Spanky Combat Veterans Motorcycle Association Virginia by MikeJenny


									                Combat Veterans Motorcycle Association

                                                                                     30 May 2011


1. This SOP is provided in order to ensure all Virginia CVMA members are informed and
   aware of expectations during our rides and to minimize ride brief requirements.

2. During all group rides CVMA 27-x riders will be in the front of the formation, followed by
   non-chapter CVMA members and finally invited guests to the rear.

3. This document does not cover all situations. During times of un-briefed or unusual
   circumstances, it is the responsibility of each rider to ride with common sense and the skills
   you have learned through your training and experience.

4. This SOP has been reviewed and approved by the Commanding Officers, Executive Officers,
   Safety Officers and Road Captains.

5. An electronic copy will be available for reading and / or downloading on the webpage and
   Google group website.

6. Every member is expected to read and be familiar with this SOP and to ensure their guests
   are aware of expected conduct during rides.

7. Ride safe, ride often and have a blast.

                                                 Semper Fidelis,
       Virginia CVMA Group Riding SOP                                                           5/23/2011

                        CVMA 27-1 Group Riding SOP
      Arrive prepared. Be prepared to depart on time with a full gas tank.

      Pre-ride brief. We will discuss things like the route, rest and fuel stops, and hand signals (see
      diagrams on next page). Assign a lead and tail gunner. Both should be experienced riders who
      are well-versed in group riding procedures. The leader should assess everyone’s riding skills and
      place them in the formation appropriately.

      Ride prepared. At least one rider in each group should pack a cell phone, first-aid kit, and full
      tool kit, so the group is prepared for any problem that they might encounter. This is required
      gear for Tail Gunner.

      Ride in formation. The staggered riding formation (see diagram below) allows a proper space
      cushion between motorcycles so that each rider has enough time and space to maneuver and to
      react to hazards. A single-file formation may be required on a curvy road, under conditions of
      restricted visibility, poor road surfaces, or other situations where maneuvering room is restricted.
      Under normal conditions, same side spacing should be a maximum of 2 seconds.

      •   Keeping formation – Nothing is quite as irritating as seeing undisciplined riding, especially
          when riding with the CVMA insignia. If for some reason a member repositions in the
          formation, it is incumbent upon all other riders to adjust. There are two ways of doing this to
          maintain the staggered formation:
          o Pull forward (CVMA preferred) – All members of one side of the formation pull
            forward to fill any gaps. This enables all members to maintain maximum of 2-second
            spacing while repositioning.
          o Switch sides – If the staggered formation is lost, the first rider to not have an off set rider
            (ex: dash 2 leaves to block traffic, dash 3 is the first to not have an offset rider)
            repositions to other side of lane. Following riders adjust accordingly to regain staggered


Virginia CVMA Group Riding SOP                                                      5/23/2011
Scan- Riders should develop a scan pattern that allows them to determine any abnormality in a
timely manner. Scan should include:

•   Where you’re going – The vast majority of your attention should be focused towards the
    front in order to react in a timely manner to any situations that may arise and, of course, to
    stay on the road.

•   Periodically check the riders following in your rear view mirror. If you see a rider falling
    behind, slow down so they may catch up.

•   Engine instruments and lights - Check to see if your turn signals are on, any caution lights
    you may have are on, fuel state, speed and any other widget you may have. A proper scan of
    these should take no more than 1 second, maybe 2. You should scan these on a regular basis.

Blockers /Road Guards – If the situation dictates, the second (and third if required) rider in the
formation will stage his motorcycle to block traffic in order to allow all members of the group to
complete a maneuver (leaving parking lot, making turns…). This should only be done if briefed,
or clearly understood by hand signals.

Key positions:

•   Lead – Sets the pace, determines stops and is responsible for overall safety of the ride.
•   Dash 2 – Sets the formation spacing. Responsible for blocking traffic if required. Example:
    If merging into heavy traffic, dash 2 will assume the new lane and slow to allow all other
    riders to merge. Will then assume position directly in front of Tail Gunner. Dash 2 position
    will be filled by next logical rider (either dash 4 if maintaining staggered formation by
    pulling ahead or dash 3 if switching lane position).

•   Tail Gunner – Responsible for the safe conduct of maneuvers during the ride. Sets spacing
    if required (loosening up or “pushing” forward). Is primary member to stop with any rider
    who has a problem. Clears and begins lane changes. If the designated Tail Gunner stops to
    avail assistance, the last rider will assume Tail Gunner duties.

Lane changes – Normally, lane changes will be completed from back to front (load from the
rear), unless situation dictates otherwise. After signaling for lane change, Tail Gunner will
ensure lane is clear then move into new lane in order to allow all other members to make lane
change once any traffic has cleared.

Hand Signals – All hand signals will be passed throughout the formation, unless safety dictates

Fuel stops – Fill one, fill all. If we all follow first guideline, we will all have similar amount of
fuel. Unless you have a 10 gallon or more gas tank, fill-er-up with the rest.

Constructive Criticism- All members are expected to identify any issues to the group. This
should be done in a courteous, semi-professional manner in order to maximize benefit of lessons

If you’re separated from the group, don’t panic. We will have a pre-planned procedure in
place to regroup. Don’t break the law or ride beyond your skills to catch up.
Virginia CVMA Group Riding SOP                                                     5/23/2011

Common Sense – Your own safety, and therefore the safety of the group, is paramount. In all
conditions, use common sense to determine what needs to be done. Do not ride beyond your
limitations, and NEVER, EVER expect someone else to think for you.

Virginia CVMA Group Riding SOP                            5/23/2011

              MSF’s Guide to Group Riding: Hand Signals


Virginia CVMA Group Riding SOP                                                           5/23/2011
    Military Base/Installation/Post Riding Regulations
There are several Service level and Base specific orders concerning requirements for riding a
motorcycle on the base grounds. There are minor differences between bases and each Service,
but all are very similar. All the Service Chiefs have voiced concern over rising motorcycle
fatalities of Service Members through official message traffic, Service Bulletins, Safety Stand
Downs and increased rider training opportunities on base. To that end, the regulations for base
access on a motorcycle in our area are sometimes more restrictive than Service level regulations.

The following is an excerpt from Quantico Marine Corps Base Order MCBO P5560.2D
MOTOR VEHICLE TRAFFIC SUPERVISION, dated 21 April 2007. These requirements
are the most restrictive in our local Virginia riding area. Although some bases may differ and
change regulations, if these are followed for all bases, you should be able to gain access:

3002. MOTORCYCLE OPERATING EQUIPMENT. No person will operate a motorcycle
upon any road on this base unless such vehicle is equipped as follows:
1. Steering and Wheel Alignment
  a. Motorcycles will be equipped with front forks that meet design specifications.
  b. Components will not be broken, loose, missing, or show excessive wear.
  c. Steering head bearing will not be loose, broken, or defective.
  d. Handle bars will not be loose, bent, broken, damaged or welded.
2. Suspension. Motorcycles will not have broken, excessively worn, missing, defective,
disconnected, or malfunctioning shock absorbers; broken or excessively sagging springs; or other
defective suspension components.
3. Tires, Wheels and Rims
  a. Tires must have 1/16 inch tread on all running surfaces. Racing slicks are prohibited.
  b. Casings, beads, tread and fabrics will be free of breaks, bulges, cracks or exposed fabric
     which exhibit a weakened, unsafe tire condition.
  c. There will be no loose, missing or defective air valves, bolts, nuts or lugs.
  d. There will be no bent, loose, cracked or damaged wheels; defective rims or wheel flanges;
     or missing, broken, bent, loose, or damaged spokes.
  e. The wheels will be free of missing rivets, studs, nuts, and broken or out-of-adjustment
4. Exhaust Systems
  a. Motorcycles will be equipped with complete exhaust systems including mufflers which
     reduce noise to a minimum level and be installed according to design specifications and
     applicable regulations. Exhaust pipes will not be cut off nor have baffles removed. Straight
     pipes are prohibited.
  b. Exhaust systems and elements thereto, including exhaust guards, will be securely fastened.
5. Fuel Systems
  a. The fuel tank and piping will be securely installed, and the fuel line will be free from leaks.
  b. The fuel tank will be vented.
  c. The throttle will be aligned and not binding; linkage (including cables) will not be worn,
     bent, broken, corroded or missing.

Virginia CVMA Group Riding SOP                                                           5/23/2011
 d. On models with a quick-release throttle, the throttle must return to "off" or "idle" position
     when released.
6. Brakes
  a. There will be at least one foot and one hand brake. Operating levers and pedal shafts will
     be properly positioned and aligned.
  b. Mechanical parts will not be misaligned, badly worn, broken or missing.
  c. The brake system will be free of worn, missing, or defective pins, cables, cords, clevises or
     couplings; misaligned anchor pins; frozen or rusted inoperative connections; missing spring
     clips; improper wheel bearing adjustment; and defective grease retainers.
7. Lamps and Reflective Devices. Lamps will be mounted securely to prevent excessive
vibration and will not have defective wiring, improper ground, or a defective switch. The power
source must maintain lamps at required brightness for all conditions of operation.
  a. Head Lamps. The motorcycle will be equipped with at least one and not more than two
      head lamps to produce sufficient driving light. The dimmer switch on double filament head
      lamps will be operative. No person will equip a motorcycle with more than two additional
      lights. Motorcycles will be operated with headlights on at all times.
  b. Rear Lamps. Rear lamps will be red and visible at night under normal conditions.
  c. Stop Lamp. The stop lamp must be red and will be visible from the rear when actuated by
      applying the brake. The stop lamp may be combined with other rear lamps.
  d. License Plate Lamp. License plate lamp will be white in color and illuminate the rear
      plate during hours of darkness. The lamp should light up when the head lamps are turned
  e. Directional Signals. Directional signals will consist of amber or white front lamps and red
      or amber rear lamps which are visible from the front and rear.
  f. Hazard/Emergency Lights. Emergency lights, if installed, will have an approved type
      switch which will flash front and rear turn signals simultaneously.
  g. Reflectors. All reflectors will be clean and free of cracks.
8. Wiring and Switches. Switches and operating units will be in good condition and will
function properly. Wiring will be properly installed and insulated. All connections will be secure
and without corrosion.
9. Horn. The horn will be securely fastened and audible under normal traffic conditions for at
least 200 feet.
10. Windshield. (If installed) will be firmly mounted so that the operator’s vision is not
obstructed and will be free of cracks, discoloration, and scratches.
11. Body
  a. There will be no defective or dislocated parts protruding from the motorcycle.
  b. The engine mounting frame or brackets will not be cracked or broken.
  c. Fenders and mud guards will not be broken, missing, or of inadequate design or
  d. Foot rests will be securely mounted and properly located.
  e. Seats will be properly and securely fastened. The seat and its springs will not be broken or
     otherwise defective and will be so configured as to require the operator to operate the
     motorcycle in a normal upright sitting position.
  f. Lubrication systems will be free of excessive oil leaks.
  g. Center or side stands will be in proper working order.
  h. Rear view mirrors will be securely attached to each side of the handlebars; and each mirror
     will be free of cracks and discoloration. Mirrors will be mounted so as to provide the
Virginia CVMA Group Riding SOP                                                           5/23/2011
     operator with a clear, undistorted and unobstructed view of at least 200 feet to the rear of
     the motorcycle.
 i. No person will rake or extend the front wheel by any means. Forks must meet original
     manufacturer’s specifications and be free from any modification.
12. Passenger Equipment. Motorcycles equipped with seating for a passenger will also be
equipped with foot rests specifically designed and located for the passenger’s use.
13. “Sissy Bars.” "Sissy Bars" in excess of 24 inches are prohibited. "Sissy Bars" are considered
to be any attachment or structure affixed to the rear of the seat designed for the purpose of back
support, luggage tie, or appearance. Such fixtures must have a rounded top. Spiked or other
pointed extensions are prohibited. (Hand holds or luggage ties of stock design affixed to the
saddle are permitted.)
14. License Plates. No person will operate a motorcycle upon any road on this base unless state
or territorial vehicle license plates are mounted and securely fastened to the vehicle. The plates
will be legible, visible, and present an entirely unobstructed view, and will be illuminated with a
light at night.
15. Other. Any other component or assembly not mentioned herein which constitutes a hazard to
the safe and proper operation of the motorcycle and to the safety of others is prohibited.
16. Personal Protective Equipment (PPE). Motorcycle operators and their passengers are
required to use the following personal protective equipment and clothing:
a. The following PPE is mandatory for all persons operating or riding as a passenger on a
motorcycle on Marine Corps installations, and for all military personnel operating or riding a
motorcycle off installations, on and off-road, in uniform or civilian clothes:
(1) Department of Transportation (DOT) Approved Helmet. A motorcycle protective helmet
properly fastened (under the chin) which meets the standards of the DOT or Snell Memorial
Foundation (SNELL). (Note: Commanders may authorize use of combat helmets for operating
tactical vehicles (e.g., motorcycles, all terrain vehicles, etc.) during operations and training based
on an operational risk assessment.)
(2) Eye Protection. Shatter resistant wrap around glasses, or full-face shield (properly attached
to helmet) designed to meet or exceed the reference (m) for impact and shatter resistance. A
windshield, non-safety rated eyeglasses, or a fairing alone does not constitute proper eye
protection. ANSI approved motorcycle goggles may be worn but must not restrict peripheral
(3) Properly Worn Long-Sleeved Garment. A shirt or jacket that covers the arm to the wrist is
required. (While ballistic motorcycle jackets and pants constructed of abrasion resistant materials
such as leather, Kevlar, and or Corduroy that contain impact-absorbing padding might be
optional – they are strongly encouraged.)
(4) Properly Worn Long-Legged Trousers. Both legs covered to the ankle. (While ballistic
motorcycle pants constructed of abrasion resistant materials such as leather, Kevlar, and or
Corduroy that contain impact-absorbing padding might be optional – they are strongly
(5) Appropriate Foot Wear. Leather uniform low tops, or canvas/leather high tops/boots
properly secured. Opened toed shoes are not authorized. Foot wear will consist, at a minimum, of
over the ankle sports shoes appropriately worn (e.g., if the footwear is built to be laced or
fastened, it will contain laces or fasteners and the laces or fasteners will be secured at or near the
Virginia CVMA Group Riding SOP                                                              5/23/2011
top). It is strongly encouraged that lace up military boots or sturdy leather or ballistic nylon
riding boots be worn that provide the optimum protection. Dress shoes may only be authorized
for wear when riding a motorcycle on base while wearing the service or dress uniform.
(6) Appropriate Hand Wear. Full-fingered gloves or mittens.
(7) Reflective Vest. A reflective safety vest will be worn as the outer garment, as it is intended to
be worn. Only international orange, yellow and lime green colors are permitted. Each vest will
have as a minimum, 2 1-inch reflective strips which extend from the front hem, up and over the
shoulders to the rear hem, or from side to side on both the front and back of the vest. Military
personnel are required to utilize all PPE listed above off base as well.


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