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Strategic plan and equality
scheme online consultations
A summary of the online consultation submissions received
in response to the equality scheme consultation and the
first stage of the strategic plan consultation




Prepared for the Equality and Human Rights Commission


By Dialogue by Design




December 2008




EHRC Equality Scheme and Strategic Plan Consultation – Summary of online consultation          p.1
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Table of contents

Introduction................................................................................................ 3
  Background .............................................................................................. 3
  Process .................................................................................................... 3
  How the online consultation was managed ............................................... 4
  Who responded? ...................................................................................... 5
    Responses received by email ................................................................ 5
    Representation ...................................................................................... 5
    Interests................................................................................................. 6
    Country / English Region ....................................................................... 7
    Demographic information....................................................................... 7
  Reading this summary and interpreting the results ................................. 12
Summary of responses by question ...................................................... 13
  Working together .................................................................................... 13
  Strategic Plan ......................................................................................... 16
    1. General omments ............................................................................ 16
    2. Public benefit ................................................................................... 19
    3. Drivers of inequality ......................................................................... 24
    4. Context for social change ................................................................ 27
    5. Fairer Britain .................................................................................... 30
    6. Our unique position ......................................................................... 34
  Equality Scheme..................................................................................... 38
    1. General Comments ......................................................................... 38
    2. Accessibility ..................................................................................... 41
    3. Employment..................................................................................... 44
    4. Service ............................................................................................ 47
    5. Representation ................................................................................ 50
Appendices .............................................................................................. 56
  Appendix A ............................................................................................. 56
  Appendix B ............................................................................................. 60




EHRC Equality Scheme and Strategic Plan Consultation – Summary of online consultation                   p.2
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Introduction

Background
The Equality and Human Rights Commission are beginning to develop their
three year strategic plan and three year equality scheme, both of which will
be published in April 2009. The Commission is also looking at ways in which
to shape their grants programme in line with the strategic priorities. A series
of consultation and involvement processes have been held to allow
stakeholders and members of the public to contribute to the strategic plan,
equality scheme and grants scheme in early stages of their development.


Process
A number of events and online consultations are taking place between
September 2008 and April 2009. The process is outlined below:

   1. Strategic Plan – 2 stage process
         a. The first phase of the online consultation ran between 3rd
            November and 7th December 2009. A series of broad questions
            asked for participant’s feedback and ideas which will help to
            shape the three year strategic plan.
         b. A series of involvement events were held in November and
            December 2008. A separate summary report has been prepared
            by the facilitator of these events, David Pirnie.
         c. The second phase will provide participants with the opportunity
            to comment on the emerging priorities and strategic plan. This
            phase will run from early January till Spring 2009.
   2. Equality scheme – Multi-stage process
         a. The first phase of the online consultation ran between 3rd
            November and 7th December 2009. A series of key questions
            ask for participant’s feedback and ideas which will help to shape
            the three year equality scheme.
         b. A series of involvement events were held in November and
            December 2008. A separate report has been prepared by the
            facilitators of these events, The Campaign Company.
         c. There will be ongoing consultation and involvement with
            stakeholders in early 2009 to seek additional feedback on the
            equality scheme.




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   3. Grants scheme
        a. The consultation on the grants scheme runs from 3rd November
           to 21st January 2009 and involves an online consultation and
           series of regional events.
        b. A summary report of that consultation will be available in the
           weeks after it closes.


This report summarises the responses made to the online consultation for
the equality scheme and the first phase of the strategic plan which ran at the
same time from 3rd November to 7th December 2009.



How the online consultation was managed
A consultation website (hosted at
http://equalityhumanrights.dialoguebydesign.net) has been set up to enable
people to learn about the process, read background information and
respond to the 12 questions online for the equality scheme and strategic
plan. The grants scheme consultation is hosted on the same website. The
website was designed to W3C AA accessibility standards with a number of
additional features, in line with the Commission’s standards including
tailored background colours, scaling text sizes and available fully in welsh.

The same website will play host to the next phase of consultation on the
draft strategic priorities. Reports from the consultation events and cross
cutting reports (which look at the overall issues emerging from all the
consultation and involvement processes) will be made available for
download from the website.

Participants with alternative access requirements were invited to contact the
commission who advised them the best way to take part, and sent them a
paper / alternative access versions of the consultation questionnaire.

At the end of the first phase responses to each question were read and
common themes identified. The responses were then collated (or grouped)
under these theme headings; where more than one point was made in a
response it was grouped under more than one heading.




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Who responded?
A total of 594 organisations and individuals registered for the equality
scheme and strategic plan consultations. Of these 321 responded or
submitted offline responses to some or all of the 12 questions in the
consultation. A series of personal and organisational questions were asked
when people registered to take part in the consultation. This section displays
the results of these questions. Participants who submitted responses by
email have been counted as ‘none selected’ in the participation statistics,
unless it clearly stated otherwise in their submission.


Responses received by email
30 responses were received by email. 13 of these individuals had previously
registered online and their emailed submissions were added to their existing
submission. 17 had not previously registered online, they were registered
and their responses were added into the online consultation on their behalf.
3 of the emailed submissions did not answer the questions directly and 2
contained additional reference material or information in an alternative
format, these responses were each read by the editor and included in the
summary of responses.


Representation
Of the 594 registered participants, 305 selected that they are responding as
an individual, 270 on behalf of an organisation and 19 didn’t select an
option. Of the 320 participants who submitted responses 167 are
responding as an individual, 142 on behalf of an organisation and 11 didn’t
select an option.

Those participating on behalf of an organisation were asked which type of
organisation they worked for. A full list of the organisation names is listed in
Appendix A.




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Figure 1: Organisational responses: What sort of organisation is this?
  180
                                                                                                                                              Registered
  160                                                                                                                                         Submitted
  140

  120

  100

   80

   60

   40

   20

    0
             Central                  Local authority               Not for             Other public                    Private sector       None selected
           government                                          profit/voluntary           sector




Interests
Participants were asked what their interests were. A full list of those that
completed the ‘other’ field is shown in Appendix B.

Figure 2: What are your interests?
  300
                                                                                                                                             Registered
  250                                                                                                                                        Submitted

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Country / English Region
Participants were asked what their country or English region was.

Figure 3: Country / English Region?
  100
   90                                                                                                               Registered
                                                                                                                    Submitted
   80
   70
   60
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Demographic information
Participants were asked a series of demographic questions, it was made
clear that these questions were optional and that they should be answered
from an individual (not organisational) perspective. The results of these
demographic questions are showing in the figures below.




EHRC Equality Scheme and Strategic Plan Consultation – Summary of online consultation                                        p.7
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Figure 4: What is your ethnic group? A full list of those that completed the
‘other’ field is shown in Appendix B.
            400
                                                                                                                                                                                   Registered
            350
                                                                                                                                                                                   Submitted
            300
            250
            200
            150
            100
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Figure 5: What is your religion or belief even if you are not currently
practicing? A full list of those that completed the ‘other’ field is shown in
Appendix B.
  250
                                                                                                                                                                                   Registered
                                                                                                                                                                                   Submitted
  200



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  100



    50



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Figure 6: Do you have a physical or mental health condition or disability
which has lasted or is expected to last at least 12 months and which has an
adverse effect on your ability to carry out normal day-to-day activities?
  300
                                                                                            Registered

  250                                                                                       Submitted



  200


  150


  100


   50


    0
           Yes, but not      Yes, a substantial      No         Prefer not to say       None selected
           substantial         adverse effect




Figure 7: What was your age last birthday?
  200
                                                                                             Registered
  180
                                                                                             Submitted
  160

  140

  120

  100

   80

   60

   40

   20

    0
         16-24       25-34      35-44        45-54   55-64   65-74    75 or over    Prefer not    None
                                                                                      to say     selected




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Figure 8: Are you male, female or prefer not to say?
  350
                                                                                             Registered
  300                                                                                        Submitted


  250


  200


  150


  100


   50


    0
               Female                   Male               Prefer not to say             None selected




Figure 9: Which of these best describes how you think of yourself,
heterosexual/straight, gay/lesbian, bisexual or prefer not to say?
  450

                                                                                               Registered
  400
                                                                                               Submitted
  350

  300

  250

  200

  150

  100

   50

    0
          Heterosexual /    Gay / lesbian       Bisexual            Prefer not to say      None selected
             straight




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Figure 10: Do you live full-time in the gender role opposite to that assigned
at birth? For example, you were registered male at birth but now live as a
woman?
  450
                                                                                     Registered
  400                                                                                Submitted

  350

  300

  250

  200

  150

  100

   50

    0
                Yes                    No                Prefer not to say      None selected




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Reading this summary and interpreting the results
In reading this report care must be exercised in attributing significance to the
numbers of reported responses arguing for a particular point (or to the
numbers of responses collated under theme headings). Readers should
remember that this was a qualitative consultation process, not an opinion
poll; the summary or responses on the website are not representative of the
population as a whole.

The collation process involved reading each response and allocating it to
one or more theme headings. A long and detailed response may have been
allocated to six or seven theme headings while short comments to just one
or two. The groupings are useful indicators of where there is commonality.

This summary has been prepared by an independent facilitator working for
Dialogue by Design. The report writer reads respondents’ submissions to
gain a general impression of their interests and concerns before
paraphrasing submissions that capture their main points and then including
a number of subsidiary points. It must be emphasised that no summary of
this nature, however painstaking, is a substitute for reading the actual
submissions in full.

The full responses to each question are available online at
http://equalityhumanrights.dialoguebydesign.net.




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Summary of responses by question
Working together
1. Do you have any suggestions on how the Commission can improve
contact with its stakeholders and share information more effectively?

Group                                                                             Count
Accessibility of event locations and venues                                       2
Accessibility of services and information                                         31
Commission: Availability, attitude and building trust                             14
Commission: Clarity of message                                                    5
Commission: Role, remit and structure                                             9
Consultation process                                                              5
Disability discrimination and issues                                              15
Enforcement and regulation                                                        4
Engagement: Accessibility of engagement and
consultations                                                                     18
Engagement: Consult and engage more widely                                        7
Engagement: Consult individuals                                                   9
Engagement: Consultation fatigue                                                  1
Engagement: Facilitate joint action                                               1
Engagement: Impact assess and monitor                                             1
Engagement: Innovative approaches                                                 6
Engagement: Involve at all stages                                                 3
Engagement: Listen and respond                                                    8
Engagement: Online consultations, forums and social
networking sites                                                                  15
Engagement: Regional or local                                                     29
Engagement: Specific groups or interests                                          40
Engagement: Stakeholder board, groups and mapping                                 7
Engagement: Targeted                                                              4
Engagement: Timing                                                                5
Engagement: Transparency                                                          1
General observation                                                               2
Information: Email alerts or e-newsletter                                         28
Information: Funding                                                              1
Information: Helplines                                                            3


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Information: Legal issues and case law                                            6
Information: More accessible knowledge sharing                                    1
Information: More regular updates and contact                                     8
Information: Newsletter                                                           8
Information: Website - simplify and improve                                       17
Information: Website - utilise                                                    9
Issues with representation                                                        3
Language and terminology                                                          7
Media: Campaigns, advertising or publicity                                        28
Media: Magazines or newspapers                                                    13
Media: New media and communication                                                16
Media: TV and Radio                                                               12
Networking, partnership and collaboration                                         34
No or no comment                                                                  19
Religion discrimination and issues                                                2
Secondments                                                                       1
Support for current approach                                                      3
Support: Youth-led organisations                                                  1
Training, workshops, events and outreach                                          26
Via education institutions                                                        11
Via employers or in the workplace                                                 16
Via local or regional groups and organisations                                    38
Via meeting places and public places                                              3
Via public sector, service providers and VCS                                      29
Via roadshows, exhibitions and conferences                                        5
Via trade unions                                                                  7

282 people responded to this question

Responses to this question divide approximately into three main categories:
the methods it should be using to communicate; with whom and through
whom it should be communicating externally; and what should the
Commission be doing internally to improve contact with stakeholders.

The responses regarding these methods are the most straightforward: the
Commission should be using every available method, from newsletters and
regional workshops to the newest forms of social networking, video
conferencing and text messages. While there are many advocates for the
newest forms of communication, there is also much support for traditional


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methods, such as advertisements in newspapers and on radio, as many
people do not have access to or use computers and email. There are also
reminders that information needs to be available in every kind of format.

Making information accessible is also important for many: there are pleas for
information to be devoid of jargon and couched in language that clearly
conveys its meaning. Similarly, there are those who feel there is no
substitute for direct human contact, though they acknowledge that this is
labour intensive. There also needs to be enough time for people to
assimilate and respond to processes such as this: it receives some criticism
on these grounds.

The methods of distribution of information are also important: one
respondent points out, for example, that places of worship such as Masjids
also serve as information portals and community centres.

There is more debate about the right channels for communication with
stakeholders. Many advocate the use of the many existing bodies,
structures and gateways such as Disability Now, Ouch, Student Union
Disability Forums, Independent Living groups, trade unions, campaigning
bodies, progressive charities and other community-based organisations.

Partnerships are also suggested with, for example, mental health
organisations to ensure that the Commission connects with people with
mental health problems, and has a sound understanding of their needs. One
respondent asks that the Commission’s engagement activities are sure to
include the voice of people in rural communities.

Others feel that such organisations are not always sufficiently representative
of individuals and smaller groups, with one respondent saying that minority
groups have a tendency to ‘colonise’ information and to apply it to them and
to them alone, and it is important that the essence of human rights is
applicable to all sections of the community and essential that as many of
these strands are common to all and should be seen to apply to all. Another
says that while some such organisations are genuinely representative,
others are the creations of authorities and funders and an easy way for civil
servants to say they have done their job.

The Commission itself receives both plaudits and criticism. Some
respondents are very happy with its communication with stakeholders;
others complain, using words such as ‘aloof’, ‘arrogant’ and ‘pompous’,
pointing out deficiencies in the website such as the lack of an organisation
chart and contact details for key Commission contacts leading on specific


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projects and activities to facilitate contact by stakeholders – though one
respondent says that direct contact often elicits no response.

A number of respondents would like the Commission’s contact to be more
proactive: suggesting, for example, that when documents of relevance to a
particular equality strand are published some effort should be made to notify
stakeholders that the material is now available. Others argue that the
creation of a database of all organisations and individuals in the field should
be a priority, as this would help the Commission’s efforts in talking to
people, groups and communities at a grass roots level.

One suggested remedy is to promote the roles and responsibilities of named
Commission officers within each region, who understands the local area and
community, would support the development of relationships with
stakeholders.


Strategic Plan
1. General comments: Do you have any comments on the general
approach to the strategic plan?

Group                                                                             Count
Access to Commission information and services                                     6
Benefits system                                                                   1
Comments on the consultation approach                                             9
Commission: Availability, attitude and building trust                             1
Communities more than geographical now                                            1
Concern specifics lost in general approach                                        9
Empowerment                                                                       1
Enforcement, legislation and compliance                                           9
Engagement: Accessibility of engagement                                           4
Engagement: Consult individuals not just groups                                   3
Engagement: Consult widely                                                        6
Engagement: Employer networks                                                     1
Engagement: Involve at all stages of the development plan                         4
Engagement: Listen and respond and ongoing dialogue                               8
Engagement: Local groups and organisations                                        6
Ensuring relevance for partners and stakeholders                                  3
Focus: Causes not effects                                                         2
Focus: Employers                                                                  1


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Focus: Identifying clear outcomes, targets and actions                            10
Focus: Identifying discrimination                                                 1
Focus: Multiple and cross-cutting discrimination                                  2
Focus: On priorities                                                              2
Focus: Specific areas, groups and interests                                       16
Funding and grants                                                                3
Impact of economic downturn                                                       3
Impact of political and government change                                         3
Implementation and interpretation                                                 1
Knowledge and awareness capacity building                                         1
Lacks depth                                                                       2
Monitoring and evaluation                                                         4
More specific guidance required                                                   1
Need for consistency across UK                                                    1
Networking, partnership and collaboration                                         8
No or no comment                                                                  18
Other observations                                                                1
Plan format should be longer                                                      3
Plan format should be shorter                                                     1
Public awareness and publicity                                                    3
See previous answers                                                              3
Support for approach                                                              27
Transparency and accountability                                                   4
Use of plain and accessible language                                              2
Work with public sector and service providers                                     1


127 people responded to this question

The two issues that leap out of responses to this question concern the focus
of the Strategic Plan and how people should be engaged to ensure it
reflects their concerns and goes forward with their support.

Those who comment on the focus of the Plan divide very approximately into
those who are mostly content with its overall approach and those who are
worried about the balance of its various elements or who identify issues or
dimensions that they feel are missing.




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Several respondents comment that they would like to see greater priority
given to enforcement and compliance, and to the core activities of assisting
those facing discrimination and promoting equality, fair pay, diversity,
human rights and good relations, and less on what they perceive as internal
matters such as the balance between enforcement and promotion.

This emphasis on the Commission’s core functions is stressed by one
respondent who specifies the need to begin with the key programmes set
out by the Equal Opportunities Commission Gender Agenda and the final
documents of the Commission for Racial Equality and Disability Rights
Commission. Add to these the priorities for the areas not previously covered
by Commissions, and add further overarching priorities from the Equalities
Review, including multiple discrimination. All these clear strategic priorities
should be underpinned, this respondent says, with the main priority of
ensuring the Commission can deliver the specialist advice, knowledge, help
and support needed by those facing discrimination.

These points are echoed by the respondent who is worried that the
Commission may have lost, along with its core role, the people with the
expertise and in-depth knowledge of specific areas, who previously provided
essential and valuable support in the former Commissions. This respondent
cites experiences of calling to clarify a point of law, for example, and being
passed on to people who did not seem certain about the information they
were providing. If such expertise is no longer available, this respondent
adds, then it is essential that training and shadowing by experienced staff is
available.

The other main focus of comments relates to the Commission’s approach to
engagement. One respondent, for example, would like to see the
Commission establishing formal mechanisms for consulting employers such
as the NHS. Others would like the Commission to make use of
intermediaries such as third sector organisations to talk to key groups of
‘hard to reach’ people, and make use of technology such as social
networking sites to communicate with stakeholders, especially young
people, and roadshows to engage with people where they are. This need is
also reflected by a concern that many organisations still do not know about
public duties, impact assessment, or even the Treaty of Amsterdam
changes which brought in the equality employment laws.

The importance of publicity, transparency and accountability is mentioned
by a number of respondents; one suggests that forums such as national
television discussions and advertisements would catch the attention of the



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public at large and this would help the Commission to achieve support from
beyond that of directly involved and concerned interest groups.

Some respondents feel there are important elements missing from the
Strategic Plan. One respondent, for example, feels it should include an
evaluation of the Commission’s progress since it was established and to use
this to inform any new themes and priorities in the strategic plan. Working in
partnership with key stakeholders from the public, private and third sector is
another element respondents would like to see in the development of the
three year Strategic Plan.

The Commission’s approach to socio-economics should also be mentioned,
with one respondent pointing out that both race and social class are
predictors of attainment in education, for example, and in combination are
particularly significant and need to be factored into the equation when
addressing inequality. Other elements perceived to be missing include a
clear policy focus on reducing violence against women, which is the most
extreme manifestation of women's inequality, and steps to involve the
neurodiverse community and less powerful lobbies from other equality
areas, such as North American residents, who are victims of accent
discrimination and anti-ecumenists such as True Orthodox Christians.

There are also a number of respondents who are concerned that the
implementation of the Strategic Plan may be affected by the current credit
crunch, and wonder whether this will reduce the Commission’s funding. One
respondent would like to see permanent legislative funding made available
in case a new government comes to power. Another believes it is impossible
for the public to comment on the formulation of the Strategic Plan until the
new Equality Bill is published and for this reason advocates a one year
rather than three year strategy. Both one and three year Plans are
advocated by different respondents, with a number recommending that the
Commission is realistic about what can be achieved within either of these
time frames, and that annual monitoring and evaluation of progress will be
important.


2. Public benefit: As the Commission is here to support all 60 million
people living in Britain, where should it focus its resources for the
greatest public benefit?

Group                                                                             Count
Across all areas                                                                  10


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Age                                                                               4
Bullying and harassment                                                           1
Carer status                                                                      9
Challenging assumptions, attitudes and behaviour                                  6
Children and young people                                                         9
Community development and cohesion                                                10
Concern over unnecessary litigation                                               1
Disability                                                                        8
Discrimination due to personal inherent characteristic                            1
Economic disadvantage or social class                                             9
Education and training                                                            18
Employment                                                                        11
Engagement and dialogue                                                           9
Fairness and compromise                                                           3
Family policy                                                                     1
Focus on what can be achieved in short-timescales                                 1
Gender                                                                            8
Geography or postcode lottery                                                     1
Government and policy                                                             4
Grants and funding                                                                2
Greatest number of people discriminated against                                   2
Health & wellbeing                                                                2
Housing                                                                           1
Identifying and exposing discrimination and prejudice                             3
Immigrant status                                                                  2
Improving accessibility, access to information and services                       11
Inclusion                                                                         2
Institutionalised discrimination                                                  3
Language and terminology                                                          3
Legal enforcement, monitoring and compliance                                      24
Mainstreaming benefits                                                            1
Media, publicity and communication                                                11
Mental illness                                                                    2
Most discriminated or disadvantaged groups                                        30
Multiple or cross-cutting discrimination                                          13
Need for consistency across UK                                                    1
Networking, partnership and collaboration                                         7


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Neurodiverse people                                                               1
Other observations                                                                1
Public awareness and raising understanding                                        23
Question or Process                                                               5
Race and ethnicity                                                                6
Raising Private and Public sector awareness                                       5
Religion and belief                                                               2
Research, information, resources and knowledge sharing                            7
Role and remit of EHRC                                                            11
See previous answers                                                              2
Sexual orientation                                                                3
Transgender and gender identity                                                   1
Transport                                                                         1
Voluntary and community sector                                                    4
Working in partnership with regional, local organisations
and networks                                                                      10

175 people responded to this question

This was a qualitative rather than quantitative consultation: it was not an
opinion poll so no attempt was made to achieve a representative cross
section of either the population as a whole or interested parties. With this
type of consultation the numbers of respondents highlighting particular
issues has no significance other than as a proportion of those who
responded, and for this reason the focus of a summary tends to be on what
respondents are saying rather than how many are saying it.

The question of where the Commission should focus its responses for the
greatest public benefit has provoked some clearly itemised preferences and
these are summarised here. These numbers should still be treated with
some caution, however: a different group of respondents might well have
produced very different answers, and some respondents identify several
differing priorities.

Of the 175 respondents who answered this question, 30 said that the
Commission should focus its efforts on those who are most disadvantaged
or discriminated against. As one respondent puts it, inequality is not equal;
some people are treated far more unequally than others. Unless the needs
of those groups who experience the most prejudice and disadvantage are
targeted and prioritised, equality and justice will never be achieved.


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This raises the question of how disadvantage and discrimination are
measured. One respondent says that work should not be prioritised
according to the number of people affected, but by the severity of the impact
on the lives of those affected. One example, according to this respondent, is
discrimination against the mentally ill in employment, which may affect fewer
people than gender discrimination in employment, but the effect is much
worse: women may get lower pay than men but the mentally ill may not
secure employment at all. Others point out that those with the quietest
voices are the most disempowered and potentially have the most to lose
from under-representation in power relationships.

The next largest group of respondents, 24 out of 175, focus on enforcement,
legislation, monitoring and compliance as the areas where the
Commission’s efforts will make most difference. Though there some
differences of emphasis among those who see this type of activity as a
priority, most agree that, as one respondent puts it, the greatest public
benefit will come from ensuring employers and public sector bodies are
meeting their responsibilities and identifying initiatives to promote equality
amongst their stakeholders. Another respondent believes the effort should
go into correcting injustices because for many people it is a long and
expensive process to do so through the legal system without support, and
without the forced change from legal cases, the social engineering that
brings equality will never happen.

Echoing this last point, 23 respondents believe that raising public awareness
and understanding will yield the most benefit, with some mentioning ways by
which this can be done. Many of this group see a vital role for the
Commission in changing public attitudes so that all support the need for
universal equal rights in overcoming poverty and disadvantage, and that a
higher and more mainstream public profile is essential to help raise
awareness that equality and human rights are about everyone. This last
point is made strongly by several respondents: that the public needs to
understand that the Commission is there for everyone, not just for minorities
with whom they cannot identify. Another respondent supports this point,
saying that the Commission must create an understanding and
consequently acceptance of the benefits to all people when resources are
focused on a particular group.

While these three areas of effort attract the largest numbers of supporters,
there are a number of others that are mentioned as important to bring major
public benefits. Education and training, from primary school onwards, on the
grounds that, as one respondent puts it, the outcomes the Commission
wants will require considerable education to enable different groups to


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understand other groups and that many of the problems experienced by
minority groups could be solved by the ‘bringing together’ process described
in the Strategic Plan.

Other focuses for resources include those groups experiencing multiple
sources of discrimination and disadvantage, efforts to end discrimination in
the workplace, resources for gathering and distributing information, and
supporting local and regional organisations and networks.




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3. Drivers of inequality: Do the seven protected grounds (age,
disability, gender, gender reassignment, race, religion or belief and
sexual orientation) in the Equality Act adequately describe the drivers
of inequality that persist in Britain?

Group                                                                             Count
Additional drivers: Access to services and information                            4
Additional drivers: Appearance                                                    3
Additional drivers: Carer status                                                  13
Additional drivers: Criminal record                                               2
Additional drivers: Cultural values                                               1
Additional drivers: Dependents                                                    1
Additional drivers: Economic inequalities                                         46
Additional drivers: Education status and skills                                   9
Additional drivers: Employment and professional status                            7
Additional drivers: Family status or background                                   5
Additional drivers: Geography                                                     6
Additional drivers: Health                                                        5
Additional drivers: Housing                                                       2
Additional drivers: Immigration or citizen status                                 8
Additional drivers: Language                                                      4
Additional drivers: Literacy and numeracy                                         1
Additional drivers: Local government                                              1
Additional drivers: Marginalised communities or groups                            2
Additional drivers: Mental health                                                 1
Additional drivers: Multiple disabilities                                         1
Additional drivers: Nationality                                                   2
Additional drivers: Political and social beliefs, economic
activity                                                                          2
Additional drivers: Social class or disadvantage                                  31
Additional drivers: Transgender people who do not define
as transsexual                                                                    1
Age or children and young people                                                  3
Complexity: Cross-cutting and multiple issues                                     21
Complexity: Disability                                                            4
Complexity: Gender                                                                2
Complexity: Race                                                                  1
Complexity: Sub-groups                                                            9


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Disability: Physical underrepresented                                             1
Disability: Requires resources not just attitude                                  1
Enforcement                                                                       4
Enforcement: Disabled access to public buildings                                  1
Equality to all                                                                   1
Focus on causes                                                                   5
Focus on human rights and good relations                                          5
Focus on local action                                                             1
Focus on police and NHS                                                           1
Focus on regions                                                                  1
Groupings                                                                         3
Implementation                                                                    2
Institutional and associative discrimination                                      4
Language and terminology                                                          11
Legislation should be generic across grounds                                      2
Maintaining focus on existing 7 protected grounds                                 6
Other observations                                                                1
Outcomes not drivers                                                              6
Religion and belief                                                               3
Resources                                                                         1
Role and remit of EHRC                                                            2
See previous answers                                                              3
Thematic approach should be adopted                                               1
Yes                                                                               42


175 people responded to this question.

Responses to this question are almost evenly divided between those who
think the seven protected grounds embrace all the drivers of inequality, and
those who believe one or more key drivers are missing. Of these, the most
frequently mentioned are poverty and social class, with some adding other
closely related factors such as educational attainments and employment
status. Many other specific drivers of inequality are also mentioned,
including geographical location, language, social skills, physical looks,
literacy, numeracy, criminal convictions, health, nationality, culture, values,
dependents, fear, social misunderstanding, information poverty through
exclusion from ICT, and the caring responsibilities for an older, frail or
disabled person that take a heavy toll in terms of income, physical and


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mental health, social isolation and the ability to sustain or re-enter work as
well as the problems experienced by specific groups.

One respondent says that to think about the drivers of inequality purely in
terms of the seven grounds means the complexity of inequality is lost. As
another points out, the life chances of a young, black, working class lone-
parent living in a council estate will usually be inferior to those of a black
barrister from a middle class background.

The inter-relationships of equality issues are also raised. While wealth and
poverty are the biggest drivers of inequality, one respondent argues,
gender, race, health, educational and employment opportunities are all
important factors. Some respondents point to the difficulty of separating
cause and effect: in extremely deprived or disadvantaged families, for
example, systemic, inter-generational problems can lead to mental health
problems, low academic attainment and less chance of employment.

This debate about the drivers of inequality raises a number of points about
the Commission’s role and remit in relation to it. One respondent says that
while the growing support for an increasing dialogue on the role of social
and economic factors as drivers of inequality is understood, the
Commission’s primary role should be to address disadvantage associated
with inherent characteristics as defined by the seven protected grounds
because the focus on these areas gives the Commission a unique role
within the broader inequalities debate.

Another respondent makes the point that the Commission should remember
its already limited resources in any efforts to go beyond the seven grounds,
and the areas covered by the Equality Act 2008 do represent a very
significant proportion of the drivers of inequality in Britain. Moreover, says
another, the seven strands have not been in place for very long and the
existing seven, chosen by Parliament and therefore only to be changed by
Parliament, should remain the Commission’s priority for the foreseeable
future.

This point is supported by a respondent who points out that in the Green
Paper of July 2007, The Governance of Britain, the Government was clearly
opposed to the inclusion of social and economic rights in any Bill of Rights.

The practical limits on the Commission’s powers to tackle inequality are
accepted by one respondent who goes on to say that it can nevertheless
raise awareness with Government and other statutory agencies of how
poverty creates barriers for particular groups when it comes to accessing


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decent education, employment opportunities, housing, and other services,
and raise awareness of the prejudices that exist towards people living in
poverty and the negative impact this has on good relations.

Finally, a number of respondents comment on some of the terms and
language used on the Strategic Plan. For example, one respondent accepts
the seven protected grounds provided that 'gender' is taken to embrace
marital status/civil partnership status and 'race' to embrace nationality,
ethnic or national origin and colour. For another, gender and gender re-
assignment are also badly named. This respondent suggests maybe ‘sex’ or
‘sexual identity’ (the largely binary physical presentation of the body, which
would include sexual reassignment through medical intervention) and
‘gender’ or ‘gender identity’ (the intellectual/emotional/behavioural/non-
physical scale of gender identity).

Concern for accuracy of language is reflected in the opinion of another
respondent who believes the word ‘race’ should be eliminated from all
documents relating to equality because it is skin colour not race which is the
root of much inequality and social division. This respondent says there is
only one race - the human race - and if there is to be true equality, the
emphasis needs to be on what we have in common not what makes us
seem different.

This idea is echoed by several respondents who believe that there perhaps
needs to be a greater focus on promoting good relations among and
between groups as this is an area which tends to be neglected and
prejudice between groups is more widespread than many would think.


4. Context for social change: In what ways will changes in the
economic and political landscape over the next three years impact on
equality and human rights in Britain?


Group                                                                             Count
Ageing population: Can work longer, older workforce                               4
Ageing population: Caring responsibilities and support                            6
Ageing population: Equality gap between age groups                                2
Anti-terror legislation: Impact on human rights                                   3
Challenge: Family units and structure                                             2
Challenges for the EHRC to rise to                                                25
Change: Application of equal opportunities                                        3

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Change: Fear of difference needs to be addressed                                  6
Change: Global or international changes                                           4
Change: Increasing multi-cultural society                                         3
Change: Membership of trade unions                                                1
Difficult to predict                                                              5
Don't know                                                                        4
Greater challenge to traditional societal structures                              3
Increased number of mixed race citizens                                           1
Managing religious, social and cultural tensions                                  8
More of the same                                                                  3
No comment                                                                        1
Opportunities for increasing value and respect for diversity                      4
Political change: Dependent on government direction                               12
Political change: Impact of new legislation and regulation                        2
Political change: Rise of the far-right and extremism                             12
Raising empowerment and increase in expectations                                  6
Recession: Community cohesion and volunteering                                    3
Recession: Fear of positive discrimination                                        2
Recession: Gender-specific effects                                                4
Recession: Greater burden on the VCS and third sector                             6
Recession: Increase in discrimination                                             22
Recession: Increase in individual protectionism                                   8
Recession: Less flexibility from employers                                        5
Recession: Less pressure to enforce legislation                                   2
Recession: Loss or change in benefits system                                      6
Recession: Most disadvantaged most impacted                                       39
Recession: Need to re-consider strategic plans                                    1
Recession: Provision of health and social care                                    2
Recession: Reduced employment opportunities                                       12
Recession: Reduced funding and emphasis on equality in
third sector                                                                      27
See previous answers                                                              1
Technological change: New methods of discrimination                               1

149 people responded to this question

The big worry for many respondents to this question is that the credit crunch
and the recession will bring further and disproportionate disadvantages to


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those who are already disadvantaged, will reduce the ability of organisations
such as the Commission to support them, and open the door to further
discrimination. The increase in poverty will have consequences for social
cohesion as people compete for reduced resources, and this in turn will
enable socially divisive organisations to increase their influence and their
potential to foment social unrest.

This will happen, according to one respondent, against a demographic
background in which, for example, care homes are increasingly overloaded
with dementia and Alzheimer's patients whom they will be unable to care for
properly and funding for language training and support for people with
learning difficulties will be reduced. Another respondent foresees that
struggling employers may be less likely to put aside their prejudices to
employ people considered risky, such as the disabled, and education may
be less attractive if people feel they may not get a better job despite
studying for longer.

Some respondents call on the lessons of history to illustrate what the future
may hold in store. They also mention the tendency for marginalised groups
in society to be scapegoated in times of economic downturn and generally
to face more discrimination than people from more mainstream
communities. One respondent sees a danger that equalities will become a
secondary issue as the economic climate becomes a focus for individuals
and community groups, with the wider public facing financial hardship and
losing political concern about inequality as funding for specific agendas
rather than equality is prioritised. Calls in the media to suspend equality
legislation in response to the current financial crisis are mentioned. There is
also a fairly widespread belief among stakeholders that the next general
election might result in a government that is significantly less sympathetic
towards the Human Rights Act and the whole equalities agenda.

There is also a danger, says one respondent, that the equalities agenda
may ignore the diversity of the communities it seeks to serve: if there is
more of a focus on social inclusion than diversity of need then specific
communities may not receive the services they need as funding is drawn to
large mainstream organisations.

It is also argued that economic instability should in principle not affect
equality and human rights, though it may create tensions between different
groups, for example, between the mainstream population and immigrants.
One respondent says that economic hardship increases reasons to
discriminate and be protective.



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Respondents identify two other major influences on the economic and
political landscape of Britain over the next three years. One is longevity and
its implications... There is not only the increasing numbers of older people
and the need to care for them, mentioned above, but how longevity affects,
in the words of one respondent, the pattern of the life course, such as when
and with how much debt people enter adult life, varied career paths,
changes in gender patterns and older-age child bearing: all these will affect
equality gaps. Inter generational economics and the distribution of income
and wealth across age groups also has the potential to be a major equality
issue says one respondent, citing as one example the issue of fairness of
pensions between age groups and between occupational sectors.

The other major influence mentioned by several respondents is the global
movement of people, driven by economic circumstances, and its impact on
the size of the British population. One respondent believes that many of the
gaps in equality of opportunity are driven by pressures on resources, space
and services such as education.

Some respondents, however, believe economic recession presents
opportunities as well as threats, such as the opportunities it may provide for
people to work together against a shared threat. The sheer degree of
disillusion about many things may drive people, one respondent thinks, to
speak out and become more assertive. The increasing diversity of the
population may also be advantageous according to some: the new variety of
needs will engender new ways of thinking and dealing with equality and
diversity issues. Unemployment may also lead to an increase in
volunteering, which is, according to one respondent, a good catalyst for
equality and democracy because it throws everyone together for the good of
all in the community and increases cultural understanding.

Many respondents suggest how the Commission should respond to the
circumstances predicted, and argue in particular its role in mitigating the
tensions that may arise by promoting better understanding between different
minority groups, through, for example, the strategic allocation of grants and
resources, and ensuring that the equality agenda is not lost amidst the
economic and social pressures caused by the recession.


5. Fairer Britain: Over the next three years, what are likely to be the
most significant forms of disadvantage that the Commission should
focus on?

Group                                                                             Count

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Access to information advice and services                                         9
Age and discrimination                                                            12
All of them                                                                       1
Asylum seekers, migrants and refugees                                             8
Carer status discrimination                                                       9
Celebrate diversity                                                               1
Children and young people discrimination                                          9
Civil liberties                                                                   1
Class system                                                                      7
Communities of places                                                             1
Cross cutting issues                                                              11
Deaf young people                                                                 1
Disability                                                                        27
Disability: Access to public transport                                            2
Disability: Learning difficulties                                                 4
Disadvantages in volunteering                                                     1
Discrimination based on appearance                                                1
Disenfranchisement: the right to vote                                             1
Domestic inequalities                                                             1
Education, skills and training                                                    10
Effect of divorce or separation on children                                       1
Employment                                                                        23
Enforcement, compliance or monitoring                                             2
Engagement or dialogue needed                                                     1
Equal opportunities                                                               4
Financial inequalities including low or unequal pay                               9
Funding issues                                                                    2
Future new and emergent issues                                                    1
Gender discrimination                                                             12
Gender reassignment, transsexual and transgender                                  6
Geographical discrimination                                                       1
Gypsies and travellers                                                            5
Hate crime                                                                        3
Health inequalities                                                               6
Hierarchy of inequality                                                           1
Homophobia and transphobia issues                                                 3
Housing needs                                                                     2


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Human rights                                                                      6
Impact of economic downturn                                                       13
Increasing public awareness and understanding                                     3
Individual responsibility                                                         1
Lack of training                                                                  3
Least understood discrimination                                                   1
Legislation                                                                       8
Male discrimination                                                               3
Marginalised groups                                                               6
Mental health                                                                     6
Multiple discrimination                                                           7
No comment or don't know                                                          1
Older people                                                                      8
Other observations                                                                15
Partnership or collaborative working                                              2
Political issues                                                                  4
Poverty                                                                           34
Race and ethnic minority discrimination                                           24
Reduction in services provided by Government                                      1
Regional differences                                                              2
Religion and belief discrimination                                                11
Representation in criminal justice system                                         1
Research                                                                          2
See previous answers                                                              4
Sexual orientation discrimination                                                 11
Social exclusion                                                                  1
Socio-economic issues                                                             20
Support for approach                                                              1
Take a leadership role                                                            3
Transgender people                                                                4

151 people responded to this question

Responses to this question mirror those to previous questions. 34 of 151
respondents mention poverty and 20 socio-economic issues generally; 27
disability; 24 racial discrimination; 23 employment; 12 age discrimination; 12
gender discrimination; 11 discrimination based on sexual orientation; 9 the
disadvantages faced by both young people and carers; 8 the disadvantages


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faced by asylum seekers, migrants and refugees and 6 disadvantages
stemming from health or gender reassignment.

These raw numbers conceal a more complex picture of how the
Commission should be focusing itself over the next three years. For a start,
many people are faced with more than one form of disadvantage, and it is
often those with multiple disadvantages who find it hardest to escape their
circumstances. The onset of economic recession and its possible
consequences has also sharpened many respondents’ awareness of the
possible consequences for all those already living at the margins of society.

Responses here also reveal a range of forms of disadvantage that
respondents believe could fall between the cracks of the more obvious
forms of disadvantage and might as a result be overlooked. The following
paragraphs highlight some of these.

One less obvious form of disadvantage is that which comes from what one
respondent calls ‘ghettoism’. It can prevent people being aware of the
opportunities life holds if they live in tight groups with limited access to other
role models. This is particularly true for young people living in poverty, for
whom opportunities, a vision and a dream are missing and violence is a
serious threat. The many attacks on young people leave them feeling
isolated, marginalised, and much in need of confidence in and support for
genuine youth led work.

Several respondents would like the Commission’s Strategic Plan to find a
clear place for the smaller severely disadvantaged groups such as Gypsies,
Travellers and asylum seekers. One asks, for example, whether it is
acceptable that in the United Kingdom in 2008 a Gypsy mother is nearly 20
times more likely to experience the death of a child than a mother in the
settled community, or that an estimated population of around 25,000
travelling people have nowhere to live legally and face the stress of
repeated eviction.

The denial of access to ‘cosmetic’ procedures is, according to one
respondent, a source of disadvantage for transsexual people because
funding focuses almost exclusively on genital reassignment. This
respondent says that public perception is driven largely by appearance, not
by what is in someone’s pants, and low wage earners have no prospect of
preventing themselves being one of the 29% with internal hair growth and
associated traumas.




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For another respondent the Commission should also focus on the fact that
the employment tribunal process is becoming less and less accessible for
average workers because employers are employing high-powered barristers
to defend fairly straightforward cases, and these attempts to intimidate
applicants is leading to the development of a disadvantage which needs to
be addressed.

The disadvantages experienced by people with mental health problems are
also mentioned by a number of respondents. One says that one in four
people experience mental health problems and are less likely to be
employed, have a lower life expectancy, are more likely to experience
harassment, and are more likely to live in poverty. The combination of
unemployment and mental health problems may lead to a further range of
severe social problems, including debt, homelessness, substance misuse
and social isolation.

Several other circumstances that create disadvantage are identified by
respondents, such as the postcode lottery that parents experience when
they try to get help for children with learning difficulties and disabled
children; the dreadful things that happen to older people in care homes; the
effects of divorce and separation on children; access to services for people
in rural and isolated areas; the credit crunch now and paying off national
debt in the coming years; depriving pensioners of their Carer’s Allowance on
reaching pension age; and the absence in expanding communities of places
where people can actually meet and establish a sense of community and
common identity.

6. Our unique position: What can the Commission uniquely do to
tackle these forms of disadvantage?

Group                                                                             Count
Access to information and services                                                14
Balance concerns of all stakeholders                                              1
Be more creative, dynamic and challenging                                         2
Campaigning role: legal aid to be available                                       2
Capacity of commission                                                            26
Carry forward action groups                                                       1
Challenge inequality                                                              16
Comments on the consultation process                                              2
Enforcement, legislation and compliance                                           48
Engagement: At community, local groups and organisations                          5


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Engagement: Clear access to decision making                                       1
Engagement: Consult individuals not just groups                                   1
Engagement: Dialogue and debate                                                   4
Engagement: Discussion via web                                                    1
Engagement: Listen and respond                                                    4
Engagement: Private sector                                                        1
Engagement: Proportional consultation                                             1
Engagement: Remuneration of disabled people                                       1
Ensure safe environment                                                           1
Focus on education                                                                6
Focus on empowerment                                                              2
Focus: Fairness for all                                                           9
Focus: Multiple discrimination                                                    3
Focus: Unconscious disadvantage or indirect discrimination                        1
Frustration or concern about change                                               3
Funding mechanisms: Efficient and transparent                                     10
Funding: Youth services                                                           1
Holistic approach                                                                 5
Housing                                                                           1
Influence policy and change                                                       30
Lobby Government                                                                  6
Local Authorities: Gypsy and travellers                                           1
Local Authorities: Youth services                                                 1
Monitor and predict trends                                                        2
Monitor implementation of Single Equality Act                                     6
No comment or unable to answer                                                    2
Other observations                                                                13
Partnership                                                                       18
Plain English and reduce jargon                                                   2
Private sector examples and involvement in community                              1
Promote culture change                                                            3
Promote human rights                                                              14
Provision of advice, guidance and training                                        17
Publicity and awareness raising                                                   27
Research and information                                                          11
See previous answers                                                              3
Support for approach                                                              3


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Support for the Commission                                                        3
Support: Carers                                                                   3
Support: Chronic exclusion                                                        1
Support: Community and local groups                                               3
Support: Detainees                                                                1
Support: Faith groups                                                             4
Support: Families                                                                 1
Support: Marginalised or minority groups                                          10
Support: Mental health groups                                                     1
Support: Refugees and migrants                                                    2
Support: Volunteers                                                               1
Support: Young people                                                             4
Take a leadership role                                                            6
Take a long term approach                                                         3
Take more risks                                                                   2
Use media                                                                         2
Via employers                                                                     6


143 people responded to this question

The majority of respondents regard the Commission’s ability to enforce
equality legislation and ensure employers and others comply with it as its
most important role. Under this heading there are some specific powers that
put the Commission in a unique position to address disadvantage. One
respondent, for example, specifies four of them: supporting legal cases that
highlight new legal protections for disadvantaged groups; the cross-cutting
remit that enables the Commission to work across the seven equality
strands; the power to conduct statutory enquiries and hold to account those
areas within society where persistent discrimination still exists; and to use its
considerable resources to reach disadvantaged groups beyond the
capabilities of less well resourced Non-Governmental Organisations.

Because of these powers, the Commission must also play a strategic
leadership role not least, according to one respondent, in ensuring informed
and rational debate about matters of equality. This and its leadership role
also means, for some respondents, that the Commission can provide a
unique voice for the under-represented and under-privileged, maintaining its
independence from government, and challenging the government where, for
example, it fails to enact in full EU law. Because the commission is seen as


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being non-political, it can also galvanise political parties on both sides to
target discrimination and disadvantage.

Many responses describe the discrimination and disadvantage that
respondents believe the Commission is so well placed to tackle, ranging
from abuses of detainees’ rights to the severe housing needs of older LGBT
people, LGBT refugees and asylum seekers and LGBT fleeing domestic
abuse; from academic under-achievement of boys compared to girls to
tackling disadvantage for older people who are also discriminated against
on other grounds, in particular older women and older people with
disabilities.

The Commission’s unique mandate and powers and duties also give it a role
in enabling people from disadvantaged groups to become involved in the
process of influencing policy and legislation. It can position itself, one
respondent suggests, as a trusted and reliable organisation that provides a
‘safe space’ for the airing of concerns of groups at risk of discrimination. It
can also, according to another, set up a systematic way of consulting with a
full range of representative groups drawn from Non-Governmental
Organisations operating at grass roots level in each of its areas: this would
bring together different communities to consult with each other as well as
the Commission and help to fulfil its duty to promote good relations between
and among groups.

This role of promoting contacts within and between groups is echoed by
many respondents. One, for example, sees a key role for the Commission in
supporting positive intergenerational contact to deliver changes in attitudes
and help tackle stereotyping and prejudice. Where there are competing
rights between protected groups, this respondent continues, such as LGBT
groups and certain religious organisations, facilitating dialogue can help
promote community cohesion. At a more general level, the Commission can
bring together the wide range of organisations working on equality and
human rights issues at local, regional and national level both to secure a
mandate for its work and to maximise the potential for partnership working.

Some respondents emphasise not just the Commission’s consultative role,
but the importance of how it engages. Listening is vital: one respondent tells
the Commission to get into communities and ask direct questions, such as
why do female genital mutilation and honour killings still go on, or why do
some husbands stop their wives from learning or having a job and a life
outside the home; another advises the Commission to talk to ordinary
disabled people rather than big organisations about their day to day
experience. This point about listening methods is emphasised by one


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respondent who believes that a consultation in this present form is not good
for gathering the views of people with learning disabilities or mental health
problems.

The manner of engaging with employers is also raised by some
respondents: the uniqueness of the Commission lies in the fact that it is
seen by employers as the primary source of expertise and influence on
many equality matters, but this influence will only persist if employers feel
and see that they are being consulted and their views valued, which in turn
means producing good quality and user friendly materials and tools. One
respondent suggests that this approach with employers is preferable to
enforcement, which is difficult and tends to attract opprobrium. This
respondent recommends encouraging participation and self engagement,
pointing out that in Northern Ireland the employers who perform best are
those who engage with the Fair Employment Commission rather than those
forced to comply.

Respondents to this final question also repeat many of the points made in
previous responses that emphasise the Commission’s role in influencing
popular culture as well as politicians and legislators, providing advice,
expertise and training for others, and supporting the disadvantaged with
sensitivity, advocacy and money.



Equality Scheme
1. General Comments: Do you have any comments on the general
approach to the equality scheme?

Group                                                                             Count
Access to information, services and guidance                                      15
Awareness raising, publicity and education                                        10
Be clearer or simplify scheme                                                     2
Be more communicative                                                             2
Be more inclusive                                                                 8
Be more out-ward focussing                                                        1
Be more proactive                                                                 3
Be more responsive                                                                3
Be more specific                                                                  5
Be more transparent                                                               2
Comments on the consultation process                                              8


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Commission role, structure and resources                                          9
Concern over-legislation will drive businesses away                               1
Disability: Complexity and definitions                                            6
Enforcement, legislation and compliance                                           17
Engagement: Consult and involve more widely                                       16
Equality scheme cover all strands                                                 21
Equality scheme focus                                                             8
Funding                                                                           2
General observation                                                               9
Government involvement                                                            2
Include best practice from legislation                                            3
Interpretation and implementation                                                 6
Language and terminology                                                          2
Missing: Advocacy for disabled and other groups                                   1
Missing: Carers                                                                   1
Missing: Economic inequality or social class                                      2
Missing: Gender                                                                   3
Missing: Groups less able to speak out                                            1
Missing: HIV / AIDS                                                               1
Missing: Mental health equal priority                                             1
Missing: Other factors                                                            1
Missing: Other groups equal priority                                              3
Missing: Preventative approaches                                                  1
Missing: Religion, belief or specific faiths                                      4
Missing: Retired and disabled groups                                              1
Missing: Stigma                                                                   1
Missing: Transgender people                                                       7
Monitoring and measuring outcomes                                                 7
Networking, partnership and collaboration                                         6
No or no comment                                                                  19
Reference to publication                                                          1
Regional or local involvement                                                     3
See previous answer                                                               3
Support for approach                                                              34

167 people responded to this question




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Overall the response to the equality scheme is positive, though many
respondents add concerns or raise particular issues that they feel are either
missing or under emphasised. Where respondents are less positive it is
mainly because they see a tension between the need to address all
inequalities and the needs of specific groups that experience disadvantages.

There are concerns among some about the risks of creating a ‘hierarchy of
inequality’, even if some forms of inequality are more widespread than
others. One respondent points out, for example, that the social and
economic costs of mental health are almost certainly much larger than the
corresponding costs of any other health condition, and it should therefore be
afforded equal priority in any policy dealing with disability.

Others are concerned about how the Commission will address tensions
between different strands of inequality: between belief and gender, for
example. One respondent also says they would have expected to hear more
about the Commission’s plans for responding to the conflicting opinions of
the diverse communities whose interests the Commission is designed to
protect.

There are four specific areas where some respondents feel the general
approach needs strengthening. The first concerns what some respondents
believe is missing from it. A number of respondents, for example, point to
particular groups or issues that they feel are partially or wholly neglected,
such as carers, the needs of specific faiths, and the needs of those who
face more than one form of discrimination, such as the retired and disabled,
and inequalities stemming from economic and class differences.

Another area of concern about the general approach is that it is insufficiently
specific. One respondent makes the point, for example, that there is
insufficient appreciation of the difference between being transexual and
transgender; another says that the needs of people living with HIV should be
included; and a third that factor such as class and rurality should be woven
into the plan.

There are also a relatively large number of respondents who feel that the
whole area of enforcement of and compliance with legislation needs
bolstering. One respondent points out, for example, that while people are
made to comply with some laws, such as those regarding tax, motoring and
even television licensing, equality law can be successfully ignored or
avoided. The first stage of this however, others believe, should be to
increase greatly public awareness of the legislation, offer carrots for good
practice and make efforts to expose and publicise bad practice.


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Finally, a small number of respondents say that the equality scheme reads
as if it is designed primarily for internal consumption, and that the
Commission needs to be more outward-facing as its work begins to get
underway.


2. Accessibility: Are there any new and/or emerging priorities within
accessibility that we should include in our equalities scheme?

Group                                                                             Count
Access for autistic people                                                        1
Access for children                                                               2
Access for deaf people                                                            4
Access for dyslexic people                                                        4
Access for people with arthritis                                                  1
Access for people with learning difficulties                                      4
Access for people with other disabilities and conditions                          10
Access for people with speech impairments                                         1
Access for refugees                                                               2
Access for visually impaired people                                               2
Access to all equality areas                                                      2
Access to allowances                                                              1
Access to buildings and places                                                    27
Access to childcare                                                               1
Access to communication alternatives                                              12
Access to education                                                               1
Access to events and meetings                                                     2
Access to grants and funding                                                      10
Access to helpline                                                                1
Access to housing                                                                 2
Access to information or documentation                                            21
Access to language alternatives                                                   5
Access to procurement process                                                     1
Access to recruitment and employment opportunities                                4
Access to sports and activities                                                   1
Access to training                                                                3
Access to travel and transport                                                    4


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Access to website                                                                 16
Accessibility: What this means                                                    2
Attitudes to disability and culture of discrimination                             8
Awareness raising, publicity and education                                        7
Comments on the consultation process                                              4
Commission: Be flexible and open                                                  4
Commission: Regional issues                                                       3
Coordinated approach                                                              1
Cost of accessible technology                                                     1
Enforcement, legislation and compliance                                           7
Engagement: Effective and transparent                                             2
Ensure robust consultation processes                                              1
General observation                                                               7
Human rights                                                                      2
Impact of economic downturn                                                       2
Include all equality strands into accessibility                                   3
Language and terminology                                                          4
Mental health                                                                     3
Networking, partnership and participation                                         4
No or no comment                                                                  21
Parenting issues and parental rights                                              3
Policy: Fire evacuation practices                                                 1
Policy: Part-time working and benefits                                            1
See previous answer                                                               3
Social inclusion                                                                  1
Specific faith groups                                                             3
Support for approach                                                              2
Transgender people                                                                3

140 people responded to this question

This question provoked a wide range of responses, reflecting the fact that
‘accessibility’ has different meanings for different respondents. Some focus
on the problems of physical access, whether that is to buildings for those in
wheelchairs or to websites for those with impaired vision or who do not
speak English or Welsh.

The idea of any new priorities at all is not welcome for all: the priority should
be enforcing the existing legislation and avoiding creating new prioritises

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until it is followed as a matter of course rather than being ignored or
avoided. For others there are some equality strands that are still emerging
and that these should be the priorities; the issues around sexual orientation;
age; gender identity; religion and belief need an airing.

The more traditional problems of ‘access’, such as to buildings and
transport, are mentioned, and the frustration that such elementary barriers
should still remain. Among those cited are drop curbs, fire exits in older
buildings, small level changes and lack of visual contrast, access to
buildings using intercoms, ridges on the end of the steps, slippery flooring,
and the weight of doors and kitchen utensils for people with arthritis. The
Commission is asked to commit to accessibility in the external venues it
uses. The importance of accessibility to published material is also
emphasised. Consultations of this sort conducted by post, for example,
need to consider alternative formats including Braille, audio-cassette and
large print versions to accommodate people with a visual impairment, and
the taped version would allow people with a reading disability to participate.

Many respondents focus on specific problems of inequality that they believe
should be prioritised, including some that have perhaps not been considered
previously. The problems for staff who become disabled while at work, and
access to part time work after debilitating illness and how this works with the
benefits system, need reviewing, as do those faced by transgender
individuals in many public or shared spaces such as toilet facilities.

Socio-economic inequalities are an emerging priority for some. A Customer
Services Manager in a Jobcentre Plus, for example, says that there are not
enough stakeholders or partner organisations to refer customers to for
general help with completion of forms, reading of documentation, and writing
of letters, although customers with English as a second language do have
more access to resources of this nature. Others also point to the resources
needed to ensure migrants, people seeking sanctuary or refugees, are not
put at a disadvantage when accessing public services.

The affordability of housing is an emerging priority for others in the current
economic climate, and should it is argued, feature more in the Commission’s
strategic plans on accessibility. Training, advice and support for small
organisations would help them to access the equalities scheme as part of
the review or grant application stages.

Among the groups of people who should be considered as new priorities are
those with Autism or Asperger’s Syndrome who are often ignored or
misunderstood because their difficulties are 'hidden'. People with learning


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difficulties or dyslexia, who have particular difficulties communicating with
the Commission in exercises of this sort, are also in danger of being
overlooked. One respondent also points out that in the United Kingdom
there are nearly 9 million people affected by arthritis who, with the
encouragement of the Department of Work and Pensions, will need to be
considered as an emerging priority, particularly when it comes to equality of
access in the workplace.

Family policy and parenting issues are likely to become more important,
according to one respondent, with both government and opposition parties
showing increasing interest in the subject and English law lagging behind a
number of other countries. Another respondent echoes this in raising the
needs and rights of parents and children and the need for genuine equality
in choosing how to bring up children and the necessary adjustments to the
tax system to prevent fiscal discrimination. Also in the area of families and
gender, one emerging issue that is perceived to need sensitive research,
action and grant money is the situation of some women in the Muslim
community.


3. Employment: Are there any new and/or emerging priorities within
employment that we should include in our equalities scheme?

Group                                                                             Count
Advice and training for employers                                                 15
Ageing population and discrimination                                              3
Allow specialisation rather than omnicompetance                                   1
Be more specific                                                                  1
Bullying or harassment                                                            1
Carers: Support and protection                                                    7
Comments on consultation process                                                  1
Commission: Leadership and clarity of message                                     3
Commission: Transparency of internal practices                                    7
Consultation in the workplace                                                     1
Cultural issues                                                                   3
Dignity at work scheme                                                            1
Disability related sickness and absence                                           1
Disability: Access to workplace                                                   5
Disability: Encourage recruitment                                                 1
Disability: Short-term                                                            1


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Disability: Sub-groups and complexity                                             5
Disability: Support for job seekers and return to work                            8
Disability: Support those in workplace                                            8
Disciplinary and grievance                                                        1
Disclosure of personal information                                                3
Employment opportunities and patterns                                             12
Enforcement, legislation and compliance                                           15
Equality duty                                                                     4
Flexible working                                                                  7
Gender and equal pay and equal opportunity                                        11
General observation                                                               4
Health questionnaires                                                             1
Impact of economic downturn                                                       5
Legal action not an option or accessible                                          3
Manage expectations                                                               1
Mental health                                                                     4
Migrant workers                                                                   3
Monitoring and evaluation                                                         27
Nationality or language                                                           2
No or no comment                                                                  17
Opportunities need to be fit for purpose                                          2
Parental leave entitlements                                                       2
Policy areas                                                                      1
Positive discrimination                                                           3
Progression should be based on performance                                        1
Promote diverse and varied workforce                                              9
Regional, local and community                                                     3
Research and information                                                          2
School and college programmes                                                     1
See previous answer                                                               8
Transgender people                                                                8
Volunteering and VCS                                                              2

141 people responded to this question

One of the strong themes that emerge from responses to this question is the
importance of monitoring and evaluation, with several respondents saying
that this should start with the Commission itself. For example, one


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respondent says that there should be a transparent recruitment and
selection system across the six diversity strands as part of the monitoring
and analysis of appointments in the Commission, while others believe that
all employers should provide measureable evidence that they are complying
with equality legislation.

In tandem with this, another priority is to recognise the ways that employers
bend or flout monitoring processes. One respondent argues, however, that
such processes have to begin with the Commission clarifying some of the
underlying principles used in monitoring, such as the relationship between
the medical and social models of disability and its approach to the
relationship between socio-economic status and equality.

Another underlying principle raised is what employers should do when
people are faced with a disability that impairs their work: should they still, for
example, receive equal pay? There are particular groups and processes that
need monitoring to ensure equality; the need for equal opportunity
monitoring of transgender people and carers is mentioned, as is the ethnic
background of employees who have been suspended or investigated to
ensure that there is no disproportionate investigation.

The need for advice to employers, including to those who sign up to the
priorities but do not have not much experience in this area, is another
priority cited by many of those who responded to this question. The advice
required ranges from specialist immigration and legal advice for employers,
especially small and medium sized businesses, to guidance on what
positive discrimination is legal. One respondent says, for example, that
some human resource departments believe that advertisements to
encourage applications from under-represented groups are illegal. Other
similar employers’ needs are mentioned, such as specialist support to make
sure people can compete at the same level for jobs, and help to ensure that
people wanting to work flexible hours because of childcare are not
discriminated against.

The Commission is also encouraged to work with employers to help bring
more disabled people into decision making roles, to facilitate the
employment of older people, and to link and align skills training programmes
and actual employment opportunities by networking with employers and
understanding their human resource requirements. A number of
respondents raise the lack of employment opportunities for specific groups,
such as people with a learning disability, who are said to remain the most
excluded group of disabled people from the UK work force. One respondent



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recommends that the Commission’s Equality Scheme record employees not
only if they have a disability, but by type of disability.

Another theme reflected in responses is the importance of enforcing
legislation; the Commission is exhorted to use the powers it has to place
sanctions on organisations that do not comply. One respondent says, for
example, that claims to employment tribunals are being settled by large
payments coupled with a confidentiality clause: a device that enables poor
behaviour to be disguised and discrimination and harassment to continue.
There is a suggestion that the Commission investigate this and even
propose legislation outlawing the practice.

Other issues raised as priorities within employment include the wider impact
of poverty, social class and citizenship status when considering equal
access to employment; how an organisation can legitimately encourage
applications from white British people, if they are under-represented, without
being accused of being racist; bullying; equal pay, including contributions to
private pensions and the legality of tax relief that discriminates on gender
grounds by going overwhelmingly to men; the need for support to people
returning to work following mental illness; and the ongoing need to ensure
all workplaces and employment are accessible for people with a range of
disabilities.


4. Service: Are there any new and/or emerging priorities within service
that we should include in our equalities scheme?

Group                                                                             Count
Access to information and services                                                8
Be more proactive                                                                 7
Be more specific                                                                  1
Challenges of broad remit                                                         1
Changes to EHRC staffing                                                          2
Commission website                                                                3
Conflicting equality duties                                                       2
Consistent monitoring across categories                                           2
contractors and suppliers                                                         1
Deal with current priorities first                                                2
Enforcement, legislation and compliance                                           36
Face to face opportunities                                                        1
General observation                                                               1

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Grants                                                                            1
Health services                                                                   4
Helpline service                                                                  14
Impact of public services                                                         1
Information: Easy read, makaton and accessible formats                            4
Information: suggestions                                                          1
Local monitoring and reporting system                                             4
Missing: Carers                                                                   3
Missing: Children and young people                                                2
Missing: Citizenship status                                                       1
Missing: Dyslexia and Neurodiversity                                              3
Missing: Faiths                                                                   1
Missing: HIV                                                                      1
Missing: Language                                                                 1
Missing: Mental health issues                                                     3
Missing: Multiple discrimination                                                  4
Missing: Pay and opportunity                                                      2
Missing: Poverty                                                                  1
Missing: Pregnancy                                                                1
Missing: racism against invisible minorities                                      1
Missing: Religion                                                                 1
Missing: Single parents                                                           1
Missing: Social Class                                                             1
Missing: Transgender                                                              6
Missing: Transport                                                                2
Missing: Traveller Communities                                                    1
Networking and partnership                                                        8
No or no comment                                                                  16
Prioritisation of legal cases                                                     10
Public awareness and understanding                                                19
Research                                                                          5
Review or consult on services                                                     9
See previous answer                                                               8
Support for commissions services                                                  4
Training                                                                          17
Volunteering                                                                      1



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136 people responded to this question

Responses to this question mirror many of those to the questions about
accessibility and employment: for example, there is concern about the
needs of particular groups, statements about the importance of enforcement
and compliance, and suggestions for the development of the Commission’s
work. There are also more specific points about the services that
respondents feel the Commission should be providing.

The provision of information on a wide range of issues is a priority for many
respondents, seeing the role of the Commission as being both to educate in
response to specific problems and to promote more general change in
attitudes and behaviours at local, regional and national levels: the
Commission is seen as a ‘thought leader’ as well as a source of help, a
service provider and an enforcer of legislation. There is some concern that
there is still a lack of clarity about the Commission’s role, and that some
organisations are still referring clients to the Commission for services that it
is not going to be providing. There is also concern that there are some gaps
on the Commission’s website particularly as regards legal information: it is
suggested that the legal team and web team work together to ensure the
information provided is up to date, and it is suggested that guidance on the
implementation of the Single Equality Bill is launched at the same time as
the Act comes into force.

There is little doubt that the Commission’s role in the enforcement of
equality legislation, by public companies as well as public services, is
regarded as extremely important. There is some concern, however, that in
moving to a single equality scheme approach the work of the Commission
might risk becoming either too complex or over-simple: it must avoid
becoming overly enmeshed in process, form filling and bureaucracy, and
identify clear and effective outputs to provide a focus for delivery to the
Single Equality Act.

In terms of new and emerging priorities, there are various areas of the law
mentioned, such as that highlighted by the recent success of a carer’s case
in the European Union that should stimulate the United Kingdom to
implement the ruling fully so that employers see that discriminating against
carers is not acceptable. The Commission should also, one respondent
suggests, be prioritising legal cases in those areas which have proved ‘hard
to crack’ over the years - discrimination on the grounds of pregnancy, for
example, violence against women and the gender pay gap, ensuring that
public authorities take account of relevant recommendations from the
Women and Work Commission in complying with the gender duty. The


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provision of sites for traveller communities is another area of equality that
needs enforcement, as is the provision of female toilets, the inadequate
number of which often discriminates against women and can deter them
from attending events in public places.

Health is another area of service where respondents perceive there needs
to be action against inequality. The National Health Service says one
respondent, is guilty of age discrimination in relation to the services provided
for older people in need of hospital beds and care, and nursing homes
appear to forget that patients with dementia still require stimulation so that
their later years are happy and they are not a forgotten part of society.

There are a number of responses that point to specific internal priorities for
the Commission, foremost among which is effective equality training for all
staff, including impact assessment training. One respondent would also like
to see access audits for all regional offices and a realistic timetable of
implementation for findings, the grants process evenly distributed amongst
equality strands and geographically and efforts to increase awareness of the
helpline, especially amongst hard to reach people such as the deaf
community. Another respondent suggests staff should be sent out with a
disabled person for a couple of days to see for themselves problems such
as access, abuse, and the lack of secure parking at places like bus stations
for scooters and wheelchairs. The need to train all staff on all equality duties
in preparation for the new equality legislation due in 2009 is also raised.
Some of such work, it is suggested, will be best done through partnership
with other organisations, and contact with similar agencies throughout the
world will keep the Commission aware of the creative efforts of others.

Finally, a number of respondents see an important role for the Commission
in working with the media to challenge stereotypes and balance
enforcement duties, encouraging good practice to create a supportive and
open culture.



5. Representation: Are there any new and/or emerging priorities within
representation that we should include in our equalities scheme?

Group                                                                             Count
Concerns about EHRC                                                               2
Core network groups                                                               3
Corporate involvement                                                             1


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EHRC awareness of reality of discrimination                                       1
EHRC developing too fast                                                          1
Engagement: Children and young people                                             4
Engagement: Community and grass roots                                             8
Engagement: Consult groups, not just individuals                                  3
Engagement: Consult individuals not just groups                                   3
Engagement: Consult those with experience of working with
commission                                                                        1
Engagement: Continual or regular process                                          3
Engagement: Disabled groups incur costs                                           1
Engagement: Ensure all are heard equally                                          4
Engagement: over consultation on some stakeholders                                1
Engagement: Public sector and services                                            1
Engagement: Targeted approach                                                     2
Focus: Action                                                                     2
Focus: What can be achieved                                                       2
Groups need to engage with individuals they represent                             3
Implementation: How change is achieved                                            6
Information and guidance                                                          6
Link with research projects                                                       1
Local Authority involvement                                                       2
Monitor emerging groups                                                           1
More, more visible representatives or advocates needed                            2
No or No comment                                                                  12
Public awareness and publicity                                                    7
Question of clarification                                                         2
Recognition that groups are not homogeneous                                       6
Representation can be prevented by fear                                           2
Representation from transgender people                                            6
Representation of carers                                                          3
Representation of cross strand organisations                                      1
Representation of deaf and hearing impaired people                                3
Representation of different generations within interest
groups                                                                            2
Representation of different geographical areas                                    2
Representation of different sectors                                               1
Representation of different socioeconomic groups                                  2


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Representation of disabled people                                                 10
Representation of ethnic minorities                                               1
Representation of family groups                                                   2
Representation of geographical or rural spread                                    1
Representation of LBG people                                                      2
Representation of men                                                             2
Representation of new or under-represented groups                                 12
Representation of non-aligned individuals                                         2
Representation of older peoples                                                   1
Representation of people with learning difficulties                               6
Representation of people with mental illness                                      5
Representation of prison population and young offenders                           2
Representation of refugees                                                        1
Representation of religious groups                                                3
Representation of Trade Unions                                                    1
Representation of vertical inequality                                             1
Representation of women                                                           2
Representation on non-religious groups                                            1
Representation: Equally across all groups                                         3
Retirement or pension inequalities                                                1
See previous answers                                                              7
Staff encouraged to participate by employers                                      1
Support: Good starting point                                                      8
Tackle funding and capacity issues                                                6
User groups                                                                       2
Work with other agencies                                                          4
Work with voluntary sector                                                        6
Working with multiple discrimination                                              2

135 people responded to this question

Responses to this question fall into two broad categories: reminders of
particular groups or sectors who need to be represented, and methods of
representation.

Starting with the latter there are a number of general observations about
whether representation is best through networks, representative
organisations, or individuals, and if so how they should be organised. The
present approach, in the opinion of one respondent, appears to be of a

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scatter-gun nature with a rather arbitrary effect on who is involved. This
respondent suggests that local authorities should be more directly involved
in ensuring their own participation and assisting in communication and
support to participation by local groups within their areas. Others take the
view that supporting the development and maintenance of representative
networks is the answer.

One respondent says that it should be about participation as well as
representation, and goes on to ask how the effective and genuine
participation of all equalities groups can be ensured, saying it would be
beneficial if organisations or groups representing specific equality 'strands'
had the opportunity to feed in to the work of the Commission. Another
respondent believes that it is still too early to seek to develop either an
involvement or representation strategy, the danger being that the
Commission will seek to do too much too quickly rather than consolidating
positions and then moving on to the next development.

There seems a measure of agreement that representation needs to be local
as well as national, with local community organisations and under-
represented groups receiving capacity building support to give them parity
with local government when decisions are being made which directly affect
their community or environment. One respondent cautions against relying
only on key groups for input, suggesting the use of local politicians and
councillors who may be able to feed in under-represented views, and
advertising any information widely and in different formats to ensure a broad
range of views is gathered and that the views of the less obvious individuals
and groups are included.

The need is also identified to ensure not only that all equality strands are
represented, but that regions and rural areas, where some issues and
solutions might be different, are included. One respondent warns of the
danger of being London-centric or concentrating too much on metropolitan
boroughs, saying there is already a perception that the Commission is out of
touch with the needs of people in Northern and Midland shire counties.

Voluntary groups are recognised as important representatives of local
communities, supplementing the work of central and local government and
the NHS and in many cases providing services not provided by government.
These voluntary groups are an important repository of information on the
communities they serve, and one emerging priority is for the Commission to
acknowledge and listen to them and tap into them.




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How representatives are used is also regarded as important.
Representatives need to be clear about their role and do not simply
represent their own interests. In some areas it may be important to
recognise that representatives may be concerned about their role because
of the dangers of exposing themselves to, for example, hate crime.

In terms of who should be represented, there is a case made by their
advocates for many groups that face discrimination. Some groups are
relatively small in numbers while others are very large indeed; some are
already well recognised within one or more of the equality strands while
others are under-represented. The actual submissions need to be read in
full to appreciate the full range of groups mentioned here.

When it comes to the question of how each group should be represented, a
number of over-arching points are made. One respondent argues for
recognition that 'groups' of people are not homogeneous just because they
are, for example, 'black and ethnic minority' or 'gay'. People within these
groups can hold very different views that do not necessarily represent those
of the whole group. Likewise, there are many different levels of ability within
the same sort of disability: 'disabled access' means units fitted with units
lower than usual for wheelchair users - but most disabled people are not
wheelchair users and lower units are no help to people who cannot bend or
reach down.

It is also important to examine representation from communities that are
fragmented. One example offered is that of groups claiming to represent the
whole transgendered community while, in this respondent’s view, only in fact
representing transexual transgender individuals, or not representing the
community appropriately because non-transexual transgender individuals do
not have a significant public face. For this respondent a growing priority over
the next few years will be to get appropriate representation from different
groups within the transgender community.

Another point raised was the importance of the Commission not disengaging
from working taxpayers in its efforts to help immigrant groups, minority
sexual-orientation groups and disabled groups. Another respondent says
that while it is important that the Commission understand the particular
needs and issues that face different groups, there is a danger of trying to
deliver too much to too many: there is a value in outreach messages about
the need for respect, dignity and fairness for all. This point is complemented
by those whose emphasis is more on the need for action and for the greater
visibility of the Commission’s representatives.



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Appendices

Appendix A – List of organisations
Please note – this is a list only of those that selected ‘On behalf of an
organisation’ which registering.

Aberdeen City Council
Age Concern England
Age Concern London
Arthritis Care
Arthritis Care
Bail for Immigration Detainees
Beneast Training Ltd
BFI
Board of Deputies of British Jews
Boston Belles Transgendered Support Group
Britannia Building Society
British Humanist Association
Business in the Community (BITC)
CARA (Centre for Action on Rape & Abuse
Cardonald College
Carers UK
Carers Wales
Chwarae Teg
City of Los Angeles Human Relations Commission
Communication Workers Union
Cwm Taf NHS Trust
CWU
Doncaster Racial Equality Council
Ecas
EHRC
Epilepsy Action
Equality and Diversity Forum
Equality Challenge Unit
Equality by design
Exeter Citizens Advice Bureau


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EYEOPENERS
Fair Play South West
Families Need Fathers
Family and Parenting Institute
Fife Council
Flintshire County Council
Flintshire LA
Four Groups Ltd
Friends, Families and Travellers
Gateshead Council
GIRES
Greater London Authority
Gypsy Traveller Education and Information Project
HEAR c/o ROTA
Help the Aged
Hindu Council UK
Hull College Group
Humanist Society of Scotland
Hywel Dda NHS Trust
Inclusive Fitness Initiative
Independent Academic Research Studies
Jobcentre Plus
Joint Public Issues Team - The Baptist Union of Great Britain, The Methodist
Church and the United Reformed Church
Just Resources Limited
Lakes College West Cumbria
London Autistic Rights Movement (LARM)
London Borough of Newham
LOROL
Manchester Care & Repair
Mencap
Men's Health Forum
Mid and Central Bedfordshire Access Group
Migrants' Rights Network
Moray Council
MPH Accessible Environments
NASUWT(National Union of Schoolmasters/Union of Women Teachers)


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NAT (National AIDS Trust)
National Association of Disabled Supporters
National Federation of Women's Institutes-Wales
NAWO
Newham College of Further Education
NHS Education for Scotland
NHS Employers
North East Regional Information Partnership
Northampton General Hospital
Northbrook College
Nottinghamshire County Council
NSPCC
Oldham Race Equality Partnership
Orkney Islands Council
Oxfam
Oxford Diocese, Church of England
PARITY
Patient Information & Involvement
PCS BERR GROUP
PeaceMaker
Perth College
Planning Aid
Positive Learning Ltd
RACE ON THE AGENDA (ROTA)
RNIB Cymru Empowerment Champions
RNID
Robert Barton Trust
Royal Agricultural College
Royal College of Nursing of the United Kingdom
Rubicon Training Practises
Rugby Disability Forum
Scottish Association for Mental Health
Scottish council for voluntary organisations
Scout Association
Shelter
South Bucks & Chiltern Access Group
South Wales Fire and Rescue Service


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Southwark PCT and Social Care
Space 2 Talk
St Helens College
Stonewall
Stonewall Cymru
Stonewall Housing
Stratford-on-Avon District Council
Surrey Law Centre
The Beth Johnson Foundation
The Discovery of the Talents
The Guide Dogs for the Blind Association
The ManKind Initiative
The Moray Council
The Resolution Foundation
The Springboard Consultancy
The Tim Parry Johnathan Ball Foundation for Peace
The Wednesday Comet Group
Thornliebank Tenant's & Residents Association
TSSA
TUC
UK Association of Gypsy Women
UNISON
Unite
University of Wolverhampton
VCS Equality and Human Rights/Regional Forum Yorkshire and the Humber
WAAG
Walkherefordshire.com
West Mercia Women's Aid
Women's Resource Centre
Women's Resource Centre
working for families
Workplace Disability Adjustments
Yorkshire and Humber Tenants and Residents Regional Federation
Yorkshire and Humber TUC
YouthNet




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Appendix B

Interests: Full list of those that selected ‘other’ when asked ‘what are
your interests?’

Advice
ALL I am an equality leader for our county police federation
All of the above.
All of those listed effect the children, families & friends of families
All the options listed
Carers
Carers issues
Community cohesion through sport
Criminal Justice(Rehabilitation of ex-offenders)
Discrimination
Equal Rights for Men and Women
Equality and broader human rights
Equality AND Human Rights
Equality, Human Rights, Humanity
Gypsy and New Traveller Status And Rights
Learning disability equality
Mental Health
Mental Health & Advocacy
Mental Health / Disability
Multiple - I am a gay disabled person!
Severe & enduring mental illness - schizophrenia & bi-polar
Sexual orientation and transgender but also gender, age, race, disability and
religion
We represent the most disadvantaged young women
We seek to provide platforms for people age 11 - 26 to contribute to local
decision making etc. We are involved in a wide variety of community groups
(i.e. disability forum, accessibility, diversity etc)
Young people, community cohesion, victims of politically motivated violence
Youth




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Ethnic Group: Full list of those that selected ‘other’ when asked ‘what
is your ethnic group?’

Any other Asian background Kashmiri
Any other ethnic group      Italian American
Any other ethnic group      Mauritian
                            Mestiza (mix between Europeans and Latin
Any other ethnic group      American people)
Any other ethnic group      Scottish Jewish
                            Half British, Half Canadian, of mixed, including
Any other ethnic group      indigenous, Irish, English and Scottish origin
Other mixed/multiple ethnic
background                  White + Caribbean + Jewish
Other mixed/multiple ethnic
background                  Anglo Indian
Other mixed/multiple ethnic
background                  Catholic newcomers from all five continents
Other mixed/multiple ethnic
background                  Jewish, Irish, afro Caribbean
Other mixed/multiple ethnic
background                  White & Arab
Other mixed/multiple ethnic
background                  White and Middle Eastern Jewish
Other white                 NZ, English, Scottish, Irish
Other white                 European
Other white                 Citizen of the United States
Other white                 New Zealand
Other white                 White Arab/ Celtic
Other white                 Welsh
Other white                 American
Other white                 ROMANES
Other white                 Australia
Other white                 Dutch
Other white                 Cypriot
Other white                 American
Other white                 US
Other white                 Spanish
Other white                 British-Norwegian


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Other white                             European
Other white                             Welsh
Other white                             Dual nationality
Other white                             European
Other white                             white European
Other white                             American
Other white                             Jewish
Other white                             American


Religion / belief: Full list of those that selected ‘other’ when asked
‘what is your religion or belief, even if you are not currently
practicing?’

A general sort of thing
All of them
Broadly Quaker
Christo-pagan
Flying Spaghetti Monsterism
Hindu/Buddhist
Holistic
Humanist
Not practising
Rastafarian
Spiritual humanism
Spiritualist
Spiritualist
Unitarian
Wiccan




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