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					                                                                                                                                   NEWAYGO
                                                                                                    Dayton Twp                    Sherman Twp                       Everett Twp                  Big Prairie Twp

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Black Creek


                                                                                                               Fremont

              Montague Twp                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Townline Creek
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 Trib to Fourth Lake
White River Twp                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Richland Twp
                                           Blue Lake Twp                  Holton Twp                                            Garfield Twp                          Brooks Twp                   Croton Twp                      Reynolds Twp                      Winfield Twp                        Cato Twp                         Belvidere Twp                        Home Twp
                                                                                                   Sheridan Twp
             Montague Whitehall Twp                                                                                                                  Newaygo
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   Flat River

                    Whitehall

                                                                                                                                                                                              Rogue River
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Flat River


                  Fruitland Twp              Dalton Twp                Cedar Creek Twp                                                                                                             Ensley Twp                          Pierson Twp                Maple Valley Twp                       Pine Twp                         Douglass Twp                            Day Twp                           Ferris Twp
                                                                                                   Bridgeton Twp                 Ashland Twp         Grant           Grant Twp
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Flat River                                           Unnamed Trib
                                                                                                                                                                                   Rogue River
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Black Creek


                                             MUSKEGON                                                                                                                                                                                     Alder Creek Drain                    Clear Creek                             MONTCALM
                       Laketon Twp                                                                                                           Crockery Creek                                                               Duke Creek
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Flat River
                                                    Muskegon Twp                                                                                                           Rogue River                                                                                                                                        Dickerson Creek
                                North Muskegon                                                                                                                                                           Solon Twp                       Nelson Twp                       Spencer Twp                    Montcalm Twp                           Sidney Twp                     Evergreen Twp                          Crystal Twp
                                                                           Egelston Twp                  Moorland Twp                Casnovia Twp                     Tyrone Twp
                                                                                                                                                                                                      Duke Creek

                                  Muskegon                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Coopers Creek
                                                                                                                                                                                                                       Cedar Springs
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 Dickerson Creek
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       Flat River
                                    Muskegon Heights                                                                                                                                                            Rogue River                                  Coopers Creek
                                Roosevelt Park                                                                                       N Br Crockery Creek                                                                                                                                                                                                                       Prairie Creek
                                                                                                                                                                                        Rogue River
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           Greenville                                                                                                              Carson City
                                                                              Sullivan Twp
                                                                                                                                                                                                                             Stegman Creek
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Fairplain Twp                       Bushnell Twp                        Bloomer Twp
                                    Norton Shores                         Norris Creek                   Ravenna Twp                  Chester Twp                     Sparta Twp                         Algoma Twp                     Courtland Twp                     Oakfield Twp
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         Bacon Creek
                                                          Fruitport Twp                                                                                         Nash Creek                                                                            Beaver Dam Creek          Wabasis Creek
                                                                                              Crockery Creek                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Dickerson Creek
                                                                                                                                Crockery Creek                                                                                                                                                            Eureka Twp
                                                                                                                                                                                           Rogue River                  Rockford
                                                         Spring Lake
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   Rogue River                                                                                                                                         Prairie Creek
                                             Spring Lake Twp
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Belding                      Unnamed Trib
                                   Lake Drainage                                                                                                                           Mill Creek                                                                                          Seely Creek
                                             Ferrysburg                                             Polkton Twp                                                                                           Rogue River                                                                                           Flat River
                                                                                                                                        Sand Creek                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 Ronald Twp                       North Plains Twp
                                           Grand River                     Crockery Twp Crockery Creek                                 Wright Twp                      Alpine Twp                                                        Cannon Twp                        Grattan Twp                                                          Orleans Twp
                                                                                                                Deer Creek                                                                             Plainfield Twp                                                                                      Otisco Twp
                                                                                                            Coopersville                                                                                                                        Bear Creek
                                          Grand Haven                                                                                                                                             Grand River                                                                                                                                                                                       Prairie Creek
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Unnamed Trib
                                                                                                                                                               East Fork
                                                                                                                                                              Sand Creek                                                                                                                                                      Bellemy Creek
                                                                        Grand River
                                                                                          Grand River
                                                                                                            Grand River
                                                                                                                                                                                                                       KENT                                                              Flat River
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Bellemy Creek

                                                                                                                                                                       Indian Mill Creek                                          Grand River
                                               Pottawattomie Bayou                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Prairie Creek
                                                   Grand Haven Twp                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               Easton Twp                               Ionia Twp
                                                                           Robinson Twp                                                                                                                      Grand Rapids Twp                           Honey Creek                                         Keene Twp                                                                                                  Lyons Twp
                                                                                                                                        Tallmadge Twp                                                                                                                     Vergennes Twp                                                                               Ionia
                                                                                            Bass River                                                                                       Grand River                                   Ada Twp                                                                                                                                      Grand River
                                                                                                                               Grand River                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Grand River
                                                                                                            Allendale Twp                                                                                                                                                                                                     Red Creek
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Grand River
                                                                                                                                                  Sand Creek                               Grand Rapids
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   Grand River       Libhart Creek
                                                                                         OTTAWA                                                                      Walker                Grand River
                                                                                                                                                                                                   East Grand Rapids                                                       Grand River
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         Flat River

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Grand River
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Grand River
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                IONIA                                                            Goose Creek
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Lowell
                                                                                                                  Bass Creek                          Grand River
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 Grand River                                                                   Taylor Drain
                                                                                                                                                                       Grand River                                                                            Grand River                                                                                                                                               Grand River
                                                                                                                                                                                                       Plaster Creek                                                                                                                                                                           Little Libhart Creek
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         Thornapple River                                                                                         Berlin Twp                                                          Portland Twp
                                                                                                                                     Georgetown Twp              Grandville                                                                                                                                 Boston Twp                                                              Orange Twp
                                                    Port Sheldon Twp          Olive Twp                   Blendon Twp                                                                                                                    Cascade Twp                        Lowell Twp                                                                  Sessions Creek
                                                                                                                                         Rush Creek                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Grand River
                                                                                                                                                                                                                   Kentwood                                                                                                  Lake Creek
                                                                                                                                                                               Wyoming
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Portland
                                                                                                                                                                                         Buck Creek                                                                                                                                                                         Libhart Creek
                                                                                                                                  Hudsonville
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Pratt Lake Creek
                                                                                                                                                                                                                       Plaster Creek
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             Thornapple River
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Bear Creek
                                                                              Holland Twp                                                               East Branch Creek                                                                                                                                                                  Duck Creek

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Campbell Twp                           Odessa Twp                         Sebewa Twp                         Danby Twp
                                                         Park Twp                              Zeeland       Zeeland Twp             Jamestown Twp                         Byron Twp                      Gaines Twp                     Caledonia Twp                      Bowne Twp
                                                                                                                                                                                            Buck Creek
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Little Thornapple River
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 Thornapple River
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     Coldwater River
                                                                        Holland

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               Grand Ledge
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   Duncan Creek                                               Coldwater River                 Coldwater River                                 Mud Creek

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Sunfield Twp                       Roxand Twp                                                      Delta Twp
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         Thornapple Twp                      Irving Twp                         Carlton Twp                     Woodland Twp                                                                                         Oneida Twp


                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Thornapple River                                                                                                                            Thornapple River                                                       Lansing
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             Thornapple River
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Mud Creek
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Thornapple Drain
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Thornapple River                                           Scipio Creek
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       Thornapple River                     Thornapple River
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Hastings
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Castleton Twp                     Vermontville Twp                     Chester Twp               Benton Twp                          Windsor Twp
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         Yankee Spr Twp                     Rutland Twp                             Hastings Twp
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Potterville
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Thornapple River
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             Thornapple River                                                                         Little Thornapple River

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     Glass Creek
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         BARRY                                                    Thornapple River

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             EATON
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Butternut Creek

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Cedar Creek                                                                                                                                                   Thornapple River
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Quaker Brook
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         Fall Creek
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Shanty Creek                                           Charlotte
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 Eaton Rapids Twp
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Baltimore Twp                     Maple Grove Twp                        Kalamo Twp                       Carmel Twp                        Eaton Twp
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         Orangeville Twp                      Hope Twp
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             Qauker Brook
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Cedar Creek                  High Bank Creek
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 Lacey Creek
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       Eaton Rapids




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   Assyria Twp                       Bellevue Twp                        Walton Twp                  Brookfield Twp                    Hamlin Twp
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Prairieville Twp                    Barry Twp                     Johnstown Twp

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Olivet
    Thornapple River
                                                                                              Mud Creek
                                                                                                                                                                                           Thornapple Drain
                                                             Thornapple River                                   Scipio Creek
                                                                                                                                   Thornapple River                  Thornapple River
                                                  Hastings
                                                                                       Castleton Twp            Vermontville Twp                 Chester Twp              Benton Twp                          Windsor Twp
Yankee Spr Twp             Rutland Twp                       Hastings Twp
                                                                                                                                                                                           Potterville
                                                                                                                   Thornapple River
                                                                    Thornapple River                                                           Little Thornapple River

                       Glass Creek
                                     BARRY                                              Thornapple River

                                                                                                                                        EATON
                                                                                                                                                                         Butternut Creek

                                                  Cedar Creek                                                                                                                                Thornapple River
                                                                                                Quaker Brook
                                     Fall Creek
                                                                                                                Shanty Creek                                      Charlotte
                                                                                                                                                                                                          Eaton Rapids Twp
                                                       Baltimore Twp               Maple Grove Twp                  Kalamo Twp                 Carmel Twp                        Eaton Twp
Orangeville Twp              Hope Twp
                                                                                                 Qauker Brook
                                            Cedar Creek             High Bank Creek
                                                                                                                               Lacey Creek
                                                                                                                                                                                                                Eaton Rapids




                                                                                        Assyria Twp                 Bellevue Twp                  Walton Twp                  Brookfield Twp                    Hamlin Twp
 Prairieville Twp             Barry Twp               Johnstown Twp

                                                                                                                                               Olivet
Lansing




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Watershed Name:              Grand River
Subwatershed Name:           Reeds Lake

Identification Number:       14_89A

Watershed Description:

Size (acres)                       2090.7                     Land Use (percent of total)
                                                                 Agricultural               4.09%
Percent Impervious                 12.85%                        Barren Land                 0.00%
                                                                 Forest Land                17.53%
                                                                 Range Land                  8.58%
                                                                 Urban and Built-up         48.65%
                                                                 Water                      13.59%
                                                                 Wetlands                    7.56%


Municipal Separate Storm Sewer Systems (MS4s) in Watershed

 City of East Grand Rapids, Grand Rapids Twp, Kentwood, City of Grand Rapids


MDEQ Surface Water Quality Assessment Surveys

 NONE


Trout Streams                               NA


Total Maximum Daily Load (TMDL)             Mercury



TMDL Implementation Date                    2010


Watershed Management Plan                   None


Watershed Organization                      NA
                                            NA
                                            NA

Wellhead Protection Area(s)                 NO


Storm Water Master Plan                     NONE


Hydrologic Studies                          NA



                Last Update: 8/27/2004


                                                                                                     7/8/2011
      Grand River
      Reeds Lake




Off   NA              NA   NA   NA   NA   NA   NA   NA   NA   NA   $   NA   per   NA   NA


Off   NA              NA   NA   NA   NA   NA   NA   NA   NA   NA   $   NA   per   NA   NA


Off   NA              NA   NA   NA   NA   NA   NA   NA   NA   NA   $ NA     per   NA   NA


Off   NA              NA   NA   NA   NA   NA   NA   NA   NA   NA   $ NA     per   NA   NA


Off   NA              NA   NA   NA   NA   NA   NA   NA   NA   NA   $ NA     per   NA   NA




           Add Rows
                 Watershed: Grand River
             Sub Watershed: Reeds Lake
              Watershed ID: 14_89A


Designated     Designated              Type of    Pollutant                   Source                                                                        Total
   Use         Use - Status   Rank    Pollutant    Status     Rank   Source   Status   Rank   Potential Cause   Objective   Type of BMP   BMP   Unit Cost   Units   Total Cost


                                                                                                                                                            Total
                                                                                                                                                                    $            -
                                                                                                                                                            Cost




                                                                                                                                                                7/8/2011
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 Page 12 of 39

STRUCTURAL & VEGETATIVE BEST MANAGEMENT PRACTICES

                                                                                         POLLUTANT             POTENTIAL       ADDITIONAL BMPS                                                                                                                                               HYDROLOGIC                                   OPERATION AND
BEST MANAGEMENT                                                      POLLUTANT                                                                               EXPECTED            MAINTENANCE                TRAINING               APPLICABILITY               ENVIRONMENTAL                                        INSTALLATION                                    SPECIAL                  COMMUNITIES
                                      DESCRIPTION                                         REMOVAL             SOURCES OF         TO COMPLETE                                                                                                                                                 EFFECTS TO                                    MAINTENANCE                                                               MDEQ/ NRCS LINK
   PRACTICES                                                         ADDRESSED                                                                               LIFE SPAN          REQUIREMENTS              REQUIREMENTS                TO SITE                    CONCERNS                                              COSTS                                     CONSIDERATIONS               USING BMP
                                                                                         EFFICIENCY           POLLUTANTS       TREATMENT TRAIN                                                                                                                                                CONSIDER                                        COSTS
PRETREATMENT (ex. Sediment traps, drainage channels, water quality inlets)
                                                                                       Moderate to high;
                                                                                       70% of total
                         Devices that are inserted into the storm                                                                                                           High; Remove and
                                                                                       suspended
                         drain inlets to filter or absorb sediment,                                                                                                         dispose of sediment, trash
                                                                                       solids(5); <20% of                                                                                                                         Needs less than 5
Catch basin inlet        pollutants, and sometimes oil and          Solids,                               Storm water         Catch basin cleaning                          and debris, and change                                                        Proper disposal of sediment
                                                                                       total phosphorous.                                                   2 - 5 years                                Low/moderate               acres of drainage                                                               $50 - 1,500 (5)        $300/CB/year (5)     Useful for retrofit          MDOT
devices                  grease. The capture of hydrocarbons        sediments                             runoff              program                                       filters as needed                                                             important
                                                                                       Assume same as                                                                                                                             area
                         can be enhanced with the use of                                                                                                                    (approximately every 6
                                                                                       Hydrodynamic
                         absorbents.                                                                                                                                        months)
                                                                                       Separators.


                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Use for large
                                                                                       Moderate to high;                                                                                                                          drainage areas (≥ 1
                         Man-made depression in the ground
                                                                                       50% of Total                                                                         Moderate; Remove and                                  acre), at storm                                                                 Low; Capital Cost:
                         where runoff water is collected and                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     http://www.deq.state.mi.us/d
Permanent Sediment                                                  Sediments,         Suspended         Storm water                                                        dispose of sediment, trash                            sewer outfalls, may                                                             $0.60/cft of storage   7% of capital        Not always aesthetically
                         stored to allow suspended solids to                                                                  Detention/Infiltration        50+ years                                  Low                                                                                                                                                                                 Wyoming               ocuments/deq-swq-nps-
Basin                                                               solids             Solids(4);<20% of runoff                                                             and debris, and repair                                be included with                                                                volume excluding       cost/year. (1)       pleasing
                         settle out. May have inlet and outlet                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   sb.pdf
                                                                                       Total                                                                                erosion.                                              detention pond, and                                                             land purchase. (1)
                         structures to regulate flow.
                                                                                       Phosphorous (4)                                                                                                                            to collect overland
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  flow.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Need to stabilize cut out
                                                                                     High; 80% of total
                                                                                                                                                                            Moderate; Remove and                                                                                                                                                              sections behind curb to
Combination curb with    Curb with cut outs. Storm water is                          suspended solids.                                                                                                                                                                                    Capacity must be
                                                                    Sediments, water                    Storm water           Vegetated swale,                              dispose of sediment, trash                                                                                                                                                        prohibit soil erosion, and
water spreader and       directed off the street at the cut out                      50% of total                                                           30+ years (6)                              Low                                                                                equal to swale or       Moderate               Low
                                                                    volumes                             runoff                detention pond                                and debris and repair                                                                                                                                                             requires a vegetated swale
vegetated swale          areas (not spillways).                                      phosphorous.                                                                                                                                                                                         channel
                                                                                                                                                                            erosion.                                                                                                                                                                          behind the curb and street
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              sweeping.

                                                                                       High (classic gully
                         Stones, sandbags, or gravel generally                         erosion) (12)
                         used to stabilize grades in natural or                                                                                                             Low. Periodic inspections.   Moderate. Design         Widely applicable to                                    Cause backwater         Low to moderate.
                                                                    Sediment and                             Streambank       Buffer/filter strips,                                                                                                       Concentrated flows may                                                                              Use native grasses when
Check dams, Grade        artificial channels by carrying runoff                        Moderate                                                                             Repair/replace failing       and installation         erosive areas with                                      effect; slows down      $4,650/structure or                                                  GVSU; Barry, Ionia, http://www.deq.state.mi.us/d
                                                                    attached                                 erosion, soil    grassed waterway,                                                                                                           cause erosion downstream -                                                     Low. $60/structure   planting filter strip.
control structures       from one grade to another. Designed to                        (streambank                                                          20+ years       structures. Address any      should be done by a      an excessive grade.                                     water velocities;       $800/vegetated                                                       Ottawa County Road ocuments/deq-swq-nps-
                                                                    pollutants,                              erosion, storm   diversion, check dams,                                                                                                      discharge point should be                                                      (9)                  Easements or permits may
(NRCS practice 410)      prevent banks from slumping, reduce                           erosion) (12)                                                                        vegetation and erosion       registered               Place in drainage                                       capacity equal to       chute (9) - EQIP,                                                    Commissions         cd.pdf
                                                                    hydrologic flow                          water runoff     critical area planting                                                                                                      investigated.                                                                                       need to be obtained.
                         runoff velocity, and prevent channel                                                                                                               problems.                    professional engineer    channel.                                                channel                 WHIP
                         erosion from an excessive grade.                              Low (runoff/
                                                                                       flooding) (12)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Use for small
                         Precast, flow-through, underground                                                                                                                                                                       drainage areas (≤ 1
Hydrodynamic                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Placed upstream of storm
                         units that capture sediments, debris,                         Effective; 60%                                                                                                                             acre) with high                                         Catches first flush,
Separator Units (CDS                                                                                                                                                        Moderate; Remove and                                                                                                                  High $15,000/acre of                        sewer discharge. Unit is                           http://www.deq.state.mi.us/d
                         and oils (in some units). The capture of                      TSS Removal (1); Storm sewer           Street sweeping, stream                                                                             pollutant loads, in- Proper disposal of sediment        high flows by-pass                           $500/practice (2);
Units, Stormceptors,                                                Sediment, solids                                                                  50+                   dispose of sediment, trash Minimum                                                                                                    impervious (2);                             below grade. Need to         East Grand Rapids     ocuments/deq-swq-nps-
                         oils can be enhanced with the use of                          <20% of total    system                protection practices                                                                                line with storm      important                          unit through pipe                            $1,000/year (3)
Vortechnics,                                                                                                                                                                and debris                                                                                                                            6,000/cfs capacity                          allow access for cleaning                          ogs.pdf
                         absorbents. (CDS, Vortechs,                                   phosphorous (4)                                                                                                                            sewer system, and                                       system
Downstream Defender)                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          the chambers.
                         Downstream Defender, Stormceptor)                                                                                                                                                                        to collect overland
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  flow
DETENTION/RETENTION (ex. Extended detention basin)
                                                                                       Moderate; 80% of                                                                                                                        Use for large
                      Small, man-made basin to maintain a                              total suspended                                                                                                                         drainage areas (≥
                      permanent pool of water with emergent                            solids (4)                                                                                                                              10 acre), at storm                                         Provides full control                                                                            East Grand Rapids,
                                                                                                                                                                            Low; Remove and                                                               Possible downstream                                                                                 Need available land area,
                      wetland vegetation around the bank                               50% of total                           Sediment forebay or                                                       Low. Design and        sewer outfalls, and                                        of peak discharges      Low to moderate;                                                         OCRC, Housing
                                                                                                                                                                            dispose of sediment, trash                                                    warming; low bacteria                                                                               can include sediment                               http://www.deq.state.mi.us/d
Ponded Type Detention designed to capture and remove              Sediment;            phosphorous (4).      Storm water      other form of                 50+ years                                   installation should be to collect overland                                        for large design        $1/cft of storage      5% of capital                                     developments in
                                                                                                                                                                            and debris, repair erosion;                                                   removal; West Nile Virus                                                                            forebay, requires more                             ocuments/deq-swq-nps-
Basin (wet pond)      particulate matter, nonsoluble metals,      nutrients; flow      Of the                runoff           pretreatment, Riprap,         (1,6)                                       done by a              flow. Ponds                                                storms and may help     volume, excluding      cost/year. (1)                                    Barry County,
                                                                                                                                                                            and plant replacement as                                                      (aerator can remove threat of                                                                       planning, maintenance and                          wdb.pdf
                      organic matter and nutrients through                             detention/retention                    Sediment Basin, Filter                                                    professional           generally will not                                         increase low flows -    land purchase (1)                                                        Industrial areas of
                                                                                                                                                                            needed.                                                                       West Nile Virus)                                                                                    land to construct.
                      settling. It generally has inlet and outlet                      basins, this                                                                                                                            work in soils with                                         Rural                                                                                            Wright Township
                      structures to regulate flow.                                     practice may be                                                                                                                         high infiltration
                                                                                       the most effective                                                                                                                      rates.
                                                                                       in removing
                                                                                       Moderate; 80% of
                         Small, man-made basin designed to                             total suspended                                                                      Low; Remove and                                       Needs land that will    Low bacteria and nutrient
                                                                                                                              Sediment forebay or                                                                                                                                         Reduced peak flows                                                  Basin grading very
                         capture and remove particulate matter.                        solids (4)            Storm water                                                    dispose of sediment, trash                            allow inlet at a        removal. If vegetation is not
Dry Detention Basin                                                 Sediment; flow                                            other form of                 50+ years                                  Minimum                                                                            and no standing    Low to moderate             Low to moderate      important to prevent pools MDOT, OCDC
                         It generally has inlet and outlet                             50% of total          runoff                                                         and debris, and repair                                higher elevation        maintained erosion and
                                                                                                                              pretreatment                                                                                                                                                water                                                               of standing water.
                         structures to regulate flow.                                  phosphorous (4)                                                                      erosion.                                              than outlet             resuspension will occur.


                         Extended detention basins are                                                                                                                                                   Mow buffer/filter strip,
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Designed to receive
                         designed to receive and detain storm       Sediment and                                                                                                                         remove debris and                                                                                                                                    Determine site location of
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          and detain storm
                         water runoff for a prolonged period of     attached                                                                                                                             inspect basin                                                                                                                                        BMP through a hydrologic
                                                                                                                              Riprap, grassed                                                                                     Depends on             Can significantly warm the       water runoff for a                                                                              Housing                http://www.deq.state.mi.us/d
Extended Detention       time, typically up to 48 hours. Benefits   pollutants,                              Storm water                                                                                 regularly during wet                                                                                                                                 analysis. Designed as
                                                                                       Moderate to high                       waterways, sediment                           Moderate to High                                      infiltration rates and water in the marsh area over a   prolonged period of                                                                             developments in        ocuments/deq-swq-nps-
Basin                    include: receives and detains storm        nonsoluble                               runoff                                                                                      weather, and                                                                                                                                         either single-stage or two-
                                                                                                                              basins                                                                                              soil permeability      short period of time             time. Outlet device                                                                             Barry County           edb.pdf
                         water runoff, minimizes downstream         metals, nutrients,                                                                                                                   remove sediment                                                                                                                                      stage. Need spill response
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          regulates the flow
                         erosion, reduces flooding, and provides    hydrologic flow                                                                                                                      from basin every 5-                                                                                                                                  plan.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          from the basin.
                         enhanced pollutant removal.                                                                                                                                                     10 years.


                         Storage of storm water on parking lots
                         is used primarily to reduce the peak                                                                                                               Low to Moderate - Sweep                               This BMP will work                                                                                                          A spill response plan must
                                                                                                                              Grassed Waterway,                                                                                                           Because detention time is       Reduces peak runoff
                         discharge of storm water from the          Sediment and                                                                                            and clear debris from the    Design and               best in areas that do                                                                                                       be developed. BMP is
                                                                                                             Storm water      Modular Pavement,                                                                                                           small only some large solids    from small sites and                                                                                                  http://www.deq.state.mi.us/d
                         surrounding area during moderate           attached                                                                                                parking lot after storms.    installation should be   not have a steep                                                                                                            most effective when used
Parking lot storage                                                                                          runoff, soil     Infiltration Trench,                                                                                                        will settle, which must be      provide some flood                                                                               City of Grand Rapids ocuments/deq-swq-nps-
                         storms. Will reduce peak runoff from       pollutants,                                                                                             Regularly inspect and        done by a                slope. Parking lot                                                                                                          with other BMPs that allow
                                                                                                             erosion          Buffer/Filter Strip, Street                                                                                                 removed often to prevent        storage and reduces                                                                                                   pls.pdf
                         small sites and provide some flood         hydrologic flow                                                                                         clean the release            professional             slope should be 1%                                                                                                          for infiltration or sediment
                                                                                                                              Sweeping                                                                                                                    resuspension.                   flooding.
                         storage. This helps reduce stream bank                                                                                                             drain.                                                or less.                                                                                                                    trapping.
                         erosion and flooding.




         C:\Docstoc\Working\pdf\efdeceec-fb5d-4f1f-b6d6-7f62208cd4b6.xls Structural                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   7/8/2011
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   Page 13 of 39

STRUCTURAL & VEGETATIVE BEST MANAGEMENT PRACTICES

                                                                                              POLLUTANT            POTENTIAL          ADDITIONAL BMPS                                                                                                                                                   HYDROLOGIC                                    OPERATION AND
BEST MANAGEMENT                                                         POLLUTANT                                                                                 EXPECTED               MAINTENANCE                TRAINING               APPLICABILITY                 ENVIRONMENTAL                                          INSTALLATION                                      SPECIAL                   COMMUNITIES
                                     DESCRIPTION                                               REMOVAL            SOURCES OF            TO COMPLETE                                                                                                                                                     EFFECTS TO                                     MAINTENANCE                                                                     MDEQ/ NRCS LINK
   PRACTICES                                                            ADDRESSED                                                                                 LIFE SPAN             REQUIREMENTS              REQUIREMENTS                TO SITE                      CONCERNS                                                COSTS                                       CONSIDERATIONS                USING BMP
                                                                                              EFFICIENCY          POLLUTANTS          TREATMENT TRAIN                                                                                                                                                    CONSIDER                                         COSTS
PRETREATMENT (ex. Sediment traps, drainage channels, water quality inlets)
                        An earth embankment or a combination
                        ridge and channel generally constructed
                                                                                            High (gully                                                                                                                                                                                              Traps storm water
                        across the slope and minor
                                                                                            erosion) (12)                            Nutrient management,                                                                                                                                            runoff and prevents it
                        watercourses to form a sediment trap
                                                                       Sediment and                                                  terraces, grassed                              Reseed and fertilize as                                                                                          from reaching
                        and water detention basin. Improves                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 Basin must be large                                    ftp://ftp-
                                                                       attached             Moderate (runoff/                        waterways, contouring,                         needed. Check basins                                                                                             lowlands. Moderate                                                                                City of Grand
Water and Sediment      water quality by trapping sediment on                                                    Soil erosion,                                                                                   NRCS available for                                Over application of fertilizer                           $2,100 - 3,150/basin 5% of original cost        enough to control the                                  fc.sc.egov.usda.gov/NHQ/pr
                                                                       pollutants,          flooding) (12)                           conservation cropping     10 years (9)         after large storm events                              Widely applicable.                                         decrease in runoff/                                                                               Rapids, Southwest
Control Basin (638)     uplands and reducing gully erosion.                                                      agricultural runoff                                                                             assistance                                        possible.                                                (11)                 per unit (11)              runoff from a 10-year                                  actice-
                                                                       nutrients,                                                    system, conservation                           and make necessary                                                                                               flooding. Slight                                                                                  Michigan
                        Grass cover may provide wildlife                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    storm without overtopping.                             standards/standards/638.pdf
                                                                       hydrologic flow      Low (streambank                          tillage, and crop residue                      repairs.                                                                                                         increase in excess
                        habitat. Dissolved substances, such as
                                                                                            erosion) (12)                            management                                                                                                                                                      subsurface water.
                        nitrates, may be removed from
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     (12)
                        discharge to downstream areas
                        because of the increased infiltration.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Use for large
                        Large, man-made basin designed to
                                                                                                                                                                                    Low; Remove and                                       drainage areas (≥ 1
                        capture and remove particulate matter.                                                                       Sediment forebay or                                                                                                      Possible downstream                                                                                           Need available land area,
                                                                       Sediment;                                 Storm water                                                        dispose of sediment, trash                            acre), at storm                                            Reduced peak flows,                                                                                 OCDC, KCDC, City
Regional Detention      It generally has inlet and outlet                                   Moderate                                 other form of               50+ years                                     Minimum                                        warming; low bacteria                                      Moderate                     Low to moderate       can include sediment
                                                                       nutrients; flow                           runoff                                                             and debris, and repair                                sewer outfalls, and                                        storage                                                                                             of Wyoming
                        structures to regulate flow from large                                                                       pretreatment                                                                                                             removal; West Nile Virus                                                                                      forebay.
                                                                                                                                                                                    erosion.                                              to collect overland
                        drainage areas.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          flow.
VEGETATED TREATMENT (ex. Constructed wetland, grassed swale)
                                                                                            Moderate to high                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                2% of drainage area needs
                        Excavated basin with irregular                                      depending on                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    to be wetland for efficient
                                                                                                                                                                                    High; Remove and                                      Significant land use                                                                Moderate to high;
                        perimeters and undulating bottom               Sediment,            season; 80% of                           Sediment forebay or                                                                                                                                                                                                                    pollutant removal.                             http://www.deq.state.mi.us/d
                                                                                                                 Storm water                                                        dispose of sediment, trash                            requirement; needs Potential for nutrient release in Slows flow and                 $500 - $1000            2% of capital                                     Ottawa County Road
Constructed Wetland     contours into which wetland vegetation         nutrients,           total suspended                          other form of               50+ years (1)                                 Moderate to High                                                                                                                                             Harvesting may be                              ocuments/deq-swq-nps-
                                                                                                                 runoff                                                             and debris, and repair                                appropriate soils    winter months                   reduces peak flow              excluding purchase      cost/year (1)                                     Commission
                        is placed to enhance pollutant removal         bacteria             solids (4)                               pretreatment                                                                                                                                                                                                                           necessary if plants are                        conw.pdf
                                                                                                                                                                                    erosion.                                              and slope                                                                           of land (3)
                        from storm water runoff.                                            50% of total                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    uptaking large amounts of
                                                                                            phosphorous (4)                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 toxics. Needs supplement
                                                                                            Moderate to high
                        A rehabilitation of a drained or
                                                                                            (depending on                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   Many wetlands release
                        degraded wetland where the soils,              Sediment and
                                                                                            season); 80% of                          Sediment forebay or                                                                                                                                                                      Low: $200 cost to                             water slowly into the
                        hydrology, vegetative community, and           attached                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Stores storm water
                                                                                            total suspended                          other form of                                                             Moderate to High.                                                                                              landowner if wildlife                         ground which recharges
                        biological habitat are returned to the         pollutants,                                                                                                  High; Remove and                                                               Can increase water                and may reduce                                                                                                                ftp://ftp-
                                                                                            solids from sheet, Storm water           pretreatment. In                                                          Design and             Site must have                                                                          organization                                  groundwater supplies. One Barry County, Ionia
Restored Wetland        natural condition to the extent                nutrients,                                                                                                   dispose of sediment, trash                                                     temperature. Potential for        downstream runoff                                3% of original cost                                                          fc.sc.egov.usda.gov/NHQ/pr
                                                                                            rill, wind, or     runoff, soil          agricultural areas cattle   50+ years (1)                                 installation should be previously been a                                                                       involved. Break tile                          acre of wetland can store State Park
(NRCS practice 657)     practicable. Provides natural pollution        hydrologic flow,                                                                                             and debris, and repair                                                         nutrient release in winter        and flooding. Slows                              (11)                                                                         actice-
                                                                                            ephemeral gully    erosion               exclusion fencing,                                                        done by a              wetland                                                                                 and build berm.                               up to 1.5 million gallons of Recreational Area
                        control by removing pollutants, filtering      bacteria,                                                                                                    eroded areas.                                                                  months                            flow and reduces                                                                                                              standards/standards/657.pdf
                                                                                            erosion (4)                              buffer/filter strip,                                                      professional                                                                                                   $2,350/acre                                   floodwater enough to fill 30
                        and collecting sediment, reducing both         chemicals                                                                                                                                                                                                                     peak flow.
                                                                                                                                     grassed waterway                                                                                                                                                                         (swamp)                                       Olympic size swimming
                        soil erosion and downstream flooding,          (pesticides)
                                                                                            50% of total                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    pools (EPA, 2002)
                        and recharging groundwater supplies.
                                                                                            phosphorous (4).



                       Small, vegetated depressions used to                                                                                                                         Low - Medium; Remove
                                                                                                                                                                 Assume 25
                       promote infiltration and evapo-                                                                                                                              and dispose of sediment,                                                                                                                                                                Use native plant species.
                                                                                                                                                                 years, based
                       transpiration of storm water runoff. A                                                                                                                       trash, and debris, repair    Moderate, initial work                                                                                                                                     Soils adequate for
                                                                                                                                                                 on rain                                                                  Site specific,
                       rain garden combines shrubs, grasses,                                                                                                                        erosion, re-vegetate, and    to establish plant                                                                                                                                         infiltration are required.
                                                                                                                                                                 gardens                                                                  depends on soils.
                       and flowering perennials in depressions         Sediment and                                                                                                 weed, water, and mulch,      community.                                        Introduction of exotic/invasive                                                                          Cold climates may reduce
                                                                                            High; 75% - 90%                                                      installed in the                                                         Use for drainage                                                                                                                                               City of Grand
                       that allow water to pool for only a few         attached                                                                                                     annually. Soil               Aesthetic                                         plant species possible.                                    $1,075 - $12,355/                             evapo-transpiration and
                                                                                            of total suspended                                                   early 1990s in                                                           areas ≤ 5 acres (8),                                       Will reduce the                                  Low. Assume                                        Rapids, City of
Rain Gardens and other days after a rain. Landscaping for water        pollutants,                                                                                                  replacement and              maintenance after                                 Landowner may treat                                        rain garden                                   infiltrative capacity.
                                                                                            solids. (3)(8)     Storm water           Master Gardeners            Prince George                                                            at storm sewer                                             velocity of storm                                $100/year (similar to                              Holland, City of
"Landscaping for Water quality involves planting native gardens        nutrients, thermal                                                                                           additional preparation are   initial establishment                             vegetation with herbicides or                              (dependent on                                 Practice not suitable for
                                                                                            75% of total       runoff, fertilizers   Program, Mulching           County, MD                                                               outfalls, and to                                           water runoff and                                 yearly landscaping                                 Grand Rapids,
Quality" techniques    in place of turf grass using native             pollution, solids,                                                                                           sometimes needed for         of rain garden. CES,                              pesticides which could be                                  surrounding land                              slopes greater than 20%
                                                                                            phosphorous. (8)                                                     which are still                                                          collect overland                                           increase infiltration                            maintenance)                                       Kalamazoo Public
                       grasses, sedges, and wildflowers.               chemicals, oils,                                                                                             success. A mulch of          Master Gardeners                                  carried via runoff to surface                              use)                                          (1). Pretreatment
                                                                                                                                                                 functioning.                                                             flow. Highly suitable                                                                                                                                          Schools
                       Protects water quality, captures                salt, flooding                                                                                               shredded hardwood is an      Program, WMEAC                                    waters.                                                                                                  (sediment basin) needed in
                                                                                                                                                                 Depends on                                                               for residential areas,
                       rainwater, reduces flooding, eases soil                                                                                                                      integral part of the rain    available for                                                                                                                                              high sediment load areas.
                                                                                                                                                                 plant types                                                              not on steep slopes
                       erosion, increases infiltration., and                                                                                                                        garden to keep the soil      assistance.                                                                                                                                                Not used in wellhead
                                                                                                                                                                 and owner
                       requires less fertilizer and water to                                                                                                                        moist and ready to soak                                                                                                                                                                 protection areas.
                                                                                                                                                                 maintenance.
                       thrive.                                                                                                                                                      up rain.



                        A buffer/filter strip is a vegetated area
                        adjacent to a water body. The                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       Several researchers have
                        buffer/filter area may be natural,                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  measured >90%
                                                                                                                                                                                    Low. Perform periodic
                        undeveloped land where the existing                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 reductions in sediment and                             http://www.deq.state.mi.us/d
                                                                                            High to Moderate                                                                        inspections to identify
                        vegetation is left intact, or it may be land                                             Runoff from                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                nitrate concentrations;                                ocuments/deq-swq-nps-
                                                                       Sediment and         (streambank                                                                             concentrated flows and to
                        planted with vegetation. Practice                                                        parking lots, roof                                                                                                                                                                  Will reduce the          Low. $350/acre (10).                          buffer/filter strips do a                              bfs.pdf
Vegetated Buffers or                                                   attached             erosion) (12)                                                                           verify that vegetative
                        protects water bodies from pollutants                                                    tops, and outflow Conservation tillage in       10-20 years                                  Low. NRCS available                                                                    velocity of storm        $250/ herbaceous                              reasonably good job of        Typical in counties of
Filter Strips (NRCS                                                    pollutants,                                                                                                  cover is maintaining its                      Widely applicable                                                                                                Low. $10/acre (9)
                        such as sediment, nutrients and organic                                                  from ponds, soil agricultural areas             (9)                                          for assistance                                                                         water runoff and         acre (11) - CRP,                              removing phosphorus           the LGRW.                ftp://ftp-
Practice 393)                                                          nutrients, thermal   Insignificant                                                                           effectiveness. Address
                        matter, prevents erosion, provides                                                       erosion,                                                                                                                                                                            increase infiltration.   EQIP                                          attached to sediment, but                              fc.sc.egov.usda.gov/NHQ/pr
                                                                       pollution            (runoff/ flooding)                                                                      stream bank erosion if
                        shade, leaf litter, and woody debris.                                                    agricultural runoff                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        are relatively ineffective in                          actice-
                                                                                            (12)                                                                                    identified. Damaged areas
                        Buffer/filter strips often provide several                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          removing dissolved                                     standards/standards/393.pdf
                                                                                                                                                                                    should be repaired.
                        benefits to wildlife, such as travel                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                phosphorus (Gilliam,
                        corridors, nesting sites and food                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   1994).
                        sources.




         C:\Docstoc\Working\pdf\efdeceec-fb5d-4f1f-b6d6-7f62208cd4b6.xls Structural                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     7/8/2011
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             Page 14 of 39

STRUCTURAL & VEGETATIVE BEST MANAGEMENT PRACTICES

                                                                                             POLLUTANT           POTENTIAL           ADDITIONAL BMPS                                                                                                                                                  HYDROLOGIC                                    OPERATION AND
BEST MANAGEMENT                                                        POLLUTANT                                                                                  EXPECTED              MAINTENANCE                 TRAINING              APPLICABILITY                ENVIRONMENTAL                                         INSTALLATION                                      SPECIAL                     COMMUNITIES
                                     DESCRIPTION                                              REMOVAL           SOURCES OF             TO COMPLETE                                                                                                                                                    EFFECTS TO                                     MAINTENANCE                                                                 MDEQ/ NRCS LINK
   PRACTICES                                                           ADDRESSED                                                                                  LIFE SPAN            REQUIREMENTS               REQUIREMENTS               TO SITE                     CONCERNS                                               COSTS                                       CONSIDERATIONS                  USING BMP
                                                                                             EFFICIENCY         POLLUTANTS           TREATMENT TRAIN                                                                                                                                                   CONSIDER                                         COSTS
PRETREATMENT (ex. Sediment traps, drainage channels, water quality inlets)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         Keep south and west sides
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         of streams wooded to
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         provide shade. Several
                                                                                         High (sheet, rill,                                                                        Low. Perform periodic                                                                                                                                                                 researchers have
                                                                                         wind, streambank,                                                                         inspections to identify                                                                                                                                                               measured >90%
                                                                                                               Runoff from                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   ftp://ftp-
                                                                      Sediment and       soil mass                                                                                 concentrated flows and to                                                                                                            Low. $475/forrested                              reductions in sediment and      Ottawa County
Forested or Wooded                                                                                             parking lots, roof                                                                                Moderate to high.                                                                 Trees in the                                                                                                              fc.sc.egov.usda.gov/NHQ/pr
                                                                      attached           movement, road                                                                            verify that vegetative                                                         Poor or lack of maintenance                           acre (11)                                        nitrate concentrations;         Parks, typical in
Riparian Buffer (NRCS   Forested or wooded areas adjacent to                                                   tops, and outflow                                 15 years                                        NRCS/MDA                                                                          floodplain may catch                     1% of original cost                                                              actice-
                                                                      pollutants,        bank/construction                        Filter strip                                     cover is maintaining its                             Widely applicable         may cause increased erosion                           - CRP, EQIP                                      buffer/filter strips do a       counties of the
practice 390)           stream                                                                                 from ponds, soil                                  (9)                                             available for                                                                     debris and impede                        (11)                                                                             standards/standards/390.pdf
                                                                      nutrients, thermal erosion; organics,                                                                        effectiveness. Address                                                         if trees fall into stream                                                                              reasonably good job of          LGRW (e.g. Barry
                                                                                                               erosion, storm                                                                                    assistance                                                                        flow.
                                                                      pollution          fertilizers,                                                                              stream bank erosion if                                                                                                                                                                removing phosphorus             County)
                                                                                                               water runoff
                                                                                         pesticides, runoff/                                                                       identified. Damaged areas                                                                                                                                                             attached to sediment, but
                                                                                         flooding) (12)                                                                            should be repaired.                                                                                                                                                                   are relatively ineffective in
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         removing dissolved
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         phosphorus (Gilliam,
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         1994).


                        A practical procedure that can be used
                        throughout the Midwest to correctly size
                        the fluvial channel and minimum bench
                        widths for stable effective discharge
                        features in agricultural drainage ditches.
                        The fluvial channel design dimensions
                        are determined by measuring the                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Two-stage ditches                                                     Evidence and theory both
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           In comparison to
                        effective discharge features at the                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        have improved                                                         suggest that ditches prone
                                                                                                                                                                                                                 The Nature                                                                                                conventional ditches,    May result in less
                        project site and making regional curve                                                                                                                     May require less                                                                                                conveyance capacity                                                   to filling with accumulated
Two-stage channel                                                  Sediment,                                                                                                                                     Conservancy has                                                                                           additional costs are     annual O&M costs
                        measurements. The benches of two-                                                      Agricultural runoff Filter/buffer strips                            maintenance then                                    Widely applicable.                                          compared to                                                           sediment may require less
design                                                             hydrologic flow                                                                                                                               information available                                                                                     related to increased     then conventional
                        stage ditches act as a floodplain within                                                                                                                   conventional ditches.                                                                                           conventional ditches                                                  frequent "dipping out" if
                                                                                                                                                                                                                 for assistance.                                                                                           width and more initial   ditches.
                        the ditch to dissipate energy, reduce the                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  and enhance                                                           constructed in a two-stage
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           earthwork.
                        erosive potential of high flow volumes,                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    drainage                                                              form.
                        and reduce the shear stress on the
                        bank toe. Two-stage ditches will have
                        improved conveyance capacity, will be
                        more self-sustaining, will create and
                        maintain better habitat, and will improve
                        water quality.

INFILTRATION (ex. Infiltration basin)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         Avoid areas with potential
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         hazardous material
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         contamination. Soils with
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         high infiltration rates
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         required. Cold climates
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         may hinder infiltrative
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   Provides full control
                                                                      Nutrients,                                                                                                                                                        Site specific;                                                                                                                   capacity, fines will clog
                        An excavated trench (3 - 12 feet deep),                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    of peak discharges
                                                                      sediment,                                                                                                    Low to Moderate - Annual;                            depends on soils.                                                                                                                pore space in soil, and
                        backfilled with stone aggregate, and                               High; 100% of                                                                                                                                                                                           for small sites,
                                                                      metals,                                                                                                      Remove and dispose of         Moderate. Design       Soil infiltration rates   If storm water runoff contains                                                                         practice is not suitable for
                        lined with filter fabric (fine particulates                        total suspended                          Sediment basin,                Short; 10                                                                                                                       provides                Moderate; Average
                                                                      hydrologic flow                         Storm water                                                          sediment, trash and           and installation       must be greater           high amounts of soluble                                                           9% of capital cost   steep slopes. Use as part       MDOT, Ottawa and    http://www.deq.state.mi.us/d
Infiltration Trench     should not be routed to this BMP).                                 solids(4); 60% of                        buffer/filter strips, oil/grit years or less                                                                                                                   groundwater             $8/cubic feet of
                                                                      (soluble                                runoff                                                               debris. Eroding or barren     should be done by a    than 0.52 inches per      contaminants, groundwater                                                         (1)                  of a "treatment train,"         Barry Counties      ocuments/deq-swq-nps-it.pdf
                        Infiltration trenches remove fine                                  total phosphorous.                       separators, filter fabric (1)                                                                                                                                  recharge, may           storage (1)
                                                                      pollutants -                                                                                                 areas must be                 professional           hour, with clay           contamination can occur.                                                                               where soluble organic
                        sediment and the pollutants associated                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     augment base
                                                                      dependent on                                                                                                 revegetated.                                         content less than                                                                                                                substances, oils, and
                        with them.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 stream flow, and
                                                                      holding time)                                                                                                                                                     30%.                                                                                                                             coarse sediment are
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   allow infiltration.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         removed prior to storm
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         water entering the trench.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         A very high failure rate
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         occurs with infiltration
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         trenches if they are not
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         maintained.

                        Water impoundment over permeable                                                                            Sediment forebay or                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Avoid areas with potential                          http://www.deq.state.mi.us/d
                                                                        Nutrients,                             Storm water                                                                                                              Site specific             Potential to contaminate         May recharge
Infiltration Pond       soils which received storm water runoff                          High                                       other form of                25+ years         Annual                        Moderate                                                                                                  Moderate                 Moderate             hazardous material              MDOT                ocuments/deq-swq-nps-
                                                                        sediment, metals                       runoff                                                                                                                   depends on soils          groundwater                      groundwater
                        and contains it until it infiltrates the soils.                                                             pretreatment                                                                                                                                                                                                                         contamination                                       ib.pdf

                                                                      Thermal                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            This BMP is experimental
                        Promotes infiltration and filtering of                                                 Road and parking                                                    Moderate, maintenance of                             Not feasible in all       Increased weed growth
Green Parking (MDOT)                                                  pollution, solids,   High                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          for MDOT until proven       MDOT, OCDC
                        storm water                                                                            runoff, roof tops                                                   nuisance plants                                      areas                     requiring chemical herbicides
                                                                      sediments                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          valuable and cost effective
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Provides soil
                        Permeable asphalt or interlocking
                                                                                                                                                                                   Moderate; Bi-annual                                  This practice should                                      infiltration,                                                          Pre-treatment of storm
                        paving blocks providing infiltration.
                                                                                                                                                                                   sweeping required.                                   only be used on                                           attenuation of peak                                                    water is recommended
                        When the brick or concrete is laid on a                                                                                                                                                                                                   Potential risk to groundwater
                                                                      Nutrients,                                                    Vacuum sweeping,                               Periodically inspect,         Low. Design and        sites with soils                                          flows, reduction in                                                    where oil and grease or
                        permeable base, water will be allowed                                                                                                                                                                                                     due to oils, greases, and other                                                                                                  MDOT, East Grand          http://www.deq.state.mi.us/d
Porous or Modular                                                     sediment,            High; 95% TSS       Storm water          Subsurface Drains,                             especially after large        installation should be which are well or                                         the volume of runoff                                                   other potential
                        to infiltrate. Benefits include; removal of                                                                                            10+ years                                                                                          substances that may leak onto                            Moderate                 Low to moderate                                Rapids - Reed's           ocuments/deq-swq-nps-
Pavement                                                              metals,              removal rate (2)    runoff               Extended Detention                             storms. If severe clogging    done by a              moderately well                                           leaving the site and                                                   groundwater contaminants
                        fine particulates and soluble pollutants;                                                                                                                                                                                                 the pavement and leach into                                                                                                      Lake boat launch          pap.pdf
                                                                      hydrologic flow                                               Basin, Infiltration Basin.                     occurs, may have to           professional           drained. Must use                                         entering storm                                                         are expected. Avoid areas
                        attenuation of peak flows; reduction in                                                                                                                                                                                                   the ground.
                                                                                                                                                                                   replace (clogged) filtering                          special materials for                                     sewers, and                                                            with potential hazardous
                        the volume of runoff; reduction in soil
                                                                                                                                                                                   material.                                            high traffic areas                                        groundwater                                                            material contamination
                        erosion; and groundwater recharge.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  recharge.




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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         Page 15 of 39

STRUCTURAL & VEGETATIVE BEST MANAGEMENT PRACTICES

                                                                                                 POLLUTANT            POTENTIAL          ADDITIONAL BMPS                                                                                                                                         HYDROLOGIC                                   OPERATION AND
BEST MANAGEMENT                                                              POLLUTANT                                                                             EXPECTED            MAINTENANCE               TRAINING            APPLICABILITY              ENVIRONMENTAL                                          INSTALLATION                                      SPECIAL                   COMMUNITIES
                                              DESCRIPTION                                         REMOVAL            SOURCES OF            TO COMPLETE                                                                                                                                           EFFECTS TO                                    MAINTENANCE                                                                   MDEQ/ NRCS LINK
   PRACTICES                                                                 ADDRESSED                                                                             LIFE SPAN          REQUIREMENTS             REQUIREMENTS             TO SITE                   CONCERNS                                                COSTS                                       CONSIDERATIONS                USING BMP
                                                                                                 EFFICIENCY          POLLUTANTS          TREATMENT TRAIN                                                                                                                                          CONSIDER                                        COSTS
PRETREATMENTSandSediment traps, drainage channels, water quality inlets)
FILTRATION (ex. (ex. filters)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   Does not require a large
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   land area. Should not be
                                                                                               High; 75% - 80%
                        A broad, shallow channel consisting of                                                                                                                    Moderate; Remove and                              Highly applicable to                                                                                                           used in steep areas or well
                                                                                               of total suspended
Vegetated Swale or Bio- dense vegetation and designed to                                                          Storm water                                                     dispose of sediment, trash                        residential areas,   Potential to contaminate                                    Low; $0.50/square       $0.03/square          head areas. Soils
                                                                            Sediment           solids (2)(4); 50%                       Native vegetation         20-50 years                                Moderate                                                                         Slows flow                                                                                       MDOT
filtration              accommodate concentrated flows                                                            runoff                                                          and debris, and repair                            not suited to steep groundwater                                                  foot of swale (7)       foot/year. (7)        adequate for infiltration
                                                                                               of total
                        without erosion.                                                                                                                                          erosion.                                          slopes                                                                                                                         required to discourage
                                                                                               phosphorous (4)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   ponding on slopes less
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   than 2%.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Suitable for
                                  Area designed to hold and treat the first Sediment,         Moderate; 83%                                                                       Moderate to high                                  individual                                                                                               5% of initial
                                                                                                               Storm water                                        Yet to be                                                         developments;         Will not filter soluble nutrients                                                                        BMP performance is still
Sand Filters                      half inch of runoff over the directly     Bacteria,         TSS removal rate                                                                    depending on amount of     Moderate                                                                                                Low to moderate         construction costs
                                                                                                               runoff                                             determined                                                        requires less land    and toxics                                                                                               experimental
                                  connected impervious area.                Nutrients, Metals (2)                                                                                 sediment                                                                                                                                                   (1)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    and can be placed
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    underground.
AGRICULTURAL BMPS

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    ftp://ftp-
                                                                                                                                                                  10 years (use
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    fc.sc.egov.usda.gov/NHQ/pr
                                  Fencing to exclude cattle access and                                                              Buffer/filter strip,          exclusion)
                                                                            Sediment and                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Additional BMPs (e.g.                             actice-
Cattle Exclusion                  protect the stream. Fencing prevents                                                              alternative water             (15)          Repair fence as needed.                                                                                                             $1.90/ft of fence (9) -                                                  Typical in counties of
                                                                            attached           Moderate to high                                                                                                                                           Increased grazing in confined       Fencing in floodplain                                               Buffer/Filter Strips) are                         standards/standards/472.pdf
                                  cattle from trampling banks, destroying                                         Livestock access, sources, planned                            Remove off-stream            NRCS available for                                                                                     EQIP (use exclusion)                                                     the LGRW (e.g.
                                                                            pollutants,        for fencing and                                                                                                                      Widely applicable     areas may reduce vegetative         may catch debris                              $0.05/ft of fence (9) needed to prevent animal
(NRCS practices: Use              vegetation, depositing waste in the                                             animal manure     grazing system, stream        20 years      watering systems in the      assistance                                                                                                                                                                      Barry County)
Exclusion (472), Fence (382))
                                                                            nutrients,         use exclusion (12)                                                                                                                                         cover                               and restrict flow -                                                 waste runoff from entering                        ftp://ftp-
                                  stream, and stirring up sediment in the                                                           crossing and livestock        (fence) (9)   winter, if needed.                                                                                                                  WHIP (fence)
                                                                            pathogens                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             the stream.                                       fc.sc.egov.usda.gov/NHQ/pr
                                  streambed.                                                                                        access
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    actice-
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    standards/standards/382.pdf

                                  A waste storage impoundment that
                                  protects water bodies from manure
                                  runoff by storing manure until conditions                                                                                                       Inspect storage structures
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Leaks or seepage of the
                                  are appropriate for field application.                                                                Cattle exclusion fencing,                 for leaks or seepage
                                                                                               Moderate                                                                                                                                                   structure could add nutrients                                                                                                       Typical in counties of
                                  Several options exist including an                                                                    roof runoff                               periodically and make                                                                                       Slight decrease in                                                   Storage period should be 6                             ftp://ftp-
                                                                                               (organics (12),                                                                                                                                            and bacteria to downstream                                 Approximately                                                            the LGRW (e.g.
Agricultural Waste                earthen storage pond, above or below Nutrients,                                                       management, diversion,                    necessary repairs. Repair NRCS available for                                                                runoff/ flooding and                           $250 - 1,000          months unless winter                                   fc.sc.egov.usda.gov/NHQ/pr
                                                                                               fertilizers (12), and Animal manure                                15 years (15)                                                     Widely applicable     water bodies via runoff.                                   $10,000 - 250,000                                                        Barry County, Ottawa
Storage Facility (313)            ground tank, pit underneath a               pathogens                                                 Comprehensive Nutrient                    any damaged fences         assistance                                                                       excess subsurface                              maximum (14)          applied risk index is                                  actice-
                                                                                               polluted storm                                                                                                                                             However, if building is                                    (14) - (12) - EQIP                                                       County)
                                  confinement facility, or a sheltered                                                                  Management Plan                           immediately. Empty                                                                                          water                                                                completed.                                             standards/standards/313.pdf
                                                                                               water runoff)                                                                                                                                              according to specifications this
                                  concrete slab area. Allows for field                                                                  (CNMP)                                    storage structure twice a
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          would not occur.
                                  application when conditions are right.                                                                                                          year.
                                  Field application cuts fertilizer costs and
                                  reduces nutrient losses.
                                                                                                                                                                                  Watering facility: check for
                                                                                                                                                                                  materials in the trough
                                                                                                                                                                                  which may restrict the
                                                                                                                                                                                  inflow or outflow system;
                                  A readily available source of clean                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   ftp://ftp-
                                                                                                                                                                                  check for leaks and repair
                                  drinking water for cattle located away                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           Areas adjacent to source                             fc.sc.egov.usda.gov/NHQ/pr
                                                                                                                                                                  10 years /      immediately; check the                                                                                                                                     2% original cost
Alternative Water                 from water bodies that will minimizing    Sediment and                                              Cattle Exclusion                                                                                                                                                                                                             that will be trampled by      Typical in counties of actice-
                                                                                                                                                                  watering        automatic water level                                                                                                                                      (watering facility)
Sources                           waste deposition near these areas.        attached           Well: Moderate                         Fencing, buffer/filter                                                                                              Depending on the structure, it                                                                           livestock should be           the LGRW (e.g.         standards/standards/614.pdf
                                                                                                                    Livestock access,                             facility (15)   device to insure proper      NRCS available for                                                                                    $1,050 / water facility (11)
                                  Reduces the direct deposition of cattle   pollutants,        (sheet, rill, wind                     strip, planned grazing                                                                        Widely applicable     may not protect watercourse if Diversion of water                                                        graveled, paved, or           Barry County, Ottawa
                                                                                                                    animal manure                                                 operation.                   assistance                                                                                            (11) - EQIP
(Watering Facility (614), Water   waste into water bodies by changing       nutrients,         erosion) (12)                          system, stream crossing                                                                                             contiguous with it.                                                                                      otherwise treated to          County)                ftp://ftp-
Well (642))
                                                                                                                                                              20 years /                                                                                                                                                                     1% original cost
                                  animal behavior through providing and     pathogens                                                 and livestock access                                                                                                                                                                                                         provide firm footing and                             fc.sc.egov.usda.gov/NHQ/pr
                                                                                                                                                              water well (15) Water well: create a                                                                                                                                           (water well) (11)
                                  encouraging use of alternate drinking                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            reduce erosion.                                      actice-
                                                                                                                                                                              maintenance plan
                                  water.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                standards/standards/642.pdf
                                                                                                                                                                              including a statement of
                                                                                                                                                                              identified problems,
                                                                                                                                                                              corrective actions taken,
                                                                                                                                                                              etc.
                                  A crop of close-growing grasses,
                                  legumes, or small grain grown primarily
                                                                                               High (sheet, rill,
                                  for seasonal protection and soil
                                                                            Sediment and       wind, gully
                                  improvement. It usually is grown for 1
                                                                            attached           irrigation induced
                                  year or less, except where there is                                                                   Pest management,                                                                                                                                      Significant decrease
                                                                            pollutants,        erosion, runoff/                                                                   Plant cover crop annually,                                                                                                                                                                                                              ftp://ftp-
                                  permanent cover as in orchards.                                                                       nutrient management,                                                                        Widely applicable.    Requires pest management            in runoff/ flooding,                                                 Can be used for livestock
                                                                            nutrients,         flooding) (12)       Soil erosion,                                                 kill cover crop in the      NRCS available for                                                                                                                                                                 Organic Farmers of       fc.sc.egov.usda.gov/NHQ/pr
Cover Crop (340)                  Temporarily protects ground from wind /                                                               conservation crop         1 year (9)                                                        Consider soil type,   (IPM) to ensure that pesticide      moderate reduction $30/acre (9) - EQIP $0/acre (9)                   feed or left alone to build
                                                                            chemicals                               agricultural runoff                                           spring, restrict grazing if assistance                                                                                                                                                                         the LGRW                 actice-
                                  water erosion, adds organic matter to                                                                 rotation, crop residue                                                                      slopes, etc.          use is appropriate.                 in excess subsurface                                                 soil organic matter.
                                                                            (pesticide),       Moderate (salts,                                                                   necessary                                                                                                                                                                                                                               standards/standards/340.pdf
                                  the soil, recycles or holds nutrients,                                                                management                                                                                                                                            water
                                                                            hydrologic flow,   organics,
                                  improves soil tilth, reduces weed
                                                                            chloride (salt)    fertilizers,
                                  competition, retained soil moisture by
                                                                                               pesticides) (12)
                                  acting as a mulch, and fixes
                                  atmospheric nitrogen (legumes).
                                  Rows of trees and shrubs that protect
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Consider if the mature
                                  areas from wind and provide food and                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            ftp://ftp-
                                                                            Sediment and                                                                                          Control competing                                                                                      Will reduce storm           $150 - 1,000                                 windbreak will cast a      Muck farmers in
Windbreak/Shelterbelt             cover for wildlife. Reduces wind                             High (wind erosion                                                                                            NRCS available for                           Over application of herbicides                                                     10% of original cost                                                 fc.sc.egov.usda.gov/NHQ/pr
                                                                            attached                              Soil erosion          Cattle exclusion fencing 15 years (9)     vegetation, inspect                               Widely applicable                                    water runoff and            seedlings (13) -                             shadow over the driveway Barry, Kent, Ottawa,
Establishment (380)               erosion, conserves energy, provides                          only) (12)                                                                                                    assistance                                   or pesticides possible                                                             (11)                                                                 actice-
                                                                            pollutants                                                                                            regularly                                                                                              increase infiltration       EQIP, WHIP                                   or nearby road, prolonging and Allegan Counties
                                  food and cover for wildlife, and                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                standards/standards/380.pdf
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  icy conditions.
                                  beautifies a farmstead.
                                  Establishing and maintaining perennial                                                                                                          If necessary, mow during
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   Use of fertilizers,
                                  vegetative cover to protect soil and                                                                                                            the establishment period
                                                                                               High (sheet, rill,                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  pesticides and other
                                  water resource on land retired from                                                                                                             to reduce competition
                                                                                               wind, gully                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         chemicals should not
                                  agricultural production. Reduces          Sediment and                                                                                          from annual weeds.                                                                                     Significant decrease
                                                                                               erosion; runoff/                         Upland wildlife habitat                                                                                                                                                                                                    compromise the intended       Typical in counties of   ftp://ftp-
                                  erosion and increases soil tilth due to   attached                                                                                              Annual mowing of the                                                                                   in runoff/ flooding,
Conservation Cover                                                                             flooding)            Soil erosion,       management, wildlife                                                  NRCS available for                          Over application of herbicides                      $260 - 460/acre (9) -                                purpose. Maintenance          the LGRW (e.g.           fc.sc.egov.usda.gov/NHQ/pr
                                  perennial cover establishment of          pollutants,                                                                           10 years (15)   conservation cover stand                          Widely applicable                                    moderate reduction                         $35/ acre (9)
(327)                                                                                                               agricultural runoff food plot, tree/shrub                                                 assistance                                  or pesticides possible                              CRP, EQIP                                            practices and activities      Barry and Ionia          actice-
                                  species adapted to site. Improves         hydrologic flow,                                                                                      for general weed control is                                                                            in excess subsurface
                                                                                               Moderate                                 establishment                                                                                                                                                                                                              should not disturb cover      County)                  standards/standards/327.pdf
                                  water quality when nutrients and          nutrients                                                                                             not recommended.                                                                                       water
                                                                                               (streambank                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         during the primary nesting
                                  sediments are retained on the field.                                                                                                            Control noxious weeds.
                                                                                               erosion) (12)                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       period for grassland
                                  Reduces weed sources. Wildlife food,
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   species in each state.
                                  cover, and water needs will be met.




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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Page 16 of 39

STRUCTURAL & VEGETATIVE BEST MANAGEMENT PRACTICES

                                                                                               POLLUTANT             POTENTIAL          ADDITIONAL BMPS                                                                                                                                                HYDROLOGIC                                  OPERATION AND
BEST MANAGEMENT                                                            POLLUTANT                                                                               EXPECTED             MAINTENANCE                   TRAINING              APPLICABILITY                ENVIRONMENTAL                                         INSTALLATION                                    SPECIAL                    COMMUNITIES
                                           DESCRIPTION                                          REMOVAL             SOURCES OF            TO COMPLETE                                                                                                                                                  EFFECTS TO                                   MAINTENANCE                                                                 MDEQ/ NRCS LINK
   PRACTICES                                                               ADDRESSED                                                                               LIFE SPAN           REQUIREMENTS                 REQUIREMENTS               TO SITE                     CONCERNS                                               COSTS                                     CONSIDERATIONS                 USING BMP
                                                                                               EFFICIENCY           POLLUTANTS          TREATMENT TRAIN                                                                                                                                                 CONSIDER                                       COSTS
PRETREATMENT (ex. Sediment traps, drainage channels, water quality inlets)
                    Planting grass and legumes to reduce
                    soil erosion and improve production in a
                                                               Sediment and                  High (sheet, rill,
                    low-producing pasture, hayfield, or                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Do not mix warm and cool
                                                               attached                      wind ephemeral
                    eroding cropfield. Reduces soil erosion                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Significant decrease                                                  season grasses in the                               ftp://ftp-
                                                               pollutants,                   gully, irrigation                       Nutrient management,                          Mow weeds, apply
Pasture and Hayland by wind and/or water, extends length of                                                      Soil erosion,                                                                                     NRCS available for     Widely applicable.        Over application of herbicides in runoff/ flooding  $75/acre (11) -           5% of original cost    same pasture. Choose       Typical in counties of   fc.sc.egov.usda.gov/NHQ/pr
                                                               nutrients,                    inducted erosion;                       pest management,             10 years (9)     fertilizer and herbicide as
Planting (512)      the grazing season, provides cover and                                                       agricultural runoff                                                                               assistance             Consider soil type        or pesticides possible         and excess           EQIP, CRP                 per unit (11)          species that will help     the LGRW                 actice-
                                                               chemicals                     fertilizers,                            prescribed grazing                            needed
                    habitat for wildlife, protects water                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           subsurface water                                                      reduce the use of                                   standards/standards/512.pdf
                                                               (pesticides),                 pesticides, runoff/
                    quality by filtering runoff and increasing                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           pesticides and herbicides.
                                                               hydrologic flow               flooding) (12)
                    filtration, and adds organic matter to the
                    soil

                               Establishing permanent vegetation on
                                                                                             High (sheet, rill,
                               sites that have or are expected to have
                                                                                             wind, gully,
                               high erosion rates, and on sites that                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     Use native plants with low
                                                                                             streambank, soil                         Diversions, riprap, grade
                               have physical, chemical or biological                                                                                                               Periodic burning (if                                   Widely applicable.                                                                                                             long term maintenance
                                                                                             mass movement,                           stabilization structures,                                                                                                     Use of non-native or invasive   Will reduce the                                                                                 Typical in counties of   ftp://ftp-
                               conditions that prevent the               Sediment and                                                                                              needed), prohibit grazing                              Consider soil type,                                                                $460 - $815/acre                            requirements. Soil tests
Critical Area Planting                                                                       road               Soil erosion,         filter/buffer strips,                                                   NRCS available for                                    species is not recommended.     velocity of storm                             1 % of original cost                              the LGRW (e.g.           fc.sc.egov.usda.gov/NHQ/pr
                               establishment of vegetation with normal attached                                                                                 10 years (9)       until year 2, prevent                                  slopes, etc. Apply                                                                 (2001 and 2004)                             should be done to
(342)                                                                                        bank/construction agricultural runoff    subsurface drains,                                                      assistance                                            Use by recreational users may   water runoff and                              per unit (11)                                     Ottawa County)           actice-
                               practices. Stabilizes areas with existing pollutants, salts                                                                                         overgrazing, inspect after                             on any area which is                                                               EQIP, WHIP, WRP                             determine the nutrient and
                                                                                             erosion) (12)                            grassed waterways,                                                                                                            degrade area.                   increase infiltration.                                                                                                   standards/standards/342.pdf
                               or expected high rates of soil erosion by                                                                                                           severe storms                                          difficult to stabilize.                                                                                                        pH content of the soil for
                                                                                                                                      nutrient management
                               water and wind. Restores degraded                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         vegetative practices.
                                                                                             Moderate (salts)
                               sites that cannot be stabilized through
                                                                                             (12)
                               normal methods.
                                                                                             High (ephemeral
                                                                                                                                                                                   Yearly regrading                Design and                                                                                                                                            A nurse crop, temporary
                               The establishment and shaping of grass                        gully erosion) (12)                                                                                                                                                                                                      $800/acre (without
                                                                          Sediment and                                                                                             reseeding and inspection        installation should be                           Better conveyance enhances                                                                           cover or mulching may be                            ftp://ftp-
                               in a natural drainageway to prevent                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    tile) (9)
Grassed Waterway                                                          attached                                 Soil erosion,       Grade stabilization                         of subsurface drain and         done by a                                        storm water runoff velocities Drainageway directs                                                    necessary until permanent Typical in counties of    fc.sc.egov.usda.gov/NHQ/pr
                               gullies from forming. Vegetation filters                      Low (reduction in                                                    10 years (9)                                                            Widely applicable                                                                                       $105/acre (9)
(412)                                                                     pollutants,                              agricultural runoff structure                                   related outfall. Fertilize as   professional. NRCS                               and possible contamination to runoff to an outlet                                                    cover is established. Avoid the LGRW                actice-
                               runoff after and provides cover for                           classic gully                                                                                                                                                                                                            $4,500/acre (with
                                                                          hydrologic flow                                                                                          needed and mow                  available for                                    surface waters                                                                                       planting end rows along                             standards/standards/412.pdf
                               wildlife.                                                     erosion, runoff/                                                                                                                                                                                                         tile) (9) CRP, EQIP
                                                                                                                                                                                   periodically.                   assistance.                                                                                                                                           the waterway.
                                                                                             flooding) (12)

                                                                                             High (ephemeral
                                                                                             gully erosion,
                                                                                             runoff/ flooding)
                                                                                             (12)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Widely applicable.
                                                                                             Moderate (classic                                                                                                                                                                                      Catches storm water
                               Earthen embankment that directs runoff     Sediment,                                                                                                                                                       Do not build in high
                                                                                             gully, soil mass                         Sediment basin or                            Clear outlet of debris,         Design and                                                                       runoff and prevents it                                               Important as SESC in                                ftp://ftp-
                               water from a specific area. Reduces soil   nutrients,                                                                                                                                                      sediment producing
                                                                                             movement, road    Soil erosion,          stabilized outlet,                           maintain vegetative cover       installation should be                      Over application of fertilizer       from reaching                                                        developing sites. Each                              fc.sc.egov.usda.gov/NHQ/pr
Diversion (362)                erosion on lowlands. Vegetation filters    chemicals                                                                                 10 years (9)                                                          areas unless other                                                                $5.00/ft (9) - EQIP   $0.26/ft (9)                                        ?
                                                                                             bank/construction agricultural runoff    buffer/filter strip, nutrient                on ridge, ridge repair,         done by a                                   possible                             lowlands, reducing                                                   diversion must have an                              actice-
                               runoff water and provides cover. Allows    (pesticide),                                                                                                                                                    conservation
                                                                                             erosion) (12)                            management                                   fertilize as needed             professional                                                                     runoff velocity and                                                  outlet.                                             standards/standards/362.pdf
                               better crop growth on bottomland soils.    hydrologic flow                                                                                                                                                 measures are
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    increasing infiltration
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          installed.
                                                                                             Low (sheet, rill,
                                                                                             streambank
                                                                                             erosion, organics,
                                                                                             fertilizers,
                                                                                             pesticides) (12)

OTHER BMPS TO CATEGORIZE
                               Well decommissioning seals an
                               abandoned well. Abandoned wells are
                                                                          Sediment and                                                                                                                             High: Professional
                               wells which are no longer in use or are
                                                                          attached                                                                                                                                 required. A drilled,                                                                                                                                  Filling a well with
                               in such disrepair that groundwater can                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        $50 - $500/closure -
                                                                          pollutants,                                                                                                                              deep bedrock and                                                                 Will prevent surface                                                 rocks/gravel won't reduce
Abandoned Well                 no longer be obtained from them.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Michigan                                                                                        ftp://ftp-
                                                                          chemicals                                Agricultural runoff,                                            Low - Inspect closure           artesian wells should                                                            water from reaching                                                  the groundwater              Spring Lake Village,
Closures                       Benefits include: a) Reduces the risk of                                                                                                                                                                                             Groundwater contamination                                Groundwater                                                                                     fc.sc.egov.usda.gov/NHQ/pr
                                                                          (pesticides),      High (13)             hazardous waste Stand alone practice           20 years (9)     mechanism periodically          be closed by a         Widely applicable.                                        the groundwater                               Low (14)               contamination risk.          Ionia and Barry
                               groundwater contamination,                                                                                                                                                                                                           may already be present.                                  Stewardship                                                                                     actice-
                                                                          nutrients,                               spills                                                          for structural integrity        licensed well driller.                                                           supply via the                                                       Technical assistance is      County
(Well Decommissioning (351))   b) Eliminates the risk of injury,                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             Program, MDA,                                                                                   standards/standards/351.pdf
                                                                          chloride (salt),                                                                                                                         Farm*A*Syst                                                                      abandoned well.                                                      required to properly close
                               c) Avoids liability under the Michigan                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        EQIP
                                                                          pathogens,                                                                                                                               available for                                                                                                                                         an abandoned well.
                               Polluter Pay Law
                                                                          hydrocarbons                                                                                                                             assistance.


                               Treatment(s) used to stabilize and
                               protect banks of streams or constructed
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       Since each reach of a
                               channels, and shorelines of lakes,
                                                                                                                                      Geotextile materials (i.e.                                                                                                                                                                                                       watercourse is unique,
                               reservoirs, or estuaries. Benefits                                                                                                                                                                         Widely applicable:
                                                                                                                                      Filters) are often used                      Site inspections,               Consult the MDEQ                                                                                                                                    stream bank protection
                               include:                                                                                                                                                                                                   site-specific
                                                                                                                                      underneath Riprap.                           conducted to ensure the         (Water Division or                                                                                                                                  techniques must be
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          practices will                                                                                                                                                                     ftp://ftp-
Streambank and                                                            Sediment and       High (streambank                         Consider livestock                           stream bank structures          Land Division),                                                                  Maintains the                                                      selected on a site-by-site
                               a) Prevents the loss of stream bank                                                                                                                                                                        depend on soil type,                                                               EQIP: 50% cost       10% of original cost                               Barry County Drain      fc.sc.egov.usda.gov/NHQ/pr
Shoreline Protection                                                      attached           erosion, soil mass Soil erosion          exclusion, prescribed      20 years (9)      are staying in place, within    local Conservation                                                               capacity of the                                                    basis; the specifications for
                               vegetation                                                                                                                                                                                                 slope of the bank,                                                                 share (15)           (11)                                               Commission              actice-
(580)                                                                     pollutants         movement) (12)                           grazing, buffer/filter                       the first few months of         District, NRCS, or                                                               stream channel.                                                    each technique differ.
                               b) Reduces sediment loads to streams                                                                                                                                                                       river gradient, flow,                                                                                                                                                              standards/standards/580.pdf
                                                                                                                                      strips, diversions, or                       installation and following      other agencies or                                                                                                                                   Utilize vegetative species
                               c) Maintains the capacity of the stream                                                                                                                                                                    and uses of the
                                                                                                                                      additional sediment                          storm events.                   consultants.                                                                                                                                        that are native and/or
                               channel                                                                                                                                                                                                    watercourse.
                                                                                                                                      control measures.                                                                                                                                                                                                                compatible with local
                               d) Improves or enhances the stream
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       ecosystems.
                               corridor for fish and wildlife habitat,
                               aesthetics, recreation




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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             Page 17 of 39

STRUCTURAL & VEGETATIVE BEST MANAGEMENT PRACTICES

                                                                                            POLLUTANT        POTENTIAL        ADDITIONAL BMPS                                                                                                                                            HYDROLOGIC                                 OPERATION AND
BEST MANAGEMENT                                                        POLLUTANT                                                                        EXPECTED           MAINTENANCE                TRAINING                APPLICABILITY                ENVIRONMENTAL                                        INSTALLATION                                    SPECIAL                     COMMUNITIES
                                     DESCRIPTION                                             REMOVAL        SOURCES OF          TO COMPLETE                                                                                                                                              EFFECTS TO                                  MAINTENANCE                                                                  MDEQ/ NRCS LINK
   PRACTICES                                                           ADDRESSED                                                                        LIFE SPAN         REQUIREMENTS              REQUIREMENTS                 TO SITE                     CONCERNS                                              COSTS                                     CONSIDERATIONS                  USING BMP
                                                                                            EFFICIENCY      POLLUTANTS        TREATMENT TRAIN                                                                                                                                             CONSIDER                                      COSTS
PRETREATMENT (ex. Sediment traps, drainage channels, water quality inlets)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            A number of studies
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 Recent studies show removals
                        Releases made from dams commonly                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    (River Alliance of
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 of small dams can have
                        cause a decrease in summer                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Wisconsin 2003,
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 limited negative environmental                                                                           Good proportions of aging
                        temperatures and an increase in winter                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              American Rivers
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 impacts while restoring stream                                                                           dams are no longer
                        temperatures downstream. Dam                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        2003) have found
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 functions. Negative impacts                                                                              economically practical or
                        removal benefits fish by: (a) removing                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              removal costs to be
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 include elevated sediment                                                                                cost-effective to operate.
                        obstructions to upstream and                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        up to three to five                                                           Stronach Dam, on
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 loads in addition to                                                                                     Similarly, dam operation
                        downstream migration; (b) restoring                                                                                                                                                                                                                           Dam removal will      times less than the                                                           the Pine River,
                                                                                                                             Will depend on the                                                                             Widely applicable to transformed channel                                                                                      and maintenance costs
                        natural riverine habitat; (c) restoring                                                                                                                                    Design and removal                                                                 restore natural       cost of repair,                                                               Manistee County
                                                                                                                             effects of dam removal.                                                                        unsafe dams and      morphology and hydrology.                                                                                tend to increase as a dam
Dam Removal             natural seasonal flow variations; (d)     Thermal pollution                        Dam                                        Permanent                                    should be done by a                                                                stream flow and       especially when the None
                                                                                                                             Streambank stabilization                                                                       dams that no longer Dam removal may also wreak                                                                                ages. These increased
                        eliminating siltation of spawning and                                                                                                                                      professional                                                                       natural seasonal flow benefits of the dam                                                           Big Rapids Dam on
                                                                                                                             may be necessary.                                                                              serve a purpose.     havoc on already highly                                                                                  costs, combined with the
                        feeding habitat above the dam; (e)                                                                                                                                                                                                                            variations.           are minor. Funding                                                            Muskegon River,
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 disturbed ecosystems.                                                                                    potentially lower revenue,
                        allowing debris, small rocks and                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    sources include:                                                              Mecosta County
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 Reservoirs that store high                                                                               allow for removal to
                        nutrients to pass below the dam,                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    private or community
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 levels of contaminants will be                                                                           become the most cost-
                        creating healthy habitat; (f) eliminating                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           foundation funding,
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 released following removal                                                                               effective alternative for the
                        unnatural temperature variations below                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              environmental
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 and can create contaminant                                                                               dam owner.
                        the dam; and (g) removing turbines that                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             grants, and state or
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 plumes.
                        kill fish.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          federal assistance
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            programs.

                        Outlets are areas which receive
                        discharge water. Stabilized outlets are
                        outlets which reduce the velocity of
                        discharge water to non-erosive
                        velocities. Stabilized outlets help                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               If the outlet is a county or
                        reduce erosion in the area in which the                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           inter county drain,
                        water is released. Some outlets may                                                                                                           All of the BMPs cited in                                                                                                                                                            permission to discharge
                                                                                                                                                                                                   Stabilized outlets                                                                  Practice will reduce
                        also provide treatment of various types       Sediment and                         Storm water                                                the section above require                                                       If practices are not maintained,                                                                    must be obtained from the
                                                                                        Dependent on                                                   Dependent on                                should be designed                                                                  the velocity of
                        of pollutants depending on the type of        attached                             runoff,                                                    regular maintenance.                                                            excessive sediment may be                               Dependent on type    Dependent on type      drain commissioner or                                www.deq.state.mi.us/docum
Stabilized Outlets                                                                      type of outlet                       Riprap, if needed         type of outlet                              by registered            Widely applicable.                                         discharge water to
                        outlet used. Types of outlets include the     pollutants,                          streambank                                                 Follow the maintenance                                                          introduced to surface waters                            of outlet used.      of outlet used.        drain board. The actual                              ents/deq-swq-nps-so.pdf
                                                                                        used.                                                          used.                                       professional                                                                        non-erosive
                        following: Conveyance Outlets                 hydrologic flow                      erosion                                                    sections in the outlet                                                          downstream.                                                                                         structure may require a
                                                                                                                                                                                                   engineers.                                                                          velocities.
                        (Grassed Waterway, Stone Filters,                                                                                                             (BMP) selected.                                                                                                                                                                     MDNR permit if the outlet
                        Stormwater Conveyance Channel),                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   is in a watercourse or if
                        Water Storage Outlets (Sediment                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   wetlands are impacted.
                        Basin, Infiltration Basin, Detention/
                        Retention Basin, Oil/Grit Separators,
                        Wet ponds and wetlands), Conduits,
                        and Outlet Protection.
                        Kit materials capture oil, gasoline, and
Emergency Spill Kit                                                   Hydrocarbons                         Boat spill                                                                                                       Applicable to lakes
                        diesel line spills on the water.
Pond Construction and   A water impoundment made by                   Sediment and      Low (gully erosion, Storm water      Slope/Shoreline           20 years        Moderate to High            Design and               Depends on soil           Purple loosestrife (Lythrum     Ponds can be used                            1% of original cost    For excavated ponds,            City of Grand
Management (378)        constructing an embankment or by              attached          streambank          runoff           Stabilization, Seeding,   (2004)                                      installation should be   suitability. Build        salicaria) is an undesirable,   for storm water                              per unit (2001)        consider drainage               Rapids, Barry and
                        excavating a pit or dugout. Excavated         pollutants,       erosion, flooding)                   Mulching, Sodding,                                                    done by a                ponds in areas            exotic perennial which often    management.                                                         characteristics, including      Ionia County
                        ponds are made for conditions which           chemicals,                                             Pond Sealing or Lining                                                professional             where the water           becomes established in                                                                              depth to the water table.
                        require a small supply of water such as       nutrients,        None (sheet and                                                                                                                     supply is adequate        disturbed sites.                                                                                    For embankment ponds,
                        a golf course hazard. Embankment              flooding          rill erosion)                                                                                                                       for the intended                                                                                                              consider upstream
                        ponds hold larger volumes of water.                                                                                                                                                                 use.                                                                                                                          drainage characteristics
                        Ponds can be used for storm water                               N/A (chemicals,                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   and how the pond will
                        management and to attract wildlife.                             nutrients)                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        affect downstream flows,
                        Properly designed and maintained                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  temperatures, etc.
                        embankment ponds provide a safe,
                        reliable means of water supply, and
                        may become the settling area for
                        sediment and contaminants in the
                        drainage area. If water quantity is more
                        critical than quality, the runoff can be
                        used to maintain higher pond levels of
                        an excavated pond.

Composting Facility     A facility for the biological stabilization   Nutrients, low    ?                  Upland source     NA                        15 years /      Composting requires         Design and               Widely applicable to      Waste needs to be composted NA                          $37,000/ composting Annual                  As of March 27, 1993, yard      Green Rock
(317)                   of waste organic material. The                DO                                   (yard trimmings                             composting      proper aeration, watering   installation should be   dense residential or      and correctly applied as                                facility (2004)     Maintenance:            waste collected or              Landscape Supply,
                        purposed is to treat waste organic                                                 and kitchen                                 facility (2004) and mixing in order to      done by a                riparian sites. Soils,    fertilizer. Possibility of runoff of                                        $370/ year              generated in                    Rockford
                        material biologically by producing a                                               waste)                                                      result in a useable end-    professional             topography and            compost application                                                         /composting facility    Michigan on public property
                        humus-like material that can be                                                                                                                product. Product can be                              climate will all affect   contaminating surface waters.                                               (2004)                  is banned from land fills       Phoenix Resources,
                        recycled as a soil amendment and                                                                                                               sold, delivered, and                                 the types of                                                                                                                  and incinerators.               Alto
                        fertilizer substitute or otherwise utilized                                                                                                    applied.                                             composting options
                        in compliance with all laws, rules, and                                                                                                                                                             available.                                                                                                                                                    Eagle Ottawa
                        regulations. Keeps organic debris out of                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Leather Company,
                        surface waters and away from                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Grand Haven
                        floodplains will help prevent the
                        depletion of oxygen in surface waters.
Mulching (484)          The process of placing a uniform layer        Sediment and      Low to moderate    Soil erosion      Seeding, Soil             1 year (2004)   Low - inspect mulched       Low                      Widely applicable         None known.                     Seeded area will         $3.00/acre (2001)   Annual                 Mulch should be applied    City of Grand
                        of straw, wood fiber, wood chips or           attached                                               Management, Fertilizer                    areas following storm                                                                                          eventually reduce                            Maintenance:           immediately after seeding Rapids, Barry County
                        other acceptable materials over a             pollutants                                             Management, Grading                       events to ensure mulch                                                                                         the velocity and                             100% of original       has occurred. Anchoring of Drain Commission
                        seeded area to protect the seed bed.                                                                 Practices, Diversions (if                 has stayed in place.                                                                                           increase infiltration of                     cost per unit (2001)   the mulch should be done
                        Helps keep soil particles and their                                                                  needed).                                                                                                                                                 storm water runoff.                                                 immediately after the
                        associated                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        mulch is applied.
                        attached chemicals (e.g. phosphorus &
                        pesticides) from entering surface
                        waters. Will suppress weed growth and
                        provide a moist area for vegetative
                        growth.




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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Page 18 of 39

STRUCTURAL & VEGETATIVE BEST MANAGEMENT PRACTICES

                                                                               POLLUTANT                  POTENTIAL           ADDITIONAL BMPS                                                                                                                               HYDROLOGIC                                   OPERATION AND
BEST MANAGEMENT                                                    POLLUTANT                                                                             EXPECTED        MAINTENANCE               TRAINING            APPLICABILITY            ENVIRONMENTAL                                      INSTALLATION                                  SPECIAL               COMMUNITIES
                                     DESCRIPTION                                REMOVAL                  SOURCES OF              TO COMPLETE                                                                                                                                 EFFECTS TO                                   MAINTENANCE                                                      MDEQ/ NRCS LINK
   PRACTICES                                                       ADDRESSED                                                                             LIFE SPAN      REQUIREMENTS             REQUIREMENTS             TO SITE                 CONCERNS                                            COSTS                                CONSIDERATIONS                USING BMP
                                                                               EFFICIENCY                POLLUTANTS          TREATMENT TRAIN                                                                                                                                  CONSIDER                                       COSTS
                                                            Sediment inlets) High
PRETREATMENT (ex. Sediment traps, drainage channels, water quality and
Riprap             A permanent cover of rock used to                                                    Soil erosion,       Filters. (Riprap is often   10 + years   Low - Periodically inspect Low - consult         Widely applicable: Potential to cause additional   Reduces                 $70/square yard        ?              An MDEQ permit may be Road Commissions
                   stabilize stream banks, provide in-      attached                                    agricultural runoff used in making              (SV)         underlying fabric, adjust  technical resources   Riprap is most often erosion downstream.           downcutting and         (2003b)                               required if placed in waters within the watershed
                   stream channel stability, and provide a pollutants                                                       Stabilized Outlets, in                   and add riprap as needed.                        used in stream                                     lateral cutting of                                            of the state. Explore
                   stabilized outlet below concentrated                                                                     Stream bank                                                                               banks, on slopes,                                  erosive flow            Including geotextile                  downstream impacts.
                   flows. The use of riprap protects stream                                                                 Stabilization, etc.)                                                                      and at outlets.                                    velocities. Typically
                   banks and discharge channels from                                                                                                                                                                                                                     not a significant
                   higher erosive flow velocities and                                                                                                                                                                                                                    velocity reducer.
                   decreases sediment input to a
                   watercourse.

Fishbeck, Thompson, Carr & Huber, Inc. Evaluation of Best Management Practices for MDOT. 2002.
Bannerman, Roger T., Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources. Source Area and Regional Storm Water Treatment Practices: Options for Achieving Phase II Retrofit Requirements in Wisconsin. 2002.
Michigan Department of Environmental Quality. Guidebook of Best Management Practices for Michigan.1996.
Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). National Pollutant Removal Performance Database. June 2000.
Personal Communication with Hydro-Compliance Management, Inc. staff. 2004.
Gruenwald, Paul E. Governmental Accounting Focus, Estimating Useful Lives for Capital Assets. May 2002.
Rouge River National Wet Weather Demonstration Project. Planning and Cost Estimating Criteria for Best Management Practices. April, 2001. TR-NPS25.00.
Rain Gardens of West Michigan. Beautiful Solutions for Water Pollution. [Online] 2003. Available at http://www.raingardens.org/Index.php.
USDA - Natural Resources Conservation Service. Field Office Technical Guide, Section 1 Cost Information (draft). 2004.
USDA - Natural Resources Conservation Service. Michigan Area 3 Component Data. June 2003.
USDA - Natural Resources Conservation Service. Sample County Practice and Maintenance Costs. 2001.
USDA - Natural Resources Conservation Service. Conservation Practice Physical Effect Worksheet[s]. 2004.
Personal Communication with Technical Committee of the Lower Grand River Watershed Project. 2004.
Personal Communication with District Conservationist of the NRCS Grand Rapids Service Center. 2004.
USDA - Natural Resources Conservation Service. FY04 Michigan EQIP Statewide Eligible Practice List, Land Management Practices (Incentive Payments). 2004.




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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Page 19 of 39


MANAGERIAL BEST MANAGEMENT PRACTICES

                                                                                                                                          POLLUTANT                   POTENTIAL SOURCES OF             ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS AND SPECIAL
 BEST MANAGERIAL PRACTICES                            DESCRIPTION                                       BENEFIT                                                                                                                                                     COMPARATIVE COSTS                      COMMUNITIES USING BMP                  MDEQ/ NRCS LINK
                                                                                                                                          ADDRESSED                       POLLUTANTS                              CONCERNS
AGRICULTURAL


                                                                                                                                                                                                      Consider if crop will produce enough residue.                                                                                        ftp://ftp-
                                                                                                                                                                                                      Planning for residue cover should begin at                                                                                           fc.sc.egov.usda.gov/NHQ/practice-
                                         Leaving last year's crop residue on the
                                                                                                                                                                                                      harvest. Time, energy, and labor savings are                                                                                         standards/standards/329a.pdf
                                         surface before and during planting                                                                                                                                                                                 $28-36/acre (includes no-till and strip
                                                                                                                                                                                                      possible with fewer tillage trips. Equipment for                                                                                     ftp://ftp-
                                         operations provides cover for the soil at a    Ground cover prevents soil erosion and                                                                                                                              till, ridge till) (11). Maintenance costs
                                                                                                                                                                                                      specialized tillage techniques needed. Additional                                                                                    fc.sc.egov.usda.gov/NHQ/practice-
Crop Residue Management (329A-C, critical time of the year. The residue is left         protects water quality. Residue improves                                                                                                                            are 100% of original cost (11). EQIP        Typical in Counties of the Lower
                                                                                                                                  Sediment and attached                                               chemical treatments may be necessary to control                                                                                      standards/standards/329b.pdf
344) includes no till, mulch till, ridge on the surface by reducing tillage             soil tilth and adds organic matter to the                                 Agricultural runoff, soil erosion                                                         (for mulch till, ridge till, and seasonal   Grand River Basin (e.g. Kent
                                                                                                                                  pollutants                                                          pests. Assistance available from USDA office or                                                                                      ftp://ftp-
till, and seasonal                       operations and turning the soil less. Pieces   soil as it decomposes. Fewer trips and                                                                                                                              residue management). Equipment              County)
                                                                                                                                                                                                      Conservation District. No local government                                                                                           fc.sc.egov.usda.gov/NHQ/practice-
                                         of crop residue shield soil particles from     less tillage reduces soil compaction.                                                                                                                               rental or purchase $40+ per acre.
                                                                                                                                                                                                      controls in place. Crop reside reduces the velocity                                                                                  standards/standards/329c.pdf
                                         rain and wind until plants can produce a                                                                                                                                                                           Consider costs for pest control.
                                                                                                                                                                                                      of storm water runoff. Rainfall stays in the crop                                                                                    ftp://ftp-
                                         protective canopy.
                                                                                                                                                                                                      field allowing the soil to absorb it. Moderate to                                                                                    fc.sc.egov.usda.gov/NHQ/practice-
                                                                                                                                                                                                      high decrease in runoff/ flooding.                                                                                                   standards/standards/344.pdf




                                                                                     · Reduces sheet, rill, and wind erosion
                                                                                                                                                                                                      Rotations that include small grains, such as corn,
                                                                                     · Maintains or improve soil organic
                                                                                                                                                                                                      or meadow provide better erosion control. Where
                                                                                     matter content
                                                                                                                                                                                                      excess plant nutrients or soil contaminants are a
                                        An adapted sequence of crops designed to · Manages the balance of plant nutrients
                                                                                                                                                                                                      concern, utilizing deep rooted crops or cover
                                        provide adequate organic residue for         · Improves water use efficiency
                                                                                                                                                                                                      crops in the rotation can help recover or remove                                                  Typical in Counties of the Lower   ftp://ftp-
                                        maintenance or improvement of soil tilth. · Manages saline seeps                     Sediment and attached
Conservation Crop Rotation (328)                                                                                                                                  Soil erosion, agricultural runoff   the nutrient or contaminant from the soil profile.    $4.00/acre (11) - EQIP                      Grand River Basin (e.g. Kent       fc.sc.egov.usda.gov/NHQ/practice-
                                        Other BMPs to use include nutrient and       · Manages plant pests (weeds, insects, pollutants
                                                                                                                                                                                                      Over application of fertilizer or pesticide possible,                                             County)                            standards/standards/328.pdf
                                        pest management, buffer/filter strips, cover and diseases)
                                                                                                                                                                                                      it used. Switch crops to maintain perennials in the
                                        crops                                        · Provides food and cover for wildlife
                                                                                                                                                                                                      rotation, if necessary. Plants will reduce the
                                                                                     - Reduces fertilizer needs and may
                                                                                                                                                                                                      velocity of storm water runoff and increase
                                                                                     reduce pesticide needs
                                                                                                                                                                                                      infiltration.




                                                                                                                                                                                                      Keep fencing secure. Apply fertilizer and nutrients
                                        Pasture is divided into two or more
                                                                                                                                                                                                      according to soil tests, mow or hay paddocks if
                                        pastures or paddocks with fencing. Cattle
                                                                                        Improves vegetative cover, reduces                                                                            needed, & update rotation schedule if needed.
                                        are moved from paddock to paddock on a
                                                                                        erosion, and improves water quality by      Sediment and attached                                             Practice is widely applicable. Consider adequacy                                           Typical in Counties of the Lower
                                        re-arranged schedule based on forage                                                                                                                                                                               EQIP can fund establishment. $25/acre
Planned Grazing System                                                                  reducing sediment and nutrient runoff.      pollutants, nutrients,        Soil erosion, agricultural runoff   of the mix of grass and legumes to meet livestock                                          Grand River Basin (e.g. Kent
                                        availability and livestock nutrition needs.                                                                                                                                                                        for maintenance (14)
                                                                                        Rotating also evenly distributes manure     pathogens                                                         needs. Sediment and nutrient runoff is not                                                 County)
                                        Other BMPs to use include alternative
                                                                                        and nutrient resources.                                                                                       eliminated just reduced. This practice will increase
                                        water source, cattle exclusions, nutrient
                                                                                                                                                                                                      harvest efficiently and help ensure adequate
                                        management, and soil testing
                                                                                                                                                                                                      forage throughout the grazing season.



                                                                                                                                                                                                      Poor management may allow the loss of dissolved
                                                                                        Management of the irrigation system
                                        Determining and controlling the rate,                                                                                                                         substances from the irrigation system to surface
                                                                                        should provide the control needed to
                                        amount, and timing of irrigation water in a                                                                                                                   or groundwater. There is an insignificant
                                                                                        minimize losses of water, and yields of     Sediment and attached                                                                                                                                               Typical in Counties of the Lower   ftp://ftp-
                                        planned and efficient manner. Other BMPs                                                                                                                      reduction in runoff/ flooding and slight reduction in
Irrigation Water Management (449)                                                       sediment and sediment-attached and          pollutants, nutrients,        Agricultural runoff                                                                        EQIP can fund establishment.               Grand River Basin (e.g. Kent       fc.sc.egov.usda.gov/NHQ/practice-
                                        to use include Nutrient management, pest                                                                                                                      excess subsurface water. Consider the effects
                                                                                        dissolved substances, such as plant         hydrologic flow                                                                                                                                                     County)                            standards/standards/449.pdf
                                        management, crop residue management,                                                                                                                          irrigation water has on wetlands, water related
                                                                                        nutrients and herbicides, from the
                                        soil conservation measures                                                                                                                                    wildlife habitats, riparian areas, cultural resources,
                                                                                        system.
                                                                                                                                                                                                      and recreation opportunities.

                                                                                                                                                                                                      Keep strip widths consistent from year to year.
                                        Crop rotation and contouring combined in        Meadow slows runoff, increases
                                                                                                                                                                                                      Make adjustments in rotation schedule if needed.
                                        equal-width strips of corn or soybeans          infiltration, traps sediment and provides
                                                                                                                                                                                                      Over application of fertilizer possible, if used. Will                                            Typical in Counties of the Lower   ftp://ftp-
                                        planted on the contour and alternated with      surface cover. Ridges formed by             Sediment and attached
Contour strip cropping (585)                                                                                                                                      Agricultural runoff, soil erosion   reduce the velocity of storm water runoff and          $10.00/acre (9) - EQIP                     Grand River Basin (e.g. Kent       fc.sc.egov.usda.gov/NHQ/practice-
                                        strips of oats, grass, or legumes. Other        contoured rows slow water flow which        pollutants, hydrologic flow
                                                                                                                                                                                                      increase infiltration. Strip cropping is not as                                                   County)                            standards/standards/585.pdf
                                        BMPs to use include field border, fertilizer    reduces erosion. May reduce fertilizer
                                                                                                                                                                                                      effective if crop strips become too wide, especially
                                        management, grassed waterways.                  costs.
                                                                                                                                                                                                      on steep slopes.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Page 20 of 39


MANAGERIAL BEST MANAGEMENT PRACTICES

                                                                                                                             POLLUTANT                  POTENTIAL SOURCES OF                  ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS AND SPECIAL
 BEST MANAGERIAL PRACTICES                 DESCRIPTION                                     BENEFIT                                                                                                                                                       COMPARATIVE COSTS                   COMMUNITIES USING BMP                  MDEQ/ NRCS LINK
                                                                                                                             ADDRESSED                      POLLUTANTS                                   CONCERNS
AGRICULTURAL

                                                                                                                                                                                            To avoid having to lay our new key contour lines
                                                                                                                                                                                            every year, establish a narrow permanent strip of
                                                                                                                                                                                            grass along each key contour line. Practice will
                             Farming with row patterns is done nearly      Reduces sheet and rill erosion and
                                                                                                                                                                                            reduce the velocity of storm water runoff, increase
                             level around a hill - not up and down the     transport of sediment and other water-
                                                                                                                                                                                            infiltration, moderately decrease runoff/ flooding,
                             hill. Crop row ridges built by tilling and    borne contaminants. Ridges, built by                                                                                                                                                                           Typical in Counties of the Lower   ftp://ftp-
                                                                                                                      Sediment and attached                                                 and slightly increase excess subsurface water.
Contour farming (330)        planting on the contour create hundreds of    tilling and planting on the contour, slow                                Agricultural runoff, soil erosion                                                            $10.00/acre (9)                          Grand River Basin (e.g. Kent       fc.sc.egov.usda.gov/NHQ/practice-
                                                                                                                      pollutants, hydrologic flow                                           Contouring is less effective in preventing soil
                             small dams. Other BMPs to use include         water flow and increase infiltration which                                                                                                                                                                     County)                            standards/standards/330.pdf
                                                                                                                                                                                            erosion on steeper or longer slopes. All tillage and
                             field border, grassed waterways, and          reduces erosion by as much as 50%
                                                                                                                                                                                            planting operations should be performed parallel
                             terraces or strip cropping if needed.         from up and down hill farming.
                                                                                                                                                                                            to the key contour line. Contouring can reduce soil
                                                                                                                                                                                            erosion by as much as 50% from up an down hill
                                                                                                                                                                                            farming.



                             Crops are scouted to determine type of
                             pests and the stage of development. The
                             potential damage of the pest is then
                             weighed against the cost of control.
                                                                                                                                                                                            Continue scouting to best identify pests and
                             Finally, if pest control is economical, all   Specific treatments for specific pests on
                                                                                                                                                                                            control methods. Keep records to track costs and                                                                                 ftp://ftp-
                             alternatives are evaluated based on cost,     specific areas of a field prevents over-
Pest Management (595)                                                                                                Chemicals (Pesticide)          Agricultural runoff                     chemical application. Calibrate spray equipment. 100% of cost/unit (11) - EQIP                                                   fc.sc.egov.usda.gov/NHQ/practice-
                             results, and environmental impact.            treatment of pests. Using fewer
                                                                                                                                                                                            Consider which soils on farm are likely to leach                                                                                 standards/standards/595.pdf
                             Precaution is taken to keep any chemicals     chemicals improves water quality.
                                                                                                                                                                                            pesticides. Consider pest control alternatives.
                             from leaving the field by leaching, runoff,
                             or drift. Other BMPs include buffer/filter
                             strips, crop rotation, and erosion control
                             measures.
                                                                                                                                                                                            Maintenance requirements:
                                                                                                                                                                                             - Perform a periodic plan review to determine
                                                                                                                                                                                            necessary adjustments
                                                                                                                                                                                             - Protect nutrient storage facilities from weather
                                                                                                                                                                                            and accidental leakage/ spillage
                             After taking a soil test, setting realistic                                                                                                                     - Calibrate application equipment and document
                                                                           This practice properly budgets and
                             yield goals, and taking credit for                                                                                                                             application rates
                                                                           supplies nutrients for plant production. It
                             contributions from previous years' crops                                                                                                                        - Spread wastes away from waterbodies on an
                                                                           also reduces the potential for nutrients to
                             and manure applications, crop nutrient                                                                                                                         adequate land base and incorporate ASAP
                                                                           wash or infiltrate into water supplies by
                             needs are determined. Nutrients are then                                                                                                                        - Analyze manure and other organic waste for
Nutrient Management (590)                                                  preventing over application. Correct                                                                                                                                    $5.00/acre (9) - EQIP (Costs
                             applied at the proper time by the proper                                                                                                                       nutrient content before field application                                                     Typical in Counties of the Lower   ftp://ftp-
                                                                           manure and sludge application on all                                     Agricultural runoff, over application                                                         associated with waste water collection,
                             application method. Nutrient sources                                                      Nutrients                                                             - Test soils once every three years according to                                             Grand River Basin (e.g. Kent       fc.sc.egov.usda.gov/NHQ/practice-
(Comprehensive Nutrient                                                    fields can improve soil tilth and organic                                of fertilizers.                                                                               soil testing, ICM are low but have a
                             include animal manure, sludge, and                                                                                                                             Extension recommendations                                                                     County)                            standards/standards/590.pdf
Management Plan (CNMP)                                                     matter. It is very applicable on                                                                                                                                       high start up.)
                             commercial fertilizers. Other BMPs                                                                                                                              - Establish a winter cover crop if nitrogen
                                                                           Concentrated Animal Feeding
                             include manure testing, soil testing, soil                                                                                                                     leeching is possible due to poor crop yield
                                                                           Operations (CAFOs).
                             conservation measures, waste
                             management system, waste storage                                                                                                                                * Consider the Michigan Agriculture
                             facility, and waste utilization.                                                                                                                               Environmental Assurance Program (MAEAP).
                                                                                                                                                                                            Must be trained technical person to compile a
                                                                                                                                                                                            CNMP (service provided by NRCS or Cons.
                                                                                                                                                                                            District). Consider potential groundwater
                                                                                                                                                                                            contamination - proximity to waterbodies critical.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   Page 21 of 39


MANAGERIAL BEST MANAGEMENT PRACTICES

                                                                                                                                       POLLUTANT                  POTENTIAL SOURCES OF                ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS AND SPECIAL
 BEST MANAGERIAL PRACTICES                           DESCRIPTION                                     BENEFIT                                                                                                                                                      COMPARATIVE COSTS                   COMMUNITIES USING BMP                MDEQ/ NRCS LINK
                                                                                                                                       ADDRESSED                      POLLUTANTS                                 CONCERNS
AGRICULTURAL

                                       Organic farming differs from other farming
                                       systems in a number of ways. It favors         Organic farming conserves biodiversity,
                                       renewable resources and recycling,             provides a wide range of habitats, saves
                                       returning to the soil the nutrients found in   energy, improves soil fertility, and
                                       waste products. Where livestock is             protects groundwater and surface waters
                                       concerned, meat and poultry production is      from nitrates, phosphates, and
                                       regulated with particular concern for          pesticides. Organic food is grown without
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Roseland Organic Farms,
                                       animal welfare and by using natural            using any synthetic pesticides,
                                                                                                                                                                                                     Organic farming methods are usually more labor                                                 Cassopolis, MI
                                       foodstuffs. Organic farming respects the       herbicides, insecticides, fungicides,                                                                                                                                EQIP funds supporting practices such
                                                                                                                                                                                                     intensive than conventional farming, so the cost of
                                       environment's own systems for controlling      fertilizers, or hormones.                 Nutrients, chemicals                                                                                                       as cover crops, conservation crop
Organic Farming Practices                                                                                                                                     Agricultural runoff                    organic farming will usually be more. Reliance on                                              FOGG Organic Farmers and
                                       pests and disease in raising crops and                                                   (pesticides)                                                                                                               rotation, nutrient management, pest
                                                                                                                                                                                                     external inputs, whether chemical or organic, is                                               Market, Leslie, MI
                                       livestock. Organic farmers use a range of                                                                                                                                                                           management.
                                                                                                                                                                                                     reduced as far as possible.
                                       techniques that help sustain ecosystems
                                       and reduce pollution. Other BMPs include
                                       filter/buffer strips, crop rotation, organic
                                       manuring, composting, limited chemical
                                       intervention, conservation of wildlife and
                                       natural habitats, management of livestock,
                                       recycling of organic materials.




                                       Farm Bill programs that offers a rental
                                       payment to landowners that agree to take                                                                                                                      Areas enrolled in Farm Bill programs are not
                                       environmentally sensitive areas out of         Creates incentive for landowners to      Sediment, nutrients,                                                  protected in perpetuity. Fertilizer cannot be
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           In some counties soil rental rates can
Agriculture Incentive Programs         production. Continuous sign-ups for the        conserve riparian buffers, wetlands, and hydrologic flow, pathogens, Agricultural runoff                       applied to areas under contract. In some cases,                                                                                http://www.nrcs.usda.gov/programs/
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           be very high
                                       program are available to riparian and          wildlife habitats                        chemicals (pesticides)                                                land values or crop yields may discourage
                                       wetland areas. Rental rates are set by                                                                                                                        landowners to use these incentive programs
                                       county boards.


ZONING ORDINANCES/LAND USE POLICIES

                                       Stronger regulatory oversight can ensure
                                       that septage is applied correctly and
                                       limited to those areas where it is             Stronger regulatory oversight will reduce
Stronger county and state regulatory                                                                                                                                                                 If existing and future regulations are not enforced,
                                       appropriate. Septic system alternatives        the over application and misapplication
oversight of over application and                                                                                               Nutrients, E. Coli            Agricultural runoff                    they will be useless in preventing over application NA
                                       should be encouraged where such                of septage and help prevent nutrients
misapplication of septage.                                                                                                                                                                           and misapplication of septage.
                                       alternatives prove economical and              and E. Coli from entering waterbodies.
                                       technically sufficient in order to protect
                                       public health and the environment.


                                       Ordinance can provide for the regulation
                                       and control of storm water runoff; provide
                                                                                                                                                                                                     Establishing storm water management control will
                                       for storm water permits an the procedures
                                                                                      Storm water runoff rates and volumes                                                                           minimize storm water runoff rates and volumes
                                       and standards for the issuance, provide
                                                                                      are controlled in order to protect                                                                             from identified new land development and
                                       regulations for the inspection, sampling
                                                                                      floodways. Controls soil erosion and                                                                           encourage groundwater recharge. Proposed
Development/Enforcement of Storm       and monitoring of storm water and other                                                  Sediment and attached                                                                                                  $8,000 / ordinance development               Algoma, Cannon, and Courtland
                                                                                      sedimentation; minimizes deterioration of                               Storm water runoff                     Model Storm Water Ordinance for Kent County
Water Ordinance                        discharges; establish performance and                                                    pollutants, hydrologic flow                                                                                            (Grand Valley Community Survey)              Townships of Kent County
                                                                                      existing watercourses, culverts, bridges,                                                                      recommends the following release rates:
                                       design standards for storm water
                                                                                      etc.; and encourages groundwater                                                                               0.05 cfs/acre for a 2-year storm event for Zone A
                                       management in specified zones of the
                                                                                      recharge.                                                                                                      0.13 cfs/acre per Kent County Drain Commission
                                       Township/Municipality; and provide
                                                                                                                                                                                                     rules for Zone B
                                       penalties for the violations of the
                                       ordinance.


                                  Ordinance protects a given area of buffer
                                                                                      Moderate to high. Reduces the risk of                                                                          Lack of maintenance can increase erosion if trees
                                  adjacent to stream systems. Protected                                                      Sediment and attached            Storm water runoff from impervious
Development/Enforcement of Stream                                                     sediment and contaminants entering the                                                                         fall into streams. At a minimum, keep south and   $8,000 / ordinance development
                                  buffers can provide numerous                                                               pollutants, nutrients,           surfaces (e.g. parking lots and roof                                                                                                  Cannon Township
Buffer Ordinance                                                                      stream. Practices give a long term                                                                             west sides of streams wooded to provide shade. (Grand Valley Community Survey)
                                  environmental protection and resource                                                      thermal pollution                tops) and outflow from ponds.
                                                                                      solution to water quality concerns.                                                                            Trees in floodway can impede flow.
                                  management benefits.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   Page 22 of 39


MANAGERIAL BEST MANAGEMENT PRACTICES

                                                                                                                                            POLLUTANT                  POTENTIAL SOURCES OF                 ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS AND SPECIAL
 BEST MANAGERIAL PRACTICES                               DESCRIPTION                                      BENEFIT                                                                                                                                                        COMPARATIVE COSTS                   COMMUNITIES USING BMP                        MDEQ/ NRCS LINK
                                                                                                                                            ADDRESSED                      POLLUTANTS                                  CONCERNS
AGRICULTURAL
                                                                                                                                                                                                          Part 303, section 324.30307 authorizes local units
                                                                                          Benefits offered by wetlands are
                                           Ordinance promotes a policy to avoid or                                                                                                                        of government to adopt and administer their own
                                                                                          restored. Wetlands provide natural          Sediment and attached
                                           minimize damage to wetlands and                                                                                                                                wetland regulations that address wetlands not
                                                                                          pollution control by removing pollutants,   pollutants, hydrologic flow,
Development/Enforcement of                 coordinate the planning and zoning                                                                                                                             protected by the state, provided they are at least $8,000 / ordinance development
                                                                                          filtering and collecting sediment,          nutrients, pathogens,        Storm water runoff                                                                                                                     Salem Township
Wetland Ordinance                          process with federal and state programs                                                                                                                        as restrictive as state regulations. The DEQ must (Grand Valley Community Survey)
                                                                                          reducing both soil erosion and              chemicals (pesticides),
                                           designed to preserve, protect, or enhance                                                                                                                      be notified if a community adopts a wetland
                                                                                          downstream flooding, and recharging         salts
                                           wetland values.                                                                                                                                                ordinance, but it has no review or approval
                                                                                          groundwater supplies.
                                                                                                                                                                                                          authority.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  $3/sqft. Land acquisition and
Green Space Protection Ordinance -                                                        High if properly executed. Provides         Thermal pollution,                                                                                                                                              Ottawa County Parks and
                                           Can also use filter strips and tree planting                                                                            Construction zones, developed                                                                  management costs depend on site.
preserving environmentally sensitive                                                      protection of natural pollutant removal     sediment, nutrients,                                                                                                                                            Recreation Commission, Land
                                           to enhance protection.                                                                                                  parcels, agricultural land                                                                     May double as park/open space usage
and open areas                                                                            methods.                                    hydrologic flow                                                                                                                                                 Conservancy of West Michigan
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  with related costs.
Low Impact Design practices -              Involves careful site planning to reduce the
                                                                                                                                      Thermal pollution, solids,
bioretention, dry wells, filter strips,    impact to water resources by eliminating     Numerous water quality benefits. Long
                                                                                                                                      sediments, nutrients,        Rainfall, runoff, solar, fertilizers                                                                                                                                            http://www.lid-stormwater.net/
vegetated buffers, grass swales, rain      impervious surfaces and protecting           term solution to concerns.
                                                                                                                                      metals
barrels, cisterns, infiltration trenches   infiltration areas.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  $2/ac (assuming 1 system monitored
                                           Program to seek out and prohibit illicit
                                                                                          High if properly executed. Eliminate                                                                                                                                    every 5 sq. miles. Maintenance
Illicit Discharge Ordinance (MDOT)         discharges and connections to municipal                                                    Hazardous wastes             Industrial, Residential, commercial                                                                                                    Phase II communities, MDOT
                                                                                          hazardous and harmful discharges                                                                                                                                        program. $0.83/acre/year $50/ac/yr
                                           separate storm sewers
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  (with TV inspection)
                                           Ordinance can be enhanced by installing
Pet waste disposal ordinance and                                                                                                                                   Animals, dogs or other household                                                                                                       Public entities/parks and open space
                                           signs and pet waste collection facilities in   Moderate                                    Nutrients, bacteria
collection facilities                                                                                                                                              pets                                                                                                                                   areas often have pertinent regulations
                                           high traffic areas
                                           Ordinance abates water pollution caused
                                                                                          Ordinance can be used to enforce
                                           by failing on-site sewage disposal systems,
                                                                                          regular maintenance of disposal systems                                                                         Lack of ordinance enforcement (regular
Development/Enforcement of Septic          minimizes infiltration of seepage from                                                                                                                                                                                 $8,000 / ordinance development
                                                                                          which will minimize threats to public   Bacteria                         Septic systems                         inspection) can introduce pollution into                                                        Wayne County
System Ordinance                           systems into the storm water drainage                                                                                                                                                                                  (Grand Valley Community Survey)
                                                                                          health and combat the degradation                                                                               groundwater reserves.
                                           system, and establishes penalties for its
                                                                                          surface and subsurface waters.
                                           violation.
                                           Ordinance prohibits the disposal of yard
                                                                                          Proper disposal of yard and kitchen
                                           and kitchen waste on streambanks and                                                                                                                           If yard and kitchen waste are composted on
Development/Enforcement of Yard                                                           waste ensures that these nutrients are                                                                                                                                  $8,000 / ordinance development
                                           outlines acceptable disposal methods such                                                  Nutrients                    Upland source (yard/kitchen waste)     landowner's premises, nutrient runoff should not
and Kitchen Waste Ordinance                                                               not released into surface and                                                                                                                                           (Grand Valley Community Survey)
                                           as composting or disposal at a permitted                                                                                                                       reach nearby surface water bodies.
                                                                                          groundwater supplies.
                                           disposal facility.

                                           Ordinance prohibits the operator of a                                                                                                                          Issues concerning trespass, disorderly conduct, or
Development/Enforcement of                 recreational watercraft to exceed a "slow - Enforcing "no wake" zones will reduce          Sediment and attached                                               damage caused to private property by the wake of $8,000 / ordinance development                 City of Detroit (Detroit and Rouge
                                                                                                                                                                   Recreational watercraft
Watercraft Control Ordinance               no wake" speed when within x feet of the streambank erosion.                               pollutants                                                          vessels are not valid safety considerations for    (Grand Valley Community Survey)              River)
                                           shoreline.                                                                                                                                                     establishing a local ordinance.
                                           Ordinance controls access to a designated      By controlling public access to a
                                                                                                                                      Sediment and attached                                               Consider using porous/ modular pavement at boat $8,000 / ordinance development
Public Access Ordinance                    waterbody by limiting hours of access,         waterbody, sediment pollution is                                         Public access, boat wakes
                                                                                                                                      pollutants                                                          launches locations.                             (Grand Valley Community Survey)
                                           number of users, etc.                          reduced.
                                           Fertilizers containing more than 1% by
Development/Enforcement of                 weight of anhydric phosphoric acid are         Moderate; can be other sources of                                                                               Locations of low phosphorus fertilizers are few.        High: $8,000 / ordinance development
                                                                                                                                      Phosphorus                   Fertilizers                                                                                                                            East Grand Rapids
Fertilizer Ordinance                       NOT allowed in the Reeds Lake                  phosphorus                                                                                                      Costs assessed to resident                              (Grand Valley Community Survey)
                                           Watershed.
RECYCLING/COMPOSTING
                                           Proper buying, using, storing and disposal
                                                                                      Moderate: eliminates disincentives and
Household hazardous waste                  of Hazardous materials such as                                                                                          Residents, Used oil, paints, cleaning Proper credentials needed for management.                                                                                                 http://www.deq.state.mi.us/documen
                                                                                      discourages illegal dumping of products         Hazardous wastes                                                                                                            Recycling station expenses.
management                                 automotive waste, household cleaners and                                                                                products, etc                         Typically consultant based.                                                                                                               ts/deq-swq-nps-hhhw.pdf
                                                                                      into storm sewers and onto the ground
                                           paint.


                                                                                          Keeping organic debris out of surface
                                                                                                                                                                                                          Compost piles placed near floodplains will
                                           Converting plant debris, grass, leaves,        waters and away from floodplains. Will
                                                                                                                                                                                                          contribute to the depletion of oxygen in surface        Recycling vs. garbage hauler costs.     Larger facilities are generally
                                           pruned branches, etc. to compost. Use          help prevent the depletion of oxygen in     Nutrients, chemicals, and
                                                                                                                                                                   neighborhoods, agricultural areas,     waters. Composting requires proper aeration,            Establishment of large scale facility   operated by private business. Ex: in
Composting                                 with lawn maintenance, pesticide and           surface waters. Widely applicable to        pesticides, low DO, trash
                                                                                                                                                                   yard, and kitchen waste                watering and mixing in order to result in a useable     $190,000, land dependant. $70,000       sec 36 Zeeland Township, Ottawa
                                           fertilizer management, and diversions (if      dense residential or riparian sites. Soils, and debris
                                                                                                                                                                                                          end-product. Soils, topography and climate will all     annual maintenance.                     County
                                           needed)                                        topography and climate will all affect the
                                                                                                                                                                                                          affect the types of composting options available.
                                                                                          types of composting options available.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Cascade Township, City of
                                                                                                                                                                                                          Waste needs to be composted and correctly                                                       Wyoming, City of Kentwood, City of
                                                                                          Widely applicable to dense residential or Nutrients and organic
Yard waste collection and disposal         Composting of collected refuse                                                                                      Yard waste and leaf litter                 applied as fertilizer. Need large collection facility   Low                                     Grand Rapids, Byron Township,
                                                                                          riparian sites                            sediment, trash and debris
                                                                                                                                                                                                          for compost operations.                                                                         Ada Township, City of Coopersville,
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Georgetown Twp
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   Page 23 of 39


MANAGERIAL BEST MANAGEMENT PRACTICES

                                                                                                                             POLLUTANT                 POTENTIAL SOURCES OF               ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS AND SPECIAL
 BEST MANAGERIAL PRACTICES                        DESCRIPTION                                   BENEFIT                                                                                                                                        COMPARATIVE COSTS                     COMMUNITIES USING BMP   MDEQ/ NRCS LINK
                                                                                                                             ADDRESSED                     POLLUTANTS                                CONCERNS
AGRICULTURAL
                                                                                                                                                                                         Some materials may require more energy to
                                    Collection of recyclable materials either by Reduction in potential clogging and   trash, used construction
Recycling Program (MDOT)                                                                                                                           Highways, travelers, vehicle debris   collect and recycle than using new products.   $200,000/year. $1.15/person/yr
                                    curb-side pick up or at drop off centers     harmful discharge                     material reuse
                                                                                                                                                                                         However, recycling programs do build awareness

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        $79 - $179 recovery charge.
                                    Central collection facilities that allow                                           Used oil and other                                                                                               Administrative costs to organize.
                                                                                                                                                    Vehicle maintenance disposal
                                    residents to drop off used motor oil. Can   Reduces risk of surface water and      transportation fluids reuse,                                      Oil may easily become contaminated during      Minimal personnel cost to collect and
Used oil recycling program (MDOT)                                                                                                                   facilities and vehicle or other                                                                                                MDOT, OCRC
                                    be operated by local governments or         groundwater contamination              hydrocarbons, metals,                                             collection making it a hazardous waste.        temporarily store oil. Opportunity to be
                                                                                                                                                    equipment requiring lubrication
                                    businesses that recycle oil                                                        nutrients                                                                                                        paid by private business for waste
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        material
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Page 24 of 39


MANAGERIAL BEST MANAGEMENT PRACTICES

                                                                                                                                   POLLUTANT                   POTENTIAL SOURCES OF                  ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS AND SPECIAL
 BEST MANAGERIAL PRACTICES                          DESCRIPTION                                   BENEFIT                                                                                                                                                     COMPARATIVE COSTS                      COMMUNITIES USING BMP                      MDEQ/ NRCS LINK
                                                                                                                                   ADDRESSED                       POLLUTANTS                                   CONCERNS
AGRICULTURAL
TURF MANAGEMENT


                                      Use of all available strategies (Resistant
                                      Turf, Cultural controls, Biological controls,
                                      Mechanical controls and Pesticides) to
                                      manage pests so that an acceptable yield                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Public parks, administrative offices
Pesticide management for turf grass                                                                                          Harmful chemicals,                                                    Must have proper training and credentials to        Pesticide management should reduce                                                http://www.deq.state.mi.us/documen
                                      and quality can be achieved economically Moderate to high                                                            Landscaping, storm water runoff                                                                                                        thru out region. Typically private
and ornamentals                                                                                                              pesticides, insecticides                                              commercially apply and manage.                      application rates and related costs.                                              ts/deq-swq-nps-pm.pdf
                                      with the least disruption to the                                                                                                                                                                                                                            contractor based
                                      environment. Used with lawn
                                      maintenance, fertilizer management, and
                                      soil management



                                      Includes mowing, irrigating, pesticide and
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       Lawn alternatives may reduce mowing
                                      fertilizer management, soil management                                                 Phosphorus, nutrients, and                                            Consider minimizing lawn with more native                                                      Not widely used. Many applications http://www.deq.state.mi.us/documen
Lawn maintenance                                                                                                                                        Landscaping, storm water runoff                                                                but still require regular maintenance of
                                      and the disposal of organic debris such as                                             sediments                                                             species                                                                                        would be retrofit                  ts/deq-swq-nps-lm.pdf
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       weed control and pert management.
                                      lawn clippings and leaves.



                                      Includes the proper selection, use,                                                                                                                                                                              Material cost reduction may conflict
                                      application, storage and disposal of                                                                                                                                                                             with traditional aesthetic values.
                                                                                                                             E. coli and other bacteria,                                           Consider consulting professional, such as                                                                                             http://www.deq.state.mi.us/documen
Fertilizer management                 fertilizers. Used with pesticide             Moderate; can be other sources                                          Landscaping, storm water runoff                                                             Fertilizer management should reduce
                                                                                                                             nutrients                                                             Michigan State University Extension.                                                                                                  ts/deq-swq-nps-fm.pdf
                                      management, soil management, lawn                                                                                                                                                                                chemical costs but may impact
                                      maintenance, and nutrient management                                                                                                                                                                             maintenance and watering.


                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       Typically yearly testing required,
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       contact local MSU Extension office.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Typically associated with private
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       Test results may result in operations
Soil testing of lawns and gardens     See Soil Management                                                                    Nutrients                     Lawn and garden fertilizer              Testing should be done at qualified lab                                                        property or public administration
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       and maintenance costs. Low cost tool
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  sites.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       in management of lawns and gardens.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       $9.50 per test.
OPERATIONS & MAINTENANCE
                                                                                                                                                           Erosion of road footprint and related
                                                                                                                             Sediment, hydrocarbons,                                                                                                                                              MDOT, OCRC and other Public
Operation and maintenance programs                                                                                                                         infrastructure., leaking equipment,                                                         Labor intensive. Equipment required.
                                                                                                                             metals, nutrients                                                                                                                                                    Works Departments
                                                                                                                                                           etc

                                                                                                                                                                                                   Materials needed for emergency structural repairs   $150-$9,000 depending on the BMP.
                                                                                   A regular inspection and maintenance
BMP Inspection and Maintenance                                                                                               Sediment, hydrocarbons,                                               may not be easily obtainable and may require        Specialized BMP installation involves      MDOT, Drain Commission's and
                                                                                   program will maintain the effectiveness                                 Road related sediments /pollutants
Plan (MDOT)                                                                                                                  metals, nutrients, etc.                                               stockpiling (MDOT). Should be designed and          planning, design, construction and         other Public Works Departments
                                                                                   and structural integrity of the BMPs.
                                                                                                                                                                                                   implemented by trained professional.                maintenance costs.


                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       Employee expense. Plan preparation
                                      Identified hazardous and non-hazardous                                                                               Varies depending on type of material
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       and updates. Inspections mandated.
                                      materials in the facility. Assures that al                                             Chemicals and other           usage at specific facilities. Oil, salt,
                                                                                                                                                                                                    Extensive training typically required to prepare   Plan development typically needs
Material Management Plan (MDOT)       containers have labels. Identifies                                                     potentially hazardous         degreasers, solvents, antifreeze,                                                                                                 MDOT, Public Works Departments
                                                                                                                                                                                                    and administer plan.                               consultant or knowledgeable employee.
                                      hazardous chemicals that require special                                               materials.                    etc. Industrial sites where chemicals
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       Operation typically employee
                                      handling, storage, and disposal.                                                                                     are used
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       dependant.


                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       $21/acre/year, $45-60 per acre (rural).
                                                                                   Prevent erosion in channels. Improve                                    Development, natural erosion,
Clean and maintain storm drain                                                                                           Sediment, trash, woody                                                                                                        Channels are less expense to construct MDOT, Public Works Departments,
                                                                                   capacity by removing sediment. Remove                                   vehicle remnants, road winter safety Should be implemented by trained professional.
channels (MDOT)                                                                                                          debris                                                                                                                        and easier to maintain than enclosed    Road and Drain Commission's
                                                                                   debris toxic to wildlife.                                               operations
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       systems.

                                                                                   Moderate; Reduces pollutant slugs                                                                                                                                 Moderate/high; Total annual cost per
                                                                                   during the first flush, prevents                                                                                Requires continual maintenance every 1 - 3 years. catch basin = ($8/catch basin) +             City of Grand Rapids, East Grand
Clean and maintain storm inlets and   Catch basins are periodically inspected                                                Solids, sediments, metals,
                                                                                   downstream clogging, and restores                                    Storm water runoff, automobiles            General fund, KCRC road maintenance budget - ($40/catch basin) = $48/catch basin.              Rapids, KCRC contracts out to
catch basins (MDOT)                   and cleaned out using a vacuum truck.                                                  oils
                                                                                   sediment trapping capacity of the catch                                                                         $250,000                                          (GR BMP Study). $21/acre/year                Plummer's Environmental, MDOT
                                                                                   basin.                                                                                                                                                            maintenance.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       Moderate; regular inspection can
                                      Inspections of stream crossings for
Annual Road/Crossing Inspections                                                   Moderate                                  Sediment                      Erosion of streambank                                                                       prevent major expenditures for potential Coopersville, OCRC, KCRC
                                      evidence of erosion, debris, etc.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       major points of erosion
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Page 25 of 39


MANAGERIAL BEST MANAGEMENT PRACTICES

                                                                                                                                        POLLUTANT                POTENTIAL SOURCES OF               ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS AND SPECIAL
 BEST MANAGERIAL PRACTICES                           DESCRIPTION                                     BENEFIT                                                                                                                                                     COMPARATIVE COSTS                   COMMUNITIES USING BMP                    MDEQ/ NRCS LINK
                                                                                                                                        ADDRESSED                    POLLUTANTS                                CONCERNS
AGRICULTURAL
MUNICIPAL OPERATIONS

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  KCRC maintains State trunk lines
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        KCRC winter maintenance budget -          for Michigan Department of
                                                                                                                                                                                                  Moderate, all KCRC equipment operators are
                                       Removal of snow and ice from roadways,                                                                                                                                                                           $3.5 million. Maintenance costs           Transportation (MDOT), primary,
Snow and ice control operations                                                                                                 Salts                        Snow melt runoff                     trained. Training of road maintenance crew
                                       utilizing plows, salt, and sand.                                                                                                                                                                                 $1000/lane/mile, dependant on severity    local and gravel roads within Kent
                                                                                                                                                                                                  required.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        of winter.                                County. Subdivisions and Platted
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  areas contracted out.


                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Low upfront cost. Long term equipment
                                                                                                                                                                                                  Calibration does not guarantee efficient
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        maintenance vs. reduced salt.
Calibrated Salt Delivery                                                             Low                                        Salts                        Over application of salt             application of road salt. Annual training and                                               Wyoming, KCRC, OCRC
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Equipment costs $1500 per truck,
                                                                                                                                                                                                  calibration necessary.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        minimal additional cost.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Low/Moderate; $25/lane/mile,
                                                                                     High if also used with environmentally
Pre wet road salt                                                                                                               Salts                        Road salt                                                                                  Equipment maintenance costs - $5000 East Grand Rapids, OCRC
                                                                                     friendly alternatives to salt
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        per truck.

                                                                                                                                                                                                  Snow storage may damage vegetation and
                                                                                                                                                                                                  possible soil erosion. Piled snow melts at a slower
Snow removal storage on grassy                                                                                                  Sediment, metals,                                                                                                     Dependant on amount of trucking,          City of Grandville, City of Grand
                                                                                     Low                                                                     Snow melt runoff                     rate. Need ROW for snow removal. Need large
areas                                                                                                                           hydrocarbons, salt                                                                                                    distance to site, etc. Cleanup after melt Haven, City of Holland
                                                                                                                                                                                                  grassed area adjacent to buildings and parking
                                                                                                                                                                                                  areas and properly spaced from waterbody.

Minimizing effects from road deicing                                                                                                                         Maintaining agency, Snow melt
                                                                                                                                Salts & chemicals                                                                                                       Varies                                    MDOT
(MDOT)                                                                                                                                                       runoff, spring rains

                                       The use of specialized equipment to           Moderate; 60% TSS removal rate.
                                                                                                                                                                                                 Sweeping may wash sediments into catch basins          KCRC Road maintenance budget -
                                       remove litter, loose gravel, soil, vehicle    Reduction in potential clogging of storm                                                                                                                                                                     City of Grand Rapids, City of East
                                                                                                                                                                                                 if wash is not vacuumed. Disposal of collected         $300,000/yr Ottawa County Local units.
                                       debris and pollutants, dust, de-icing         drain material. Some oil and grease                                                                                                                                                                          Grand Rapids, Cascade Township,
                                                                                                                                                                                                 materials must be handled by the governing             Mechanical - Total cost per curb mile =
                                       chemicals, and industrial debris from road    control (MDOT). When done regularly,      Sediment, metals,                                                                                                                                                  City of Wyoming, City of Kentwood, http://www.deq.state.mi.us/documen
Street Sweeping                                                                                                                                              Atmospheric, construction, vehicles agency (MDEQ, Public Health, Transportation).          $14.40 + $65 + $40 = $119.40/curb
                                       surfaces. There are generally 2 types of      can remove 50 - 90% of street pollutants hydrocarbons                                                                                                                                                        Gerald R. Ford International Airport - ts/deq-swq-nps-sw.pdf
                                                                                                                                                                                                 Sweeping schedules and timing critical - sweep         mile. Vacuum Assisted - Total cost per
                                       sweepers; mechanical broom street             (1), makes road surfaces less slippery in                                                                                                                                                                    Mostly contracted out to Sanisweep
                                                                                                                                                                                                 after snow melt and before spring rains. Vehicle       curb mile = $12.95 + $35 + $40 =
                                       sweepers and vacuum-type street               light rains, improves aesthetics by                                                                                                                                                                          by KCRC, MDOT
                                                                                                                                                                                                 maintenance required.                                  $87.95/curb mile (GR BMP Study)
                                       sweepers.                                     removing litter, and controls pollutants.



                                       The use of specialized equipment to           Moderate; 60% TSS removal rate.
                                                                                                                                                                                                 Sweeping may wash sediments into catch basins          KCRC Road maintenance budget -
                                       remove litter, loose gravel, soil, vehicle    Reduction in potential clogging of storm                                                                                                                                                                     City of Grand Rapids, City of East
                                                                                                                                                                                                 if wash is not vacuumed. Disposal of collected         $300,000/yr Ottawa County Local units.
                                       debris and pollutants, dust, de-icing         drain material. Some oil and grease                                                                                                                                                                          Grand Rapids, Cascade Township,
                                                                                                                                                                                                 materials must be handled by the governing             Mechanical - Total cost per curb mile =
                                       chemicals, and industrial debris from road    control (MDOT). When done regularly,      Sediment, metals,                                                                                                                                                  City of Wyoming, City of Kentwood, http://www.deq.state.mi.us/documen
Street Sweeping                                                                                                                                              Atmospheric, construction, vehicles agency (MDEQ, Public Health, Transportation).          $14.40 + $65 + $40 = $119.40/curb
                                       surfaces. There are generally 2 types of      can remove 50 - 90% of street pollutants hydrocarbons                                                                                                                                                        Gerald R. Ford International Airport - ts/deq-swq-nps-sw.pdf
                                                                                                                                                                                                 Sweeping schedules and timing critical - sweep         mile. Vacuum Assisted - Total cost per
                                       sweepers; mechanical broom street             (1), makes road surfaces less slippery in                                                                                                                                                                    Mostly contracted out to Sanisweep
                                                                                                                                                                                                 after snow melt and before spring rains. Vehicle       curb mile = $12.95 + $35 + $40 =
                                       sweepers and vacuum-type street               light rains, improves aesthetics by                                                                                                                                                                          by KCRC, MDOT
                                                                                                                                                                                                 maintenance required.                                  $87.95/curb mile (GR BMP Study)
                                       sweepers.                                     removing litter, and controls pollutants.


                                       Plans detail emergency procedures to                                                                                                                       Speed and containment are critical. Requires a
                                                                                     Low to high, depending on                                                                                                                                          Management plan preparation with
                                       respond to a release of hazardous                                                                                     Equipment, poor training, accidents, well-planned and clearly defined plan, updated
Emergency Spill Response and                                                         preparedness. Can be highly effective at                                                                                                                           upgrades. Cost of simulations. In public Ottawa County, MDOT, Kent
                                       materials. Also plans that describe                                                    Hazardous wastes               Industrial, commercial, residential, regularly. May require training, protective gear,
Prevention Plan                                                                      reducing the risk of surface and ground                                                                                                                            sector, typically subcontracted to       County, local municipalities
                                       procedures for proper handling and                                                                                    and transportation related spill.    containment and retrieval knowledge. Equipment
                                                                                     water contamination                                                                                                                                                private contractor
                                       storage of chemical materials.                                                                                                                             must be readily available. (MDOT)

                                                                                     High if properly executed. Reduce
                                       Plans that specify the actions that will be                                                                                                                                                                      Act 91 mandated, ongoing local
                                                                                     erosion and sedimentation during                                        unvegetated areas, land              State training, Soil Erosion and Sedimentation
SESC plans                             taken on a construction site to minimize                                                 Sediment                                                                                                                administrative costs. Fee based to        Wyoming
                                                                                     construction project. Increased removal                                 development                          Control and/or Certified Operator.
                                       erosion and sedimentation.                                                                                                                                                                                       landowner option.
                                                                                     using Floc Logs through construction


                                       Using measures such as Watering,                                                                                                                                                                                 $100 to $500 per treatment. Employee
                                                                                     High if properly executed. Prevents soils                                                                    Salt and other potential pollutants are used in the
                                       Fencing, Mulching and Vegetation to                                                                                                                                                                              administrative expense. Maintenance of
                                                                                     and attached chemicals, such as                                         Lack of vegetation typically assoc   dust control mixture. Rural, urbanizing, and                                                                                         http://www.deq.state.mi.us/documen
Dust Control (MDEQ)                    prevent soil and attached pollutants from                                               Sediment                                                                                                                 water truck (minimal) - Roads-50-55
                                                                                     fertilizer and pesticides, from entering                                with gravel roads                    transportation sites subject to wind erosion. Air                                                                                    ts/deq-swq-nps-dc.pdf
                                       leaving a site and/or entering nearby                                                                                                                                                                            cents per gal - 1500 gal per mile for a
                                                                                     surface waters.                                                                                              pollution issue if neglected.
                                       waterways.                                                                                                                                                                                                       single pass


                                                                                     Moderate to high. Increases greenspace,
                                       Management of woods and trees in an                                                      Thermal pollution, solids,                                        Woody debris and detritus may require annual
Urban forestry                                                                       reduces storm water runoff and thermal                                  Rainfall, Solar
                                       urban setting.                                                                           sediments                                                         maintenance. May eliminate original line of sight
                                                                                     pollution. Long term solution to concerns.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     Page 26 of 39


MANAGERIAL BEST MANAGEMENT PRACTICES

                                                                                                                                   POLLUTANT             POTENTIAL SOURCES OF                     ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS AND SPECIAL
 BEST MANAGERIAL PRACTICES                          DESCRIPTION                                  BENEFIT                                                                                                                                                    COMPARATIVE COSTS                 COMMUNITIES USING BMP            MDEQ/ NRCS LINK
                                                                                                                                   ADDRESSED                 POLLUTANTS                                      CONCERNS
AGRICULTURAL
OTHER
                                                                                                                                                                                                 Invasive alien plants thrive in disturbed sites.
                                                                                                                                                                                                 Native plant communities fragmented by human
                                                                                                                                                                                                 disturbance are most vulnerable to invasion, but
                                      Invasive plant species are controlled using                                                                                                                the most invasive species can infest even intact
                                                                                  Population and spread of invasive plant                            Accidental/purposeful introduction,                                                                                                   Grand Rapids Audubon Society
Invasive plant species management     appropriate and effective removal methods                                             Invasive plant species                                               ecosystems. Invasive alien plants are free of
                                                                                  species is reduced or eliminated.                                  natural dispersion                                                                                                                    (garlic mustard)
                                      for particular species.                                                                                                                                    natural controls such as insects and diseases that
                                                                                                                                                                                                 keep them in balance in their native habitats.
                                                                                                                                                                                                 Invasive species can also significantly reduce
                                                                                                                                                                                                 forest regeneration.
INFORMATION & EDUCATION
                                                                                  Can reduce improper disposal of                                                                                                                                                                          METRO Council, Grand Rapids
Public Education Program (MDOT)                                                                                             Potentially all                                                                                                           $200,000/year
                                                                                  hazardous waste                                                                                                                                                                                          City, MACC
                                                                                                                            Nutrients and organic    Leaf litter, grass clippings, fertilizer,                                                                                             Cascade Township, City of
Grounds maintenance training                                                      Moderate                                                                                                                                                            Low
                                                                                                                            sediment                 and pesticides                                                                                                                        Grandville, City of Grand Rapids
                                                                                  Low cost and easy to implement storm
Employee Training (MDOT)                                                                                                    Potentially all                                                                                                                                                MDOT
                                                                                  water management BMPs

                                                                                  Moderate; Educates the general public                                                                          Volunteers need to take care with paint around
                                      Painting Storm Drain Inlets with "No
                                                                                  that the storm drain discharges into a                                                                         storm drains. Permanent castings or decals may       $0.45/inch - Mylar stencils      $5-$6
                                      Dumping" (of such materials as Oil, Pet                                               Hazardous waste and      Household hazardous waste, motor                                                                                                        East Grand Rapids, MDOT, Spring
Storm Drain Stenciling                                                            natural waterbody. Can tie into                                                                                be more effective. Public education campaign is      each - ceramic tiles    $100 or more -
                                      Waste and Grass Clippings) signs and                                                  nutrients                oil, and yard waste                                                                                                                     Lake Lake Board
                                                                                  hazardous waste collection, yard waste                                                                         also needed for effective reduction in illegal       metal stencils
                                      symbols.
                                                                                  collection                                                                                                     dumping. Short term effectiveness.


Fishbeck, Thompson, Carr & Huber, Inc. Evaluation of Best Management Practices for MDOT. 2002.
Bannerman, Roger T., Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources. Source Area and Regional Storm Water Treatment Practices: Options for Achieving Phase II Retrofit Requirements in Wisconsin. 2002.
Michigan Department of Environmental Quality. Guidebook of Best Management Practices for Michigan.1996.
Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). National Pollutant Removal Performance Database. June 2000.
Personal Communication with Hydro-Compliance Management, Inc. staff. 2004.
Gruenwald, Paul E. Governmental Accounting Focus, Estimating Useful Lives for Capital Assets. May 2002.
Rouge River National Wet Weather Demonstration Project. Planning and Cost Estimating Criteria for Best Management Practices. April, 2001. TR-NPS25.00.
Rain Gardens of West Michigan. Beautiful Solutions for Water Pollution. [Online] 2003. Available at http://www.raingardens.org/Index.php.
USDA - Natural Resources Conservation Service. Field Office Technical Guide, Section 1 Cost Information (draft). 2004.
USDA - Natural Resources Conservation Service. Michigan Area 3 Component Data. June 2003.
USDA - Natural Resources Conservation Service. Sample County Practice and Maintenance Costs. 2001.
USDA - Natural Resources Conservation Service. Conservation Practice Physical Effect Worksheet[s]. 2004.
Personal Communication with Technical Committee of the Lower Grand River Watershed Project. 2004.
Personal Communication with District Conservationist of the NRCS Grand Rapids Service Center. 2004.
USDA - Natural Resources Conservation Service. FY04 Michigan EQIP Statewide Eligible Practice List, Land Management Practices (Incentive Payments). 2004.
                                        METHODS FOR IMPROVING WATER QUALITY


Regulatory Land Protection Techniques.


1) Natural Resource Preservation Ordinances. Development and other land altering activities cause m
impacts to water quality. Increased soil erosion, loss of natural habitat, and increased storm water runoff a
examples of negative impacts directly or indirectly related to development activities. Local ordinances that
maintain natural vegetation and habitats such as woodlots and wetlands are effective strategies to maintai
vegetative cover and keep the negative impacts from development to a minimum. Natural resource prese
are generally not effective tools to improve water quality, but rather a tool used to maintain existing water q
watershed. Overlay Zoning Techniques: Greenways, overlay zoning regulation. Natural Resource Protecti
Preservation Ordinance, Scenic Resource Preservation

2) Eminent Domain. Eminent domain is a tool used by government agencies to obtain land that is neede
good”, but is unavailable for purchase. Generally, eminent domain is used for development projects such
construction, but it has also been used to obtain natural lands for parks and wildlife refuges. Government
usually hesitant to use eminent domain, and prefer to deal with willing sellers.

3) Designing Development to Protect Wetlands. Part 303 of the Michigan Natural Resources and Env
Protection (Act P.A. 451 of 1994), protects all wetlands that are contiguous to a great lake, an inland lake o
pond that is greater than 1 acre in size. Non contiguous wetlands greater than 5 acres in size are also pro
that have a population of more than 100,000. Because of the regulatory barriers, time constraints, and the
mitigating wetland impacts, developers should avoid directly impacting state regulated wetlands whenever
Developers should also take steps to minimize any secondary impacts as well. Wetlands and other natura
amenities that can be incorporated into developments and bring premium sale prices for the lots that adjoin

4) Cluster Development/ Open Space Preservation. The theory behind cluster development is to allow
develop a smaller area of land at a higher density, so that the remaining undeveloped land can be preserv
open space. Cluster development is a win-win situation. The developer still gets the same number of unit
likely incurring smaller infrastructure costs for utilities, roads, etc. The natural features within the open spa
developed, is preserved in perpetuity and continues to contribute to maintaining existing water quality and
habitat. Open Space Protection Techniques: Lot widths, site preservation requirements, development setb
preservation development

5) Farmland Preservation Techniques. Exclusive Use Zoning, Sliding Scale Zoning, Quarter/Quarter Zo
Zoning, Agricultural Buffers. Rural zoning that does not allow subdivision of parcels below 30 acres (perha
subdivision is allowed below, say, 30 acres (perhaps more). Farmland and is protected from subdivision. T
from an increase in development and impervious surfaces. Lawn fertilizers. Habitat loss.




Non-Regulatory Land Protection Techniques.


1) Land Donations. Land donations are a legal mechanism whereby a landowner donates property to another
Often the landowner receives positive tax considerations from a land donation. Obtaining donations of land is a
effective method to protect naturals resources for the long term. Donations are obtained at no costs and therefo
generally be a significant part of an overall land protection strategy. However, there are often costs associated w
ownership such as taxes and land management that must be taken into consideration. Ideally the most environm
sensitive and valuable properties would be priorities for obtaining donations.

2) Conservation Easements. Conservation easements are a legal mechanism whereby a landowner either se
Non-Regulatory Land Protection Techniques.


1) Land Donations. Land donations are a legal mechanism whereby a landowner donates property to another
Often the landowner receives positive tax considerations from a land donation. Obtaining donations of land is a
effective method to protect naturals resources for the long term. Donations are obtained at no costs and therefo
generally be a significant part of an overall land protection strategy. However, there are often costs associated w
ownership such as taxes and land management that must be taken into consideration. Ideally the most environm
sensitive and valuable properties would be priorities for obtaining donations.

2) Conservation Easements. Conservation easements are a legal mechanism whereby a landowner either se
donates certain rights to property to another entity. A common conservation easement deals with an landowner
donating the development rights to property, to a local land conservancy. The individual still owns the land but h
sold or donated the right to ever develop the land. The land conservancy holds the easement and has the right
Often the landowner receives positive tax considerations from granting an easement. Purchasing or obtaining c
easements is a very effective method to protect natural resources for the long term. Conservation easements ca
obtained at less costs than purchases, and therefore can generally be a significant part of an overall land protec
Ideally the most environmentally sensitive and valuable properties would be priorities for obtaining conservation

3) Deed Restrictions and Covenants. Deed restrictions and covenants are legal mechanisms to limit or preve
activities from occurring on a specific parcel of property. They are similar in nature to a conservation easement,
as effective. Deed restrictions and covenants are more easily removed or altered than conservation easements

4) Purchase of Land. Purchasing land to preserve its natural characteristics is the best method to protect natu
resources for the long term. However, purchases are usually very costly and generally can only provide a small
overall land protection strategy. There are also costs associated with ownership such as taxes and land manag
expenses that must be taken into consideration. Ideally the most environmentally sensitive and valuable proper
priorities for purchase.

5) Tax Incentives. There are often favorable tax implications to landowners who donate land to a government
non profit organization. There are also favorable tax implications to landowners who donate or sell conservation
to such organizations.

6) Private Landowner subsidies. There are numerous governmental programs available that encourage land
improve the environmental health of their land. Programs exist to restore wetlands, reestablish native prairies, r
farmland and correct an array of environmental problems. These programs will generally pay most if not all of th
necessary to achieve the environmental improvements. There is usually very little or no cost to the landowner.
other programs that in addition to covering the expenses to make the improvements, will actually pay the landow
participate in the program. These payments may be in the form of an annual rental payment on retired farmland
of 10 to 15 years, or a one time payment to purchase a 30 year or perpetual conservation easement.



Non-Regulatory Land Protection Techniques.


7) Purchase of Development Rights (PDR) program
The community, such as a county, twp, or city, purchases the development rights from interested farmers i
permanently protect farmland from subdivision and development. The benefits have a similar setup and ad
conservation easements. Prevents urban runoff. Addresses impervious surfaces, urban runoff. Use with Bu
Farmland is preserved as long as the development rights are not repurchased for the purpose of developm
government can provide information about this program if it exists within their jurisdiction. Applicable to cou
landowner can legally sell the development rights to his or her property. If development rights are bought b
landowner and farmland was developed, impervious surfaces and urban runoff would both be potential sou
Farmland unlike impervious surfaces will reduce the velocity of storm water runoff and increase infiltration.
Private agencies, state bond referendums, grants, donations, P.A. 116 lien fund, or an increase in other loc
sources. None of these programs are entirely permanent and may be designed to allow some way out by p
stringent tests that keeping the land open for productive agriculture is no longer possible. Most programs a
to buy back development rights.

8) Transfer of Development Rights (TDR)
Transfer of development rights is a voluntary preservation option that compensates the landowner for not d
Farmland is preserved as long as the development rights are not repurchased for the purpose of developm
government can provide information about this program if it exists within their jurisdiction. Applicable to cou
landowner can legally sell the development rights to his or her property. If development rights are bought b
landowner and farmland was developed, impervious surfaces and urban runoff would both be potential sou
Farmland unlike impervious surfaces will reduce the velocity of storm water runoff and increase infiltration.
Private agencies, state bond referendums, grants, donations, P.A. 116 lien fund, or an increase in other loc
sources. None of these programs are entirely permanent and may be designed to allow some way out by p
stringent tests that keeping the land open for productive agriculture is no longer possible. Most programs a
to buy back development rights.

8) Transfer of Development Rights (TDR)
Transfer of development rights is a voluntary preservation option that compensates the landowner for not d
land by allowing the development rights to be transferred to a development district. TDR becomes a tool to
from one area of the community to another.

9) Bargain Sale
Land is sold by a willing seller at below market value to a conservation group or agency (e.g., a parks depa
Conservancy) for permanent conservation.
The land owner receives some income from the sale of the property and receives a tax deduction for the g
value. The property is conserved (e.g., as a nature preserve) in perpetuity for less cost. In perpetuity. Som
required at nature preserves, minimal compared with parks. Varies. Minimal at nature preserves as compa
Some restoration might be needed. High; requires a staff dedicated to a conservation-based stewardship p
nature preserves are vulnerable to adverse changes to hydrology elsewhere in the watershed. Low costs.
stewardship endowment fund. A stewardship endowment is needed in order to be good stewards of a natu
Conservancy of West Michigan has implemented this practice.
ER QUALITY




er land altering activities cause many negative
d increased storm water runoff are typical
activities. Local ordinances that protect and
 e effective strategies to maintain existing
nimum. Natural resource preservation ordinances
 sed to maintain existing water quality within a
ation. Natural Resource Protection Measures: Tree


cies to obtain land that is needed for the “public
 for development projects such as road or drain
d wildlife refuges. Government agencies are
 rs.

 an Natural Resources and Environmental
  to a great lake, an inland lake or stream, or a
 han 5 acres in size are also protected in counties
arriers, time constraints, and the high costs of
 e regulated wetlands whenever possible.
well. Wetlands and other natural features are
 ale prices for the lots that adjoin or surround them.

   cluster development is to allow an individual to
  developed land can be preserved in perpetuity as
  ll gets the same number of units he desired, while
 ral features within the open space that is not
 ining existing water quality and providing wildlife
requirements, development setbacks, open space


 cale Zoning, Quarter/Quarter Zoning, Large Lot
of parcels below 30 acres (perhaps more?). No
 is protected from subdivision. Thermal pollution
 . Habitat loss.




wner donates property to another entity.
 Obtaining donations of land is a very
 obtained at no costs and therefore can
there are often costs associated with
eration. Ideally the most environmentally


m whereby a landowner either sells or
wner donates property to another entity.
 Obtaining donations of land is a very
 obtained at no costs and therefore can
there are often costs associated with
eration. Ideally the most environmentally


 m whereby a landowner either sells or
asement deals with an landowner selling or
 individual still owns the land but has either
s the easement and has the right to enforce it.
ement. Purchasing or obtaining conservation
 erm. Conservation easements can be
cant part of an overall land protection strategy.
 orities for obtaining conservation easements.

 egal mechanisms to limit or prevent certain
 ture to a conservation easement, but are not
 ed than conservation easements.

 s the best method to protect natural
enerally can only provide a small part of an
 p such as taxes and land management
ally sensitive and valuable properties would be


who donate land to a government agency or
 s who donate or sell conservation easements


ms available that encourage landowners to
  nds, reestablish native prairies, retire
 l generally pay most if not all of the expenses
  ttle or no cost to the landowner. There are
ments, will actually pay the landowner to
ental payment on retired farmland for a period
  nservation easement.




  rights from interested farmers in order to
efits have a similar setup and advantages as
 faces, urban runoff. Use with Buffer/filter strip.
sed for the purpose of development. Local units of
eir jurisdiction. Applicable to counties where a
development rights are bought back by the
 noff would both be potential sources of pollution.
   runoff and increase infiltration. High costs.
  fund, or an increase in other local funding
gned to allow some way out by proving through
 nger possible. Most programs allow the landowner



pensates the landowner for not developing their
sed for the purpose of development. Local units of
eir jurisdiction. Applicable to counties where a
development rights are bought back by the
 noff would both be potential sources of pollution.
  runoff and increase infiltration. High costs.
 fund, or an increase in other local funding
gned to allow some way out by proving through
 nger possible. Most programs allow the landowner



pensates the landowner for not developing their
 district. TDR becomes a tool to redirect growth



up or agency (e.g., a parks department or the Land

 ceives a tax deduction for the gift of the remaining
 for less cost. In perpetuity. Some stewardship
al at nature preserves as compared to parks.
 nservation-based stewardship program. Isolated
 e in the watershed. Low costs. Donations to a
er to be good stewards of a nature preserve. Land
Introduction to Hydrology
        http://www.michigan.gov/deq/0,1607,7-135-3313_3684_3724-9352--,00.html

Nonpoint Source Hydrologic Analysis
      http://www.michigan.gov/deq/0,1607,7-135-3313_3684_3724-57034--,00.html


Stream Stability and Channel Forming Flows
       http://www.deq.state.mi.us/documents/deq-water-mgmt-hyd-nps-stability.pdf


Hydrologic Impacts Due to Development:
The Need for Adequate Runoff Detention and Stream Protection
       http://www.deq.state.mi.us/documents/deq-water-mgmt-Impact_4620_7.pdf
24-9352--,00.html


4-57034--,00.html



d-nps-stability.pdf




pact_4620_7.pdf
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   Page 35 of 39




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             West Michigan
                                                                                                              Last                            Stream         Stream           Stream          Stream         MDEQ Road                                                                                                                                                                               Watershed      Watershed   Information                                              Wellhead                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           Watershed                                                                                                                                                                       West Michigan                                                                                                  Regional Shoreline             West Michigan
Watershed ID                                                                   Surface Water Quality         SWQAS          Inventory         Search         Search           Search          Search         Stream                                                                                                                                                                Watershed         Management    Management   and Education   Hydrologic   Wellhead Protection         Protection Plan      Wellhead                                                                                                           Floodplain                        Wastewater         Storm Water        Michigan Natural                                         Size        Percent      Agricultur              Forest      Range       Urban and                         NPDES Phase II            Watershed            Organization          Contact Phone                                                                                                        Timberland                         Envionmental Action          Grand Valley                        Ottawa County         Muskegon Metropolitan        Development               Regional Planning
Number         Major Watershed     Subwatershed               Tributaries       Assessment Surveys            Study      Performed by:      Results 2003   Results 2002     Results 2001    Results 2000     Crossing     Water Quality Monitoring                     Fish Consumtion Advisories                  TMDL                  TMDL Date    Trout Streams             Management Plan      Plan Status    Plan Type   Strategy        Study        Area                        Status               Protection GIS     Storm Water Master Plan                    Hydrologic Studies             Watershed Type        Mapping             Dams          Treatment Plants   Ordinance          Features Inventory   Superfund Sites                     (acres)     Impervious   e            Barren     Land        Land        Built-up    Water      Wetland    Communities               Organization         Contact               Number              Funding Sources          Adopt-a-Stream Groups        Conservation Organizations                    RC&D         Potawatomie RC&D         Council            Metropolitan Council       Regis     Planning and Grants      Planning Organization        Commission                  Commission
Date Revised   5/18/04             5/18/04                    5/18/04                 5/18/04                5/18/04         5/18/04          5/18/04        5/18/04          5/18/04         5/18/04           5/18/04                   5/18/04                                    5/18/04                              5/18/04          5/18/04          5/18/04                 5/18/04             5/18/04      5/18/04        5/18/04        5/18/04           5/18/04                    5/18/04             5/18/04                    5/18/04                               5/18/04                    5/18/04              5/18/04             5/18/04        5/18/04           6/21/04                 5/18/04                5/18/04                    5/18/04      5/18/04     5/18/04     5/18/04     5/18/04     5/18/04     5/18/04    5/18/04    5/18/04        5/18/04                                                                                   5/18/04                    5/18/04                             5/18/04                       5/18/04            5/18/04             5/18/04                   5/18/04             5/18/04          5/18/04                  5/18/04                 5/18/04                      5/18/04
                                                                                                                       GVSU-Annis Water                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     Marne Conserv ation Club, Friends of
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            A Hy drologic Study of the                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       West Michigan
14_100         Grand Riv er                                                                                    1996         Resources                                                                        2002                                                                                                  Poor Fish                          Sand Creek and its                             Completed                  Y ES            Y ES                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          8.37%                                                                                          Walker, Tallmadge         Sand Creek                                                                                                           the Musketawa Trail, Ottawa                                                                           Grand Valley Metropolitan             Ottawa County Planning                                                        West Michigan Regional
                                   Sand Creek                               25300, MI/DEQ/SWQ-00/039                                        Not Assessed   Not Assessed     Not Assessed    Not Assessed                  GVSU-AWRI                                    Inland Lakes Mercury Adv isory                                    2006                                 Sand Creek                              CMI                                    NO                          NA                                      NONE                                       Sand Creek Watershed,          Rural                 Y ES                                                 Walker             MNFI 14 100          NONE                                10144.137                37.35%                  28.37%      17.80%      14.77%      0.81%      0.90%                                                     Ms. Linda Brown       (616) 846-8219                                                                                                     Timberland RC&D                      Env ironmental Action                               REGIS
                                                                                                                        Institute/Herman                                                                                                                                                                           Community                          tributaries                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Twp                       Watershed Group                                                                                                      Conserv ation District, Sand Creek                                                                            Council                             and Grants                                                               Planning Commission
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            MDEQ, Fongers, 2003                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Council
                                                                                                                        Miller/Volunteers                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   Watershed Parnters
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             Tallmadge Twp,                                                                                                                                                                                                                  West Michigan
14_101         Grand Riv er                                                                                    1981                                                                                                                                                    Inland Lakes Mercury Adv isory , Grand      Poly chlorinated                                                                  Not Started                NA              NA                                                                                                                                                         Rural, Urban,                                                                                                                                                      13.22%                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Marne Conserv ation Club, Ottawa                                                                      Grand Valley Metropolitan             Ottawa County Planning                                                        West Michigan Regional
                                   Grand Riv er                                001502, 003920, 25300                                        Not Assessed   Not Assessed     Not Assessed    Not Assessed                                                                                                                                 2009                                 None                                     NA                                    NO                          NA                                      NONE                                                                                            Y ES                                                 Walker             MNFI 14 101          NONE                                6366.439                 18.49%                  22.77%      13.55%      34.63%      6.29%      4.28%      Walker, Georgetown                                                                                                                                                                      Timberland RC&D                      Env ironmental Action                               REGIS
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       Riv er PCBs                                 bipheny ls                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Grand Riv er                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     Conserv ation District                                                                                        Council                             and Grants                                                               Planning Commission
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             Twp                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 Council
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   Poor Fish
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   Community ,
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   Pathogens, Low                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            West Michigan
14_102         Grand Riv er                                                                                    1999                                                                                          Complete                                                                                                                                                                                Not Started                NA              NA                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            7.24%                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               Grand Valley Metropolitan             Ottawa County Planning                                                        West Michigan Regional
                                   Deer Creek                                                                                               Not Assessed   Not Assessed     Not Assessed    Not Assessed                                                               Inland Lakes Mercury Adv isory              Dissolv ed Oxy gen,   2011                                 None                                     NA                                    NO                          NA                                                                                                                Urban, Rural                                                                                  MNFI 14 102          NONE                                22374.232                74.12%                  8.82%       8.31%       7.39%       0.55%      0.82%      Coopersv ille                                                                                                                                  Ottawa Conserv ation District            Timberland RC&D                      Env ironmental Action                               REGIS
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Council                             and Grants                                                               Planning Commission
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   Untreated Sewer                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               Council
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   Discharge,
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   Nutrients, Fish
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   Kills                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     West Michigan
14_103         Grand Riv er                                                                                    1970                                                                                                                                                    Inland Lakes Mercury Adv isory , Grand      Poly chlorinated                                                                  Completed                  NA              Y ES                                                                             Ottawa County Drain Commissioner                                          Rural, Urban,                                                                                                                                                      10.34%                                                                                         Allendale Twp,                                                                                                                                 Marne Conserv ation Club, Ottawa                                                                      Grand Valley Metropolitan             Ottawa County Planning                                                        West Michigan Regional
                                   Grand Riv er                                001502, 001670, 25300                                        Not Assessed   Not Assessed     Not Assessed    Not Assessed                  STORET (Grand Riv er @ Eastmanv ille)                                                                          2009                                 Hager Creek                             CMI                                    NO                          NA                                                                                                                                                                                                              MNFI 14 103          NONE                                18131.336                39.43%       0.01%      23.20%      14.49%      17.19%      5.31%      0.36%                                                                                                                                                                                              Timberland RC&D                      Env ironmental Action                               REGIS
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       Riv er PCBs                                 bipheny ls                                                                                                                                                                                                    Hager Creek Storm Water Plan                                              Grand Riv er                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Georgetown Twp                                                                                                                                 Conserv ation District                                                                                        Council                             and Grants                                                               Planning Commission
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 Council
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            NPS Pollution Inf luences on
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             West Michigan
14_104         Grand Riv er                                                                                    1968                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Not Started                NA              NA                                                                                                                          Water Quality in Three Rural                                                                                                                                                                      5.45%                                                                                          Allendale Twp, Blendon                                                                                                                                                                                                                               Grand Valley Metropolitan             Ottawa County Planning                                                        West Michigan Regional
                                   Bass Creek                                          25300                                                Not Assessed   Not Assessed     Not Assessed    Not Assessed                                                               Inland Lakes Mercury Adv isory              None                                                       None                                     NA                                    NO                          NA                                                                                                                Rural                                                                                         MNFI 14 104          NONE                                14591.222                57.28%                  15.52%      17.06%      6.17%       3.56%      0.40%                                                                                                                                                     Ottawa Conserv ation District            Timberland RC&D                      Env ironmental Action                               REGIS
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Watersheds. Frederick                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Twp, Georgetown Twp                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Council                             and Grants                                                               Planning Commission
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 Council
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Bev is, AWRI, 1991.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   Pathogens, Poor
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            NPS Pollution Inf luences on
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   Fish Community ,                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          West Michigan
14_105         Grand Riv er                                                                                    1968                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Not Started                NA              NA                                                                                                                          Water Quality in Three Rural                                                                                                                                                                      4.35%                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               Grand Valley Metropolitan             Ottawa County Planning                                                        West Michigan Regional
                                   Bass Riv er                                         25300                                                Not Assessed   Not Assessed     Not Assessed    Not Assessed                                                               Inland Lakes Mercury Adv isory              Poor                  2006                                 None                                     NA                                    NO                          NA                                                                                                                Rural                                                                                         MNFI 14 105          NONE                                17428.487                52.28%                  21.41%      12.04%      4.95%       7.38%      1.94%      Allendale Twp                                                                                                                                  Ottawa Conserv ation District            Timberland RC&D                      Env ironmental Action                               REGIS
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Watersheds. Frederick                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         Council                             and Grants                                                               Planning Commission
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   Macroinv ertebrate                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Council
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Bev is, AWRI, 1991.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   Community
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             West Michigan
14_106         Grand Riv er                                                    001502, 001670, 25300,          1999                                                                                                                                                    Inland Lakes Mercury Adv isory , Grand      Poly chlorinated                                                                  Not Started                NA              NA                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            5.54%                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               Grand Valley Metropolitan             Ottawa County Planning                                                        West Michigan Regional
                                   Grand Riv er                                                                                             Not Assessed   Not Assessed     Not Assessed    Not Assessed                                                                                                                                 2009                                 None                                     NA                                    NO                          NA                                                                                                                Rural, Grand Riv er                                                                           MNFI 14 106          NONE                                6569.186                 61.38%                  14.76%      8.53%       7.06%       5.87%      2.40%      None                                                                                                                                           Ottawa Conserv ation District            Timberland RC&D                      Env ironmental Action                               REGIS
                                                                                MI/DEQ/SWQ-00/095                                                                                                                                                                      Riv er PCBs                                 bipheny ls                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             Council                             and Grants                                                               Planning Commission
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 Council
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Smith Drain, N.
                                                                            25300, MI/DEQ/SWQ-00/095,
14_107         Grand Riv er        North Branch Crockery                                                       1999                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   Branch Crockery                                Completed                                  Y ES                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          3.43%                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               Grand Valley Metropolitan             Ottawa County Planning                                                        West Michigan Regional
                                                                               MI/DNR/SWQ-88/069,                                           Not Assessed   Not Assessed     Not Assessed    Not Assessed                                                               Inland Lakes Mercury Adv isory              None                                                       Crockery                                319                                    Rav enna                    Designation                                                                                                       Rural, Lake                                                                                   MNFI 14 107          NONE                                22839.679                69.55%                  17.75%      8.49%       2.64%       0.97%      0.60%      None                                                                                                                                           Ottawa Conserv ation District            Timberland RC&D                                                                          REGIS
                                   Creek                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Creek and its                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       Council                             and Grants                                                               Planning Commission
                                                                               MI/DNR/SWQ-95/024
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      unnamed tribs
                                                                            004340, 24300, MI/DEQ/SWQ-                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Ov idhall Lake Creek,                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               West Michigan Regional
14_108         Grand Riv er                                                                                    1999                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Completed                                  Y ES                                     Conceptualization,                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   4.44%                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               Muskegon Metropolitan                               West Michigan Regional
                                   Crockery Creek                           00/095, MI/DNR/SWQ-91/071,                                      Not Assessed   Not Assessed     Not Assessed    Not Assessed                                                               Inland Lakes Mercury Adv isory              None                               Crockery Creek,         Crockery                                319                                    Grant, Rav enna                                                                                                                               Rural, Urban, Lake                                                                            MNFI 14 108          NONE                                29550.749                58.26%                  27.29%      9.11%       4.19%       0.31%      0.85%      None                                                                                                                                           Ottawa Conserv ation District            Timberland RC&D                                                                                                                                        Shoreline Planning
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         Designation                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Planning Organization                                Planning Commission
                                                                                MI/DNR/SWQ-95/024                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     Indian Run                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               Commission
                                                                             25300, MI/DEQ/SWQ-00/095,                                                                                                                                                                                                             Untreated Sewer
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          West Michigan Regional
14_109         Grand Riv er                                                     MI/DEQ/SWQ-00/118,             1999                                                                                                                                                                                                Discharge,                                                                        Completed                                  Y ES                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          5.25%                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         Muskegon Conserv ation District,                                                                      Grand Valley Metropolitan             Ottawa County Planning    Muskegon Metropolitan                               West Michigan Regional
                                   Crockery Creek                                                                                           Not Assessed   Not Assessed     Not Assessed    Not Assessed                                                               Inland Lakes Mercury Adv isory                                    2003         Crockery Creek          Crockery                                319                                    Rav enna                    Designation                                                                                                       Rural, Urban                                                                                  MNFI 14 109          NONE                                16912.995                65.37%       0.02%      19.51%      8.74%       6.05%       0.26%      0.05%      None                                                                                                                                                                                    Timberland RC&D                                                                          Regis                                                         Shoreline Planning
                                                                                MI/DNR/SWQ-91/071,                                                                                                                                                                                                                 Pathogens (Rio                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           Ottawa Conserv ation District                                                                                 Council                             and Grants          Planning Organization                                Planning Commission
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               Commission
                                                                                MI/DNR/SWQ-95/024                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Grande)
                                                                             25300, MI/DEQ/SWQ-00/095,                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    West Michigan Regional
14_110         Grand Riv er                                                                                    1999                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Completed                                  Y ES                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          3.04%                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         Muskegon Conserv ation District,                                                                                                                                      Muskegon Metropolitan                               West Michigan Regional
                                   Crockery Creek                               MI/DNR/SWQ-91/071,                                          Not Assessed   Not Assessed     Not Assessed    Not Assessed                                                               Inland Lakes Mercury Adv isory              None                               Crockery Creek          Crockery                                319                                    NO                          NA                                                                                                                Rural                                                                                         MNFI 14 110          NONE                                12309.367                57.70%       0.06%      30.86%      9.10%       1.86%       0.07%      0.35%      None                                                                                                                                                                                    Timberland RC&D                                                                                                                                        Shoreline Planning
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Ottawa Conserv ation District                                                                                                                                         Planning Organization                                Planning Commission
                                                                                MI/DNR/SWQ-95/024                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Commission
                                                                             25300, MI/DEQ/SWQ-00/095,
14_111         Grand Riv er                                                                                    1999                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Completed                                  Y ES                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          5.05%                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         Muskegon Conserv ation District,                                                                      Grand Valley Metropolitan             Ottawa County Planning                                                        West Michigan Regional
                                   Crockery Creek                               MI/DNR/SWQ-91/071,                                          Not Assessed   Not Assessed     Not Assessed    Not Assessed                                                               Inland Lakes Mercury Adv isory              None                               Crockery Creek          Crockery                                319                                    NO                          NA                                                                                                                Rural                                                                                         MNFI 14 111          NONE                                20702.643                58.86%       0.02%      22.50%      8.66%       4.92%       1.59%      3.45%      None                                                                                                                                                                                    Timberland RC&D                                                                          REGIS
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Ottawa Conserv ation District                                                                                 Council                             and Grants                                                               Planning Commission
                                                                                MI/DNR/SWQ-95/024
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             West Michigan
14_112         Grand Riv er                                                                                    1970                                                                                                                                                    Inland Lakes Mercury Adv isory , Grand      Poly chlorinated                                                                  Not Started                NA              NA                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            4.48%                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               Grand Valley Metropolitan             Ottawa County Planning                                                        West Michigan Regional
                                   Grand Riv er                                001502, 001670, 25300                                        Not Assessed   Not Assessed     Not Assessed    Not Assessed                                                                                                                                 2009                                 None                                     NA                                    NO                          NA                                                                                                                Rural, Grand Riv er                                                                           MNFI 14 112          NONE                                4813.993                 13.80%                  36.10%      14.28%      13.04%      18.34%     4.44%      None                                                                                                                                           Ottawa Conserv ation District            Timberland RC&D                      Env ironmental Action                               REGIS
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       Riv er PCBs                                 bipheny ls                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             Council                             and Grants                                                               Planning Commission
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 Council
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             West Michigan
14_113         Grand Riv er                                                                                    1968                                                                                                                                                    Inland Lakes Mercury Adv isory , Grand                                         Tribs of                                       Not Started                NA              NA                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            14.09%                                                                                         Grand Hav en, Grand                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Grand Valley Metropolitan             Ottawa County Planning                                                        West Michigan Regional
                                   Pottawatomie Bay ou                                 25300                                                Not Assessed   Not Assessed     Not Assessed    Not Assessed                                                                                                           None                                                       None                                     NA                                    NO                          NA                                                                                                                Urban, Rural                                                                                  MNFI 14 113          NONE                                9802.489                 13.45%       0.63%      32.58%      11.27%      23.58%      17.00%     1.48%                                                                                                                                                     Ottawa Conserv ation District            Timberland RC&D                      Env ironmental Action                               REGIS
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       Riv er PCBs                                                                    Pottawatomie Bay ou                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Hav en Twp                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   Council                             and Grants                                                               Planning Commission
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 Council
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          West Michigan Regional
14_114         Grand Riv er                                                                                    1999                                                                                                       Progressiv e AE (Spring Lake--Nutrients,                                                                                    Norris Creek,                                  Completed                  Y ES            NO                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            5.62%                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               Muskegon Metropolitan                               West Michigan Regional
                                   Norris Creek                             25300, MI/DEQ/SWQ-00/095                                        Not Assessed   Not Assessed     Not Assessed    Not Assessed                                                               Inland Lakes Mercury Adv isory              None                                                       Spring Lake                             CMI                                    NO                          NA                                                                                                                Rural                                                                                         MNFI 14 114          NONE                                16118.992                24.72%       0.66%      52.71%      13.08%      8.41%       0.04%      0.38%      Fruitport Twp                                                                                                                                  Muskegon Conserv ation District          Timberland RC&D                                                                                                                                        Shoreline Planning
                                                                                                                                                                                                                          DO, Chloro)                                                                                                                 Rhy mer Creek                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               Planning Organization                                Planning Commission
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               Commission
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             Village of Spring Lake,
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             Spring Lake Twp,                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             West Michigan Regional
14_115         Grand Riv er                                                                                    1999                                                                                                       Progressiv e AE (Spring Lake--Nutrients,                                                                                                                                   Completed                  Y ES            NO                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            15.44%                                                                                                                   Spring Lake Lake                                                                                                     Muskegon Conserv ation District,                                                                                                            Ottawa County Planning    Muskegon Metropolitan                               West Michigan Regional
                                   Spring Lake                              25300, MI/DEQ/SWQ-00/095                                        Not Assessed   Not Assessed     Not Assessed    Not Assessed                                                               Inland Lakes Mercury Adv isory              None                                                       Spring Lake                             CMI                                    NO                          NA                                                                                                                Urban, Lake, Rural                                                                            MNFI 14 115          NONE                                16263.073                7.71%        0.10%      43.65%      9.82%       28.58%      8.91%      1.23%      Village of Fruitport,                                                                    Spring Lake Lake Board                                                                         Timberland RC&D                                                                                                                                        Shoreline Planning
                                                                                                                                                                                                                          DO, Chloro)                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Board                                                                                                                Ottawa Conserv ation District                                                                                                                     and Grants          Planning Organization                                Planning Commission
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             Fruitport Twp,                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Commission
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             Ferry sburg
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Tribs of Millhouse,
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             Crockery Twp, Grand
14_116         Grand Riv er                                                    001502, 001670, 25300,          1999                                                                                                                                                    Inland Lakes Mercury Adv isory , Grand      Poly chlorinated                   Stearns, Lloy d ,                              Not Started                NA              NA                                                                                                                                                         Urban, Rural,                                                                                                                                                      11.10%                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Grand Valley Metropolitan             Ottawa County Planning                                                        West Michigan Regional
                                   Grand Riv er                                                                                             Not Assessed   Not Assessed     Not Assessed    Not Assessed                                                                                                                                 2009                                 None                                     NA                                    NO                          NA                                                                                                                                                                                                              MNFI 14 116          NONE                                29558.586                12.89%       0.02%      33.42%      12.94%      18.99%      13.97%     7.77%      Hav en Twp, and City                                                                                                                           Ottawa Conserv ation District            Timberland RC&D                                                                          REGIS
                                                                                MI/DEQ/SWQ-00/095                                                                                                                                                                      Riv er PCBs                                 bipheny ls                         Dermo, and Bruce                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     Grand Riv er, Lake                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             Council                             and Grants                                                               Planning Commission
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             of Grand Hav en
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Bay ous
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           Urban, Grand                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      West Michigan
14_117         Grand Riv er                                                                                    1970                                                                                                       STORET (Grand Riv er @ mouth and at          Inland Lakes Mercury Adv isory , Grand      Poly chlorinated                                                                  Not Started                NA              NA                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            22.41%                                                                                         Ferry sburg, Grand                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   Grand Valley Metropolitan             Ottawa County Planning                                                        West Michigan Regional
                                   Grand Riv er                             00570, 001502, 001670, 25300                                    Not Assessed   Not Assessed     Not Assessed    Not Assessed                                                                                                                                 2009, 2011                           None                                     NA                                    NO                          NA                                                                                                                Riv er, Lake                                                                                  MNFI 14 117          NONE                                2369.287                 1.68%        5.99%      20.64%      6.47%       41.67%      19.33%     4.22%                                                                                                                                                     Ottawa Conserv ation District            Timberland RC&D                      Env ironmental Action                               REGIS
                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Spring Lake)                                 Riv er PCBs                                 bipheny ls, Mercury                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       Hav en                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       Council                             and Grants                                                               Planning Commission
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           Michigan, Bay ou                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Council
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             West Michigan
14_56          Grand Riv er                                                                                    1970                                                                                                                                                    Inland Lakes Mercury Adv isory , Grand      Poly chlorinated                   Unnamed trib of                                Completed                  No              No                                                            Commercial sites                                                                             Urban, Rural,                                                                                                                                                      7.10%                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   West Michigan Regional
                                   Grand Riv er                                    001502, 001671                                           Not Assessed   Not Assessed     Not Assessed    Not Assessed                                                                                                                                 2009                                 WCLMI Resource Plan                     Local                                  Portland                    Program                                 Ionia Drain Commissioner SWMP                                                                                                                                           MNFI 14 56           NONE                                6003.836                 70.87%                  10.60%      3.71%       10.57%      1.65%      2.60%      None                                                                                                                                           Ionia Conserv ation District             Timberland RC&D                      Env ironmental Action
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       Riv er PCBs                                 bipheny ls                         Grand Riv er                                                                                                                                            only                                                                                         Grand Riv er                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Planning Commission
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14_57          Grand Riv er                                                                                    1970                                                                                                                                                    Inland Lakes Mercury Adv isory , Grand      Poly chlorinated                   Unnamed trib of                                Completed                  No              No                                                            Commercial sites                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                4.43%                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   West Michigan Regional
                                   Grand Riv er                                    001502, 001672                                           Not Assessed   Not Assessed     Not Assessed    Not Assessed                                                                                                                                 2009                                 WCLMI Resource Plan                     Local                                  NO                          NA                                      Ionia Drain Commissioner SWMP                                             Rural, Grand Riv er                                                                           MNFI 14 57           NONE                                9757.559                 71.96%                  12.66%      2.82%       4.73%       6.78%      1.05%      None                                                                                                                                           Ionia Conserv ation District             Timberland RC&D                      Env ironmental Action
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       Riv er PCBs                                 bipheny ls                         Grand Riv er                                                                                                                                            only                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     Planning Commission
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14_58          Grand Riv er                                                                                    NA                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     Goose Creek and                                Completed                  No              No                                                            Commercial sites                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                3.21%                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   West Michigan Regional
                                   Goose Creek                                         NONE                                                 Not Assessed   Not Assessed     Not Assessed    Not Assessed                                                               Inland Lakes Mercury Adv isory              None                                                       WCLMI Resource Plan                     Local                                  NO                          NA                                      Ionia Drain Commissioner SWMP                                             Rural                                                                                         MNFI 14 58           NONE                                5865.07                  87.78%                  7.52%       2.62%       0.81%       0.00%      1.27%      None                                                                                                                                           Ionia Conserv ation District             Timberland RC&D                      Env ironmental Action
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14_59          Grand Riv er                                                                                    1970                                                                                                                                                    Inland Lakes Mercury Adv isory , Grand      Poly chlorinated                                                                  Completed                  No              No                                                            Commercial sites                                                                             Urban, Rural,                                                                                                                                                      5.23%                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   West Michigan Regional
                                   Grand Riv er                                    001502, 001674                                           Not Assessed   Not Assessed     Not Assessed    Not Assessed                                                                                                                                 2009                                 WCLMI Resource Plan                     Local                                  Muir                        Grant                                   Ionia Drain Commissioner SWMP                                                                                                                                           MNFI 14 59           NONE                                4072.9                   57.49%       0.00%      22.67%      6.46%       6.46%       5.69%      1.25%      None                                                                                                                                           Ionia Conserv ation District             Timberland RC&D                      Env ironmental Action
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       Riv er PCBs                                 bipheny ls                                                                                                                                                                                 only                                                                                         Grand Riv er                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Planning Commission
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14_60          Grand Riv er                                                                                    NA                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Completed                  No              No                                                            Commercial sites                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                4.56%                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   West Michigan Regional
                                   Libhart Creek                                       NONE                                                 Not Assessed   Not Assessed     Not Assessed    Not Assessed                                                               Inland Lakes Mercury Adv isory              None                                                       WCLMI Resource Plan                     Local                                  NO                          NA                                      Ionia Drain Commissioner SWMP                                             Rural                                                                                         MNFI 14 60           NONE                                15084.904                82.99%       0.00%      8.63%       1.67%       2.69%       0.10%      3.91%      None                                                                                                                                           Ionia Conserv ation District             Timberland RC&D                      Env ironmental Action
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14_61          Grand Riv er                                                                                    NA                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Completed                  No              No                                                            Commercial sites                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                5.46%                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   West Michigan Regional
                                   Tay lor Drain                                       NONE                                                 Not Assessed   Not Assessed     Not Assessed    Not Assessed                                                               Inland Lakes Mercury Adv isory              None                                                       WCLMI Resource Plan                     Local                                  NO                          NA                                      Ionia Drain Commissioner SWMP                                             Rural                                                                                         MNFI 14 61           NONE                                6398.428                 83.46%                  6.61%       2.11%       3.86%                  3.96%      None                                                                                                                                           Ionia Conserv ation District             Timberland RC&D                      Env ironmental Action
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14_62          Grand Riv er                                                                                    NA                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Completed                  No              No                                                            Commercial sites                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                3.94%                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   West Michigan Regional
                                   Little Libhart Creek                                NONE                                                 Not Assessed   Not Assessed     Not Assessed    Not Assessed                                                               Inland Lakes Mercury Adv isory              None                                                       WCLMI Resource Plan                     Local                                  NO                          NA                                      Ionia Drain Commissioner SWMP                                             Rural                                                                                         MNFI 14 62           NONE                                9441.004                 84.57%                  9.61%       1.96%       2.08%                  1.79%      None                                                                                                                                           Ionia Conserv ation District             Timberland RC&D                      Env ironmental Action
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14_63          Grand Riv er                                                                                    NA                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Completed                  No              No                                                            Commercial sites                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                2.78%                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   West Michigan Regional
                                   Libhart Creek                                       NONE                                                 Not Assessed   Not Assessed     Not Assessed    Not Assessed                                                               Inland Lakes Mercury Adv isory              None                                                       WCLMI Resource Plan                     Local                                  NO                          NA                                      Ionia Drain Commissioner SWMP                                             Rural                                                                                         MNFI 14 63           NONE                                4250.595                 70.83%                  19.23%      7.20%       0.94%                  1.80%      None                                                                                                                                           Ionia Conserv ation District             Timberland RC&D                      Env ironmental Action
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14_64          Grand Riv er                                                                                    1970                                                                                                                                                    Inland Lakes Mercury Adv isory , Grand      Poly chlorinated                                                                  Completed                  No              No                                                            Commercial sites                                                                             Urban, Rural,                                                                                                                                                      3.82%                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   West Michigan Regional
                                   Grand Riv er                                    001502, 001674                                           Not Assessed   Not Assessed     Not Assessed    Not Assessed                                                                                                                                 2009                                 WCLMI Resource Plan                     Local                                  NO                          NA                                      Ionia Drain Commissioner SWMP                                                                                                                                           MNFI 14 64           NONE                                3007.299                 38.13%       0.00%      43.70%      8.13%       5.80%       0.29%      3.96%      None                                                                                                                                           Ionia Conserv ation District             Timberland RC&D                      Env ironmental Action
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       Riv er PCBs                                 bipheny ls                                                                                                                                                                                 only                                                                                         Grand Riv er                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Planning Commission
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14_65          Grand Riv er                                                                                    1980                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Not Started                NA              NA                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            3.11%                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   West Michigan Regional
                                   Prairie Creek                                       003750                                               Not Assessed   Not Assessed     Not Assessed    Not Assessed                                                               Inland Lakes Mercury Adv isory              None                               Prairie Creek           None                                     NA                                    NO                          NA                                                                                                                Rural                                                                                         MNFI 14 65           NONE                                13018.181                73.93%                  14.50%      7.24%       1.29%       0.21%      2.82%      None                                                                                                                                           Montcalm Conserv ation District          Timberland RC&D
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14_66          Grand Riv er                                                                                    NA                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Not Started                NA              NA                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            2.91%                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   West Michigan Regional
                                   Bacon Creek                                         NONE                                                 Not Assessed   Not Assessed     Not Assessed    Not Assessed                                                               Inland Lakes Mercury Adv isory              None                               Bacon Creek             None                                     NA                                    NO                          NA                                                                                                                Rural                                                                                         MNFI 14 66           NONE                                5564.524                 65.30%                  21.15%      5.31%       1.27%       0.10%      6.87%      None                                                                                                                                           Montcalm Conserv ation District          Timberland RC&D
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14_67          Grand Riv er                                                                                    NA                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     Prairie Creek and its                          Completed                  No              No                                                            Commercial sites                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                2.87%                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         Montcalm Conserv ation District, Ionia                                                                                                                                                                                    West Michigan Regional
                                   Prairie Creek                                       NONE                                                 Not Assessed   Not Assessed     Not Assessed    Not Assessed                                                               Inland Lakes Mercury Adv isory              None                                                       WCLMI Resource Plan                     Local                                  NO                          NA                                      Ionia Drain Commissioner SWMP                                             Rural                                                                                         MNFI 14 67           NONE                                18624.108                63.10%                  25.60%      4.20%       1.42%       0.37%      5.31%      None                                                                                                                                                                                    Timberland RC&D
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14_68          Grand Riv er                                                                                    NA                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     Unnamed tribs to                               Completed                  No              No                                                            Commercial sites                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                3.34%                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   West Michigan Regional
                                   Unnamed Trib                                        NONE                                                 Not Assessed   Not Assessed     Not Assessed    Not Assessed                                                               Inland Lakes Mercury Adv isory              None                                                       WCLMI Resource Plan                     Local                                  NO                          NA                                      Ionia Drain Commissioner SWMP                                             Rural                                                                                         MNFI 14 68           NONE                                10683.716                70.35%                  18.63%      1.72%       1.95%       0.00%      7.36%      None                                                                                                                                           Ionia Conserv ation District             Timberland RC&D                      Env ironmental Action
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14_69          Grand Riv er                                                                                    NA                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     Prairie Creek and its                          Completed                  No              No                                                            Commercial sites                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                3.05%                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   West Michigan Regional
                                   Prairie Creek                                       NONE                                                 Not Assessed   Not Assessed     Not Assessed    Not Assessed                                                               Inland Lakes Mercury Adv isory              None                                                       WCLMI Resource Plan                     Local                                  NO                          NA                                      Ionia Drain Commissioner SWMP                                             Rural                                                                                         MNFI 14 69           NONE                                13084.308                73.23%                  18.38%      2.62%       1.37%                  4.40%      None                                                                                                                                           Ionia Conserv ation District             Timberland RC&D                      Env ironmental Action
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14_70          Grand Riv er                                                                                    1999                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   Prairie Creek and its                          Completed                  No              No                                                            Commercial sites                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                6.31%                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   West Michigan Regional
                                   Prairie Creek                                MI/DEQ/SWQ-99/154                                           Not Assessed   Not Assessed     Not Assessed    Not Assessed                  STORET (Prairie Creek @ M-21)                Inland Lakes Mercury Adv isory              None                                                       WCLMI Resource Plan                     Local                                  Ionia                       Program                                 Ionia Drain Commissioner SWMP                                             Urban, Rural                                                                                  MNFI 14 70           Ionia City Landfill                 4558.259                 61.28%                  18.17%      9.53%       9.04%                  1.97%      None                                                                                                                                           Ionia Conserv ation District             Timberland RC&D                      Env ironmental Action
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14_71          Grand Riv er                                                                                    1970                                                                                                                                                    Inland Lakes Mercury Adv isory , Grand      Poly chlorinated                   Unnamed tribs to                               Completed                  No              No                                                            Commercial sites                                                                             Urban, Rural,                                                                                                                                                      9.91%                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   West Michigan Regional
                                   Grand Riv er                                    001502, 001670                                           Not Assessed   Not Assessed     Not Assessed    Not Assessed                                                                                                                                 2009                                 WCLMI Resource Plan                     Local                                  Ionia                       Program                                 Ionia Drain Commissioner SWMP                                                                                                                                           MNFI 14 71           NONE                                7456.619                 52.98%                  18.95%      7.78%       17.53%      0.04%      2.71%      None                                                                                                                                           Ionia Conserv ation District             Timberland RC&D                      Env ironmental Action
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       Riv er PCBs                                 bipheny ls                         Grand Riv er.                                                                                                                                           only                                                                                         Grand Riv er                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Planning Commission
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14_72          Grand Riv er                                                                                    1983                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Completed                  No              No                                                            Commercial sites                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                3.37%                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   West Michigan Regional
                                   Sessions Creek                              003040, 004470, 25300                                        Not Assessed   Not Assessed     Not Assessed    Not Assessed                                                               Inland Lakes Mercury Adv isory              None                                                       WCLMI Resource Plan                     Local                                  NO                          NA                                      Ionia Drain Commissioner SWMP                                             Rural, Lake                                                                                   MNFI 14 72           NONE                                10967.565                80.59%                  12.42%      3.70%       1.03%       0.03%      2.24%      None                                                                                                                                           Ionia Conserv ation District             Timberland RC&D                      Env ironmental Action
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14_73          Grand Riv er                                                                                    1998                                                           Fair/Good       Poor/Good                                                                                                                                               Bellemy Creek and                              Completed                  No              No                                                            Commercial sites                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                2.91%                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   West Michigan Regional
                                   Bellemy Creek                            25300, MI/DEQ/SWQ-02/004                                          Excellent        Fair                                                                                                    Inland Lakes Mercury Adv isory              None                                                       WCLMI Resource Plan                     Local                                  NO                          NA                                      Ionia Drain Commissioner SWMP                                             Rural                                                                                         MNFI 14 73           NONE                                13262.422                81.79%                  13.22%      2.04%       0.60%       0.04%      2.31%      None                                                                                                                                           Ionia Conserv ation District             Timberland RC&D                      Env ironmental Action
                                                                                                                                                                             (Lee Creek)     (Lee Creek)                                                                                                                                              its tribs.                                                                                                                                              only                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     Planning Commission
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14_74          Grand Riv er                                                                                    1998                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   Spring Brook,           Bellamy Resource       Completed                  No              No                                                            Commercial sites                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                4.12%                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   West Michigan Regional
                                   Bellemy Creek                            25300, MI/DEQ/SWQ-02/004                                        Not Assessed   Not Assessed     Not Assessed    Not Assessed                                                               Inland Lakes Mercury Adv isory              None                                                                                               Local                                  Ionia                       Program                                 Ionia Drain Commissioner SWMP                                             Rural                                                                                         MNFI 14 74           NONE                                7385.417                 64.50%                  22.63%      5.57%       4.00%                  3.30%      None                                                                                                                                           Ionia Conserv ation District             Timberland RC&D                      Env ironmental Action
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14_75          Grand Riv er                                                    001502, 001670, 25300,          1970                                                                                                                                                    Inland Lakes Mercury Adv isory , Grand      Poly chlorinated                                                                  Completed                  No              No                                                            Commercial sites                                                                             Urban, Rural,                                                                                                                                                      9.10%                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   West Michigan Regional
                                   Grand Riv er                                                                                             Not Assessed   Not Assessed     Not Assessed    Not Assessed                                                                                                                                 2009         Unnamed Tribs of        WCLMI Resource Plan                     Local                                  Ionia                       Program                                 Ionia Drain Commissioner SWMP                                                                                                                                           MNFI 14 75           NONE                                11455.15                 58.93%                  16.84%      7.19%       13.89%                 3.14%      None                                                                                                                                           Ionia Conserv ation District             Timberland RC&D                      Env ironmental Action
                                                                                003120 (Tibbets Ck.)                                                                                                                                                                   Riv er PCBs                                 bipheny ls                                                                                                                                                                                 only                                                                                         Grand Riv er                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Planning Commission
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14_76          Grand Riv er                                                                                    1968                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Completed                  No              No                                                            Commercial sites                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                3.15%                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   West Michigan Regional
                                   Red Creek                                           25300                                                Not Assessed   Not Assessed     Not Assessed    Not Assessed                                                               Inland Lakes Mercury Adv isory              None                                                       WCLMI Resource Plan                     Local                                  NO                          NA                                      Ionia Drain Commissioner SWMP                                             Rural                                                                                         MNFI 14 76           NONE                                5871.391                 69.57%                  21.37%      5.58%       1.41%                  2.09%      None                                                                                                                                           Ionia Conserv ation District             Timberland RC&D                      Env ironmental Action
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14_77          Grand Riv er                                                                                    1970                                                                                                                                                    Inland Lakes Mercury Adv isory , Grand      Poly chlorinated                   Timberlin Creek,                               Completed                  No              No                                                            Commercial sites                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                3.55%                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   West Michigan Regional
                                   Grand Riv er                                001502, 001670, 25300                                        Not Assessed   Not Assessed     Not Assessed    Not Assessed                                                                                                                                 2009                                 WCLMI Resource Plan                     Local                                  NO                          NA                                      Ionia Drain Commissioner SWMP                                             Rural, Grand Riv er                                                                           MNFI 14 77           NONE                                8827.223                 54.30%                  27.50%      9.13%       5.00%                  4.08%      None                                                                                                                                           Ionia Conserv ation District             Timberland RC&D                      Env ironmental Action
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       Riv er PCBs                                 bipheny ls                         Crooked Creek                                                                                                                                           only                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     Planning Commission
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 Council
                                                                               25300, 004560, 004580,                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 Lake Creek, Little                                              Lake                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Ionia Department of                                                                                                                    West Michigan
14_78          Grand Riv er                                                                                    1985                                                                                          Complete     Progressiv e AE (Morrison Lake--Nutrients,   Inland Lakes Mercury Adv isory , Morrison   Poly chlorinated                                                                  Completed                  Y ES            No                                                            Commercial sites                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                5.70%                                                                                                                    Morisson Lake                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  West Michigan Regional
                                   Lake Creek                               005410, 63893, MI/DNR/SWQ-                                      Not Assessed   Not Assessed     Not Assessed    Not Assessed                                                                                                                                 2010         Creek, and unnamed      Morrison Lake                        Management                                SARANAC,                    NA                                      Ionia Drain Commissioner SWMP                                             Rural, Lake                                                                                   MNFI 14 78           NONE                                18171.886                67.58%                  16.68%      5.57%       5.82%       2.03%      2.31%      None                                           Ms. Arleen Spalding   (616) 642-9222      Recreation, Clean                                     Ionia Conserv ation District             Timberland RC&D                      Env ironmental Action
                                                                                                                                                                                                                          E. coli, chloro)                             Lake PCBs                                   bipheny ls                                                                                                                                                                                 only                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     Improv ement Board                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Planning Commission
                                                                                       87/033                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         tribs. of Lake Creek.                                           Plan                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Lakes Program, and                                                                                                                         Council
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      319                                                                                                                                    West Michigan
14_79          Grand Riv er                                                                                    1970                                                                                                                                                    Inland Lakes Mercury Adv isory , Grand      Poly chlorinated                                                                  Completed                  No              No                                                            Commercial sites                                                                             Urban, Rural,                                                                                                                                                      5.55%                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   West Michigan Regional
                                   Grand Riv er                                001502, 001670, 25300                                        Not Assessed   Not Assessed     Not Assessed    Not Assessed                                                                                                                                 2009         Toles Creek             WCLMI Resource Plan                     Local                                  SARANAC,                    NA                                      Ionia Drain Commissioner SWMP                                                                                                                                           MNFI 14 79           NONE                                9623.262                 47.61%                  29.19%      9.74%       7.24%       1.43%      4.79%      None                                                                                                                                           Ionia Conserv ation District             Timberland RC&D                      Env ironmental Action
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       Riv er PCBs                                 bipheny ls                                                                                                                                                                                 only                                                                                         Grand Riv er                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Planning Commission
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 Council
                                                                               001502, 001670, 25300,                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       Plankton in the Lower Grand                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      West Michigan
14_80          Grand Riv er                                                                                    1995                                                                                                                                                    Inland Lakes Mercury Adv isory , Grand      Poly chlorinated                   Unnamed tribs to                               Completed                  No              No                                                            Commercial sites                                                                             Urban, Rural,                                                                                                                                                      4.71%                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               Grand Valley Metropolitan                                                                                           West Michigan Regional
                                   Grand Riv er                              MI/DEQ/SWQ-96/057 (Trout                                       Not Assessed   Not Assessed     Not Assessed    Not Assessed                  STORET (Trout Creek @ Oberley Rd)                                                                              2009                                 WCLMI Resource Plan                     Local                                  NO                          NA                                      Ionia Drain Commissioner SWMP              Riv er at Lowell, Michigan,                                                                                                  MNFI 14 80           NONE                                9860.493                 28.82%       0.00%      39.02%      19.34%      6.72%       1.62%      4.47%      None                                                                                                                                           Ionia Conserv ation District             Timberland RC&D                      Env ironmental Action                               REGIS
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       Riv er PCBs                                 bipheny ls                         Grand Riv er.                                                                                                                                           only                                                                                         Grand Riv er                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   Council                                                                                                      Planning Commission
                                                                                Cr.) 004780 (Trout Cr.)                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     2001-2002.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           Council
                                                                             1502, 1670, MI/DEQ/SWQ-
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Plankton in the Lower Grand                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      West Michigan
14_81          Grand Riv er                                                      99/020 (Cherry Cr.),          1998                                                                                                                                                                                                Poly chlorinated                   Lee Creek, Unnamed                             Not Started                NA              NA                                                                                                                                                         Urban, Rural,                                                                                                                                                      7.09%                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               Grand Valley Metropolitan                                                                                           West Michigan Regional
                                   Grand Riv er                                                                                             Not Assessed   Not Assessed     Not Assessed    Not Assessed                                                               Inland Lakes Mercury Adv isory                                    2009                                 None                                     NA                                    NO                          NA                                                                                 Riv er at Lowell, Michigan,                                                                                                  MNFI 14 81           NONE                                11649.865                26.26%                  38.60%      23.26%      9.88%       1.11%      0.89%      None                                                                                                                                                                                    Timberland RC&D                      Env ironmental Action                               REGIS
                                                                              MI/DEQ/SWQ-02/004 (Lee                                                                                                                                                                                                               bipheny ls                         Trib to Grand Riv er                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 Grand Riv er                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   Council                                                                                                      Planning Commission
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            2001-2002.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           Council
                                                                                        Creek)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             West Michigan
14_82          Grand Riv er                                                                                    1970                                                                                                                                                    Inland Lakes Mercury Adv isory , Grand      Poly chlorinated                   Unnamed trib to                                Not Started                NA              NA                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Cascade Twp,                                                                            5.42%                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               Grand Valley Metropolitan                                                                                           West Michigan Regional
                                   Grand Riv er                                001502, 001670, 25300                                        Not Assessed   Not Assessed     Not Assessed    Not Assessed                                                                                                                                 2009                                 None                                     NA                                    Ada Twp                     Grant                                                                                                             Rural, Grand Riv er                                                                           MNFI 14 82           NONE                                9294.341                 21.64%       0.00%      43.92%      22.84%      8.48%       2.42%      1.71%      None                                                                                                                                                                                    Timberland RC&D                      Env ironmental Action                               REGIS
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       Riv er PCBs                                 bipheny ls                         Grand Riv er                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Ada Twp                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             Council                                                                                                      Planning Commission
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 Council
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Honey Creek and                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        West Michigan
14_83          Grand Riv er                                                                                    1992                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Not Started                NA              NA                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            4.90%                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               Grand Valley Metropolitan                                                                                           West Michigan Regional
                                   Honey Creek                              25300, MI/DNR/SWQ-93/003                                           Good        Excellent/Fair       Good         Fair/Good                                                                 Inland Lakes Mercury Adv isory              None                               unnamed trib to         None                                     NA                                    Ada Twp                     Grant                                                                                                             Rural, Lake                                                                Ada Twp            MNFI 14 83           NONE                                9265.014                 32.31%                  37.70%      20.96%      6.36%       0.43%      2.24%      Ada Twp                                                                                                                                                                                 Timberland RC&D                      Env ironmental Action                               REGIS
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Council                                                                                                      Planning Commission
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Honey Creek                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Council
                                                                            002452, 25300, MI/DNR/SWQ-                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Bear Creek Stewardship Plan
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   Poor Fish             Complete                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     Cannon Twp,                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            West Michigan
14_84          Grand Riv er                                                 95/009, MI/DNR/SWQ-92/211,         1996                                                                                                       STORET (Bear Creek @ Chauncey Rd),                                                                                          Stout Creek, Waddell                           Completed                  Y ES            Y ES                                                                                                                        (1992), Bear Creek                                                                                                                                                                                8.40%                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               Grand Valley Metropolitan                                                                                           West Michigan Regional
                                   Bear Creek                                                                                                 Excellent      Excellent        Excellent         Good                                                                   Inland Lakes Mercury Adv isory              Community ,           f or                                 Bear Creek                              319                                    Lake Bella Vista            Delineation                                                                                                       Rural, Lake                                                                Grattan Twp,       MNFI 14 84           NONE                                20323.025                23.40%                  31.60%      23.76%      14.78%      2.31%      4.15%      Cannon Twp.                                                                                                                                                                             Timberland RC&D                      Env ironmental Action                               REGIS
                                                                                MI/DEQ/SWQ-96/024,                                                                                                                        KCHD (E. coli)                                                                                                              Creek, Bear Creek                                                                                                                                                                                                     Hy drologic Inv estigation,                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   Council                                                                                                      Planning Commission
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   Sediment              Sediment                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     Ada Twp                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Council
                                                                                MI/DEQ/SWQ-96/047                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           MDNR, September, 1991.
                                                                               001502, 001670, 25300,                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 Plainf ield Twp,
                                                                                MI/DNR/SWQ-91/002,                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Sunny Creek, Egy pt                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Plainf ield, Grand                                                                                                                                                                                                              West Michigan
14_85          Grand Riv er                                                                                    1992                                                                                                       STORET (Grand Riv er @ Knapp St),            Inland Lakes Mercury Adv isory , Grand      Poly chlorinated                                                                  Not Started                NA              NA                                                                                                                                                         Urban, Rural,                                                              Cannon Twp,                                                                             9.27%                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               Grand Valley Metropolitan                                                                                           West Michigan Regional
                                   Grand Riv er                                 MI/DEQ/SWQ-98/042,                                             Good            Good           Good/Fair         Good                                                                                                                                     2009         Creek, Unnamed trib     None                                     NA                                    Ada Twp, Plainf ield Twp    Grant, Program                                                                                                                                                                                                  MNFI 14 85           NONE                                26322.55                 16.71%                  36.64%      22.06%      20.29%      2.59%      1.72%      Rapids Twp, Grand                                                                                                                                                                       Timberland RC&D                      Env ironmental Action                               REGIS
                                                                                                                                                                                                                          KCHD (E. coli)                               Riv er PCBs                                 bipheny ls                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Grand Riv er                                                               Grand Rapids                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Council                                                                                                      Planning Commission
                                                                             MI/DNR/SWQ-88/017 (Egy pt                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                to Egy pt Creek                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Rapids, Ada Twp                                                                                                                                                                                                                     Council
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Twp, Ada Twp
                                                                            Creek), MI/DNR/SWQ-93/003
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             West Michigan
14_86          Grand Riv er                                                                                    1992                                                                                                       STORET (Grand Riv er conf luence) KCHD                                                   Poor Fish                          Mill Creek and its                             Not Started                NA              NA                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Plainf ield Twp,                                                                        8.64%                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               Grand Valley Metropolitan                                                                                           West Michigan Regional
                                   Mill Creek                               25300, MI/DNR/SWQ-94/039                                        Not Assessed    Poor/Good         Fair/Good         Fair                                                                   Inland Lakes Mercury Adv isory                                    2007                                 None                                     NA                                    NO                          NA                                      Alpine Twp (In Progress)                                                  Urban, Rural, Lake                                                                            MNFI 14 86           NONE                                12950.556                64.36%                  10.57%      10.73%      12.91%      1.02%      0.41%      Alpine Twp                                                                                                                                                                              Timberland RC&D                      Env ironmental Action                               REGIS
                                                                                                                                                                                                                          (E. coli)                                                                                Community                          tribs.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Alpine Twp                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Council                                                                                                      Planning Commission
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 Council
                                                                               25300, 001502, 001670,                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        West Michigan
14_87          Grand Riv er                                                                                    1970                                                         Excellent/Goo                                                                              Inland Lakes Mercury Adv isory , Grand      Poly chlorinated                                                                  Not Started                NA              NA                                                                                                                                                         Urban, Rural,                                                                                                      State Disposal Landfill                         23.96%                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Grand Valley Metropolitan                                                                                           West Michigan Regional
                                   Grand Riv er                              MI/DNR/SWQ-94/040 (Scott                                       Not Assessed       Good                             Fair                                                                                                                                     2009                                 None                                     NA                                    Plainf ield Twp             Program                                                                                                                                                                                      Plainf ield Twp    MNFI 14 87                                               9525.915                 10.71%                  26.54%      13.89%      43.54%      4.49%      0.85%      Plainf ield Twp                                                                                                                                                                         Timberland RC&D                      Env ironmental Action                               REGIS
                                                                                                                                                                                  d                                                                                    Riv er PCBs                                 bipheny ls                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Lake, Grand Riv er                                                                                                 (MID980609341, submitted 2001)                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Council                                                                                                      Planning Commission
                                                                                       Creek)                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Council
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 Indian Mill Creek Watershed Storm
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Indian Mill Creek,                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Alpine
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 Water Management Plan (1993), City of                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       West Michigan
14_88          Grand Riv er                                                 25300, MI/DEQ/SWQ-98/021,          1998                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   Brandy wine Creek,                             Not Started                NA              NA                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Township,                               Folkertsma Refuse                               18.81%                                                                                         Alpine Twp, Walker,                                                                                               Steepletown Ministries,                                                                                                            Grand Valley Metropolitan                                                                                           West Michigan Regional
                                   Indian Mill Creek                                                                                        Not Assessed   Not Assessed         Poor            Fair                                                                   Inland Lakes Mercury Adv isory              None                                                       None                                     NA                                    NO                          NA                                      Grand Rapids, MI, Storm Water                                             Urban, Rural          FEMA                                                                    MNFI 14 88                                               10979.073                37.53%                  12.29%      15.92%      33.44%      0.03%      0.79%                                                                                                                                                     Friends of the Walker/Highland Trail     Timberland RC&D                      Env ironmental Action                               REGIS
                                                                               MI/DNR/SWQ-93/022                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      and unnamed tribs of                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Walker, Grand                           (MID980609366, Deleted in 1996)                                                                                                                Grand Rapids                                                                                                      Trinity Ref ormed Church                                                                                                                   Council                                                                                                      Planning Commission
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 Management Master Plan (1994), Alpine                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           Council
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Indian Mill Creek                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               Rapids
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 Twp (In Progress)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   Poly chlorinated                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   Plainf ield Twp,                        Butterworth #2 Landfill                                                                                                                        Grand Rapids,
                                                                               001502, 001670, 25300,
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   bipheny ls,                                                                                                                                                                                                   City of Grand Rapids, MI, Storm Water                                                                                                                Alpine Twp,                             (MID062222997, continued                                                                                                                       Plainf ield Twp, Alpine                                                                                                                                                                                                         West Michigan
14_89          Grand Riv er                                                 003920, MI/DNR/SWQ-93/019          1981    FTCH/WMEAC/MDE                                                                        Complete     Reeds Lake (Nutrients, chloro, E. coli,      Inland Lakes Mercury Adv isory , Grand                                         Y ork Creek,                                   Completed                  Y ES            Y ES                                                                                                                        Combined Sewer Ov erf low      Urban, Grand                                                                                                                                                       40.34%                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Grand Valley Metropolitan                                                                                           West Michigan Regional
                                   Grand Riv er                                                                                             Not Assessed       Poor           Poor/Fair       Poor/Fair                                                                                                            Mercury , Poor Fish   2010, 2011                           Y ork Creek                             319                                    NO                          NA                                      Management Master Plan (1994), Grand                                                            Y ES                                                 Walker, Grand      MNFI 14 89           monitoring until 2030), Reliable    21926.438                2.95%                   9.43%       9.46%       72.20%      4.04%      1.93%      Twp, Grand Rapids                                                                                                                                                                       Timberland RC&D                      Env ironmental Action                               REGIS
                                                                            (Y ork Creek), MI/DNR/SWQ-                       Q                                                                                            DO) KCHD (E. coli)                           Riv er PCBs, Reeds Lake PCBs                                                   Lamberton Creek                                                                                                                                                                                                       Study (1990)                   Riv er                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         Council                                                                                                      Planning Commission
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   Community (Y ork                                                                                                                                                                                              Rapids Twp (In Progress)                                                                                                                             Rapids, Grand                           Equipment (MID006407969,                                                                                                                       Twp, East Grand                                                                                                                                                                                                                     Council
                                                                                 95/064 (Y ork Creek)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   Creek)                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             Rapids Twp                              remov ed)                                                                                                                                      Rapids, Kentwood
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             City of East Grand
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             West Michigan
14_89A         Grand Riv er                                                                                    NA      FTCH/WMEAC/MDE                                                                                     Reeds Lake (Nutrients, chloro, E. coli,      Inland Lakes Mercury Adv isory , Grand                                                                                        Not Started                NA              NA                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    East Grand                                                                              12.85%                                                                                         Rapids, Grand Rapids                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 Grand Valley Metropolitan                                                                                           West Michigan Regional
                                   Reeds Lake                                          NONE                                                     Fair           Fair             Poor        Not Assessed                                                                                                           Mercury               2010                                 None                                     NA                                    NO                          NA                                      NONE                                                                      Urban                                                                                         MNFI 14 90           NONE                                2090.7                   4.09%                   17.53%      8.58%       48.65%      13.59%     7.56%                                                                                               The Frey Foundation                                                                            Timberland RC&D                      Env ironmental Action                               REGIS
                                                                                                                             Q                                                                                            DO) KCHD (E. coli)                           Riv er PCBs, Reeds Lake PCBs                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   Rapids                                                                                                                                                                                 Twp, Kentwood, City                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Council                                                                                                      Planning Commission
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 Council
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             of Grand Rapids
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   Poor Fish                                                                                                                                                                                                     Buck Creek and Plaster Creek Storm                                                                                                                                                           VanWaters & Rogers Inc.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   Community , Poor                                                                                                                                                                                              Water Management Master Plan (1991),                                                                                                                 Cascade Twp,                            (MID980681696, def erred to                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    West Michigan
14_90          Grand Riv er                                                 25300, 002980, MI/DEQ/SWQ-         2001                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Completed                  NO              Y ES                                                                                                                        Plaster Creek Storm Water                                                                                                                                                                         14.56%                                                                                         Kentwood, Cascade                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Grand Valley Metropolitan                                                                                           West Michigan Regional
                                   Plaster Creek                                                                                             Poor/Poor         Fair             Fair        Not Assessed                  KCHD (Plaster Creek--E. coli)                Inland Lakes Mercury Adv isory              Macroinv ertebrate    2002                                 Plaster Creek                           CMI                                    NO                          NA                                      City of Grand Rapids, MI, Storm Water                                     Urban, Rural          Y ES                                                 Caledonia Twp,     MNFI 14 90           RCRA), Kentwood Landfill            16668.722                37.51%                  10.72%      29.53%      20.39%      0.06%      1.79%                                                                                                                        Calv in Engineering Club                                              Timberland RC&D                      Env ironmental Action                               REGIS
                                                                                       01/107                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               Quality Study (1992)                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             Twp, Gaines Twp                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Council                                                                                                      Planning Commission
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   Community ,                                                                                                                                                                                                   Management Master Plan (1994), Gaines                                                                                                                Kentwood                                (MID000260291, completed                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           Council
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   Pathogens                                                                                                                                                                                                     Twp (In Progress)                                                                                                                                                                            1999)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Cascade Twp,
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      East Grand                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               New Branches School,
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   Poor Fish                                                                                                                                                                                                     Buck Creek and Plaster Creek Storm                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Grand Rapids Twp,
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Rapids, Grand                           Lacks Industries                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 Calv in College
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   Community , Poor                                                                                                                                                                                              Water Management Master Plan (1991),                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Grand Rapids, Ada                                                                                                                                                                                                               West Michigan
14_91          Grand Riv er                                                 25300, 002980, MI/DEQ/SWQ-         2001                                                                                                       STORET (Plaster Creek @ Market Av e),                                                                                                                                      Completed                  NO              Y ES                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Rapids,                                 (MID006014666, remov ed),                       42.73%                                                                                                                                                                                                           Env ironmental. Coalition,                                                                                                         Grand Valley Metropolitan                                                                                           West Michigan Regional
                                   Plaster Creek                                                                                                Fair           Fair             Fair          Poor/Fair                                                                Inland Lakes Mercury Adv isory              Macroinv ertebrate    2002                                 Little Plaster Creek                    CMI                                    NO                          NA                                      City of Grand Rapids, MI, Storm Water      Whiskey Creek (on-going)       Urban                 Y ES                                                                    MNFI 14 91                                               19777.146                2.37%                   8.52%       14.39%      73.32%      0.38%      1.02%      Twp, Cascade Twp,                                                                                                                                                                       Timberland RC&D                      Env ironmental Action                               REGIS
                                                                                       01/107                                                                                                                             KCHD (E. coli)                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Kentwood,                               Chem. Central (MID980477079,                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     Oakdale Christian M.S.,                                                                                                                    Council                                                                                                      Planning Commission
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   Community ,                                                                                                                                                                                                   Management Master Plan (1994), Grand                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        East Grand Rapids,                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Council
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Grand Rapids                            continued monitoring until 2004)                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 Alger Park CRC, Grand
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   Pathogens                                                                                                                                                                                                     Rapids Twp (In Progress)                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Kentwood, Wy oming
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Twp, Ada Twp,                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Rapids WWTP
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Wy oming
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             West Michigan
14_92          Grand Riv er                                                    001502, 001670, 25300,          1981                                                                                                                                                    Inland Lakes Mercury Adv isory , Grand      Poly chlorinated                                                                  Not Started                NA              NA                                                                               City of Grand Rapids, MI, Storm Water      Combined Sewer Ov erf low      Urban, Grand                                                                                                                                                       57.19%                                                                                         East Grand Rapids,                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   Grand Valley Metropolitan                                                                                           West Michigan Regional
                                   Grand Riv er                                                                                             Not Assessed   Not Assessed     Not Assessed    Not Assessed                                                                                                                                 2009                                 None                                     NA                                    NO                          NA                                                                                                                                                                                           Grand Rapids       MNFI 14 92           NONE                                2666.934                                         2.60%       3.75%       91.47%      2.43%                                                                                                                                                                                                         Timberland RC&D                      Env ironmental Action                               REGIS
                                                                                       003920                                                                                                                                                                          Riv er PCBs                                 bipheny ls                                                                                                                                                                                                    Management Master Plan (1994)              Study (1990)                   Riv er                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Grand Rapids                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 Council                                                                                                      Planning Commission
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 Council
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 By ron Township Storm Sewer Master
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 Plan Sections 15, 16, 21, and 22 (1977),                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    West Michigan
14_93          Grand Riv er                                                                                    1991                                                                                          2003                                                                                                                                                                                    Completed                  NA              NA                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            14.08%                                                                                         Wy oming, By ron Twp,                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Grand Valley Metropolitan                                                                                           West Michigan Regional
                                   Buck Creek                               25300, MI/DNR/SWQ-92/212                     MDEQ/FTCH          Not Assessed   Not assessed         Good        Not Assessed                  Calv in Christian High School                Inland Lakes Mercury Adv isory              None                               Buck Creek              Buck Creek WMP                          CMI                                    NO                          NA                                      Buck Creek and Plaster Creek Storm                                        Rural, Urban                                                               Wy oming           MNFI 14 93           NONE                                13744.667                38.84%                  17.68%      21.08%      21.74%      0.28%      0.38%                                                                                                                                                                                              Timberland RC&D                      Env ironmental Action                               REGIS
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             Gaines Twp                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   Council                                                                                                      Planning Commission
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 Water Management Master Plan (1991),                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Council
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 Gaines Twp (In Progress)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 Buck Creek and Plaster Creek Storm
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Sharps Creek, Pine                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     Grandv ille, Wy oming,
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 Water Management Master Plan (1991),                                                            Behan-Foley Drain                                    Grand Rapids,                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          West Michigan
14_94          Grand Riv er                                                                                    1991                                                                                          2003                                                                                                                                     Hill Creek, Buck                               Completed                  NA              NA                                                                                                                          Kentwood Detention Ponds                                                                                                                                                                          39.00%                                                                                         Grand Rapids,                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Grand Valley Metropolitan                                                                                           West Michigan Regional
                                   Buck Creek                               25300, MI/DNR/SWQ-92/212                     MDEQ/FTCH          Not Assessed       Poor             Good            Good                      KCHD (Buck Creek--E. coli)                   Inland Lakes Mercury Adv isory              Pathogens             2006                                 Buck Creek WMP                          CMI                                    NO                          NA                                      Wy oming Storm Water Management                                           Urban, Rural          Floodplain                                           Wy oming,          MNFI 14 94           NONE                                18645.008                8.19%                   7.20%       13.50%      70.61%      0.17%      0.33%                                                                                                                                                                                              Timberland RC&D                      Env ironmental Action                               REGIS
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Creek and Unnamed                                                                                                                                                                                                     (1985)                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           Kentwood, Gaines                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             Council                                                                                                      Planning Commission
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 Master Plan Sections 28-35 (1996),                                                              Analy sis (1993)                                     Kentwood                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   Council
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      trib of Buck Creek                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     Twp, By ron Twp
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 Gaines Twp (In Progress)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             Georgetown Twp,
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             West Michigan
14_95          Grand Riv er        East Branch Rush Creek                                                      1968                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Not Started                NO              Y ES                                                                             Bliss Creek Intercounty Drain WMP                                                                                                                                                                                                            8.55%                                                                                          Grandv ille, Jamestown                                                                                                                                                                                                                               Grand Valley Metropolitan                                                                                           West Michigan Regional
                                                                                       25300                                                Not Assessed   Not assessed         Good        Fair/Excellent                KCHD (Buck Creek--E. coli)                   Inland Lakes Mercury Adv isory              None                                                       None                                     NA                                    NO                          NA                                                                                                                Rural, Urban                                                               Wy oming           MNFI 14 95           NONE                                18089.525                51.24%                  12.21%      20.25%      15.77%      0.28%      0.25%                                                                                                                                                                                              Timberland RC&D                      Env ironmental Action                               REGIS
                                   (Bliss Creek Drain)                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           (1994)                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Twp, Wy oming, By ron                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Council                                                                                                      Planning Commission
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 Council
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             Twp
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             Grandv ille,
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             West Michigan
14_96          Grand Riv er                                                                                    1968                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Not Started                NO              Y ES                                                                             Huizenga Intercounty Drain Watershed                                                                                                                                                                                                         22.37%                                                                                         Georgetown Twp,                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Grand Valley Metropolitan             Ottawa County Planning                                                        West Michigan Regional
                                   Rush Creek                                          25300                                                Not Assessed   Not Assessed     Not Assessed    Not Assessed                                                               Inland Lakes Mercury Adv isory              None                                                       None                                     NA                                    NO                          NA                                                                                                                Urban, Rural, Lake                                                         Wy oming           MNFI 14 96           NONE                                19949.083                35.43%                  8.13%       15.11%      38.75%      2.07%      0.50%                                                                                                                                                                                              Timberland RC&D                      Env ironmental Action                               REGIS
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 Management Plan (1995)                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Hudsonv ille, Blendon                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Council                             and Grants                                                               Planning Commission
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 Council
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             Twp, Wy oming
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              H. Brown Company,
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Inc.(MID017075136, continued
                                                                            00690, 001502, 25300, 002780                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      monitoring until 2004), Organic
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Combined Sewer Ov erf low                                                                                 Walker, Grand                                                                                                                                                                          Walker, Grand Rapids,                                                                                                                                                                                                           West Michigan
14_97          Grand Riv er                                                 (Roy 's Creek), 004620 (Roy 's     1996                                                                                          Complete     STORET (Grand Riv er @ M-11), KCHD                                                                                          Unnamed tributary ,                            Not Started                NA              Y ES (Hogadone)                                                                  City of Grand Rapids, MI, Storm Water                                     Urban, Grand                                                                                                       Chemical Co. (MID990858003,                     28.68%                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Grand Valley Metropolitan                                                                                           West Michigan Regional
                                   Grand Riv er                                                                              FTCH           Not Assessed   Not Assessed     Not Assessed    Not Assessed                                                               Inland Lakes Mercury Adv isory              Pathogens             2006                                 None                                     NA                                     NO                         NA                                                                                 Study (1990), Roy 's Creek                                                                                Rapids,            MNFI 14 97                                               14193.039                6.89%                   22.03%      15.20%      51.47%      2.97%      1.44%      Tallmadge Twp,                                                                                                                                                                          Timberland RC&D                      Env ironmental Action                               REGIS
                                                                            Creek), 003920, MI/DEQ/SWQ-                                                                                                                   (Grand Riv er--E. coli)                                                                                                     Roy 's Creek                                                                                                                                                               Management Master Plan (1994)                                             Riv er, Rural                                                                                                      continued monitoring until 2032),                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           Council                                                                                                      Planning Commission
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Watershed Study 1997                                                                                      Wy oming                                                                                                                                                                               Wy oming, Grandv ille                                                                                                                                                                                                               Council
                                                                                        96/056                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Spartan Chemical Co.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              (MID079300125, monitoring until
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              2003)
                                                                                                                       GVSU-Annis Water
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 In progress, will adopt Kent County        A Hy drologic Study of the                                                                                Alpine                                                                                                                                                                                 Alpine Twp, Walker,                                                                                                                                                                                                             West Michigan
14_98          Grand Riv er                                                                                    1996         Resources                                                                        2002                                                                                                  Poor Fish                          Sand Creek and its                             Started                    Y ES            Y ES                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          10.71%                                                                                                                   Sand Creek                                                                                                           Friends of the Walker/Highland Trail,                                                                 Grand Valley Metropolitan                                                                                           West Michigan Regional
                                   East Fork Creek                          25300, MI/DEQ/SWQ-00/038                                        Not Assessed   Not Assessed     Not Assessed    Not Assessed                                                               Inland Lakes Mercury Adv isory                                    2005                                 Sand Creek                              CMI                                    NO                          NA                                      Model Ordinance in Walker, Alpine Twp      Sand Creek Watershed,          Rural, Urban                                                               Township,          MNFI 14 98           NONE                                11175.182                58.27%                  12.60%      13.41%      13.71%      0.18%      1.82%      Wright Twp, Tallmadge                          Ms. Linda Brown       (616) 846-8219                                                                                                     Timberland RC&D                      Env ironmental Action                               REGIS
                                                                                                                        Institute/Herman                                                                                                                                                                           Community                          unnamed tribs                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Watershed Group                                                                                                      Sand Creek Watershed Parnters                                                                                 Council                                                                                                      Planning Commission
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 (In Progress)                              MDEQ, Fongers, 2003                                                                                       Walker                                                                                                                                                                                 Twp                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 Council
                                                                                                                        Miller/Volunteers
                                                                                                                       GVSU-Annis Water
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            A Hy drologic Study of the                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Marne Conserv ation Club, Friends of                                             West Michigan
14_99          Grand Riv er                                                                                    1996         Resources                                                                        2002                                                                                                  Poor Fish                          Sand Creek and its                             Completed                  Y ES            Y ES                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          5.32%                                                                                                                    Sand Creek                                                                                                                                                                                                                 Grand Valley Metropolitan             Ottawa County Planning                                                        West Michigan Regional
                                   Sand Creek                               25300, MI/DEQ/SWQ-00/039                                        Not Assessed   Not Assessed     Not Assessed    Not Assessed                  GVSU-AWRI                                    Inland Lakes Mercury Adv isory                                    2006                                 Sand Creek                              CMI                                    NO                          NA                                                                                 Sand Creek Watershed,          Rural                 FEMA                                                                    MNFI 14 99           NONE                                13757.361                69.34%                  11.51%      13.41%      4.88%       0.62%      0.24%      Wright Twp                                     Ms. Linda Brown       (616) 846-8219                                                            the Musketawa Trail, Sand Creek          Timberland RC&D                      Env ironmental Action                               REGIS
                                                                                                                        Institute/Herman                                                                                                                                                                           Community                          unnamed tribs                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Watershed Group                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Council                             and Grants                                                               Planning Commission
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            MDEQ, Fongers, 2003                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             Watershed Partners                                                                   Council
                                                                                                                        Miller/Volunteers
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               Thornapple Riov er
14D_1          Thornapple Riv er                                            25300, MI/DEQ/SWQ-02/001,          1998                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Initiativ e                NA              NA                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            4.20%                                                                                                                    Thornapple Riv er
                                   Thornapple Riv er                                                                                        Not Assessed   Not Assessed     Not Assessed    Not Assessed                                                               Inland Lakes Mercury Adv isory              None                                                       Thornapple Riv er                        NA                                    NO                          NA                                                                                                                Rural, Headwaters                                                                             MNFI 14D 1           NONE                                18237.183                66.19%                  15.81%      12.17%      3.89%       0.21%      1.73%      None                                           Ms. Kim Walton        269-948-8056 x114                            Watershed Stream Team        Riv er Network, Thornapple-Grand CD                        Potawatomie RC&D
                                                                               MI/DNR/SWQ-92/320                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       Watershed Council
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               (Activ ity Varies)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               Thornapple Riov er
14D_10         Thornapple Riv er                                                                               1982                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Initiativ e                NA              NA                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            2.53%                                                                                                                    Thornapple Riv er
                                   Scipio Creek                                    25300, 003900                                            Not Assessed   Not Assessed     Not Assessed    Not Assessed                                                               Inland Lakes Mercury Adv isory              None                                                       Thornapple Riv er                        NA                                    Vermontv ille               Program                                                                                                           Rural                                                                                         MNFI 14D 10          NONE                                6240.323                 54.74%                  20.93%      18.14%      0.90%       0.11%      5.19%      None                                           Ms. Kim Walton        269-948-8056 x115                            Watershed Stream Team        Riv er Network, Thornapple-Grand CD                        Potawatomie RC&D
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       Watershed Council
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               (Activ ity Varies)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               Thornapple Riov er
14D_11         Thornapple Riv er                                                                               1992                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Initiativ e                NA              NA                                                                                                                                                         Rural, Urban,                                                                                                                                                      5.02%                                                                                                                    Thornapple Riv er                                                                                                    Riv er Network, Thornapple-Grand CD,
                                   Thornapple Riv er                        25300, MI/DNR/SWQ-92/320                                        Not Assessed   Not Assessed     Not Assessed    Not Assessed                  Barry -Eaton HD (E. coli)                    Inland Lakes Mercury Adv isory              None                                                       Thornapple Riv er                        NA                                    Nashv ille, Vermontv ille   Program , Program                                                                                                                       NRCS                                                                    MNFI 14D 11          NONE                                9969.097                 61.02%                  18.99%      12.58%      4.95%       0.24%      2.22%      None                                           Ms. Kim Walton        269-948-8056 x116                            Watershed Stream Team                                                                   Potawatomie RC&D
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           Thornapple                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Watershed Council                                                                                                    Barry Conserv ation District
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               (Activ ity Varies)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               Thornapple Riov er
14D_12         Thornapple Riv er                                                                               1998                                                                                          2002                                                                                                                                                                                    Initiativ e                NA              NA                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            3.12%                                                                                                                    Thornapple Riv er                                                                                                    Riv er Network, Barry Conserv ation
                                   Quaker Brook                             25300, MI/DEQ/SWQ-02/001                                        Not Assessed   Not Assessed     Not Assessed    Not Assessed                                                               Inland Lakes Mercury Adv isory              None                               Quaker Brook            Flat Riv er                              NA                                    NO                          NA                                                                                                                Rural                                                                                         MNFI 14D 12          NONE                                4996.397                 57.30%                  21.87%      7.88%       2.48%       0.43%      10.05%     None                                           Ms. Kim Walton        269-948-8056 x117                            Watershed Stream Team                                                                   Potawatomie RC&D
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       Watershed Council                                                                                                    District
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               (Activ ity Varies)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Quaker Brook,                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Thornapple Riov er
14D_13         Thornapple Riv er                                            25300, 003900, MI/DEQ/SWQ-         1998                                                                                          2002                                                                                                                                                                                    Initiativ e                NA              NA                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            4.38%                                                                                                                    Thornapple Riv er                                                                                                    Riv er Network, Barry Conserv ation
                                   Quaker Brook                                                                                             Not Assessed   Not Assessed     Not Assessed    Not Assessed                                                               Inland Lakes Mercury Adv isory              None                               Unnamed trib. to        Flat Riv er                              NA                                    Nashv ille                  Program                                                                                                           Rural                                                                                         MNFI 14D 13          NONE                                7205.515                 60.17%                  20.83%      7.67%       4.92%       0.47%      5.95%      None                                           Ms. Kim Walton        269-948-8056 x118                            Watershed Stream Team                                                                   Potawatomie RC&D
                                                                             02/001, MI/DEQ/SWQ-98/029                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 Watershed Council                                                                                                    District
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Quaker Brook                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             (Activ ity Varies)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               Thornapple Riov er                                                                                            West Michigan
14D_14         Thornapple Riv er                                            25300, 003900, MI/DEQ/SWQ-         1998                                                                                          2002                                                                                                                                                                                    Initiativ e                NA              NA                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            3.82%                                                                                                                    Thornapple Riv er                                                                                                    Riv er Network, Barry Conserv ation
                                   Thornapple Riv er                                                                                        Not Assessed   Not Assessed     Not Assessed    Not Assessed                  STORET (Thornapple Riv er @ Barger Rd)       Inland Lakes Mercury Adv isory              None                                                       Thornapple Riv er                        NA                                    Nashv ille                  Program                                                                                                           Rural, Thornapple     NRCS                                                                    MNFI 14D 14          NONE                                8875.406                 58.43%                  26.60%      6.87%       3.10%       0.13%      4.87%      None                                           Ms. Kim Walton        269-948-8056 x119                            Watershed Stream Team                                                                   Potawatomie RC&D   Env ironmental Action
                                                                             02/001, MI/DEQ/SWQ-98/029                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 Watershed Council                                                                                                    District
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               (Activ ity Varies)                                                                                                Council
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               Thornapple Riov er           Ionia Conserv ation District, Riv er                                             West Michigan
14D_15         Thornapple Riv er                                                                               1990                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Initiativ e                NA              NA                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            3.86%                                                                                                                    Thornapple Riv er
                                   Mud Creek                                25300, MI/DNR/SWQ-91/052                                        Not Assessed   Not Assessed     Not Assessed    Not Assessed                                                               Inland Lakes Mercury Adv isory              None                                                       Mud Creek                              PL_556                                  NO                          NA                                                                                                                Rural, Lake, Urban                                                                            MNFI 14D 15          NONE                                18705                    79.24%       0.00%      12.87%      2.88%       2.23%       1.46%      1.32%      None                                           Ms. Kim Walton        269-948-8056 x120   P.L. 566                 Watershed Stream Team        Network, Thornapple-Grand CD, Barry                        Potawatomie RC&D   Env ironmental Action
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       Watershed Council
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               (Activ ity Varies)           Conserv ation District                                                               Council
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               Thornapple Riov er                                                                                            West Michigan
14D_16         Thornapple Riv er                                            25300, 003900, MI/DNR/SWQ-         1993                                                                                          2002                                                                                                                                                                                    Initiativ e                NA              NA                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            2.81%                                                                                                                    Thornapple Riv er                                                                                                    Riv er Network, Barry Conserv ation
                                   Mud Creek                                                                                                Not Assessed   Not Assessed     Not Assessed    Not Assessed                  STORET (Mud Creek @ Barger Rd)               Inland Lakes Mercury Adv isory              None                                                       Mud Creek                              PL_556                                  NO                          NA                                                                                                                Rural                                                                                         MNFI 14D 16          NONE                                19911.32                 69.91%       0.00%      21.63%      3.89%       0.93%       0.16%      3.48%      None                                           Ms. Kim Walton        269-948-8056 x121                            Watershed Stream Team                                                                   Potawatomie RC&D   Env ironmental Action
                                                                             91/052, MI/DEQ/SWQ-98/029                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 Watershed Council                                                                                                    District, Thornapple-Grand CD
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               (Activ ity Varies)                                                                                                Council
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               Thornapple Riov er                                                                                            West Michigan
14D_17         Thornapple Riv er                                            25300, 003900, MI/DNR/SWQ-         1998                                                                                          2002         STORET (High Banks Creek @ Thornapple                                                                                                                                      Initiativ e                NA              NA                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            3.51%                                                                                                                    Thornapple Riv er                                                                                                    Riv er Network, Barry Conserv ation
                                   High Banks Creek                                                                                         Not Assessed   Not Assessed     Not Assessed    Not Assessed                                                               Inland Lakes Mercury Adv isory              None                               High Bank Creek         Thornapple Riv er                        NA                                    NO                          NA                                                                                                                Rural, Lake                                                                                   MNFI 14D 17          NONE                                21809.114                53.97%                  21.89%      7.33%       3.12%       3.26%      10.44%     None                                           Ms. Kim Walton        269-948-8056 x122                            Watershed Stream Team                                                                   Potawatomie RC&D   Env ironmental Action
                                                                             91/052, MI/DEQ/SWQ-98/030                                                                                                                    Lake Rd)                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     Watershed Council                                                                                                    District
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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               Pierce Cedar Creek
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14D_18         Thornapple Riv er                                                                               1998                                                                                          2002                                                                                                                                                                                    Initiativ e                NA              NA                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            3.64%                                                                                                                    Thornapple Riv er                                                                       Institute, Thornapple        Pierce Cedar Creek Institute, Riv er
                                   Cedar Creek                              25300, MI/DEQ/SWQ-02/001                                        Not Assessed   Not Assessed     Not Assessed    Not Assessed                                                               Inland Lakes Mercury Adv isory              None                               Cedar Creek             Thornapple Riv er                        NA                                    NO                          NA                                                                                                                Rural, Lake                                                                                   MNFI 14D 18          NONE                                21032.451                43.32%       0.00%      28.96%      9.29%       3.70%       4.89%      9.84%      None                                           Ms. Kim Walton        269-948-8056 x123                                                                                                                    Potawatomie RC&D   Env ironmental Action
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14D_19         Thornapple Riv er                                            25300, MI/DEQ/SWQ-98/029,          1998                                                                                          2002                                                                                                                                     Kellie Creek, Cedar                            Initiativ e                NA              NA                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            3.21%                                                                                                                    Thornapple Riv er                                                                                                    Pierce Cedar Creek Institute, Riv er
                                   Cedar Creek                                                                                              Not Assessed   Not Assessed     Not Assessed    Not Assessed                                                               Inland Lakes Mercury Adv isory              None                                                       Thornapple Riv er                        NA                                    NO                          NA                                                                                                                Rural, Lake                                                                                   MNFI 14D 19          NONE                                8590.552                 39.31%                  35.13%      11.24%      2.79%       1.26%      10.26%     None                                           Ms. Kim Walton        269-948-8056 x124                            Watershed Stream Team                                                                   Potawatomie RC&D   Env ironmental Action
                                                                               MI/DEQ/SWQ-02/001                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Creek                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Watershed Council                                                                                                    Network, Barry Conserv ation District
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14D_2          Thornapple Riv er                                                                               1968                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Initiativ e                NA              NA                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            11.04%                                                                                                                   Thornapple Riv er
                                   Butternut Creek                                     25300                                                Not Assessed   Not Assessed     Not Assessed    Not Assessed                                                               Inland Lakes Mercury Adv isory              None                  2006                                 Thornapple Riv er                        NA                                    Charlotte                   Program                                                                                                           Urban, Rural                                                                                  MNFI 14D 2           NONE                                10015.018                48.98%                  9.76%       17.37%      20.79%      0.13%      2.97%      None                                           Ms. Kim Walton        269-948-8056 x125                            Watershed Stream Team        Riv er Network, Thornapple-Grand CD                        Potawatomie RC&D
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14D_20         Thornapple Riv er                                            25300, 003900, MI/DNR/SWQ-         1998                                                                                          2002                                                                                                                                                                                    Initiativ e                NA              NA                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            4.26%                                                                                                                    Thornapple Riv er                                                                                                    Riv er Network, Barry Conserv ation
                                   Thornapple Riv er                                                                        NRCS            Not Assessed   Not Assessed     Not Assessed    Not Assessed                  Barry -Eaton HD (E. coli)                    Inland Lakes Mercury Adv isory              None                                                       Thornapple Riv er                        NA                                    NO                          NA                                                                                                                Rural, Thornapple     NRCS                                                                    MNFI 14D 20          NONE                                6043.94                  39.01%                  29.02%      10.11%      6.85%       7.69%      7.32%      None                                           Ms. Kim Walton        269-948-8056 x126                            Watershed Stream Team                                                                   Potawatomie RC&D   Env ironmental Action
                                                                             91/052, MI/DEQ/SWQ-98/030                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 Watershed Council                                                                                                    District
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14D_21         Thornapple Riv er                                                                               1998                                                                                          2002                                                                                                                                                                                    Initiativ e                NA              NA                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            4.50%                                                                                                                    Thornapple Riv er                                                                                                    Riv er Network, Barry Conserv ation
                                   Fall Creek                               25300, MI/DEQ/SWQ-02/001                                        Not Assessed   Not Assessed     Not Assessed    Not Assessed                                                               Inland Lakes Mercury Adv isory              None                                                       Thornapple Riv er                        NA                                    Hastings                    Designation                                                                                                       Rural, Lake                                                                                   MNFI 14D 21          NONE                                15870.038                36.56%                  29.34%      10.58%      6.11%       4.65%      12.76%     None                                           Ms. Kim Walton        269-948-8056 x127                            Watershed Stream Team                                                                   Potawatomie RC&D   Env ironmental Action
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                                                                            25300, 003900, MI/DEQ/SWQ-
                                                                            02/001, MI/DEQ/SWQ-98/029,                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         Thornapple Riov er                                                                                            West Michigan
14D_22         Thornapple Riv er                                                                               1998                                                                                          2002         STORET (Thornapple Riv er @ McKeown                                                                                                                                        Initiativ e                NA              NA                                                                                                                                                         Urban, Rural,                                                                                                                                                      7.45%                                                                                                                    Thornapple Riv er                                                                                                    Riv er Network, Barry Conserv ation                                                                   Grand Valley Metropolitan
                                   Thornapple Riv er                            MI/DNR/SWQ-91/001,                          NRCS            Not Assessed   Not Assessed     Not Assessed    Not Assessed                                                               Inland Lakes Mercury Adv isory              None                                                       Thornapple Riv er                        NA                                    Hastings                    Designation                                                                                                                                                                                                     MNFI 14D 22          NONE                                18104.85                 46.19%                  25.05%      11.73%      12.26%      0.23%      4.54%      None                                           Ms. Kim Walton        269-948-8056 x128                            Watershed Stream Team                                                                   Potawatomie RC&D   Env ironmental Action                               REGIS
                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Rd)                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Thornapple                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Watershed Council                                                                                                    District                                                                                                      Council
                                                                              MI/DEQ/SWQ-98/023 (Fish                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          (Activ ity Varies)                                                                                                Council
                                                                                    Hatchery Cr.)
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14D_23         Thornapple Riv er                                                                               1998                                                                                          2002                                                                                                                                                                                    Initiativ e                NA              NA                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            2.36%                                                                                                                    Thornapple Riv er                                                                                                    Riv er Network, Barry Conserv ation
                                   Glass Creek                              25300, MI/DEQ/SWQ-02/001                                        Not Assessed   Not Assessed     Not Assessed    Not Assessed                                                               Inland Lakes Mercury Adv isory              None                               Glass Creek             Thornapple Riv er                        NA                                    NO                          NA                                                                                                                Rural, Lake                                                                                   MNFI 14D 23          NONE                                23511.078                30.14%                  45.64%      9.86%       1.94%       2.79%      9.64%      None                                           Ms. Kim Walton        269-948-8056 x129                            Watershed Stream     Team                                                               Potawatomie RC&D   Env ironmental Action
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14D_24         Thornapple Riv er                                            25300, 003900, MI/DNR/SWQ-         1989                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Initiativ e                NA              NA                                                                                                                                                         Rural, Lake,                                                                                                                                                       4.14%                                                                                                                    Thornapple Riv er                                                                                                    Riv er Network, Barry Conserv ation
                                   Thornapple Riv er                                                                        NRCS            Not Assessed   Not Assessed     Not Assessed    Not Assessed                                                               Inland Lakes Mercury Adv isory              None                                                       Thornapple Riv er                        NA                                    NO                          NA                                      Gaines Twp (In Progress)                                                                                                                                                MNFI 14D 24          NONE                                24879.649                45.67%                  34.17%      7.86%       4.40%       2.34%      5.55%      None                                           Ms. Kim Walton        269-948-8056 x130                            Watershed Stream     Team                                                               Potawatomie RC&D   Env ironmental Action
                                                                                       91/001                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Thornapple                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Watershed Council                                                                                                    District
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14D_25         Thornapple Riv er                                            25300, 003900, MI/DNR/SWQ-         1978                                                                                                       Barry -Eaton HD (E. coli), Duncan Lake                                                                                                                                     Initiativ e                NA              NA                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            4.29%                                                                                                                    Thornapple Riv er                                                                                                    Riv er Network, Barry Conserv ation
                                   Duncan Creek                                                                                             Not Assessed   Not Assessed     Not Assessed    Not Assessed                                                               Inland Lakes Mercury Adv isory              None                                                       Thornapple Riv er                        NA                                    Caledonia Twp               Testing                                                                                                           Rural, Lake                                                                Caledonia Twp      MNFI 14D 25          NONE                                15049.547                76.10%                  12.07%      5.02%       4.32%       1.05%      1.44%      None                                           Ms. Kim Walton        269-948-8056 x131                            Watershed Stream     Team                                                               Potawatomie RC&D   Env ironmental Action
                                                                                       91/002                                                                                                                             Water Quality Monitoring (E. coli)                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           Watershed Council                                                                                                    District
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14D_26         Thornapple Riv er                                                                               1968                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           Thornapple Riv er,     Initiativ e                                                                                              Commercial sites                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                5.89%                                                                                                                    Thornapple Riv er                                                                                                    Riv er Network, Ionia Conserv ation                                                                                                                                                                                       West Michigan Regional
                                   Little Thornapple Riv er                            25300                                                Not Assessed   Not Assessed     Not Assessed    Not Assessed                  Barry -Eaton HD (E. coli)                    Inland Lakes Mercury Adv isory              Mercury               2011                                                                          NA                                    Lake Odessa                 Program                                 Ionia Drain Commissioner SWMP                                             Urban, Lake, Rural                                                                            MNFI 14D 26          NONE                                16187.482                74.20%                  11.40%      2.37%       6.93%       3.42%      1.69%      None                                           Ms. Kim Walton        269-948-8056 x132                            Watershed Stream     Team                                             Timberland RC&D                      Env ironmental Action
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              WCLMI Resource Plan                                                                                                             only                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     Watershed Council                                                                                                    District, Barry Conserv ation District                                                                                                                                                                                     Planning Commission
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14D_27         Thornapple Riv er                                                                               1998                                                                                          2002                                                                                                                                                                                    Completed                  Y ES            NO                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            3.19%                                                                                                                    Coldwater Riv er                                                                                                     Riv er Network, Ionia Conserv ation
                                   Coldwater Riv er                         25300, MI/DEQ/SWQ-02/001                         AWRI           Not Assessed   Not Assessed     Not Assessed    Not Assessed                  Volunteer/AWRI                               Inland Lakes Mercury Adv isory              Pathogens             2006                                 Coldwater Riv er                        CMI                                    NO                          NA                                                                                 ICDC Road Crossing Study       Rural, Urban                                                                                  MNFI 14D 27          NONE                                29517.073                75.52%                  17.73%      2.08%       1.51%       0.33%      2.83%      None                                           Mr. Jim Oosting       (616) 891-8444                               Watershed Stream     Team                                                               Potawatomie RC&D   Env ironmental Action
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                                                                            25300, MI/DEQ/SWQ-97/085,                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Thornapple Riov er                                                                                            West Michigan
14D_28         Thornapple Riv er                                                                               1998                                                                                          2002                                                                                                                                                                                    Completed                  Y ES            NO                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            3.64%                                                                                                                    Coldwater Riv er                                                                                                     Riv er Network, Barry Conserv ation
                                   Coldwater Riv er                            MI/DEQ/SWQ-00/051,                            AWRI           Not Assessed   Not Assessed     Not Assessed    Not Assessed                  Volunteer/AWRI, KCHD (E. coli)               Inland Lakes Mercury Adv isory              None                               Coldwater Riv er        Coldwater Riv er                        CMI                                    Freeport                    Grant                                                                                                             Rural, Urban                                                               Bowne Twp          MNFI 14D 28          NONE                                8006.416                 69.18%       0.00%      20.67%      3.67%       2.65%       0.25%      3.58%      None                                           Mr. Jim Oosting       (616) 891-8444                               Watershed Stream     Team                                                               Potawatomie RC&D   Env ironmental Action
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                                                                               MI/DEQ/SWQ-02/001                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               (Activ ity Varies)                                                                                                Council
                                                                            25300, MI/DEQ/SWQ-00/051,                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Thornapple Riov er                                                                                            West Michigan
14D_29         Thornapple Riv er                                                                               1998                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           Coldwater Riv er,      Completed                  Y ES            NO                                                            Commercial sites                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                2.86%                                                                                                                    Coldwater Riv er                                                                                                     Riv er Network, Ionia Conserv ation                                                                                                                                                                                       West Michigan Regional
                                   Duck Creek                                  MI/DEQ/SWQ-97/085,                            AWRI           Not Assessed   Not Assessed     Not Assessed        Good                      Volunteer/AWRI                               Inland Lakes Mercury Adv isory              Delisted                           Duck Creek                                                      CMI                                    NO                          NA                                      Ionia Drain Commissioner SWMP              ICDC Road Crossing Study       Rural                                                                      Bowne Twp          MNFI 14D 29          NONE                                17753.911                81.07%                  14.41%      1.71%       0.47%       0.00%      2.34%      None                                           Mr. Jim Oosting       (616) 891-8444                               Watershed Stream     Team                                             Timberland RC&D                      Env ironmental Action
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                                                                               MI/DEQ/SWQ-02/001                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               (Activ ity Varies)                                                                                                Council

14D_3          Thornapple Riv er                                                                               1998                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Initiativ e                NA              NA                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            5.18%                                                                                                                    Thornapple Riv er
                                   Thornapple Drain                         25300, MI/DEQ/SWQ-02/001                                        Not Assessed   Not Assessed     Not Assessed    Not Assessed                                                               Inland Lakes Mercury Adv isory              None                                                       Thornapple Riv er                        NA                                    Delta Township              Program                                                                                                           Rural                 NRCS                                                                    MNFI 14D 3           NONE                                13717.259                71.56%                  10.10%      12.37%      5.54%       0.06%      0.37%      None                                           Ms. Kim Walton        269-948-8
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                                     WATERSHED INFORMATION                                                                                                                                                        INVENTORY DATA                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    WATERSHED PLANNING                                                                                                                                                                                                        LAND USE PLANNING                                                                                                                                                                       LOCAL PARTICIPATION                                                                                                                                                                      REGIONAL PLANNING
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                                                                                                                        Last                      Stream          Stream          Stream          Stream        MDEQ Road                                                                                                                                                                         Watershed      Watershed   Information                                               Wellhead                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               Watershed                                                                                                                                                      West Michigan                                                                                                     Regional Shoreline             West Michigan
Watershed ID                                                                               Surface Water Quality       SWQAS      Inventory       Search          Search          Search          Search        Stream                                                                                                                                                          Watershed         Management    Management   and Education   Hydrologic   Wellhead Protection          Protection Plan       Wellhead                                                                                               Floodplain          Wastewater         Storm Water        Michigan Natural                                      Size        Percent      Agricultur            Forest   Range    Urban and                     NPDES Phase II         Watershed           Organization       Contact Phone                                                                                          Timberland                         Envionmental Action          Grand Valley                             Ottawa County        Muskegon Metropolitan       Development               Regional Planning
Number                Major Watershed            Subwatershed             Tributaries       Assessment Surveys          Study   Performed by:   Results 2003    Results 2002    Results 2001    Results 2000    Crossing    Water Quality Monitoring                     Fish Consumtion Advisories              TMDL                 TMDL Date     Trout Streams            Management Plan      Plan Status    Plan Type   Strategy        Study        Area                         Status                Protection GIS     Storm Water Master Plan         Hydrologic Studies            Watershed Type        Mapping      Dams   Treatment Plants   Ordinance          Features Inventory   Superfund Sites                  (acres)     Impervious   e            Barren   Land     Land     Built-up    Water   Wetland   Communities            Organization        Contact            Number           Funding Sources   Adopt-a-Stream Groups   Conservation Organizations                     RC&D         Potawatomie RC&D          Council           Metropolitan Council         Regis        Planning and Grants     Planning Organization       Commission                  Commission
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14E_19                Flat Riv er                                                                                       1998                                                                                    2001                                                     Inland Lakes Mercury Adv isory , Flat                                                                                    Completed                                                                                                  Commercial sites                                                                                                                                                                                                                   4.07%                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     West Michigan Regional
                                                 Unnamed Trib                           25300, MI/DEQ/SWQ-02/004                                Not Assessed    Not Assessed    Not Assessed    Not Assessed                                                                                                     Mercury              2011          Unnamed Tributary       WCLMI Resource Plan                    NA                                     NO                           NA                                       Ionia Drain Commissioner SWMP                                 Rural, Lake                                                                     MNFI 14E 19          NONE                             14221.765                41.94%                35.97%   5.45%    4.95%       3.13%   8.56%     None                                                                                                                     Montcalm Conserv ation District           Timberland RC&D                      Env ironmental Action
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14E_2                 Flat Riv er                                                                                       1998                                                                                    2001                                                     Inland Lakes Mercury Adv isory , Flat                                                                                    Initiativ e                NA              NA                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 2.54%                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     West Michigan Regional
                                                 Black Creek                            25300, MI/DEQ/SWQ-02/004                                Not Assessed    not assessed     Good/Fair          Good                                                                                                         None                                                       None                                   NA                                     NO                           NA                                                                                                     Rural, Headwaters                                                               MNFI 14E 2           NONE                             16741.52                 58.72%                26.96%   8.43%    0.55%       0.21%   5.14%     None                                                                                                                                                               Timberland RC&D
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14E_20                Flat Riv er                                                                                       1998                                                                                    2001                                                     Inland Lakes Mercury Adv isory , Flat                                                                                    Initiativ e                NA              NA                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 2.56%                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     West Michigan Regional
                                                 Dickerson Creek                        25300, MI/DEQ/SWQ-02/004                                Not Assessed    Not Assessed    Not Assessed    Not Assessed                                                                                                     None                               Dickerson Creek         None                                   NA                                     NO                           NA                                                                                                     Rural                                                                           MNFI 14E 20          NONE                             13640.509                35.28%                39.22%   12.08%   1.81%       0.39%   11.22%    None                                                                                                                     Montcalm Conserv ation District           Timberland RC&D
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14E_21                Flat Riv er                                                                                       1998                                                                                    2001                                                     Inland Lakes Mercury Adv isory , Flat                                                                                    Initiativ e                NA              NA                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 3.67%                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Grand Valley Metropolitan                                                                                              West Michigan Regional
                                                 Seely Creek                            25300, MI/DEQ/SWQ-02/004                                Not Assessed    Not Assessed    Not Assessed    Not Assessed                                                                                                     None                                                       None                                   NA                                     NO                           NA                                                                                                     Rural, Lake                                                  Grattan Twp        MNFI 14E 21          NONE                             20310.38                 40.32%       0.00%    24.27%   22.08%   3.58%       4.54%   5.21%     None                                                                                                                     Ionia Conserv ation District              Timberland RC&D                      Env ironmental Action                                 REGIS
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14E_22                Flat Riv er                                                       25300, 003910, MI/DEQ/SWQ-      1998                                                                                    2001                                                     Inland Lakes Mercury Adv isory , Flat   Poly chlorinated                                                                 Completed                                                                                                  Commercial sites                                                                 Urban, Rural, Flat                                                                                   H&K Sales, (MID001271535,                    9.18%                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     West Michigan Regional
                                                 Flat Riv er                                                                                    Not Assessed    Not Assessed    Not Assessed    Not Assessed                KCHD (Scalley Lake--E. coli)                                                                              2010                                  WCLMI Resource Plan                    NA                                     Belding                      Program                                  Ionia Drain Commissioner SWMP   Natural Riv er Plan                                                                                           MNFI 14E 22                                           13741.703                49.24%                24.21%   9.56%    14.38%      0.23%   2.38%     None                                                                                                                     Ionia Conserv ation District              Timberland RC&D                      Env ironmental Action
                                                                                                   02/004                                                                                                                                                                Riv er PCBs                             bipheny ls                                                                                                                                                                                  only                                                                             Riv er                                                                                               deleted 1998)                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           Planning Commission
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14E_23                Flat Riv er                                                                                       1998                                                                                    2001                                                     Inland Lakes Mercury Adv isory , Flat   Poly chlorinated                                                                 Completed                                                                                                  Commercial sites                                                                 Rural, Lake, Flat                                                                                                                                 3.11%                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Grand Valley Metropolitan                                                                                              West Michigan Regional
                                                 Flat Riv er                                       25300                                           Good           Excellent        Good           Excellent                 KCHD (Flat Riv er--E. coli)                                                                               2010                                  WCLMI Resource Plan                    NA                                     NO                           NA                                       Ionia Drain Commissioner SWMP   Natural Riv er Plan                                                                        Grattan Twp        MNFI 14E 23          NONE                             28120.77                 48.53%                27.98%   15.37%   2.57%       2.54%   3.01%     None                                                                                                                     Ionia Conserv ation District              Timberland RC&D                      Env ironmental Action                                 REGIS
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         Riv er PCBs                             bipheny ls                                                                                                                                                                                  only                                                                             Riv er                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       Council                                                                                                         Planning Commission
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14E_24                Flat Riv er                                                       25300, 003910, MI/DEQ/SWQ-      1998                                                                                    2001                                                     Inland Lakes Mercury Adv isory , Flat   Poly chlorinated                                                                 Initiativ e                NA              NA                                                                                                                                               Urban, Rural, Flat                                                                                                                                13.58%                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             Grand Valley Metropolitan                                                                                              West Michigan Regional
                                                 Flat Riv er                                                                                    Not Assessed    Not Assessed    Not Assessed    Not Assessed                                                                                                                          2010                                  None                                   NA                                     NO                           NA                                                                       Natural Riv er Plan                                                                                           MNFI 14E 24          NONE                             2481.982                 12.98%                37.98%   21.13%   21.86%      5.40%   0.65%     None                                                                                                                                                               Timberland RC&D                      Env ironmental Action                                 REGIS
                                                                                                   02/004                                                                                                                                                                Riv er PCBs                             bipheny ls                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   Riv er                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       Council                                                                                                         Planning Commission
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14E_3                 Flat Riv er                                                                                       1968                                                                                    2001                                                     Inland Lakes Mercury Adv isory , Flat                                                                                    Initiativ e                NA              NA                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 5.88%                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     West Michigan Regional
                                                 Townline Creek                                    25300                                        Not Assessed    Not Assessed    Not Assessed    Not Assessed                                                                                                     None                                                       None                                   NA                                     NO                           NA                                                                                                     Rural, Lake                                                                     MNFI 14E 3           NONE                             5207.073                 45.94%                28.04%   5.67%    8.95%       6.18%   5.23%     None                                                                                                                     Montcalm Conserv ation District           Timberland RC&D
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         Riv er PCBs                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       Planning Commission
                                                                                          25300, 000330, 000420,
14E_4                 Flat Riv er                                                                                       1998                                                                                    2001                                                     Inland Lakes Mercury Adv isory , Flat                                                                                    Initiativ e                NA              NA                                                                                                                                               Rural, Urban, Flat                                                                                                                                3.54%                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     West Michigan Regional
                                                 Flat Riv er                               00730, 003910, 83970,                                Not Assessed    Not Assessed    Not Assessed    Not Assessed                                                                                                     None                                                       None                                   NA                                     NO                           NA                                                                       Natural Riv er Plan                                                                                           MNFI 14E 4           NONE                             22668.733                60.50%                19.02%   8.45%    2.69%       1.76%   7.58%     None                                                                                                                     Montcalm Conserv ation District           Timberland RC&D
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         Riv er PCBs                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Riv er                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       Planning Commission
                                                                                            MI/DEQ/SWQ-02/004
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   Potterville Train Derailment
14E_5                 Flat Riv er                                                                                       1698                                                                                    2001                                                     Inland Lakes Mercury Adv isory , Flat                                                                                    Initiativ e                NA              NA                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 2.98%                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     West Michigan Regional
                                                 Unnamed Trib                                      25300                                        Not Assessed    Not Assessed    Not Assessed    Not Assessed                                                                                                     None                                                       None                                   NA                                     NO                           NA                                                                                                     Rural                                                                           MNFI 14E 5           (MIN000508477, not a national    8223.6                   72.44%                15.98%   6.07%    1.76%       0.50%   3.25%     None                                                                                                                     Montcalm Conserv ation District           Timberland RC&D
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         Riv er PCBs                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       Planning Commission
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14E_6                 Flat Riv er                                                       25300, 003910, MI/DEQ/SWQ-      1998                                                                                    2001                                                     Inland Lakes Mercury Adv isory , Flat                                                                                    Initiativ e                NA              NA                                                                                                                                               Rural, Flat Riv er,                                                                                                                               2.87%                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     West Michigan Regional
                                                 Flat Riv er                                                                                    Not Assessed    Not Assessed    Not Assessed    Not Assessed                                                                                                     None                                                       None                                   NA                                     NO                           NA                                                                       Natural Riv er Plan                                                                                           MNFI 14E 6           NONE                             18899.905                60.98%                24.76%   4.66%    1.76%       0.90%   6.94%     None                                                                                                                     Montcalm Conserv ation District           Timberland RC&D
                                                                                                   02/004                                                                                                                                                                Riv er PCBs                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Lake                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         Planning Commission
14E_7                 Flat Riv er                                                                                       1998                                                                                    2001                                                     Inland Lakes Mercury Adv isory , Flat                                      Unnamed trib to Flat                          Initiativ e                NA              NA                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 2.90%                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     West Michigan Regional
                                                 Flat Riv er                            25300, MI/DEQ/SWQ-02/004                                Not Assessed    Not Assessed    Not Assessed    Not Assessed                                                                                                     None                                                       None                                   NA                                     NO                           NA                                                                       Natural Riv er Plan           Rural, Lake                                                                     MNFI 14E 7           NONE                             15700.897                44.59%                36.91%   8.20%    2.45%       2.83%   5.02%     None                                                                                                                     Montcalm Conserv ation District           Timberland RC&D
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14E_8                 Flat Riv er                                                                                       1968                                                                                    2001                                                     Inland Lakes Mercury Adv isory , Flat                                                                                    Not Started                NA              NA                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 3.83%                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Grand Valley Metropolitan                                                                                              West Michigan Regional
                                                 Alder Creek Drain                                 25300                                        Not Assessed    Not Assessed    Not Assessed    Not Assessed                                                                                                     None                                                       None                                   NA                                     NO                           NA                                                                                                     Rural, Urban                                                 Nelson Twp         MNFI 14E 8           NONE                             9272.254                 41.20%                27.22%   23.53%   3.53%       1.12%   3.39%     None                                                                                                                     Montcalm Conserv ation District           Timberland RC&D                      Env ironmental Action                                 REGIS
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14E_9                 Flat Riv er                                                                                       1968                                                                                    2001                                                     Inland Lakes Mercury Adv isory , Flat                                                                                    Not Started                NA              NA