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                                                      TAUGHT BY SHAYKH
                                                      ABDUL BARY YAHYA

                   PERSONAL NO TES
Mazen Ramadan                                                  JULY 2010
Class Dates: July 9-11 & 17-18 of 2010.
Class Location: This class was taken in Queens, New York at Saint John’s University.

       1945 Allied Forces Destroy Japan and Germany. Japanese faced nuclear holocaust.

       By 1965, both countries were world economic powers. How? Was it resources, people power,
        national will?
            o   Within 20 years they bounced back and became major economic powers that are still
                growing and rising. How were they able to do this? This is a serious question because…

Muslims are powerful:
       The Muslims make up over 26% of the world’s population.
       Rich in natural resources
       Strategic positions
       Huge Standing Armies
       Millions of Youth, 48% of the people of the earth’s population are under 24 years old. However,
        with Muslims, in many countries it’s 60 percent of the world’s population.
       Intellectuals and educational resources
       Many of the richest people on earth.
       A history of power and respect
       Provided impetus for the European Renaissance.
       Fastest growing religion on earth.

Contradictions Facing Muslims:
       Great Wealth ---------- Poverty
       Huge Armies ---------- Humiliation / Defeat
       Intellectuals ---------- Debate over Trivia
       Potential Power ---------- Frustration

           
                  
The Shepherd’s Path |                                                                                 2
       
       
            
       
         
     

        18. O you who believe! Fear Allah, and let every soul look to what He has sent forth for
        the morrow, and fear Allah. Verily, Allah is well-acquainted with (all) that you do.

        19. and be not like those who forgot Allah and He caused them to forget their own
        selves, those are the Fasiqoon.
                                                                           [Surat al-Hashr 18-19]

     
       
         
     
     
            
             

11. For each (person) there are angels In succession, before and behind Him: They guard Him by the
command of Allâh. Verily, never will Allah change the condition of a people until they change
themselves (within their own souls). but when Allah wills a people's Punishment, there can be no
turning it back, not will they find besides him any protector.
                                                                                         [Surah Ar-Ra’d: 11]

Reflections on Internal Change

       The essence of the individual is the heart.
       The heart is the seat of intentions and the master of attitudes.
       Beware of diseases of the heart like:
        Pride, Jealousy, Uncontrolled Anger, Riyaa’ (doing acts of worship to be seen)
       Tribalism and racism.
       Greed and the abuse of the poor.

The Shepherd’s Path |                                                                                     3
Seven Points for Change

       Increase Taqwa (Consciousness of Allah)
       Strive for proper knowledge of Islam from authentic sources.
       Strive for Wisdom and Balance, especially in education where perspective is critical.
       Focus on Islamic Character and develop a positive approach.
            o   For a long time we’ve focused on acts of worship, but now we need to take it to another
                stage and teach mu3amalaat (how we deal with people, how our prayer and fasting
                influences us and others).
       Seek knowledge of the environment (History, trends, political changes, etc)
       Gain cooperation and unity through Shura (mutual consultation) in all affairs.
       Aim for Islamic Revival and practical Dawah (providing Islamic solutions to real societal
            o   Real Dawah is not just standing on a street corner preaching Islam. Real dawah is in
                finding ways to improve the quality of live for people in the name of Allah.

The Shepherd’s Path |                                                                                  4

The Prophet had been sick for a long time, almost a whole week and Abu Bakr stayed with him. Then, on
Monday he seemed to get better, so Abu Bakr sought for permission to go and take care of the affairs of
his household.

The Prophet gave him permission, so Abu Bakr went. When he left, the Prophet (saws) passed away.
When word reached the companions, many of the companions were in disbelief. Umar Ibnul Khattab
stood up in the masjid and he said, “Whoever has said that the Prophet has passed away, nay, he has
lied. Indeed, he only went to meet Allah (swt), just like Prophet Musa went for 40 days and then came
back. And when he does come back, I hope he cuts off the hands and tongues of the hypocrites who
have said that the prophet passed away.

Abu Bakr, upon hearing the news, he came back to the masjid – to the room of Aisha and the house of
the prophet and he bent down and kissed his forehead. He then said, “Tybta hayyan wa mayyeetan ya
Rasoolulah” - You are pleasant when you are dead or alive ya rasoolulah.

People were afraid of saying anything for fear that Umar would take out his sword and kill them. Abu
Bakr gave at that time one of the most famous and strong speeches that anyone can give besides a
messenger. Man kana ya3boudou muhammadan, fa inna muhammadan qad mat. Wa man kaana
ya3boodo Allah, fa innaLaha hayyan la yamoot. Whoever worshiped Muhammad, then Muhammad has
died. Whoever worships Allah, then verily Allah is ever alive and doesn’t die.

Insert Verse - Then He read a verse in Aali Imraan, “And Muhammad is not but a Messenger. If he was to
die or be killed would you then turn on your backs.”

Umar, when he heard the verse – it was as if he heard it for the first time. So his knees could no longer
hold the weight of his body and Umar, the companion who shaytaan runs away from, could no longer
stand. He stooped to the ground and he said, Ahatheehee fi kitaabillah (3 times). Is this verse in the
book of Allah? (3 times). Then he started to cry, and Abu Bakr came down and said it is in the book of

The companions loved the Messenger very much. Anytime the Prophet was mentioned, they would
remember the times they had with the Prophet. Anytime the death of the Prophet was spoken about,
they would cry.

The Shepherd’s Path |                                                                                       5
Why is it that today we do not cry or shed a tear about his passing? The reason is because we do not
know about the Prophet (saws).

We claim today to love the Messenger, but we don’t have the desire or zeal to learn about him. Yet, we
find people buying magazines and tabloids to learn about their celebrities – even if they know they’re
full of lies.

These big companies pay movie stars millions of dollars to endorse their products. This is because
people want to copy and emulate the people they love.

Let’s take the example of Michael Jordan. What team did he play for? What about his college team?
What was his number? 23. What kind of food does he eat in the morning? What kind of underwear does
he wear?

If you know what kind of underwear someone wears other than your spouse, you’re in trouble.

We know all these things! Why? Companies pay millions because “Everyone wants to be like Mike.”

Today when we hear the word “Sunnah” we understand it as something extra that we don’t need to do.
When the companions heard the word Sunnah, they would try their hardest to do it.

If you love someone and want to learn about someone, there are 2 ways to learn about them – one of
them is to travel with someone. Incha’Allah we’re going to learn about the Prophet by going on a
Journey – by traveling and exploring his life.

His life alone is a miracle in itself.

The Prophet (saws) said that the people who are tested the most are the Prophets and Messengers and
those who follow in their footsteps.

Why would the Prophet go through so much? The answer is to be an example for us. If you’re an
orphan, the Prophet is an example. If you lost a child, the Prophet was an example. If you were cursed
at, the Prophet was an example. If you were harmed physically, the Prophet is an example.

These are all things that he went through so that the Messenger can be a leader for the patient.

The Shepherd’s Path |                                                                                    6
When the persecution came, Allah revealed Surat Al-Kahf to give the Muslims hope! Allah took care of
the youth in the cave for 390 years! This lets people know that Allah will take care of those who hold
firm onto their deen.

When the Prophet entered Makkah in the 8th year, Bilal… who was dragged through the streets and who
was stoned… Bilal (a formed black slave), was told by the Prophet to go on top of the Kabah to make the
athan. Some of the new Muslims of Makkah said AlHamdulillah that Allah took my father’s live before
seeing a black man stand up on the Kaabah.

The Makkans persecuted the Muslims more than we get persecuted today and look at how Allah
changed the situation. Similarly, today it will be changed if we are patient and hold firmly to the truth.

Allah gives wealth to many people. However, He truly gives only those whom He loves knowledge of the
deen and zeal for it! This is based upon the hadeeth, whomever Allah wishes good for he will give him
understanding of the deen. If Allah has given you that, then thank Allah (swt).

If you’re thankful for something – Allah will increase it. How can you be thankful? By using that thing to
please Allah.

Rabi’ ibn Ka’b loved the Prophet (saws), so much so that he would spend his time at the doorstep of the
Prophet (saws). If the Prophet needed anything, Ka’b would go get it for him. The Prophet asked him,
Oh Rabih, don’t you want to get married?” He replied, “I don’t want to be preoccupied with any other
responsibilities that will take my time away from you.” One time, the Prophet came out and Rabih had
water ready for him so the Prophet told him ask for whatever you want. He replied, I want your
friendship in Jannah. He asked if he wanted anything else, and Rabih said nothing else. The Prophet
replied to Rabih, “help me in that matter by increasing your sujood.”

This means if you love the Prophet, show it by increasing your sujood to be like him. He was the man
who read Al-Baqarah, Aali Imraan, and An-Nisaa’ in one rak’ah and then made sujood for the same
amount of time.

A. The Barren Valley

    Insert story of the king. Sarah was wanted by the king. Ibrahim told him she was his sister so that he
    wouldn’t take her or kill her. The King gave Sarah the gift of Hagar. Ibrahim was getting old. At the
    suggestion of Sarah, Prophet Ibrahim married Hagar.

    At the beginning, everything was okay. However, then Hagar had a child and they named him
    Ismaeel. After, Sarah became a little jealous. At the same time, it was ordered for him to bring
    Hagar and Ismaeel to Makkah.
The Shepherd’s Path |                                                                                        7
    Ibn Hajar Al-Asqalani mentioned in a narration that Sarah became angry at Hagar so much so that
    Sarah was chasing Hagar to the point where she said if I get ahold of you, I’m going to cut you into
    three pieces.

    On the trip to Makkah, Hagar herself did not know where she was going. Then they reached an
    uninhabited area with a valley surrounded by mountains. Prophet Ibrahim told Hagar to stay there
    with her son. Then Prophet Ibrahim turned his back and walked towards al-Sham, leaving them
    there without saying a single word.

    You might be thinking at the time that maybe he’s abandoning her there because of all the problems
    that had been caused. However, Hagar knew who Ibrahim was and she chased after him asking him
    where are you going? She asked him three times and he did not respond. After the 3 rd time she
    asked, “Did Allah (swt) order you to do this?” He just said, “Yes.” The interesting thing is that was
    enough of an explanation for her. She had her trust in Allah and she said, “La Eudayee3ouna” Allah
    will not abandon us.

    Eventually, she ran out of water. When you run out of water, you cannot breastfeed. Baby Ismaeel
    started to cry. Even though she knew that Allah would take care of her, she did not sit there. She ran
    up to the highest peak – As-Safa. She didn’t see anyone so then she went to Al-Marwa, the next
    highest peak. She went back and forth seven times.

    Now she totally put her trust in Allah. How do we know? If she did not put her trust in Allah, she
    would have run after her husband.

    The Prophet said, “If you were to truly put your trust in Allah, he would provide for you like he
    provides for the birds. It leaves its nest in the morning with an empty stomach and it always comes
    back with a full stomach.”

    Putting your trust in Allah means you have to go out and do your part. Hence, the Prophet gave the
    example of the bird needing to go out. The bird leaves the nest in the morning not knowing what it’s
    going to get or if it is going to get anything.

    Hagar had been going back and forth doing all that she can and then Allah sends Jibreel to close to
    where she was and then (depending upon the narration) flicked the area with his wing and/or hit
    the area near Baby Ismaeel’s feet. All of a sudden, the water starts to gush out!

    Hagar is very smart. She sees the water going all over the place. She knows that she’s going to need
    this water just in case it stops. She needed to try to save it, so she starts to dig a pit or a hole so the
    water does not spread all over the place. However, the water never stops – it keeps gushing out.
    Finally she said, Zamzam. Zamzam is a word used in her language.

The Shepherd’s Path |                                                                                             8
    The Prophet (Saws) said May Allah have mercy upon the Mother of Ismaeel because had she not
    done that, it would have been a spring. Now that she did that, people since that day have been
    going back and forth in hajj imitating her actions! We can learn from this that we need to put our
    trust in Allah. Another lesson, when we do things – we need to know that Allah sees what we do. If
    we are sincere, Allah knows and sees the sincerity in our heart. When we have that sincerity, Allah
    helps others benefit from it and he magnifies that deed.

    The prophet said, “Don’t ever belittle a good deed, even if you are just to meet your brother with a
    smile on your face.”

    For example, the prostitute who was forgiven for giving water to a dog and will enter paradise! Ibn
    Taymiyyah said that not every prostitute who gives water to a dog will enter paradise. Allah
    magnified her deed because he knew her intention and her sincerity.

    Similarly, Allah magnified the deed of Hagar because of the sincerity in her heart. Others benefit
    until today from the actions of Hagar. If Hagar knew what would happen after her actions, she
    probably would have been talking between Safa and Marwa very relaxed!

    Now, as Ibrahim was leaving them in Makkah, Ibrahim raised his hands and made the following dua:

                 
                    
          
                   
           
            
            
                    
                  
                  
           
          
                   
                 
          
                   
    35. Remember Abraham said: "O My Lord! Make this city one of peace and security: and
    preserve me and my sons from worshipping idols.

The Shepherd’s Path |                                                                                      9
    36. "O My Lord! They have indeed led astray many among mankind; He then who follows My
    (ways) is of me, and He that disobeys me,- but Thou art indeed Oft- forgiving, Most Merciful.

    37. "O Our Lord! I have made some of My offspring to dwell In a valley without cultivation, by
    Thy sacred House; In order, O Our Lord, that They may establish regular prayer: so fill the hearts
    of some among men with love towards them, and feed them with fruits: so that They may be
                                                                         [Surah Ibrahim 14, 35-37]

    The first thing Ibrahim asked for was peace. You’ll notice that Islam really prospers in peace, not in
    war! Islam prospers in peace because people can talk about Islam and spread the message and
    others accept it. It’s also easier to worship Allah in times of peace.

    Then Allah asked for protection for himself and others for protection from the greatest sin, shirk.

    Then Ibrahim mentions how astray people have often gone and goes onto that say that He left his
    family in a barren valley by the sacred house in order to establish prayer and then to make the
    hearts of people yearn towards them and to feed them with fruits so that may be thankful.

    If you look at the priorities, you have 3 things:
         1. Religious priorities and needs
         2. Social priorities and needs
         3. Physical priorities and needs.
    If you were to go out now and ask people in the middle of nowhere and ask people what they need,
    they’d say food and water. However, Ibrahim has put the worship of Allah as first. The priorities of
    society today are reversed!

    The odd thing was Ibrahim asked Allah to provide them with fruits! Nothing is growing there and he
    is asking for fruits?
    What’s the lesson there?
    The lesson is that when you’re making dua to Allah (swt) ask for the best! Why? Because Allah can
    give it to you.
    Now when you go to Makah, what do you see more of anything than? Fruits!
    They come from the east and the west and Makkah is in the middle of nowhere!

    There was a tribe coming out of Yemen and they had noticed some birds flocking around an area.
    Allah has given the animals strong senses, much more than us, so generally if you need water then
    follow the animals.

The Shepherd’s Path |                                                                                     10
    This tribe then sends a scout there to see what is there. The scout finds a woman, Hagar and
    Ismaeel. These tribesman were very respectful people and they ask Hagar if they can settle here.
    This is an entire tribe that can do whatever they want, but they ask her if they can settle. This shows
    that they had good qualities.

    Hagar gives them permission to settle on one condition – that she is in charge of the well! They
    agreed to it and they eventually settle with her. Prophet Ismaeel eventually grows up from amongst
    them and settles from amongst them.

    Sometimes Prophet Ibrahim would go and visit them. Prophet Ismaeel’s first wife was from the
    Tribe of Jurhum. One time Ibrahim knocked on his door, (Allahu A3lam some say Hagar had already
    passed away), and he found that Prophet Ismaeel was out. Sometimes they would go out hunting
    for a few weeks and then they would come back with meat, etc.

    Ibrahim knocked on the door and Ismaeel was out and his wife opened the door. Ibrahim asked her
    how are things\life in Makkah? She complained and he told her when Ismaeel comes back send him
    my salams and tell him to change my doorstep.

    (If you think about this, she’s really complaining to a total stranger. It’s the equivalent of your wife
    telling the UPS guy about all her problems).

    When Ismaeel came back he sensed someone came to visit. She told him the story and Ismaeel told
    her that was my father and he has advised me to divorce you. So Prophet Ismaeel divorced her.

    The story repeated itself a little bit and this time Ibrahim asked her the same question and she said
    AlHamdulillah that life was good, so Ibrahim told her when your husband comes back tell him I send
    my salams and tell him to keep his doorstep.

    During the time of Imam Ahmed, Imam Ahmed was approached by a man. The man told him that
    his father had ordered him to divorce his wife. His students asked him how could he give a fatwa
    contradictory to the Sunnah? Imam Ahmed said that if his father was Umar he would have told him
    to divorce. This is because the reasons to divorce the wife were based upon legitimate religious
    concerns and reasons.

              
          
          
            
               
          

The Shepherd’s Path |                                                                                      11
                    
                    
           
                       
                    
                 
                
                  
                  
           
             
    127. and remember Abraham and Isma'il raised the foundations of the House (with This prayer):
    "Our Lord! Accept (this service) from us: for Thou art the All-Hearing, the All-Knowing.

    128. "Our Lord! Make of us Muslims, bowing to Thy (Will), and of Our progeny a people Muslim,
    bowing to Thy (will); and Show us Our place for the celebration of (due) rites; and turn unto us (in
    Mercy); for Thou art the Oft-Returning, Most Merciful.

    129. "Our Lord! send amongst them an Messenger of their own, who shall rehearse Thy Signs to
    them and instruct them In Scripture and Wisdom, and sanctify them: for Thou art the Exalted In
    Might, the Wise."
                                                                      [Surat Al-Baqarah, 127-129]

    We have firm proof here that Ibrahim built the Ka’bah. When Prophet Ibrahim raised the
    foundation, maybe there was already a foundation before? Maybe it was the type of land? Allahu
    A3lam, we don’t know. However, we do know that they built the Ka’bah.

    After When doing a good deed, we should always be in a state of taqwa, sincerity and humility
    before Allah - we should hope that Allah accepts it.

    We should also know that the Ka’bah the prophet built was not a cubicle – it was muka3ab.
    Muka3ab takes the shape of the two bones on the foot. It had a round corner and inside that area is
    the ka’bah.

    However, it’s built in the form of a cube now because at the time of the Prophet (saws) they ran out
    of halal money to build it. Even then they knew that it needed to be pure and clean otherwise Allah
    would not accept it. If it is for the sake of Allah, it needs to be established in a good and pure way.
    Even the Jahileey Arabs understood this!!

The Shepherd’s Path |                                                                                   12
    After the kaabah was built, there was a small area missing that needed a stone. Allah sent down a
    white stone and Ismaeel put it there. It’s a stone that came down from Jannah that was totally white
    and it eventually turned black from the people’s sins.

    There’s an area around the Ka’bah called Maqam Ibrahim. This is an area where he put his supplies
    and stood to survey the ka’bah. If you have your supplies there and you put things, what happens
    when you stand there. Eventually, you leave marks and footprints. The place where he stood, the
    footprints remained afterwards.

    At the time of the Prophet, before Islam, it faded away because of the number of people who
    touched it wanting barakah from it and then it was reconstructed to mimic the original in later

    Then Ibrahim asked for a messenger from amongst them to recite Allah’s verses and to teach them
    the book.

    This seems repetitive, but it’s not. In one, you’re teaching them to recite the verses. In the other,
    he’s not leaving it up for interpretation according to their whims and desires. So he added, to teach
    them the book – so that they can properly understand what they’re reciting!

    Then he asked for Hikmah – which means wisdom. To put everything in its right place, in the right
    time, and to do things in the right way. That hikmah is the application of the Quran in the Sunnah –
    to put the Quran in practice!

    Wa Euzakeehem – and to purify them! To purify their actions, etc.
    If you look at the Prophet, he didn’t just teach them companions. He went to the companions, he
    interacted with them, he went on campaigns with them, he lived among them and went to them
    teaching them.

    If you learn from the teacher himself, it’s different than when you see some of the things being

    The Birth of the Prophet
    The answer to Prophet Ibrahim’s Dua was the Birth of the Prophet Muhammad (saws).

    All of the Prophets were chosen from among the best of lineages.

    Muhammad ibn Abdullah ibn AbdulMutallib ibn Hashim ibn Abdul Darr (?) who was the son of
    Qusay ibn Kilaab.

The Shepherd’s Path |                                                                                  13
    Let’s start with Qusay ibn Kilaab is like the George Washington of our time. He was the first person
    to unite the Quraysh and bring them together and expel all tribes that were foreign to the children
    of Ismaeel in Makkah.

    Ismaeel called others to the Oneness of Allah. Approximately 800 years later, the Jurhum tribe was
    expelled from Makkah by another tribe known as the Khuzaa3ah tribe (Banu Khuzaa3ah). Bau
    Khuzaa3ah expelled the tribe of Jurhum. During this time, the children of Ismaeel were very
    respected… why? They controlled and cared for the ka’bah and the well of Zamzam. They were
    known as the people of God because they took care of the pilgrims and they were very generous!

    Before the Jurhum tribe was expelled, they buried the well of Zamzam. The well became lost and
    overtime no one knew the position of the area of Zamzam. After they were expelled, the children of
    Ismaeel were religious leaders – however, the Jurhum tribe took leadership of politics of everything

    Qusay united the tribes and expelled the Khuza3ah tribe and the control of the affairs came back to
    the Jurhum tribe. This was their Independence Day! He also setup Dar un-Nadwa and he divided it
    up into 5 aspects (i.e. their version of congress, courts, etc).

    He was in charge of:
     An-Nadwa
     Al-Hijaabah, Caring for the pilgrims
     Al-Siqaayah, providing water for them (remember this was hard because they didn’t have
       Zamzam at that time)
     Al-liwaa’ (declaring war and peace)
     Hijaabah which is taking care of the kaabah. He also started taxing people communally for
       support with the pilgrimage in Makkah.

    When he was about to pass away, these responsibilities were to be passed down to his children. So
    from among his children, he chose Abdul-Darr. He chose Abdul Darr because he was not known for
    anything. All his other children achieved prominence except Abdul Darr who was a normal guy. In
    order to raise his status, he gave all the responsibility to him.

    Everyone was okay about this because Qusay was very respected. However, when Abdul Darr was
    about to pass away – the children of Abdul Manaf and Abdul Darr started fighting about who should
    take the responsibilities.

    Abdul Manaf had been highly respected as a son of Qusay and Abdul Darr was given the
    responsibility by Qusay. Their children kept fighting and they would go and put their hands in a
    bucket of cologne and rubbed it on the wall of the ka’bah. The children of Abdul Darr did the same
    thing, but they used blood to show that they would fight until the death.

The Shepherd’s Path |                                                                                  14
    A civil war was about to erupt. At the end, they ended up agreeing to divide the responsibilities.
    They gave AlHijaabah (guardianship) and Al-Rifaada (caring Pilrgims) and Siqaayah (water to
    pilrgrims) were given to the children of Abul Manaf.

    Al-Liwaa and An-Nadwa – the political affairs were given to the children of Abdul Darr.

    So everyone was happy, until the Children of Abdul Darr started realizing they got the short end of
    the stick. This is because everyone was speaking about the children of Abdul Manaf because they
    were the ones caring for everyone. Abdul Manaf’s children’s reputation increased greatly and they
    became almost like the royal family of Arabia!

    Amonsgst the children of Abdul Manaf, was a child named Amr. Amr was in charge of the other
    children. He did something that gained prominence for him, and he decided to crush bread and
    added it to the broth and soup they used to give to the pilgrims. The pilgrims realized the food was
    more filling and tasty and they asked who is Al-Hashim (the crusher of bread). He gained great

    People started spreading the greatness of Al-Hashim and his generosity. He took a trip to Al-Sham
    and in one of the trips, he died on the way back. His wife was one of the most respected women of
    Arabia. She was from Medina from Bani Najjar. Her name was Salma and she was pregnant with the
    son of Hashim. Because her husband had passed away, she went back to her family in Medina and
    she gave birth to a boy. When the boy was born, he had gray hair. So they called him, Shaybah (old

    Shaybah was the son of the most respected individual in Makkah and no one knew, but his uncle Al-
    Mutallib is the brother of Hashim. Al-Mutallib comes to Medina when Shaybah is a young boy and
    he tries to bring Shaybah to Makkah. If Shaybah came to Makkah, he will gain prominence and take
    charge just because of his lineage.

    Shaybah ends up going to Makkah with the uncle he didn’t really know. When someone goes to out
    of Makkah and you bring a young boy back, the young boy is usually a slave. This is because they
    were easy to teach and train. People in Makkah don’t know that this is the son of Hashim, so they
    call him Abd Al-Mutallib (the slave of Al-Muttalib). He’s not a slave, he is the nephew of Al Mutallib.
    However, after they realize he’s the nephew, people were so used to calling him Abd Al -Mutallib – it

    He eventually takes a position as the Chieftain of Makkah. When he was a leader, he just had the
    demeanor of a leader and people respected him. He used to go sit by the shade of the Kabah. Then
    one night in a dream a man came to him and said, “dig up the “righteousness”.” The next night
    something happens again and he sees a dream where the same person says Dig up Al-madmoona
    (what’s hidden.). He asked what was hidden and he didn’t know.

The Shepherd’s Path |                                                                                    15
    Then it was “Dig up Tybah” – that which is pleasant.
    Then it happens again and the man says, “dig up Zamzam.” He said what is Zamzam, and the man
    replied – Zamzam will provide water for the pilgrims and it will never dry up and it is between blood
    and guts at the ant colony, under the foot of Ghurad al-Aqsam (a type of crow).

    He didn’t understand it, but finally – he is next to the Ka’bah and someone slaughtered a camel.
    Someone had a puddle of blood they left and they had moved the guts away and then he saw an ant
    colony – a line of ants – then a crow comes and picks up a piece of the guts. Now Abdul Mutallib
    realizes Blood, Ants, Guts, Crow…. He realized this was the legendary well of Zamzam people knew

    Abdul Mutallib started digging in the area where people make tawaf and he ignores the people.
    Suddenly, water starts gushing out of the ground and he rediscovered the well of Zamzam.

    Then the people of Makkah come to him and say, AbdulMutallib you have discovered our well! He
    said, this is my well – not our well. I discovered it. They said it belongs to all of us and Abdul
    Mutallib says, no it’s not.

    Abdul Mutallib didn’t know what to do. Normally, if you dug a well – it’s yours. That was their
    So they agreed to go to the witch of Banu Saadah. They go to her and they find that she had gone to
    Ash-Shaam, but they previously agreed she would be the only one who could decide this matter.
    They had no other choice except to go to her in Ash-Sham to avoid further dispute.

    They pack up their things and they go to Ash-Sham and on their way – they miss the well. In the
    desert, when you miss a well – you might be 3 days away from the next well and you don’t have 3
    days. Abdul Mutallib is the first one to run out of water and they refused to give it to him.

    They also ran out of water and they have no hopes of survival. They can’t go to the next one or the
    previous one because they have no hope. So AbdulMutallib says, we are nobles! We lives as nobles
    and we should die as nobles as well.

    He suggested, everyone dig their own grave and the first person that dies – the other people will
    bury him. This way at least we will only have one person who won’t have a proper burial. Everyone
    agreed because they gave up hope of survival.

    When Abdul Mutallib digs his own grave – he finds water! They said, if Abdul Mutallib can find water
    in the middle of nowhere – that is a sign that he deserves the well.

    So now when Hajj comes, guess what story is told around Makkah? The story of Abdul Mutallib
    discovering the well of Zamzam and the miracle in the desert! If you meet someone from Hajj,
    they’ll have 3 or 4 hours of stories for you!

The Shepherd’s Path |                                                                                  16
    Eventually Abdul Mutallib became a story of legend! It was a true story that was told to children
    before they sleep.

    Abdul Mutallib learned a lesson from this story. He only had one son named Al -Haarith. He realized
    if he had more sons, he wouldn’t have to go through all of this. If he had 10 sons, he would have
    said sons… put on your armor and swords and lets go out and defend out well.

    He made a vow, Oh Allah if you give me 10 sons, I will slaughter the 10th one for your sake!

    Eventually, Abdul Mutallib had 10 sons! The 10th son was Abdullah, the father of the Prophet (saws).
    He went to go slaughter Abdullah, but his mother went and tried to stop this from happening. She
    told him O Abdul Mutallib, we are already killing our daughters. If you do this you’ll set a precedent
    and people may start killing their sons. They went to the fortuneteller of Banu Saad and she told
    them to come back tomorrow because it’s a little difficult.

    She asked him how much is a life worth to you? If someone killed someone by mistake, what is the
    blood money? They said 10 camels. So she said Okay, Abdul Mutallib needs to picks lots to see if he
    should slaughter camels or abdul Mutallib. Everytime it’s the camels, he needs to add 10 camels. So
    eventually, it kept coming up as Abdul Mutallib – until it went up to 100 camels!

    Abdul Mutallib ended up slaughtering 100 camels. What happens when you slaughter 100 camels?
    You end up with a lot of meat! Even the poor had enough to eat! They had plenty and plenty of
    meat! Also, the pilgrims came and had lots of money to eat. So now the story of the slaughtering of
    Abdullah, because very widespread again.

    So from amongst the children of Abdul Mutallib, Abdullah became the most famous!! SubhanAllah!
    Abdullah’s story became legendary and he became the most respected of all the children of Abdul

    Hence, on the day the Prophet (saws) was born – he was already from among the highest and most
    respected of lineages!

    However, something else occurred that raised the status of the Qurasyh that left no doubt that they
    were the people of God!

    What happened? Incha’Allah… after the break!

    The Messenger was born in 571 A.D. in the month of April. Whatever incident occurred in that year,
    they would name the year after that incident. During the year of the Prophet’s birth, it was called
    the year of the elephant. This is because Abraha, the general of Yemen (at that time part of the
    Abyssinian kingdom), organized a coo to take charge. The army was split in two, one followed the
    governor and the other followed the General Abraha. They decided to have a duel and whoever
    wins would take control of the army and be the governor of Yemen.

The Shepherd’s Path |                                                                                   17
    Beforehand, Abraha told his soldiers – the ones who are close to him – if I win, leave him alone… if it
    looks like I’m losing, go in and kill the other guy. When the fight started, he was immediately
    slashed in the face and his eyebrows were cut. He was disfigured from the duel. He was losing and
    his soldiers came in and killed the other guy.

    After that, Abraha built one a large cathedral – one of the largest at the time. He wanted to call the
    Arabs to come and make Hajj to his Cathedral. The Arabs, of course, they’re not going to do it
    because they’ve been used to making Hajj at the Ka’bah.

    Even though the Arabs were not Muslims, they still had some remnants of the teachings of Ismaeel
    and they were very proud of their Hajj. To show them how ridiculous his call was, one of the Arabs
    went into the Cathedral and defecated inside of it and then smeared feces all over the wall.

    What Abraha did is similar to Obama going on TV and saying we’re going to build a Ka’bah on
    ground zero and come make Hajj in New York. It would be cheaper and help boost the economy.

    Abraha became very angry and he called for the largest elephant to come from Abyssinia named
    Mahmoud to go destroy the Ka’bah to force the Arabs to make Hajj at his cathedral. The Arabs
    essentially called for a Jihad to defend the ka’bah.

    Abdul Muttalib being the Chief of Quraysh knew that the makkans would not eb able to physically
    prevent or stop the Army of Abraha from crushing them. Abdul Muttalib had already decided to
    evacuate Makkah and he was the last person to leave the ka’bah and he asked Allah to protect His

    Abraha sent a message saying we do not want to fight, we just want to destroy your ka’bah and then
    just leave. Before entering Makkah, Abraha wanted to see and meet Abdul Muttalib. Who is this
    legendary guy? He wanted to know.

    Abdul Muttalib had 100 camels grazing in an area called Ja2raanah. Abraha had taken all the camels
    from him on the way over. Abdul Muttalib goes to meet Abraha. When he saw Abdul Mutallib, he
    was stunned by his demeanor because he looked like he deserve d respect. He looked like a leader.
    Abraha came down from his chair and Abdul Muttalib immediately said, I want my camels back.
    Abraha was stunned.

    Abraha said, when I saw you coming in you looked like you deserve so much respect and I came
    down from my throne to meet you and to sit with you and now you just want your camels even
    though I’m here to destroy the house of your Lord…..

    Abdul Mutallib said these camels have an owner and this house has an owner. I’m the owner of
    these camels and the owner of this house will take care of it.

    Abraha wanted to destroy the elephant and he refused to move in the direction of the ka’bah. It
    would go in directions outside of the Kabah, i.e. the North, but not to the Ka’bah. They poked the

The Shepherd’s Path |                                                                                    18
    elephant so much it started to bleed and refused to go. Then Allah (swt) sent his army and we know
    this story from Surat Al-fil.

                
                 
               
                 
                       
                     
                
        1. Have You (O Muhammad (Sal-Allaahu 'alayhe Wa Sallam)) not seen How Your Lord dealt with
        the owners of the Elephant? [the elephant army which came from Yemen under the command
        of Abrahah Al-Ashram intending to destroy the Ka'bah at Makkah].

        2. Did He not make their plot Go astray? 3. and sent against them birds, In flocks 4. Striking
        them with stones of Sijjîl. 5. and made them like an empty field of stalks (of which the corn has
        been eaten up by cattle).

    Allah here is reminding Quraysh of the incident to remind them of He did to the companions of the

    Each bird had 3 stones and the stones were so hot they would go through the persons head and turn
    the person to ashes.

    Even being next to a person who was struck with a stone, your skin would melt. Abraha wasn’t
    struck by a stone by his skin started to melt off and he died on the way back from the ka’bah.

    This was proof for the people of Quraysh that they were the people of God. That is why many
    people after the Prophet came were waiting to see who would be victorious so they would know
    who the true people of God really were. Many of them were confused.

    We know the Prophet was born on Rabi3 Al-Awwal, but on what day? Some narrations say he was
    born on the 12th in Seerat Ibn Hisham and Seerat Ibn Ishaaq. We have another narration that says he
    was born on the 8th, the 11th, the 15th, etc. However we do not have a complete narration that says
    he was born on the 12th.

    We know that he was born on a Monday for sure. If we go back and trace to Rabi3 Al -Awwal, it
    would fall on a Wednesday. In truth, we know it was Rabi3 Al-Awwal – but we don’t know the exact
The Shepherd’s Path |                                                                                 19
    Was he born circumcised? We’re not sure. That narration is a little weak.
    We have another narration that says he was circumcised on the 7th day after he was born by his
    grandfather. This also has some weaknesses, because the Arabs used to circumcise on the 7 th, the
    14th, or the 24th. This is what was taught to them by Ismaeel.

    The Prophet’s father, Abdul Muttalib, passed away 2 months before his birth. Hence, the day he
    was born – he was an orphan.
    Why would he be born an orphan? What are some of the wisdoms in this? Everything has a reason!

           The Prophet is an example for all, so if you are an orphan – then you have an example in
           If you have your mother or your father, then you should be grateful that you have them
            because you have more than he had.
           It gives motivation to all the orphans of the world – being an orphan should never be a
            stigma because the Prophet (saws) was an orphan and he was the best of us.
           Another reason he could be an orphan is to let people know that this message is from Allah
            alone – some people could have said that he was trying to fulfill his role as the most
            distinguished person in Arabia in terms of lineage. Had he not been an orphan, people
            could have said that he was told to claim it. You can’t say his grandfather or his uncle told
            him, because his grandfather died when he was 8 and his own uncle did not accept the
            message himself. It shows that the message could only be from Allah.

    When he was born, he was sent to the desert which was the tradition of the Arabs at the time.
    There are some weaknesses in the Hadith of Haleematu Sa3dia. However, that does not mean that
    she did not take care of him. The detail aspects of her coming and looking for someone except for
    the Prophet may be weak. However, the main story, without the details, is authentic.
    They were sent to the desert to learn Arabic. Why? People in Makkah knew Arabic but it was often
    spoken as incorrect Arabic or broken Arabic and very mixed Arabic. Hence, by going to the desert –
    they learn the purest form of the language.
    Another reason they went to the desert is because it’s dryer and cleaner. The air is cleaner. There
    are less harmful sicknesses, etc. If you remember back then, the infant mortality rate was much
    higher than it is today. In those days, Makkah was a trading town where people came from
    everywhere. If you have 60,000 people living in a city with no sewerage… than it’s very dirty!

    When you grow up in the city, everything is easy for you. However, when you go camping you learn
    the skills of life. The desert taught them how to survive very well!
    Life is easier if you start harsh and go to ease, but it’s very difficult when you’re used to ease and
    then go to hardship.

The Shepherd’s Path |                                                                                        20

B. The Visit

    Related by Anas…

        Jibreel came down and ripped Muhammad’s chest open and took out the heart. He then
        extracted a blood-clot out of it and said, “That was the part of Satan in thee.”

        And then he washed it with the water of Zamzam in a gold basin. After that the heart
        was joined together and restored to its place.

        The boys and playmates came running to his mother, i.e. his nurse, and said, “Verily,
        Muhammad has been murdered.” They all rushed towards him and found him all right
        only his face was white.

C. Seclusion

    ……… WOKE UP ……....

Umm ul-Mu’mineen Aisha reports,

    “The commencement of the Divine Inspiration to Allah’s Apostle was in the form of good
    dreams which came true like bright day light, and then the love of seclusion was bestowed
    upon him. He used to go in seclusion in the cave of Hira’ where he used to worship (Allah
    Alone) continuously for many days before his desire to see his family. He used to take with
    him the journey food for the stay and then come back to (his wife) Khadijah to take his food
    like-wise again till suddenly the Truth descended upon him while he was in the cave of Hira’.”


Put the Above in the Proper Section.

The Shepherd’s Path |                                                                                21
    The Prophet never touched an idol when making tawaf. They each got to a point where they had
    their own personal idols. The people of Makkah wanted to figure out how to make money, so they
    invented a special type of clothing that must be purchased if you want to make Hajj. The rich people
    were able to afford it without any problem. However, the poor were unable to afford it – so instead
    of making tawaf making clothes – they made tawaf naked.

    Khadijah was one of the richest people in Makkah and she hired the Prophet (saws) to take care of
    her caravan. The Prophet would be paid double because of the Blessing and Prophet he was able to
    bring in.

    Maysarah was the slave of Khadijah that went with the Prophet (saws) and she was telling Khadijah
    about the impeccable character of the prophet (saws). Khadijah then initiated the proposal for
    marriage. The Prophet at this time was 25 years age.

    Khadijah, many people believe she was 40 years old. However, there’s another narration of similar
    strength that says she was 29 years of age. Now we have two similar narrations of similar strength
    and some believe the stronger opinion is that she was 29 years old. If she was 40, she would have
    had to give birth after 50 a couple of times – we know that biologically a woman will normally reach
    the age of menopause in her mid to late 40’s. If we don’t have any proof, then we would need to go
    to the default, and the default in society and biologically would make 29 a bit stronger.

    Now he was well off after his marriage to khadijah and he had more time. He was not in a state of
    poverty, but he was needy before his marriage. Before his marriage, he really had to work. After his
    marriage, he had time to think about the situation of Makkah in more detail.

    When he was 40, he would start to love seclusion. He would go up to the cave of Hira. Before this,
    he would also see righteous dreams. He would see something happen in a dream and then it would
    come true. This was preparation for what was to come.

    Around 40, he began to love seclusion and he would be alone trying to get away from everyone to
    reflect. All of a sudden, one day in Ramadan, something came from behind him and squeezed him
    so hard he almost thought he died because he almost ran out of breath.

    Then he heard, Read! And he replied, Ma ana bi Qare2. I don’t know how to read.

    He was released and squeezed again. He was again told, Read! And the Prophet Replied, Ma Ana Bi
    Qare2! I don’t know how to read.

    Then he heard….

The Shepherd’s Path |                                                                                22
        
                    
           
         
                     1. Read! In the Name of Your Lord, who has created (all that exists),
                     2. has created man from a clot (a piece of thick coagulated blood).
                     3. Read! and Your Lord is the Most Generous,
                                                                                       [Surat Al-Alaq, 1-3]

The Prophet became so scared, he ran down from the mountain. Also, when Jibreel squeezed him his
ribs hurt him for months. Why would this happen? This is because the Prophet would know it’s not a
dream or a psychological problem! It shows him that this is real because he felt it for months.
From Within – Another Section
Allah’s Apostle retured with the Inspiration and with his heart beating severely. Then he went to
Khadijah bint KHuwaylid said, “Cover me! Cover me!” They covered him till his fear was over and after
that he told her everything that had happened and said, “I fear that something may happen to me.”
Khadijah replied, “Never! By Allah, Allah will never disgrace you. You keep good relations with your kith
and kin, help the poor and the destitute, serve your guests generously, and assist the deserving
calamity-afflicted ones…”

Khadijah had a cousin of Waraqah ibnu Nawfal. He was very old and he used to object to the
worshipping of the idols. He knew the scriptures of before and he knew the stories of Prophet Musa
and Prophet Isa.
Waraqah said this is the same Nawoos (the Inspiration) that came to the prophets before. By Allah, If I
was still young – when your people expel you I will give you all my support and help with whatever I can.
This came as a shock to the Prophet because he was wondering why he would ever be expelled. He was
the most beloved and most favored person in Makkah!
The Prophet asked, “Are they going to expel me?” Waraqah replied, No one has ever come with a
message like yours without being expelled.”

At the same time, the Prophet was very happy because he wanted to change things and improve the
people. He was looking forward to receiving more revelation, but nothing came down. Word spread
about what happened. Some said that he had gone mad and others said that he was confused.

The Prophet was walking and a woman walked by him and she asked him “Has your shaytaan
abandoned you already?” The Prophet became very sad and it was very difficult for him because he was
waiting for more revelation. He was waiting to see if what Waraqah said was true.
This was very difficult for the Prophet to deal with. At the same time, it was for the Prophet (saws) to
yearn for the revelation and be happy for it. It helps the Prophet appreciate this ne3mah and blessing of
the Prophet (saws).
The Shepherd’s Path |                                                                                                                  23
The first ayahs that were revealed shortly after were:

        
                  
       
       
                        1. O You (Muhammad [saws]) enveloped (in garments)!
                        2. Arise and warn!
                        3. And Your Lord (Allâh) magnify!
                        4. And Your garments purify!
                        5. And keep away from Ar-Rujz (the idols)!
                                                                [Surat Al-Mudassir, 1-5]

        
              
       
      
        
               1. O You wrapped In garments (i.e. Prophet Muhammad [saws])!
               2. Stand (to pray) All night, except a little.
               3. Half of it, or a little less than that,
               4. Or a little more; and recite the Qur'ân (aloud) In a slow, (pleasant tone and) style.
                                                                                [Surat Al-Muzammil, 1-4]

In Times of Fitnah… Iqra’ – Qum & Qum! ---------- Read, i.e. Learn… Arise warn… Arise and Pray!

Then Allah Revealed:

                                             
                                             
                                                 

The Shepherd’s Path |                                                                                      24
                   
                      
           
           
            
           
            
           
           
                                
        1. By the Duha (forenoon, i.e. after sun-rise)
        2. And by the night when it is still (or darkens)
        3. Your Lord (O Muhammad (saws)) has neither forsaken You nor hated you.
        4. And indeed the Hereafter is better for You than the present (life of This world).
        5. And Verily, your Lord will give You (all i.e. good) so that You shall be well-pleased.
        6. Did He not find you (O Muhammad (saws)) an orphan and gave You a refuge?
        7. And He found you unaware (of the Quran, its legal laws, Prophethood, etc.) and guided you?
        8. And He found you poor, and made you rich (self-sufficient, self-contentment, etc.)?
        9. Therefore, treat not the orphan with oppression,
        10. And repulse not the beggar;
        11. And proclaim the Grace of Your Lord (i.e. the Prophethood and All other Graces).
                                                                                                            [Surah Ad-Duha, 1-11]


The Shepherd’s Path |                                                                                                                  25

A. The Idols

    An Idol called “Manat,” for instance, was worshipped in a place known as al-Mushallal near Qadid
    on the Red Sea. Another, “Al-Laat” in Ta’if, a third “al-Uzza” in the valley of Nakhlah, and so on
    and so forth.

    Polytheism prevailed and the number of idols increased everywhere in Hijaz. It was even
    mentioned that ‘Amr bin Luhay, with the help of a jinn companion who told him that the idols of
    Noah’s folk – Wadd, Suwa’, Yaguth, Ya’uk, and Nasr – were buried in Jeddah, dug them out and
    took them to Tihama. Upon Pilgrimmage time, the idols were distributed among the tribes to take
    back home. Every tribe, and house, had their own idols, and the Sacred House was also
    overcrowded with them. On the Prophet’s conquest of Makkah, 360 idols were found around Al-
                                                                            [Ar-Raheeq al-Makhtoom]

          
    
     
    
    19. mankind were but one community (i.e. on one Religion - Islâmic Monotheism), Then they
    differed (later), and had not it been for a word that went forth before from Your Lord, it would have
    been settled between them regarding what they differed.
                                                                                    [Surat Yunus 10: 18]

    How the Idols were Worshipped
       1. Self-devotion to the idols, seeking refuge with them, acclamation of their names, calling for
           their help in hardship, and supplication to them for fulfillment of wishes, hopefully that the
           idols would mediate with Allah for the fulfillment of people’s wishes.
       2. Performing pilgrimage to the idols, circumrotation around them, self-abasement and even
           prostrating themselves before them.
       3. Seeking favor of idols through various kinds of sacrifices.

The Shepherd’s Path |                                                                                  26
B. May You Perish

Ali Ibn Abi Talib was raised in the Prophet’s house. Why? Abu Talib wasn’t very wealth and Al-Abbas ibn
Abdul Mutallib was wealthy. Abu Talib said take anyone except ______ . The Prophet took Ali ibn Abi
Talib and Al-Abbas took Ja’far. Ali ibn Abi Talib lived with the Prophet from a very young age – he was
his cousin but the Prophet was also his care taker. By the time Ali was 10 years old, the Prophet
received the revelation so it shows how young Ali was when he was raised with the Prophet.

(Clarify this part of the story and Insert)
There was another individual, Zaid ibn Al-Haarithah. There was 2 slaves and the Prophet told Khadijah
choose the one you want and I’ll take the other one, and they chose Ziad.

Abu Bakr was a very skilled merchant. Aisha (RA) said that Abu Bakr was the best of the Quraysh in
business. That is why when the Messenger of Allah asked people to donate, Omar brought half and Abu
Bakr brought everything he had!

How can you bring everything? Wouldn’t it be prohibited? In normal circumstances, yes, because it’s not
permissible to give so much in charity that it would harm your family. Your first obligation is to care for
you family. However, when Abu Bakr gave everything – he wasn’t negligent. However, Abu Bakr was
very good at buying and selling – so even if he had nothing he could still rebuild his wealth.

In our time that would be someone who has a job. He sees that the community needs money for a
project. He gives everything to the masjid and he still has his job and he wouldn’t be considered

The messenger of (saws) said that everyone he approached had some type of reflection or thought he
needed to take before accepting the message, except Abu Bakr – he accepted it without any type of
hesitation whatsoever.

In the first three years, the messenger did not go out in the open and call people. Most people call this
the secret stage, but it really wasn’t so much of a secret – as much as a personal stage! When you go to
start a project, this is how you start it. You start with individuals that are close to you whom you know.
You want to go to your best friends and start by talking to them and building a foundation with them.

The Shepherd’s Path |                                                                                   27
 If you have a strong core group – you can always return to those people who are not all talk – you know
they’re going to work. After that, you go out and tell people and they are likely to join and help because
they will see that you are organized.

Homework – Who are the Hunafaa’ who were the people at the time of Jahiliiyyah who did not
worship idols. They were in Makkah and they held on to the teachings of Ibraheem and Ismaeel.

The first to accept Islam were the young and the poor. Why the young and not the older people? This is
because the older people are generally more set in their ways. The poor are also usually not arrogant.

After the first 3 years, Allah ordered the Prophet to go out and widen the dawah. Hence, the prophet
was given

      
        214. and warn Your tribe (O Muhammad Sal-Allaahu 'alayhe Wa Sallam) of near kindred.

                                                                            [Surat Ash-Shu’araa 26: 214+

Every city has a place where people make announcements, etc. In Makkah, it is As-Safa. Anytime
someone had something important to say, they went to As-Safa and usually no one went there unless it
was an emergency.

The Prophet (saws) went up made an emergency call. He made a statement that was like a warning
sign. So he stood up and said, “______________”

Everyone in the market came and if they couldn’t come, they would send someone to get the important
news. He started calling each tribe by name, and even specific people by name!

The Shepherd’s Path |                                                                                  28
When you get an email, what do you do when you see 50 people in the To: column. You delete it right
away! However, you read a personal email. With Dawah, it’s the same thing – you want to make it
specific and personal.

When the people came, he asked them if they think he would lie to them. They told him no.

He then warned them of a grievous/severe punishment in hellfire for not accepting and believing La
ilaha illaLah. The Prophet warned them right away!

After that, immediately, was Abu Lahab who said Tabban Laka… - Perish o you Muhammad the rest of
this day of yours. He continued, “Is this what you have brought us for?” Abu Lahab scolded him in front
of everyone because he was busy in his shop and he didn’t want to talk about this.

Then Allah revealed Surat Al-Lahab, telling us all that Abu Lahab will go to Hell from the very beginning.

      
     
        
     
       
                          
1. perish the two hands of Abû Lahab (an uncle of the Prophet), and perish He!
2. his wealth and his Children (etc.) will not benefit him!
3. He will be burnt In a Fire of blazing flames!
4. and his wife too, who carries wood (thorns of Sadan which she used to put on the Way of the Prophet
(Sal-Allaahu 'alayhe Wa Sallam) , or use to slander Him).
5. In her neck is a twisted Rope of Masad (palm fibre).
                                                                                      [Surat Al-Lahab, 1-5]

This is one of the miracles of the Quran, because Allah sealed the heart of Abu Lahab from the beginning
for openly mocking the Messenger of Allah. Allah knew what was in his heart. All Abu Lahab would have
needed to do is accept Islam to prove that Muhammad’s message was not true- but he wasn’t able to!

Abu Talib was very different. He was always respectful and kind and he saw Ali praying one time.
The Shepherd’s Path |                                                                                   29
The Shepherd’s Path |   30

A. The Intimate Opponent

    The Prophet (saws) also had bad neighbors, one of them being Abu Lahab. They used to put trash in
    front of his house! If you think you have bad neighbors, he had the worst of neighbors.

    It’s very difficult to have bad neighbors. This is because they are there all the time and they know
    when you’re there and when you’re not!

    Abu Lahab’s Opposition

        1. Physical Abuse
        2. Abu Lahab and his wife forced their 2 sons to divorce the Prophet’s daughters
              a. His 2 sons were Utbah and Utaybah.
              b. Ruqayyah was married to Utbah.
              c. Umkulthoom was married to Utaybah.
        3. Gloating at the Prophet’s son’s death
        4. Shadowing the Prophet to belie him and incite the Arabs against him.
----- Missed Section -----

----- Missed Section -----
    The prophet made dua against Utaybah….
    Abu Lahab knew the Prophet was truthful and that he was the Messenger. Abu Lahab told his son
    not to come because he realized he’d be in danger.The biggest lion comes and starts sniffing. It
    came it sniffed and it left.
    Even Utaybah said, Oh Muhammad even if you’re in Makkah – you can have your revenge?

    Everyone knew the lion was coming just to see who it needed to kill, but it didn’t have permission to

    Abu Lahab had everyone gather around his son to protect him but the lion came later and went
    around and over everyone just to kill Utaybah.

The Shepherd’s Path |                                                                                      31
    The second son of the Prophet (saws), Qasim, passed away around the time of revelation when he
    was ordered to call people to Islam in the open. His son was a toddler, maybe around 2 years old.
    The connection is very strong between the family and the child at this stage, they start talking…
    walking towards you and you’ve had time to nurture the love in your heart for them.
    After someone loses a child, their’s a lot of sadness in the family. Even if someone hates you, when
    there is a death in the family, they leave you alone and they have some respect for you. However,
    Abu Lahab didn’t respect the Prophet (saws) or his family. Instead, he started making fun of the
    Prophet and mocking him and he started making fun of the death of his son! These are things that a
    normal person doesn’t do! This is what the Prophet had to endure from his own uncle.

    Abu Talib was very kind and very respected in Makkah. When council at Dar un-Nadwa felt
    threatened, they welt to Abu Talib and told him they said, “oh Abu Talib, either you stop him or
    allow us to stop him.” Abu Talib the first time, he spoke to them with kind words and said he’d take
    care of it and brushed them aside. However, the prophet continued calling people to Islam and
    nothing changed. So they council got together to speak with Abu Talib again. They called for a
    meeting and they said, “Oh Abu Talib, you either stop him or we stop him.” Abu Talib replied, I’ll go
    speak to him and he’ll take care of it.
    There were rumors in Makkah after this meating that Abu Talib was going to relinquish his
    protection of the Prophet (saws). The messenger of Allah heard these rumors and he was very sad
    because he loved his uncle very much. He sees his uncle coming to him and he’s thinking his uncle is
    no longer going to protect him.

    The prophet (saws), before his uncle says a word…. He said…
        “O my uncle! By Allah, if they put the sun in my right hand and the moon in my left n the
        condition that I abandon this course, until Allah has made me victorious, or I perish therein, I
        would not abandon it.”
        The Prophet got up, and as he turned away, his uncle called him and said, “Come back my
        nephew,” and when he came back, he said, “o and preach what you please, for by Allah I will
        never forsake you.

    Why did the Prophet say the Sun and the moon? Some people say I’d give you the world and what’s
    in it. The prophet, however, implied that if you gave me the world, along with the sun and the
    moon – he would never abandon the message!

    The Prophet loved his uncle so much and wanted his uncle to accept the message more than
    anyone, but his uncle didn’t accept the message.

The Shepherd’s Path |                                                                                  32
    The prophet was approached by a companion and asked, Oh messenger of Allah, where is my
    father. The Prophet replied that your father is in the hellfire. The companion started cryi ng. The
    Prophet called him back and told him my father and your father are both in the hellfire.

B. The External Opponent

    Ways in which they opposed the Dawah
        1. The use of ridiculing labels such as liar, madman, possessed, poet, magician and soothsayer.
        2. Reframing the origin of the Quran such as their statements that it is ancient stories, or
           fiction, or that which was taught by someone else.
        3. Contrasting Islam with the mythology of ancient nations.

    The Use of Ridiculing Labels
        Al-Wadeed ibn Mughira (the father of Khaled ibn al-Waleed) was amongst the aristocrats and
        the elders of the Quraysh. He said, Hajj is coming. We have to agree upon a name to label
        Muhammad. We can’t have different people saying different things, i.e. one says a liar and
        another says soothsayer, etc.

        He said, people won’t believe us and we have to agree upon a name to call him. They replied,
        since you mentioned it you pick a name… he said, no you first.

        They suggested the word Madman. They then agreed that wouldn’t work because he doesn’t
        really look like a madman. They suggested calling him a liar, and they said that wouldn’t work
        because he’s known all around Arabia as the trustworthy one – no one will believe you. Then
        the word poet came up, and they said we know poetry and this is not like poetry. They then said
        soothsayer, and they said people won’t believe that either.

        They then said,” let’s call him a magician” because his words work on a person like magic! That’s
        the closes thing that they could think ok!

        The Prophet was saddened by this. Then Allah revealed:
                 
                     
The Shepherd’s Path |                                                                                     33
                          
                     
                  
                        
                 
                       
                  
                     
                     
                   
                       
                  
                      
                            
             11. leave Me alone (to deal) with whom I created alone (without any means, i.e. Al -Walîd
             bin Al-Mughîrah Al-Makhzûmî)! 12. and Then granted Him resources In abundance. 13.
             and Children to be by his side! 14. and made life smooth and comfortable for him! 15.
             after All that He desires that I should give more; 16. Nay! Verily, He has been stubborn and
             opposing Our Ayât (proofs, evidences, verses, lessons, signs, revelations, etc.). 17. I shall
             oblige Him to (climb a slippery mountain In the Hell-fire called As-Sa'ûd, or to) face a
             Severe torment! 18. Verily, He thought and plotted; 19. so let Him be cursed! How He
             plotted! 20. and once more let Him be cursed, How He plotted! 21. Then He thought; 22.
             Then He frowned and He looked In a bad tempered Way; 23. Then He turned back and was
             proud; 24. Then He said: "This is nothing but magic from that of old; 25. "This is nothing
             but the word of a human being!"
                                                                           [Surat Al-Mudathir 74: 11-25]

        During the time of the Prophet there was a man by the name of Dhimaa2 who came to Makkah
        just to perform exorcisms. This name calling brought this man to Makkah because he wanted to
        cure the Prophet for the Quraysh.

        He came to Muhammad and he wanted to determine if he was crazy. So he said Oh Muhammad
        speak. And the Prophet recited Khutbat Al-Hajjah.

        Then Dheema2 said wa Ana Ash-hadu Al-La Ilaha illa Lah! These words alone affected his heart!
        He immediately realized that the Prophet was so very eloquent and upon the truth.

The Shepherd’s Path |                                                                                  34
        AlHamdulillah, we should be happy that these people mock and ridicule Islam. These people
        who resort to name calling and hate – have brought Islam to the forefront of the discussions.
        Now, everyone has heard about Islam and it has brought curiosity to people.

    An-Natdhr ibnul Haarith

        He was one of the most famous in shadowing the Prophet, hating the prophet, and trying to
        deter people from the Prophet.

         He would tell people he had better stories than the Prophet! He would take his time and follow
        the prophet anytime the Prophet went somewhere he went and said that he was better than
        the Prophet.

If they can’t get you to leave your religion, they’ll try to make you compromise!

So they came to the Prophet and said you worship our god for a time and we’ll worship yours for a time.
Then, Allah revealed:

               
                 
                  
                
                       
                  
               
                         
            (1) Say (O Muhammad (saws)): "O Al-Kafiroon” (2) "I Worship not that which you
            worship, (3) "Nor will You Worship that which I worship. (4) "And I shall not Worship
            that which You are worshipping. (5) "Nor will You Worship that which I worship. (6)
            "To You be Your religion, and to Me My Religion (Islâmic Monotheism)."

The weak and poor were persecuted because they didn’t have tribal protection or strength. The Prophet
would sometimes walk by the weaker muslims and he could not help them physically because he did not
have the strength yet and Allah had not given them permission to resort to violence.

The principle established in Makkah was Kuffoo 2aydeeyakum wa aqeemou-salat. Hold back your hands
and establish the prayer.
The Shepherd’s Path |                                                                                   35
One of the families tortured was the family of Yasir…

The Family of Yasir:

The Messenger of Allah said,

                                   “Be Patient of Family of Yasir…
                               you will verily find your home in Paradise.”

Sumayyah was the mother of yasir, she was the first Shaheedah of Islam and she was killed by being
tortured and stabbed in her private parts. Yasir was also killed. They tied his limbs to horses and made
them run causing his arms and legs to separate from his body.

Allah says in Surat AlFurqaan, do not obey the non-believers and struggle with them jihaadan kabeerah!
This is the great Jihad, to struggle to hold firm and deliver the message to the people in a nonMuslim

The reason is when you fight as a weak nation, you put the Muslims in more difficulty because they are
weak and more prone to loss. So when a person in America resorts to violence, it harms the Muslims in
many ways.

We have to be proactive to help our society and spread the message peacefully. We need to make
positive impressions upon our neighbors so that they will know who we really are and what we are
really like.

One of the primary purposes of Jihad is to be able to deliver the message.

The Messenger could have easily beaten up Ubay to defend the Muslims, but he did not.

Ammar Bin Yasir, the son of Yasir, was just a young boy who had seen his parents killed before his eyes.
Then they came to him and said if you do not praise our gods and curse the Messenger, we will do to
you what we did to your parents. Ammar did what they told him to do and he cried, because he loved
the prophet so much the words that came from his mouth contradicted what he believed… so he went
to the Messenger of Allah and he told him what happened. Ammar was afraid he was no longer a
Muslim for what he had just said, and the Prophet (saws) said, how do you find your heart. Ammar said
still full of Iman. He said Oh Ammar, if they repeat what they have done to you – then do the same
thing again.

The Shepherd’s Path |                                                                                  36
Then Allah revealed the ayah, “Except those who are forced but their hearts are still full of Iman.”

Insert Ayah Surah an-Nahl ayah 106 or 166?

This is a concession Allah gave our Ummah. The other Ummah’s before did not have this concession!
This is a concession that is only for our Ummah. That is why you read the stories of the nations before
and they had to be killed and they continued to refuse to stay anything except La Illaha Illa Allah.

The Prophet (saws) said Roofia 3an Ummatee al khata2ou wal nisyaan wa man 2ookrhah elay.

Raise from my Ummah are the mistakes they make unintentionally, or out of forgetfulness, or what they
are forced to do while they hate it.

There were many companions who were tortured very severely.

Bilal was one of them! He was stoned and dragged through the streets. He was just given enough food
only to keep him alive.

Bilal, the slave of Umayyah bin Khalaf, was severely beaten by his master when the latter came to
know of his conversion to Islam. Sometimes a rope was put around his neck and street boys were
made to drag him through the streets and even across the hillocks of Makkah. At times he was
subjected to prolonged deprivation of food and drink; at other times, he was bound up and made to
lie down on the burning sand and under the crushing burden of heavy stones.

After Abu Bakr accepted Islam he went to Uthman and he accepted Islam.

The uncle of Uthman ibn Affan used to wrap Uthman in a mat of palm leaves and set fire under him.
When Umm Mus’ab bin Umayr heard of her son’s conversion, she put him to starvation and then
expelled him from her house. He used to enjoy full luxurious easy life, but in the aftermath of the
torture he sustained, his skin got wizened and he assumed a horrible physical appearance.

What Kept the Believers Patient

    1.   Unshakable belief in Allah
    2.   They loved his leadership
    3.   “We are responsible”
    4.   Unshakable belief in the Day of Judgment
    5.   Verses revealed at specific incidents
    6.   Promise of Victory

The Shepherd’s Path |                                                                                     37
There was a king who wanted to force the Muslim prisoners to accept Christianity. The advisor told him
these people would never accept Christianity. So the King said I can do it. He said bring me a companion
of Muhammad.

The Companion, Abdullah ibn Hudaafah, came in and did not bow like the others. The king said, I have
an offer for you. I will give you half of my kingdom and give you my daughter in marriage. So Abdullah
ibn Hudaafah said you can have your daughter and keep your kingdom.

Since that did not work, the king took the other extreme. He then ordered for a cauldron of burning hot
oil. They brought the oil and they brought another Muslim and they pushed the other Muslim into the
oil. Abdullah said that he immediately saw his bones after he was pushed over. The king said, if you do
not leave your religion you’re going to be the next person into that oil.

Abdullah said do whatever you have to do, I’m not going to leave my religion. Abdullah bin Hudaafah
when he was about to be pushed into the oil, tears came into his eyes. The king said stop. He thought he
made his point and broke Abdullah. They brought Abdullah back to the king, before the king could say
anything, he said… these tears are not what you think they are. I’m not crying because I’m afraid of
death. These tears are coming down because I can only die once and I cannot die again and again for
Allah’s sake.

After the King heard that, he realized that these people are different. You can’t shake their belief in
Allah. The King wanted to save face, so he said… If you kiss my forehead I will free you and all the
prisoners. Abdullah is thinking there is a lot of benefit in this – it’s not shirk, etc - so Abdullah kissed his
forehead and the King released everyone.

When they returned, Umar said (?) that it is the order of the Messenger of Allah (Ameer al-
Mu’meeneen) that everyone kisses the forehead of Abdullah Ibn Huthaafah and everyone in the masjid
kissed his forehead.

Amr ibn Al-Aas said that every time the Prophet (saws) would look at him, he would always smile. So
much so that I thought I was his favorite. So Amr asked the Messenger of Allah, who is the most
beloved to you. So the Prophet (saws) sad, Abu Bakr! Then Amr asked again, Oh Messenger of Allah
who is better… myself of Umar ibnul Khattab… and the Prophet said Umar is better than you. After that
Amr understood, that the Prophet is that way with everyone.

At the time of the Prophet there was a man from the Daws Tribe, At-Tufayl ibn Amr. So they met him
before he entered Makkah to warn him about the Prophet (saws). He became so scared about the
Prophet and his words, he put cotton in his ears. When At-Tufayl arrived to make Tawaf, he saw the
Prophet reciting Quran. So he was the Prophet and he said to himself, this is not the face of a liar. You
can tell if what he says is good or bad. So he took out the ear plugs and he heard the messenger of Allah

The Shepherd’s Path |                                                                                         38
reciting the Quran. Immediately, the Quran struck his heart because it was so beautiful . They know
immediately that it is a miracle.

Even the non-Muslims who don’t believe – many come and listen to the Quran because it’s so beautiful!
The non-Muslims of Makkah would come and listen to the Prophet recite at night.

At-Tufayl wanted to go see the Prophet and he waited until night time. He went to the home of the
Messenger and Tufayl asked what was that you were reading and who are you. The prophet replied, I
am the Prophet of Allah and that was the Quran. So At-Tufayl accepted Islam.

Before he went back to his people he told him, Ya Rasoolullah – can you give me an ayah or something
that I can take to them to prove that this is the word of Allah. So the Prophet made Dua that at-Tufayl
would have light. So his forehead was full of light, but At-Tufayl said his people may think he was sick.
So he asked the Messenger to move the light and it came out of at the end of his whip at night.

At-Tufayl just accepted Islam and he immediately felt the responsibility of calling the people to Islam.
Many of us today have been Muslim for a very long time, but we don’t feel the burden of calling people
and others to Islam.

    Allah’s Apostle returned with the inspiration….. Insert from Book

    Abdullah Ibn Abi Maktoom came to the Prophet (saws) while he was busy talking to prominent
    people hoping they would accept Islam. The prophet (saws) was busy and he frowned and he
    turned away a little bit.

    Allah then scolded the Prophet, which is also proof that the Quran is from Allah.

                                    
                                                   
    1. (the Prophet (Sal-Allaahu 'alayhe Wa Sallam)) frowned and turned away,
    2. because there came to Him the blind man (i.e. 'Abdullâh bin Umm-Maktûm, who came to the
    Prophet (Sal-Allaahu 'alayhe Wa Sallam) while He was preaching to one or some of the Quraish
                                                                              [Surat Abasa 80: 1-2]

    Abdullah was so happy because Allah from above 7 heavens revealed in the Quran that he’s on his
    side. That gives you strength!

    In Surat Al-Burooj – There is the tragedy, genocide, where all the Muslims were thrown in to a pit of
    fire. Allah, however, called it – Thalia al-fawz al-Kabeer - This is the great victory.

The Shepherd’s Path |                                                                                   39
Khabbat ibn Al-Aratt was near the ka’bah with the Prophet (saws). In fact, Umar approached him during
his khilafa and asked him “O Khabbab, what was the worst you faced of persecution in makkah. And
Khabbab took off his shirt and showed him dark black holes in his back. Umar said, he had neve r seen
anything like this in his life. Khabbab said, The polytheists used to put out their fires in his back and he
could hear his flesh sizzle and he could smell it as well.

The Prophet was leaning against the Ka’bah and he said, there will come a time where a person who
holds onto his religion will be like a person who is holding onto a burning coal. How long can you hold a
burning coal? That is how difficult it will be to hold onto your Islam!

Khabbab said, Oh messenger of Allah why don’t you ask Allah for Victory. The Prophet said, O Khabbab
the people before you would be half buried in the ground and half of them was cut off with a saw and
they did not turn back.

Also, the Prophet said that there will come a time where a person can travel from-_____ to______ and
he won’t have to worry about anything except the wolf attacking his flock. This means there will be

C. From Within…

    At-Taif is the area where the Makkahs would go for their summer retreat because the weather is
    much cooler. They have rain, plants, grass and trees. It’s very beautiful and it’s cool because it’s
    high up in the mountains.

    The messenger went there to make Dawah and the first thing he did was he went to the leaders to
    speak to them. You can’t go straight to the people without getting in trouble. The Prophet went to
    them and called them to Islam.

    They said if you are what you claim, you’re too good for us. If you’re not then you’re a liar and we
    don’t want to follow you. When they didn’t accept the message, I ask you for one favor only. Do
    not tell the Quraysh that I came.

    The Prophet was worried because him going to At-Taif was an action that put him in danger because
    he would be considered a traitor from among Quraysh. If only that was all, they went to the
    children and said you see this man walking – throw stones at him. Little children are stoning the
    Prophet and Zaid ibn Al-Haaritha tried protecting him. All these rocks were hitting them and they
    were bleeding!

The Shepherd’s Path |                                                                                      40
    The narration said that they were bleeding so much that his shoes were full of blood. He ran away
    to save himself from the stoning and jumped over a wall into a house he didn’t know about. The
    family had a slave and the family ordered the slave to get him some water. Before he drank the
    water, he said bismillah. So the slave asked him who are you and where are you from? The people
    around here don’t say that. Who are you? I am Muhammad and I am from Makkah.

    The slave was from the city Nayrawah, the city of the Prophet’s brother Yunus. He was a Prophet
    and messenger and I am a prophet and messenger.

    The Prophet called the slave to Islam and he accepted Islam. The slaves name was ‘Addaas.

    The people of Makkah were no longer accepting the message. The people of Taif rejected him.

    Then Muhammad made a dua (weak hadith – insert).

    Then Jibreel came and said Oh Muhammad, if you want – these are the angels of the mountains.
    Just give us one word and they will be crushed. The Prophet said, Leave them alone for maybe their
    progeny will worship Allah alone. Then he said, Oh Allah... bring them to me.

    Later after the opening of Makkah, they accepted Islam and the prophet was kind with them.

    However, now the Prophet doesn’t know where to go. He can’t go to Makkah, Ta’if rejected hm.
    Then he went to the valley of Jaharaanah. Allah revealed to the Prophet that a group of Jinn had
    heard the Quran and accepted the message. This is to console the Prophet – to let him know that
    even though all of the people on earth may reject the message – Oh Muhammad there is another
    world that has accepted your message!

                        
                         
                     
                    
                      
                
                        
               
                
                       

The Shepherd’s Path |                                                                                  41
                
                
               
                                  
            1. Say (O Muhammad saws): "It has been revealed to Me that a group (from three to ten In
            number) of jinns listened (to This Qur'ân). they said: 'Verily! we have heard a wonderful
            recital (this Qur'ân)!
            2. 'It guides to the Right path, and we have believed therein, and we shall never join (in
            worship) anything with Our Lord (Allâh).
            3. 'And Exalted be the Majesty of Our Lord, He has taken neither a wife, nor a son (or
            offspring or children).
            4. 'And that the foolish among us [i.e. Iblîs (Satan) or the polytheists amongst the jinns] used
            to utter against Allâh that which was wrong and not right.
            5. 'And Verily, we thought that men and jinns would not utter a lie against All ah.
                                                                                     [Surat Al Jinn 72: 1-5]

    This helped him feel like his trip was not in vain! The reason the Jinn were there to start with was
    because the policies of the heavens had changed.

    Before, they were free to roam the heavens and listen in on Allah giving the commands to the
    Angels. This is why magic in the past and fortunetelling was more precise and more powerful.
    However, when the Quran came – the heavens were closed off to the Jinn.

    They were wondering why the heavens were guarded. They didn’t know if this was guidance from
    Allah or evil. Some go up and they try to get hit by fire.

D. The Year of Grief

    Soon after, Abu Talib became sick.

    The Prophet came up to his uncle and said, “O Uncle, Just one word.” Abu Lahab was also there and
    said Just one word? Tell me what is this word. The prophet said La Ilaha Illa Allah. Abu Lahab
    mocked the Messenger about how strange this kalmia is.

    The Prophet begged him to say it saying if he did he could at least intercede for him on the Day of
    Judgment. Abu Lahab then questioned Abu Talib saying you’re going to leave the way of your

The Shepherd’s Path |                                                                                      42
    Abu Talib didn’t say the kalmia and he died. He said, if he was to say it people would think it was
    just because he was dying.

    The Prophet loved his uncle who was not Muslim. He also said that his uncle would think he was the
    most punished in the hellfire, even though he is the least punished in the hellfire and the fire will be
    under his feet while his brain is boiling.

         
      
       
                56. Verily! You (O Muhammad Sal-Allaahu 'alayhe Wa Sallam) Guide not whom You like,
                but Allâh guides whom He wills. and He knows best those who are the guided.
                                                                              [Surat al-Qassas 28: 56]

    After Abu Talib died, the Messenger continued to ask forgiveness for his uncle. However, when the
    Prophet reached Medina, Allah revealed a verse prohibiting the Prophet for seeking forgiveness for

       
       
       
        
         
        113. it is not (proper) for the Prophet and those who believe to ask Allâh's Forgiveness
        for the Mushrikûn (polytheists, idolaters, pagans, disbelievers In the Oneness of Allâh)
        even though they be of kin, after it has become clear to them that they are the dwellers
        of the Fire (because they died In a state of disbelief).

                                                                                  [Surat At-Taubah 9:113]

    When Abu Talib passed away, Abu Lahab took over Abu Talib’s position because he was from Banu
    Hashim. Now, according to tribalistic tradition, it is up to Abu Lahab to protect the prophet. Abu
    Lahab decided to provide the prophet with protection.

The Shepherd’s Path |                                                                                     43
    Then someone told him before you protect him for tribal purposes, you better go ask him what he
    thinks of Abdul Muttalib. Abu Lahab goes to the Prophet and asks him where is your grandfather
    and he responded “in the hellfire.” Abu Lahab then said, everyone here bear witness that I have
    relinquished my protection from Muhammad.

    The next person in line to protect the Prophet was Al-Abbas ibn Abdul Muttalib. Al-Abbas was not
    Muslim here, but Al-Abbas did not have the same respect as Abu Talib. Therefore, after the death of
    Abu Talib, the prophet suffered the most abuse from those around him.

    Abu Hurayrah reported that Jibreel came to Allah’s Messenger and said,
    “Allah’s Messenger, lo, Khadijah is coming to you with a vessel of seasoned food or drin. When she
    comes to you, offer her greetings from her Lord, and give her glad tidings of a palace of jewels in
    Paradise where there is no noise and no toil.”

    After these incidents made the Messenger very sad.

    Uqbah ibn abi Mu’eet was a staunch enemy of Islam. He saw the Prophet (saws) and Abu Jahl says
    who’s going to take care of him for me. While the prophet is praying, he takes his ridaa’ (upper
    garment) and goes to strangle the prophet. He started strangling the Prophet. Abu Bakr saw him
    and pushed him away and he yelled “At-taqtooloona rajoolan yaqoooloona Rabbi Allah?” He
    repeated it. Are you going to kill a man who says Allah is my Lord? Something like this would have
    never occurred until after the death of Abu Talib.

    One day someone had slaughtered a camel and someone left the guts out. Abu Jahl asked who had
    the bravery to put those guts on Muhammad when he’s rubbing his face on the ground/dust.
    Uqbah ibn Mo’eet said I’ll do it!

    Uqbah goes and puts them on the Messenger while he’s in sujood and he’s not moving. Someone
    goes to the house of the Prophet and knocks on the door and she runs to the Messenger and she’s
    cleaning the camel fetus off the Messenger and he gets up and sees his daughter crying.

    She’s crying because she’s seeing her father humiliated before her very eyes.

    The prophet said, “Do not weep my daughter, Allah will verily protect your father.”

    Abu Jahl had enough of this and he said he’s going to get rid of Muhammad once and for all.
    Tomorrow I will bring a boulder and when he rubs his face with the dust on the ground, I will drop
    that boulder on his head and crush him.

The Shepherd’s Path |                                                                                    44
    The Messenger heard about this and he was contemplating if he should go pray in his normal place
    facing the Ka’bah and Bayt ul-Maqdis? That morning Abu Jahl went and looked for a boulder to
    place next to the Ka’bah so that when the prophet comes, he can smash it on his head.

    That morning, the Prophet was ordered by Allah to go and pray anyways. While he was in sujood,
    Abu Jahl brings the boulder and when he goes to the Messenger – he drops the boulder and he runs
    away in fear.

    So someone asked Abu Jahl, Oh Abul Hakam, what happened? He said you guys didn’t see it. I was
    about to toss it in and all of a sudden there was a big gap with fire coming out and a massive camel
    that was about to eat me. They said, No we didn’t see anything.

    Allah tells us of this incident about what happened at the end of Surat Al-Alaq.

                
                      
                     
                 
           
               
             
                 
             
           
                      
                
           
        (9) have You (O Muhammad (Sal-Allaahu 'alayhe Wa Sallam)) seen Him (i.e. Abû Jahl) who
        (10) a slave (Muhammad (Sal-Allaahu 'alayhe Wa Sallam)) when He prays?
        (11) tell Me, if He (Muhammad (Sal-Allaahu 'alayhe Wa Sallam)) is on the guidance (of Allâh)?
        12. or enjoins piety?
        13. tell Me if He (the disbeliever, Abû Jahl) denies (the truth, i.e. This Qur'ân), and turns away?
        14. knows He not that Allâh does see (What He does)?
        15. Nay! if He (Abû Jahl) ceases not, we will catch Him by the forelock,
        16. a lying, sinful forelock!
        17. then, let Him call upon his council (of helpers),
        18. we will call the guards of Hell (to deal with him)!

The Shepherd’s Path |                                                                                   45
        19. Nay! (O Muhammad (Sal-Allaahu 'alayhe Wa Sallam))! do not obey Him (Abû Jahl). fall
        prostrate and draw near to Allâh!

E. The Sanctions

    The spread of Islam among the tribes further aggravated the resentment of the Quraysh. They
    came together and decided to draw up a decree ostracizing Bani Hashim and Bani Abdul Muttalib.
    It was decided that nobody should marry the women of these two clans no give their women to
    them in marriage; neither should they buy from nor sell to them. Having solemnly agreed to these
    points, the agreement was put into writing and the parchment was hung on the ka’bah in order to
    give it a religious sanction thereby making it mandatory for all.

    There was very little food that would reach them, whatever did reach them came from their
    relatives and they would just put some food on the camels and send the camels off alone with the

    This mountain pass became known as Shi3b Abi Talib – the Mountain pass of Abu Talib.

    It became so bad that one night Sa’d ibn Abi Waqqas sucked on something wet and put it in his
    mouth because he was so hungry and until this day he doesn’t know what he put in his mouth.

    Hesham ibn Amr ibn al-Harith – his mother was the aunt of the Messenger (saws).

    They made an agreement called “Hilf al-Fudool.” This was like the Makkan bill of rights for them at
    the time.

    Hesham along with Zuhayr ibn Abi Umayyah… they said we’re not living up to our standard and
    what’s happening is not fair. They agreed they know it’s not fair, but who do they have. So they
    went to Mut’in ibn ‘Adiy and they said we’re only 3 people, then they went to ibnul Aswad and al
    Bakhtari ibn Hesham and they got together and had a meeting.

    They decided to make a plan to end the sanctions. So they went and they said, Zuhayr started by
    saying I think what’s happening is unfair, etc… them Hesham and Mut’im followed. Eventually…
    they said, “Well since everyone is agreed, let’s go tear it down.”

The Shepherd’s Path |                                                                                  46
    Mut’im ibn ‘Adiy then went up to tear the document into pieces but discovered that with the
    exception of the words “In Thy name, O Allah” the rest of the document had already been eaten
    up by white ants.

                White Ants: Termites, also known as white ants. They can cause
                serious structural damage to buildings, crops, or plantation forests.

    This is how the boycott came to an end after 3 years for the Muslims and for Banu Hashim.

F. Isra’ and Mi’raj

    After Ta’if the Prophet wanted to return to Makkah, but he wasn’t able to enter because he was
    considered an enemy. However, they had a policy in Makkah that even if you were an enemy, you
    could enter that city as long as someone gave you their protection.

    Everyone rejected him protection except Al-Mut’im ibn Ali. So Al-Mut’im told his children put your
    armor on and take your swords out. We’re going to bring Muhammad into Makkah. Muhammad
    entered Makkah. Al-Mut’im put each one of his sons on each corner of the Ka’bah.

    Abu Jahl asked Al-Mut’im if he was Muslim. Why? Because if he was Muslim, the protection and the
    bill of rights didn’t apply to them. Al-Mut’im told him he wasn’t a Muslim and he was able to keep
    their protection.

    The Prophet (saws) said after the Battle of Badr, that if Al-Mut’im was still alive and he spoke to me
    about these 70 prisoners – I would have freed every single non-Muslim just out of respect for him.

    This was a very difficult time for the Messenger. He just finished 3 years of difficulty. His uncle
    passed away. His wife passed away. He went to Ta’if and was stoned. Now he couldn’t come back to
    Makkah because they wanted to kill him.

    He finally made it into his home and at night, Jibreel came into the home at night through the roof.
    His chest was again opened and his heart was extracted and it was washed again i n the gold basin
    with Zamzam water. His heart was filled with Iman again. This was the second time.

    Then he was brought to the Masjid riding on an animal called Al-Buraaq. It was an animal larger
    than a donkey, but smaller than a horse, and it could go as fast as the eye can see. He rode from
    Makkah to Al-Masjid Al-Aqsa.

The Shepherd’s Path |                                                                                  47
              
               
         
         
       
     
            
    1. glorified (and Exalted) be He (Allâh) [above All that (evil) they associate with Him] [Tafsir Qurtubî,
    Vol. 10, Page 204] who took his slave (Muhammad) for a journey by night from Al -Masjid-al-Harâm
    (at Makkah) to the farthest mosque (in Jerusalem), the neighbourhood whereof we have blessed, In
    order that we might show Him (Muhammad) of Our Ayât (proofs, evidences, lessons, signs, etc.).
    Verily, He is the All-Hearer, the All-Seer.

    [Surat Al-Israa’ 17:1+

    The Messenger rode the Buraq only to Jerusalem. Then Allah invited the Messenger to come up.
    Then he rode up on Al-Mi’raj.

                       
                              8. Then He [Jibreel] approached and came closer,
                                                              [Surat an-Najm 53: 8]

When he went up, he met the messengers and prophets at different levels. Then Allah decreed the
prayer upon us. On his way back, he saw Musa and then Musa said it’s too much. Eventually it went
down from 50 to 5.
This shows us that the purpose of our life is to pray!
Shaykh Abul Bary gave us the example of a chair. If you sat down on a chair the entire day, you wouldn’t
feel bad for the chair. Similarly, humans were made to worship Allah so we should thank Allah and pray!

On This Night:
    1. The Messenger of Allah’s heart was extracted and washed in Zam Zam.
    2. He was given the choice between milk and wine and chose milk. A sign his followers would be
       choosers of good.
    3. He saw two hidden rivers and two manifest rivers, the Nile and Euphrates. A sign that from
       those fertile lands his followers would come.
    4. He met the gatekeeper of hell and saw the punishment.
    5. He witnessed the Kingdom of Paradise.

The Shepherd’s Path |                                                                                     48
When the messenger came back, he told the people of Makkah what happened. They didn’t believe him.

Abu Bakr believed him right away!

The Shepherd’s Path |                                                                          49

A. Move Away (Habashah)

    The Messenger of Allah knew the problems they were having and about the problems that were to

    So the Messenger told his companions, there is a king in Abyssinia who is just, that no one goes to
    him except that he treats them with justice.

    Allah revealed in the Quran Surat Al-Kahf to comfort the disbelievers and to strengthen them.

     
      
     
      
              
          16. (the young men said to one another): "And when You withdraw from them,
          and that which they worship, except Allah, Then seek Refuge In the cave, Your
          Lord will open a Way for You from his Mercy and will make easy for You Your
          affair (i.e. will give You what You will need of provision, dwelling, etc.)."
                                                                       [Surat al-Kahf 18: 16]

    Some of the companions never came back to Makkah except when the people in Makkah had
    accepted Islam.

    Allah also had revealed another Surah to let them learn and know about the Christians. This is
    because the people in Abyssinia were Christians and if you’re going to go to them you need to know
    what they believe and how to speak with them. So Allah then revealed Surat Maryam.

    The Prophet (saws) was reading Surat An-Najm one night and the non-Muslims were listening to him
    and when the prophet arrived at the following verse…. The non-Muslims made sujood.

The Shepherd’s Path |                                                                                     50
        
                 62. So fall You down In prostration to Allâh, and Worship Him (Alone).
                                                                 [Surat an-Najm 53: 62]

    The Muslims heard about the sujood the non-Muslims made and thought they had accepted Islam
    so many came back thinking it was safe only to find nothing had changed. So they went back to

    When this happened, Qurasyh sent a group after the Muslims. The Quraysh came with many goods
    and gifts for the kings. The Makkans were known for their leather goods and they brought these are
    presents for them.

    They arrived at night and they told the king’s advisors to help them by not allowing An-Najaashi to
    meet the Muslims. So they met An-Najaashi in the morning and told him that these people are
    criminals and they are not following your ways and they have left our ways. Our elders want them

    The King upon hearing that, he did not want to send them back right away. His advisors were saying
    that the Makkans know better about their people than us, however, An-Najaashi said these people
    have come to me of all places and I will not let them leave until I at least listen to them.

    Ja’far ibn Abi Talib was the leader of the Muslims in Al-Habashah.

    He came forward and he told the king:
        We were a people who used to worship idols, we used to eat dead meat (meat that’s not
        slaughtered properly), we used to treat our neighbors unkindly, etc…

        Then, Allah sent us a prophet from a lineage that we knew and respected and he called us to
        worship Allah alone. He also called us to be kind to our neighbors, etc.

        When the Najashi heard this, he told them you are free to worship in my land as you want and
        he sent the Qurasyh back.

        The Qurasyh delegation – i.e. Amr ibn Al-Aas, wouldn’t let it go. They went the next day and said
        to the King, you don’t know the blasphemy they say about Jesus.

        The king called the Muslims back to ask them and the Muslims were afraid. Ja’far said that
        we’re going to tell the king whatever our prophet has taught us. An-Najashi said what do you
        guys say about Jesus.

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        Ja’far replied, we say about Jesus what our Prophet has taught us. He then he started to read
        read Surat Maryam. When Ja’far was reading it, tears started coming down An-Najaashi’s eyes
        and his beard started to become wet with tears. His advisors started poking each other and
        they started fuming. They started talking.

        When Ja’far ibn Abi Talib was finished and Negus took his staff and hit it to the ground. Negus
        then said, “You may fret and fume as you like, but Jesus is nothing more than what Ja’far has
        said about him.”

        There was even more commotion in the court! He then said: Anyone who lays a hand on them
        will face my wrath and they are free to worship in my land so long as they please. As for these
        people (Quraysh), give them back their gifts and send them away.

        Now the Muslims were happy, but An-Nagashi was also in trouble because his advisors were
        saying he had apostated. The Muslims heard rumors that there was going to be a coo as the
        najaashi’s advisors were split.

        Ja’far went across the river to see what had happen and he found out that An-Nagashi had
        beaten his foes and those who wanted to overthrow him. The Muslims were very happy and
        they started to yell Allahu Akbar! Allahu Akbar!

B. The Pledge of Allegiance (Bay’atul ‘Aqabah)

    During Hajj, he would invite people to Islam. If they refused, he’d ask them if they’d offer him
    protection. The majority would say, “If your own people would not protect you, why would we
    protect you?”

    In the 5th year after revelation, the majority of the leaders were killed from Madinah. The people of
    Madinah were tired of killing because they had been at war for a long time. Al-Aws hated Al-Khazraj
    and vice versa.

    There was a group of 5-7 people from Madinah. They heard about a messenger will come from the
    Jews and they used to say whoever fights with him will be victorious. The Jews were waiting for this
    final prophet and messenger, so the Arabs went to beat them to it. The Arabs knew that the Jews
    looked down upon the Arabs and they wouldn’t want to follow him after the Arabs followed him.

    They went to the Prophet and said:

The Shepherd’s Path |                                                                                  52
    “We have left our community for no tribe is so divided by hatred and rancor as they are. Allah
    may cement our ties through you. So let us go and invite them to this religion of yours; and if Allah
    unites them in it, no man will be dearer than you.”

    The Prophet took a covenant with the people of Medina.
       1. To not associate partners with Allah
       2. To not steal
       3. To not kill themselves or their children
       4. To not slander anyone

    The Prophet sent Mus’ab ibn Umayr with the Khazraj as an Ambassador. Mus’ab was locked up by
    his mother in his house and he was a youth who had escaped to Habashah. When the Muslims
    became stronger (i.e. Umar and Hamzah), Mus’ab came back.

    Mus’ab was highly influential among the youth. He was strong and well dressed, etc. So The Prophet
    sent him to call people to Islam and to lead them in prayer. When he went for that year, it was a
    very blessed year in Medina. Almost everyone in Medina had someone in their family that was
    Muslim. A large group now had accepted Islam in Medina and they were willing to call the Prophet
    to medina to lead them and to offer him protection. They needed someone to unite them.

    During the 13th year after the revelation the Messenger met a larger group that was led by Al -Baraa’
    ibnu Ma3rur. The people not from Makkah would go to Mina & Arafat. There was a group of
    people from Makkah called Al-Homs who would consider themselves too good to go outside of

    The difference this year about the large group from Madina was that ½ the group were Muslims!
    The Messenger called for a meeting again in ‘Aqabah. The reason they met in ‘Aqabah was because
    it was far away from where most of the people were.

    The total number that came from amongst the Muslims were 73 men and 2 women. They all snuck
    out one by one, until they all were in the mountain pass of ‘Aqabah. This was where the second
    pledge occurred.

    The messenger was there waiting for them with Al-Abbas ibn Abdul Mutallib. Al-Abbas was there to
    protect his uncle to fulfill his tribal obligation. He was not Muslim yet, but he didn’t want other
    tribes saying they didn’t take care of their own people.

    From amongst the group that came from Madina, there were 2 groups: The people of Khazraj and
    the people of Aws. The reason he said Khazraj is because the Aws were the minority. Al-Abbas
    then said (on behalf of his tribe):

The Shepherd’s Path |                                                                                 53
    “O you people of the Khazraj, you all know the position that Muhammad holds among us. We
    have protected him from our people as much as we could. He is honored and respected among his
    people. He refuses to join any party except you. So if you think you can carry out what you
    promise while inviting him to your town, and if you can defend him against the enemies, then
    assume the burden that you have taken. But if you are going to surrender him and betray him
    after having taken him away with you, you had better leave him know because he is respected
    and well defended in his own place.”
                                                                    [Al-Abbas, the Prophet’s Uncle+

    The Messenger of Allah starts by Praising Allah (Swt), by reciting the Quran and reminding them of
    Allah and then he asks them to take the Bay’ah (i.e. to pledge their allegiance).

    The Conditions of the 2nd Pledge of Aqabah: (The Aws and Khazraj made this pledge)
       1. To listen and obey in all sets of circumstances
       2. To spend in plenty as well as in scarcity.
       3. To enjoin good and forbid evil
       4. In Allah’s service, you will fear the censure of none.
       5. To defend me (the prophet) in case I seek your help, and protect me from anything you
           protect yourself, your spouses, and your children from.
    - In Return: They would get Jannah -

    When you do something for the sake of Allah, you’re not looking for praise and you’re not worried
    about criticism. You’re not fazed by criticism and your head is not blown up by praise.

    Al-Fudayl said: A sign of sincerity is when you are the same even when praised or criticized.

    These people all left at night time and the non-Muslims didn’t know about this meeting in the
    middle of the night. When they were going to disperse in a narration by Ibn Ishaaq, the shaytaan
    got up on a mountain and announced that some of the people were meeting with the Prophet.

    As they were about to disperse, the people said O messenger of Allah, we are a strong people who
    are used to fighting. They were zelous! The Prophet told them that this wasn’t the right ti me.

    So in the morning rumors spread in Makkah that the Prophet was looking for protection. The
    Makkans came to the medina camp and they said: We heard last night that you guys met with
    Muhammad and offered to protect him.

    This was Hajj which was a time of peace. The Makkans didn’t want the Muslims to have a place to
    go. They had Abyssinia but that was different. These people, some of them are Muslims.

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    The non-Muslims of Medina looked at each other and said no, we were sleeping the whole night!
    The Muslims of course by this time are pinching each other! Lol. The non-Muslims at the same time
    were truthful, so the issue subsided and the Makkans assumed they were just rumors.

C. Hijrah to Madinah

    Now the Prophet (saws) has that light at the end of the tunnel and he was soon given permission to
    tell the companions to make Hijrah.

    The first people to go were the weak like Abdullah ibn Ummi Maktoum. He was able to leave
    peacefully, he was blind and no one bothered him. However, most of the people had to sneak out
    because the Makkans were not allowed to let them go peacefully.

    The Makkan Phase was 13 years and the Medina Phase was 10 years.
    When the Prophet made Hijrah to Medina, he did not order the Muslims in Abyssinia he did not tell
    them to leave. He ordered them to stay there in Al-Habasah, even after the Prophet established
    himself in Madina. This was the backup plan just in case things did not work out in Medina.

    The Muslims stayed in Abyssinia (Al-Habashah) for 8 more years, until they won the battle of
    khaybar. Then he called them back from Abyssinia. The Prophet said he didn’t know what made
    him happier that day, the coming of Ja’far ibn Abi Taalib or the conquering of Khaybar.

    Then An-Najaashi passed away and the Prophet ordered the companions to pray Salatul Janazah for

    It now became mandatory for all of them to come to Medina because an Islamic state has been

    Question: When are you allowed to pray Salatul Ghaa’eb on someone when they die?
    If someone has already prayed Janazah for a person, then you don’t pray Salat ul-Ghaa’ib. The only
    time you pray that prayer for someone is if no one has prayed for that person on them, if the body is
    lost, or if someone passed away and was buried and was not prayed upon.

    Some scholars are of the opinion that if someone is of a high status then you can pray for him, but
    that is a weaker opinion. Allahu A3lam.

    The prophet sent all the Muslims to medina first and he went last, which shows his care for the

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    Ummu Salamah
    One of the first to be captured and prevented from going is the family of Abu Salamah. Abu
    Salamah struggled to free his wife and child and in the process he separated his shoulders. Her clan
    refused to let her go.
    She was a very emotional person. Every day she would go to an area and look towards the direction
    of Medina and she would cry. Eventually, a relative of hers, seeing her cry every day for a year – he
    felt sorry for her and they eventually let her go.

    Lesson: Sometimes in the Struggle to save your religion, you may be separated from your family.

    Eventually, she was reunited with her son and with the help of Abu Talha to reach Medina. When
    she reached medina, she didn’t have a chance to stay with her husband for very long because her
    husband passed away.

    Then she makes a vow to cry for a whole year to let the Arabs know how much I love my husband.
    When the Prophet (saws) heard about this, he told a companion to go to her and to say these words
    “Allahumma Ajernee fi museebati wa akhliflee khayran minh”

    She said these words but wondered to herself who is better than Abu Salamah? She ended up
    marrying the Prophet (saws).

    Subayb ibn Sinan Ar-Roomi
    He wasn’t Arab, he was a roman. He was a former slave and he had freed himself by buying his
    freedom before accepting Islam. When he was leaving, the Makkans captured him. They told him,
    O Suhayb, do you think you can come here and profit off of us and leave. So Suhayb said, If money
    is the problem, if that is what’s preventing you from letting m go – then If I give you all my money
    would you let me go… they said Yes. He then told them he buried all his money under his doorstep.

    When he arrived in Medina, the Prophet (saws) had informed them…. When he saw Suhayb, the
    Prophet said: Rabihal Bay3…. That Transaction you did was very profitable. He now had the
    opportunity to escape with his deen

    The Makkans tried all they could to stop the Muslims from making hijrah. They had to leave with
    nothing so that no one would know they left. They really had to sneak away for the most part.
    Many of the companions has to sacrifice everything.

    The only person who left, and announced his leaving, was Umar ibnul Khattab. He said, anyone who
    wants his mother to lose him, than come meet me. (i.e. try to stop me!) Of course, no one was
    going to try to stop him because than your mother would no longer have a son.

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    Some companions wanted to go and they were supposed to meet Umar. The thing is when
    Makkans knew he was going to take a specific path, the Makkans blocked all paths leading to him so
    no one could go with him.

    They tried stopping the companions, but there was a bigger problem. They knew the Messenger was
    also going to leave, so the Makkans called for an emergency meeting. Everyone from all the clans
    who were non-Muslims were meeting except anyone from the Prophet’s clan – even non-Muslims.
    Abu Lahab himself wasn’t invited or allowed to meet.

    This meeting was so important that Shyataan himself took the form of an old man dressed in all
    white from An-Najd and attended the meeting. Since they knew he wasn’t from Banu Abdul Mutallib
    or Banu Hashim so they let him attend.

    Shaytaan suggested they kill the Prophet (saws).

                 
                 
                 
                  
                     
                30. and (remember) when the disbelievers plotted against You (O Muhammad )
                to imprison you, or to kill you, or to get You out (from Your home, i.e. Makkah);
                they were plotting and Allâh too was planning, and Allâh is the best of the
                                                                            [Surat Al-Anfaal 8: 30]

    The Prophet was going to make Hijrah and he chose to go with Abu Bakr. Abu Bakr was so happy, he
    started to cry and tears came down his face.

    We should never look at things as a burden. We should look at them as a blessing. Serving Allah is
    truly a blessing. He was happy he was serving Allah, His Messenger, and Islam.

    Abu Bakr said, O Messenger of Allah… I have been preparing for this. I have bought 2 strong camels
    for you in preparation for this and I have been feeding it for an entire month to prepare for this.
    The Prophet (saws) O Abu Bakr, I’ll pay for it. The Prophet (saws) refused to take them unless he
    paid for them. This shows us that the one Calling to Allah should be self sufficient.

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    The Makkans, that afternoon, they got all their youth together and surrounded the house of the
    Prophet (saws).

    The Messenger tells Ali ibn Abi Talib that he wants him to return all the trusts back to the people
    after he leaves. He couldn’t do it before because he didn’t want to cause any alarm and he didn’t
    want anyone to take notice. He also told Ali that he wants him to sleep on his bed tonight in his
    green Yemeni cloak.
    If you’re Ali, how would you feel? Are you comfortable? Happy? Do you really want to pretend to be
    someone everyone’s looking to kill?

    The prophet told him not to worry and to sleep in his bed and Allah would take care of him.

    When night arrives, the Messenger leaves from the backdoor and goes to the meeting area that he
    had preplanned with Abu Bakr. Allah had basically guaranteed his safety, but the Messenger
    teaches us to do our part.

    As the prophet is leaving, he recited the beginning of Surah Yasin until he reaches the following ayah
    in surah yasin.
    
            
    
    9. and we have put a barrier before them, and a barrier behind them, and we have covered them
    up, so that they cannot see.
                                                                                 [Surah Yasin 36: 9]

    The Prophet then bends down and takes a handful of dust and sprinkles it on their heads or he
    tosses it and it goes into their eyes… the people around the house. The people who were waiting for
    him to come out, they don’t even sense it.

    He went north to the meeting place with Abu Bakr and met him, then they went south to the cave
    of Thawr where they were to wait for 3 days when Medina was North. Why wait 3 days? If the
    prophet is found to have left Makkah, immediately people will be searching a lot around Makkah
    during the first few hours and days. After 3 days, the search would die down.

    As the Prophet is leaving Makkah, he turns back and he said, “I know that you are the most beloved
    place in the sight of Allah and I would not leave you if my people di d not expel me.” This was a sad
    time for him because he was leaving his homeland.

    Abu Bakr was worried. He was going to the front, then the back, then the left and then the right. He
    was uneasy. The prophet was very relaxed and he was reciting Quran. The prophet asked him, why
    are you doing this? He said, he’s basically thinking about how to protect the prophet in an Ambush.
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    They reach the cave and Abu Bakr clears the cave from any danger. This is a very small cave and
    Abu Bakr was making sure there weren’t any snakes, etc. This is a cave you cant stand up in there.

    When you stay there for 3 days, what do you really need? You need water and you need food.
    Also, the Arabs are also very good at tracking people because you need to be good looking at
    footprints in the desert otherwise you’ll die… You don’t have your Iphone or your GPS! If you go in
    the wrong direction, that’s death.

    They also needed to erase their footprints. So the plan was to have Asmaa’, the daughter of Abu
    Bakr, bring the food. She ripped her girdle during the actions of bringing the good and earned her

    You also need someone to tell you the news of what’s happening. Abdullah, the son of Abu Bakr,
    was a boy and he was responsible to listen in on the news. They usually didn’t do anything to little
    boys and didn’t give them great consideration.

    Now, there’s one other problem – you have so many people going back and forth between Makkah
    and the Cave – you’re going to leave more footprints. The Prophet (saws) ordered the freed slave of
    Abu Bakr, Amr ibnu Fuhayrah, who was the shepherd of Abu Bakr to bring the flock around the cave.
    One benefit is they would have milk and another benefit is the flock would erase the footprints.

    The Messenger also hired Abdullah ibn Urqood as a guide before going to the cave. Many people
    say Urayqid, but it’s incorrect. Somehow it caught on and if you go to the original manuscripts it’s
    Urqood. Abdullah ibn Urqood was a non-Muslim. Why would the Prophet hire a non-Muslim for
    one of the most important trip in Islam? This is because Abdullah ibn Urqood was the best!

    If Muslims cannot do the best job, then get those who can do the best job – even if it’s non-Muslims
    – just make sure they’re trustworthy. However, the Prophet also took precautionary measures! He
    didn’t tell the guide everything. The Prophet (saws) said, on such and such day meet me at this
    place. This is because if the non-Muslims find out and capture the guide, the guide would not no
    where the Prophet was. The prophet would also know if he was captured because Abdullah was
    getting all the news!

    4 people took part in the journey, the Prophet, Abu Bakr, Amr ibn Fuhayra… and ?. The Makkans
    also hired a professional tracker and he was able to bring them to the mouth of the cave. According
    to his knowledge, he said they are right here.

    The Prophet and Abu Bakr could see their feet. The Prophet looks over and says, What do you think
    of two people if Allah is the third? Don’t worry, Allah will protect us.

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    The narrations about the spider webs, etc… according the majority of scholars are very weak. Just
    because they are famous narrations does not mean they are authentic.

    The people waiting around the house waiting until the morning. A woman came and said, what are
    you talking about… someone saw the Prophet around the outskirts of Makkah. They went into the
    house and then they found Ali. Then they beat Ali by the Ka’bah. Ali didn’t know where he was.

    Abu Jahl was furious because he was supervising this whole plan. Immediately, he went to the
    house of Abu Bakr and Asmaa’ opened the door and he asked where is your father. Asmaa’ said I
    don’t know. So Abu Jahl slapped her. He slapped her so hard, her earrings flew.

        There are 3 incidents where you’re allowed to lie:
                1. In times of war
                2. Trying to bring 2 brothers together
                3. Speaking to your wife to praise her (i.e. honey you’re the most beautiful woman in
                   the world).

    They were so angry, they put a bounty on the head of the Prophet and Abu Bakr. They put a bounty
    that said anyone who brings them dead or alive, they’ll get 100 camels. They announced it to the
    people, the Bedouins, everyone!

    When the Prophet was leaving going in the direction of the Red Sea, he was spotted by someone
    from the MUDLIJ tribe. That man came back and went to the tent of Suraaqah, the leader of that
    tribe, and says I think I saw the 2 people that the Qurasyh are looking for.

    Suraaqah heard that and he was greedy and so he told the guy no those are 2 people who were here
    in the tent with us. You probably just saw them. Then Suraaqah sat with them some more so that
    he wouldn’t raise suspicion. Then he left and he told his slave to bring his horse to the area behind
    the sand dune. He didn’t bring it himself so no one would be suspicious. He carries his spear and he
    drags it, not raises it to not be suspicious. He then goes towards the direction where the man had
    seen the Prophet (saws).

    Suraaqah gets so near that he could hear the Prophet reciting. Abu Bakr stops him and says O
    Messenger of Allah, someone is near. The Messenger goes on to keep reciting. Suraaqah bin Malik
    gets closer and all of a sudden the 2 front feet of the horse sink into the sand and he falls off the
    horse. It happens once, twice, etc. Suraaqah starts to pick lots because this is a very strange thing
    for an amazing horseman to keep falling of the horse.

The Shepherd’s Path |                                                                                   60
    Every time he picked the lots, he picked the one that tells him to go back – but he disobeyed it. He
    knows that he shouldn’t go, but he’s trying to justify himself. When he decides to continue a big ball
    of smoke and sand blows up in his face. Immediately he is afraid and he knows this person is
    protected. He knows he has to change his intentions, so he says, O Muhammad… I come in peace
    and I seek your protection. He is afraid for himself now! Suraaqah tries to come closer and Abu
    Bakr comes to his defense and the Prophet tells Abu Bakr tells him to come.
    Suraaqah, from this experience, says I know you are a man who will eventually be victorious. When
    you are victorious, I want you to promise me that I will not be harmed by you or your people. The
    Prophet gave him that Prophet. Then he says, no I want it in writing. Verbally wasn’t enough. The
    Prophet ordered either Abu Bakr or Amr ibn Fuhayra to write it.

    This parchment that he got, eventually saved his life at the end during the conquest of Makkah. He
    actually fought against the Muslims and he showed the companion the letter and he brings him to
    the Prophet (saws). Later on, Suraaqah accepted Islam.

    When Suraaqah was about to leave, the Prophet said 1 things to him: I want you to go back and I
    want you to make them stay away from this area (i.e. stay away from us).

    As Suraaqah was leaving, the Prophet said…. O Suraaqah, what do you think will happen on the day
    when the bracelets or the bangles kisrah will be put on your hands? I.e. Suraaqah will have the
    treasures of the emperor of Persia and be put in his hands! During the time of Umar, the Muslims
    conquered Persia and the treasures were brought from Persia. Suraaqah was in Medina and he
    came and got the bangles of Kisrah!

    At the beginning, Suraaqah came to kill the Prophet and at the end he was helping the Prophet.
    Suraaqah was happy because Allah raised the status of a Bedouin like Suraaqah that he has the
    treasures of the king of Persia on his hands and started to leave. Umar said where do you think
    you’re going? Come back! Suraaqah said what do you mean, the Prophet said I would wear them?
    Umar said, yes… you would wear them. He didn’t say you would keep them!

    The Messenger of Allah continues on the trip and they don’t take a normal route. They criss-cross
    between the mountain passes.

    Abu Bakr was known by face, but most people did not know the Prophet outside of Makkah. This is
    because Abu Bakr used to travel a lot of his business. He was the best of the businessmen in
    Makkah. Aisha said that Abu Bakr was the most skilled of All the Merchants of Quraysh. This is why
    he was able to free so many slaves and why he was able to give up all his wealth.

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    On the way, the prophet came across a small house – Umm and Abu Ma’bad. These people were
    known for their generosity. In this area, any travelers who would come – would have all their needs
    taken care of. So the Prophet came to the home of Abu Ma’bad and he wasn’t home. Umm Ma’bad
    was home. The Prophet sought food and milk if they had any. Umm Ma’bad said, if we did have
    anything – you would not need to ask. I.e. I would have offered it to you before you asked.

    She said, but we’ve been having very difficult times, drought, etc. Then the Prophet (Saws) saw a
    small and frail goat. He wanted to milk it and she looked at the Prophet (saws)… you’re not going to
    find any milk there. He asked, can I do it anyways? She said, the only reason that goat is here is
    because its so weak and frail it can’t even follow the flock. He asked if he could and she said he

    The prophet (saws) asked for a container and she brought a small container. The prophet asked her
    if she had a bucket. The Prophet said Bismillah and started reciting and making dua and he started
    to milk it until the bucket was full of milk. The Prophet gave them all milk to drink. They all refused
    to drink before the Messenger. The Prophet said: the person who pours should be the last person
    to drink. They all drank and then the Prophet milked again until the bucket was full.

    When Abu Ma’bad came back, he saw milk there and asked where it came from. She told him: this
    very blessed man came and told him that’s the whole story. Abu Ma’bad said, if I meet him I will
    follow him. Abu Ma’bad asked what did he look like. Umm Ma’bad described the Messenger of
    Allah with a description no one in the Seerah has used, a very beautiful description.

    This description describes his features and his character.


    The Prophet (saws) continued on the Trip and he met 2 thieves. These were very well known famous
    thieves. He called them to Islam and asked them what their names were. They were called The Two
    Despised Ones – Al Muhamaan. They accepted Islam and the Prophet changed their names to Al-
    Mukaramaan – the 2 Nobles ones.

    Lesson: In Dawah, even if society has rejected people – as Muslims – we shouldn’t reject them. Also,
    if someone has a name with a bad connotation, you should change it.

    The Messenger continued and he met one of the leaders from the Aslam tribe – Buraydah – and he
    called him and his tribe to Islam. The Prophet (saws) is on his journey and he never stops making
    Dawah! Buraydah accepted Islam and he called his tribe to Islam! Before the Prophet arrived to
    Medina, he had already helped people on the outskits accept Islam.

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    When he’s about to enter Madina he came across a caravan and came across the caravan of Az-
    Zubayr ibnul Awam. Zubayr gave him 2 new garments to wear, because they had been traveling for
    a long time.

    Before the Prophet arrives in Medina, the first person to really be known as a Muslim (Mus’ab ibn
    Umayr) was preparing the Muslims of medina. Mus’ab was the first one to make hijrah to medina
    and no one stopped him because he had already been living in Medina. Mus’ab was a very good
    teacher and he was already telling the companions to prepare for the Prophet ( saws). He was giving
    them etiquettes, etc.

    The people of Medina were known even before Islam for their generosity and kindness – when the
    Yemenis came to fight them they’d fight in the day and the Madinites would bring them food at
    night. Eventually the Yemenis left.

    Everyone wanted to be the first to see the Prophet. They would come and wait in the day! The
    Prophet came at noon time from the south. The first town you’d see is the Town of Qubaa’. The
    Prophet Arrived in Qubaa’ on Monday the 8th of Rabi’ Al Awwal.

    He stayed there for 4 days before going to Medina. He arrived in Medina on Friday the 12 th of Rabi’
    Al-Awwal, i.e. September 27th 622 A.D.

    The Prophet left on the 26th of Safa… so the whole journey took him about 2 weeks to arrive in

    The first thing he did was order the masjid to be built.

    Abdullah ibn Salam (a former Jew) said,
       “When the Prophet arrived in Medina, I went to see him and I immediately recognized
       through his features that he would never be a liar. The first thing he said was, “Extend peace
       greetings among yourselves, provide food to the needy, maintain upright relations, observe
       prayer at night while people are asleep, then you will peacefully enter the Gardens

    This Hadith has a lot of meaning. It’s the foundation of society.

    The companions looked for opportunities to give Salaams. They did it knowing or not knowing the
    person as an act of worship. The prophet said that one of the signs of the Day of Judgment is that
    the salams will be given for ma’rifah – if you need to know something. Giving salams is the
    beginning of the bonds between you and another person!

The Shepherd’s Path |                                                                                 63
    Insert Hadith - It’s also the first step to paradise…. The Prophet said, You will not enter Jannah until
    you believe. And you will not believe until you love each other. Shall I show you a way to love each
    other? Give Salams.

    The prophet also said, Give Food because it’s very easy. He also instructed gift giving to love each

    You have to strengthen this bond of brotherhood between each other and you need to strengthen
    the bond between you and Allah… hence… pray at night!

    The prophet (saws) stayed with the Tribe of Amr ibn Awf in the house of Kulthoom bin al-Hamd, a
    hospitable chief of the tribe. Here he spent four days: Monday-Thursday. It was during this period
    that the foundation of the Qubaa’ Masjid was laid on the basis of pure piety.

    Abdul Muttallib’s mother is from Banu Najjar from Al-Khazraj. From the wife of Hashim. That is how
    they are related to ….?

    When the Prophet (saws) was coming, there was one thing they did… all the men put on their armor
    and their swords! Why did they do that? They did this to show that they were ready to protect the
    Prophet (saws).

    When bush made his final visit, besides almost being hit by a shoe, he was greeting with people and
    their swords. It’s a tradition and a sign of respect. That tradition continued from that time… to

    Insert the Description of the Prophet (saws).

    Ash-Shamaa’il At-Tirmidhi – Book on the Description and Characteristics of the Messenger of Allah.

D. The Masjid

    The Prophet was in medina now and had no home and no masjid. The camel was walking around
    and it kept on walking. Some of the companions were going to stop it, but the Prophet said leave it
    alone for it is being commanded.

The Shepherd’s Path |                                                                                      64
    The camel roamed around until it stopped in front of the house of Abu Ayoub Al-Ansari. The
    Prophet stayed with Abu Ayoub for about a month. The camel sat in a field besides the house of
    Abu Ayoub Al-Ansari.

    The Prophet stayed on the 1st floor and Abu Ayoub was on the 2nd floor. Abu Ayoub and his wife felt
    like it was not proper for them to sleep above the Prophet. They moved to the side of the wall and
    they slept on the side of the wall. It’s permissible for them to sleep above the prophet, but they did
    not feel comfortable even though the prophet may have preferred to be on the first floor because
    it’s more convenient. However, they had etiquettes and manners! Out of respect for the Abu
    Ayyoub, the Prophet went and stayed on the 2nd floor.

    One day/night Abu Ayoub brought food for the messenger and left it for him. He went to pick up
    the plates later and he realized the Prophet hadn’t eaten anything. He was asked if it is haram, and
    the Prophet replied no. He said he dislikes it. This was because it had garlic and he didn’t want his
    mouth to smell like garlic because Jibreel could come at any time. Abu Ayyoub said, Ya Rasoolullah,
    By Allah I dislike it too!

    Insert Hadith - Whoever spits towards the Qiblah, that spittle will be between his eyes on the day of

    Note: When the prophet was with Aisha, Allah revealed verses to the Prophet. However, Allah did
    not reveal verses when the Prophet was in the homes of anyone else.

    This field was used to dry the fresh dates so they would not spoil.

    The Prophet wanted to use this land to build the masjid. However, this land belonged to 2 orphans
    from Al-Khazraj and Al-Aws. The Messenger wants to buy this land. The Orphans themselves want
    to donate this land. However, the Prophet does not take it. He calls the guardians over and they
    want to donate it as well. However, the Prophet pays for it with his own money.

    Why didn’t the just accept the sadaqah of the Orphans?
    This is because they are orphans and they do not have full control of their wealth. In Islam, if you
    buy and sell from a child – that transaction is suspended until it is approved by their guardian. The
    rights of the children need to be protected.

    The masjid that was built was so simple. The walls were made of clay and the roof was made of palm
    fibers. It would sometimes leak in the rain and it would get very muddy. They used to pray with
    their shoes on in the masjid. Hence, when it rained – they would pray in their homes on rainy days.

The Shepherd’s Path |                                                                                   65
    The prophet’s masjid did not have a dome. It did not have a dome for about 700 years. They then
    built a dome made of wood. Then they painted it white. Then they made it blue and finally it was

    That particular dome built on top of the masjid of the Prophet is haram. The Prophet forbade us for
    building anything on top of graves. You might ask, why don’t they take it down? If they did,
    whoever does will have to face the ignorance of the Ummah.

    The Stages of Masjid An-Nabawi Expansion

    622 – Mosque founded by the Prophet Muhammad – 805 Square meters
    629 – Expansion by the Prophet Muhammad - 2,475 square meters
    638 – Caliph Umar bin Al-Khattab - 3,575 square meters
    650 – Caliph Uthman bin Affan – 4,071 square meters.
    706 – Caliph Al-Walid bin Abd al-Malik – 6,450 square meters.
          Caliph al-Walid destroyed the original brick buildings and created a new masjid on the site.
    779 – Caliph Al-Mahdi Al-Abbasi – 8,900 square meters
    1483 – Sultan Qaid Bey – 9,020 square meters
    1849 – Sultan Abdul Majid – 10,193 square meters
    1950 – King Saud – 16,237 square meters

E. Brotherhood

        The masjid being thus constructed, the Prophet next turned his attention to
        cementing the ties of mutual brotherhood amongst the Muslims of Madinah, the
        Ansar and the Muhajiroon. It was indeed unique in the history of the world. A
        gathering of 90 men, half of whom Muhajiroon and the other Ansar assembled in the
        house of Anas bin Malik where the Prophet gave the spirit of brotherhood his official
        blessing. When either of the two persons who had been paired as brothers, passed
        away, his property was inherited by his brother in faith.
                                                                   [Ar-Raheeq al-Makhtoom]

    The Prophet started on 3 major projects when he arrived in Madinah.

    The first was the establishment of brotherhood.
    Why start off with brotherhood? A religion or groups of people are only as strong as their followers.
    Also, the Muhajiroon left all their wealth in Makkah and they needed help. This is our time should

The Shepherd’s Path |                                                                                    66
    still continue, especially when you have new Muslims. The masjid, the community, and the Muslims
    in that area have to appoint an individual to specifically take care of that person’s needs in terms of
    finances and religious education.

    Hamzah ibn Abdul Mutallib was responsible for Zaid ibn al-Haarithah, he took care of him in
    Makkah. In Medina, this was a continuation and an evolution of what was happening in Makkah.

    At the beginning, the Ansar said we will give you ½ of our wealth and ½ of our land so you can take
    care of yourself. The Prophet (saws) disagreed. Why? Speculating: The people of Madinah grew
    dates, etc. The people of Makkah were traders, businessmen and merchants. They had very
    different specialties. If one person took ½, that wealth would be squandered and the Makkans
    wouldn’t know what to do with the Land.

    The people of Madinah then said, they don’t have to do anything. We’ll take care of them. The
    Prophet (saws) also disagreed with that. You didn’t want to make the Makkans lazy or
    unproductive. The Prophet (saws) said, why don’t you work on the field and let them work with you
    – then you can share the profits.

    Eventhough the people of Madinah were generous, the Makkans did not take advantage.

    Abdur-Rahman was wealthy in Makkah and he was paired with a wealthy man from Medina. When
    Abdur-Rahman ibn Awf arrived to Madina, someone offered him ½ his wealth and he even offered
    him one of his wives. Abdur Rahman was very skilled and he said May Allah bless your wealth and
    your family… then he said, Show me the Marketplace.

    About 3 weeks later he came to the masjid, the Prophet (saws) saw some kind of makeup on his face
    that the women of Medina used. Abdur-Rahman didn’t know he had it on his face. The prophet
    asked him what that was on his check and Abdur Rahman said, I just got married. The Prophet asked
    what did you give to your wife as dowry? (He knew he came to medina with nothing). Abdur
    Rahman said I gave her a nugget of gold and the Prophet told him he should have a walima.

    Salman Al-Farisi was paired with Abu-Ad-Dardaa’. Abu Ad-Dardaa’ was very pious and Salman
    noticed that the wife of Abu Ad-Dardaa’ did not make herself beautiful for her husband like the
    other women of Medina. She said Abu Ad-Dardaa’ does not need me. Salman told the Prophet and
    the Messenger told Abu Ad-Dardaa’ that your Lord has a right upon you, your family has rights upon
    you and you yourself have a right upon yourself. Give everyone who deserves their rights their
    right. Salman was helping his brother with advice.

    The 3rd thing the Prophet established was the Madinah Constitution

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    In the name of Allah, the Most Beneficent, the Most Merciful. This is a document from
    Muhammad, the Messenger of Allah, concerning the Emigrants and the Helpers and those who
    followed and strove with them.

    1. They are one nation to the exclusion of other people.
    2. The Emigrants of Quraysh unite together and shall pay blood money amongst themselves, and
       shall ransom honorably their prisoners. Every tribe of the Helpers unite together, as they were
       at first, and every section among them will pay a ransom for acquitting its relative prisoners.

    3. Believers shall not leave anyone destitute among them by not paying his redemption money
       or blood money in kind.

    4. Whoever is rebellious or whoever seeks to spread enmity and sedition, the hand of every God-
       fearing Muslim shall be against him, even if he be his son.

    5. A believer shall not kill another believer, not shall support a disbeliever against a believer.

Note: Thomas Jefferson had a copy of this, he knew about this, and he was influenced by this when he
established the constitution of the United States of America.

The Madinah Treaty
There was another set of rules between the Muslims and the Jews (i.e. non-Muslims).

       The Jews of Bani ‘Awf are one community with the Believers. The Jews will profess their
        religion and the Muslims theirs. (i.e. Freedom of Religion)
       The Jews shall be responsible for their expenditure, and the Muslims for theirs.
       If attacked by a 3 rd party, each shall come to the assistance of the other.
       Each party shall hold counsel with the other. Mutual relation shall be founded on
        righteousness, sin is totally excluded.
       Neither shall commit sins to prejudice the other.
       The wronged party shall be aided.

       The Jews shall contribute to the cost of war as long as they are fighting with the Believers.
       Madinah shall remain sacred and inviolable for all that join this treaty
       Should any disagreement arise between the signatories to this treaty, then Allah, the All High
        and His Messenger shall settle the dispute
       The signatories to this treaty shall boycott Quraysh commercially; they shall also abstain from
        extending any support to them.
       Each shall contribute to defending Madinah, in case of a foreign attack, in its ….

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        Insert rest of Treaty Notes

F. Badr

    Note: You’ll hear the words sareeyah and ghazwa. A Ghazwa is a battle where the Prophet
    participated. A sareeyah is a battle where the Prophet sent them without him attending personally.

    The Qurasyh started to threaten the Muslims. At this time, the most influential person in Madinah
    other than the Prophet was a man named Abdullah ibn Ubay ibn Salool (?).

    Before the Messenger came, Abdullah ibn Ubay was chosen to lead the people of Madinah and they
    had already made a crown for him. Then the Prophet came and things changed. This is why
    Abdullah ibn Ubay had hatred for the Messenger because he felt like the Prophet took his position.

    The Makkans sent Abullah ibn Ubay a letter saying that they had supported the Messenger and if
    they do not crush him they will attack Medina. Abdullah ibn Ubay called his non-believing friends to
    a meeting. The prophet heard about the meeting and the prophet decided to attend; they got
    scared and ran away.

    Qurasyh used the wealth that the Muslims left behind to do their business and their trade. The
    Prophet had wanted to weaken the Qurasyh economically. He wanted them to weaken or hinder
    their trade routes. If they did, they would need to go to Ash-Sham and Medina is on the way.

    The Prophet ordered some of the companions to overtake some of the caravans, but they were not
    successful. The Prophet eventually went himself and organized a campaign.

    The Prophet heard about a caravan with 1000 camels (?). Usually with a caravan like that, there is
    about 30 people. It would have been very easy to overtake the caravan usually. However it took
    them a long time to prepare and they missed the caravan by 2 days. They had to intersect it.

    The Prophet (saws) went to Ushayrah and he went to the different tribes on the caravan route and
    he started making treaties with them. The messenger of Allah went to impede the caravan route,
    but he also wanted to see and take care of the caravans that were going to Yemen.

    The messenger sent a very important and secretive sareeyah (so secretive, that the messenger did
    not tell the companions who were going where they were going). It was called sareeyat an-Nakhlah.

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    It was led by Abdullah ibn Jahsh in the month of Rajab. The Prophet sent 8 people among the
    Muhajireen with them. He put the directions in the envelope and he said do not open it until you
    have traveled for 2 days. After you have traveled for 2 days, open it up and you’ll know where to do.

    When they opened the letter, they saw that they were ordered to go to Nakhlah – which is in the
    backyard of Makkah. The letter also said that anyone who wants to come back is free to do so. Look
    at the justice of the Prophet (saws)… he did not want to force anyone!

    The month of Rajab was one of the sacred months where it is not permissible to fight for 4 months.
    Rajab – Dhul Hijjah, Muharram, Ramadan. This was established during the time of Prophet Ibrahim
    and Isma’eel.

    The Prophet sent them during these months because there is no fighting and the roads are all
    opened. This also allowed them to do business, because if fighting continued year round – there
    would be tribes who would starve.

    In that area of Nakhlah (between Makkah and Ta’if), their orders were to spy and gather
    information. They weren’t sent to fight, but they were sent to gather information and details.
    However, when they got their they found a caravan about to enter Makkah. This was the last day of
    Rajab and if they want the caravan – it’s now or never! They consulted about what to do.

    Abdullah ibn Jahsh and his companions said we have to capture the caravan. If we do not now, we
    will not be able to. The first person to fire their arrow was shot by Waqid ibn Abdillah At-Taymiy
    and he struck one of the people in the caravan by the name of Amr ibnu al-Hadrah. They captured
    Uthman ibn Abdu Mughirah and Nawfal. Nawfal escaped and he went to Makkah and he told them
    about what happened.

    When the prophet heard about this, he was very angry because he only ordered them to spy. The
    Prophet refused to accept the prisoners and the 8 companions were saddened.

    In Makkah, this was the beginning of Propaganda. They started to say that the Muslims do not
    respect our traditions, these are violent people, etc. They killed Amr ibn Al-Hadramee in the month
    of Muharram. Now, the companions did not do it in the month of Muharram.

    When then happened?

    The messenger refused to accept the captives, the Makkans started to slander the Muslims and
    spread rumors for the mistake they made. However, their mistake does not justify the extreme
    actions of the Makkans. Then, Allah revealed:

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                    
            
             
                      
                  
                    
                           
                  
                     
          
            
            
           
                      
                      
          
                 
       217. They ask You concerning fighting In the sacred months (i.e. 1st, 7th, 11th and 12th months
       of the Islamic calendar). Say, "Fighting therein is a great (transgression) but a greater
       (transgression) with Allah is to prevent mankind from following the Way of Allah, to disbelieve In
       him, to prevent access to Al-Masjid-al-Haram (in Makkah), and to drive out its inhabitants, and
       Al-Fitnah is worse than killing. And they will never cease fighting You until they turn You back
       from Your Religion (Islam) if they can. And Whosoever of You turns back from his Religion and
       dies as a disbeliever, then his deeds will be lost In This life and In the Hereafter, and they will be
       the dwellers of the Fire. They will abide therein forever."
                                                                                  [Surat Al Baqarah 2: 217]

    When Allah revealed this Ayah, the 8 men who fought and captured the prisoners were very happy
    and the Prophet kept the prisoners.

    Now the Prophet heard the caravan was coming back. The Messenger announced to the people of
    the Masjid that the caravan led by Abu Sufyaan was coming back from Ash-Shaam. He said: This is
    the caravan of Qurasyh, it has in it their wealth, and go to them – maybe Allah will give you victory.

    However, the Prophet didn’t want to make the same mistake, so he said anyone who is ready to go
    right now – then he should get ready to go now. If you’re not ready and you need to prepare, then
    stay. The companions in the area joined totaling either 313 or 317. The difference is between the

The Shepherd’s Path |                                                                                     71
    number of Muhajiroon 82 or 86. Amongst the Aws, there was 61 who went. The Khazraj had 170
    who went to raid the caravan.

    We knew the Aws was a minority, but not by that much. The Aws at that time were 40% to 60% of
    Khazraj. Why were they so few in comparison? It was because the masjid is in the Khazrajee
    neighborhood. The Aws couldn’t all get ready because they didn’t leave near the masjid.

    In total, they had 2 horses and 70 camels. Only 1/3 of the people could ride on an animal at any one
    time. The Prophet put 3 people to a camel. The Prophet shared a camel with Ali ibn Abi Taalib and
    Abu Lubaabah. When it came time for the Prophet to walk, Ali and Abu Lubaabah said we will walk
    for you. He replied, both of you are not stronger than me and I am in no less of the reward than

    The Messenger on the way, because he was in such a hurry, he forgot to appoint someone to lead
    the Muslims in prayer and care for Medina, so he sent Abu Lubaabah back to be the Amir of Medina.
    Abdullah ibn Ummi Maktoom was in charge of leading the people in prayer.

    Abu Sufyaan knew that the Muslims tried to capture the caravan before. When he was coming back
    he would send scouts to check the road ahead and he would send spies out when he was near
    Medina. He found out that the Prophet was coming out with his army.

    When he found out he sent DhumDhum on a fast camel. When DhumDhum arrived, he was trying
    to tell them that their carvan was in danger and no one listened to him. He finally got up on the
    mountain of abqah (?) with his camel. He ripped his shirt and chopped off the nose of the camel.
    The camel started screaming and he started yelling, “O Quraysh…. Danger Danger! Your wealth with
    Abu Sufyaan… Muhammad and his companions are trying to take it. I don’t think you can reach it,
    but help! help!”

    The Quraysh quickly gathered their leaders together and they all decided to go fight against the
    Muslims and to protect the Muslims. All the leaders went except Abu Lahab who sent Al -Aasif ibn
    Hisham. Al-Aasif owed Abu Lahab 4000 dirhams so he went to fight so his debt could be forgiven.
    The Muslims had 313 or 317 soldiers, but the non-Muslims had 1300 fighters ready to go.
    Horses were like fighter jets, camels were like tanks, etc. The non-Muslims had 100 horses and 600
    armored men!

The Shepherd’s Path |                                                                                72
    The non-Muslims started worrying about who will protect the city from Banu Bakr (an enemy on the
    outskirts). So they started thinking about whether they should go or not, so Iblees came to them in
    the form of Suraaqah ibn Maalik and he said I will protect you.

    During this time, Abu Jahl was making fun of Al-Abbas – the prophet’s uncle. He said, you guys
    already have a Prophet and now you have a Prophetess? He said this because Ateka saw in her
    dream before dumdum came that a person was standing exactly where dumm dumm was and he
    said in 3 days go to your death. She said that men then pushed a boulder down the mountain and it
    rolled down the mountain and broke into small little pieces and those little pieces entered every
    house in Makkah. So when she saw this dream, she started telling her friends. Her friends started
    saying that this is a bad omen that something bad is going to happen to all the people of Makkah.

    Abu Jahl said, look at you O Abbas, isn’t it enough that Banu Hashim has a prophet and now they
    have a prophetess? Exactly in the same place, Dumm Dumm got up and started calling people. Abu
    Jahl went quiet because he can’t say anything when this happens.

    Al-Abbas ibn Abdul Muttalib didn’t want to go, but he didn’t want Banu Hashim to be put down that
    they didn’t join. The Muslims continued on their way and Abu Sufyaan decided to change routes
    and head towards a mountain chain between Makkah and Medina.
    The fastest route to Makkah is to take the interior route east of the mountain chain. The slower
    route is to take the coastal route. Abu Sufyaan knew that if he took the shorter route, he’d meet
    the Muslim army… so He decided to take the coastal route and the Muslims would not be able to
    catch up with the caravan. By taking the coastal route, he brought the caravan to safety.

    When he took that route, he sent another messenger to the army to say that caravan is safe, you
    can go back we don’t need you. Abu Jahl refused to go back. He said, By Allah, we will not return
    until we reach the wells of badr and we will spend 3 days and 3 nights there. We will drink, we will
    eat, we’ll slaughter our camels and we’re going to let the Arabs hear about it so that they will know
    that anyone who wants to harm or take the wealth of the Qurasyh or capture a Qurasyh caravan
    that we will send an army out to crush them. (i.e. we’re going to party).
    Badr was an area where they would have their annual fairs. They gathered there because there
    were a lot of wells in badr. They ate drank, and they had their women and slave girls sing about it.
    The Arabs will hear about it and they will forever respect us.
    Most of the people had wanted to go back in the Qurasyh army, but now they had to stay.

    The Muslims heard about the army. They were not expecting to have to meet the Qurasyhi army.
    They had expected to easily capture the caravan of 300 to 30. The Prophet heard about the army

The Shepherd’s Path |                                                                                   73
    coming and the possibility now is that there might be a battle against an army of over 1000. The
    Messenger of Allah (saws) wanted to make sure that everyone is on the same page.

    The Messenger knew that the army was coming, so he informed his soldiers and he consulted with
    them… What should we do? Al-Miqdad ibnu Amr and Umar ibnul Khattab and Abu Bakr they all
    Al Miqdad said, Ya Rasoolullah – go forward with however Allah wants you to. We will be with you.
    By Allah we will not say like Bani Israeel said to Musa, we will not say go you and your Lord. Instead,
    we will say you and your Lord go and fight and we will be with you. By He who sent you with the
    truth, if you were to bring us and make us go into the coast /ocean we would go with you.
    All three of the people who stood up and spoke were from Makkah and the Prophet wanted to hear
    from the Muhajiroon. There was a condition in the 2nd Aqabah pledge that they would be with the
    Prophet and protect him when he goes to Medina.

    However, they were outside medina… so the Prophet (saws) wanted to make sure they were all on
    the same page… so he said “Asheerou 3alayee ayyou hal naas.” He’s asking for advice from his
    *If you don’t listen to people, you need to listen to them. He is a prophet and messenger who
    received revelation from Allah and he’s still asking for advice.+
    The Prophet (saws) kept on repeating it until finally Sa’d ibn Muath (a leader of the Ansar) said, Ya
    Rasoolullah… By Allah it’s as if you want us to speak. We believed in you and we put our trust in you
    and we bear witness that what you have brought is the truth and we have given our covenant and
    our promise to listen and obey with whatever you want to do. And we are truthful when we meet
    and maybe Allah will make you see what will make you happy o Messenger of Allah. So go by the
    blessing of Allah.

    So the Prophet, after hearing from Sa’d ibn Muath, was very happy. He said: go forward and give
    glad tidings because Allah has promised already one of the two. What’s one of the two?

    1 of the 2 is this:

                
                  
                
                
                       
                      

The Shepherd’s Path |                                                                                   74
                                               
                                              
        7. and (remember) when Allâh promised You (Muslims) one of the two parties (of the
        enemy i.e. either the army or the caravan) that it should be yours, You wished that the
        one not armed (the caravan) should be yours, but Allâh willed to justify the Truth by his
        Words and to cut off the roots of the disbelievers (i.e. In the battle of Badr).
                                                                               [Surat Al Anfaal 8: 7]

    One of the Two is either he will capture the caravan or he will be victorious against the large army
    that’s coming.

    The Messenger continued forward. He also wanted to stop at a place to send scouts to know where
    the caravan actually was. When you send scouts out to meet the enemy and get information, where
    do you send your people? You send them to the wells and the water because everyone needs
    The prophet (saws) went to the wells and he saw a person there who was not from the army or from
    Qurasyh. The Prophet wanted to know if anyone came here, but he also did not want that person to
    know who he was. The man asked the Prophet who are you guys. The Prophet replied, we are from
    Water. The guy said, “From Water?” You mean from the waters of Iraq? The prophet didn’t want to
    give him the information, but at the same time he didn’t want to lie. Now if the Qurasyh came to
    ask, he would say he only saw some guy from Iraq.

    The Messenger (saws) on that afternoon sent 2 people: Az-Zubayr and Sa’d ibn Abi Waqqas (and Ali
    ibn Abi Taalib) to the area of badr to wait for the Makkans before anyone came to the wells. They
    caught 2 young boys in the afternoon and they brought them back to the Prophet. The Prophet was
    standing prayer Asr and they started beating these 2 young boys. Where are you from? Makkah?
    Are you from Abu Sufyaans group? They said, they were from the Makkan army. They kept beating
    the boys trying to say they were from the caravan. That’s what they wanted to hear because they’d
    have to fight the army!
    The Prophet (saws) scolded them for doing this. This teaches us from this Islamically that if you
    torture people – you don’t get the truth. There are other ways to do it. When you torture them,
    they’ll say anything to get you to stop.
    The prophet then asked them, How many are you guys in the army? They said, We don’t know. He
    then asked, How many camels did you slaughter then. They said 10 camels. When they told him
    how many camels, he said then you guys are over a 1000. Why? Each camel can feed over 100
    people. He got the information even though they didn’t want to tell him.

The Shepherd’s Path |                                                                                      75
    The Messenger told the companions – this is the People of Makkah. They have come to you with all
    of their people, so maybe Allah will give us victory.

    The Muslims arrived at the wells of Badr first. The Muslims were in a higher area. Psychologically
    he knew where to place the army. Throughout warfare, the people who were victorious – were
    always in a strategic area.

    The Messenger, during that night, received miracles from Allah. First, Allah sent rain down that
    night. When it did rain, most of the rain went down the hill and the earth on upper side makes the
    ground firm. It also makes the ground towards the bottom very slippery and unfirm or muddy.
    Allah also made the Muslims very sleepy!
    Insert Ayah
    [Surah Aali Imraan 3: ]

    Why would Allah make the Muslims sleepy? This is so they can wake up with full strength! This is
    because before battle, you’re really worried and thinking about the fight ahead. However, the
    Muslims woke up strong and rested! This was a blessing and a miracle from Allah.

    Ali ibn Abi Taalib said he was put in charge to guard the night-time and he dropped his sword over
    19 times until finally he just fell and slept

    The Prophet (saws) that morning told them they were going to camp here. Al-Hubabb ibn Munther,
    said, O messenger of Allah… is this location that you have chosen for us to camp… is it something
    revealed to you by Allah. If it is, I will be quiet. If it isn’t, I feel we should go forward a little bit more
    so we will have all the wells behind us so they will not have any water and let’s fill up the wells with
    dirt and dust so the non-Muslims will not have anything.

    The Prophet replied that this is war strategy on his part only and that it wasn’t revelation. When he
    said that, the Prophet agreed that it was a good idea and he moved forward with the idea.

    There were some problems with the non-Muslims camp. Utbah, one of the other leaders, wanted to
    return because if they fought Makkah would never be the same. He said: we would be walking in
    Makkah looking at the faces of those who killed our relatives.

    Abu Jahl said: Is that the reason you want to go back? In that case, you’re just a coward. You don’t
    have courage. In Arab culture, you don’t call someone a coward – it’s very insulting. He also incited

The Shepherd’s Path |                                                                                            76
    the sons of Amr ibnu Hadrami and pushed them to speak up. He started to pour dirt on himself
    saying how could you let my son to die in vain.

    They put Utbah on a red camel and they said if only they’d listen to the person on the red camel
    they’d be ok (?).

    When the two armies were about to meet, the Messenger lined the Muslims up. This was not
    something the Arabs were used to. The Arabs, when they used to fight, they’d fight in spirts and
    groups. They’d send a group, then send another group…. in waves. The Messenger changed the way
    they went to do battle.

    Insert Verse
    Allah in surat as-saff… that’s why Allah says Indeed Allah loves those who fight in his path in rows.

    There was a companion by the name of Sawad ibnu Ghazeeyah who was out of line. The messenger
    went to him and poked him with a stick and said get back in line. He said, O messenger of Allah you
    hurt me. I want revenge. [If this was with any other general in the world, he would have been shot.
    He should have been in line to start with.] This companion he knows the kindness of the messenger
    and so the messenger said here you go and go ahead. The Messenger opened up his upper garment
    and sawad higged him and kissed him in the area he was supposed to poke him back.

    The Prophet asked him O Sawad, Why did you do that? He said, O Messenger of Allah – the enemy is
    near us now and I don’t know if I will live today. I just want the last person whom I’ve touched skin
    to skin with to be you.

    The Messenger told them: Do not advance. Stay in your lines. When they start attacking you, the
    archer should fire first. After they fire, you wait until the enemy approaches and comes nearer. Then
    you go and fight hand to hand.

    The Qurasyh, they had wanted a duel. Sometimes you’d have the leaders duel. Most of the time it
    was just an introduction and an appetizer. Utbah ibnu Rabi’ah wanted to call a duel.

    They wanted to Duel – The Matchup Was:

        ‘Utbah ibnu Rabi’ah – – – Hamazah ibn Abdul Mutallib (his uncle)
        Al Waleed ibn Utbah – – – Ali ibn Abi Taalib (his cousin)
        Shaybah ibn Rabi’a – – – Ubaidah ibn al-Harith

The Shepherd’s Path |                                                                                       77
    Is Ubaidah ibn al-Harith related to the Prophet (saws)? He is, but how? He is the cousin of the
    messenger because Al-Harith is the Prophet’s uncle.

    At the start of the duel, Hamzah was able to quickly inflict harm and kill Utbah. Ali also was able to
    kill Al-Waleed ibn Utbah. Then Shaybah and Ubaidah injured each other. However, because
    Hamzah and Ali already killed their foe, they helped Ubaidah and they finished Shaybah off.
    Ubaidah eventually died and was martyred from the wounds.

    Utbah and Al-Waleed are father and son and they were both killed.

    So the Muslims waited for the Non-Muslims to attack. The Non-Muslims started charging and the
    Muslims got down on their knees and then the non-Muslims were confused and they saw all these
    arrows coming to them.

    [They were surprised, because they never saw this before. This technique was later taken from the
    Prophet and used in many other places after this battle in Europe, etc. (proof?)]

    Now, from the non-Muslims, very few went forward. Many were afraid and Allah put fear in their
    hearts of the Muslims. Allah also helped the Muslims. Before, the non-Muslims were tired and they
    have muddy soil under their feet and now Allah also sent angels to help the Muslims against the

    Allah sent 1000 angels. Insert Verse - Allah says, “When you sought help from your lord and Allah
    responded to your call and aided you with 1000 angels.

    Iblees also came to this battle and he came in the form of Suraaqah ibnu Maalik. He was supposed
    to help protect against Banu Bakr! When Iblees saw the angels coming, he turned around and cried
    and jumped into the red sea.

    Some of the Muslims said, we would raise our swords to strike the enemy, but the enemy would
    have their head chopped off and fall first. They even heard the horses of the angels!

    Even Jibreel came to help!

    The Muslims were also able to recognize who was killed by an Angel. The Angels sword would make
    a very clean cut and leave burn marks. [They had light sabers! George Lucas read all the religions
    and he read about this battle and he got this idea from these details in the battle of better. It was in
    a documentary the shaykh saw.]

The Shepherd’s Path |                                                                                    78
    Just before the battle, the Messenger took a handful of dust and released / blew it into the wind and
    the same went into the eyes of the non-Muslims.

    Insert Verse - Allah says: You didn’t throw it, but it was Allah who threw. [Wa Ma Ramaytah wa
    lakin Allahu Rama.]

    During the Battle the Messenger kept repeating this verse:

    [QS 54:45AT]

    The Messenger ordered that certain people shouldn’t be killed like Al-Abbas and Al-Bakhtari
    because these people were very sympathetic to the Muslims and they didn’t want to fight. The
    Prophet ordered them not to kill them, but only to capture. A very short companion came with Al-
    Abbas and he said O Messenger of Allah, I captured your uncle.

The Shepherd’s Path |                                                                                 79
    Al-Abbas said he didn’t capture me. A very handsome man on a steed came and captured me. The
    Short companion said it was me. They eventually told him, be quiet. An Angel captured him and
    gave him to you.

    After the battle the Prophet took 100 silver coins from him as ransom. Al-Abbas ibn Abdul Mutallib
    said, O Muhammad I am Muslim. Why are you taking ransom from me? The Prophet said, If you
    were really Muslim - you wouldn’t fight against us. So the Messenger said, just pay up… Allah will
    pay you back. The Messenger took the ransom from his own uncle!

    We learn from this incident, if you say you’re Muslim – it doesn’t help if your actions contradict your
    sayings. He has done something that is Kufr, i.e. fighting against the Muslims. His actions don’t
    show that he has Eman.

    The companions even said that in the heat of the battle they went behind the Prophet. They were
    trying to protect them, but he was so courageous he kept going forward and he ended up protecting
    them instead.

    Insert Hadith

    There was another Companion named 'Ukashah. Ukashah is known for one thing: a Hadith &
    Putting his trust in Allah. The Prophet one day said, There will be 70,000 people who will enter
    paradise without any reckoning. He raised his hand and said O Messenger of Allah, ask Allah that I
    be one of them. The Prophet said, you are amongst them! Another companion said O Messenger of
    Allah, make dua that I be one of them and the Messenger replied – Ukashah beat you to it already.

    Ukashah was fighting besides the Prophet (saws) and his sword broke. The Prophet (saws) picked up
    a stick and he gave it to Ukashah and said fight with this! Imagine what your thoughts are right now.

    However, Ukashah – no questions asked. If the Messenger gave this to him, he will fight with it.
    When he raised the stick, it turned into a sword! He fought with this sword until he died as a martyr
    fighting the apostates at the time of Abu Bakr.

    During this battle, most of the well known leaders were killed. Abdur Rahman ibnu Awf was in line
    and he looked towards the left and the right. He saw 2 young Ansar who never fought before.
    AbdurRahman felt uncomfortable with these 2 people next to him. When you’re in line, you want
    someone like Hamzah or Umar fighting besides you because you know they have your back… Until
    finally one of them said to me – Uncle! Uncle! If you see Abu Jahl could you show me who he is?

The Shepherd’s Path |                                                                                   80
    Why would you want to know him? They replied, we heard he used to harm the Prophet and I want
    to kill him. The other boy asked the same thing and told AbdurRahman that he and his brother were
    in a competition about who would kill him first.

    At the beginning of the battle Abu Jahl was on a horse with men around him. Both of them at the
    beginning of the battle, they went up like rockets and struck him. One on the shoulder and one on
    the leg. They both disputed about who killed him and the Messenger said let me see your swords
    and told them that they both struck him.

    Another narration states that towards the end, the Messenger told the companions – I heard Abu
    Jahl had been killed. I want to make sure that he is dead – could someone bring his body. Abdullah
    ibn Masood volunteered and he found Abu Jahl still breathing! Abu Jahl said who won the battle and
    Abdullah ibn Masood looked at him, then he sat on his chest. Abu Jahl said that’s a very high
    position for a little shepherd like you to be in.

    Abdullah ibn Masood slapped him so hard his ears bled. Why did he do this? The reason he did this
    was because in Makkah Abdullah ibn Masood was in Makkah and he wanted to the Makkans to hear
    the Quran. Abdullah ibn Masood went to where the people gather and he started recited Surat Ar-

    Insert to …Alammahool Bayyan

    Abu Jahl said, who’s reciting that gibberish! Abu Jahl pushed his way to Abdullah ibn Masood who
    was a boy and he slapped him so hard that he slit his ear and it was bleeding. Abdullah ibn masood
    went to the Messenger of Allah crying and he became sad. Jibreel came smiling. The Messenger
    asked why he was smiling. Jibreel said, An ear for an ear and the head is extra!

    When Abdullah ibn Masood was sitting on his chest and he slapped him the same way! Then
    Abdullah ibn Masood chopped off his head and brought it tot eh Prophet to show him that Abu Jahl
    had been killed. The Messenger saw that and he said Allahu Akbar! The companions replied with
    Allahu Akbar. Then the Messenger said, Indeed every nation has a pharaoh and the pharaoh of this
    nation is Abu Jahl.

    Another leader of the kuffar was Umay ibnu Khalaf. He was a very big guy who used to torture Bilal.
    When he realized the Muslims were winning, he couldn’t flee because he was a big guy. Instead of
    fleeing, he went to look for his best friend in Jahiliyyah – Abdur-Rahman ibnu Awf. He told him
    capture me, capture me! This is because Umay did not want to be killed.

    Abdur Rahman captured him and Bilal, when he saw Umay being captured, he ran towards him and
    he said Ma najawtoo illa jaa… Umayy ibnu KHalaf ra2s ul-Kufur. He followed it with its not possible
    for me to live if he’s still living and if I’m still living he’s not going to be alive. Bilal called the Ansar
    and said that’s the guy there who will not live and told everyone to attack him.
The Shepherd’s Path |                                                                                           81
    The Ansar they went to him and killed him and Abdur Rahman ibnu Awf was injured trying to
    protect him, his leg was injured.

    Some of the companions when they went into battle, they were looking for their relatives.

    Umar ibnul Khattab was looking for Al Aas ibnu Hisham ibnu Mughira – who was his uncle from his
    mother’s side. He wanted to kill him so he would never have any bad feelings towards any Muslim.
    If anyone else killed him, he didn’t want to think badly about the companion who might have killed

    After the Battle was over, some of the companions said – O Messenger of Allah – let’s go after the
    caravan now. The Prophet didn’t remind them, Al-Abbas was the one who reminded them that they
    can’t do that. The Muslims asked why? He said because Allah promised you one of the two. You
    already got one. Also, Abu Sufyaan had already taken a different route and some Muslims didn’t
    know that.

    Many of the Muslims also could not believe they won. They killed 70 and they captured 70. When
    they brought back their prisoners. Usama ibnu Zayd couldn’t even believe it until they saw the
    prisoners being brought into medina.

    Sawdah, the wife of the Prophet, saw Suhayl ibnu Amr coming in as a prisoner tied up and she said
    to him, O Abu Zayd (kunyah of Suhayl) how could you let them capture you like that? Why couldn’t
    you fight more bravely. The Prophet (saws) looked at sawdah, are you inciting them against Allah
    and His messenger. She then apologized and said it was just her emotions and she did not mean it
    that way, i.e. it came out wrong.

    Now they needed to decide what to do with the prisoners. Before the Prophet (saws), they would
    collect the spoils of war into a pile and leave it and Allah would send a fi re to remove it (?).

    Allah now gives permission to them to distribute the spoils of war amongst themselves. You also
    have prisoners so the Messenger consulted Abu Bakr and Umar ibnul Khattab. Abu Bakr said we
    should ransom them because we are a new nation and we need mony. If we ransom them we will
    strengthen ourselves. Umar ibnul Khattab said we should just kill them all.

    If you have prisoners you have 3 options: Ransom them, free them, or kill them all. The Prophet did
    have some people killed right away on the way from Medina, Uqbah ibn Abi Mo’eet and An-Nadhr
    ibnu Harith. They were staunch enemies of Islam and used to harm the Muslims before. The

The Shepherd’s Path |                                                                                   82
    Prophet ordered Ali ibn Abi Talib to kill Uqbah and Uqbah said, “who will take care of my children?”
    The Prophet replied, “the Hellfire will.”

    The Prophet collected ransom from them. They each had different ransom amounts. If they were
    rich he would take 4000 dirhams from them. Al-Abbas had to pay 100 silver coins. Some could not
    ransom themselves, so the prophet told them if you can teach 10 of our children who cannot read
    and write, you will be free. Many of the Madinites were farmers who couldn’t read and write and
    now you have a new generation of people who can farm and read and write.

    One boy went to them and said my teacher hit me and he said, he’s just trying to get revenge from
    his loss at badr. Don’t learn anything from him. That’s a punishment because he would teach 9
    people except for one which means he would be stuck there.

    The prisoners were put in the masjid and kept tied to the pillars. This was so they could see Muslim
    life and hear the Quran. Also, it was easy to care for them because Muslims would just bring their
    food to them. The Muslims in Medina would even feed their enemies before Islam – so they gave
    them the best of food. IF they cooked something, they would keep the burnt part for themselves
    and give the good part to the non-Muslims. Many of the prisoners accepted Islam later on because
    they were exposed to true Islam. [Compare that to how people treat prisoners now].

    Insert verse

    Allah says in Surat Al-Insaan – and they feed the poor, orphans and prisoners. They say we only feed
    you for the sake of Allah – we do not need any recompense or thanks.

    After they ransomed the prisoners, Allah scolded the Prophet for that.

    Allah says:

              
              
                   
                    
                    
              
             
             
             

The Shepherd’s Path |                                                                                 83
              
                  
          67. it is not for a Prophet that He should have prisoners of war (and free them with
          ransom) until He had made a great slaughter (among his enemies) In the land. You desire
          the good of this world (i.e. the money of ransom for freeing the captives), but All ah
          desires (for you) the Hereafter. And Allah is All-Mighty, All-Wise.

          68. Were it not a previous ordainment from Allah, a severe torment would have touched
          You for what You took.

          69. so enjoy what You have gotten of booty In war, lawful and good, and be afraid of
          Allah. Certainly, Allah is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful.

                                                                             [Surah Al-Anfal 8: 67-69]

    Allah revealed this ayah to let the Prophet know that the correct opinion was the opinion fo Umar
    Ibnul Khattab. So Abu Bakr and The Prophet sat down on the side of the street crying. They cried
    because they should have listened to Umar.

    However, there is a lesson in everything. Why should they have killed the prisoners? Allah tells us
    it’s because it’s not appropriate for a Prophet to take prisoners before establishing his authority.
    You can be nice after you are mean, but you cannot be mean after being nice.

    [At the beginning of the year, ask the students who’s the meanest teacher and they will all say Abdul
    Bary. If they do something wrong twice, he suspends them! If you ask them after the second or third
    month, they’ll all say Abdul Bary. If you want control of the class, you have to establish your
    authority first. If you lose control of the class, you can always go back to the default. Furthermore,
    if you are firm from the beginning with the students and then kind - the students are more
    appreciative of your kindness. Some of the brothers ask for advice in marriage and he says: establish
    your authority. ]

    Joke: The first year they both speak and both listen. The second year the wife speaks and the
    husband listens. The third year, both of them speak and then the neighbors listen.

    This is a new nation and a new country. The authority needs to be established so that the next time
    someone thinks about fighting the Muslims, they’ll think twice.

The Shepherd’s Path |                                                                                      84

    After the Qurasyh Lost, in the month of Sha’baan… there was great enmity coming from the Jews.
    The Prophet (saws) told them that they should accept Islam so that they don’t face the same end as
    the Qurasyh. They were free to practice their religion. The jews replied, “O Muhammad do not
    deceive yourself for defeating the Qurasyh. These people are inexperienced. They do not know how
    to fight. If you were to fight us, then you would know who the real men are.”

    Insert Verse
    Of course, Allah reveals an answer: Say to the disbelievers you will be defeated and you w ill be
    thrown into the hellfire.

    The Jews not only showed enmity to the Prophet, they started to send information to the Qurasyh
    which is a breach of the treaty they had signed.

    The straw that broke the camel’s back – there was a woman who was buying some jewelry from
    some of the Jews in the Sooq of Banu Qaynooqaa2. She bent down to look at some jewelry gold, ad
    while she was leaning down – the shop owner clipped the bottom of her garment and tied it to the
    back of her neck and so when she stood up her Awrah (privates) showed. She screamed and a
    Muslim saw that and he went to the shop owner and punched him and killed him. When he killed
    him, the Jews ganged up on him and killed him also.

    The family of the Muslim wanted blood money from the Jews and the Jews refused to bring forth
    the person who killed the Muslim – which is also another breach of the contract.

    The prophet laid siege on the headquarters / area of Jews of Banu Qaynooqaa for 15 days until they
    gave up and surrendered to the rule that was established by the Prophet. They then agreed to let
    the Prophet decide.

    Now, they are like prisoners and the Muslims have 3 options: execute them all (not women and
    children), ransom them, or free them. He was scolded just a few days ago about the prisoners of
    badr. After receiving the Ayah from Allah, the Prophet is thinking he should have them executed.

    Abdullah ibn Ubayy ibn As-Salool, a leader from the Khazraj, heard rumors that the Prophet might
    execute them. Abdullah ibn Ubayy ibnas Salool told him that these Jews protected me before you
    came with 40 armored men or 400 soldiers (?). The Prophet told him to just leave. Abdullah came
    again and put his hands in the Prophet and said, “Muhammad are you going to do that, 400
    unarmed men and 300 armed men used to protect me and you’re going to wipe them out in one
    day. Let me judge!”

    The prophet (saws) got very angry where the Prophet then said, “Take them. They’re yours.”
The Shepherd’s Path |                                                                                   85
    They are different narrations where the Prophet expelled them from Medina and other narrations
    say they can stay but they were so afraid.

    Now as we mentioned, the Jews were only there to wait for the Prophet (saws) because of the
    prophecies mentioned in their book.

A. Rejected

    Ibn Isqah, on the Authority of the Mother of the believers Safiyyah narrated, “Safiyyah, daughter of
    Huyayy bin Akhtab said, ‘I was the closest child to my father and my uncle Abi Yasir’s heart.
    Whenever they saw me with a child of theirs, they should pamper me so tenderly to the exclusion of
    anyone else. However, with the advent of the Messenger of Allah and setting in Quba’ with Bani
    ‘Amr bin ‘Awf, my father, Huyayy bin Akhtab, and my uncle Abu Yasir bin Akhtab went to see him
    and did not return intil sunset when they came back waling lazily and fully dejected. I, as usual,
    hurried to meet them smiling, but they would not turn to me for the grief that caught them.

    I heard my uncle Abu Yasir say to Ubayy and Huyayy, “Is it really he (Muhammad)?” The former said,
    It is he, I swear by Allah!” “Did you really recognize him?” they asked. He answered, “Yes, and my
    heart is burning with enmity towards him.”

    Immediately after the battle of Badr, the jews of banu qooraydah were expelled.

B. Hypocrites

    Another group then popped up, the hypocrites.

    When they realized the strength of the Muslims after the battle of Badr, then they felt they had to
    accept Islam to be accepted in society because they do not want to be a minority.

    In Makkah, there weren’t many hypocrites because the Muslims were tortured. However, now with
    the prominence and power in being Muslim – many became Muslim for the benefits and not out of

The Shepherd’s Path |                                                                                 86
    Abdullah ibn As-Salool was the leader of the hypocrites and he would tell the people to listen to the
    Messenger of Allah (saws). He’s telling them to obey the Prophet (saws) before he gives the
    Khutbah every Friday. This was not out of his love for the Prophet, but also for his prominence, etc.

              
                
                    
               
                          
                    
                   
                        
                            
            20. Those who believe say: "Why is not a Surah (chapter of the Qur'an) sent down (for
            us)? but when a decisive Surah (explaining and ordering things) is sent down, and
            fighting (Jihad - Holy fighting In Allah's Cause) is mentioned (i.e. ordained) therein, You
            will see those In whose hearts is a disease (of hypocrisy) looking at You with a look of
            one fainting to death. But it was better for them (hypocrites, to listen to All ah and to
            obey Him).
                                                                            [Surat Muhammad 47:20]

    The messenger of Allah heard something during the 3rd year – the Makkans were getting ready to
    attack Medina. All the wealth that they profited from the caravan, they used that to raise an army.

    They raised an army this for 2 reasons:
       1. Revenge
       2. To open the caravan routes and revive their economy.

    They raised an army of over 3000 men. The tribes around Makkah also joined in, like kinaanah. This
    next group was lead by the leader of the caravan, Abu Sufyaan. Why? The leaders before had mostly
    been killed.
    The Messenger heard about this Makkan plot and he gathered the Muslims to consult with them.
    The prophet suggested (?) that they wait for them in their homes and attack them in the streets.
    Some of the youth said O messenger of Allah, we did not do this in Jahiliyyah.

    Insert Prophet’s dream about the sword breaking, etc.

The Shepherd’s Path |                                                                                     87
    There were some youth who wanted to fight and they didn’t get a chance in Badr. The youth were
    so zealous, they were afraid they may not be able to fight. So they suggested that we go to them.

    Abdullah ibn Ubay ibn As-Salool agreed with the prophet and had wanted a street war. He
    propagated the street war for his benefit – he could stay in his home and no one would know that
    he didn’t fight. The Prophet saw that the youth were the majority in their opinion so he said that’s
    what we will do. The Messenger went into his home and put on his armor. The elders, Hamzah,
    etc…, came to the youth and convinced them they were too overzealous. The Prophet came out
    and they said O messenger of Allah, we apologize we have decided that we should follow your
    suggestion of staying in Medina and waiting for them to come.

    The Prophet replied, “it is not befitting for a Prophet, that once he has put on his armor, to take it
    off unless Allah has decided between him and his enemy.”

    The Messenger then let Mus’ab ibn Umair to hold the banner (i.e. the standard). Why did they have
    banners? It’s difficult to tell people on the battlefield to retreat or go forward. How can you
    communicate with your soldiers. It’s with the banner. If the Banner is still standing, you keep
    fighting. If it goes down, you stop fighting. The easiest way to defeat the army is to defeat the
    person carrying the banner and to bring it down.

    The person carrying the banner must be brave, because if he drops it everyone returns!

    The Messenger of Allah heard a big group of rowdy people to come to help the Messenger fight in
    the battle (?). The messenger sent them back saying we do not need the help of disbelievers.
    Abdullah ibn Ubayy As-Salool had convinced 300 men to withdraw and his reasoning was that
    Muhammad listens to the youth and not the elders. Why should we risk our lives if he’s not going to
    listen to us. Some companions chased after the Munafiqeen asking them how could they withdraw
    at a time when the messenger of Allah needs us the most.

    Allah strengthened the Muslims by revealing the Ayah:

                         
                        
                     
                      
                     
              
            47. Had they marched out with you, they would have added to You nothing except disorder,
            and they would have hurried about In Your midst (spreading corruption) and sowing

The Shepherd’s Path |                                                                                        88
            sedition among you, and there are some among You who would have listened to them. and
            Allâh is the All-Knower of the Zâlimûn (polytheists and wrong-doers, etc.).
                                                                                 [Surat At-Taubah 9 :47]

    Essentially, Allah sent them back because they do not deserve to go fight. It is not a burden, but a
    blessing that Allah bestows upon whomever he wills.

    Allah also tells the Muslims they should not be divided over this.

    Allah, then, revealed the following Ayah:

                
                    
               
                 
                
                               
            88. Then what is the matter with You that You are divided into two parties about the
            hypocrites? Allah has cast them back (to disbelief) because of what they have earned. Do
            You want to Guide Him whom Allah has made to Go astray? and He whom Allah has made
            to Go astray, You will never find for Him any Way (of guidance).
                                                                               [Surat An Nisaa' 4: 88]

    One of the benefits of this battle and this situation is because if it wasn’t for this, we would not
    know who was a true Muslim and who was a hypocrite. If we want something done, we can at least
    know who the true people are and who we can trust.

C. Uhud

    The strongest weapon you have against a cavalry are the archers.

    There were 200 horses that the non-Muslims had. One-Hundred were under the leadership of Khalid
    ibn Al-Waleed and the other 100 (or 50) under the leadership of Ikrimah.

    The Messenger of Allah ordered 50 archers under the leadership of Abdullah ibn Zubayr to protect
    the Muslims’ backs.

The Shepherd’s Path |                                                                                      89
    If you have 50 archers, you can nullify the cavalry.

    The Prophet said:
         “If you see us snatched into pieces by birds, do not leave this position of
         yours till I send for you. And if you see that we have defeated the enemy
         and trodden on them, do not desert your position until I send for you.”

    At the beginning of the battle the Muslims were victorious. The non-Muslims began to retreat. One
    of the strongest fighters from the Ansar was Abu Dujanah. The Messenger (saws) took out his
    sword and said who will take this sword and fight with it. Many raised their hands. He then said,
    Who will take it, fight with it and give it its right. Ali and Hamzah raised their hands. Abu Dujanah
    also raised his hands.

    Before the battle even started, Abu Dujanah started to walk around in a very arrogant way and
    looking at the enemy. You see him going back and forth with the sword of the prophet. The
    prophet said, ”Allah hates that type of arrogance, except at this time.”

    When the battle began, Abu Dujanah went to take down the banner and he took it down right away.
    Every time someone from the non-Muslims falls, someone else picks up the banner. When the
    banner falls, they stared to retreat. They didn’t have anyone brave enough to pick up the banner.

    So at the beginning of the battle, the Muslims were chasing the non-Muslims away. The archers,
    seeing what was happening – said you know what the battle is over. Everyone is already collecting
    the spoils of war. What are we doing here still… let’s join them! Abdullah ibn Zubayr said No, have
    you already forgotten the orders of the Prophet (SawS). He ordered us not to leave until he called
    for us. However, 45 out of 50 went down the mountain to join the army and collect the spoils of

    Khalid Ibn Al Waleed had tried multiple times with Ikrimah to attach the Muslims on their horses.
    However, every time they’d come forward the archers were ready and they would strike them down
    and they’d be forced to retreat. However, now that there are only 5 arche rs, Khalid went around
    the mountain of Uhud and attacked the Muslims from behind. Ikrimah then came from the front.
    Now you have 200 horsemen caving in on the Muslims… and there are only 5 archers to repel them!

    The Muslims are stunned because they look back and they realize they have to face a 2 front war –
    the front and the back.

    Of course, at this time the Prophet was also attacked. The standard bearer, Musab ibn Umayr, didn’t
    want the Muslims to retreat. The non-Muslims attacked the Muslims and Musab had his right hand
    cut off. He held the banner with his left hand and he didn’t want them to retreat. He was then
    struck on his elbows and he was killed and the banner fell.

The Shepherd’s Path |                                                                                 90
    When Ali saw the banner fall, he came and he took the banner himself and held it high. The non-
    Muslim footsoldiers saw that the tide was changing and they came back and took their banne r and
    started to attack fiercely as well. There were 7 companions from the Ansar and 2 Muhajireen who
    defended the prophet and repelled the attacks on the Messenger. The messenger was struck, he
    broke his teeth. He was struck on his shoulders also and he was also bleeding from his head.

    He was harmed so much in the battle, he couldn’t pray standing. He had to lead prayer sitting, but
    he ordered the companions to stand in prayer.

    He retreated to the mountain and on his way there Abu Dujaanah came to hi s defense. The woman
    were helping to care for the Muslims. One woman from the Ansar, Nusaybah, saw the prophet
    coming up – she came and took the sword herself and joined the battle instinctively to help protect
    the Messenger. The Messenger said, On the day of Uhud… wherever he looked he saw Umm
    Ammar? (Nusaybah) defending him and attacking the non-muslims. Finally she was struck by a non-
    Muslim in her shoulder and she was injured and she fell.

    The Prophet, as he was backing up, he fell into a hole. When many companions saw this, many
    thought he had been killed. Many of them hearing the news alone, they could not stand up. Their
    knees started to shake and it wouldn’t hold their weight. Their knees buckled and they stooped to
    the ground in the middle of the battlefield. However, there were others who fought even more

    They said, what excuse would you have in front of Allah to stop fighting even if the Prophet had
    been killed. Anas ibn Nadhr, when he heard about the death of the Prophet, he said… BY Allah I
    smell the scent of Paradise and he went into the enemy lines and he fought. By the end of the
    battle, he was struck so many times – they could not figure out who he was. He had over 80 stab
    wounds on his body. It was his sister who found out who he was. He had killed many around him
    before dying!

    The Muslims were attacked very severely and 70 of the companions on this day, they were

    The Messenger said, “How can a people be successful who harmed the prophet who calls them to la
    Ilaha illa Allah.”

    The Prophet, also lost Hamzah (his uncle). There was a slave named Wahshi, an Abyssinian slave,
    who was promised freedom by Jubayr ibnu Mut’ib if he could kill Hamzah Ibn Abdul Mutallib. This
    was because Hamzah had killed Jubayr’s uncle.

    Wahshi hid behind a spear and he waited for the right time. He wanted to make sure Hamzah was
    dead and that’s all he did. He just wanted his freedom.

The Shepherd’s Path |                                                                                  91
    Wahshi said, “Then I balanced my spear and shook it till I was content with t, then I speared
    Hamzah and it went down into his stomach and issued out between his legs. He attempted
    moving towards me but he was overcome by his wound. I lfet him there with the spear in his
    entrails till he died. Then I came to him, pulled out my spear and returned to the encampment
    place. I stayed there and did no go out, for he was the only one I sought. I only killed him to free
    myself. So as soon as I got back to Makkah, I became a free man.”

After the battle, Hind – the wife of Abu Sufyaan and her family were the ones who died in the duel of
badr – wanted revenge against Hamzah. She went to Hamzah and she opened up his stomach and cut
up his ears and organs and made jewelry out of them. She tried to eat his liver and she was about to eat
it, but she couldn’t swallow it. The Prophet said, if she was able to swallow it – she would not be able to
enter hellfire.

They mutilated Hamzah (this is the dream where the sword was chipping and cow slaughtered).

The prophet was so upset by his death and mutilation, the Prophet vowed he would do more to the
Qurasyh than that. From that time, every time there was a battle – the Messenger would warn the
Muslims not to mutilate anyone by order from Allah.

Insert End of Surah An-Nahl

The messenger got up from the hole and fell into the hole twice. Ka’b ibn Malik said the messenger of
Allah is still alive. The Prophet said, be quiet because the non-Muslims would know where he is and
attack him again.

Finally, when everything was settled – the Prophet retreated to the mountain of Uhud and the battle
died down. After, Abu Sufyaan came to the mountain of Uhud and he called out the Messenger of Allah
and the other Companions… Abu Bakr. He said, “O Muhammad. O Abu Quhaafah. O Umar Ibnul
Khattab. It seems like they’re all dead.” The Prophet (Saws) told Umar to give him a response. Umar
said, Allah has kept us alive for your torture!

Abu Sufyaan said u3loo Hubal (how high and majestic is hubal – their idol). The Prophet said Respond.
What do I say said Umar. He said, Allah is the highest and most majestic!

Abu Sufyaan said, Lanna Uzza wa La Uzza Lakum. The Prophet told Umar to respond again, and Umar
said what do I say. He said, Say Allah is our protector and you have no protector.

Abu Sufyaan, today is revenge for the other day. War goes back and forth. (i.e. We’re even.

Umar said, La sawaa. No we’re not equal and we’re not even. Our dead are in Jannah and those who
have been killed amongst you are in hellfire.

The Shepherd’s Path |                                                                                   92
Abu Sufyaan decided they got their victory and they return. The Prophet just to make sure that they
weren’t thinking about turning back – he sent a group of companions after the Makkans.

On that day, Abu Bakr, Umar ibnul Khattab, Ali ibn Abi Talib, Az-Zubayr inbul Awwam, Musab bin
Umayr, Talha bin Ubaidullah, Abdullah bin Jahs, Sa’d bin ar-Rabi, and Anas bin An-Nadr and others –
all of them fought so fiercely, effectively and efficiently that they broke the strong will of the idolaters
and scattered them.

[Ar-Raheeq al Makhtoom]

In this battle the muslims learned a lesson of being patient and of being obedient to the Messenger of
Allah. Allah also wanted to take Shuhadaa’. Dying for the sake of Allah is a great blessing because the
rewards are great. Hence, 70 of the companions were martyred in this battle.

Amongst them were Handalah, a companion who had just been married. He hadn’t even taken a shower
when the call to Uhud was made. When he was martyred he was still in a state of Janaabah and the
companions saw the Angels lifting him up and washing him. He was known as Ghaseel Al-Malaa’eeka,
the one who was washed by angels.

[3, 144]

“O Allah forgive my people for they have no knowledge” – Messenger of Allah.


D. The Tragedy of Al-Ma’una Well

    There was a group of people who came from An-Najd.

    The Prophet said he feared the treachery of the people whom he sends. The people who came, said
    don’t worry we’ll protect them and make sure none of that happens.

    The prophet chose 70 companions (not regular companions – known as Qurra’) to Najd. When they
    reached the well of Ma’una, the people he was sending them to – ambushed the companions and
    tried to kill everyone.

The Shepherd’s Path |                                                                                     93
    They were able to kill everyone except for 2 people – one person lived because he pretended to die,
    he walked back to medina after they left. Two other companions came late, one was killed and the
    other was set free because the people who captured him had one man amongst him who owed that
    man’s mother a slave. So the man said, go and tell your mother that I no longer owe her the slave.

    These 2 Muslims had witnessed all this murder in front of their eyes. It happened in front of them.
    On their way back, they saw 2 people approaching them and they didn’t’ know who these people
    were. They were from Bani Kilaab – who were allies with the Muslims. The Prophet had a peace
    treaty with them already. When these 2 people came to talk to them, the Muslims were so
    emotionally affected – they took out their swords and killed these 2 people by mistake. The Prophet
    when he heard the news, this was a great tragedy. 68 people were killed from among the
    companions and 2 from Bani kilaabah.

    The amount of people who died in this tragedy was equal to uhud. However, the tragedy here was
    greater because these were not normal companions – they were scholars!

    [Imagine there is a conference where all of the scholars and duaat of the world get together and
    they are attacked or a bomb is set by somebody and all of them except one or two of them escaped.
    What kind of tragedy would that be for the Ummah.]

    That is why when the Prophet prayed, every prayer he made Qunoot and made dua against those
    people who lied.

    There’s a lesson here in the dangers of dawah. You may lose lives and knowledge in the path.
    Another lesson is: if there is a tragedy in the Ummah we should always make Qunoot! This is a
    Sunnah that we have lost today. The Qunoot of Nawaazil is not Qunoot al Witr – Qunoot An-
    Nawaazil is that we can make any dua for the Muslims and against those who harmed us.

    Now if you make Qunoot, the Muslims who don’t know what’s happening – they start to ask and
    wonder what happened after the prayer.

    The Prophet made Qunoot for a whole month after this incident.

    During this, one of the people who was stabbed was a companion by the name of Haram ibn
    MIlhaan – when he saw the blood coming out he said… Foozoo wa Rubboul Ka’bah. He has
    achieved victory by the Lord of the Kabah!

    Amr ibn Fuhayra, the freed slave of abu bakr, died.

The Shepherd’s Path |                                                                               94
    Missed small section – get from nick.

    If you guys all win, we become Muslims. If we all win, then you become Jews.

    They were going to tell each one of their Rabbis to have a dagger with him and to assassinate the
    prophet (saws). The only problem is one of the jews had accepted Islma but he didn’t tell his family.
    He heard his wife or sister speaking about the plan and he told the Prophet and the Prophet
    cancelled it.
    When the Prophet went to speak to them about the camels, they were about to push a boulder and
    assassinate the Prophet. Then Jibreel came and told the Prophet and he left. He went home and
    called the companions right away and told them to put their armor on, take their swords and we’re
    going to Banu Nadheer.

E. Accusation

    Something else occurred after this,

    Missed Sectoin

                         
              
               
              
                    
             
             
                                  
          11. Verily! those who brought forth the slander (against 'Aishah (may Allah be pleased
          with her) the wife of the Prophet ) are a group among you. consider it not a bad thing for
          you. Nay, it is good for you. unto Every man among them will be paid that which He had
          earned of the sin, and as for Him among them who had the greater share therein, hi s will
          be a great torment.
                                                                           [Surat An-Noor 24: 11]

    “The Prophet visited her in that situation, and after testifying to the Oneness of Allah he told her,
    “If you are innocent, Allah qill acquit you, otherwise, you have to bed for His forgiveness and
    pardon.” She stopped weeping and asked her parents to speak for her, but they had nothing to
    say. She herself took the initiative and said, “Should I tell you I am innocent and Allah knows that
The Shepherd’s Path |                                                                                  95
    I am surely innocent, you will not believe me; and if I were to admit something gof which, Allah
    knows, I am innocent, you will believe me, then I will have nothing to make recourse to except the
    words of the father of Prophet Yusuf:

                      
                         
                       
                       
                  
                                
                18. and they brought his shirt stained with false blood. He said: "Nay, but Your
                ownselves have made up a tale. so (for me) patience is Most fitting. And it is Allah
                (Alone) whose help can be sought against that which You assert."
                                                                               [Surat Yusuf 12: 18]

    Imagine, even if someone says “You son of a bastard” and someone went to a judge, that person
    would be lashed unless he had 4 witnesses.

    The Prophet (saws) goes to Aisha and tells her, “o Aisha, I trust you and I know you. If it is true, then
    ask Allah for forgiveness. If it is not true, Allah will declare your innocence.”

    She was stunned and she said I wouldn’t do any of that.

    The Prophet (saws) suggested that Aisha goes and stay with her parents, Abu Bakr and her mother.
    Aisha asked Abu Bakr to tell the Messenger that she is innocent and Abu Bakr replied, He is the
    messenger of Allah. What can I say?

    This was also difficult for the Prophet (saws) because the honor of his family is being questioned.
    Aisha cried and cried until she had no more tears. She cried for one month and she asked the
    Prophet if she can have her friend be with her. Her friend came to her and they both started crying.
    Aisha said she was just hoping that Allah would show the Prophet that she was innocent through a

    She considered herself too insignificant to have a verse revealed in the Quran for her.

    Then Allah revealed…

The Shepherd’s Path |                                                                                     96
    The leaders from the Aws and the Khazraj said…

    The leader of the Aws said, If anyone from the Aws is to speak about Aisha like that – we will chop
    their head off. The Khazraj people were not happy with that. Why would they make that kind of
    statement? Do you think you’re better than us?

    The flames of tribalism were kindled again! Abudllah ibn Ubay ibn as-Salool is the one behind all of
    these things.

    After one month total… Allah revealed a verse to declare the innocence of Aisha(RA).

    Insert verse about Ifk

Those people who spoke against Aisha were brought forth and lashed. Howe ver, Abudllah ibnu Ubay
was not lashed because he technically did not say anything and proof couldn’t be brought against him.
He caused all these problems and escaped unscathed from this problem.

During this Fitnah, let’s see what some of the companions did.

Listen to what happened in the house of Abu Ayyoub Al Ansari. Umm Ayyoub said, “O Abu Ayyoub did
you hear what the people are talking about? All the things they are saying about Aisha?” Abu Ayyoub
said, ”Be quiet, these are all lies. Oh Umm Ayyoub If you were in a situation like Aisha would you do
anything?” She said of course not. So he replied, Aisha is better than you. If you yourself wouldn’t do
such a thing, how could Aisha do such a thing.


Many of the great scholars after the Prophet were people who had been slaves of the companions who
were taught Islam by the companions. They were not allowed to be freed until they became Muslim.

One of the people captured, her name was Juwayyriyah. She was noble and she was made into a slave
of a companion. She complained to the Prophet, so the Prophet bought her, freed her and married her.

The Shepherd’s Path |                                                                                 97
The Muslims in medina felt very uncomfortable after this occurred. Some of them were saying to
themselves, You know what – Juwayriyyah is now the wife of the Prophet. It is not appropriate to have
slaves from the tribe of the wife of the prophet.

The companions were uncomfortable and the slaves if they became Muslim they were automatically
free. Normally, if someone accepts Islam – you have the option to free them. However, in this case they
were freed automatically by the companions because they were so bothered.

The entire tribe of Juwayriyyah became Muslim!

Harith ibn Abi Diraar came to Medina and he wanted to get his daughter back. The Prophet said, if you
want to can remain with me in medina or if you want you can go back with your father. She said is that
even a choice? She wanted to remain with the Prophet.

Her marriage to the Prophet was a great blessing for the people.


The Muslims of medina had over 10000 non-Muslims coming to attach them.

They (who?) had joined with different tribes so they had plenty of resources.

Salman said O Messenger of Allah, we the people of Persia… we would dig a trench around our
fortresses. What you do is dig the trench and put the dirt on your side so you have a natural shield.
Then you can put archers, etc… to defend there.

Medina also has natural barriers, mountains. Everyone in medina was to dig! It was mandatory! This
was to prevent the armies that were approaching.

The prophet (Saws) was so hungry and Jabir was able to get some food. He had enough food for 10
people and the Messenger called over 1000 people to eat from the food.

Banu Nadheer approached Banu Quraydah and they said Listen the Muslims will be crushed. They have
no hope, there are over 10000 people out there. There is no way the Muslims can continue to fend off
this many people. Banu Nadheer incited and convinced Banu Quraydah to break off from the Muslims.

The Shepherd’s Path |                                                                                   98
The Prophet was scared and the Muslims were concerned because the women and children were now in
danger. The Prophet (saws) put them in a fortress and the prophet sent them the cavalry. Where did
they get those horses? Banu Mustakhlaf (?) had a lot of horses! The Prophet sent the cavalry just to
keep them in check and to show the Jews that the Prophet still had an eye on him. However, the
Muslims still had to come back to the trench because they didn’t have enough manpower and they
needed their soldiers to fend off the attack.

The time was so difficult, Allah describes in the Quran this attack and how they felt.

               
                     
                           
                        
             
                          
                     
                          
           10. When they came upon you from above you and from below you, and when the eyes grew
           wild and the hearts reached to the throats, and You were harboring doubts about Allah.

           11. There, the believers were tried and shaken with a mighty shaking.

                                                                                [Surat Al-Ahzab 33: 10-11]

              
               
               
                   
                  
                          
                  
                        
               
                         
                      
            12. and when the hypocrites and those In whose hearts is a disease (of doubts) said: "Allâh
            and his Messenger (Sal-Allaahu 'alayhe Wa Sallam) promised us nothing but delusions!"

The Shepherd’s Path |                                                                                  99
            13. And when a party of them said: "O people of Yathrib (Al-Madinah)! There is no stand
            (possible) for you (against the enemy attack!) Therefore Go back!" and a band of them ask
            for permission of the Prophet saying: "Truly, Our homes lie open (to the enemy)." and they
            Lay not open. They but wished to flee.
                                                                            [Surat Al-Ahzab 33: 12-13]

Saffiyyah saw one of the Jews climbing the wall of the tower and she told Hassan (the prophet’s poet) to
go kill him. He was too little and he was with the women. He was paralyzed and he said If I was able to
fight I wouldn’t be here with you women. Safiyyah grabbed a sword and chopped off the head of the
Jew. Then she told him she wanted him to take the head and throw it out the window back at the Jews.
Why did Safiyyah tell Hassan to throw the head out?

This is because the Jews didn’t know who was inside and she wanted the Jews to think they had a lot of
men protecting the women and children! The Jews became scared and went back. The Prophet then
also sent the cavalry again to keep them in check.

Now the Muslims were worried about attacks from outside and from within. However, Allah sent the
Muslims some relief. One of the leaders (No3eeb ibnu Masood) from the other tribes snuck into the
Muslim camp and he went to the messenger of Allah (saws) and he took his Shahadah. When this
leader accepted Islam, no one knew from amongst his people. The Messenger sent him back out and he
said “War is deception.” Go back out and go to them and cause mischief amongst them.

The Prophet ordered him to cause mischief! The biggest problem he had was the Jews. He wanted to
make sure that the Jews weren’t going to cause problems so he wanted to instill doubt in their hearts
and break up their ranks. This leader went to the Jews and he said Listen, I have heard that the Qurasyh
are thinking about leaving and because they are thinking about leaving, you will be totally crushed and
the Muslims will be victorious. IF the Muslims are victorious, you have already breached the contract
(i.e. they will crush you). Let me tell you what to do, go to them and ask them for 30 men. These 30
men will be your guarantee (i.e. if the Quraysh win, you’ll have 30 men that you hold).

Then this man went to the Quraysh and told them that the Jews of Banu Quraydah are already
regretting that they broke off from the Muslims. In order to show them that they are truthful and
regretful, they are going to ask for 30 of your men and they’re going to kill them.

Banu Quraydah sent a group to Quraysh and they said we need 30 men to guarantee you’re not going to
leave. The Qurasyh said, Haaa… you think we’re going to give you 30 men? There’s distrust between

The Shepherd’s Path |                                                                               100
The Prophet was making dua. Allah sent a storm that was so severe and cold, they could not keep their
tents up and they could not even cook and keep a fire going. The Muslims were protected; they could
go to their homes. The winds were so strong, it forced the allied forces to leave. The next morning, the
messenger sent Hudhayfah to see what happened after the storm.

 The Muslims had defeated the greatest force ever sent to defeat a group in Arabia.

After this battle, the Prophet (saws) said: from now on… we will be on the offensive!

Remember though, that for over a month now – the Muslims have been digging trenches and fending
off the enemy. The Muslims are very, very, tired. The Prophet comes home and he takes off his armor.
Then there’s a knock on the door and guess who’s there? It’s Jibreel coming in the form of Yahya – one
of the most handsome of companions.

Jibreel told the Prophet, you have taken off your armor but we have not taken off our armor yet. O
Muhammad, go there (and he pointed to Banu Quraydah). He was told that he wasn’t supposed to pray
Asr until they reach Banu Quraydah.

On the way there, Maghrib was about to come and they hadn’t prayed Asr yet. Some companions
debated over which order to follow: To pray Asr first – or – to reach Banu Quraydah and pray Asr. It was
challenging because they were being ordered and prevented at the same time.

The companions were not scolded by the Prophet, both of them were right. One followed the general
principle and the other group followed the specific order. They also didn’t scold each other.

The Muslims laid siege to Banu Qurayydah for 2 weeks. The Messenger called them to Islam even after
the Jews had committed treason. The refused to accept Islam and they said we will live by the torah and
die by the torah!

When the siege was over, the messenger asked them, What do you think I should do with you? They
replied, why don’t you let our Prince (Sa’d ibn Ubaadah) leader of the Aws judge between us. They
wanted him because the Aws were allies with Banu Quraydah. They thought he’s their buddy, he may
be easy with us. Sa’d was injured in the battle of the trench and he didn’t attend the siege. When he
arrived, he said Stand up for your Sayyideekoum (i.e. greet him).

Generally the Prophet prevented people from standing for himself. Why would he tell people, his
companions, to Qoomoo 2ela Sayyideekoum! You can’t stand up for anyone no matter who that person

The Shepherd’s Path |                                                                                101
is, however, to greet Sa’d they were told to stand. They hadn’t seen him in weeks and they missed their
companion and they were happy to see him.

Sa’d said that my ruling towards these people is that we should rule according to what is in their books,
we should execute all the men and enslave their women and children. This is the harshest punishment
he could think of and the prophet told him that this ruling is coming from above 7 heavens!

The Prophet was only applying what they wanted. They said we live by the torah and die by the torah.
In the torah, what’s the punishment for treason? Execution! So they really couldn’t argue.

All this had happened during the 5th year.

Al Hudaibiyyah

During the 6th year, the Messenger wanted to make Umrah! Many of the companions were very happy
to go the Makkah because they’ve been away from their homeland for over 6 years now! They missed

How could they go to Makkah to make Umrah when they’re at war with Makkah. This is because if
someone came to worship according to the traditions of the non-Muslims you don’t prevent them.
Holy month or outside of the holy month – they’re allowed to do so. The Prophet was acting upon
what’s known.

The prophet also knew of the possibility that they may prevent them. When the elders from the
Makkans heard the Muslims were coming, they said we’re not going to let Muhammad make fools of us.
The Prophet sent spies to Makkah to see what the reaction of Qurasyh was. The spy came back and said
that the Makkans had put on their leopard skins – i.e. they were getting ready for war. They sent the
army out ½ way to meet the Muslims outside of Makkah.

When the Prophet heard about what they were doing, he got together and consulted with the
companions. If they are going to fight, we’re going to fight. Remember, at this point the Muslims had
the Ihram on!

A companion then told the Prophet that we came here with the intention to make umrah. We didn’t
come with the intention to fight so lets continue with our intention. What do they do then? The
Prophet (Saws) took a detour and went to the area of Hudaibiyah.

Hudaibiyah did not have many wells and they had 1400 people. Once you take a detour, you’re not
going find as many wells as you would find on the main road. In Hudaibiyah they had one well that
barely had any water. The Prophet (saws) took a quiver and threw it into a well and water came out
from his finger.

The Shepherd’s Path |                                                                                 102
           
   
    
           
    
12. "Nay, but You thought that the Messenger (Sal-Allaahu 'alayhe Wa Sallam) and the believers would
never return to their families; and that was made fair-seeming In their hearts, and You did think an evil
thought and You became a useless people going for destruction."

                                                                                   [Surat Al Fath 48: 12]

The prophet called Umar and said I want you to go to the Quraysh and tell them about our intentions.
Umar said are you sure you want to send me? Umar knew himself and he knew he might not be the best
person for the job because he doesn’t have the best standing with Qurasyh.

Instead, Uthman ibn Affan went to negotiate. The non-Muslims sent their people to negotiate as well.
When the messenger sent Uthman, he told him… if the Qurasyh would only allow me to freely call
others to Islam – it would be very advantageous to them. However, this war has crushed the Quraysh.
The caravans were blocked and they had scarce resources in Makkah. The Prophet (saws) was waiting
for word from Uthman. However, Uthman took a very long time to come back. There were rumors
going around that Uthman ibn Affan had been killed. The prophet himself thought that Uthman may
have been killed, and the Prophet said, if they had killed Uthman and he took a pledge from all the
companions to pledge to fight to the death under the sanboorah tree. This was known as Bay3atul

Allah then reveled about Bay3at ul-Ridwan.

                       
          
     
           
    

The Shepherd’s Path |                                                                                103
18. indeed, Allâh was pleased with the believers when they gave their Bai'â (pledge) to You (O Muhammad Sal-
Allaahu 'alayhe Wa Sallam) under the tree, He knew what was In their hearts, and He sent down As -Sakinah
(calmness and tranquillity) upon them, and He rewarded them with a near victory,

                                                                                      [Surat Al Fath 48: 18]

The Messenger said about all of the companions who took the pledge under the tree, the fire will never
touch them. These were about 1400 companions who were guaranteed Jannah! It’s not just ten!

All of a sudden, Uthman (RA) showed up! They had told Uthman he could make tawaf when he had
arrived and he refused until the messenger made tawaf. Uthman told the Prophet that the Makkans
had wanted to negotiate. The Makkans sent Suhayl ibn Amr.

Sulh ul-Hudaibiyyah

    1. The Muslims shall return this time and come back next year, but they shall not stay in Makkah
       for more than three days. [Also, they can only carry with them what a traveler can carry with
    2. The shall not come back armed, but can bring with them swords only sheathed in scabbards and
       these shall be kept in bags.
    3. War activities shall be suspended for ten years, during which both parties will live In full security
       and neither will raise sword against the other. [Qurasyh wanted this peace so they can continue
       their caravan routes and their business.]
    4. If anyone from the Qurasyh goes over to the Prophet without his guardian’s permission, he had
       to be sent back; but, should anyone from the Muhammad’s followers return to Quraysh he shall
       not be sent back.
    5. Whosoever wishes to join Muhammad, or enter into treaty with him, should have the liberty to
       do so; and likewise whosoever wishes to join Qurasyh, or enter into a treaty with them, should
       be allowed to do so.

        Suhayl objected to Bismillah Ar-Rahman Ar-Raheem and they changed it to BismikAllahumma.
        Then they wrote Muhammad, the Messenger of Allah, and Suhayl objected and Ali refused to
        scratch it out so the Prophet scratched it out himself.

        Immediately after Abu Jandal took his shahaadah! If only he came a minute earlier! So the
        Prophet had to send him back and he asked Suhayl to make Abu Jandal an exception and Suhayl
        said no! The Muslims were furious! How could we send our brother back?

        Abu Jandal said, “Am I to be returned from the polytheists that they may entice me from my
        religion, O Muslims!”

The Shepherd’s Path |                                                                                   104
        Then the Prophet told the companions we’re not making Umrah, slaughter your sheep and take
        off your Ihram. Umar ibnul Khattab came and asked the Prophet, “Why have we lowered
        ourselves so much? Aren’t we on the truth?”

        The Prophet told them again to slaughter and take off their Ihram. The Muslims were so
        stunned, they just didn’t do anything. They didn’t obey the prophet. This was not normal! The
        Prophet (saws) was very angry. He came back to the tent and he said O Ummu Salamah, what’s
        wrong with the people? They’re not following me!

        She advised him, go out and do not talk and slaughter and shave. They will follow you. The
        Messenger did this and everyone followed, but the companions were not happy with the treaty.

Immediately after, Allah revealed Surat Al-Fath.

Insert Surah Fath….

Umar ibnul Khattab said O Messenger of Allah, what kind of victory is this? For the rest of his life, he
asked Allah for forgiveness for the statements he made during this trip because only later he realized
the wisdom behind them and the seriousness of what he said.

Some woman who accepted Islam, the prophet if he knew they were Muslim – he accepted them. The
Qurasyh said you need to give them back! However, the Prophet said No. This is because the clause in
the contract specifically mentioned any man! Hence, the women were not included in this.

Many of the people who accepted Islam couldn’t go to the Prophet. What they did is the camped out on
the caravan routes and they started to raid the caravans. Qurasyh started to complain to the Prophet
and said “You’re people are camping out on our routes and raising our caravans!” He said, They aren’t
my people. I turned them away. Qurasyh then begged that the Prophet take them so that they can get
their caravan routes can be re-opened.

Allah opened a way for those who accepted Islam!

The best part of this is that the Prophet could openly call people to Islam! He called Najaashi to Islam
and he accepted, but he didn’t let his people know. More people accepted Islam in the 1st year after the
treaty than in all the years before the treaty put together.

The Shepherd’s Path |                                                                               105
The Shepherd’s Path |   106

Nations Invited to Islam
Al-Bayhaqi, on the authority of Ibn Ishaq, gave the following narration… page 37

                    
                   
          
             
                    
                  
             
                 
                              
        64. Say (O Muhammad ): "O people of the Scripture (Jews and Christians): come to a word that
        is just between us and you, that we Worship none but Allah, and that we associate no partners
        with him, and that none of us shall take others as lords besides All ah. Then, if they turn away,
        say: "Bear witness that we are Muslims."
                                                                                   [Surat Ali 'Imran 3: 64]

Some of the kings would not accept letters without a seal so the Prophet had a ring made for a seal. He
put his name on the bottom and Allah on the top. He didn’t want his name above the name of Allah.
The ring / seal was passed on to Abu Bakr, then Umar, and then Uthman. Uthman lost the ring, dropped
it in one of the wells in Madinah.

Conquest of Makkah
Banu Bakr allied with the Qurasyh. Khuza3ah allied with the Muslims.

Seventeen Months After the treaty of Hudaibiyyah, on one dark night…
A group from Banu Bakr attacked a group from Khuza3ah (?) intentionally and massacred them in the
middle of the night in front of the ka’bah. The Makkans thought that this was in the middle of the night
so no one would know. However, some of the Khuza3ah were able to escape and they told the Prophet
what Banu Bakr and the Qurasyh did to us.

This incident was a terrorist act in modern terminology.

The Shepherd’s Path |                                                                                  107
The Prophet sent a message to Banu Bakr and Qurasyh that this is what they did and it is wrong, but we
will give you a chance if you agree to pay Khuza3ah blood money. Usually you only take blood money if
it’s unintentional, however, this was intentional!! They refused to pay the blood money.

Hence, the messenger rallied an army to go to mecca to help the wronged party. Abu Sufyaan had been
coming to talk to the Prophet to help change the treaty. However, it was too late because the Prophet
had made his decision.

Abu Sufyaan had entered Madinah for the first time and his daughter is married to the Prophet
(Habibah) because her husband passed away in Habasah. Najaashi himself married her off to the
The Messenger wanted to send a smoke screen beause Abu Sufyaan was in town, so he sent the army to
the North. Abu Sufyaan tried to negotiate… they didn’t go well. However, when Abu Sufyaan entered
medinah something entered his heart – Islam had entered his heart.

He also wanted to go back and take care of everything in Makkah, gather his things and then Make
Hijrah to Medina. When Abu Sufyaan went to Makkah, the Prophet called his army back and he was
able to gather 10,000 men. In Hudaybiyah he only had 1400 men!
In 17 months, so many people accepted Islam!!! Ten Thousand was the size of the total tribes of all the
tribes coming together to lay siege to medina! This is what peace did! Muslims were free to go to any
village to call people to tawheed and people were accepting.

The Prophet (saws) marched into Makkah and on the way to Makkah they met 2 people. They met Abu
Sufyaan and Al-Abbas ibn Abdul Mutallib who both had been making Hijrah and had accepted Islam.
They turned around and joined the Muslims! The leaders of Makkah just left them to join the Muslims.

When the Prophet entered Makkah, he entered peacefully. There was no heavy fighting. When he
entered Makkah, the Messenger now has 3 options: Ransom them, execute the men or free them!
This made the Makkans worried. They were afraid because they though the Messenger might execute
them because they knew that they personally harmed the Prophet and pe rsonally tortured the

Al-Abbas said O Messenger of Allah, Abu Sufyaan loves praise.

The Prophet stood up and said Anyone who enters their houses and locks their doors, they are safe.
Anyone at the masjid al-Haram is safe. Anyone who enters the house of Abu Sufyaan is safe.
[This extra statement about Abu Sufyaan had no meaning. It was only to let him realize that after he
accepted Islam he’s still respected.]
Then he said, “what do you think I’m going to do to you O Makkans?” They said, you are a noble and
kind person and the son of a noble and kind person. We don’t expect anything except kindness.”

The Shepherd’s Path |                                                                                  108
So the Messenger said, I say to you just like Prophet Yusuf said to his brothers, “There is no blame on
you this day, go on your way, for you are freed.”

The Prophet personally ordered the companions to break 360 statues and he helped them! As he broke
the idols, he recited the following verse:

                  
                   
                       
                81. and say: "Truth (tawheed) has come and Batil (falsehood, i.e. polytheism, etc.) has
                vanished. Surely! Batil is ever bound to vanish."
                                                                                   *Surat Al Israa’ 17: 81+
The truth (i.e. Islamic Monotheism or This Qur'an or Jihad against polytheists).
Falsehood is Flimsy!!

The Prophet let the people of Makkah go free and then He ordered Bilal to go on top of the ka’bah and
said Allahu Akbar! Allahu Akbar!
There was a black man who was a former change making athan on top of the holiest site in the world!!
Change has come to Makkah! (Not Obama change, Real Change!)

Some of the new Muslims said, AlHamdulillah my parents died before seeing a black man stand on the
The Prophet let the people no there is no difference between an Arab and a non-Arab. It’s not the color
of your skin, but its about the Taqwa in your heart.

After this happened, many of the Bedouins came in and accepted Islam. They were waiting to see who
would be victorious because they thought the Quraysh were the people of God. Hence, the victorious
party would be the one who Allah aided.

However, some of the other remaining tribes who did not accept Islam knew that they had to make a
final stand otherwise they were going to lose. They got together and said we will fight to the death,
women, children, and men alike. Everyone is to leave their houses and no one is to leave anything of
value in their home! [If they were to run away, they’d have nowhere to go! They’d have nothing left
because they brought everything with them.]
They had the men in the front and the women on the camels way in the back. This makes a difference
psychologically. If you see people way far back, you can’t see that these are women.

The Shepherd’s Path |                                                                                     109
The Muslims were the superpower of Makkah, they had defeated the superpower and become the
superpower. The Arabs in Ta’if got together and put their arches on the mountain near the valley of

When the Muslims approached, they saw a huge army. The arches suddenly started to fire and arrows
started to rain in on the Muslims and many of them retreated.
The Muslims were stunned and some started to run, but the Prophet continued to go forward and he
told them to fight. He kept saying I am a Prophet, that’s not a lie. I am the son of Abdul Mutallib.

Then it was 2 people next to the Prophet who were new Muslims (Al -Abbas and Abu Sufyaan) who had
loud voices and they started calling the Muslims back. When the Muslims saw it was the Prophet, Al-
Abbas and Abu Sufyaan… how can we retreat when they go forward?
The Muslims turned around and they fought! Allah then sent an army of angels to help during this
battle. Allah then gave the Muslims victory and they had defeated all the people. This was a major
victory because there was never any battle in which there was so much spoils of war because these
people had brought everything with them! They had thousands of thousands of camels, goats, and
sheep, etc.

They had so much wealth, they had to put that wealth in a valley!

The Messenger started to distribute the spoils of war. The messenger started to give the new rich
Muslims and the influential people hundreds of camels, goats and sheep. The people who didn’t get
anything were the Ansar (the people from Madinah). They got zero.
Some of the youth from medina looked at their swords and they still had blood. This blood is the blood
of those people we just finished fighting. We’re the poorest of them all and He gives them hundreds of
camels? (Isn’t it unfair?).

The Prophet (saws) was red in the face. He was angry. He stood up and said to them:
Sometimes I give wealth to people, it doesn’t mean I like them more.

“Are you not satisfied, O Ansar, that the people go with ewes and camels while you go along with the
Messenger of Allah to your dwellings. By Him in Whose Hand is my life, had there been no migration, I
would have been one of the Ansar. If the people would go through a valley and passage, and the
Ansar go through another valley and passage, I would go through the valley and passage of the Ansar.
O Allah! Have mercy on their Ansar, their children, and their children’s children.
The audience wept until tears rolled down their beards as they said: Yes, We are satisfied o Prophet of
Allah, with our lot and share.”

When the Prophet gave them all this wealth, they went back and told people about how generous this
prophet is and what they got. They ran back and told people about what they needed to accept!

The Shepherd’s Path |                                                                                 110
In these few years, the Muslims in went from 1,000 to 100,000 thousand.
In these few years, there was no more idol worshipping.

The Farewell Hajj
When the Prophet gave his farewell speech, there were over 100,000 people saying Labbayk Allahumma
Labbayk! They were Muslims! All of Arabia had changed.

When the Prophet stood up and gave his farewell speech he said,
Insert Speech page 40!

During Hajj on Arafat, Allah revealed an ayah:
    
         
        
3. … This day, I have perfected Your Religion for you, completed My Favour upon you, and have chosen
for You Islâm as Your religion…
[QS (QS5. Al Maa-idah ayat 3)

After this verse was revealed, there were no more fiqh matters that were revealed.

The Jews heard about this verse, they said O Umar, if this verse had given us this verse – we would have
made it Eid. Umar said, I know exactly when this verse was revealed. It was revealed in Arafat.

This was also an indicator that Allah was going to take the Prophet away.

     
         
      
    
                  
1. when comes the help of Allâh (to you, O Muhammad (Sal-Allaahu 'alayhe Wa Sallam) against Your
enemies) and the conquest (of Makkah),
2. and You see that the people enter Allâh's Religion (Islâm) In crowds,
3. so glorify the praises of Your Lord, and ask for his Forgive ness. Verily, He is the one who accepts the
repentance and forgives.

The Shepherd’s Path |                                                                                  111
                                                                                     [Surat An-Nasr 1-3]

When Abu Bakr heard this verse, he cried. The companions didn’t know why because this is a surah
about victory. However, Abu Bakr knew that this was informing the messenger that his mission had
finished and he knew that he would soon be taken away.

The Last Days

Soon after, the Prophet went back to Madinah and he started to become sick. Some fo the scholars
mentioned that when he went to Khaybar, a woman from the Jews, poisoned the Shoulder of the Lamb
and he bit it. Another companion ate that and he died, but the poison was so strong he felt the effects
from that after he bit it.
Also, the hadd was placed on her because she murdered a Prophet.

Aisha was complaining about a heading and the Prophet (saws) said no Aisha, my head hurts. The
headache of the Prophet is 10 fold of what a normal person would feel. The prophet teaches us that the
Prophet’s pain was worse than ours!
This is for us to console ourselves with whatever happens because the prophet is the leader of those
who are patient.
Whatever problems we have, the prophet had to face much more than that.

His pain started to increase and in one night he left. There was a person that went with him (a freed
slave of the Prophet) named Abu Huwayirah(?). The Prophet went to Baqi3 and made salams to those
people. Then He said O Abu Huwayirah, I have been given 2 options. Either to meet my Lord, or to live
forever in this world with the treasures of the world.
Abu Huwayirah said O Messenger of Allah, please choose to be in this world. The Messenger Said, O Abu
Huwayirah, I have chosen to be with my Lord.

The prophet went home and the next day he got up on the minbar and he said: “The servant of Allah has
been given the choice to be with his Lord or have the keys of the world and he chose to be with his
Most people didn’t understand it. They thought he was telling a story. No soul of any prophet is ever
taken except by their permission.

The Shepherd’s Path |                                                                                   112
Abu Bakr again understood and he continued to cry. The people didn’t understand why Abu Bakr was
crying. Abu Bakr was the most knowledgeable of the companions. He understood Fiqh and Hadeeth.

The Prophet got a strong fever. Abu Bakr couldn’t even keep his hands on hi m because of how hot his
body was (his was worse than our fevers).
Abu Bakr stayed with the Prophet (saws) the whole time by his side. Thursday Rabi3 Al -Awwal, the
Prophet got up on the minbar and he said, “If I have ever wronged anyone, then hear is my back. If you
want to lash it hten come forward…. (Insert Quote properly from page 41)

He wanted to clear himself before meeting his Lord. He said If I even owe anyone just 3 dirhams, let me
know right now… do not worry I will still love you. Someone stood up and said O Prophet, you owe me 3
dirhams. The Prophet told Fatima to give him 3 dirhams.

The companions scolded the man after and he said he didn’t owe me 3 dirhams, but that he wanted the
Prophet to love him

Soon after, the Prophet’s sickness started to increase. He then asked Aisha who’s day is this – even
though he was that sick – he was trying to be just. The other wives said, O Messenger of Allah from now
on you can stay with Aisha. However, the Prophet wanted to visit all his wives first in their rooms. He
only visited one or two and then he couldn’t continue.

It got to the point where even though his house was attached to the masjid, he could not make wudu
without faiting and take a few steps. Then He said, O Aisha – order your father to lead the people in

Aisha said, O Messenger of Allah – tell someone else to lead the prayer. When my father prays he cries
too much.
However, deep down the Messenger knew the reason she didn’t want her father to lead the prayer. She
knew if he led the prayer he would be the Caliphah and she didn’t want that burden on her father.

The Prophet said, “O Aisha, Tell your father to lead the people in prayer.”
She interrupted saying, “O Prophet my father….”
The Prophet said, “O Aisha, Tell your father to lead the people in prayer.” He then added, “You woman
are like the woman of Yusuf.”

Abu Bakr led the prayer and Ali ibn Abi Talib carried the prophet out and when Abu Bakr saw the
Prophet come out he stepped back.

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The Prophet (on Saturday and Sunday) his sickness increased greatly. His fever was very hot. He was
feeling great pain, he said La Ilaaha Illa Allah. Inna lillmawtee lasakara.
His daughter Fatima came and sat next to the Prophet and she started crying because of the suffering
her father was feeling. The Prophet told her to come near and she whispered something into her ears
and she smiled. He told her, your father – he will not suffer anymore when today is over.”

That morning, because the prophet was feeling a little better – Abu Bakr left to take care of his
household because he hadn’t been home for a couple of days.

On Monday, Rabi3 Al Awwal – His final Advice was Prayer Prayer and what your right hands possess! I.e.
take care of your prayers and take care of your woman concerning their rights.
He also advised the Muslims… May Allah curse the Jews and Christians… they took the graves of their
prophets are places of worship.

The Prophet (on Saturday and Sunday) his sickness increased greatly. His fever was very hot. He was
feeling great pain, he said La Ilaaha Illa Allah. Inna lillmawtee lasakara.

His final words were… Ar-Rafeeq Al-A3la. Ar-Rafeeq Al-A3la. In that moment, Allah took the Prophet’s

The companions couldn’t believe it.

There was also a gloominess over Medinah. Anas ibn Malik said he had never witnessed 2 such
contrasting days, 1. The arrival of the Prophet in medina and 2. The passing of the Prophet.

Umar ibnul Khattab said Anyone who says that the messenger of Allah has died, I will chop his head off.
He didn’t die yet. He only went to meet Allah just like Musa. When he comes back, I hope he cuts off the
tongues and hands of those who have said that he has died.

Then Abu Bakr came into the Room of his Daughter Aisha from the outskirts of Madina and he kisse d the
forehead fo the prophet (Saws) and he said Tybtaa hayyan wa mayyitan ya Rasoolullah.”

Then He said…. “He who worships Muhammad….

Umar was still in disbelief. What Abu Bakr said what just from himself, until Abu Bakr read the ayah that
was revealed /read at the Battle of Uhud:

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             
            
                   
            
            
                       
                           
        144. Muhammad () is no more than a Messenger, and indeed (many) Messengers have passed
        away before Him. if He dies or is killed, will You Then turn back on Your heels (as disbelievers)?
        and He who turns back on his heels, not the least harm will He do to Allah, and Allah will give
        reward to those who are grateful.
                                                                                  [Surat Ali 'Imran 3: 144]

When Abu Bakr read this Ayah, Umar ibnul Khattab was stuck by reality and his knees buckled and he
fell to the ground. Then Umar said, Is this in the book of Allah. Is this really in the book of Allah.?
Abu Bakr said, O Umar, this is in the book of Allah.

Anas ibn Malik said, we put the dirt on the prophet in his grave. Our hands did it, but our hearts were in
disbelief. The companions did not know where to bury the Prophet, until Abu Bakr told them that the
Prophet said that the Prophets are to be buried in the places where they die.

After the Prophet died, many of the companions wanted to imitate the prophet and carry this message
to people. Bilal after the death of the Prophet stopped making the athan. He was the Muezzin of the
Prophet and every time he made the athan he would remember the Prophet and he would cry and not
be able to continue.

At the time of Umar, he entered Jerusalem and amongst the Muslim soldiers was Bilal. The people
wanted Bilal to make the Adhan and Bilal declined. Umar asked Bilal to make the Athan to remember
the time of the Prophet. Bilal said I can’t do it.
Umar said, Bilal… I am Amir al-Mu’mineen and I’m ordering you to make the athan. Bilal had no choice
and he started the Athan.

Allahu Akbar, Allahu Akbar!
Allahu Akbar, Allahu Akbar!

The people hear the athan of Bilal and they are reminded of the Athan at the time of the Prophet and all
the companions break down and cry. This is because they loved the Prophet more than anyone else.

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A woman heard that the Prophet passed away and someone told her that her son had been killed. She
asked how is the Prophet (saws) is he ok? They said he’s ok. Someone came to her and said your
husband has been killed and she asked about the prophet again! Is He ok? Her Uncle, Her Father, her
Husband, etc all died. Her whole family died and she was just worried about the prophet.
She said bring me to the Prophet! I want to see him with my own eyes. They brought her and she said,
“Every calamity is minute compared to you O Messenger of Allah.”

The companions loved the Prophet so much!

If we love someone, we want to know everything about him!

We want to know as much as we can about him. This should be only the beginning of learning about the
Prophet (saws).

The companions did not stay in medina because the wanted to carry the message. The prophet ordered
them to do so and they wanted to follow his example.

The Prophet said , None of you truly believe until I am more beloved to him than his children, etc.

He also said [narrated in Muslim], there will come a time where the trials and tribulations will be very
great. There will also be people who are very good at that time and they will be my brothers. They will
want to see me. If you were to tell them you could see the prophet for one moment, you’d have to give
up all your wealth and all your family – they would give that all up.

Insert Hadith - Ubay ibnu Ka’b came to the prophet and said How much salawat should I make in the

Insert Lessons for Life page 39

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