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The_Return_to_Normalcy by shuifanglj


									      The 1920’s & The
    “Return to Normalcy”
 “Old Guard” Republicans return to power- end
of Progressivism- disillusionment with Wilson.
 US does not join the League of Nations-
disillusionment with World War I.
 The Rise of Xenophobia- disillusionment with
the “New America.”
   The Red Scare (1919-1920) – fear of the Communist
    Revolution in Russia spreading leads to the jailing and
    deportation of Anarchist, Communists and Socialists-
    “Soviet Ark”
   Labor Movement suffers.
   Communism considered a foreign conspiracy- Ideas
    were Un-American.
   KKK – 1 million
Immigrants No Longer Welcome
   Immigrations Act of 1921- established a quota; 10% of
    the number of immigrants in 1910.
   Immigrations Act of 1924- further restricted
    immigration; 2% of the number of immigrants in 1890.
   Groups Most Affected:
    The Return of the “Old Guard”
    Republicans – The Politics of the
         1920’s - Reactionary
 Warren G. Harding brings his “Ohio
Gang” to the White House.
 Albert Fall- Secretary of the Interior

Responsible for the Teapot Dome
Scandal- Government Oil Reserves
 Charles Forbes- steals $2 Million from the
  Veteran’s Bureau- money that was to go to
  disabled World War I veterans.
“Silent Cal” Restores Credibility to the
Calvin Coolidge- very honest; believer
in laissez-faire economics.
Andrew Mellon- Secretary of the
Treasury; introduces trickle-down
economics- tax cuts for the rich.
Trickle Down Economics Today
 Between 1990 and
  2004, the bottom
  90% of the US
  population saw its
  average household
  income increase by         90% of
  2%.                    Americans saw a
 It went up 57% for   2% increase in income
  the top 1%.
 It went up 112%
  for the top .01%.
New Forms of Art &
       Mass Culture
 Jazz – American Art
 Sports: Baseball
 Radio- Vaudeville
 Movies- Silent Films
1. Spreads common
   values, styles and
2. Creates new national
   heroes and stars.
1920’s Economic Boom –
Roaring 20’s
  Stock Market Booms –
   Bull Market (Bear)
 Buying Goods on Credit
  Installment plan: pay
   for goods over extended
   period with interest
  Some economists,
   business owners think
   installment buying
   excessive – Why?
  Future? – Who cares live
   for today!
Revolution in Automobile
Production – Assembly Line
         Henry Ford
  Model T – Assembly
   Line and installment
   plan make the car
   available to most.
  “When you build a
   factory, you build a
  Materialism is the new              Industrial Middle Class -
   God.                                 $5 Day (Nativism)
  YouTube - Charlie Chaplin: Modern
             Times Part 1/9
                                       Huge Gap Between Rich
                                        and Poor - ?
The Lost Generation (US)
- The Da Da Movement (Europe)
  Main Theme: Disillusionment
  F. Scott Fitzgerald: called the era the
   “Jazz Age”
    Great Gatsby: Showed the negative side of
     1920s wealth
  Sinclair Lewis: Babbit; Against
  Ernest Hemingway: A Farewell to Arms
   – questions glorification of war
American Art and
 Theme: Modernism; anti-
  classical; rebellion
 Art Deco in Architecture
 Fashion: The Flapper v.
 Art: Modern Art (MOMA is
  opened in 1929.)
 The Harlem Renaissance
  – Literature; Jazz; Art
Google Image Result for
          The Roaring 20’s
The New Urban Scene
 1922–1929, nearly 2 million people leave
  farms, towns each year
 Urban v. Rural - Clash of VALUES!
        The Noble Experiment

   18th Amendment (1919): supported by
    religious groups, Rural South, West
   Prohibition: production, sale, transportation
    of alcohol is illegal!
   Volstead Act (1919)
   Problem: Government does not budget
    enough money to enforce the law.
             Prohibition Ignored

   Speakeasies: hidden
    saloons, nightclubs –
    The “corner cop”
   People distill liquor, buy
    prescription alcohol,
    “sacramental” wine
   Bootlegging: illegal
    sale, manufacturing
    YouTube - Boardwalk Empire:
        Speakeasy Tour (HBO)
       Rise of Organized Crime
   “Nucky” Johnson –
    Atlantic City Boss
   Al Capone: controls
    Chicago liquor business
    by killing competitors –
    St Valentines Day
   Corruption at EVERY
   Mid-1920s: only 19%
    support Prohibition
    YouTube - Boardwalk Empire:
     Atlantic City: The Original Sin
               City (HBO)
    The Election of 1928
• Herbert Hoover (R) • Al Smith (D)
•   Rural- from Iowa     •   Urban- from NYC
•   W.A.S.P.             •   Irish-Catholic
•   Dry                  •   Wet
•   Pro Big Business –   •   Progressive- Gov’t
    Laissez Faire            Regulation

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