Freshman Page (and their parents) This page is primarily for Freshmen parents. When watching a volleyball game you may be overwhelmed about how different this game is then the one you remember from School. Our girls are playing Volleyball. We run an offense. We have a defense. We run set plays. By the end of this page you should understand more about these things. The Game starts with a bunch of useless ceremony. The teams will go to the endline of the court. The referee will wave the teams onto the court. The players will usually shake hands under the net, then go to their rotational positions. Every player has at least two positions. Every point, players must start in their rotation position. At the start of the game the girls will stand in a very easy to see formation. 3 girls will be in the front (at the net) 3 will be in the back. When the down ref tells them it is ok they will go to their playing positions. Players must start every serve in their rotational position. The court is divided into six zones. NET Zone Zone Zone 4 3 2 Zone Zone Zone 5 6 1 After the whistle has been blown and the ball has been served players can move to their true playing positions. This means that when the ball is served the middle hitter that is in the front row will move to zone 3. The outside hitter will move to zone 4 and the setter will usually move to zone 2. They can stay in these spots until the ball hits the floor. When the point is scored they must return to their rotational position until the ball is served. Volleyball 101 Here is your introduction to Volleyball: Starting with a glossary to expand your volleyball vocabulary. 10 Ball Definition: Back row players are restricted in how they can attack a ball. Any attack on the ball above the height of the net by a back row attack must be made behind the attack line. If the backrow player steps on over the attack line its an illegal back row attack. The term "10-ball" is the set that is given to the backrow player attempting a backrow attack. Ace Definition:A serve in volleyball that is not passable and immediately rewards the serving team with a point. Usually followed by a moment of celebration by the serving team. Antenna Definition:The verticle rods at the end of the net, above the side lines. Antenna are out of play and are normally red and white stripped. Normally only used on indoor courts. Approach Definition:The path and method an attacker moves to the net before jumping to attack the ball. Assist Definition: An assist is awarded to the player that passes or sets a ball to a player who successfuly attacks the ball for a kill. Attack Definition: An offensive shot where a player returns the ball to the opponents court. Normally, this is done in a manner where the attacker hits the ball above the height of the net in a downward direction towards the floor. Block Definition: Attempting to block an opponents attack. Normally, both players are above the height of the net and the receiving player(s) attempt with their hands to stop the ball from crossing the net. Also Known As: stuff, roof, wall Attacker Definition: The player that returns the ball to the opponents court. Normally, the attacker attempts to hit the ball above the net and terminate the rally with one hit. Also Known As: Hitter, Spiker Attack Error Definition: An unsuccessful attack where the ball either lands out of bounds, goes into the net, is blocked or the attacker makes an infraction of the rules. Attack Line Definition: The two lines parallel to the center line and three meters back from the net. These lines seperate the front court from the back court. Back court players must jump to attack the ball from behind this line. Also Known As: 10-foot line. Back Court Definition: That area of the court between the sidelines, behind the attack line and in front of the end line. Back Row Attack Definition: Back row players are restricted in how they can attack a ball. Any attack on the ball above the height of the net by a back row attack must be made behind the attack line. If the backrow player steps on over the attack line its an illegal back row attack. Back Set Definition: When the setter sets in the direction opposite to which he or she is facing. Backward Pass Definition: A pass made when the player has his/her back to the net and must return the ball directly over his/her head. Also Known As: saving pass Ball Handling Error Definition: This is improper handling of the ball as restricted by the rule book. Most common ball handling errors are double hits, throws, and lifts. Also Known As: lift, carry, throw Beach Dig Definition: An open-handed pass often used by beach players. Also Known As: Deep Dish Bump Definition: A pass with both arms together where the ball bumps off the forearms. Also Known As: forearm pass, pass, bump pass, bump Bump Pass Definition: A pass with both arms together where the ball bumps off the forearms. Also Known As: forearm pass, pass, bump pass, bump Bump Set Definition: A set with both arms together where the ball bumps off the forearms. Just like a pass but usually the second hit and a subsequent attack should follow. Campfire Definition: This is a term used when the ball falls to the ground between three or more players. It comes from the image of a bunch of players huddled around a campfire. Carry Definition: Illegally holding a ball during a contact. Illegal contact. Center Line Definition: The two inch line that runs down the center of the court under the net and divides the court into two equal halves. Cross Court Shot Definition: An attack that is directed from a corner of the attacker's net to the opposite sideline of the opponent's court. Cut Shot Definition: These attack shots travel over the net at extreme angles. The balls often land in front of the attack line. Decoy Definition: A decoy is any offensive play that attempts to disquise or hide which attacker will receive the set. Often, two or more hitters approach to the same area on the net. Deep Set Definition: Deep sets are set away from the net and designed to be hit near the attack line. These sets are designed to defeat the timing of the blockers. Dig Definition: Passing a hard driven ball. Normally refering to a pass made close to the floor after a spike. Also Known As: pass, shovel Dink Definition: A soft hit ball, usually around or over the top of the blockers. A dink is also used effectively to direct the ball to an open hole in the defense near the net. Dive Definition: Lunging forward to save that ball often landing on the stomach. It is the ultimate dig. Also Known As: dig Related Resources: Double Block Definition: Two front row players working in unison attempt to block an opponent. Also Known As: wall Related Resources: Double Hit Definition: Two or more successive hits or contacts with a ball by the same player. Situation dictates whether it is a legal play or not. Double Quick Definition: Like the quick, except two hitters approach the setter for a quick inside hit. Also Known As: stack, tandem Doubles Definition: A version of the game where each team has only two players. Played on all surfaces but is most popular on played on a sand court. Also Known As: 2s, two's End Line Definition: The lines that extends along the two short sides of the court. Also Known As: Service line Five-One Definition: A volleyball strategy for six-player matches where five of the players are hitters and one is a full time setter. Related Resources: Flare Definition: A hitter hides behind the quick hitter and makes an inside-out approach. Floater Definition: A method of serving which has little or no spin on the ball. The ball's path is erratic and very difficult to pass. Also Known As: float serve Forearm Pass Definition: A pass with both arms together where the ball bumps off the forearms. Also Known As: forearm pass, pass, bump pass, bump Four-Two Definition: A six-player format using four hitters and two setters where the setter always comes from the front row. Held Ball Definition: A ball that comes to rest during contact. Hit Definition: An attack on the ball that occurs normally above the height of the net. Also Known As: attack, spike Hitter Definition: The player making the hit. Also Known As: attacker, spiker Husband/Wife Definition: An attack that lands between two players. Both players expected the other player to dig the ball. Joust Definition: Two opposing players simultaneously make contact with the ball above the height of the net. Jump Serve Definition: A serve where the server tosses the ball into the air and then jumps up and hits the ball as it descends. Jungle Ball Definition: Volleyball played by a group of players that don't really know how to play nor follow the majority of the rules. Also Known As: picnic volleyball KIll Definition: An attack that results in an immediate point or sideout. Libero Definition: A defensive player who wears a different color jersey and is restricted from hand setting the ball in front of the attack line, and attacking the ball. Lift Definition: Illegally holding a ball during a contact. Illegal contact. Line Definition: The method used to mark the edge of the court. All lines are in. Line Shot Definition: A ball attacked down the sideline on the opponents court, closest to the hitter, and around the outside the block. Middle Back Definition: A defense strategy that uses the middle back player to cover deep shots. Middle Up Definition: A defense strategy that uses the middle back player to come up shallow to cover dinks or short shots. Mintonette Definition: The original name of volleyball. Volleyball was created by William Morgan of the YMCA. Multiple Offense Definition: A system that employs a variety of sets other than setting only to the outside hitters. Offside Block Definition: The front row player who is on the side of the court opposite from the side the opponent is making the attack. Offspeed Hit Definition: A ball spiked with less than maximum force. Normally the ball has a lot of spin. Outside Hitter Definition: The left or right front player that hits a ball with an approach normally coming from the outside of the court. Overhand Pass Definition: A pass made with open hands like a set. When done correctly, it is a great way to control the pass. In beach ball, it allows a player to attack on the second contact rather than waiting for the third contact. Overhand Serve Definition: Serving the ball and contacting the ball with your hand above your head. Overlap Definition: When players are out of rotation or in the wrong position during indoor six-man volleyball. Pancake Definition: A one-handed pass technique where the hand is extended and palm slid along the floor in a diving play on the ball. When executed correctly, the ball will bounce of the back of the hand. Pass Definition: Contacting the ball with both arms together where the ball bumps off the forearms. Also Known As: forearm pass, pass, bump pass, bump Related Resources: Penetration Definition: Reaching across the net with your hands and breaking the plane of the net above the height of the net, in an effort to block an attack. Pepper Definition: A warm up drill usually played with 2-3 players. Person A begin drill with a toss or a down ball. Person B then passes to A. Person A then sets to B. B then hits a controlled down ball to A. Person A passes to B who sets to A who hits to B and so on until the ball hits the floor. Pipe Definition: Another name for a back row attack. Back row players are restricted in how they can attack a ball. Any attack on the ball above the height of the net by a back row attack must be made behind the attack line. If the back row player steps on over the attack line its an illegal back row attack. Related Resources: Power Alley Definition: A cross court shot that travels to the farthest opposite point on the court. Power Dink Definition: An attack where the attacker pushes or directes the ball with force.Also Known As: Power tip Power Volleyball Definition: A competitive style of volleyball started in Japan. Quick Set Definition: A play where the middle hitter approaches the setter for a super quick set. Ready Position Definition: The correct position a player should be in when preparing to receive and pass a serve or attack. Also Known As: Ready Reception Error Definition: A reception error occurs when a player should have been able to pass a serve but makes an error resulting in an ace. Errors are given to individuals except in the case of husband/wife, where the team is given the error. Red Card Definition: A severe penalty given by the official to a player or coach. When the penalty occurs, the official will display a red card which, depending on the rule set, may result in a player being disqualified. Roll Shot Definition: A ball hit overhand and driven over the net with topspin while the player normally remains on the ground. Also Known As: Down Ball, Roll Roof Definition: The big block that sends the volleyball straight down on the attacker's court. Rotation Definition: Players move clockwise from position to position. Rotations begin with the serve and the player moves to the middle back after the subsequent side out. Serve Definition: The initiating hit of each rally. The serving team must put the ball into play from behind the endline. The serve must land in the opponents court. Also Known As: Service Related Resources: Server Definition: The player who puts the ball into play. Related Resources: Service Error Definition: An unseccessful serve in which the ball does not legally land in the opponents court or the player commits a foot fault. Service Line Definition: The lines that extends along the two short sides of the court. Also Known As: Serving area, end line Service Winner Definition: When the serving team scores. A service winner can either be an ace or won after a rally. Set Definition 1: A tough skill in which a volleyball is directed towards the attacker so that it may be spiked into the opponent's court. Definition 2: The term used outside of the United States for a single game. Normally a match will consist of best 2 out of 3 sets (games) per match. Related Resources: Setter Definition: The player whose primary responsibility is to get to the ball on the second contact and deliver it to a teammate for the attack. Related Resources: Sideline Definition: The boundary marking for the side edges of the court. Sideout Definition: A sideout occurs when the receiving team successfuly wins the rally against the serving team. The receiving team then becomes the serving team. Six Pack Definition: Occurs when a blocker get hit in the head or face by a spiked ball. Six-Two Definition: A 6-player offense that uses four hitters and two setters. The setters are hitters while in the front row and setters while in the back row. Also Known As: 6-2 Spike Definition: An attack that is normally performed above the height of the net by a player who intends to hit the ball straight to the opponent's floor or off the hands of the opposing block. Also Known As: attack, hit, kill, nail Related Resources: Strong Side Definition: For the right-handed hitter, the strong side is the left front position. For the left-handed hitter, it is the right front position on the net. Stuff Definition: A block that is deflected back to the attacking team's floor. Also Known As: roof, block, wall Throw Definition: Changing the direction of a volleyball by grabbing it and throwing it. Also Known As: lift, held ball, grab Topspin Serve Definition: A method of serving that puts a large amount of forward spin on the volleyball causing it to dive suddenly. Underhand Serve Definition: A serve where the server slightly tosses the ball waist high and strikes the ball with the closed fist of the opposite hand, swinging the arm upward. Weak Side Definition: The right-front position of the net for a right-handed person and the left-front for a left-handed person. Yellow Card Definition: A card the official will pull out to give a warning to a player or coach. Subsequent yellow cards given to a single player or coach can result in disqualification from the match. SEHS Volleyball OFFENSE We will be running a 5-1 offensive system this year at the varsity and possibly the JV level. This means that each team will have only one setter on the floor that will set all of the time. When we are not in a 5-1 we will be running a 4-2, this means that we will have 2 setters on the floor that will set from the front row. This will cause some confusion for your daughters. We will also be changing the manner in which we call our sets out. You will see the set chart on the following page. The first number called is the area of the floor that the set will be placed. The second number is how high the set will be at its peak. If you have questions about how this will work then let me know. Please keep in mind that I am here to teach you all that I can about the sport of volleyball. Ask questions if you need help. Visualization You should make use of the following example scripts. You should repeat these and think about the movements involved in these skills. Numerous research has shown that when an athlete thinks about performing a given task, the same regions of the brain are stimulated as when the athlete actually performs the task. This is a way to practice without being in the gym. By using visualization scripts an athlete can learn good techniques and make them automatic. Serving visualization script: See yourself standing at the back line of the court (if you are at an away game make sure that you notice the color of the line.) Notice all of the sounds around you. Choose a portion of the court to serve to. Zone 1-6. Listen for the whistle from the referee Start with your left foot in front if right handed. See the ball coming out of your left hand toss the ball high enough that you stretch a little to reach it, and directly in front of your serving shoulder. Feel your arm reaching back with the elbow at 90 degrees Reach up high with the serving arm. Step with your left foot to push your body into the ball Contact the ball with the heel of the hand. Make sure that your body is in control, no extra spinning ( you should be facing into the court when you are finished.) Float serve- feel your hand stop quickly after you contact the ball Topspin serve- feel your fingers wrap over the top of the ball as you follow through, make your wrist snap to put more topspin on the serve See the ball fly over the net as you run into your position on the court. See the ball contact the floor for an ace. Hitting visualization script: This script starts from the net like you have just finished blocking. Open up to the court by dropping your right foot back Make a crossover step to get to your approach spot. OR See yourself going to your approach spot on the court as quickly as possible (outside hitters you should be at the attack line, about 2 feet out of bounds; middle hitters should be at about the attack line perhaps a little in front) Hear yourself making the call for the set. If running a slow set (14,42) wait for the ball to get as high as it will go then approach, (32,12,41,51, slide) move as the setter contacts the ball or just before. See your approach from the outside it should be a large LEFT foot step, RIGHT foot step to jump position, match the LEFT then JUMP Middle should be the same on a 2, or made need 2 step approach RIGHT, LEFT JUMP. Find the ball in the air and notice where the blocker is. Reach HIGH with hitting arm and swing hard. Finish with wrist snap so that all five fingers point to the floor. See the ball going by the block and to the floor for a kill. Passing visualization script: See the ball leave the opponent setter’s hands. Watch the hitter on her approach. Look at her body angle to show where she is going to hit. Watch the ball contact her hand. Move your feet to get under the ball. Work hard so that you do not have to reach. Use an over hand passing technique (setting or tomahawk) if the ball is too high. Stop your feet before the ball gets to you. Put your flattest platform out under the ball. Use your legs to give the ball power if you need it. See the ball going to the top of the setter’s head. Setting visualization script: Watch the passer make the pass. Move into position under the ball. The ball should land on your head if you let it through your hands. Get your hands up, right foot forward, facing the way that you want the ball to go. DO NOT FACE THE WAY THE BALL COMES INTO YOU!! Feel the ball hit your hands and give a little bit. The ball CANNOT HIT YOUR PALMS keep it in your fingertips. Step through the set transferring your weight from your back left foot to your front right foot while you straighten your arms and push the ball to the target. Use your wrist for most of you power. Your thumbs should point at your eyes as the ball comes in and point at the target as the ball leaves.