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Monterey aquarium fieldtrip 2011 by shuifanglj


									     Monterey aquarium

        Fieldtrip questions

Instructions: you need to answer 30 of the following questions from the aquarium

            ** please be sure to attach your receipt to your questions
Sea Otters

   1. How do sea otters keep warm?

   2. How much does an average sea otter need to eat each day to keep warm?

   3. How many hairs do sea otters have per square inch?

Reef & Kelp

   1. What are 3 species that feed on kelp?

   2.   How does kelp anchor itself to rocks to withstand crashing waves?

   3. Why does the decorator crab decorate itself?

   4. How fast can giant kelp grow and how tall can it get?

   5. Is a sea cucumber a plant or an animal?

   6. How do sea anemones hunt? Where is their mouth?

   7. What do leopard sharks eat and what helps them find their food?

   8. What are the “bulbs” on kelp for?
Deep Reef & Rockfish Fishery

   1. How does the octopus escape from danger?

   2. How do a wolf eel’s teeth differ from a lingcod’s and why?

   3. Why do bottom dwellers frequently have triangular bodies?

   4. List three species of rockfish. How long can some species of rockfish live?

   5. Why are rockfishes declining so rapidly? At what age do they start to reproduce?

   6. What is a “mermaid’s purse”?

   7. How does a tube anemone hide from predators?

Shale Reef

   1. How do piddocks tunnel into shale? What are their tubes used for?

   2. What is shale formed from?

   3. When did the shale reef off the central California coast form?
   4. What is a sea cucumber? What kingdom is it in?

   5. Look through the magnifying glass to see the skeleton shrimp. What do they eat? Who eats

Wharf & Rocky Shore

   1. How do perches differ from most fish in their reproduction?

   2. In what ways do waves bring the necessary things to tidepool organisms?

   3. How do three creatures of the rocky shores survive changing tides?

   4. What is the diet of the bat ray?

   5. What is the skeleton of the bat ray made of?

   6. What are three types of sea stars of the California coast?


   1. Explain how shrimp fisheries pose a threat to seahorses.

   2. How do baby seahorses segregate in the ocean for safety based on their color?
   3. How do male potbelly seahorses attract females?

   4. List three species of seahorses or sea dragons and what ocean each is found in.

   5. Describe seahorse reproduction- what is unusual about it?

The Outer Bay

   1. What are “drifters” and what are some examples?

   2. What do jellies do in order to move through the water?

   3. What is the purpose of the jelly’s tentacles?

   4. Where is a jelly’s mouth? Draw a picture to answer the question.

   5. List two types of organisms that would be included in the term “plankton”.

   6. What are several of the larger animals that live in the outer bay?

   7. Draw a picture of an ocean sunfish.
   8. Are most outer bay organisms herbivores or carnivores?

   9. How far does the bluefin tuna travel each year?

   10. What are 4 ways in which tuna are built for speed?

   11. Why do fish school?

   12. Why are plastic bags in the ocean dangerous for sea turtles?

   13. By what percentage has the Atlantic tuna’s population dropped since 1970? Why?

   14. What are 3 types of fish that have suffered severely from over-fishing?

Jellies – Living Art

   1. Trace the jelly’s life stages.

   2. Who eats blue jellies? Where are they a delicacy?

   3. What gives the upside-down jelly its brown hue?
Sharks: Myth and Mystery

   1. Sketch a shark egg (see the ones that are back-lit) showing the yolk and developing embryo.

   2. What color patterns do you see on the freshwater rays? Why do you think they have these

   3. What does the hammerhead shark use to help her locate prey other than her eyes and nose?

Splash Zone

   1. What do parrotfish eat and what does the process of eating this produce?

   2. How often do penguins molt?

   3. In what ways are penguins bodies adapted for swimming?

Climate Change/ Flamingoes

   1. How much is sea level predicted to rise by 2100?

   2. What is an important role of the mangrove forest during hurricanes?

   3. How do Roseate spoonbills feed?

   4. What are two important roles that wetlands play?
5. Compare and contrast three alternative energy sources.

6. How can cows help produce electricity?

7. What is occurring to polar bear habitat and walrus nurseries in the arctic?

8. Describe how rising CO2 levels affect corals.

9. How does climate change influence the spotted jelly?

10. How does sand temperature influence sea turtle gender? How might climate change affect sea
    turtles because of this?

11. How do female sea turtles find the same beach every year to lay their eggs?

12. How can our diet influence carbon pollution?

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