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LAURENCE E. DANIELS, P.E. Railroad Consulting Engineer Principal, L.E. Daniels Transportation Engineering Years of Experience 32 Education B.S., Mechanical Engineering, University of Santa Clara, 1970 Short courses in Finite Element Analysis, Rail Vehicle Mechanics, Non-Destructive Testing, and Technical Writing Professional Affiliations American Railway Engineering Association: Committee 5, Track’; Committee 12, Transit; Committee 17, High Speed Rail. American Society of Mechanical Engineers Transportation Research Board Committees (Track, Rail Transit) Professional Registration California, Mechanical Engineering Key Qualifications Larry Daniels has extensive experience in design, research, management and field supervision of domestic and international track and railway systems. Engineering accomplishments include responsible track designer for North American and international transit systems and freight railroads. He has designed railway track for freight (Western Pacific Railroad, various railroads and mineral firms in the Powder River Basin), transit (Singapore, Portland, Baltimore) and joint use railways (Kowloon Canton Railway). Mr. Daniels is credited with domestic and international publications on rail corrugations, track degradation, cross ties, track fasteners, and maglev system dynamics research. Research experience includes responsibility for all track research at the Pueblo, Colorado Transportation Technology Center, and, later, research for the Federal agencies on rail corrugations, maglev system dynamics, direct fixation fasteners and light rail transit. He has managed transit track construction and has consulted in the maintenance of heavy and light rail transit. Mr. Daniels is actively involved in industry committees, responsible for committee work to develop industry guidelines for track components, design and maintenance. He co-authored track design guidelines: Direct Fixation Track Design (Battelle, under contract to the Transportation Cooperative Research Program [TRB affiliate], released January 2000). He participated in development of the publication of Light Rail Track Design Guidelines (PBQ&D, under contract to the Transportation Cooperative Research Program [TRB affilitate], released March 2000). He has managed the track standards, maintenance planning, and system track procurement (including QA/QC) for a Class I railroad. 4222 Curragh Oaks Lane Phone: 9169659435 Fair Oaks, CA 95628-6604 FAX: 9169655109 Email: LEDaniels@TrackEngineer.com Cell: 9168019435 Page - 2 LAURENCE E. DANIELS Mr. Daniels established his private practice in 1994, serving major engineering firms (Parsons Brinckerhoff, Frederic R. Harris, International Bechtel, Inc., Carter & Burgess, Inc.), research institutions (Association of American Railroads, Battelle Laboratories). Transit Agencies and Commuter Rail Agencies and Federal Agencies in the research, design and construction of railroads. Page - 3 LAURENCE E. DANIELS Research Transportation Research Board: Project: TCRP D-5, “Performance of Direct Fixation Track Structures.” Co-author. Provides technical design guidelines and engineering methods for Direct Fixation fasteners and Direct Fixation track design. Subcontract to st Battelle. Contact: J.M. Tuten, Futrex. Published 1 Quarter, 2000. Transportation Research Board: Project TCRP D-6, “Track Design Manual for Light Rail Transit.” Publishes engineering principles and technical guidelines for Light Rail Transit track design. Parsons Brinckerhoff is the prime consultant. Contact: G.W. Martyn, Parsons st Brinckerhoff. Published 1 Quarter, 2000. Association of American Railroads: Provided data base of rail transit industry track and vehicle with rail corrugation characterizations by transit agency (Light Rail and Heavy Rail) track location. Contact: Roy Allen. May, 1995 Rail Transit Corrugations, Federal Transit Administration: Mr. Daniels led a series of studies on corrugation mechanisms, as co-principal investigator and project manager of a team of research specialists including Battelle and Georgia Institute of Technology. The research included dynamic modeling of vehicle and track, field dynamic measurements at transit agencies, laboratory investigations, and detailed survey of industry configurations (track, vehicle, superstructure, operating conditions) and the corrugation occurrence by location on North American and International transit agencies (Light Rail and Heavy Rail). Parsons Brinckerhoff contract with Baltimore MTA; Mahesh Sharma, MTA Program Manager, Jeffery Mora, FTA Program Administrator. 1993. Maglev Structural Dynamics, Federal Railroad Administration (FRA): Larry collaborated as project manager with Battelle and Intermagnetics General, Inc. on dynamic interaction study of guideways with maglev vehicles traveling at speeds up to 500 mph. The study was one of 27 awarded projects under the FRA's National Maglev Initiative to assess Maglev design and performance questions. Parsons Brinckerhoff contract with the FRA; Andrew Sluz, Contracting Officer's Technical Representative, TSC. 1992. Track Research Lead Engineer, Transportation Test Center, Pueblo, CO, Association of American Railroads (current TTC custodian), 1979 - 1986: Responsible for supervision of research professionals in the planning, execution, analysis and reporting on track research programs for the Federal Railroad Administration, Class 1 railroads and private clients. Concurrently responsible test engineer for track buckling, wood ties and fasteners, track irregularity and rail corrugations research projects. Current Contacts: Britto Rajkumar. Transit Bay Area Rapid Transit (BART), On-Call Services. Retained to support BART’s Resident Engineer in final trackwork acceptance of the Daly City Yard Improvement Project. The assignment requires track technical issue resolution, consultation on trackwork project management, coordination of plans and specs with the Project, the Engineer of Record and BART Engineering. Conducted In-process, Preliminary and Final Track inspections for the Project. Karen Gast, Resident Engineer. June 2002 through February 2003. Subcontract through SYSTRA. Bay Area Rapid Transit (BART), On-Call Services. Performed final inspection of BART track construction: Concord Yard, February 2002. Jeff Cowling, Deputy Concord Yard Construction Manager, under subcontract to Earthtech (Rick Dana, Earthtech program manager) Page - 4 LAURENCE E. DANIELS Bay Area Rapid Transit (BART), Track Inspection Training: Conducted concentrated track instruction training on track definitions, construction inspection procedures and process, and construction contract management. Originated a comprehensive track inspection manual covering new track construction inspection and maintenance track inspection. April 2001 to June 2001. Subcontract to Earthtech. Ric Rattray, BART Manager of Construction. Sacramento Regional Transit, Amtrak Extension: Civil Design Manager for 0.7 mile embedded track extension in downtown Sacramento connecting the Regional Transit System to Sacramento’s Amtrak Station, the originating site of the transcontinental railroad. January 2001 to present. Subcontract to Frederic R. Harris. Alan Boone, Project Manager for Frederic R. Harris. Darryl Abansado, Project Manager for Sacramento Regional Transit. San Francisco Municipal Railway, Metro East Yard: Quality Review engineer, track. May 2000 to present. Subcontract to Korve Engineers. James Fea, Project Manager, Phil Leong, Project Engineer, Korve Engineers. Santa Clara Valley Transportation Authority, Vasona Extension: Quality Review engineer for track. May 2000 to present. Subcontract. James Fea, Project Manager, Phil Leong, Project Engineer, Korve Engineers. Santa Clara Valley Transportation Authority: Responsible track engineer on the Capitol Corridor LRT expansion. This line segment is the first of VTA’s expansions designed specifically for implementation of Low Floor Vehicle technology. 1999 to present. Contact: Robert S. Newland, Project Manager, Carter & Burgess, Inc. San Diego Trolley: (a) Direct Fixation track rehabilitation consultation [America Plaza embedded track]. Investigate causes of 6 year old Direct Fixation track damage in a 90 ft radius curved, embedded track within a light rail station. Recommend retrofit track system. Commenced January 1998. Contact: Bill Rose, Manager, Capital Projects, MTDB. Contract through Keith Gallistel, Earth Tech. (b) Direct Fixation track construction consultation [Mission Valley West]. Evaluate Direct Fixation track construction, advise Agency regarding proper Direct Fixation construction tolerances, provide correct inspection procedures, provide oversight for Direct Fixation re-surfacing by construction contractor. Contact: Bill Prey, Construction Engineer, MTDB. Contract through Keith Gallistel, Earth Tech. Ongoing, commencing May 1998. WMATA Rail Car Lift Evaluation: Conducted an investigation of rail car lifts including measurements and mechanical engineering analysis resulting in identification of recommended improvements to eliminate the lifts’ drive train failures in a third party lift. Subconsultant for Ed Mixan, Parsons Brinckerhoff Quade & Douglas, under contract to the Washinton Metropolitan Area Transit Authority. January to March, 1998 BART On-Call Services: Provide track design and construction support for Concord Yard & Shop expansion (1998 – 2000); Responsible track design engineer for Hayward Yard modifications (1999 - 2000). Contact: Obe Schrader, Project Manager, Carter & Burgess, Oakland, CA. North County, Oceanside – (a) On-call services for advanced technical support for track rehabilitation issues. On-going current subcontract under Frederic R. Harris. Contact: David Levy, Vice President, San Pedro, CA. (b) Review Miramar Hill track realignment. Subcontract to Simon Wong Engineers through Carter & Burgess. Contact: Carl Wallace, Carter & Burgess. Page - 5 LAURENCE E. DANIELS Sacramento Regional Transit, South Sacramento Extension - Railroad interface engineer responsible for freight railroad track design and all interface issues (utilities, access, etc.) involving the Union Pacific Railroad along their right of way that will contain a 6 mile Regional Transit extension. January 1998 to February 1999. Subcontract Parsons Brinckerhoff Quade & Douglas (Paul McCauley, Project Manager). North County, Oceanside - Escondido Preliminary Engineering (Light Rail): The project explores alternatives and develops preliminary plans for a joint Light Rail and Freight rail 21.3 mile operation among local communities with transfer to AMTRAK at Oceanside. Larry developed a rail life analysis from which he produced life-cycle performance estimates for rail alternatives including retention of 90 SF rail manufactured between 1903 and 1928. Analysis includes Weibull Statistical analysis of the existing 90 SF rail flaw history and present value economic analysis of all alternatives over 50 years. Frederic R. Harris, Inc. project. Contact: David Levy, Project Manager. Southeastern Pennsylvania Transportation Authority (SEPTA) – Direct Fixation Track Structure Study. Lead investigator in collaboration with Battelle Laboratories of rail clip loosening and breakage and aggressive rail corrugations on new portions of the Frankford Elevated. Rail clips for fasteners that were intended to have no longitudinal restraint (passive rail clips) were not only touching the rail but gouged the rail base. The investigation conducted field inspections and rail longitudinal profile measurements. The investigation subjected the fasteners to laboratory testing for mechanical properties and fatigue limits. The investigators performed dynamic computer simulations of vehicle/track interaction using the measured fastener properties. Finite element analysis was performed to determine the effect of rail gouging on rail fatigue life. The investigators performed a full tolerance analysis on the track system. April 1995 to May 1996. Subcontract to Parsons Brinckerhoff Quade and Douglas. Eugene Allen, Milton Zuras, FERP Project Managers. Portland Westside Extension, Tri-Met (Light Rail): Track project engineer responsible for design and construction contract documents for the 3 mile double bore tunnel track with the longest severe grade (5%) in North American Transit. Track design considerations included accommodation of the first low-floor Light Rail Vehicle in North America. Client required full track designs for direct fixation track and duo block track options within the same design envelope. Parsons Brinckerhoff contract; Dave McAlister, Design Manager. 1992 - 1993. Singapore Mass Rapid Transit Project (Heavy Rail): Served as trackwork and third rail project engineer for the Woodlands Extension. The project is a ten-mile all-aerial tie-ballast extension of existing main line and yard facilities. The track design produced requisite construction contract documents (construction drawings and specifications) using European standards while concurrently resolving turnout design problems on the existing system. Parsons Brinckerhoff International contract; Walter Michelutti, Project Manager. 1991 - 1992. Downtown Seattle Transit Project, Washington (Light Rail): Developed analysis and final design of embedded track for Seattle's joint use (rail and bus) transit tunnel on a common running surface. Responsible for the project's rail and special trackwork procurement specifications. Parsons Brinckerhoff contract; Tom Conley, Project Engineer. 1990. Project Management Oversight, Federal Transit Administration (FTA): Track Technical project oversight of federally funded transit projects in Cleveland (Light & Heavy Rail) and, separately, St. Louis (Light Rail). Provided track engineering review of construction for Cleveland's $500 million Tower City Project, and of final design and construction for the new St. Louis Metro Link Light Rail Transit system to the FTA. Parsons Brinckerhoff contract; John Devens, Project Manager. 1988 - 1993. Page - 6 LAURENCE E. DANIELS Facilities Maintenance Consultation, WMATA (Heavy Rail): Provided technical consultation for interaction of rail forces and aerial structures with direct fixation fasteners, non-destructive investigation of subterranean voids caused by tunnel leaks, track buckling incidents in yard lead tracks, bus sub-system (door operation) failures, bus hoist capacity, and direct fixation track component failures, as part of a system maintenance engineering contract. Parsons Brinckerhoff contract; Edgar Mixan, Project Manager. 1987 - 1993. Baltimore Metro Comprehensive Inspection of Aerial Structures, Baltimore MTA: Responsible for developing a high-level engineering data base system to capture aerial structure inspection information and to produce maintenance and inspection work orders based on system design criteria and inspection results. The physical extent of the system is 4.6 miles of aerial box girder structures and three above-ground stations. Parsons Brinckerhoff contract; Frank Balsamo, project manager. 1987. Detroit Central Automated Transit System (CATS), Michigan (People Mover System): Resident engineer for track construction. Responsible for administering the construction contract and for the inspection and acceptance of the $3 million track construction including Linear Induction Motor (LIM) reaction rail. The Resident Engineer supervised a staff of 10 inspectors and support staff at the peak of project activity. UTDC Contract; Terry Andrews, Construction Manager. 1986. Retained as the Engineer's Witness to qualification tests on the proposed direct fixation fastener design for the Los Angeles Red Line (Heavy Rail). Tests conducted at UTAM (Czech Republic University campus in Prague). Parsons Dillingham contract; Guido Eyzaguirre, Project Manager. April, 1994 to May, 1994. Page - 7 LAURENCE E. DANIELS Railroad Tongue River Railroad, Montana. Track engineering services for ammended environmental impact report to revise the alignment of a proposed 100MGT coal haul railroad for existing and potential coal mine facilities. Ongoing, commenced May 1998. Contact: Scott Steinwert, Public Affairs Management, San Francisco, CA. See also Transit, Sacramento Regional Transit South Sacramento Extension Kowloon-Canton Railway Corporation (KCRC), West Rail Project. The KCRC is planning a new 32 km railway from the Peoples’ Republic of China to the Kowloon Port that will surpass any existing world-wide railway in capacity and, perhaps, maximum axle load. The proposed project will intermingle high density transit traffic and high speed inter-city rail with heavy axle load freight on a single corridor. The project is slated to rival the English Channel Tunnel cost. Bechtel International is the General Engineering Consultant to the KCRC, Mr. Malcolm Snody is the immediate contact at Bechtel. Mr. Daniels’ involvement commenced January, 1996, with on-going commitments to evaluate the appropriate axle load for the project, and to assess the practical engineering requirements to realize planning proposals for the West Rail project. Contact: Chris Boyce, Kowloon Canton Railway Corporation. Active project since January, 1996. Los Angeles Metrolink (SCRRA), Commuter Rail: Provide On-call engineering services including alignment evaluations for compliance to applicable regulations and criteria, coordination of survey and surfacing work to design geometry. Track chart review. Metrolink contact: David Mansheim; Frederick R. Harris contract. Active project (commenced April, 1995) Unit Rail Anchor Company: Develop engineering evaluations of rail anchor products, contribute to product design. Other engineering services as requested. Contact: Paul Ciolino. Active project (commenced April 1995). Racine Railroad Products: Technical Capacity Assessment (Engineering Management processes evaluation). Contact: Steven Birkholz. Active Project (commenced September 1994). Burlington Northern Railroad: Project engineer responsible for a cost/benefit study of advanced track component designs. Parsons Brinckerhoff contract, Henry Lees, BN client contact. 1986 English Channel Tunnel, Great Britain: Responsible for providing consulting services on questions of suitability of the track system and track support design for the main track of the 32 mile tunnel link between Britain and France. Parsons Brinckerhoff contract, J.L. Lammie, Chief Executive Officer. 1991 Coal Load-Out Facilities, Wyoming: Participated in the track design and construction contract documents for heavy haul coal facilities throughout the Powder River Basin. Morrison- Knudsen contracts. 1976 to 1978. Western Pacific Railroad (now Union Pacific Railroad): Larry began his career with the WP with advancing responsibility from junior engineer to engineer of standards and materials. The latter including system planning, specification and inspection (QA/QC) of all track materials for the system's track programs for this Class 1, 1000 mile railroad. Also served the railroad as assistant roadmaster, Oakland to Stockton. No current contacts remain on the succeeding railroad. 1971 to 1976. Page - 8 LAURENCE E. DANIELS Industry Support Activities American Railway Engineering & Maintenance Association: Track Committee (Committee 5),. Past Subcommittee Chair, Track Design. . Transit Committee (Committee 12) High Speed Rail Committee (Committee 17) Transportation Research Board: Railroad Track Structure System Design, Committee A2M01,. Rail Transit System Design, Group 2, Section M, A2M04, Transportation Research Board. Board of Directors, Folsom El Dorado & Sacramento Railway Historical Society Mr. Daniels supports on the following industry committees through active membership or contributions - APTA Noise Vibration and Track Committee - AAR track research committees Page - 9 LAURENCE E. DANIELS Publications 1. Laurence E. Daniels, James M. Tuten III, Charles Stanford, Definitions of Direct Fixation Track, APTA 2001 Rail Transit Conference, Boston, June 12, 2001. 2. Laurence E. Daniels, Track Inspection Manual, Bay Area Rapid Transit, Issue 1, June 2001. Comprehensive construction and maintenance track inspection procedures, project management and definitions to BART standards and specifications. 3. J.M. Tuten III, L.E. Daniels, Performance of Direct-Fixation Track Structures comprised of a Final Report, Design Guidelines, and Analysis Methodology, Transportation Research Cooperative Program, Project D-5, Transportation Research Board of the National Research st Council, Published 1 Quarter, 2000. 4. Track Design Handbook for Light Rail Transit, TCRP Report 57, Transportation Research Board, Federal Transit Administration, by Parsons Brinckerhoff Quade & Douglas under TCRP Project D-6. Copyright Transportation Research Board, 2000. 5. L.E. Daniels, Longitudinal Rail Force on Long Bridges and Aerial Structures, Transportation Research Board Annual Meeting 2000, Committee A2M01, Track Design, January 12, 2000. 6. Co-chairman, Advanced Topics in Rail Steels and Welding, Transportation Research Board Annual Conference, January, 1998. 7. Laurence E. Daniels, Designing a New Railway for Heavy Axle Load, Transportation Research Board Annual Meeting, Session 212, Part 1, The 315-Kip Car: Implications in Track Design, Washington, D.C., January 14, 1997. 8. Laurence E. Daniels, Direct Fixation Fasteners on SEPTA Franklin Elevated Reconstruction, Track, Noise & Vibration Subcommittee, American Passenger Transit Association, Boston, November 8, 1996. 9. Laurence E. Daniels, Wheel Profile and Frog Point Geometry, American Railway Engineering Association Turnout Symposium, Chicago, August 14, 1996. 10. Laurence E. Daniels, Preliminary Report, Axle Load Study, for the West Rail Project, Kowloon-Canton Railway Corporation, Hong Kong, May 2, 1996. 11. Laurence E. Daniels, James M. Tuten, Jeffrey Hadden, Final Report: DF Track Structure Study, for the Southeastern Pennsylvania Transportation Authority, submitted to Philadelphia Transit Consultants, April 23, 1996. 12. Laurence E. Daniels, Permanent Way Concerns: Cost-Efficient Engineering and Construction for Greater Durability, AsiaRail ‘96, Hong Kong, March 26, 1996. 13. Laurence E. Daniels, Committee 5 Presentation on Elastic Fasteners, 1995 AREA Annual Conference, March 21, 1995. Published in Volume 96, Bulletin 752, American Railway Engineering Association, October 1995, pp. 277 to 293. 14. Laurence E. Daniels, Rail Life Analysis, Oceanside - Escondido Line, project report to Frederic R. Harris, October 1995. 15. Laurence E. Daniels, RAIL CORRUGATION: CAUSES & POTENTIAL CURES, Rail Transit ‘95: Design, Construction and Maintenance of Transit Track & Structures, June 9, 1995. Page - 10 LAURENCE E. DANIELS 16. Laurence E. Daniels, Donald R. Ahlbeck, James M. Tuten III, Rail Corrugation: Perception and Reality, Railway Track & Structures, September, 1994, pp. 41 - 47. 17. Laurence E. Daniels, Rail Fastener Qualification Test Report, Rail Construction Corporation Procurement Contract B616 (Los Angeles Metro) for Parsons Dillingham, May 20, 1994 18. Qualification Specification for Elastic Fasteners on Timber Ties, American Railway Engineering Association, Committee 5, assignment to Subcommittee 4, Track Design, L.E. Daniels Subcommittee Chairman, Published as Recommended Practice, 1994. 19. Laurence E. Daniels, Rail Transit Corrugations, FTA-MD-06-0141-93-1, December, 1993 20. Direct Fixation Fastener Specification, contained in the track construction contract documents for Tri-County Metropolitan Transportation District of Oregon, Westside Corridor Project, Line Section 5A, Westside LRT Tunnel, Contract No. 93-0561B/WCO500, March, 1993 21. Proceedings: Symposium on Elastic Track Fasteners, A Special Session of the American Railway Engineering Association, Committee 5, Track, Subcommittee 4, Track Design, June, 1992, Ed. by L.E. Daniels 22. L.E. Daniels, D.R. Ahlbeck, Z.J. Stekly, G.M. Gregorick, Influence of Guideway Flexibility on Maglev Vehicle/Guideway Dynamic Forces, (Maglev Structural Dynamics), National Maglev Initiative, Federal Railroad Administration, DOT/FRA/NMI-92/09, July 1992 23. Baltimore Metro Northeast Line Direct Fixation Fastener Procurement Specification, Contract XO-50-07, 1/24/92 24. L.E. Daniels, Aerial Structure Fasteners Evaluation, Washington Metropolitan Area Transit Authority, May 19,1991 25. D.R. Ahlbeck, L.E. Daniels, Investigation of Rail Corrugations on the Baltimore Metro, Mechanics and Fatigue in Wheel/Rail Contact, ISBN 0444 88774 1, ELSEVIER SEQUOIA S.A., 1990, pp. 197 - 210. 26. Donald R. Ahlbeck, Larry E. Daniels, A Review of Rail Corrugation Processes Under Different Operating Modes, 1990 ASME/IEEE Joint Railroad Conference, April, 1990, pp. 13 - 18. 27. L.E. Daniels, D.R. Ahlbeck, Rail Corrugation Study, Summary and Recommendations, Baltimore MTA, July, 1990; and as part of that same project, an interim report: L.E. Daniels, Report on Rail Corrugation Wave Forms and Growth, January, 1990. 28. L.E. Daniels, The Burlington Northern Railroad Life Cycle Performance of Moveable Point Frogs, 1987 29. H.G. Moody, L.E. Daniels, Fastener Performance in Concrete and Wood Tie Track, paper no. 82-HH-40, Proceedings: Second International Heavy Haul Railway Conference, September, 1982, pp. 432 -441. 30. Daniels, N. Blume, Rail Corrugation Growth Performance, paper no. 82-HH-28, Proceedings: Second International Heavy Haul Railway Conference, September, 1982, pp. 294 - 321 31. Larry Daniels, Howard G. Moody, Evaluation of Various Wood Tie Fasteners Under Freight Railroad Service Testing, Proceedings: FAST Engineering Conference 1981, FRA/TTC-82/01, pp. 63 -74.
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