AP HUMAN GEOGRAPHY UNIT 2: POPULATION & MIGRATION TEST REVIEW TOPICS Know the following topics for the test! Make sure you also study your chapter reading guide and all of the notes in class! Overpopulation Population regions in the world Physiological density Arithmetic density Timeline of Population Growth Crude Birth Rate Crude Death Rate Doubling Time Life Expectancy Human Development Index (how to they rank countries?) Demographic Transition Model (know the stages!) Thomas Malthus’ Theory Population Pyramids Ethnicity vs. Race Cultural differences in Quebec Gravity Model Net Migration Equation Types of Migration Intervening Opportunity Push vs. Pull Factors US Immigration Waves Refugees Migration Selectivity Barriers to Migration Possible Free Response Questions. Make sure you go over the FRQ 101 notes we did in class. The Demographic Transition Model can help explain population issues and categorize countries with regard to population and economics. Please explain the five stages of the model, and give an example of a country at each stage. Malthus’s theory of population was revolutionary. Do you think Malthus was correct? Why or why not. Ravenstein’s Gravity Model helped explain the trends in migrations. List and provide an example of each of the laws. How to demographers determine the Human Development Index ranking for a country? How can you use this to determine which stage the country falls into the model? How would the Gravity Model be different for each level of the Human Development Index? Use the following questions to help you study for the test. Make sure you also study your notes, chapter reading guides, and textbook. 1. What is overpopulation? 2. Where are the largest concentrations of people located at in the world? 3. What is the difference between arithmetic density and physiological density? 4. Know what the agricultural, Industrial, and medical revolutions did for population. 5. Know the following population terms: birth rate, death/mortality rate, rate of natural increase, life expectancy, fertility rate, doubling time 6. Know the stages of the Demographic Transition Model, and its components. 7. What factors do geographers use to make a population pyramid? 8. What are the different shapes for a population pyramid? What do they tell you about the population? 9. What do population density maps use to show where population is located at? 10. What is the difference between ethnicity and race? 11. What type of culture distinguishes Quebec from the rest of Canada? 12. List the laws of the Gravity Model. 13. Define the 5 types of migration. 14. List 3 examples of push and pull factors. 15. What was the main reason why immigrants came to the United States during the Second Wave? 16. What are the 3 categories that determine migration selectivity? 17. Define Activity Space 18. Define Space-Time Prism 19. What specific country do most of the legal and illegal immigrants come from today? 20. If Country X has 1000 migrants for the net migration and 500 immigrants, what is the net out-migration?