Prices, Technology, and Farm Size

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					Physical characteristics, sugar cane industry, Ord, Western Australia
Average per farm
                                                                              Average
Population                                                            no         9
Sample                                                                no         7

Area operated, 30 June 2006                                           ha      458    (16)
Beef cattle, 30 June 2006                                             no        0     (0)

Proportion of producers sowing crops other than sugar cane, 2005-06
Oilseeds                                                              %         0     (0)
Banana                                                                %         0     (0)
Peanuts                                                               %         0     (0)
Vegetables                                                            %        31    (31)
Other crops                                                           %        16    (53)

Milling sugar cane supply and disposal, 2005-06
Area harvested                                                        ha       236      (9)
- irrigated                                                           ha       236      (9)
Production                                                            t      28335      (8)
Sugar cane yield                                                      t/ha     120      (3)
Quantity sold                                                         t      27979      (8)

Non-milling sugar cane supply and disposal, 2005-06
Area harvested                                                        ha        0       (0)
- irrigated                                                           ha        0       (0)
Production                                                            t         0       (0)
Sugar cane yield                                                      t/ha      0       (0)
Quantity sold                                                         t         0       (0)

Proportion of producers sowing crops other than sugar cane, 2006-07
Oilseeds                                                              ha        0     (0)
Bananas                                                               ha        0     (0)
Peanuts                                                               ha        0     (0)
Vegetables                                                            ha       31    (31)
Other crops                                                           ha        0     (0)

Milling sugar cane supply and disposal, 2006-07
Area harvested                                                        ha       249   (10)
- irrigated                                                           ha       249   (10)
Production                                                            t      29002   (12)
Sugar cane yield                                                      t/ha     116    (3)
Quantity sold                                                         t      28887   (12)

Non-milling sugar cane supply and disposal, 2006-07
Area harvested                                                        ha        0       (0)
- irrigated                                                           ha        0       (0)
Production                                                            t         0       (0)
Sugar cane yield                                                      t/ha      0       (0)
Quantity sold                                                         t         0       (0)
ns - not supplied because of insufficient sample.
Includes growers with an estimated value of agricultural production greater than $5000.
Financial characteristics, sugar cane industry, Ord, Western Australia
Average per farm
                                                                     Average
Population                                                no             9
Sample                                                    no             7

Farm cash receipts
Receipts from the sale of the 2004-05 sugar cane crop
- milling sugar cane                                      $              0      (0)
- non-milling sugar cane                                  $              0      (0)
Receipts from the sale of the 2005-06 sugar cane crop
- milling sugar cane                                      $         421449      (5)
- non-milling sugar cane                                  $              0      (0)
Other cropping receipts
- peanuts                                                 $              0      (0)
- oilseeds                                                $              0      (0)
- vegetables                                              $         363275     (35)
- fruit                                                   $              0      (0)
- other crops                                             $          54026     (52)
Cattle receipts                                           $              0      (0)
Off farm sharefarming                                     $              0      (0)
Off farm contracts                                        $         150381     (33)
Other                                                     $         134980     (24)
Total farm cash receipts                                  $        1124110     (16)

Sugar cane related production costs
Contracts
- planting                                                $              0      (0)
- harvesting                                              $           7722     (53)
- other                                                   $           2260     (53)
Electricity                                               $           1288     (33)
Fertiliser                                                $          90498      (6)
Freight                                                   $            871     (53)
Fuel, oil and grease                                      $          21657     (14)
Handling and marketing                                    $          10070     (34)
Insurance                                                 $           3733     (33)
Repairs and maintenance                                   $          28529     (26)
Soil preparation                                          $          14367     (40)
Chemicals                                                 $          26699      (9)
Hired labour                                              $          57993      (8)
Water                                                     $          33160     (23)
Interest paid                                             $           8807     (38)
Total sugar cane costs                                    $         338721     (10)

Non-sugar cane related costs                              $         372636     (21)
Total cash costs                                          $         711357     (13)

Financial performance of sugar cane production, 2005-06
Average price received                                    $/t            32     (5)
Average production costs                                  $/t            12     (8)
Cash surplus from sugar production                        $/t            20     (9)
Farm cash income
Farm cash income                                                  $            412753    (23)
Farm business profit                                              $            328273    (27)
Rate of return
- excluding capital appreciation                                  %                7.1    (8)
- including capital appreciation                                  %               25.8    (8)
Farm capital, 30 June                                             $                6.6   (16)
Farm debt, 30 June                                                $            329897    (34)
Farm liquid assets                                                $            576882    (20)
Off farm income                                                   $              7467    (53)
Equity ratio                                                      %                 96    (2)
ns Not supplied because of insufficient sample. Includes growers with an estimated value of
Farm management practices, sugar cane industry, Ord, Western Australia
Proportion of farms
                                                                          Average
Population                                                           no     9
Sample                                                               no     7

Farm plan
Have a written plan for managing the farm business                   %     60   (16)
Who prepared the plan
- self                                                               %     67   (27)
- external assistance                                                %     67   (27)
Plan includes
- production activities                                              %    100    (0)
- management of natural resources                                    %    100    (0)
- business activities                                                %    100    (0)
- people management/succession plan                                  %     67   (27)

Importance in farm planning in case of a severe downturn in prices
Importance of this issue in business planning
- critical                                                           %     87    (5)
- very important                                                     %      0    (0)
- important                                                          %     13   (34)
- not important                                                      %      0    (0)
- not an issue                                                       %      0    (0)
Preparedness to adapt or cope with this
- very prepared                                                      %     31   (31)
- prepared                                                           %     69   (14)
- under prepared                                                     %      0    (0)
- not prepared                                                       %      0    (0)
- not an issue                                                       %      0    (0)

Importance in farm planning of a disease and/or insect strikes
Importance of this issue in business planning
- critical                                                           %      0    (0)
- very important                                                     %     56   (19)
- important                                                          %     44   (24)
- not important                                                      %      0    (0)
- not an issue                                                       %      0    (0)
Preparedness to adapt or cope with this
- very prepared                                                      %     16   (53)
- prepared                                                           %     84   (10)
- under prepared                                                     %      0    (0)
- not prepared                                                       %      0    (0)
- not an issue                                                       %      0    (0)

Importance in farm planning to manage farm input price increases
Importance of this issue in business planning
- critical                                                           %      0    (0)
- very important                                                     %     56   (19)
- important                                                          %     44   (24)
- not important                                                      %      0    (0)
- not an issue                                                                  %        0     (0)
Preparedness to adapt or cope with this
- very prepared                                                                 %      16     (53)
- prepared                                                                      %      84     (10)
- under prepared                                                                %       0      (0)
- not prepared                                                                  %       0      (0)
- not an issue                                                                  %       0      (0)
ns Not supplied because of insufficient sample. Includes growers with an estimated value of

Farm management practices, sugar cane industry, Ord, Western Australia (continued)
Proportion of farms
                                                                                      Average
Importance of mill efficiency in farm planning
Importance of this issue in business planning
- critical                                                                      %      84     (10)
- very important                                                                %       0      (0)
- important                                                                     %       0      (0)
- not important                                                                 %       0      (0)
- not an issue                                                                  %       0      (0)
Preparedness to adapt or cope with this
- very prepared                                                                 %      44     (24)
- prepared                                                                      %      40     (24)
- under prepared                                                                %       0      (0)
- not prepared                                                                  %       0      (0)
- not an issue                                                                  %       0      (0)

Importance in farm planning to manage interest rate increases
Importance of this issue in business planning
- critical                                                                      %       0      (0)
- very important                                                                %      16     (53)
- important                                                                     %      27     (35)
- not important                                                                 %      29     (33)
- not an issue                                                                  %      13     (34)
Preparedness to adapt or cope with this
- very prepared                                                                 %       0      (0)
- prepared                                                                      %      87      (5)
- under prepared                                                                %       0      (0)
- not prepared                                                                  %       0      (0)
- not an issue                                                                  %      13     (34)

Importance in farm planning to manage a reduction in irrigation water allocations
Importance of this issue in business planning
- critical                                                                       %      0      (0)
- very important                                                                 %      0      (0)
- important                                                                      %     60     (16)
- not important                                                                  %     24     (19)
- not an issue                                                                   %     16     (53)
Preparedness to adapt or cope with this
- very prepared                                                                  %      0      (0)
- prepared                                                                       %     89      (5)
- under prepared                                                                 %     11     (37)
- not prepared                                                                  %         0    (0)
- not an issue                                                                  %         0    (0)

Importance in farm planning to manage a reduction in irrigation water quality
Importance of this issue in business planning
- critical                                                                      %         0    (0)
- very important                                                                %         0    (0)
- important                                                                     %        71   (13)
- not important                                                                 %        13   (34)
- not an issue                                                                  %        16   (53)
Preparedness to adapt or cope with this
- very prepared                                                                 %         0    (0)
- prepared                                                                      %        89    (5)
- under prepared                                                                %        11   (37)
- not prepared                                                                  %         0    (0)
- not an issue                                                                  %         0    (0)
ns Not supplied because of insufficient sample. Includes growers with an estimated value of

Farm management practices, sugar cane industry, Ord, Western Australia (continued)
Proportion of farms
                                                                                        Average
Importance in farm planning to manage an increase in irrigation water cost
Importance of this issue in business planning
- critical                                                                      %         0    (0)
- very important                                                                %        60   (16)
- important                                                                     %        40   (24)
- not important                                                                 %         0    (0)
- not an issue                                                                  %         0    (0)
Preparedness to adapt or cope with this
- very prepared                                                                 %        16   (53)
- prepared                                                                      %        84   (10)
- under prepared                                                                %         0    (0)
- not prepared                                                                  %         0    (0)
- not an issue                                                                  %         0    (0)

Importance in farm planning to manage drought
Importance of this issue in business planning
- critical                                                                      %         0    (0)
- very important                                                                %        16   (53)
- important                                                                     %        56   (19)
- not important                                                                 %        13   (34)
- not an issue                                                                  %        16   (53)
Preparedness to adapt or cope with this
- very prepared                                                                 %         0    (0)
- prepared                                                                      %        58   (18)
- under prepared                                                                %        27   (35)
- not prepared                                                                  %         0    (0)
- not an issue                                                                  %        16   (53)

Importance in farm planning to manage the impact of other climatic events that affect production
Importance of this issue in business planning
- critical                                                                    %         0      (0)
- very important                                                              %        76      (6)
- important                                                                   %        24     (19)
- not important                                                               %         0      (0)
- not an issue                                                                %         0      (0)
Preparedness to adapt or cope with this
- very prepared                                                               %        16     (53)
- prepared                                                                    %        84     (10)
- under prepared                                                              %         0      (0)
- not prepared                                                                %         0      (0)
- not an issue                                                                %         0      (0)

Importance in farm planning to manage environmental issues
Importance of this issue in business planning
- critical                                                                    %         0      (0)
- very important                                                              %        73     (13)
- important                                                                   %        27     (35)
- not important                                                               %         0      (0)
- not an issue                                                                %         0      (0)
Preparedness to adapt or cope with this
- very prepared                                                               %        58     (18)
- prepared                                                                    %        42     (25)
- under prepared                                                              %         0      (0)
- not prepared                                                                %         0      (0)
- not an issue                                                                %         0      (0)
ns Not supplied because of insufficient sample. Includes growers with an estimated value of

Farm management practices, sugar cane industry, Ord, Western Australia (continued)
Proportion of farms
                                                                                      Average
Training and information sources
Sources of information used to obtain farm production or management
- BSES Limited                                                                %         0     (31)
- industry organisation                                                       %        84     (10)
- mill representatives                                                        %       100      (0)
- production groups                                                           %        42     (25)
- independent advice                                                          %         0      (0)
- state governmnet                                                            %        13     (34)
- media                                                                       %        69     (14)
- internet                                                                    %        44     (24)
- family or other producers                                                   %        87      (5)
- other sources                                                               %         0      (0)

Training activities between 1 July 2005 and 30 June 2007
- field days                                                                  %       100      (0)
- conferences                                                                 %         1     (16)
- workshops                                                                   %        73     (13)
- tafe                                                                        %         0      (0)
- university                                                                  %         0      (0)
- other                                                                       %         0      (0)
Production intentions
In 3 years time, producer intends to be doing
- increase area sown to sugar                                                             %         11    (37)
- reduce area sown to sugar                                                               %         60    (16)
- lease/sharefarming arrangement                                                          %          0     (0)
- work off-farm                                                                           %          0     (0)
- diversify into another agricultural industry                                            %         84    (10)
- increase non-agricultural income                                                        %         16    (53)
- exit agriculture                                                                        %          0     (0)
- semi-retire from agriculture                                                            %          0     (0)
- retire or sell the farm                                                                 %          0    (53)
- no change                                                                               %          0     (0)

For those intending to diversify into another agricultural industry, the alternative land use options under consideration are
- other crops                                                                               %         69 (14)
- cattle                                                                                    %          0    (0)
- other livestock                                                                           %          0    (0)
- other farming activities                                                                  %         16 (53)

Impediments to diversifying into alternative agricultural industries are
- suitability of land                                                                     %         42    (25)
- availability of irrigation water                                                        %          0     (0)
- availability of labour                                                                  %          1    (19)
- size of holding                                                                         %         56    (19)
- knowledge or experience                                                                 %          0     (0)
- financial constraints                                                                   %         11    (37)
- insufficient incentive                                                                  %         29    (33)
- land planning/zoning restrictions                                                       %          0     (0)
- risks in doing something different                                                      %          0     (0)

Changes in management practices
Expand area planted using existing land area
- did this in the last 5 years                                                            %         31    (31)
- intend to do this in the next 3 years                                                   %         42    (25)
- would/did this change increase productivity                                             %         42    (25)

Expand area planted by purchasing or leasing new land
- did this in the last 5 years                                                            %          0    (18)
- intend to do this in the next 3 years                                                   %         42    (25)
- would/did this change increase productivity                                             %          0     (0)
ns Not supplied because of insufficient sample. Includes growers with an estimated value of

Farm management practices, sugar cane industry, Ord, Western Australia (continued)
Proportion of farms
                                                                                                   Average
Diversify into another agricultural industry
- did this in the last 5 years                                                            %         40    (24)
- intend to do this in the next 3 years                                                   %         40    (24)
- would/did this change increase productivity                                             %          0    (35)

Purchase new plant and equipment
- did this in the last 5 years                                    %   71    (13)
- intend to do this in the next 3 years                           %   84    (10)
- would/did this change increase productivity                     %   69    (14)

Increase use of contractors
- did this in the last 5 years                                    %   42    (25)
- intend to do this in the next 3 years                           %   31    (31)
- would/did this change increase productivity                     %   31    (31)

Change inrrigation system, plant, layout, drainage or practices
- did this in the last 5 years                                    %   60    (16)
- intend to do this in the next 3 years                           %   60    (16)
- would/did this change increase productivity                     %   60    (16)

Decrease overall irrigation water use
- did this in the last 5 years                                    %   16    (53)
- intend to do this in the next 3 years                           %   31    (31)
- would/did this change increase productivity                     %   31    (31)

Change fertiliser products
- did this in the last 5 years                                    %   58    (16)
- intend to do this in the next 3 years                           %   71    (13)
- would/did this change increase productivity                     %   71    (13)

Decrease overall fertiliser use
- did this in the last 5 years                                    %   16    (53)
- intend to do this in the next 3 years                           %   31    (31)
- would/did this change increase productivity                     %   56    (19)

Change chemical products
- did this in the last 5 years                                    %   84    (10)
- intend to do this in the next 3 years                           %   84    (10)
- would/did this change increase productivity                     %   58    (18)

Decrease overall chemical use
- did this in the last 5 years                                    %   84    (10)
- intend to do this in the next 3 years                           %   84    (10)
- would/did this change increase productivity                     %   31    (31)

Change to minimum or no tillage sugar cane planting
- did this in the last 5 years                                    %   100    (0)
- intend to do this in the next 3 years                           %    71   (13)
- would/did this change increase productivity                     %    85   (10)

Used 6 months or more of fallow without cover/alternate crops
- did this in the last 5 years                                    %   47    (18)
- intend to do this in the next 3 years                           %   47    (18)
- would/did this change increase productivity                     %   47    (18)

Used 6 months or more of fallow with cover/alternate crops
- did this in the last 5 years                                    %   73     (6)
- intend to do this in the next 3 years                           %   42    (25)
- would/did this change increase productivity                                 %        58     (16)

Introduced GPS technology for planting, harvesting or other farm practices
- did this in the last 5 years                                                %       100      (0)
- intend to do this in the next 3 years                                       %        84     (10)
- would/did this change increase productivity                                 %        60     (16)
ns Not supplied because of insufficient sample. Includes growers with an estimated value of

Farm management practices, sugar cane industry, Ord, Western Australia (continued)
Proportion of farms
                                                                                      Average

Matched crop row spacing with equipment track width
- did this in the last 5 years                                                %        73      (6)
- intend to do this in the next 3 years                                       %        73      (6)
- would/did this change increase productivity                                 %         2      (5)

Introduced new sugar cane varieties
- did this in the last 5 years                                                %        87      (5)
- intend to do this in the next 3 years                                       %        42     (25)
- would/did this change increase productivity                                 %        58     (16)

Introduced farm planning or business management systems
- did this in the last 5 years                                                %        89      (5)
- intend to do this in the next 3 years                                       %        84     (10)
- would/did this change increase productivity                                 %        84     (10)

Reduce cost of production
- did this in the last 5 years                                                %       100      (0)
- intend to do this in the next 3 years                                       %        84     (10)
- would/did this change increase productivity                                 %        47     (18)

Introduce new environmental management practices
- did this in the last 5 years                                                %        84     (10)
- intend to do this in the next 3 years                                       %        84     (10)
- would/did this change increase productivity                                 %        47     (18)

Introduced some other changes
- did this in the last 5 years                                                %        16     (53)
- intend to do this in the next 3 years                                       %        16     (53)
- would/did this change increase productivity                                 %        16     (53)

What crops were used (or would be used) during a 6 months or more fallow
- cow peas                                                                    %         0      (0)
- mung beans                                                                  %         0      (0)
- navy beans                                                                  %         0      (0)
- other pulses                                                                %        47     (18)
- peanuts                                                                     %         0      (0)
- soybeans                                                                    %        11     (37)
- vegetables                                                                  %        58     (16)
- other                                                                       %         0      (0)
Impediments to expanding farm size
- mill and transport costs                                                                 %         71      (13)
- availability of suitable land                                                            %         42      (25)
- availability of irrigation water                                                         %          0       (0)
- avaliability of labour                                                                   %         58      (16)
- financial resources                                                                      %         11      (37)
- available time                                                                           %          0       (0)
- lifestyle or lack of interest                                                            %         31      (31)
- industry outlook                                                                         %        100       (0)
- land use planning restrictions                                                           %         42      (25)
- other                                                                                    %          0       (0)

In a normal year, the proportion of irrigation water sourced from
- irrigation scheme                                                                        %        100       (0)
- regulated bores                                                                          %          0       (0)
- other bores/wells                                                                        %          0       (0)
- town water                                                                               %          0       (0)
- farm storage dam                                                                         %          0       (0)
- other                                                                                    %          0       (0)
ns Not supplied because of insufficient sample. Includes growers with an estimated value of

Farm management practices, sugar cane industry, Ord, Western Australia (continued)
Proportion of farms
                                                                                                    Average

Likely changes in the event of a reduction in irrigation water availability or increased water prices
- grow less sugar cane                                                                      %           84   (10)
- grow other crops                                                                          %           69   (14)
- buy additional water                                                                      %            0    (0)
- install additional on-farm water storage capacity                                         %            0    (0)
- install additional water re-use system                                                    %           16   (53)
- change to more efficient water application method                                         %           47   (18)
- sell irrigation water entitlement and cease irrigating                                    %            0    (0)
- sell land                                                                                 %           16   (53)
- other                                                                                     %            0    (0)
ns Not supplied because of insufficient sample. Includes growers with an estimated value of
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Description: Prices, Technology, and Farm Size document sample