Types of News Stories

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					Types of News Stories

 It is important to distinguish the
   various types of news stories
because the term “news” is very
broad. In categorizing news, we
have to consider news value and
        standards of conduct.
News story
 attempts to answer all the basic questions
  about any particular event in the first two or
  three paragraphs
     Who? What? When? Where? and Why? and
      occasionally How? ("5 W's").
 Lead and body
 Ends when the writer runs out of material
Inverted Pyramid
    top-loading the essential and most interesting
     elements of a story, with supporting information
     following in order of lesser importance.
    Developed during the civil war to insure the
     main facts of the story would not be lost during
     communication by telegraph.
    Lead and body
Inverted Pyramid cont.
Hard News
 Hard News includes two concepts:
   Seriousness: Politics, economics, crime, war, and
    disasters are considered serious topics, as are
    certain aspects of law, science, and technology.
   Timeliness: Stories that cover current events—
    the progress of a war, the results of a vote, the
    breaking out of a fire, a significant public
    statement, the freeing of a prisoner, an economic
    report of note, etc.
Soft News
 soft news is sometimes referred to in a
  derogatory fashion as infotainment and
  includes two concepts:
     The least serious subjects: Arts and
      entertainment, sports, lifestyles, "human interest",
      and celebrities.
     Not timely: There is no precipitating event
      triggering the story, other than a reporter's
          Timely events happen in less serious subjects—sporting
           matches, celebrity misadventures, movie releases, art
           exhibits, and so on.
Hard or Soft?
 Gardening tips and hobby "news"
 Warnings about natural disasters
 domestic security threats
 A medical story about a new treatment for
  breast cancer
 Owen Wilson’s suicide attempt
 Sports statistics and game results
 Investigative reporting (muckrakers)?
Feature Story
 article in a newspaper, a magazine, or a
    news website that is not meant to report
    breaking news, but to take an in-depth look at
    a subject.
   Less urgent, attempts to engage reader
   Narrative structure (beginning, middle,
    end),expands on details
   Longer in length, includes personal
   Entertaining, often include pictures
   Hard or Soft?
Feature story cont.
 Needs a neat ending that wraps up the
 story (conclusion)
 Short, persuasive essay which usually
  contains the writer’s opinion or reaction to a
  timely news story or event.
 Influence readers to think or act a certain way
 Written to either inform, promote, praise, or
 Personal observations by the writer
  about a certain subject
 Includes facts and states a conclusion
 Written on almost anything

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