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Using Flash Cards

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					          Suggestions, Strategies, and tips for Studying Math Facts
Using Flash Cards
Go through the flash cards once with your child, setting aside those facts that are
recalled quickly and accurately. These are the facts that your child has committed to
memory. Then, each time you go through the deck, continue to eliminate those that are
known. Soon you will find that less and less facts need to be mastered and your child
will gain more confidence in knowing that he or she doesn’t have far to go.

War
Before Playing
Choose the operation -- addition, subtraction, or multiplication -- you want your child to
practice. Each number card is worth its face value (e.g., the 7 of clubs has a value of 7).
The Ace has a value of 1. Decide if you want your child to leave in or take out the face
cards. If you leave them in the game, decide what values those cards might have. For
example:
    All face cards might have a value of 0.
    All face cards might have a value of 10.
    All face cards might have a value of 12.
    A joker might have a value of 0, a jack might have a value of 10, a queen might
       have a value of 11, and a king might have a value of 12, etc.
Rules for Play
    Shuffle the deck of cards and place it face down.
    Each player draws a card from the top of the deck and reveals the card. Cards
       can be revealed one at a time or at the same time.
    When both cards are revealed, players must perform the assigned operation on
       the cards. For example, if one player flips over a 5 of hearts and the other flips
       over a 9 of spades, then the players multiply in their heads the value of those two
       cards. 5 x 9 = 45. The first player to call out "45" wins those two cards.
    Play continues in this manner until the end of a predetermined time or until one
       player has all the cards. If time runs out, the player with the most cards wins.

Variation for War using Flash Cards
The game is very similar to the traditional version except the higher answer to the fact
wins the hand. Your child needs to look at both cards on the table (not just his or her
own) and determine who wins. Winner keeps the cards and play continues in this
manner until the end of a predetermined time or until one player has all the cards. If
time runs out, the player with the most cards wins.

Studying Facts by Fact Families
When using fact families, addition and subtraction can be learned together, and
multiplication and division can be learned together. Fact families look like this:

Set A: 6 +7 = 13                                 Set B: 8 x 9 = 72
       7 +6 = 13                                        9 x 8 = 72
       13 – 6 = 7                                       72 – 8 = 9
       13 – 7 = 6                                       72 – 9 = 8
           Suggestions, Strategies, and tips for Studying Math Facts

Online Computer Practice

There are numerous websites dedicated to helping children master math facts. Check
out the links on Mrs. Toncar’s webpage and have your child find one that he or she
enjoys. Have your child keep track of his or her scores in an arcade format, each time
trying to beat his or her high score.

Trail of Facts

Make a trail of facts around the house with flashcards. Choose a starting point and a
finish line. As soon as your child answers the fact, he or she may go to the next card.
Time your child on how long it takes to get to the finish line. Next time, challenge your
child to beat his or her time. Another option is to set a time limit to get to the finish line.
If your child gets to the finish in the allotted time, have a small prize waiting for him or
her.

Fact Recordings

Parents can tape facts (audio or video). For example, say: 4 x 7 = (pause), 7 x 6 =
(pause). Your child should write out an answer sheet and record his or her answers.
Parents can check the answer sheet or record the answers for the child to self-check.

Dice

Your child can use a set of dice to work on addition and subtraction facts. Use four or
more dice for more advanced skills.

				
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