Great Expectations Waterford Union High School

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					Great Expectations

  By Charles Dickens
          About Dickens…
 Lived during England’s Victorian era.
 His family was fairly well-to-do but his
  father was put into debtors prison.
 Dickens is scarred from having to work in a
  factory at the age of twelve.
 Some of his famous novels include Oliver
  Twist, A Christmas Carol, A Tale of Two
  Cities, David Copperfield, and Hard Times.
          About the novel…
 Published chapter by     Told in first person
  chapter in a              narrative.
  magazine—known as        Time sequence is
  serial publication.       overlapping—Pip is
 Set outside of and in     telling the story of his
  London in the mid         past but also provides
  1800s.                    his present insights
 Is somewhat               about his past.
              Major Themes…
   The justice system
   Relationships
   Money and its impact on life/people
   Conflict due to divisions in social class
   Love
   Alienation
   Betrayal
   Evil intentions are the evil person’s undoing.
    Some things to look for…
 Imagery—Dickens uses strong images that
  hold meaning (i.e.. handcuffs and Miss
  Havishams’s clock)
 Figurative language—Dickens uses
  metaphors, similes, and personification to
  paint extremely vivid pictures of the
  setting/people thereby contributing to mood.
    Aspects of Characterization
 Dickens ―uses physical descriptions that
  indicate something about the moral and
  spiritual nature of a person.‖
 ―He associates characters with some manner
  of language.‖
 ―He associates characters with some
  mannerism or action.‖
 ―He places his characters in a particular
    George P. Landow Professor of English, Brown University
          Victorian Web
           Sub genres of G. E.
   Social Satire– Dickens points out the hypocritical
    nature of Victorian society.
   The Novel of Crime and Detection
   Silver Fork Novel— ―a satire upon the
    pretentiousness and money morality of the
    aristocracy, as represented by Miss H.‖
   Newgate Novel (famous Victorian prison)
   Romance
   Serial Fiction
   Historical Novel

            Philip V. Allingham, Lakeland University professor
                 Victorian Web
              Victorian Society
   Invented the modern idea of invention—that
    people are able to improve their lives by finding
    solutions to problems.
   Called into question institutional Christianity.
   A lot of change—democracy, feminism,
    unionization of workers, socialism, Marxism (the
    age of Darwin, Marx, and Freud)
   Small, very wealthy aristocracy
   Small middle class
   Large, very poor lower working class
           Class Divisions
 The discrepancy between the aristocracy
  and working classes was huge.
 The working class lived in poverty stricken
  conditions—poor housing, sanitation, little
  food etc.
 Dickens points out these conditions often in
  his writing
               G.E. is about…
   Youth, disillusionment, and the transition into

 We read about Pip who is deluded about the most
  basic things in his life.
 He is stripped of his pride and brought to a kinder
 His changes are painful but he emerges a more
  mature, loving person than before.