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CONCENTRATION Powered By Docstoc

Paying attention to the right
  things at the right time
    Principles of Concentration
   Selective attention to particular thoughts
   Critical cues at critical moments
   Present focus : „the here and now‟
   Minimize periods of optimum concentration –
    switch up, switch down switch off
   Pre-performance routines
   Expect, anticipate distractions – “what if”? –
    do this, do that.
    Strategies for Staying in the
  Thought stoppage
 Visualize and imagine
 Keep eye control
 Blink your eyes
 Breathing
 Meditation
 Mind to body techniques – „calm‟, „rhythm‟
  “What is it that I have to do now, right here”?

   You can’t concentrate on
    concentrating, because if you are
    concentrating on concentrating, you
    aren’t concentrating on what you
    should be concentrating on.
   Some cues are relevant and
focusing on these is necessary for
       quality performance.
   Other cues are irrelevant and
  focusing on these can hamper
    Cues and Arousal Levels
 Low arousal picks up both
 As arousal increases the athlete’s
  attention begins to narrow
 At optimal arousal attentional narrowing
  gates out all irrelevant cues and allows
  relevant cues to remain
 At this point, performance should be at its
    Cues and arousal levels
 If arousal continues still further attention
  continues to narrow and relevant cues will be
  gated out leading to deterioration in
 High levels of arousal leads to phenomenon
  of distractibility – decrease in athlete‟s ability
  to selectively attend to ONE stimulus at a
 Instead, athlete‟s attention shifts randomly
  from stimulus to stimulus
          Cues and arousal
   This reduces athlete’s ability to
    discriminate between relevant and
    irrelevant cues
   ‘Rattled’
   ‘Poor decision making’
   ‘Miss the option etc.’
   The ability to narrow focus on relevant
    cues is a skill that can be learned.
Concentration is a limited
   capacity. You can’t
concentrate on too many
 things at the same time
 Goal setting and self-regulation skills
 Concentration and attention skills
 Anxiety and arousal control skills
 Visualizing, imagery, mental
 Confidence, self-efficacy skills
 ‘Zone’ or IPS – Ideal Performance
   Robert M. Nideffer
  ‘Calming the mind so the body
           can perform’
    Athletes need to calm their
 thought processes – to shut out
distractions, to trust their bodies,
to simply let themselves perform
       What is the zone?
 A feeling of complete control, total
 The athlete knows with certainty
  what is going to happen before it
  actually occurs
 Time is slowed down
 Objects seem larger and more vivid
  than usual
         The Zone cntd.
 The performance is effortless,
  occurring automatically without any
  conscious direction on the part of
  the athlete
 There is a feeling of exhilaration even
 The level of performance exceeds the
  individual’s expectations.
       Getting into the zone
   There is considerable evidence
    supporting the theory that alterations
    in an individual’s focus of
    concentration and/or changes in
    physiological arousal are what
    precipitate an Altered State of
    Consciousness - ASC
     Focus of Concentration

   Moves along two intersecting
    dimensions in response to the
    changing demands of a sporting
    situation – ‘Width’ (broad or narrow)
    and ‘Direction’ ( internal or external