Railroad Consulting Engineer
Principal, L.E. Daniels Transportation Engineering

Years of Experience

B.S., Mechanical Engineering, University of Santa Clara, 1970
Short courses in Finite Element Analysis, Rail Vehicle Mechanics, Non-Destructive Testing, and
        Technical Writing
Professional Affiliations
American Railway Engineering Association: Committee 5, Track’; Committee 12, Transit;
       Committee 17, High Speed Rail.
American Society of Mechanical Engineers
Transportation Research Board Committees (Track, Rail Transit)

Professional Registration
California, Mechanical Engineering

Key Qualifications

Larry Daniels has extensive experience in design, research, management and field supervision of
domestic and international track and railway systems.

Engineering accomplishments include responsible track designer for North American and
international transit systems and freight railroads. He has designed railway track for freight
(Western Pacific Railroad, various railroads and mineral firms in the Powder River Basin), transit
(Singapore, Portland, Baltimore) and joint use railways (Kowloon Canton Railway).

Mr. Daniels is credited with domestic and international publications on rail corrugations, track
degradation, cross ties, track fasteners, and maglev system dynamics research. Research
experience includes responsibility for all track research at the Pueblo, Colorado Transportation
Technology Center, and, later, research for the Federal agencies on rail corrugations, maglev
system dynamics, direct fixation fasteners and light rail transit.

He has managed transit track construction and has consulted in the maintenance of heavy and
light rail transit.

Mr. Daniels is actively involved in industry committees, responsible for committee work to develop
industry guidelines for track components, design and maintenance. He co-authored track design
guidelines: Direct Fixation Track Design (Battelle, under contract to the Transportation
Cooperative Research Program [TRB affiliate], released January 2000). He participated in
development of the publication of Light Rail Track Design Guidelines (PBQ&D, under contract to
the Transportation Cooperative Research Program [TRB affilitate], released March 2000).

He has managed the track standards, maintenance planning, and system track procurement
(including QA/QC) for a Class I railroad.

4222 Curragh Oaks Lane                                                     Phone: 9169659435
Fair Oaks, CA 95628-6604                                                    FAX: 9169655109
Email:                                          Cell: 9168019435
Page - 2                                                              LAURENCE E. DANIELS
Mr. Daniels established his private practice in 1994, serving major engineering firms (Parsons
Brinckerhoff, Frederic R. Harris, International Bechtel, Inc., Carter & Burgess, Inc.), research
institutions (Association of American Railroads, Battelle Laboratories). Transit Agencies and
Commuter Rail Agencies and Federal Agencies in the research, design and construction of
Page - 3                                                                LAURENCE E. DANIELS

   Transportation Research Board: Project: TCRP D-5, “Performance of Direct Fixation
    Track Structures.” Co-author. Provides technical design guidelines and engineering
    methods for Direct Fixation fasteners and Direct Fixation track design. Subcontract to
    Battelle. Contact: J.M. Tuten, Futrex. Published 1 Quarter, 2000.

   Transportation Research Board: Project TCRP D-6, “Track Design Manual for Light Rail
    Transit.” Publishes engineering principles and technical guidelines for Light Rail Transit
    track design. Parsons Brinckerhoff is the prime consultant. Contact: G.W. Martyn, Parsons
    Brinckerhoff. Published 1 Quarter, 2000.

   Association of American Railroads: Provided data base of rail transit industry track and
    vehicle with rail corrugation characterizations by transit agency (Light Rail and Heavy Rail)
    track location. Contact: Roy Allen. May, 1995

   Rail Transit Corrugations, Federal Transit Administration: Mr. Daniels led a series of studies
    on corrugation mechanisms, as co-principal investigator and project manager of a team of
    research specialists including Battelle and Georgia Institute of Technology. The research
    included dynamic modeling of vehicle and track, field dynamic measurements at transit
    agencies, laboratory investigations, and detailed survey of industry configurations (track,
    vehicle, superstructure, operating conditions) and the corrugation occurrence by location on
    North American and International transit agencies (Light Rail and Heavy Rail). Parsons
    Brinckerhoff contract with Baltimore MTA; Mahesh Sharma, MTA Program Manager, Jeffery
    Mora, FTA Program Administrator. 1993.

   Maglev Structural Dynamics, Federal Railroad Administration (FRA): Larry collaborated as
    project manager with Battelle and Intermagnetics General, Inc. on dynamic interaction study
    of guideways with maglev vehicles traveling at speeds up to 500 mph. The study was one of
    27 awarded projects under the FRA's National Maglev Initiative to assess Maglev design and
    performance questions.      Parsons Brinckerhoff contract with the FRA; Andrew Sluz,
    Contracting Officer's Technical Representative, TSC. 1992.

   Track Research Lead Engineer, Transportation Test Center, Pueblo, CO, Association of
    American Railroads (current TTC custodian), 1979 - 1986: Responsible for supervision of
    research professionals in the planning, execution, analysis and reporting on track research
    programs for the Federal Railroad Administration, Class 1 railroads and private clients.
    Concurrently responsible test engineer for track buckling, wood ties and fasteners, track
    irregularity and rail corrugations research projects. Current Contacts: Britto Rajkumar.


   Bay Area Rapid Transit (BART), On-Call Services. Retained to support BART’s Resident
    Engineer in final trackwork acceptance of the Daly City Yard Improvement Project. The
    assignment requires track technical issue resolution, consultation on trackwork project
    management, coordination of plans and specs with the Project, the Engineer of Record and
    BART Engineering. Conducted In-process, Preliminary and Final Track inspections for the
    Project. Karen Gast, Resident Engineer. June 2002 through February 2003. Subcontract
    through SYSTRA.

   Bay Area Rapid Transit (BART), On-Call Services. Performed final inspection of BART track
    construction: Concord Yard, February 2002. Jeff Cowling, Deputy Concord Yard Construction
    Manager, under subcontract to Earthtech (Rick Dana, Earthtech program manager)
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   Bay Area Rapid Transit (BART), Track Inspection Training: Conducted concentrated track
    instruction training on track definitions, construction inspection procedures and process, and
    construction contract management. Originated a comprehensive track inspection manual
    covering new track construction inspection and maintenance track inspection. April 2001 to
    June 2001. Subcontract to Earthtech. Ric Rattray, BART Manager of Construction.

   Sacramento Regional Transit, Amtrak Extension: Civil Design Manager for 0.7 mile
    embedded track extension in downtown Sacramento connecting the Regional Transit System
    to Sacramento’s Amtrak Station, the originating site of the transcontinental railroad. January
    2001 to present. Subcontract to Frederic R. Harris. Alan Boone, Project Manager for
    Frederic R. Harris. Darryl Abansado, Project Manager for Sacramento Regional Transit.

   San Francisco Municipal Railway, Metro East Yard: Quality Review engineer, track. May
    2000 to present. Subcontract to Korve Engineers. James Fea, Project Manager, Phil Leong,
    Project Engineer, Korve Engineers.

   Santa Clara Valley Transportation Authority, Vasona Extension: Quality Review engineer for
    track. May 2000 to present. Subcontract. James Fea, Project Manager, Phil Leong, Project
    Engineer, Korve Engineers.

   Santa Clara Valley Transportation Authority: Responsible track engineer on the Capitol
    Corridor LRT expansion. This line segment is the first of VTA’s expansions designed
    specifically for implementation of Low Floor Vehicle technology. 1999 to present. Contact:
    Robert S. Newland, Project Manager, Carter & Burgess, Inc.

   San Diego Trolley: (a) Direct Fixation track rehabilitation consultation [America Plaza
    embedded track]. Investigate causes of 6 year old Direct Fixation track damage in a 90 ft
    radius curved, embedded track within a light rail station. Recommend retrofit track system.
    Commenced January 1998. Contact: Bill Rose, Manager, Capital Projects, MTDB. Contract
    through Keith Gallistel, Earth Tech. (b) Direct Fixation track construction consultation
    [Mission Valley West]. Evaluate Direct Fixation track construction, advise Agency regarding
    proper Direct Fixation construction tolerances, provide correct inspection procedures, provide
    oversight for Direct Fixation re-surfacing by construction contractor. Contact: Bill Prey,
    Construction Engineer, MTDB. Contract through Keith Gallistel, Earth Tech. Ongoing,
    commencing May 1998.

   WMATA Rail Car Lift Evaluation: Conducted an investigation of rail car lifts including
    measurements and mechanical engineering analysis resulting in identification of
    recommended improvements to eliminate the lifts’ drive train failures in a third party lift.
    Subconsultant for Ed Mixan, Parsons Brinckerhoff Quade & Douglas, under contract to the
    Washinton Metropolitan Area Transit Authority. January to March, 1998

   BART On-Call Services: Provide track design and construction support for Concord Yard &
    Shop expansion (1998 – 2000); Responsible track design engineer for Hayward Yard
    modifications (1999 - 2000). Contact: Obe Schrader, Project Manager, Carter & Burgess,
    Oakland, CA.

   North County, Oceanside – (a) On-call services for advanced technical support for track
    rehabilitation issues. On-going current subcontract under Frederic R. Harris. Contact: David
    Levy, Vice President, San Pedro, CA. (b) Review Miramar Hill track realignment. Subcontract
    to Simon Wong Engineers through Carter & Burgess. Contact: Carl Wallace, Carter &
Page - 5                                                                   LAURENCE E. DANIELS
   Sacramento Regional Transit, South Sacramento Extension - Railroad interface engineer
    responsible for freight railroad track design and all interface issues (utilities, access, etc.)
    involving the Union Pacific Railroad along their right of way that will contain a 6 mile Regional
    Transit extension. January 1998 to February 1999. Subcontract Parsons Brinckerhoff Quade
    & Douglas (Paul McCauley, Project Manager).

   North County, Oceanside - Escondido Preliminary Engineering (Light Rail): The project
    explores alternatives and develops preliminary plans for a joint Light Rail and Freight rail 21.3
    mile operation among local communities with transfer to AMTRAK at Oceanside. Larry
    developed a rail life analysis from which he produced life-cycle performance estimates for rail
    alternatives including retention of 90 SF rail manufactured between 1903 and 1928. Analysis
    includes Weibull Statistical analysis of the existing 90 SF rail flaw history and present value
    economic analysis of all alternatives over 50 years. Frederic R. Harris, Inc. project. Contact:
    David Levy, Project Manager.

   Southeastern Pennsylvania Transportation Authority (SEPTA) – Direct Fixation Track
    Structure Study. Lead investigator in collaboration with Battelle Laboratories of rail clip
    loosening and breakage and aggressive rail corrugations on new portions of the Frankford
    Elevated. Rail clips for fasteners that were intended to have no longitudinal restraint (passive
    rail clips) were not only touching the rail but gouged the rail base. The investigation
    conducted field inspections and rail longitudinal profile measurements. The investigation
    subjected the fasteners to laboratory testing for mechanical properties and fatigue limits. The
    investigators performed dynamic computer simulations of vehicle/track interaction using the
    measured fastener properties. Finite element analysis was performed to determine the effect
    of rail gouging on rail fatigue life. The investigators performed a full tolerance analysis on the
    track system. April 1995 to May 1996. Subcontract to Parsons Brinckerhoff Quade and
    Douglas. Eugene Allen, Milton Zuras, FERP Project Managers.

   Portland Westside Extension, Tri-Met (Light Rail): Track project engineer responsible for
    design and construction contract documents for the 3 mile double bore tunnel track with the
    longest severe grade (5%) in North American Transit. Track design considerations included
    accommodation of the first low-floor Light Rail Vehicle in North America. Client required full
    track designs for direct fixation track and duo block track options within the same design
    envelope. Parsons Brinckerhoff contract; Dave McAlister, Design Manager. 1992 - 1993.

   Singapore Mass Rapid Transit Project (Heavy Rail): Served as trackwork and third rail project
    engineer for the Woodlands Extension. The project is a ten-mile all-aerial tie-ballast
    extension of existing main line and yard facilities. The track design produced requisite
    construction contract documents (construction drawings and specifications) using European
    standards while concurrently resolving turnout design problems on the existing system.
    Parsons Brinckerhoff International contract; Walter Michelutti, Project Manager. 1991 - 1992.

   Downtown Seattle Transit Project, Washington (Light Rail): Developed analysis and final
    design of embedded track for Seattle's joint use (rail and bus) transit tunnel on a common
    running surface. Responsible for the project's rail and special trackwork procurement
    specifications. Parsons Brinckerhoff contract; Tom Conley, Project Engineer. 1990.

   Project Management Oversight, Federal Transit Administration (FTA): Track Technical
    project oversight of federally funded transit projects in Cleveland (Light & Heavy Rail) and,
    separately, St. Louis (Light Rail). Provided track engineering review of construction for
    Cleveland's $500 million Tower City Project, and of final design and construction for the new
    St. Louis Metro Link Light Rail Transit system to the FTA. Parsons Brinckerhoff contract;
    John Devens, Project Manager. 1988 - 1993.
Page - 6                                                                    LAURENCE E. DANIELS
   Facilities Maintenance Consultation, WMATA (Heavy Rail): Provided technical consultation
    for interaction of rail forces and aerial structures with direct fixation fasteners, non-destructive
    investigation of subterranean voids caused by tunnel leaks, track buckling incidents in yard
    lead tracks, bus sub-system (door operation) failures, bus hoist capacity, and direct fixation
    track component failures, as part of a system maintenance engineering contract. Parsons
    Brinckerhoff contract; Edgar Mixan, Project Manager. 1987 - 1993.

   Baltimore Metro Comprehensive Inspection of Aerial Structures, Baltimore MTA: Responsible
    for developing a high-level engineering data base system to capture aerial structure
    inspection information and to produce maintenance and inspection work orders based on
    system design criteria and inspection results. The physical extent of the system is 4.6 miles
    of aerial box girder structures and three above-ground stations. Parsons Brinckerhoff
    contract; Frank Balsamo, project manager. 1987.

   Detroit Central Automated Transit System (CATS), Michigan (People Mover System):
    Resident engineer for track construction. Responsible for administering the construction
    contract and for the inspection and acceptance of the $3 million track construction including
    Linear Induction Motor (LIM) reaction rail. The Resident Engineer supervised a staff of 10
    inspectors and support staff at the peak of project activity. UTDC Contract; Terry Andrews,
    Construction Manager. 1986.

   Retained as the Engineer's     Witness to qualification tests on the proposed direct fixation
    fastener design for the Los    Angeles Red Line (Heavy Rail). Tests conducted at UTAM
    (Czech Republic University     campus in Prague). Parsons Dillingham contract; Guido
    Eyzaguirre, Project Manager.   April, 1994 to May, 1994.
Page - 7                                                                    LAURENCE E. DANIELS

   Tongue River Railroad, Montana. Track engineering services for ammended environmental
    impact report to revise the alignment of a proposed 100MGT coal haul railroad for existing
    and potential coal mine facilities. Ongoing, commenced May 1998. Contact: Scott Steinwert,
    Public Affairs Management, San Francisco, CA.

   See also Transit, Sacramento Regional Transit South Sacramento Extension

   Kowloon-Canton Railway Corporation (KCRC), West Rail Project. The KCRC is planning a
    new 32 km railway from the Peoples’ Republic of China to the Kowloon Port that will surpass
    any existing world-wide railway in capacity and, perhaps, maximum axle load. The proposed
    project will intermingle high density transit traffic and high speed inter-city rail with heavy axle
    load freight on a single corridor. The project is slated to rival the English Channel Tunnel
    cost. Bechtel International is the General Engineering Consultant to the KCRC, Mr. Malcolm
    Snody is the immediate contact at Bechtel. Mr. Daniels’ involvement commenced January,
    1996, with on-going commitments to evaluate the appropriate axle load for the project, and to
    assess the practical engineering requirements to realize planning proposals for the West Rail
    project. Contact: Chris Boyce, Kowloon Canton Railway Corporation. Active project since
    January, 1996.

   Los Angeles Metrolink (SCRRA), Commuter Rail: Provide On-call engineering services
    including alignment evaluations for compliance to applicable regulations and criteria,
    coordination of survey and surfacing work to design geometry. Track chart review. Metrolink
    contact: David Mansheim; Frederick R. Harris contract. Active project (commenced April,

   Unit Rail Anchor Company: Develop engineering evaluations of rail anchor products,
    contribute to product design. Other engineering services as requested. Contact: Paul Ciolino.
    Active project (commenced April 1995).

   Racine Railroad Products: Technical Capacity Assessment (Engineering Management
    processes evaluation). Contact: Steven Birkholz. Active Project (commenced September

   Burlington Northern Railroad: Project engineer responsible for a cost/benefit study of
    advanced track component designs. Parsons Brinckerhoff contract, Henry Lees, BN client
    contact. 1986

   English Channel Tunnel, Great Britain: Responsible for providing consulting services on
    questions of suitability of the track system and track support design for the main track of the
    32 mile tunnel link between Britain and France. Parsons Brinckerhoff contract, J.L. Lammie,
    Chief Executive Officer. 1991

   Coal Load-Out Facilities, Wyoming: Participated in the track design and construction contract
    documents for heavy haul coal facilities throughout the Powder River Basin. Morrison-
    Knudsen contracts. 1976 to 1978.

   Western Pacific Railroad (now Union Pacific Railroad): Larry began his career with the WP
    with advancing responsibility from junior engineer to engineer of standards and materials.
    The latter including system planning, specification and inspection (QA/QC) of all track
    materials for the system's track programs for this Class 1, 1000 mile railroad. Also served the
    railroad as assistant roadmaster, Oakland to Stockton. No current contacts remain on the
    succeeding railroad. 1971 to 1976.
Page - 8                                                              LAURENCE E. DANIELS
Industry Support Activities

   American Railway Engineering & Maintenance Association:

     Track Committee (Committee 5),. Past Subcommittee Chair, Track Design. .

     Transit Committee (Committee 12)

     High Speed Rail Committee (Committee 17)
   Transportation Research Board:

     Railroad Track Structure System Design, Committee A2M01,.

     Rail Transit System Design, Group 2, Section M, A2M04, Transportation Research Board.

   Board of Directors, Folsom El Dorado & Sacramento Railway Historical Society

   Mr. Daniels supports on the following industry committees through active membership or
    -   APTA Noise Vibration and Track Committee
    -   AAR track research committees
Page - 9                                                              LAURENCE E. DANIELS


1. Laurence E. Daniels, James M. Tuten III, Charles Stanford, Definitions of Direct Fixation
   Track, APTA 2001 Rail Transit Conference, Boston, June 12, 2001.

2. Laurence E. Daniels, Track Inspection Manual, Bay Area Rapid Transit, Issue 1, June 2001.
   Comprehensive construction and maintenance track inspection procedures, project
   management and definitions to BART standards and specifications.

3. J.M. Tuten III, L.E. Daniels, Performance of Direct-Fixation Track Structures comprised of
   a Final Report, Design Guidelines, and Analysis Methodology, Transportation Research
   Cooperative Program, Project D-5, Transportation Research Board of the National Research
   Council, Published 1 Quarter, 2000.

4. Track Design Handbook for Light Rail Transit, TCRP Report 57, Transportation Research
   Board, Federal Transit Administration, by Parsons Brinckerhoff Quade & Douglas under
   TCRP Project D-6. Copyright Transportation Research Board, 2000.

5. L.E. Daniels, Longitudinal Rail Force on Long Bridges and Aerial Structures,
   Transportation Research Board Annual Meeting 2000, Committee A2M01, Track Design,
   January 12, 2000.

6. Co-chairman, Advanced Topics in Rail Steels and Welding, Transportation Research Board
   Annual Conference, January, 1998.

7. Laurence E. Daniels, Designing a New Railway for Heavy Axle Load, Transportation
   Research Board Annual Meeting, Session 212, Part 1, The 315-Kip Car: Implications in Track
   Design, Washington, D.C., January 14, 1997.

8. Laurence E. Daniels, Direct Fixation Fasteners on SEPTA Franklin Elevated
   Reconstruction, Track, Noise & Vibration Subcommittee, American Passenger Transit
   Association, Boston, November 8, 1996.

9. Laurence E. Daniels, Wheel Profile and Frog Point Geometry, American Railway
   Engineering Association Turnout Symposium, Chicago, August 14, 1996.

10. Laurence E. Daniels, Preliminary Report, Axle Load Study, for the West Rail Project,
    Kowloon-Canton Railway Corporation, Hong Kong, May 2, 1996.

11. Laurence E. Daniels, James M. Tuten, Jeffrey Hadden, Final Report: DF Track Structure
    Study, for the Southeastern Pennsylvania Transportation Authority, submitted to Philadelphia
    Transit Consultants, April 23, 1996.

12. Laurence E. Daniels, Permanent Way Concerns: Cost-Efficient Engineering and
    Construction for Greater Durability, AsiaRail ‘96, Hong Kong, March 26, 1996.

13. Laurence E. Daniels, Committee 5 Presentation on Elastic Fasteners, 1995 AREA Annual
    Conference, March 21, 1995. Published in Volume 96, Bulletin 752, American Railway
    Engineering Association, October 1995, pp. 277 to 293.

14. Laurence E. Daniels, Rail Life Analysis, Oceanside - Escondido Line, project report to
    Frederic R. Harris, October 1995.

15. Laurence E. Daniels, RAIL CORRUGATION: CAUSES & POTENTIAL CURES, Rail Transit
    ‘95: Design, Construction and Maintenance of Transit Track & Structures, June 9, 1995.
Page - 10                                                               LAURENCE E. DANIELS
16. Laurence E. Daniels, Donald R. Ahlbeck, James M. Tuten III, Rail Corrugation: Perception
    and Reality, Railway Track & Structures, September, 1994, pp. 41 - 47.

17. Laurence E. Daniels, Rail Fastener Qualification Test Report, Rail Construction
    Corporation Procurement Contract B616 (Los Angeles Metro) for Parsons Dillingham, May
    20, 1994

18. Qualification Specification for Elastic Fasteners on Timber Ties, American Railway
    Engineering Association, Committee 5, assignment to Subcommittee 4, Track Design, L.E.
    Daniels Subcommittee Chairman, Published as Recommended Practice, 1994.

19. Laurence E. Daniels, Rail Transit Corrugations, FTA-MD-06-0141-93-1, December, 1993

20. Direct Fixation Fastener Specification, contained in the track construction contract documents
    for Tri-County Metropolitan Transportation District of Oregon, Westside Corridor Project, Line
    Section 5A, Westside LRT Tunnel, Contract No. 93-0561B/WCO500, March, 1993

21. Proceedings: Symposium on Elastic Track Fasteners, A Special Session of the American
    Railway Engineering Association, Committee 5, Track, Subcommittee 4, Track Design, June,
    1992, Ed. by L.E. Daniels

22. L.E. Daniels, D.R. Ahlbeck, Z.J. Stekly, G.M. Gregorick, Influence of Guideway Flexibility
    on Maglev Vehicle/Guideway Dynamic Forces, (Maglev Structural Dynamics), National
    Maglev Initiative, Federal Railroad Administration, DOT/FRA/NMI-92/09, July 1992

23. Baltimore Metro Northeast Line Direct Fixation Fastener Procurement Specification, Contract
    XO-50-07, 1/24/92

24. L.E. Daniels, Aerial Structure Fasteners Evaluation, Washington Metropolitan Area Transit
    Authority, May 19,1991

25. D.R. Ahlbeck, L.E. Daniels, Investigation of Rail Corrugations on the Baltimore Metro,
    Mechanics and Fatigue in Wheel/Rail Contact, ISBN 0444 88774 1, ELSEVIER SEQUOIA
    S.A., 1990, pp. 197 - 210.

26. Donald R. Ahlbeck, Larry E. Daniels, A Review of Rail Corrugation Processes Under Different
    Operating Modes, 1990 ASME/IEEE Joint Railroad Conference, April, 1990, pp. 13 - 18.

27. L.E. Daniels, D.R. Ahlbeck, Rail Corrugation Study, Summary and Recommendations,
    Baltimore MTA, July, 1990; and as part of that same project, an interim report: L.E. Daniels,
    Report on Rail Corrugation Wave Forms and Growth, January, 1990.

28. L.E. Daniels, The Burlington Northern Railroad Life Cycle Performance of Moveable Point
    Frogs, 1987

29. H.G. Moody, L.E. Daniels, Fastener Performance in Concrete and Wood Tie Track, paper
    no. 82-HH-40, Proceedings:      Second International Heavy Haul Railway Conference,
    September, 1982, pp. 432 -441.

30. Daniels, N. Blume, Rail Corrugation Growth Performance, paper no. 82-HH-28,
    Proceedings: Second International Heavy Haul Railway Conference, September, 1982, pp.
    294 - 321

31. Larry Daniels, Howard G. Moody, Evaluation of Various Wood Tie Fasteners Under
    Freight Railroad Service Testing, Proceedings: FAST Engineering Conference 1981,
    FRA/TTC-82/01, pp. 63 -74.

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