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					New Horizon College English
Book 4 Unit 8




         Unit 8 : Section A


                    Slavery Gave
                  Me Nothing to Lose
Pre-reading Activities         Text Analysis
Background information         Main idea and
Compound dictation             Structure
Questions & Answers
Watch & Discuss
Expressions & Patterns         Summary
How to apply to our real       Blank filling
life the typical expressions
and patterns taken from
the text
Exercises                      Writing
All the exercises              议论文与说明文写
for Section A                  作技巧
I. Pre-reading Activities: Listen, Look & Say

 Eatonville (A)
It is a small community of great significance to
African-American history and culture. Located just
north of Orlando, Florida between Winter Park and
Maitland, it is historically recognized as the first
incorporated African-American municipality in the
United States and one of the oldest surviving African
communities in the U.S. Following the Civil War,
“free” Africans settling in the
area worked primarily as farm
hands clearing land or helping
in the construction of nearby
Maitland, a white township.
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I. Pre-reading Activities: Listen, Look & Say

 Eatonville (B)
 Eatonville is culturally important for its renowned
 native daughter, Zora Neale Hurston, author,
 anthropologist and folklorist. Her words captured
 forever the culture of the community and painted
 an image of an environment typical of the rural
 Southern working-class African-American. Each
 January, Eatonville plays host to the Zora Neale
 Hurston Festival of the Arts and Humanities. In
 addition to Zora Neale Hurston, other notable
 residents of Eatonville include Hall of Fame
 football player, Deacon Jones and Dr. Benjamin
 Perry, president of Florida A&M University.
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 I. Pre-reading Activities: Listen, Look & Say

      Orlando (A)
 It is the fifth-ranking U.S. destination of overseas
 travelers—after San Francisco, Miami, Los Angeles
 and New York City—and it claims the second highest
 number of hotel rooms in the U.S., lagging just behind
 Las Vegas in the bedroom stakes. The city has also
 established itself as part of Florida’s high-tech
 corridor, boasting not only the
 space technology industries
 focused on the Florida Space
 Coast (also keen on “booms”),
 but a healthy dose of bits and
 bytes makers as well.
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 I. Pre-reading Activities: Listen, Look & Say


   Orlando (B)

   There wasn’t much to Orlando until Walt
   Disney started buying up property at the
   city’s southwestern edge in the 1960s and the
   property he bought became Disney World in
   1971. Since then, waterslides, roller coasters,
   fairy tale palaces and costumed characters
   have made Disney World one of the world’s
   most visited tourist attractions.

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 I. Pre-reading Activities: Listen, Look & Say


  Zora Neale Hurston (1891-1960) (A)
 American writer, folklorist and anthropologist.
 Born in Eatonville, Florida, Hurston was educated
 at Howard University, at Barnard College, and at
 Columbia University, where she studied under
 German-American anthropologist Franz Boas.
 Eatonville was the first incorporated all-black town
 in the United States, and
 Hurston returned there after
 college for anthropological
 field study that influenced
 her later output in fiction as
 well as in folklore.
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 I. Pre-reading Activities: Listen, Look & Say


 Zora Neale Hurston (1891-1960) (B)
 Hurston also collected folklore in Jamaica, Haiti,
 Bermuda, and Honduras. Mules and Men (1935), one of
 her best-known folklore collections, was based on her
 field research in the American South. Tell My Horse
 (1938) described folk customs in Haiti and Jamaica.
      As a fiction writer, Hurston is noted for her
 metaphorical language, her story-telling abilities, and
 her interest in and celebration of Southern black
 culture in the United States. Some of her earliest work
 was published in the small magazine Fire!!, which
 Hurston, along with notable writers such as Langston
 Hughes and Wallace Thurman, produced in 1926.
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 I. Pre-reading Activities: Listen, Look & Say

   Zora Neale Hurston (1891-1960) (C)
 Her best-known novel is Their Eyes Were Watching God
 (1937), in which she tracked a Southern black woman’s
 search, over 25 years and 3 marriages, for her true
 identity and a community in which she can develop
 that identity. Hurston’s prolific literary output also
 includes such novels as Jonah’s Gourd Vine (1934) and
 Seraph on the Suwanee (1948), short stories, plays,
 journal articles, and an autobiography, Dust Tracks on
 a Road (1942). Hurston’s work was not political, but
 her characters’ use of dialect, her manner of portraying
 black culture, and her conservatism created
 controversy within the black community.
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 I. Pre-reading Activities: Listen, Look & Say

    Zora Neale Hurston (1891-1960) (D)
  Throughout her career she addressed issues of
  race and gender, often relating them to the search
  for freedom. In her later years Hurston
  experienced health problems, and she died
  impoverished and unrecognized by the literary
  community. Her writings, however, were
  rediscovered in the 1970s by a new generation of
  black writers, notably Alice Walker, and many of
  Hurston’s works were republished. In 1995 a two-
  volume set of her writings, some previously
  unpublished, was released.
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 I. Pre-reading Activities: Listen, Look & Say

      Jacksonville
 It is 134 miles northeast of
 Orlando, Florida. Once
 infamous for its smelly paper
 mills, it is now one of the South’s
 insurance and banking capitals.
 Although Jacksonville claims to be the capital of
 Florida’s historic “First Coast”, the city dates its
 beginnings from an early-1800s settlement named
 Cowford, because cattle crossed the St. Johns River
 here. Cowford changed its name to Jacksonville in
 1822 to honor General Andrew Jackson, the
 provisional governor who forced Spain to cede
 Florida to the United States 2 years earlier.
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              ________
          The alteration of appearance through the use
 of cosmetics has been a practice for thousands of
 years. Oils and __________ have been used for
                  fragrances
 ___________ and religious ____ for just as long. In
  ceremonies                  rites
 Ancient Egypt, for example, __________ applied
                                aristocrats
 _______
minerals to their faces to provide color and definition
    _______.
 of features Today, the beauty industry has developed
 with _________________________________________,
       such primary activities as hairdressing services
 _______________, epilating services
skin care services _______________ (removing hair),
 manicure services (coloring the nails), pedicure
                                          cosmetics and
 services (foot care). In the U.S. alone, _____________
 __________________________________________
beauty aid industry totals over $20 billion in sales and
 ______________________________________________
is dominated by hair and skin care products that are
 ______________________________________.
heavily advertised in print and on television
I. Pre-reading Activities: Listen, Look & Say


      Questions & Answers

    1. How did Zora view white and Negro
       people when she lived in her hometown?
                                                key


    2. What effect did being viewed as a
       Negro have on Zora and how did she
       see her own future?                      key


    3. What have you heard about the blacks
       in the States?                     key
I. Pre-reading Activities: Listen, Look & Say   Back



Directions: Watch the video and then discuss
               the topics as follows:


            Click here for part of his speech

  1. How much do you know about Martin
     Luther King Jr.?                  key

  2. How much do you know about your close
     classmates?                       key
New Words


      New Words     • give of (one’s money,
    • prop            time etc.)
                    • disapprove of
      Phrases and
                    • belong to
      Expressions
                    • at one’s elbow
    • up to         • pay a/the price for sth.
    • peer at       • in the main
    • in passing    • prop up
    • break off     • in company with
    • in that       • more or less
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 New Words




               Proper Names
             • Eatonville
             • Orlando
             • Zora Neale Hurston
             • Jacksonville
             • the Civil War
             • the Great Stuffer of Bags


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II. Text Analysis:    Main Idea and Structure       Back




                  Part 1 (Paras. 1-3)
   I didn’t feel the difference between the black
   and the white when I was a little girl.

                    Part 2 (Para. 4)
      A transitional paragraph. I was made to
      realize that I was a little black girl .

                     Part 3 (Paras. 5-7)
     My family background of having slave
     forefathers and my color didn’t give me the
     feeling of being inferior to the white.
II. Text Analysis:      Main Idea and Structure                 Back



                     Main idea?
   Part I            When I was a little girl, I enjoyed
(Paras. 1-2)         making some contacts with the
                     white, and didn’t see any difference
                     between black and white except that
  Part II
                     the white rode through town and
                     never lived there.

 Part III            Devices for developing it?

                     Specific-general (分—总法)
                                                  For details
II. Text Analysis:      Main Idea and Structure             Back



                     Main idea?
   Part I            It was when I was thirteen that
                     I found out in my heart as well
                     as in the mirror that I was a
  Part II            little black girl.
 (Para. 3-4)


                     Devices for developing it?
  Part III
                     Cause and effect (因果法)
                                              For details
II. Text Analysis:       Main Idea and Structure                 Back


                     Main idea?
                Now as an adult, I don’t think that
   Part I       being the granddaughter of slaves
                has negative effect on me. I don’t
                always feel colored, and in the main
  Part II       I believe different races are just
                bags of different colors which are
                filled with almost the same contents.
 Part III
(Para. 5-9)
                     Devices for developing it?
                     General-specific (总分法)        For details

                     Description (描写法)             For details
III. Expressions & Patterns



        A. Expressions             B. Patterns for you
                                   to use as models
     1. to be sth. else again
     2. to peer at              1. Typical patterns for
     3. to get pleasure out        describing the
        of sth.                    coincidence
     4. to be a front row
        seat for sb.            2. Typical patterns for
     5. in passing                 furnishing reasons
     6. in time to do sth.      3. Typical patterns for
     7. to give sb.                revealing the flow of
        generously of sth.         one’s thinking
                     >more
                                              >more
III. Expressions & Patterns
                                                       Back




    8. to suffer a huge       13. the price one pays
        change                    for...
    9. at one’s elbow         14. to hold the center
                                  of the national
    10. to register
                                  stage
        depression with       15. in the main
        sb.                   16. to prop up
    11. on the line           17. in company with
    12. to be off to a        18. to be bent under
        flying start              the weight of sth.
                                  on
III. Expressions & Patterns            返回课文       Back




                        句型提炼

      If sb./sth. happens to… in time to…, sb./
      sth. (else) will/would…
      如果某人/某事碰巧······从而······,
      (别)某人/事就会······



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IV. Summary


      Zora’s hometown had an/a _______
                                  entirely
 Negro population and non-blacks were only
                    through
 ever seen passing _______ by the natives. The
 inhabitants watched the Southerners ride
             _______
                                       chew
 through while continuing to casually _____
 their sugar cane. Northerners, however, drove
                   appeared
 automobiles and ________ different to Negro
 eyes. Most of the native blacks peered out of
              at       while
 the window __ them _____ only the bravest
 were courageous enough to stand outside and
 ____
                               past
 watch the strange tourists go ____.
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IV. Summary


     unusual
 An _______ girl named Zora enjoyed talking
                       who              waved
 with the Northerners ____, when she ______
 at them, often stopped. She would happily chat
 with                      accompanying
 ____ the strangers, while _____________ them
                  down            unless
 part of the way _____ the road, ______ a
 family member appeared out of the house __ at
 which point the chat would be abruptly
 discontinued. To her at that time white people
               __
                         only
 and black people were ____ unalike to the
  extent
 ______ that whites did not live in her town.

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              V. Exercises
Comprehension      《读写教程4》EX: II, P. 204
Vocabulary         《读写教程4》EX: III, P. 204
                   《读写教程4》EX: IV, P. 205

Collocation        《读写教程4》EX: V, P. 205

Word Building      《读写教程4》EX: VI, P. 206
                   《读写教程4》EX: VII, P. 207

Structure          《读写教程4》EX: VIII, P. 207
                   《读写教程4》EX: IX, P. 208
Translation        《读写教程4》EX: X, P. 208
                   《读写教程4》EX: XI, P. 208
Ⅵ. Writing


        A Letter of Recommendation

               应朋友要求,为其深造
               谋职等写一封推荐信
                   (推荐信)
                     写作模式
                     参考范文
             写作模式(推荐信)                        Back




   1) He came to my notice in…, when he
happened to... 2) With a steady increase in
contacts and exchanges of ideas, he showed a
wide scope of knowledge about… as well as a
strong interest in… 3) A deeper impression he
left upon me occurred in…, when… 4) His
academic performance ranked among… (进一步
说明) 5) Gradually, both his unique abilities
            (划线部分可替换)                         下一页
Ⅵ.                    Writing                    Back



 in… and our same quest for… pushed me
 to …
      6) After stepping into the stage of…, he
 came to demonstrate a greater originality
 in…, a good indicator of which was… 7) To
 my knowledge, it is only in the last two years
 that… 8) So I have every reason to assure
 you that…

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             (划线部分可替换)                       下一页
Ⅵ.                        Writing                    Back




      9) As far as the content of his character is
 concerned, he clings to the motto that… 10) So
 his compass for… rests not so much with… as
 with… 11) And particularly remarkable are…
 and… 12) In short, what is native to him and
 what he has attained through his previous
 efforts, complete with…, have made it an honor
 for me to recommend him to you.

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                (划线部分可替换)                        下一页
Ⅵ.                Writing           Back




       A Letter of Recommendation




      应同学要求,为其深造写封推荐信




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 Ⅵ.                         Writing                    Back


                        Engineering College
                         Air Force Engineering University
                         Xi’an, Shaanxi 710038
                         P. R. China
To Whom It May Concern:
 Dear Sir or Madam:
    (It has always been my pleasure to recommend close
classmates for their further studies at higher educational
institutions. But sometimes the one to be recommended
is so outstanding that I feel somewhat reluctant to write
reference letters for him/her, for, you know, it is far from
pleasant for one to part with his favorites. And now Mr.
Li Mu is just in such a case with me.)
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Ⅵ.                       Writing                 Back



     1) He came to my notice in 1999, when he
 happened to share the same dorm with me. 2)
 With a steady increase in contacts and
 exchanges of ideas, he showed a wide scope of
 knowledge about the development of science as
 well as a strong interest in the field of artificial
 intelligence. 3) A deeper impression he left upon
 me occurred in 2001, when the academic
 reports of our grades were made public in the
 campus bulletin. 4) His academic performance
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Ⅵ.                    Writing                Back




 in all the subjects of the four semesters ranked
 among the top 1 percent. 5) Gradually, both his
 unique abilities in problem-tackling and our
 same quest for true knowledge about science
 pushed me to attach more of my concern to him.
      6) When stepping into the stage of
 specialized courses, he came to demonstrate a
 greater originality in application of book
 knowledge, a good indicator of which was a
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Ⅵ.                     Writing                 Back



steady flow of his publications. 7) To my
knowledge, it is only in the last two years that he
has published six weighty papers. 8) So I have
every reason to assure you that further study in
your distinguished institution will give fuller
play to his potentials.
    9) As far as the content of his character is
concerned, he clings to the motto that example is
more powerful than precept. 10) So his compass
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Ⅵ.                      Writing                  Back




for measuring one’s worth to society rests not so
much with what one has said as with what one
has done. 11) And particularly remarkable are
his firm commitment to what he has promised,
and his self-sacrifices for larger interests. 12) In
short, what is native to him and what he has
attained through his previous efforts, complete
with his moral integrity, have made it a big
honor for me to recommend him to you.
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Ⅵ.                       Writing
                                                  Back


      (Please be free to contact me in the

earliest possible time if there is any need for

further information about Mr. Li.)

                             Sincerely yours

                             Wang Wei

                                                  THE END
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