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                                                                                                                                                  Cells - 100
                                                               Cells   Genetics    DNA    Evolu-   Biochem   Plants   Classifi-
                                                                                           tion                        cation

                                                               100      100        100     100      100       100      100        • This feature is absent in a prokaryotic cell:
                                                                                                                                    – a. plasma membrane
  AP Biology Review Jeopardy                                   200      200        200     200      200       200      200          – b. nucleoid
                                                                                                                                    – c. cytoplasm
                                                               300      300        300     300      300       300      300          – d. nucleus
                     Round 1
                                                                                                                                    – e. DNA
               The Jeopardy Round                              400      400        400     400      400       400      400
                                                                                                                                    Answer: D

                                                               500      500        500     500      500       500      500




                   Cells - 200                                                     Cells - 300                                                    Cells - 400
• If the volume of a cell increases, its                       • Which statement is true?                                         • Exocytotic vesicles develop from the
  surface area will:                                              – a. a cell placed in an isotonic solution will swell.            membranes of which of the following
                                                                  – b. a cell placed in a hypotonic solution will swell             structures?
  – a. decrease
                                                                  – c. a cell placed in a hypotonic solution will shrink
  – b. remain the same                                                                                                              – a. mitochondria
                                                                  – d. a cell placed in a hypertonic solution will not
  – c. increase proportionately                                     change size                                                     – b. Golgi bodies
  – d. increase to a greater degree                               – e. a cell placed in a hypotonic solution will remain the        – c. lysosomes
                                                                    same size
  – e. increase to a lesser degree                                                                                                  – d. vacuoles
                                                                                                                                    – e. phagocytes
  Answer: E                                                       Answer: B
                                                                                                                                    Answer: B




                   Cells - 500                                                    Genetics - 100                                                Genetics - 200
• If a biologist said that the human body might be             • A locus is                                                       • If R is dominant to r, the offspring of the
  getting its power from “bacteria,” he/she would                 – a. a recessive gene.                                            cross of RR with rr will
  be referring to:                                                                                                                  – a. be homozygous.
                                                                  – b. an unmatched allele.
  – a. cells that utilize bacteria for producing energy                                                                             – b. display the same phenotype as the RR
  – b. bacteria in the intestinal tract that directly supply      – c. a sex chromosome.
                                                                                                                                      parent.
    humans with energy from food                                  – d. the location of an allele on a chromosome.                   – c. display the same phenotype as the rr
  – c. mitochondria in the cells that may have originated         – e. a dominant gene.                                               parent.
    from endosymbiotic bacteria
                                                                                                                                    – d. have the same genotype as the RR parent.
  – d. the E. Coli bacteria throughout the human body
    that produce ATP
                                                                  Answer: D                                                         – e. have the same genotype as the rr parent.

  Answer: C
                                                                                                                                    Answer: B




                                                                                                                                                                                    1
              Genetics - 300                                               Genetics - 400                                    Genetics - 500
• If the results of a testcross reveal that all              • Genes at one locus that affect the              • If a study of several pedigrees
  offspring always resemble the unknown                        expression of genes at a different locus          demonstrated that two parents express a
  parent being tested, then it may be                          are said to be                                    characteristic and none of their children
  concluded that the unknown parent is                                                                           express it, then the trait is controlled by
                                                               – a. epistatic.
  – a. heterozygous.                                                                                             – a. a codominant gene.
                                                               – b. linked.
  – b. polygenic.                                                                                                – b. a simple dominant gene.
  – c. homozygous.                                             – c. codominant.                                  – c. a recessive gene.
  – d. recessive.                                              – d. penetrant.                                   – d. a sex-linked gene.
  – e. none of these                                           – e. alleles.                                     – e. no conclusion can be drawn.
  Answer: C                                                    Answer: A                                         Answer: B




                  DNA – 100                                                   DNA - 200                                        DNA - 300
• Griffith’s studies of Streptococcus pneumonia:             • A chromosome's gene sequence that was           • Which statement about complementary
  – a. showed that DNA is the genetic material of bacteria     ABCDEFG before modification and                   base pairing is not true?
  – b. showed that DNA is the genetic material of              ABCDLMNOP afterward is an example of              – a. It plays a role in DNA replication
    bacteriophages
  – c. demonstrated the phenomenon of bacterial                – a. inversion.                                   – b. In DNA T pairs with A
    transformation                                             – b. deletion.                                    – c. Purines pair with purines, and pyrimidines
  – d. proved that prokaryotes reproduce sexually              – c. duplication.                                   pair with pyrimidines
  – e. proved that protein is not the genetic material                                                           – d. In DNA C pairs with G
                                                               – d. translocation.
  Answer: C                                                    – e. aneuploidy.                                  – e. Base pairs are held together with hydrogen
                                                                                                                   bonds
                                                               Answer: D
                                                                                                                 Answer: C




                  DNA - 400                                                   DNA - 500                                      Evolution - 100
• In semiconservative replication of DNA                     • The polymerase chain reaction                   • The forelimbs of early mammals were
  – a. The original double helix remains intact and            – a. Is a method for sequencing DNA               similar in all features except
    a new double helix forms
                                                               – b. Is used to transcribe specific genes         – a. Embryonic origin.
  – b. The strands of the double helix separate
    and act as templates for new strands                       – c. Amplifies specific DNA sequences             – b. Position on the body.
  – c. Polymerization is catalyzed by RNA                      – d. Does not require DNA replication primers     – c. Number.
    polymerase                                                 – e. Uses a DNA polymerase that denatures at      – d. Function.
  – d. Polymerization is catalyzed by a double                   55o Celsius                                     – e. Composition.
    helical enzyme
  – e. DNA is synthesized by amino acids
                                                               Answer: C                                         Answer: D
  Answer: B




                                                                                                                                                                   2
               Evolution - 200                                              Evolution - 300                                   Evolution - 400
• The theory of catastrophism                                • Lamarck's contribution to the theory of         • The operation of natural selection depends
  – a. Was proposed by Buffon.                                                                                   upon the fact that
  – b. Indicates that a series of disasters necessitated       evolution was the concept of
    separate acts of creation to replace species that          – a. Natural selection.                           – a. The strong always survive, whereas the
    became extinct.                                                                                                weak always die.
  – c. States that one worldwide disaster led to massive       – b. Catastrophism.
    extinction and subsequent replacement by a new                                                               – b. Some individuals have a better chance to
    creation.                                                  – c. Inheritance of acquired characteristics.       produce more offspring.
  – d. Held that after a series of massive extinctions the     – d. Mutation.                                    – c. Mutations are always harmful.
    world was repopulated by the survivors of existing
    species.                                                   – e. Geographic distribution of organisms.        – d. Acquired characteristics are inherited.
  – e. Has absolutely no basis in fact because extinctions                                                       – e. Reproduction of all members of a species
    just happen with no apparent patterns.                                                                         is virtually the same.
  Answer: D                                                    Answer: C
                                                                                                                 Answer: B




               Evolution - 500                                             Biochemistry - 100                                Biochemistry - 200
• Genetic equilibrium and gene frequencies                   • The atom that represents the greatest           • A hydrogen bond is
  would be maintained by all but which one                     weight in the human body is                       – a. A sharing of a pair of electrons between a
                                                                                                                   hydrogen and an oxygen nucleus.
  of the following?                                            – a. Hydrogen.
                                                                                                                 – b. A sharing of a pair of electrons between a
  – a. Development of isolating mechanisms                     – b. Carbon.                                        hydrogen nucleus and either an oxygen or a nitrogen
  – b. Large population interbreeding freely                   – c. Nitrogen.                                      nucleus.
  – c. Differential mating and survival                                                                          – c. An attractive force that involves a hydrogen atom
                                                               – d. Oxygen.
                                                                                                                   and an oxygen or a nitrogen atom that are either in
  – d. Random mating                                           – e. Phosphorus.                                    two different molecules or within the same molecule.
  – e. All of these                                                                                              – d. None of these
                                                               Answer: B
                                                                                                                 – e. All of these
  Answer: C
                                                                                                                 Answer: C




              Biochemistry - 300                                           Biochemistry - 400                                Biochemistry - 500
• Nitrogen has an atomic number of 7. How                    • The breakdown of large molecules by the         • Which of the following includes all the
  many hydrogen atoms are necessary to                         enzymatic addition of water is an example         others?
  join with the nitrogen to form a stable                      of what kind of reaction?                         – a. Sucrose
  compound?
                                                               – a. oxidation                                    – b. Glucose
  – a. 1
                                                               – b. reduction                                    – c. Cellulose
  – b. 2
  – c. 3                                                       – c. condensation                                 – d. Glycogen
  – d. 4                                                       – d. hydrolysis                                   – e. Carbohydrate
  – e. 5                                                       – e. decarboxylation
  Answer: C                                                                                                      Answer: E
                                                              Answer: D




                                                                                                                                                                          3
                 Plants - 100                                   Plants - 200                                 Plants – 300
• Plants store their excess carbohydrates in   • All but which of the following would be    • The success of tracheophytes on land is
  the form of                                    associated with vascular plants?             probably due to the appearance of which
  – a. starch.                                   – a. root systems                            of the following?
  – b. glycogen.                                 – b. bryophytes                              – a. Asexual reproduction
  – c. glucose.                                  – c. angiosperms                             – b. Vascular tissue
  – d. cellulose.                                – d. gymnosperms                             – c. Photosynthesis
  – e. fats.                                     – e. shoot systems                           – d. Gametes
                                                                                              – e. Rhizoids
  Answer: A                                     Answer: B                                    Answer: B




                 Plants - 400                                   Plants - 500                              Classification - 100
• Which of the following best describes a      • The first organisms that did not require   • Members of which of the following animal
  fern gametophyte?                              water for reproduction were the              groups were among the first to inhabit land
  – a. Its cells are haploid                     – a. ferns.                                  and were ancestors of the reptiles?
  – b. It lacks chlorophyll                      – b. lycophytes.                             – a. Amphibia
  – c. It is tough and woody                     – c. cycads.                                 – b. Arthropoda
  – d. It is larger than the sporophyte          – d. flowering plants.                       – c. Aves
  – e. It can withstand severe drying            – e. gymnosperms.                            – d. Mammalia
                                                                                              – e. Echinodermata
  Answer: A
                                                 Answer: E
                                                                                              Answer: A




              Classification – 200                           Classification - 300                         Classification - 400
• Members of kingdom Fungi generally differ    • Which of the following characteristics     • The system of classification developed by
  from members of the kingdom Plantae in         indicates that molluscs are more closely     Linnaeus is based primarily on differences
  that fungi:                                    related to arthropods than to chordates?     in:
                                                                                              – a. Chemical composition of the genetic
  – a. have cell walls                           – a. Presence of a skeleton
                                                                                                material
  – b. are multicellular                         – b. Type of respiratory structure           – b. Method of feeding
  – c. are heterotrophs                          – c. Pattern of coelom formation             – c. Means of locomotion
  – d. are both aquatic and terrestrial          – d. Segmentation                            – d. Location of habitat
  – e. are eukaryotic                            – e. Symmetry                                – e. Organismal structure
  Answer: C                                      Answer: C                                    Answer: E




                                                                                                                                            4
              Classification - 500
• Which of the following led to the increased
  function of the invertebrate nervous system?
  – a. Development of an advanced cerebellum
  – b. Evolution of a ventral nerve cord, thus increasing
    the ability to move
  – c. Cephalization of the major sensory organs and the
    cerebrum
  – d. Specialization of the sympathetic and
    parasympathetic systems within the nervous system
  – e. Occurrence of highly developed olfactory lobes in
    the invertebrate brain

  Answer: C




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