Presentation on Administrative Remedies to Human Rights Violation in Pakistan - PDF by smg12757


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									Bangladesh Institute of International and Strategic Studies (BIISS)
            1/46, Old Elephant Road, Ramna, Dhaka-1000
                           Wrap-up Seminar

                        Tuesday 04 August 2009
Bismillahir Rahmanir Rahim
Respected Chief Guest, Barrister Shafique Ahmed, Honourable Minister
for Law, Justice and Parliamentary Affairs, Government of the People’s
Republic of Bangladesh, Distinguished Participants, Esteemed Guests,
Ladies and Gentlemen,
Assalamu Alaikum and Good Morning,

I am privileged of welcoming you all to the Wrap-up Seminar on
the Bangladesh Institute of International and Strategic Studies. We are
indeed very happy to have Barrister Shafique Ahmed, Honourable
Minister to be with us this morning as the Chief Guest and we will be
joined by H. E. Mr. Stephen Evans, British High Commissioner to
Bangladesh, Special Guest of today’s event shortly.

Ladies and Gentlemen,

      Since the publication of Human Development Report 1994 by the
United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), the concept of
human security is attracting increasing attention on the part of scholars
as well as practitioners. The security of the individual and people is the
prime concern of all the analysts and practitioners dealing with human
security. In this regard, the issues involved are as diverse as intra-state
conflict, ethno-religious violence, landmine, terrorism, democracy,

human rights, gender, crime, consequences of underdevelopment,
poverty, hunger, deprivation, inequality, diseases and health hazards,
human development, economic security, market, water, energy,
migration, environmental degradation and so on.

      The whole gamut of security needs of the individual and people,
as cited above, is encapsulated into two fundamental concerns:
‘freedom from want’ and ‘freedom from fear’. The first one emphasises
on remedies to all sorts of deprivation, socio-economic, politico-cultural,
health, environmental and so on, while the second one emphasises on
the safety from violence, violent conflicts and their consequences. While
both the concerns are important, the analysts continue to disagree on
whether preference should be given to ‘freedom from want’ or ‘freedom
from fear’. Depending on the answer, human security analysts are
divided into two camps. A third approach, for instance, makes attempts
to synthesise the two views.

      Threats to the survival and dignity of people in Bangladesh and
other developing countries have increased over recent years and
become more complex. Inhibited opportunity, hunger, malnutrition,
disease, discrimination, violence and violation of rights have all come to
characterise the lot of people, poor people in particular. Most of these
conditions have long been endemic, but many are becoming
entrenched within social structures. The drivers – and the temporal and
cross-sectional patterns of human insecurity – are just as diverse.

      Against this background, Bangladesh Institute of International and
Strategic Studies (BIISS) with assistance from the Department for
International   Development    (DFID),   UK    undertook    a   study   on
Bangladesh Human Security Assessment (BHSA) 2007. The
objective of the study was, first, to offer qualitative and quantitative
analyses of the levels, trends and drivers of human insecurity in

Bangladesh; and, second, identify significant policy implications for
government, donors and civil society in Bangladesh.

      With these objectives in mind, seven categories of insecurity were
identified for in-depth analyses.

These are:

   1. Dysfunctional politics
   2. Imperfections in governance
   3. Dominant group syndrome
   4. Resource conflicts
   5. Environmental factors
   6. Market and economic forces
   7. Crime.

      Through persevering and inexhaustible efforts employed by a
team consisting of BIISS Research Faculty, administrative and support
staffs as well as relevant professionals and support staffs from outside
BIISS including some provided by the DFID, Bangladesh accomplished
the job within the stipulated timeframe.

      The objective of the Wrap-up Seminar on BANGLADESH
HUMAN SECURITY ASSESSMENT 2007 is to introduce the BHSA
2007 and its main conclusions and recommendations to the larger
audience of academia, media, government officials, business circles,
representatives from the civil society and NGOs as well as all other
concerned professionals and informed audience.

      Dr. Abdur Rob Khan, Team Leader of the Project would present
2007. Ms. Honor Flanagan, Governance Adviser, DFID Bangladesh, in
her Comments, we hope, would also tell her side of the story as well.

The two presentations would be followed by open and interactive

      With this, Honourable Chief Guest, Respected Special Guest,
Excellencies, Learned Participants, Distinguished Guests, Ladies and
Gentlemen, let me welcome you all to the Wrap-up Seminar on

Concluding Remarks:

Ladies and Gentlemen,

Let me; first of all, express our sincere gratitude to the respected Chief
Guest, Barrister Shafique Ahmed, Honourable Minister for sparing his
valuable time to grace the Seminar despite his extremely busy schedule.
In his valuable speech, the Honourable Minister for Law, Justice and
Parliamentary Affairs explored human security situation in Bangladesh.
He has highlighted a wide range of human security issues, evaluated
numerous difficulties in the way of ensuring human security and how
possibly these can be resolved in keeping with the fundamental rights as
provided in our constitution. Our sincere thanks to the Honourable
Minister for his valuable comments and suggestions

Let me, express our special thanks to the respected Special Guest, H. E.
Mr. Stephen Evans, British High Commissioner to Bangladesh, for
joining us in today’s Seminar. In his deliberation, H. E. Mr. Stephen
Evans, explored human security situation in Bangladesh and expressed
his country’s concern and understanding regarding the human security
in Bangladesh. He also highlighted a wide range of ways and means of
improving the human security situation in Bangladesh. The UK remains
one of the most crucial development partners of Bangladesh. Hence, we
value the understanding of the UK regarding the process of our
development, including in the field of human security. Our sincere thanks
to H. E. Mr. Stephen Evans, British High Commissioner to Bangladesh
for his valuable comments and suggestions

Our special thanks to the DFID Bangladesh for sponsoring the Study
and its Country Representative in Bangladesh Mr. Chris Austin for his
special care and cooperation.

Let me express our gratitude to Ms. Honor Flanagan, Governance
Adviser DFID, Bangladesh and her predecessor Mr. David Osborne for
their consistent support and assistance to the Study Team during the
whole process of implementation of the Project.

Let me also congratulate and thank the Study Team headed by Dr.
Abdur Rob Khan and the members of the team for the brilliant job that
they have done.

Let me also thank the learned participants who participated actively in
the interactive discussion that followed the presentation.

The enthusiasm and inquisitiveness shown by the participants, once
again, reiterated the fact that the issues pertaining to human security
are of significant national importance. The discussants, of course,
coming from diverse backgrounds had their different perspectives.
However, there have been a number of common concerns expressed.
First of all, there has been a consensus that there are ample scope and
necessity of improving the human security situation in the country.
Secondly, there has also been agreement among the speakers and the
discussants alike that for this purpose, we need to concentrate
significant efforts on creating awareness to improve upon our position in
regard to moral high ground at all levels. Finally, the speakers and the
discussants alike emphasised on the capacity building of all institutions
starting from the national one to the grass root level.

The participants have also explored a wide variety of concrete
challenges facing human security in Bangladesh. There was question
raised regarding the aspect of ‘humanity’. I think we are too many
competing for too little. We need to pay attention to the sheer number of

150 million people, too large a population when we talk about food
security, education, health, shelter, clothing and so on.

The participants also came out with a host suggestions and
recommendations designed to face the ensuing challenges. Formation
of National Reform Commission is one of the well acclaimed
suggestions. Incorporation of the aspect of terrorism in the project study
was another suggestion that needs due attention.

I am sure that we all have been greatly rewarded from today’s Seminar.

I would like to conclude by giving you good news. First: The Global
Peace Index (GPI) prepared by the Institute for Economics ranked
Bangladesh 86th among 140 countries ahead of India (107), Sri Lanka
(125), Myanmar (126), Pakistan (127) and Afghanistan (137).

Second: Happy Planet Index compiled by the Independent British Think-
tank Foundation ranks Bangladesh 31st out of 143 nations far ahead of
UK (74), Canada (89), Australia (102) and US (114). These are the
positive indicators that must give us the hope for a better Bangladesh
especially in terms of Human Security.

I thank you all for participating in today’s Session.


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