Tuning the guitar is vital to sounding good

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					How to Tune a Guitar
Tuning the guitar is vital to sounding good. Here are some simple instructions that
explain guitar tuning basics. The open strings of a guitar from the thickest to thinnest are
as follows:

      E – the thickest or lowest sounding string is known as the 6th string
      A – is the 5th
      D – is the 4th
      G – is the 3rd
      B – is the 2nd
      E – the thinnest or highest is the 1st

The most common method for tuning both Electric and Acoustic guitars – and the one
you can use when no other instrument or guitar tuner is at hand is:


Standard Guitar Tuning Method
Step 1: The E String
Tune the bottom E, as accurately as you can. Chances are it’s in tune anyways, being the
thickest string it’s the least likely to detune itself than any of the others. If you have
another instrument such as a Piano (which stays in tune for years), you can tune it to the
1st E below middle C. If you have no device or instrument handy just try to get it as
accurate as possible, what really counts when you are playing is that the guitar is in tune
with itself and any other instruments you might be playing with.

Step 2: The A String
Place the first finger of your left hand just behind the fifth fret on the bottom E string.
That’s an A note. Keep your finger on that fret. Now pick the fifth and six strings in turn,
gently adjusting the fifth string tuning peg until the two notes are the same.




Step 3: The D String
Place the first finger of your left hand just behind the fifth fret on the A string. That’s a D
note. Tune the 4th string (the D note) to that.
Step 4: The G String
Place the first finger of your left hand just behind the fifth fret on the D string. That’s a G
note. Tune your G string to that note.




Step 5: The B String
Place the first finger of your left hand just behind the forth fret (note the B string is the
only one that comes from a different position the forth fret, the rest are from the 5th fret).




Step 6: Tuning the E String
Place the first finger of your left hand just behind the fifth fret on the B string. That’s a E
note.




Thanks for visiting this educational page that details a method for Tuning your Guitar, I
hope it was helpful to you. If you have any comments or questions, or know of some
methods, tips, or shortcuts not shown here try registering for our guitar forums.
10 Guitar Tuning Tips and Secrets
   1. Tune your guitar every time you pick it up to play, guitars can go out of tune
       sooner then you think.
   2. Avoid leaving your guitar in areas with extreme temperature changes, this will
       definitely mess up the tuning. Dropping or bumping the guitar will also make it
       go out of tune. Carry your guitar in a case as any damage to it could effect how
       well it tunes up.
   3. In a noisy environment you will definitely want to use a guitar tuner. You should
       purchase a quality tuner. You don’t need to spend alot. An inexpensive tuner or
       tuning fork is definitely good enough to start out. Always bring it to gigs and jam
       sessions. But, remember try to develop your ear by using the traditional guitar
       tuning method when you can. In the long run you will be just that much better of a
       musician. Only use a guitar tuner to tune the Low E string and then tune the rest
       by ear. This will help develop your ear as a musician.
   4. Learn to attach the strings to the machine heads properly.
   5. ALWAYS TUNE UP! When you tune a guitar string, always start below the
       desired note and tune up to pitch not down to pitch. This will help prevent the
       string from going flat during play. Even if the note is too high you can stretch the
       string to give it some slack then tighten it.
   6. Tuning heads have a certain amount of “play” in them so make a couple of deep
       bends and then fine tune the string.
   7. Before tuning a suspect string, check it against both adjacent strings to determine
       which string is actually out of tune. The string you suspect may not even be the
       culprit.
   8. Play a chord that you know well to test the tuning, if it sounds odd or out a bit it
       probably is, remember always trust you ear.
   9. When tuning a guitar with a vibrato arm, tune the string, give the arm a good
       shake, stretch the string, give the arm another shake and fine tune.
   10. When putting new strings on your guitar you must always make sure you stretch
       them as you tune them to pitch. Try holding them down on the neck around the
       24th fret with your right hand while pulling them away from the guitar body with
       your left hand. You don’t have to use too much muscle, a few firm tugs should do
       the trick.

Tuning With an Electronic Tuner
There are many electronic tuners on the market today. An electronic tuner monitors the
frequency of each of the six strings. The guitar tuning is adjusted until the correct reading
on the tuner is given. These are especially good if you are the visual type of learner.

An electric guitar or acoustic guitar with a pick-up can also be plugged into the tuner.
Sound can be picked up by a tiny built in microphone; this allows acoustics without pick-
ups to be tuned. There is a visual frequency display that will show you with a needle how
close you are to the proper frequency of any given note. Because of the visual display
these tuners are especially helpful in noisy environments, i.e., tuning your guitar in a loud
concert hall.

Some electronic tuners also come with adjustable or alternate tunings. Electronic Tuners
definitely make guitar tuning easier as they are small and therefore portable. But keep in
mind it is helpful to you as a musician to learn to tune by ear as it helps develope your
ear, making you a more skillful musician.
Guitar Tuning With A Keyboard or Piano
The first step in any guitar tuning is to find a source for reference tones. Since pianos stay
in tune for years they are always a good source to use. Using a Piano or Keyboard the
strings on the guitar can be tuned to six keys on the keyboard. The diagram below shows
the relationship between the open notes of standard tuning on guitar and a piano.




Alternate Guitar Tuning Chart
Standard Guitar Tuning                     E    A    D    G    B    E
Admiral                                    C    G    D    G    B    C
All Fourths                                E    A    D    G    C    F
Aug Fourths                                C    F#   C    F#   C    F#
Balalaika E                                E    A    D    E    E    A
Baritone                                   B    E    A    D    F#   B
Buzzard                                    C    F    C    G    A#   F
CADGBE                                     C    A    D    G    B    E
C6                                         C    G    C    G    A    E
Charango                                   X    G    C    E    A    E
Cittern (1)                                C    F    C    G    C    D
Cittern (2)                                C    G    C    G    C    G
Collins                                    F    C    F    Ab   C    F
Cooder                                     Db   Ab   Db   F    Ab   Db
DAEAEE                                     D    A    E    A    E    E
D Minor                                    D    A    D    F    A    D
D Modal                                    D    A    D    D    A    D
DADGAD                                     D    A    D    G    A    D
Dobro                                      G    B    D    G    B    D
Dropped A                                  A    E    A    D    G    C
Drop D                                     D    A    D    G    B    E
Double Drop D   D    A    D    G    B    D
Face            C    G    D    G    A    D
Four & Twenty   D    A    D    D    A    D
Fourths         E    A    D    G    C    F
G6              D    G    D    G    B    E
G Minor         D    G    D    G    Bb   D
Iris            B    D    D    D    D    D

Half Bent       F    Bb   Eb   Ab   C    F
Hendrix         Eb   Ab   Db   Gb   Bb   Eb
High Plain D    E    A    d    G    B    E
Hot Type        A    B    E    F#   A    D
Kaki King       C    G    D    G    A    D
Kottke          C#   F#   B    E    G#   C#
Layover         D    A    C    G    C    E
Leadbelly       B    E    A    D    F#   B
Lefty           E    B    G    D    A    E
Lute            E    A    D    F#   B    E
Magic Farmer    C    F    C    G    A    E
Major Sixth     C    A    F#   D#   C    A
Major Third     C    E    G#   C    E    G#
Mandoguitar     C    G    D    A    E    B
Mayfield        F#   A#   C#   F#   A#   F#
Minor Sixth     C    G#   E    C    G#   E
Minor Third     C    D#   F#   A    C#   D#
Modal D         D    A    D    G    A    D
Modal G         D    G    D    G    C    D
Nashville       e    a    d    G    B    E
Open A          E    A    C#   E    A    E
Open A          E    A    E    A    C#   E
Open C          C    G    C    G    C    E
Open C          C    G    C    G    C    E
Open D          D    A    D    F#   A
Open D          D    A    D    F#   A    D
Open D Minor    D    A    D    F    A    D
Open E          E    B    E    G#   B    E
Open G          D    G    D    G    B    D
Open G          D    G    D    G    B    D
Open G Minor    D    G    D    G    A#   d
Overtone        C    E    G    A#   C    D
Pelican         D    A    D    E    A    D
Pentatonic      A    C    D    E    G    A
Processional    D    G    D    F    A    A#
Slow Motion     D    G    D    F    C    D
Spirit          C#   A    C#   G#   A    E
Standard        E    A    D    G    B    E
Tarboulton      C    A#   C    F    A#   F
Toulouse        E    C    D    F    A    D
Triqueen        D    G    D    F#   A    B