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					New Senior Secondary
   Liberal Studies
        (LS)
           James YIU
 Curriculum Development Institute
              EDB
                                    1
      A subject for everyone
• What makes LS essential to every senior
  secondary student?
                          Chinese
                         Language Elective 1

                     English
                    Language     Issues in Elective 2
                                    LS
                         Other
                       Learning
                      Experiences          Elective   3
                                 Mathematics


                                                          2
          LS helps students …
A: deepen their
 awareness of
 contemporary issues,
 and develop positive           Chinese
 values                        Language Elective 1

B: broaden their         English
 knowledge base and Language Issues in Elective 2
 perspectives                             LS
C: connect knowledge         Other
                            Learning
 of different disciplines  Experiences          Elective 3
 and strengthen their                 Mathematics
 critical thinking skills
                                                             3
     Curriculum Framework

   Self &         Society &           Science,
 Personal                            Technology
Development        Culture             & the
                                    Environment




                     Module 2:
    Module 1:                            Module 5:
                  Hong Kong Today
     Personal                           Public Health
                     Module 3:
 Development &                           Module 6:
                   Modern China
  interpersonal                     Energy Technology &
                     Module 4:
   Relationship                       the Environment
                    Globalization                         4
    Curriculum Framework

   Self &       Society &         Science,
 Personal                        Technology
Development      Culture           & the
                                Environment




         Independent Enquiry Study

                                              5
         Self and Personal
           Development
      Themes       Key Questions for Enquiry
1. Understanding   What challenges and
   oneself         opportunities does a person
                   have during adolescence?
2. Interpersonal   What interpersonal factors
   relationships   facilitate adolescents to
                   reflect upon and prepare for
                   the transition to adulthood?

                                                  6
           Hong Kong Today
   Themes            Key Questions for Enquiry

1. Quality of    Which directions might be chosen in
   life          maintaining and improving Hong
                 Kong residents‟ quality of life?
2. Rule of law How do Hong Kong residents
   and socio- participate in political and social
   political     affairs and come to grips with rights
   participation and responsibilities with respect to
                 the rule of law?
3. Identity      How are the identities of Hong Kong
                 residents developed?
                                                         7
            Modern China
   Themes            Key Questions for Enquiry

1. China‟s       What impact has reform and opening-
   reform &      up had on the overall development of
   opening-up    the country and on people‟s life?
2. Chinese       With respect to the evolution of
   culture &     concepts of the family, what kind of
   modern life   relationship between traditional culture
                 and modern life has been manifested?
                 To what extent are traditional customs
                 compatible with modern Chinese
                 society?
                                                            8
                Globalization

    Theme          Key Questions for Enquiry

Impact of        Why do people from different
globalization    parts of the world react
and related      differently to the opportunities
responses        and challenges brought by
                 globalization?




                                                    9
                Public Health
    Themes          Key Questions for Enquiry

1. Understanding How is people‟s understanding of
   of public     disease and public health
   health        affected by different factors?
2. Science,       To what extent does science and
   technology     technology enhance the
   and public     development of public health?
   health


                                                    10
Energy Technology & the Environment
   Themes             Key Questions for Enquiry

1. The             How do energy technology and
   influences of   environmental problems relate to
   energy          each other?
   technology
2. The             Why has sustainable development
   environment     become an important
   and             contemporary issue? What is the
   sustainable     relationship between its
   development     occurrence and the development
                   of science and technology?
                                                      11
An example




             12
    Independent Enquiry Study
•    Each student conducts an IES making
     use of the knowledge and perspectives
     gained from one or more Areas of Study
     and extending them to new issues or
     contexts
•    An integral part of the curriculum, with 90
     hours of curriculum time
•    To be conducted during S5 – S6
•    The School-based Assessment (SBA)
     component of public assessment
                                                   13
        Three stages of the IES
Stage 1: Project Proposal
   Select a study area / theme
   Collect background information
   Formulate the question for enquiry
   Design work plan and schedule
Stage 2: Data Collection
 Collect & organise data / information
Stage 3: Product
   Analyse data / information
   Evaluate different points of view
   Present IES results, amend according to feedback
   Write report to show the results of the study in suitable
    ways
                                                                14
          The Product of IES
Written Form
• Project presentation of 1,500 to 4,000 words

Non-written Form
•   Computer presentation, webpage, movie, etc.
•   The main body itself is self-explanatory
•   The viewing time should be within 20 minutes
•   Accompanied by a short text (300-1,000
    words) explaining main ideas and showing
    personal reflections
                                                   15
     An Examination Subject
• Why does Liberal Studies have to be an
  examination subject in the NSS curriculum?
  – Recognition by local universities
  – International recognition
  – Students‟ achievements should be properly
    assessed, recognised and reported




                                                16
    Design of Public
     Assessment
Paper 1: Data-response questions
                (50%)

  Paper 2: Extended-response
           questions
                (30%)
  School-based assessment:
           IES (20%)
                                   17
  Design of public assessment
• In accordance with the curriculum design:
  – Enquiry and issue-based
  – Cross-modular
• Candidates are required to apply relevant
  concepts and knowledge to analyse
  various issues using appropriate thinking
  skills


                                              18
      Marking of Examination
• Marking guidelines provided for each
  question, suggesting acceptable
  approaches with sample responses
• Descriptions of the basic requirements and
  expect performance of candidates for each
  level
• Marks to be awarded according to the
  level of criteria a candidate‟s performance
  meets

                                                19
         A sample question
“Referring to the above information, why did
Premier Wen Jiabao propose „low-pollution,
high safety‟ as the way in which energy
should be developed? Explain” (8 marks)




                                               20
      Suggested marking guidelines   Marks
The candidate:
…………                                  6-8



…………                                  3-5


…………                                  1-2


…………                                  0

                                             21
       Suggested marking guidelines                    Marks
The candidate:
• explains precisely the meaning of „low pollution‟     6-8
  (e.g. reduction of emission of pollutants) and
  „high safety‟ (e.g. various aspects for promoting
  miners‟ safety)
• Explains precisely the present situation of energy
  extraction and use on the Mainland, e.g. heavy
  reliance on coal burning; and on the other hand,
  a huge demand for energy as a result of rapid
  economic growth
• ……



                                                               22
          Suggested marking guidelines                 Marks
The candidate:
• explains approximately either the meaing of „low      1-2
  pollution‟ or „high safety‟; or the explanation is
  not accurate enough
• explains approximately the present situation of
  energy extraction and use on the Mainland
• ……
• fails to explain the reason why Premier We            0
  propose that „low-pollution, high safety should be
  the way in which energy supply should be
  developed
• provides an irrelevant answer

                                                               23
         Ensuring reliability
• On-screen Marking System of HKEAA
• Markers meeting to arrive at professional
  consensus
• Markers go through training and a
  qualifying test before actually marking
• Systematic checkmarking by Chief
  Examiner or Assistant Examiner
• Double-marking
                                              24
  How can students
   prepare for NSS
Liberal Studies (LS) at
junior secondary (JS)
        level?

                          25
Foundation from Basic Education

     Self &                Society &             Science,
    Personal                Culture            Technology &
  Development                                       the
                                               Environment




8 KLAs in Basic Education as foundation knowledge

          Chinese          PSHE             English       PE


   Arts             Math          Science        Technology

                                                               26
      Strengthen Foundation
      Knowledge at JS level
When knowledge is forsaken, LS
 foundations are shaken
For example, NSS LS requires students to
 ask: “What is the relationship between the
 occurrence of sustainable development
 and the development of science of
 technology?”


                                              27
   Strengthen Foundation
   Knowledge at JS level
This question of enquiry assumes
students‟ mastery of relevant knowledge:
  Geography: oceans, rainforests, power
   resources, „rich and poor‟
  Science: energy sources, water pollution,
   biodiversity
  Technology Education: technology and
   society, reuse and recycling of resources


                                               28
      Strengthen Foundation
      Knowledge at JS level
The three KLAs most relevant to NSS LS
are:
Personal, Social & Humanities Education
Science Education
Technology Education




                                           29
Broaden Knowledge Base & Horizons
 Reading allows students to savour life
  experiences of others, broadening their horizons
 Develop habits of reading materials across
  various disciplines
 Read materials of different formats, not limiting
  oneself to comics, romance novels
 Balanced participation in co-curricular / extra-
  curricular activities, giving priority to quality
  rather than quantity: sports, arts, service,
  academic …

                                                      30
     Maintain Civic Awareness
Read newspapers & magazines frequently
News-reading is not limited to sports,
 entertainment, etc.; include local, national
 and global news
Be concerned about developments in the
 neighbourhood




                                                31
Develop Skills Through Project Learning
 Give priority not only to the product, but also the
  performance during the process
 Don‟t just „copy & paste‟ online materials
 Ask questions about the materials: their relation
  to the question for enquiry, their authenticity,
  assumptions and values behind them, etc.
 Make a feasible work plan, manage time, effort
  and other resources to implement the plan
 Do not rely on parents / adults


                                                        32
  How can parents
  support students
 to prepare for NSS
Liberal Studies (LS)?

                        33
         Position of NSS LS
LS helps students:
A: deepen their
 awareness of                  Chinese
 contemporary issues,         Language Elective 1
 and develop positive
 values                   English
B: broaden their        Language     Issues in Elective 2
 knowledge base and                      LS
 perspectives                 Other
C: connect                 Learning
                                                Elective   3
                           Experiences
 knowledge of
                                      Mathematics
 different disciplines
 and strengthen their
 critical thinking
 skills
                                                               34
Cultivate children’s concern for
 people & issues around them

 Discuss life experiences with children (A)
 Discuss current affairs from more than one
  angle (A,B,C)
 Become models for children by caring for the
  neighbourhood (A)




                                                 35
Broaden children’s horizons(B)
 Encourage children to take part in more than
  one type of extra-curricular activities(B)
 Accompany them to visit museums (B)
 LS does not demand them to “know everything”,
  but instead helps them to connect knowledge of
  different domains
 Broadening horizons does not require extensive
  travelling…



                                                   36
    Support reading to learn
  Since reading can broaden one‟s horizons and
  allow one to savour life experiences of others,
  parents need to
 subscribe newspapers, esp. student editions
  (A,B)
 encourage children to read materials of different
  formats, not limiting oneself to comics, romance
  novels (B)
 accompany children to libraries to borrow/read
  books related to different disciplines (B,C)

                                                      37
  Develop critical thinking(C)
 encourage children to express views and
  question, give ample time and praise (C)
 listen to children‟s views, do not give premature
  negative judgements  cultivate confidence in
  critical thinking(C)
 let them know when their views change our
  thinking (C)
 let them know that critical thinking does not mean
  criticising everything


                                                       38
   Some forms of support are
         unnecessary
Project learning:
 Are the children really incapable in searching
  for information/designing the cover? Or is there
  a habitual dependence?
 Poor work planning  seeking help from
  parents in the last minute
 Junior secondary students need to develop
  skills of self-directed learning required in NSS
  LS


                                                     39
  Do we use “textbooks” in LS?
• Issues are evolving and ever changing in nature
  --- using “textbooks” as the main, if not only,
  learning materials will not achieve desirable
  results of learning.
• Teachers will exercise professionalism by
  selecting and adapting materials from the
  market to fit pedagogical need.
• They will employ a variety of updated materials
  from diverse sources to provide a wide range of
  perspectives on issues to be studied.
• Don‟t expect teachers to “cover” everything.
                                                    40
       EDB Support measures
•   Teacher Training Programmes
•   LS School Network Scheme
•   Parent Handbook
•   Web-based Resource Platform for LS




                                         41
42
家長園地




       43
44
通識教師專區
  
下載學習教材

         45
       EDB Support measures
•   Teacher Training Programmes
•   LS School Network Scheme
•   Parent Handbook
•   Web-based Resource Platform for LS




                                         46
Thank you!




             47

				
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