Katy Moran W00738508 July 6, 2009 Research Annotated Bibliography American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry. (2008). Facts for families: Teen suicide. (2008, May). Retrieved July 6, 2009, from http://www.aacap.org/cs/root/facts_for_families/teen_suicide This site provides a list of characteristics, signs and symptoms of a teen facing depression. It also highlights situations that may cause more stress in a teens life such as: self doubt, financial uncertainty, divorce, the formation of a new family or moving may all bring about enough stress to ignite symptoms of depression that may be followed by suicidal thoughts. They provide ideas for prevention and tips for parents dealing with adolescents facing these issues. Chess, S., & Hertzig, M. E. (1989). Annual progress in child psychiatry and child development 1989: A selection of the year's outstanding contributions to the understanding and treatment of the normal and disturbed child. New York: Brunner Mazel. This book is a collection of a variety of different topics and authors that discuss the development of young children and the effects varying scenarios can have on a child. Each chapter is completed by a different author which includes information as well as data collection. Chapters I will most likely be focusing on discuss infant imitation and memory, developmental studies and the nature vs. nurture debate, attachment, siblings influences and the adult outcome of early behavioral abnormalities. I think each of these chapters will serve an important role in the full understanding of my topic. Dube, R. S., Anda, R. F., Felitti, J. V., Chapman, D. P., Williamson, D. F., & Giles, W. H. (2001). Childhood abuse, household dysfunction, and the risk of attempted suicide throughout the life span: Findings from the adverse childhood experience study. The Journal of the American Medical Association, 286, 3089-3096. Retrieved July 5, 2009, from the ProQuest database. This journal article describes the steps taken by the US surgeon general in 2001 to make suicide prevention a national priority by researching the effects of childhood trauma and adverse experiences and how the could possibly lead to a variety of negative health outcomes in adulthood, including attempted suicide. The research sample was taken in San Diego, CA and conclusions were drawn from that information. This study shows a very strong relationship between childhood trauma and depression or suicide later in life that will be very important in my research paper. Gore, K. A. (2008). Social integration and gender differences in adolescent depression: School context, friendship groups, and romantic relations. Retrieved July 3, 2009, from the ProQuest database. Teens are more closely studied in this article through examination of their everyday life and how symptoms of depression can severely effect their lifestyle. School, friendships, family life, romance and sports can all be a challenge to face on a a daily basis when depression is present. This article helps point of symptoms, how to recognize those symptoms in peers or family members and what one can do to help. I think this article is a much more intimate approach to understanding than previous articles and will give me a deeper understanding of where these teens may be coming from. Hallfors, D. D., Waller, M. W., Ford, C. A., Halpern, C. T., Brodish, P. H., & Iritani, B. (2004). Adolescent depression and suicide risk: Association with sex and drug behavior. American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 27, 224-231. Retrieved July 5, 2009, from the ProQuest database. This is a short journal article about research done with a focus on depression in teenagers and the link to sex and drugs. It discusses the methods used to obtain information from these teens and the results. I think this will be useful in my research in describing common triggers and links among teenagers facing depression. Hankin, B. L. (2006). Adolescent depression: Description, causes and interventions. Epilepsy & Behavior, 8(1), 102-114. Retrieved July 5, 2009, from the ProQuest database. This article focuses on depression in teenagers, where it stems from and the reasons it is so common amongst teens. It summarizes the definition, description and classifications of teen depression and potential stress related incidences that may play a role in the development of depressive symptoms. Stresses that this article focuses on are: genetic, biological, cognitive, personality and interpersonal. It then leads into ideas for treatment and prevention of depression. I plan to use this article to further explore how depression is so closely linked to suicide and how it can be stopped. Lyons-Ruth, K., Wolfe, R., Lyubchik, A. (2000). Depression and the parenting of young children: Making the case for early preventative mental health services. Harvard Review of Psychiatry, 8(3), 148-153. This article discusses a clear relationship between parental depression and a variety of impaired developmental outcomes in children. This article references The Commonwealth Study, which was done to explore how common depressive symptoms are within the U.S. household and whether or not those symptoms may effect parental behaviors. It also mentions the importance of recognizing this relationship and providing services early on in a child’s life. McArt, E. W., Shulman, D. A., & Gajary, E. (1999). Developing an educational workshop on teen depression and suicide: A proactive community intervention. Child Welfare Journal, 78(6), 793- 806. Retrieved July 5, 2009, from the ProQuest database. Monroe County in New York decided to confront the issue of teen depression and suicide head on. They recognized the increase in teen suicides over the years and wanted to create a workshop space where teens felt they could come and share themselves and be educated on ways to help themselves. These authors believe that a proactive educational approach is must appropriate and will be most successful. They suggest primary and secondary prevention systems offered to teens, parents and youth professionals. It describes the relationships built through this program with other mental health agencies to weave a strong support net in their community. This will be useful to me when studying various approaches to depression and suicide prevention. Reifman, A., & Windle, M. (1995). Adolescent suicidal behaviors as a function of depression, hopelessness, alcohol use, and social support: A longitudinal investigation. American Journal of Community Psychology: Behavioral Science, 23(3), 329-354. Here, two high schools were studied independently to try and find predictors of adolescent suicidal behaviors. They link communication among peers, social groups, depressive symptoms, alcohol and gender together to find possible predictors of suicidal thoughts of behaviors in the future. This longitudinal study gives a good idea of the changes in adolescent thought processes over time and can give insight to varying intervention and recognition techniques. Solomon, C. (2009). Parent’s depression and its relation to adolescent suicide attempts. Undergraduate Research Journal for the Human Sciences. Retrieved July 6, 2009, from http://www.kon.org/urc/v8/solomon.html This undergraduate of the University of Michigan has collected data concerning whether or not depression in parents can somehow effect their children. More specifically, it focuses on the link between parental depression and adolescent suicidal attempts. Data showed that the higher the depression in the parental units, the more likely those children were to fall into habits of depression or attempt suicide. This will be an important piece to my research in the effects of child rearing on adolescent development.