Traditional Furniture English English Style Furniture 1500-1660 Early Renaissance The styles include the periods: Tudor Elizabethan Jacobean Cromwellian. Cromwellian was a period of civil war, so no new furniture was developed. Tudor 1500-1558 Spanned the reigns of Henry VII, Henry VIII, Edward VI and Mary. Dutch and Flemish designs were influential. Lighter woods and native oaks. Arabesques were common. Furniture was large and heavy, as in the Gothic period. Tudor style bedroom Arabesque designs Elizabethan 1558-1603 Furniture was still massive and ornamentation was similar. New decoration called a bulbous form. Furniture support that had a melon shape. Turned chairs and Wainscot chairs were popular. Bulbous Form Turned and Wainscot Chairs Jacobean 1603-1649 During the reigns of James I and Charles I. Furniture was slightly smaller, lighter and less ornamented. Bulbous forms became more slender and carvings were less pronounced. Romayne work and split balusters were used. Jacobean Side Table and Gateleg Table Romayne work – carvings of human heads Split Baluster – short, turned pieces of wood, cut in half. William and Mary 1689-1702 More simple and elegant and less ornate. Woods were highly polished. Japanning was used. A less expensive lacquer to imitate Oriental finishes. William and Mary Highboy and Chest japanning Queen Anne 1702-1714 A strong Oriental influence. Graceful and curved lines. Cabriole legs scalloped shell motifs. Claw and ball foot. Spooned-back splats added comfort to chair backs. Queen Anne Highboy Queen Anne Chairs Wing Back Chair Windsor Chairs Spooned back chair and Shell motif Claw and Ball Foot Early Georgian 1714- 1750 The reign of George I. Styles are close to Queen Anne. Early Georgian furniture was heavier than Queen Anne. It further accented the curved line. Late Georgian 1750-1810 Spans the reigns of George II and George III. More elaborate furniture due to expanded wealth. Cabinet makers were prominent; such as Thomas Chippendale, George Hepplewhite, Thomas Sheraton, and Robert and James Adams (Adams Brothers) Late Georgian chairs Thomas Chippendale A London Cabinetmaker. Chairs were his best pieces. Chairs had elaborately carved backs. Backs had tracery, latticework, Rococo motifs. Early chairs had cabriole legs, later chairs had straight legs. Ribband-back chairs Chippendale Chairs Cupid’s Bow Ladder Back Gothic Inspired Chippendale – Camelback Sofa George Hepplewhite Slender lines and delicate proportions. Used straight-tapered legs. Legs ended in straight, spade, or thimble feet. Chair backs were made of hearts, ovals, wheel and shield designs. Used simple carvings and painted motifs. Heart backs and thimble feet Shield Back and Spade Foot Thomas Sheraton Dominated by straight lines. Segmented curves. Chair backs were rectangular. Sheraton Chair and Table Sheraton Chairs Victorian 1837-1901 The reign of Queen Victoria. Designs were eclectic. Furniture became less expensive as it was more mass marketed. The Adam Brothers Architects who commissioned cabinet makers to design furniture that complimented their architectural designs. Styles were symmetrical Inspired by Greek and Roman designs.