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					                General Outline
             Classification Outline
Compare / Contrast Block & Point by Point Outline
                Process Outline
             Cause / Effect Outline
            Argumentative Outline
                                    General Outline




Topic




               General Statement:

               Thesis Statement:
Introduction




               Topic Sentence:

               Supporting Ideas:
Body I




               Topic Sentence:

               Supporting Ideas:
Body II




               Topic Sentence:

               Supporting Ideas:
Body III




               Paraphrase of Thesis Statement:


Conclusion
                                   Classification Outline




Topic                                    Types of Public Transport


             General Statement:
             This is the age of movement; people cannot live without travel.
Introduction Thesis Statement:
             Public transport can be classified into three main types (POC) according to
             how many people use them: busses, ferries and the metro.
             Topic Sentence:
             The first type of public transport is busses, which are found everywhere.
Body I       Supporting Ideas:
             Support 1 - Advantages: frequent / stop everywhere / cheap
             Support 2 - Disadvantages: crowded / uncomfortable
             Topic Sentence:
             The second type of public transport is ferries.
             Supporting Ideas:
Body II
             Support 1 - In summer useful / a wonderful way to travel
             Support 2 - In winter cold / rough crossing
             Support 3 - Noisey / Never have accidents / relaxing
             Topic Sentence:
             The final type of public transport is the metro.
Body III     Supporting Ideas:
             Support 1 - Fast and cheap
             Support 2 - Unsafe during an earthquake
             Paraphrase of Thesis Statement:
             Busses, ferries and the metro are the three classifications of public transport
Conclusion   according to how many people use them.
                           Compare & Contrast Block Outline




Topic                             Comparison of Airplanes and Helicopters


             General Statement:
             [State your purpose, which is to discuss the differences (and/or similarities)
             between them.]
Introduction
             Thesis Statement:
             Airplanes and helicopters are both important forms of air travel, but there are
             great differences between them.
             Topic Sentence:
             Airplanes are different to helicopters in three main areas.
             Supporting Ideas:
Body I       Support 1 - Shape and design – long slender bodies / wings
             Support 2 - Speed – very fast
             Support 3 - Direction of taking off and flight – take off horizontally / can only
             move forward
             Topic Sentence:
             Helicopters can also be described as differing from airplanes in the same
             three areas.
             Supporting Ideas:
Body II
             Support 1 - Shape and design – round bodies / propellers
             Support 2 - Speed – much slower
             Support 3 - Direction of take off and flight – take off vertically / can move
             forwards and backwards
             Topic Sentence:
             (Leave blank)
Body III     Supporting Ideas:
             (Leave blank)

               Paraphrase of Thesis Statement:
               There are significant differences between airplanes and helicopters as forms
Conclusion     of air travel.
                       Compare & Contrast Point by Point Outline




Topic                            Comparison of Airplanes and Helicopters


             General Statement:
             [State your purpose, which is to discuss the differences (and/or similarities)
             between them.]
Introduction Thesis Statement:
             Airplanes and helicopters are both important forms of air travel, but there are
             great differences between them, namely in their shape and design, speed, and
             direction of take off and flight.
             Topic Sentence:
             The first major difference between airplanes and helicopters is their shape
             and design.
Body I
             Supporting Ideas:
             Support 1 - Airplanes – long slender bodies / wings
             Support 2 - Helicopters – round bodies / propellers
             Topic Sentence:
             Another difference between airplanes and helicopters is their speed.
Body II      Supporting Ideas:
             Support 1 - Airplanes – very fast
             Support 2 - Helicopters – much slower
             Topic Sentence:
             The final difference between airplanes and helicopters is their direction of
             take off and flight.
Body III     Supporting Ideas:
             Support 1 - Airplanes – take off horizontally / can only move forward
             Support 2 - Helicopters – take off vertically / can move forwards and
             backwards
             Paraphrase of Thesis Statement:
             There are significant differences between airplanes and helicopters as forms
Conclusion   of air travel in their shape and design, speed, and direction of take off and
             flight.
                                      Process Outline




Topic                                      The Digestive Process


               General Statement:

Introduction Thesis Statement:
             Ingestion, digestion, and absorption are the three major steps involved in the
             digestive process.
             Topic Sentence:
             Ingestion, which occurs in the mouth, is the first step of the digestive process.
             Supporting Ideas:
Body I
             Support 1 - Food enters the mouth
             Support 2 - Food is chewed
             Support 3 - Food is ready to travel to the stomach
             Topic Sentence:
             In the stomach, the second step of the digestive process begins.
             Supporting Ideas:
Body II      Support 1 - Food is mixed with acidic gastric juices in the stomach
             Support 2 - The partially liquid food moves from the stomach to the small
             intestine
             Support 3 - Enzymes are secreted
             Topic Sentence:
             The last step in the digestive process is absorption.
Body III     Supporting Ideas:
             Support 1 - The digested food passes through the walls of the small intestine
             Support 2 - The digested food is absorbed into the bloodstream
             Paraphrase of Thesis Statement:
             The digestion process involves three major steps: ingestion, digestion, and
Conclusion   absorption.
                                  Cause / Effect Outline




Topic                                The Extinction of the Dinosaurs


             General Statement:
             Dinosaurs ruled the earth for millions of years before they died out.
Introduction Thesis Statement:
             Three of the most common explanations are a gradual change in the Earth's
             climate, a lack of food, and the Earth's collision with a large asteroid.
             Topic Sentence:
             Many studies of fossils point to a slow change in the environmental
             conditions on Earth.
Body I       Supporting Ideas:
             Support 1 - Cooler climate (too cold for the dinosaurs, couldn’t hibernate)
             Support 2 - Lacked fur or feathers for protection against the cold (Mammals
             and birds were better suited)
             Topic Sentence:
             Another explanation of dinosaur extinction has to do with food.
             Supporting Ideas:
Body II
             Support 1 - Could not digest the new kinds of plants (starved to death)
             Support 2 - Plant-eating dinosaurs died off (So did the meat-eaters who fed
             on them)
             Topic Sentence:
             Today, some scientists believe that the cause of the extinction was much
             more sudden and catastrophic.
             Supporting Ideas:
Body III     Suggestion that about 65 million years ago, Earth was struck by asteroid.
             (Dust was thrown up into the air / Blocked out sunlight / plants died / killed
             off plant eating dinosaurs / caused the death of the meat-eating dinosaurs /
             darkness caused temperatures to fall / change in climate further decreased the
             dinosaur populations)
             Paraphrase of Thesis Statement:
             Most likely, it was a combination of causes that contributed to the end of the
Conclusion   Age of Dinosaurs.
                              Argumentative Outline




Topic                                        Internet Chat Rooms


                 General Statement:

                 Thesis Statement:
Introduction
                 It is my belief that internet chat rooms should not be banned for the following
                 reasons: new friends can be made easily, users can communicate easily with
                 family abroad, and they are non-confrontational.
                 Topic Sentence:
                 Firstly, internet chat rooms should not be banned because users can make
Body I
                 new friends easily.
(Prove you are
                 Supporting Ideas:
correct)         Support 1 - Speak with people all over the world
                 Support 2 - You decide who to speak with
                 Topic Sentence:
                 In addition, internet chat rooms should not be banned because users can
Body II
                 communicate easily with family abroad.
(Prove you are
                 Supporting Ideas:
correct)         Support 1 - Easy to communicate over long distances
                 Support 2 - Is quick and cheap
                 Topic Sentence:
                 Finally, internet chat rooms should not be banned because they are non-
Body III
                 confrontational.
(Prove you are
                 Supporting Ideas:
correct)         Support 1 - Don’t get into arguments with other users
                 Support 2 - Can block users from speaking with you
                 Topic Sentence:
                 It has been argued that internet chat rooms can cause people to confuse
                 reality with fantasy. However, this confusion has been happening for
Body IV
                 decades prior to the use of internet chat rooms and is no reason to abolish
(Prove your
                 them.
opposition is
                 Supporting Ideas:
incorrect)       Support 1 - This confusion is a known psychological problem
                 Support 2 - Has been around since the time of Freud
                 Support 3 - Statistics have not proved there has been any increase
                 Paraphrase of Thesis Statement:
                 New friends being made easily, ease of communication with family abroad,
Conclusion       and being non-confrontational are the reasons why internet chat rooms
                 should not be banned.

				
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