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									    2005 NDIA/AAC Air Armament Symposium




Long Range Strike Industry Panel Brief
             October 5, 2005
             Long Range Strike Industry Panel




    LibertyWorksTM

10/5/2005            NDIA LRS Industry Team     2
                                  Panel Membership

                Panel Chair: Carl Avila              Panel Advisors
                Co-Chair :   Ed Whalen               Marya Bard:      AAC/XR
                Co-Chair:    Bob Nelson              Ed Jackanowski: ASN/RDA
      •     Alliant Tech            • General Electric        • Orbital Sciences
            Systems                     – Bill Dwyer               – Kevin Richardson
             – Robert Blake         • Honeywell
             – Douglas Lewis            – Dan Shockley        • Pratt & Whitney
             – Gordon Snurr         • Liberty Works                – Richard Kazmar
      •     Aerojet                     – John Arvin          • Raytheon
             – Mark Director        • Lockheed Martin              – Dave Andrews
             –   Pat Hewitt                –   Barry Brown             –   Louis Galto
                                           –   Jim Enault
      •     Boeing                                                     –   Robert Nelson
                                           –   Bob Hartmann
             –   Carl Avila                                            –   Charles Stevens
                                           –   Richard Mitchell
             –   Bob Marinan               –   Ed Whalen          •   Rockwell Collins
             –   Carl Miller        •    Northrop Grumman              –   Nick Holoviak
             –   Steve Morrow              –   Gail Allen              –   Ken Kato
             –   Ron Mutzleburg            –   Russ Prechtl       •   Williams International
             –   John Reilly               –   Dave Rosenblatt         –   Mike Bak
             –   Glenn Vogel                                           –   Scott Cruzen
             –   Steve Vukelich                                        –   Carl Schiller
10/5/2005                               NDIA LRS Industry Team                                 3
                      Long Range Strike Capability
              USAF Next Generation Long Range Strike Study
                                                            •Objective
                                                                Capability To Achieve Desired Effects
                                                                Rapidly, Persistently, On Any Target, In
                                     Leadership
                                                                any Environment, Anywhere, At Any
                                                                Time
                     SOF                          Nuclear
                                      SOF                   Requirements
                                                    C/B         •Phase 1: Bomber Forces Upgrade:
        SOF                               LRS
                                                                    •Link -16 Connectivity, Stand Off,
                                                                    Precision, Radar, Targeting
                               LRS
                                                                •Phase 2: Field Mid-Term Strike
                                                                Capability:
                                                                    •Range, Persistence, L/O, Speed,
                                                                    GIG
                                          SOF
 Enablers                                                       •Phase 3: Field Long Range Strike
                                                                Capability
               F/A-22 / F-35
                  Range
                                                                    •Long Range, Persistence, L/O,
                                                                    Speed, GIG, Transformational
                                                                    Technologies

10/5/2005                                    NDIA LRS Industry Team                                  4
                        Global Strike Weapon
                               (High Speed Weapon)

                               “High Speed”                     “Hypersonic”             JCIDS

 Mach Number
                           2                           6                       10         AoA

                                      What it is:
    • Target Set       A Weapon SYSTEM, NOT just a speed/propulsion…                JOINTNESS/Funding
• Launch Platform
                                         Potential missions/targets:
        • PK
                                    TCS, Relocatable Targets, Fixed Targets,
 • C4ISR ConOps
                                     Counter-WMD, GWOT, HDBT, SUW, …
  • Cost Analysis
• TRL Assessment                          Potential launch platforms:
                                       TacAir, Surface Ships, Submarines,
                                                   Bombers, …
                               JCIDS
                               AoA
Notional                                  MS B                     IOC?                Milestone
                    Studies           RFP
Schedule                              SourceSel                                            B
               FY                                          //
                      05       06      07   08    09              13      14

                It all depends on… the CAPABILITIES Required
Sea Strike
             Notional TCS Capabilities Triad
                             “Prompt Global Strike Weapons”
                                •   Long Range: >3000 nm
                                •   Type: Conventional ICBM / IRBM
                                •   Large Warhead: >1000 lbs
                                •   GW: >3000 lbs

                          Launch Platforms: Silo’s, Heavy Bombers, SSGN


“Platforms & Subsonic/LOE Weapons”                   “JHS Strike Tactical Weapon”
                                                    •   Medium Range: XXX - XXX+ nm
     • Stealth / Standoff Platforms
                                                    •   Speed: Mach X+
     • Long Range (w/ tanking/support)
                                                    •   Warhead: XXX - XXX lbs
     • Various POR/Cruise Weapons
                                                    •   GW: ~XXXX lbs
     • Various conventional payloads

Launch Platforms:   B-2; F-117; Next-Gen High-   Launch Platforms: TACAIR, SSGN, SSN, CG/DDG
                    Speed Bombers; CG/DDG;
                    SSN; SSGN; TACAIR


   Fills Time Critical Warfighter Gap / Multi-Mission Capable
              Allows Long Range Strike in Direct Attack Timelines
                  LRS and HSW are System of Systems
                                (Not Just a Range or Speed)

POTENTIAL MISSIONS/TARGETS:                                   POTENTIAL LAUNCH PLATFORMS:
TIME CRITICAL, RELOCATABLE, FIXED,
                                        SENSOR TO             TACAIR, MARITIME PATROL, SURFACE
COUNTER-WMD, GWOT, HDBT, SUW, - -        SHOOTER              SHIPS, SUBMARINES, BOMBERS, - -
                                        DELAY TIME



                        C4ISR                      PLATFORMS                      TIME OF
                                                                                  FLIGHT


                                                                          CURRENT AND
                                                                             FUTURE
          DATALINK                                                         CARRIAGE
        CONNECTIVITY                 WEAPONS                              CONSTRAINTS
                                                                   UNIVERSAL
                                                                   ARMAMENT
                                                                   INTERFACE
                 IT ALL DEPENDS ON: THE CAPABILITIES REQUIRED

10/5/2005                            NDIA LRS Industry Team                                 7
                         Warfighter’s Stand Off
                       Time Critical Requirement
                                      Kill Chain


       Find          Fix      Track                Target    Engage     Assess




              Major Investments Being                       We Focused on
              Made in This Part Of The                      the “Weapons”
                      Kill Chain                            Piece of the Kill
               Focus on Sensor to                                Chain
              Shooter Delay Times of
                10 Minutes or Less

10/5/2005                     NDIA LRS Industry Team                             8
                  Customer’s Desired Capabilities
                USAF                                         USN
   • Time Critical Strike                        • Time Critical Strike
        – Integrated Defense
        – Theatre Ballistic Missiles
   •   Mobile/Moving Surface Targets.            •   Relocatable Targets
   •   Limited "Deep" GS Against HVT             •   GWOT/High Value Targets
   •   CBRNE Defense                             •   Counter-WMD
   •   Maritime CAS                              •   Surface Warfare (SUW)
   •   Fixed Targets                             •   Fixed Targets
   •   Close Air Support                         •   Naval Surface Fire Support
   •   Underground Facility                      •   Hard/Buried Targets




10/5/2005                         NDIA LRS Industry Team                          9
                             Analysis Process
                          Derived System Characteristics

     Capability Needs &        System Attributes or Key         System
        Constraints            Performance Parameters      Characteristics/TPM

            Target Set               Lethality               Payload Type/Size

                                                                 Range
     Launch Platforms              Compatibility

                                                             Block Speed
                                   Effectiveness
    C4ISR & Targeting
      Performance                                           Probability of Survival
                                   Survivability
                                                               Accuracy
      Defensive Threat
                                     Reliability
                                                               Reliability
              Cost                  Affordability
                                                              Acquisition Cost

            Need Date             Technical Risk                  TRL

10/5/2005                        NDIA LRS Industry Team                           10
                                             Vehicle Sizing
                        Platform and Configuration Constraints
             Propulsion                              LAUNCH PLATFORM
             Subsystem                                   CANDIDATES
             Candidates                         •   F/A-18 E/F
                                                •   F/A-22 (EXTERNAL)
       • Solid Rocket                           •   JSF (EXTERNAL)
       • Turbine                                •   F-16, F-15 E
       • Pulse Detonation                       •   B-2, B-52H, B-1
       Liquid Fuel Ramjet                      •   CG, DDG (MK-41/-75 VLS)
       Solid Fuel Ramjet                       •   SSGN/SSN
       Variable Flow
          Ducted Rocket                                    LAUNCH PLATFORM SIZE CONSTRAINTS
       Dual Combustion                      TACTICAL FIGHTER AIR LAUNCH (F/A-18 E/F, JSF, F-16, F/A-22, F-15E)
                                             TACTICAL FIGHTER AIR LAUNCH (F/A-18 E/F, JSF, F-16, F/A-22, F-15E)
          Ramjet                                  • 194 IN. CONTAINER LENGTH FOR CV MAGAZINE ELEVATOR
                                                  • 194 IN. CONTAINER LENGTH FOR CV MAGAZINE ELEVATOR
                                                  • 1965 LB F/A-18 E/F ASYMMETRIC RECOVERY LIMIT
                                                  • 1965 LB F/A-18 E/F ASYMMETRIC RECOVERY LIMIT
       Scramjet
                                                    - POTENTIALLY 2320 LB
                                                    - POTENTIALLY 2320 LB
           Subsystem Constraints             • BOMBER, VLS/CLS (SSN, CG, DDG, SSGN)
                                             • BOMBER, VLS/CLS (SSN, CG, DDG, SSGN)
Booster Required for Air Launch                  • 22 IN. BY 22 IN. MK-41 VLS CANISTER CROSS SECTION
                                                  • 22 IN. BY 22 IN. MK-41 VLS CANISTER CROSS SECTION
(All Require Boosters For Surface Launch)         • 250 IN. LENGTH OVER ALL (WITH BOOSTER) BOMBER
                                                  • 250 IN. LENGTH OVER ALL (WITH BOOSTER) BOMBER
                                                  • 3300 LB MISSILE WEIGHT LIMIT (USING MK-41 VLS CANISTER)
                                                  • 3300 LB MISSILE WEIGHT LIMIT (USING MK-41 VLS CANISTER)
                                                  • 5000 LB FOR BOMBERS
                                                  • 5000 LB FOR BOMBERS


                                                  Concept 1
      190” Length                           2320 lbs Maximum Weight                         20.4” Diameter
                                                  Concept 2
      250” Length                                2320 -5500 lbs                             20.4” Diameter

10/5/2005                                    NDIA LRS Industry Team                                               11
                  Target Set Considerations

            LRS And HSW Must Address Traditional, Time
                  Critical and High Value Targets

     •Traditional fixed targets   • No single vehicle/ordnance pairing does it all
     •Time Critical Targets
                                  • Delivery Vehicle Must Accommodate
     •Mobile Targets                  • Ordnance ~ Blast Frag, Submunitions,
     •Moving Targets                    Penetrator, CBRNE
                                      • Delivery accuracy
     • WMD, Chem, Bio
     • HDBT
            Payload and Range Requirements for Different
              Target Sets Drive Vehicle Configurations

10/5/2005                         NDIA LRS Industry Team                             12
                             Payload and Accuracy
                     Target Type                 HDBT                            SubMn
                                                CBRNE, C2
 Payload        HDBT MVR Hard Med Soft                                           1000
                                                                                  750
                                                                                  500
 250                                                                              250
                                                 Hard
                                              Bunker, Shelter
 500

 750                                              Med
                                              Runway, Bridge
                                                 Armor

 1000
                                                  Soft
 DE                                           Personnel, POL



 SubMn

 Cluster                                                                   CEP
                                                                SKR       GPS     HLDL
         Good        Moderate        Poor                       LLDL      INS

        Most Target Types At Risk With                          Today’s Guidance Capability
              Smaller Warhead                                    Satisfies Accuracy Needs

10/5/2005                          NDIA LRS Industry Team                                     13
                                             Strike Battlespace
                                 Defined by Missile Range vs Time-of-Flight

                                       Mach 6       Mach 5        Mach 4      Mach 3
                          1800
  Range To Target (nmi)




                                                                                   Mach 2
                          1400



                          1000

                                                                                   Mach 1
                          600

                                                                 Current Air/Surface Launch
                          200                                     Tactical Strike Capability
                                                                         Time of Flight (min)
                                                    30                        60
10/5/2005                                       NDIA LRS Industry Team                          14
                                  Long Range High-Speed Missile
                                 Improves Time-Range Battlespace

                                   Mach 6       Mach 5        Mach 4      Mach 3
                          1800
  Range To Target (nmi)




                                                                               Mach 2
                          1400



                          1000
                                   Art of the Possible Air/Surface Launch
                                        Long-Range Strike Capability
                                                                               Mach 1
                          600

                                                             Current Air/Surface Launch
                          200                                 Tactical Strike Capability
                                                                      Time of Flight (min)
                                                30                        60
10/5/2005                                   NDIA LRS Industry Team                           15
                                               High-Speed Missile System
                                            Range vs Time-of-Flight Battlespace
                                 Fly out designed for fuel load, speed, and thermal
                                                 Mach 6       Mach 5        Mach 4       Mach 3
                          1800     Mid-Term
                                  Technology
  Range To Target (nmi)




                                                                                              Mach 2
                          1400


                                                                             Near-Term
                          1000
                                                                            Technology
                                                                                              Mach 1
                          600

                                                                                       In-Service
                          200                                                         Technology
                                                                                      Time of Flight (min)
                                                              30                         60
10/5/2005                                                 NDIA LRS Industry Team                         16
                                 Low Risk Vehicle Design Points Provide
                                   Substantially Improved Battlespace

                                      Mach 6    Mach 5        Mach 4       Mach 3
                          1800
  Range To Target (nmi)




                                                                                 Mach 2
                          1400



                          1000
                                                                          Near-Term
                                                               Air/Surface Launch 2320-5500 lb
                                                                         (Concept 2)
                          600
                                               Near-Term
                                      Air/Surface Launch 2320 lb
                          200                 (Concept 1)
                                                                        Time of Flight (min)
                                                30                          60
10/5/2005                                   NDIA LRS Industry Team                          17
                                                                             Warfighter Sensitivity to Speed

                                          Initial Standoff Strike - Near-Peer Adversary Asset Laydown
                                                                             125
            Capabilities-Based Analysis


                                              Normalized Targets Engagable
                                                                             100                      Weapon
                                                                                                    Block Speed

                                                                             75
                                                                                                              5,000 ft/sec
                                                                                     2,500 ft/sec
                                                                             50

                                                                                     1,000 ft/sec
                                                                             25


                                                                              0
                                                                                                       15                    30
                                                                                       Sensor-to-Shooter Delay (min)
   More Targets Reachable Before Hide Using High-speed Long-range Weapon

10/5/2005                                                                           NDIA LRS Industry Team                        18
                Operations Research Models Long Range
                  High-Speed Strike Weapons Benefits

   TCTs: Time Critical Targets
   HSW: High-Speed Weapon

                                  Case 2
              Case 1             Baseline + HSW vs . Stationary TCTs
            Baseline             • Range = 600 nm
            • JDAM               • Targets = Stationary TCTs
            • JSOW A             • Platform = Surface Launch
            • JSOW B
            • Paveway
            • Maverick            Case 3
            • JASSM              Baseline + HSW vs . Stationary TCTs
            • Tomahawk           • Range = 600 nm
            • ERGM               • Targets = Stationary TCTs
                                 • Platform = Surface Launch+AIR

              Supersonic missile added to a baseline weapon set to
                         examine campaign level effect

10/5/2005                         NDIA LRS Industry Team               19
                                                 High-Speed Long-Range
                                          Capabilities Achieve Objectives Sooner

                                           800

                                                     3. HSW, Stationary Targets,
                                                     Air & Surface Platforms
                                           600
                   Cumulative TCT Kills




                                           400


                                                                                       2. High-Speed Weapon
                                           200                                         (HSW)
                                                                                       Stationary Target
                                                          1. Current Weapons           Surface Platform

                                             0
                                                 1        2      3      4      5   6      7     8     9       10

                                                                     Days of Campaign


            • Air-launched Fast Weapons Showed The Most Benefit Due To High
              Sortie Rate
            • Benefit Achieved Is A Shorter Campaign

10/5/2005                                                     NDIA LRS Industry Team                               20
               Survivability is Altitude, Speed and
                     Observable Dependent


      High
                                                           Excellent PS




    Altitude
                              Stealth Driven Improvement
                     Low PS
                                        Moderate PS

                                                           Good PS


      Low
               Low                                                 High
                                    Speed
10/5/2005                NDIA LRS Industry Team                           21
                        Operational Availability

   • Long Range Strike Weapons Will Be Highly Reliable
        – Reliability Designed In and Verified in Development
        – Wooden Round
        – Reliability As a Key Performance Parameter


   • Minimum Support Infrastructure




10/5/2005                         NDIA LRS Industry Team        22
                      Technology Readiness Level (TRL)
                       Flight Vehicle Subsystems Focus
                           Generic Vehicle Architecture
  BLUE: Design/Development Materials/Processes Readily Available Across Industry
  GREEN: Focus Investment to Attain TRL >6/7; Target Set/Mach Number Dependent
  •System Integration
  •Airframe
    - Structure
    - Control Surfaces
    - Thermal protection

  • Guidance, Navigation, and Control
    - Guidance and Control Unit ~ IMU ~ Data Link
    - Actuators
    - Seeker/Radome/IR Dome ~ as required

  • Payload
    - Penetrator/Blast Frag /Thermobaric /Fuzing/ Submunitions/Advanced Payloads

  • Propulsion
    - Inlet/Flow Path
    - Fuel [Liquid/Solid]
    - Combustor/Turbine/Fuel Control


10/5/2005                         NDIA LRS Industry Team                           23
               Propulsion Technology Readiness Levels
                                          Fiscal Year

     Concept           05     06    07    08    09    10    11    12    13    14   15 LRS/HSW 18
                                                                                       16 17
                                                                                     Considerations
Solid Rocket           9      9    9    9     9      9     9     9     9     9     9     9    9     9
                                                                                   Low ISP, Sizing Not
                            Many Examples of Operational Solid Rockets             Suitable

Supersonic Turbojet    6      6     6     7    7    7     7     7      7      7    RATTLRS/VAATE7
                                                                                   7    7    7
                                               RATTLRS Flight Testing (M=3-4)      Adding Maturity
                                               VAATE Ground Testing (M=4+)
Liquid Fueled Ramjet   9      9     9     9     9     9     9    9     9     9     Mature, in 9
                                                                                   9    9            9
                                                                                   Production
                           MA-31 Operational Use (M=2.5-3.5)
Variable Flow Ducted   8     9     9     9     9     9      9    9     9     9     9    9
                                                                                   Mature, in 9      9
Rocket                      GQM-163A Flights (M=2.5); In Production                Production

Dual Combustion        6      6     7     7     7     7     7    7     7     7     HyFly7Adding
                                                                                   7         7       7
Ramjet                                   HyFly Flight Demo Program (M=4-6)         Maturity

Solid Fueled Ramjet    5      5     5     6     6     6     6    6     6     6     6 Govt. Funded
                                                                                   No 6     6   6
                                                                                   Plans to Mature
SCRAMJET               6      6     6     6     7    7     7     7     7     7     7    7    7
                                                                                   Funding Limited7
                                                    SED Flight Tests (M=4.5-6.5)   Schedule to Mature
                                         NASA Wind Tunnel Tests
Pulse Detonation       4      4     4     5    6     6     7     7     7     7     No 7     7   7
                                                                                   7 Govt. Funded
Engine                                                                             Plans to Mature



  Propulsion Technology Supports FY-08 Program Start
                         Vehicle Concepts




        SCRAMJET
                                              Variable Flow Ducted Rocket




                         Dual Combustion
                             RAMJET


                                             Supersonic Turbo Jet
    Liquid Fuel RAMJET

10/5/2005                   NDIA LRS Industry Team                          25
                           Notional Acquisition Program
        •     Constant Base Year 2005 Dollars
        •     SDD Period of Performance : Oct 2007 thru Sept 2012
        •     50 Equivalent Test Units Delivered
        •     Production Quantity Assumed to be 4,000 Units
        •     Excludes Pre-SDD Concept / Technology Development Cost
        •     Assumes All Up Round – no GFE Required for Production
        •     Excludes Government Program Office, Test Facility, and Support Costs
        •     Integration on one USAF and One USN platform
 2005       2006   2007    2008       2009    2010     2011     2012    2013         2014        2015     2016   2017


                   MS A       MS B                                     MS C
                                                                               IOC
  Ongoing Risk Reduction          System Design & Development


                                                         DT / OT
                                                           Low Rate Production              Full Production


              SDD Program = $800-900 M                                 AUPP= $500-800 K
10/5/2005                                    NDIA LRS Industry Team                                                     26
               Summary and Recommendations

                                 Summary
    • High Speed, Long Range Weapons Have The Potential To Be A
      Significant Force Multiplier
    • Technology Readiness of Critical Subsystems Supports FY-08
      Program Start
    • USAF and USN Studies are Addressing the Same Requirement
    • Development Cost Consistent with Current Generation Weapons
    • Strong, Competitive Industrial Base
                            Recommendations
    • Establish Joint Requirements (JCIDS)
    • Coordinate Government Planned AoAs in FY-06 (USAF & USN)
    • Conduct Program Cost Estimates to Support FY-08 POM



10/5/2005                   NDIA LRS Industry Team                  27

								
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