Varmints _ Critters - Little York Plantation

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					                                                                                                                  Little York Plantation Fact Sheet

                                                                           Varmints and Critters
          Wildlife critters, endearing as they may be, can be wanton pillagers of the garden. We have rounded up 'the usual suspects' and provided
their signs to best help determine the culprit. All of our suggested remedies are organic in nature - chemical remedies should be used with caution
and awareness - unless you understand the environmental impact using these chemicals can cause.


   Animal                Tracks          Signs & damage                Targets                                    Remedies and Deterrents
                                         Foliage nipped off     Vegetables, berries,         Remove debris and brush used for cover. Human or dog hair mulches (see your local
Rabbits, Hares
                                         clean, trees and berry flowers, clover and          hairdresser or groomer) often make them think a predator is in the area and they will
                                         bushes bark stripped, alfalfa, wild grasses and     shy away. Tree guards and cages as a barrier method - especially for younger plants.
                                                                weeds, flower and leaf       Plant Allium , dusty miller. Traps and relocation as a last resort - keep in mind that
                                                                buds, tender young           there are often tens more where one came from!.
                                                                shoots, tulips, almost
                                                                any plant if other
                                                                sources are scarce
                                         Varied browsing          Many varied garden         The fertilizer 'Milorganite' has been found to do double duty as both fertilizer and deer
     Deer
                                         habit, jagged edged      plants and flowers,        deterrent. The best way to deter/repel deer is to avoid planting plants palatable to them.
                                         'bites'/tears; pellet-   especially daylilies and   Consult our 'Plants that Discourage Deer Browsing' Fact Sheet for a list. Household
                                         like droppings left      tulips.                    remedies include sprinkling talcum/baby powder (the smell is repulsive to them),
                                         behind.                                             hanging bits of animal fur or human hair as well as deodorant soaps suspended from
                                                                                             branches (except cocoa-based soaps which are extremely palatable to them). Deer fencing
                                                                                             and netting will prevent them from getting to your most prized specimens.

 Chipmunks,                              Unearthed bulbs and      Berries, fruit, corn,      Use a spray made of pureed and strained hot peppers w/ H2O and spray it directly
                                         plants, molested         seeds (just planted),      on plants. Prowling cats as well as cat/dog hair suspended from branches will greatly
  Squirrels                              cornstalks, peeled       tender plants/parts,       deter them (or make them sneakier). Baffles and/or tumblers (can be made from
                                         bark from young          flower bulbs, wild         pieces of PVC) on branches and wires deter climbing on wires, etc. Traps and
                                         trees, raided bird       nuts, mushrooms,           relocation when other methods fail.
                                         feeders                  insects and tomatoes.
   Animal                    Tracks               Signs & damage                Targets                                   Remedies and Deterrents
                                                 Upraised areas from   Most damage is                Castor oil drenches around browsed plants. Used kitty litter at hole egresses are
 Moles, Voles
                            Usually and          tunneling. Excess     cosmetic from upraised        another great deterrent. Cats and dogs on premises make excellent deterrents. They
                       underground burrower      tunneling exposes     tunnels. Field crops          are difficult to trap - yet are more solitary creatures so capturing one may be the end
                       and scavenger. Rarely     roots of many plants to
                                                                       most effected (legumes,       to the mole/vole problem.
                         seen aboveground.       oxygen making them    grains and potatoes) by
                                                 susceptible to droughttunnel systems.
                                                 and disease droppings,
                                                 3/4" x 1/4"           They do not eat plants!       The good rule of thumb is that if you actually visually spot a mouse or rat, you have a
Mice and Rats
                                                 gnawed areas.         newly planted seeds,          problem (they are notoriously wary of humans and will hide before you know they are
                                                                       tender green shoots,          there - the populations can explode quickly making it harder for them all to hide).
                                                                       fruits and berries.. Yet      remove sources of food, water and shelter (securely store foodstuffs, and patch holes and
                                                                       any household/ human          possible points of egress for them. Cut back overgrown areas outside, be sure there is no
                                                                       foods are attractive too.     'junk' or area where they can live unmolested.
                                                 Split and shredded    Corn, cherries,               Barriers and netting. Aluminum pie tins strung from limbs or along fence lines - all
Blackbirds and
                                                 corn husks w/ kernels blackberries, insects,        scare tactics must be rearranged frequently, at night under a cover of darkness (so
Crows                                            picked out, devoured small grain crops,             they do not witness your activity), so they do not grow accustomed to them and start
                                                 cherries and berries, pecked holes in melons        to ignore them.
                                                 stripped sunflower
                                                 seeds of hulls.


                                                 Large mounds of           They are exclusive       Remove cover/hiding (wood piles, weeds, tall grasses, and old stumps. Plant Garlic,
 Woodchucks
                                                                           herbivores - succulent   onions or any other Allium sp . to repel them, near burrows. Hot pepper and talcum
(a.k.a. Groundhogs)                              earth
                                                                           greens, grasses, clover, powder sprinkled by burrows is effective. Traps can be another effective removal.
                                                                           legumes, alfalfa, peas
                                                                           and beans, carrot tops,
                                                                           lettuce, squash and some
                                                                           flowers. Adore melons
                                                                           and fruits.
                                                 Holey vegetation in       Adore foliage in moist,   Homemade slug traps can be made with old tuna fish or cat food cans: use beer (non-
   Slugs and
                                                 cooler, shadier areas,    cool, dark areas of the   alcoholic seems to work best) or curdled milk (mix regular milk with lemon juice to
     snails              No physical 'tracks' -
                                                 usually with a 'slime     garden. Love hostas,      curdle). Put mixture in cans that are sunken below ground level. Pick out
                      they leave a silvery dried                           young and tender
                                                 trail' in it's wake.                                dead/drowned slugs/snails daily. Copper tape is also made and available for garden
                       slime trail on remaining                            transplants, leafy        use to deter them. Keep your garden free of decaying vegetation.
                                foliage                                    veggies, marigolds,
                                                                           delphiniums - also fond
                                                                           of decaying vegetation
   Animal                Tracks              Signs & damage                  Targets                                     remedies and deterrents
                                            Trenches or holes -         Will eat almost            Opossums are more intelligent than dogs! Than can be difficult to impossible to
   Opossum
                                            hard to distinguish         anything, raid compost     thwart. Keep areas clean and garbage free, keep garbage cans secure (they are
   (possum)                                 from other                  bins, get into garbage -   extremely agile with their 'hands'). Trapping is recommended with relocations at least
                                            burrowing/digging           true scavenger with        one mile away from areas they could damage.
                                            animals                     primarily nocturnal
                                                                        habits. Likes fruit
                                                                        immensely.

   Raccoons                                 Holes in melons, dug up     Garbage cans, sweet        Highly intelligent and resourceful. Scared by signs/scents of their natural predators:
                                            newly laid sod (for         corn, field corn,          dog hair and droppings, dusting with baby powder (they particularly detest baby
                                            searching of grubs and      melons, and live           powder) or sprinkle the ground with ground hot peppers, hot pepper sprinkled on
                                            other insects), bent corn
                                                                        chickens from a farm       corn silks, live traps. Keep pet food dishes indoors. Not usually frightened of pets for
                                            stalks, small bites/
                                            samples out of multiple
                                                                        or home coop.              long.
                                            ears of corn

    Skunks                                  Dug up lawns (in       Lower ears of corn,             Ammonia soaked cloths work well in garden perimeters. Careful trapping - covering
                                            search of grubs) and outdoor pet food                  with tarps or fabric to make them feel secure during relocation - Wear gloves and long
                                            /or several 3-4" holes dishes, garbage cans            sleeved clothing! Fencing.




                                                                  Just about anything
   Japanese                                                                                        There are three most efficient ways to rid the garden of Japanese beetles. Handpicking
                                              Eaten and holey     (usually flowering)              them, dipping them in kerosene and discarding them is the most effective for instant rid
    Beetles        Eaten and holey flowers,
                                             flowers, fruit and especially asters,                 and is a way to head off further infestations. Setting Japanese Beetle traps with
                    fruit and foliage often
                                            foliage often with a astilbe, cannas, cosmos,          pheromone lures (both sex and floral lures) is a way to rid them in large areas and
                    with a pattern of veins
                                            pattern of veins left daylily, delphinium,             numbers and to lure them to areas were their presence isn't as bothersome. Dusting the
                     left intact on foliage                       hollyhocks, iris,
                                              intact on foliage                                    lawn and garden with Milky Spore powder in spring is a natural way to kill beetle larvae
                                                                  marigold, peony, roses,          (grubs) and prevent beetle damage and grub damage in turf.
                                                                  and zinnias.
      The remedies we have offered are more organic means to rid your garden of specific villians. We often do not recommend using harsh
chemical remedies because they can often rid the garden of the 'Good Guys', garden critters that are immensely helpful for their propensity to
rid the home and garden of the more distructive and bothersome varieties. Others are helpful and necessary for successfully pollinating flowers
and fruit trees to ensure crops and plant continuation. The following should be encouraged: spiders, most birds, ladybugs,honeybees, bats,
butterflies, toads, snakes, praying mantis, wasps, and turtlkes (except they may be bothersome to your lower growing fruits and vegetables!)



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