during the May 28 Dandelion Festival. A booth was set up during the festival to give members of the public an
opportunity to view results from the recent online survey and make further comments or recommendations for the trails strategy, the draft of
which will be discussed at the June 20 Committee of the Whole meeting and is expected to be finalized at the June 27 council meeting.

EMC News - The results are in and one thing is clear: North Grenville residents certainly use their trails system.

Members of the public had the first opportunity to review results from the recent online survey conducted by the
Municipality of North Grenville and MMM Group (the company creating the strategy) during the May 28
Dandelion Festival in Old Town Kemptville.

North Grenville's director of planning and development, Forbes Symon, along with representatives from MMM
Group, were in attendance to answer the public's questions and gather further input.

The project is currently in its second phase and deals with developing a community trails strategy to address a
long-range plan for trail infrastructure, including incorporating existing trails with future ones, as well as
examining the trail infrastructure system and identify areas for expansion.

"Trails that are safe, attractive and accessible for users of all ages will enhance the quality of life unique to
North Grenville by encouraging physical activity and connecting residents and visitors alike to our communities
and its places," stated Symon in the survey results presentation. "The strategy will include a plan to guide
future development and construction of trails, study how to build and maintain high-quality trails and establish
trail usage and design guidelines."

One of the first tasks of the project was to conduct an online survey (available from January to April) to find out
what the public wants to see contained in the strategy. It garnered more than 480 responses and showed that
60 per cent of those who answered the survey use the North Grenville trails. Of that 60 per cent, 97 per cent
use them for cycling, 89 per cent use them for the enjoyment of natural environment, 86 per cent use them for
walking and jogging, while 82 per cent use them for fitness and exercise. However 93 per cent indicated they
would use the trails more if they were "available, connected and enjoyable to use."

The survey also highlighted the top ten uses of the trails. Walking and jogging hit the top of the list as 85 per
cent noted they use the trails primarily for this, followed by hiking (68 per cent), cycling (63 per cent), cross-
country skiing (49 per cent), snowshoeing (42 per cent), dirt biking (26 per cent), in-line skating/rollerblading
(19 per cent), ATVing/snowmobiling (16 per cent), dog sledding/skijoring (13 per cent), and seven per cent
enjoy the trails in other ways such as horseback riding, tobogganing, geocaching and seasonal uses.

Many also enjoy the quality of life and access to natural areas North Grenville's trails provide, as well as the
way they "connect the villages and new developments in North Grenville to one another" and how they "provide
access to historic/cultural destinations and support tourism and economic development."

Challenges identified in the survey regarding the trails are the cost to construct them and maintenance to keep
them up to standards, the physical and geographic constraints, community acceptance, land ownership,
development and land permissions, conflicting trail uses, safety, site improvements and obtaining funding to do
this, as well as the infrastructure priority to cars and where they fit in.

Overall, Symon noted the results were very positive and that residents had identified they enjoyed the informal
public consultation process the municipality had adopted with the trails strategy project. Prior to the Dandelion
Festival, the project had a booth at the North Grenville Community Sweetheart Brunch in February and also at
the April 17 Sustainability Fair.

Some of the draft recommendations which came out of the survey process encouraged the municipality to
show a larger focus on pedestrians, as well as make all the trails "universally accessible."

"The municipality should ensure the safe movement of pedestrians throughout the municipality and local
communities by providing safe pedestrian facilities such as: Safety enhancements to pedestrian crossings on
County Road 43, sidewalks with sufficient width and protective barriers and buffers between streets and
sidewalks," the survey results noted.

Other recommendations asked the municipality to consider their trail system in parks be designed with a three-
metre trail width, or no less than 2.4 metres in order to promote multi-use. As well, it was pointed out that
additional pedestrian crossing over the Kemptville Creek near Pine Hill Road and Riverside Park is needed and
the acquisition of abandoned rail corridors should be explored further for "future use as critical multi-use
recreation facilities throughout North Grenville and linking to adjacent municipalities."

A steering committee was created to provide input on the creation of the strategy and residents feel that
following the strategy's completion, a community-based trails advisory committee should be established in
order to develop it.

The survey results also indicated that for the promotion of trails, the municipality should build upon its existing
walking tours and trails, incorporate local youth and schools, use them for tourism purposes and promote North
Grenville as a bicycle-friendly community by considering bike rental programs so people can cycle the trails.

During the festival, a large map of the area with the existing trail routes was set up and residents were invited
to mark their preferences and comments on it which will be considered in the final strategy.

NEXT STEPS

The finalized draft proposed route network, implementation strategy and promotion/marketing program was
expected to be completed June 3. A full report on this will take place June 20 during the Committee of the
Whole council meeting before the strategy is finalized June 27 during a presentation at the regular council
meeting.
To stay up-to-date on the integrated community trails strategy, visit www.ngtrails.ca.
North Grenville Trails Strategy Questionnaire


1. Have you experienced North Grenville's "150 Kilometres of Trails"?


                                                                                               Response      Response
                                                                                                Percent       Count

                               Yes                                                                 60.4%          256


                                No                                                                 39.6%          168


                                                                                      answered question           424


                                                                                       skipped question            44




2. How often do you participate in the following activities? (Select one of the following for each mode)


                                                    A few times   A few times   A few times                  Response
                                      Every day                                                 Never
                                                      a week       a month        a year                      Count

                  Walking/jogging     25.3% (109)   33.9% (146)   22.7% (98)    15.5% (67)     2.6% (11)          431


                           Cycling     0.8% (3)     17.7% (69)    26.9% (105)   35.9% (140)   18.7% (73)          390


                            Hiking     1.3% (5)      9.2% (36)    25.3% (99)    45.3% (177)   18.9% (74)          391


             Cross country skiing      1.1% (4)      3.8% (14)     8.9% (33)    25.7% (95)    60.4% (223)         369


    In-Line Skating / Rollerblading    0.3% (1)      1.7% (6)      5.1% (18)    14.5% (51)    78.4% (276)         352


                              ATV      1.4% (5)      3.9% (14)     6.4% (23)    12.6% (45)    75.6% (270)         357


                     Snowshoeing       0.8% (3)      4.4% (16)     9.7% (35)    27.6% (100)   57.5% (208)         362


                     Snowmobiling      0.6% (2)      2.8% (10)     3.4% (12)    15.4% (55)    77.9% (278)         357


                     Dog Sledding      0.0% (0)      2.8% (10)     1.1% (4)      2.0% (7)     94.1% (333)         354


                        Dirt Biking    2.1% (8)     11.7% (44)    11.4% (43)     4.5% (17)    70.2% (264)         376


                                                                                    Other (please specify)
                                                                                                                   48



                                                                                      answered question           463


                                                                                       skipped question               5



                                                       1 of 121
3. Please select in order the types of uses you think should be considered in the development of a Trails Strategy
for North Grenville:


                                        1. Most       2. Less        3. Not      4. Least        5. No       Response
                                         often          often        often        often        opinion        Count

                  Walking/jogging      85.2% (373)    8.4% (37)     1.8% (8)     2.7% (12)     1.8% (8)           438


                            Cycling    62.4% (265)   27.8% (118)   5.2% (22)     1.6% (7)      3.1% (13)          425


                             Hiking    67.4% (287)   21.1% (90)    6.6% (28)     2.1% (9)      2.8% (12)          426


             Cross country skiing      48.7% (205)   34.4% (145)   7.8% (33)     5.0% (21)     4.0% (17)          421


    In-Line Skating / Rollerblading    18.6% (72)    26.4% (102)   19.6% (76)   22.2% (86)    13.2% (51)          387


                               ATV     16.0% (64)    18.5% (74)    15.2% (61)   41.1% (165)    9.2% (37)          401


                       Snowshoeing     41.5% (167)   30.6% (123)   13.2% (53)    8.2% (33)     6.5% (26)          402


                       Snowmobiling    17.1% (68)    19.6% (78)    15.1% (60)   37.0% (147)   11.1% (44)          397


                       Dog Sledding    12.7% (49)    18.9% (73)    21.5% (83)   30.3% (117)   16.6% (64)          386


                         Dirt Biking   25.7% (105)   13.0% (53)    11.5% (47)   38.6% (158)   11.2% (46)          409


                                                                                    Other (please specify)
                                                                                                                   33



                                                                                      answered question           458


                                                                                       skipped question            10




                                                        2 of 121
4. Please select which reasons motivate you to use the multi-use trails system in North Grenville.


                                           1. Most         2. Less         3. Not        4. Least          5. No       Response
                                            often           often          often           often          opinion       Count

          Enjoyment of the natural
                                         86.8% (375)      9.5% (41)       2.1% (9)       0.7% (3)         0.9% (4)          432
                        environment


                    Fitness/exercise     81.4% (345)      16.3% (69)      0.7% (3)       0.7% (3)         0.9% (4)          424


              Commuting to school         4.4% (16)       8.8% (32)      6.3% (23)      32.2% (117)      48.2% (175)        363


  Commuting to recreation centres         8.1% (30)       13.6% (50)     9.5% (35)      32.8% (121)      36.0% (133)        369


 Destination oriented trips such as
travel to visit family / friends / run    9.7% (36)       14.9% (55)     15.9% (59)     28.4% (105)      31.1% (115)        370
             errands / shopping etc.


                Commuting to work         3.6% (13)       7.8% (28)      8.4% (30)      37.2% (133)      43.0% (154)        358


                                                                                             Other (please specify)
                                                                                                                             16



                                                                                               answered question            437


                                                                                                skipped question             31




5. Do you currently use roads and/or sidewalks to participate in the following activities? (Please select all that
apply)


                                                                                                                       Response
                                                        Roads                               Sidewalks
                                                                                                                        Count

                  Walking / Jogging                   78.2% (305)                           54.9% (214)                     390


                             Cycling                  96.4% (320)                           14.8% (49)                      332


                                         Other (Please specify activity and use - e.g. in-line skating on sidewalks)
                                                                                                                             29



                                                                                               answered question            405


                                                                                                skipped question             63




                                                             3 of 121
6. Would you switch to trails to conduct these activities if they were available?


                                                                                            Response    Response
                                                                                             Percent     Count

                             Yes                                                               92.6%         389


                              No                                                                7.4%          31


                                                                                    answered question        420


                                                                                     skipped question         48




                                                      4 of 121
7. Please rank, from the following list, where (1) = very comfortable and (5) = not comfortable, your personal
comfort level. (Rank all statements)


                                          1. Very                                                  5. Not     Response
                                                          2.            3.           4.
                                        comfortable                                             comfortable    Count

   Hiking/walking on multi-use trails
     typically found in parks, green
                                        77.4% (329)   14.8% (63)    4.9% (21)     1.4% (6)        1.4% (6)         425
   space / natural areas and hydro
                            corridors


Cycling on multi-use trails typically
      found in parks, green space /     61.7% (255)   19.9% (82)    10.9% (45)   4.4% (18)       3.1% (13)         413
  natural areas and hydro corridors


   Hiking/walking on multi-use trails
          found along side roads in     54.0% (222)   23.8% (98)    13.4% (55)   5.6% (23)       3.2% (13)         411
  Kemptville and surrounding areas


   Cycling on multi-use trails found
                                                        27.7%
 along side roads in Kemptville and     42.6% (174)                 17.2% (70)   7.6% (31)       4.9% (20)         408
                                                        (113)
                  surrounding areas


        Walking on sidewalks along
                                        61.1% (250)   21.5% (88)    11.7% (48)    2.2% (9)       3.4% (14)         409
                  Town/local streets


      Cycling on quieter Town/local
                                                        29.9%
   streets and sharing the road with    32.1% (131)                 18.9% (77)   9.8% (40)       9.3% (38)         408
                                                        (122)
               motor vehicle traffic


Cycling on busier Town/local roads
                                         19.3% (79)   17.8% (73)    21.3% (87)   21.8% (89)      19.8% (81)        409
 with bike lanes or paved shoulders


Cycling on busier Town/local roads
  roads without bike lanes or paved      7.1% (29)    9.3% (38)     16.8% (69)   20.7% (85)     46.1% (189)        410
                           shoulders


                                                                                          answered question        426


                                                                                           skipped question         42




                                                         5 of 121
8. Please rank, from the following list, where (1) = very important and (5) = not important, why you think an
Integrated Community Trails Strategy for North Grenville should be developed. (Rank all statements)


                                          1. Very                                                 5. Not      Response
                                                           2.            3.          4.
                                         important                                              important      Count

To provide places to walk and cycle
                                         78.1% (300)   12.5% (48)    6.3% (24)    0.8% (3)       2.3% (9)          384
within neighbourhoods for recreation


   To connect the villages and new
developments in North Grenville to       49.2% (187)   24.7% (94)    17.9% (68)   4.7% (18)     3.4% (13)          380
                         one another


      To improve quality of life and
                                         81.0% (307)   12.4% (47)    6.1% (23)    0.0% (0)       0.5% (2)          379
 health of North Grenville residents


 To provide access to natural areas      78.6% (301)   15.4% (59)    5.0% (19)    0.5% (2)       0.5% (2)          383


To connect neighbourhoods to each
                                         45.2% (171)   27.2% (103)   18.8% (71)   5.0% (19)     3.7% (14)          378
                                other


               To provide access to
   historic /cultural destinations and
                                         47.4% (180)   25.5% (97)    19.7% (75)   4.5% (17)     2.9% (11)          380
     support tourism and economic
                        development


 To improve walking and cycling as
                                         64.6% (245)   20.3% (77)    9.8% (37)    2.9% (11)      2.4% (9)          379
               transportation options


                                                                                     Other (please specify)
                                                                                                                    29



                                                                                       answered question           385

                                                                                          skipped question          83




                                                          6 of 121
9. In your opinion, what are the top three locations or corridors (please indicate both the start and end points)
in North Grenville where you think new or better connected trails should be considered? (Enter up to three
responses in order of importance - maximum 100 characters each response)


                                                                                             Response     Response
                                                                                              Percent       Count

                               1
                                                                                                100.0%              215


                               2
                                                                                                 74.0%              159


                               3
                                                                                                 52.6%              113



                                                                                    answered question               215


                                                                                     skipped question               253




10. What do you think are the top three biggest challenges, constraints or barriers to improving trail conditions
in North Grenville? (Enter up to three responses in order of importance - maximum 100 characters)


                                                                                             Response     Response
                                                                                              Percent       Count

                               1
                                                                                                100.0%              234


                               2
                                                                                                 79.5%              186


                               3
                                                                                                 53.0%              124



                                                                                    answered question               234


                                                                                     skipped question               234




                                                     7 of 121
11. What is your opinion regarding North Grenville purchasing private land, for the purposes of securing trail
connections?


                                                                                           Response       Response
                                                                                            Percent        Count

                  Strongly Agree                                                               35.2%             134


                          Agree                                                                48.0%             183


                       Disagree                                                                    7.3%          28


               Strongly Disagree                                                                   2.1%            8


                     No Opinion                                                                    7.3%          28


                                                                                  answered question              381


                                                                                   skipped question              87




12. Do you agree that North Grenville should invest in trail improvements? (Select one response)


                                                                                           Response       Response
                                                                                            Percent        Count

                 Strongly Agree                                                                58.3%             222


                          Agree                                                                36.0%             137


                      Undecided                                                                    5.2%          20


                       Disagree                                                                    0.3%            1


               Strongly Disagree                                                                   0.3%            1


                                                                                  answered question              381


                                                                                   skipped question              87




                                                    8 of 121
13. Please indicate your postal code. Please enter your postal code with no spaces. (e.g. "A3AB4B").


                                                                                                          Response
                                                                                                            Count

                                                                                                                  365


                                                                                     answered question            365


                                                                                       skipped question           103




14. Please enter any other comments you have regarding the North Grenville Integrated Community Trails
Strategy.


                                                                                                          Response
                                                                                                            Count

                                                                                                                  170


                                                                                     answered question            170


                                                                                       skipped question           298




15. Please enter your e-mail address here if you would like to be kept informed about the status of this study.
(The address that you supply here will be used only to send you updates about the current planning process
and the status of this study. It will not be shared, traded or sold for any other purpose.)


                                                                                                          Response
                                                                                                            Count

                                                                                                                  247


                                                                                     answered question            247


                                                                                       skipped question           221




                                                      9 of 121
16. If you wish to provide additional comments to the study team or be notified directly when a study update is
posted on North Grenville's web site, please visit www.ngtrails.ca, see us on Facebook and/or provide us with
the following information: (The contact information that you supply here will be used only to send you updates
about the current planning process and the status of this study. It will not be shared, traded or sold for any
other purpose.)


                                                                                             Response     Response
                                                                                              Percent       Count

                           Name
                                                                                                 95.7%            178


                           Email
                                                                                                 95.7%            178


                   Phone number
                                                                                                 77.4%            144


            Fax number (optional)
                                                                                                  2.7%              5



                                                                                    answered question             186


                                                                                     skipped question             282




                                                     10 of 121
APPENDIX B:

COST SCHEDULE
North Grenville Integrate Community Trails Strategy
Cost Schedule               Draft June 2011




                                                                                                                                                UNIT             UNIT PRICE                                                            COMMENTS/ASSUMPTIONS




1.0   GENERAL

1.1 Construct new Municipal wide Spine trail within road right of way                                                                        per metre              $250          Hard surface trail (asphalt) within road right of way typically along Regional roads, normal site conditions


1.2 Construct new Municipal wide Spine trail outside of road right of way                                                                    per metre              $140          Soft surface trail, 3.0m wide, granular surface, normal site conditions


1.3 Construct new paved shoulder Municipal wide Spine On Road Trail (e.g. along County Road 18 currently paved)                              per metre              $110          Add paved shoulder, 2.0m wide, asphalt, markings


1.4 Construct new hardened surface shoulder along Municipal wide Spine On Road Trail (e.g. tar & chip along Townline Road currently
                                                                                                                                             per metre               $50          Hardened surface road, including shoulder
unpaved)
                                                                                                                                                                                  Soft surface trail, 3.0m wide, granular surface (assumes existing trail alignment is generally suitable. Work includes widening, realigning,
1.5 Upgrade existing abandoned rail corridor to Town wide Spine Trail (e.g. along Road 43)                                                   per metre               $75          topping up of existing trail), normal site conditions (e.g. along rail abandoned corridor and along Ferguson Forest farm roads where
                                                                                                                                                                                  existing base material exists)

1.6 Construct new Local Neighbourhood trail (within Right of Way)                                                                            per metre              $100          Soft surface trail, 2.4m wide, granular surface, normal site conditions


1.7 Construct new Single Track Hiking Trail (e.g. within Ferguson Forest)                                                                    per metre               $25          Soft surface trail, 1.0 to 1.5m wide, natural or woodchip surface, normal site conditions


                                                                                                                                                                                  1.5m wide concrete sidewalk, one side of street only. Price for sidewalk only under normal site conditions, does not include utility pole
1.8 Construct concrete sidewalk (e.g. in Old Town Kemptville core)                                                                           per metre               $80
                                                                                                                                                                                  relocations, retaining walls, excessive grading beside sidewalk etc.). Recent local tender prices equate to $60 100/linear metre.



2.0 STRUCTURES AND CROSSINGS
2.1 Construct new Floating Boardwalk (pedestrian light duty) (e.g. within Ferguson Forest where drainage issues exist and/or within low
                                                                                                                                             per metre              $250          Low profile structure on floating foundation and decking (1.5m width), no railings
lying un opend road allowances)


2.2 Construct new Boardwalk (pedestrian light duty)                                                                                          per metre              $600          Structure on footings, 2.4m wide with railings


2.3 Construct new Boardwalk (heavy duty)                                                                                                     per metre             $1,200         Structure on footings, 3.0m wide with railings, designed to hold light service vehicle


2.4 Self weathering steel truss bridge (e.g. over Kemptville Creek in vicinity of Riverside Park)                                            per metre             $1,800         1.8m wide


2.5 Self weathering steel truss bridge (e.g. over Kemptville Creek in vicinity of Riverside Park)                                            per metre             $2,800         3.5m wide


2.6 Metal stairs with hand railing and gutter to roll bicycle (e.g. in town core areas as/if needed)                                      per vertical metre       $3,000         1.8m wide, galvanized steel


2.7 Trail / Road transition (e.g. within Master Planned Communities and across Rd. 44 at Municipal Centre)                                      each               $2,500         Typically includes 3 bollards, warning signs, curb cuts an minimal restoration (3.0m trail)


2.8 Trail / Road transition at existing signalized intersection                                                                                 each               $3,000         (At intersection with pedestrian crosswalk) typically includes 6 bollards, warning signs and minimal restoration


2.9 At grade mid block crossing                                                                                                                 each               $5,000         Typically includes pavement markings, 6 bollards, warning signs, curb cuts and minimal restoration (median refuge island extra)


2.10 At grade railway crossing                                                                                                                  each              $100,000        Flashing lights, motion sensing switch (C.N. estimate)


2.11 At grade railway crossing with gate                                                                                                        each              $250,000        Flashing lights, motion sensing switch and automatic gate (C.N. estimate)


2.12 Below grade railway crossing                                                                                                               each           $500,000 750,000   3.0m wide, unlit culvert style approx 10 m long for single elevated railway track


2.13 Multi use subway (underpass) under 4 lane road                                                                                             each              $1,200,000      Guideline price for basic 3.3 m wide, lit


2.14 Construct Median Refuge                                                                                                                    each               $20,000        Average price for basic refuge with curbs, no pedestrian signals


2.15 Construct Pedestrian activated traffic signal (IPS)                                                                                        each               $80,000        Varies depending on number of signal heads required
4.0 SIGNAGE

4.1 Regulatory and caution Signage (off road trail) on new post                                                                                                                       each           $150     Trailside sign, 300mm x 300mm c/w metal post


4.2 Signboards for interpretive sign                                                                                                                                                  each           $800     Does not include graphic design


4.3 Trailhead kiosk                                                                                                                                                                   each          $3,000    Does not include design and supply of signboards


4.4 Signboards for trailhead kiosk sign                                                                                                                                               each          $2,000    Typical production cost, does not include graphic design


4.5 Trail directional sign                                                                                                                                                            each           $150     Bollard / post / w 100mm x100mm marker


4.6 Trail marker sign                                                                                                                                                                 each           $75      Bollard / post / w 100mm x100mm marker


4.7 Signage for Signed Bicycle Route                                                                                                                                                   km           $2,000    Bollard / post / w 100mm x100mm marker



5.0 OTHER

5.1 Major rough grading (for multi use pathway)                                                                                                                                   cubic metre        $25


5.2 Clearing and Grubbing                                                                                                                                                        square metre         $2


5.3 Bicycle rack                                                                                                                                                                      each           $200     Post and ring style stand


5.4 Bicycle rack                                                                                                                                                                      each           $750     Holds 6 bicycles, price varies depending on manufacturer


5.5 Bicycle locker                                                                                                                                                                    each          $2,500    Price varies depending on manufacturer


5.6 Bench                                                                                                                                                                             each          $1,000    Price for a typical park style bench


5.7 Garbage container                                                                                                                                                                 each           $700     Price for a typical park or streetscape style unit


5.8 Culvert Railings                                                                                                                                                               per metre         $100     Basic wood post and rail style railing


5.9 Small diameter culverts                                                                                                                                                        per metre        $75 160   Price range applies to 400mm to 600mm diameter PVC or CSP culverts for drainage below trail

NOTES:
1. Unit Prices reflect 2010/2011 dollars, based on projects in Ontario. They do not include the cost of property acquisition, utility relocations, or major roadside drainage works unless noted.
APPENIX C: MAPS
    Network Concept Map
    Facility Types Map
    Phasing & Implementation Map
                                                                                                          JUNE 2011                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           LEGEND
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   To Osgoode, Greely, Ottawa
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Primary Spine Network
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  CITY OF OTTAWA                                                                                                                   and the Trans Canada Trail




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     9
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Primary Spine Network




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   ad 1
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          See Kemptville Inset




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  ty Ro
The Municipality of North Grenville                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 Primary Spine Network

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         SETTLERS




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Coun
Integrated Community Trails Strategy:                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     0                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         Primary Spine Network along Abandoned Rail Corridor
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          GRANT                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             n
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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Æ
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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 eQuinnelle                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  he                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     Active Rail Line (East-West)
Network Concept Map                                                                                                                                                                                    NORTHWEST                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          ga                                                   NORTH DUNDAS
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              0                        Mc
                                                                                                                                                                                                        QUADRANT                                                                                                                                            BECKETTS                                                                                                                                                                                                                                c
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    "                         (Stormont Dundas                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Existing Paved Roadway along "150 Km of Trail"
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           R                                                              Gabert Rd                                             and Glengarry
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             LANDING                                                                                                                                    VE
                                                                              To Richmond, North Gower,                                                                                                                                                                  Text                                                                                                                                                                                                                         RI                                                                                                                       United Counties)                                                                                                                                                                                                                     Existing Unpaved Roadway along "150 Km of Trail"
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 U
                                                                                    Ottawa and the                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            EA
                                                                                  Trans Canada Trail                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      D               Flynn Rd
                     BURRITS RAPID                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     RI                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           Existing Unpaved Roadway
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         Arcand Rd
                                                                                                                                                                                   RIDEAU RIVER                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Rideau River Rd
                                                                    River Road                    0                                                            River Rd
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    44                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Existing Off-Road Trails




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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          unt                                                                                                                                                    Dan
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               Hilly




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Co                                                                                                                                                           ge              rfie                                                                                                                      OLD




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     Empress Dr
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Ln




                                                                                                                                                                      OXFORD                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                ld R
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                d                                                                                                             TOWN                                                                                                                                                                                        Golf Course Ln
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    r Rd
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     Marlin Rd                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                R   d                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Ride au Rive




                                                                                    Donoghue Rd
                                                                                                                           Craig Rd                                    MILLS                                                                                                             Bedell Rd                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         er




                                                            Bolton Rd
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           KEMPTVILLE                                                                                                         Riv
     VILLAGE OF




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Wa
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             te
    MERRICKVILLE-                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          U of G




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                r St
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     County Rd 44
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     Hero
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Potte r Rd




       WOLFORD                                                                                                                                                                18                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         KEMPTVILLE                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         nL
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        n
                                                                                                                                                                    County Rd
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          CAMPUS




                                                                                                                                                                                                        Guy Rd
      (Leeds and




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     Dennison Rd
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 Beach Rd E                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Qua
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Beach Rd                                                                                                                                                                 Whitney                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           il L n




                                                                                                                                  Todd School Rd
       Grenville                                                             Sanderson Rd                                                                           Stone Rd                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         Rd                                                         Benn
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             Settlers Wy




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Carson Rd
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                0                                                                                                                                                   ett Rd
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Garrison Dr




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           0
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         Harmony Wy




    United Counties)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   To                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   Æ"
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        _c
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 Mountain
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Latourell Rd




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 Irishtown Rd
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Mcgovern Rd E
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               Harris Rd




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 Mcgovern Rd
                                                Forbes Rd                                                  Mcfarlane Rd                                                                                Lindsay Rd
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                d



                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Townline Rd
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               R

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   Pelton Rd
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                r
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 Ln




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             ge
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Honour Wy
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       w




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Ea

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     0
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Taylor Rd
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 ervie




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     Rock Rd
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Æ
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          _




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           Crozier Rd
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Veterans Wy
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           County Rd 44




                                                                                                                                                                               Pattersons Corners Rd
                               Snowdon Rd                                                             Jig St                                                                                                                               O'neill Rd
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                County Rd 19




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Grenville St




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           Hess Rd
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     ott Rd                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    0
                                                                                                               Mussell Rd                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Edward Sc                                                                                                                                         County Rd 43                                                                         a           St E
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           Elv ir                                                               C
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Riverview Ln Riv




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 0                                                                        Rd




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   Law Rd
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            OXFORD                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    t
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                !                                                                                                                                                  en
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     0                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       em
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         y St                                                                                                                                                   ttl
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         Brid




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           d
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            STATION                                                                                                                                                  Tompkins Rd                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Male                                                                                     R
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Æ
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    _                                                         Se
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      George St W                                                                                                                                                                                                        h
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              ge




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       County Rd 20                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        on                                                                          nc
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   tE                                              t                                                                               e
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    ie r S                                                                                                                                      Fr
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Rideau St




                                                                                                                           Hunter Ln                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       li   ng
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 Clo th
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       St N




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               Alfre




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     Rd                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 el




                                                                                                                                                   Render Rd
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            County Rd 20                                                                                                         r                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  W
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Somerville Rd




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           Slate
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           W                                                           t
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   d St




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  r Rd                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                r St     0                                              A   sa S
                                                         BISHOPS                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Slate                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        C   lo th ie
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           Pre s




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 Kingdom Rd
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             Van Bure n St




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      0




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             Black Rd




                                               West Av
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Brid ge




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 co




           LIMERICK                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       B
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   Ja ck St




                                                          MILLS
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Boundary Rd




                                                                                                  Limerick                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                !
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   Maric Tl
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     Magee Rd
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 tt St




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Norton Rd
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     St S




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Hurd




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           18
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       Reub en Cr




            FOREST                                           St                                    Forest                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Dillabaugh
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Rd




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Maple Hill Rd
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             Rd
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           St




                                                       in                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               ty                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      County Rd 24
                                                    Ma                                                                                                                      Ng_2                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                un                                                                           Berg Cr                            Hilltop Cr
                                                             Dool Rd                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          To                                                              Co
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   Joseph St




                               Buker Rd                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Concession Rd
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   d
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             South                                                    Mem ory Ln                                                                                                              Be
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 rR                                                                                                                                                         Mountain                                                                                                                                                 0                          a tt
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            ie
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                rte                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Ln
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Po
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Smith Rd




                                                                                                      0                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Totem Ranch Rd E
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Æ
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                _                         Curt
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          is A
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              v                                                                                                                                                                        Kenn ed
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               y                   Rd
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Mackenzie Rd




                                                                        Limerick Rd                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         Latimer
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Albert St




                                                                                                  Æ
                                                                                                  _                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               Rd                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         Co
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               lleg
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Empress Dr




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   eR
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      TOWNSHIP OF                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              d
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       Balmoral St




                               Harvey Rd                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       To Cardinal, Prescott and




                                                                                                               Cooper Rd
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Townline Rd




                                                                                                            TOWNSHIP OF                                                                                                                                                                         EDWARDSBURG/CARDINAL                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Da
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         Melbo urn




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  the Waterfront Trail                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  ng
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   e




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           erf
                                                                                                               AUGUSTA                                                                                                                                                                      (Leeds and Grenville United Counties)                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              ield
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Cr




                        To Prescott and the Waterfront Trail                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         Mcca ul
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             Dr
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Rd
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               County Rd 44




μ
0       1,250      2,500                                 5,000
                                                                                                  (Leeds and Grenville United Counties)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          To Prescott and                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Bedell Rd                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     0                   Marlin Rd
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                400 800                                                      1,600 Metres
                                                            Metres                                                                                                                                                                      the Waterfront Trail
                                                                                                          JUNE 2011                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              To Osgoode,                                                                                                                                                                                                                        LEGEND
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 Greely, Ottawa
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 and the Trans                                                                                                                                                 On-Road Cycling Route (To Recieve Paved Shoulder with Signage)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  CITY OF OTTAWA                                                                                                                 Canada Trail




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     9
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               On-Road Cycling Route to receive Hardened Surface and Shoulder with Signage




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   ad 1
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          See Kemptville Inset




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  ty Ro
The Municipality of North Grenville                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            On-Road Cycling Route to receive Hardened Surface and Shoulder with Signage
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         SETTLERS




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Coun
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          0                                                                                                                                                                    Off-Road Multi-Use Pathway
Integrated Community Trails Strategy:                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     GRANT                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             n
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               yL
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Æ
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                _           TOWNSHIP OF
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 eQuinnelle                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  he                                                                                                                                                                                                                Existing Paved Roadway along 150 Km of Trail
Facility Types Map                                                                                                                                                                                     NORTHWEST                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          ga                                               NORTH DUNDAS
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              0                        Mc
                                                                                                                                                                                                        QUADRANT                                                                                                                                            BECKETTS                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      (Stormont Dundas
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               Existing Unpaved Roadway along 150 Km of Trail
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             R                                                            Gabert Rd                                         and Glengarry
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             LANDING                                                                                                                                      VE
                                                                              To Richmond, North Gower,                                                                                                                                                                  Text                                                                                                                                                                                                                           RI                                                                                                                 United Counties)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    U                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Existing Unpaved Roadway
                                                                                    Ottawa and the                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               EA
                                                                                  Trans Canada Trail                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       D              Flynn Rd
                        BURRITS RAPID                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   RI                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     Existing Off-Road Trails
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         Arcand Rd
                                                                                                                                                                                                       RIDEAU RIVER                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Rideau River Rd
                                                                    River Road                    0                                                            River Rd
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    44                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         Potential Candidate Route along Unopened Road Allowance
                                                                                   Æ
                                                                                   _                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           To
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Reids




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     Honour Wy
                                          3




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Visiting Rd
                                       d2                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             0                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Potential Candidate Route
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               Mills             FERGUSON




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    County Rd 44
                                 t   yR




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Settlers Wy
                               un




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Rob Wy
                             Co                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 Pratt Rd




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Harmony Wy
                                                                                                  Monkman Rd                                                               Scott Rd W                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             Æ"
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  _c                                                                                                                                                                                                              FOREST                                                                                                                                       Crossing at Hwy 416




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Dr
                                                            Haskin Rd
            To Merrickville,                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      CENTRE




                                         Davis
              Smiths Falls,                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         0                                                                                                      d                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   Proposed Trailheads




                                               Rd
           Rideau Trail and                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              tR                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Æ
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               _
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       en




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Boundary Rd
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     em




                                                                                 County Rd 23
            Cataraqui Trail
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Æ
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    _                                                                                                            ttl                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           Proposed Bridges
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Se                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 B




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       Muldoon Rd
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 0




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          South Gower
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       ch
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               !




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      County Rd 19
                                                                                                          County Rd 43                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               C                                                            en
                                                                                                                                                               43                                                                                                               43                                                                                                                                                                                              Fr
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               George St W                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     C                               Proposed Pedestrian Crossing




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           King St
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     ! Æ0
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       _                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       !




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Brid
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Kim berly Av
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                0                                                                              0                                                                                                                                                              COLLONADE




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  ge S




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Somerville Rd
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                B
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                !                                                                                                                 43




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       tS



                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   Presco




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     Johnston Rd
                               Scotch Lin




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          tt
          To Merrickville-               e Rd




                                                                                                                                                                                                        County Rd 25 Acton Corners Rd
                                                             W
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   Ln




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           St
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     Abbott Rd




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Hurd St
                                                                           Scotch Line Rd W                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             To                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    KEMPTVILLE INSET




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   Joseph St
                 Walford                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  0
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               eau
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            id




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Hallville
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          R




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               8
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                d1
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             Æ Curtis Av
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             _                                                                                                                               Kenne
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              yR                                                                                                                                                                                                                   dy          Rd
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          unt                                                                                                                                                    Dan
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                OLD
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               Hilly




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Co                                                                                                                                                           ge              rfie




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     Empress Dr
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Ln




                                                                                                                                                                      OXFORD                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                ld R
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                d                                                                                                              TOWN                                                                                                                                                                                       Golf Course Ln
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    r Rd
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     Marlin Rd                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                R   d                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Ride au Rive




                                                                                    Donoghue Rd
                                                                                                                           Craig Rd                                    MILLS                                                                                                             Bedell Rd                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          KEMPTVILLE                                                                                                                     er




                                                            Bolton Rd
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Riv
     VILLAGE OF




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Wa
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           U of G




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             te
    MERRICKVILLE-




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                r St
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         KEMPTVILLE




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     County Rd 44
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     Hero
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Potte r Rd




       WOLFORD                                                                                                                                                                18                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            nL
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        n
                                                                                                                                                                    County Rd                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             CAMPUS




                                                                                                                                                                                                        Guy Rd
      (Leeds and




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     Dennison Rd
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 Beach Rd E                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Qua
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Beach Rd                                                                                                                                                                 Whitney                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           il L n




                                                                                                                                  Todd School Rd
       Grenville                                                             Sanderson Rd                                                                           Stone Rd                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         Rd                                                         Benn
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             Settlers Wy




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Carson Rd
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                0                                                                                                                                                   ett Rd
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Garrison Dr




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           0
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         Harmony Wy




    United Counties)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   To                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   Æ"
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        _c
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 Mountain
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Latourell Rd




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 Irishtown Rd
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Mcgovern Rd E
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               Harris Rd




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 Mcgovern Rd
                                                Forbes Rd                                                  Mcfarlane Rd                                                                                Lindsay Rd
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                d



                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Townline Rd
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               R

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   Pelton Rd
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                r
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 Ln




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             ge
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Honour Wy
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       w




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Ea

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     0
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Taylor Rd
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 ervie




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     Rock Rd
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Æ
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          _




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           Crozier Rd
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Veterans Wy
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           County Rd 44




                                                                                                                                                                               Pattersons Corners Rd
                               Snowdon Rd                                                             Jig St                                                                                                                               O'neill Rd
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                County Rd 19




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Grenville St




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           Hess Rd
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     ott Rd                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    0
                                                                                                               Mussell Rd                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Edward Sc                                                                                                                                         County Rd 43                                                                         a           St E
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           Elv ir                                                               C
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Riverview Ln Riv




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 0                                                                        Rd




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   Law Rd
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            OXFORD                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    t
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                !                                                                                                                                                  en
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     0                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       em
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         y St                                                                                                                                                   ttl
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         Brid




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           d
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            STATION                                                                                                                                                  Tompkins Rd                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Male                                                                                     R
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Æ
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    _                                                         Se
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      George St W                                                                                                                                                                                                        h
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              ge




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       County Rd 20                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        on                                                                          nc
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   tE                                              t                                                                               e
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    ie r S                                                                                                                                      Fr
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Rideau St




                                                                                                                           Hunter Ln                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       li   ng
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 Clo th
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       St N




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               Alfre




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     Rd                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 el




                                                                                                                                                   Render Rd
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            County Rd 20                                                                                                         r                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  W
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Somerville Rd




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           Slate
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           W                                                           t
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   d St




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  r Rd                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                r St     0                                              A   sa S
                                                         BISHOPS                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Slate                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        C   lo th ie
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           Pre s




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 Kingdom Rd
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             Van Bure n St




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      0




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             Black Rd




                                               West Av
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Brid ge




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 co




           LIMERICK                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       B
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   Ja ck St




                                                          MILLS
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Boundary Rd




                                                                                                  Limerick                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                !
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   Maric Tl
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     Magee Rd
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 tt St




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Norton Rd
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    St S




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Hurd




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           18
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       Reub en Cr




            FOREST                                           St                                    Forest                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Dillabaugh
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Rd




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Maple Hill Rd
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             Rd
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           St




                                                       in                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               ty                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      County Rd 24
                                                    Ma                                                                                                                      Ng_2                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                un                                                                           Berg Cr                            Hilltop Cr
                                                             Dool Rd                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          To                                                              Co
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   Joseph St




                               Buker Rd                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Concession Rd
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   d
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             South                                                    Mem ory Ln                                                                                                              Be
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 rR                                                                                                                                                         Mountain                                                                                                                                                 0                          a tt
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            ie
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                rte                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Ln
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Po
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Smith Rd




                                                                                                      0                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Totem Ranch Rd E
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Æ
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                _                         Curt
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          is A
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              v                                                                                                                                                                        Kenn ed
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               y                   Rd
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Mackenzie Rd




                                                                        Limerick Rd                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         Latimer
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Albert St




                                                                                                  Æ
                                                                                                  _                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               Rd                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         Co
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               lleg
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Empress Dr




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   eR
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      TOWNSHIP OF                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              d
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       Balmoral St




                               Harvey Rd                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       To Cardinal, Prescott and




                                                                                                               Cooper Rd
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Townline Rd




                                                                                                            TOWNSHIP OF                                                                                                                                                                         EDWARDSBURG/CARDINAL                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Da
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         Melbo urn




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  the Waterfront Trail                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  ng
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   e




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           erf
                                                                                                               AUGUSTA                                                                                                                                                                      (Leeds and Grenville United Counties)                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              ield
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Cr




                        To Prescott and the Waterfront Trail                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         Mcca ul
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             Dr
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Rd
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               County Rd 44




μ
0       1,250      2,500                                 5,000
                                                                                                  (Leeds and Grenville United Counties)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          To Prescott and                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Bedell Rd                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     0                   Marlin Rd
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                400 800                                                      1,600 Metres
                                                            Metres                                                                                                                                                                      the Waterfront Trail
                                                                                                          JUNE 2011