Bike Week Assembly Speaker 1: Good morning and welcome to Primary 6.21’s assembly. We are going to give you seven clues about the topic of our assembly. We would like you to raise your hand when you think you guessed what our assembly is about today. We will ask for your guesses after all the clues have been revealed – remember don’t give your answers away by shouting them out! Speaker 2: It’s a method of transportation. Speaker 3: The most crucial element of it was invented in about 3500BC in Mesopotamia. Speaker 4: It came into being, as we know it today, in the 1800s. Speaker 5: Early ones where made out of cast iron or even wood. Today they are made out of exotic materials such as titanium, aluminum and carbon fibre. Speaker 6: An early version was known as a velocipede, which in turn was given the name the boneshaker. Speaker 7: If you were very fashionable and possessed one in the seventies, you might have had a Chopper. Speaker 8: Over one billion have them in the world today. Speaker 9: Put your hand up if you think you know what our assembly is about today. (Pick a specific child in the audience and ask for their answer). Yes, (name child). Well done. You’re correct. Today we are going to be talking to you about many issues related to bikes and cycling. Speaker 10: This is a modern bike which belongs to Elise in our class. However, bikes haven’t always looked this. In 1817 Baron von Drais invented a walking machine that would help him get around the royal gardens faster: two same-size wheels, the front one steerable, mounted in a frame which you straddled. The device was propelled by pushing your feet against the ground, thus rolling yourself and the device forward in a sort of gliding walk. The machine became known as the Draisienne or hobby horse. It was made entirely of wood. This enjoyed a short lived popularity as a fad, not being practical for transportation in any other place than a well maintained pathway such as in a park or garden. Speaker 11: The next appearance of a two-wheeled riding machine was in 1865, when pedals were applied directly to the front wheel. This machine was known as the velocipede ("fast foot"), but was popularly known as the bone shaker, since it was also made entirely of wood, then later with metal tyres, and the combination of these with the cobblestone roads of the day made for an extremely uncomfortable ride. Speaker 12: In 1870 the first all metal machine appeared. The pedals were still atttached directly to the front wheel with no freewheeling mechanism. Solid rubber tyres and the long spokes of the large front wheel provided a much smoother ride than its predecessor. The front wheels became larger and larger as makers realized that the larger the wheel, the farther you could travel with one rotation of the pedals. This machine was called the high wheeled bicycle or the Penny Farthing. These bicycles enjoyed a great popularity among wealthy, young men in early 1880's. There were many serious accidents as these bikes would become unstable and their riders would fall off if the encountered a stone on or hole in the road. Speaker 13: The safety bicycle is a type of bicycle that became very popular beginning in the late 1880s. The first safety, using a diamond frame, was invented by John Kemp Starley in 1885. "Safeties" are characterized by having two wheels of identical size, and a chain-driven rear wheel. In 1887, a Scottish inventor called John Dunlop invented the first pneumatic or inflatable tyre which made the cyclist ride much smoother and more comfortable. By the 1890s, almost all new bikes were fitted with this device. Our bikes haven’t altered much in their basic design since the invention of the safety bicycle over a hundred years ago. Speaker 14: Learning to ride a bike is an important mile stone in many people’s lives. ______ and _____ are going to share their experiences of learning to ride a bike. Speaker 15: Thank you for sharing your experiences with us this morning, _________ and ________. Many of the Primary Six Pupils have been actively participating in the Scottish Cycle Training Scheme this term. It is designed to teach us how to look after our bikes and how to stay safe while cycling on the road. We would like to tell you about what we have been learning during these sessions. Speaker 16: You should carry out the following safety checks to ensure your bike is safe and road worthy prior to setting off on a bike ride. _________________________________________________________ Speaker 17: Check that your tyres are pumped up – most people under-inflate their tyres, which makes cycling more difficult and heightens the risk of punctures. Speaker 18: Make sure your tyres are not worn, as worn tyres puncture easily and can be slippery in the wet. Speaker 19: Check your brakes – squeeze each lever in turn and push the bike forwards. The brake and gear cables should both be taut. If the brakes are not effective or the cables are slack, take your bike to a bike shop. Speaker 20: Clean your bike, especially the gears and chain. Oil your chain and any other exposed moving parts after cleaning: this will keep your bike running smoothly. Speaker 21: Check the height of your saddle and handlebars. Many people have their saddles too low as they like the convenience of being able to put their foot down to steady the bike; however, having a saddle that’s too low means your knees will be excessively bent and can cause discomfort, and also means the saddle, rather than your legs, carry more of your weight, which is likely to increase saddle discomfort. Your leg should be straight at the bottom of the pedal stroke, with your heel placed on the pedal. You can raise or lower your saddle with an allen key or a spanner (unless your saddle is quick release, in which case you won’t need either). Speaker 22: You should always wear a cycling helmet and high visibility clothing prior to starting off on your journey. Miss Bonner has a friend who fell off her bike after hitting a large pothole in the road. She tumbled over the handlebars and landed head first onto the concrete. She had to be taken to hospital in an ambulance and she suffered terrible injuries as you can see on the photograph. However, her doctors told her she was very lucky! If she hadn’t been wearing her helmet, she would have had a serious brain injury or even been killed. So please always remember wear a helmet! Speaker 23: We have also been learning about how to ride safety on the road. The following pupils are going to tell you how to start safety, how to turn left or right and how to let people know you are about to slow down or stop. Speaker 24: This is how you should start off when beginning your journey. (Read out page 14 of a Cyclist’s Guide) Speaker 25: This is how you to turn left at an uncontrolled junction. (Read out page 18 of Cyclist’s Guide) Speaker 26: This is how you turn right at an uncontrolled junction. (Read out page 23 of Cyclist Guide) Speaker 27: This is how you signal to other road users that you are slowing down or stopping. (Read out page 15 of a Cyclist’ Guide) Speaker 28: Why should we cycle? Speaker 29: There are many reasons why we should cycle more. Firstly it is a good form of exercise which is really enjoyable. Speaker 30: It allows you to have more independence. Speaker 31: It is a cheap and efficient form of transport. Speaker 32: It is good for the environment as it causes no pollution. Speaker 33: Bike Week starts tomorrow and runs until the 22nd of June. During this week, many fun events have been organised across the country to promote cycling. We have produced an information leaflet for you which includes events happening in our local area. These including a try cycling event which will be happening at George Square tomorrow from 10am and a pedaling picnic which will be held the following Saturday at Glasgow Green. You can also check out the Bike Week website for other events. Go on have a go! Speaker 34: Miss Rawley has also organised a cycle train for upper primary pupils who have passed the Scottish Cycle Training Scheme. Pupils will meet in the Asda’s underground carpark at 8.30am and will cycle up to school together with adults who will supervise their journey. This event will happen on Wednesday 24 June. Letters will be given to classes shortly. Speaker 35: Thank you for listening to our assembly this morning. We hope you have learnt more about cycling and will participate in this activity more regularly while being aware of your own safety. Go on, have some fun!
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