Principles Phase Diagram Calculations - Excel by zfr26097

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									                                                                              BOILERMAKERS' (PLATERS') N2 THEORY vs NQF EQUIVALENCE

No.            N2 SYLLABUS - PLATERS THEORY                                  UNIT STANDARD TITLE                           SAQA       CR        SO                                    SO Description




                                                                                                                                                         Assessment Criteria/Notes: Explain and discuss: identification of
                                                                                                                                                         materials Equipment function and parts, Marking off, Forming and
                                                              Form and shape sheetmetal using hand or power
                                                                                                                         12240 / L2   8    SO1,2,3,4,5,6 shaping operations, Calculation process, Quality checks, Safety
                                                              operated machines
                                                                                                                                                         checks Hazards, Advantages and disadvantages of forming and
                                                                                                                                                         shaping techniques relative to material types




                                                                                                                                                         Understanding confirmed
                                                                                                                                                         Explain and discuss - Equipment, tools, functions, parts, and set up,
                                                              Mechanically cut, drill and punch fabrication materials.   12239 / L2   10   SO1,2,3,4,5,6 Applicable theory, Metals - thickness and types, Cutting, drilling and
                                                                                                                                                         punching defects, Safety practices, Hazards and their prevention ,
                                                                                                                                                         Reporting work outcomes
      Machines: working principles, state the uses, name the
      main components as well as the safety precautions
      when using the following machines:(guillotine, bending
      rolls, bending press (brake press), reciprocating power                                                                                            Understanding confirmed
1     saw, radical power saw, abrasive cutt-off machine,                                                                                                 Explain and discuss - Consequences of incorrectly using power tools,
      nibbling machine, drilling machine- pedestal and radial Select, use and care for engineering power tools            12219/L2    6    SO1,2,3,4,5,6 e.g. injuries, Choice of particular tools for job/task, Safety hazards
      arm, punching, shearing and cropping machine,                                                                                                      associated with the use of power tools, Risks and hazards related to
      pedestal grinder, angle grinder, box and pan folder,                                                                                               the various power supply sources
      huck bolt machine

                                                                                                                                                           Explain the factors : principle of operation and function of a swage
                                                                                                                                                           lock bolt type machine is in accordance with manufacture`s
                                                              Fasten components by means of swage lock bolts (Huck
                                                                                                                         244340/L2    1     SO1,2,3,4      specifications, Injury to persons, Damage to equipment, Loss of
                                                              bolt)
                                                                                                                                                           production time through breakdowns, Increased costs




                                                                                                                                                           Understanding confirmed:
                                                                                                                                                           Respond to `what if` and `why` questions covering: The process of
                                                              Operate and monitor a drilling machine to produce                                 SO         drilling - procedures and techniques; Machine functions, parts,
                                                                                                                         13214 / L2   6
                                                              simple components                                                            1,2,3,4,5,6,7   accessories and set up; Component specifications and defects;
                                                                                                                                                           Applicable theory; Materials; Safety ; Reporting and documentation
                                                                                                                                                           requirements
                                                 Rolling and
    bending: brief description of the theory of bending and
    the use of plate rolling machines (use a sketch) - pinch
    rolls, vertical rolls, horizontal rolls, pyramid rolls, rolled                                                                                      Assessment Criteria/Notes: Explain and discuss: identification of
    section rolls; explain the allowances for the material                                                                                              materials Equipment function and parts, Marking off, Forming and
                                                                   Form and shape sheetmetal using hand or power
2   thickness when manufacturing (angle – iron rings,                                                                   12240 / L2    8   SO1,2,3,4,5,6 shaping operations, Calculation process, Quality checks, Safety
                                                                   operated machines
    frames; channel- iron rings and frames) and calculate                                                                                               checks Hazards, Advantages and disadvantages of forming and
    the length of material required (iron rings and int & ext                                                                                           shaping techniques relative to material types
    cylinders); use of free-hand drawings to explain the
    method to be followed when straightening: (thin plate,
    steel sections, using heat applications as well as by cold
    working)




                                                                                                                                                        Demonstrate methods of construction to produce basic plate, pipe
                                                                                                                                                        and structural steel drawings and sketches. Draw and interpret basic
    Joining of steel profiles: use freehand drawings - the Draw and interpret simple plate, pipe and structural
                                                                                                                        243075 / L2   6   SO1,2,3,4,5,6 plate, pipe and structural steel engineering projections;
      method of joining steel profiles used in construction  steel plate, pipe and structural steel drawings
                                                                                                                                                        developments using the parallel-line method, triangulation, radial line
     work (angle-iron to iron, angle-iron to a channel iron,
                                                                                                                                                        methods; and pipe isometric drawings
     channel iron to channel iron, channel iron to I or H
    profiles); method of reinforcement and / or welding the
3
      joints on the steel profiles, connection between steel
     profiles by means of a gusset support, using bolted or
       welded construction, describe and explain practical
     manufacturing of & what is meant by an assembly aid
                                                                                                                                                          Understanding confirmed: Assembly and joining techniques,
                             and a jig.
                                                             Assemble and mechanically join sheet, plate, tube, pipe                                      Equipment, functions and tools, Construction and use of jigs and
                                                                                                                        12246 / L3    4   SO1,2,3,4,5,6
                                                             and steel sections                                                                           fixtures, Materials - thickness and types, Hazards, Safety practices,
                                                                                                                                                          Reporting and documentation




                                                                                                                                                          Understanding confirmed: Assembly and joining techniques,
                                                              Assemble and mechanically join sheet, plate, tube, pipe                                     Equipment, functions and tools, Construction and use of jigs and
                                                                                                                        12246 / L3    4   SO1,2,3,4,5,6
                                                              and steel sections                                                                          fixtures, Materials - thickness and types, Hazards, Safety practices,
                                                                                                                                                          Reporting and documentation

          General pipe work: Identify and compare the
    functions of the main parts of a contour marker, centre-
        finder; Describe using a free-hand drawing how to
                                                                                                                                                          Explain the factors critical to marking off and fabricate sections;
     determine (the “saddle depth” of a T-piece of unequal
4                                                            Mark off and fabricate sections using the contour                                            Prepare to mark off and fabricate section; Mark off and fabricate the
       diameters; center to face (C – F) distance on a pipe                                                             244339/L3     9    SO1,2,3,4
                                                             marker method                                                                                section; Complete the marking off and fabricating process
    bend); what is meant by the term “two holes top” when
      referring to flanges - pitch circle diameter (PCD) and
                              pitch (P).



                                                                                                                                                          Demonstrate an understanding of piping draughting; Identify and
                                                              Identify, interpret and produce working piping drawings    14492/L4     6     SO1,2,3       draw schematic drawings; Identify, describe and draw isometric
                                                                                                                                                          layouts and flow diagrams
                                                                                                                                                         Identify common engineering fabrication materials, determine the
                                                               Identify fabrication materials, their characteristics and                                 physical properties and perform and perform material testing on
                                                                                                                           244345 / L2   4    SO1,2,3,
                                                               applications used in engineering                                                          engineering fabrication materials, determine information and
                                                                                                                                                         characteristics of steel sections and profiles




                                                                                                                                                         Mechanical joining includes self-secured joints, all types of
                                                                                                                                                         fastenings, adhesives and sealants as used within the fabrication
                                                               Cut, drill and punch, assemble and mechanically join                                      industry; All work practices must meet recognised codes of practice
                                                                                                                            12253/L4     24     SO1
                                                               structural steel work                                                                     and documented safety procedures for personal, product and
                                                                                                                                                         worksite safety, and must meet the obligations under current
    Steel structures: describe the terms (wall plates,                                                                                                   legislation
    pitch, tie beam, king post, queen post, etc.) Use of the
5
    Pythagoras' Theorem .


                                                                                                                                                         Explain the factors critical to measuring and marking off steel
                                                               Measure and mark off steel profiles                         244342/L2     2    SO1,2,3    profiles; Preparation to measure and mark off the steel profiles;
                                                                                                                                                         Describe measuring and mark off the steel profiles;




                                                                                                                                                         Explain the use relevant measuring and marking off equipment,
                                                               Layout and fabricate a metal structure                      244346/L3     5               Read and interpret an engineering drawing, Identify material/profiles
                                                                                                                                                         to be used, Understanding of Trigonometric methods.




    Templates: Describe with the aid of free-hand
    drawings the following types of templates: box, flange,
                                                                                                                                                         APPROXIMATE EQUIVALENCY: Prepare for laying out, marking
    web, strip, steel bush, contour; Make a detailed free-
                                                                                                                                                         off and forming and shaping of materials; Mark out templates and
    hand drawing of a template (drawing number, job
                                                                                                                                                         patterns (Make templates and patterns using X and Y co-ordinates ,
6   number, item number, size of holes, number off, T.S.U.,                                                                 12252/L4     28    SO1,2
                                                            Develop and fabricate from complex drawings                                                  Mark out heavy wall tube connectionsProduce templates for
    O.S.U, material size/ thickness, uses, advantages and
                                                                                                                                                         structural, Establish and transfer datum points to materials )
    disadvantages of a template (solid timber, cardboard,
    thin metal, template paper)




    Metals - describe how to identify ferrous and non –
    ferrous metals; describe the following heat treatment                                                                                                Identify common engineering fabrication materials, determine the
    processes used on carbon steel (normalizing, annealing, Identify fabrication materials, their characteristics and                                    physical properties and perform and perform material testing on
7                                                                                                                          244345/L2     4     SO1,2
    hardening, tempering, case- hardening); Explain the     applications used in engineering                                                             engineering fabrication materials, determine information and
    effect on steel when alloyed with prescribed elements                                                                                                characteristics of steel sections and profiles
    (nickel, chrome, manganese, silicon, carbon, tungsten,
    vanadium)
    Metals - describe how to identify ferrous and non –
    ferrous metals; describe the following heat treatment
    processes used on carbon steel (normalizing, annealing,
    hardening, tempering, case- hardening); Explain the
    effect on steel when alloyed with prescribed elements
    (nickel, chrome, manganese, silicon, carbon, tungsten,
    vanadium)


                                                                                                                                                              Demonstrate knowledge of the heat treatment of metals, heat
                                                                                                                                                              treatment processes and tests of the metal condition after
                                                                  Perform heat treatment processes on engineering                                             processing (Ferrous and non-ferrous metals and their alloys) - heat
                                                                                                                             13275/L3     8       SO1,2
                                                                  metals                                                                                      treatments include homogenising, annealing, normalising, stress
                                                                                                                                                              relieving, hardening and tempering applicable to furnace and surface
                                                                                                                                                              heat treatment.




                                                                                                                                                              Describe the oxy-acetylene gas welding process (The importance of
                                                                  Weld carbon steel workpieces using the oxy-acetylene                                        correct assembly of the oxy-acetylene gas welding equipment, and
                                                                                                                             243053/L3    10      SO1,2
                                                                  gas welding process in all positions                                                        the consequences of incorrect assembly, are explained with
                                                                                                                                                              reference to the vendor requirements)




                                                                                                                                                              Describe the oxy-fuel brazing process; select, assemble and conduct
                                                                                                                                                              pre-operational checks of oxy-fuel brazing equipment; Explain
                                                                  Braze metals using the oxy-fuel brazing process           243069/ L 2   6       SO1,2       preparation of work pieces prior to brazing; Method/s of brazing
     Gas welding, cutting & plasma cutting: Describe                                                                                                          work piece; Inspection and testing of the brazed work piece
     the effects of quality of oxy- acetylene gas welds and
     gas cut surface (gas pressures, cutting speed, nozzle
      height from plate, nozzle type, dirty nozzle); identify
     and state use of flame cutting nozzles, flame cleaning
8   nozzles, adverse effects of (oxide on the surface, flakes
                                                                                                                                                              Describe the oxy-fuel cutting process, Preparationfor the oxy-fuel
         (scale), oil or grease, paint, laminated plates),        Cut materials using the oxy-fuel gas cutting process
                                                                                                                             243067/L2    6       SO1,2       cutting operation; the cutting process, caring for and storing cutting
      difference between oxy-acetylene gas welding and            (manual cutting)
                                                                                                                                                              equipment, tools, and materials.
    brazing; Explain the use of a straight line cutter, profile
                      cutter and plasma cutter
                                                                                                                                                              Describe and explain the oxy-fuel pipe cutting process Prepare for
                                                                  Cut material using the oxy-fuel pipe cutting device        243077/L3    3       SO1,2       the oxy-fuel cutting operation. Cut pipe to job requirements; Inspect
                                                                                                                                                              the completed cut.

                                                                                                                                                             Describe and explain the oxy-fuel profile cutting process Prepare for
                                                                  Cut material using the oxy-fuel profile cutting machine   243080 /L3    5    SO1,2,3,4,5,6 the oxy-fuel cutting operation. Cut profile to job requirements;
                                                                                                                                                             Inspect the completed cut.

                                                                                                                                                              Describe and explain the oxy-fuel straight-line cutting process
                                                                  Cut material using the oxy-fuel straight-line cutting
                                                                                                                             243081/L3    3                   Prepare for the oxy-fuel cutting operation. Cut plate to job
                                                                  machine
                                                                                                                                                              requirements; Inspect the completed cut.

                                                                                                                                                              Describe and explain the plasma cutting process of ferrous and non-
                                                                                                                                                              ferrous materials; Prepare for the plasma cutting operation; Cut
                                                                  Cut materials using plasma cutting                         14698/L4     3     SO1,2,3,4
                                                                                                                                                              material to job requirements; Confirm quality of the completed cut
                                                                                                                                                              Care and storage of cutting equipment, tools, and materials
                                                                                                                                                          Know the basics of welded joints and their terminology; Identify and
                                                                                                                                                          apply welding symbols used by industry; Described in accordance
                                                                Use welding definitions and symbols                         14713/L2     5    SO1,2,3,4   with AWS instruction manual Sketch and describe welding symbols
                                                                                                                                                          used in the industry; Use a WPS in the production is identified and
                                                                                                                                                          described;



     Arc welding - describe welding terms with the aid of a                                                                                               Describe the shielded metal arc welding process (The importance of
       given drawing (Angle of bevel, backing bar, backing     Weld carbon steel workpieces using the shielded metal                                      correct assembly of the shielded metal arc welding equipment, and
                                                                                                                           243056/L3     16    SO1,2
9     strip, deposited metal, electrode, gap); reproduce the arc welding process in all positions                                                         the consequences of incorrect assembly, are explained with
     international welding symbols (bead, fillet, square butt,                                                                                            reference to the vendor requirements)
       single V-butt, single bevel butt, single U – butt, etc)

                                                                Weld carbon steel workpieces using the gas metal arc                                      Describe the gas metal arc welding process; Select, set up and
                                                                                                                           243065/L3     20    SO1,2
                                                                welding process in all positions                                                          conduct pre-operational checks of gas metal arc welding equipment.



                                                                                                                                                          Describe the gas tungsten arc welding process; Select, set up and
                                                                Weld carbon steel workpieces using the gas tungsten
                                                                                                                           243068/L3     15    SO1,2      conduct pre-operational checks of gas tungsten arc welding
                                                                arc welding process in the downhand position
                                                                                                                                                          equipment.




                                                                                                                                                          Identify common engineering fabrication materials, determine the
     Calculations and planning: determine the weight of
                                                               Identify fabrication materials, their characteristics and                                  physical properties and perform and perform material testing on
10   profiles and plates using given weight tables; Prepare a                                                              244345 / L2   4      SO3,
                                                               applications used in engineering                                                           engineering fabrication materials, determine information and
     material list and weights from given structural drawings.
                                                                                                                                                          characteristics of steel sections and profiles
                                                                                                          ELECTRICAL N2 THEORY vs NQF EQUIVALENCE

          No.                 N2 SYLLABUS - ELECTRICAL                      UNIT STANDARD TITLE                                        SAQA       CR      SO                      SPECIFIC OUTCOME DESCRIPTION

           1     Conductors and Cables

                 Objectives
                 On completion of this module the student should be
                 able to:                                                                                                                                         Explain the basic concepts of electricity. Apply and explain electrical
                 On completion of this module the student should be         Understand fundamentals of electricity                   258967 /L2   8     1, 4, 5   units and symbols. Draw and interpret series, parallel and series-
                 able to:                                                                                                                                         parallel DC resistive circuits and calculate variables.
                 1. Perform calculations to determine the cable current
                 rating and volt drop;
                 2. List and compare the advantages and disadvantages
                 of installing cables:                                                                                                                            Understanding confirmed
                                                                            Install, join and terminate Low Voltage cables and
                 a. In the open air;                                                                                                 258921/L2    8        2      Prepare to install, join and terminate Low Voltage cables and
                                                                            conductors
                 b. In ducts;                                                                                                                                     conductors.
                 c. Underground

                 3. Describe the influence of inductance in the
                 alternating current circuit on:                                                                                                                  Understanding confirmed
                 a. Phase difference between current and voltage;            Install electric wire ways                              258960/L2    6     1, 2, 3   Plan to install electrical wire ways. Prepare to install electrical wire
                 b. Current required to supply a given amount of power;                                                                                           ways. Install Electrical Wire Ways.
                 c. Power factors

                 4. State the variables that must be considered when
                 selecting a cable with respect to:
                 a. Load to be supplied for a non-inductive or inductive                                                                                          Understanding confirmed
                                                                             Wire and commission domestic or commercial electrical
                 load using formulae;                                                                                                258968/L3    8      1, 2     Plan to wire and commission domestic or commercial circuits,
                                                                            circuits
                 b. Permissible volt drop;                                                                                                                        Prepare to wire and commission domestic or commercial circuits
                 c. Calculating the smallest cable that can handle a fault
                 current for a certain line duration fault from information
                 given on a schematic diagram.                                                                                                                    Understanding confirmed
                                                                             Design and install electrical wire ways                 259037/L3    8      1, 2     Plan to install electrical wire ways. Prepare to install electrical wire
                 5. Determine the cable size by performing the required                                                                                           ways.
                 calculations for:
                 a. Power delivered to inductive and non-inductive loads;
                 b. Permissible volt drop
                                                                                                                                                                  Understanding confirmed
                 c. A given duration of specified fault current
                                                                            Understand basic electrical and mechanical engineering                                Use and describe SI, energy, electrical and mechanical quantities
                                                                                                                                     113873/L4    8     1, 2, 6
                                                                            principles                                                                            correctly. Understand and use DC theory and network analysis in
                                                                                                                                                                  solving RLC circuits. Understand alternating current theory.


           2
                 Switchgear, Contactors and relays

                 Objectives

                 On completion of this module the student should be
                 able to:
                 1. Describe with reference to electrical conductors:


                 a. Methods of joining low and high voltage conductors;
                                                                                                                                                                  Understanding confirmed
                                                                            Install, join and terminate Low Voltage cables and
                                                                                                                                     258921/L2    8    1, 3, 4, 5 Plan to install, join and terminate Low Voltage cables and
                 b. Where joining is allowed;                               conductors
                                                                                                                                                                  conductors, Install electrical cables and conductors. Join low voltage
                                                                                                                                                                  cables. Terminate electrical cables and conductors.




ELECTRICAL N2 THEORY vs NQF EQUIVALENCE                                                                                                                                                                                                      6
                                                                                                                                                                 Understanding confirmed
                                                                             Install, join and terminate Low Voltage cables and
                                                                                                                                      258921/L2   8   1, 3, 4, 5 Plan to install, join and terminate Low Voltage cables and
                                                                             conductors
                                                                                                                                                                 conductors, Install electrical cables and conductors. Join low voltage
                 c. The procedure followed when sealing a join.                                                                                                  cables. Terminate electrical cables and conductors.


                 2. Identify different types of low and high voltage
                 insulators and waterproof and heat resistant insulation;


                 3. Describe, with the aid of labeled drawings, the
                 electrical reticulation network form the point of
                 distribution to an industry, mine or municipality;

                 4. Compare disconnectors, relays and contactors in
                 terms of construction and operating principles with
                 reference to contacts, operating coils (where applicable)
                 and operating mechanisms;

                 5. Describe, with the aid of labeled drawings, the
                 principle of operation of the over-current and earth
                 leakage protection relays (DMT type):                       Design and construct a single phase circuit              258935/L2   5     1, 2     Identify symbols and components. Sketch a basic circuit diagram


                 6. Describe the following in conjunction with the low
                 tension (domestic and industrial type) circuit breakers:


                 a. Moulded cases;
                 b. Positive indication
                 c. Trip position
                 d. Free bearing surfaces
                 e. Factory sealed
                 f. Thermal magnetic tripping
                 g. De-ion arc extinguishers
                                                                                                                                                                 Understanding confirmed
                                                                                                                                                                 Plan and prepare to install, maintain or replace Low Voltage
                                                                             Install, maintain or replace Low Voltage distribution
                 h. Silver tungsten contacts                                                                                          258937/L2   6    1, 2, 3   distribution boards, protection devices and components. Maintain
                                                                             boards, protection devices and components
                                                                                                                                                                 Low Voltage distribution boards, protection devices and components.
                                                                                                                                                                 Install or replace Low Voltage distribution boards, protection devices
                                                                                                                                                                 and components.
                 i. Quick make, quick break, tip free mechanism
                 j. Interpole barriers
                 k. Common trip
                 l. Surge arresters
                                                                              Wire and commission domestic or commercial electrical                              Understanding confirmed
                                                                                                                                      258968/L3   8       1
                                                                             circuits                                                                            Plan to wire and commission domestic or commercial circuits




                                                                             Install and commission electrical metering units,
                                                                                                                                      259078/L3   8     2, 3
                                                                             measuring instruments and control devices




ELECTRICAL N2 THEORY vs NQF EQUIVALENCE                                                                                                                                                                                                   7
                                                                                                                                                                 Understanding confirmed
                                                                                                                                                                 Plan to install and connect electrical metering units or measuring
                                                                            Install and commission electrical metering units,
                                                                                                                                        259078/L3    8    2, 3   instruments with their relative control devices, Prepare, install and
                                                                            measuring instruments and control devices
                                                                                                                                                                 connect electrical metering units or measuring instruments and
                                                                                                                                                                 control devices


                                                                            Design, construct and commission three phase electrical                              Understanding confirmed
                                                                                                                                        259200/L4    10   2, 3
                                                                            circuits                                                                             Plan work task, Construct three phase electrical circuits.


                                                                                                                                                                 Understanding confirmed
                                                                            Install and terminate Medium Voltage cables                 259187/L4    6     4
                                                                                                                                                                 Terminate and connect Medium Voltage cables.


           3
                 Direct-Current motors and starters
                 Objectives                                                                                                                                      Explain magnetic theory. Explain the basic fundamentals of power
                                                                            Understand fundamentals of electricity                      258967 /L2   8    2, 3
                                                                                                                                                                 generation and distribution.
                 On completion of this module the student should be
                 able to:

                 1. identify the following components of a direct-current
                 motor from a given drawing:
                 a. yoke                                                    Identify, inspect, clean and maintain electrical rotating                            Understanding confirmed
                                                                                                                                        259017/L2    6     3
                 b. field windings                                          machines                                                                             Clean, inspect, test and maintain DC rotating machines
                 c. pole shoes
                 d. pole core
                                                                            Understand basic electrical and mechanical engineering                               Use and describe SI, energy, electrical and mechanical quantities
                 e. armature                                                                                                            113873/L4    8     1
                                                                            principles                                                                           correctly.
                 f. brushes                                                                                                                                      Explain the factors critical to fault-finding and repairing DC powered
                 g. commutator                                              Fault-find and repair a DC powered machine                  259180/L4    6     1
                                                                                                                                                                 machines.
                 2. Compare different motors (shunt series and
                 compound wound – long shunt and short shunt) in
                 terms of:
                 a. Field windings
                 b. Full load speed
                 c. No load speed
                 d. Starting torque

                 3. Draw circuit diagrams of:
                 a. Shunt motors
                 b. Series motors
                 c. Compound-wound motors
                   i.   Long shunt
                  ii.  Short shunt

                 4. Explain the need for starters

                 5. Describe, with the aid of circuit diagrams the
                 operation of a face-plate-starter, related to:
                 a. Series motors
                 b. Shunt motors

                 6. Describe, with the aid of a diagram, methods of
                 obtaining the reversal of direction




ELECTRICAL N2 THEORY vs NQF EQUIVALENCE                                                                                                                                                                                                   8
ELECTRICAL N2 THEORY vs NQF EQUIVALENCE   9
           4     Alternating-Current Motors and Starters
                 Objectives

                 On Completion of this module the student should be         Identify, inspect, clean and maintain electrical rotating                              Understanding confirmed
                                                                                                                                        259017/L4   6      2
                 able to:                                                   machines                                                                               Clean, inspect, test and maintain AC rotating machines.

                 1. Explain, with reference to ac motors, what is meant
                 by the terms
                 a. Stator
                 b. Rotor

                 2. Compare cage and wound rotors in terms of their
                 construction.
                                                                            Maintain and repair direct-on-line AC rotating machines                                Explain the requirements pertaining to maintaining and repairing
                                                                                                                                        259038/L3   8      1
                                                                            and control gear                                                                       direct-on-line AC rotating machines and control gear
                 3. State how the currents in the stator windings of an
                 ac induction motor produce a rotating magnetic field
                 and its interaction with the rotor conductors

                                                                                                                                                                   Understanding confirmed
                 4. Define the term slip                                    Install and commission direct-on-line AC rotating
                                                                                                                                        259077/L3   10    1, 3     Plan and prepare for the work task, Connect direct-on-line AC
                                                                            machines and control gear
                                                                                                                                                                   rotating machines and control gear
                 5. Draw the circuit diagrams of the following single-      Understand basic electrical and mechanical engineering                                 Use and describe SI, energy, electrical and mechanical quantities
                 phase motors:                                                                                                          113873/L4   8     1, 6
                                                                            principles                                                                             correctly. Understand alternating current theory.


                 a. Capacitor start/induction run                                                                                                                  Understanding confirmed
                                                                            Maintain, test and repair AC machines and control gear      259177/L4   12    1, 2     Prepare to maintain and repair AC machines and control gear.
                                                                                                                                                                   Maintain AC machines and control gear.
                 b. Capacitor start/capacitor run
                 c. Universal


                 6. Describe with the aid of circuit diagrams, how the      Install and commission AC machines and control gear         259217/L4   8    1, 2, 4   Understanding confirmed
                 following three-phase motors                                                                                                                      Plan to install and commission AC machines and control gear.
                                                                                                                                                                   Prepare to install, connect and commission AC machines and control
                 May be connected in star or delta                                                                                                                 gear. Connect A.C. machines and control gear.

                 a.   Squirrel cage
                 b.   Wound rotor

                 7. Explain how time delay and current rating of overload
                 protection devices influence their use in protecting
                 motors from damage in case of

                 a.   Locked rotors
                 b.   Overload during operation
                 c.    Short circuits

                 8. State the purpose and the application of the
                 following starters:

                 a. Direct-on-line
                 b. Star-delta manual, semi automatic and automatic
                 c. Resistance starter
                 d. Auto transformer
                 e. Forward/reverse




ELECTRICAL N2 THEORY vs NQF EQUIVALENCE                                                                                                                                                                                                 10
                 9. Compare the advantages and disadvantages of single
                 and three phase motors


                 10. Describe, with the aid of drawings, how the
                 following tests are conducted on a motor;


                 a. Insulation resistance between conductors
                 b. Insulation resistance to earth
                 c. Short-circuit and open-circuit windings

                 11. State the regulations for motor control


           5     Earthing
                 Objectives

                 On completion of this module the student should be         Handle and care for portable electrical earthing gear
                 able to                                                                                                              258938/L2   2     1     Demonstrate knowledge of portable electrical earthing gear.
                                                                            and related equipment

                 1. Explain why earthing is important
                 2. Explain the concept of floating earths in portable
                 appliances
                 3. Explain the earthing functions of:
                                                                            Install and commission direct-on-line AC rotating         259077/L3   10    1     Understanding confirmed
                 a. System earthing                                         machines and control gear                                                         Plan and prepare for the work task
                 b. Equipment earthing                                                                                                                        Understanding confirmed
                                                                            Fault Find, Test and Repair Domestic Appliances           258924/L3   6     1
                 c. A combination of system and equipments earthing                                                                                           Plan to do fault finding and repair to domestic appliances.


                 4. Describe the earthing systems at power stations and                                                                                       Understanding confirmed
                 substations                                                Design and install electrical wire ways                   259037/L3   8    1, 3
                                                                                                                                                              Plan to install electrical wire ways. Install electrical wire ways.
                 5. Explain how a common earth electrode is used in
                 reticulation circuits
                                                                            Design, construct and commission three phase electrical                           Understanding confirmed
                 6. Describe the provision of earthing for underground                                                                259200/L4   10    1
                                                                            circuits                                                                          Design a three phase Circuit diagram.
                 cables and overhead lines

                                                                                                                                                              Understanding confirmed
                 7. Describe how earth continuity is provided using the     Joint Medium Voltage cables                               259189/L4   8     2
                                                                                                                                                              Prepare the Medium Voltage cable and work area.
                 cable’s sheath in cable terminations and joint boxes

                                                                                                                                                              Understanding confirmed
                 8. Describe the purpose of insulated glands in the cable   Operate on Medium Voltage networks                        259204/L4   20    1
                                                                                                                                                              Plan and prepare to operate on Medium Voltage networks.
                 system
                 9. State methods by which the following protective
                 earthing may be affected:

                 a. Direct earthing of all metalwork concerned
                 b. Direct metallic connection between metalwork and
                 the neutral at the source of supply


                 10. Describe the earthing method of separate earth wire
                 to which all non-current-carrying metalwork is connected



           6     Protection
                                                                                                                                                              Understanding confirmed
                                                                            Wire and commission domestic or commercial electrical                             Plan to wire and commission domestic or commercial circuits,
                                                                                                                                      258968/L3   8    1, 5
                                                                            circuits                                                                          Complete the wiring and commissioning of domestic or commercial
                                                                                                                                                              circuits




ELECTRICAL N2 THEORY vs NQF EQUIVALENCE                                                                                                                                                                                             11
           6
                 Objectives                                                                                                                                        Understanding confirmed
                                                                            Wire and commission domestic or commercial electrical                                  Plan to wire and commission domestic or commercial circuits,
                                                                                                                                        258968/L3   8     1, 5
                                                                            circuits                                                                               Complete the wiring and commissioning of domestic or commercial
                 On completion of this module the student should be
                                                                                                                                                                   circuits
                 able to:


                 1. Explain with the aid of circuit diagrams, how electrical
                 installations up to 380 V. are protected against:           Install and commission direct-on-line AC rotating                                     Understanding confirmed
                                                                                                                                        259077/L3   10     2
                                                                             machines and control gear                                                             Install direct-on-line AC rotating machines and control gear.
                 a. Earth-leakage faults
                                                                                                                                                                   Understanding confirmed
                                                                            Install and commission electrical metering units,
                                                                                                                                        259078/L3   8      3       Prepare, install and connect electrical metering units or measuring
                 b. Phase imbalance                                         measuring instruments and control devices
                                                                                                                                                                   instruments and control devices


                                                                                                                                                                   Understanding confirmed
                                                                            Maintain, test and repair AC machines and control gear      259177/L4   12    1, 2     Prepare to maintain and repair AC machines and control gear.
                 2. Describe the protection of overhead lines by means                                                                                             Maintain AC machines and control gear.
                 of earthing compensators and lighting arrestors.
                                                                                                                                                                   Understanding confirmed
                 3. Define the following protective devices and describe    Install and commission AC machines and control gear         259217/L4   8     1, 3     Plan to install and commission AC machines and control gear. Install
                 their functions:                                                                                                                                  A.C. machines and control gear.
                 a. Thermal overload relays (trips);
                 b. Overload relays with manual reset;
                 c. Overload relays with automatic reset
                 d. Fuses (different types)

                 4. Describe the effect of the following conditions on
                 protective devices:

                 a. Ambient temperature
                 b. Severe starting




           7     Measuring Instruments
                 Objectives
                                                                                                                                                                   Understanding confirmed
                 On completion of this module the student should be          Select, use and care for electrical measuring and                                     Identify and read fixed electrical measuring instruments. Identify
                                                                                                                                        258918/L2   4    1, 2, 4
                 able to:                                                   testing instruments                                                                    and select portable electrical measuring instruments. Care for
                                                                                                                                                                   portable electrical measuring instruments
                 1. Explain the function of the following measuring
                 instruments:
                 a. Wattmeter (electrodynamometer type);

                 b. Kilowatt-hour meter;                                                                                                                           Understanding confirmed
                                                                            Install or replace electrical metering units or measuring
                                                                                                                                        258919/L2   4      1       Plan to Install and/or replace an electrical metering units or
                                                                            instrument
                 c. Frequency meter;                                                                                                                               measuring instruments
                 d. Power factor meter;
                 e. Maximum demand meter




ELECTRICAL N2 THEORY vs NQF EQUIVALENCE                                                                                                                                                                                                   12
                 2. Illustrate, by means of circuit diagrams, how the
                 following instruments are connected in single phase
                 circuits:
                 a. Wattmeter;
                 b. Kilowatt-hour meter;
                 c. Frequency meter;
                 d. Power factory meter
                 e. Maximum demand meter


           8     Transformers
                 Objectives

                 On completion of this module the student should be
                 able to:

                 1. Perform calculations to show the relationship of ratios
                 (voltage, current and turns);

                 2. Explain how inductance causes a phase angle
                 between voltage and current, and explain its
                 relationship with the concept power factor;                                                                                                    Understanding confirmed
                                                                              Install low voltage transformers                    10234/L2    6        1
                                                                                                                                                                Plan to install low voltage transformers.
                 3. Perform calculations to demonstrate the relationship
                 between true power, apparent power and power factor;
                 4. Calculate the line and phase voltages and currents
                 relating to the following three-phase transformer
                 connections:
                 a. Star/star
                 b. Delta/delta
                 c. Star/delta
                 d. Delta/star
                 5. Explain the concept of and need for transformer
                 tappings.


           9     Electronics
                 Objectives

                 On completion of this module the student should be
                 able to:                                                     Understand fundamentals of electricity              258967/L2   8      1, 2       Explain the basic concepts of electricity. Explain magnetic theory.


                 1. Explain, with reference to diodes, the following terms:


                 a. Rating:
                                                                                                                                                                Understanding confirmed
                                                                              Construct Basic Electronic Circuits                 10270/L3    4        1
                 b. Biasing.                                                                                                                                    Plan to construct basic electronic circuit


                 2. Describe the following with reference to diodes:


                 a. Testing;
                 b. Operation in dc and ac circuits (simple graphs where
                 applicable).

                 3. Draw circuit diagrams of the following, showing input
                 and output wave-forms:




                                                                                                                                                                      Understand and explain electron theory in terms of current
                                                                                                                                                                    flow.Understand and explain the operation of basic electronic
                                                                                                                                                  1, 2, 3, 4,
                                                                              Understand basic electronic theory and components   258977/L3   4                    components Understand the operation of a P-N junction diode,
                                                                                                                                                       5
ELECTRICAL N2 THEORY vs NQF EQUIVALENCE                                                                                                                               Understand the operation and function of power supplies,        13
                                                                                                                                                                       Understand the operation and application of a transistor
                 a. Half-wave rectifier
                 b. Full-wave rectifier with a centre-tap transformer
                 c. Full-wave bridge rectifier

                 4. Compare the efficiency of half-wave and full-wave                                                                                              Understand and explain electron theory in terms of current
                 rectifier circuits                                                                                                                              flow.Understand and explain the operation of basic electronic
                                                                                                                                                  1, 2, 3, 4,
                                                                              Understand basic electronic theory and components   258977/L3   4                 components Understand the operation of a P-N junction diode,
                                                                                                                                                       5
                                                                                                                                                                   Understand the operation and function of power supplies,
                                                                                                                                                                    Understand the operation and application of a transistor
                 5. Explain, with the acid of a circuit diagram, the
                 following with reference to Zener diodes:


                 a. Biasing and series resistor
                 b. The Zener as a regulator.

                 6. Use line diagrams to illustrate circuit transistor in a
                 common emitter circuit in terms of lE, , l B, l C
                 (amplifier and switch)

                 8. Describe the operation of a thyristor.

                 9. Describe the operation of a power controller circuit
                 where the thyristor is used as the controlling device.




ELECTRICAL N2 THEORY vs NQF EQUIVALENCE                                                                                                                                                                                          14
                                                                                                       FITTING AND MACHINING N2 THEORY vs NQF EQUIVALENCE
                                     N2 SYLLABUS – FITTING AND MACHINING
                           No.                                                                        UNIT STANDARD TITLE                         SAQA       CR   SO NO.
                                                    THEORY                                                                                                                                                   SO

                                                                                                                                                                  SO1AC1   Discuss and explain the purpose of safety equipment and
                                                                                                                                                                           procedures

                                                                                                                                                                           Names & functions of:
                                                                                                                                                                           • Safety equipment
                                                                                                                                                                           • Personal protective equipment
                                  Explain occupational safety in accordance with               Keep the work area safe and productive           13220 /L2    8
                            1                                                                                                                                               Purpose of:
                                  Fitting and Machining Theory N2
                                                                                                                                                                   EEK     • Keeping work area safe
                                                                                                                                                                           • Performing housekeeping duties
                                                                                                                                                                           Cause and effect, implications of:
                                                                                                                                                                           • Implications of an untidy work area
                                                                                                                                                                           • Implications of not following safety procedures


                                                                                                                                                                           Names & functions of:
                                                                                       Assemble Mechanical Components                           253440 /L2   2     EEK
                                                                                                                                                                           • Mechanical assembly components.

                                                                                                                                                                            Names & functions of:
                                                                                                                                                                           • Types of couplings
                                                                                                                                                                           • Direct drives and drive assemblies
                                                                                                                                                                           Attributes, descriptions, characteristics & properties:
                                                                                                                                                                           • Typical defects and their remedies
                                                                                                                                                                           • Characteristics of drive types
                                                                                       Maintain direct drives                                   13280 /L3    6     EEK
                                                                                                                                                                           Purpose of:
                                  Explain couplings in accordance with Fitting and                                                                                         • Direct drives
                            2
                                  machining Theory N2                                                                                                                      • Taper-locks and keys
                                                                                                                                                                           Processes, events, causes and effects, implications:
                                                                                                                                                                           • Implications of poor alignment results
                                                                                                                                                                           • Replacement sequence and process
                                                                                                                                                                           Names & functions of:
                                                                                                                                                                           • Equipment on which alignment is performed
                                                                                       Align machines and equipment using laser technology      13303 /L4    6     EEK     Attributes, descriptions, characteristics & properties:
                                                                                                                                                                           • Typical alignment problems
                                                                                                                                                                           Purpose of:
                                                                                                                                                                           • Close tolerance alignment




                                                                                                                                                                           Explain and discuss basic units of measure and symbols
                                                                                                                                                                           Names and functions of:
                                                                                                                                                                           • Engineering symbols, abbreviations, conventions (according to
                                                                                                                                                                           international drawing standards)
                                                                                                                                                                           Purpose of:
                                                                                                                                                                           • Engineering drawings
                                                                                                                                                                           Processes, events, causes and effects, implications:
                                                                                                                                                                           • Implications of incorrectly interpreting an engineering drawing
                                                                                                                                                                  SO1AC1   • Implications of incorrectly producing an engineering drawing
                                                                                       Read, interpret and produce basic engineering drawings   12215 /L2    6
                                                                                                                                                                    EEK    Procedures and techniques:
                                                                                                                                                                           • Drawing interpretation and sequence
                                  Explain limits and fits in accordance with Fitting                                                                                       • For dimensioning and line types
                            3                                                                                                                                              Theory: rules, principles, laws:
                                  and Machining Theory N2
                                                                                                                                                                           • Units of measurement (conversion) and measurement scales
                                                                                                                                                                           • Dimensioning
                                                                                                                                                                           Relationships, systems:
                                                                                                                                                                           • Relationship between engineering drawing and the manufacture
                                                                                                                                                                           of a product that meets customer specifications




FITTING AND MACHINING N2 THEORY vs NQF EQUIVALENCE                                                                                                                                                                                             15
    Explain limits and fits in accordance with Fitting
3
    and Machining Theory N2




                                                                                                                              Attributes, descriptions, characteristics & properties:
                                                                                                                              • Units of measure
                                                         Produce detailed engineering drawings         13298 /L3    6   EEK
                                                                                                                              Relationships, systems:
                                                                                                                              • Role of measuring equipment in the engineering process 


                                                                                                                              Names & functions of:
                                                                                                                              • Bearings and bearing assemblies
                                                                                                                              Attributes, descriptions, characteristics & properties:
                                                                                                                              • Bearing types
                                                                                                                              Purpose of:
                                                                                                                              • Pre-loading bearings
                                                                                                                              • Testing bearing assemblies
                                                                                                                              • Range of bearing installation / removal methods
                                                                                                                              • Lubrication
                                                                                                                              • Bearing clearances
    Explain bearings in accordance with Fitting and      Maintain bearings in machines and equipment   13283 /L3    8   EEK   Procedures and techniques:
4
    Machining Theory N2                                                                                                       • Identifying bearings and bearing assemblies
                                                                                                                              • Bearing pre-loading techniques
                                                                                                                              • Bearing installation techniques
                                                                                                                              Theory: rules, principles, laws:
                                                                                                                              • Applicable mechanical theory covering the replacement of
                                                                                                                              bearings and bearing assemblies
                                                                                                                              • Applicable mathematical concepts
                                                                                                                              • Applicable fits and tolerance principles
                                                                                                                              Relationships, systems:
                                                                                                                              • The & functions of: the replaced bearing / bearing assembly to
                                                                                                                              Names relationship of
                                                                                                                              • Consumables, lubricants, coolants used
                                                                                                                              Processes, events, causes and effects, implications:
                                                         Perform routine maintenance                   13221 L2     8   EEK   • Acquiring required lubricants and consumables
                                                                                                                              Procedures and techniques:
                                                                                                                              • Checking lubricant levels
                                                                                                                              • Topping up 

                                                                                                                              Names & functions of:
                                                                                                                              • Lubricating systems and lubrication devices
                                                                                                                              • Lubricants
    Explain lubrication in accordance with Fitting                                                                            Attributes, descriptions, characteristics & properties:
5                                                                                                                             • Typical faults and defects
    and Machining Theory N2
                                                                                                                              Processes, events, causes and effects, implications:
                                                                                                                              • Causes and responses to common problems
                                                         Maintain lubricating systems                  13277 L3     4   EEK
                                                                                                                              • Repair sequence and process
                                                                                                                              Theory: rules, principles, laws
                                                                                                                              • Applicable mechanical theory covering the repairs of lubricating
                                                                                                                              systems, e.g. relationship between friction, pressure and speed
                                                                                                                              Relationships, systems:
                                                                                                                              • The relationship of the repaired lubrication system to the
                                                                                                                              production process
                                                                                                                              Names & functions of:
                                                                                                                              • Types of motorised valves.
                                                                                                                              • Motorised valve and components.
                                                                                                                              • Attributes, descriptions, characteristics & properties:
                                                                                                                              Typical motorised valve faults and defects.
                                                                                                                              • End users of motorised valves.
                                                                                                                              • Motorised valve equipment and components.
                                                         Maintain Motorised Valves                     253423 \L3   4   EEK
                                                                                                                              • Characteristics of different types of motorised valves.
                                                                                                                              Purpose of:
                                                                                                                              • Pressure testing and setting.
                                                                                                                              Theory: rules, principles, laws:
                                                                                                                              • Applicable mechanical theory relating to the maintenance of
                                                                                                                              motorised valves, e.g. torque, pressure, flow-control, pneumatic
                                                                                                                              and hydraulic theory.




    Explain valves in accordance with Fitting and
6
    Machining Theory N2
                                                                                                                                                                 Names & functions of:
                                                                                                                                                                 • Types of valves and components.
                                                                                                                                                                 • Attributes, descriptions, characteristics & properties:
                                  Explain valves in accordance with Fitting and                                                                                  • Typical valve faults and defects.
                            6                                                                                                                                    • Valve equipment and components.
                                  Machining Theory N2
                                                                                                                                                                 • Characteristics of different types of valves.
                                                                                                                                                                 Purpose of:
                                                                                                                                                                 • Maintaining valves.
                                                                                                                                                                 • Identification of wear patterns on components.
                                                                                                                                                                 • Verifying pressure relief level.
                                                                                                                                                                 • Pressure testing and setting.
                                                                                  Maintain valves                                        253439 /L3   8    EEK
                                                                                                                                                                 • Sealing and/or locking on completion.
                                                                                                                                                                 Processes, events, causes and effects, implications:
                                                                                                                                                                 • Implications and consequences of situations such as, e.g. using
                                                                                                                                                                 poor quality, damaged or faulty equipment in the maintenance
                                                                                                                                                                 process, delaying reports about problems in work area.
                                                                                                                                                                 Procedures and techniques:
                                                                                                                                                                 • Maintaining valve components.
                                                                                                                                                                 • Pressure testing and settings.
                                                                                                                                                                 • Theory: rules, principles, laws:
                                                                                                                                                                 • Applicable mechanical theory relating to the maintenance of
                                                                                                                                                                 valves, e.g. torque, pressure
                                                                                                                                                                 Names & functions of:
                                                                                                                                                                 • Static seals and seal assemblies
                                                                                                                                                                 Purpose of:
                                                                                                                                                                 • Testing seal assemblies
                                                                                                                                                                 Procedures and techniques:
                                                                                                                                                                 • Identifying seals and seal assemblies
                                                                                  Maintain static seals in machines and / or equipment   13219 /L2    4    EEK   • Removing seal / seal assembly
                                                                                                                                                                 • Preparing seal assembly for installation
                                                                                                                                                                 • Seal installation techniques
                                                                                                                                                                 • Reason for leaks on static seals
                                                                                                                                                                 Theory: rules, principles, laws:
                                                                                                                                                                 • Applicable mechanical theory covering the replacement of seals
                                                                                                                                                                 and seal assemblies, e.g. pressure, heat (expansion and
                                                                                                                                                                 Names & functions of:
                                                                                                                                                                 Types of valves and components.
                                                                                                                                                                 Attributes, descriptions, characteristics & properties:
                                                                                                                                                                 • Typical valve faults and defects.
                                                                                                                                                                 • Valve equipment and components.
                                  Explain packing, stuffing boxes and joints in                                                                                  Purpose of:
                            7                                                     Maintain Valves                                        253439 L3    8    EEK   • Maintaining valves.
                                  accordance with Fitting and Machining Theory
                                                                                                                                                                 • Identification of wear patterns on components.
                                                                                                                                                                 Procedures and techniques:
                                                                                                                                                                 • Identifying component defects.
                                                                                                                                                                 • Maintaining valve components.
                                                                                                                                                                 • Preparing consumables, replacement components/parts for
                                                                                                                                                                 maintenance
                                                                                                                                                                 Names & Functions of:
                                                                                                                                                                 • Pump and components.
                                                                                                                                                                 Attributes, descriptions, characteristics & properties:
                                                                                                                                                                 • Typical pump faults and defects.
                                                                                                                                                                 • Pump equipment and components.
                                                                                                                                                                 Purpose of:
                                                                                  Maintain Centrifugal Pumps                             253391 L3    14   EEK
                                                                                                                                                                 • Maintaining centrifugal pumps.
                                                                                                                                                                 • Identification of wear patterns on components.
                                                                                                                                                                 Procedures and Techniques:
                                                                                                                                                                 • Identifying component defects.
                                                                                                                                                                 • Maintaining pump components.
                                                                                                                                                                 • Preparing consumables, replacement components/parts for
                                                                                                                                                                 maintenance.




FITTING AND MACHINING N2 THEORY vs NQF EQUIVALENCE                                                                                                                                                                                   17
                                                                                                                         Names and functions of:
                                                                                                                        Pipe systems and pipe components.
                                                                                                                        • Equipment on which maintenance is performed.
                                                                                                                        Purpose of:
                                                                                                                        • Sealing components.
                                                                                                                        • Individual components in the system.
                                                                                                                        Processes, events, causes and effects, implications:
                                                                                                                        • Implications of thermal expansion.
                                                                                                                        • Causes and responses to common problems.
                                                                                                                        Procedures and techniques:
                                                                                                                        • Performing visual inspections.
                                                                                                                        • Identifying problems.
    Explain water pipe systems in accordance with   Maintain pipe systems and pipe components   253577 L3    12   EEK
8                                                                                                                       • Isolation technique and procedure.
    Fitting and Machining Theory N2
                                                                                                                        Theory: rules, principles, laws:
                                                                                                                        • Different pressures/flows.
                                                                                                                        • Different types of materials have different expansion rates.
                                                                                                                        • Equipment operating principles.
                                                                                                                        • Equipment maintenance fundamentals.
                                                                                                                        • Associated engineering principles.
                                                                                                                        • Pressure, temperature and volumetric rules of physics
                                                                                                                        (Thermodynamics).
                                                                                                                        • Pipe disassembly, assembly.
                                                                                                                        • Inspecting for wear and damage.
                                                                                                                        • Flange-face seating.
                                                                                                                        • Determining pipe system flow and pressure criteria.
                                                                                                                        Names & Functions of:
                                                                                                                        • Types of centrifugal pumps.
                                                                                                                        • Pump and components.
                                                                                                                        Attributes, descriptions, characteristics & properties:
                                                                                                                        • Typical pump faults and defects.
                                                                                                                        • Pump equipment and components.
                                                                                                                        • Characteristics of different types of centrifugal pumps.
                                                                                                                        Purpose of:
                                                                                                                        • Maintaining centrifugal pumps.
                                                                                                                        • Identification of wear patterns on components.
                                                                                                                        • Verifying pressure relief level.
                                                                                                                        • Pressure testing and setting.
                                                    Maintain centrifugal pumps                  253391 /L3   14   EEK
                                                                                                                        • Sealing and/or locking on completion.
                                                                                                                        Procedures and Techniques:
                                                                                                                        • Identifying component defects.
                                                                                                                        • Maintaining pump components.
                                                                                                                        • Pressure testing and setting.
                                                                                                                        • Preparing consumables, replacement components/parts for
                                                                                                                        maintenance.
                                                                                                                        Theory: rules, principles, laws:
                                                                                                                        • Applicable mechanical theory relating to the maintenance of
                                                                                                                        centrifugal pumps, e.g. torque, pressure.
                                                                                                                        • Applicable mathematical concepts.
                                                                                                                        • Bernoulli`s theorem.
    Explain pumps in accordance with Fitting and
9
    Machining Theory N2
                                  Explain pumps in accordance with Fitting and                                                                    Names & functions of:
                            9
                                  Machining Theory N2                                                                                             • Types of positive displacement pumps.
                                                                                                                                                  • Positive displacement pump and components.
                                                                                                                                                  Attributes, descriptions, characteristics & properties:
                                                                                                                                                  • Typical positive displacement pump faults and defects.
                                                                                                                                                  • Positive displacement pumps equipment and components.
                                                                                                                                                  • Characteristics of different types of positive displacement
                                                                                                                                                  pumps.
                                                                                                                                                  Purpose of:
                                                                                                                                                  • Maintaining positive displacement pumps.
                                                                                                                                                  • Identification of wear patterns on components.
                                                                                                                                                  • Verifying pressure relief level.
                                                                                   Maintain Positive Displacement Pumps   253497 /L3   10   EEK   • Pressure testing and setting.
                                                                                                                                                  • Sealing and/or locking on completion.
                                                                                                                                                  Processes, events, causes and effects, implications:
                                                                                                                                                  • Causes of and implications of not relieving pressure.
                                                                                                                                                  • Causes and responses to common problems.
                                                                                                                                                  Procedures and techniques:
                                                                                                                                                  • Identifying component defects.
                                                                                                                                                  • Maintaining positive displacement pump components.
                                                                                                                                                  • Pressure testing and setting.
                                                                                                                                                  • Preparing consumables, replacement components/parts for
                                                                                                                                                  maintenance.
                                                                                                                                                  Theory: rules, principles, laws:
                                                                                                                                                  • Applicable mechanical theory relating to the maintenance of
                                                                                                                                                   Names & functions of:
                                                                                                                                                  Types of compressors.
                                                                                                                                                  • Compressor components.
                                                                                                                                                  Attributes, descriptions, characteristics & properties:
                                                                                                                                                  • Typical compressor faults and defects.
                                                                                                                                                  • Compressor equipment and components.
                                                                                                                                                  • Characteristics of different types of compressors.
                                                                                                                                                  Purpose of:
                                                                                                                                                  • Maintaining compressors.
                                                                                                                                                  • Identification of wear patterns on components.
                                                                                                                                                  • Verifying pressure regulation methods.
                                                                                                                                                  • Pressure testing and settings.
                                  Explain compressors in accordance with Fitting   Maintain compressors                   253494 /L3   15   EEK   • Sealing and/or locking procedures.
                           10
                                  and Machining Theory N2                                                                                         Processes, events, causes and effects, implications:
                                                                                                                                                  • Causes of and implications of not relieving pressure.
                                                                                                                                                  Procedures and techniques:
                                                                                                                                                  • Identifying component defects.
                                                                                                                                                  • Maintaining compressor components.
                                                                                                                                                  • Pressure testing and setting.
                                                                                                                                                  • Preparing consumables, replacement components/parts for
                                                                                                                                                  maintenance.
                                                                                                                                                  Theory: rules, principles, laws:
                                                                                                                                                  • Applicable mechanical theory relating to the maintenance of
                                                                                                                                                  compressors, e.g. torque, pressure.
                                                                                                                                                  • Pascal`s law and pressure calculations.




FITTING AND MACHINING N2 THEORY vs NQF EQUIVALENCE                                                                                                                                                                19
                                                                                                         Names & functions of:
                                                                                                         • Indirect drives and components
                                                                                                         Attributes, descriptions, characteristics & properties:
                                                                                                         • Characteristics of indirect drives
                                                                                                         Purpose of:
                                                                                                         • Individual components in the indirect drive system
                                                                                                         Processes, events, causes and effects, implications:
                                                                                                         • Performing indirect drive maintenance
                                                                                                         • Implications and consequences of situations such as e.g. poor
                                                                                                         quality, damaged or faulty components
                                                                                                         Procedures and techniques:
                                                                                                         • Maintaining components
                                                                                                         • Performing visual inspections
     Explain V-belt drives in accordance with Fitting   Maintain indirect drives   13216 /L2   6   EEK   • Drive tensioning procedure
11                                                                                                       • Isolation technique and procedure
     and Machining Theory N2
                                                                                                         • Removing and replacing defective components such as sprockets
                                                                                                         or pulleys
                                                                                                         • Indirect drive fault finding
                                                                                                         • Indirect drive alignment procedures
                                                                                                         • Fastener tensioning methods and procedures
                                                                                                          Theory: rules, principles, laws:
                                                                                                         • Equipment operating principles
                                                                                                         • Equipment working principles
                                                                                                         • Force and torque
                                                                                                         • Applying pressure
                                                                                                         • Belt, chain stretch
                                                                                                         • Indirect drive alignment and methods of alignment
                                                                                                         • Tensioning and methods of tensioning
                                                                                                         Names & functions of:
                                                                                                         • Direct drives and drive assemblies
                                                                                                         Attributes, descriptions, characteristics & properties:
                                                                                                         • Typical defects and their remedies
                                                                                                         • Characteristics of drive types
                                                                                                         Purpose of:
                                                                                                         • Direct drives
                                                                                                         • Fitting safety guards
                                                                                                         • Taper-locks and keys
                                                                                                         Processes, events, causes and effects, implications:
                                                                                                         • Implications of overlooking direct drive non-conformances
                                                                                                         • Performing direct drive maintenance
                                                                                                         • Incorrect fluid levels
                                                                                                         • Implications of applying heat to remove / replace direct drives
                                                                                                         • Implications of poor alignment results
     Explain gear drives in accordance with Fitting     Maintain direct drives     13280 /L3   6   EEK
12                                                                                                       Procedures and techniques:
     and Machining Theory N2
                                                                                                         • Checking that direct drive is safe
                                                                                                         • Maintaining components
                                                                                                         • Performing visual inspections
                                                                                                         • Performing routine maintenance
                                                                                                         • Removing and installing direct drives
                                                                                                         • Direct drive fault finding
                                                                                                         • Recording and reporting procedures
                                                                                                         • Direct drive alignment procedures
                                                                                                         Theory: rules, principles, laws:
                                                                                                         • Applicable fits and tolerances
                                                                                                         • Force and torque
                                                                                                         • Applying pressure
                                                                                                         • Component inspection and fault finding
                                                                                                         • Direct drive alignment and methods of alignment
                                                                                                                                         Names & functions of:
                                                                                                                                         • Indirect drives and components
                                                                                                                                         Attributes, descriptions, characteristics & properties:
                                                                                                                                         • Characteristics of indirect drives
                                                                                                                                         Purpose of:
                                                                                                                                         • Individual components in the indirect drive system
                                                                                                                                         Processes, events, causes and effects, implications:
                                                                                                                                         • Performing indirect drive maintenance
                                                                                                                                         • Implications and consequences of situations such as e.g. poor
                                                                                                                                         quality, damaged or faulty components
                                                                                                                                         Procedures and techniques:
                                                                                                                                         • Maintaining components
                                                                                                                                         • Performing visual inspections
                                  Explain chain drives in accordance with Fitting   Maintain indirect drives     13216 /L2    6    EEK   • Drive tensioning procedure
                           13
                                  and Machining Theory N2                                                                                • Isolation technique and procedure
                                                                                                                                         • Removing and replacing defective components such as sprockets
                                                                                                                                         or pulleys
                                                                                                                                         • Indirect drive fault finding
                                                                                                                                         • Indirect drive alignment procedures
                                                                                                                                         • Fastener tensioning methods and procedures
                                                                                                                                          Theory: rules, principles, laws:
                                                                                                                                         • Equipment operating principles
                                                                                                                                         • Equipment working principles
                                                                                                                                         • Force and torque
                                                                                                                                         • Applying pressure
                                                                                                                                         • Belt, chain stretch
                                                                                                                                         • Indirect drive alignment and methods of alignment
                                                                                                                                         Names & functions of:
                                                                                                                                         • Gearbox and components
                                                                                                                                         Attributes, descriptions, characteristics & properties:
                                                                                                                                         • Typical gearbox faults and defects
                                                                                                                                         • Gearbox applications
                                                                                                                                         • Characteristics of different types of gearboxes
                                                                                                                                         Purpose of:
                                                                                                                                         • Maintaining gearboxes
                                                                                                                                         • Identification of wear patterns on components
                                  Explain reduction gearboxes in accordance with    Maintain gearboxes           13325 /L4    10   EEK   • Measuring backlash and tooth contact areas
                           14
                                  Fitting and Machining Theory N2                                                                        Processes, events, causes and effects, implications:
                                                                                                                                         • Causes of and implications of poor tooth mesh
                                                                                                                                         Procedures and techniques:
                                                                                                                                         • Maintaining gearbox components
                                                                                                                                         Theory: rules, principles, laws:
                                                                                                                                         • Applicable mechanical theory relating to the maintenance of
                                                                                                                                         gearboxes, e.g. polymers (insulation), gear drives and lubrication,
                                                                                                                                         torque, backlash and float
                                                                                                                                         • Applicable mathematical concepts, e.g. friction coefficient, ratios
                                                                                                                                         Names and functions of:
                                                                                                                                         • Compressors and pneumatic components.
                                                                                                                                         • Air systems and circuits.
                                                                                                                                         Attributes, descriptions, characteristics and properties:
                                                                                                                                         • Pressure hazards.
                                                                                                                                         • Working pneumatics.
                                                                                                                                         Purpose of:
                                                                                                                                         • Designing simple systems.
                                                                                                                                         • Adhering to system design principles.
                                                                                    Maintain pneumatic systems   253361 /L4   8    EEK   • System components.
                                                                                                                                         Processes, events, causes and effects, implications:
                                                                                                                                         • Performing system maintenance.
                                                                                                                                         • System design.
                                                                                                                                         Procedures and techniques:
                                                                                                                                         • Servicing components.
                                                                                                                                         • Identifying problems.
                                                                                                                                         • Designing a basic system.
                                                                                                                                         • Reporting on system operation.
                                                                                                                                         Theory: Rules, principles, laws:
                                                                                                                                         • Pneumatic power and Pascal`s Law.

                                  Explain hydraulics and pneumatics in
                           15
                                  accordance with Fitting and Machining Theory




FITTING AND MACHINING N2 THEORY vs NQF EQUIVALENCE                                                                                                                                                               21
                                                                                                                   Names and functions of:
     Explain hydraulics and pneumatics in                                                                          • Hydraulic components.
15
     accordance with Fitting and Machining Theory                                                                  Attributes, descriptions, characteristics and properties:
                                                                                                                   • Pressure hazards.
                                                                                                                   • Hydraulic fluids.
                                                                                                                   Purpose of:
                                                                                                                   • Designing simple systems.
                                                                                                                   • Adhering to system design principles.
                                                                                                                   • Pressure relief valves or pressure regulators.
                                                                                                                   Processes, events, causes and effects, implications:
                                                                                                                   • Performing system maintenance.
                                                    Maintain hydraulic systems              253415 /L4   8   EEK   • System design.
                                                                                                                   • Making fluid power system safe.
                                                                                                                   Procedures and techniques:
                                                                                                                   • Servicing components.
                                                                                                                   • Performing visual inspections.
                                                                                                                   • Designing system.
                                                                                                                   • Isolation technique and procedure.
                                                                                                                   Theory: rules, principles, laws:
                                                                                                                   • Hazards of pressure.
                                                                                                                   • Fluid power.
                                                                                                                   • Working fluids.
                                                                                                                   •    Pascal`s law and pressure-related calculations.
                                                                                                                   Names, functions and locations of:
                                                                                                                   Main parts and functions of milling machine.
                                                                                                                   • Machine controls.
                                                                                                                   • Accessories.
                                                                                                                   • Work holding fixtures.
                                                                                                                   • Tools (geometry and composition).
                                                                                                                   • Measuring equipment.
                                                                                                                   Purpose of processes and procedures of:
                                                                                                                   • Milling.
                                                                                                                   • Material preparation.
                                                                                                                   Attributes, properties, characteristics related to:
                                                                                                                   • Material types.
                                                                                                                   • Coolant types.
                                                                                                                   Cause and effect, implications of:
                                                                                                                   • Implications of selecting inappropriate accessories, work holding
     Explain milling machines in accordance with    Operate and monitor a milling machine   258678 /L2       EEK   fixtures, tools, cutting speeds and feeds.
16                                                                                                                 • Implications of incorrect installation of accessories, work holding
     Fitting and Machining Theory N2
                                                                                                                   fixtures and tools.
                                                                                                                   • Implications of component not meeting specifications, e.g. poor
                                                                                                                   finishes, uneven surface textures, incorrect size.
                                                                                                                   Procedures and techniques:
                                                                                                                   • Set up procedures for milling machine.
                                                                                                                   • Milling operations and procedures
                                                                                                                   • Measuring procedures.
                                                                                                                   • Machine cleaning procedures.
                                                                                                                   • Machine safety procedures.
                                                                                                                   Theory - rules, laws, principles:
                                                                                                                   • Applicable basic machining theory covering speeds and feeds,
                                                                                                                   material properties and the underlying principles of milling.
                                                                                                                   • Applicable mathematical concepts including geometry,
                                                                                                                   trigonometry and algebra.
                                                                                                                   • Applicable underlying scientific concepts.
                                                                                                                                                           Names, functions and locations of:
                                                                                                                                                          Main parts and functions of lathe.
                                                                                                                                                          • Machine controls.
                                                                                                                                                          • Accessories.
                                                                                                                                                          • Work holding fixtures.
                                                                                                                                                          • Tools (geometry and composition).
                                                                                                                                                          • Measuring equipment.
                                                                                                                                                          Purpose of processes and procedures of:
                                                                                                                                                          • Turning.
                                                                                                                                                          • Material preparation.
                                                                                                                                                          Attributes, properties, characteristics related to:
                                                                                                                                                          • Material types.
                                                                                                                                                          • Coolant types.
                                                                                                                                                          Cause and effect, implications of:
                                                                                                                                                          • Implications of selecting inappropriate accessories, work holding
                                  Explain the centre lathe in accordance with    Operate and monitor a lathe                      258679 /L2   12   EEK
                           17                                                                                                                             fixtures, tools, cutting speeds and feeds.
                                  Fitting and Machining Theory N2
                                                                                                                                                          • Implications of incorrect installation of accessories, work holding
                                                                                                                                                          fixtures and tools.
                                                                                                                                                          • Implications of component not meeting specifications, e.g. poor
                                                                                                                                                          finishes, uneven surface textures, incorrect size.
                                                                                                                                                          Procedures and techniques:
                                                                                                                                                          • Set up procedures for lathe.
                                                                                                                                                          • Turning operations and procedures
                                                                                                                                                          • Measuring procedures.
                                                                                                                                                          Theory - rules, laws, principles:
                                                                                                                                                          • Applicable basic machining theory covering speeds and feeds,
                                                                                                                                                          material properties and the underlying principles of turning.
                                                                                                                                                          • Applicable mathematical concepts including geometry,
                                                                                                                                                          trigonometry and algebra.
                                                                                                                                                          • Applicable underlying scientific concepts.
                                                                                                                                                           Names, functions and locations of:
                                                                                                                                                          • Main parts and functions of a grinding machine.
                                                                                                                                                          • Machine controls.
                                                                                                                                                          • Accessories.
                                                                                                                                                          • Work holding fixtures.
                                                                                                                                                          • Tools (geometry and composition).
                                                                                                                                                          • Measuring equipment.
                                                                                                                                                          Purpose of processes and procedures of:
                                                                                                                                                          • Grinding.
                                                                                                                                                          • Material preparation.
                                                                                                                                                          Attributes, properties, characteristics related to:
                                                                                                                                                          • Material types.
                                                                                                                                                          • Coolant types.
                                                                                                                                                          Cause and effect, implications of:
                                                                                                                                                          • Implications of selecting inappropriate accessories, work holding
                                  Explain surface grinding machines in                                                                                    fixtures, tools, table speeds and feeds.
                                                                                 Operate and monitor a surface grinding machine   258695 /L2   12   EEK
                           18     accordance with Fitting and Machining Theory                                                                            • Implications of incorrect installation of accessories, work holding
                                  N2                                                                                                                      fixtures and tools.
                                                                                                                                                          • Implications of component not meeting specifications, e.g. poor
                                                                                                                                                          finishes, uneven surface textures, incorrect size.
                                                                                                                                                          Procedures and techniques:
                                                                                                                                                          • Set up procedures for a grinding machine.
                                                                                                                                                          • Grinding operations and procedures covered by this unit
                                                                                                                                                          standard.
                                                                                                                                                          • Measuring procedures.
                                                                                                                                                          • Machine safety procedures.
                                                                                                                                                          Theory - rules, laws, principles:
                                                                                                                                                          • Applicable basic machining theory covering speeds and feeds,
                                                                                                                                                          material properties and the underlying principles of milling.
                                                                                                                                                          • Applicable mathematical concepts including geometry,
                                                                                                                                                          trigonometry and algebra.
                                                                                                                                                          • Applicable underlying scientific concepts.




FITTING AND MACHINING N2 THEORY vs NQF EQUIVALENCE                                                                                                                                                                                23
                                                                      INSTRUMENTATION N2 TRADE THEORY vs NQF EQUIVALANCE
NO.    N2 SYLLABUS – INSTRUMENT TRADE THEORY                          UNIT STANDARD TITLE                 SAQA       CR    SO/AC                                     SO

                                                                                                                           SO2AC2   Measurement units are identified as applicable to the workplace.

      Explain pressure units in accordance with                                                                                     The distinction between absolute pressure and gauge pressure is
1                                                       Understand elementary process instrumentation   244064 /L1   5     SO2AC3
      Instrumentation Trade Theory N2                                                                                               explained as applicable to the processing industry.
                                                                                                                                    Qualifying learners understand and can explain how to use:
                                                                                                                            EEK
                                                                                                                                    • Pressure measurement and -gauges.
                                                                                                                                    Parts and components of pressure gauges are identified and their
                                                                                                                           SO2AC4
                                                                                                                                    functions explained in terms of process applications.
      Explain pressure instruments in accordance with
2                                                       Understand elementary process instrumentation   244064 /L1   5              Operating principles of pressure measurement and -gauges are
      Instrumentation Trade Theory N2                                                                                      SO2AC5
                                                                                                                                    explained with the assistance of sketches.
                                                                                                                                    Qualifying learners understand and can explain how to use:
                                                                                                                            EEK
                                                                                                                                    • Pressure measurement and -gauges.
                                                                                                                                    The distinction between absolute pressure and gauge pressure is
                                                                                                                           SO2AC3
      Explain vacuum measurements in accordance                                                                                     explained as applicable to the processing industry.
3                                                       Understand elementary process instrumentation   244064 /L1   5
      with Instrumentation Trade Theory N2
                                                                                                                                    Qualifying learners understand and can explain how to use:
                                                                                                                            EEK
                                                                                                                                    • Pressure measurement and -gauges.
                                                                                                                           SO4AC2   Measurement units are identified as applicable to the workplace.
      Explain flow units in accordance with
4                                                       Understand elementary process instrumentation   244064 /L1   5
      Instrumentation Trade Theory N2                                                                                               Qualifying learners understand and can explain how to use:
                                                                                                                            EEK
                                                                                                                                    • Flow measurement and -gauges.
                                                                                                                                    Parts and components of flow gauges are identified and their
                                                                                                                           SO4AC3
                                                                                                                                    functions explained in terms of process applications.
      Explain flow instruments in accordance with                                                                                   Operating principles of flow measurement and -gauges are explained
5                                                       Understand elementary process instrumentation   244064 /L1   5     SO4AC4
      Instrumentation Trade Theory N2                                                                                               with the assistance of sketches.
                                                                                                                                    Qualifying learners understand and can explain how to use:
                                                                                                                            EEK
                                                                                                                                    • Flow measurement and -gauges.
                                                                                                                                    Parts and components of level gauges are identified and their
                                                                                                                           SO5AC3
                                                                                                                                    functions explained as applicable to the workplace.
      Explain level instruments in accordance with                                                                                  Operating principles of level measurement and gauges are explained
6                                                       Understand elementary process instrumentation   244064 /L1   5     SO5AC4
      Instrumentation Trade Theory N2                                                                                               with the assistance of sketches.
                                                                                                                                    Qualifying learners understand and can explain how to use:
                                                                                                                            EEK

                                                                                                                           SO3AC2   Measurement units as applicable to the workplace are identified.
      Explain temperature units in accordance with
7                                                       Understand elementary process instrumentation   244064 /L1   5
      Instrumentation Trade Theory N2                                                                                               Qualifying learners understand and can explain how to use:
                                                                                                                            EEK
                                                                                                                                    • Temperature measurement and -gauges.
                                                                                                                                    Parts and components of temperature gauges are identified and
                                                                                                                           SO3AC3
                                                                                                                                    their functions explained in terms of process applications.
      Explain temperature instruments in accordance
8                                                       Understand elementary process instrumentation   244064 /L1   5              Operating principles of temperature measurement and -gauges are
      with Instrumentation Trade Theory N2                                                                                 SO3AC4
                                                                                                                                    explained with the assistance of sketches.
                                                                                                                                    Qualifying learners understand and can explain how to use:
                                                                                                                            EEK
                                                                                                                                    • Temperature measurement and -gauges.
                                                                                                                                    Operating principles of temperature measurement and -gauges are
                                                                                                                           SO3AC4
      Explain potentiometers in accordance with                                                                                     explained with the assistance of sketches.
9                                                       Understand elementary process instrumentation   244064 /L1   5
      Instrumentation Trade Theory N2                                                                                               Qualifying learners understand and can explain how to use:
                                                                                                                            EEK
                                                                                                                                    • Temperature measurement and -gauges.
                                                                                                DIESEL AND MOTOR N2 THEORY vs NQF EQUIVALENCE
   No.           N2 SYLLABUS - DIESEL AND MOTOR                                      UNIT STANDARD TITLE                 SAQA        CR           SO                      SPECIFIC OUTCOME DESCRIPTION

          Gearboxes: Types of gears (spur, helical, double helical;
                                                                                                                                                           Understanding confirmed
          gear trains; operation of three and four-speed
                                                                    Remove and fit automobile components                  26717      12            1
          synchromesh gearboxes; selector mechanisms; gear-
                                                                                                                                                           Prepare to remove or fit automobile components.
          Shift methods.

                                                                                                                                                           Identify the function of the major parts of a typical automotive
                                                                     Understand the fundamentals of engine technology   244056/L3     4            2
                                                                                                                                                           engine.
                                                                                                                                                           Identify, discuss and demonstrate mechanical assembly methods and
                                                                     Assemble mechanical components                     253440/L2    12            1
                                                                                                                                                           techniques.
          Final drives Function and operation. Types: Spiral bevel;                                                                                        Understanding confirmed
                                                                    Demonstrate knowledge of lubrication                243769/L2     2            1
          hypoid; worm drive; Spur drive.                                                                                                                                     Demonstrate knowledge of lubrication.

                                                                                                                                                           Understanding confirmed
                                                                     Repair and assemble automotive components          244049/L3     8            1
                                                                                                                                                           Plan and prepare work area and component parts for assessment.
    1
          Universal joints: Function and operation; types in use                                                                                           Understanding confirmed
          for conventional prop-Shafts and for front-wheel and       Repair manual transmissions                        244143/L4     6            4
          four- wheel drives.                                                                                                                              Check the operational condition after assembly.
                                                                                                                                                           Understanding confirmed
                                                                     Diagnose and repair automatic transmissions        260658/L4     6          1, 4
                                                                                                                                                           Check the operational condition after adjustment.

                                                                                                                                                           Understanding confirmed
          Drive shafts: Hotchkiss and torque-tube drives; rear
                                                                     Diagnose and repair steering system components     244144/L4     4          1, 4      Diagnose and repair steering system components and test the
          axle torque reactions; Torque arms; slip joints.
                                                                                                                                                           operation.
                                                                                                                                                           Understanding confirmed
                                                                     Install vehicle drive train components             15099/L3     16
          Rear axles: Types of housings: Split and banjo.                                                                                                  Install vehicle drive train components
                                                                                                                                                           Understanding confirmed
                                                                     Diagnose and repair automotive components          260657/L4    10
                                                                                                                                                           Diagnose and repair automotive components
          Half-axle mountings: Half; three-quarter and full                                                                                                Understanding confirmed
                                                                     Repair vehicle differentials                       244107/L4     4
          floating; advantages and disadvantages                                                                                                           Repair vehicle differentials
                                                                                                                                                           Understanding confirmed
                                                                     Dismantle automotive main components               244053/L3     4            2
                                                                                                                                                                             Dismantle automotive main components

                                                                                                                                                           Understanding confirmed
                                                                     Repair and assemble automotive components            24409       8            3
                                                                                                                                                                             Repair and assemble components.
          Differential: Function and operation; disadvantages of                                                                                           Understanding confirmed
    2                                                                Install vehicle drive train components             15099/L3     16            2
          conventional differential                                                                                                                        Install vehicle drive train components

                                                                                                                                                           Repair and assemble the differential. Check the operational condition
                                                                     Repair vehicle differentials                       244107/L4     4         1, 3, 4    after assembly. Interact with others relating to checking and
                                                                                                                                                           adjusting steering geometry.



                                                                                                                                                           Plan and prepare for checking and adjusting of steering
                                                                     Check and adjust steering geometry                 15100/L3      4         1, 3, 6,
                                                                                                                                                           geometry. Perform wheel alignment and adjustment.
          Steering gear: Steering boxes in general use including
          rack and pinion. Suspension: Types of leafsprings:                                                                                               Understanding confirmed
          Quarter and half elliptic. Transverse springs Auxiliary    Install vehicle sub-components                     15105/L3      8            2
                                                                                                                                                           Install sub-component to vehicle and test operation.
          overload springs; coil springs torsion bars. Sprung and
    3
          unsprung Massas. Hydraulic and pneumatic suspension.
          Shock absorbers; function and Operation of all types;
          ride control; anti-roll bars. Independent front and rear
          Suspension, all types.




DIESEL AND MOTOR N2 THEORY vs NQF EQUIVALENCE                                                                                                                                                                                      25
          Steering gear: Steering boxes in general use including
          rack and pinion. Suspension: Types of leafsprings:
          Quarter and half elliptic. Transverse springs Auxiliary
          overload springs; coil springs torsion bars. Sprung and
    3
          unsprung Massas. Hydraulic and pneumatic suspension.
          Shock absorbers; function and Operation of all types;                                                                                             Explain the function and operation of a steering system. Inspect
          ride control; anti-roll bars. Independent front and rear                                                                                          and determine the condition of the steering system, system
                                                                      Diagnose and repair steering system components          244144/L4   4    1, 2, 3, 4
          Suspension, all types.                                                                                                                            problems and causes. Diagnose and repair steering system
                                                                                                                                                            components and test the operation.




          Wheel alignment and balance: Functions of the angles;
          Ackermann Principle; camber; caster; king pin                                                                                                     Understanding confirmed
    4                                                                 Check and adjust steering geometry                      15100/L3    4        3
          inclination; toe-in; toe-out on turns. Static and dynamic                                                                                         Perform wheel alignment and adjustment.
          wheel balance




                                                                                                                                                            Demonstrate understanding of the different types of hydraulic
                                                                                                                                                            components and their application. Demonstrate knowledge of
                                                                      Demonstrate basic knowledge of hydraulic components     244690/L2   3    1, 2, 3, 4   hydraulic circuit diagrams and symbols. Describe the effect of
                                                                                                                                                            various adjustments on fluid power components. Describe safety
                                                                                                                                                            aspects related to hydraulic systems.



                                                                                                                                                            Understanding confirmed
                                                                      Remove and fit automobile components                    260717/L2   12       1
                                                                                                                                                            Prepare to remove or fit automobile components.

                                                                                                                                                            Discuss and explain incidents and problems related to brake and
                                                                      Maintain brakes and clutches (10 SO)                    13282/L3    6      1, 9
                                                                                                                                                            clutch maintenance.

          Brakes: Function and operation of modern mechanical
          brakes; Compensators; handbrakes; hydraulic brakes;         Select and fit seals in fluid power applications        244704/L3   6        2        Demonstrate understanding of the use of seals in fluid power.
          operation of wheelCylinder, master cylinders and
    5
          tandem master cylinders; types of Brakes; duo self                                                                                                Understanding confirmed
                                                                      Diagnose and repair hydraulic brake systems             244131/L4   4      1, 4
          energizing and two- leading shoe; vacuum servo-                                                                                                   Commission the brake system after repairs.
          Brakes; disc brakes

                                                                                                                                                            Understanding confirmed
                                                                      Diagnose and repair hydraulic systems                   244126/L4   6    1, 2, 3, 5   Prepare and inspect the vehicle. Test and diagnose faults. Apply
                                                                                                                                                            safety procedures during the diagnosing and repair task.




                                                                      Diagnose and repair air and air over hydraulics brake                                 Diagnose and repair system faults. Test and commission the brake
                                                                                                                              244132/L4   8     1, 3, 4
                                                                      systems                                                                               system.



                                                                      Demonstrate understanding of the principles of fluid
                                                                                                                              244686/L2   6      2, 3       Demonstrate understanding of fluid flow and pressure.
                                                                      power



                                                                                                                                                            Demonstrate knowledge of fuel supply principles. Demonstrate
          Fuel supply: Electrical and mechanical fuel pumps; fuel     Demonstrate knowledge of fuel supply and engine
                                                                                                                              260679/L3   10    1, 4, 5     knowledge of continuous fuel injection system. Demonstrate
          filters.                                                    management systems
                                                                                                                                                            knowledge of pulsed fuel injection system.




    6




DIESEL AND MOTOR N2 THEORY vs NQF EQUIVALENCE                                                                                                                                                                                  26
                                                                        Inspect, assess and report on external components of
                                                                                                                                   244048/L3   6        1        Inspect external components of engines
                                                                        engines
    6                                                                   Remove and install fuel system components                  260718/L3   6        1        Demonstrate knowledge of the functions of fuel system components.

          Air filters: Function and operation, oil wetted gauze, oil- Carry out post installation checks on a remanufactured                                     Understanding confirmed
                                                                                                                                   244117/L4   5        5
           bath, poly-urethane and Micronic filters                   engine                                                                                     Check and adjust engine idle speed and fuel mixture.
                                                                                                                                                                 Understanding confirmed
                                                                        Install, test and maintain a basic fluid power system      260723/L3   8        2
                                                                                                                                                                 Identify and select fluid power components.

                                                                                                                                                                 Understanding confirmed
                                                                        Diagnose and repair hydraulic systems                      244126/L4   6        4
                                                                                                                                                                 Diagnose, repair and test hydraulic systems


          Carburation: Function and operation of venturi, float
                                                                        Demonstrate knowledge of fuel supply and engine                                          Demonstrate knowledge of carburetted system. Demonstrate
          circuit, idle Circuit and main circuit. Air fuel ratios and                                                              260679/L3   10     2, 7
                                                                        management systems                                                                       knowledge of air pollution and vehicle exhaust emissions.
          products of combustion (no calculations)

                                                                        Repair internal combustion engines                         253425/L2   5        1        Explain the factors critical to repairing internal combustion engines.

          Carburetors: Metering pin type; accelerator pumps;
                                                                                                                                                                 Identify the various types of automotive engines and engine
          economizer; Compensators; automatic and Manuel                Understand the fundamentals of engine technology           244056/L3   4      1, 3
                                                                                                                                                                 operation. Explain engine design classifications.
7         chokes. Constant vacuum Carburettors
                                                                        Demonstrate knowledge of fuel supply and engine
                                                                                                                                   260679/L3   10       8        Demonstrate knowledge of emission control.
                                                                        management systems
 MOTOR
  TRADE
 THEORY                                                                                                                                                          Read, discuss and interpret automobile conventional ignition system
   ONLY                                                                 Service and repair conventional automobile ignition                                      circuit diagrams and symbols Select, explain and discuss the various
          Ignition: Function and operation of coil ignition                                                                        12220/L3    6    1, 2, 4, 5
                                                                        systems                                                                                  components used in automobile conventional ignition
          mechanical and Vacuum advance mechanisms; dwell
                                                                                                                                                                 systems, Diagnose ignition system problems
          and coil saturation; Condensers; spark plugs


                                                                        Carry out post installation checks on a remanufactured                                   Understanding confirmed
                                                                                                                                   244117/L4   5        2
                                                                        engine                                                                                   Check an ignition system on a petrol engine.
                                                                                                                                                                 Discuss & explain the function of petrol & diesel engine management
                                                                        Diagnose and repair engine management systems              12331/L2    20       2
                                                                                                                                                                 related input & output devices
          Injectors: Function, construction and operation;
                                                                        Demonstrate knowledge of fuel supply and engine
    8     mechanically operated; pressure operated. Nozzles,                                                                       260679/L3   10       1        Demonstrate knowledge of fuel supply principles.
                                                                        management systems
          pintle, multihole, Single, straight and offset.

 DIESEL
  TRADE   Combustion chambers: Direct, pre-combustion and air                                                                                                    Discuss & explain the function of petrol & diesel engine management
                                                                        Diagnose and repair engine management systems              12331/L2    20       2
 THEORY   cells;Glow plugs; position of injector.                                                                                                                related input & output devices
   ONLY


                                                                                                                                                                 Identify the various types of automotive engines and engine
                                                                                                                                                                 operation. Identify the function of the major parts of a typical
                                                                        Understand the fundamentals of engine technology           244056/L3   4     1, 2, 4
                                                                                                                                                                 automotive engine. Explain the various automotive engine systems,
    9           Knowledge that supports understanding                                                                                                            their functions and associated components.


                                                                        Describe bearing types, designs and application theories                                 Describe bearing types, designs and application theories associated
                                                                                                                                   10585/L3    2
                                                                        associated with process plants                                                           with process plants
                                                                        Select and fit seals in fluid power applications           244704/L3   6                 Knowledge content : Select and fit seals in fluid power applications




DIESEL AND MOTOR N2 THEORY vs NQF EQUIVALENCE                                                                                                                                                                                             27
                                                                                           RIGGERS N2 THEORY vs NQF EQUIVALENCE
No.            N2 SYLLABUS - RIGGERS THEORY                                    UNIT STANDARD TITLE                        SAQA ID       CR   SO No.                      SPECIFIC OUTCOME DESCRIPTION

      Steel wire ropes - grading, ordering procedure,                                                                                                    Knowledge confirmed:Identification and explanation of the
      storage, uncoiling and handling, inspection and         Identify and use steel wire ropes                           253554/L3     12   SO1,2,3,4   application of steel wire ropes; Splice, join and inspect steel wire
      measurement, lubrication (includes properties of steel-                                                                                            ropes; Use steel wire ropes; Maintain, care and store steel wire ropes.
      wire grease); Terminology of steel wire ropes; Reasons
                                                                                                                                                         Explain the factors critical to terminating steel wire ropes by means
      for wear, deterioration and breakage. Fatigue,
                                                              Terminate a steel wire rope by means of capping             253641/L3     2    SO1,2,3     of resin capping; Preparation and application of resin capping
      incidental damage, and kinking (distortion, elongation,
      etc.); Determining the condition of steel-wire ropes
      i.t.o. various wear conditions, namely flange-wear, at
1
      the joint, dead turns , mechanical damage, internal and
      external corrosion, plastic deformation; Describe wire-
      rope damage at the main pulley; Describe construction
      of Koepe hoist winding rope ;factors extendiing wire-                                                                                              Explanation, factors critical to lubricating steel wire ropes;
                                                              Apply lubrication to a steel wire rope                     253585 / L2    2     SO1,2
      rope lifespan; inspection procedures, care of pulleys                                                                                              Preparation and application.
      and winches; purpose of Slings and wire ropes and their
      applications; testing and inspection; Reduction of
      tension in wire-ropes

      Inspection and maintenance of lifting equipment                                                                                                    Discuss and explain basic maintenance and inspection procedures,
      - identify from drawings and sketches fibre rope strops   Perform pre-use maintenance and inspection on lifting                                    Plannig and preparation for the maintenance and inspection process.
      and slings, chains, chain blocks and jib-hooks; screw-                                                              253654/L3     4    SO1,2,3,4
                                                                machinery and equipment                                                                  Maintenance and inspection procedures.
      jacks; ratchet-type jacks; hydrauic jacks; safety                                                                                                  Care and storage of tools and equipment.
      harnesses; tirfor winch-types; chain-slings; hand and
2     powered winches; sheave wheels and rope-pulleys;
      Draw up an inspection list of any equipment listed in
      this module; Describe the maintenance of the              Inspect, use and care for manual lifting equipment and                                   Identify and explain the application of manual lifting equipment and
                                                                                                                          253575/L2     5    SO1,2,3,4
      equipment listed in this module; where applicable         tackle                                                                                   tackle (Inspection, application, maintenance, care and storage)
      (equipment in this module) Explain rope pulleys with
      the aid of a sketch
                                                                                                                                                         Explain specified requirements pertaining to Iinstallation of scraper
                                                                Install scraper rigs and rig scraper ropes in an
                                                                                                                         253674/L 2     4    SO1,2,3     rigs; rigging of scraper ropes; preparation for installation and
                                                                underground workplace
           Winch systems - Operations, applications and                                                                                                  instalaltion procedure
                                                                                                                                                         Explain requirements for installation of scraper ropes on scraper
       inspection methods (Scraper Winch & Endless Winch). Install scraper ropes onto scraper winch drums                253714 /L 2    2    SO1,2,3,4
                                                                                                                                                         winch drums; preparation and installation
       The application of various scrapers and winches - and
                                                                                                                                                         Explain the factors critical to lifting and moving loads; Preparation
        fencing of machinery and pulley-wheels; Functions of Lift and move a load using a Tugger Winch                   110163 / L2    4     SO1,2
                                                                                                                                                         and application
      Self-release (Auto-release) pulleys; haulage-depressing,
         mushroom and pineapple rollers, ; investigation and
      annealing of underground wagon fixtures.


          Elevators: Elevator ropes (popular elevator rope                                                                                               Identify and explain the application of winches.
3                                                                 Lift and move a complex load using a winch              253883/L4     6    SO1,2,3,4
       systems used in SA, name various ropes, describe and                                                                                              Preparation, use, maintenance, care and storage.
         explain its construction); Drum sizes (describe and
        sketch/s types of grooves on traction elevator drive
      sheaves, initial safety factor of a hoist rope, what is the
       influence of “safety factor” on the lifespan of a rope);
         Lubrication of ropes; Rope terminals – (sketch and
      describe elevator rope terminals – equalising levers and                                                                                           Factors critical to conducting a routine inspection on an elevator;
       the tensioning arrangement; Installation of new ropes                                                                                             Preparation, inspection and compelting a report (permission,
                           on drum winders                                                                                                               personal protective equipment, tools, material and test equipment,
                                                                  Conduct a routine inspection on an elevator            253557 / L 4   2     SO1.2
                                                                                                                                                         obtaining and using information for conducting a routine inspection
                                                                                                                                                         on an elevator, workplace hazard identification, awareness and
                                                                                                                                                         control.
                                                                                                                                                               Factors critical to examining a winder rope and attachments;
                                                                      Examine a winder rope                               253602 / L4     4         SO1,2,3    Preparation, examination procedure, completing the report and prep
                                                                                                                                                               for operation and/or production
    Mining rope systems: Scraper ropes (application and
    factors influencing rope-life span); Mine hoists: winding
    ropes (classification of hoists); Drum winders -                  Examine winder rope attachments                     253655 / L4     4         SO1,2,3
    Construction, Breaking strength: vertical shafts                  Install scraper rigs and rig scraper ropes in an
                                                                                                                          253674 / L2     4         SO1,2,3
    Breaking strength: inclined shafts; Friction (Koepe)              underground workplace
    Winders; Construction of head ropes; Construction of              Install scraper ropes onto scraper winch drums      253714 / L2     2         SO1,2,3
4
    tail ropes; Breaking strength of head ropes; Breaking             Replace the bucket assembly of a dragline           253635 / L2     2         SO1,2,3
    strength of tail ropes; Drum winders for sinking shafts;          Replace the boom sheave wheel of a dragline         253576 / L3     3         SO1,2,3
    Platform winders for sinking shafts; Construction                 Examine a winder rope                               253602 / L4     4         SO1,2,3
    • Breaking strength; Mine Hoists: Guide ropes;
    Construction; Breaking strength                                                                                                                            COVERING ALL TO LEFT OF COLUMN
                                                                                                                                                               Factors critical to Iinstalation, replacement, and examination scraper
                                                                      Examine winder rope attachments                    253655 / L4           4 SO1,2,3       ropes, winder rope, boom sheave wheels and attachments;
                                                                                                                                                               Preparation, examination procedure, completing the report and prep
                                                                                                                                                               for operation and/or production


    Haulages - scraper winch, Koepe hoist, lifts, lift cranes.
    Describe in terms of the lft system - trom, sheave wheel
    and sheave/pulley diameter/s; purpose / difference
    helical/spiral and parallel grooves on sheave-wheels,
    pulley wheels and pulleys; Purpose and application of
5
    "free loops" and tail-pulleys; With the aid of a sketch
    angle of deviation, position, wedges , spacing and
    supports, Purpose of Koepe-head and tail-ropes;
    dredgers - Explain the purpose of cutting back-ends and
    front-ends; Explain winding rope replacement

    Cranes: Mobile cranes (explain safety and define terms                                                                                                     Identify, discuss and explain the use of mobile cranes.; • Plan and
                                                                                                                         253658 / Level
      and use sketch/s to describe the following; Describe            Perform a lifting task by using a mobile crane                      8         SO1,2,3    prepare to lift and move the load; Direct the crane to lift and move
                                                                                                                               3
     and explain using sketch/s types and classifications of                                                                                                   the load.
         mobile cranes, safety aspects of application/use ;
             Derricking, slewing and hoisting; jib centre                                                                116981 / Level                        Plan work activity. Prepare work area. Conduct tower crane
                                                                      Conduct advanced tower crane operations                             20       SO1,2,3,4
        distance/length; radius; stability reach; outreach;                                                                    3                               operations.Carry out documentation, required checks and servicing
    stability base; margin of stability; blocking-up base; tail                                                                                                Identify and select appropriate lifting equipment; Inspect and
                                                                      Sling complex loads and communicate during crane   116986 / Level
      radius; load indications; stability; Inspection; Cranes                                                                             12       SO1,2,3,4   evaluate lifting gear; Communicate during crane operations; Prepare
                                                                      operations                                               3
    Types; Cranes - Design and construction (factors critical                                                                                                  and sling complex loads
       to design and construction); Jib cranes – definition;                                                                                                   Inspecting and recording the operational fitness of battery powered
6    types description; safety and best practice measures;                                                               242981 / Level                        lift trucks; Identifying and classifying freight/loads; Handling, loading
                                                                      Operate defined purpose lift trucks                                 4        SO1,2,3,6
       Derricks - definition; description; types (Stiff-leg, A-                                                                2                               and storing freight; Accessing available emergency support systems
    Frame, Guy-derrick); safety and best practice measures;                                                                                                    and services.
     Travelling cranes - definition; types; description; safety
                                                                                                                                                               All safety features and warning devices on the crane are identified,
         and best practice measures; Various sketches of
                                                                                                                         116253 / Level                        and their purposes explained in accordance with manufacturer's
        different hoists and cranes (includes wall, hammer-           Operate a truck mounted loader crane                                20         SO1,2
                                                                                                                               2                               specifications. Apply the recognised methods for inspecting and
      head, tower, jib, pillar, pillar-jib, breast, gin pole,stiff-
                                                                                                                                                               recording the operational fitness of all components
        leg, locomotive, crawler, automotive, three-wheel
    industrial truck, forklift industrial truck – includes safety
                           and best practice.                                                                            242976 / Level                        Demonstrate knowledge of the functions of a crane; Identify the
                                                                      Operate overhead/gantry cranes                                      5          SO1,2
                                                                                                                               2                               safety and suitability of the crane type prior to utilization
    LIFTING MACHINES & DEVICES                                Demonstrate knowledge of wire rope, rigging                                          Demonstrate knowledge of wire ropes used in cable yarding
       Sheer legs, Tripods and Anchorages                     accessories, anchor systems and rigging in cable         117033/L3     3   SO1,2,3   operations; rigging accessories; anchor systems, rigging of
                                  Standing derrick – sketch   yarding operations                                                                   intermediate. supports, tailtrees and a tower for a cable yarding
    and describe how aderrick is raised by a lever                                                                                                 operation.
    ; Gyn or Tripod includes lashings (passing a head                                                                                              Explain the factors critical to terminating steel wire ropes by means
                                                              Terminate a steel wire rope by means of capping          253641/L3     2   SO1,2
    lashing) – sketch and describe the rigging of sheers,                                                                                          of resin capping; Preparation and application of resin capping
    guys and standing derricks, advantages /                                                                                                       Factors critical to transferring a load by means of snatching and
    disadvantages; Sheers includes passing a head lashing,    Transfer a load by means of snatching and anchoring      253589 / L4   4   SO1,2,3   anchoring; Preparation for - and transferring a load by means of
    walking a derrick or sheers; Guys and winch anchorages                                                                                         snatching and anchoring.
    (deadmans’ anchorages for winches and guys, fitting
    guys to a mast on sloping ground, name and describe
7   holdfasts (baulk of timber trees, sea-anchor holdfast,
    double stake, across gap in masonry, trench-filled with
    well-rammed earth, baulk and picket holdfast, stepping
    or raising a derrick by moving a lever.Anchorages:
    Decribe briefly rope-blocks and tripods w.r.t. Layout,                                                                                         Explain the factors critical to manoeuvring a load by means of a
    capacity, pulleys and strops; Identify components from    Manoeuvre a load by utilising a temporary construction   253594 / l4   5    SO1
                                                                                                                                                   temporary construction.
    sketch: A-Frame and Guy derrick(limitations,
    advantages); lifting load capacity, cap, spider plate,
    number and configuration of anchor ropes,Erection,
    head-clearance, advantages and disadvantages),
    anchored lifting tower (lifting load capacity and cap)


                                                                                                                                                   NO NQF UNIT STANDARDS - Calculations are integrated into each
8   Calculations
                                                                                                                                                   learning unit
                                                                                                    WELDERS N2 THEORY vs NQF EQUIVALENCE

             No. N2 SYLLABUS - WELDERS THEORY                                                          UNIT STANDARD TITLE                   SAQA          CR       SO                 SPECIFIC OUTCOME DESCRIPTION

                   Gases and gas mixtures used in welding: Elementary treatment of
                   properties of gases Such as nitrogen, argon, helium, carbon dioxide,          Weld carbon steel workpieces using                                       Describe the gas metal arc welding process; Select, set up and
              1    acetylene, hydrogen, propane, either Individually or as mixtures. Liquid      the gas metal arc welding process in     243066 /L2   8        SO1, 2    conduct pre-operational checks of gas metal arc welding
                   oxygen, its transportation, handling, storage and Distribution; evaporation   the down-hand position                                                   equipment.
                   rates.
                                                                                                 Weld workpieces using the oxy-                                           Describe the oxy-acetylene gas welding process; Select, set up
                                                                                                 acetylene gas welding process in the     243072 /L2   10       SO1, 2    and conduct pre-operational checks of oxy-acetylene gas
                                                                                                 downhand position                                                        welding equipment.
                                                                                                 Weld carbon steel workpieces using                                       Describe the gas tungsten arc welding process; Select, set up
                                                                                                 the gas tungsten arc welding process     243068 /L3   15       SO1, 2    and conduct pre-operational checks of gas tungsten arc welding
                                                                                                 in the downhand position                                                 equipment.
                                                                                                                                                                          Describe the shielded metal arc welding process (The
                   Welding: Simple treatment of the basic advantages and disadvantages of        Weld carbon steel work-pieces using                                      importance of correct assembly of the shielded metal arc
              2    oxy-acetylene, electric arc, argon arc and semi –automatic arc welding        the shielded metal arc welding process   243063 /L2   15       SO1,2     welding equipment, and the consequences of incorrect
                   processes; tungsten and metal inert gas methods                               in the down-hand position.                                               assembly, are explained with reference to the vendor
                                                                                                                                                                          requirements)
                                                                                                                                                                          Describe the gas metal arc welding process (The importance of
                                                                                                 Weld carbon steel workpieces using
                                                                                                                                                                          correct assembly of the gas metal arc welding equipment, and
                                                                                                 the gas metal arc welding process in     243066 /L2   8        SO1,2
                                                                                                                                                                          the consequences of incorrect assembly, are explained with
                                                                                                 the down-hand position
                                                                                                                                                                          reference to the vendor requirements)

                                                                                                                                                                          Describe the oxy-acetylene gas welding process (The importance
                                                                                                 Weld workpieces using the oxy-
                                                                                                                                                                          of correct assembly of the oxy-acetylene gas welding
                                                                                                 acetylene gas welding process in the     243072 /L2   10       SO1,2
                                                                                                                                                                          equipment, and the consequences of incorrect assembly, are
                                                                                                 downhand position
                                                                                                                                                                          explained with reference to the vendor requirements)

                                                                                                                                                                          Describe the gas tungsten arc welding process (The importance
                                                                                                 Weld carbon steel workpieces using
                                                                                                                                                                          of correct assembly of the gas tungsten arc welding equipment,
                                                                                                 the gas tungsten arc welding process     243068 /L3   15       SO1,2
                                                                                                                                                                          and the consequences of incorrect assembly, are explained with
                                                                                                 in the downhand position
                                                                                                                                                                          reference to the vendor requirements)
              3    Materials
                                                                                                                                                                          Identify materials to specification (Identified materials marked
                 Cast iron: The elementary study of the composition of white, grey, and                                                                                   with colour code or identification numbers; Materials to be
                 Malleable cast iron. The properties, uses and weldability of the three main     Identify and select material to                                          identified is limited to mild steel, aluminium, stainless steel and
             (a)                                                                                                                          14712 / L2   5        SO1,2,3   carbon steels
                 Grades by both gas and electric fusion and non-fusion procedures. The           specification
                 Comparative merits of the alternative processes and methods.                                                                                             Identification methods visually with the aid of de-coding systems
                                                                                                                                                                          and mechanical processes

                 Carbon steel: Study of the composition of the three basic grades: Low,
                                                                                                 Identify and select material to
             (b) medium and high carbon steel. The weldability thereof by fusion and non-                                                 14712 / L2   5        SO1,2,3
                                                                                                 specification
                 fusion methods, Manuel gas and metallic arc processes.

                   Stainless, heat and corrosion- resistant steels: Their basic properties,
                                                                                                 Identify and select material to
             (c)   compositions and uses - detailed weldability factors by both gas and metal                                             14712 / L2   5        SO1,2,3
                                                                                                 specification
                   Arc processes including tungsten and metal inert gas methods.
                 Copper and copper alloys; composition and weldability of copper and             Identify and select material to
             (d)                                                                                                                          14712 / L2   5        SO1,2,3
                 alloys thereof; effects of incorrect flame adjustments.                         specification
                 Aluminum and aluminum alloys: weld procedure for wrought, cast
                                                                                                 Identify and select material to
             (e) aluminum And alloys thereof; preheat and post-heat procedures; flux                                                      14712 / L2   5        SO1,2,3
                                                                                                 specification
                 removal and after –weld treatment




WELDERS N2 THEORY vs NQF EQUIVALENCE                                                                                                                                                                                                            31
                                                                                                Weld carbon steel work-pieces using
                                                                                                the shielded metal arc welding process    243063 /L2   15   SO5         Applicable to all welding processes: Inspect welded
                                                                                                in the down-hand position.                                              workpiece for defects in compliance with drawing specifications
                                                                                                                                                                        (All residues slag and spatter removed as specified in cleaning
                                                                                                Weld carbon steel workpieces using                                      procedure, Welded workpiece conforms to job specifications,
                                                                                                the cored-wire welding process in the     243076 / L2 8     SO5         Inspection methods and procedures selected are conducive to
                                                                                                downhand position                                                       specifications, Documentation completed as reflected in worksite
                  Weld defects: general defects in welds, blowholes, porosity, incomplete                                                                               practices – Note: worksite practices, inspection methods, and
              4   penetration, undercutting, weld eraters, restarts, slag inclusions; defects   Weld carbon steel workpieces using                                      cleaning procedures; welded joints acceptance criteria to be in
                  due to arc-blow, manipulation, etc. causes and remedies                       the gas metal arc welding process in      243066 /L2   8    SO5         accordance with national and/or international welding standards)
                                                                                                the down-hand position
                                                                                                Weld workpieces using the oxy-
                                                                                                acetylene gas welding process in the      243072 /L2   10   SO5
                                                                                                downhand position
                                                                                                Weld carbon steel workpieces using
                                                                                                the gas tungsten arc welding process      243068 /L3   15   SO5
                                                                                                in the downhand position

                                                                                                                                                                        Know the basics of welded joints and their terminology; Identify
                                                                                                                                                                        and apply welding symbols used by industry; Described in
                  Weld symbols: SABS CODE OF Practice for Welding Symbols: Definitions
              5                                                                                 Use welding definitions and symbols       14713 /L2    5    SO1,2,3     accordance with AWS instruction manual Sketch and describe
                  and fusions welds only
                                                                                                                                                                        welding symbols used in the industry; Use a WPS in the
                                                                                                                                                                        production is identified and described;
                  Flame cleaning procedures, equipment, applications and advantages of
              6   this method of preparing surfaces to be explained as applicable to                                                             NO ALIGNMENT WITH THE NQF IS EVIDENT
                  corrosion and paint removal
                                                                                                                                                                        Describe and explain the oxy-fuel pipe cutting process Prepare
                                                                                                Cut material using the oxy-fuel pipe
                                                                                                                                          243077 /L3   3    SO1,2,3,4   for the oxy-fuel cutting operation. Cut pipe to job requirements;
                                                                                                cutting device
                                                                                                                                                                        Inspect the completed cut.
                                                                                                                                                                        Describe and explain the oxy-fuel profile cutting process Prepare
                                                                                                Cut material using the oxy-fuel profile
                                                                                                                                          243080 /L3   5    SO1,2,3,4   for the oxy-fuel cutting operation. Cut profile to job
                                                                                                cutting machine
                                                                                                                                                                        requirements; Inspect the completed cut.
                  Machine cutting: Introduction to machine cutting, template- making,                                                                                   Describe and explain the oxy-fuel straight-line cutting process
                                                                                                Cut material using the oxy-fuel straight-
              7                                                                                                                           243081 /L3   3    SO1,2,3,4   Prepare for the oxy-fuel cutting operation. Cut plate to job
                  care, Use and maintenance of flame cutting machines                           line cutting machine
                                                                                                                                                                        requirements; Inspect the completed cut.
                                                                                                                                                                        Describe and explain the plasma cutting process of ferrous and
                                                                                                                                                                        non-ferrous materials; Prepare for the plasma cutting operation;
                                                                                                Cut materials using plasma cutting        14698 / L4   4    SO1,2,3,4   Cut material to job requirements; Confirm quality of the
                                                                                                                                                                        completed cut Care and storage of cutting equipment, tools, and
                                                                                                                                                                        materials

                                                                                                Weld carbon steel work-pieces using                                     Describe the shielded metal arec welding process; Select, set up
                                                                                                the shielded metal arc welding process    243063 /L2   15   SO1,2       and conduct pre-operational checks of SMAW welding
                                                                                                in the down-hand position.                                              equipment.
                                                                                                Weld carbon steel workpieces using                                      Describe the cored-wire welding process; Select, set up and
                                                                                                the cored-wire welding process in the     243076 /L2   8    SO1,2
                                                                                                                                                                        conduct pre-operational checks of cored-wire welding equipment.
                                                                                                downhand position
                  Electrodes and welding rods, Use of bare and covered electrodes
                                                                                                Weld carbon steel workpieces using
                  Functions and compositions of the coatings. Dimensions, packing, storage                                                                              Describe the gas metal arc welding process; Select, set up and
              8                                                                                 the gas metal arc welding process in      243066 /L2   8    SO1,2
                  And defects in electrodes. Uses and types of filler rods for welding mild                                                                             conduct pre-operational checks of arc welding equipment.
                                                                                                the down-hand position
                  Steel and brazing
                                                                                                Weld workpieces using the oxy-                                          Describe the oxy-acetylene gas welding process; Select, set up
                                                                                                acetylene gas welding process in the      243072 /L2   10   SO1,2       and conduct pre-operational checks of oxy-acetylene gas
                                                                                                downhand position                                                       welding equipment.




WELDERS N2 THEORY vs NQF EQUIVALENCE                                                                                                                                                                                                        32
                  Electrodes and welding rods, Use of bare and covered electrodes
                  Functions and compositions of the coatings. Dimensions, packing, storage
              8
                  And defects in electrodes. Uses and types of filler rods for welding mild
                  Steel and brazing




                                                                                              Weld carbon steel workpieces using
                                                                                                                                                                   Describe the gas tungsten arc welding process; Select, set up
                                                                                              the gas tungsten arc welding process   243068 /L3   15       SO1,2
                                                                                                                                                                   and conduct pre-operational checks of welding equipment.
                                                                                              in the downhand position


                  Heat treatment of steel: Pearlistic and austenitic structure, the effect Of                                                                      Discuss and explain the heat treatment of metals; Determine
                  heat and welding on the structure of steel, stresses and distortion In      Perform heat treatment processes on                                  heat treatment requirements; Prepare materials and equipment
              9                                                                                                                      13275 / L3        8   S01-5
                  welding. The ironcementite equilibrium diagram. Hardening, Annealing,       engineering metals                                                   for heat treatment process; Recognise and report problems,
                  normalizing, tempering and case- hardening. Pre-heating And post-heating                                                                         changes and/or malfunctions while working.




WELDERS N2 THEORY vs NQF EQUIVALENCE                                                                                                                                                                                               33
                                                                                              MATHEMATICS N2 THEORY vs NQF EQUIVALENCE

        No.              N2 SYLLABUS - MATHEMATICS                                    UNIT STANDARD TITLE                          SAQA       CR           SO                  SPECIFIC OUTCOME DESCRIPTION

         1     Pocket Calculator

         2     EXPONENTS AND LOGARITHMS

               ALGEBRA - Manipulation of technical formulae and        Demonstrate understanding of rational and irrational
         3                                                                                                                        7480 / L2   3    SO1,2,       Rational and irrational numbers and number systems
               Factors                                                 numbers and number systems

                                                                                                                                                                Use and analyse computational tools and strategies, and make
                                                                                                                                                                estimates and approximations; Demonstrate understanding of
               ALGEBRA - • Lowest Common Multiple (LCM); Highest
                                                                 Demonstrate understanding of rational and irrational                                           numbers and relationships among numbers and number systems
         4     Common Factor(HCF), Algebraic Fractions and                                                                        7480 / L2   3    SO1,2,3
                                                                 numbers and number systems                                                                     (work with rational and irrational numbers; explore repeating
               Mathematical Rules for the Removal of Brackets
                                                                                                                                                                decimals and convert them to common fraction form; use scientific
                                                                                                                                                                notation for small and large numbers)

                                                                                                                                                                Work with the following basic functions: y =ax +b; y =LIX*+b; y
                                                                                                                                                                =ax; xy=k,
               ALGEBRA - Linear Equations; Simultaneous and
                                                                                                                                                                In terms of their:
               Quadratic Equations - functions (y=mx+c); calculation   Work with a range of patterns and functions and solve
         5                                                                                                                        9007 / L2   5    SO1,2        -Shape and symmetry,
               of roots, axis of symmetry, turning points and y-       problems
                                                                                                                                                                -Finding function values,
               intercept;
                                                                                                                                                                -Finding input values,
                                                                                                                                                                -Analysing the behaviour of function values (the rate of change).

                                                                       Describe, apply, analyse and calculate shape and                                         Estimate, measure and calculate physical quantities to solve
         6     GRAPHS (Straight-line; Parabola; Hyperbola; Circle)     motion in 2-and 3-dimensional space in different           9013 / L3   6    SO 1,2       problems in practical situations; Explore transformations of two
                                                                       contexts                                                                                 dimensional geometric figures

               FRACTIONS (Decimal; Percentages; Mensuration; Mid- Represent analyse and calculate shape and motion in 2-
         7                                                                                                                        9016 / L4   4    SO1          Represent data in the form of tables, charts and graphs
               ordinate Rule; Root of Mean Square (RMS)           and 3-dimensional space in different contexts

               VECTORS (Radian measures; Angular Velocity;
         8
               Peripheral Velocity) and Proportionality
                                                                       Identify, describe, compare, classify, explore shape and                                 Estimate, measure and calculate physical quantities to solve
                                                                       motion in 2-and 3-dimensional shapes in different            9008      3    S01,2        problems in practical situations; Explore transformations of two
                                                                       contexts                                                                                 dimensional geometric figures.

                                                                       Describe, apply, analyse and calculate shape and                                         Measure, estimate, and calculate physical quantities in practical
               GEOMETRY (Parallel lines; Interior Angles; Pythagoros
                                                                       motion in 2-and 3-dimensional space in different           9013 / L3   4    SO1,2        situations; Explore, describe and represent, interpret and justify
         9     Theorem; Similar Triangles; Chords, Angles and
                                                                       contexts                                                                                 geometrical relationships and conjectures
               Tangents; Segment of Circle

                                                                                                                                                                Measure, estimate, and calculate physical quantities in practical
                                                                       Represent analyse and calculate shape and motion in 2-
                                                                                                                                  9016 / L4   4    SO1,2        situations relevant to the adult Explore, analyse & critique, describe
                                                                       and 3-dimensional space in different contexts
                                                                                                                                                                & represent, interpret and justify geometrical relationships




MATHEMATICS N2 THEORY vs NQF EQUIVALENCE                                                                                                                                                                                                 34
                                 N1 EQUIVALENCY - FUNDAMENTALS LEVEL 2



                  ID                    UNIT STANDARD TITLE             LEVEL
                                             COMMUNICATION
                                        Access and use information
Fundamental       119463                from texts                      Level 2
                                        Write/present for a defined
Fundamental       119456                context                         Level 2

                                        Use language and
                                        communication in occupational
Fundamental       119460                learning programmes            Level 2
                                        Maintain and adapt oral/signed
Fundamental       119454                communication                  Level 2
                                                MATHEMATICS

                                        Identify, describe, compare,
                                        classify, explore shape and
                                        motion in 2-and 3-dimensional
Fundamental       9008                  shapes in different contexts    Level 2

                                        Use mathematics to investigate
                                        and monitor the financial
                                        aspects of personal and
Fundamental       7469                  community life                 Level 2
                                        Apply basic knowledge of
                                        statistics and probability to
                                        influence the use of data and
                                        procedures in order to
                                        investigate life related
Fundamental       9009                  problems                       Level 2
                                        Work with a range of patterns
                                        and functions and solve
Fundamental       9007                  problems                       Level 2

                                        Demonstrate understanding of
                                        rational and irrational numbers
Fundamental       7480                  and number systems              Level 2




                                    N2 EQUIVALENCY - N1 MATHEMATICS



                  NATED                         N1 CONTENT              LEVEL
                                                MATHEMATICS
                                        ARITHMETIC - Pocket
                                        calculator; number line;
              1            191          addition; subtraction           N1
                                        ALGEBRA - Laws of
              2            191          exponents; ; logarithms         N1
                                        ALGEBRA - Multiplication;
              3            191          brackets; division              N1
           ALGEBRA - Factors; Lowest
           Common Multiple (LCM);
           Highest Common Factor
           (HCF); Factorization; Removal
4    191   of brackets                       N1
           ARITHMETIC - Fractions;
           Decimal fractions;
           Approximation of decimal
           numbers; addition and
           subtraction; multiplication;
5    191   division;                         N1
           ALGEBRAIC
           CALCULATIONS - algebraic
           fractions; addition and
           subtraction; multiplication and
     191   division                          N1
           ALGEBRA - equations;
           changing the subject of the
6    191   formula; substitution             N1
           MENSURATION -
           mensuration; area; volume;
           distance; time; speed and
7    191   revolutions                       N1

           GEOMETRY - constructions;
           angles; triangles; similar
           triangles; congruency;
8    191   Puthagaros' Theorem               N1
           TRIGONOMETRY -
           trigonometry; sin-cos-tan; arc
           functions; degrees and
           minutes; construction of a
           right angle traingle;
           trigonometric functions, 30 ;  ̊
9    191       ̊
           60 ; 45 ̊                         N1
           ALGEBRAIC FUNCTIONS
           AND GRAPHS - functions and
           equations; cartesian co-
           ordinates; the straight line; the
10   191   hyperbola                         N1




                ASSESSMENT
           CONTINUOUS
           EVALUATION STANDARD
           = 2 ASSIGNMENTS OR
                                NOTIONAL TIME CALCULATION
                     ASSESSMENT %
             LEARNING               WORK         TRAINING                    WORK
CREDIT                         EXPERIENCE                   Duration Hours



         5     100                   0              50                        0

         5     100                   0              50                        0




         5     100                   0              50                        0

         5     100                   0              50                        0




         3     100                   0              30                        0




         2     100                   0              20                        0




         3     100                   0              30                        0



         5     100                   0              50                        0




         3     100                   0              30                        0
                                                    330                       0




                                NOTIONAL TIME CALCULATION
                     ASSESSMENT %
             LEARNING               WORK         TRAINING                    WORK
CREDIT                         EXPERIENCE                   Duration Hours




     N/A       100                   0              100

     N/A       100                   0              100

     N/A       100                   0              100
N/A   100   0   100




N/A   100   0   100




N/A   100   0   100



N/A   100   0   100




N/A   100   0   100




N/A   100   0   100




N/A   100   0   100




N/A   100   0   100

								
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