HUMAN BODY SYSTEMS PROJECT Introduction You are a medical student at New York University. Your medical internship will take place at New York University (NYU) Hospital under the supervision of Dr. Erin Dwyer, the Chief of Staff. The Task A team of medical students will research one of the 11 systems of the human body. These systems include: nervous, integumentary, respiratory, digestive, excretory, skeletal, muscular, circulatory, endocrine, reproductive, lymphatic, and immune (previously by Ms. Dwyer). Dr. Dwyer will choose teams. At least two, but not more than four, medical students will make up each team. Each team will be expected to present their findings to their superiors and their colleagues at the New York Medical Symposium. Guidelines for the presentation are outlined below. Requirements You and your medical team will produce the following information in order to be prepared for your presentation to the symposium. Presentation or lecture with visual aid (Project Grade) 100 points 2-page paper summarizing your findings (Classwork/Lab) 75 points A silhouette of the body (Classwork/Lab) 75 points Handout or worksheet (Classwork/Lab) 50 points Project 100 points Class/Lab + 200 points TOTAL 300 points The Process Research your assigned organ system using the Internet, videos, books, and other credible sources of information. You may use the sources listed above or any other credible resources for this project. The Presentation Find your organ system(s) listed on the following page(s). You are responsible for addressing the questions/objectives listed under your organ system(s). Group 1: Skeletal System o State the 5 functions of the skeletal system. o Distinguish between the bones of the axial and appendicular skeletons. o Describe how new bone is formed. o Describe the 5 major types of joints. Group 2: Muscular System o Describe the 3 types of muscle tissue: smooth, cardiac, skeletal o Explain muscle contraction. o Compare the structure and function of 3 muscles and give examples of where these muscles would be found in the body. o Describe the interdependence of the skeletal and muscular systems Group 3: Circulatory System o Identify the main functions of the circulatory system. o Describe the structure and function of three types of blood vessels. o List and describe the four components of human blood. o Trace the flow of blood through the heart and body, distinguishing pulmonary circulation from systemic circulation. Be sure to include the parts of the heart and their functions as you work through the circulatory process. Group 4: Respiratory System o Identify the main functions of the respiratory system. o Identify and state the function of the organs of the respiratory system. o Name (in order) the respiratory structures through which air passes through when a person is breathing. o Describe the interdependence of the respiratory and circulatory systems. o Describe a respiratory disorder. Group 5: Digestive & Excretory Systems o Describe how food travels through the human body. o Describe the function of each organ in the digestive system (make a chart). o Distinguish between mechanical and chemical digestion. o Identify where digestion of carbohydrates, proteins, and lipids begins in the digestive tract. o Describe the process of absorption. o State the function of the excretory system. o List the parts of the excretory system. o Summarize the function of the kidneys in the body. Group 6: Endocrine & Reproductive Systems o Define gland & hormone. o Identify and describe the function of the glands that make up the endocrine system. o Explain how hormones regulate the male and female reproductive systems. o Explain the events that take place during a menstrual cycle. o List the stages of human development after fertilization, from infancy to adulthood. Group 7: Nervous System o Distinguish between the Central Nervous System (CNS) and the Peripheral Nervous System (PNS). List the functions of each and how they are connected. o Identify the major parts of a neuron and describe the function of each. o Explain how a nerve impulse is similar to an electrical signal, and how it moves along a neuron. o Describe the functions of the organs of each of the senses; identify the different sensory structures and what each is able to detect. Group 8: Integumentary System o List the four tissue types that are found in the integumentary system. o Explain the functions of the integumentary system. o Describe the composition of the two layers of skin. o Summarize the events that occur when skin is repaired. Group 9: Lymphatic System (aka Miss Dwyer) o Summarize the structure and function of the lymphatic system. You will present your findings to your fellow medical students and superiors at the New York Medical Symposium. The presentation must be a minimum of 15 minutes (maximum of 20 minutes) long and involve the members of your audience. Your presentation will be stopped at 20 minutes; you will not be given additional time. The use of Power Point as a visual aid to supplement your presentation is required. The Paper At the start of your presentation you will provide the attendees with a 2-page (no more or less) paper of your findings. This paper will follow the guidelines below. 1. Introductory paragraph with a lead and thesis statement. 2. Main idea paragraph that provides information on the role of the system in the body. 3. Paragraph that lists the organs of the system and explains how they interact to perform its tasks. 4. A fourth paragraph that describes one disorder associated with the system. Provide the symptoms and consequences. 5. Concluding paragraph. Proper Format: o 12 point font (Times New Roman) o 1 in. margins o 1.5 line spacing o Minimum 2 pages of writing o Typed final draft Be sure to use correct spelling, capitalization, and punctuation. You and your medical staff must include your names on the copy that is handed in to your teacher. You are also required to submit references for your project. All references you used to complete this assignment must be handed in with your paper. Follow APA format. You need a minimum of 3 resources in addition to your school textbook. The Silhouette You must display a life-size silhouette of a body illustrating your body system to the class. You will trace your body in class and include the following things on your silhouette. o Color pictures of organs involved in your system, positioned anatomically correct o Labels of organs explaining their function (Labels must be typed; font larger than 26) o Labeled pathway that something would travel in that system (i.e. blood, food, oxygen, impulse, etc.) o Project should be neat, colorful, creative, and factual Extra credit is available for 3-D organs and organs that mechanically demonstrate their function. 3 points (not DNA $) will be awarded for EACH organ that meets the above requirements. Worksheet or Handout At the close of your presentation you must provide a handout, worksheet, or other activity that will assess the audience understanding of the material you presented. The activity may be in the form of a game but can be no longer than 5 minutes and will be included in the time permitted for your presentation. An answer sheet must be provided to the teacher. After the Presentation… Medical students in the audience will be given the opportunity to ask you and your colleagues’ questions. Be prepared to answer any questions that may arise, as this will contribute to your presentation grade. Attendees, be sure to pay attention and ask questions. You will have worksheets to fill out as your colleagues present their findings on each of the body systems. As noted, part of this project will count as your test grade on Human Body Systems. Due Dates Your presentation (Power Point), paper and worksheet/handout must be e-mailed to Miss Dwyer on JUNE 2nd by MIDNIGHT. Each group can send only ONE e-mail. Use the following formats for the e-mail: Subject of the e-mail: HBS Section ___, Group ____. Body of the e-mail: (1) Members of Group – List Names (2) Comments The silhouette is due the day of your presentation. The schedule will be posted on June 2nd. All students should be prepared to present on June 3rd. Assessment You will be evaluated by the use of rubrics created by your teacher. They will be provided to you in a separate packet.
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