Patrick McInerney Government • Mitch Landrieu is the mayor of New Orleans. He was elected on February 6, 2010. • The Criminal Sheriff of New Orleans is Marlin Gusman. The Criminal Sheriff upholds the prison system, offers security for the for the Criminal District Court, and give backup to the New Orleans Police Department when necessary. Major Bodies of Water • New Orleans is on the Mississippi River. • It is also a port off the Gulf of Mexico. • Lake Pontchartrain is another large body of water. Language • The major language spoken in New Orleans is English. • However, New Orleans has some slang terms in their language, such as: “Where yat?” which means “Hello, how are you doing?”. • Also, when someone from New Orleans says they are “Makin’ groceries” it means they are grocery shopping. Where yat? Economy • As a home to one of the largest ports in the world, New Orleans is very busy. • New Orleans is a major place for oil refining. • Ship building is another major industry in New Orleans. • Tourism also helps the economy of New Orleans. • The gross domestic product per capita in New Orleans is $38,800. Famous People • Louis Armstrong- Musician and singer • Marshall Falk- former running back for the St. Louis Rams • Eli and Peyton Manning- Brothers who are both quarterbacks in the NFL • Reese Witherspoon- actress • Lil’ Wayne- rapper Mardi Gras • Mardi Gras is a big holiday in New Orleans celebrated on Fat Tuesday. This holiday is a huge party. Many people parade around in costumes. Also, there are floats people throw items off of. Many where purple, green, and gold beads they catch. There is music playing. Most of the businesses and road are shut down for the party. Mardi Gras is just a holiday to have fun. Sports • New Orleans is the host of two sports teams: the Saints and the Hornets. The New Orleans Saints is the city’s football team, and they just won the super bowl last season. The New Orleans Hornets is the basketball team. They are 12-4 as of November 28. • Hurricane Katrina hit New Orleans on August 29, 2005. Of all the natural disasters in the United States, Katrina was the costliest; it cost more than 80 billion dollars because of all the damage. Also, it was one of the top five deadliest. This hurricane killed at least 1,836 people. Reconstruction took awhile. Even in 2009 houses were still damaged. Hurricane Katrina was a detriment to New Orleans and to the United States itself. azz • New Orleans is the birthplace of jazz. • Jazz gained the popularity it has today in New Orleans. • When the city first started jazz, it was using African rhythms with European instruments. • Louis Armstrong was a major contributor to New Orleans Jazz. • After jazz, New Orleans also contributed to the start of rock and roll. • Gumbo- a thick soup or stew, made with greens, chicken or seafood, and some seasonings. • Jambalaya- shellfish, chicken, sausage, or ham cooked with rice. Herb, spices, and vegetables are also added. • Red beans and rice- celery, onion, bell pepper, thyme, cayenne pepper, bay leaf, red beans, and pork bones prepared gradually and simultaneously in a pot and spread over rice. • Shrimp Creole- a dish like stew. It is made with shrimp and zesty tomato sauce. Rice is served with Shrimp Creole. • The oldest part of New Orleans is the French Quarter. It is also the most famous. The French Quarter was founded by Jean- Baptiste Le Moyne de Bienville in 1718. New Orleans’ center used to be based on the French Quarter, but it is still very lively. The whole district is now a National Historic Landmark because of all the historic buildings. The French Quarter is very beautiful and historic. Cajun Swamp Tours • This tour is run by the people of New Orleans. • It is a fun, genuine tour of the swamp. • There are 24 people on a boat, and one sees the wildlife first-hand. Animals are just a few feet away. Audubon Aquarium of the Americas • This aquarium, created by the Audubon Institute, is considered one of the leading aquariums in the United States. • Over 10,000 animals reside in the aquarium with 530 species. • The Aquarium opened in 1990.