Final Exam_AP Exam Review

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					                            Final Exam/AP Exam Review

Suggestions for Studying:

   1. Cliff’s AP Reading. Anything in any of the chapters in the Cliff’s AP Guide could potentially
      appear on the AP exam. I would probably focus on the material we have covered, however. One of
      the best ways to use this book, in my opinion, is to practice the questions at the end of each
      chapter. The answers are at the ends of the chapters as well (in case you forgot).

   2. Look back through the Multiple Choice questions I have given you throughout the year. (MT#1,
      #2, #3, #4, Body Systems, and Ecology).

   3. Look back through the notes pertaining to the topics you found to be most difficult.

   4. Look through the Review worksheets (#1-8).

   5. Look through the Lab Review worksheets (AP Labs 1-12). Don’t forget that there is a link to Lab
      Bench on www.classjump.com/mrstidermanapbiology. Just look toward the top of the homepage.
      Lab Bench is a very useful tool to help review any of the 12 AP labs. There are short quizzes at the
      end of each lab as well as helpful animations.

   6. Look through the list of activities from you Online textbook I have provided on this sheet. Pick
      and choose the ones you need to help you study. I would suggest going through ALL of the
      activities pertaining to Systems of the Body, Animal Development, and Ecology.

   7. You might also try looking back through the bell questions given throughout the year. I usually
      ask questions pertaining to important, but basic concepts.

   8. Go through the Greed cards again (MT #1-4 are still posted on classjump under “Downloads”).
      You can also access the “Final Greed” game which covers: Inverts/Verts, Body Systems, and
      Ecology.

   9. Look through past essays found on the AP Central website (also a link on our Classjump page). I
      would recommend looking through the essays asked over the past 10 years. Follow the directions
      found on Classjump.

   10. Lastly, make sure you take/finish all practice exams given so that you get a feel for how you are
   going to perform on your final exam and/or the AP Exam. Use only the time allotted. I will let you
   know when you need to take practice exams.



Final Exam: 1 essay – Wednesday, May 4th
            Multiple Choice – Thursday, May 5 th
            Final Exam handed back – Friday, May 6th
            AP Exam – Monday, May 9th (be to the church by 7:45 am)
Onlin Activities Already Covered This Year:
Properties of Water (Chapter 3)
   1. The Polarity of Water
   2. Cohesion of Water
   3. Acids, Bases, and pH

Carbs, Lipids, Protein Structure (Chapter 5)
   1. Protein Functions
   2. Protein Structure
   3. Lipids
   4. Models of Glucose
   5. Carbohydrates

Energy and Chemical Reactions (Chapter 8)
   1. Chemical Reactions and ATP
   2. The Structure of ATP
   3. Energy Transformations

Biogeochemical Cycles (Chapter 54)
   1. The Carbon Cycle
   2. The Nitrogen Cycle

Enzyme Activity (Chapter 8)
   1. How Enzymes Work

Animal, Plant, Prokaryote, Eukaryote Cells (Chapter 6)
   1. Build an Animal Cell and Plant Cell
   2. Prokaryote Structure and Function
   3. Comparing Prokaryote and Eukaryote Cells

Cell Organelles (Chapter 6)
   1. Role of the Nucleus
   2. Endomembrane System
   3. Build a Chloroplast and Mitochondrion Activity

Cell Membrane and Transport (Chapter 7)
   1. Membrane Structure
   2. Selective Permeability of Membranes
   3. Diffusion
   4. Osmosis and Water Balance in Cells
   5. Facilitated Diffusion
   6. Active Transport
   7. Exocytosis and Endocytosis

Photosynthesis (Chapter 10)
   1. Sites of Photosynthesis
   2. Overview of Photosynthesis
   3. The Light Reactions
   4. The Calvin Cycle (Dark Reaction)
   5. Photosynthesis in Dry Climates (C3, C4, CAM Plants)

Cellular Respiration (Chapter 9)
   1. Chemical Cycling
   2. Overview of Cellular Respiration
   3. Glycolysis
   4. The Citric Acid Cycle
   5. Electron Transport
   6. Fermentation

DNA /RNA and DNA Replication (Chapter 16)
  1. DNA and RNA Structure
  2. DNA Replication Overview
  3. DNA Replication: A Closer Look

Protein Synthesis (Chapter17)
   1. Transcription
   2. mRNA Processing
   3. Translation

Gene Regulation (Chapter 18)
   1. The Lac Operon in E. coli

Mitosis (Chapter 12)
   1. The Cell Cycle ***
   2. Mitosis and Cytokinesis Animation ***

Meiosis (Chapter 13)
  1. Meiosis Animation ***

Genetics (Chapter 14)
   1. Gregor’s Garden (Let’s you practice any type of 1-trait or 2-trait cross!)

Genetic Engineering/Biotechnology (Chapter 20)
   1. Applications of DNA Technology
   2. Restriction Enzymes
   3. Cloning a Gene in Bacteria
   4. Gel Electrophoresis in DNA
   5. Analyzing DNA Fragments Using Electrophoresis
   6. The Human Genome Project
   7. DNA Fingerprinting

Evolution
**All of the Activities for this unit are in the “Evolution Activities” Packet that was given as homework
and it should be in your binder.

Origin of Life/Viruses
**All of the activities for this unit are listed in the “Viruses and the Origin of Life” packet that should be
in your binder.
Prokaryotes (Bacteria)
**All of the activities for this unit are listed in the “Diversity of Prokaryotes Worksheet” that should be in
your binder.

Plants (Chapter 29)
   1. Terrestrial Adaptations of Plants
   2. Moss Life Cycle
   3. Fern Life Cycle

Angiosperms (flowering Plants – Chapter 30)
  1. Angiosperm Life Cycle




Online Activities Not Officially Assigned this Year:
Embryo Development in Animals (Chapter 47)
  1. Sea Urchin Development (very cool video!) – covers fertilization, blastulation, gastrulation,
     ectoderm, mesoderm, endoderm

Invertebrates (Chapter 33)
   1. Characteristics of Invertebrates (great review!)

Vertebrates (Chapter 34)
   1. Characteristics of Chordates (Invertebrate Chordates/Vertebrates)

Nervous System (Chapter 48)
   1. Neuron Structure
   2. Nerve Signals: Action Potentials
   3. Signal Transmission at a Chemical Synapse

Circulatory/Respiratory Systems (Chapter 42)
   1. Mammalian Cardiovascular System Structure
   2. Mammalian Cardiovascular System Function
   3. The Human Respiratory System

Digestive System (Chapter 41)
   1. Digestive System Function

Excretory/Urinary System (Chapter 44)
   1. Structure of the Human Excretory System
   2. Nephron Function
   3. Control of Water Reabsorption

Immune System (Chapter 43)
  1. Immune Responses
   2. HIV Reproductive Cycle (this is a great review of the lysogenic cycle for viruses)

Hormones (Chapter 45)
   1. Overview of Cell signaling
   2. Peptide Hormone Action
   3. Steroid Hormone Action
   4. Human Endocrine Glands and Hormones (Lots of stuff here – but may be useful to go through this
      one a few times!)

Muscle Contraction (Chapter 49)
  1. Skeletal Muscle Structure
  2. Muscle Contraction

Behavioral Ecology (Chapter 51)
   1. Honeybee Waggle Dance Video – Lots of other interesting videos too!!
**Don’t forget about AP Lab 11 (Pillbug Behavior) – Taxis vs. Kinesis – see lab bench to review this one!

Ecology (Chapter 53)
   1. Interspecific Interactions
   2. Food Webs
   3. Primary Succession

Ecology: Food Webs and Energy (Chapter 54)
   1. Pyramids and Production (Covers food webs and trophic levels)
   2. Energy Flow and Chemical Cycling
   3. The Greenhouse Effect

Ecology: Population Growth (Chapter 52)
   1. Analyzing Age-Structure Pyramids

Ecology: Biomes (Chapter 50)
   1. Aquatic Biomes
   2. Terrestrial Biomes

				
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