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FINAL EXAM REVIEW PACKET - DOC

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									             FINAL EXAM REVIEW PACKET
         CHAPTERS 2-12 AND THE CONSTITUTION

This review packet includes MOST, but not necessarily all of the material
on the USI CPC Final Exam. However, it cannot and is not a supplement for
having put in a solid effort throughout the course of the school year.
Completion/studying of the material covered in this packet should be a
valuable supplement to the material you have learned and will GREATLY
help you on the final exam.



CHAPTER 2—“SPAIN’S EMPIRE IN THE AMERICA’S”
HERNANDO CORTES
     DEALINGS WITH THE AZTECS
SPANISH METHOD OF CONQUEST
     ENCOMIENDA LABOR SYSTEM
ENGLISH SETTLMENT AT JAMESTOWN
     JAMESTOWN
           DISASTEROUS START
           SUCCESS AT JAMESTOWN
                “BROWN GOLD”—JOHN ROLFE
     VIRGINIA SPLITS
           ECONOMIC DIFFERENCE
           BACON’S REBELLION
PURITANS
     NEW ENGLAND
     JOHN WINTHROP
     MASSACHUSETTS BAY COLONY
     DISAGREEMENTS IN PURITANS COMMUNITY
           FOUNDING OF PROVIDENCE
                ROGER WILLIAMS
     WILLIAM PENN
           QUAKERS
           HOLY EXPERIMENT
                PENNSYLVANIA

CHAPTER 3—“THE COLONIES COME OF AGE”
THEORY OF MERCANTILISM
     THE NAVIGATION ACTS
     SALUTARY NEGLECT
PLANTATION ECONOMY
     CASH CROP
     SOUTHERN LIFE
          INDENTURED SERVANTS
          SLAVERY
               SLAVE TRADE
                    TRIANGULAR TRADE
                         MIDDLE PASSAGE
               TREATMENT OF SLAVES IN THE SOUTH
NORTHERN COMMERCIAL NORTH
    DIVERSITY OF ECONOMY
    URBAN LIFE
    ENLIGHTENMENT
         THE GREAT AWAKENING
               JONATHAN EDWARDS vs. BENJAMIN FRANKLIN
    PROCLAMATION OF 1763
    PROBLEMS AS A RESULT OF THE WAR
         GEORGE GRENVILLE
               SUGAR ACT

CHAPTER 4—“THE WAR FOR INDEPENDENCE”
RESISTING ENGLISH RULE
     STAMP ACT
          STAMP ACT PROTESTS—SAMUEL ADAMS
     TOWNSHEND ACTS
          COLONIAL RESPONSE
     BOSTON MASSACRE
          COMMITTEES OF CORRESPONDENCE
     BOSTON TEA PARTY
          INTOLERABLE ACTS (KING GEORGE III)
               MARTIAL LAW
     REVOLUTIONARY WAR
     LEXINGTON AND CONCORD
     COMMON SENSE
          THOMAS PAINE
     DECLARATION OF INDEPENDENCE
          THOMAS JEFFERSON
TREATY OF PARIS (1783)

CHAPTER 5—“SHAPING A NEW NATION”
DEBATES IN THE CONTINENTAL CONGRESS
     REPRESENTATION
          “STATE vs. POPULATION”
     SUPREME POWER—“CAN IT BE DIVIDED”
     WHAT TO DO ABOUT WESTERN LANDS?
          LAND ORDINANCE OF 1785
          NORTHWEST ORDINANCE OF 1787
ARTICLES OF CONFEDERATION
     POLTICAL AND ECONOMIC PROBLEMS
     FOREIGN RELATIONS PROBLEMS
SHAY’S REBELLION
CONSTITUTIONAL
     BIG STATES vs. SMALL STATES
           GREAT COMPROMISE—ROGER SHERMAN
     SLAVERY PROBLEMS
           THREE FIFTHS COMPROMISE
     DIVISION OF POWERS
           SEPARATION OF POWERS
           CHECKS AND BALANCES
RATIFYING THE CONSTITUTION
     BILL OF RIGHTS
           AMENDMENTS 1, 2&3, 4-8, 9, 10

THE CONSTITUTION—APPLYING THE CONSTITUTION (WE DID
WORKSHEETS ON THIS)
PREAMBLE--PURPOSE OF THE CONSTITUTION
ARTICLE 1—THE LEGISLATURE—HOUSE AND SENATE
     QUALIFICATIONS TO BE REP.
ARTICLE 3—THE JUDICIARY
     SUPREME COURT
ARTICLE 6—SUPREMACY OF THE NATIONAL GOVERNMENT
     SUPREME LAW
AMENDMENTS 13-15

CHAPTER 6—LAUNCHING THE NEW NATION
SECTIONALISM
     ALIEN AND SEDITION ACTS
     VIRGINIA AND KENTUCKY RESOLUTIONS
          NULLIFICATION
JEFFERSON’S PRESIDENCY
     JUDICIARY ACT OF 1801
          MIDNIGHT JUDGES
          MARBURY v. MADISON
                JUDICIAL REVIEW
     LOUISIANA PURCHASE
          LEWIS AND CLARK EXPEDITION
                ROUTE THEY TOOK
                LOOKING FOR?
                WHAT THEY FOUND
                SACAJAWEA
     WAR OF 1812
          NAPOLEON’S BLOCKADE
          IMPRESSEMENT BY THE BRITISH
          EMBARGO BY U.S.
          TECUMSEH
          ANDREW JACKSON—THE BATTLE OF NEW ORLEANS
          TREATY OF GHENT
              ARMISTICE
              TREATY DID NOT ADDRESS THE CAUSES OF THE WAR

CHAPTER 7
HENRY CABOT LOWELL
     LOWELL OR WALTHAM SYSTEM
HENRY CLAY
     AMERICAN SYSTEM
           INTERNAL IMPROVEMENTS
                 RAILROADS
                 NATIONAL ROAD
                 ERIE CANAL
NATIONALISM
     ADAMS-ONIS TREATY
     MONROE DOCTRINE
     WESTWARD EXPANSION
     MISSOURI COMPROMISE
JACKSON
     DEMOCRATIC-REPUBLICAN PARTY
     SPOILS SYSTEM
     INDIAN REMOVAL ACT
           WORCESTER v. GEORGIA
           TRAIL OF TEARS
NULLIFICATION THEORY
     JOHN C. CALHOUN
     TARIFF OF ABOMINATIONS

CHAPTER 8—REFORMING AMERICAN SOCIETY
THE SECOND GREAT AWAKENING
TRANSCENDENTALISM
     RALPH WALDO EMERSON
     HENRY DAVID THOREAU
ABOLITIONISTS—ABOLITION
     FREDERICK DOUGLAS
SLAVE LIFE
     URBAN vs. RURAL vs. FREE BLACKS
NAT TURNER
GAG RULE IN CONGRESS
THE CULT OF DOMESTICITY
FACTORY SYSTEM
     LOWELL MILL
           WORKING CONDITIONS
NATIONAL TRADES’ UNION
CHAPTER 9--EXPANDING MARKETS AND MOVING WEST
MARKET REVOLUTION
CAPITALISM
     ENTREPRENEURS
SAMUEL F.B. MORSE
     RAILROADS
AMERICAN MISSION
     MANIFEST DESTINY
BLACK HAWK WAR
     FORT LARAMIE TREATY
SANTA FE TRAIL
OREGON TRAIL
“FIFTY-FOUR FORTY OR FIGHT”

UNION IN PERIL (CHAPT 10)
DIFFERENCES BETWEEN THE NORTH AND SOUTH
WILMOT PROVISO
CALIFORNIA’S STATEHOOD
COMPROMISE OF 1850
     HENRY CLAY
     POPULAR SOVEREIGNTY
FUGITIVE SLAVE ACT
TENSIONS IN KANSAS AND NEBRASKA
     KANSAS-NEBRASKA ACT
           BLEEDING KANSAS
REPUBLICAN PARTY
DRED SCOTT CASE
     ROGER TANEY
HARPERS FERRY
     JOHN BROWN
ELECTION OF 1860
     LINCOLN’S ELECTION
     SOUTH CAROLINA’S SECESSION
CONFEDERACY (CONFEDERATE STATES OF AMERICA)
     JEFFERSON DAVIS

CIVIL WAR (CHAPTER 11)
FORT SUMTER
      LINCOLN’S DILEMMA
ADVANTAGES OF NORTH AND SOUTH
UNION AND CONFEDERATE WAR STRATEGIES
      ANACONDA PLAN
ULYSSES S. GRANT
ROBERT E. LEE
ANTIETAM
LINCOLN’S FEELINGS ON SLAVERY & HIS PRESIDENTIAL DUTIES
      EMANCIPATION PROCLAMATION
      REACTIONS TO PROCLAMATION
AFRICAN AMERICAN SOLDIERS’ EXPERIENCES
      FORT PILLOW
SOLDIERS’ EXPERIENCES
      MEDICINE---CLARA BARTON
ANDERSONVILLE
CHANCELLORSVILLE
      “STONEWALL” JACKSON
GETTYSBURG
WILLIAM TECUMSEH SHERMAN
      TOTAL WAR---SHERMAN’S MARCH
SURRENDER AT APPOMATTOX
      APPOMATTOX COURT HOUSE

RECONSTRUCTION (CHAPT 12)
RECONSTRUCTION
LINCOLN’S PLAN
      RADICAL REPUBLICANS
             THADDEUS STEVENS
      JOHNSON’S PLAN
LINCOLN’S v. JOHNSON’S v. CONGRESS’ PLAN
FREEDMEN’S BUREAU
CIVIL RIGHTS ACT OF 1866
      BLACK CODES
  TH
13 , 14TH, 15TH AMENDMENTS
RECONSTRUCTION ACT OF 1867
JOHNSON’S IMPEACHMENT
      TENURE OF OFFICE ACT
SCALAWAGS
CARPETBAGGERS
RESTORATION OF PLANTATIONS
      TENANT FARMING
      SHARECROPPING—CYCLE OF POVERTY
KU KLUX KLAN
CORRUPTION IN GRANTS ADMINISTRATION
      CREDIT MOBILIER
COMPROMISE OF 1877
      END OF RECONTRUCTION
                 UNITED STATES HISTORY I CPC
                               FINAL EXAM
                        SHORT ANSWER POSSIBILITIES

ON THE FINAL EXAM YOU WILL BE REQUIRED TO ANSWER 5 OF THE
FOLLOWING SHORT ANSWER QUESTIONS. EACH ANSWER WILL NEED
TO BEEN NEATLY WRITTEN AND WILL BE GRADED FOR CONTENT,
SPELLING, GRAMMER, AND PUNCTUATION.

  1. As Abraham Lincoln prepared to take over the presidency in 1860, what were his
     views on the existence of slavery, the expansion of slavery, and racial equality?

  2. Do you think Congress or the presidents of the time had the better approach to
     Reconstruction? Give at least three factual reasons for your opinion.

  3. Explain how the English colonies were affected by any two of the following: the
     passage of the Navigation Acts, the establishment of the Dominion of New
     England, the Glorious Revolution, or the period of salutary neglect.

  4. Explain how the Articles of Confederation prevented the Congress from paying
     off the huge war debt owed to foreign nations following the Revolutionary War?

  5. Name two powers that the Constitution gave the federal government and explain
     why it is logical for the federal government to have these powers.

  6. Explain how the Dred Scott decision made it impossible to reach any further
     compromises on the issue of slavery in the territories. How did the decision make
     all prior laws and agreements, including popular sovereignty, “empty phrases”?

  7. Why did both planters and freed slaves need each others’ help? Explain the cycle
     of poverty that was associated with sharecropping. Also, explain what happened
     if a farmer was able to break the cycle of poverty.

  8. Explain why you agree or disagree with the following statement:
            “The belief in the idea of manifest destiny justifies the relocation of Native
             Americans from their tribal lands to lands unwanted by white settlers”

  9. How did the Kansas-Nebraska Act nullify the Missouri Compromise and the
     Compromise of 1850?

  10. Explain 3 results of the Emancipation Proclamation. How did people in the
      Union and Confederacy react to this document?

								
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