AP Exam Review Assignment – Spring 2011 INTRODUCTION By now, you have already purchased an AP Review book and have begun reading through it. As such, your own review for the exam has already begun. We will continue that formal review with an exam-focused series of questions that will help reflect on American History. With less than twenty class sessions to go, time is of the essence. What follows are a list of questions that will help you review for the upcoming exam; responses to each set must be hand-written and are due (for both classes) during the following days: DUE DATES Please note that all of these assignments, regardless of what class you are in, are due (as a quiz grade) to Room 404 on each Monday by 3pm. Late assignments will be accepted, with a 20point deduction through Wednesday of that week. If you are planning on being out on that Monday, please see me. Monday, March 21st – The New Nation AND Expansion & Reform Monday, March 28th – The Road to War, Civil War, & Reconstruction AND Industrialization Monday, April 4th – Populism and Progressivism AND Imperialism and WWI Monday, April 11th – Great Depression and WWII AND Post-War America/Cold War On each of the previous Fridays before the assignments are due, you are more than welcome to come to Room 404 from 2:45-4:15 to work through the questions. One Last and Very Important QUESTIONS All assignments should be your own original work. Copying is not permitted; you will probably get away with it but it will not help you prepare! Your answers can be bullet-pointed but should be developed, when necessary, and reflect analysis, when appropriate. You can work in small groups and/or with other people, but do not simply copy the answers. That is a waste of all of our time! The New Nation 1. What Supreme Court case established the idea of Judicial Review and what is judicial review? 2. George Washington put down this rebellion, which displayed the new power of the federal government. Explain the rebellion briefly. 3. This group of amendments was added to the Constitution to protect individual rights and legal rights. 4. What are the four things that Washington warned about in his “farewell address”? 5. Explain Hamilton’s financial program. 6. What political party had most of its support in the Northeast and among businessmen? 7. Who passed the Alien and Sedition Acts and what did they do? 8. What is the meaning and significance of the Alien and Sedition Acts? 9. How did Jefferson attempt to avoid war with England and France? Give at least one example. 10. What was the significance of the election of 1800? 11. What future president because famous as a result of his role in the War of 1812? 12. What was the group of congressmen from the South and West that advocated for war against the British called? 13. What was the cause of the War of 1812 and what was its significance? 14. What impact did the Hartford Convention have on the Federalist Party? 15. What invention helped to make plantations more profitable and spread the institution of slavery? 16. What is “Republican Motherhood”? 17. What does “laissez-faire” mean? 18. What happened to voting requirements during the early years of America? Who could vote by 1840? AP Exam Review Assignment – Spring 2011 Expansion & Reform 1. Why did the Purchase of the Louisiana Territory conflict with Jefferson’s construction of the constitution? 2. What was the Missouri Compromise and why did Jefferson refer to it as a “fire bell in the night”? 3. What does the term manifest destiny mean and what decade is it associated with? 4. The Battle of the Alamo is associated with what conflict? 5. How did Andrew Jackson deal with Native American conflict in Georgia? Be specific. 6. What caused the Mexican-American War? 7. What were the terms of the Treaty of Guadalupe-Hidalgo? 8. What impact did this treaty have upon the mentality of the nation? 9. What was transcendentalism? Name two people associated with it. 10. How did Andrew Jackson reflect the interests of the “common man”? 11. What did Andrew Jackson dislike the National Bank? 12. What was significant about Lowell Mills? (Hint: think about the workers) 13. Name and explain at least four of the reform movements that gained in popularity and influence in the 1830s and 1840s. 14. What development helped to bring the regions closer together and facilitate urbanization and westward expansion? 15. What was the “American System” that was proposed by Henry Clay? 16. What was the Monroe Doctrine? 17. Why did South Carolina threaten to secede from the Union during the presidency of Andrew Jackson and how did he deal with it? 18. What was the Seneca Falls Convention and who were the leading figures? 19. How do the Utopian Communities of the early 19th century reflect the changes in American during this time? 20. How does the Know-Nothing (American) Party reflect changing attitudes toward immigration? The Road to War, Civil War, & Reconstruction 1. How did the Kansas-Nebraska Act try to solve the issue of expansion and slavery? 2. What was the significance of the Dred Scott decision? 3. How did the Compromise of 1850 increase sectionalism? 4. In what ways did the situation in Kansas act as a warm-up for the Civil War? 5. What was the platform of the Republican Party? 6. During the mid 19th century, explain the political, economic and social differences between the north and the south. 7. Explain the significance of the 1860 election. 8. Briefly explain the differences between the North and the South heading into the Civil War. 9. What was the significance of the Battle of Antietam? Vicksburg and Gettysburg? Sherman’s March? 10. Who was the president of the Confederacy? 11. Who were the leaders of the Army of the Potomac and the Army of Virginia at the end of the war? 12. How did President Lincoln deal with critics of the war in the state of Maryland? 13. Who killed Abraham Lincoln? 14. What made congressional reconstruction so “radical”? 15. What are the Civil War amendments and what did they do? 16. What was the freedman’s bureau? 17. Why did Southerners become so infuriated by Reconstruction? 18. To what degree was reconstruction successful in creating racial equality? 19. Give two examples of how the southern states tried to inhibit laws creating racial equality. 20. Under what circumstances did reconstruction end? AP Exam Review Assignment – Spring 2011 Industrialization 1. What were the major factors that helped the US industrialize at the end of the 19th century? 2. Why did Mark Twain refer to the end of the 19th century as the “Gilded Age”? 3. What was the Homestead Act? 4. As westward expansion continued, how did the government’s policy toward Native-Americans change? 5. What is meant by the title of Helen Hunt Jackson’s book, “Century of Dishonor”? 6. How did urbanization change the physical structure of the American city? 7. Where was the transcontinental railroad finished? 8. What was the first group that the US government prohibited from immigrating to the Untied States? Why? 9. How do Morgan, Rockefeller, Vanderbilt, and Carnegie reflect the “ideal” during the Gilded Age? 10. In what ways does the Gilded Age reflect the problems with laissez-faire capitalism? 11. What are the ideas behind Social Darwinism and the Gospel of Wealth? 12. Why did labor unions form during this time? 13. What was the first large labor union and why did it fall apart? 14. Why was the AFL the first successful labor union? 15. Explain the differences between the National Labor Union, Knights of Labor and American Federation of Labor. 16. Why didn’t labor unions have much success in the 19th century? 17. What tactics did unions use to get businesses to listen? 18. How did municipal (city) politics become corrupted by political machines? 19. Who is the greatest example of this corruption? Why? Populism and Progressivism 1. What is populism and among whom did it find the most support? 2. What did the populists want and why (Hint: review the Omaha platform) 3. What did William Jennings Bryan mean when he stated, “we shall not hang upon this cross of gold”? 4. Why did William Jennings Bryan fail to win the presidency in 1896? 5. How do the Progressives differ from the Populists? 6. Who were the muckrakers and what was their goal? 7. What led to the demise of the Populist party? 8. How did the Triangle Shirtwaist factory fire reflect the problems of the American industrial worker? 9. What was the purpose of Jane Addams’ Hull house? 10. How did Roosevelt, Taft, and Wilson come to be known as the Progressive presidents? 11. How did intellectuals, novelists, and journalists inspire the progressive movement? 12. Briefly describe the following: 18th amendment, Sherman Anti-trust Act, National Parks, and trust busting. 13. Briefly describe the success of each of the following: 16th/17th/19th amendments, Federal Reserve Act, and ICC. 14. How were African-Americans disenfranchised during this time period? 15. What is the significance of Plessy v. Ferguson? 16. What is the difference between the ideas of Booker T. Washington and WEB DuBois? 17. How did Henry Ford reflect the ideas of efficiency and mechanization in modern industry? What effect did this have upon the workers? 18. What impact did the invention of electricity have upon the workers? AP Exam Review Assignment – Spring 2011 Imperialism & World War I 1. Why does the United States look to expand at the turn of the century and move away from its traditionally isolationist policy? 2. What were the causes of the Spanish-American war? Ideological? 3. What problems did the war cause? (Consider the situation in the Philippines) 4. How did Teddy Roosevelt use under-handed means to secure US involvement in the creation of the Panama Canal? 5. What was the main idea of the Roosevelt Corollary to the Monroe Doctrine? 6. What were the causes of WWI in Europe? (long and short) 7. What was the initial US response to the war and why? 8. What events led the US to finally enter the war? 9. How did WWI reflect new, modern warfare? 10. What were the main ideas behind Wilson’s Fourteen Points? Why could it be viewed as idealistic? 11. Why did the US fail to ratify the Treaty of Versailles? 12. What was the purpose of the Espionage and Sedition Acts? 13. How did the Palmer raids reflect the growing paranoia of the spread of communism? 14. What happened in 19127 that led to the first Red Scare in America? 15. Why did the US return to a policy of isolationism following WWI? 16. What was the goal of the Dawes Plan and why did it ultimately fail? Great Depression & World War II 1. Compare and contrast the policies of Hoover and Roosevelt. 2. Briefly describe at least four cause of the Great Depression. 3. What was the New Deal? 4. Briefly describe five different programs of the New Deal. 5. What were some criticisms of the New Deal? 6. What did Roosevelt want to do with the Supreme Court? 7. How did the Great Depression affect: a. Women b. Dust bowl farmers c. African Americans d. Mexican Americans e. Native Americans 8. What were the causes of World War II? 9. Explain the shift in US foreign policy before and after the war. 10. What happened at Pearl Harbor? 11. What affect did World War II have on: a. African Americans b. Mexican Americans c. Native Americans d. Japanese Americans 12. What role did WWII have on women in society (provide at least two ways) 13. Why was “Rosie the Riveter” important? 14. What was the Double-V Campaign? 15. What role did propaganda play during this time period? 16. Explain four legacies of WWII on American society. AP Exam Review Assignment – Spring 2011 Post-War America/Cold War 1. What changes occurred in post-war society regarding population, suburban growth, and the return of the soldiers? 2. What was containment? What documents supported the policy? 3. What did the following administrations do in response to the threat of communism & Cold War: a. Truman b. Eisenhower c. Kennedy d. Johnson 4. What was “Sputnik”? What affect did it have on the United States? 5. What role did the United States play in the Korean War? What were the results? 6. What was McCarthyism and what role did in play in society? 7. How did the Cold War affect the civil liberties of many Americans? 8. What role did Eisenhower and Kennedy play in the Vietnam conflict? 9. Identify the causes of US involvement in Vietnam. 10. What role did Johnson play in Vietnam? 11. What court case result allowed for the integration of public schools in the US? What court case ruling was overturned? 12. Identify the following civil rights organizations: SCLC, NAACP, CORE and SNCC. 13. List and explain four important events from the Civil Rights Movement. 14. Why was 1968 a turning point in American history? (Be specific) 15. What advancements did women make during the Cold War era? 16. What affect did propaganda have on the Cold War? America Since 1970* 1. What was New Federalism? 2. Explain the significance of Nixon’s trip to China. 3. What role did Nixon play in the Vietnam conflict? 4. Identify the Watergate scandal. 5. Briefly describe one important event from the Ford administration. 6. Briefly describe one important event from the Carter administration. 7. What changes occurred for the following groups during the 1970s: a. Mexican Americans b. Native Americans c. Asian Americans d. Homosexuals e. Environmental groups 8. Identify Roe. v. Wade. 9. What economic changes occurred during the Regan administration? 10. How did the Cold War advance under Regan? 11. Identify the Persian Gulf War. 12. Why, specifically, was Clinton impeached? 13. Identify the 2000 election. 14. What happened on September 11th, 2001? 15. What is the No Child Left Behind Act? 16. Identify and explain Hurricane Katrina and other events that have characterized society since George W. Bush’s election. *These questions will not be picked up, though you may consider reviewing them as part of your overall review for the exam. If you do, your focus should be through the first two-thirds of the questions for this section.