Exploring Aeronautics by MikeJenny

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									                       NASA Aeronautics Education Products and Standards Alignment

                                       Exploring Aeronautics
Ohio
Grade 5 - Technology

Source: Ohio Technology 2003
Lesson/Activity                  Grade 5 Technology Standards
                                 1 Demonstrate steps used in the engineering design process including defining
                                 the problem, generating ideas, selecting a solution, testing the solution(s),
                                 making the item, evaluating the solution, and presenting the results (e.g.,
Airplane Control(209-256)        engineer a design to solve a storage problem at the school).
                                 2 Describe how models are used to communicate and test design ideas and
Airplane Control(209-256)        processes (e.g., car models, building models).
                                 4 Analyze the requirements for a design including such factors as the desired
                                 elements and features of a product or system, and the limits that are placed on
                                 the design (e.g., if the class were to prepare and deliver food to the homeless
                                 or to a nursing home, what are the desired features and what limits are there to
Airplane Control(209-256)        what can be done?).
                                 4 Recognize that requirements are the limits to designing or making a product
Airplane Control(209-256)        or system.
Airplane Control(209-256)        Strength and Materials
                                 1 Demonstrate steps used in the engineering design process including defining
                                 the problem, generating ideas, selecting a solution, testing the solution(s),
                                 making the item, evaluating the solution, and presenting the results (e.g.,
Intro to Aeronautics (109-123)   engineer a design to solve a storage problem at the school).
                                 1 Show that invention and innovation are creative ways to turn ideas into real
                                 things (e.g., provide examples of multiple solutions to the same problem-many
Intro to Aeronautics (109-123)   models of cars, varieties of apples, chess set figures).
                                 2 Describe how models are used to communicate and test design ideas and
Intro to Aeronautics (109-123)   processes (e.g., car models, building models).
                                 2 Explain how technology and invention have changed economic and social
Intro to Aeronautics (109-123)   development.
                                 4 Analyze the requirements for a design including such factors as the desired
                                 elements and features of a product or system, and the limits that are placed on
                                 the design (e.g., if the class were to prepare and deliver food to the homeless
                                 or to a nursing home, what are the desired features and what limits are there to
Intro to Aeronautics (109-123)   what can be done?).
                                 4 Recognize that requirements are the limits to designing or making a product
Intro to Aeronautics (109-123)   or system.
                                 6 Identify American inventors and designers who contributed to the
Intro to Aeronautics (109-123)   development of each of the technological systems.
Intro to Aeronautics (109-123)   Strength and Materials
                                 2 Describe how models are used to communicate and test design ideas and
Science of Flight                processes (e.g., car models, building models).
                                 2 Explain how technology and invention have changed economic and social
Science of Flight                development.
                                 4 Analyze the requirements for a design including such factors as the desired
                                 elements and features of a product or system, and the limits that are placed on
                                 the design (e.g., if the class were to prepare and deliver food to the homeless
                                 or to a nursing home, what are the desired features and what limits are there to
Science of Flight                what can be done?).
                    NASA Aeronautics Education Products and Standards Alignment – page 2

                                      Exploring Aeronautics
Ohio
Grade 5 - Technology

Source: Ohio Technology 2003
Lesson/Activity                 Grade 5 Technology Standards
                                4 Recognize that requirements are the limits to designing or making a product
Science of Flight               or system.
                                6 Identify American inventors and designers who contributed to the
Science of Flight               development of each of the technological systems.
Scientific Method(124-144)      1 Identify questions related to an assigned topic or personal information need.
                                1 Demonstrate steps used in the engineering design process including defining
                                the problem, generating ideas, selecting a solution, testing the solution(s),
                                making the item, evaluating the solution, and presenting the results (e.g.,
The Activity Center             engineer a design to solve a storage problem at the school).
                                2 Describe how models are used to communicate and test design ideas and
The Activity Center             processes (e.g., car models, building models).
                                4 Analyze the requirements for a design including such factors as the desired
                                elements and features of a product or system, and the limits that are placed on
                                the design (e.g., if the class were to prepare and deliver food to the homeless
                                or to a nursing home, what are the desired features and what limits are there to
The Activity Center             what can be done?).
                                4 Recognize that requirements are the limits to designing or making a product
The Activity Center             or system.
The Activity Center             Strength and Materials
                                6 Identify American inventors and designers who contributed to the
The Resource Center             development of each of the technological systems.
                                1 Demonstrate steps used in the engineering design process including defining
                                the problem, generating ideas, selecting a solution, testing the solution(s),
                                making the item, evaluating the solution, and presenting the results (e.g.,
The Tools of Aeronautics        engineer a design to solve a storage problem at the school).
                                2 Describe how models are used to communicate and test design ideas and
The Tools of Aeronautics        processes (e.g., car models, building models).
                                4 Analyze the requirements for a design including such factors as the desired
                                elements and features of a product or system, and the limits that are placed on
                                the design (e.g., if the class were to prepare and deliver food to the homeless
                                or to a nursing home, what are the desired features and what limits are there to
The Tools of Aeronautics        what can be done?).
                                4 Recognize that requirements are the limits to designing or making a product
The Tools of Aeronautics        or system.
The Tools of Aeronautics        Strength and Materials
                                1 Demonstrate steps used in the engineering design process including defining
                                the problem, generating ideas, selecting a solution, testing the solution(s),
Tools of Aeronautics(257-       making the item, evaluating the solution, and presenting the results (e.g.,
326)                            engineer a design to solve a storage problem at the school).
Tools of Aeronautics(257-       2 Describe how models are used to communicate and test design ideas and
326)                            processes (e.g., car models, building models).
                                4 Analyze the requirements for a design including such factors as the desired
                                elements and features of a product or system, and the limits that are placed on
                                the design (e.g., if the class were to prepare and deliver food to the homeless
Tools of Aeronautics(257-       or to a nursing home, what are the desired features and what limits are there to
326)                            what can be done?).
                  NASA Aeronautics Education Products and Standards Alignment – page 3

                                     Exploring Aeronautics
Ohio
Grade 5 - Technology

Source: Ohio Technology 2003
Lesson/Activity                 Grade 5 Technology Standards
                                4 Recognize that requirements are the limits to designing or making a product
Tools of Aeronautics(257-326)   or system.
Tools of Aeronautics(257-326)   Strength and Materials
                                1 Demonstrate steps used in the engineering design process including
                                defining the problem, generating ideas, selecting a solution, testing the
                                solution(s), making the item, evaluating the solution, and presenting the
Wings(177-208)                  results (e.g., engineer a design to solve a storage problem at the school).
                                2 Describe how models are used to communicate and test design ideas and
Wings(177-208)                  processes (e.g., car models, building models).
                                2 Explain how technology and invention have changed economic and social
Wings(177-208)                  development.
                                4 Analyze the requirements for a design including such factors as the desired
                                elements and features of a product or system, and the limits that are placed
                                on the design (e.g., if the class were to prepare and deliver food to the
                                homeless or to a nursing home, what are the desired features and what limits
Wings(177-208)                  are there to what can be done?).
                                4 Recognize that requirements are the limits to designing or making a product
Wings(177-208)                  or system.
                                6 Identify American inventors and designers who contributed to the
Wings(177-208)                  development of each of the technological systems.
Wings(177-208)                  Strength and Materials
                   NASA Aeronautics Education Products and Standards Alignment – page 4

                                       Exploring Aeronautics
Ohio
Grade 6 - Technology

Source: Ohio Technology 2003
Lesson/Activity                  Grade 6 Technology Standards
Integrating with Aeronautics     1 Employ the use of measuring instruments to collect data.
                                 1 Describe how design is a creative planning process that leads to useful
Airplane Control(209-256)        products and systems.
                                 1 Describe how engineering design is a subset of the overall design process
Airplane Control(209-256)        concerned with the functional aspect of the design.
                                 1 Recognize that there are multiple factors associated with developing products
Airplane Control(209-256)        and systems.
                                 2 Define requirements as the parameters placed on the development of a
Airplane Control(209-256)        product or system.
                                 2 Identify appropriate materials (e.g., wood, paper, plastic, aggregates,
                                 ceramics, metals, solvents, adhesives) based on specific properties and
Airplane Control(209-256)        characteristics (e.g., weight, strength, hardness and flexibility) for the design.
                                 6 Recognize that any design can be improved (e.g., old style scissors work but
                                 new ones with plastic on the finger holes are more comfortable and give more
Airplane Control(209-256)        surface area for leverage).
                                 7 Diagram how design is iterative and involves a set of steps, which can be
                                 performed in different sequences and repeated as needed (e.g., identify need,
                                 research problem, develop solutions, select best solution, build prototype, test
Airplane Control(209-256)        and evaluate, communicate, redesign).
                                 8 Investigate how products are created and communicate findings (e.g.,
                                 interview an architect, industrial designer, contractor about the processes they
Airplane Control(209-256)        follow).
                                 1 Describe how design is a creative planning process that leads to useful
Intro to Aeronautics (109-123)   products and systems.
                                 1 Describe how engineering design is a subset of the overall design process
Intro to Aeronautics (109-123)   concerned with the functional aspect of the design.
Intro to Aeronautics (109-123)   1 Employ the use of measuring instruments to collect data.
                                 1 Recognize that there are multiple factors associated with developing products
Intro to Aeronautics (109-123)   and systems.
                                 2 Define requirements as the parameters placed on the development of a
Intro to Aeronautics (109-123)   product or system.
                                 2 Describe how in the past an invention or innovation was not always
Intro to Aeronautics (109-123)   developed with the knowledge of science.
                                 2 Identify appropriate materials (e.g., wood, paper, plastic, aggregates,
                                 ceramics, metals, solvents, adhesives) based on specific properties and
Intro to Aeronautics (109-123)   characteristics (e.g., weight, strength, hardness and flexibility) for the design.
                                 2 Use data collected to analyze and interpret trends in order to identify the
Intro to Aeronautics (109-123)   positive or negative effects of a technology.
                                 6 Recognize that any design can be improved (e.g., old style scissors work but
                                 new ones with plastic on the finger holes are more comfortable and give more
Intro to Aeronautics (109-123)   surface area for leverage).
                                 7 Diagram how design is iterative and involves a set of steps, which can be
                                 performed in different sequences and repeated as needed (e.g., identify need,
                                 research problem, develop solutions, select best solution, build prototype, test
Intro to Aeronautics (109-123)   and evaluate, communicate, redesign).
                    NASA Aeronautics Education Products and Standards Alignment – page 5

                                      Exploring Aeronautics
Ohio
Grade 6 - Technology

Source: Ohio Technology 2003
Lesson/Activity               Grade 6 Technology Standards
Intro to Aeronautics (109-    8 Investigate how products are created and communicate findings (e.g., interview
123)                          an architect, industrial designer, contractor about the processes they follow).
Intro to Aeronautics (109-    9 Identify inventors and designers around the world who contributed to the
123)                          development of each of the technological systems.
                              1 Describe and give examples of why and how the management of waste
Science of Flight             produced by technological systems is an important societal issue.
                              1 Describe how design is a creative planning process that leads to useful
Science of Flight             products and systems.
                              1 Describe how engineering design is a subset of the overall design process
Science of Flight             concerned with the functional aspect of the design.
                              1 Discuss how new technologies have resulted from the demands, values and
Science of Flight             interests of individuals, businesses, industries and societies.
Science of Flight             1 Employ the use of measuring instruments to collect data.
                              1 Recognize that there are multiple factors associated with developing products
Science of Flight             and systems.
                              2 Define requirements as the parameters placed on the development of a product
Science of Flight             or system.
                              2 Describe how in the past an invention or innovation was not always developed
Science of Flight             with the knowledge of science.
                              2 Examine how modeling, testing, evaluating and modifying are used to transform
                              ideas into practical solutions (e.g., making adjustments to a model race vehicle to
Science of Flight             improve performance).
                              2 Identify appropriate materials (e.g., wood, paper, plastic, aggregates, ceramics,
                              metals, solvents, adhesives) based on specific properties and characteristics
Science of Flight             (e.g., weight, strength, hardness and flexibility) for the design.
                              2 Use data collected to analyze and interpret trends in order to identify the
Science of Flight             positive or negative effects of a technology.
                              6 Recognize that any design can be improved (e.g., old style scissors work but
                              new ones with plastic on the finger holes are more comfortable and give more
Science of Flight             surface area for leverage).
                              7 Diagram how design is iterative and involves a set of steps, which can be
                              performed in different sequences and repeated as needed (e.g., identify need,
                              research problem, develop solutions, select best solution, build prototype, test
Science of Flight             and evaluate, communicate, redesign).
                              8 Investigate how products are created and communicate findings (e.g., interview
Science of Flight             an architect, industrial designer, contractor about the processes they follow).
                              9 Identify inventors and designers around the world who contributed to the
Science of Flight             development of each of the technological systems.
Scientific Method(124-144)    1 Employ the use of measuring instruments to collect data.
                              1 Generate questions to be answered or a position to be supported when given a
Scientific Method(124-144)    topic.
                              1 Select relevant information by identifying main ideas and supporting facts that
Scientific Method(124-144)    help answer questions.
                              2 Use data collected to analyze and interpret trends in order to identify the
Scientific Method(124-144)    positive or negative effects of a technology.
                  NASA Aeronautics Education Products and Standards Alignment – page 6

                                     Exploring Aeronautics
Ohio
Grade 6 - Technology

Source: Ohio Technology 2003
Lesson/Activity            Grade 6 Technology Standards
                           1 Describe how design is a creative planning process that leads to useful products
The Activity Center        and systems.
                           1 Describe how engineering design is a subset of the overall design process
The Activity Center        concerned with the functional aspect of the design.
                           1 Recognize that there are multiple factors associated with developing products
The Activity Center        and systems.
                           2 Define requirements as the parameters placed on the development of a product
The Activity Center        or system.
                           2 Examine how modeling, testing, evaluating and modifying are used to transform
                           ideas into practical solutions (e.g., making adjustments to a model race vehicle to
The Activity Center        improve performance).
                           2 Identify appropriate materials (e.g., wood, paper, plastic, aggregates, ceramics,
                           metals, solvents, adhesives) based on specific properties and characteristics (e.g.,
The Activity Center        weight, strength, hardness and flexibility) for the design.
                           6 Recognize that any design can be improved (e.g., old style scissors work but
                           new ones with plastic on the finger holes are more comfortable and give more
The Activity Center        surface area for leverage).
                           7 Diagram how design is iterative and involves a set of steps, which can be
                           performed in different sequences and repeated as needed (e.g., identify need,
                           research problem, develop solutions, select best solution, build prototype, test and
The Activity Center        evaluate, communicate, redesign).
                           8 Investigate how products are created and communicate findings (e.g., interview
The Activity Center        an architect, industrial designer, contractor about the processes they follow).
                           2 Describe how in the past an invention or innovation was not always developed
The Resource Center        with the knowledge of science.
                           9 Identify inventors and designers around the world who contributed to the
The Resource Center        development of each of the technological systems.
                           1 Describe how design is a creative planning process that leads to useful products
The Tools of Aeronautics   and systems.
                           1 Describe how engineering design is a subset of the overall design process
The Tools of Aeronautics   concerned with the functional aspect of the design.
                           1 Recognize that there are multiple factors associated with developing products
The Tools of Aeronautics   and systems.
                           2 Define requirements as the parameters placed on the development of a product
The Tools of Aeronautics   or system.
                           2 Examine how modeling, testing, evaluating and modifying are used to transform
                           ideas into practical solutions (e.g., making adjustments to a model race vehicle to
The Tools of Aeronautics   improve performance).
                           2 Identify appropriate materials (e.g., wood, paper, plastic, aggregates, ceramics,
                           metals, solvents, adhesives) based on specific properties and characteristics (e.g.,
The Tools of Aeronautics   weight, strength, hardness and flexibility) for the design.
                           6 Recognize that any design can be improved (e.g., old style scissors work but
                           new ones with plastic on the finger holes are more comfortable and give more
The Tools of Aeronautics   surface area for leverage).
                  NASA Aeronautics Education Products and Standards Alignment – page 7

                                     Exploring Aeronautics
Ohio
Grade 6 - Technology

Source: Ohio Technology 2003
Lesson/Activity                 Grade 6 Technology Standards
                                7 Diagram how design is iterative and involves a set of steps, which can be
                                performed in different sequences and repeated as needed (e.g., identify need,
                                research problem, develop solutions, select best solution, build prototype, test
The Tools of Aeronautics        and evaluate, communicate, redesign).
                                8 Investigate how products are created and communicate findings (e.g.,
                                interview an architect, industrial designer, contractor about the processes they
The Tools of Aeronautics        follow).
                                1 Describe how design is a creative planning process that leads to useful
Tools of Aeronautics(257-326)   products and systems.
                                1 Describe how engineering design is a subset of the overall design process
Tools of Aeronautics(257-326)   concerned with the functional aspect of the design.
                                1 Recognize that there are multiple factors associated with developing
Tools of Aeronautics(257-326)   products and systems.
                                2 Define requirements as the parameters placed on the development of a
Tools of Aeronautics(257-326)   product or system.
                                2 Examine how modeling, testing, evaluating and modifying are used to
                                transform ideas into practical solutions (e.g., making adjustments to a model
Tools of Aeronautics(257-326)   race vehicle to improve performance).
                                2 Identify appropriate materials (e.g., wood, paper, plastic, aggregates,
                                ceramics, metals, solvents, adhesives) based on specific properties and
Tools of Aeronautics(257-326)   characteristics (e.g., weight, strength, hardness and flexibility) for the design.
                                6 Recognize that any design can be improved (e.g., old style scissors work
                                but new ones with plastic on the finger holes are more comfortable and give
Tools of Aeronautics(257-326)   more surface area for leverage).
                                7 Diagram how design is iterative and involves a set of steps, which can be
                                performed in different sequences and repeated as needed (e.g., identify need,
                                research problem, develop solutions, select best solution, build prototype, test
Tools of Aeronautics(257-326)   and evaluate, communicate, redesign).
                                8 Investigate how products are created and communicate findings (e.g.,
                                interview an architect, industrial designer, contractor about the processes they
Tools of Aeronautics(257-326)   follow).
                                1 Describe how design is a creative planning process that leads to useful
Wings(177-208)                  products and systems.
                                1 Describe how engineering design is a subset of the overall design process
Wings(177-208)                  concerned with the functional aspect of the design.
                                1 Recognize that there are multiple factors associated with developing
Wings(177-208)                  products and systems.
                                2 Define requirements as the parameters placed on the development of a
Wings(177-208)                  product or system.
                                2 Describe how in the past an invention or innovation was not always
Wings(177-208)                  developed with the knowledge of science.
                                2 Identify appropriate materials (e.g., wood, paper, plastic, aggregates,
                                ceramics, metals, solvents, adhesives) based on specific properties and
Wings(177-208)                  characteristics (e.g., weight, strength, hardness and flexibility) for the design.
                                6 Recognize that any design can be improved (e.g., old style scissors work
                                but new ones with plastic on the finger holes are more comfortable and give
Wings(177-208)                  more surface area for leverage).
                  NASA Aeronautics Education Products and Standards Alignment – page 8

                                    Exploring Aeronautics
Ohio
Grade 6 - Technology

Source: Ohio Technology 2003
Lesson/Activity                Grade 6 Technology Standards
                               7 Diagram how design is iterative and involves a set of steps, which can be
                               performed in different sequences and repeated as needed (e.g., identify need,
                               research problem, develop solutions, select best solution, build prototype, test
Wings(177-208)                 and evaluate, communicate, redesign).
                               8 Investigate how products are created and communicate findings (e.g.,
                               interview an architect, industrial designer, contractor about the processes they
Wings(177-208)                 follow).
                               9 Identify inventors and designers around the world who contributed to the
Wings(177-208)                 development of each of the technological systems.
                  NASA Aeronautics Education Products and Standards Alignment – page 9

                                       Exploring Aeronautics
Ohio
Grade 7 - Technology

Source: Ohio Technology 2003
Lesson/Activity                  Grade 7 Technology Standards
                                 1 Describe the factors involved in developing products and systems using
                                 technology (e.g., market survey, design, development, prototyping, assessing,
Airplane Control(209-256)        producing, quality assurance, marketing).
Airplane Control(209-256)        1 Summarize the role of engineering design.
Airplane Control(209-256)        2 Explain the life cycle of a typical product or structure.
Airplane Control(209-256)        3 Discuss ways that technology is linked to creativity and innovation.
                                 3 Identify parameters that may be placed on the development of a product or
Airplane Control(209-256)        system (e.g., cost, time, size).
                                 3 Review existing designs and suggest ways that they can be improved (e.g.,
Airplane Control(209-256)        how have food containers changed over time and how can they be improved?).
                                 5 Describe how brainstorming is a group problem-solving design process in
Airplane Control(209-256)        which each person in the group presents his or her ideas in an open forum.
Fundamentals of Aeronautics      6 Identify and manipulate the factors that influence vehicle performance (e.g.,
(145-176)                        lift, drag, friction, thrust, pressure and gravity).
                                 6 Identify and manipulate the factors that influence vehicle performance (e.g.,
How an Airplane Flies            lift, drag, friction, thrust, pressure and gravity).
                                 1 Describe the factors involved in developing products and systems using
                                 technology (e.g., market survey, design, development, prototyping, assessing,
Intro to Aeronautics (109-123)   producing, quality assurance, marketing).
Intro to Aeronautics (109-123)   1 Summarize the role of engineering design.
                                 2 Analyze a design or invention and explain its historical importance (e.g., 1735
                                 invention of a timepiece that English ships used to accurately navigate
Intro to Aeronautics (109-123)   longitude position around the world).
                                 2 Describe how some technological problems are best solved through
Intro to Aeronautics (109-123)   experimentation.
Intro to Aeronautics (109-123)   2 Explain the life cycle of a typical product or structure.
Intro to Aeronautics (109-123)   3 Describe and complete an experiment to evaluate the solution to a problem.
Intro to Aeronautics (109-123)   3 Discuss ways that technology is linked to creativity and innovation.
                                 3 Identify parameters that may be placed on the development of a product or
Intro to Aeronautics (109-123)   system (e.g., cost, time, size).
                                 3 Review existing designs and suggest ways that they can be improved (e.g.,
Intro to Aeronautics (109-123)   how have food containers changed over time and how can they be improved?).
                                 5 Describe how brainstorming is a group problem-solving design process in
Intro to Aeronautics (109-123)   which each person in the group presents his or her ideas in an open forum.
                                 6 Identify and manipulate the factors that influence vehicle performance (e.g.,
Intro to Aeronautics (109-123)   lift, drag, friction, thrust, pressure and gravity).
                                 6 Identify the patterns of technological invention (e.g., identify the patterns of
Intro to Aeronautics (109-123)   invention in current products and systems).
Intro to Aeronautics (109-123)   7 Research and diagram the product development life cycle of an invention.
                                 8 Identify inventors and designers from antiquity who contributed to the
                                 development of each of the technological systems (e.g., contributions from
Intro to Aeronautics (109-123)   Chinese, Greeks, Romans, Arabs, Egyptians and Renissance in Europe).
                    NASA Aeronautics Education Products and Standards Alignment – page 10

                                       Exploring Aeronautics
Ohio
Grade 7 - Technology

Source: Ohio Technology 2003
Lesson/Activity                 Grade 7 Technology Standards

                                1 Classify how new technologies have resulted from the demands, values and
Science of Flight               interests of individuals, businesses, industries and societies.
                                1 Describe the factors involved in developing products and systems using
                                technology (e.g., market survey, design, development, prototyping, assessing,
Science of Flight               producing, quality assurance, marketing).
Science of Flight               1 Summarize the role of engineering design.
                                2 Analyze a design or invention and explain its historical importance (e.g., 1735
                                invention of a timepiece that English ships used to accurately navigate longitude
Science of Flight               position around the world).
                                2 Relate ways that the uses of inventions and innovations have led to changes
Science of Flight               in society and the creation of new needs and wants.
Science of Flight               3 Discuss ways that technology is linked to creativity and innovation.
                                3 Identify parameters that may be placed on the development of a product or
Science of Flight               system (e.g., cost, time, size).
                                3 Review existing designs and suggest ways that they can be improved (e.g.,
Science of Flight               how have food containers changed over time and how can they be improved?).
                                5 Describe how brainstorming is a group problem-solving design process in
Science of Flight               which each person in the group presents his or her ideas in an open forum.
                                6 Identify and manipulate the factors that influence vehicle performance (e.g.,
Science of Flight               lift, drag, friction, thrust, pressure and gravity).
                                8 Identify inventors and designers from antiquity who contributed to the
                                development of each of the technological systems (e.g., contributions from
Science of Flight               Chinese, Greeks, Romans, Arabs, Egyptians and Renissance in Europe).
Scientific Method(124-144)      1 Develop open-ended research questions about a defined information need.
                                2 Describe how some technological problems are best solved through
Scientific Method(124-144)      experimentation.
Scientific Method(124-144)      3 Describe and complete an experiment to evaluate the solution to a problem.
                                1 Describe the factors involved in developing products and systems using
                                technology (e.g., market survey, design, development, prototyping, assessing,
The Activity Center             producing, quality assurance, marketing).
The Activity Center             1 Summarize the role of engineering design.
The Activity Center             2 Explain the life cycle of a typical product or structure.
                                3 Describe and test the characteristics of various materials (e.g., strength, color,
The Activity Center             conductivity).
The Activity Center             3 Discuss ways that technology is linked to creativity and innovation.
                                3 Identify parameters that may be placed on the development of a product or
The Activity Center             system (e.g., cost, time, size).
                                3 Review existing designs and suggest ways that they can be improved (e.g.,
The Activity Center             how have food containers changed over time and how can they be improved?).
                                5 Describe how brainstorming is a group problem-solving design process in
The Activity Center             which each person in the group presents his or her ideas in an open forum.
                                6 Identify and manipulate the factors that influence vehicle performance (e.g.,
The Activity Center             lift, drag, friction, thrust, pressure and gravity).
                  NASA Aeronautics Education Products and Standards Alignment – page 11

                                     Exploring Aeronautics
Ohio
Grade 7 - Technology

Source: Ohio Technology 2003
Lesson/Activity                  Grade 7 Technology Standards
                                 6 Identify and manipulate the factors that influence vehicle performance (e.g.,
The Resource Center              lift, drag, friction, thrust, pressure and gravity).
                                 8 Identify inventors and designers from antiquity who contributed to the
                                 development of each of the technological systems (e.g., contributions from
The Resource Center              Chinese, Greeks, Romans, Arabs, Egyptians and Renissance in Europe).
                                 1 Describe the factors involved in developing products and systems using
                                 technology (e.g., market survey, design, development, prototyping,
The Tools of Aeronautics         assessing, producing, quality assurance, marketing).
The Tools of Aeronautics         1 Summarize the role of engineering design.
The Tools of Aeronautics         2 Explain the life cycle of a typical product or structure.
The Tools of Aeronautics         3 Discuss ways that technology is linked to creativity and innovation.
                                 3 Identify parameters that may be placed on the development of a product or
The Tools of Aeronautics         system (e.g., cost, time, size).
                                 3 Review existing designs and suggest ways that they can be improved (e.g.,
                                 how have food containers changed over time and how can they be
The Tools of Aeronautics         improved?).
                                 5 Describe how brainstorming is a group problem-solving design process in
The Tools of Aeronautics         which each person in the group presents his or her ideas in an open forum.
                                 1 Describe the factors involved in developing products and systems using
                                 technology (e.g., market survey, design, development, prototyping,
Tools of Aeronautics(257-326)    assessing, producing, quality assurance, marketing).
Tools of Aeronautics(257-326)    1 Summarize the role of engineering design.
Tools of Aeronautics(257-326)    2 Explain the life cycle of a typical product or structure.
Tools of Aeronautics(257-326)    3 Discuss ways that technology is linked to creativity and innovation.
                                 3 Identify parameters that may be placed on the development of a product or
Tools of Aeronautics(257-326)    system (e.g., cost, time, size).
                                 3 Review existing designs and suggest ways that they can be improved (e.g.,
                                 how have food containers changed over time and how can they be
Tools of Aeronautics(257-326)    improved?).
                                 5 Describe how brainstorming is a group problem-solving design process in
Tools of Aeronautics(257-326)    which each person in the group presents his or her ideas in an open forum.
                                 1 Describe the factors involved in developing products and systems using
                                 technology (e.g., market survey, design, development, prototyping,
Wings(177-208)                   assessing, producing, quality assurance, marketing).
Wings(177-208)                   1 Summarize the role of engineering design.
                                 2 Analyze a design or invention and explain its historical importance (e.g.,
                                 1735 invention of a timepiece that English ships used to accurately navigate
Wings(177-208)                   longitude position around the world).
Wings(177-208)                   2 Explain the life cycle of a typical product or structure.
Wings(177-208)                   3 Discuss ways that technology is linked to creativity and innovation.
                                 3 Identify parameters that may be placed on the development of a product or
Wings(177-208)                   system (e.g., cost, time, size).
                  NASA Aeronautics Education Products and Standards Alignment – page 12

                                      Exploring Aeronautics
Ohio
Grade 7 - Technology

Source: Ohio Technology 2003
Lesson/Activity             Grade 7 Technology Standards
                            3 Review existing designs and suggest ways that they can be improved (e.g., how
Wings(177-208)              have food containers changed over time and how can they be improved?).
                            5 Describe how brainstorming is a group problem-solving design process in which
Wings(177-208)              each person in the group presents his or her ideas in an open forum.
                            6 Identify and manipulate the factors that influence vehicle performance (e.g., lift,
Wings(177-208)              drag, friction, thrust, pressure and gravity).
                            8 Identify inventors and designers from antiquity who contributed to the
                            development of each of the technological systems (e.g., contributions from
Wings(177-208)              Chinese, Greeks, Romans, Arabs, Egyptians and Renissance in Europe).
                  NASA Aeronautics Education Products and Standards Alignment – page 13

                                       Exploring Aeronautics
Ohio
Grade 8 - Technology

Source: Ohio Technology 2003
Lesson/Activity                  Grade 8 Technology Standards
                                 1 Explain how design involves a set of steps that can be performed in different
                                 sequences and repeated as needed (e.g., plan - do - study - act, problem
                                 analysis - design - coding and debugging - integration - testing and validation,
                                 define problem - identify options - identify best solution - plan how to achieve
Airplane Control(209-256)        best solution - evaluate results).
Airplane Control(209-256)        2 Examine parameters and constraints in the design of a product or system.
Airplane Control(209-256)        2 Interpret the interrelationship between technology, creativity and innovation.
Airplane Control(209-256)        3 Categorize the requirements for a design as either criteria or constraints.
Airplane Control(209-256)        4 Document compromises involved in design (e.g., cost, material availability).
                                 1 Explain how design involves a set of steps that can be performed in different
                                 sequences and repeated as needed (e.g., plan - do - study - act, problem
                                 analysis - design - coding and debugging - integration - testing and validation,
                                 define problem - identify options - identify best solution - plan how to achieve
Intro to Aeronautics (109-123)   best solution - evaluate results).
Intro to Aeronautics (109-123)   1 Formulate an essential question to guide the research process.
                                 1 Incorporate all available technology tools and resources to research,
Intro to Aeronautics (109-123)   investigate, solve and present findings in a problem situation.
                                 2 Differentiate audience factors that influence the selection of the
                                 communication tool (e.g., will the message be communicated to an individual or
Intro to Aeronautics (109-123)   a small or large group? will the message be communicated more than once?).
                                 2 Examine and compare eras of design in architecture, aviation, transportation,
Intro to Aeronautics (109-123)   medical instruments and astronomy.
Intro to Aeronautics (109-123)   2 Examine parameters and constraints in the design of a product or system.
Intro to Aeronautics (109-123)   2 Interpret the interrelationship between technology, creativity and innovation.
Intro to Aeronautics (109-123)   3 Categorize the requirements for a design as either criteria or constraints.
                                 3 Describe how invention is a process of turning ideas and imagination into
                                 devices and systems; and innovation is the process of modifying an existing
Intro to Aeronautics (109-123)   product or system to improve it.
                                 3 Explain ways that invention and innovation within one field can transfer into
Intro to Aeronautics (109-123)   other areas of technology.
Intro to Aeronautics (109-123)   4 Document compromises involved in design (e.g., cost, material availability).
                                 5 Describe how inventions can have multiple applications, some not originally
Intro to Aeronautics (109-123)   intended.
                                 b Identify the five levels of innovation and describe their characteristics (Small
Intro to Aeronautics (109-123)   invention inside paradigm)
                                 c Identify the five levels of innovation and describe their characteristics
Intro to Aeronautics (109-123)   (Substantial invention inside technology)
                                 d Identify the five levels of innovation and describe their characteristics
Intro to Aeronautics (109-123)   (Invention outside technology; and)
                                 e Identify the five levels of innovation and describe their characteristics
Intro to Aeronautics (109-123)   (Discovery)
                    NASA Aeronautics Education Products and Standards Alignment – page 14

                                       Exploring Aeronautics
Ohio
Grade 8 - Technology

Source: Ohio Technology 2003
Lesson/Activity                 Grade 8 Technology Standards
                                1 Explain how design involves a set of steps that can be performed in different
                                sequences and repeated as needed (e.g., plan - do - study - act, problem
                                analysis - design - coding and debugging - integration - testing and validation,
                                define problem - identify options - identify best solution - plan how to achieve
Science of Flight               best solution - evaluate results).
                                1 Explain how economic, political and cultural issues are influenced by the
Science of Flight               development and use of technology.
Science of Flight               1 Formulate an essential question to guide the research process.
                                1 Incorporate all available technology tools and resources to research,
Science of Flight               investigate, solve and present findings in a problem situation.
                                2 Describe how societal expectations drive the acceptance and use of products
Science of Flight               and systems.
                                2 Differentiate audience factors that influence the selection of the
                                communication tool (e.g., will the message be communicated to an individual or
Science of Flight               a small or large group? will the message be communicated more than once?).
                                2 Examine and compare eras of design in architecture, aviation, transportation,
Science of Flight               medical instruments and astronomy.
Science of Flight               2 Examine parameters and constraints in the design of a product or system.
                                2 Identify how modeling, testing, evaluating and modifying are used to transform
Science of Flight               ideas into practical solutions.
Science of Flight               4 Document compromises involved in design (e.g., cost, material availability).
Scientific Method(124-144)      1 Formulate an essential question to guide the research process.
                                1 Explain how design involves a set of steps that can be performed in different
                                sequences and repeated as needed (e.g., plan - do - study - act, problem
                                analysis - design - coding and debugging - integration - testing and validation,
                                define problem - identify options - identify best solution - plan how to achieve
The Activity Center             best solution - evaluate results).
The Activity Center             2 Examine parameters and constraints in the design of a product or system.
                                2 Identify how modeling, testing, evaluating and modifying are used to transform
The Activity Center             ideas into practical solutions.
The Activity Center             2 Interpret the interrelationship between technology, creativity and innovation.
The Activity Center             3 Categorize the requirements for a design as either criteria or constraints.
The Activity Center             4 Document compromises involved in design (e.g., cost, material availability).
                                2 Examine and compare eras of design in architecture, aviation, transportation,
The Resource Center             medical instruments and astronomy.
                                1 Explain how design involves a set of steps that can be performed in different
                                sequences and repeated as needed (e.g., plan - do - study - act, problem
                                analysis - design - coding and debugging - integration - testing and validation,
                                define problem - identify options - identify best solution - plan how to achieve
The Tools of Aeronautics        best solution - evaluate results).
The Tools of Aeronautics        2 Examine parameters and constraints in the design of a product or system.
                                2 Identify how modeling, testing, evaluating and modifying are used to transform
The Tools of Aeronautics        ideas into practical solutions.
The Tools of Aeronautics        2 Interpret the interrelationship between technology, creativity and innovation.
The Tools of Aeronautics        3 Categorize the requirements for a design as either criteria or constraints.
The Tools of Aeronautics        4 Document compromises involved in design (e.g., cost, material availability).
                  NASA Aeronautics Education Products and Standards Alignment – page 15

                                     Exploring Aeronautics
Ohio
Grade 8 - Technology

Source: Ohio Technology 2003
Lesson/Activity                  Grade 8 Technology Standards
                                 1 Explain how design involves a set of steps that can be performed in
                                 different sequences and repeated as needed (e.g., plan - do - study - act,
                                 problem analysis - design - coding and debugging - integration - testing and
                                 validation, define problem - identify options - identify best solution - plan how
Tools of Aeronautics(257-326)    to achieve best solution - evaluate results).
Tools of Aeronautics(257-326)    2 Examine parameters and constraints in the design of a product or system.
                                 2 Identify how modeling, testing, evaluating and modifying are used to
Tools of Aeronautics(257-326)    transform ideas into practical solutions.
                                 2 Interpret the interrelationship between technology, creativity and
Tools of Aeronautics(257-326)    innovation.
Tools of Aeronautics(257-326)    3 Categorize the requirements for a design as either criteria or constraints.
Tools of Aeronautics(257-326)    4 Document compromises involved in design (e.g., cost, material availability).
                                 1 Explain how design involves a set of steps that can be performed in
                                 different sequences and repeated as needed (e.g., plan - do - study - act,
                                 problem analysis - design - coding and debugging - integration - testing and
                                 validation, define problem - identify options - identify best solution - plan how
Wings(177-208)                   to achieve best solution - evaluate results).
                                 2 Examine and compare eras of design in architecture, aviation,
Wings(177-208)                   transportation, medical instruments and astronomy.
Wings(177-208)                   2 Examine parameters and constraints in the design of a product or system.
                                 2 Interpret the interrelationship between technology, creativity and
Wings(177-208)                   innovation.
Wings(177-208)                   3 Categorize the requirements for a design as either criteria or constraints.
Wings(177-208)                   4 Document compromises involved in design (e.g., cost, material availability).

								
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