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					     The Magazine of the Association of Manitoba Municipalities

                                                                  Winter 2008




Special RepoRt:
INFRASTRUCTURE
Heritage Helps
build communities
2007 convention recap

Manitoba's Age-friendly Initiatives • Update from Broadway
Fe at ures


Age-Friendly
Manitoba Initiative                                                                                13
                                                          Heritage
                                                          Makes                                                  Cover: Manitoba's bridges are part of this
                                                          People                                                  issue's Special Report on Infrastructure.


                                                          Happy                                    15                         Municipal Leader
                                                                                                                        is published quarterly by the
                                                                                                                   Association of Manitoba Municipalities.

                                                                                                                          Please address inquiries to:
                                                                                                                       1910 Saskatchewan Avenue W.
                                                                                                                       Portage la Prairie, MB R1N 0P1
                                                                                                                           Phone: (204) 856-2366

Special Report:                                                                                                              Fax: (204) 856-2370
                                                                                                                         e-mail: amm@amm.mb.ca

Infrastructure                                            19                                                             Internet: www.amm.mb.ca

                                                                                                                  Note: The views expressed in this magazine are
                                                                                                                 not necessarily the views of the AMM or its Board.

                                                                                                                    Publication management and production by:




                                                                                                                      3rd Floor - 2020 Portage Avenue
                                                                                                                          Winnipeg, MB R3J 0K4
                                                                                                                 Ph: (204) 985-9780 Fax: (204) 985-9795
                                                          2007                                                                www.kelman.ca
                                                                                                                          e-mail: terry@kelman.ca
                                                          Convention
                                                                     42
                                                                                                                        Managing Editor: Terry Ross

                                                          Re-cap                                                   Art Design/Production: Andrea Ardiles
                                                                                                                     Advertising Manager: Cindy Robin

                                                                                                                  Contents may not be reproduced without
                                                                                                                    the express consent of the publisher.


Depa rtmen t s                                                                                                    AMM Mission Statement
President’s Report .............................4         Meet Your Provincial Department ....22
                                                                                                                  The Association of Manitoba
Executive Director’s Report ...............5              Legal Corner ...................................39      Municipalities identifies
In Brief .............................................6   Insurance ........................................40    and addresses the needs
                                                                                                                  and concerns of its
MMAA Report ...................................9          Candid Camera ...............................49         members in order
Municipal Profile .............................10         MTCML ..........................................52      to achieve strong
                                                                                                                  and effective
Upcoming Events ............................11            Reach our Advertisers ......................54          municipal
                                                                                                                  government.


                                                                                                                          Winter 2008| Municipal Leader | 
presiDent’s report

     AMM Board                                                     Convention
     of Directors
                                                                   sets stage for
                                                                   significant
              ExECutIvE
                President
             Mayor Ron Bell,
              Town of Birtle

         vice-President, Rural           Ron Bell, President
                                                                   anniversary
      Councillor Doug Dobrowolski,
           RM of Macdonald



                                         A
         vice-President, urban                   nother Convention has come and       Conservation Districts Program: Frame-
         Mayor Shirley Kalyniuk,                 gone and I have to begin by thank-   work for the Future. This document is
           Town of Rossburn                      ing the entire AMM delegate body     causing a great deal of concern for munici-
                                         for acclaiming me to serve another term      palities. With the Planning Act still a fairly
              DIRECtoRS                  as President of the Association. I truly     recent development, municipalities are
                                         appreciate your goodwill and encourage-      now faced with a mandate that could affect
       Councillor Ralph Groening,
             RM of Morris                ment and I plan to work as hard, if not      local planning to an even greater extent.
                                         harder, on your behalf over the next year        A consultation process is in place, and
         Mayor Melvin Klassen,           as I have over the past three years.         the AMM intends to fully participate in
            Town of Altona                   I’d also like to congratulate Urban      this process. I cannot stress enough how
                                         Vice-President Shirley Kalyniuk and          important it is for YOU, our members, to
         Reeve Alice Bourgouin,          Rural Vice-President Doug Dobrowolski        also participate. This is an initiative that
             RM of Rosser                on being re-elected and acclaimed, respec-   could have extremely far-reaching effects
                                         tively. The three of us have served as your  on our local planning activities, and every-
        Mayor Randy Sigurdson,           Executive team for one year now and I        one involved needs to take action.
            Town of Arborg               truly appreciate the                                                    Of course,
                                         confidence shown in                                                 we will keep you
        Reeve George Harbottle,
           RM of Alexander
                                         our leadership. What             We have become                     informed and up-
                                         the experience has                                                  to-date on this issue.
         Councillor Art Rempel,          shown us, I think, is               a truly unified                 In the meantime,
            City of Steinbach            that we are going in                 organization.                  you can view the
                                         the direction that our                                              discussion docu-
          Reeve Roger Wilson,            membership wants us                                                 ment and download
             RM of Birtle                to. Together, we will continue to move       a feedback form at www.gov.mb.ca/
                                         forward on the many issues you raised        waterstewardship/agencies/cd/index.
          Mayor Eileen Clarke,           during Convention.                           html. Remember, you have an important
           Town of Gladstone                 In fact, we began moving forward even    role to play in this dialogue, and it is
                                         before Convention adjourned, by meeting      imperative that you have a say.
          Reeve Robert Misko,            with Premier Doer and members of the             In closing, while it is always exciting
            RM of Hillsburg
                                         Provincial Cabinet on November 29 just       to begin a new year, it is especially true of
                                         prior to the Ministerial Forum. This is an   this year, as 2008 represents the 10-year
          Mayor Rene Maillard,
         Town of Ste. Rose du Lac        annual meeting that gives us the oppor-      anniversary of the AMM. This is such a
                                         tunity to discuss the most critical issues   highlight for all of us, as it not only rep-
        Councillor Alan Ransom,          raised by our membership directly with       resents 10 years of growth, it represents
            RM of Morton                 the Premier. Our number one issue was,       what we have become over the past decade
                                         not surprisingly, fiscal balance – a leading - a truly unified organization. The AMM
       Councillor Maxine Chacun,         issue throughout Convention. We used the     is one of the few municipal associations
            Town of Virden               opportunity to raise a number of other hot-  that represent ALL municipalities – north
                                         button issues with Cabinet as well. You      to south, rural to urban, province-wide. It
        Councillor oswald Sawh,          can view the complete position paper we      is that spirit of partnership and coopera-
           City of Thompson              presented to Premier Doer on the AMM         tion that makes it such an honour for me
                                         website at www.amm.mb.ca.                    to serve as your President.
         Councillor Russ Wyatt,
                                             One issue that has arisen since Conven-
            City of Winnipeg
                                         tion concerns the Conservation Districts
                 Dale Lyle,              (CD) Program in Manitoba. On December
   President of the Manitoba Municipal   19, I received a discussion document from
        Administrators Association       Manitoba Water Stewardship, entitled



 | Municipal Leader | Winter 2008
                                                           executive Director’s report

                               Wrapping                                                             Contact the
                               up one year,                                                         AMM Staff
                               unwrapping
                                                                                                             Joe Masi,
                                                                                                         Executive Director
                                                                                                             856-2360


Joe Masi, Executive Director
                               the next                                                                  jmasi@amm.mb.ca

                                                                                                           Linda Hargest,
                                                                                                             Director of


T
        he AMM 9th Annual Convention has        you have missed the first session, don’t             Administration & Marketing
        come and gone, and by all accounts      worry – it is only the first of three excel-                  856-2361
        it was a resounding success. A total    lent sessions we have scheduled for you                 lhargest@amm.mb.ca
of 970 delegates attended, making it our        this year. For more information, contact
second-largest attendance in Brandon            our Events Coordinator, Donna Belbin, at                    tyler MacAfee,
to date. We had a full slate of excellent       dbelbin@amm.mb.ca, or visit our website          Director of Policy & Communications
speakers, both policy-related and motiva-       for complete details.                                          856-2362
tional, along with seamless and efficient           We will soon be taking registration
                                                                                                         tmacafee@amm.mb.ca
resolutions sessions.                           for Mayors, Reeves and CAOs meetings
    As you know, the participation of our       online also – these are coming up in mid-
membership is crucial to the success of an      March. Visit the AMM Events Calendar at                     Elicia Funk,
event of this magnitude. The board and          www.amm.mb.ca for dates and locations.                 Administrative Assistant
staff of the AMM collectively feel that             Those of you who attended Convention              (Board & Administration)
this year in particular, the contribution       will also be aware of our new logo – and if                   856-2365
of our members was extremely positive.          you did not hear about it there, you will see            efunk@amm.mb.ca
An air of optimism and spirit of working        evidence of our new “look” throughout this
together for a common goal was evident          magazine and on virtually everything else                 Lynne Bereza,
throughout the entire Convention. This,         we produce. This logo is the first initiative       Communications Coordinator
in my opinion, only helped to improve an        in a year-long celebration of our 10-year                    856-2366
already top-notch agenda, and will give us      anniversary, which we officially kicked
                                                                                                       lbereza@amm.mb.ca
momentum as we move forward with our            off just prior to adjourning the Convention.
lobbying efforts in 2008.                       Watch for further details on other events
    The next item on the AMM events             throughout the coming year. This is indeed                 Patti De Baets,
calendar is the first education session of      an exciting milestone for our association               Finance Coordinator
2008, Communicating for Results: From           and one we could not have reached without                    856-2367
Conflict to Cooperation, on Tuesday, Janu-      the ongoing support of our membership. It               pdebaets@amm.mb.ca
ary 29, 2008, at the Clarion Inn & Suites in    is this support, and the spirit of partnership
Winnipeg. Priti Shah is an articulate and       I witnessed during Convention, that truly                   Erika Rempel,
enthusiastic presenter who has been doing       drives us to do the work that we do each               Administrative Assistant
public speaking for more than a decade          day. Thank you and I wish you all the best           (Policy & Communications)
and who brings a diverse personal and           in 2008!
                                                                                                              856-2369
professional background to her presenta-
                                                                                                        erempel@amm.mb.ca
tions. If you haven’t registered yet, time is
indeed running out. Log on to our website
at www.amm.mb.ca to register online. If                                                                   Rachel Philippe,
                                                                                                        Senior Policy Analyst
                                                                                                               856-2371
                                                                                                        rphilippe@amm.mb.ca

                                                                                                            Donna Belbin,
                                                                                                         Events Coordinator
                                                                                                               856-2374
                                                                                                         dbelbin@amm.mb.ca


                                                                                                   the AMM fax number
                                                                                                      is 204-856-2370

                                                                                                         Winter 2008| Municipal Leader | 
in Brief

Full Front door access                           selling naMing rights                            employment and training for people receiv-
to Manitoba legislature                          to Winnipeg’s civic buildings                    ing welfare. Other employers can receive
The Honourable Gary Doer, Premier of Man-        Mayor Sam Katz recently announced                up to a 50% wage subsidy to provide on
itoba, recently announced that the Manitoba      that the City of Winnipeg plans to sell the      the job training.
Legislative Building is the first in Canada to   naming rights for the city pools, arenas,           Manitoba Works is striving to provide
provide full access to the front entrance.       buildings and services. This decision is as      permanent employment for subsidized
    The universal access ramp, located on        a result of a $2 billion infrastructure short-   employers.
Broadway Avenue, comes at a cost of $1.8         fall. Money raised through this program
million. Handicap accessible parking stalls      will go to infrastructure, city services and     altona toWn council
are available near the entrance to the ramp.     competitive taxation. The sponsorship pro-       says “goodbye” to
The ramp allows two way traffic for wheel        gram will go through council debate and if       bottled Water and coolers
chairs as well as providing a circular landing   approved, the City will announce a list of       The Altona town council has decided that
that enable visitors to view the legislative     partnerships that they are interested in. A      what is good for town residents should be
building and grounds. Custom made front          website will also be constructed for those       good enough for town employees. Town
doors will soon be installed to accom-           businesses that are interested. Historical       offices will no longer have water coolers
modate wheelchairs, strollers and visitors.      buildings will not be included in this plan.     or bottled water available for employees.
All improvements reflect the architectural       Canadian cities such as Calgary, Ottawa          Altona’s water supply is purchased from
style of the legislative buildings, which are    and Toronto already have sponsorship             the Pembina Valley Water Co-op. Water
87-years-old.                                    programs in place.                               quality is monitored by town staff. Finan-
                                                                                                  cially, this will result in a savings of $500
naMe changes                                     prograM provides                                 to $600. This is also an environmentally
According to The Municipal Act, changing         Wage subsidies For                               friendly decision, as fewer plastic bottles
from Reeve to Mayor is allowed. The most         Manitoba eMployers                               will end up in the local landfill site.
recent name change is Mayor Steve Strang         Manitoba employers can now receive up to             Employees can bring their own bottled
(formerly Reeve) of the RM of St. Clements.      $500,000 in wage subsidies from the Mani-        beverages to work if they so choose.
The RM of Tache and the RM of Ritchot            toba Works program through Employment            A municipal resolution also enables
have also made the change. The term Mayor        Manitoba. Municipalities and non-profit          bottled water to be supplied in emer-
is more identifiable when dealing with other     employers can receive a full minimum             gencies and for local firefighters when
provinces or countries.                          wage salary for up to one year to provide        fighting fires.




 | Municipal Leader | Winter 2008
                                                                                            mma a report

                           Keeping our eye
                           on the road ahead

Dale Lyle,
MMAA President




A
         s I approach the end of my term      attending AMM Board meetings and                Chief Administrative Officers and
         as President of MMAA, I find         interacting with AMM Board and staff. I     senior staff are chosen by council to
         I am measuring the time left by      have been truly impressed with the focus    identify and address these barriers on a
performing certain functions for the last     and direction of AMM and the great work-    daily basis; and to keep the municipal-
time: my fourth and last series of fall       ing relationship AMM has with both the      ity on the road, always pointed forward.
district meetings this past September, my     Province and MMAA.                          Chief Administrative Officers and senior
last AMM Conference as President and my           For the 9th AMM Conference “Mission     staff are responsible for the placement
Second last Leader article. I’m not sure      Possible” this year, the theme focused      and operations of the systems that are
why, but when it comes to drafting reports,   on the sometimes-stormy journey that        required in order to move in the direc-
writing letters, preparing by-laws, I can     municipalities travel to improve their      tion mandated by the elected officials
produce voluminous amounts of relevant        citizens’ quality of life. While it seems   on council. Together, we make the “Mis-
documents, but when I have to sit down        straightforward enough, this journey is     sion: Possible.”
and do a free flowing article like this, I    seldom a smooth one. There are plenty of        On behalf of the Manitoba Municipal
never know where to start.                    bumps on and potholes in the road. After    Administrators Association, I want to
    One of the most pleasurable parts of      all this is Manitoba and of course there    wish everyone a Happy and Prosperous
my time as President of MMAA has been         isn’t any shortage of potholes.             New Year.




                                                                                                    Winter 2008| Municipal Leader | 
municipa l profil e



Mayors and Reeves
of the Capital Region forge new ground


T
       he Mayors and Reeves of the Capital                                                           the group is undertaking can be found on the
       Region are creating conversations                                                             organizations’ website at www.wmcrp.com.
       within the halls of many businesses                                                           One major project they are working on is an
and government agencies in the province.                                                             Inventory of Assets in the Capital Region.
The activity of the group, as it moves ahead                                                         Once completed, it is envisioned that any
to forge an even stronger Capital Region,                                                            prospective investor in the region could enter
has caught the attention of many who feel it                                                         certain variables into an interactive database.
has been long overdue. Times are changing                                                            The database would provide a number of
and the understanding of the importance of                                                           different options throughout the region for
working together for the betterment of the                                                           locating their new commercial or residen-
region, its citizens and the environment is                                                          tial development.
at the forefront of these conversations. The                                                             The group is also deeply concerned
bottom line is that, as elected officials, the                                                       about the health of our rivers and lakes. To
Mayors and Reeves have responsibilities to                                                           that end, they are working together with
forge new ground for the success of the region   for the future citizens of this region that will    Manitoba Education and Training to see
– something that they are doing!                 position us for competitiveness and an envi-        that students are educated about the pivotal
    Led by a strong Executive Committee,         able quality of life.” This means shaping the       role these natural resources play in the Capi-
the 15 municipal leaders have an ambitious       direction of the region in a number of areas        tal Region economy.
agenda laid out for the coming months. “It       such as transportation policy; environmental            As well, they will soon be issuing a state-
is time that other Provinces are looking at      stewardship; economic growth; and guiding           ment regarding the importance of ensuring
us, instead of us looking at them!” is the       the region’s development in an environmen-          that public transit options are available in the
measure of success laid out by Co-Chair,         tally sustainable manner.                           region. Co-Chair, Mayor Ross thompson
Mayor Steve Strang. “As municipal lead-              To achieve this ambitious vision, the           says, “All the projections available tell us that
ers, we work most closely with the public.       group has identified a number of areas to           the region is poised for growth. The availability
We have a responsibility to lay out a vision     focus their attention. A full listing of projects   of transportation options throughout the region




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  • Drainage/Livestock Mapping, GPS Support

         MunICIPAL WorkShoP
        February 8, 2008 - Plan to Attend


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10 | Municipal Leader | Winter 2008
                                                                                               municipa l profil e
will impact the sustainability of the entire     ing the group with the tools to vision and
region. It is a leadership issue, and we must be
proactive in ensuring that it is addressed”.
                                                 work together across boundaries. Recog-
                                                 nizing that many municipalities face these
                                                                                                      upcoming e vents
    Moving towards the development of a          challenges, this professional development            March, 2008
regional vision framework for the region will    opportunity is being made available to all           13    AMM Mayors, Reeves &
be a major focus for the organization over the   municipal organizations across Manitoba.                    CAOs Meeting - Interlake
next six months. “Manitoba’s Capital Region      The workshop will be held on thursday,               14    AMM Mayors, Reeves &
is in the enviable position of being able to     April 10 – Friday, April 11 at the Fort                     CAOs Meeting - Eastern
plan for anticipated growth, rather than         Garry Hotel in Winnipeg. The workshop                17    AMM Mayors, Reeves &
having to react to out-of-control growth,”       will be led by the Montana Public Policy                    CAOs Meeting - Parklands
asserts Mayor Strang. Capitalizing on an         Research Institute, specialists in working           18    AMM Mayors, Reeves &
investment made over the past two years          with North American municipalities on                       CAOs Meeting - Midwestern
by the Mayors and Reeves of the Capital          issues of regional collaboration. It will            19    AMM Mayors, Reeves &
Region, Minister Steve Ashton, the Inter-        provide participants with the latest informa-               CAOs Meeting - Western
governmental Affairs                                                    tion on the practices of      20    AMM Mayors, Reeves &
Department of the Prov-                                                 regional collaboration               CAOs Meeting - Central
ince of Manitoba and the                 We have a                      and strategies that will      26    AMM Mayors, Reeves &
Federation of Canadian
Municipalities (FCM),
                              responsibility to lay out aid in moving regional
                                                                        initiatives from vision
                                                                                                             CAOs Meeting - Northern

the group will use a            a vision for the future to action. Unique to                          April, 2008
software tool entitled
CapitalRegionQuest to
                                                                             workshop will be
                                citizens of this region thisopportunity to work
                                                                        an
                                                                                                      16-17 Municipal Officials Seminar &
examine future scenarios           that will position us together on ‘real life’                             Tradeshow - Brandon
for growth in the region.
Through community
                                  for competitiveness issues faced participat-
                                                                        the groups
                                                                                      by each of
                                                                                                      June, 2008
consultations, a study               and an enviable                    ing in the workshop.          9     AMM District Meeting - Interlake
                                                                                                      10    AMM District Meeting - Central
of best practices in other
jurisdictions, and a pro-
                                       quality of life.                 For further informa-
                                                                        tion, or to register, visit   11    AMM District Meeting - Western
fessional development                                                   www.wmcrp.com.                12    AMM District Meeting -
workshop entitled Learning to Think and              Collaboration is the new ‘buzz word’                    Midwestern
Act like a Region, the organization intends to   in the Capital Region and that direction is          13    AMM District Meeting - Parklands
produce a number of vision statements that       attracting lots of attention to the group. “We       16    AMM District Meeting - Northern
will provide a picture and plan for the pre-     have come to realize,” says Mayor Strang,            17    AMM District Meeting - Eastern
ferred future of Manitoba’s Capital Region.      “that we can no longer compete against each
This Framework will present a common             other if we want to keep up with the global          November, 2008
vision for the region that will align with and   marketplace. We must be able to cooperate            24-27 AMM 10th Annual
be supported by local planning.                  and see that what may benefit one partner in               Convention - Winnipeg
    The Learning to Think and Act Like a         the short term, will benefit the entire capital
Region workshop is a pivotal step in provid-     region in the long run.”



                                                 JAMES                                                 Watch for:
                                                 DUBE´

                                                 SPRAGGS
                                                 ADJUSTERS LTD.




                                                                                                       the Leader's
                                                                                                        new design in our
                                                                                                        next issue out at
                                                                                                        the end of March!
                                                                                                              Winter 2008| Municipal Leader | 11
upDate                  from              Broa Dway
                             Throne Speech
                             addresses municipalities
                             By Tyler MacAfee, AMM Director of Policy and Communications




T
       hings got back underway at the              into whether this is entirely new funding, or     was an expansion of the Turnabout program
       Manitoba Legislature in September,          if the intent is to recover this funding from     to provide more monitoring and alternative
       picking up where they left off from         existing programs.                                outings for children under 12 who come in
the shortened June sitting. Over the fall              The Speech also made mention of re-           conflict with the law.
months, 20 bills were passed before the first      quiring the capture of methane emissions              Northern Manitoba will see the enhance-
session of the 39th Legislature adjourned on       from large landfills, which will have positive    ment of the University College of the
November 8.                                        environmental benefits for the province. A        North’s main campus facilities in The Pas
    Of note, the bill creating the new Feb-        new fuel mandate for biodiesel was also men-      and Thompson, with additional satellite
ruary holiday was passed, as was the bill          tioned, as were new restrictions on household     university campuses in remote communities.
creating new foundations to create tributes        use of dishwashing detergents and lawn fer-       The expansion of training of health profes-
in the memory of peace officers, firefighters      tilizers to help protect lakes and rivers. New    sionals for northern areas was indicated, as
and other workers who have lost their lives        measures to address cottage and residential       was the further expansion of the successful
on the job.                                        septic fields, as well as a new strategy to       Northern Healthy Foods Initiative with the
    A couple of bills were of note for munici-     conserve water were included.                     development of a commercial greenhouse
palities. The first was The Forest Health              Under the ever-popular banner of tax          at Grand Rapids.
Protection Act, which essentially extends          reductions, the speech indicated that the farm-       The expansion of the Neighbourhoods
the previous Dutch Elm Disease Act to other        land school tax rebate will increase to 70%       Alive! Program to the five communities
trees. The requirements for municipalities are     in 2008, up from the current 65%. Directed        of Flin Flon, The Pas, Dauphin, Portage
now extended to these new areas.                   at creating healthy families, the speech com-     la Prairie and Selkirk was also mentioned
    A second bill of note is a minor change        mitted to an expansion of child-care spaces       again. Housing made the speech as well,
to The Planning Act. Bill 20 closes a minor        by another 2,500 over the next two years. In      with the commitment to construct new
loophole in the revised Planning Act and           the area of health care, new nurse training       affordable housing across the province as
deals with a situation when two or more exist-     spaces will be added at Manitoba’s univer-        part of the HOMEWorks! Program, and
ing livestock operations should be treated as      sities and colleges, as well as new training      revitalize over 13,000 public housing units.
a single operation.                                spaces at the University of Manitoba School       Also in the speech was a commitment to
    After a short week off, Broadway was           of Medicine. A new primary-care paramedic         begin implementing a plan to double funding
buzzing again with the Speech from the             program will be introduced at Red River           for recreation facilities across the province
Throne marking the start of the 2 nd ses-          College, and several regions of the province      including support for proposed facilities in
sion of the 39th Legislature. This session’s       will see new investments, with a new hospital     Winnipeg, Brandon, The Pas, Portage la
Throne Speech highlighted a number                 planned for Selkirk, new operating facilities     Prairie and the Selkirk Library. The speech
of initiatives that will be of interest            at Ste. Anne Hospital and a redevelop-            also committed to launch the Road to 2010
to municipalities.                                 ment of the emergency ward at Steinbach’s         tourism promotion strategy with a goal of
    Under the umbrella of “Green and Grow-         Bethesda Hospital.                                reaching $2 billion in annual tourism rev-
ing,” the Throne Speech made a $150 million             Safer communities were also a focus of       enue by 2010.
commitment to rural and northern water and         the speech, which committed to hiring more            As with each year, the AMM will closely
wastewater projects, as well as $206 million       police officers as the first step in a new com-   follow the progress of the key initiatives pro-
to upgrade all three wastewater treatment          mitment to add 100 officers. The expansion        posed in the speech and ensure that those of
plants in Winnipeg as part of tri-level negotia-   of the Lighthouses program to provide more        benefit to municipalities are fulfilled.
tions to address the City of Winnipeg’s capi-      places for young people to play sports, study         A copy of The Speech from the Throne is
tal requirements. The AMM will be looking          or go online in the evenings was included, as     available at www.gov.mb.ca/throne.html.




12 | Municipal Leader | Winter 2008
Age-Friendly
Manitoba Initiative
By Mariam Omar, Seniors & Healthy Aging Secretariat


Due to the aging of the world                         One of the most exciting features of         the most age-friendly Province in Canada
population, the development of age-friendly       the initiative is its ‘do-ability’. Because      is achieved.
communities is receiving global attention.        the implementation process takes place at            Making communities age-friendly is one
According to the United Nations, the current      the local level, the community collectively      of the most effective policy approaches for
world population of older persons (60+) is at     determines the age-friendliness of its envi-     responding to an aging demographic. In an
600 million. In direct response to this chang-    ronment, and the issues and concerns that        age-friendly community, structures related
ing demographic, the World Health Organi-         are relevant and specific to it.                 to the physical and social environment are
zation (WHO) with participation from the              An age-friendly community benefits           designed to support and enable older people
Public Health Agency of Canada (PHAC)             people of all ages. Secure neighbourhoods        to “age actively” – that is, to live in security,
launched the Global Age-Friendly Cities           are safe for children, youth, women and          enjoy good health and continue to partici-
(GAFC) project. The aim of the project was        older adults. Families experience less worry     pate fully in their communities. Public and
to create an international age-friendly city      and stress when their older relations have       commercial settings and services are made
guide, which was released October 1, 2007.        the services and supports they need. Bar-        accessible to accommodate varying levels
Thirty-three cities, including Portage la         rier-free buildings and streets enhance the      of ability.
Prairie, Rio de Janeiro, Cancun, Moscow,
and Tokyo participated in the research and
development of this guide. The purpose                    “An age-friendly community
of the guide is to assist cities to become
more age-friendly.                                        benefits people of all ages.”
    In a parallel initiative, the Canadian Age-
Friendly Rural and Remote Community Ini-          mobility and independence of both younger           For more information regarding the
tiative (AFRRCI) was developed to create a        and older persons with disabilities.             Age-Friendly Manitoba Initiative, contact:
similar guide, with a focus to assist smaller,        Ten interested communities across            Seniors & Healthy Aging Secretariat
rural and remote communities to become            Manitoba have been selected to par-              822-155 Carlton Street
more age-friendly. Ten communities across         ticipate in the first round of the initiative.   Winnipeg, MB R3C 3H8
Canada, including Gimli, participated in the      Approximately every six months additional        Phone: 204-945-6565
development of this guide.                        communities will be selected to join the         Email: seniors@gov.mb.ca
    In Manitoba, approximately 158,000            initiative until the vision to make Manitoba     Website: www.gov.mb.ca/shas
Manitobans are aged 65 years and older,
and this total is expected to increase by
43% over the next 20 years. With 93% of
Manitoba seniors living in the community,
this increase will result in communi-
ties facing new opportunities and chal-
lenges in responding to this population’s
needs and desires.
    In a continued effort to address and sup-
port the changing needs of older Manitobans,
the Province has launched the Age-Friendly
Manitoba Initiative. By actively engaging
and assisting all municipal corporations, the
initiative is designed to make Manitoba the
most age-friendly Province in Canada.
    In partnership with the AMM, Mani-
toba Chamber of Commerce, and the
University of Manitoba’s Centre on Aging,
the Age-Friendly Manitoba Initiative is
designed to facilitate the development of
age-friendly communities across Mani-
toba. It will provide the guides and other
resources to assist communities in becoming
more age-friendly.

                                                                                                             Winter 2008| Municipal Leader | 1
taking advantage of the past:

Heritage
makes people
             happy
By Reid Dickie                  |   Part 1 of a 2-part series




Heritage champions are feel-                                  “People often call weeks in advance to
ing much less lonely these days. Around
Manitoba, it is easy to find a growing appre-
                                                          confirm the dates and what locations are on
                                                          the tour,” says Ewasiuk. “We’ve noticed an
                                                                                                               Heritage upkeep
ciation of and hunger for authentic heritage              increase in the number of repeat visitors and        Maintenance is essential to the future of
experiences.                                              more out-of-town people taking the tour.”            heritage buildings. A basic maintenance
    For example, Doors Open Brandon, a                        Since 2000, the heritage advisory com-           plan starts with familiarizing yourself with
weekend event that satisfies curiosity about              mittees in the rural municipalities of Lang-         current standards and guidelines for heritage
heritage buildings, public and private, by                ford, Lansdowne and Rosedale have co-                conservation. Identify the elements that
inviting visitors inside for a free look.                 operatively researched and created one-day           define your property’s heritage value. His-
Heather Ewasiuk, Brandon’s Heritage                       bus tours of area heritage sites. Now offered        toric Places Initiative at www.historicplaces.
Resources Officer, reports that the annual                for three days, the tour sells out immedi-           ca has detailed information on current stan-
event draws almost 6,000 people, many of                  ately. Incredibly, the organizers have never         dards and identification methods.
them tourists.                                            repeated a site on any of their tours.                   Now begin assessing your building.
                                                                                      (continued on page 16)   A thorough, physical inspection, done by
                                                                                                               someone with broad, detailed knowledge
                                                                                                               of past and present building methods, can
                                                                                                               help identify problems. Prioritize what
                                                                                                               needs immediate attention and what can be
                                                                                                               included in routine maintenance.
                                                                                                                   After stabilizing specific deterioration
                                                                                                               and making any emergency repairs, you can
                                                                                                               develop a cyclical maintenance plan. Do an
                                                                                                               annual assessment in the fall and make a
                                                                                                               list of conditions that require your attention.
                                                                                                               Follow through with the needed tasks each
                                                                                                               spring. If done regularly, a maintenance plan
                                                                                                               will prevent extensive and expensive repairs
                                                                                                               and increase comfort and value. Vigilance
                                                                                                               pays off.
                                                                                                                   To help with maintenance planning
                                                                                                               Manitoba Culture, Heritage, Tourism and
                                                                                                               Sport is developing a maintenance manual.
                                                                                                               Designed to help heritage property owners
                                                                                                               and others interested in heritage understand
                                                                                                               the benefits and methods of properly main-
 Above: Villa Louise, an 1888 Italianate-style villa restored by the Stephen Hayter family, is a popular       taining heritage buildings, the manual will
 stop during Doors Open Brandon. The house was designated a provincial heritage site in 1991.
                                                                                                               be available in 2008.

                                                                                                                         Winter 2008| Municipal Leader | 1
                                          Heritage makes people happy. We benefit
                                      from heritage conservation and maintenance
                                      on many levels. On a personal level, it hon-
                                      ours our forbearers while reinforcing our
                                      own and future generations’ sense of identity.
                                      Socially, heritage work creates pride in the
                                      physical achievement and renews commu-
                                      nity spirit. Culturally, heritage sites provide
                                      educational opportunities for schools and
                                      citizens. Economically, heritage attracts
                                      tourism while restoration and maintenance
                                      give local trades people and suppliers added
                                      business. Creatively, heritage buildings often
                                      serve as movie locations for Manitoba’s
                                      booming film industry.
                                          Another significant benefit is heritage
                                      conservation as recycling. Think beyond
                                      just cans and newspapers. Old building
                                      restoration is recycling on a large scale.
                                      Rather than discarding the place’s history
                                      and materials, adaptive reuse helps the
                                      environment and the community. Donovan
                                      Rypkema of Place Economics estimated
                                      that when we tear down a small heritage
                                      building, we wipe out the environmental
                                      benefit of the last 1,344,000 aluminum cans
                                      that we’ve recycled.
                                          Heritage building conservation is cost-
                                      effective. Costs per square foot are lower
                                      for restoration than for new construction.
                                      In their long-term planning, many heritage
                                      boards and owners are now considering geo-
                                      thermal for its efficiency and low cost.
                                          Municipal heritage advisory committees
                                      have provided both method and impetus for
                                      councils to take advantage of local heritage
                                      sites and integrate them into their planning.
                                      Passionate committee members identify,
                                      develop and interpret local heritage accord-
                                      ing to their resources. For example, Selkirk’s
                                      committee researched historically appropri-
                                      ate street names and gave council a list to
                                      use for new developments. In Hamiota, a
                                      sturdy old bank found new life as a busy
                                      arts centre. Gimli’s 1915 public school went
                                      from the demolition list to being a vibrant
                                      town centre housing the amalgamated rural
                                      municipality and town offices, museum and
                                      art gallery. There are many other Manitoba
                                      heritage success stories.
                                          Community Heritage Manitoba (CHM), a
                                      province-wide association of heritage advi-
                                      sory committees that was formed in 1997,
                                      advocates for members. CHM chairman
                                      Cal Martin says, “In this age, when technol-
                                      ogy and change are moving so fast, people
                                      need something to hold on to. Heritage offers
                                      that foundation.”
                                          A vibrant community embraces its
                                      heritage. “Towns that are doing well have
                                      a really strong heritage base to them,” says
                                      Martin. “It’s a pillar of their community.


1 | Municipal Leader | Winter 2008
They acknowledge and honour their past by                  Essential in heritage planning is ongo-
                                                                                                               In Part Two of this series, discover
preserving and promoting it.”                          ing maintenance of restored sites, such
                                                                                                            why and how municipalities around the
    Many municipalities now include heri-              as the Gimli Public School and Hamiota
                                                                                                            province are passing bylaws, giving tax
tage in their short and long term planning.            bank. “Gimli’s fire chief Gary MacGregor
                                                                                                            breaks and creating policies that protect
Gimli Heritage Corporation founding                    inspects the old school from top to bottom
                                                                                                            heritage sites and promote local heritage
member and town councillor Bill Barlow                 annually,” Barlow says. “He notes things
                                                                                                            issues and projects. Also, find out about
states, “We are doing major strategic plan-            that need a little bit of work but the restora-
                                                                                                            the role of economic development offi-
ning to keep Gimli’s success going and                 tion was so well done, there has been noth-
                                                                                                            cers in heritage conservation.
heritage is a big part of that.”                       ing major.” (See sidebar on page 15)

 Contact:
 Heritage Buildings unit
 Historic Resources Branch
 Manitoba Culture,
     Heritage, Tourism and Sport
 Main Floor, 213 Notre Dame Avenue
 Winnipeg, MB R3B 1N3
 Phone: 1-204-945-3067
 Toll free: 1-800-282-8069, extension 2118
 Fax: 1-204-948-2384
 http://www.gov.mb.ca/chc/hrb/index.html
 hrb@gov.mb.ca
 Right: Gimli Public School, built in 1915, was
 saved from demolition by a group of concerned
 citizens. Today it serves the community again,
 housing municipal and provincial offices, a
 museum and an art gallery.




 Building HeritageCommunities
 Through Arts and
 Is your municipality commemorating the                    If so, they may be eligible for funding         strongly encourage and promote the partici-
 100th anniversary (or greater in multiples of         under the Government of Canada’s new                pation of everyone in your community.
 25 years) of a local, historically significant        Building Communities Through Arts and                   All applicants must provide written con-
 event or person?                                      Heritage Program. This program was cre-             firmation of support (financial or in-kind)
                       OR                              ated to support local arts and heritage fes-        from their municipal government or equiva-
 Are there any local organizations/groups              tivals and events, and to engage Canadians          lent authority and must include the value of
 in your municipality planning an event                in their communities through the expression,        this support in their project budget.
 or activity that is open and accessible to            celebration and preservation of local culture.          For more information on eligibility,
 the public and strongly encourages and                Eligible events and activities must be local        applications and future deadlines, go
 promotes the participation of everyone in             - created by and for your community. They           to www.pch.gc.ca/communities or call
 their community?                                      must be open and accessible to the public and       1-800-661-0585.


 Développement des communautés
 par le biais des arts et du patrimoine
 Votre municipalité célèbre l’anniversaire             du nouveau programme du gouvernement du             tous les membres de votre communauté.
 d ’ évé n e m e n t s o u d e p e r s o n n a g e s   Canada appelé Développement des commu-                  Tous les candidats qui présentent une
 d’importance historique locale (centenaire            nautés par le biais des arts et du patrimoine.      demande doivent fournir une confirmation
 ou plus, en multiple de 25 ans)?                      Le programme a été établi pour appuyer les          écrite de l’administration municipale ou
                       OU                              festivals et les activités mettant à l’honneur      d’une autre instance équivalente, qui stipule
 Il y a dans votre municipalité des organisa-          les arts et le patrimoine locaux ainsi que pour     qu’elle appuie le projet financièrement ou
 tions ou des groupes locaux qui planifient            favoriser la participation des Canadiens et des     qu’elle offre des biens ou des services, dont
 une activité ou une manifestation à laquelle          Canadiennes à la vie communautaire par l’ex-        la valeur doit être inscrite au budget.
 le public peut participer et qui favorise             pression, la célébration et la préservation de la       Pour obtenir de plus amples renseigne-
 fortement la mobilisation de tous les                 culture locale. Les manifestations et activités     ments concernant l’admissibilité, la pré-
 membres de la communauté?                             admissibles doivent être locales, c’est-à-dire      sentation de demandes et les dates limites
     Si c’est le cas, votre municipalité ou            créées par et pour votre communauté. Elles          futures, composez le 1-800-661-0585 ou
 ces organisations ou groupes pourraient               doivent être ouvertes et accessibles au public,     consultez le site Web à l’adresse suivante :
 avoir droit à un financement dans le cadre            et promouvoir fortement la participation de         www.pch.gc.ca/communities/index_f.cfm.


                                                                                                                     Winter 2008| Municipal Leader | 17
18 | Municipal Leader | Winter 2008
Special
RepoRt:
INFRASTRUCTURE
Contents
20	   Danger	Ahead                      33	   Impacts	of	Climate	Change
22	   Meet	your	Provincial	Department   36	   The	Green	Municipal	Fund
24	   Building	Canada	Plan              38	   Bridge	Renewal	in	Manitoba
26	   Infrastructure	Programs	Update
Special RepoRt: INFRASTRUCTURE




Danger aheaD!
 the current state of municipal infrastructure in Canada
 By	Tyler	MacAfee,	AMM	Director	of	Policy	&	Communications




In November 2007 the Federation                   negative comments about the report helped to             The report indicates that today the
of Canadian Municipalities released Danger        keep the report a top news story.                    municipal infrastructure deficit is estimated
Ahead: The Coming Collapse of Canada’s                Everyone knows that there is an infrastruc-      at $123 billion. Most alarming is not just the
Municipal Infrastructure authored by Dr.          ture deficit. It is abundantly clear that more is    magnitude of the number, but that this is
Saeed Mirza from McGill University. Never         needed than municipalities can fund alone.           more than doubled from the 2003 estimate
in the recent past has a municipal report         All orders of government have acknowledged           of $60 billion. The rate of increase clearly
generated as much discussion and interest         this, and we have seen some action. The GST          shows that action must be taken now to
as this report has since its release.             Rebate and Gas Tax Program at the federal            address this alarming trend. It isn’t going
    Immediate national attention was paid         level, the Building Manitoba Fund provincially,      away, and it sure isn’t getting any easier.
to the report following its release at a news     and programs like the Municipal Rural Infra-             The report breaks down the deficit into a
conference in late November. Coverage on          structure Fund are all in recognition that this is   number of sub-deficits, including:
all the major national news stations fol-         the responsibility of all orders of government       • $31 billion - water and wastewater
lowed, as did coverage on local stations, sup-    and is bigger than municipalities can handle             systems
porting the argument that the infrastructure      alone. However while action has been taken,          • $21.7 billion – transportation
deficit is of both local and national interest.   it has been done without really knowing the          • $22.8 billion – transit
The report was also shared with the federal       full extent of the deficit. This new FCM report      • $7.7 billion – waste management
government, and was discussed publicly by         quantifies the current deficit, and sheds light on   • $40.2 billion – community, recreational,
Federal Minister of Finance Flaherty, whose       the seriousness of the current problem.                  cultural and social infrastructure



Because of the importance of the issue and        “Canada’s quality of life and economic competitiveness depend in part
report, The Municipal Leader has been
granted permission from the author to reprint
                                                    on having reliable, efficient infrastructure that is provided in large
the executive summary of the report.              part by the municipal, provincial, territorial and federal governments.”

Canadian municipalities build,                    repair and replacement costs skyrocket. When         management in the future. Since the first
own and maintain most of the infrastructure       compared with earlier estimates, the $123-           step in any project is to determine the scope
that supports our economy and quality of          billion figure clearly shows the municipal           of the problem, FCM commissioned Dr.
life. Yet for the past 20 years, municipalities   infrastructure deficit is growing faster than        Saeed Mirza of McGill University to survey
have been caught in a fiscal squeeze caused       previously thought.                                  municipal governments to determine their
by growing responsibilities and reduced               Across Canada, municipal infrastructure          infrastructure needs as a first step toward
revenues. As a result, they were forced to        has reached the breaking point. Most was built       determining the size, scope and growth rate
defer needed investment, and municipal            between the 1950s and 1970s, and much of it          of the municipal infrastructure deficit.
infrastructure continued to deteriorate, with     is due for replacement. We can see the con-              The $123-billion estimate includes
the cost of fixing it climbing five-fold from     sequences in every community: potholes and           “sub-deficits” for key categories of munici-
an estimated $12 billion in 1985 to $60           crumbling bridges, water-treatment and tran-         pal infrastructure: water and waste water
billion in 2003. This cost is the munici-         sit systems that cannot keep up with demand,         systems ($31 billion), transportation ($21.7
pal infrastructure deficit, and today it has      traffic gridlock, poor air quality and a lack of     billion), transit ($22.8 billion), waste man-
reached $123 billion.                             affordable housing. The infrastructure deficit       agement ($7.7 billion) and community, rec-
    The upward trend of the municipal infra-      affects all communities, from major cities           reational, cultural and social infrastructure
structure deficit over the past two decades       to rural, remote and northern communities,           ($40.2 billion). There is also an estimate of
points to a looming crisis for our cities and     where municipal governments lack essential           new infrastructure needs, defined as projects
communities and ultimately for the country        infrastructure and do not have the tax base          that increase infrastructure capacity through
as a whole. The deficit continues to grow         to develop it.                                       expansion and/or new construction. Similar
and compound as maintenance is delayed,               Action is needed to eliminate this defi-         to earlier studies, this report provides a
assets reach the end of their service life, and   cit and prepare for effective infrastructure         “snapshot” of what municipal governments


20 | Municipal Leader | Winter 2008
                                            SpECIAl REpoRT: Infrastructure

      "Never in the recent
      past has a municipal
       report generated as
     much discussion and
     interest as this report
     has since its release."



So what do we do now? We know the
number, or maybe more accurately we
know what the number was in November
2007. If there is anything to learn from this
report it is that this number is growing at
an alarming rate and sitting back and wait-
ing for something to happen isn’t going to
solve anything. This problem is much, much
bigger than property tax and current munici-
pal revenues can handle, and a coordinated,
national approach with all orders of govern-
ment working together is needed. Not until
we have this will we even begin to reverse
the current alarming trend.
   We strongly recommend that all munici-
pal officials read the complete report, avail-
able at http://www.fcm.ca/english/advocacy/
mdeficit.pdf.



Restoring	Fiscal	Balance	in	Canada—	
Focusing	on	Priorities,	
Federal	Budget	2006

identify as their infrastructure funding
needs. It does not provide an exhaustive or
complete account of the physical condition
of municipal infrastructure.
    If Canada is to prosper, municipal
infrastructure investments must support the
economic potential of our cities and com-
munities. For this to happen, financing must
reflect the long-term nature of infrastructure
investments, which will require a long-term
investment plan with agreed-upon priorities.
This plan must bring long-term certainty to
infrastructure funding, which will promote
new efficiencies, technologies and best
practices in infrastructure delivery.
    Any serious plan to address the munici-
pal infrastructure deficit must begin with
an acknowledgement of the scope of the
problem and the urgency to address it.
This study represents the first step towards
a real plan.


                                                               Winter 2008| Municipal Leader | 21
Special RepoRt: INFRASTRUCTURE


                          Meet Your
                          ProvinCial DePartMent
                          Manitoba infrastructure and transportation – a new approach to a major challenge

                          By	Ron	Lemieux,	Minister	of	Infrastructure	&	Transportation




The restructuring of several Mani-                    Another new addition to the range of         which is significantly greater than the levels
toba government departments has resulted in       my department’s responsibilities is the          experienced in the 1997 flood. Work now
the replacement of many old familiar names        Canada-Manitoba Infrastructure Program, a        underway includes modifying the channel,
with new ones. Several of these reorganiza-       joint federal-provincial secretariat involving   replacing and upgrading bridges, inlet/outlet
tions reflect the new provincial emphasis         Western Economic Diversification Canada          control improvements, and expansion of the
on building and renewing Manitoba’s vast          and MIT. The secretariat was established to      West Dike.
infrastructure network announced by Premier       improve federal-provincial program delivery,         Regional Water Control Operations, for-
Doer in October 2006.                             and provide single window program deliv-         merly with Water Stewardship, has been inte-
    For Manitoba Transportation and Gov-          ery to local governments. The secretariat        grated into the Engineering and Operations
ernment Services, this has led to the trans-      provides assistance with Canada-Manitoba         Division of MIT under the Water Control and
formation into Manitoba Infrastructure            Infrastructure Programs and the Municipal        Structures Branch. This group is responsible
and Transportation (MIT). This has added          Rural Infrastructure Fund.                       for the construction, maintenance, manage-
the responsibility for the Manitoba Water                                                          ment and operation of Manitoba’s vast
Services Board, the Canada-Manitoba                                                                waterway drainage, associated crossings,
Infrastructure Programs, and the Red River
                                                          "Working with                            and flood protection infrastructure. There are
Floodway to my portfolio. As well, Water              stakeholders such as                         approximately 100 staff members across the
Control Regional Operations has been                                                               province taking care of the daily operation
transferred to MIT from Water Stewardship.
                                                    the AMM, we can ensure                         and maintenance of our waterways and dams.
These changes reflect the recognition of the        the long-term viability of                     They also serve as the frontline emergency
diversity of Manitoba’s infrastructure and its                                                     responders in the event of flooding along
importance to local, regional and provincial
                                                       our infrastructure."                        the water network to help protect communi-
economic growth and development – and the                                                          ties and restore damaged infrastructure in
need to coordinate planning and operational           These programs are funded by equal           the aftermath. The administration of water
strategies in a single organization within        contributions from the federal government,       rights licensing and regulatory compliance
government.                                       Manitoba, and the local government or com-       programs remains with the Department of
    The Manitoba Water Services Board             munity partner. The programs support the         Water Stewardship.
assists rural residents, municipalities, water    construction, renewal, expansion or improve-         The restructuring of MIT and integra-
co-operatives and other organized groups          ment of infrastructure throughout Manitoba       tion of new areas of responsibility represent
with the development of safe and sustainable      with an emphasis on environmental protec-        the significant provincial commitment to
water and/or sewer facilities. This includes      tion or enhancement. This includes projects      renewing, restoring, expanding, maintaining
ensuring that public health and environ-          such as water and wastewater systems, water      and operating Manitoba’s diverse array of
mental concerns are addressed, providing          management, solid waste management,              infrastructure components. Working in part-
technical and financial assistance and serv-      recycling, public transit, and environmental     nership with Manitoba’s many infrastructure
ing as project managers on behalf of the          energy improvements. Projects to improve         stakeholders, such as the members of the
project partners.                                 other local infrastructure for transporta-       AMM, we can ensure the long-term viability
    To meet these responsibilities, the Board     tion, culture and recreation, or tourism are     of our infrastructure. Recognizing that every
operates a number of initiatives that AMM         also eligible.                                   component, directly or indirectly, contributes
members will be familiar with, such as the            I am proud to have the Manitoba Flood-       to some aspect of economic development
Municipal Water and Sewer program and the         way Authority, one of Manitoba’s most            or community well-being highlights the
Rural Water Pipeline, Farm Water Source           prominent and vital infrastructure compo-        need to bring the effective management of
and Community Water Source Development            nents, under my jurisdiction. The Authority      these resources into a single department and
Programs. These programs are co-operative         was created in 2004 to oversee the expansion     build cooperative partnerships across the
ventures between the Board and Agriculture        of the Red River Floodway. While we are          stakeholder sector. Now that this integra-
and Agri-Food Canada’s Prairie Farm Reha-         now at 1-in-300 year flood level protection,     tion process is complete, we can proceed to
bilitation Administration. The Board does not     the five-year renovation of the floodway will    coordinate our resources, identify priorities
assist in infrastructure development to new       more than double its capacity, allowing it       and invest in the future of Manitoba’s vast
subdivisions and/or cottage developments.         to handle a 1-in-700 year level of flooding,     infrastructure network.

22 | Municipal Leader | Winter 2008
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and Service needs please contact your nearest Cummins
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                                                                             Winter 2008| Municipal Leader | 2
Special RepoRt: INFRASTRUCTURE




BuilDing CanaDa Plan
an overview
By	Tyler	MacAfee,	AMM	Director	of	Policy	&	Communications




A “blueprint for building                         The $33 billion includes:                      tified above. The program will be oper-
a modern and prosperous Canada” is the                                                           ated through 2 components – the Major
brand being placed on the new Building              Municipal gst rebate          $5.8b          Infrastructure Component that will target
Canada Plan laid out by the Government              gas tax Fund                  $11.8b         larger, strategic projects of national and
of Canada in early November 2007. The                                                            regional significance and the Communi-
Plan targets a stronger economy, a cleaner          Building Canada Fund          $8.8b          ties Component that will focus on projects
environment and better communities through          Public-Private Partnerships   $1.25b         in communities with populations fewer
strategic, smartly-funded and executed infra-          Fund                                      than 100,000.
structure investments.                                                                               At the editorial deadline for the magazine
    The Building Canada Plan will build a           ga te w ays a nd Border       $2.1b          Manitoba had yet to agree to the terms of
                                                       Crossings Fund
stronger economy by investing in projects                                                        the agreement. However we do know that
that increase trade, move goods and people          asia-Pacific gateway and      $1.0b          Manitoba’s share of the Building Canada
more efficiently and grow the economy.                 Corridor initiative                       Fund will be based on the population num-
Identified as funding areas are gateways and        Provincial-territorial Base   $2.275b        bers used in the 2006 Census. All projects
border crossings, highways, short-line rail            Funding                                   will be cost shared, with the Federal contri-
and short-sea shipping, regional and local                                                       bution on any project being a maximum of
airports, connectivity and broadband as well      While the municipal GST rebate and the         50%. However, most projects will be based
as tourism.                                       gas tax fund have already been promised        on 1/3 funding. Projects under the Major
    Building a cleaner environment is also        to municipalities, the bulk of the new fund-   Infrastructure Component will be selected on
one of the tenets of the plan, with wastewa-      ing for municipalities will be the Building    the basis of merit by the Federal/Provincial
ter, public transit, green energy, and solid      Canada Fund (BCF). The BCF will focus                   governments, while those under the
waste management identified as key areas          on projects that deliver economic,                            Communities Component will
for investment.                                   environmental and social benefits                                 be application based and
    The plan also aims to build better com-       to all Canadians. Priority                                           judged on how they meet
munities through investment in drinking           funding categories will be                                            the goals of the overall
water, disaster mitigation, brownfield rede-      the core National Highway                                              program.
velopment, roads and bridges, and sports          System routes, drinking water,                                             For more informa-
and culture.                                      wastewater, public transit                                              tion on the program,
    The Building Canada Plan will provide         and green energy, as well                                              visit http://www.build-
$33 billion in funding from 2007-2014.            as the priority areas iden-                                            ingcanada.gc.ca.




2 | Municipal Leader | Winter 2008
                                                Rathwell, MB




  YOUR MANITOBA DEALER IS BOBCAT OF CENTRAL MANITOBA LTD.
         201 OAK POINT HIGHWAY, WINNIPEG, MB R2R 1T7
CONTACT KEN WALKER, phone: 204-782-9677, e-mail: ken@bobcatmb.com

                                                      Winter 2008| Municipal Leader | 2
Special RepoRt: INFRASTRUCTURE


inFrastruCture
PrograMs uPDate
Building Canada Fund                                  • Transit Operating Grants - 50/50 tran-             To ensure the greatest possible impact,
(See more information on page 24)                       sit funding partnership with Brandon,          FCM uses GMF to invest in plans, studies
This will be allocated into the national                Thompson, and Flin Flon starting               and projects that provide the best examples
priority funding categories that include:               in 2007.                                       of municipal leadership in sustainable
Core National Highway System, Drinking                • Mobility Disadvantaged Transportation          development and that can be replicated in
Water, Wastewater, Public Transit, and Green            Program Grants - supports the operation        other communities. FCM develops case
Energy. Funding will be allocated for proj-             of handivan services for 65 communities        studies and other tools to support municipal
ects in the provinces and territories based on          in Manitoba. Funding available to munic-       governments that are prepared to follow
their population and all major projects will            ipalities under this program includes:         these examples.
be selected through federal-provincial/ter-             • One-time capital grants equal to 50%             Grants for sustainable community plans
ritorial negotiations.                                      of the net cost to purchase a handivan,    and feasibility studies and field tests related
    The program will operate through two                    to a maximum of $10,000.                   to brownfields, energy, transportation, waste
components: the Major Infrastructure Com-               • One-time start-up grants of $6,000           and water are available for up to 50% of costs
ponent (MIC) and the Communities Com-                       to assist sponsoring municipalities        to a maximum of $350,000. Funding for cap-
ponent (CC). The MIC will target larger,                    with the establishment of new handi-       ital projects related to brownfields, energy,
strategic projects of national and regional                 van services.                              transportation, waste and water are through
significance. The CC will focus on projects             • Annual operating grants based on             loans and grants up to 80% of costs.
in communities with populations of less than                37.5% of gross eligible operating costs    Phone: (613) 241-5221
100,000 to assist smaller communities face                  (maximum of $20,000 for communi-           www.sustainablecommunities.fcm.ca
their unique challenges.                                    ties with one vehicle or $30,000 for
                                                            those with more than one vehicle)          sustainable Development
General Building Canada Information:                                                                   innovations Fund
www.buildingcanada-chantiers                          roads grants                                     The SDIF supports innovative projects
  canada.gc.ca/index-eng.html                         Cost shared capital funding is provided to       that contribute to the protection, enhance-
Manitoba’s Framework Agreement:                       assist with the construction or upgrading of     ment, conservation and/or rehabilitation of
www.buildingcanada-chantiers                          eligible municipal roads within the commu-       Manitoba’s environment. Projects must be
  canada.gc.ca/plandocs/                              nity. Cities, towns, villages and local urban    ecologically sound, promote a sustainable
  agreements-ententes/ifa-eci-eng.html                districts are eligible under this program,       approach, demonstrate clear environmental
                                                      which funds 50% of the costs of eligible         benefits and take into account the benefits to
Building Manitoba Fund                                roads within community boundaries.               the community and the economy. Projects
The Building Manitoba Fund provides Mani-                                                              must address one or more of the Fund’s
toba municipalities with a share of provincial        municipal recreation and library Fund            priority program areas (Environmental
income tax and fuel tax revenues in support           Provides additional support for municipal rec-   Technology Innovation and Demonstration,
of municipal roads, recreation and library            reation and library infrastructure projects.     Northern Community Development and
facilities, public transit, public safety and other   Phone: (204) 945-2572                            Environmental Issues, Sustainable Commu-
municipal infrastructure and services. The City       Email: muniadvice@gov.mb.                        nity Development, Sustainable Agricultural
of Winnipeg receives allocations for transit,         www.gov.mb.ca/ia/programs/                       Practices, Ecosystem Conservation, Under-
roads and public safety allocated separately             local_gov/grants_payments_fund.html           standing Our Environment, Eco-tourism)
from other municipalities ($88.9 million in                                                            and should incorporate youth involvement,
2007). The majority of municipalities receive         FCM – green Municipal Fund                       community partnerships, education and
funding through the following conditional             (for more information, see page 36)              awareness, and information sharing.
grant programs ($47.9 million in 2007):               The Green Municipal Fund (GMF) pro-
                                                      vides loans and grants, builds capacity, and     Manitoba Conservation -
general assistance                                    shares knowledge to support municipal            Pollution Prevention Branch:
Provides funding support to address munici-           governments and their partners in developing     Phone: (204) 945-8443 or
pal service and infrastructure priorities.            communities that are more environmentally,       toll-free: (800) 282-8069 (ext. 8443)
                                                      socially and economically sustainable. The       Email: sdif@gov.mb.ca
transit grants                                        Government of Canada endowed FCM                 www.gov.mb.ca/conservation/
• Transit Capital Grants - An annual capital          with $550 million to establish GMF to                pollutionprevention/sdif/index.html
   grant is provided to the City of Brandon           provide a long-term, sustainable source of
   to fund the replacement or refurbishment           financing for municipal governments and
   of transit buses.                                  their partners.

2 | Municipal Leader | Winter 2008
                                            SpECIAl REpoRT: Infrastructure
Community Places Program                          a minimum of 1/3 of eligible project costs,       • Commercial Parking Lot Controllers
This program provides funding and plan-           in cash, with the balance being provided by           – Reduce electricity costs by up to 50
ning assistance for facility construction,        the project proponent.                                per cent by controlling the amount of
upgrading, expansion or acquisition proj-                                                               electricity going to an outdoor plug.
ects. Eligible projects are those providing       Hometown main streets enhancements                •   Commercial Refrigeration – More than
sustainable recreation and wellness benefits      Projects under this category can access up to         20 different rebates offered to retail stores
to communities. Funding is provided up to         50% of total eligible project costs, to a maxi-       and restaurants that are committed to
50% of the first $15,000 of project costs and     mum of $1,000. The applicant will make up             reduce their energy consumption through
up to 1/3 of project costs over that amount.      the balance of eligible costs, in cash. In-kind       energy efficient equipment upgrades.
The maximum grant is $50,000.                     costs are not eligible.                           •   Earth Power (Geothermal Heat Pumps)
Contact information by region –                   Phone: Your regional GO Team Centre                   – Cut your heating, cooling, and water
www.gov.mb.ca/chc/grants/cppcontact.html          or (800) 567-7334                                     heating costs and increase comfort with
www.gov.mb.ca/chc/grants/cpp.html                 www.gov.mb.ca/agriculture/ri/community/               energy efficient and environmentally
                                                      ria01s04.html                                     friendly geothermal heat pumps.
Community Museums grant                                                                             •   Power Smart Design Standards – Help
This grant provides support for facilities that   Manitoba hydro                                        for owners and engineering/architec-
serve to protect and interpret Manitoba’s         Power smart Programs                                  tural teams to develop building designs
heritage resources, improves the quality of       There are currently a number of programs              that qualify their proposed new or
museum collections and programs throughout        offered by Manitoba Hydro to reduce energy            renovated buildings for designation as
Manitoba, and facilitates the effective use       consumption while reducing operating and              Power Smart.
of available resources through cooperation        maintenance costs in residential, commer-         •   Recreation Facilities – Work towards
among Manitoba’s museums and related              cial, and industrial buildings.                       reducing your facility’s operating
institutions and organizations. There are                                                               costs. Manitoba Hydro will complete
two levels of funding available to a maxi-        power smart commercial programs                       a report that includes potential energy
mum of $3,150.                                    • Commercial Building Envelope – Reduce               saving measures.
Email: hrb@gov.mb.ca                                 air leaks and reduce heating and cooling       •   Rinse and Save – Free energy efficient
http://db.cht.gov.mb.ca/GrantsDir.nsf/               loads by upgrading the building enve-              pre-rinse spray valves available to res-
    Depart_Program_Web_Eng?OpenView                  lope, including air barriers, insulation,          taurants and food service companies.
    &Start=1&Count=250                               and windows.
                                                  • Commercial Building Optimization                power smart industrial programs
hometown Manitoba                                    – Identify energy conservation oppor-          • Performance Optimization Program
This program provides financial support for          tunities with short payback periods to           – Increased energy efficiency through
rural and northern community projects initi-         ensure buildings are meeting high per-           the optimization of electro-technology
ated by local communities, organizations,            formance standards.                              processes and motor-drive systems. Tech-
cooperatives and businesses that enhance          • Commercial Custom Measures – Elec-                nical support and financial incentives are
“main street” public places and building             trical savings and measures specifically         offered for feasibility studies as well as
exteriors. There are two streams for projects        designed for commercial buildings.               implementation.
within the program including:                     • Commercial HVAC – Reduce mainte-                • Natural Gas Optimization Program
                                                     nance and operating costs through the            – This custom program promotes energy
Hometown meeting places                              use of higher efficiency heating and cool-       efficiency through the optimization of
Projects under this category are able to             ing systems.                                     process related natural gas-fired equip-
apply for up to 1/3 of total eligible project     • Commercial Lighting – Tips and incen-             ment and systems. Technical support and
costs, up to a maximum of $5,000. The                tives for installing the most appropriate        financial incentives are offered for feasi-
local/municipal government must contribute           energy efficient lighting.                       bility studies as well as implementation.




                                                                                                               Winter 2008| Municipal Leader | 27
Special RepoRt: INFRASTRUCTURE
• Engineering Studies – Bioenergy Opti-           for projects accepted, on a two-tier level of   rural economic
   mization, Eco-Efficiency Solutions,            grant system. In simple terms, projects that    Development initiatives (reDi)
   and Lighting Studies are also available        are considered as first and second priorities   To encourage economic growth and develop-
   through Manitoba Hydro.                        will receive 50% Provincial grants. Projects    ment in rural Manitoba communities.
                                                  that are considered as third priority will
Financial loan programs                           receive 30% Provincial grants. The Board        Feasibility studies program
• Energy Finance Plan – A fixed interest          will consider an additional Provincial grant    Assistance may be provided up to 50%.
   finance plan that may be used for renova-      to a maximum of 10% for accepted projects       Eligible projects include a financial analy-
   tions including central air, mid-efficient     constructed north of the 53rd parallel. Pro-    sis, market analysis, engineering analysis,
   natural gas/electric furnaces and water        grams that are available include:               or a combination related to the develop-
   heaters, direct vent natural gas fireplaces,                                                   ment of a new or expanding enterprise in
   security lights and fixtures.                  municipal Water and sewer program               rural Manitoba.
                                                  Assist municipalities, not including the City   Other programs available under REDI
Phone: (204) 474-3676 in Winnipeg or              of Winnipeg, in developing safe and sustain-    include Partners With Youth and Rural
Toll-Free: (888) MB-Hydro (888-624-9376)          able water and/or sewerage facilities.          Entrepreneur Assistance (REA).
Email: powersmartforbusiness@hydro.mb.ca
www.hydro.mb.ca/savings_rebates_                  Farm Water source program                       Phone: Your regional GO Team Centre or
   loans.shtml#business                           Provide a comprehensive farm water source       Don Bromilow – (204) 945-6661 or toll-free
                                                  development program to assist Manitoba          (800) 567-REDI (7334)
Manitoba Water                                    farmers in developing a satisfactory water      www.manitoba.ca/agriculture/ri/community/
services Board                                    supply to meet their needs.                        ria01s00.html
The Manitoba Water Services Board assists
in developing safe and sustainable water and      community Water source program
sewerage facilities. The Board’s primary          To assist local governments or legally incor-
objectives are to ensure that public health       porated groups (who have obtained permis-
and environmental concerns are alleviated         sion from the local government) to identify
and to ensure the sustainability of commu-        and develop a water supply.
nities. Fulfillment of these objectives will
support and promote sustainable community         rural Water pipeline program
development activities.                           Assistance to local government or legally
    The Board provides technical and finan-       incorporated groups (who have obtained
cial assistance to municipalities and water       permission from the local government) to
co-operatives in the obtaining, development,      install pipelines for transporting water from     Watch for

                                                                                                    The Leader's
transmission, distribution and control of         a known supply into water-short areas.
water supplies; and collection, treatment and
disposal of municipal sewage in a manner          Phone: (204) 726-6076                             new design in our next issue
consistent with environmental sustainability.     Email: mwsb@gov.mb.ca                             out at the end of March!
The Board administers Provincial grants           www.gov.mb.ca/tgs/mwsb/index.html



     J.R. Cousin
   Consultants Ltd.
       Consulting Engineers
       and Project Managers
            Since 1981

   Municipal/Civil        Environmental

           Roads       Drainage

          Solid Waste Disposal

   Water and Wastewater Treatment

           Land Development

              91A Scurfield Blvd.
           Winnipeg, MB R3Y 1G4
   Ph: (204) 489-0474 Fax: (204) 489- 0487
                 www.jrcc.ca


28 | Municipal Leader | Winter 2008
                                           SpECIAl REpoRT: Infrastructure


inFrastruCture sPeCial rePort
suPPleMentarY DireCtorY
Community arts Council grants                    Email: fish@gov.mb.ca                          includes surface preparation, construction
Operating and programming assistance             www.gov.mb.ca/waterstewardship/                or upgrading of bridges and other physical
for rural Community Arts Councils for the          fisheries/habitat/index.html                 support structures.
administration of community-based arts                                                          Email: mrta@mts.net
programs and operation of permanent cul-         Waste reduction                                www.mrta.mb.ca/
tural facilities.                                and Pollution Prevention Fund
http://db.cht.gov.mb.ca/GrantsDir.nsf/           Supports projects that focus on waste reduc-   trans Canada trail
    Depart_Program_Web_Eng?OpenView              tion, pollution prevention, and integrated     (Manitoba) Project
    &Start=1&Count=250                           waste management practices in the follow-      This funding is directed towards Special
                                                 ing categories: Organic Waste Manage-          Trail Development Projects along the Trans
Community                                        ment and Composting, Construction and          Canada Trail and is intended to concentrate
Festivals support Program                        Demolition (C&D) Waste Management,             on those portions of the trail that are consid-
Financial assistance for rural and northern      Pollution Prevention, and Model Integrated     ered safety considerations, high use areas or
community festivals in Manitoba that are         Waste Management System Development            extraordinary links that network two pieces
recognized as being signature annual events      and Planning                                   of trail together. Projects may be eligible for
in their communities.                            Phone: (204) 945-8443                          up to 75% funding.
http://db.cht.gov.mb.ca/GrantsDir.nsf/           or toll-free: (800) 282-8069 (ext. 8443)       Email: mrta@mts.net
    Depart_Program_Web_Eng?OpenView              Email: sdif@gov.mb.ca                          www.mrta.mb.ca/
    &Start=1&Count=250                           www.gov.mb.ca/conservation/
                                                    pollutionprevention/wrapp/index.html        Manitoba Community
Covering new ground (Cng)                                                                       services Council inc.
Funding focuses on projects related to sus-      heritage Matters initiative                    Funds projects and services of volunteer-
tainable agriculture demonstration or tech-      This program encourages communities in         based community service, social service,
nology transfer projects such as integrated      the enactment of best practices for managing   recreation, and health-related organizations.
pest management.                                 heritage. Communities can apply for 50/50      www.mbcsc.ca/
Phone: Covering New Ground Program               support up to $5,000. Deadlines for 2008 are
Coordinator – (204) 745-5666                     January 15 and September 15.                   Provincial housing Programs
www.gov.mb.ca/agriculture/research/              Phone: (204) 945-2118                          The Department of Family Services and
    covering/                                    or (800) 282-8069 (ext. 2118)                  Housing helps Manitobans have access to
                                                 Email: hrb@gov.mb.ca                           adequate and affordable housing. A range
environmental Youth Corps                                                                       of services and information are available
To encourage Manitoba youth to voluntarily       Designated                                     through their website.
participate in projects that improve and         heritage Building grants                       www.gov.mb.ca/fs/housing/index.html
protect Manitoba’s environment such as           Assists owners of provincially and munici-
riverbank cleanup, improving water qual-         pally designated heritage buildings in the     Manitoba in Motion
ity, or planting trees. Sponsors approved        restoration, stabilization, preservation, or   Programming to help community partner-
are eligible for financial assistance, up to a   rehabilitation of these buildings.             ships plan and implement ways to increase
maximum of $5,000 to help cover project          Email: hrb@gov.mb.ca                           physical activity among citizens of all ages.
costs such as materials and wage support.        www.gov.mb.ca/chc/hrb/orgs/                    Applicants may apply for matching funding
www.gov.mb.ca/conservation/                         dhbg_guide.pdf                              up to a maximum of $3,000.
    pollutionprevention/eyc/index.html                                                          Phone: (204)945-3648
Phone: (204) 945-8443                            heritage grants Program                        or toll-free: 1(866)788-3648
or toll-free: (800) 282-8069 (ext. 8443)         This program assists Manitobans in iden-       Email: inmotion@gov.mb.ca
                                                 tifying, protecting and interpreting the       www.manitobainmotion.ca/
Manitoba Fisheries                               province’s human and natural heritage.
enhancement Fund                                 Email: hrb@gov.mb.ca                           rural library
Financial assistance for projects that protect   www.gov.mb.ca/chc/grants/hgp.html              establishment grant
or improve fish stock, or enhance the areas                                                     This program is designed to increase access to
where fish live. Each project may receive a      Manitoba Millennium                            local library services. Establishment grants of
maximum of $25,000.                              trail Development Program                      $5,000 are provided for municipalities estab-
Phone: Manitoba Fisheries Branch                 Supports the physical development of the       lishing library services for the first time under
Headquarters – (204) 945-6640                    Trans Canada Trail (TCT) in Manitoba. This     Part II or Part III of The Public Libraries Act.

                                                                                                          Winter 2008| Municipal Leader | 2
Special RepoRt: INFRASTRUCTURE
The purpose of this grant is to ensure that a      assist businesses to expand in Manitoba.      tion of airports in Manitoba, which do not
basic book collection is available for the use     Loans are typically in excess of $500,000.    receive scheduled services. The amount of
of residents and to encourage the formation        Phone: Jeff Hodge – (204) 945-1015            such grants will be $1,200 for airports with
of larger and more efficient library systems.      Email: jeffrey.hodge@gov.mb.ca                unpaved runways and $2,400 for airports
At least four fifths of the amount of the estab-   www.gov.mb.ca/iedm/financial/capital.html     with paved runways.
lishment grant must be used in the purchase                                                      www.gov.mb.ca/tgs/namo/naprgguide.html
of library collection materials. An operat-        neighbourhoods alive!
ing grant is available based on municipal          Manitoba Intergovernmental Affairs pro-       Manitoba livestock
contributions to a maximum of $8.50 per            vides community organizations in desig-       Manure Management initiative
capita. A further operating grant of $5,500        nated neighbourhoods with the support         Financial assistance for investigating solu-
is available for collections development,          they need to rebuild neighbourhoods.          tions for manure management that are scien-
with an additional $1,000 for libraries north      Municipalities that can access this program   tifically sound, environmentally sustainable
of the 53rd parallel or in a designated area as    include: Winnipeg, Brandon, Thompson,         and economically feasible.
set out in the government’s French Language        Flin Flon, The Pas, Dauphin, Portage la       Phone: (204) 945-2122
Services Policy.                                   Prairie and Selkirk.                          www.manure.mb.ca/index.php
Email: pls@gov.mb.ca                               www.gov.mb.ca/ia/programs/neighbourhoods/
                                                                                                 shelterbelt enhancement
Manitoba industrial                                Manitoba airport                              Program - Prairie Farm
opportunities Program                              assistance Program                            rehabilitation administration
Provides term loans for opportunities that         Grants for airport operations and mainte-     Provides technical services and tree and
create significant strategic economic benefit,     nance are available to municipal airport      shrub seedlings for establishment of shel-
(e.g. job creation, sectoral development) to       commissions responsible for the opera-        terbelts and other agroforestry, conservation
                                                                                                 and reclamation projects on agricultural and
                                                                                                 eligible lands in Manitoba.
                                                                                                 Phone: (866) 766-2284
                                                                                                 Email: pfratree@agr.gc.ca
                                                                                                 www.agr.gc.ca/pfra/program_e.htm

                                                                                                 Biofuels opportunities for
                                                                                                 Producers initiative - Manitoba
                                                                                                 rural adaptation Council
                                                                                                 Assists with the costs associated with feasi-
                                                                                                 bility studies and business plans in order to
                                                                                                 improve the proponent’s ability to partici-
                                                                                                 pate in and take advantage of opportunities
                                                                                                 to be created by biofuels production.
                                                                                                 Phone: Helena Marak – (204) 982-4792
                                                                                                 E-mail: mracinfo@mrca.ca
                                                                                                 www.mrac.ca/index.cfm/fuseaction/
                                                                                                     pub.sub/pageID/1CE6AF3C-AA3A-88
                                                                                                     DD-75FC5225D6E2D7AA/index.cfm

                                                                                                 eco-action –
                                                                                                 Community Funding Program
                                                                                                 An Environment Canada program directed
                                                                                                 at projects that protect, rehabilitate or
                                                                                                 enhance the natural environment, and build
                                                                                                 the capacity of communities to sustain
                                                                                                 activities into the future. Municipal govern-
                                                                                                 ments can only apply in partnership with
            CanWest Global Place                                                                 non-profit or community organizations.
         2200 - 201 Portage Avenue                                                               Phone: (204) 983-8597
           Winnipeg, MB R3B 3L3                                                                  Email: ecoaction@ec.gc.ca
          Telephone (204) 957-1930
             Fax (204) 934-0570                                                                  www.ec.gc.ca/ecoaction/what_is_e.html
         Website: www.tdslaw.com
                                                                                                 ecoenergY retrofit
                Meeting all of your municipal needs since 1887.                                  grants and incentives
                                                                                                 Natural Resources Canada’s ecoENERGY
           Thompson Dorfman Sweatman LLP Municipal Law Practice Group:                           Retrofit program provides financial support
                                                                                                 to homeowners, small and medium-sized
     Robert J.M. Adkins                Antoine F. Hacault           John D. Stefaniuk
                                                                                                 businesses, public institutions and industrial
                                                                                                 facilities to help them implement energy

0 | Municipal Leader | Winter 2008
                                           SpECIAl REpoRT: Infrastructure
saving projects that reduce energy-related       Manitoba habitat                               grade Crossing
greenhouse gases and air pollution.              heritage Corporation                           improvement Program
www.oee.nrcan.gc.ca/corporate/                   managing the Waters edge                       This program is designed to provide up to
   retrofit-summary.cfm?attr=0                   Provides free workshops and seminars tai-      80% of the cost of a federal rail crossing
                                                 lored to the needs of a group on topics such   improvement project. Funding for construc-
Community access Program                         as vegetation assessment, stabilizing stream   tion costs covers the safety improvements
Aims to provide Canadians with affordable        banks, buffer zones, improving water quality   only, and does not include future mainte-
public access to the Internet in places like     and reducing erosion.                          nance costs.
schools, community centres and libraries. It     Phone: Marilena Kowalchuk, Riparian Pro-       Phone: (204) 983-3152
provides access to those people who might        gram Coordinator – (204) 784-4358              or toll-free: (888) 463-0521
not have computers or Internet access in their   Email: mkowalchuk@mhhc.mb.ca                   www.tc.gc.ca/railway/pamphlet/
homes or workplaces.                             http://mhhc.mb.ca/riparian/index.html              financialassistance.htm
Phone: Nadia Vena – (613) 952-0678
Email: vena.nadia@ic.gc.ca                       Community investment
http://cap.ic.gc.ca/pub/index.html               support Program (CisP)                               For more
                                                 This program helps Canadian communities
evergreen’s Common                               attract, retain and expand foreign direct        information on
grounds Program                                  investment.
Wal-mart & evergreen green grants                Phone: Geneviève Jones, Investment Spe-         heritage programs
Funds up to $10,000 for community-based          cialist – (204) 983-2594
restoration and stewardship initiatives in
urban and urbanizing areas.
                                                 Email: genevieve.jones@international.gc.ca          see pages 15-17
                                                 www.cisp.gc.ca

Home depot -
evergreen rebuilding nature grant
Provides funding, tools and materials, as well
as volunteer resources for urban environ-
mental stewardship projects. Grants of up to
$8,000 are available for urban environmental
stewardship projects that involve a building
component (e.g. boardwalks, nesting struc-
tures, interpretive signage etc.).

unilever-evergreen
aquatic stewardship grant
Provides $2000 to $10,000 to support a range
of small-scale, community-driven, partner-
ship projects including wetland, riparian and
littoral zone restoration, in-stream bioengi-
neering, and wildlife monitoring.
Phone: Helen Fabbri, Winnipeg Common
Grounds Associate – (204) 986-7235
Email: helen@evergreen.ca
www.evergreen.ca/en/cg/cg-funding.html

green streets Canada
Program to encourage the adoption of innova-
tive best management practices and policies
in municipal forest management including
projects that demonstrate innovative manage-
ment tools to protect and maintain the urban
forest, or innovative urban design which
showcases “green infrastructure.”
Phone: (613)567-5545
Email: tcf@treecanada.ca
www.treecanada.ca/programs/greenstreets/
    index.htm




                                                                                                         Winter 2008| Municipal Leader | 1
SpECIAl REpoRT: Infrastructure


                           iMPaCts oF
                           CliMate Change
                           on municipal infrastructure
                           By	Kimberly	Ballance,	AMM	Senior	Policy	Analyst




 The effects of our actions now on                ment is a major concern for water, sewer,
 future changes in the climate have long lead     and road infrastructure. Underground pipes
 times. What we do now can have only a lim-       and storage tanks are at risk for increased
 ited effect on the climate over the next 40 or   bursting and breaking. This has additional
 50 years. On the other hand what we do in        environmental impacts in terms of lagoon
 the next 10 or 20 years can have a profound      or septic seepage.
 effect on the climate in the second half of          Winter roads will also be impacted.
 this century and in the next.                    Manitoba has a 2,000 km network of ice
     No one can predict the consequences          roads each winter that allows for the move-
 of climate change with complete certainty;       ment of necessities, including food, fuel
 but we now know enough to understand the         and building supplies, to remote communi-
 risks. Mitigation - taking strong action to      ties. In 1997-98 the Provincial Government
 reduce emissions - must be viewed as an          spent approximately $15.5 million to airlift
 investment, a cost incurred now and in the       supplies to these communities as the warm
 coming few decades to avoid the risks of very    winter temperatures prohibited quality ice
 severe consequences in the future. If these      roads (Infrastructure Canada, 2006). Since
 investments are made wisely, the costs will be   then, there has been a conscious shift to
 manageable, and there will be a wide range       move these transportation routes over land,
 of opportunities for growth and development      minimizing water crossings where possible
 along the way. For this to work well, policy     to reduce infrastructure vulnerability and
 must promote sound market signals, over-         ensure safety is maintained. This continues
 come market failures and have equity and         to be an issue as was seen in the shortened
 risk mitigation at its core. (Stern, 2006)       winter road season in 2007.
     This year, the UN-based Intergovern-
 mental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC)            Water
 released a number of reports outlining the       In terms of climate change adaptation, water
 human and natural drivers of climate change,     resources are frequently cited as one of the
 the adaptive capacity and vulnerability of       highest priority issues. Water and wastewater
 human and natural systems, and mitigation        infrastructure is viewed as being most vul-
 opportunities. These reports found that cli-     nerable to climate change as it is a system
 mate change impacts on infrastructure will       that is closely connected to human health,
 be compounded by aging infrastructure, an        the economy and the environment.
 aging population, poorly adapted building            Hydrological systems are changing with
 stock and urban form, pollution and popula-      increased runoff and earlier spring peak
 tion growth. Without increased investment in     discharge from snow- and glacier-fed rivers.
 proactive, adaptation measures, the increas-     As well, warming of water temperatures
 ing temperature and changes in weather           is causing changes in ice cover, salinity,
 patterns will have adverse impacts. Addition-    oxygen levels and circulation (IPCC, 2007).
 ally, projected climate change impacts are       These changes will have impacts on the
 both dynamic and uncertain and accordingly,      infrastructure that is designed to manage
 the implementation of adaptation measures        natural systems such as water and wastewa-
 will necessitate an iterative process.           ter infrastructure, drainage systems, flood
                                                  mitigation infrastructure and energy infra-
 northern impacts                                 structure. Projected declines in river flows
 Natural systems will be impacted in northern     coupled with growing consumption rates
 areas where changes to frozen ground will        will demand change both in infrastructure
 cause instability. Increased ground move-        and human behaviour.

                                                             Winter 2008| Municipal Leader | 
Special RepoRt: INFRASTRUCTURE
                                                                                                                                Currently, the literature indicates that
                                                                                                                            no-regrets, proactive measures are required
            "Reports found that climate change impacts                                                                      to assist in adaptation to climate change. This
              on infrastructure will be compounded by                                                                       means that measures would provide benefits
                                                                                                                            to communities whether projected climate
             aging infrastructure, an aging population,                                                                     changes occur or not. For water supply and
              poorly adapted building stock and urban                                                                       wastewater infrastructure this should include
                                                                                                                            water conservation, demand management
              form, pollution and population growth."                                                                       measures, long term planning for flooding
                                                                                                                            and drought conditions, increased water
                                                                                                                            quality protection and improved procedures
                                                                                                                            for equitable allocation of water (Infrastruc-
                                                                                                  PREDICTED SENSITIVITY     ture Canada, 2006). These measures should
                                                                                                         No change          be part of larger planning efforts, some of
                                                                                                         Very Slight        which are already occurring in Manitoba,
                                                                                                         Slight             including source water protection plans at
                                                                                                         Moderate           the watershed scale.
                                                                                                         Severe
                                                                                                         Extremely Severe   urban design
                                                                                                                            Land use plans created for urban and rural
                                                                                                                            areas can assist in minimizing communities’
                                                                                                                            vulnerabilities to climate change. Sprawling
                                                                                                                            development requires increased quantities of
                                                                                                                            infrastructure, and therefore material inputs,
                                                                                                                            increasing a community’s vulnerability
                                                                                                                            potential. All provincially funded buildings
                                                                                                                            now require LEED (Leadership in Energy
                                                                                                                            and Environmental Design) certification to
                                                                                                                            increase energy performance and environ-
                                                                                                                            mental sustainability, and municipalities
                                                                                                                            should require the same for all land develop-
                                                                                                                            ment through local land use planning.
    PRESENT PERMAFROST BOUNDARIES
                                                                                                                                Despite advances in technology, capac-
           Southern limit of Continuous Zone
           Southern limit of permafrost                                                                                     ity and human capital, communities remain
    PREDICTED PERMAFROST BOUNDARIES
                                                                                                                            dependent on an increasingly global hinter-
           Southern limit of Continuous Zone                                                                                land. The future sustainability and security
           Southern limit of permafrost                                                                                     of municipalities depends on increasing
                                                                                                                            regional self-reliance, in essence using
Peatland sensitivity map of Canada (Kettles and Tarnocai, 1999)
                                                                                                                            ecosystem thinking to design more com-
                                                                                                                            plete communities. At the very basic level
                                                                                                                            this means that communities should be
                                                                                                                            designed to reduce per-capita consump-
                                                                                                                            tion through increasingly efficient design,
                                                                                                                            thereby decreasing the costs and quantities
                                                                                                                            of water, sewer, transportation and other
                                                                                                                            infrastructure.
           Spring                      Summer                                   Autumn                        Winter            “Resilient societies [societies that persist
            SURFACE AIR                                                                                                     in the face of adversity] are nimble societ-
        TEMPERATURE (°C): 0.0    0.5   1.0    2.0       3.0       4.0    5.0    6.0   7.0   8.0   9.0
                                                                                                                            ies, those capable of long-term planning
 Figure 1: Changes in mean temperature (°C) between 2050 horizon and the actual climate, for each season
 (from an ensemble of CRCM Climate Change Projections, November 2005)                                                       and of abandoning deeply entrenched but
                                                                                                                            ultimately destructive core values and
                                                                                                                            beliefs”(Rees, 2007).
                                                                                                                                There are many precedents that munici-
                                                                                                                            palities can access in order to design integral
                                                                                                                            communities, such as the smart growth
                                                                                                                            principles. Currently the Alberta Green
                                                                                                                            Building Council is undertaking a project
                                                                                                                            known as Green Streets, which is working
           Spring                      Summer                                   Autumn                        Winter
                                                                                                                            to develop green standards for transportation
        PRECIPITATION (%): 100   50    25    10     5         1     -1     -5    -10 -25 -50 -100                           infrastructure, similar to the LEED standards
 Figure 2: Changes in mean precipitation (%) between 2050 horizon and the actual climate, for each season                   that are available for buildings. As well, the
 (from an ensemble of CRCM Climate Change Projections, November 2005)                                                       US Green Building Council is advancing

 | Municipal Leader | Winter 2008
                                            SpECIAl REpoRT: Infrastructure
LEED standards beyond buildings and into          in excess of 45 degrees Celcius, flash floods     Conclusion
neighbourhoods. These Neighbourhood               in Switzerland and the loss of 10% of forest      The design, construction, repair and protec-
Development tools will assist communities         cover in Portugal due to fires, represent         tion of infrastructure must be considered in
in creating and evaluating plans for environ-     prime examples of the changes occuring            the scope of long term environmental (and
mental sustainability.                            worldwide. From heat waves to drought to          socioeconomic) considerations and climate
    These tools are being developed in            storms, infrastructure will be impacted.          change. This will require proactive adapta-
response to growing concerns with climate             In Manitoba a major concern associated        tion measures developed through whole sys-
change vulnerabilities and adaptation. This       with climate change is increased storm            tems thinking. Without this, climate change
is echoed by US Attorney General Jerry            frequency, severity and duration. Extreme         will have potentially devastating and costly
Brown’s recent warning to community               weather events are increasingly projected as      impacts. Throughout all planning processes
leaders throughout the United States that         greenhouse gases continue to cause changes        for infrastructure development it is important
political leaders need to proactively take        in climate. The Canadian Prairies are becom-      to remain clear that projected climate change
the opportunity to ensure that new develop-       ing better known for thunderstorms that           impacts are both dynamic and uncertain
ment is environmentally sustainable. These        generate tornados. Although tornadoes are         making no-regrets initiatives important.
warnings came to light following Brown’s          most common in the southern areas of the              The costs of adaptation strategies cannot
recent lawsuit against San Bernardino             province, they have been seen as far north        currently be borne solely by municipalities,
County where he alleged that it did not           as Thompson. Southern Manitoba has been           nor should they be. Many infrastructure proj-
adequately consider greenhouse gas (GHG)          subject to the most dangerous hailstorms          ects are developed by the order of government
emissions when updating its development           in the province. In the summer of 1996 a          closest to the people, however, municipal
plan. In essence, this means that the county      hailstorm caused over $100 million dollars        governments are not in a position to cover the
knowingly acted in an unsustainable and           damage to property. In 1997’s Flood of the        full price of these systems. All orders of gov-
environmentally detrimental manner. The           Century approximately 22,000 people were          ernment need to work collaboratively to imple-
lawsuit was settled when the county agreed        displaced with damage estimates at $500           ment adaptation measures in order for respon-
to set an emissions reduction target and          million for Manitoba and $4.5 billion in          sibilities and costs to be manageable.
reduce GHG emissions.                             North Dakota. These intense weather events
    Municipal development plans and zoning        and associated costs demonstrate how vul-         sources
bylaws represent an opportunity to encour-        nerable infrastructure can be.                    FCM. (2007) Environmental Policy.
age urban design that is environmentally sus-         Current engineering standards and codes       Infrastructure Canada (2006). Adapting Infra-
tainable and adaptable to climate change.         are based on historic climate data, how-              structure to Climate Change in Canada’s
                                                  ever the Canadian Council of Professional             Cities and Communities.
natural systems                                   Engineers (CCPE) has initiated a climate          Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change.
Climate change impacts are projected to           change adaptation program. CCPE indicates             (2007). Contribution of Working Group I,
cause shorter winters and earlier springs.        that “climate change will, over the years,            II, and III to the Fourth Assessment Report:
This change in weather patterns will play         necessitate changes to building codes,                Summary for Policymakers.
a large role in a number of areas including       engineering practices and standards, and          Mirza, Saeed. (2006). Durability design of
ecosystem and species lifecycles. Increased       will affect the way facilities are designed,          infrastructure and some related issues.
risk of storm activity, forest fires, pests and   ultimately altering the economic lifespan of      Rees, W.E. (2007). Toward Sustainability
diseases are likely to occur in a warmer          infrastructure and thereby impacting com-             with Justice: Are Human Nature and His-
climate. We are seeing examples of this           merce and industry” (Infrastructure Canada,           tory on Side?
already, including the 2003 European heat         2006). This work, however, is still at an early   Stern, Nicholas. (2006). Stern Review: The
wave where health crises combined with            stage in terms of engineering design change.          Economics of Climate Change.
drought and subsequent crop shortages in          Mitigation efforts are needed to ensure that      Many thanks to Rodney Mcdonald, Bill Brandt,
Southern Europe amassed to a death toll of        infrastructure is protected from changes in       Neil Cunningham and Klaas Rodenburg for
over 35,000 people. Temperatures reaching         natural systems.                                  their assistance.




                                                                                                              Winter 2008| Municipal Leader | 
Special RepoRt: INFRASTRUCTURE



the green
MuniCiPal FunD
Submitted	by	the	Federation	of	Canadian	Municipalities		




investing in leadership,                            applying                                            for Sustainable Community website at
inspiring change                                    to the Fund                                         www.sustainablecommunities.fcm.ca.
FCM’s Green Municipal Fund (GMF)                    Potential applicants seeking funding for
provides loans and grants, builds capac-            plans and studies may submit an Intent to           sharing knowledge
ity, and shares knowledge to support                Apply (Part A) to FCM at any time of the            FCM awards grants for plans, studies and
municipal governments and their partners            year. FCM assesses the Intent to Apply              projects in part based on their potential
in developing communities that are more             and invites eligible applicants to submit           to result in new knowledge that could be
environmentally, socially and economically          a Detailed Proposal (Part B). Applicants            shared with other communities, and how
sustainable.                                        seeking funding for capital projects submit         readily they could be replicated. All funding
    The Government of Canada endowed                applications in response to specific Requests       recipients must report on their initiative and
FCM with $550 million to establish GMF              for Proposals (RFPs) issued by FCM for              the lessons they learned.
to provide a long-term, sustainable source          each sector.
of financing for municipal governments and              A Peer Review Committee rates applica-          gMF Capacity Building program
their partners.                                     tions for funding, the scores of which are          FCM complements GMF funding with a
    To ensure the greatest possible impact,         submitted to the GMF Council. The GMF               Capacity Building program that:
FCM uses GMF to invest in plans, studies            Council makes recommendations to the FCM            • Shares the knowledge and experience
and projects that provide the best examples         National Board of Directors, which makes the          gained by municipal leaders through
of municipal leadership in sustainable              final funding decision. From the acceptance           GMF-funded plans, studies and projects;
development and that can be replicated in           of an application to the final funding decision     • Helps municipal governments to act on
other communities. FCM develops case                by the FCM board, the approval process takes          the knowledge and lessons collected from
studies and other tools to support municipal        between six and nine months.                          leaders in sustainable community devel-
governments that are prepared to follow                 For more information on apply-                    opment, particularly those supported by
these examples.                                     ing to the Fund, visit the FCM Centre                 GMF funding;


gMF funding at a glance:
 initiative                          eligibility                                   Key pre-requisites                       available funding
  plans                               Municipal	governments                        Council	resolution	to	establish	a	       Grants	for	up	to	50%	of	
  Sustainable	community	plans                                                      vision	for	sustainability	and	targets	   costs	to	a	maximum	of	
                                                                                   to	achieve	it                            $350,000

  studies                             Municipal	governments	or	corporations	       Sustainable	community	plan	or	           Grants	for	up	to	50%	of	
  Feasibility	studies	and	field	        wholly	owned	by	a	municipal	               relevant	sector	plan	that	includes	      costs	to	a	maximum	of	
  tests	related	to	brownfields,	        government                                 sector-specific	targets                  $350,000
  energy,	transportation,		
  waste	and	water                     Public	non-governmental	or	private-sector	
                                         organizations	applying	in	partnership	
                                         with	a	municipal	government

  projects                            Specific	to	each	RFP.                        Specific	to	each	RFP.	Common	            Loans	and	loans	with	
  Capital	projects	related	                                                        pre-requisites	include	links	to	         grants	up	to	80%	of	costs
  to	brownfields,	energy,	                                                         sustainable	community	plan,	
  transportation,	waste		                                                          or	favourable	feasibility	study	
  and	water                                                                        or	field	test


 | Municipal Leader | Winter 2008
                                        SpECIAl REpoRT: Infrastructure




                                            Manufacturers of polyethylene pipe             Carman, Manitoba
                                            3” - 12” plastic drain tile & fittings          Ph: 204-745-6151
                                            Plastic culverts 4” - 30” and couplers.
                                                                                           Fax: 204-745-6578

                                                    There are others...but ours is IDEAL
• Equips individuals with information
  and training, and institutions with
  governance and operational tools;
  and
• Promotes strategic approaches based on
  legal, regulatory, economic and fiscal
  frameworks.

The Capacity Building program includes:
• Campaigns in brownfields, energy,
  planning, transportation, waste and
  water; and
• A suite of programs, including the
  FCM Sustainable Communities Con-
  ference, Sustainable Community Mis-
  sions, Partners for Climate Protection,
  and the FCM–CH2M HILL Sustain-
  able Community Awards.




www.sustainablecommunities.fcm.ca
613-241-5221




                                                                                      Winter 2008| Municipal Leader | 7
Special RepoRt: INFRASTRUCTURE




BriDge reneWal
in Manitoba
By	Ron	Richardson,	Director,	Operations	and	Maintenance,	Water	Control	and	Structures,	Manitoba	Infrastructure	and	Transportation




In 2006, Manitoba launched
the largest highway and bridge renewal
strategy in provincial history. This
10-year, $4 billion commitment for
highways and bridges will allow the
province to significantly increase its
annual commitment for bridge renewal,
allowing a record number of projects to
be completed. In the five-year Highway
and Bridge Renewal Plan Manitoba
has committed over $261 million to
a bridge program, allowing for more
inspections, better maintenance, and
significantly enhanced capital renewal.
The Renewal Plan also provides flex-
ible funding to allow for immediate
response to emerging needs – yet
another initiative that will enhance
public safety. Just a few weeks ago, an
additional $125 million was commit-
                                                 Girder Placement on Hwy. 1 East.
ted for the remaining four years of the
plan, to further expand the province’s
bridge construction, maintenance and
inspection capacity.
    These new resources will ensure the
province’s 2,400 structures and culverts
are inspected on regular schedules. All of
the bridges will receive a visual inspec-
tion each year conducted by trained
staff inspectors, with more detailed
engineering analyses occurring at least
once every four years or where deemed
necessary.
    Safety remains our highest priority.
If a problem on a bridge or overpass
is detected during inspection we take
action immediately. This can involve
anything from minor repairs to more sig-
nificant rehabilitation, with bridge load
restrictions or bridge closures imposed
to protect the traveling public until the
issue is addressed.
    This new initiative, and the overall
multi-year investment strategy, will
continue to renew Manitoba’s roads,
enhance safety and help sustain our
vibrant economy.                                 New bridges built as part of the Red River Floodway expansion.


8 | Municipal Leader | Winter 2008
                                                                                                        leg al corner

                           Transparency and
                           openness – the hallmarks
                           of a council’s practices
                           By Bernice R. Bowley, Fillmore Riley LLP




A
         lthough perhaps not strictly related     appealed to the Supreme Court of Canada.            The court held that interim control
         to this issue’s Special Report on        The City argued that it had complied with       by-laws are powerful zoning methods by
         Infrastructure, the Supreme Court        municipal requirements to have the vote         which municipalities can do a number
of Canada’s recent decision dealing with          conducted in public when they approved          of things, including broadly freeze the
control by-laws should still be considered        the interim control by-law. The City’s          development of land, buildings and struc-
by municipal councils when dealing with           position was that its closed meetings were      tures within its boundaries. The power
contentious land control issues. (London          authorized under both the Municipal Act         to enact an interim control by-law is an
[City] v. RSJ Holdings Inc.)                      exceptions and also because advice that         extraordinary one usually exercised in
    In 2004, the City of London, Ontario,         was subject to solicitor/client privilege was   situations where unforeseen issues have
passed an interim control by-law that man-        being discussed. The City also argued that      arisen and the status quo should be pre-
dated a one-year development freeze in land       The Municipal Act allowed for a closed          served while the municipality studies the
along a certain city corridor. Residents had      meeting where the subject matter under          problem and determines the appropriate
complained that there was too much student        consideration is one in which a committee       planning solution.
housing occurring in the area. The City asked     or council may hold a closed meeting under          The court noted that the open meeting
its City Solicitor to study the problem. In       another act. Since The Ontario Planning         requirement was intended by the legisla-
the interval, RSJ Holdings bought some            Act did not require notice or public hearings   ture to increase public confidence in the
property with the intention of constructing       before passing an interim control by-law,       integrity of its local municipal government
four residential units.                           the matter constituted one in which a closed    “by ensuring the open and transparent
    The City Solicitor then proposed some         meeting can be held “under another act”         exercise of municipal power”. Transpar-
by-law and permit solutions, albeit not an        within the meaning of one of the exceptions     ency and accountability in the decision
interim control by-law. The City’s Planning       in The Municipal Act.                           making process must be respected, par-
Committee considered the corridor in two              While the City’s reliance on the excep-     ticularly given the powerful and profound
meetings closed to the public. The agendas,       tions to public meetings might seem             effect on landowners. While the quashing
which were accessible to the public, indi-        reasonable in some circumstances, the           of the by-law is an extraordinary measure
cated that confidential matters were to be dis-   City was aware that such a by-law would         to be taken by a court, the conduct of the
cussed, but nothing was disclosed about the       be contentious, and could have profound         City in passing the by-law in those secre-
nature or subject of the closed meetings.         affects on landowners. With that in mind,       tive conditions merited its quashing.
    After the second closed meeting, City         the Supreme Court of Canada rejected the            As a result, councils should be mind-
Council resumed in a regular public session       City’s reliance on the various exceptions.      ful of the public meeting requirements
that lasted eight minutes. During that eight-     It emphasized that the Ontario Municipal        under the Manitoba Municipal Act, and
minute session, the council passed 32 by-         Act mandates all municipal meetings be          be wary of holding unnecessary in camera
laws, including the interim control by-law,       open to the public unless the subject matter    meetings, particularly where contentious
without any public debate or discussion.          falls within one of seven exceptions set out    matters are being discussed. Transparency
    RSJ Holdings applied for an order quash-      in the Act. The use of the word “shall” in      and openness should be the hallmarks of
ing the by-law on the basis that council had      requiring open meetings demonstrates that       council’s practices.
discussed, and then decided to pass the           this must be done unless the exceptions
by-law at two closed meetings. RSJ argued         are clearly and fully met. Further, the
                                                                                                    Bernice Bowley is a partner with Fill-
that this was in contravention of the City’s      words “committee” and “meeting” were
                                                                                                    more Riley LLP. Her practice is focused
obligation under the Ontario Municipal Act        broadly defined and included any regular,
                                                                                                    on general commercial insurance litiga-
to hold both council and committee meet-          special, or committee meeting. The excep-
                                                                                                    tion, municipal law and employment
ings in public.                                   tion regarding a closed meeting in another
                                                                                                    law. She has appeared before all levels
    The first level of court denied RSJ           act was not met merely the Planning Act
                                                                                                    of court in Manitoba, as well as vari-
Holding’s application because there was an        allowed for a closed meeting. A meritori-
                                                                                                    ous administrative tribunals including
exception provision in the Act allowing for       ous necessity for a closed meeting under
                                                                                                    the Manitoba Labour Relations Board,
closed meetings if potential litigation was       the Planning Act was required before
                                                                                                    the Automobile Injury Compensation
the subject being discussed.                      the statutory requirement to hold public
                                                                                                    Appeal Commission, and the Pension
    However, the Court of Appeal of Ontario       meetings under the Municipal Act could
                                                                                                    Appeals Commission.
quashed the by-law and the City of London         be avoided.

                                                                                                           Winter 2008| Municipal Leader | 
insur ance
                            Fire
                            Prevention
                            By Ken Fingler, Director, Risk Management, HED Insurance




F
       ire is one of the most useful tools        plagued some areas of Manitoba. While
       known to man. When controlled,             arson used to be mainly a problem of large
       it provides heat for our homes and         urban centres, it has been erupting more and
businesses; power for our automobiles and         more frequently in small towns and rural
machinery; and heat to cook our food.             areas. Arson fires have progressed from hay
   However, when fire breaks out of contain-      bales to garbage cans to garages and now to
ment it can become incredibly destructive         large buildings.
and even deadly in very short order.
   Most fires start very small, often a simple    Keys to reducing fire losses:
malfunction or a careless act such as a heater,   • First - Prevention by safe operation of
iron or coffeemaker remaining plugged in              equipment and removal of hazards.               Regular building inspections to detect
while left unattended.                            • Second – Rapid detection and alarm if a       hazards and ensure fire systems are opera-
   The thermostats on these units may                 fire breaks out.                            tional along with training of staff and vol-
malfunction with age and stick in the ‘ON’        • Third – Rapid extinguishment of               unteers in the use of fire extinguishers could
position causing the unit to overheat and             the fire.                                   greatly improve prevention, detection and
burst into flame. The plastic parts burn very     If not detected and extinguished early, a       extinguishment of fires.
easily and very hot, often igniting other         small fire can spread rapidly and quickly
combustibles near by.                             become uncontrollable, totally destroying       Prevention tips:
   Cooking, especially when it involves           the entire structure and possibly spreading     • Pay attention to your cooking. If you have
grease, is a leading cause of fire in homes       to adjacent structures.                           to leave the stove unattended, turn down
and restaurants.                                      We have recently seen two large wood          the heat.
   While kitchen fires seldom kill people,        frame arenas and an interpretive center         • Regularly clean cooking equipment,
they injure hundreds and cause millions           totally destroyed by fires. These all started     hoods, filters, and exhaust systems to
of dollars worth of property damage               as very small fires that could have been          prevent the accumulation of grease.
each year.                                        extinguished easily if they had been detected   • Portable heaters can be dangerous if
   Along with accidental fires caused by a        early and if fire extinguishers were used         not used correctly. Make sure that heat-
wide variety of hazards, arsonists have also      right away.                                       ers are kept away from combustibles




0 | Municipal Leader | Winter 2008
                                                                                                                      insur ance
    (papers, curtains, clothes). Always turn    • Install motion lights around the building        • Make sure that all employees and
    off and unplug heaters when leaving           to scare away loiterers.                           volunteers know how to use the fire
    the building.                                                                                    extinguishers.
•   Do not store combustibles near any heat-    Detection tips:                                    • Check and service automatic extin-
    ing device or electrical panel.             • Install smoke and/or heat detectors                guishing systems over the cooking
•   Do not use extension cords for long-term      throughout the building. Electric                  equipment every 6 months to ensure
    wiring. Long cords left in a coil while       units with battery back up are the                 t h a t t h ey a r e o p e r a t i o n a l w h e n
    plugged in can overheat and start a fire.     most reliable.                                     needed.
•   Keep paints and flammables to a minimum     • Test fire detection systems (smoke and           • Grease / oil fires can be deadly.
    and stored in approved metal cabinets.        heat detectors) annually.                          If a pot of grease / oil catches fire:
•   Keep spare propane cylinders for the ice-   • Change batteries frequently - At least             • Don’t try to carry the pot. It is very
    cleaning machine outside the building in      every 6 months – (Doing it when the                     hot and if you drop it, the burning
    a locked steel mesh cage.                     time changes in the spring and fall                     oil will spread swiftly.
                                                  makes it easy to remember).                        • Don’t use water on the burning oil.
Arson prevention:                               • Have fire detection system connected                    It will explode and spread faster than
• Secure all windows and doors to prevent         to a monitoring station to ensure                       you can run.
  unauthorized access into the building.          rapid response when the building                   • Do use a dry chemical fire extin-
• Install a burglar alarm system to detect        is unoccupied.                                          guisher or baking soda to smother
  any intruders.                                • Install a high-power strobe light out-                  the fire.
• Remove any combustible materials                side the building that is activated by             • If there is no fire extinguisher, wet a
  (wood, cardboard, old shelving) stored          the alarm systems. This flashing light                  towel and drop it over the burning
  around that property that could be used         can be seen from a long distance and                    pot. It will smother the flames and
  to start a fire.                                can help direct help to the location.                   cool the oil.
• Cut back brush and shrubs around build-
  ings that would be used as hiding spots.      Extinguishing tips:                                You can help
• Cover and padlock garbage bins located        • Fire extinguishers are affordable.               prevent fire losses!
  outside the building to prevent garbage         Keep a good supply in the building               For additional information or if
  bin fires.                                      and check them monthly to                        you have questions, please contact
• Move garbage bins at least 25 ft. away          ensure that they are operational.                Ken Fingler at HED Insurance and Risk
  from the building to prevent a fire in the      Have them serviced annually by a                 Services at 1-800-665-8990 ext 7279 or at
  bin from spreading to the building.             qualified contractor.                            kfingler@hedinc.com.




Business Profile
Municipal turnkey solutions with

Cansel
F
      or over 47 years, Cansel Survey Equip-    Wanless taking over the operation in                Contact Darren
      ment has been the premiere survey         2000. Darren, an expert in the industry,            Wanless to see
      equipment supplier for Manitoba and       is the owner/principal of the Manitoba              how you can
Canadian municipalities.                        Division. The Winnipeg location boasts a            better meet
   With fully integrated and innovative         full service centre, toll free technical sup-       your needs with
products along with experienced and knowl-      port line, and outside sales representatives        customized or
edgeable support staff, Cansel continues to     to consult, train and support users on all          turnkey solutions
deliver easy and effective turnkey solutions    Cansel’s products and services.                     at 204-799-5998.
to meet your varying municipal needs.               v i s i t C a n s e l ’s s h o w r o o m o r
   Cansel specializes in PSAB 3150, office      call Darren at 204-799-5998 to take                Cansel Winnipeg office and Showroom
applications, field solutions, and specialty    advantage of Cansel’s product training,            1485 Dublin Avenue
products. It continually strives to supply      technical support, after-sales service,            Winnipeg, MB R3E 3G8
solutions that help you meet regulations,       warranty servicing and repairs to minimize         Phone: 204-783-0580
while ensuring your organization is work-       your down time and improve field                   Email: darren.wanless@cansel.ca
ing effectively, economically and with the      crew productivity.                                 www.cansel.ca
best knowledge and products Cansel staff            Cansel’s nine offices coast-to-coast
can deliver.                                    are the sole distributors of Trimble brand
   Cansel’s Winnipeg office has been in         GPS and survey equipment for Survey and
operation for over 20 years with Darren         Mapping markets.

                                                                                                             Winter 2008| Municipal Leader | 1
                                      MiSSion:

                                      Possible!                       AMM 9th Annual Convention
                                      By Lynne Bereza, AMM Communications Coordinator


                                      A      total of 970 delegates attended the
                                             AMM’s 9th Annual Convention, held
                                      at the Keystone Centre in Brandon from
                                                                                       Canada Funds with the Manitoba Govern-
                                                                                       ment soon. The Minister was also clear
                                                                                       on where his priorities sit when it comes
                                      November 26 to 29, 2007. Here is a recap         to infrastructure funding, stating, “There
                                      of the three-and-a half-day event.               will always be debate about which projects
                                                                                       are the right ones...but there is only one
                                      Presentations and speakers                       taxpayer, and clean water, bridge repair,
                                      The first item on the agenda was Monday’s        or a sewer upgrade will always come first
                                      Annual Business Meeting. Our thanks go to        for me.”
                                      Ken Phernambucq of The Exchange Group
                                      and Art Elias of HED Insurance for updat-        Speakers
                                      ing delegates on the annual financial state-     As always, the AMM offered three diverse
                                      ment and the AMM insurance program.              but equally engaging keynote speakers.
                                          The Annual Business Meeting was              Kicking off day one was the very humour-
                                      followed by an address from The Honour-          ous Brian thwaits, who presented “So
                                      able vic toews, President of the Treasury        One Brain Said to the Other,” much to the
                                      Board and MP for Provencher, who spoke           enjoyment of the delegate body.
                                      at length about how the Federal Govern-              Tuesday’s keynote speaker was the
                                      ment is making crucial investments in our        highly anticipated Marc Garneau, who
                                      infrastructure. He noted, “As a Federal          did not disappoint attendees. Garneau not
                                      Government we have infrastructure pri-           only gave us a glimpse into the life of an
                                      orities of our own, and sometimes those          astronaut, he highlighted some of the pres-
                                      priorities might conflict with other levels of   sures on the earth’s environment – and how
                                      government.” He went on to say, however,         it is our collective responsibility to tackle
                                      that his government “will deliver—and            this problem. Unfortunately, Garneau expe-
                                      the center piece program to help us do it is     rienced some difficulty leaving Brandon
                                      called Building Canada.” Minister Toews          after his presentation – but thanks to some
                                      stated he is looking forward to reaching a       help from AMM delegates, he was quickly
                                      framework agreement to manage Building           on his way (see sidebar).
                                                                                                                (continued on page 44)




                                       Your 2007/2008 AMM Executive:
                                       Rural Vice-President Doug Dobrowolski,
                                       President Ron Bell, and Urban Vice-President     The Hon. Vic Toews, President of the
                                       Shirley Kalyniuk                                 Treasury Board and MP for Provencher


42 | Municipal Leader | Winter 2008
                                                ConferenCe re-Cap   MiSSion:          Possible!




Councillor Ken Wilander, Town of Birtle,
shakes hands with Keynote Speaker Peter Legge




A short message from
Marc Garneau
On November 27, after my presentation,
as I was preparing to drive back to Win-
nipeg to catch a flight home to Montreal,
someone who had been kind enough to
start my car so that it would be ready and
warmed up, informed me that the two
front tires were flat. Without hesitation,
a couple of the delegates attending the
AMM Convention offered to help me,
thereby giving up their lunch hour.
    First, they changed one of the tires,
the flattest one, then accompanied me
to a gas station to inflate the second one
temporarily, then accompanied me to the
Fountain Tire store to see about fixing or
replacing the two tires.
    The staff members at Fountain Tire
were also kind enough to take care of me
right away and checked the tires, both
of which turned out to be fine (they had
deflated after losing their seals because
of the very cold temperature drop after
driving from Winnipeg).
    I want to thank all the good Samari-
tans who came to my help yesterday.
You are truly fine human beings and you
made it possible for me to catch my flight
with 2 minutes to spare.
    I was very touched by your generosity.

                    - Marc Garneau
Editor’s Note: The Knights in “Mani-
toba Winter Armour” were Councillors
Ray Drayson and Wayne Hildebrand
from the RM of Langford. The AMM
is most appreciative to these two fine
gentlemen for the quick assistance they
gave to our keynote speaker. Thank you,
Ray and Wayne!


                                                                     Winter 2008| Municipal Leader | 
MiSSion:               Possible! ConferenCe re-Cap




  Keynote Speaker Marc Garneau stands with Wardrop’s Wally Jackson. Wardrop was the proud sponsor of      The Hon. Steve Ashton, Minister of
  Garneau’s appearance at the AMM 9th Annual Convention.                                                  Intergovernmental Affairs and President Bell
                                                                                                          share a handshake for the camera


     On Wednesday, the inspirational Peter             was particularly timely in light of the release   munities. Our thanks go to panel participants
 Legge took to the stage to deliver a presen-          just the week before of FCM’s report Danger       Paul Grenier and Normand Mabon from
 tation that was a year in the making! Legge           Ahead: The Coming Collapse of Canada’s            St. Leon, Manitoba; David Hugill from
 was unable to attend last year’s AMM Annual           Municipal Infrastructure (the Executive           the Canadian Wind Energy Association,
 Convention due to inclement weather, and the          Summary of this report is reprinted, with per-    and Dr. David Neufeld from Manitoba
 weather this year almost did not cooperate            mission from FCM, on page 20). In addition,       Intergovernmental Affairs. The third and
 once again – he arrived in Brandon, via plane,        Premier Gary Doer presented his annual            final plenary took place on the final day of
 with only minutes to spare before taking the          address to delegates at the Gala Banquet.         Convention, and saw Dr. Enid Slack return
 stage! Legge was well worth the wait and                  Delegates had the opportunity to attend       to the stage. Dr. Slack initially presented to
 signed many books for appreciative delegates          six different workshops this year. (See pre-      AMM delegates a year ago in Winnipeg, and
 immediately following his keynote address.            sentation summaries on page 47).                  returned to update us on Municipal Roles,
     The Honourable Steve Ashton, Minister                 Several plenary sessions were offered as      Responsibilities, Resources and Relation-
 of Intergovernmental Affairs also took to             well. The first session, “Drainage Regula-        ships. The plenary sessions are available on
 the stage and had an exciting announcement            tion and Funding,” was presented by Mani-         the AMM website at http://www.amm.mb.ca/
 for delegates – an increase from 16% to               toba Water Stewardship’s Steve topping            res_presentations.html.
 65% for provincial disaster financial assis-          and Perry Stonehouse, who remained
 tance payments for municipal equipment                after adjournment to answer questions.            Ministerial Forum
 used in an emergency. We also heard from              The second plenary session focused on the         This year’s Ministerial Forum saw Pre-
 Hugh McFadyen, Leader of the Manitoba                 emerging topic of wind energy. A panel of         mier Doer and six Ministers take part.
 Official Opposition; Dr. Jon Gerrard,                 experts moderated by Shelley Morris of            Minister of Intergovernmental Affairs,
 Leader of the Manitoba Liberal Party, and             Morris Wrighton Association Management            Steve Ashton chaired the Forum and was
 Gord Steeves, President of the Federation             addressed the various aspects involved in         joined by Ron Lemieux (Infrastructure &
 of Canadian Municipalities. Steeves’ address          wind energy development in Manitoba com-          Transportation), Rosann Wowchuk (Agri-




  Premier Doer gives his annual address to delegates    Leader of the Official Opposition Hugh            President Gord Steeves, FCM
  at the Gala Banquet                                   McFadyen addresses AMM delegates


  | Municipal Leader | Winter 2008
                                                                          ConferenCe re-Cap                                MiSSion:                    Possible!




 Members of the Provincial Cabinet pose for the camera immediately prior to this year’s Ministerial Forum. Pictured (L to R) are Minister Steve Ashton, Minister Eric
 Robinson, President Bell, Premier Doer, Minister Rosann Wowchuk, Minister Stan Struthers, and Minister Christine Melnick



culture, Food and Rural Initiatives), Stan                Director of the Manitoba Municipal Admin-                   Awards
Struthers (Conservation), Eric Robinson                   istrators’ Association, acted as Parliamen-                 The Honourary Life Member Award is
(Culture, Heritage, Tourism and Sport), and               tarian. Members of the 2007 Resolutions                     given out each year in recognition of
Christine Melnick (Water Stewardship).                    Committee were:                                             outstanding and exemplary service to the
    Participating Ministers fielded a total               Interlake District - Mayor Don Pepe,                        Association, its member associations and
of 36 questions from AMM delegates on                         Town of Winnipeg Beach                                  to the community. This year, the AMM
almost as many topics. While the majority                 Western District - Mayor William Shackel,                   awarded two Honourary Life Members
of questions were directed at Premier Doer,                   Village of Glenboro                                     at the AMM Annual Banquet. The first
all Ministers received questions specific to              Eastern District – Reeve Don Halbert,                       Honourary Life Member Award went to
their areas of responsibility.                                RM of Lac du Bonnet                                     Grant Buchanan, who served as President
                                                          Mid-Western District - Councillor Ron                       of MAUM and as Urban Vice-President of
Elections                                                     Kostesky, RM of Rossburn                                AMM. Buchanan was a Councillor for the
AMM President Ron Bell was again                          Parklands District - Reeve Clifford Kutzan,                 Town of The Pas from 1993 until 2006.
acclaimed this year and will serve a fourth                   RM of Grandview                                         The second award went to Jim Knight,
term as AMM President. Rural Vice-                        Central District - Councillor Orville                       former Reeve of the RM of Portage la
President Doug Dobrowolski was also                           Wagner, City of Portage la Prairie                      Prairie. Knight was a UMM Director for
acclaimed, while Urban Vice-President                     Northern District – Councillor Cory Young,                  a number of years before taking the jump
Shirley Kalyniuk faced opposition from                        City of Thompson                                        to Vice-President and then President from
Randy Sigurdson, AMM Interlake Urban
Director. In the end, Kalyniuk received 445
votes to Sigurdson’s 172.

Resolutions
Three resolutions sessions were scheduled
this year, with a short list of 36 resolutions
coming to the floor for debate, including
three AMM By-law changes. Only two
resolutions were defeated this year, and
a resolution coming forward on appeal
– Public Schools Amendment Act (36-2007)
was also carried after the delegate body
voted to debate it.
    Resolutions Summary – 2007
    total Number of Resolutions 36
    Number carried 34
    Number defeated 2

AMM Vice-Presidents Shirley Kalyniuk
and Doug Dobrowolski chaired all resolu-
tions sessions this year. Mel Nott, Executive               Resolutions Committee


                                                                                                                                 Winter 2008| Municipal Leader | 
MiSSion:              Possible! ConferenCe re-Cap
                                                1992-1993. Both gentlemen served on             devoted to the timeliest of issues – water,
                                                the board of the Federation of Canadian         wind, and the 4R’s – all added up to an
                                                Municipalities, as well.                        outstanding event. Thanks to all delegates
                                                                                                who attended for helping us to achieve our
                                                Display Area                                    Mission: Possible!
                                                The AMM would like to thank all the dele-
                                                gates who took the time to visit our sold-out   Congratulations
                                                Display Area. The AMM would also like to        to our prize winners:
                                                thank the following businesses for sponsor-     Icebreaker Prize
                                                ing the AMM’s Icebreaker Event:                 • $500 Home Depot Gift Card
                                                                                                   Chris Radford, town of Russell
                                                • MTCML
                                                • GENIVAR                                       Grand Prize
  Honourary Life Recipient Grant Buchanan and
  his wife Linda                                • Airmaster Sales                               • $2,000 trip voucher sponsored by HED
                                                • Armtec                                          and AMM
                                                • Brandt Tractor                                  Debra temple, village of Waskada
                                                • Canada Culvert
                                                • Fort Distributors Ltd.                        Thank-you to all delegates who attended
                                                • Manitoba Heavy                                the 9th Annual AMM Convention.
                                                  Construction Association                           A very special ‘thank-you’ goes out to
                                                • Mazergroup                                    all the speakers who took the time to present
                                                  Construction Equipment                        to our members; and to those businesses and
                                                • Royal Bank of Canada                          organizations that sponsored our event.
                                                • Thompson Dorfman Sweatman LLP                      We could not do it without your
                                                                                                support!
                                                Overall, this year’s AMM Convention
                                                was another great success. Top-notch
                                                                                                   See you at the 2008 Convention in
                                                speakers, opportunities for learning
                                                                                                 Winnipeg, where we will celebrate the
  Honourary Life Recipient Jim Knight           and networking, decisive and focused
  addresses banquet attendees
                                                                                                 AMM’s 10th Anniversary!
                                                resolutions sessions, and plenary sessions




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  | Municipal Leader | Winter 2008
                                                          ConferenCe re-Cap                       MiSSion:                Possible!

Summary of Workshops . . .
. . . Presented at the AMM 9th Annual         waste. The session also described upcoming      Economic Development Council for Bilin-
Convention in Brandon, Manitoba from          programs planned for water conservation and     gual Municipalities (CDEM)
November 26-29, 2007                          energy efficiency.                                  Since 2005, the Place aux jeunes /
    All presentations are available for                                                       Make Way for Youth in Manitoba program
download on the AMM website at http://        our Mission…Making                              has helped 10 qualified young people
www.amm.mb.ca/res_presentations.html          immigration More Possible                       return to rural areas and approximately
                                              Presenters: Russ Phillips, CAO, Town of         100 youths have registered on the Place
Affordable Housing                            Altona and Ximena Munoz, Director for           aux Jeunes / Make Way for Youth in
initiative & HoMEWorks!                       Settlement & Labour Market Service Branch,      Manitoba (PAJM) website. It is hoped that
Strategy                                      Immigration and Multiculturalism, Manitoba      the initiative, which is a real antidote to
Presenter: Diane Anderson, Provincial         Heritage and Immigration                        the rural exodus, will gradually be made
Delivery Manager, Affordable Housing             The presenters spoke about the unique fea-   available in Manitoba’s sixteen bilingual
Branch, MB Family Services & Housing          tures of Altona’s immigration program. The      municipalities over the coming year. This
   This workshop focused on the accom-        Town of Altona emphasized their committee’s     presentation was delivered in French with
plishments of Manitoba Family Ser-            role and the network of hosts, employer reps    translation services available.
vices and Housing Branch under the            and volunteers they have engaged in the com-
Affordable Housing Initiative, and pro-       munity. They spoke on both the enablers of      Severe Weather
vided some information on the new             these programs and some of the barriers they    in Southern Manitoba
HOMEWorks! strategy.                          have encountered. The session provided broad    Presenter: Rob Paola, Warning Prepared-
                                              comment on some of the social and economic      ness Meteorologist, Prairie & Arctic Storm
The Manitoba Public                           impacts Altona has experienced, discussed       Prediction Centre, Environment Canada
Utilities Board- Who we are                   the effects immigration has had on the com-         This session provided a look at severe
and what we do                                munity at present and highlighted what they     weather in southern Manitoba, both winter
Presenter: Gerry Gaudreau, Secretary          see coming in the future.                       and summer, what defines it, where it
and Executive Director, Public Utili-                                                         occurs, and what to look for. Environ-
ties Board                                    Place aux Jeunes –                              ment Canada’s severe weather watch and
    The presentation was a brief overview     Make Way for Youth                              warning program was also discussed along
of the Manitoba Public Utilities Board.       Presenters: Jean A. Beaumont, Execu-            with a look at EC technology to forecast
It covered the various mandates of the        tive Director of Manitoba Bilingual             severe weather and dissemination networks
Board, its composition and the processes      Municipalities Association (AMBM) and           to get severe weather information out
it uses to adjudicate matters under its       Stéphane Gagnon, Youth Coordinator,             to the public.
jurisdiction. The majority of the presen-
tation focused on the Board's responsi-
bilities in relation to Water and Sewer
Utilities, appeals under the Highways
Traffic Protection Act and the bereavement
industry, all matters which involve and
affect municipalities in some manner. The
session also raised attendee attention to
emerging issues, such as the impending
effect of accounting standard changes and
more stringent provincial requirements for
water and sewer utilities.

Green Manitoba;
An update on Provincial
Waste Minimization initiatives
Presenters: Jim Bakken, Executive Direc-
tor and C.O.O.; Doug Smith, Director, Stra-
tegic Planning and Jim Ferguson, Lead,
Waste Management, Green Manitoba                                                1687 Dugald Rd.
    This presentation addressed the prog-                                      Winnipeg, Manitoba
ress to date on four priority waste streams
– tires, packaging and printed paper,
                                                                               477-8473
household hazardous waste and electronic


                                                                                                        Winter 2008| Municipal Leader | 7
8 | Municipal Leader | Winter 2008
                                                                                                           canDiD camera

AMM th Annual Convention




It pays to stay late at the Icebreaker – just ask
Councillor Chris Radford, winner of a $500
Home Depot Gift Card!                               Councillor Raymond Janssen, RM of Ochre River          Mayor Martin Harder, City of Winkler




Doug Popowich, Fire Commissioner, chats             L to R: CAO’s Brent McMillan, Town of Carberry and Brigitte Doerksen, Town of Morris, chat with
with CAO Ken Jenkins, Town of Minnedosa             Mayor Archie Heinrichs, Town of Plum Coulee




AMM Fraternal Delegates from SUMA, SARM,            HED’s putting green is always a popular spot in
AAMD&C and FCM listen to the proceedings            the Convention Display Area.                           Councillor Bonita Bily, Town of Russell




                                                                                                           Councillor Gordon White, RM of Cameron,
                                                                                                           delighted the audience – with a little help
The family of Honourary Life Recipient Jim Knight smile for the camera                                     from Don Bryan and Noseworthy




                                                                                                                      Winter 2008| Municipal Leader | 
canDiD camera

   AMM th Annual Convention



    The UCT Pavillion was full for most plenary sessions.




                                                                              Delegates chat while waiting for a session to begin.




    Past-President Stu Briese is piped into the Opening
    Ceremonies followed by the AMM Board of Directors.
                                                                              L to R – CAO Garth Mitchell, Councillor Keith Wadham, RM of Wallace
                                                                              and Mayor Roland Gagnon Village of Elkhorn




    Perry Stonehouse and Steve Topping of Manitoba                            The Honourable Vic Toews responds to reporter’s questions
    Water Stewardship presented the plenary “Drainage Programs & Policies”.   following his address to delegates.




0 | Municipal Leader | Winter 2008
                                                                                                        canDiD camera




Premier Doer responds to a question during the “bear pit” session,
as Water Stewardship Minister Christine Melnick looks on.


                                                                            Environment Canada’s Rob Paola (right) answers delegate’s
                                                                            questions after his workshop, “Severe Weather in Southern Manitoba”.




L to R – Paul Grenier and Normand Mabon, from St. Leon, Manitoba,
were part of the panel discussing “Wind Energy and Municipalities –
The Straight Goods”.
                                                                            President Bell answers media questions immediately
                                                                            following the Ministerial Forum.




Councillor Harold Smith, City of Thompson visits with the MPSC’s Jim Fogg   Mayor Bob Stefaniuk, RM of Ritchot, speaks to a resolution




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                                                                            Office: (204) 958-6333                   Fax: (204) 233-5644
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                                                                            e-mail: kevin.zaharia@lafarge-na.com
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                                                                                                                  Winter 2008| Municipal Leader | 1
mtcml



Art Elias
HED Insurance and Risk Services
You have no doubt seen him at an AMM event. You have likely even heard
his captivating presentations on your municipal insurance program. But how
does a young man from southern Manitoba become the broker for a municipal
insurance program and head of one of Manitoba’s premier corporations?
The Municipal Leader spent some time with Art Elias and found out that
sometimes what is most interesting isn’t where you are, but how you got there.




B
        orn in Winkler Manitoba, Art spent            Shortly following these meetings Mani-      case, rising out of this challenge came a
        his earliest years in the small village   toba municipal history was made, as Art         new opportunity for municipalities, as this
        of Haskett (which has since disap-        sold his first account on July 7, 1975 to the   marked the start of the AMM’s self-insur-
peared), followed by time in Roland and           RM of Bifrost. In true Manitoba fashion, the    ance structure, with the first policy term of
Morris. At the age of 17, Art made the move       deal was struck at Reeve Siggie Wopnford’s      this new agreement having a self-insurance
to Winnipeg in a quest for gainful employ-        kitchen table.                                  funded deductible, or Loss Pool, of $10,000
ment. But the decision to get involved in             As the municipal program started to grow,   per claim, $150,000 for the year.
insurance was as much a twist of fate as any      a similar program was created for Manitoba          Art was also quick to admit that his big-
predetermined plan.                               public school divisions and, by 1979, both      gest challenge might be yet to come – the
    It turns out insurance wasn’t the first       programs were becoming well established         April 1, 2008 renewal. 2007 has been a tough
career option for Art – he originally applied     and successful. When the opportunity came       year for municipalities, with the hail-storm
at CN Rail for a job as a “car-man.” To this      along to acquire a small insurance brokerage    in Dauphin, along with a number of com-
day Art contends that the only reason he          together with a couple of former colleagues     munity facilities falling victim to fire. There
didn’t get the job is that he had forgotten       they jumped, and within a year both the         have been a large number of claims under the
his phone number since he had only just           UMM and the schools programs joined the         program this year, and high dollar amounts
moved. To think, Art could have been a career     new firm. Three years later the firm merged     attached to these claims.
long CN employee had he remembered his            with another small brokerage to form Hay-           A final question posed to Art was: Why
phone number!                                     hurst Elias Dudek (HED) Inc.                    does the majority owner, president and chief
    Art then applied to an insurance broker-          Today, HED has the distinction of being     executive officer of an award-winning com-
age owned by James Richardson and Sons            one of the province’s 50 fastest growing        pany, which boasts headquarters in Winnipeg
where he landed the job of office boy in          companies, according to Manitoba Busi-          and offices in Laval, Québec, make a point
January 1964. Within months he was learn-         ness Magazine, and this year received an        of coming to AMM events? On the agenda
ing about homeowners and auto insurance.          Excellence in Leadership bronze award           at June District meetings every year and a
Art then moved to another Richardson com-         from the Human Resource Management              fixture at other AMM events like Conven-
pany that did association insurance, which        Association of Manitoba. HED has been           tion, Art spends a lot of his time out of the
had become of interest to Art.                    recognized as one of Manitoba’s top 10          office meeting with the AMM membership.
    In 1975, Art moved to AON Reed Sten-          employers by Maclean’s magazine and             It would seem logical that an avid golfer and
house, where he was charged with develop-         has 226 employees, including those at the       grandfather of six could find another way to
ing his own “book of business” through            wholly-owned, federal insurer-licensed          spend his time.
sales. At the same time, Art had a friend on      subsidiary SecuriCan General Insurance              Art’s response to this question is most
the council of his old stomping grounds of        Company, which underwrites the HED pet          telling about his true character – he likes
Morris, so he gave him a call to ask about        health insurance program.                       the people. Art understands that while the
the Town’s insurance. This inquiry led Art            When asked to highlight some of the         insurance program makes sense to him, not
to a meeting with the Union of Manitoba           biggest challenges he has faced in municipal    everyone is as comfortable with it, and this
Municipalities (UMM) at their office on the       insurance, a couple came to Art’s mind. The     can sometimes prevent people from know-
2nd floor of the old Portage Hotel in Portage     first was when UMM’s insurer Northland          ing what they need to about their program.
La Prairie to discuss an insurance program        General Insurance Company went bankrupt         Face to face, Art gets the chance to explain
for municipal corporations. The idea perco-       in June 1985. Art had to make sure that         the program and he gets to hear the thoughts
lated, and a survey was done to find out the      municipalities didn’t lose their premiums       of the membership. Or as Art put it, “The
insurance needs at the time. Art reported the     while also making sure claims got paid.         beauty is, that when they do speak, you better
survey findings to the UMM membership at          Art managed to replace the insurer in time,     shut up and listen, because odds are they’ve
UMM’s June District Meetings the follow-          leaving municipalities properly insured         got something important to say, from which
ing year. Little did Art know this would be       for the year, and making sure not a single      if you let yourself, you’ll likely be able to
the start of a regular June tradition.            municipality lost a nickel. As is often the     learn something.”

2 | Municipal Leader | Winter 2008
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                                                                                  Systems Inc.              48   877-291-7503   www.lmssurvey.com
  Bobcat of Central Manitoba 25    204-782-9677   www.bobcat.com
                                                                                  Lewis Instruments         43   204-772-0366   www.lewisinstruments.com
  Canada Culvert              54   204-480-4154   www.canadaculvert.ca
                                                                                  Manitoba Hydro            9    888-624-9376   www.hydro.mb.ca
  Canada -
  Manitoba Infrastructure     28   204-945-8778   www.infrastructure.mb.ca        Manitoba
                                                                                  Heavy Construction        27   204-947-1379   www.mhca.mb.ca
  Cansel Survey Equipment     41   204-783-0580   www.cansel.ca
                                                                                  Manitoba Ready Mix
  Central Plains Inc.         54   204-856-5000   www.centralplains.ca            Concrete Association      21   204-947-1379   www.mrmca.com
  Corix Water Products        16   604-575-3400   www.corix.com                   Munisoft                  35   306-569-2988   www.munisoft.ca
  Cummins Western Canada      23   204-632-5470   www.westerncanada.cummins.com   Nelson River
  Darwen Road Technologies 51      204-782-8300                                   Construction Inc.         46   204-949-8700   www.nelsonriver.com
  Data Link Mapping           10   204-753-2111   www.datalink.ca                 Palm Lite Systems         25   204-326-9271
  Degelman Ind.               56   306-543-4447   www.degelman.com                Powell Construction       9    204-727-2810
  Denray Tire                 47   204-632-5191   www.denraytire.com              Repromap                  43   204-638-3584   www.repromap.com
  DGH Engineering             30   877-334-8846   www.dghengineering.com          Sanitherm                 21   604-986-9168   www.sanitherm.com
  Emco                        16   204-697-3120   www.emcobp.com                  Stantec                   50   204-489-5900   www.stantec.com
  Fillmore Riley LLP          7    204-956-2970   www.fillmoreriley.com           Thompson Dorfman
  Fleet Vehicles Agency       18   204-945-0275   www.fva.gov.mb.ca               Sweatman LLP              30   204-934-2500   www.tdslaw.com
  FPS Consultants             50   204-885-0177                                   Tirecraft                 6    780-417-6382   www.tirecraft.com
  Genivar                     23   204-477-6650   www.genivar.com                 UMA Engineering           23   204-284-0580   www.uma.aecom.com
  Goodyear                    10   780-460-4069   www.goodyear.com                Uretek Canada Inc.        31   204-267-7782   www.uretek.ca
  Guardian Traffic Services   18   204-233-1000   www.guardiantrafficmb.com       Westcon                   55   204-633-5800   www.westconequip.ca
  HED Insurance               48   204-943-0331   www.hedinc.com                  Western Turbo
                                                                                  & Fuel Injection          40   204-632-1366   www.westernturbo.com
  Hitrac                      32   204-257-3000   www.casece.com




   C a n a d a C u lv e r t                                               – in n ovatio n flows from her e

   •	      CORRUGATED	STEEL	PIPE
   •	      WATER	CONTROL	GATES
   •	      GUARD	RAIL
   •	      CUSTOM	CULVERT	FABRICATION
   •	      FILTER	FABRIC		
   •	      BIN	WALLS
   Winnipeg	            Ph:	(204)	222-7354	       Fax:	(204)	222-8470
   Brandon	             Ph:	(204)	726-5929	       Fax:	(204)	729-9305


 | Municipal Leader | Winter 2008
westcon
380	Keewatin	Street
Winnipeg,	MB		R2X	2R9
T:	204-633-5800
1-800-453-2435
F:	204-633-5805