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									                                 Reviewing the English Language Arts Common Core State Standards
 CC CC Standard                                     Is this standard contain       Is the Cognative             What questions do have   What type of additional
Grade                                               content you already cover      Complexity aligned to        about the standard?      resources may you need
                                                    in it's entirety or does the   what you teach, similar,                              to teach the standard?
                                                    standard contain additional    slighly different, or very
                                                    content?                       different?

     CC.1.L.1 Conventions of Standard
     English: Demonstrate command of the
     conventions of standard English grammar
 1   and usage when writing or speaking.
     CC.1.L.1.a Conventions of Standard
     English: Print all upper- and lowercase
 1   letters.
     CC.1.L.1.b Conventions of Standard
     English: Use common, proper, and
 1   possessive nouns.
     CC.1.L.1.c Conventions of Standard
     English: Use singular and plural nouns
     with matching verbs in basic sentences
 1   (e.g., He hops; We hop).
     CC.1.L.1.d Conventions of Standard
     English: Use personal, possessive, and
     indefinite pronouns (e.g., I, me, my; they,
 1   them, their, anyone, everything).
     CC.1.L.1.e Conventions of Standard
     English: Use verbs to convey a sense of
     past, present, and future (e.g., Yesterday I
     walked home; Today I walk home;
 1   Tomorrow I will walk home).
     CC.1.L.1.f Conventions of Standard
     English: Use frequently occurring
 1   adjectives.
     CC.1.L.1.g Conventions of Standard
     English: Use frequently occurring
     conjunctions (e.g., and, but, or, so,
 1   because).




                                                                                   1
                                Reviewing the English Language Arts Common Core State Standards
 CC CC Standard                                  Is this standard contain       Is the Cognative             What questions do have   What type of additional
Grade                                            content you already cover      Complexity aligned to        about the standard?      resources may you need
                                                 in it's entirety or does the   what you teach, similar,                              to teach the standard?
                                                 standard contain additional    slighly different, or very
                                                 content?                       different?
     CC.1.L.1.h Conventions of Standard
     English: Use determiners (e.g., articles,
 1   demonstratives).
     CC.1.L.1.i Conventions of Standard
     English: Use frequently occurring
     prepositions (e.g., during, beyond,
 1   toward).
     CC.1.L.1.j Conventions of Standard
     English: Produce and expand complete
     simple and compound declarative,
     interrogative, imperative, and
     exclamatory sentences in response to
 1   prompts.
     CC.1.L.2 Conventions of Standard
     English: Demonstrate command of the
     conventions of standard English
     capitalization, punctuation, and spelling
 1   when writing.
     CC.1.L.2.a Conventions of Standard
     English: Capitalize dates and names of
 1   people.
     CC.1.L.2.b Conventions of Standard
     English: Use end punctuation for
 1   sentences.
     CC.1.L.2.c Conventions of Standard
     English: Use commas in dates and to
 1   separate single words in a series.

     CC.1.L.2.d Conventions of Standard
     English: Use conventional spelling for
     words with common spelling patterns and
 1   for frequently occurring irregular words.




                                                                                2
                                Reviewing the English Language Arts Common Core State Standards
 CC CC Standard                                   Is this standard contain       Is the Cognative             What questions do have   What type of additional
Grade                                             content you already cover      Complexity aligned to        about the standard?      resources may you need
                                                  in it's entirety or does the   what you teach, similar,                              to teach the standard?
                                                  standard contain additional    slighly different, or very
                                                  content?                       different?
     CC.1.L.2.e Conventions of Standard
     English: Spell untaught words
     phonetically, drawing on phonemic
 1   awareness and spelling conventions.
     CC.1.L.4 Vocabulary Acquisition and
     Use: Determine or clarify the meaning of
     unknown and multiple-meaning words
     and phrases based on grade 1 reading and
     content, choosing flexibly from an array
 1   of strategies.

     CC.1.L.4.a Vocabulary Acquisition and
     Use: Use sentence-level context as a clue
 1   to the meaning of a word or phrase.
     CC.1.L.4.b Vocabulary Acquisition and
     Use: Use frequently occurring affixes as a
 1   clue to the meaning of a word.
     CC.1.L.4.c Vocabulary Acquisition and
     Use: Identify frequently occurring root
     words (e.g., look) and their inflectional
 1   forms (e.g., looks, looked, looking).
     CC.1.L.5 Vocabulary Acquisition and
     Use: With guidance and support from
     adults, demonstrate understanding of
     word relationships and nuances in word
 1   meanings.
     CC.1.L.5.a Vocabulary Acquisition and
     Use: Sort words into categories (e.g.,
     colors, clothing) to gain a sense of the
 1   concepts the categories represent.




                                                                                 3
                                 Reviewing the English Language Arts Common Core State Standards
 CC CC Standard                                     Is this standard contain       Is the Cognative             What questions do have   What type of additional
Grade                                               content you already cover      Complexity aligned to        about the standard?      resources may you need
                                                    in it's entirety or does the   what you teach, similar,                              to teach the standard?
                                                    standard contain additional    slighly different, or very
                                                    content?                       different?
     CC.1.L.5.b Vocabulary Acquisition and
     Use: Define words by category and by
     one or more key attributes (e.g., a duck is
     a bird that swims; a tiger is a large cat
 1   with stripes).
     CC.1.L.5.c Vocabulary Acquisition and
     Use: Identify real-life connections
     between words and their use (e.g., note
 1   places at home that are cozy).
     CC.1.L.5.d Vocabulary Acquisition and
     Use: Distinguish shades of meaning
     among verbs differing in manner (e.g.,
     look, peek, glance, stare, glare, scowl)
     and adjectives differing in intensity (e.g.,
     large, gigantic) by defining or choosing
 1   them or by actin

     CC.1.L.6 Vocabulary Acquisition and
     Use: Use words and phrases acquired
     through conversations, reading and being
     read to, and responding to texts, including
     using frequently occurring conjunctions
     to signal simple relationships (e.g., I
 1   named my hamster N

     CC.1.R.F.1 Print Concepts: Demonstrate
     understanding of the organization and
 1   basic features of print.
     CC.1.R.F.1.a Print Concepts: Recognize
     the distinguishing features of a sentence
     (e.g., first word, capitalization, ending
 1   punctuation).




                                                                                   4
                               Reviewing the English Language Arts Common Core State Standards
 CC CC Standard                                   Is this standard contain       Is the Cognative             What questions do have   What type of additional
Grade                                             content you already cover      Complexity aligned to        about the standard?      resources may you need
                                                  in it's entirety or does the   what you teach, similar,                              to teach the standard?
                                                  standard contain additional    slighly different, or very
                                                  content?                       different?

     CC.1.R.F.2 Phonological Awareness:
     Demonstrate understanding of spoken
 1   words, syllables, and sounds (phonemes).

     CC.1.R.F.2.a Phonological Awareness:
     Distinguish long from short vowel sounds
 1   in spoken single-syllable words .
     CC.1.R.F.2.b Phonological Awareness:
     Orally produce single-syllable words by
     blending sounds (phonemes), including
 1   consonant blends.
     CC.1.R.F.2.c Phonological Awareness:
     Isolate and pronounce initial, medial
     vowel, and final sounds (phonemes) in
 1   spoken single-syllable words.
     CC.1.R.F.2.d Phonological Awareness:
     Segment spoken single-syllable words
     into their complete sequence of individual
 1   sounds (phonemes).
     CC.1.R.F.3 Phonics and Word
     Recognition: Know and apply grade-level
     phonics and word analysis skills in
 1   decoding words.
     CC.1.R.F.3.a Phonics and Word
     Recognition: Know the spelling-sound
     correspondences for common consonant
     digraphs (two letters that represent one
 1   sound).
     CC.1.R.F.3.b Phonics and Word
     Recognition: Decode regularly spelled
 1   one-syllable words.




                                                                                 5
                               Reviewing the English Language Arts Common Core State Standards
 CC CC Standard                                  Is this standard contain       Is the Cognative             What questions do have   What type of additional
Grade                                            content you already cover      Complexity aligned to        about the standard?      resources may you need
                                                 in it's entirety or does the   what you teach, similar,                              to teach the standard?
                                                 standard contain additional    slighly different, or very
                                                 content?                       different?
     CC.1.R.F.3.c Phonics and Word
     Recognition: Know final -e and common
     vowel team conventions for representing
 1   long vowel sounds.
     CC.1.R.F.3.d Phonics and Word
     Recognition: Use knowledge that every
     syllable must have a vowel sound to
     determine the number of syllables in a
 1   printed word.
     CC.1.R.F.3.e Phonics and Word
     Recognition: Decode two-syllable words
     following basic patterns by breaking the
 1   words into syllables.
     CC.1.R.F.3.f Phonics and Word
     Recognition: Read words with
 1   inflectional endings.
     CC.1.R.F.3.g Phonics and Word
     Recognition: Recognize and read grade-
 1   appropriate irregularly spelled words.

     CC.1.R.F.4 Read with sufficient accuracy
 1   and fluency to support comprehension.
     CC.1.R.F.4.a Read grade-level text with
 1   purpose and understanding.
     CC.1.R.F.4.b Read grade-level text orally
     with accuracy, appropriate rate, and
 1   expression.
     CC.1.R.F.4.c Use context to confirm or
     self-correct word recognition and
 1   understanding, rereading as necessary.
     CC.1.R.I.1 Key Ideas and Details: Ask
     and answer questions about key details in
 1   a text.



                                                                                6
                                Reviewing the English Language Arts Common Core State Standards
 CC CC Standard                                    Is this standard contain       Is the Cognative             What questions do have   What type of additional
Grade                                              content you already cover      Complexity aligned to        about the standard?      resources may you need
                                                   in it's entirety or does the   what you teach, similar,                              to teach the standard?
                                                   standard contain additional    slighly different, or very
                                                   content?                       different?

     CC.1.R.I.10 Range of Reading and Level
     of Text Complexity: With prompting and
     support, read informational texts
 1   appropriately complex for grade 1.
     CC.1.R.I.2 Key Ideas and Details:
     Identify the main topic and retell key
 1   details of a text.
     CC.1.R.I.3 Key Ideas and Details:
     Describe the connection between two
     individuals, events, ideas, or pieces of
 1   information in a text.
     CC.1.R.I.4 Craft and Structure: Ask and
     answer questions to help determine or
     clarify the meaning of words and phrases
 1   in a text.
     CC.1.R.I.5 Craft and Structure: Know
     and use various text features (e.g.,
     headings, tables of contents, glossaries,
     electronic menus, icons) to locate key
 1   facts or information in a text.
     CC.1.R.I.6 Craft and Structure:
     Distinguish between information
     provided by pictures or other illustrations
     and information provided by the words in
 1   a text.

     CC.1.R.I.7 Integration of Knowledge and
     Ideas: Use the illustrations and details in
 1   a text to describe its key ideas.




                                                                                  7
                                 Reviewing the English Language Arts Common Core State Standards
 CC CC Standard                                     Is this standard contain       Is the Cognative             What questions do have   What type of additional
Grade                                               content you already cover      Complexity aligned to        about the standard?      resources may you need
                                                    in it's entirety or does the   what you teach, similar,                              to teach the standard?
                                                    standard contain additional    slighly different, or very
                                                    content?                       different?

     CC.1.R.I.8 Integration of Knowledge and
     Ideas: Identify the reasons an author gives
 1   to support points in a text.
     CC.1.R.I.9 Integration of Knowledge and
     Ideas: Identify basic similarities in and
     differences between two texts on the same
     topic (e.g., in illustrations, descriptions,
 1   or procedures).
     CC.1.R.L.1 Key Ideas and Details: Ask
     and answer questions about key details in
 1   a text.

     CC.1.R.L.10 Range of Reading and Level
     of Text Complexity: With prompting and
     support, read prose and poetry of
 1   appropriate complexity for grade 1.
     CC.1.R.L.2 Key Ideas and Details: Retell
     stories, including key details, and
     demonstrate understanding of their
 1   central message or lesson.

     CC.1.R.L.3 Key Ideas and Details:
     Describe characters, settings, and major
 1   events in a story, using key details.
 1   CC.1.R.L.4 Craft and Structure: Identify
     words and phrases in stories or poems
     that suggest feelings or appeal to the
     senses.




                                                                                   8
                                 Reviewing the English Language Arts Common Core State Standards
 CC CC Standard                                      Is this standard contain       Is the Cognative             What questions do have   What type of additional
Grade                                                content you already cover      Complexity aligned to        about the standard?      resources may you need
                                                     in it's entirety or does the   what you teach, similar,                              to teach the standard?
                                                     standard contain additional    slighly different, or very
                                                     content?                       different?
     CC.1.R.L.5 Craft and Structure: Explain
     major differences between books that tell
     stories and books that give information,
     drawing on a wide reading of a range of
 1   text types.
 1   CC.1.R.L.6 Craft and Structure: Identify
     who is telling the story at various points
     in a text.
     CC.1.R.L.7 Integration of Knowledge and
     Ideas: Use illustrations and details in a
     story to describe its characters, setting, or
 1   events.
 1   CC.1.R.L.9 Integration of Knowledge and
     Ideas: Compare and contrast the
     adventures and experiences of characters
     in stories.

     CC.1.SL.1 Comprehension and
     Collaboration: Participate in collaborative
     conversations with diverse partners about
     grade 1 topics and texts with peers and
 1   adults in small and larger groups.

     CC.1.SL.1.a Comprehension and
     Collaboration: Follow agreed-upon rules
     for discussions (e.g., listening to others
     with care, speaking one at a time about
 1   the topics and texts under discussion).
     CC.1.SL.1.b Comprehension and
     Collaboration: Build on others’ talk in
     conversations by responding to the
     comments of others through multiple
 1   exchanges.



                                                                                    9
                                 Reviewing the English Language Arts Common Core State Standards
 CC CC Standard                                  Is this standard contain       Is the Cognative             What questions do have   What type of additional
Grade                                            content you already cover      Complexity aligned to        about the standard?      resources may you need
                                                 in it's entirety or does the   what you teach, similar,                              to teach the standard?
                                                 standard contain additional    slighly different, or very
                                                 content?                       different?
     CC.1.SL.1.c Comprehension and
     Collaboration: Ask questions to clear up
     any confusion about the topics and texts
 1   under discussion.
     CC.1.SL.2 Comprehension and
     Collaboration: Ask and answer questions
     about key details in a text read aloud or
     information presented orally or through
 1   other media.

     CC.1.SL.3 Comprehension and
     Collaboration: Ask and answer questions
     about what a speaker says in order to
     gather additional information or clarify
 1   something that is not understood.

     CC.1.SL.4 Presentation of Knowledge
     and Ideas: Describe people, places,
     things, and events with relevant details,
 1   expressing ideas and feelings clearly.

     CC.1.SL.5 Presentation of Knowledge
     and Ideas: Add drawings or other visual
     displays to descriptions when appropriate
 1   to clarify ideas, thoughts, and feelings.

     CC.1.SL.6 Presentation of Knowledge
     and Ideas: Produce complete sentences
     when appropriate to task and situation.
     (See grade 1 Language standards 1 and 3
 1   on page 26 for specific expectations.)




                                                                                10
                                Reviewing the English Language Arts Common Core State Standards
 CC CC Standard                                    Is this standard contain       Is the Cognative             What questions do have   What type of additional
Grade                                              content you already cover      Complexity aligned to        about the standard?      resources may you need
                                                   in it's entirety or does the   what you teach, similar,                              to teach the standard?
                                                   standard contain additional    slighly different, or very
                                                   content?                       different?

     CC.1.W.1 Text Types and Purposes:
     Write opinion pieces in which they
     introduce the topic or name the book they
     are writing about, state an opinion, supply
     a reason for the opinion, and provide
 1   some sense of closure.
     CC.1.W.2 Text Types and Purposes:
     Write informative/explanatory texts in
     which they name a topic, supply some
     facts about the topic, and provide some
 1   sense of closure.
     CC.1.W.3 Text Types and Purposes:
     Write narratives in which they recount
     two or more appropriately sequenced
     events, include some details regarding
     what happened, use temporal words to
     signal event order, and provide some
 1   sense of closure.
     CC.1.W.5 Production and Distribution of
     Writing: With guidance and support from
     adults, focus on a topic, respond to
     questions and suggestions from peers, and
     add details to strengthen writing as
 1   needed.
     CC.1.W.6 Production and Distribution of
     Writing: With guidance and support from
     adults, use a variety of digital tools to
     produce and publish writing, including in
 1   collaboration with peers.




                                                                                  11
                                 Reviewing the English Language Arts Common Core State Standards
 CC CC Standard                                    Is this standard contain       Is the Cognative             What questions do have   What type of additional
Grade                                              content you already cover      Complexity aligned to        about the standard?      resources may you need
                                                   in it's entirety or does the   what you teach, similar,                              to teach the standard?
                                                   standard contain additional    slighly different, or very
                                                   content?                       different?
       CC.1.W.7 Research to Build and Present
       Knowledge: Participate in shared research
       and writing projects (e.g., explore a
       number of ―how-to‖ books on a given
       topic and use them to write a sequence of
  1    instructions).

       CC.1.W.8 Research to Build and Present
       Knowledge: With guidance and support
       from adults, recall information from
       experiences or gather information from
  1    provided sources to answer a question.

      CC.11-12.L.1 Conventions of Standard
      English: Demonstrate command of the
      conventions of standard English grammar
11-12 and usage when writing or speaking.
      CC.11-12.L.1.a Conventions of Standard
      English: Apply the understanding that
      usage is a matter of convention, can
      change over time, and is sometimes
11-12 contested.

      CC.11-12.L.1.b Conventions of Standard
      English: Resolve issues of complex or
      contested usage, consulting references
      (e.g., Merriam-Webster’s Dictionary of
      English Usage, Garner’s Modern
11-12 American English) as needed.




                                                                                  12
                                  Reviewing the English Language Arts Common Core State Standards
 CC CC Standard                                     Is this standard contain       Is the Cognative             What questions do have   What type of additional
Grade                                               content you already cover      Complexity aligned to        about the standard?      resources may you need
                                                    in it's entirety or does the   what you teach, similar,                              to teach the standard?
                                                    standard contain additional    slighly different, or very
                                                    content?                       different?
        CC.11-12.L.2 Conventions of Standard
        English: Demonstrate command of the
        conventions of standard English
        capitalization, punctuation, and spelling
11-12   when writing.
        CC.11-12.L.2.a Conventions of Standard
        English: Observe hyphenation
11-12   conventions.
        CC.11-12.L.2.b Conventions of Standard
11-12   English: Spell correctly.
        CC.11-12.L.3 Knowledge of Language:
        Apply knowledge of language to
        understand how language functions in
        different contexts, to make effective
        choices for meaning or style, and to
        comprehend more fully when reading or
11-12   listening.

      CC.11-12.L.3.a Knowledge of Language:
      Vary syntax for effect, consulting
      references (e.g., Tufte’s Artful Sentences)
      for guidance as needed; apply an
      understanding of syntax to the study of
11-12 complex texts when reading.
      CC.11-12.L.4 Vocabulary Acquisition
      and Use: Determine or clarify the
      meaning of unknown and multiple-
      meaning words and phrases based on
      grades 11–12 reading and content,
      choosing flexibly from a range of
11-12 strategies.




                                                                                   13
                                  Reviewing the English Language Arts Common Core State Standards
 CC CC Standard                                    Is this standard contain       Is the Cognative             What questions do have   What type of additional
Grade                                              content you already cover      Complexity aligned to        about the standard?      resources may you need
                                                   in it's entirety or does the   what you teach, similar,                              to teach the standard?
                                                   standard contain additional    slighly different, or very
                                                   content?                       different?
      CC.11-12.L.4.a Vocabulary Acquisition
      and Use: Use context (e.g., the overall
      meaning of a sentence, paragraph, or text;
      a word’s position or function in a
      sentence) as a clue to the meaning of a
11-12 word or phrase.

      CC.11-12.L.4.b Vocabulary Acquisition
      and Use: Identify and correctly use
      patterns of word changes that indicate
      different meanings or parts of speech
11-12 (e.g., conceive, conception, conceivable).
      CC.11-12.L.4.c Vocabulary Acquisition
      and Use: Consult general and specialized
      reference materials (e.g., dictionaries,
      glossaries, thesauruses), both print and
      digital, to find the pronunciation of a
      word or determine or clarify its precise
11-12 meaning, its

      CC.11-12.L.4.d Vocabulary Acquisition
      and Use: Verify the preliminary
      determination of the meaning of a word
      or phrase (e.g., by checking the inferred
11-12 meaning in context or in a dictionary).

      CC.11-12.L.5 Vocabulary Acquisition
      and Use: Demonstrate understanding of
      figurative language, word relationships,
11-12 and nuances in word meanings.




                                                                                  14
                                  Reviewing the English Language Arts Common Core State Standards
 CC CC Standard                                     Is this standard contain       Is the Cognative             What questions do have   What type of additional
Grade                                               content you already cover      Complexity aligned to        about the standard?      resources may you need
                                                    in it's entirety or does the   what you teach, similar,                              to teach the standard?
                                                    standard contain additional    slighly different, or very
                                                    content?                       different?
      CC.11-12.L.5.a Vocabulary Acquisition
      and Use: Interpret figures of speech (e.g.,
      hyperbole, paradox) in context and
11-12 analyze their role in the text.

      CC.11-12.L.5.b Vocabulary Acquisition
      and Use: Analyze nuances in the meaning
11-12 of words with similar denotations.

      CC.11-12.L.6 Vocabulary Acquisition
      and Use: Acquire and use accurately
      general academic and domain-specific
      words and phrases, sufficient for reading,
      writing, speaking, and listening at the
      college and career readiness level;
11-12 demonstrate independence in

      CC.11-12.R.I.1 Key Ideas and Details:
      Cite strong and thorough textual evidence
      to support analysis of what the text says
      explicitly as well as inferences drawn
      from the text, including determining
11-12 where the text leaves matters uncertain.




                                                                                   15
                                 Reviewing the English Language Arts Common Core State Standards
 CC CC Standard                                    Is this standard contain       Is the Cognative             What questions do have   What type of additional
Grade                                              content you already cover      Complexity aligned to        about the standard?      resources may you need
                                                   in it's entirety or does the   what you teach, similar,                              to teach the standard?
                                                   standard contain additional    slighly different, or very
                                                   content?                       different?
       CC.11-12.R.I.10 Range of Reading and
       Level of Text Complexity: By the end of
       grade 11, read and comprehend literary
       nonfiction in the grades 11–CCR text
       complexity band proficiently, with
       scaffolding as needed at the high end of
       the range.

      CC.11-12.R.I.10 Range of Reading and
      Level of Text Complexity: By the end of
      grade 12, read and comprehend literary
      nonfiction at the high end of grades 11-
11-12 CCR text complexity band independently

      CC.11-12.R.I.2 Key Ideas and Details:
      Determine two or more central ideas of a
      text and analyze their development over
      the course of the text, including how they
      interact and build on one another to
      provide a complex analysis; provide an
11-12 objective summary of the text.
      CC.11-12.R.I.3 Key Ideas and Details:
      Analyze a complex set of ideas or
      sequence of events and explain how
      specific individuals, ideas, or events
      interact and develop over the course of
11-12 the text.




                                                                                  16
                                  Reviewing the English Language Arts Common Core State Standards
 CC CC Standard                                     Is this standard contain       Is the Cognative             What questions do have   What type of additional
Grade                                               content you already cover      Complexity aligned to        about the standard?      resources may you need
                                                    in it's entirety or does the   what you teach, similar,                              to teach the standard?
                                                    standard contain additional    slighly different, or very
                                                    content?                       different?
      CC.11-12.R.I.4 Craft and Structure:
      Determine the meaning of words and
      phrases as they are used in a text,
      including figurative, connotative, and
      technical meanings; analyze how an
      author uses and refines the meaning of a
      key term or terms over the course of a
      text (e.g., how Madison defines faction in
11-12 Federalist No.10)

      CC.11-12.R.I.5 Craft and Structure:
      Analyze and evaluate the effectiveness of
      the structure an author uses in his or her
      exposition or argument, including
      whether the structure makes points clear,
11-12 convincing, and engaging.

      CC.11-12.R.I.6 Craft and Structure:
      Determine an author’s point of view or
      purpose in a text in which the rhetoric is
      particularly effective, analyzing how style
      and content contribute to the power,
11-12 persuasiveness, or beauty of the text.

      CC.11-12.R.I.7 Integration of Knowledge
      and Ideas: Integrate and evaluate multiple
      sources of information presented in
      different media or formats (e.g., visually,
      quantitatively) as well as in words in
      order to address a question or solve a
11-12 problem.




                                                                                   17
                                  Reviewing the English Language Arts Common Core State Standards
 CC CC Standard                                      Is this standard contain       Is the Cognative             What questions do have   What type of additional
Grade                                                content you already cover      Complexity aligned to        about the standard?      resources may you need
                                                     in it's entirety or does the   what you teach, similar,                              to teach the standard?
                                                     standard contain additional    slighly different, or very
                                                     content?                       different?

      CC.11-12.R.I.8 Integration of Knowledge
      and Ideas: Delineate and evaluate the
      reasoning in seminal U.S. texts, including
      the application of constitutional principles
      and use of legal reasoning (e.g., in U.S.
      Supreme Court majority opinions and
      dissents) and the premises, purposes, and
      argument in works of public advocacy
      (e.g., The Federalist , presidential
11-12 addresses).

      CC.11-12.R.I.9 Integration of Knowledge
      and Ideas: Analyze seventeenth-,
      eighteenth-, and nineteenth-century
      foundational U.S. documents of historical
      and literary significance (including The
      Declaration of Independence, the
      Preamble to the Constitution, the Bill of
      Rights, and Lincoln's Second Inaugural
      Address) for their themes, purposes, and
11-12 rhetorical features.

      CC.11-12.R.L.1 Key Ideas and Details:
      Cite strong and thorough textual evidence
      to support analysis of what the text says
      explicitly as well as inferences drawn
      from the text, including determining
11-12 where the text leaves matters uncertain.




                                                                                    18
                                  Reviewing the English Language Arts Common Core State Standards
 CC CC Standard                                     Is this standard contain       Is the Cognative             What questions do have   What type of additional
Grade                                               content you already cover      Complexity aligned to        about the standard?      resources may you need
                                                    in it's entirety or does the   what you teach, similar,                              to teach the standard?
                                                    standard contain additional    slighly different, or very
                                                    content?                       different?

      CC.11-12.R.L.10 Range of Reading and
      Level of Text Complexity: By the end of
      grade 11, read and comprehend literature,
      including stories, dramas, and poems, in
      the grades 11–CCR text complexity band
      proficiently, with scaffolding as needed at
      the high end of the range.
                  CC.11-12.R.L.10 Range of
      Reading and Level of Text Complexity:
      By the end of grade 12, read and
      comprehend literature, including stories,
      dramas, and poems, at the high end of the
      grades 11-CCR text complexity band
11-12 independently and proficiently.
      CC.11-12.R.L.2 Key Ideas and Details:
      Determine two or more themes or central
      ideas of a text and analyze their
      development over the course of the text,
      including how they interact and build on
      one another to produce a complex
      account; provide an objective summary of
11-12 the text.
      CC.11-12.R.L.3 Key Ideas and Details:
      Analyze the impact of the author’s
      choices regarding how to develop and
      relate elements of a story or drama (e.g.,
      where a story is set, how the action is
      ordered, how the characters are
11-12 introduced and developed).




                                                                                   19
                                   Reviewing the English Language Arts Common Core State Standards
 CC CC Standard                                       Is this standard contain       Is the Cognative             What questions do have   What type of additional
Grade                                                 content you already cover      Complexity aligned to        about the standard?      resources may you need
                                                      in it's entirety or does the   what you teach, similar,                              to teach the standard?
                                                      standard contain additional    slighly different, or very
                                                      content?                       different?

      CC.11-12.R.L.4 Craft and Structure:
      Determine the meaning of words and
      phrases as they are used in the text,
      including figurative and connotative
      meanings; analyze the impact of specific
      word choices on meaning and tone,
      including words with multiple meanings
      or language that is particularly fresh,
      engaging, or beautiful. (include
11-12 Shakespeare as well as other authors.)
      CC.11-12.R.L.5 Craft and Structure:
      Analyze how an author’s choices
      concerning how to structure specific parts
      of a text (e.g., the choice of where to
      begin or end a story, the choice to provide
      a comedic or tragic resolution) contribute
      to its overall structure and meaning as
11-12 well as its aethetic impact.
      CC.11-12.R.L.6 Craft and Structure:
      Analyze a case in which grasping point of
      view requires distinguishing what is
      directly stated in a text from what is really
      meant (e.g., satire, sarcasm, irony, or
11-12 understatement).




                                                                                     20
                                 Reviewing the English Language Arts Common Core State Standards
 CC CC Standard                                    Is this standard contain       Is the Cognative             What questions do have   What type of additional
Grade                                              content you already cover      Complexity aligned to        about the standard?      resources may you need
                                                   in it's entirety or does the   what you teach, similar,                              to teach the standard?
                                                   standard contain additional    slighly different, or very
                                                   content?                       different?

      CC.11-12.R.L.7 Integration of
      Knowledge and Ideas: Analyze multiple
      interpretations of a story, drama, or poem
      (e.g., recorded or live production of a
      play or recorded novel or poetry),
      evaluating how each version interprets the
      source text. (Include at least one play by
      Shakespeare and one play by an
11-12 American dramatist.)

      CC.11-12.R.L.9 Integration of
      Knowledge and Ideas: Demonstrate
      knowledge of eighteenth-, nineteenth- and
      early-twentieth-century foundational
      works of American literature, including
      how two or more texts from the same
11-12 period treat similar themes or topics.
      CC.11-12.SL.1 Comprehension and
      Collaboration: Initiate and participate
      effectively in a range of collaborative
      discussions (one-on-one, in groups, and
      teacher-led) with diverse partners on
      grades 11–12 topics, texts, and issues,
11-12 building on others’ ideas
      CC.11-12.SL.1.a Comprehension and
      Collaboration: Come to discussions
      prepared, having read and researched
      material under study; explicitly draw on
      that preparation by referring to evidence
      from texts and other research on the topic
11-12 or issue to stimulate a




                                                                                  21
                                   Reviewing the English Language Arts Common Core State Standards
 CC CC Standard                                       Is this standard contain       Is the Cognative             What questions do have   What type of additional
Grade                                                 content you already cover      Complexity aligned to        about the standard?      resources may you need
                                                      in it's entirety or does the   what you teach, similar,                              to teach the standard?
                                                      standard contain additional    slighly different, or very
                                                      content?                       different?
      CC.11-12.SL.1.b Comprehension and
      Collaboration: Work with peers to
      promote civil, democratic discussions and
      decision-making, set clear goals and
      deadlines, and establish individual roles
11-12 as needed.
      CC.11-12.SL.1.c Comprehension and
      Collaboration: Propel conversations by
      posing and responding to questions that
      probe reasoning and evidence; ensure a
      hearing for a full range of positions on a
      topic or issue; clarify, verify, or challenge
11-12 ideas and conc
      CC.11-12.SL.1.d Comprehension and
      Collaboration: Respond thoughtfully to
      diverse perspectives; synthesize
      comments, claims, and evidence made on
      all sides of an issue; resolve
      contradictions when possible; and
      determine what additional information or
11-12 rese

      CC.11-12.SL.2 Comprehension and
      Collaboration: Integrate multiple sources
      of information presented in diverse
      formats and media (e.g., visually,
      quantitatively, orally) in order to make
      informed decisions and solve problems,
11-12 evaluating the credibility and




                                                                                     22
                                  Reviewing the English Language Arts Common Core State Standards
 CC CC Standard                                     Is this standard contain       Is the Cognative             What questions do have   What type of additional
Grade                                               content you already cover      Complexity aligned to        about the standard?      resources may you need
                                                    in it's entirety or does the   what you teach, similar,                              to teach the standard?
                                                    standard contain additional    slighly different, or very
                                                    content?                       different?

      CC.11-12.SL.3 Comprehension and
      Collaboration: Evaluate a speaker’s point
      of view, reasoning, and use of evidence
      and rhetoric, assessing the stance,
      premises, links among ideas, word
11-12 choice, points of emphasis, and tone used.

      CC.11-12.SL.4 Presentation of
      Knowledge and Ideas: Present
      information, findings, and supporting
      evidence, conveying a clear and distinct
      perspective, such that listeners can follow
      the line of reasoning, alternative or
11-12 opposing perspectives are addressed
      CC.11-12.SL.5 Presentation of
      Knowledge and Ideas: Make strategic use
      of digital media (e.g., textual, graphical,
      audio, visual, and interactive elements) in
      presentations to enhance understanding of
      findings, reasoning, and evidence and to
11-12 add interest.

      CC.11-12.SL.6 Presentation of
      Knowledge and Ideas: Adapt speech to a
      variety of contexts and tasks,
      demonstrating a command of formal
      English when indicated or appropriate.
      (See grades 11-12 Language standards 1
11-12 and 3 on page 54 for specific expectations.




                                                                                   23
                                  Reviewing the English Language Arts Common Core State Standards
 CC CC Standard                                      Is this standard contain       Is the Cognative             What questions do have   What type of additional
Grade                                                content you already cover      Complexity aligned to        about the standard?      resources may you need
                                                     in it's entirety or does the   what you teach, similar,                              to teach the standard?
                                                     standard contain additional    slighly different, or very
                                                     content?                       different?
      CC.11-12.W.1 Text Types and Purposes:
      Write arguments to support claims in an
      analysis of substantive topics or texts,
      using valid reasoning and relevant and
11-12 sufficient evidence.
      CC.11-12.W.1.a Text Types and
      Purposes: Introduce precise,
      knowledgeable claim(s), establish the
      significance of the claim(s), distinguish
      the claim(s) from alternate or opposing
      claims, and create an organization that
11-12 logically sequences claim(s), counte

      CC.11-12.W.1.b Text Types and
      Purposes: Develop claim(s) and
      counterclaims fairly and thoroughly,
      supplying the most relevant evidence for
      each while pointing out the strengths and
      limitations of both in a manner that
11-12 anticipates the audience’s knowledge
      CC.11-12.W.1.c Text Types and
      Purposes: Use words, phrases, and
      clauses as well as varied syntax to link the
      major sections of the text, create
      cohesion, and clarify the relationships
      between claim(s) and reasons, between
11-12 reasons and evidence, and between

      CC.11-12.W.1.d Text Types and
      Purposes: Establish and maintain a formal
      style and objective tone while attending
      to the norms and conventions of the
11-12 discipline in which they are writing.



                                                                                    24
                                  Reviewing the English Language Arts Common Core State Standards
 CC CC Standard                                     Is this standard contain       Is the Cognative             What questions do have   What type of additional
Grade                                               content you already cover      Complexity aligned to        about the standard?      resources may you need
                                                    in it's entirety or does the   what you teach, similar,                              to teach the standard?
                                                    standard contain additional    slighly different, or very
                                                    content?                       different?
      CC.11-12.W.1.e Text Types and
      Purposes: Provide a concluding statement
      or section that follows from and supports
11-12 the argument presented.

      CC.11-12.W.10 Range of Writing: Write
      routinely over extended time frames (time
      for research, reflection, and revision) and
      shorter time frames (a single sitting or a
      day or two) for a range of tasks, purposes,
11-12 and audiences.


      CC.11-12.W.2 Text Types and Purposes:
      Write informative/explanatory texts to
      examine and convey complex ideas,
      concepts, and information clearly and
      accurately through the effective selection,
11-12 organization, and analysis of content.

      CC.11-12.W.2.a Text Types and
      Purposes: Introduce a topic; organize
      complex ideas, concepts, and information
      so that each new element builds on that
      which precedes it to create a unified
      whole; include formatting (e.g.,
11-12 headings), graphics (e.g., figures,




                                                                                   25
                                  Reviewing the English Language Arts Common Core State Standards
 CC CC Standard                                    Is this standard contain       Is the Cognative             What questions do have   What type of additional
Grade                                              content you already cover      Complexity aligned to        about the standard?      resources may you need
                                                   in it's entirety or does the   what you teach, similar,                              to teach the standard?
                                                   standard contain additional    slighly different, or very
                                                   content?                       different?

      CC.11-12.W.2.b Text Types and
      Purposes: Develop the topic thoroughly
      by selecting the most significant and
      relevant facts, extended definitions,
      concrete details, quotations, or other
      information and examples appropriate to
11-12 the audience’s knowledge of the
      CC.11-12.W.2.c Text Types and
      Purposes: Use appropriate and varied
      transitions and syntax to link the major
      sections of the text, create cohesion, and
      clarify the relationships among complex
11-12 ideas and concepts.

      CC.11-12.W.2.d Text Types and
      Purposes: Use precise language, domain-
      specific vocabulary, and techniques such
      as metaphor, simile, and analogy to
11-12 manage the complexity of the topic.

      CC.11-12.W.2.e Text Types and
      Purposes: Establish and maintain a formal
      style and objective tone while attending
      to the norms and conventions of the
11-12 discipline in which they are writing.

      CC.11-12.W.2.f Text Types and
      Purposes: Provide a concluding statement
      or section that follows from and supports
      the information or explanation presented
      (e.g., articulating implications or the
11-12 significance of the topic).



                                                                                  26
                                 Reviewing the English Language Arts Common Core State Standards
 CC CC Standard                                    Is this standard contain       Is the Cognative             What questions do have   What type of additional
Grade                                              content you already cover      Complexity aligned to        about the standard?      resources may you need
                                                   in it's entirety or does the   what you teach, similar,                              to teach the standard?
                                                   standard contain additional    slighly different, or very
                                                   content?                       different?

      CC.11-12.W.3 Text Types and Purposes:
      Write narratives to develop real or
      imagined experiences or events using
      effective technique, well-chosen details,
11-12 and well-structured event sequences.
      CC.11-12.W.3.a Text Types and
      Purposes: Engage and orient the reader
      by setting out a problem, situation, or
      observation and its significance,
      establishing one or multiple point(s) of
      view, and introducing a narrator and/or
11-12 characters; create a smooth pro
      CC.11-12.W.3.b Text Types and
      Purposes: Use narrative techniques, such
      as dialogue, pacing, description,
      reflection, and multiple plot lines, to
      develop experiences, events, and/or
11-12 characters.

      CC.11-12.W.3.c Text Types and
      Purposes: Use a variety of techniques to
      sequence events so that they build on one
      another to create a coherent whole and
      build toward a particular tone and
      outcome (e.g., a sense of mystery,
11-12 suspense, growth, or resolution).

      CC.11-12.W.3.d Text Types and
      Purposes: Use precise words and phrases,
      telling details, and sensory language to
      convey a vivid picture of the experiences,
11-12 events, setting, and/or characters.



                                                                                  27
                                 Reviewing the English Language Arts Common Core State Standards
 CC CC Standard                                   Is this standard contain       Is the Cognative             What questions do have   What type of additional
Grade                                             content you already cover      Complexity aligned to        about the standard?      resources may you need
                                                  in it's entirety or does the   what you teach, similar,                              to teach the standard?
                                                  standard contain additional    slighly different, or very
                                                  content?                       different?
      CC.11-12.W.3.e Text Types and
      Purposes: Provide a conclusion that
      follows from and reflects on what is
      experienced, observed, or resolved over
11-12 the course of the narrative.
      CC.11-12.W.4 Production and
      Distribution of Writing: Produce clear
      and coherent writing in which the
      development, organization, and style are
      appropriate to task, purpose, and
      audience. (Grade-specific expectations
11-12 for writing types are defined in standar

      CC.11-12.W.5 Production and
      Distribution of Writing: Develop and
      strengthen writing as needed by planning,
      revising, editing, rewriting, or trying a
      new approach, focusing on addressing
      what is most significant for a specific
11-12 purpose and audience. (Editin

      CC.11-12.W.6 Production and
      Distribution of Writing: Use technology,
      including the Internet, to produce,
      publish, and update individual or shared
      writing products in response to ongoing
      feedback, including new arguments or
11-12 information.




                                                                                 28
                                  Reviewing the English Language Arts Common Core State Standards
 CC CC Standard                                    Is this standard contain       Is the Cognative             What questions do have   What type of additional
Grade                                              content you already cover      Complexity aligned to        about the standard?      resources may you need
                                                   in it's entirety or does the   what you teach, similar,                              to teach the standard?
                                                   standard contain additional    slighly different, or very
                                                   content?                       different?

      CC.11-12.W.7 Research to Build and
      Present Knowledge: Conduct short as
      well as more sustained research projects
      to answer a question (including a self-
      generated question) or solve a problem;
      narrow or broaden the inquiry when
11-12 appropriate; synthesize multi
      CC.11-12.W.8 Research to Build and
      Present Knowledge: Gather relevant
      information from multiple authoritative
      print and digital sources, using advanced
      searches effectively; assess the strengths
      and limitations of each source in terms of
11-12 the task, purpose

      CC.11-12.W.9 Research to Build and
      Present Knowledge: Draw evidence form
      literary or informational texts to support
11-12 analysis, reflection, and research.

      CC.11-12.W.9.a Research to Build and
      Present Knowledge: Apply grades 11–12
      Reading standards to literature (e.g.,
      ―Demonstrate knowledge of eighteenth-,
      nineteenth- and early-twentieth-century
      foundational works of American
11-12 literature, including how two o




                                                                                  29
                                  Reviewing the English Language Arts Common Core State Standards
 CC CC Standard                                      Is this standard contain       Is the Cognative             What questions do have   What type of additional
Grade                                                content you already cover      Complexity aligned to        about the standard?      resources may you need
                                                     in it's entirety or does the   what you teach, similar,                              to teach the standard?
                                                     standard contain additional    slighly different, or very
                                                     content?                       different?

      CC.11-12.W.9.b Research to Build and
      Present Knowledge: Apply grades 11–12
      Reading standards to literary nonfiction
      (e.g., ―Delineate and evaluate the
      reasoning in seminal U.S. texts, including
      the application of constitutional principles
11-12 and use of legal

       CC.2.L.1 Conventions of Standard
       English: Demonstrate command of the
       conventions of standard English grammar
  2    and usage when writing or speaking.
       CC.2.L.1.a Conventions of Standard
       English: Use collective nouns (e.g.,
  2    group).
       CC.2.L.1.b Conventions of Standard
       English: Form and use frequently
       occurring irregular plural nouns (e.g.,
  2    feet, children, teeth, mice, fish).
       CC.2.L.1.c Conventions of Standard
       English: Use reflexive pronouns (e.g.,
  2    myself, ourselves).
       CC.2.L.1.d Conventions of Standard
       English: Form and use the past tense of
       frequently occurring irregular verbs (e.g.,
  2    sat, hid, told).
       CC.2.L.1.e Conventions of Standard
       English: Use adjectives and adverbs, and
       choose between them depending on what
  2    is to be modified.




                                                                                    30
                               Reviewing the English Language Arts Common Core State Standards
 CC CC Standard                                  Is this standard contain       Is the Cognative             What questions do have   What type of additional
Grade                                            content you already cover      Complexity aligned to        about the standard?      resources may you need
                                                 in it's entirety or does the   what you teach, similar,                              to teach the standard?
                                                 standard contain additional    slighly different, or very
                                                 content?                       different?

     CC.2.L.1.f Conventions of Standard
     English: Produce, expand, and rearrange
     complete simple and compound sentences
     (e.g., The boy watched the movie; The
     little boy watched the movie; The action
 2   movie was watched by the little boy).
     CC.2.L.2 Conventions of Standard
     English: Demonstrate command of the
     conventions of standard English
     capitalization, punctuation, and spelling
 2   when writing.
     CC.2.L.2.a Conventions of Standard
     English: Capitalize holidays, product
 2   names, and geographic names.
     CC.2.L.2.b Conventions of Standard
     English: Use commas in greetings and
 2   closings of letters.
     CC.2.L.2.c Conventions of Standard
     English: Use an apostrophe to form
     contractions and frequently occurring
 2   possessives.
     CC.2.L.2.d Conventions of Standard
     English: Generalize learned spelling
     patterns when writing words (e.g., cage
 2   → badge; boy → boil).
     CC.2.L.2.e Conventions of Standard
     English: Consult reference materials,
     including beginning dictionaries, as
 2   needed to check and correct spellings




                                                                                31
                               Reviewing the English Language Arts Common Core State Standards
 CC CC Standard                                  Is this standard contain       Is the Cognative             What questions do have   What type of additional
Grade                                            content you already cover      Complexity aligned to        about the standard?      resources may you need
                                                 in it's entirety or does the   what you teach, similar,                              to teach the standard?
                                                 standard contain additional    slighly different, or very
                                                 content?                       different?
     CC.2.L.3 Knowledge of Language: Use
     knowledge of language and its
     conventions when writing, speaking,
 2   reading, or listening.
     CC.2.L.3.a Knowledge of Language:
     Compare formal and informal uses of
 2   English.
     CC.2.L.4 Vocabulary Acquisition and
     Use: Determine or clarify the meaning of
     unknown and multiple-meaning words
     and phrases based on grade 2 reading and
     content, choosing flexibly from an array
 2   of strategies.

     CC.2.L.4.a Vocabulary Acquisition and
     Use: Use sentence-level context as a clue
 2   to the meaning of a word or phrase.
     CC.2.L.4.b Vocabulary Acquisition and
     Use: Determine the meaning of the new
     word formed when a known prefix is
     added to a known word (e.g.,
 2   happy/unhappy, tell/retell).

     CC.2.L.4.c Vocabulary Acquisition and
     Use: Use a known root word as a clue to
     the meaning of an unknown word with the
 2   same root (e.g., addition, additional).
     CC.2.L.4.d Vocabulary Acquisition and
     Use: Use knowledge of the meaning of
     individual words to predict the meaning
     of compound words (e.g., birdhouse,
     lighthouse, housefly; bookshelf,
 2   notebook, bookmark).



                                                                                32
                                Reviewing the English Language Arts Common Core State Standards
 CC CC Standard                                    Is this standard contain       Is the Cognative             What questions do have   What type of additional
Grade                                              content you already cover      Complexity aligned to        about the standard?      resources may you need
                                                   in it's entirety or does the   what you teach, similar,                              to teach the standard?
                                                   standard contain additional    slighly different, or very
                                                   content?                       different?
     CC.2.L.4.e Vocabulary Acquisition and
     Use: Use glossaries and beginning
     dictionaries, both print and digital, to
     determine or clarify the meaning of words
 2   and phrases.
     CC.2.L.5 Vocabulary Acquisition and
     Use: Demonstrate understanding of word
     relationships and nuances in word
 2   meanings.
     CC.2.L.5.a Vocabulary Acquisition and
     Use: Identify real-life connections
     between words and their use (e.g.,
 2   describe foods that are spicy or juicy).

     CC.2.L.5.b Vocabulary Acquisition and
     Use: Distinguish shades of meaning
     among closely related verbs (e.g., toss,
     throw, hurl) and closely related adjectives
 2   (e.g., thin, slender, skinny, scrawny).
     CC.2.L.6 Vocabulary Acquisition and
     Use: Use words and phrases acquired
     through conversations, reading and being
     read to, and responding to texts, including
     using adjectives and adverbs to describe
     (e.g., When other kids are happy that
 2   makes me happy).
     CC.2.R.F.3 Phonics and Word
     Recognition: Know and apply grade-level
     phonics and word analysis skills in
 2   decoding words.




                                                                                  33
                               Reviewing the English Language Arts Common Core State Standards
 CC CC Standard                                  Is this standard contain       Is the Cognative             What questions do have   What type of additional
Grade                                            content you already cover      Complexity aligned to        about the standard?      resources may you need
                                                 in it's entirety or does the   what you teach, similar,                              to teach the standard?
                                                 standard contain additional    slighly different, or very
                                                 content?                       different?
     CC.2.R.F.3.a Phonics and Word
     Recognition: Distinguish long and short
     vowels when reading regularly spelled
 2   one-syllable words.
     CC.2.R.F.3.b Phonics and Word
     Recognition: Know spelling-sound
     correspondences for additional common
 2   vowel teams.
     CC.2.R.F.3.c Phonics and Word
     Recognition: Decode regularly spelled
 2   two-syllable words with long vowels.
     CC.2.R.F.3.d Phonics and Word
     Recognition: Decode words with common
 2   prefixes and suffixes.
     CC.2.R.F.3.e Phonics and Word
     Recognition: Identify words with
     inconsistent but common spelling-sound
 2   correspondences.
     CC.2.R.F.3.f Phonics and Word
     Recognition: Recognize and read grade-
 2   appropriate irregularly spelled words.

     CC.2.R.F.4 Read with sufficient accuracy
 2   and fluency to support comprehension.
     CC.2.R.F.4.a Read grade-level text with
 2   purpose and understanding.
     CC.2.R.F.4.b Read grade-level text orally
     with accuracy, appropriate rate, and
 2   expression.
     CC.2.R.F.4.c Use context to confirm or
     self-correct word recognition and
 2   understanding, rereading as necessary.




                                                                                34
                                Reviewing the English Language Arts Common Core State Standards
 CC CC Standard                                    Is this standard contain       Is the Cognative             What questions do have   What type of additional
Grade                                              content you already cover      Complexity aligned to        about the standard?      resources may you need
                                                   in it's entirety or does the   what you teach, similar,                              to teach the standard?
                                                   standard contain additional    slighly different, or very
                                                   content?                       different?
     CC.2.R.I.1 Key Ideas and Details: Ask
     and answer such questions as who, what,
     where, when, why, and how to
     demonstrate understanding of key details
 2   in a text.

     CC.2.R.I.10 Range of Reading and Level
     of Text Complexity: By the end of year,
     read and comprehend informational texts,
     including history/social studies, science,
     and technical texts, in the grades 2–3 text
     complexity band proficiently, with
     scaffolding as needed at the high end of
 2   the range.
     CC.2.R.I.2 Key Ideas and Details:
     Identify the main topic of a
     multiparagraph text as well as the focus
 2   of specific paragraphs within the text.
     CC.2.R.I.3 Key Ideas and Details:
     Describe the connection between a series
     of historical events, scientific ideas or
     concepts, or steps in technical procedures
 2   in a text.
     CC.2.R.I.4 Craft and Structure:
     Determine the meaning of words and
     phrases in a text relevant to a grade 2
 2   topic or subject area.
     CC.2.R.I.5 Craft and Structure: Know
     and use various text features (e.g.,
     captions, bold print, subheadings,
     glossaries, indexes, electronic menus,
     icons) to locate key facts or information
 2   in a text efficiently.



                                                                                  35
                                Reviewing the English Language Arts Common Core State Standards
 CC CC Standard                                    Is this standard contain       Is the Cognative             What questions do have   What type of additional
Grade                                              content you already cover      Complexity aligned to        about the standard?      resources may you need
                                                   in it's entirety or does the   what you teach, similar,                              to teach the standard?
                                                   standard contain additional    slighly different, or very
                                                   content?                       different?
     CC.2.R.I.6 Craft and Structure: Identify
     the main purpose of a text, including what
     the author wants to answer, explain, or
 2   describe.

     CC.2.R.I.7 Integration of Knowledge and
     Ideas: Explain how specific images (e.g.,
     a diagram showing how a machine works)
 2   contribute to and clarify a text.

     CC.2.R.I.8 Integration of Knowledge and
     Ideas: Describe how reasons support
 2   specific points the author makes in a text.
     CC.2.R.I.9 Integration of Knowledge and
     Ideas: Compare and contrast the most
     important points presented by two texts
 2   on the same topic.
     CC.2.R.L.1 Key Ideas and Details: Ask
     and answer such questions as who, what,
     where, when, why, and how to
     demonstrate understanding of key details
 2   in a text.
     CC.2.R.L.10 Range of Reading and Level
     of Text Complexity: By the end of the
     year, read and comprehend literature,
     including prose and poetry, in the grades
     2–3 text complexity band proficiently,
     with scaffolding as needed at the high end
 2   of the range.




                                                                                  36
                                 Reviewing the English Language Arts Common Core State Standards
 CC CC Standard                                      Is this standard contain       Is the Cognative             What questions do have   What type of additional
Grade                                                content you already cover      Complexity aligned to        about the standard?      resources may you need
                                                     in it's entirety or does the   what you teach, similar,                              to teach the standard?
                                                     standard contain additional    slighly different, or very
                                                     content?                       different?
     CC.2.R.L.2 Key Ideas and Details:
     Recount stories, including fables and
     folktales from diverse cultures, and
     determine their central message, lesson,
 2   or moral.

     CC.2.R.L.3 Key Ideas and Details:
     Describe how characters in a story
 2   respond to major events and challenges.
     CC.2.R.L.4 Craft and Structure: Describe
     how words and phrases (e.g., regular
     beats, alliteration, rhymes, repeated lines)
     supply rhythm and meaning in a story,
 2   poem, or song.
     CC.2.R.L.5 Craft and Structure: Describe
     the overall structure of a story, including
     describing how the beginning introduces
     the story and the ending concludes the
 2   action.
     CC.2.R.L.6 Craft and Structure:
     Acknowledge differences in the points of
     view of characters, including by speaking
     in a different voice for each character
 2   when reading dialogue aloud.

     CC.2.R.L.7 Integration of Knowledge and
     Ideas: Use information gained from the
     illustrations and words in a print or digital
     text to demonstrate understanding of its
 2   characters, setting, or plot.




                                                                                    37
                                 Reviewing the English Language Arts Common Core State Standards
 CC CC Standard                                    Is this standard contain       Is the Cognative             What questions do have   What type of additional
Grade                                              content you already cover      Complexity aligned to        about the standard?      resources may you need
                                                   in it's entirety or does the   what you teach, similar,                              to teach the standard?
                                                   standard contain additional    slighly different, or very
                                                   content?                       different?
     CC.2.R.L.9 Integration of Knowledge and
     Ideas: Compare and contrast two or more
     versions of the same story (e.g.,
     Cinderella stories) by different authors or
 2   from different cultures.

     CC.2.SL.1 Comprehension and
     Collaboration: Participate in collaborative
     conversations with diverse partners about
     grade 2 topics and texts with peers and
     adults in small and larger groups.
 2

     CC.2.SL.1.a Comprehension and
     Collaboration: Follow agreed-upon rules
     for discussions (e.g., gaining the floor in
     respectful ways, listening to others with
     care, speaking one at a time about the
 2   topics and texts under discussion).
     CC.2.SL.1.b Comprehension and
     Collaboration: Build on others’ talk in
     conversations by linking their comments
 2   to the remarks of others.
     CC.2.SL.1.c Comprehension and
     Collaboration: Ask for clarification and
     further explanation as needed about the
 2   topics and texts under discussion.
     CC.2.SL.2 Comprehension and
     Collaboration: Recount or describe key
     ideas or details from a text read aloud or
     information presented orally or through
 2   other media.




                                                                                  38
                                Reviewing the English Language Arts Common Core State Standards
 CC CC Standard                                    Is this standard contain       Is the Cognative             What questions do have   What type of additional
Grade                                              content you already cover      Complexity aligned to        about the standard?      resources may you need
                                                   in it's entirety or does the   what you teach, similar,                              to teach the standard?
                                                   standard contain additional    slighly different, or very
                                                   content?                       different?

     CC.2.SL.3 Comprehension and
     Collaboration: Ask and answer questions
     about what a speaker says in order to
     clarify comprehension, gather additional
     information, or deepen understanding of a
 2   topic or issue.
     CC.2.SL.4 Presentation of Knowledge
     and Ideas: Tell a story or recount an
     experience with appropriate facts and
     relevant, descriptive details, speaking
 2   audibly in coherent sentences.

     CC.2.SL.5 Presentation of Knowledge
     and Ideas: Create audio recordings of
     stories or poems; add drawings or other
     visual displays to stories or recounts of
     experiences when appropriate to clarify
 2   ideas, thoughts, and feelings.
     CC.2.SL.6 Presentation of Knowledge
     and Ideas: Produce complete sentences
     when appropriate to task and situation in
     order to provide requested detail or
     clarification. (See grade 2 Language
     standards 1and 3 on page 26 for specific
 2   expectations.)
     CC.2.W.1 Text Types and Purposes:
     Write opinion pieces in which they
     introduce the topic or book they are
     writing about, state an opinion, supply
     reasons that support the opinion, use
     linking words (e.g., because, and, also) to
 2   connect opinion and reasons



                                                                                  39
                               Reviewing the English Language Arts Common Core State Standards
 CC CC Standard                                   Is this standard contain       Is the Cognative             What questions do have   What type of additional
Grade                                             content you already cover      Complexity aligned to        about the standard?      resources may you need
                                                  in it's entirety or does the   what you teach, similar,                              to teach the standard?
                                                  standard contain additional    slighly different, or very
                                                  content?                       different?

     CC.2.W.2 Text Types and Purposes:
     Write informative/explanatory texts in
     which they introduce a topic, use facts
     and definitions to develop points, and
 2   provide a concluding statement or section.
     CC.2.W.3 Text Types and Purposes:
     Write narratives in which they recount a
     well-elaborated event or short sequence
     of events, include details to describe
     actions, thoughts, and feelings, use
     temporal words to signal event order, and
 2   provide a sense of clo
     CC.2.W.5 Production and Distribution of
     Writing: With guidance and support from
     adults and peers, focus on a topic and
     strengthen writing as needed by revising
 2   and editing.
     CC.2.W.6 Production and Distribution of
     Writing: With guidance and support from
     adults, use a variety of digital tools to
     produce and publish writing, including in
 2   collaboration with peers.

     CC.2.W.7 Research to Build and Present
     Knowledge: Participate in shared research
     and writing projects (e.g., read a number
     of books on a single topic to produce a
 2   report; record science observations).




                                                                                 40
                                 Reviewing the English Language Arts Common Core State Standards
 CC CC Standard                                     Is this standard contain       Is the Cognative             What questions do have   What type of additional
Grade                                               content you already cover      Complexity aligned to        about the standard?      resources may you need
                                                    in it's entirety or does the   what you teach, similar,                              to teach the standard?
                                                    standard contain additional    slighly different, or very
                                                    content?                       different?

     CC.2.W.8 Research to Build and Present
     Knowledge: Recall information from
     experiences or gather information from
 2   provided sources to answer a question.

     CC.3.L.1 Conventions of Standard
     English: Demonstrate command of the
     conventions of standard English grammar
 3   and usage when writing or speaking.
     CC.3.L.1.a Conventions of Standard
     English: Explain the function of nouns,
     pronouns, verbs, adjectives, and adverbs
     in general and their functions in particular
 3   sentences.
     CC.3.L.1.b Conventions of Standard
     English: Form and use regular and
 3   irregular plural nouns.
     CC.3.L.1.c Conventions of Standard
     English: Use abstract nouns (e.g.,
 3   childhood).
     CC.3.L.1.d Conventions of Standard
     English: Form and use regular and
 3   irregular verbs.

     CC.3.L.1.e Conventions of Standard
     English: Form and use the simple (e.g., I
 3   walked; I walk; I will walk) verb tenses.
     CC.3.L.1.f Conventions of Standard
     English: Ensure subject-verb and pronoun-
 3   antecedent agreement.*




                                                                                   41
                                 Reviewing the English Language Arts Common Core State Standards
 CC CC Standard                                   Is this standard contain       Is the Cognative             What questions do have   What type of additional
Grade                                             content you already cover      Complexity aligned to        about the standard?      resources may you need
                                                  in it's entirety or does the   what you teach, similar,                              to teach the standard?
                                                  standard contain additional    slighly different, or very
                                                  content?                       different?
     CC.3.L.1.g Conventions of Standard
     English: Form and use comparative and
     superlative adjectives and adverbs, and
     choose between them depending on what
 3   is to be modified.
     CC.3.L.1.h Conventions of Standard
     English: Use coordinating and
 3   subordinating conjunctions.
     CC.3.L.1.i Conventions of Standard
     English: Produce simple, compound, and
 3   complex sentences.
     CC.3.L.2 Conventions of Standard
     English: Demonstrate command of the
     conventions of standard English
     capitalization, punctuation, and spelling
 3   when writing.
     CC.3.L.2.a Conventions of Standard
     English: Capitalize appropriate words in
 3   titles.
     CC.3.L.2.b Conventions of Standard
 3   English: Use commas in addresses.
     CC.3.L.2.c Conventions of Standard
     English: Use commas and quotation
 3   marks in dialogue.
     CC.3.L.2.d Conventions of Standard
 3   English: Form and use possessives.

     CC.3.L.2.e Conventions of Standard
     English: Use conventional spelling for
     high-frequency and other studied words
     and for adding suffixes to base words
 3   (e.g., sitting, smiled, cries, happiness).




                                                                                 42
                               Reviewing the English Language Arts Common Core State Standards
 CC CC Standard                                   Is this standard contain       Is the Cognative             What questions do have   What type of additional
Grade                                             content you already cover      Complexity aligned to        about the standard?      resources may you need
                                                  in it's entirety or does the   what you teach, similar,                              to teach the standard?
                                                  standard contain additional    slighly different, or very
                                                  content?                       different?
     CC.3.L.2.f Conventions of Standard
     English: Use spelling patterns and
     generalizations (e.g., word families,
     position-based spellings, syllable
     patterns, ending rules, meaningful word
 3   parts) in writing words.
     CC.3.L.2.g Conventions of Standard
     English: Consult reference materials,
     including beginning dictionaries, as
 3   needed to check and correct spellings.
     CC.3.L.3 Knowledge of Language: Use
     knowledge of language and its
     conventions when writing, speaking,
 3   reading, or listening.
     CC.3.L.3.a Knowledge of Language:
 3   Choose words and phrases for effect.*
     CC.3.L.3.b Knowledge of Language:
     Recognize and observe differences
     between the conventions of spoken and
 3   written standard English.
     CC.3.L.4 Vocabulary Acquisition and
     Use: Determine or clarify the meaning of
     unknown and multiple-meaning word and
     phrases based on grade 3 reading and
     content, choosing flexibly from a range of
 3   strategies.

     CC.3.L.4.a Vocabulary Acquisition and
     Use: Use sentence-level context as a clue
 3   to the meaning of a word or phrase.




                                                                                 43
                                Reviewing the English Language Arts Common Core State Standards
 CC CC Standard                                    Is this standard contain       Is the Cognative             What questions do have   What type of additional
Grade                                              content you already cover      Complexity aligned to        about the standard?      resources may you need
                                                   in it's entirety or does the   what you teach, similar,                              to teach the standard?
                                                   standard contain additional    slighly different, or very
                                                   content?                       different?
     CC.3.L.4.b Vocabulary Acquisition and
     Use: Determine the meaning of the new
     word formed when a known affix is added
     to a known word (e.g.,
     agreeable/disagreeable,
     comfortable/uncomfortable, care/careless,
 3   heat/preheat).

     CC.3.L.4.c Vocabulary Acquisition and
     Use: Use a known root word as a clue to
     the meaning of an unknown word with the
 3   same root (e.g., company, companion).
     CC.3.L.4.d Vocabulary Acquisition and
     Use: Use glossaries or beginning
     dictionaries, both print and digital, to
     determine or clarify the precise meaning
 3   of key words and phrases.
     CC.3.L.5 Vocabulary Acquisition and
     Use: Demonstrate understanding of word
     relationships and nuances in word
 3   meanings.
     CC.3.L.5.a Vocabulary Acquisition and
     Use: Distinguish the literal and nonliteral
     meanings of words and phrases in context
 3   (e.g., take steps).
     CC.3.L.5.b Vocabulary Acquisition and
     Use: Identify real-life connections
     between words and their use (e.g.,
     describe people who are friendly or
 3   helpful).




                                                                                  44
                                 Reviewing the English Language Arts Common Core State Standards
 CC CC Standard                                     Is this standard contain       Is the Cognative             What questions do have   What type of additional
Grade                                               content you already cover      Complexity aligned to        about the standard?      resources may you need
                                                    in it's entirety or does the   what you teach, similar,                              to teach the standard?
                                                    standard contain additional    slighly different, or very
                                                    content?                       different?
     CC.3.L.5.c Vocabulary Acquisition and
     Use: Distinguish shades of meaning
     among related words that describe states
     of mind or degrees of certainty (e.g.,
     knew, believed, suspected, heard,
 3   wondered).

     CC.3.L.6 Vocabulary Acquisition and
     Use: Acquire and use accurately grade-
     appropriate conversational, general
     academic, and domain-specific words and
     phrases, including those that signal spatial
     and temporal relationships (e.g., After
 3   dinner that night we
     CC.3.R.F.3 Phonics and Word
     Recognition: Know and apply grade-level
     phonics and word analysis skills in
 3   decoding words.
     CC.3.R.F.3.a Phonics and Word
     Recognition: Identify and know the
     meaning of the most common prefixes
 3   and derivational suffixes.
     CC.3.R.F.3.b Phonics and Word
     Recognition: Decode words with common
 3   Latin suffixes.

     CC.3.R.F.3.c Phonics and Word
 3   Recognition: Decode multisyllable words.
     CC.3.R.F.3.d Phonics and Word
     Recognition: Read grade-appropriate
 3   irregularly spelled words.




                                                                                   45
                                Reviewing the English Language Arts Common Core State Standards
 CC CC Standard                                    Is this standard contain       Is the Cognative             What questions do have   What type of additional
Grade                                              content you already cover      Complexity aligned to        about the standard?      resources may you need
                                                   in it's entirety or does the   what you teach, similar,                              to teach the standard?
                                                   standard contain additional    slighly different, or very
                                                   content?                       different?
     CC.3.R.F.4 Fluency: Read with sufficient
     accuracy and fluency to support
 3   comprehension.
     CC.3.R.F.4.a Fluency: Read grade-level
 3   text with purpose and understanding.
     CC.3.R.F.4.b Fluency: Read grade-level
     prose and poetry orally with accuracy,
 3   appropriate rate, and expression.

     CC.3.R.F.4.c Fluency: Use context to
     confirm or self-correct word recognition
 3   and understanding, rereading as necessary.
     CC.3.R.I.1 Key Ideas and Details: Ask
     and answer questions to demonstrate
     understanding of a text, referring
     explicitly to the text as the basis for the
 3   answers.

     CC.3.R.I.10 Range of Reading and Level
     of Text Complexity: By the end of the
     year, read and comprehend informational
     texts, including history/social studies,
     science, and technical texts, at the high
     end of the grades 2–3 text complexity
 3   band independently and proficiently.
     CC.3.R.I.2 Key Ideas and Details:
     Determine the main idea of a text; recount
     the key details and explain how they
 3   support the main idea.




                                                                                  46
                                Reviewing the English Language Arts Common Core State Standards
 CC CC Standard                                    Is this standard contain       Is the Cognative             What questions do have   What type of additional
Grade                                              content you already cover      Complexity aligned to        about the standard?      resources may you need
                                                   in it's entirety or does the   what you teach, similar,                              to teach the standard?
                                                   standard contain additional    slighly different, or very
                                                   content?                       different?

     CC.3.R.I.3 Key Ideas and Details:
     Describe the relationship between a series
     of historical events, scientific ideas or
     concepts, or steps in technical procedures
     in a text, using language that pertains to
 3   time, sequence, and cause/effect.
     CC.3.R.I.4 Craft and Structure:
     Determine the meaning of general
     academic and domain-specific words and
     phrases in a text relevant to a grade 3
 3   topic or subject area.
     CC.3.R.I.5 Craft and Structure: Use text
     features and search tools (e.g., key words,
     sidebars, hyperlinks) to locate
     information relevant to a given topic
 3   efficiently.
     CC.3.R.I.6 Craft and Structure:
     Distinguish their own point of view from
 3   that of the author of a text.

     CC.3.R.I.7 Integration of Knowledge and
     Ideas: Use information gained from
     illustrations (e.g., maps, photographs) and
     the words in a text to demonstrate
     understanding of the text (e.g., where,
 3   when, why, and how key events occur).
     CC.3.R.I.8 Integration of Knowledge and
     Ideas: Describe the logical connection
     between particular sentences and
     paragraphs in a text (e.g., comparison,
     cause/effect, first/second/third in a
 3   sequence).



                                                                                  47
                                Reviewing the English Language Arts Common Core State Standards
 CC CC Standard                                    Is this standard contain       Is the Cognative             What questions do have   What type of additional
Grade                                              content you already cover      Complexity aligned to        about the standard?      resources may you need
                                                   in it's entirety or does the   what you teach, similar,                              to teach the standard?
                                                   standard contain additional    slighly different, or very
                                                   content?                       different?

     CC.3.R.I.9 Integration of Knowledge and
     Ideas: Compare and contrast the most
     important points and key details
 3   presented in two texts on the same topic.
     CC.3.R.L.1 Key Ideas and Details: Ask
     and answer questions to demonstrate
     understanding of a text, referring
     explicitly to the text as the basis for the
 3   answers.
     CC.3.R.L.10 Range of Reading and
     Complexity of Text: 10. By the end of the
     year, read and comprehend literature,
     including stories, dramas, and poetry, at
     the high end of the grades 2–3 text
     complexity band independently and
 3   proficiently.

     CC.3.R.L.2 Key Ideas and Details:
     Recount stories, including fables,
     folktales, and myths from diverse
     cultures; determine the central message,
     lesson, or moral and explain how it is
 3   conveyed through key details in the text.
     CC.3.R.L.3 Key Ideas and Details:
     Describe characters in a story (e.g., their
     traits, motivations, or feelings) and
     explain how their actions contribute to the
 3   sequence of events.




                                                                                  48
                               Reviewing the English Language Arts Common Core State Standards
 CC CC Standard                                   Is this standard contain       Is the Cognative             What questions do have   What type of additional
Grade                                             content you already cover      Complexity aligned to        about the standard?      resources may you need
                                                  in it's entirety or does the   what you teach, similar,                              to teach the standard?
                                                  standard contain additional    slighly different, or very
                                                  content?                       different?
 3   CC.3.R.L.4 Craft and Structure:
     Determine the meaning of words and
     phrases as they are used in a text,
     distinguishing literal from nonliteral
     language.
 3   CC.3.R.L.5 Craft and Structure: Refer to
     parts of stories, dramas, and poems when
     writing or speaking about a text, using
     terms such as chapter, scene, and stanza;
     describe how each successive part builds
     on earlier sections.

     CC.3.R.L.6 Craft and Structure:
     Distinguish their own point of view from
     that of the narrator or those of the
 3   characters.

     CC.3.R.L.7 Integration of Knowledge and
     Ideas: Explain how specific aspects of a
     text’s illustrations contribute to what is
     conveyed by the words in a story (e.g.,
     create mood, emphasize aspects of a
 3   character or setting).

     CC.3.R.L.9 Integration of Knowledge and
     Ideas: Compare and contrast the themes,
     settings, and plots of stories written by
     the same author about the same or similar
 3   characters (e.g., in books from a series).




                                                                                 49
                                 Reviewing the English Language Arts Common Core State Standards
 CC CC Standard                                    Is this standard contain       Is the Cognative             What questions do have   What type of additional
Grade                                              content you already cover      Complexity aligned to        about the standard?      resources may you need
                                                   in it's entirety or does the   what you teach, similar,                              to teach the standard?
                                                   standard contain additional    slighly different, or very
                                                   content?                       different?
     CC.3.SL.1 Comprehension and
     Collaboration: Engage effectively in a
     range of collaborative discussions (one-
     on-one, in groups, and teacher-led) with
     diverse partners on grade 3 topics and
     texts, building on others’ ideas and
 3   expressing their own clearly.
     CC.3.SL.1.a Comprehension and
     Collaboration: Come to discussions
     prepared, having read or studied required
     material; explicitly draw on that
     preparation and other information known
     about the topic to explore ideas under
 3   discussion.

     CC.3.SL.1.b Comprehension and
     Collaboration: Follow agreed-upon rules
     for discussions (e.g., gaining the floor in
     respectful ways, listening to others with
     care, speaking one at a time about the
 3   topics and texts under discussion).                                Algebra
     CC.3.SL.1.c Comprehension and
     Collaboration: Ask questions to check
     understanding of information presented,
     stay on topic, and link their comments to
 3   the remarks of others.
     CC.3.SL.1.d Comprehension and
     Collaboration: Explain their own ideas
     and understanding in light of the
 3   discussion.




                                                                                  50
                                 Reviewing the English Language Arts Common Core State Standards
 CC CC Standard                                     Is this standard contain       Is the Cognative             What questions do have   What type of additional
Grade                                               content you already cover      Complexity aligned to        about the standard?      resources may you need
                                                    in it's entirety or does the   what you teach, similar,                              to teach the standard?
                                                    standard contain additional    slighly different, or very
                                                    content?                       different?
     CC.3.SL.2 Comprehension and
     Collaboration: Determine the main ideas
     and supporting details of a text read aloud
     or information presented in diverse media
     and formats, including visually,
 3   quantitatively, and orally.
     CC.3.SL.3 Comprehension and
     Collaboration: Ask and answer questions
     about information from a speaker,
     offering appropriate elaboration and
 3   detail.
     CC.3.SL.4 Presentation of Knowledge
     and Ideas: Report on a topic or text, tell a
     story, or recount an experience with
     appropriate facts and relevant, descriptive
     details, speaking clearly at an
 3   understandable pace.

     CC.3.SL.5 Presentation of Knowledge
     and Ideas: Create engaging audio
     recordings of stories or poems that
     demonstrate fluid reading at an
     understandable pace; add visual displays
     when appropriate to emphasize or
 3   enhance certain facts or details.
     CC.3.SL.6 Presentation of Knowledge
     and Ideas: Speak in complete sentences
     when appropriate to task and situation in
     order to provide requested detail or
     clarification. (See grade 3 Language
     standards 1 and 3 on page 26 for specific
 3   expectations.)




                                                                                   51
                                Reviewing the English Language Arts Common Core State Standards
 CC CC Standard                                    Is this standard contain       Is the Cognative             What questions do have   What type of additional
Grade                                              content you already cover      Complexity aligned to        about the standard?      resources may you need
                                                   in it's entirety or does the   what you teach, similar,                              to teach the standard?
                                                   standard contain additional    slighly different, or very
                                                   content?                       different?
     CC.3.W.1 Text Types and Purposes:
     Write opinion pieces on familiar topics or
     texts, supporting a point of view with
 3   reasons.
     CC.3.W.1.a Text Types and Purposes:
     Introduce the topic or text they are
     writing about, state an opinion, and create
     an organizational structure that lists
 3   reasons.

     CC.3.W.1.b Text Types and Purposes:
 3   Provide reasons that support the opinion.
     CC.3.W.1.c Text Types and Purposes:
     Use linking words and phrases (e.g.,
     because, therefore, since, for example) to
 3   connect opinion and reasons.

     CC.3.W.1.d Text Types and Purposes:
 3   Provide a concluding statement or section.

     CC.3.W.10 Range of Writing: Write
     routinely over extended time frames (time
     for research, reflection, and revision) and
     shorter time frames (a single sitting or a
     day or two) for a range of discipline-
 3   specific tasks, purposes, and audiences.
     CC.3.W.2 Text Types and Purposes:
     Write informative/explanatory texts to
     examine a topic and convey ideas and
 3   information clearly.




                                                                                  52
                                Reviewing the English Language Arts Common Core State Standards
 CC CC Standard                                    Is this standard contain       Is the Cognative             What questions do have   What type of additional
Grade                                              content you already cover      Complexity aligned to        about the standard?      resources may you need
                                                   in it's entirety or does the   what you teach, similar,                              to teach the standard?
                                                   standard contain additional    slighly different, or very
                                                   content?                       different?

     CC.3.W.2.a Text Types and Purposes:
     Introduce a topic and group related
     information together; include illustrations
 3   when useful to aiding comprehension.
     CC.3.W.2.b Text Types and Purposes:
     Develop the topic with facts, definitions,
 3   and details.

     CC.3.W.2.c Text Types and Purposes:
     Use linking words and phrases (e.g., also,
     another, and, more, but) to connect ideas
 3   within categories of information.

     CC.3.W.2.d Text Types and Purposes:
 3   Provide a concluding statement or section.
     CC.3.W.3 Text Types and Purposes:
     Write narratives to develop real or
     imagined experiences or events using
     effective technique, descriptive details,
 3   and clear event sequences.
     CC.3.W.3.a Text Types and Purposes:
     Establish a situation and introduce a
     narrator and/or characters; organize an
 3   event sequence that unfolds naturally.

     CC.3.W.3.b Text Types and Purposes:
     Use dialogue and descriptions of actions,
     thoughts, and feelings to develop
     experiences and events or show the
 3   response of characters to situations.




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                                Reviewing the English Language Arts Common Core State Standards
 CC CC Standard                                    Is this standard contain       Is the Cognative             What questions do have   What type of additional
Grade                                              content you already cover      Complexity aligned to        about the standard?      resources may you need
                                                   in it's entirety or does the   what you teach, similar,                              to teach the standard?
                                                   standard contain additional    slighly different, or very
                                                   content?                       different?
     CC.3.W.3.c Text Types and Purposes:
     Use temporal words and phrases to signal
 3   event order.
     CC.3.W.3.d Text Types and Purposes:
 3   Provide a sense of closure.
     CC.3.W.4 Production and Distribution of
     Writing: With guidance and support from
     adults, produce writing in which the
     development and organization are
     appropriate to task and purpose. (Grade-
     specific expectations for writing types are
 3   defined in standards

     CC.3.W.5 Production and Distribution of
     Writing: With guidance and support from
     peers and adults, develop and strengthen
     writing as needed by planning, revising,
     and editing. (Editing for conventions
     should demonstrate command of
 3   Language standards 1–3 up
     CC.3.W.6 Production and Distribution of
     Writing: With guidance and support from
     adults, use technology to produce and
     publish writing (using keyboarding skills)
     as well as to interact and collaborate with
 3   others.
     CC.3.W.7 Research to Build and Present
     Knowledge: Conduct short research
     projects that build knowledge about a
 3   topic.




                                                                                  54
                                 Reviewing the English Language Arts Common Core State Standards
 CC CC Standard                                    Is this standard contain       Is the Cognative             What questions do have   What type of additional
Grade                                              content you already cover      Complexity aligned to        about the standard?      resources may you need
                                                   in it's entirety or does the   what you teach, similar,                              to teach the standard?
                                                   standard contain additional    slighly different, or very
                                                   content?                       different?
     CC.3.W.8 Research to Build and Present
     Knowledge: Recall information from
     experiences or gather information from
     print and digital sources; take brief notes
     on sources and sort evidence into
 3   provided categories.

     CC.4.L.1 Conventions of Standard
     English: Demonstrate command of the
     conventions of standard English grammar
 4   and usage when writing or speaking.
     CC.4.L.1.a Conventions of Standard
     English: Use relative pronouns (who,
     whose, whom, which, that) and relative
 4   adverbs (where, when, why).
     CC.4.L.1.b Conventions of Standard
     English: Form and use the progressive
     (e.g., I was walking; I am walking; I will
 4   be walking) verb tenses.

     CC.4.L.1.c Conventions of Standard
     English: Use modal auxiliaries (e.g., can,
 4   may, must) to convey various conditions.
     CC.4.L.1.d Conventions of Standard
     English: Order adjectives within
     sentences according to conventional
     patterns (e.g., a small red bag rather than
 4   a red small bag).
     CC.4.L.1.e Conventions of Standard
     English: Form and use prepositional
 4   phrases.




                                                                                  55
                                Reviewing the English Language Arts Common Core State Standards
 CC CC Standard                                    Is this standard contain       Is the Cognative             What questions do have   What type of additional
Grade                                              content you already cover      Complexity aligned to        about the standard?      resources may you need
                                                   in it's entirety or does the   what you teach, similar,                              to teach the standard?
                                                   standard contain additional    slighly different, or very
                                                   content?                       different?
     CC.4.L.1.f Conventions of Standard
     English: Produce complete sentences,
     recognizing and correcting inappropriate
 4   fragments and run-ons.*
     CC.4.L.1.g Conventions of Standard
     English: Correctly use frequently
     confused words (e.g., to, too, two; there,
 4   their).*
     CC.4.L.2 Conventions of Standard
     English: Demonstrate command of the
     conventions of standard English
     capitalization, punctuation, and spelling
 4   when writing.
     CC.4.L.2.a Conventions of Standard
 4   English: Use correct capitalization.
     CC.4.L.2.b Conventions of Standard
     English: Use commas and quotation
     marks to mark direct speech and
 4   quotations from a text.
     CC.4.L.2.c Conventions of Standard
     English: Use a comma before a
     coordinating conjunction in a compound
 4   sentence.

     CC.4.L.2.d Conventions of Standard
     English: Spell grade-appropriate words
 4   correctly, consulting references as needed.
     CC.4.L.3 Knowledge of Language: Use
     knowledge of language and its
     conventions when writing, speaking,
 4   reading, or listening.




                                                                                  56
                                Reviewing the English Language Arts Common Core State Standards
 CC CC Standard                                    Is this standard contain       Is the Cognative             What questions do have   What type of additional
Grade                                              content you already cover      Complexity aligned to        about the standard?      resources may you need
                                                   in it's entirety or does the   what you teach, similar,                              to teach the standard?
                                                   standard contain additional    slighly different, or very
                                                   content?                       different?
     CC.4.L.3.a Knowledge of Language:
     Choose words and phrases to convey
 4   ideas precisely.*
     CC.4.L.3.b Knowledge of Language:
 4   Choose punctuation for effect.*

     CC.4.L.3.c Knowledge of Language:
     Differentiate between contexts that call
     for formal English (e.g., presenting ideas)
     and situations where informal discourse is
 4   appropriate (e.g., small-group discussion).
     CC.4.L.4 Vocabulary Acquisition and
     Use: Determine or clarify the meaning of
     unknown and multiple-meaning words
     and phrases based on grade 4 reading and
     content, choosing flexibly from a range of
 4   strategies.

     CC.4.L.4.a Vocabulary Acquisition and
     Use: Use context (e.g., definitions,
     examples, or restatements in text) as a
 4   clue to the meaning of a word or phrase.
     CC.4.L.4.b Vocabulary Acquisition and
     Use: Use common, grade-appropriate
     Greek and Latin affixes and roots as clues
     to the meaning of a word (e.g., telegraph,
 4   photograph, autograph).




                                                                                  57
                                 Reviewing the English Language Arts Common Core State Standards
 CC CC Standard                                     Is this standard contain       Is the Cognative             What questions do have   What type of additional
Grade                                               content you already cover      Complexity aligned to        about the standard?      resources may you need
                                                    in it's entirety or does the   what you teach, similar,                              to teach the standard?
                                                    standard contain additional    slighly different, or very
                                                    content?                       different?

     CC.4.L.4.c Vocabulary Acquisition and
     Use: Consult reference materials (e.g.,
     dictionaries, glossaries, thesauruses), both
     print and digital, to find the pronunciation
     and determine or clarify the precise
 4   meaning of key words and phrases.

     CC.4.L.5 Vocabulary Acquisition and
     Use: Demonstrate understanding of
     figurative language, word relationships,
 4   and nuances in word meanings.
     CC.4.L.5.a Vocabulary Acquisition and
     Use: Explain the meaning of simple
     similes and metaphors (e.g., as pretty as a
 4   picture) in context.

     CC.4.L.5.b Vocabulary Acquisition and
     Use: Recognize and explain the meaning
 4   of common idioms, adages, and proverbs.

     CC.4.L.5.c Vocabulary Acquisition and
     Use: Demonstrate understanding of words
     by relating them to their opposites
     (antonyms) and to words with similar but
 4   not identical meanings (synonyms).
     CC.4.L.6 Vocabulary Acquisition and
     Use: Acquire and use accurately grade-
     appropriate general academic and domain-
     specific words and phrases, including
     those that signal precise actions,
     emotions, or states of being (e.g.,
 4   quizzed, whined, stammered) and



                                                                                   58
                                 Reviewing the English Language Arts Common Core State Standards
 CC CC Standard                                     Is this standard contain       Is the Cognative             What questions do have   What type of additional
Grade                                               content you already cover      Complexity aligned to        about the standard?      resources may you need
                                                    in it's entirety or does the   what you teach, similar,                              to teach the standard?
                                                    standard contain additional    slighly different, or very
                                                    content?                       different?
     CC.4.R.F.3 Phonics and Word
     Recognition: Know and apply grade-level
     phonics and word analysis skills in
 4   decoding words.
     CC.4.R.F.3.a Phonics and Word
     Recognition: Use combined knowledge of
     all letter-sound correspondences,
     syllabication patterns, and morphology
     (e.g., roots and affixes) to read accurately
     unfamiliar multisyllabic words in context
 4   and out of context.
     CC.4.R.F.4 Fluency: Read with sufficient
     accuracy and fluency to support
 4   comprehension.
     CC.4.R.F.4.a Fluency: Read grade-level
 4   text with purpose and understanding.
     CC.4.R.F.4.b Fluency: Read grade-level
     prose and poetry orally with accuracy,
 4   appropriate rate, and expression.

     CC.4.R.F.4.c Fluency: Use context to
     confirm or self-correct word recognition
 4   and understanding, rereading as necessary.
     CC.4.R.I.1 Key Ideas and Details: Refer
     to details and examples in a text when
     explaining what the text says explicitly
     and when drawing inferences from the
 4   text.




                                                                                   59
                                Reviewing the English Language Arts Common Core State Standards
 CC CC Standard                                    Is this standard contain       Is the Cognative             What questions do have   What type of additional
Grade                                              content you already cover      Complexity aligned to        about the standard?      resources may you need
                                                   in it's entirety or does the   what you teach, similar,                              to teach the standard?
                                                   standard contain additional    slighly different, or very
                                                   content?                       different?
     CC.4.R.I.10 Range of Reading and
     Complexity of Text: By the end of year,
     read and comprehend informational texts,
     including history/social studies, science,
     and technical texts, in the grades 4–5 text
     complexity band proficiently, with
     scaffolding as needed at the high end of
 4   the range.
     CC.4.R.I.2 Key Ideas and Details:
     Determine the main idea of a text and
     explain how it is supported by key details;
 4   summarize the text.
     CC.4.R.I.3 Key Ideas and Details:
     Explain events, procedures, ideas, or
     concepts in a historical, scientific, or
     technical text, including what happened
     and why, based on specific information in
 4   the text.
     CC.4.R.I.4 Craft and Structure:
     Determine the meaning of general
     academic and domain-specific words or
     phrases in a text relevant to a grade 4
 4   topic or subject area.
     CC.4.R.I.5 Craft and Structure: Describe
     the overall structure (e.g., chronology,
     comparison, cause/effect,
     problem/solution) of events, ideas,
     concepts, or information in a text or part
 4   of a text.




                                                                                  60
                                 Reviewing the English Language Arts Common Core State Standards
 CC CC Standard                                      Is this standard contain       Is the Cognative             What questions do have   What type of additional
Grade                                                content you already cover      Complexity aligned to        about the standard?      resources may you need
                                                     in it's entirety or does the   what you teach, similar,                              to teach the standard?
                                                     standard contain additional    slighly different, or very
                                                     content?                       different?
     CC.4.R.I.6 Craft and Structure: Compare
     and contrast a firsthand and secondhand
     account of the same event or topic;
     describe the differences in focus and the
 4   information provided.
     CC.4.R.I.7 Integration of Knowledge and
     Ideas: Interpret information presented
     visually, orally, or quantitatively (e.g., in
     charts, graphs, diagrams, time lines,
     animations, or interactive elements on
     Web pages) and explain how the
     information contributes to an
     understanding of the text in which it
 4   appears.
     CC.4.R.I.8 Integration of Knowledge and
     Ideas: Explain how an author uses
     reasons and evidence to support particular
 4   points in a text.

     CC.4.R.I.9 Integration of Knowledge and
     Ideas: Integrate information from two
     texts on the same topic in order to write
 4   or speak about the subject knowledgeably.
     CC.4.R.L.1 Key Ideas and Details: Refer
     to details and examples in a text when
     explaining what the text says explicitly
     and when drawing inferences from the
 4   text.




                                                                                    61
                                 Reviewing the English Language Arts Common Core State Standards
 CC CC Standard                                    Is this standard contain       Is the Cognative             What questions do have   What type of additional
Grade                                              content you already cover      Complexity aligned to        about the standard?      resources may you need
                                                   in it's entirety or does the   what you teach, similar,                              to teach the standard?
                                                   standard contain additional    slighly different, or very
                                                   content?                       different?
     CC.4.R.L.10 Range of Reading and
     Complexity of Text: By the end of the
     year, read and comprehend literature,
     including stories, dramas, and poetry, in
     the grades 4–5 text complexity band
     proficiently, with scaffolding as needed at
 4   the high end of the range.
     CC.4.R.L.2 Key Ideas and Details:
     Determine a theme of a story, drama, or
     poem from details in the text; summarize
 4   the text.

     CC.4.R.L.3 Key Ideas and Details:
     Describe in depth a character, setting, or
     event in a story or drama, drawing on
     specific details in the text (e.g., a
 4   character’s thoughts, words, or actions).
     CC.4.R.L.4 Craft and Structure:
     Determine the meaning of words and
     phrases as they are used in a text,
     including those that allude to significant
     characters found in mythology (e.g.,
 4   Herculean).

     CC.4.R.L.5 Craft and Structure: Explain
     major differences between poems, drama,
     and prose, and refer to the structural
     elements of poems (e.g., verse, rhythm,
     meter) and drama (e.g., casts of
     characters, setting descriptions, dialogue,
     stage directions) when writing or
 4   speaking about a text.




                                                                                  62
                                Reviewing the English Language Arts Common Core State Standards
 CC CC Standard                                    Is this standard contain       Is the Cognative             What questions do have   What type of additional
Grade                                              content you already cover      Complexity aligned to        about the standard?      resources may you need
                                                   in it's entirety or does the   what you teach, similar,                              to teach the standard?
                                                   standard contain additional    slighly different, or very
                                                   content?                       different?

     CC.4.R.L.6 Craft and Structure: Compare
     and contrast the point of view from which
     different stories are narrated, including
     the difference between first- and third-
 4   person narrations.
 4   CC.4.R.L.7 Integration of Knowledge and
     Ideas: Make connections between the text
     of a story or drama and a visual or oral
     presentation of the text, identifying where
     each version reflects specific descriptions
     and directions in the text.

     CC.4.R.L.9 Integration of Knowledge and
     Ideas: Compare and contrast the
     treatment of similar themes and topics
     (e.g., opposition of good and evil) and
     patterns of events (e.g., the quest) in
     stories, myths, and traditional literature
 4   from different cultures.
     CC.4.SL.1 Comprehension and
     Collaboration: Engage effectively in a
     range of collaborative discussions (one-
     on-one, in groups, and teacher-led)with
     diverse partners on grade 4 topics and
     texts, building on others’ ideas and
 4   expressing their own clearly.




                                                                                  63
                                Reviewing the English Language Arts Common Core State Standards
 CC CC Standard                                   Is this standard contain       Is the Cognative             What questions do have   What type of additional
Grade                                             content you already cover      Complexity aligned to        about the standard?      resources may you need
                                                  in it's entirety or does the   what you teach, similar,                              to teach the standard?
                                                  standard contain additional    slighly different, or very
                                                  content?                       different?
     CC.4.SL.1.a Comprehension and
     Collaboration: Come to discussions
     prepared, having read or studied required
     material; explicitly draw on that
     preparation and other information known
     about the topic to explore ideas under
 4   discussion.
     CC.4.SL.1.b Comprehension and
     Collaboration: Follow agreed-upon rules
     for discussions and carry out assigned
 4   roles.
     CC.4.SL.1.c Comprehension and
     Collaboration: Pose and respond to
     specific questions to clarify or follow up
     on information, and make comments that
     contribute to the discussion and link to
 4   the remarks of others.

     CC.4.SL.1.d Comprehension and
     Collaboration: Review the key ideas
     expressed and explain their own ideas and
 4   understanding in light of the discussion.

     CC.4.SL.2 Comprehension and
     Collaboration: Paraphrase portions of a
     text read aloud or information presented
     in diverse media and formats, including
 4   visually, quantitatively, and orally.
     CC.4.SL.3 Comprehension and
     Collaboration: Identify the reasons and
     evidence a speaker provides to support
 4   particular points.




                                                                                 64
                                 Reviewing the English Language Arts Common Core State Standards
 CC CC Standard                                     Is this standard contain       Is the Cognative             What questions do have   What type of additional
Grade                                               content you already cover      Complexity aligned to        about the standard?      resources may you need
                                                    in it's entirety or does the   what you teach, similar,                              to teach the standard?
                                                    standard contain additional    slighly different, or very
                                                    content?                       different?
     CC.4.SL.4 Presentation of Knowledge
     and Ideas: Report on a topic or text, tell a
     story, or recount an experience in an
     organized manner, using appropriate facts
     and relevant, descriptive details to
     support main ideas or themes; speak
 4   clearly at an underst
     CC.4.SL.5 Presentation of Knowledge
     and Ideas: Add audio recordings and
     visual displays to presentations when
     appropriate to enhance the development
 4   of main ideas or themes.
     CC.4.SL.6 Presentation of Knowledge
     and Ideas: Differentiate between contexts
     that call for formal English (e.g.,
     presenting ideas) and situations where
     informal discourse is appropriate (e.g.,
     small-group discussion); use formal
 4   English when appropriate
     CC.4.W.1 Text Types and Purposes:
     Write opinion pieces on topics or texts,
     supporting a point of view with reasons
 4   and information.

     CC.4.W.1.a Text Types and Purposes:
     Introduce a topic or text clearly, state an
     opinion, and create an organizational
     structure in which related ideas are
 4   grouped to support the writer’s purpose.
     CC.4.W.1.b Text Types and Purposes:
     Provide reasons that are supported by
 4   facts and details.




                                                                                   65
                                 Reviewing the English Language Arts Common Core State Standards
 CC CC Standard                                      Is this standard contain       Is the Cognative             What questions do have   What type of additional
Grade                                                content you already cover      Complexity aligned to        about the standard?      resources may you need
                                                     in it's entirety or does the   what you teach, similar,                              to teach the standard?
                                                     standard contain additional    slighly different, or very
                                                     content?                       different?
     CC.4.W.1.c Text Types and Purposes:
     Link opinion and reasons using words
     and phrases (e.g., for instance, in order to,
 4   in addition).

     CC.4.W.1.d Text Types and Purposes:
     Provide a concluding statement or section
 4   related to the opinion presented.

     CC.4.W.10 Range of Writing: Write
     routinely over extended time frames (time
     for research, reflection, and revision) and
     shorter time frames (a single sitting or a
     day or two) for a range of discipline-
 4   specific tasks, purposes, and audiences.
     CC.4.W.2 Text Types and Purposes:
     Write informative/explanatory texts to
     examine a topic and convey ideas and
 4   information clearly.
     CC.4.W.2.a Text Types and Purposes:
     Introduce a topic clearly and group
     related information in paragraphs and
     sections; include formatting (e.g.,
     headings), illustrations, and multimedia
 4   when useful to aiding comprehension.
     CC.4.W.2.b Text Types and Purposes:
     Develop the topic with facts, definitions,
     concrete details, quotations, or other
     information and examples related to the
 4   topic.




                                                                                    66
                                 Reviewing the English Language Arts Common Core State Standards
 CC CC Standard                                     Is this standard contain       Is the Cognative             What questions do have   What type of additional
Grade                                               content you already cover      Complexity aligned to        about the standard?      resources may you need
                                                    in it's entirety or does the   what you teach, similar,                              to teach the standard?
                                                    standard contain additional    slighly different, or very
                                                    content?                       different?

     CC.4.W.2.c Text Types and Purposes:
     Link ideas within categories of
     information using words and phrases
 4   (e.g., another, for example, also, because).
     CC.4.W.2.d Text Types and Purposes:
     Use precise language and domain-specific
     vocabulary to inform about or explain the
 4   topic.
     CC.4.W.2.e Text Types and Purposes:
     Provide a concluding statement or section
     related to the information or explanation
 4   presented.
     CC.4.W.3 Text Types and Purposes:
     Write narratives to develop real or
     imagined experiences or events using
     effective technique, descriptive details,
 4   and clear event sequences.
     CC.4.W.3.a Text Types and Purposes:
     Orient the reader by establishing a
     situation and introducing a narrator
     and/or characters; organize an event
 4   sequence that unfolds naturally.

     CC.4.W.3.b Text Types and Purposes:
     Use dialogue and description to develop
     experiences and events or show the
 4   responses of characters to situations.

     CC.4.W.3.c Text Types and Purposes:
     Use a variety of transitional words and
 4   phrases to manage the sequence of events.




                                                                                   67
                                Reviewing the English Language Arts Common Core State Standards
 CC CC Standard                                    Is this standard contain       Is the Cognative             What questions do have   What type of additional
Grade                                              content you already cover      Complexity aligned to        about the standard?      resources may you need
                                                   in it's entirety or does the   what you teach, similar,                              to teach the standard?
                                                   standard contain additional    slighly different, or very
                                                   content?                       different?
     CC.4.W.3.d Text Types and Purposes:
     Use concrete words and phrases and
     sensory details to convey experiences and
 4   events precisely.
     CC.4.W.3.e Text Types and Purposes:
     Provide a conclusion that follows from
 4   the narrated experiences or events.
     CC.4.W.4 Production and Distribution of
     Writing: Produce clear and coherent
     writing in which the development and
     organization are appropriate to task,
     purpose, and audience. (Grade-specific
     expectations for writing types are defined
 4   in standards 1–3 above

     CC.4.W.5 Production and Distribution of
     Writing: With guidance and support from
     peers and adults, develop and strengthen
     writing as needed by planning, revising,
     and editing.(Editing for conventions
     should demonstrate command of
 4   Language standards 1–3up t

     CC.4.W.6 Production and Distribution of
     Writing: With some guidance and support
     from adults, use technology, including the
     Internet, to produce and publish writing
     as well as to interact and collaborate with
     others; demonstrate sufficient command
 4   of keybo




                                                                                  68
                                Reviewing the English Language Arts Common Core State Standards
 CC CC Standard                                    Is this standard contain       Is the Cognative             What questions do have   What type of additional
Grade                                              content you already cover      Complexity aligned to        about the standard?      resources may you need
                                                   in it's entirety or does the   what you teach, similar,                              to teach the standard?
                                                   standard contain additional    slighly different, or very
                                                   content?                       different?
     CC.4.W.7 Research to Build and Present
     Knowledge: Conduct short research
     projects that build knowledge through
     investigation of different aspects of a
 4   topic.

     CC.4.W.8 Research to Build and Present
     Knowledge: Recall relevant information
     from experiences or gather relevant
     information from print and digital
     sources; take notes and categorize
 4   information, and provide a list of sources.

     CC.4.W.9 Research to Build and Present
     Knowledge: Draw evidence from literary
     or informational texts to support analysis,
 4   reflection, and research.
     CC.4.W.9.a Research to Build and
     Present Knowledge: Apply grade 4
     Reading standards to literature (e.g.,
     ―Describe in depth a character, setting, or
     event in a story or drama, drawing on
     specific details in the text [e.g., a
 4   character’s thoughts, words, o
     CC.4.W.9.b Research to Build and
     Present Knowledge: Apply grade 4
     Reading standards to informational texts
     (e.g., ―Explain how an author uses
     reasons and evidence to support particular
 4   points in a text‖).




                                                                                  69
                                Reviewing the English Language Arts Common Core State Standards
 CC CC Standard                                    Is this standard contain       Is the Cognative             What questions do have   What type of additional
Grade                                              content you already cover      Complexity aligned to        about the standard?      resources may you need
                                                   in it's entirety or does the   what you teach, similar,                              to teach the standard?
                                                   standard contain additional    slighly different, or very
                                                   content?                       different?

     CC.5.L.1 Conventions of Standard
     English: Demonstrate command of the
     conventions of standard English grammar
 5   and usage when writing or speaking.
     CC.5.L.1.a Conventions of Standard
     English: Explain the function of
     conjunctions, prepositions, and
     interjections in general and their function
 5   in particular sentences.
     CC.5.L.1.b Conventions of Standard
     English: Form and use the perfect (e.g., I
     had walked; I have walked; I will have
 5   walked) verb tenses.

     CC.5.L.1.c Conventions of Standard
     English: Use verb tense to convey various
 5   times, sequences, states, and conditions.
     CC.5.L.1.d Conventions of Standard
     English: Recognize and correct
 5   inappropriate shifts in verb tense.*
     CC.5.L.1.e Conventions of Standard
     English: Use correlative conjunctions
 5   (e.g., either/or, neither/nor).
     CC.5.L.2 Conventions of Standard
     English: Demonstrate command of the
     conventions of standard English
     capitalization, punctuation, and spelling
 5   when writing.
     CC.5.L.2.a Conventions of Standard
     English: Use punctuation to separate
 5   items in a series.*




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                                   Reviewing the English Language Arts Common Core State Standards
 CC CC Standard                                       Is this standard contain       Is the Cognative             What questions do have   What type of additional
Grade                                                 content you already cover      Complexity aligned to        about the standard?      resources may you need
                                                      in it's entirety or does the   what you teach, similar,                              to teach the standard?
                                                      standard contain additional    slighly different, or very
                                                      content?                       different?
     CC.5.L.2.b Conventions of Standard
     English: Use a comma to separate an
     introductory element from the rest of the
 5   sentence.
     CC.5.L.2.c Conventions of Standard
     English: Use a comma to set off the
     words yes and no (e.g., Yes, thank you),
     to set off a tag question from the rest of
     the sentence (e.g., It’s true, isn’t it?), and
     to indicate direct address (e.g., Is that
 5   you, Steve?

     CC.5.L.2.d Conventions of Standard
     English: Use underlining, quotation
 5   marks, or italics to indicate titles of works.

     CC.5.L.2.e Conventions of Standard
     English: Spell grade-appropriate words
 5   correctly, consulting references as needed.
     CC.5.L.3 Knowledge of Language: Use
     knowledge of language and its
     conventions when writing, speaking,
 5   reading, or listening.
     CC.5.L.3.a Knowledge of Language:
     Expand, combine, and reduce sentences
     for meaning, reader/listener interest, and
 5   style.
     CC.5.L.3.b Knowledge of Language:
     Compare and contrast the varieties of
     English (e.g., dialects, registers) used in
 5   stories, dramas, or poems.




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 CC CC Standard                                     Is this standard contain       Is the Cognative             What questions do have   What type of additional
Grade                                               content you already cover      Complexity aligned to        about the standard?      resources may you need
                                                    in it's entirety or does the   what you teach, similar,                              to teach the standard?
                                                    standard contain additional    slighly different, or very
                                                    content?                       different?
     CC.5.L.4 Vocabulary Acquisition and
     Use: Determine or clarify the meaning of
     unknown and multiple-meaning words
     and phrases based on grade 5 reading and
     content, choosing flexibly from a range of
 5   strategies.

     CC.5.L.4.a Vocabulary Acquisition and
     Use: Use context (e.g., cause/effect
     relationships and comparisons in text) as
 5   a clue to the meaning of a word or phrase.
     CC.5.L.4.b Vocabulary Acquisition and
     Use: Use common, grade-appropriate
     Greek and Latin affixes and roots as clues
     to the meaning of a word (e.g.,
 5   photograph, photosynthesis).

     CC.5.L.4.c Vocabulary Acquisition and
     Use: Consult reference materials (e.g.,
     dictionaries, glossaries, thesauruses), both
     print and digital, to find the pronunciation
     and determine or clarify the precise
 5   meaning of key words and phrases.

     CC.5.L.5 Vocabulary Acquisition and
     Use: Demonstrate understanding of
     figurative language, word relationships,
 5   and nuances in word meanings.
     CC.5.L.5.a Vocabulary Acquisition and
     Use: Interpret figurative language,
     including similes and metaphors, in
 5   context.




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                                Reviewing the English Language Arts Common Core State Standards
 CC CC Standard                                     Is this standard contain       Is the Cognative             What questions do have   What type of additional
Grade                                               content you already cover      Complexity aligned to        about the standard?      resources may you need
                                                    in it's entirety or does the   what you teach, similar,                              to teach the standard?
                                                    standard contain additional    slighly different, or very
                                                    content?                       different?

     CC.5.L.5.b Vocabulary Acquisition and
     Use: Recognize and explain the meaning
 5   of common idioms, adages, and proverbs.
     CC.5.L.5.c Vocabulary Acquisition and
     Use: Use the relationship between
     particular words (e.g., synonyms,
     antonyms, homographs) to better
 5   understand each of the words.

     CC.5.L.6 Vocabulary Acquisition and
     Use: Acquire and use accurately grade-
     appropriate general academic and domain-
     specific words and phrases, including
     those that signal contrast, addition, and
     other logical relationships (e.g., however,
 5   although, neverth
     CC.5.R.F.3 Phonics and Word
     Recognition: Know and apply grade-level
     phonics and word analysis skills in
 5   decoding words.
     CC.5.R.F.3.a Phonics and Word
     Recognition: Use combined knowledge of
     all letter-sound correspondences,
     syllabication patterns, and morphology
     (e.g., roots and affixes) to read accurately
     unfamiliar multisyllabic words in context
 5   and out of context.
     CC.5.R.F.4 Fluency: Read with sufficient
     accuracy and fluency to support
 5   comprehension.
     CC.5.R.F.4.a Fluency: Read grade-level
 5   text with purpose and understanding.



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                               Reviewing the English Language Arts Common Core State Standards
 CC CC Standard                                   Is this standard contain       Is the Cognative             What questions do have   What type of additional
Grade                                             content you already cover      Complexity aligned to        about the standard?      resources may you need
                                                  in it's entirety or does the   what you teach, similar,                              to teach the standard?
                                                  standard contain additional    slighly different, or very
                                                  content?                       different?
     CC.5.R.F.4.b Fluency: Read grade-level
     prose and poetry orally with accuracy,
 5   appropriate rate, and expression.

     CC.5.R.F.4.c Fluency: Use context to
     confirm or self-correct word recognition
 5   and understanding, rereading as necessary.

     CC.5.R.I.1 Key Ideas and Details: Quote
     accurately from a text when explaining
     what the text says explicitly and when
 5   drawing inferences from the text.

     CC.5.R.I.10 Range of Reading and
     Complexity of Text: By the end of the
     year, read and comprehend informational
     texts, including history/social studies,
     science, and technical texts, at the high
     end of the grades 4–5 text complexity
 5   band independently and proficiently.

     CC.5.R.I.2 Key Ideas and Details:
     Determine two or more main ideas of a
     text and explain how they are supported
 5   by key details; summarize the text.

     CC.5.R.I.3 Key Ideas and Details:
     Explain the relationships or interactions
     between two or more individuals, events,
     ideas, or concepts in a historical,
     scientific, or technical text based on
 5   specific information in the text.




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                                Reviewing the English Language Arts Common Core State Standards
 CC CC Standard                                    Is this standard contain       Is the Cognative             What questions do have   What type of additional
Grade                                              content you already cover      Complexity aligned to        about the standard?      resources may you need
                                                   in it's entirety or does the   what you teach, similar,                              to teach the standard?
                                                   standard contain additional    slighly different, or very
                                                   content?                       different?
     CC.5.R.I.4 Craft and Structure:
     Determine the meaning of general
     academic and domain-specific words and
     phrases in a text relevant to a grade 5
 5   topic or subject area.
     CC.5.R.I.5 Craft and Structure: Compare
     and contrast the overall structure (e.g.,
     chronology, comparison, cause/effect,
     problem/solution) of events, ideas,
     concepts, or information in two or more
 5   texts.
     CC.5.R.I.6 Craft and Structure: Analyze
     multiple accounts of the same event or
     topic, noting important similarities and
     differences in the point of view they
 5   represent.

     CC.5.R.I.7 Integration of Knowledge and
     Ideas: Draw on information from multiple
     print or digital sources, demonstrating the
     ability to locate an answer to a question
 5   quickly or to solve a problem efficiently.

     CC.5.R.I.8 Integration of Knowledge and
     Ideas: Explain how an author uses
     reasons and evidence to support particular
     points in a text, identifying which reasons
 5   and evidence support which point(s).

     CC.5.R.I.9 Integration of Knowledge and
     Ideas: Integrate information from several
     texts on the same topic in order to write
 5   or speak about the subject knowledgeably.



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                                 Reviewing the English Language Arts Common Core State Standards
 CC CC Standard                                      Is this standard contain       Is the Cognative             What questions do have   What type of additional
Grade                                                content you already cover      Complexity aligned to        about the standard?      resources may you need
                                                     in it's entirety or does the   what you teach, similar,                              to teach the standard?
                                                     standard contain additional    slighly different, or very
                                                     content?                       different?

     CC.5.R.L.1 Key Ideas and Details: Quote
     accurately from a text when explaining
     what the text says explicitly and when
 5   drawing inferences from the text.
     CC.5.R.L.10 Range of Reading and
     Complexity of Text: By the end of the
     year, read and comprehend literature,
     including stories, dramas, and poetry, at
     the high end of the grades 4–5 text
     complexity band independently and
 5   proficiently.
     CC.5.R.L.2 Key Ideas and Details:
     Determine a theme of a story, drama, or
     poem from details in the text, including
     how characters in a story or drama
     respond to challenges or how the speaker
     in a poem reflects upon a topic;
 5   summarize the text.
 5   CC.5.R.L.3 Key Ideas and Details:
     Compare and contrast two or more
     characters, settings, or events in a story or
     drama, drawing on specific details in the
     text (e.g., how characters interact).

     CC.5.R.L.4 Craft and Structure:
     Determine the meaning of words and
     phrases as they are used in a text,
     including figurative language such as
 5   metaphors and similes.




                                                                                    76
                                 Reviewing the English Language Arts Common Core State Standards
 CC CC Standard                                     Is this standard contain       Is the Cognative             What questions do have   What type of additional
Grade                                               content you already cover      Complexity aligned to        about the standard?      resources may you need
                                                    in it's entirety or does the   what you teach, similar,                              to teach the standard?
                                                    standard contain additional    slighly different, or very
                                                    content?                       different?
     CC.5.R.L.5 Craft and Structure: Explain
     how a series of chapters, scenes, or
     stanzas fits together to provide the overall
     structure of a particular story, drama, or
 5   poem.

     CC.5.R.L.6 Craft and Structure: Describe
     how a narrator’s or speaker’s point of
 5   view influences how events are described.
 5   CC.5.R.L.7 Integration of Knowledge and
     Ideas: Analyze how visual and
     multimedia elements contribute to the
     meaning, tone, or beauty of a text (e.g.,
     graphic novel; multimedia presentation of
     fiction, folktale, myth, poem).
 5   CC.5.R.L.9 Integration of Knowledge and
     Ideas: Compare and contrast stories in the
     same genre (e.g., mysteries and adventure
     stories) on their approaches to similar
     themes and topics.

     CC.5.SL.1 Comprehension and
     Collaboration: Engage effectively in a
     range of collaborative discussions (one-
     on-one, in groups, and teacher-led) with
     diverse partners on grade 5 topics and
     texts, building on others’ ideas and
 5   expressing their own clearly.




                                                                                   77
                               Reviewing the English Language Arts Common Core State Standards
 CC CC Standard                                  Is this standard contain       Is the Cognative             What questions do have   What type of additional
Grade                                            content you already cover      Complexity aligned to        about the standard?      resources may you need
                                                 in it's entirety or does the   what you teach, similar,                              to teach the standard?
                                                 standard contain additional    slighly different, or very
                                                 content?                       different?
     CC.5.SL.1.a Comprehension and
     Collaboration: Come to discussions
     prepared, having read or studied required
     material; explicitly draw on that
     preparation and other information known
     about the topic to explore ideas under
 5   discussion.
     CC.5.SL.1.b Comprehension and
     Collaboration: Follow agreed-upon rules
     for discussions and carry out assigned
 5   roles.

     CC.5.SL.1.c Comprehension and
     Collaboration: Pose and respond to
     specific questions by making comments
     that contribute to the discussion and
 5   elaborate on the remarks of others.
     CC.5.SL.1.d Comprehension and
     Collaboration: Review the key ideas
     expressed and draw conclusions in light
     of information and knowledge gained
 5   from the discussions.
     CC.5.SL.2 Comprehension and
     Collaboration: Summarize written a text
     read aloud or information presented in
     diverse media and formats, including
 5   visually, quantitatively, and orally.
     CC.5.SL.3 Comprehension and
     Collaboration: Summarize the points a
     speaker makes and explain how each
     claim is supported by reasons and
 5   evidence.




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                                Reviewing the English Language Arts Common Core State Standards
 CC CC Standard                                    Is this standard contain       Is the Cognative             What questions do have   What type of additional
Grade                                              content you already cover      Complexity aligned to        about the standard?      resources may you need
                                                   in it's entirety or does the   what you teach, similar,                              to teach the standard?
                                                   standard contain additional    slighly different, or very
                                                   content?                       different?
     CC.5.SL.4 Presentation of Knowledge
     and Ideas: Report on a topic or text or
     present an opinion, sequencing ideas
     logically and using appropriate facts and
     relevant, descriptive details to support
     main ideas or themes; speak clearly at an
 5   understandable pa
     CC.5.SL.5 Presentation of Knowledge
     and Ideas: Include multimedia
     components (e.g., graphics, sound) and
     visual displays in presentations when
     appropriate to enhance the development
 5   of main ideas or themes.

     CC.5.SL.6 Presentation of Knowledge
     and Ideas: Adapt speech to a variety of
     contexts and tasks, using formal English
     when appropriate to task and situation.
     (See grade 5 Language standards 1 and 3
 5   on page 28 for specific expectations.)
     CC.5.W.1 Text Types and Purposes:
     Write opinion pieces on topics or texts,
     supporting a point of view with reasons
 5   and information.

     CC.5.W.1.a Text Types and Purposes:
     Introduce a topic or text clearly, state an
     opinion, and create an organizational
     structure in which ideas are logically
 5   grouped to support the writer’s purpose.
     CC.5.W.1.b Text Types and Purposes:
     Provide logically ordered reasons that are
 5   supported by facts and details.



                                                                                  79
                                Reviewing the English Language Arts Common Core State Standards
 CC CC Standard                                    Is this standard contain       Is the Cognative             What questions do have   What type of additional
Grade                                              content you already cover      Complexity aligned to        about the standard?      resources may you need
                                                   in it's entirety or does the   what you teach, similar,                              to teach the standard?
                                                   standard contain additional    slighly different, or very
                                                   content?                       different?
     CC.5.W.1.c Text Types and Purposes:
     Link opinion and reasons using words,
     phrases, and clauses (e.g., consequently,
 5   specifically).

     CC.5.W.1.d Text Types and Purposes:
     Provide a concluding statement or section
 5   related to the opinion presented.

     CC.5.W.10 Range of Writing: Write
     routinely over extended time frames (time
     for research, reflection, and revision) and
     shorter time frames (a single sitting or a
     day or two) for a range of discipline-
 5   specific tasks, purposes, and audiences.
     CC.5.W.2 Text Types and Purposes:
     Write informative/explanatory texts to
     examine a topic and convey ideas and
 5   information clearly.
     CC.5.W.2.a Text Types and Purposes:
     Introduce a topic clearly, provide a
     general observation and focus, and group
     related information logically; include
     formatting (e.g., headings), illustrations,
     and multimedia when useful to aiding
 5   comprehension.
     CC.5.W.2.b Text Types and Purposes:
     Develop the topic with facts, definitions,
     concrete details, quotations, or other
     information and examples related to the
 5   topic.




                                                                                  80
                                 Reviewing the English Language Arts Common Core State Standards
 CC CC Standard                                   Is this standard contain       Is the Cognative             What questions do have   What type of additional
Grade                                             content you already cover      Complexity aligned to        about the standard?      resources may you need
                                                  in it's entirety or does the   what you teach, similar,                              to teach the standard?
                                                  standard contain additional    slighly different, or very
                                                  content?                       different?

     CC.5.W.2.c Text Types and Purposes:
     Link ideas within and across categories of
     information using words, phrases, and
 5   clauses (e.g., in contrast, especially).
     CC.5.W.2.d Text Types and Purposes:
     Use precise language and domain-specific
     vocabulary to inform about or explain the
 5   topic.
     CC.5.W.2.e Text Types and Purposes:
     Provide a concluding statement or section
     related to the information or explanation
 5   presented.
     CC.5.W.3 Text Types and Purposes:
     Write narratives to develop real or
     imagined experiences or events using
     effective technique, descriptive details,
 5   and clear event sequences.
     CC.5.W.3.a Text Types and Purposes:
     Orient the reader by establishing a
     situation and introducing a narrator
     and/or characters; organize an event
 5   sequence that unfolds naturally.

     CC.5.W.3.b Text Types and Purposes:
     Use narrative techniques, such as
     dialogue, description, and pacing, to
     develop experiences and events or show
 5   the responses of characters to situations.
     CC.5.W.3.c Text Types and Purposes:
     Use a variety of transitional words,
     phrases, and clauses to manage the
 5   sequence of events.



                                                                                 81
                                Reviewing the English Language Arts Common Core State Standards
 CC CC Standard                                    Is this standard contain       Is the Cognative             What questions do have   What type of additional
Grade                                              content you already cover      Complexity aligned to        about the standard?      resources may you need
                                                   in it's entirety or does the   what you teach, similar,                              to teach the standard?
                                                   standard contain additional    slighly different, or very
                                                   content?                       different?
     CC.5.W.3.d Text Types and Purposes:
     Use concrete words and phrases and
     sensory details to convey experiences and
 5   events precisely.
     CC.5.W.3.e Text Types and Purposes:
     Provide a conclusion that follows from
 5   the narrated experiences or events.
     CC.5.W.4 Production and Distribution of
     Writing: Produce clear and coherent
     writing in which the development and
     organization are appropriate to task,
     purpose, and audience. (Grade-specific
     expectations for writing types are defined
 5   in standards 1–3 above

     CC.5.W.5 Production and Distribution of
     Writing: With guidance and support from
     peers and adults, develop and strengthen
     writing as needed by planning, revising,
     editing, rewriting, or trying a new
     approach.(Editing for conventions should
 5   demonstrate comm

     CC.5.W.6 Production and Distribution of
     Writing: With some guidance and support
     from adults, use technology, including the
     Internet, to produce and publish writing
     as well as to interact and collaborate with
     others; demonstrate sufficient command
 5   of keybo




                                                                                  82
                                 Reviewing the English Language Arts Common Core State Standards
 CC CC Standard                                      Is this standard contain       Is the Cognative             What questions do have   What type of additional
Grade                                                content you already cover      Complexity aligned to        about the standard?      resources may you need
                                                     in it's entirety or does the   what you teach, similar,                              to teach the standard?
                                                     standard contain additional    slighly different, or very
                                                     content?                       different?

     CC.5.W.7 Research to Build and Present
     Knowledge: Conduct short research
     projects that use several sources to build
     knowledge through investigation of
 5   different aspects of a topic.

     CC.5.W.8 Research to Build and Present
     Knowledge: Recall relevant information
     from experiences or gather relevant
     information from print and digital
     sources; summarize or paraphrase
     information in notes and finished work,
 5   and provide a list of sources.

     CC.5.W.9 Research to Build and Present
     Knowledge: Draw evidence from literary
     or informational texts to support analysis,
 5   reflection, and research.
     CC.5.W.9.a Research to Build and
     Present Knowledge: Apply grade 5
     Reading standards to literature (e.g.,
     ―Compare and contrast two or more
     characters, settings, or events in a story or
     a drama, drawing on specific details in
 5   the text [e.g., how characters




                                                                                    83
                                Reviewing the English Language Arts Common Core State Standards
 CC CC Standard                                    Is this standard contain       Is the Cognative             What questions do have   What type of additional
Grade                                              content you already cover      Complexity aligned to        about the standard?      resources may you need
                                                   in it's entirety or does the   what you teach, similar,                              to teach the standard?
                                                   standard contain additional    slighly different, or very
                                                   content?                       different?

     CC.5.W.9.b Research to Build and
     Present Knowledge: Apply grade 5
     Reading standards to informational texts
     (e.g., ―Explain how an author uses
     reasons and evidence to support particular
     points in a text, identifying which reasons
 5   and evidence support which

     CC.6.L.1 Conventions of Standard
     English: Demonstrate command of the
     conventions of standard English grammar
 6   and usage when writing or speaking.
     CC.6.L.1.a Conventions of Standard
     English: Ensure that pronouns are in the
     proper case (subjective, objective,
 6   possessive).
     CC.6.L.1.b Conventions of Standard
     English: Use intensive pronouns (e.g.,
 6   myself, ourselves).
     CC.6.L.1.c Conventions of Standard
     English: Recognize and correct
     inappropriate shifts in pronoun number
 6   and person.*
     CC.6.L.1.d Conventions of Standard
     English: Recognize and correct vague
     pronouns (i.e., ones with unclear or
 6   ambiguous antecedents).*




                                                                                  84
                                Reviewing the English Language Arts Common Core State Standards
 CC CC Standard                                  Is this standard contain       Is the Cognative             What questions do have   What type of additional
Grade                                            content you already cover      Complexity aligned to        about the standard?      resources may you need
                                                 in it's entirety or does the   what you teach, similar,                              to teach the standard?
                                                 standard contain additional    slighly different, or very
                                                 content?                       different?
     CC.6.L.1.e Conventions of Standard
     English: Recognize variations from
     standard English in their own and others'
     writing and speaking, and identify and
     use strategies to improve expression in
 6   conventional language.*
     CC.6.L.2 Conventions of Standard
     English: Demonstrate command of the
     conventions of standard English
     capitalization, punctuation, and spelling
 6   when writing.
     CC.6.L.2.a Conventions of Standard
     English: Use punctuation (commas,
     parentheses, dashes) to set off
 6   nonrestrictive/parenthetical elements.*
     CC.6.L.2.b Conventions of Standard
 6   English: Spell correctly.
     CC.6.L.3 Knowledge of Language: Use
     knowledge of language and its
     conventions when writing, speaking,
 6   reading, or listening.

     CC.6.L.3.a Knowledge of Language:
     Choose language that expresses ideas
     precisely and concisely, recognizing and
 6   eliminating wordiness and redundancy.*

     CC.6.L.3.b Knowledge of Language:
 6   Maintain consistency in style and tone.*




                                                                                85
                                 Reviewing the English Language Arts Common Core State Standards
 CC CC Standard                                     Is this standard contain       Is the Cognative             What questions do have   What type of additional
Grade                                               content you already cover      Complexity aligned to        about the standard?      resources may you need
                                                    in it's entirety or does the   what you teach, similar,                              to teach the standard?
                                                    standard contain additional    slighly different, or very
                                                    content?                       different?
     CC.6.L.4 Vocabulary Acquisition and
     Use: Determine or clarify the meaning of
     unknown and multiple-meaning words
     and phrases based on grade 6 reading and
     content, choosing flexibly from a range of
 6   strategies.
     CC.6.L.4.a Vocabulary Acquisition and
     Use: Use context (e.g., the overall
     meaning of a sentence or paragraph; a
     word’s position or function in a sentence)
     as a clue to the meaning of a word or
 6   phrase.
     CC.6.L.4.b Vocabulary Acquisition and
     Use: Use common, grade-appropriate
     Greek or Latin affixes and roots as clues
     to the meaning of a word (e.g., audience,
 6   auditory, audible).

     CC.6.L.4.c Vocabulary Acquisition and
     Use: Consult reference materials (e.g.,
     dictionaries, glossaries, thesauruses), both
     print and digital, to find the pronunciation
     of a word or determine or clarify its
 6   precise meaning or its part of speech.

     CC.6.L.4.d Vocabulary Acquisition and
     Use: Verify the preliminary determination
     of the meaning of a word or phrase (e.g.,
     by checking the inferred meaning in
 6   context or in a dictionary).




                                                                                   86
                              Reviewing the English Language Arts Common Core State Standards
 CC CC Standard                                 Is this standard contain       Is the Cognative             What questions do have   What type of additional
Grade                                           content you already cover      Complexity aligned to        about the standard?      resources may you need
                                                in it's entirety or does the   what you teach, similar,                              to teach the standard?
                                                standard contain additional    slighly different, or very
                                                content?                       different?

     CC.6.L.5 Vocabulary Acquisition and
     Use: Demonstrate understanding of
     figurative language, word relationships,
 6   and nuances in word meanings.
     CC.6.L.5.a Vocabulary Acquisition and
     Use: Interpret figures of speech (e.g.,
 6   personification) in context.
     CC.6.L.5.b Vocabulary Acquisition and
     Use: Use the relationship between
     particular words (e.g., cause/effect,
     part/whole, item/category) to better
 6   understand each of the words.
     CC.6.L.5.c Vocabulary Acquisition and
     Use: Distinguish among the connotations
     (associations) of words with similar
     denotations (definitions) (e.g., stingy,
     scrimping, economical, unwasteful,
 6   thrifty).
     CC.6.L.6 Vocabulary Acquisition and
     Use: Acquire and use accurately grade-
     appropriate general academic and domain-
     specific words and phrases; gather
     vocabulary knowledge when considering
     a word or phrase important to
 6   comprehension or expression.
     CC.6.R.I.1 Key Ideas and Details: Cite
     textual evidence to support analysis of
     what the text says explicitly as well as
 6   inferences drawn from the text.




                                                                               87
                                Reviewing the English Language Arts Common Core State Standards
 CC CC Standard                                   Is this standard contain       Is the Cognative             What questions do have   What type of additional
Grade                                             content you already cover      Complexity aligned to        about the standard?      resources may you need
                                                  in it's entirety or does the   what you teach, similar,                              to teach the standard?
                                                  standard contain additional    slighly different, or very
                                                  content?                       different?
     CC.6.R.I.10 Range of Reading and Level
     of Text Complexity: By the end of the
     year, read and comprehend literary
     nonfiction in the grades 6–8 text
     complexity band proficiently, with
     scaffolding as needed at the high end of
 6   the range.
     CC.6.R.I.2 Key Ideas and Details:
     Determine a central idea of a text and
     how it is conveyed through particular
     details; provide a summary of the text
     distinct from personal opinions or
 6   judgments.
     CC.6.R.I.3 Key Ideas and Details:
     Analyze in detail how a key individual,
     event, or idea is introduced, illustrated,
     and elaborated in a text (e.g., through
 6   examples or anecdotes).
     CC.6.R.I.4 Craft and Structure:
     Determine the meaning of words and
     phrases as they are used in a text,
     including figurative, connotative, and
 6   technical meanings.
     CC.6.R.I.5 Craft and Structure: Analyze
     how a particular sentence, paragraph,
     chapter, or section fits into the overall
     structure of a text and contributes to the
 6   development of the ideas.
     CC.6.R.I.6 Craft and Structure:
     Determine an author’s point of view or
     purpose in a text and explain how it is
 6   conveyed in the text.




                                                                                 88
                                Reviewing the English Language Arts Common Core State Standards
 CC CC Standard                                    Is this standard contain       Is the Cognative             What questions do have   What type of additional
Grade                                              content you already cover      Complexity aligned to        about the standard?      resources may you need
                                                   in it's entirety or does the   what you teach, similar,                              to teach the standard?
                                                   standard contain additional    slighly different, or very
                                                   content?                       different?
     CC.6.R.I.7 Integration of Knowledge and
     Ideas: Integrate information presented in
     different media or formats (e.g., visually,
     quantitatively) as well as in words to
     develop a coherent understanding of a
 6   topic or issue.
     CC.6.R.I.8 Integration of Knowledge and
     Ideas: Trace and evaluate the argument
     and specific claims in a text,
     distinguishing claims that are supported
     by reasons and evidence from claims that
 6   are not.

     CC.6.R.I.9 Integration of Knowledge and
     Ideas: Compare and contrast one author’s
     presentation of events with that of another
     (e.g., a memoir written by and a
 6   biography on the same person).
     CC.6.R.L.1 Key Ideas and Details: Cite
     textual evidence to support analysis of
     what the text says explicitly as well as
 6   inferences drawn from the text.

     CC.6.R.L.10 Range of Reading and Level
     of Text Complexity: By the end of the
     year, read and comprehend literature,
     including stories, dramas, and poems, in
     the grades 6–8 text complexity band
     proficiently, with scaffolding as needed at
 6   the high end of the range.




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 CC CC Standard                                     Is this standard contain       Is the Cognative             What questions do have   What type of additional
Grade                                               content you already cover      Complexity aligned to        about the standard?      resources may you need
                                                    in it's entirety or does the   what you teach, similar,                              to teach the standard?
                                                    standard contain additional    slighly different, or very
                                                    content?                       different?
     CC.6.R.L.2 Key Ideas and Details:
     Determine a theme or central idea of a
     text and how it is conveyed through
     particular details; provide a summary of
     the text distinct from personal opinions or
 6   judgments.
     CC.6.R.L.3 Key Ideas and Details:
     Describe how a particular story’s or
     drama’s plot unfolds in a series of
     episodes as well as how the characters
     respond or change as the plot moves
 6   toward a resolution.

     CC.6.R.L.4 Craft and Structure:
     Determine the meaning of words and
     phrases as they are used in a text,
     including figurative and connotative
     meanings; analyze the impact of a
 6   specific word choice on meaning and tone.

     CC.6.R.L.5 Craft and Structure: Analyze
     how a particular sentence, chapter, scene,
     or stanza fits into the overall structure of
     a text and contributes to the development
 6   of the theme, setting, or plot.
     CC.6.R.L.6 Craft and Structure: Explain
     how an author develops the point of view
 6   of the narrator or speaker in a text.




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                                 Reviewing the English Language Arts Common Core State Standards
 CC CC Standard                                     Is this standard contain       Is the Cognative             What questions do have   What type of additional
Grade                                               content you already cover      Complexity aligned to        about the standard?      resources may you need
                                                    in it's entirety or does the   what you teach, similar,                              to teach the standard?
                                                    standard contain additional    slighly different, or very
                                                    content?                       different?

     CC.6.R.L.7 Integration of Knowledge and
     Ideas: Compare and contrast the
     experience of reading a story, drama, or
     poem to listening to or viewing an audio,
     video, or live version of the text,
     including contrasting what they ―see‖ and
     ―hear‖ when reading the text of their
 6   approaches to similar themes and topics.

     CC.6.R.L.9 Integration of Knowledge and
     Ideas: Compare and contrast texts in
     different forms or genres (e.g., stories and
     poems; historical novels and fantasy
     stories) in terms of their approaches to
 6   similar themes and topics.

     CC.6.SL.1 Comprehension and
     Collaboration: Engage effectively in a
     range of collaborative discussions (one-
     on-one, in groups, and teacher-led) with
     diverse partners on grade 6 topics, texts,
     and issues, building on others’ ideas and
 6   expressing their own c

     CC.6.SL.1.a Comprehension and
     Collaboration: Come to discussions
     prepared, having read or studied required
     material; explicitly draw on that
     preparation by referring to evidence on
     the topic, text, or issue to probe and
 6   reflect on ideas under discussion.




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                                 Reviewing the English Language Arts Common Core State Standards
 CC CC Standard                                     Is this standard contain       Is the Cognative             What questions do have   What type of additional
Grade                                               content you already cover      Complexity aligned to        about the standard?      resources may you need
                                                    in it's entirety or does the   what you teach, similar,                              to teach the standard?
                                                    standard contain additional    slighly different, or very
                                                    content?                       different?
     CC.6.SL.1.b Comprehension and
     Collaboration: Follow rules for collegial
     discussions, set specific goals and
     deadlines, and define individual roles as
 6   needed.
     CC.6.SL.1.c Comprehension and
     Collaboration: Pose and respond to
     specific questions with elaboration and
     detail by making comments that
     contribute to the topic, text, or issue
 6   under discussion.
     CC.6.SL.1.d Comprehension and
     Collaboration: Review the key ideas
     expressed and demonstrate understanding
     of multiple perspectives through
 6   reflection and paraphrasing.
     CC.6.SL.2 Comprehension and
     Collaboration: Interpret information
     presented in diverse media and formats
     (e.g., visually, quantitatively, orally) and
     explain how it contributes to a topic, text,
 6   or issue under study.
     CC.6.SL.3 Comprehension and
     Collaboration: Delineate a speaker’s
     argument and specific claims,
     distinguishing claims that are supported
     by reasons and evidence from claims that
 6   are not.




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                                 Reviewing the English Language Arts Common Core State Standards
 CC CC Standard                                      Is this standard contain       Is the Cognative             What questions do have   What type of additional
Grade                                                content you already cover      Complexity aligned to        about the standard?      resources may you need
                                                     in it's entirety or does the   what you teach, similar,                              to teach the standard?
                                                     standard contain additional    slighly different, or very
                                                     content?                       different?
     CC.6.SL.4 Presentation of Knowledge
     and Ideas: Present claims and findings,
     sequencing ideas logically and using
     pertinent descriptions, facts, and details to
     accentuate main ideas or themes; use
     appropriate eye contact, adequate
 6   volume, and clear pronunc
     CC.6.SL.5 Presentation of Knowledge
     and Ideas: Include multimedia
     components (e.g., graphics, images,
     music, sound) and visual displays in
 6   presentations to clarify information.
     CC.6.SL.6 Presentation of Knowledge
     and Ideas: Adapt speech to a variety of
     contexts and tasks, demonstrating
     command of formal English when
     indicated or appropriate. (See grade 6
     Language standards 1 and 3 on page 53
 6   for specific expectations.)

     CC.6.W.1 Text Types and Purposes:
     Write arguments to support claims with
 6   clear reasons and relevant evidence.
     CC.6.W.1.a Text Types and Purposes:
     Introduce claim(s) and organize the
 6   reasons and evidence clearly.
     CC.6.W.1.b Text Types and Purposes:
     Support claim(s) with clear reasons and
     relevant evidence, using credible sources
     and demonstrating an understanding of
 6   the topic or text.




                                                                                    93
                                Reviewing the English Language Arts Common Core State Standards
 CC CC Standard                                    Is this standard contain       Is the Cognative             What questions do have   What type of additional
Grade                                              content you already cover      Complexity aligned to        about the standard?      resources may you need
                                                   in it's entirety or does the   what you teach, similar,                              to teach the standard?
                                                   standard contain additional    slighly different, or very
                                                   content?                       different?
     CC.6.W.1.c Text Types and Purposes:
     Use words, phrases, and clauses to clarify
     the relationships among claim(s) and
 6   reasons.
     CC.6.W.1.d Text Types and Purposes:
 6   Establish and maintain a formal style.

     CC.6.W.1.e Text Types and Purposes:
     Provide a concluding statement or section
 6   that follows from the argument presented.

     CC.6.W.10 Range of Writing: Write
     routinely over extended time frames (time
     for research, reflection, and revision) and
     shorter time frames (a single sitting or a
     day or two) for a range of discipline-
 6   specific tasks, purposes, and audiences.
     CC.6.W.2 Text Types and Purposes:
     Write informative/explanatory texts to
     examine a topic and convey ideas,
     concepts, and information through the
     selection, organization, and analysis of
 6   relevant content.

     CC.6.W.2.a Text Types and Purposes:
     Introduce a topic; organize ideas,
     concepts, and information, using
     strategies such as definition,
     classification, comparison/contrast, and
     cause/effect; include formatting (e.g.,
 6   headings), graphics (e.g., charts, tabl




                                                                                  94
                                 Reviewing the English Language Arts Common Core State Standards
 CC CC Standard                                   Is this standard contain       Is the Cognative             What questions do have   What type of additional
Grade                                             content you already cover      Complexity aligned to        about the standard?      resources may you need
                                                  in it's entirety or does the   what you teach, similar,                              to teach the standard?
                                                  standard contain additional    slighly different, or very
                                                  content?                       different?

     CC.6.W.2.b Text Types and Purposes:
     Develop the topic with relevant facts,
     definitions, concrete details, quotations,
 6   or other information and examples.

     CC.6.W.2.c Text Types and Purposes:
     Use appropriate transitions to clarify the
 6   relationships among ideas and concepts.
     CC.6.W.2.d Text Types and Purposes:
     Use precise language and domain-specific
     vocabulary to inform about or explain the
 6   topic.
     CC.6.W.2.e Text Types and Purposes:
 6   Establish and maintain a formal style.
     CC.6.W.2.f Text Types and Purposes:
     Provide a concluding statement or section
     that follows from the information or
 6   explanation presented.
     CC.6.W.3 Text Types and Purposes:
     Write narratives to develop real or
     imagined experiences or events using
     effective technique, relevant descriptive
     details, and well-structured event
 6   sequences.
     CC.6.W.3.a Text Types and Purposes:
     Engage and orient the reader by
     establishing a context and introducing a
     narrator and/or characters; organize an
     event sequence that unfolds naturally and
 6   logically.




                                                                                 95
                                Reviewing the English Language Arts Common Core State Standards
 CC CC Standard                                    Is this standard contain       Is the Cognative             What questions do have   What type of additional
Grade                                              content you already cover      Complexity aligned to        about the standard?      resources may you need
                                                   in it's entirety or does the   what you teach, similar,                              to teach the standard?
                                                   standard contain additional    slighly different, or very
                                                   content?                       different?
     CC.6.W.3.b Text Types and Purposes:
     Use narrative techniques, such as
     dialogue, pacing, and description, to
     develop experiences, events, and/or
 6   characters.
     CC.6.W.3.c Text Types and Purposes:
     Use a variety of transition words, phrases,
     and clauses to convey sequence and
     signal shifts from one time frame or
 6   setting to another.

     CC.6.W.3.d Text Types and Purposes:
     Use precise words and phrases, relevant
     descriptive details, and sensory language
 6   to convey experiences and events.
     CC.6.W.3.e Text Types and Purposes:
     Provide a conclusion that follows from
 6   the narrated experiences or events.
     CC.6.W.4 Production and Distribution of
     Writing: Produce clear and coherent
     writing in which the development,
     organization, and style are appropriate to
     task, purpose, and audience. (Grade-
     specific expectations for writing types are
 6   defined in standards 1
     CC.6.W.5 Production and Distribution of
     Writing: With some guidance and support
     from peers and adults, develop and
     strengthen writing as needed by planning,
     revising, editing, rewriting, or trying a
     new approach.(Editing for conventions
 6   should demonstrate




                                                                                  96
                                 Reviewing the English Language Arts Common Core State Standards
 CC CC Standard                                    Is this standard contain       Is the Cognative             What questions do have   What type of additional
Grade                                              content you already cover      Complexity aligned to        about the standard?      resources may you need
                                                   in it's entirety or does the   what you teach, similar,                              to teach the standard?
                                                   standard contain additional    slighly different, or very
                                                   content?                       different?
     CC.6.W.6 Production and Distribution of
     Writing: Use technology, including the
     Internet, to produce and publish writing
     as well as to interact and collaborate with
     others; demonstrate sufficient command
     of keyboarding skills to type a minimum
 6   of three pag

     CC.6.W.7 Research to Build and Present
     Knowledge: Conduct short research
     projects to answer a question, drawing on
     several sources and refocusing the inquiry
 6   when appropriate.

     CC.6.W.8 Research to Build and Present
     Knowledge: Gather relevant information
     from multiple print and digital sources;
     assess the credibility of each source; and
     quote or paraphrase the data and
     conclusions of others while avoiding
 6   plagiarism and providin

     CC.6.W.9 Research to Build and Present
     Knowledge: Draw evidence from literary
     or informational texts to support analysis,
 6   reflection, and research.




                                                                                  97
                                Reviewing the English Language Arts Common Core State Standards
 CC CC Standard                                  Is this standard contain       Is the Cognative             What questions do have   What type of additional
Grade                                            content you already cover      Complexity aligned to        about the standard?      resources may you need
                                                 in it's entirety or does the   what you teach, similar,                              to teach the standard?
                                                 standard contain additional    slighly different, or very
                                                 content?                       different?

     CC.6.W.9.a Research to Build and
     Present Knowledge: Apply grade 6
     Reading standards to literature (e.g.,
     ―Compare and contrast texts in different
     forms or genres [e.g., stories and poems;
     historical novels and fantasy stories]in
 6   terms of their approaches

     CC.6.W.9.b Research to Build and
     Present Knowledge: Apply grade 6
     Reading standards to literary nonfiction
     (e.g., ―Trace and evaluate the argument
     and specific claims in a text,
     distinguishing claims that are supported
 6   by reasons and evidence from claims

     CC.7.L.1 Conventions of Standard
     English: Demonstrate command of the
     conventions of standard English grammar
 7   and usage when writing or speaking.
     CC.7.L.1.a Conventions of Standard
     English: Explain the function of phrases
     and clauses in general and their function
 7   in specific sentences.
     CC.7.L.1.b Conventions of Standard
     English: Choose among simple,
     compound, complex, and compound-
     complex sentences to signal differing
 7   relationships among ideas.




                                                                                98
                               Reviewing the English Language Arts Common Core State Standards
 CC CC Standard                                   Is this standard contain       Is the Cognative             What questions do have   What type of additional
Grade                                             content you already cover      Complexity aligned to        about the standard?      resources may you need
                                                  in it's entirety or does the   what you teach, similar,                              to teach the standard?
                                                  standard contain additional    slighly different, or very
                                                  content?                       different?

     CC.7.L.1.c Conventions of Standard
     English: Place phrases and clauses within
     a sentence, recognizing and correcting
 7   misplaced and dangling modifiers.*
     CC.7.L.2 Conventions of Standard
     English: Demonstrate command of the
     conventions of standard English
     capitalization, punctuation, and spelling
 7   when writing.
     CC.7.L.2.a Conventions of Standard
     English: Use a comma to separate
     coordinate adjectives (e.g., It was a
     fascinating, enjoyable movie but not He
 7   wore an old[,] green shirt).
     CC.7.L.2.b Conventions of Standard
 7   English: Spell correctly.
     CC.7.L.3 Knowledge of Language: Use
     knowledge of language and its
     conventions when writing, speaking,
 7   reading, or listening.

     CC.7.L.3.a Knowledge of Language:
     Choose language that expresses ideas
     precisely and concisely, recognizing and
 7   eliminating wordiness and redundancy.*
     CC.7.L.4 Vocabulary Acquisition and
     Use: Determine or clarify the meaning of
     unknown and multiple-meaning words
     and phrases based on grade 7 reading and
     content, choosing flexibly from a range of
 7   strategies.




                                                                                 99
                                Reviewing the English Language Arts Common Core State Standards
 CC CC Standard                                   Is this standard contain       Is the Cognative             What questions do have   What type of additional
Grade                                             content you already cover      Complexity aligned to        about the standard?      resources may you need
                                                  in it's entirety or does the   what you teach, similar,                              to teach the standard?
                                                  standard contain additional    slighly different, or very
                                                  content?                       different?
     CC.7.L.4.a Vocabulary Acquisition and
     Use: Use context (e.g., the overall
     meaning of a sentence or paragraph; a
     word’s position or function in a sentence)
     as a clue to the meaning of a word or
 7   phrase.
     CC.7.L.4.b Vocabulary Acquisition and
     Use: Use common, grade-appropriate
     Greek or Latin affixes and roots as clues
     to the meaning of a word (e.g.,
 7   belligerent, bellicose, rebel).
     CC.7.L.4.c Vocabulary Acquisition and
     Use: Consult general and specialized
     reference materials (e.g., dictionaries,
     glossaries, thesauruses), both print and
     digital, to find the pronunciation of a
     word or determine or clarify its precise
 7   meaning or its pa

     CC.7.L.4.d Vocabulary Acquisition and
     Use: Verify the preliminary determination
     of the meaning of a word or phrase (e.g.,
     by checking the inferred meaning in
 7   context or in a dictionary).

     CC.7.L.5 Vocabulary Acquisition and
     Use: Demonstrate understanding of
     figurative language, word relationships,
 7   and nuances in word meanings.
     CC.7.L.5.a Vocabulary Acquisition and
     Use: Interpret figures of speech (e.g.,
     literary, biblical, and mythological
 7   allusions) in context.



                                                                                 100
                              Reviewing the English Language Arts Common Core State Standards
 CC CC Standard                                  Is this standard contain       Is the Cognative             What questions do have   What type of additional
Grade                                            content you already cover      Complexity aligned to        about the standard?      resources may you need
                                                 in it's entirety or does the   what you teach, similar,                              to teach the standard?
                                                 standard contain additional    slighly different, or very
                                                 content?                       different?
     CC.7.L.5.b Vocabulary Acquisition and
     Use: Use the relationship between
     particular words (e.g., synonym/antonym,
     analogy) to better understand each of the
 7   words.
     CC.7.L.5.c Vocabulary Acquisition and
     Use: Distinguish among the connotations
     (associations) of words with similar
     denotations (definitions) (e.g., refined,
     respectful, polite, diplomatic,
 7   condescending).
     CC.7.L.6 Vocabulary Acquisition and
     Use: Acquire and use accurately grade-
     appropriate general academic and domain-
     specific words and phrases; gather
     vocabulary knowledge when considering
     a word or phrase important to
 7   comprehension or expression.
     CC.7.R.I.1 Key Ideas and Details: Cite
     several pieces of textual evidence to
     support analysis of what the text says
     explicitly as well as inferences drawn
 7   from the text.
     CC.7.R.I.10 Range of Reading and Level
     of Text Complexity: By the end of the
     year, read and comprehend literary
     nonfiction in the grades 6–8 text
     complexity band proficiently, with
     scaffolding as needed at the high end of
 7   the range.




                                                                                101
                                Reviewing the English Language Arts Common Core State Standards
 CC CC Standard                                   Is this standard contain       Is the Cognative             What questions do have   What type of additional
Grade                                             content you already cover      Complexity aligned to        about the standard?      resources may you need
                                                  in it's entirety or does the   what you teach, similar,                              to teach the standard?
                                                  standard contain additional    slighly different, or very
                                                  content?                       different?
     CC.7.R.I.2 Key Ideas and Details:
     Determine two or more central ideas in a
     text and analyze their development over
     the course of the text; provide an
 7   objective summary of the text.
     CC.7.R.I.3 Key Ideas and Details:
     Analyze the interactions between
     individuals, events, and ideas in a text
     (e.g., how ideas influence individuals or
     events, or how individuals influence ideas
 7   or events).
     CC.7.R.I.4 Craft and Structure:
     Determine the meaning of words and
     phrases as they are used in a text,
     including figurative, connotative, and
     technical meanings; analyze the impact of
     a specific word choice on meaning and
 7   tone.
     CC.7.R.I.5 Craft and Structure: Analyze
     the structure an author uses to organize a
     text, including how the major sections
     contribute to the whole and to the
 7   development of the ideas.
     CC.7.R.I.6 Craft and Structure:
     Determine an author’s point of view or
     purpose in a text and analyze how the
     author distinguishes his or her position
 7   from that of others.




                                                                                 102
                                Reviewing the English Language Arts Common Core State Standards
 CC CC Standard                                    Is this standard contain       Is the Cognative             What questions do have   What type of additional
Grade                                              content you already cover      Complexity aligned to        about the standard?      resources may you need
                                                   in it's entirety or does the   what you teach, similar,                              to teach the standard?
                                                   standard contain additional    slighly different, or very
                                                   content?                       different?

     CC.7.R.I.7 Integration of Knowledge and
     Ideas: Compare and contrast a text to an
     audio, video, or multimedia version of the
     text, analyzing each medium’s portrayal
     of the subject (e.g., how the delivery of a
 7   speech affects the impact of the words).
     CC.7.R.I.8 Integration of Knowledge and
     Ideas: Trace and evaluate the argument
     and specific claims in a text, assessing
     whether the reasoning is sound and the
     evidence is relevant and sufficient to
 7   support the claims.
     CC.7.R.I.9 Integration of Knowledge and
     Ideas: Analyze how two or more authors
     writing about the same topic shape their
     presentations of key information by
     emphasizing different evidence or
     advancing different interpretations of
 7   facts.
     CC.7.R.L.1 Key Ideas and Details: Cite
     several pieces of textual evidence to
     support analysis of what the text says
     explicitly as well as inferences drawn
 7   from the text.

     CC.7.R.L.10 Range of Reading and Level
     of Text Complexity: By the end of the
     year, read and comprehend literature,
     including stories, dramas, and poems, in
     the grades 6–8 text complexity band
     proficiently, with scaffolding as needed at
 7   the high end of the range.



                                                                                  103
                                 Reviewing the English Language Arts Common Core State Standards
 CC CC Standard                                    Is this standard contain       Is the Cognative             What questions do have   What type of additional
Grade                                              content you already cover      Complexity aligned to        about the standard?      resources may you need
                                                   in it's entirety or does the   what you teach, similar,                              to teach the standard?
                                                   standard contain additional    slighly different, or very
                                                   content?                       different?
     CC.7.R.L.2 Key Ideas and Details:
     Determine a theme or central idea of a
     text and analyze its development over the
     course of the text; provide an objective
 7   summary of the text.
     CC.7.R.L.3 Key Ideas and Details:
     Analyze how particular elements of a
     story or drama interact (e.g., how setting
 7   shapes the characters or plot).

     CC.7.R.L.4 Craft and Structure:
     Determine the meaning of words and
     phrases as they are used in a text,
     including figurative and connotative
     meanings; analyze the impact of rhymes
     and other repetitions of sounds (e.g.,
     alliteration) on a specific verse or stanza
 7   of a poem or section of a story or drama.
     CC.7.R.L.5 Craft and Structure: Analyze
     how a drama’s or poem’s form or
     structure (e.g., soliloquy, sonnet)
 7   contributes to its meaning.
     CC.7.R.L.6 Craft and Structure: Analyze
     how an author develops and contrasts the
     points of view of different characters or
 7   narrators in a text.




                                                                                  104
                                 Reviewing the English Language Arts Common Core State Standards
 CC CC Standard                                   Is this standard contain       Is the Cognative             What questions do have   What type of additional
Grade                                             content you already cover      Complexity aligned to        about the standard?      resources may you need
                                                  in it's entirety or does the   what you teach, similar,                              to teach the standard?
                                                  standard contain additional    slighly different, or very
                                                  content?                       different?

     CC.7.R.L.7 Integration of Knowledge and
     Ideas: Compare and contrast a story,
     drama, or poem to its audio, filmed,
     staged, or multimedia version, analyzing
     the effects of techniques unique to each
     medium (e.g., lighting, sound, color, or
 7   camera focus and and angles in a film).

     CC.7.R.L.9 Integration of Knowledge and
     Ideas: Compare and contrast a fictional
     portrayal of a time, place, or character
     and a historical account of the same
     period as a means of understanding how
 7   authors of fiction use or alter history.

     CC.7.SL.1 Comprehension and
     Collaboration: Engage effectively in a
     range of collaborative discussions (one-
     on-one, in groups, and teacher-led) with
     diverse partners on grade 7 topics, texts,
     and issues, building on others’ ideas and
 7   expressing their own c

     CC.7.SL.1.a Comprehension and
     Collaboration: Come to discussions
     prepared, having read or researched
     material under study; explicitly draw on
     that preparation by referring to evidence
     on the topic, text, or issue to probe and
 7   reflect on ideas under discus




                                                                                 105
                                Reviewing the English Language Arts Common Core State Standards
 CC CC Standard                                   Is this standard contain       Is the Cognative             What questions do have   What type of additional
Grade                                             content you already cover      Complexity aligned to        about the standard?      resources may you need
                                                  in it's entirety or does the   what you teach, similar,                              to teach the standard?
                                                  standard contain additional    slighly different, or very
                                                  content?                       different?
     CC.7.SL.1.b Comprehension and
     Collaboration: Follow rules for collegial
     discussions, track progress toward
     specific goals and deadlines, and define
 7   individual roles as needed.

     CC.7.SL.1.c Comprehension and
     Collaboration: Pose questions that elicit
     elaboration and respond to others’
     questions and comments with relevant
     observations and ideas that bring the
 7   discussion back on topic as needed.

     CC.7.SL.1.d Comprehension and
     Collaboration: Acknowledge new
     information expressed by others and,
 7   when warranted, modify their own views.
     CC.7.SL.2 Comprehension and
     Collaboration: Analyze the main ideas
     and supporting details presented in
     diverse media and formats (e.g., visually,
     quantitatively, orally) and explain how
     the ideas clarify a topic, text, or issue
 7   under study.

     CC.7.SL.3 Comprehension and
     Collaboration: Delineate a speaker’s
     argument and specific claims, evaluating
     the soundness of the reasoning and the
 7   relevance and sufficiency of the evidence.




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 CC CC Standard                                    Is this standard contain       Is the Cognative             What questions do have   What type of additional
Grade                                              content you already cover      Complexity aligned to        about the standard?      resources may you need
                                                   in it's entirety or does the   what you teach, similar,                              to teach the standard?
                                                   standard contain additional    slighly different, or very
                                                   content?                       different?

     CC.7.SL.4 Presentation of Knowledge
     and Ideas: Present claims and findings,
     emphasizing salient points in a focused,
     coherent manner with pertinent
     descriptions, facts, details, and examples;
     use appropriate eye contact, adequate
 7   volume, and clear pronunc
     CC.7.SL.6 Presentation of Knowledge
     and Ideas: Adapt speech to a variety of
     contexts and tasks, demonstrating
     command of formal English when
     indicated or appropriate. (See grade 7
     Language standards 1 and 3 on page 53
 7   for specific expectations.)
     CC.7.SL.6 Presentation of Knowledge
     and Ideas: Include multimedia
     components and visual displays in
     presentations to clarify claims and
 7   findings and emphasize salient points.

     CC.7.W.1 Text Types and Purposes:
     Write arguments to support claims with
 7   clear reasons and relevant evidence.

     CC.7.W.1.a Text Types and Purposes:
     Introduce claim(s), acknowledge alternate
     or opposing claims, and organize the
 7   reasons and evidence logically.




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Grade                                              content you already cover      Complexity aligned to        about the standard?      resources may you need
                                                   in it's entirety or does the   what you teach, similar,                              to teach the standard?
                                                   standard contain additional    slighly different, or very
                                                   content?                       different?
     CC.7.W.1.b Text Types and Purposes:
     Support claim(s) with logical reasoning
     and relevant evidence, using accurate,
     credible sources and demonstrating an
 7   understanding of the topic or text.

     CC.7.W.1.c Text Types and Purposes:
     Use words, phrases, and clauses to create
     cohesion and clarify the relationships
 7   among claim(s), reasons, and evidence.
     CC.7.W.1.d Text Types and Purposes:
 7   Establish and maintain a formal style.
     CC.7.W.1.e Text Types and Purposes:
     Provide a concluding statement or section
     that follows from and supports the
 7   argument presented.

     CC.7.W.10 Range of Writing: Write
     routinely over extended time frames (time
     for research, reflection, and revision) and
     shorter time frames (a single sitting or a
     day or two) for a range of discipline-
 7   specific tasks, purposes, and audiences.
     CC.7.W.2 Text Types and Purposes:
     Write informative/explanatory texts to
     examine a topic and convey ideas,
     concepts, and information through the
     selection, organization, and analysis of
 7   relevant content.




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 CC CC Standard                                   Is this standard contain       Is the Cognative             What questions do have   What type of additional
Grade                                             content you already cover      Complexity aligned to        about the standard?      resources may you need
                                                  in it's entirety or does the   what you teach, similar,                              to teach the standard?
                                                  standard contain additional    slighly different, or very
                                                  content?                       different?

     CC.7.W.2.a Text Types and Purposes:
     Introduce a topic clearly, previewing
     what is to follow; organize ideas,
     concepts, and information, using
     strategies such as definition,
     classification, comparison/contrast, and
 7   cause/effect; include formatting (e.g., h

     CC.7.W.2.b Text Types and Purposes:
     Develop the topic with relevant facts,
     definitions, concrete details, quotations,
 7   or other information and examples.
     CC.7.W.2.c Text Types and Purposes:
     Use appropriate transitions to create
     cohesion and clarify the relationships
 7   among ideas and concepts.
     CC.7.W.2.d Text Types and Purposes:
     Use precise language and domain-specific
     vocabulary to inform about or explain the
 7   topic.
     CC.7.W.2.e Text Types and Purposes:
 7   Establish and maintain a formal style.

     CC.7.W.2.f Text Types and Purposes:
     Provide a concluding statement or section
     that follows from and supports the
 7   information or explanation presented.




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Grade                                              content you already cover      Complexity aligned to        about the standard?      resources may you need
                                                   in it's entirety or does the   what you teach, similar,                              to teach the standard?
                                                   standard contain additional    slighly different, or very
                                                   content?                       different?
     CC.7.W.3 Text Types and Purposes:
     Write narratives to develop real or
     imagined experiences or events using
     effective technique, relevant descriptive
     details, and well-structured event
 7   sequences.

     CC.7.W.3.a Text Types and Purposes:
     Engage and orient the reader by
     establishing a context and point of view
     and introducing a narrator and/or
     characters; organize an event sequence
 7   that unfolds naturally and logically.
     CC.7.W.3.b Text Types and Purposes:
     Use narrative techniques, such as
     dialogue, pacing, and description, to
     develop experiences, events, and/or
 7   characters.
     CC.7.W.3.c Text Types and Purposes:
     Use a variety of transition words, phrases,
     and clauses to convey sequence and
     signal shifts from one time frame or
 7   setting to another.
     CC.7.W.3.d Text Types and Purposes:
     Use precise words and phrases, relevant
     descriptive details, and sensory language
     to capture the action and convey
 7   experiences and events.
     CC.7.W.3.e Text Types and Purposes:
     Provide a conclusion that follows from
     and reflects on the narrated experiences
 7   or events.




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 CC CC Standard                                    Is this standard contain       Is the Cognative             What questions do have   What type of additional
Grade                                              content you already cover      Complexity aligned to        about the standard?      resources may you need
                                                   in it's entirety or does the   what you teach, similar,                              to teach the standard?
                                                   standard contain additional    slighly different, or very
                                                   content?                       different?
     CC.7.W.4 Production and Distribution of
     Writing: Produce clear and coherent
     writing in which the development,
     organization, and style are appropriate to
     task, purpose, and audience. (Grade-
     specific expectations for writing types are
 7   defined in standards 1
     CC.7.W.5 Production and Distribution of
     Writing: With some guidance and support
     from peers and adults, develop and
     strengthen writing as needed by planning,
     revising, editing, rewriting, or trying a
     new approach, focusing on how well
 7   purpose and audience

     CC.7.W.6 Production and Distribution of
     Writing: Use technology, including the
     Internet, to produce and publish writing
     and link to and cite sources as well as to
     interact and collaborate with others,
 7   including linking to and citing sources.

     CC.7.W.7 Research to Build and Present
     Knowledge: Conduct short research
     projects to answer a question, drawing on
     several sources and generating additional
     related, focused questions for further
 7   research and investigation.




                                                                                  111
                                Reviewing the English Language Arts Common Core State Standards
 CC CC Standard                                    Is this standard contain       Is the Cognative             What questions do have   What type of additional
Grade                                              content you already cover      Complexity aligned to        about the standard?      resources may you need
                                                   in it's entirety or does the   what you teach, similar,                              to teach the standard?
                                                   standard contain additional    slighly different, or very
                                                   content?                       different?

     CC.7.W.8 Research to Build and Present
     Knowledge: Gather relevant information
     from multiple print and digital sources,
     using search terms effectively; assess the
     credibility and accuracy of each source;
     and quote or paraphrase the data and
 7   conclusions of

     CC.7.W.9 Research to Build and Present
     Knowledge: Draw evidence from literary
     or informational texts to support analysis,
 7   reflection, and research.

     CC.7.W.9.a Research to Build and
     Present Knowledge: Apply grade 7
     Reading standards to literature (e.g.,
     ―Compare and contrast a fictional
     portrayal of a time, place, or character
     and a historical account of the same
 7   period as a means of understanding how

     CC.7.W.9.b Research to Build and
     Present Knowledge: Apply grade 7
     Reading standards to literary nonfiction
     (e.g. ―Trace and evaluate the argument
     and specific claims in a text, assessing
     whether the reasoning is sound and the
 7   evidence is relevant and suff




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 CC CC Standard                                      Is this standard contain       Is the Cognative             What questions do have   What type of additional
Grade                                                content you already cover      Complexity aligned to        about the standard?      resources may you need
                                                     in it's entirety or does the   what you teach, similar,                              to teach the standard?
                                                     standard contain additional    slighly different, or very
                                                     content?                       different?

     CC.8.L.1 Conventions of Standard
     English: Demonstrate command of the
     conventions of standard English grammar
 8   and usage when writing or speaking.
     CC.8.L.1.a Conventions of Standard
     English: Explain the function of verbals
     (gerunds, participles, infinitives) in
     general and their function in particular
 8   sentences.
     CC.8.L.1.b Conventions of Standard
     English: Form and use verbs in the active
 8   and passive voice.
     CC.8.L.1.c Conventions of Standard
     English: Form and use verbs in the
     indicative, imperative, interrogative,
 8   conditional, and subjunctive mood.
     CC.8.L.1.d Conventions of Standard
     English: Recognize and correct
     inappropriate shifts in verb voice and
 8   mood.*
     CC.8.L.2 Conventions of Standard
     English: Demonstrate command of the
     conventions of standard English
     capitalization, punctuation, and spelling
 8   when writing.

     CC.8.L.2.a Conventions of Standard
     English: Use punctuation (comma,
 8   ellipsis, dash) to indicate a pause or break.
     CC.8.L.2.b Conventions of Standard
     English: Use an ellipsis to indicate an
 8   omission.



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Grade                                             content you already cover      Complexity aligned to        about the standard?      resources may you need
                                                  in it's entirety or does the   what you teach, similar,                              to teach the standard?
                                                  standard contain additional    slighly different, or very
                                                  content?                       different?
     CC.8.L.2.c Conventions of Standard
 8   English: Spell correctly.
     CC.8.L.3 Knowledge of Language: Use
     knowledge of language and its
     conventions when writing, speaking,
 8   reading, or listening.
     CC.8.L.3.a Knowledge of Language: Use
     verbs in the active and passive voice and
     in the conditional and subjunctive mood
     to achieve particular effects (e.g.,
     emphasizing the actor or the action;
     expressing uncertainty or describing a
 8   state contrary to fact
     CC.8.L.4 Vocabulary Acquisition and
     Use: Determine or clarify the meaning of
     unknown and multiple-meaning words or
     phrases based on grade 8 reading and
     content, choosing flexibly from a range of
 8   strategies.
     CC.8.L.4.a Vocabulary Acquisition and
     Use: Use context (e.g., the overall
     meaning of a sentence or paragraph; a
     word’s position or function in a sentence)
     as a clue to the meaning of a word or
 8   phrase.
     CC.8.L.4.b Vocabulary Acquisition and
     Use: Use common, grade-appropriate
     Greek or Latin affixes and roots as clues
     to the meaning of a word (e.g., precede,
 8   recede, secede).




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 CC CC Standard                                   Is this standard contain       Is the Cognative             What questions do have   What type of additional
Grade                                             content you already cover      Complexity aligned to        about the standard?      resources may you need
                                                  in it's entirety or does the   what you teach, similar,                              to teach the standard?
                                                  standard contain additional    slighly different, or very
                                                  content?                       different?
     CC.8.L.4.c Vocabulary Acquisition and
     Use: Consult general and specialized
     reference materials (e.g., dictionaries,
     glossaries, thesauruses), both print and
     digital, to find the pronunciation of a
     word or determine or clarify its precise
 8   meaning or its pa

     CC.8.L.4.d Vocabulary Acquisition and
     Use: Verify the preliminary determination
     of the meaning of a word or phrase (e.g.,
     by checking the inferred meaning in
 8   context or in a dictionary).

     CC.8.L.5 Vocabulary Acquisition and
     Use: Demonstrate understanding of
     figurative language, word relationships,
 8   and nuances in word meanings.
     CC.8.L.5.a Vocabulary Acquisition and
     Use: Interpret figures of speech (e.g.
 8   verbal irony, puns) in context.
     CC.8.L.5.b Vocabulary Acquisition and
     Use: Use the relationship between
     particular words to better understand each
 8   of the words.
     CC.8.L.5.c Vocabulary Acquisition and
     Use: Distinguish among the connotations
     (associations) of words with similar
     denotations (definitions) (e.g.,
     bullheaded, willful, firm, persistent,
 8   resolute).




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Grade                                               content you already cover      Complexity aligned to        about the standard?      resources may you need
                                                    in it's entirety or does the   what you teach, similar,                              to teach the standard?
                                                    standard contain additional    slighly different, or very
                                                    content?                       different?
     CC.8.L.6 Vocabulary Acquisition and
     Use: Acquire and use accurately grade-
     appropriate general academic and domain-
     specific words and phrases; gather
     vocabulary knowledge when considering
     a word or phrase important to
 8   comprehension or expression.
     CC.8.R.I.1 Key Ideas and Details: Cite
     the textual evidence that most strongly
     supports an analysis of what the text says
     explicitly as well as inferences drawn
 8   from the text.
     CC.8.R.I.10 Range of Reading and Level
     of Text Complexity: By the end of the
     year, read and comprehend literary
     nonfiction at the high end of the grades
     6–8 text complexity band independently
 8   and proficiently.

     CC.8.R.I.2 Key Ideas and Details:
     Determine a central idea of a text and
     analyze its development over the course
     of the text, including its relationship to
     supporting ideas; provide an objective
 8   summary of the text.

     CC.8.R.I.3 Key Ideas and Details:
     Analyze how a text makes connections
     among and distinctions between
     individuals, ideas, or events (e.g., through
 8   comparisons, analogies, or categories).




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                                Reviewing the English Language Arts Common Core State Standards
 CC CC Standard                                   Is this standard contain       Is the Cognative             What questions do have   What type of additional
Grade                                             content you already cover      Complexity aligned to        about the standard?      resources may you need
                                                  in it's entirety or does the   what you teach, similar,                              to teach the standard?
                                                  standard contain additional    slighly different, or very
                                                  content?                       different?
     CC.8.R.I.4 Craft and Structure:
     Determine the meaning of words and
     phrases as they are used in a text,
     including figurative, connotative, and
     technical meanings; analyze the impact of
     specific word choices on meaning and
     tone, including analogies or allusions to
 8   other texts.
     CC.8.R.I.5 Craft and Structure: Analyze
     in detail the structure of a specific
     paragraph in a text, including the role of
     particular sentences in developing and
 8   refining a key concept.
     CC.8.R.I.6 Craft and Structure:
     Determine an author’s point of view or
     purpose in a text and analyze how the
     author acknowledges and responds to
 8   conflicting evidence or viewpoints.
     CC.8.R.I.7 Integration of Knowledge and
     Ideas: Evaluate the advantages and
     disadvantages of using different mediums
     (e.g., print or digital text, video,
     multimedia) to present a particular topic
 8   or idea.
     CC.8.R.I.8 Integration of Knowledge and
     Ideas: Delineate and evaluate the
     argument and specific claims in a text,
     assessing whether the reasoning is sound
     and the evidence is relevant and
     sufficient; recognize when irrelevant
 8   evidence is introduced.




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                                 Reviewing the English Language Arts Common Core State Standards
 CC CC Standard                                     Is this standard contain       Is the Cognative             What questions do have   What type of additional
Grade                                               content you already cover      Complexity aligned to        about the standard?      resources may you need
                                                    in it's entirety or does the   what you teach, similar,                              to teach the standard?
                                                    standard contain additional    slighly different, or very
                                                    content?                       different?
     CC.8.R.I.9 Integration of Knowledge and
     Ideas: Analyze a case in which two or
     more texts provide conflicting
     information on the same topic and
     identify where the texts disagree on
 8   matters of fact or interpretation.
     CC.8.R.L.1 Key Ideas and Details: Cite
     the textual evidence that most strongly
     supports an analysis of what the text says
     explicitly as well as inferences drawn
 8   from the text.
     CC.8.R.L.10 Range of Reading and Level
     of Text Complexity: By the end of the
     year, read and comprehend literature,
     including stories, dramas, and poems, at
     the high end of grades 6–8 text
     complexity band independently and
 8   proficiently.
     CC.8.R.L.2 Key Ideas and Details:
     Determine a theme or central idea of a
     text and analyze its development over the
     course of the text, including its
     relationship to the characters, setting, and
     plot; provide an objective summary of the
 8   text.
     CC.8.R.L.3 Key Ideas and Details:
     Analyze how particular lines of dialogue
     or incidents in a story or drama propel the
     action, reveal aspects of a character, or
 8   provoke a decision.




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                                 Reviewing the English Language Arts Common Core State Standards
 CC CC Standard                                     Is this standard contain       Is the Cognative             What questions do have   What type of additional
Grade                                               content you already cover      Complexity aligned to        about the standard?      resources may you need
                                                    in it's entirety or does the   what you teach, similar,                              to teach the standard?
                                                    standard contain additional    slighly different, or very
                                                    content?                       different?
     CC.8.R.L.4 Craft and Structure:
     Determine the meaning of words and
     phrases as they are used in a text,
     including figurative and connotative
     meanings; analyze the impact of specific
     word choices on meaning and tone,
     including analogies or allusions to other
 8   texts.
     CC.8.R.L.5 Craft and Structure: Compare
     and contrast the structure of two or more
     texts and analyze how the differing
     structure of each text contributes to its
 8   meaning and style.
     CC.8.R.L.6 Craft and Structure: Analyze
     how differences in the points of view of
     the characters and the audience or reader
     (e.g., created through the use of dramatic
     irony) create such effects as suspense or
 8   humor.
     CC.8.R.L.7 Integration of Knowledge and
     Ideas: Analyze the extent to which a
     filmed or live production of a story or
     drama stays faithful to or departs from the
     text or script, evaluating the choices made
 8   by the director or actors.
     CC.8.R.L.9 Integration of Knowledge and
     Ideas: Analyze how a modern work of
     fiction draws on themes, patterns of
     events, or character types from myths,
     traditional stories, or religious works such
     as the Bible, including describing how the
 8   material is rendered new.




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                                 Reviewing the English Language Arts Common Core State Standards
 CC CC Standard                                   Is this standard contain       Is the Cognative             What questions do have   What type of additional
Grade                                             content you already cover      Complexity aligned to        about the standard?      resources may you need
                                                  in it's entirety or does the   what you teach, similar,                              to teach the standard?
                                                  standard contain additional    slighly different, or very
                                                  content?                       different?

     CC.8.SL.1 Comprehension and
     Collaboration: Engage effectively in a
     range of collaborative discussions (one-
     on-one, in groups, and teacher-led) with
     diverse partners on grade 8 topics, texts,
     and issues, building on others’ ideas and
 8   expressing their own c

     CC.8.SL.1.a Comprehension and
     Collaboration: Come to discussions
     prepared, having read or researched
     material under study; explicitly draw on
     that preparation by referring to evidence
     on the topic, text, or issue to probe and
 8   reflect on ideas under discus
     CC.8.SL.1.b Comprehension and
     Collaboration: Follow rules for collegial
     discussions and decision-making, track
     progress toward specific goals and
     deadlines, and define individual roles as
 8   needed.
     CC.8.SL.1.c Comprehension and
     Collaboration: Pose questions that
     connect the ideas of several speakers and
     respond to others’ questions and
     comments with relevant evidence,
 8   observations, and ideas.




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                                 Reviewing the English Language Arts Common Core State Standards
 CC CC Standard                                     Is this standard contain       Is the Cognative             What questions do have   What type of additional
Grade                                               content you already cover      Complexity aligned to        about the standard?      resources may you need
                                                    in it's entirety or does the   what you teach, similar,                              to teach the standard?
                                                    standard contain additional    slighly different, or very
                                                    content?                       different?
     CC.8.SL.1.d Comprehension and
     Collaboration: Acknowledge new
     information expressed by others, and,
     when warranted, qualify or justify their
     own views in light of the evidence
 8   presented.
     CC.8.SL.2 Comprehension and
     Collaboration: Analyze the purpose of
     information presented in diverse media
     and formats (e.g., visually, quantitatively,
     orally) and evaluate the motives (e.g.,
     social, commercial, political) behind its
 8   presentation.

     CC.8.SL.3 Comprehension and
     Collaboration: Delineate a speaker’s
     argument and specific claims, evaluating
     the soundness of the reasoning and
     relevance and sufficiency of the evidence
     and identifying when irrelevant evidence
 8   is introduced.

     CC.8.SL.4 Presentation of Knowledge
     and Ideas: Present claims and findings,
     emphasizing salient points in a focused,
     coherent manner with relevant evidence,
     sound valid reasoning, and well-chosen
     details; use appropriate eye contact,
 8   adequate volume, and




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                                Reviewing the English Language Arts Common Core State Standards
 CC CC Standard                                   Is this standard contain       Is the Cognative             What questions do have   What type of additional
Grade                                             content you already cover      Complexity aligned to        about the standard?      resources may you need
                                                  in it's entirety or does the   what you teach, similar,                              to teach the standard?
                                                  standard contain additional    slighly different, or very
                                                  content?                       different?
     CC.8.SL.5 Presentation of Knowledge
     and Ideas: Integrate multimedia and
     visual displays into presentations to
     clarify information, strengthen claims and
 8   evidence, and add interest.
     CC.8.SL.6 Presentation of Knowledge
     and Ideas: Adapt speech to a variety of
     contexts and tasks, demonstrating
     command of formal English when
     indicated or appropriate. (See grade 8
     Language standards 1 and 3 on page 53
 8   for specific expectations.)

     CC.8.W.1 Text Types and Purposes:
     Write arguments to support claims with
 8   clear reasons and relevant evidence.
     CC.8.W.1.a Text Types and Purposes:
     Introduce claim(s), acknowledge and
     distinguish the claim(s) from alternate or
     opposing claims, and organize the reasons
 8   and evidence logically.
     CC.8.W.1.b Text Types and Purposes:
     Support claim(s) with logical reasoning
     and relevant evidence, using accurate,
     credible sources and demonstrating an
 8   understanding of the topic or text.
     CC.8.W.1.c Text Types and Purposes:
     Use words, phrases, and clauses to create
     cohesion and clarify the relationships
     among claim(s), counterclaims, reasons,
 8   and evidence.
     CC.8.W.1.d Text Types and Purposes:
 8   Establish and maintain a formal style.



                                                                                 122
                                 Reviewing the English Language Arts Common Core State Standards
 CC CC Standard                                     Is this standard contain       Is the Cognative             What questions do have   What type of additional
Grade                                               content you already cover      Complexity aligned to        about the standard?      resources may you need
                                                    in it's entirety or does the   what you teach, similar,                              to teach the standard?
                                                    standard contain additional    slighly different, or very
                                                    content?                       different?
     CC.8.W.1.e Text Types and Purposes:
     Provide a concluding statement or section
     that follows from and supports the
 8   argument presented.

     CC.8.W.10 Range of Writing: Write
     routinely over extended time frames (time
     for research, reflection, and revision) and
     shorter time frames (a single sitting or a
     day or two) for a range of discipline-
 8   specific tasks, purposes, and audiences.
     CC.8.W.2 Text Types and Purposes:
     Write informative/explanatory texts to
     examine a topic and convey ideas,
     concepts, and information through the
     selection, organization, and analysis of
 8   relevant content.
     CC.8.W.2.a Text Types and Purposes:
     Introduce a topic clearly, previewing
     what is to follow; organize ideas,
     concepts, and information into broader
     categories; include formatting (e.g.,
     headings), graphics (e.g., charts, tables),
 8   and multimedia when usefu
     CC.8.W.2.b Text Types and Purposes:
     Develop the topic with relevant, well-
     chosen facts, definitions, concrete details,
     quotations, or other information and
 8   examples.




                                                                                   123
                                Reviewing the English Language Arts Common Core State Standards
 CC CC Standard                                  Is this standard contain       Is the Cognative             What questions do have   What type of additional
Grade                                            content you already cover      Complexity aligned to        about the standard?      resources may you need
                                                 in it's entirety or does the   what you teach, similar,                              to teach the standard?
                                                 standard contain additional    slighly different, or very
                                                 content?                       different?

     CC.8.W.2.c Text Types and Purposes:
     Use appropriate and varied transitions to
     create cohesion and clarify the
 8   relationships among ideas and concepts.
     CC.8.W.2.d Text Types and Purposes:
     Use precise language and domain-specific
     vocabulary to inform about or explain the
 8   topic.
     CC.8.W.2.e Text Types and Purposes:
 8   Establish and maintain a formal style.

     CC.8.W.2.f Text Types and Purposes:
     Provide a concluding statement or section
     that follows from and supports the
 8   information or explanation presented.
     CC.8.W.3 Text Types and Purposes:
     Write narratives to develop real or
     imagined experiences or events using
     effective technique, relevant descriptive
     details, and well-structured event
 8   sequences.

     CC.8.W.3.a Text Types and Purposes:
     Engage and orient the reader by
     establishing a context and point of view
     and introducing a narrator and/or
     characters; organize an event sequence
 8   that unfolds naturally and logically.




                                                                                124
                                Reviewing the English Language Arts Common Core State Standards
 CC CC Standard                                    Is this standard contain       Is the Cognative             What questions do have   What type of additional
Grade                                              content you already cover      Complexity aligned to        about the standard?      resources may you need
                                                   in it's entirety or does the   what you teach, similar,                              to teach the standard?
                                                   standard contain additional    slighly different, or very
                                                   content?                       different?
     CC.8.W.3.b Text Types and Purposes:
     Use narrative techniques, such as
     dialogue, pacing, description, and
     reflection, to develop experiences, events,
 8   and/or characters.

     CC.8.W.3.c Text Types and Purposes:
     Use a variety of transition words, phrases,
     and clauses to convey sequence, signal
     shifts from one time frame or setting to
     another, and show the relationships
 8   among experiences and events.
     CC.8.W.3.d Text Types and Purposes:
     Use precise words and phrases, relevant
     descriptive details, and sensory language
     to capture the action and convey
 8   experiences and events.
     CC.8.W.3.e Text Types and Purposes:
     Provide a conclusion that follows from
     and reflects on the narrated experiences
 8   or events.
     CC.8.W.4 Production and Distribution of
     Writing: Produce clear and coherent
     writing in which the development,
     organization, and style are appropriate to
     task, purpose, and audience. (Grade-
     specific expectations for writing types are
 8   defined in standards 1




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                                 Reviewing the English Language Arts Common Core State Standards
 CC CC Standard                                    Is this standard contain       Is the Cognative             What questions do have   What type of additional
Grade                                              content you already cover      Complexity aligned to        about the standard?      resources may you need
                                                   in it's entirety or does the   what you teach, similar,                              to teach the standard?
                                                   standard contain additional    slighly different, or very
                                                   content?                       different?
     CC.8.W.5 Production and Distribution of
     Writing: With some guidance and support
     from peers and adults, develop and
     strengthen writing as needed by planning,
     revising, editing, rewriting, or trying a
     new approach, focusing on how well
 8   purpose and audience

     CC.8.W.6 Production and Distribution of
     Writing: Use technology, including the
     Internet, to produce and publish writing
     and present the relationships between
     information and ideas efficiently as well
 8   as to interact and collaborate with others.

     CC.8.W.7 Research to Build and Present
     Knowledge: Conduct short research
     projects to answer a question (including a
     self-generated question), drawing on
     several sources and generating additional
     related, focused questions that allow for
 8   multiple avenues o

     CC.8.W.8 Research to Build and Present
     Knowledge: Gather relevant information
     from multiple print and digital sources,
     using search terms effectively; assess the
     credibility and accuracy of each source;
     and quote or paraphrase the data and
 8   conclusions of




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                                  Reviewing the English Language Arts Common Core State Standards
 CC CC Standard                                      Is this standard contain       Is the Cognative             What questions do have   What type of additional
Grade                                                content you already cover      Complexity aligned to        about the standard?      resources may you need
                                                     in it's entirety or does the   what you teach, similar,                              to teach the standard?
                                                     standard contain additional    slighly different, or very
                                                     content?                       different?

       CC.8.W.9 Research to Build and Present
       Knowledge: Draw evidence from literary
       or informational texts to support analysis,
 8     reflection, and research.

       CC.8.W.9.a Research to Build and
       Present Knowledge: Apply grade 8
       Reading standards to literature (e.g.,
       ―Analyze how a modern work of fiction
       draws on themes, patterns of events, or
       character types from myths, traditional
 8     stories, or religious works such

       CC.8.W.9.b Research to Build and
       Present Knowledge: Apply grade 8
       Reading standards to literary nonfiction
       (e.g., ―Delineate and evaluate the
       argument and specific claims in a text,
       assessing whether the reasoning is sound
 8     and the evidence is relevant and

       CC.9-10.L.1 Conventions of Standard
       English: Demonstrate command of the
       conventions of standard English grammar
9-10   and usage when writing or speaking.
       CC.9-10.L.1.a Conventions of Standard
9-10   English: Use parallel structure.*




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                                  Reviewing the English Language Arts Common Core State Standards
 CC CC Standard                                      Is this standard contain       Is the Cognative             What questions do have   What type of additional
Grade                                                content you already cover      Complexity aligned to        about the standard?      resources may you need
                                                     in it's entirety or does the   what you teach, similar,                              to teach the standard?
                                                     standard contain additional    slighly different, or very
                                                     content?                       different?
       CC.9-10.L.1.b Conventions of Standard
       English: Use various types of phrases
       (noun, verb, adjectival, adverbial,
       participial, prepositional, absolute) and
       clauses (independent, dependent; noun,
       relative, adverbial) to convey specific
9-10   meanings and add varie
       CC.9-10.L.2 Conventions of Standard
       English: Demonstrate command of the
       conventions of standard English
       capitalization, punctuation, and spelling
9-10   when writing.

       CC.9-10.L.2.a Conventions of Standard
       English: Use a semicolon (and perhaps a
       conjunctive adverb) to link two or more
9-10   closely related independent clauses.
       CC.9-10.L.2.b Conventions of Standard
       English: Use a colon to introduce a list or
9-10   quotation.
       CC.9-10.L.2.c Conventions of Standard
9-10   English: Spell correctly.
       CC.9-10.L.3 Knowledge of Language:
       Apply knowledge of language to
       understand how language functions in
       different contexts, to make effective
       choices for meaning or style, and to
       comprehend more fully when reading or
9-10   listening.




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                                  Reviewing the English Language Arts Common Core State Standards
 CC CC Standard                                     Is this standard contain       Is the Cognative             What questions do have   What type of additional
Grade                                               content you already cover      Complexity aligned to        about the standard?      resources may you need
                                                    in it's entirety or does the   what you teach, similar,                              to teach the standard?
                                                    standard contain additional    slighly different, or very
                                                    content?                       different?
       CC.9-10.L.3.a Knowledge of Language:
       Write and edit work so that it conforms to
       the guidelines in a style manual (e.g.,
       MLA Handbook, Turabian’s Manual for
       Writers) appropriate for the discipline
9-10   and writing type.

       CC.9-10.L.4 Vocabulary Acquisition and
       Use: Determine or clarify the meaning of
       unknown and multiple-meaning words
       and phrases based on grades 9–10 reading
       and content, choosing flexibly from a
9-10   range of strategies.
       CC.9-10.L.4.a Vocabulary Acquisition
       and Use: Use context (e.g., the overall
       meaning of a sentence, paragraph, or text;
       a word’s position or function in a
       sentence) as a clue to the meaning of a
9-10   word or phrase.
       CC.9-10.L.4.b Vocabulary Acquisition
       and Use: Identify and correctly use
       patterns of word changes that indicate
       different meanings or parts of speech
       (e.g., analyze, analysis, analytical;
9-10   advocate, advocacy).
       CC.9-10.L.4.c Vocabulary Acquisition
       and Use: Consult general and specialized
       reference materials (e.g., dictionaries,
       glossaries, thesauruses), both print and
       digital, to find the pronunciation of a
       word or determine or clarify its precise
9-10   meaning, its p




                                                                                   129
                                  Reviewing the English Language Arts Common Core State Standards
 CC CC Standard                                      Is this standard contain       Is the Cognative             What questions do have   What type of additional
Grade                                                content you already cover      Complexity aligned to        about the standard?      resources may you need
                                                     in it's entirety or does the   what you teach, similar,                              to teach the standard?
                                                     standard contain additional    slighly different, or very
                                                     content?                       different?

       CC.9-10.L.4.d Vocabulary Acquisition
       and Use: Verify the preliminary
       determination of the meaning of a word
       or phrase (e.g., by checking the inferred
9-10   meaning in context or in a dictionary).

       CC.9-10.L.5 Vocabulary Acquisition and
       Use: Demonstrate understanding of
       figurative language, word relationships,
9-10   and nuances in word meanings.
       CC.9-10.L.5.a Vocabulary Acquisition
       and Use: Interpret figures of speech (e.g.,
       satire, sarcasm) in context and analyze
9-10   their role in the text.

       CC.9-10.L.5.b Vocabulary Acquisition
       and Use: Analyze nuances in the meaning
9-10   of words with similar denotations.

       CC.9-10.L.6 Vocabulary Acquisition and
       Use: Acquire and use accurately general
       academic and domain-specific words and
       phrases, sufficient for reading, writing,
       speaking, and listening at the college and
       career readiness level; demonstrate
9-10   independence in
       CC.9-10.R.I.1 Key Ideas and Details:
       Cite strong and thorough textual evidence
       to support analysis of what the text says
       explicitly as well as inferences drawn
9-10   from the text.




                                                                                    130
                                  Reviewing the English Language Arts Common Core State Standards
 CC CC Standard                                      Is this standard contain       Is the Cognative             What questions do have   What type of additional
Grade                                                content you already cover      Complexity aligned to        about the standard?      resources may you need
                                                     in it's entirety or does the   what you teach, similar,                              to teach the standard?
                                                     standard contain additional    slighly different, or very
                                                     content?                       different?
       CC.9-10.R.I.10 Range of Reading and
       Level of Text Complexity: By the end of
       grade 9, read and comprehend literary
       nonfiction in the grades 9–10 text
       complexity band proficiently, with
       scaffolding as needed at the high end of
       the range.

       CC.9-10.R.I.10 Range of Reading and
       Level of Text Complexity: By the end of
       grade 10, read and comprehend literary
       nonfiction at the high end of the grades 9-
9-10   10 text complexity band independently

       CC.9-10.R.I.2 Key Ideas and Details:
       Determine a central idea of a text and
       analyze its development over the course
       of the text, including how it emerges and
       is shaped and refined by specific details;
9-10   provide an objective summary of the text.
       CC.9-10.R.I.3 Key Ideas and Details:
       Analyze how the author unfolds an
       analysis or series of ideas or events,
       including the order in which the points
       are made, how they are introduced and
       developed, and the connections that are
9-10   drawn between them.




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                                  Reviewing the English Language Arts Common Core State Standards
 CC CC Standard                                      Is this standard contain       Is the Cognative             What questions do have   What type of additional
Grade                                                content you already cover      Complexity aligned to        about the standard?      resources may you need
                                                     in it's entirety or does the   what you teach, similar,                              to teach the standard?
                                                     standard contain additional    slighly different, or very
                                                     content?                       different?
       CC.9-10.R.I.4 Craft and Structure:
       Determine the meaning of words and
       phrases as they are used in a text,
       including figurative, connotative, and
       technical meanings; analyze the
       cumulative impact of specific word
       choices on meaning and tone (e.g., how
       the language of a court opinion differs
9-10   from that of a newspaper.)
       CC.9-10.R.I.5 Craft and Structure:
       Analyze in detail how an author’s ideas or
       claims are developed and refined by
       particular sentences, paragraphs, or larger
       portions of a text (e.g., a section or
9-10   chapter).
       CC.9-10.R.I.6 Craft and Structure:
       Determine an author’s point of view or
       purpose in a text and analyze how an
       author uses rhetoric to advance that point
9-10   of view or purpose.
       CC.9-10.R.I.7 Integration of Knowledge
       and Ideas: Analyze various accounts of a
       subject told in different mediums (e.g., a
       person’s life story in both print and
       multimedia), determining which details
9-10   are emphasized in each account.
       CC.9-10.R.I.8 Integration of Knowledge
       and Ideas: Delineate and evaluate the
       argument and specific claims in a text,
       assessing whether the reasoning is valid
       and the evidence is relevant and
       sufficient; identify false statements and
9-10   fallacious reasoning.



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                                  Reviewing the English Language Arts Common Core State Standards
 CC CC Standard                                      Is this standard contain       Is the Cognative             What questions do have   What type of additional
Grade                                                content you already cover      Complexity aligned to        about the standard?      resources may you need
                                                     in it's entirety or does the   what you teach, similar,                              to teach the standard?
                                                     standard contain additional    slighly different, or very
                                                     content?                       different?
       CC.9-10.R.I.9 Integration of Knowledge
       and Ideas: Analyze seminal U.S.
       documents of historical and literary
       significance (e.g., Washington’s Farewell
       Address, the Gettysburg Address,
       Roosevelt’s Four Freedoms speech,
       King’s "Letter From Birmingham Jail"),
       including how they address related
9-10   themes and concepts.
       CC.9-10.R.L.1 Key Ideas and Details:
       Cite strong and thorough textual evidence
       to support analysis of what the text says
       explicitly as well as inferences drawn
9-10   from the text.

       CC.9-10.R.L.10 Range of Reading and
       Level of Text Complexity: By the end of
       grade 9, read and comprehend literature,
       including stories, dramas, and poems, in
       the grades 9–10 text complexity band
       proficiently, with scaffolding as needed at
       the high end of the range.
                                  CC.9-10.R.L.10
       Range of Reading and Level of Text
       Complexity: By the end of grade 10, read
       and comprehend literature, including
       stories, dramas, and poems, at the high
       end of the grade 9-10 text complexity
9-10   band independently and proficiently.




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                                   Reviewing the English Language Arts Common Core State Standards
 CC CC Standard                                       Is this standard contain       Is the Cognative             What questions do have   What type of additional
Grade                                                 content you already cover      Complexity aligned to        about the standard?      resources may you need
                                                      in it's entirety or does the   what you teach, similar,                              to teach the standard?
                                                      standard contain additional    slighly different, or very
                                                      content?                       different?

       CC.9-10.R.L.2 Key Ideas and Details:
       Determine a theme or central idea of a
       text and analyze in detail its development
       over the course of the text, including how
       it emerges and is shaped and refined by
       specific details; provide an objective
9-10   summary of the text.

       CC.9-10.R.L.3 Key Ideas and Details:
       Analyze how complex characters (e.g.,
       those with multiple or conflicting
       motivations) develop over the course of a
       text, interact with other characters, and
9-10   advance the plot or develop the theme.

       CC.9-10.R.L.4 Craft and Structure:
       Determine the meaning of words and
       phrases as they are used in the text,
       including figurative and connotative
       meanings; analyze the cumulative impact
       of specific word choices on meaning and
       tone (e.g., how the language evokes a
       sense of time and place; how it sets a
9-10   formal or informal tone.)
       CC.9-10.R.L.5 Craft and Structure:
       Analyze how an author’s choices
       concerning how to structure a text, order
       events within it (e.g., parallel plots), and
       manipulate time (e.g., pacing, flashbacks)
       create such effects as mystery, tension, or
9-10   surprise.




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                                  Reviewing the English Language Arts Common Core State Standards
 CC CC Standard                                     Is this standard contain       Is the Cognative             What questions do have   What type of additional
Grade                                               content you already cover      Complexity aligned to        about the standard?      resources may you need
                                                    in it's entirety or does the   what you teach, similar,                              to teach the standard?
                                                    standard contain additional    slighly different, or very
                                                    content?                       different?
       CC.9-10.R.L.6 Craft and Structure:
       Analyze a particular point of view or
       cultural experience reflected in a work of
       literature from outside the United States,
       drawing on a wide reading of world
9-10   literature.

       CC.9-10.R.L.7 Integration of Knowledge
       and Ideas: Analyze the representation of a
       subject or a key scene in two different
       artistic mediums, including what is
       emphasized or absent in each treatment
       (e.g., Auden’s ―Musée des Beaux Arts‖
       and Breughel’s Landscape with the Fall
9-10   of Icarus.)

       CC.9-10.R.L.9 Integration of Knowledge
       and Ideas: Analyze how an author draws
       on and transforms source material in a
       specific work (e.g., how Shakespeare
       treats a theme or topic from Ovid or the
       Bible or how a later author draws on a
9-10   play by Shakespeare).
       CC.9-10.SL.1 Comprehension and
       Collaboration: Initiate and participate
       effectively in a range of collaborative
       discussions (one-on-one, in groups, and
       teacher-led) with diverse partners on
       grades 9–10 topics, texts, and issues,
9-10   building on others’ ideas a




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                                  Reviewing the English Language Arts Common Core State Standards
 CC CC Standard                                     Is this standard contain       Is the Cognative             What questions do have   What type of additional
Grade                                               content you already cover      Complexity aligned to        about the standard?      resources may you need
                                                    in it's entirety or does the   what you teach, similar,                              to teach the standard?
                                                    standard contain additional    slighly different, or very
                                                    content?                       different?
       CC.9-10.SL.1.a Comprehension and
       Collaboration: Come to discussions
       prepared, having read and researched
       material under study; explicitly draw on
       that preparation by referring to evidence
       from texts and other research on the topic
9-10   or issue to stimulate a
       CC.9-10.SL.1.b Comprehension and
       Collaboration: Work with peers to set
       rules for collegial discussions and
       decision-making (e.g., informal
       consensus, taking votes on key issues,
       presentation of alternate views), clear
9-10   goals and deadlines, and individual r
       CC.9-10.SL.1.c Comprehension and
       Collaboration: Propel conversations by
       posing and responding to questions that
       relate the current discussion to broader
       themes or larger ideas; actively
       incorporate others into the discussion;
9-10   and clarify, verify, or chall

       CC.9-10.SL.1.d Comprehension and
       Collaboration: Respond thoughtfully to
       diverse perspectives, summarize points of
       agreement and disagreement, and, when
       warranted, qualify or justify their own
       views and understanding and make new
9-10   connections in light of th




                                                                                   136
                                   Reviewing the English Language Arts Common Core State Standards
 CC CC Standard                                       Is this standard contain       Is the Cognative             What questions do have   What type of additional
Grade                                                 content you already cover      Complexity aligned to        about the standard?      resources may you need
                                                      in it's entirety or does the   what you teach, similar,                              to teach the standard?
                                                      standard contain additional    slighly different, or very
                                                      content?                       different?

       CC.9-10.SL.2 Comprehension and
       Collaboration: Integrate multiple sources
       of information presented in diverse media
       or formats (e.g., visually, quantitatively,
       orally) evaluating the credibility and
9-10   accuracy of each source.
       CC.9-10.SL.3 Comprehension and
       Collaboration: Evaluate a speaker’s point
       of view, reasoning, and use of evidence
       and rhetoric, identifying any fallacious
       reasoning or exaggerated or distorted
9-10   evidence.

       CC.9-10.SL.4 Presentation of Knowledge
       and Ideas: Present information, findings,
       and supporting evidence clearly,
       concisely, and logically such that listeners
       can follow the line of reasoning and the
       organization, development, substance,
9-10   and style are app
       CC.9-10.SL.5 Presentation of Knowledge
       and Ideas: Make strategic use of digital
       media (e.g., textual, graphical, audio,
       visual, and interactive elements) in
       presentations to enhance understanding of
       findings, reasoning, and evidence and to
9-10   add interest.




                                                                                     137
                                  Reviewing the English Language Arts Common Core State Standards
 CC CC Standard                                      Is this standard contain       Is the Cognative             What questions do have   What type of additional
Grade                                                content you already cover      Complexity aligned to        about the standard?      resources may you need
                                                     in it's entirety or does the   what you teach, similar,                              to teach the standard?
                                                     standard contain additional    slighly different, or very
                                                     content?                       different?

       CC.9-10.SL.6 Presentation of Knowledge
       and Ideas: Adapt speech to a variety of
       contexts and tasks, demonstrating
       command of formal English when
       indicated or appropriate. (See grades 9-10
       Language standards 1 and 3 on pages 54
9-10   for specific expectations.)
       CC.9-10.W.1 Text Types and Purposes:
       Write arguments to support claims in an
       analysis of substantive topics or texts,
       using valid reasoning and relevant and
9-10   sufficient evidence.
       CC.9-10.W.1.a Text Types and Purposes:
       Introduce precise claim(s), distinguish the
       claim(s) from alternate or opposing
       claims, and create an organization that
       establishes clear relationships among
       claim(s), counterclaims, reasons, and
9-10   evidence.


       CC.9-10.W.1.b Text Types and Purposes:
       Develop claim(s) and counterclaims
       fairly, supplying evidence for each while
       pointing out the strengths and limitations
       of both in a manner that anticipates the
9-10   audience’s knowledge level and concerns.




                                                                                    138
                                  Reviewing the English Language Arts Common Core State Standards
 CC CC Standard                                      Is this standard contain       Is the Cognative             What questions do have   What type of additional
Grade                                                content you already cover      Complexity aligned to        about the standard?      resources may you need
                                                     in it's entirety or does the   what you teach, similar,                              to teach the standard?
                                                     standard contain additional    slighly different, or very
                                                     content?                       different?

       CC.9-10.W.1.c Text Types and Purposes:
       Use words, phrases, and clauses to link
       the major sections of the text, create
       cohesion, and clarify the relationships
       between claim(s) and reasons, between
       reasons and evidence, and between
9-10   claim(s) and counterclaim

       CC.9-10.W.1.d Text Types and Purposes:
       Establish and maintain a formal style and
       objective tone while attending to the
       norms and conventions of the discipline
9-10   in which they are writing.
       CC.9-10.W.1.e Text Types and Purposes:
       Provide a concluding statement or section
       that follows from and supports the
9-10   argument presented.

       CC.9-10.W.10 Range of Writing: Write
       routinely over extended time frames (time
       for research, reflection, and revision) and
       shorter time frames (a single sitting or a
       day or two) for a range of tasks, purposes,
9-10   and audiences.

       CC.9-10.W.2 Text Types and Purposes:
       Write informative/explanatory texts to
       examine and convey complex ideas,
       concepts, and information clearly and
       accurately through the effective selection,
9-10   organization, and analysis of content.




                                                                                    139
                                  Reviewing the English Language Arts Common Core State Standards
 CC CC Standard                                      Is this standard contain       Is the Cognative             What questions do have   What type of additional
Grade                                                content you already cover      Complexity aligned to        about the standard?      resources may you need
                                                     in it's entirety or does the   what you teach, similar,                              to teach the standard?
                                                     standard contain additional    slighly different, or very
                                                     content?                       different?

       CC.9-10.W.2.a Text Types and Purposes:
       Introduce a topic; organize complex
       ideas, concepts, and information to make
       important connections and distinctions;
       include formatting (e.g., headings),
       graphics (e.g., figures, tables), and
9-10   multimedia when useful t
       CC.9-10.W.2.b Text Types and Purposes:
       Develop the topic with well-chosen,
       relevant, and sufficient facts, extended
       definitions, concrete details, quotations,
       or other information and examples
       appropriate to the audience’s knowledge
9-10   of the topic.

       CC.9-10.W.2.c Text Types and Purposes:
       Use appropriate and varied transitions to
       link the major sections of the text, create
       cohesion, and clarify the relationships
9-10   among complex ideas and concepts.
       CC.9-10.W.2.d Text Types and Purposes:
       Use precise language and domain-specific
       vocabulary to manage the complexity of
9-10   the topic.

       CC.9-10.W.2.e Text Types and Purposes:
       Establish and maintain a formal style and
       objective tone while attending to the
       norms and conventions of the discipline
9-10   in which they are writing.




                                                                                    140
                                  Reviewing the English Language Arts Common Core State Standards
 CC CC Standard                                     Is this standard contain       Is the Cognative             What questions do have   What type of additional
Grade                                               content you already cover      Complexity aligned to        about the standard?      resources may you need
                                                    in it's entirety or does the   what you teach, similar,                              to teach the standard?
                                                    standard contain additional    slighly different, or very
                                                    content?                       different?

       CC.9-10.W.2.f Text Types and Purposes:
       Provide a concluding statement or section
       that follows from and supports the
       information or explanation presented
       (e.g., articulating implications or the
9-10   significance of the topic).

       CC.9-10.W.3 Text Types and Purposes:
       Write narratives to develop real or
       imagined experiences or events using
       effective technique, well-chosen details,
9-10   and well-structured event sequences.

       CC.9-10.W.3.a Text Types and Purposes:
       Engage and orient the reader by setting
       out a problem, situation, or observation,
       establishing one or multiple point(s) of
       view, and introducing a narrator and/or
       characters; create a smooth progression of
9-10   experience

       CC.9-10.W.3.b Text Types and Purposes:
       Use narrative techniques, such as
       dialogue, pacing, description, reflection,
       and multiple plot lines, to develop
9-10   experiences, events, and/or characters.

       CC.9-10.W.3.c Text Types and Purposes:
       Use a variety of techniques to sequence
       events so that they build on one another
9-10   to create a coherent whole.




                                                                                   141
                                  Reviewing the English Language Arts Common Core State Standards
 CC CC Standard                                      Is this standard contain       Is the Cognative             What questions do have   What type of additional
Grade                                                content you already cover      Complexity aligned to        about the standard?      resources may you need
                                                     in it's entirety or does the   what you teach, similar,                              to teach the standard?
                                                     standard contain additional    slighly different, or very
                                                     content?                       different?

       CC.9-10.W.3.d Text Types and Purposes:
       Use precise words and phrases, telling
       details, and sensory language to convey a
       vivid picture of the experiences, events,
9-10   setting, and/or characters.
       CC.9-10.W.3.e Text Types and Purposes:
       Provide a conclusion that follows from
       and reflects on what is experienced,
       observed, or resolved over the course of
9-10   the narrative.

       CC.9-10.W.4 Production and Distribution
       of Writing: Produce clear and coherent
       writing in which the development,
       organization, and style are appropriate to
       task, purpose, and audience. (Grade-
       specific expectations for writing types are
9-10   defined in standard

       CC.9-10.W.5 Production and Distribution
       of Writing: Develop and strengthen
       writing as needed by planning, revising,
       editing, rewriting, or trying a new
       approach, focusing on addressing what is
       most significant for a specific purpose
9-10   and audience. (Editing




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Grade                                                content you already cover      Complexity aligned to        about the standard?      resources may you need
                                                     in it's entirety or does the   what you teach, similar,                              to teach the standard?
                                                     standard contain additional    slighly different, or very
                                                     content?                       different?

       CC.9-10.W.6 Production and Distribution
       of Writing: Use technology, including the
       Internet, to produce, publish, and update
       individual or shared writing products,
       taking advantage of technology’s capacity
       to link to other information and to display
9-10   inform

       CC.9-10.W.7 Research to Build and
       Present Knowledge: Conduct short as
       well as more sustained research projects
       to answer a question (including a self-
       generated question) or solve a problem;
       narrow or broaden the inquiry when
9-10   appropriate; synthesize multip

       CC.9-10.W.8 Research to Build and
       Present Knowledge: Gather relevant
       information from multiple authoritative
       print and digital sources, using advanced
       searches effectively; assess the usefulness
       of each source in answering the research
9-10   question; integrate

       CC.9-10.W.9 Research to Build and
       Present Knowledge: Draw evidence from
       literary or informational texts to support
9-10   analysis, reflection, and research.




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Grade                                              content you already cover      Complexity aligned to        about the standard?      resources may you need
                                                   in it's entirety or does the   what you teach, similar,                              to teach the standard?
                                                   standard contain additional    slighly different, or very
                                                   content?                       different?

       CC.9-10.W.9.a Research to Build and
       Present Knowledge: Apply grades 9–10
       Reading standards to literature(e.g.,
       ―Analyze how an author draws on and
       transforms source material in a specific
       work [e.g., how Shakespeare treats a
9-10   theme or topic from Ovid or th

       CC.9-10.W.9.b Research to Build and
       Present Knowledge: Apply grades 9–10
       Reading standards to literary nonfiction
       (e.g., ―Delineate and evaluate the
       argument and specific claims in a text,
       assessing whether the reasoning is valid
9-10   and the evidence is relev

       CC.K.L.1 Conventions of Standard
       English: Demonstrate command of the
       conventions of standard English grammar
 K     and usage when writing or speaking.
       CC.K.L.1.a Conventions of Standard
       English: Print many upper- and lowercase
 K     letters.
       CC.K.L.1.b Conventions of Standard
       English: Use frequently occurring nouns
 K     and verbs.
       CC.K.L.1.c Conventions of Standard
       English: Form regular plural nouns orally
       by adding /s/ or /es/ (e.g., dog, dogs;
 K     wish, wishes).




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Grade                                              content you already cover      Complexity aligned to        about the standard?      resources may you need
                                                   in it's entirety or does the   what you teach, similar,                              to teach the standard?
                                                   standard contain additional    slighly different, or very
                                                   content?                       different?
     CC.K.L.1.d Conventions of Standard
     English: Understand and use question
     words (interrogatives) (e.g., who, what,
 K   where, when, why, how).
     CC.K.L.1.e Conventions of Standard
     English: Use the most frequently
     occurring prepositions (e.g., to, from, in,
 K   out, on, off, for, of, by, with).

     CC.K.L.1.f Conventions of Standard
     English: Produce and expand complete
 K   sentences in shared language activities.
     CC.K.L.2 Conventions of Standard
     English: Demonstrate command of the
     conventions of standard English
     capitalization, punctuation, and spelling
 K   when writing.
     CC.K.L.2.a Conventions of Standard
     English: Capitalize the first word in a
 K   sentence and the pronoun I.
     CC.K.L.2.b Conventions of Standard
     English: Recognize and name end
 K   punctuation.
     CC.K.L.2.c Conventions of Standard
     English: Write a letter or letters for most
     consonant and short-vowel sounds
 K   (phonemes).
     CC.K.L.2.d Conventions of Standard
     English: Spell simple words phonetically,
     drawing on knowledge of sound-letter
 K   relationships.




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Grade                                               content you already cover      Complexity aligned to        about the standard?      resources may you need
                                                    in it's entirety or does the   what you teach, similar,                              to teach the standard?
                                                    standard contain additional    slighly different, or very
                                                    content?                       different?
     CC.K.L.4 Vocabulary Acquisition and
     Use: Determine or clarify the meaning of
     unknown and multiple-meaning words
     and phrases based on kindergarten
     reading and content.
 K
     CC.K.L.4.a Vocabulary Acquisition and
     Use: Identify new meanings for familiar
     words and apply them accurately (e.g.,
     knowing duck is a bird and learning the
 K   verb to duck).
     CC.K.L.4.b Vocabulary Acquisition and
     Use: Use the most frequently occurring
     inflections and affixes (e.g., -ed, -s, re-,
     un-, pre-, -ful, -less) as a clue to the
 K   meaning of an unknown word.
     CC.K.L.5 Vocabulary Acquisition and
     Use: With guidance and support from
     adults, explore word relationships and
 K   nuances in word meanings.

     CC.K.L.5.a Vocabulary Acquisition and
     Use: Sort common objects into categories
     (e.g., shapes, foods) to gain a sense of the
 K   concepts the categories represent.
     CC.K.L.5.b Vocabulary Acquisition and
     Use: Demonstrate understanding of
     frequently occurring verbs and adjectives
     by relating them to their opposites
 K   (antonyms).




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                               Reviewing the English Language Arts Common Core State Standards
 CC CC Standard                                  Is this standard contain       Is the Cognative             What questions do have   What type of additional
Grade                                            content you already cover      Complexity aligned to        about the standard?      resources may you need
                                                 in it's entirety or does the   what you teach, similar,                              to teach the standard?
                                                 standard contain additional    slighly different, or very
                                                 content?                       different?
     CC.K.L.5.c Vocabulary Acquisition and
     Use: Identify real-life connections
     between words and their use (e.g., note
 K   places at school that are colorful).

     CC.K.L.5.d Vocabulary Acquisition and
     Use: Distinguish shades of meaning
     among verbs describing the same general
     action (e.g., walk, march, strut, prance)
 K   by acting out the meanings.
     CC.K.L.6 Vocabulary Acquisition and
     Use: Use words and phrases acquired
     through conversations, reading and being
 K   read to, and responding to texts.

     CC.K.R.F.1 Print Concepts: Demonstrate
     understanding of the organization and
 K   basic features of print.
     CC.K.R.F.1.a Print Concepts: Follow
     words from left to right, top to bottom,
 K   and page by page.
     CC.K.R.F.1.b Print Concepts: Recognize
     that spoken words are represented in
     written language by specific sequences of
 K   letters.
     CC.K.R.F.1.c Print Concepts: Understand
     that words are separated by spaces in
 K   print.
     CC.K.R.F.1.d Print Concepts: Recognize
     and name all upper- and lowercase letters
 K   of the alphabet.




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Grade                                           content you already cover      Complexity aligned to        about the standard?      resources may you need
                                                in it's entirety or does the   what you teach, similar,                              to teach the standard?
                                                standard contain additional    slighly different, or very
                                                content?                       different?

     CC.K.R.F.2 Phonological Awareness:
     Demonstrate understanding of spoken
 K   words, syllables, and sounds (phonemes).

     CC.K.R.F.2.a Phonological Awareness:
 K   Recognize and produce rhyming words.
     CC.K.R.F.2.b Phonological Awareness:
     Count, pronounce, blend, and segment
 K   syllables in spoken words.
     CC.K.R.F.2.c Phonological Awareness:
     Blend and segment onsets and rimes of
 K   single-syllable spoken words.
     CC.K.R.F.2.d Phonological Awareness:
     d. Isolate and pronounce the initial,
     medial vowel, and final sounds
     (phonemes) in three-phoneme (consonant-
     vowel-consonant, or CVC) words.*(This
     does not include CVCs ending with /l/,
 K   /r/,or /x/.)
     CC.K.R.F.2.e Phonological Awareness:
     Add or substitute individual sounds
     (phonemes) in simple, one-syllable words
 K   to make new words.
     CC.K.R.F.3 Phonics and Word
     Recognition: Know and apply grade-level
     phonics and word analysis skills in
 K   decoding words.




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Grade                                             content you already cover      Complexity aligned to        about the standard?      resources may you need
                                                  in it's entirety or does the   what you teach, similar,                              to teach the standard?
                                                  standard contain additional    slighly different, or very
                                                  content?                       different?
     CC.K.R.F.3.a Phonics and Word
     Recognition: Demonstrate basic
     knowledge of letter-sound
     correspondences by producing the
     primary or most frequent sound for each
 K   consonant.

     CC.K.R.F.3.b Phonics and Word
     Recognition: Associate the long and short
     sounds with the common spellings
 K   (graphemes) for the five major vowels.
     CC.K.R.F.3.c Phonics and Word
     Recognition: Read common high-
     frequency words by sight. (e.g., the, of,
 K   to, you, she, my, is, are, do, does).
     CC.K.R.F.3.d Phonics and Word
     Recognition: Distinguish between
     similarly spelled words by identifying the
 K   sounds of the letters that differ.
     CC.K.R.F.4 Read emergent-reader texts
 K   with purpose and understanding.

     CC.K.R.I.1 Key Ideas and Details: With
     prompting and support, ask and answer
 K   questions about key details in a text.
     CC.K.R.I.10 Range of Reading and Level
     of Text Complexity: Actively engage in
     group reading activities with purpose and
 K   understanding.

     CC.K.R.I.2 Key Ideas and Details: With
     prompting and support, identify the main
 K   topic and retell key details of a text.



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Grade                                               content you already cover      Complexity aligned to        about the standard?      resources may you need
                                                    in it's entirety or does the   what you teach, similar,                              to teach the standard?
                                                    standard contain additional    slighly different, or very
                                                    content?                       different?
     CC.K.R.I.3 Key Ideas and Details: With
     prompting and support, describe the
     connection between two individuals,
     events, ideas, or pieces of information in
 K   a text.

     CC.K.R.I.4 Craft and Structure: With
     prompting and support, ask and answer
 K   questions about unknown words in a text.
     CC.K.R.I.5 Craft and Structure: Identify
     the front cover, back cover, and title page
 K   of a book.
     CC.K.R.I.6 Craft and Structure: Name the
     author and illustrator of a text and define
     the role of each in presenting the ideas or
 K   information in a text.

     CC.K.R.I.7 Integration of Knowledge and
     Ideas: With prompting and support,
     describe the relationship between
     illustrations and the text in which they
     appear (e.g., what person, place, thing, or
 K   idea in the text an illustration depicts).
 K   CC.K.R.I.8 Integration of Knowledge and
     Ideas: With prompting and support,
     identify the reasons an author gives to
     support points in a text.
     CC.K.R.I.9 Integration of Knowledge and
     Ideas: With prompting and support,
     identify basic similarities in and
     differences between two texts on the same
     topic (e.g., in illustrations, descriptions,
 K   or procedures).



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Grade                                              content you already cover      Complexity aligned to        about the standard?      resources may you need
                                                   in it's entirety or does the   what you teach, similar,                              to teach the standard?
                                                   standard contain additional    slighly different, or very
                                                   content?                       different?

     CC.K.R.L.1 Key Ideas and Details: With
     prompting and support, ask and answer
 K   questions about key details in a text.
     CC.K.R.L.10 Range of Reading and
     Level of Text Complexity: Actively
     engage in group reading activities with
 K   purpose and understanding.
     CC.K.R.L.2 Key Ideas and Details: With
     prompting and support, retell familiar
 K   stories, including key details.
     CC.K.R.L.3 Key Ideas and Details: With
     prompting and support, identify
     characters, settings, and major events in a
 K   story.
     CC.K.R.L.4 Craft and Structure: Ask and
     answer questions about unknown words
 K   in a text.
     CC.K.R.L.5 Craft and Structure:
     Recognize common types of texts (e.g.,
 K   storybooks, poems).

     CC.K.R.L.6 Craft and Structure: With
     prompting and support, name the author
     and illustrator of a story and define the
 K   role of each in telling the story.
     CC.K.R.L.7 Integration of Knowledge
     and Ideas: With prompting and support,
     describe the relationship between
     illustrations and the story in which they
     appear (e.g., what moment in a story an
 K   illustration depicts).




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                                Reviewing the English Language Arts Common Core State Standards
 CC CC Standard                                    Is this standard contain       Is the Cognative             What questions do have   What type of additional
Grade                                              content you already cover      Complexity aligned to        about the standard?      resources may you need
                                                   in it's entirety or does the   what you teach, similar,                              to teach the standard?
                                                   standard contain additional    slighly different, or very
                                                   content?                       different?
     CC.K.R.L.9 Integration of Knowledge
     and Ideas: With prompting and support,
     compare and contrast the adventures and
     experiences of characters in familiar
 K   stories.

     CC.K.SL.1 Comprehension and
     Collaboration: Participate in collaborative
     conversations with diverse partners about
     kindergarten topics and texts with peers
 K   and adults in small and larger groups.
     CC.K.SL.1.a Comprehension and
     Collaboration: Follow agreed-upon rules
     for discussions (e.g., listening to others
     and taking turns speaking about the topics
 K   and texts under discussion).
     CC.K.SL.1.b Comprehension and
     Collaboration: Continue a conversation
 K   through multiple exchanges.

     CC.K.SL.2 Comprehension and
     Collaboration: Confirm understanding of
     a text read aloud or information presented
     orally or through other media by asking
     and answering questions about key details
     and requesting clarification if something
 K   is not understood.

     CC.K.SL.3 Comprehension and
     Collaboration: Ask and answer questions
     in order to seek help, get information, or
 K   clarify something that is not understood.




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Grade                                            content you already cover      Complexity aligned to        about the standard?      resources may you need
                                                 in it's entirety or does the   what you teach, similar,                              to teach the standard?
                                                 standard contain additional    slighly different, or very
                                                 content?                       different?
     CC.K.SL.4 Presentation of Knowledge
     and Ideas: Describe familiar people,
     places, things, and events and, with
     prompting and support, provide
 K   additional detail.
     CC.K.SL.5 Presentation of Knowledge
     and Ideas: Add drawings or other visual
     displays to descriptions as desired to
 K   provide additional detail.
     CC.K.SL.6 Presentation of Knowledge
     and Ideas: Speak audibly and express
 K   thoughts, feelings, and ideas clearly.

     CC.K.W.1 Text Types and Purposes: Use
     a combination of drawing, dictating, and
     writing to compose opinion pieces in
     which they tell a reader the topic or the
     name of the book they are writing about
     and state an opinion or preference about
 K   the topic or boo
     CC.K.W.2 Text Types and Purposes: Use
     a combination of drawing, dictating, and
     writing to compose
     informative/explanatory texts in which
     they name what they are writing about
     and supply some information about the
 K   topic.




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 CC CC Standard                                      Is this standard contain       Is the Cognative             What questions do have   What type of additional
Grade                                                content you already cover      Complexity aligned to        about the standard?      resources may you need
                                                     in it's entirety or does the   what you teach, similar,                              to teach the standard?
                                                     standard contain additional    slighly different, or very
                                                     content?                       different?
     CC.K.W.3 Text Types and Purposes: Use
     a combination of drawing, dictating, and
     writing to narrate a single event or several
     loosely linked events, tell about the
     events in the order in which they
     occurred, and provide a reaction to what
 K   happened.
     CC.K.W.5 Production and Distribution of
     Writing: With guidance and support from
     adults, respond to questions and
     suggestions from peers and add details to
 K   strengthen writing as needed.
     CC.K.W.6 Production and Distribution of
     Writing: With guidance and support from
     adults, explore a variety of digital tools to
     produce and publish writing, including in
 K   collaboration with peers.

     CC.K.W.7 Research to Build and Present
     Knowledge: Participate in shared research
     and writing projects (e.g., explore a
     number of books by a favorite author and
 K   express opinions about them).

     CC.K.W.8 Research to Build and Present
     Knowledge: With guidance and support
     from adults, recall information from
     experiences or gather information from
 K   provided sources to answer a question.




                                                                                    154
                                                      Reviewing Math Common Core State Standards
CC Standard                                          Is this standard contain       Is the Cognative             What questions do have   What type of additional
                                                     content you already cover      Complexity aligned to        about the standard?      resources may you need to
                                                     in it's entirety or does the   what you teach, similar,                              teach the standard?
                                                     standard contain               slighly different, or very
                                                     additional content?            different?
CC.1.G.1 Reason with shapes and their
attributes. Distinguish between defining
attributes (e.g., triangles are closed and three-
sided) versus non-defining attributes (e.g.,
color, orientation, overall size); for a wide
variety of shapes; build and draw shapes to
possess defining attributes.

CC.1.G.2 Reason with shapes and their
attributes. Compose two-dimensional shapes
(rectangles, squares, trapezoids, triangles, half-
circles, and quarter-circles) or three-
dimensional shapes (cubes, right rectangular
prisms, right circular cones, and right circular
cylinders) to create a composite shape, and
compose new shapes from the composite
shape. (Students do not need to learn formal
names such as ―right rectangular prism.‖)
CC.1.G.3 Reason with shapes and their
attributes. Partition circles and rectangles into
two and four equal shares, describe the shares
using the words halves, fourths, and quarters,
and use the phrases half of, fourth of, and
quarter of. Describe the whole as two of, or
four of the shares. Understand for these
examples that decomposing into more equal
shares creates smaller shares.
CC.1.MD.1 Measure lengths indirectly and by
iterating length units. Order three objects by
length; compare the lengths of two objects
indirectly by using a third object.




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                                                   content you already cover      Complexity aligned to        about the standard?      resources may you need to
                                                   in it's entirety or does the   what you teach, similar,                              teach the standard?
                                                   standard contain               slighly different, or very
                                                   additional content?            different?

CC.1.MD.2 Measure lengths indirectly and by
iterating length units. Express the length of an
object as a whole number of length units, by
laying multiple copies of a shorter object (the
length unit) end to end; understand that the
length measurement of an object is the number
of same-size length units that span it with no
gaps or overlaps. Limit to contexts where the
object being measured is spanned by a whole
number of length units with no gaps or overlaps.
CC.1.MD.3 Tell and write time. Tell and write
time in hours and half-hours using analog and
digital clocks.
CC.1.MD.4 Represent and interpret data.
Organize, represent, and interpret data with up
to three categories; ask and answer questions
about the total number of data points, how
many in each category, and how many more or
less are in one category than in another.

CC.1.NBT.1 Extend the counting sequence.
Count to 120, starting at any number less than
120. In this range, read and write numerals and
represent a number of objects with a written
numeral.




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                                                      Reviewing Math Common Core State Standards
CC Standard                                          Is this standard contain       Is the Cognative             What questions do have   What type of additional
                                                     content you already cover      Complexity aligned to        about the standard?      resources may you need to
                                                     in it's entirety or does the   what you teach, similar,                              teach the standard?
                                                     standard contain               slighly different, or very
                                                     additional content?            different?
CC.1.NBT.2 Understand place value.
Understand that the two digits of a two-digit
number represent amounts of tens and ones.
Understand the following as special cases:
  -- a. 10 can be thought of as a bundle of ten
ones — called a ―ten.‖
  -- b. The numbers from 11 to 19 are
composed of a ten and one, two, three, four,
five, six, seven, eight, or nine ones.
  -- c. The numbers 10, 20, 30, 40, 50, 60, 70,
80, 90 refer to one, two, three, four, five, six,
seven, eight, or nine tens (and 0 ones).

CC.1.NBT.3 Understand place value. Compare
two two-digit numbers based on meanings of
the tens and ones digits, recording the results of
comparisons with the symbols >, =, and <.


CC.1.NBT.4 Use place value understanding
and properties of operations to add and
subtract. Add within 100, including adding a
two-digit number and a one-digit number, and
adding a two-digit number and a multiple of
10, using concrete models or drawings and
strategies based on place value, properties of
operations, and/or the relationship between
addition and subtraction; relate the strategy to a
written method and explain the reasoning used.
Understand that in adding two-digit numbers,
one adds tens and tens, ones and ones; and
sometimes it is necessary to compose a ten.



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                                                     Reviewing Math Common Core State Standards
CC Standard                                         Is this standard contain       Is the Cognative             What questions do have   What type of additional
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                                                    in it's entirety or does the   what you teach, similar,                              teach the standard?
                                                    standard contain               slighly different, or very
                                                    additional content?            different?
CC.1.NBT.5 Use place value understanding
and properties of operations to add and
subtract. Given a two-digit number, mentally
find 10 more or 10 less than the number,
without having to count; explain the reasoning
used.

CC.1.NBT.6 Use place value understanding
and properties of operations to add and
subtract. Subtract multiples of 10 in the range
10-90 from multiples of 10 in the range 10-90
(positive or zero differences), using concrete
models or drawings and strategies based on
place value, properties of operations, and/or the
relationship between addition and subtraction;
relate the strategy to a written method and
explain the reasoning used.
CC.1.OA.1 Represent and solve problems
involving addition and subtraction. Use
addition and subtraction within 20 to solve
word problems involving situations of adding
to, taking from, putting together, taking apart,
and comparing, with unknowns in all positions,
e.g., by using objects, drawings, and equations
with a symbol for the unknown number to
represent the problem.

CC.1.OA.2 Represent and solve problems
involving addition and subtraction. Solve word
problems that call for addition of three whole
numbers whose sum is less than or equal to 20,
e.g., by using objects, drawings, and equations
with a symbol for the unknown number to
represent the problem.

                                                                                                                                                                     158
                                                  Reviewing Math Common Core State Standards
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                                                 content you already cover      Complexity aligned to        about the standard?      resources may you need to
                                                 in it's entirety or does the   what you teach, similar,                              teach the standard?
                                                 standard contain               slighly different, or very
                                                 additional content?            different?
CC.1.OA.3 Understand and apply properties of
operations and the relationship between
addition and subtraction. Apply properties of
operations as strategies to add and subtract.
Examples: If 8 + 3 = 11 is known, then 3 + 8 =
11 is also known. (Commutative property of
addition.) To add 2 + 6 + 4, the second two
numbers can be added to make a ten, so 2 + 6 +
4 = 2 + 10 = 12. (Associative property of
addition.) (Students need not use formal terms
for these properties.)
CC.1.OA.4 Understand and apply properties of
operations and the relationship between
addition and subtraction. Understand
subtraction as an unknown-addend problem.
For example, subtract 10 – 8 by finding the
number that makes 10 when added to 8.
CC.1.OA.5 Add and subtract within 20. Relate
counting to addition and subtraction (e.g., by
counting on 2 to add 2).
CC.1.OA.6 Add and subtract within 20. Add
and subtract within 20, demonstrating fluency
for addition and subtraction within 10. Use
strategies such as counting on; making ten
(e.g., 8 + 6 = 8 + 2 + 4 = 10 + 4 = 14);
decomposing a number leading to a ten (e.g.,
13 – 4 = 13 – 3 – 1 = 10 – 1 = 9); using the
relationship between addition and subtraction
(e.g., knowing that 8 + 4 = 12, one knows 12 –
8 = 4); and creating equivalent but easier or
known sums (e.g., adding 6 + 7 by creating the
known equivalent 6 + 6 + 1 = 12 + 1 = 13).


                                                                                                                                                                  159
                                                   Reviewing Math Common Core State Standards
CC Standard                                       Is this standard contain       Is the Cognative             What questions do have   What type of additional
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CC.1.OA.7 Work with addition and subtraction
equations. Understand the meaning of the
equal sign, and determine if equations
involving addition and subtraction are true or
false. For example, which of the following
equations are true and which are false? 6 = 6,
7 = 8 – 1, 5 + 2 = 2 + 5, 4 + 1 = 5 + 2.

CC.1.OA.8 Work with addition and subtraction
equations. Determine the unknown whole
number in an addition or subtraction equation
relating three whole numbers. For example,
determine the unknown number that makes the
equation true in each of the equations 8 + ? =
11, 5 = _ – 3, 6 + 6 = _.

CC.2.G.1 Reason with shapes and their
attributes. Recognize and draw shapes having
specified attributes, such as a given number of
angles or a given number of equal faces.
Identify triangles, quadrilaterals, pentagons,
hexagons, and cubes. (Sizes are compared
directly or visually, not compared by
measuring.)
CC.2.G.2 Reason with shapes and their
attributes. Partition a rectangle into rows and
columns of same-size squares and count to find
the total number of them.




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CC.2.G.3 Reason with shapes and their
attributes. Partition circles and rectangles into
two, three, or four equal shares, describe the
shares using the words halves, thirds, half of, a
third of, etc., and describe the whole as two
halves, three thirds, four fourths. Recognize
that equal shares of identical wholes need not
have the same shape.
CC.2.MD.1 Measure and estimate lengths in
standard units. Measure the length of an object
by selecting and using appropriate tools such as
rulers, yardsticks, meter sticks, and measuring
tapes.
CC.2.MD.10 Represent and interpret data.
Draw a picture graph and a bar graph (with
single-unit scale) to represent a data set with up
to four categories. Solve simple put-together,
take-apart, and compare problems using
information presented in a bar graph.
CC.2.MD.2 Measure and estimate lengths in
standard units. Measure the length of an object
twice, using length units of different lengths for
the two measurements; describe how the two
measurements relate to the size of the unit
chosen.
CC.2.MD.3 Measure and estimate lengths in
standard units. Estimate lengths using units of
inches, feet, centimeters, and meters.
CC.2.MD.4 Measure and estimate lengths in
standard units. Measure to determine how
much longer one object is than another,
expressing the length difference in terms of a
standard length unit.

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CC.2.MD.5 Relate addition and subtraction to
length. Use addition and subtraction within 100
to solve word problems involving lengths that
are given in the same units, e.g., by using
drawings (such as drawings of rulers) and
equations with a symbol for the unknown
number to represent the problem.
CC.2.MD.6 Relate addition and subtraction to
length. Represent whole numbers as lengths
from 0 on a number line diagram with equally
spaced points corresponding to the numbers 0,
1, 2, … , and represent whole-number sums
and differences within 100 on a number line
diagram.
CC.2.MD.7 Work with time and money. Tell
and write time from analog and digital clocks
to the nearest five minutes, using a.m. and p.m.

CC.2.MD.8 Work with time and money. Solve
word problems involving dollar bills, quarters,
dimes, nickels, and pennies, using $ (dollars)
and ¢ (cents) symbols appropriately. Example:
If you have 2 dimes and 3 pennies, how many
cents do you have?


CC.2.MD.9 Represent and interpret data.
Generate measurement data by measuring
lengths of several objects to the nearest whole
unit, or by making repeated measurements of
the same object. Show the measurements by
making a line plot, where the horizontal scale is
marked off in whole-number units.

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CC.2.NBT.1 Understand place value.
Understand that the three digits of a three-digit
number represent amounts of hundreds, tens,
and ones; e.g., 706 equals 7 hundreds, 0 tens,
and 6 ones. Understand the following as special
cases:
  -- a. 100 can be thought of as a bundle of ten
tens — called a ―hundred.‖
  -- b. The numbers 100, 200, 300, 400, 500,
600, 700, 800, 900 refer to one, two, three,
four, five, six, seven, eight, or nine hundreds
(and 0 tens and 0 ones).
CC.2.NBT.2 Understand place value. Count
within 1000; skip-count by 5s, 10s, and 100s.

CC.2.NBT.3 Understand place value. Read and
write numbers to 1000 using base-ten
numerals, number names, and expanded form.
CC.2.NBT.4 Understand place value. Compare
two three-digit numbers based on meanings of
the hundreds, tens, and ones digits, using >, =,
and < symbols to record the results of
comparisons.
CC.2.NBT.5 Use place value understanding
and properties of operations to add and
subtract. Fluently add and subtract within 100
using strategies based on place value,
properties of operations, and/or the relationship
between addition and subtraction.

CC.2.NBT.6 Use place value understanding
and properties of operations to add and
subtract. Add up to four two-digit numbers
using strategies based on place value and
properties of operations.
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CC.2.NBT.7 Use place value understanding
and properties of operations to add and
subtract. Add and subtract within 1000, using
concrete models or drawings and strategies
based on place value, properties of operations,
and/or the relationship between addition and
subtraction; relate the strategy to a written
method. Understand that in adding or
subtracting three-digit numbers, one adds or
subtracts hundreds and hundreds, tens and tens,
ones and ones; and sometimes it is necessary to
compose or decompose tens or hundreds.
CC.2.NBT.8 Use place value understanding
and properties of operations to add and
subtract. Mentally add 10 or 100 to a given
number 100-900, and mentally subtract 10 or
100 from a given number 100-900.

CC.2.NBT.9 Use place value understanding
and properties of operations to add and
subtract. Explain why addition and subtraction
strategies work, using place value and the
properties of operations. (Explanations may be
supported by drawings or objects.)

CC.2.OA.1 Represent and solve problems
involving addition and subtraction. Use
addition and subtraction within 100 to solve
one- and two-step word problems involving
situations of adding to, taking from, putting
together, taking apart, and comparing, with
unknowns in all positions, e.g., by using
drawings and equations with a symbol for the
unknown number to represent the problem.
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CC.2.OA.2 Add and subtract within 20.
Fluently add and subtract within 20 using
mental strategies. By end of Grade 2, know
from memory all sums of two one-digit
numbers.
CC.2.OA.3 Work with equal groups of objects
to gain foundations for multiplication.
Determine whether a group of objects (up to
20) has an odd or even number of members,
e.g., by pairing objects or counting them by 2s;
write an equation to express an even number as
a sum of two equal addends.


CC.2.OA.4 Work with equal groups of objects
to gain foundations for multiplication. Use
addition to find the total number of objects
arranged in rectangular arrays with up to 5
rows and up to 5 columns; write an equation to
express the total as a sum of equal addends.
CC.3.G.1 Reason with shapes and their
attributes. Understand that shapes in different
categories (e.g., rhombuses, rectangles, and
others) may share attributes (e.g., having four
sides), and that the shared attributes can define
a larger category (e.g., quadrilaterals).
Recognize rhombuses, rectangles, and squares
as examples of quadrilaterals, and draw
examples of quadrilaterals that do not belong to
any of these subcategories.




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CC.3.G.2 Reason with shapes and their
attributes. Partition shapes into parts with equal
areas. Express the area of each part as a unit
fraction of the whole. For example, partition a
shape into 4 parts with equal area, and describe
the area of each part is 1/4 of the area of the
shape.
CC.3.MD.1 Solve problems involving
measurement and estimation of intervals of
time, liquid volumes, and masses of objects.
Tell and write time to the nearest minute and
measure time intervals in minutes. Solve word
problems involving addition and subtraction of
time intervals in minutes, e.g., by representing
the problem on a number line diagram.


CC.3.MD.2 Solve problems involving
measurement and estimation of intervals of
time, liquid volumes, and masses of objects.
Measure and estimate liquid volumes and
masses of objects using standard units of grams
(g), kilograms (kg), and liters (l). (Excludes
compound units such as cm^3 and finding the
geometric volume of a container.) Add,
subtract, multiply, or divide to solve one-step
word problems involving masses or volumes
that are given in the same units, e.g., by using
drawings (such as a beaker with a measurement
scale) to represent the problem. (Excludes
multiplicative comparison problems (problems
involving notions of ―times as much.‖)



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CC.3.MD.3 Represent and interpret data. Draw
a scaled picture graph and a scaled bar graph to
represent a data set with several categories.
Solve one- and two-step ―how many more‖ and
―how many less‖ problems using information
presented in scaled bar graphs. For example,
draw a bar graph in which each square in the
bar graph might represent 5 pets.

CC.3.MD.4 Represent and interpret data.
Generate measurement data by measuring
lengths using rulers marked with halves and
fourths of an inch. Show the data by making a
line plot, where the horizontal scale is marked
off in appropriate units—whole numbers,
halves, or quarters.
CC.3.MD.5 Geometric measurement:
understand concepts of area and relate area to
multiplication and to addition. Recognize area
as an attribute of plane figures and understand
concepts of area measurement.
 -- a. A square with side length 1 unit, called
―a unit square,‖ is said to have ―one square
unit‖ of area, and can be used to measure area.
 -- b. A plane figure which can be covered
without gaps or overlaps by n unit squares is
said to have an area of n square units.

CC.3.MD.6 Geometric measurement:
understand concepts of area and relate area to
multiplication and to addition. Measure areas
by counting unit squares (square cm, square m,
square in, square ft, and improvised units).

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CC.3.MD.7 Geometric measurement:
understand concepts of area and relate area to
multiplication and to addition. Relate area to
the operations of multiplication and addition.

CC.3.MD.7a Find the area of a rectangle with
whole-number side lengths by tiling it, and
show that the area is the same as would be
found by multiplying the side lengths.
CC.3.MD.7b Multiply side lengths to find
areas of rectangles with whole-number side
lengths in the context of solving real world and
mathematical problems, and represent whole-
number products as rectangular areas in
mathematical reasoning.

CC.3.MD.7c Use tiling to show in a concrete
case that the area of a rectangle with whole-
number side lengths a and b + c is the sum of a
× b and a × c. Use area models to represent the
distributive property in mathematical reasoning.
CC.3.MD.7d Recognize area as additive. Find
areas of rectilinear figures by decomposing
them into non-overlapping rectangles and
adding the areas of the non-overlapping parts,
applying this technique to solve real world
problems.




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CC.3.MD.8 Geometric measurement:
recognize perimeter as an attribute of plane
figures and distinguish between linear and area
measures. Solve real world and mathematical
problems involving perimeters of polygons,
including finding the perimeter given the side
lengths, finding an unknown side length, and
exhibiting rectangles with the same perimeter
and different area or with the same area and
different perimeter.
CC.3.NBT.1 Use place value understanding
and properties of operations to perform multi-
digit arithmetic. Use place value understanding
to round whole numbers to the nearest 10 or
100.
CC.3.NBT.2 Use place value understanding
and properties of operations to perform multi-
digit arithmetic. Fluently add and subtract
within 1000 using strategies and algorithms
based on place value, properties of operations,
and/or the relationship between addition and
subtraction. (A range of algorithms may be
used.)
CC.3.NBT.3 Use place value understanding
and properties of operations to perform multi-
digit arithmetic. Multiply one-digit whole
numbers by multiples of 10 in the range 10-90
(e.g., 9 × 80, 5 × 60) using strategies based on
place value and properties of operations. (A
range of algorithms may be used.)




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CC.3.NF.1 Develop understanding of fractions
as numbers. Understand a fraction 1/b as the
quantity formed by 1 part when a whole is
partitioned into b equal parts; understand a
fraction a/b as the quantity formed by a parts of
size 1/b. (Grade 3 expectations in this domain
are limited to fractions with denominators 2, 3,
4, 6, and 8.)
CC.3.NF.2 Develop understanding of fractions
as numbers. Understand a fraction as a number
on the number line; represent fractions on a
number line diagram. (Grade 3 expectations in
this domain are limited to fractions with
denominators 2, 3, 4, 6, and 8.)
CC.3.NF.2a Represent a fraction 1/b on a
number line diagram by defining the interval
from 0 to 1 as the whole and partitioning it into
b equal parts. Recognize that each part has size
1/b and that the endpoint of the part based at 0
locates the number 1/b on the number line.
(Grade 3 expectations in this domain are
limited to fractions with denominators 2, 3, 4,
6, and 8.)
CC.3.NF.2b Represent a fraction a/b on a
number line diagram by marking off a lengths
1/b from 0. Recognize that the resulting
interval has size a/b and that its endpoint
locates the number a/b on the number line.
(Grade 3 expectations in this domain are
limited to fractions with denominators 2, 3, 4,
6, and 8.)




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CC.3.NF.3 Develop understanding of fractions
as numbers. Explain equivalence of fractions in
special cases, and compare fractions by
reasoning about their size. (Grade 3
expectations in this domain are limited to
fractions with denominators 2, 3, 4, 6, and 8.)
CC.3.NF.3a Understand two fractions as
equivalent (equal) if they are the same size, or
the same point on a number line. (Grade 3
expectations in this domain are limited to
fractions with denominators 2, 3, 4, 6, and 8.)
CC.3.NF.3b Recognize and generate simple
equivalent fractions (e.g., 1/2 = 2/4, 4/6 = 2/3),
Explain why the fractions are equivalent, e.g.,
by using a visual fraction model. (Grade 3
expectations in this domain are limited to
fractions with denominators 2, 3, 4, 6, and 8.)

CC.3.NF.3c Express whole numbers as
fractions, and recognize fractions that are
equivalent to whole numbers. Examples:
Express 3 in the form 3 = 3/1; recognize that
6/1 = 6; locate 4/4 and 1 at the same point of a
number line diagram. (Grade 3 expectations in
this domain are limited to fractions with
denominators 2, 3, 4, 6, and 8.)




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CC.3.NF.3d Compare two fractions with the
same numerator or the same denominator, by
reasoning about their size, Recognize that valid
comparisons rely on the two fractions referring
to the same whole. Record the results of
comparisons with the symbols >, =, or <, and
justify the conclusions, e.g., by using a visual
fraction model. (Grade 3 expectations in this
domain are limited to fractions with
denominators 2, 3, 4, 6, and 8.)
CC.3.OA.1 Represent and solve problems
involving multiplication and division. Interpret
products of whole numbers, e.g., interpret 5 × 7
as the total number of objects in 5 groups of 7
objects each. For example, describe a context
in which a total number of objects can be
expressed as 5 × 7.
CC.3.OA.2 Represent and solve problems
involving multiplication and division. Interpret
whole-number quotients of whole numbers,
e.g., interpret 56 ÷ 8 as the number of objects
in each share when 56 objects are partitioned
equally into 8 shares, or as a number of shares
when 56 objects are partitioned into equal
shares of 8 objects each. For example, describe
a context in which a number of shares or a
number of groups can be expressed as 56 ÷ 8.




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CC.3.OA.3 Represent and solve problems
involving multiplication and division. Use
multiplication and division within 100 to solve
word problems in situations involving equal
groups, arrays, and measurement quantities,
e.g., by using drawings and equations with a
symbol for the unknown number to represent
the problem.
CC.3.OA.4 Represent and solve problems
involving multiplication and division.
Determine the unknown whole number in a
multiplication or division equation relating
three whole numbers. For example, determine
the unknown number that makes the equation
true in each of the equations 8 × ? = 48, 5 =
__÷ 3, 6 × 6 = ?.
CC.3.OA.5 Understand properties of
multiplication and the relationship between
multiplication and division. Apply properties
of operations as strategies to multiply and
divide. Examples: If 6 × 4 = 24 is known,
then 4 × 6 = 24 is also known. (Commutative
property of multiplication.) 3 × 5 × 2 can be
found by 3 × 5 = 15 then 15 × 2 = 30, or by 5 ×
2 = 10 then 3 × 10 = 30. (Associative property
of multiplication.) Knowing that 8 × 5 = 40 and
8 × 2 = 16, one can find 8 × 7 as 8 × (5 + 2) =
(8 × 5) + (8 × 2) = 40 + 16 = 56. (Distributive
property.) (Students need not use formal terms
for these properties.)




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CC.3.OA.6 Understand properties of
multiplication and the relationship between
multiplication and division. Understand
division as an unknown-factor problem. For
example, divide 32 ÷ 8 by finding the number
that makes 32 when multiplied by 8.
CC.3.OA.7 Multiply and divide within 100.
Fluently multiply and divide within 100, using
strategies such as the relationship between
multiplication and division (e.g., knowing that
8 × 5 = 40, one knows 40 ÷ 5 = 8) or properties
of operations. By the end of Grade 3, know
from memory all products of one-digit numbers.

CC.3.OA.8 Solve problems involving the four
operations, and identify and explain patterns in
arithmetic. Solve two-step word problems
using the four operations. Represent these
problems using equations with a letter standing
for the unknown quantity. Assess the
reasonableness of answers using mental
computation and estimation strategies including
rounding. (This standard is limited to problems
posed with whole numbers and having whole-
number answers; students should know how to
perform operations in the conventional order
when there are no parentheses to specify a
particular order (Order of Operations).)




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CC.3.OA.9 Solve problems involving the four
operations, and identify and explain patterns in
arithmetic. Identify arithmetic patterns
(including patterns in the addition table or
multiplication table), and explain them using
properties of operations. For example, observe
that 4 times a number is always even, and
explain why 4 times a number can be
decomposed into two equal addends.

CC.4.G.1 Draw and identify lines and angles,
and classify shapes by properties of their lines
and angles. Draw points, lines, line segments,
rays, angles (right, acute, obtuse), and
perpendicular and parallel lines. Identify these
in two-dimensional figures.

CC.4.G.2 Draw and identify lines and angles,
and classify shapes by properties of their lines
and angles. Classify two-dimensional figures
based on the presence or absence of parallel or
perpendicular lines, or the presence or absence
of angles of a specified size. Recognize right
triangles as a category, and identify right
triangles.
CC.4.G.3 Draw and identify lines and angles,
and classify shapes by properties of their lines
and angles. Recognize a line of symmetry for a
two-dimensional figure as a line across the
figure such that the figure can be folded along
the line into matching parts. Identify line-
symmetric figures and draw lines of symmetry.




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CC.4.MD.1 Solve problems involving
measurement and conversion of measurements
from a larger unit to a smaller unit. Know
relative sizes of measurement units within one
system of units including km, m, cm; kg, g; lb,
oz.; l, ml; hr, min, sec. Within a single system
of measurement, express measurements in a
larger unit in terms of a smaller unit. Record
measurement equivalents in a two-column
table. For example: Know that 1 ft is 12 times
as long as 1 in. Express the length of a 4 ft
snake as 48 in. Generate a conversion table for
feet and inches listing the number pairs (1, 12),
(2, 24), (3, 36), ….

CC.4.MD.2 Solve problems involving
measurement and conversion of measurements
from a larger unit to a smaller unit. Use the
four operations to solve word problems
involving distances, intervals of time, liquid
volumes, masses of objects, and money,
including problems involving simple fractions
or decimals, and problems that require
expressing measurements given in a larger unit
in terms of a smaller unit. Represent
measurement quantities using diagrams such as
number line diagrams that feature a
measurement scale.




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CC.4.MD.3 Solve problems involving
measurement and conversion of measurements
from a larger unit to a smaller unit. Apply the
area and perimeter formulas for rectangles in
real world and mathematical problems. For
example, find the width of a rectangular room
given the area of the flooring and the length, by
viewing the area formula as a multiplication
equation with an unknown factor.

CC.4.MD.4 Represent and interpret data. Make
a line plot to display a data set of
measurements in fractions of a unit (1/2, 1/4,
1/8). Solve problems involving addition and
subtraction of fractions by using information
presented in line plots. For example, from a
line plot find and interpret the difference in
length between the longest and shortest
specimens in an insect collection.




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CC.4.MD.5 Geometric measurement:
understand concepts of angle and measure
angles. Recognize angles as geometric shapes
that are formed wherever two rays share a
common endpoint, and understand concepts of
angle measurement:
 -- a. An angle is measured with reference to a
circle with its center at the common endpoint
of the rays, by considering the fraction of the
circular arc between the points where the two
rays intersect the circle. An angle that turns
through 1/360 of a circle is called a ―one-
degree angle,‖ and can be used to measure
angles.
 -- b. An angle that turns through n one-degree
angles is said to have an angle measure of n
degrees.
CC.4.MD.6 Geometric measurement:
understand concepts of angle and measure
angles. Measure angles in whole-number
degrees using a protractor. Sketch angles of
specified measure.

CC.4.MD.7 Geometric measurement:
understand concepts of angle and measure
angles. Recognize angle measure as additive.
When an angle is decomposed into non-
overlapping parts, the angle measure of the
whole is the sum of the angle measures of the
parts. Solve addition and subtraction problems
to find unknown angles on a diagram in real
world and mathematical problems, e.g., by
using an equation with a symbol for the
unknown angle measure.

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CC.4.NBT.1 Generalize place value
understanding for multi-digit whole numbers.
Recognize that in a multi-digit whole number, a
digit in one place represents ten times what it
represents in the place to its right. For example,
recognize that 700 ÷ 70 = 10 by applying
concepts of place value and division. (Grade 4
expectations in this domain are limited to
whole numbers less than or equal to 1,000,000.)
CC.4.NBT.2 Generalize place value
understanding for multi-digit whole numbers.
Read and write multi-digit whole numbers
using base-ten numerals, number names, and
expanded form. Compare two multi-digit
numbers based on meanings of the digits in
each place, using >, =, and < symbols to record
the results of comparisons. (Grade 4
expectations in this domain are limited to
whole numbers less than or equal to 1,000,000.)

CC.4.NBT.3 Generalize place value
understanding for multi-digit whole numbers.
Use place value understanding to round multi-
digit whole numbers to any place. (Grade 4
expectations in this domain are limited to
whole numbers less than or equal to 1,000,000.)




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CC.4.NBT.4 Use place value understanding
and properties of operations to perform multi-
digit arithmetic. Fluently add and subtract
multi-digit whole numbers using the standard
algorithm. (Grade 4 expectations in this
domain are limited to whole numbers less than
or equal to 1,000,000. A range of algorithms
may be used.)

CC.4.NBT.5 Use place value understanding
and properties of operations to perform multi-
digit arithmetic. Multiply a whole number of
up to four digits by a one-digit whole number,
and multiply two two-digit numbers, using
strategies based on place value and the
properties of operations. Illustrate and explain
the calculation by using equations, rectangular
arrays, and/or area models. (Grade 4
expectations in this domain are limited to
whole numbers less than or equal to 1,000,000.
A range of algorithms may be used.)




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CC.4.NBT.6 Use place value understanding
and properties of operations to perform multi-
digit arithmetic. Find whole-number quotients
and remainders with up to four-digit dividends
and one-digit divisors, using strategies based
on place value, the properties of operations,
and/or the relationship between multiplication
and division. Illustrate and explain the
calculation by using equations, rectangular
arrays, and/or area models. (Grade 4
expectations in this domain are limited to
whole numbers less than or equal to 1,000,000.
A range of algorithms may be used.)


CC.4.NF.1 Extend understanding of fraction
equivalence and ordering. Explain why a
fraction a/b is equivalent to a fraction (n × a)/(n
× b) by using visual fraction models, with
attention to how the number and size of the
parts differ even though the two fractions
themselves are the same size. Use this principle
to recognize and generate equivalent fractions.
(Grade 4 expectations in this domain are
limited to fractions with denominators 2, 3, 4,
5, 6, 8, 10, 12, and 100.)




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CC.4.NF.2 Extend understanding of fraction
equivalence and ordering. Compare two
fractions with different numerators and
different denominators, e.g., by creating
common denominators or numerators, or by
comparing to a benchmark fraction such as 1/2.
Recognize that comparisons are valid only
when the two fractions refer to the same whole.
Record the results of comparisons with
symbols >, =, or <, and justify the conclusions,
e.g., by using a visual fraction model. (Grade 4
expectations in this domain are limited to
fractions with denominators 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 8, 10,
12, and 100.)
CC.4.NF.3 Build fractions from unit fractions
by applying and extending previous
understandings of operations on whole
numbers. Understand a fraction a/b with a > 1
as a sum of fractions 1/b. (Grade 4 expectations
in this domain are limited to fractions with
denominators 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 8, 10, 12, and 100.)
CC.4.NF.3a Understand addition and
subtraction of fractions as joining and
separating parts referring to the same whole.

CC.4.NF.3b Decompose a fraction into a sum
of fractions with the same denominator in more
than one way, recording each decomposition by
an equation. Justify decompositions, e.g., by
using a visual fraction model. Examples: 3/8 =
1/8 + 1/8 + 1/8 ; 3/8 = 1/8 + 2/8 ; 2 1/8 = 1 + 1
+ 1/8 = 8/8 + 8/8 + 1/8.



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CC.4.NF.3c Add and subtract mixed numbers
with like denominators, e.g., by replacing each
mixed number with an equivalent fraction,
and/or by using properties of operations and
the relationship between addition and
subtraction.

CC.4.NF.3d Solve word problems involving
addition and subtraction of fractions referring
to the same whole and having like
denominators, e.g., by using visual fraction
models and equations to represent the problem.
CC.4.NF.4 Build fractions from unit fractions
by applying and extending previous
understandings of operations on whole
numbers. Apply and extend previous
understandings of multiplication to multiply a
fraction by a whole number. (Grade 4
expectations in this domain are limited to
fractions with denominators 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 8, 10,
12, and 100.)
CC.4.NF.4a Understand a fraction a/b as a
multiple of 1/b. For example, use a visual
fraction model to represent 5/4 as the product 5
× (1/4), recording the conclusion by the
equation 5/4 = 5 × (1/4).

CC.4.NF.4b Understand a multiple of a/b as a
multiple of 1/b, and use this understanding to
multiply a fraction by a whole number. For
example, use a visual fraction model to express
3 × (2/5) as 6 × (1/5), recognizing this product
as 6/5. (In general, n × (a/b) = (n × a)/b.)

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CC.4.NF.4c Solve word problems involving
multiplication of a fraction by a whole number,
e.g., by using visual fraction models and
equations to represent the problem. For
example, if each person at a party will eat 3/8
of a pound of roast beef, and there will be 5
people at the party, how many pounds of roast
beef will be needed? Between what two whole
numbers does your answer lie?
CC.4.NF.5 Understand decimal notation for
fractions, and compare decimal fractions.
Express a fraction with denominator 10 as an
equivalent fraction with denominator 100, and
use this technique to add two fractions with
respective denominators 10 and 100. For
example, express 3/10 as 30/100 and add 3/10
+ 4/100 = 34/100. (Students who can generate
equivalent fractions can develop strategies for
adding fractions with unlike denominators in
general. But addition and subtraction with
unlike denominators in general is not a
requirement at this grade.) (Grade 4
expectations in this domain are limited to
fractions with denominators 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 8, 10,
12, and 100.)
CC.4.NF.6 Understand decimal notation for
fractions, and compare decimal fractions. Use
decimal notation for fractions with
denominators 10 or 100. For example, rewrite
0.62 as 62/100 ; describe a length as 0.62
meters; locate 0.62 on a number line diagram.
(Grade 4 expectations in this domain are
limited to fractions with denominators 2, 3, 4,
5, 6, 8, 10, 12, and 100.)
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CC.4.NF.7 Understand decimal notation for
fractions, and compare decimal fractions.
Compare two decimals to hundredths by
reasoning about their size. Recognize that
comparisons comparisons are valid only when
two decimals refer to the same whole. Record
the results of comparisons with the symbols >,
=, or <, and justify the conclusions, e.g., by
using a visual model. (Grade 4 expectations in
this domain are limited to fractions with
denominators 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 8, 10, 12, and 100.)


CC.4.OA.1 Use the four operations with whole
numbers to solve problems. Interpret a
multiplication equation as a comparison, e.g.,
interpret 35 = 5 x 7 as a statement that 35 is 5
times as many as 7 and 7 times as many as 5.
Represent verbal statements of multiplicative
comparisons as multiplication equations.
CC.4.OA.2 Use the four operations with whole
numbers to solve problems. Multiply or divide
to solve word problems involving
multiplicative comparison, e.g., by using
drawings and equations with a symbol for the
unknown number to represent the problem,
distinguishing multiplicative comparison from
additive comparison.




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CC.4.OA.3 Use the four operations with whole
numbers to solve problems. Solve multistep
word problems posed with whole numbers and
having whole-number answers using the four
operations, including problems in which
remainders must be interpreted. Represent
these problems using equations with a letter
standing for the unknown quantity. Assess the
reasonableness of answers using mental
computation and estimation strategies including
rounding.

CC.4.OA.4 Gain familiarity with factors and
multiples. Find all factor pairs for a whole
number in the range 1-100. Recognize that a
whole number is a multiple of each of its
factors. Determine whether a given whole
number in the range 1-100 is a multiple of a
given one-digit number. Determine whether a
given whole number in the range 1-100 is
prime or composite.
CC.4.OA.5 Generate and analyze patterns.
Generate a number or shape pattern that
follows a given rule. Identify apparent features
of the pattern that were not explicit in the rule
itself. For example, given the rule ―Add 3‖ and
the starting number 1, generate terms in the
resulting sequence and observe that the terms
appear to alternate between odd and even
numbers. Explain informally why the numbers
will continue to alternate in this way.




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CC.5.G.1 Graph points on the coordinate plane
to solve real-world and mathematical problems.
Use a pair of perpendicular number lines,
called axes, to define a coordinate system, with
the intersection of the lines (the origin)
arranged to coincide with the 0 on each line
and a given point in the plane located by using
an ordered pair of numbers, called its
coordinates. Understand that the first number
indicates how far to travel from the origin in
the direction of one axis, and the second
number indicates how far to travel in the
direction of the second axis, with the
convention that the names of the two axes and
the coordinates correspond (e.g., x-axis and x-
coordinate, y-axis and y-coordinate).

CC.5.G.2 Graph points on the coordinate plane
to solve real-world and mathematical problems.
Represent real world and mathematical
problems by graphing points in the first
quadrant of the coordinate plane, and interpret
coordinate values of points in the context of the
situation.
CC.5.G.3 Classify two-dimensional figures into
categories based on their properties.
Understand that attributes belonging to a
category of two-dimensional figures also
belong to all subcategories of that category.
For example, all rectangles have four right
angles and squares are rectangles, so all
squares have four right angles.


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CC.5.G.4 Classify two-dimensional figures into
categories based on their properties. Classify
two-dimensional figures in a hierarchy based
on properties.
CC.5.MD.1 Convert like measurement units
within a given measurement system. Convert
among different-sized standard measurement
units within a given measurement system (e.g.,
convert 5 cm to 0.05 m), and use these
conversions in solving multi-step real world
problems.
CC.5.MD.2 Represent and interpret data. Make
a line plot to display a data set of
measurements in fractions of a unit (1/2, 1/4,
1/8). Use operations on fractions for this grade
to solve problems involving information
presented in line plots. For example, given
different measurements of liquid in identical
beakers, find the amount of liquid each beaker
would contain if the total amount in all the
beakers were redistributed equally.

CC.5.MD.3 Geometric measurement:
understand concepts of volume and relate
volume to multiplication and to addition.
Recognize volume as an attribute of solid
figures and understand concepts of volume
measurement.
  -- a. A cube with side length 1 unit, called a
―unit cube,‖ is said to have ―one cubic unit‖ of
volume, and can be used to measure volume.
  -- b. A solid figure which can be packed
without gaps or overlaps using n unit cubes is
said to have a volume of n cubic units.
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CC.5.MD.4 Geometric measurement:
understand concepts of volume and relate
volume to multiplication and to addition.
Measure volumes by counting unit cubes, using
cubic cm, cubic in, cubic ft, and improvised
units.
CC.5.MD.5 Geometric measurement:
understand concepts of volume and relate
volume to multiplication and to addition.
Relate volume to the operations of
multiplication and addition and solve real
world and mathematical problems involving
volume.

CC.5.MD.5a Find the volume of a right
rectangular prism with whole-number side
lengths by packing it with unit cubes, and show
that the volume is the same as would be found
by multiplying the edge lengths, equivalently
by multiplying the height by the area of the
base. Represent three-fold whole-number
products as volumes, e.g., to represent the
associative property of multiplication.

CC.5.MD.5b Apply the formulas V =(l)(w)(h)
and V = (b)(h) for rectangular prisms to find
volumes of right rectangular prisms with whole-
number edge lengths in the context of solving
real world and mathematical problems.

CC.5.MD.5c Recognize volume as additive.
Find volumes of solid figures composed of two
non-overlapping right rectangular prisms by
adding the volumes of the non-overlapping
parts, applying this technique to solve real
world problems.
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CC.5.NBT.1 Understand the place value
system. Recognize that in a multi-digit number,
a digit in one place represents 10 times as
much as it represents in the place to its right
and 1/10 of what it represents in the place to its
left.
CC.5.NBT.2 Understand the place value
system. Explain patterns in the number of zeros
of the product when multiplying a number by
powers of 10, and explain patterns in the
placement of the decimal point when a decimal
is multiplied or divided by a power of 10. Use
whole number exponents to denote powers of
10.
CC.5.NBT.3 Understand the place value
system. Read, write, and compare decimals to
thousandths.
CC.5.NBT.3a Read and write decimals to
thousandths using base-ten numerals, number
names, and expanded form, e.g., 347.392 = 3 ×
100 + 4 × 10 + 7 × 1 + 3 × (1/10) + 9 × (1/100)
+ 2 × (1/1000).
CC.5.NBT.3b Compare two decimals to
thousandths based on meanings of the digits in
each place, using >, =, and < symbols to record
the results of comparisons.

CC.5.NBT.4 Understand the place value
system. Use place value understanding to round
decimals to any place.
CC.5.NBT.5 Perform operations with multi-
digit whole numbers and with decimals to
hundredths. Fluently multiply multi-digit whole
numbers using the standard algorithm.

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CC.5.NBT.6 Perform operations with multi-
digit whole numbers and with decimals to
hundredths. Find whole-number quotients of
whole numbers with up to four-digit dividends
and two-digit divisors, using strategies based
on place value, the properties of operations,
and/or the relationship between multiplication
and division. Illustrate and explain the
calculation by using equations, rectangular
arrays, and/or area models.

CC.5.NBT.7 Perform operations with multi-
digit whole numbers and with decimals to
hundredths. Add, subtract, multiply, and
divide decimals to hundredths, using concrete
models or drawings and strategies based on
place value, properties of operations, and/or the
relationship between addition and subtraction;
relate the strategy to a written method and
explain the reasoning used.


CC.5.NF.1 Use equivalent fractions as a
strategy to add and subtract fractions. Add and
subtract fractions with unlike denominators
(including mixed numbers) by replacing given
fractions with equivalent fractions in such a
way as to produce an equivalent sum or
difference of fractions with like denominators.
For example, 2/3 + 5/4 = 8/12 + 15/12 = 23/12.
(In general, a/b + c/d = (ad + bc)/bd.)




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CC.5.NF.2 Use equivalent fractions as a
strategy to add and subtract fractions. Solve
word problems involving addition and
subtraction of fractions referring to the same
whole, including cases of unlike denominators,
e.g., by using visual fraction models or
equations to represent the problem. Use
benchmark fractions and number sense of
fractions to estimate mentally and assess the
reasonableness of answers. For example,
recognize an incorrect result 2/5 + 1/2 = 3/7 by
observing that 3/7 < 1/2.
CC.5.NF.3 Apply and extend previous
understandings of multiplication and division
to multiply and divide fractions. Interpret a
fraction as division of the numerator by the
denominator (a/b = a ÷ b). Solve word
problems involving division of whole numbers
leading to answers in the form of fractions or
mixed numbers, e.g., by using visual fraction
models or equations to represent the problem.
For example, interpret 3/4 as the result of
dividing 3 by 4, noting that 3/4 multiplied by 4
equals 3 and that when 3 wholes are shared
equally among 4 people each person has a
share of size 3/4. If 9 people want to share a 50-
pound sack of rice equally by weight, how
many pounds of rice should each person get?
Between what two whole numbers does your
answer lie?




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CC.5.NF.4 Apply and extend previous
understandings of multiplication and division
to multiply and divide fractions. Apply and
extend previous understandings of
multiplication to multiply a fraction or whole
number by a fraction.
CC.5.NF.4a Interpret the product (a/b) × q as a
parts of a partition of q into b equal parts;
equivalently, as the result of a sequence of
operations a × q ÷ b. For example, use a visual
fraction model to show (2/3) × 4 = 8/3, and
create a story context for this equation. Do the
same with (2/3) × (4/5) = 8/15. (In general,
(a/b) × (c/d) = ac/bd.)
CC.5.NF.4b Find the area of a rectangle with
fractional side lengths by tiling it with unit
squares of the appropriate unit fraction side
lengths, and show that the area is the same as
would be found by multiplying the side lengths.
Multiply fractional side lengths to find areas of
rectangles, and represent fraction products as
rectangular areas.




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CC.5.NF.5 Apply and extend previous
understandings of multiplication and division
to multiply and divide fractions. Interpret
multiplication as scaling (resizing) by:
  -- a. Comparing the size of a product to the
size of one factor on the basis of the size of the
other factor, without performing the indicated
multiplication.
  -- b. Explaining why multiplying a given
number by a fraction greater than 1 results in a
product greater than the given number
(recognizing multiplication by whole numbers
greater than 1 as a familiar case); explaining
why multiplying a given number by a fraction
less than 1 results in a product smaller than the
given number; and relating the principle of
fraction equivalence a/b = (n×a) / (n×b) to the
effect of multiplying a/b by 1.

CC.5.NF.6 Apply and extend previous
understandings of multiplication and division
to multiply and divide fractions. Solve real
world problems involving multiplication of
fractions and mixed numbers, e.g., by using
visual fraction models or equations to represent
the problem.




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CC.5.NF.7 Apply and extend previous
understandings of multiplication and division
to multiply and divide fractions. Apply and
extend previous understandings of division to
divide unit fractions by whole numbers and
whole numbers by unit fractions. (Students able
to multiply fractions in general can develop
strategies to divide fractions in general, by
reasoning about the relationship between
multiplication and division. But division of a
fraction by a fraction is not a requirement at
this grade.)
CC.5.NF.7a Interpret division of a unit fraction
by a non-zero whole number, and compute
such quotients. For example, create a story
context for (1/3) ÷ 4 and use a visual fraction
model to show the quotient. Use the
relationship between multiplication and
division to explain that (1/3) ÷ 4 = 1/12
because (1/12) × 4 = 1/3.

CC.5.NF.7b Interpret division of a whole
number by a unit fraction, and compute such
quotients. For example, create a story context
for 4 ÷ (1/5) and use a visual fraction model to
show the quotient. Use the relationship
between multiplication and division to explain
that 4 ÷ (1/5) = 20 because 20 × (1/5) = 4.




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CC.5.NF.7c Solve real-world problems
involving division of unit fractions by non-zero
whole numbers and division of whole numbers
by unit fractions, e.g., by using visual fraction
models and equations to represent the problem.
For example, how much chocolate will each
person get if 3 people share 1/2 lb of chocolate
equally? How many 1/3-cup servings are in 2
cups of raisins?
CC.5.OA.1 Write and interpret numerical
expressions. Use parentheses, brackets, or
braces in numerical expressions, and evaluate
expressions with these symbols.
CC.5.OA.2 Write and interpret numerical
expressions. Write simple expressions that
record calculations with numbers, and interpret
numerical expressions without evaluating them.
For example, express the calculation ―add 8
and 7, then multiply by 2‖ as 2 × (8 + 7).
Recognize that 3 × (18932 + 921) is three
times as large as 18932 + 921, without having
to calculate the indicated sum or product.




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CC.5.OA.3 Analyze patterns and relationships.
Generate two numerical patterns using two
given rules. Identify apparent relationships
between corresponding terms. Form ordered
pairs consisting of corresponding terms from
the two patterns, and graph the ordered pairs on
a coordinate plane. For example, given the rule
―Add 3‖ and the starting number 0, and given
the rule ―Add 6‖ and the starting number 0,
generate terms in the resulting sequences, and
observe that the terms in one sequence are
twice the corresponding terms in the other
sequence. Explain informally why this is so.


CC.6.EE.1 Apply and extend previous
understandings of arithmetic to algebraic
expressions. Write and evaluate numerical
expressions involving whole-number exponents.

CC.6.EE.2 Apply and extend previous
understandings of arithmetic to algebraic
expressions. Write, read, and evaluate
expressions in which letters stand for numbers.

CC.6.EE.2a Write expressions that record
operations with numbers and with letters
standing for numbers. For example, express the
calculation ―Subtract y from 5‖ as 5 – y.




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CC.6.EE.2b Identify parts of an expression
using mathematical terms (sum, term, product,
factor, quotient, coefficient); view one or more
parts of an expression as a single entity. For
example, describe the expression 2(8 + 7) as a
product of two factors; view (8 + 7) as both a
single entity and a sum of two terms.
CC.6.EE.2c Evaluate expressions at specific
values for their variables. Include expressions
that arise from formulas in real-world
problems. Perform arithmetic operations,
including those involving whole-number
exponents, in the conventional order when
there are no parentheses to specify a particular
order (Order of Operations). For example, use
the formulas V = s^3 and A = 6 s^2 to find the
volume and surface area of a cube with sides of
length s = 1/2.

CC.6.EE.3 Apply and extend previous
understandings of arithmetic to algebraic
expressions. Apply the properties of
operations to generate equivalent expressions.
For example, apply the distributive property to
the expression 3(2 + x) to produce the
equivalent expression 6 + 3x; apply the
distributive property to the expression 24x +
18y to produce the equivalent expression 6 (4x
+ 3y); apply properties of operations to y + y +
y to produce the equivalent expression 3y.




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CC.6.EE.4 Apply and extend previous
understandings of arithmetic to algebraic
expressions. Identify when two expressions are
equivalent (i.e., when the two expressions
name the same number regardless of which
value is substituted into them). For example,
the expressions y + y + y and 3y are equivalent
because they name the same number regardless
of which number y stands for.

CC.6.EE.5 Reason about and solve one-
variable equations and inequalities. Understand
solving an equation or inequality as a process
of answering a question: which values from a
specified set, if any, make the equation or
inequality true? Use substitution to determine
whether a given number in a specified set
makes an equation or inequality true.
CC.6.EE.6 Reason about and solve one-
variable equations and inequalities. Use
variables to represent numbers and write
expressions when solving a real-world or
mathematical problem; understand that a
variable can represent an unknown number, or,
depending on the purpose at hand, any number
in a specified set.
CC.6.EE.7 Reason about and solve one-
variable equations and inequalities. Solve real-
world and mathematical problems by writing
and solving equations of the form x + p = q and
px = q for cases in which p, q and x are all
nonnegative rational numbers.



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CC.6.EE.8 Reason about and solve one-
variable equations and inequalities. Write an
inequality of the form x > c or x < c to
represent a constraint or condition in a real-
world or mathematical problem. Recognize that
inequalities of the form x > c or x < c have
infinitely many solutions; represent solutions of
such inequalities on number line diagrams.
CC.6.EE.9 Represent and analyze quantitative
relationships between dependent and
independent variables. Use variables to
represent two quantities in a real-world
problem that change in relationship to one
another; write an equation to express one
quantity, thought of as the dependent variable,
in terms of the other quantity, thought of as the
independent variable. Analyze the relationship
between the dependent and independent
variables using graphs and tables, and relate
these to the equation. For example, in a
problem involving motion at constant speed,
list and graph ordered pairs of distances and
times, and write the equation d = 65t to
represent the relationship between distance and
time.

CC.6.G.1 Solve real-world and mathematical
problems involving area, surface area, and
volume. Find area of right triangles, other
triangles, special quadrilaterals, and polygons
by composing into rectangles or decomposing
into triangles and other shapes; apply these
techniques in the context of solving real-world
and mathematical problems.
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CC.6.G.2 Solve real-world and mathematical
problems involving area, surface area, and
volume. Find the volume of a right rectangular
prism with fractional edge lengths by packing it
with unit cubes of the appropriate unit fraction
edge lengths, and show that the volume is the
same as would be found by multiplying the
edge lengths of the prism. Apply the formulas
V = l w h and V = b h to find volumes of right
rectangular prisms with fractional edge lengths
in the context of solving real-world and
mathematical problems.
CC.6.G.3 Solve real-world and mathematical
problems involving area, surface area, and
volume. Draw polygons in the coordinate
plane given coordinates for the vertices; use
coordinates to find the length of a side joining
points with the same first coordinate or the
same second coordinate. Apply these
techniques in the context of solving real-world
and mathematical problems.
CC.6.G.4 Solve real-world and mathematical
problems involving area, surface area, and
volume. Represent three-dimensional figures
using nets made up of rectangles and triangles,
and use the nets to find the surface area of
these figures. Apply these techniques in the
context of solving real-world and mathematical
problems.




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CC.6.NS.1 Apply and extend previous
understandings of multiplication and division
to divide fractions by fractions. Interpret and
compute quotients of fractions, and solve word
problems involving division of fractions by
fractions, e.g., by using visual fraction models
and equations to represent the problem. For
example, create a story context for (2/3) ÷ (3/4)
and use a visual fraction model to show the
quotient; use the relationship between
multiplication and division to explain that (2/3)
÷ (3/4) = 8/9 because 3/4 of 8/9 is 2/3. (In
general, (a/b) ÷ (c/d) = ad/bc.) How much
chocolate will each person get if 3 people share
1/2 lb of chocolate equally? How many 3/4-cup
servings are in 2/3 of a cup of yogurt? How
wide is a rectangular strip of land with length
3/4 mi and area 1/2 square mi?


CC.6.NS.2 Compute fluently with multi-digit
numbers and find common factors and
multiples. Fluently divide multi-digit numbers
using the standard algorithm.
CC.6.NS.3 Compute fluently with multi-digit
numbers and find common factors and
multiples. Fluently add, subtract, multiply, and
divide multi-digit decimals using the standard
algorithm for each operation.




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CC.6.NS.4 Compute fluently with multi-digit
numbers and find common factors and
multiples. Find the greatest common factor of
two whole numbers less than or equal to 100
and the least common multiple of two whole
numbers less than or equal to 12. Use the
distributive property to express a sum of two
whole numbers 1–100 with a common factor as
a multiple of a sum of two whole numbers with
no common factor. For example, express 36 +
8 as 4 (9 + 2).
CC.6.NS.5 Apply and extend previous
understandings of numbers to the system of
rational numbers. Understand that positive and
negative numbers are used together to describe
quantities having opposite directions or values
(e.g., temperature above/below zero, elevation
above/below sea level, debits/credits,
positive/negative electric charge); use positive
and negative numbers to represent quantities in
real-world contexts, explaining the meaning of
0 in each situation.
CC.6.NS.6 Apply and extend previous
understandings of numbers to the system of
rational numbers. Understand a rational
number as a point on the number line. Extend
number line diagrams and coordinate axes
familiar from previous grades to represent
points on the line and in the plane with
negative number coordinates.




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CC.6.NS.6a Recognize opposite signs of
numbers as indicating locations on opposite
sides of 0 on the number line; recognize that
the opposite of the opposite of a number is the
number itself, e.g., –(–3) = 3, and that 0 is its
own opposite.
CC.6.NS.6b Understand signs of numbers in
ordered pairs as indicating locations in
quadrants of the coordinate plane; recognize
that when two ordered pairs differ only by
signs, the locations of the points are related by
reflections across one or both axes.

CC.6.NS.6c Find and position integers and
other rational numbers on a horizontal or
vertical number line diagram; find and position
pairs of integers and other rational numbers on
a coordinate plane.
CC.6.NS.7 Apply and extend previous
understandings of numbers to the system of
rational numbers. Understand ordering and
absolute value of rational numbers.
CC.6.NS.7a Interpret statements of inequality
as statements about the relative position of two
numbers on a number line diagram. For
example, interpret –3 > –7 as a statement that
–3 is located to the right of –7 on a number line
oriented from left to right.

CC.6.NS.7b Write, interpret, and explain
statements of order for rational numbers in real-
world contexts. For example, write –3°C >
–7°C to express the fact that –3°C is warmer
than –7°C.

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CC.6.NS.7c Understand the absolute value of a
rational number as its distance from 0 on the
number line; interpret absolute value as
magnitude for a positive or negative quantity in
a real-world situation. For example, for an
account balance of –30 dollars, write |–30| = 30
to describe the size of the debt in dollars.

CC.6.NS.7d Distinguish comparisons of
absolute value from statements about order.
For example, recognize that an account balance
less than –30 dollars represents a debt greater
than 30 dollars.
CC.6.NS.8 Apply and extend previous
understandings of numbers to the system of
rational numbers. Solve real-world and
mathematical problems by graphing points in
all four quadrants of the coordinate plane.
Include use of coordinates and absolute value
to find distances between points with the same
first coordinate or the same second coordinate.

CC.6.RP.1 Understand ratio concepts and use
ratio reasoning to solve problems. Understand
the concept of a ratio and use ratio language to
describe a ratio relationship between two
quantities. For example, ―The ratio of wings to
beaks in the bird house at the zoo was 2:1,
because for every 2 wings there was 1 beak.‖
―For every vote candidate A received,
candidate C received nearly three votes.‖




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CC.6.RP.2 Understand ratio concepts and use
ratio reasoning to solve problems. Understand
the concept of a unit rate a/b associated with a
ratio a:b with b ≠ 0 (b not equal to zero), and
use rate language in the context of a ratio
relationship. For example, "This recipe has a
ratio of 3 cups of flour to 4 cups of sugar, so
there is 3/4 cup of flour for each cup of sugar."
"We paid $75 for 15 hamburgers, which is a
rate of $5 per hamburger." (Expectations for
unit rates in this grade are limited to non-
complex fractions.)

CC.6.RP.3 Understand ratio concepts and use
ratio reasoning to solve problems. Use ratio
and rate reasoning to solve real-world and
mathematical problems, e.g., by reasoning
about tables of equivalent ratios, tape
diagrams, double number line diagrams, or
equations.
CC.6.RP.3a Make tables of equivalent ratios
relating quantities with whole-number
measurements, find missing values in the
tables, and plot the pairs of values on the
coordinate plane. Use tables to compare ratios.

CC.6.RP.3b Solve unit rate problems including
those involving unit pricing and constant speed.
For example, If it took 7 hours to mow 4 lawns,
then at that rate, how many lawns could be
mowed in 35 hours? At what rate were lawns
being mowed?




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CC.6.RP.3c Find a percent of a quantity as a
rate per 100 (e.g., 30% of a quantity means
30/100 times the quantity); solve problems
involving finding the whole given a part and
the percent.
CC.6.RP.3d Use ratio reasoning to convert
measurement units; manipulate and transform
units appropriately when multiplying or
dividing quantities.

CC.6.SP.1 Develop understanding of statistical
variability. Recognize a statistical question as
one that anticipates variability in the data
related to the question and accounts for it in the
answers. For example, ―How old am I?‖ is not
a statistical question, but ―How old are the
students in my school?‖ is a statistical question
because one anticipates variability in students’
ages.
CC.6.SP.2 Develop understanding of statistical
variability. Understand that a set of data
collected to answer a statistical question has a
distribution which can be described by its
center, spread, and overall shape.


CC.6.SP.3 Develop understanding of statistical
variability. Recognize that a measure of center
for a numerical data set summarizes all of its
values with a single number, while a measure
of variation describes how its values vary with
a single number.
CC.6.SP.4 Summarize and describe
distributions. Display numerical data in plots
on a number line, including dot plots,
histograms, and box plots.                                                                                                                                            207
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CC.6.SP.5 Summarize and describe
distributions. Summarize numerical data sets in
relation to their context, such as by:
  -- a. Reporting the number of observations.
  -- b. Describing the nature of the attribute
under investigation, including how it was
measured and its units of measurement.
  -- c. Giving quantitative measures of center
(median and/or mean) and variability
(interquartile range and/or mean absolute
deviation), as well as describing any overall
pattern and any striking deviations from the
overall pattern with reference to the context in
which the data was gathered.
  -- d. Relating the choice of measures of
center and variability to the shape of the data
distribution and the context in which the data
was gathered.
CC.7.EE.1 Use properties of operations to
generate equivalent expressions. Apply
properties of operations as strategies to add,
subtract, factor, and expand linear expressions
with rational coefficients.
CC.7.EE.2 Use properties of operations to
generate equivalent expressions. Understand
that rewriting an expression in different forms
in a problem context can shed light on the
problem and how the quantities in it are
related. For example, a + 0.05a = 1.05a means
that ―increase by 5%‖ is the same as ―multiply
by 1.05.‖




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CC.7.EE.3 Solve real-life and mathematical
problems using numerical and algebraic
expressions and equations. Solve multi-step
real-life and mathematical problems posed with
positive and negative rational numbers in any
form (whole numbers, fractions, and decimals),
using tools strategically. Apply properties of
operations as strategies to calculate with
numbers in any form; convert between forms as
appropriate; and assess the reasonableness of
answers using mental computation and
estimation strategies. For example: If a woman
making $25 an hour gets a 10% raise, she will
make an additional 1/10 of her salary an hour,
or $2.50, for a new salary of $27.50. If you
want to place a towel bar 9 3/4 inches long in
the center of a door that is 27 1/2 inches wide,
you will need to place the bar about 9 inches
from each edge; this estimate can be used as a
check on the exact computation.
CC.7.EE.4 Solve real-life and mathematical
problems using numerical and algebraic
expressions and equations. Use variables to
represent quantities in a real-world or
mathematical problem, and construct simple
equations and inequalities to solve problems by
reasoning about the quantities.




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CC.7.EE.4a Solve word problems leading to
equations of the form px + q = r and p(x + q) =
r, where p, q, and r are specific rational
numbers. Solve equations of these forms
fluently. Compare an algebraic solution to an
arithmetic solution, identifying the sequence of
the operations used in each approach. For
example, The perimeter of a rectangle is 54 cm.
Its length is 6 cm. What is its width?


CC.7.EE.4b Solve word problems leading to
inequalities of the form px + q > r or px + q <
r, where p, q, and r are specific rational
numbers. Graph the solution set of the
inequality and interpret it in the context of the
problem. For example, As a salesperson, you
are paid $50 per week plus $3 per sale. This
week you want your pay to be at least $100.
Write an inequality for the number of sales you
need to make, and describe the solutions.
CC.7.G.1 Draw, construct, and describe
geometrical figures and describe the
relationships between them. Solve problems
involving scale drawings of geometric figures,
including computing actual lengths and areas
from a scale drawing and reproducing a scale
drawing at a different scale.




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CC.7.G.2 Draw, construct, and describe
geometrical figures and describe the
relationships between them. Draw (freehand,
with ruler and protractor, and with technology)
geometric shapes with given conditions. Focus
on constructing triangles from three measures
of angles or sides, noticing when the conditions
determine a unique triangle, more than one
triangle, or no triangle.
CC.7.G.3 Draw, construct, and describe
geometrical figures and describe the
relationships between them. Describe the two-
dimensional figures that result from slicing
three-dimensional figures, as in plane sections
of right rectangular prisms and right
rectangular pyramids.
CC.7.G.4 Solve real-life and mathematical
problems involving angle measure, area,
surface area, and volume. Know the formulas
for the area and circumference of a circle and
use them to solve problems; give an informal
derivation of the relationship between the
circumference and area of a circle.

CC.7.G.5 Solve real-life and mathematical
problems involving angle measure, area,
surface area, and volume. Use facts about
supplementary, complementary, vertical, and
adjacent angles in a multi-step problem to write
and solve simple equations for an unknown
angle in a figure.




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CC.7.G.6 Solve real-life and mathematical
problems involving angle measure, area,
surface area, and volume. Solve real-world
and mathematical problems involving area,
volume and surface area of two- and three-
dimensional objects composed of triangles,
quadrilaterals, polygons, cubes, and right
prisms.
CC.7.NS.1 Apply and extend previous
understandings of operations with fractions to
add, subtract, multiply, and divide rational
numbers. Apply and extend previous
understandings of addition and subtraction to
add and subtract rational numbers; represent
addition and subtraction on a horizontal or
vertical number line diagram.

CC.7.NS.1a Describe situations in which
opposite quantities combine to make 0. For
example, a hydrogen atom has 0 charge
because its two constituents are oppositely
charged.

CC.7.NS.1b Understand p + q as the number
located a distance |q| from p, in the positive or
negative direction depending on whether q is
positive or negative. Show that a number and
its opposite have a sum of 0 (are additive
inverses). Interpret sums of rational numbers
by describing real-world contexts.




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CC.7.NS.1c Understand subtraction of rational
numbers as adding the additive inverse, p – q =
p + (–q). Show that the distance between two
rational numbers on the number line is the
absolute value of their difference, and apply
this principle in real-world contexts.
CC.7.NS.1d Apply properties of operations as
strategies to add and subtract rational numbers.

CC.7.NS.2 Apply and extend previous
understandings of operations with fractions to
add, subtract, multiply, and divide rational
numbers. Apply and extend previous
understandings of multiplication and division
and of fractions to multiply and divide rational
numbers.
CC.7.NS.2a Understand that multiplication is
extended from fractions to rational numbers by
requiring that operations continue to satisfy the
properties of operations, particularly the
distributive property, leading to products such
as (–1)(–1) = 1 and the rules for multiplying
signed numbers. Interpret products of rational
numbers by describing real-world contexts.
CC.7.NS.2b Understand that integers can be
divided, provided that the divisor is not zero,
and every quotient of integers (with non-zero
divisor) is a rational number. If p and q are
integers then –(p/q) = (–p)/q = p/(–q). Interpret
quotients of rational numbers by describing
real-world contexts.
CC.7.NS.2c Apply properties of operations as
strategies to multiply and divide rational
numbers.                                                                                                                                                             213
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CC.7.NS.2d Convert a rational number to a
decimal using long division; know that the
decimal form of a rational number terminates
in 0s or eventually repeats.
CC.7.NS.3 Apply and extend previous
understandings of operations with fractions to
add, subtract, multiply, and divide rational
numbers. Solve real-world and mathematical
problems involving the four operations with
rational numbers. (Computations with rational
numbers extend the rules for manipulating
fractions to complex fractions.)


CC.7.RP.1 Analyze proportional relationships
and use them to solve real-world and
mathematical problems. Compute unit rates
associated with ratios of fractions, including
ratios of lengths, areas and other quantities
measured in like or different units. For
example, if a person walks 1/2 mile in each 1/4
hour, compute the unit rate as the complex
fraction (1/2)/(1/4) miles per hour, equivalently
2 miles per hour.
CC.7.RP.2 Analyze proportional relationships
and use them to solve real-world and
mathematical problems. Recognize and
represent proportional relationships between
quantities.
CC.7.RP.2a Decide whether two quantities are
in a proportional relationship, e.g., by testing
for equivalent ratios in a table or graphing on a
coordinate plane and observing whether the
graph is a straight line through the origin.

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CC.7.RP.2b Identify the constant of
proportionality (unit rate) in tables, graphs,
equations, diagrams, and verbal descriptions of
proportional relationships.
CC.7.RP.2c Represent proportional
relationships by equations. For example, if total
cost t is proportional to the number n of items
purchased at a constant price p, the relationship
between the total cost and the number of items
can be expressed as t = pn.
CC.7.RP.2d Explain what a point (x, y) on the
graph of a proportional relationship means in
terms of the situation, with special attention to
the points (0, 0) and (1, r) where r is the unit
rate.
CC.7.RP.3 Analyze proportional relationships
and use them to solve real-world and
mathematical problems. Use proportional
relationships to solve multistep ratio and
percent problems. Examples: simple interest,
tax, markups and markdowns, gratuities and
commissions, fees, percent increase and
decrease, percent error.


CC.7.SP.1 Use random sampling to draw
inferences about a population. Understand that
statistics can be used to gain information about
a population by examining a sample of the
population; generalizations about a population
from a sample are valid only if the sample is
representative of that population. Understand
that random sampling tends to produce
representative samples and support valid
inferences.
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CC.7.SP.2 Use random sampling to draw
inferences about a population. Use data from a
random sample to draw inferences about a
population with an unknown characteristic of
interest. Generate multiple samples (or
simulated samples) of the same size to gauge
the variation in estimates or predictions. For
example, estimate the mean word length in a
book by randomly sampling words from the
book; predict the winner of a school election
based on randomly sampled survey data. Gauge
how far off the estimate or prediction might be.

CC.7.SP.3 Draw informal comparative
inferences about two populations. Informally
assess the degree of visual overlap of two
numerical data distributions with similar
variabilities, measuring the difference between
the centers by expressing it as a multiple of a
measure of variability. For example, the mean
height of players on the basketball team is 10
cm greater than the mean height of players on
the soccer team, about twice the variability
(mean absolute deviation) on either team; on a
dot plot, the separation between the two
distributions of heights is noticeable.




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CC.7.SP.4 Draw informal comparative
inferences about two populations. Use
measures of center and measures of variability
for numerical data from random samples to
draw informal comparative inferences about
two populations. For example, decide whether
the words in a chapter of a seventh-grade
science book are generally longer than the
words in a chapter of a fourth-grade science
book.
CC.7.SP.5 Investigate chance processes and
develop, use, and evaluate probability models.
Understand that the probability of a chance
event is a number between 0 and 1 that
expresses the likelihood of the event occurring.
Larger numbers indicate greater likelihood. A
probability near 0 indicates an unlikely event, a
probability around 1/2 indicates an event that is
neither unlikely nor likely, and a probability
near 1 indicates a likely event.



CC.7.SP.6 Investigate chance processes and
develop, use, and evaluate probability models.
Approximate the probability of a chance event
by collecting data on the chance process that
produces it and observing its long-run relative
frequency, and predict the approximate relative
frequency given the probability. For example,
when rolling a number cube 600 times, predict
that a 3 or 6 would be rolled roughly 200 times,
but probably not exactly 200 times.



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CC.7.SP.7 Investigate chance processes and
develop, use, and evaluate probability models.
Develop a probability model and use it to find
probabilities of events. Compare probabilities
from a model to observed frequencies; if the
agreement is not good, explain possible sources
of the discrepancy.

CC.7.SP.7a Develop a uniform probability
model by assigning equal probability to all
outcomes, and use the model to determine
probabilities of events. For example, if a
student is selected at random from a class, find
the probability that Jane will be selected and
the probability that a girl will be selected.
CC.7.SP.7b Develop a probability model
(which may not be uniform) by observing
frequencies in data generated from a chance
process. For example, find the approximate
probability that a spinning penny will land
heads up or that a tossed paper cup will land
open-end down. Do the outcomes for the
spinning penny appear to be equally likely
based on the observed frequencies?
CC.7.SP.8 Investigate chance processes and
develop, use, and evaluate probability models.
Find probabilities of compound events using
organized lists, tables, tree diagrams, and
simulation.

CC.7.SP.8a Understand that, just as with
simple events, the probability of a compound
event is the fraction of outcomes in the sample
space for which the compound event occurs.
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CC.7.SP.8b Represent sample spaces for
compound events using methods such as
organized lists, tables and tree diagrams. For an
event described in everyday language (e.g.,
―rolling double sixes‖), identify the outcomes
in the sample space which compose the event.

CC.7.SP.8c Design and use a simulation to
generate frequencies for compound events. For
example, use random digits as a simulation tool
to approximate the answer to the question: If
40% of donors have type A blood, what is the
probability that it will take at least 4 donors to
find one with type A blood?
CC.8.EE.1 Work with radicals and integer
exponents. Know and apply the properties of
integer exponents to generate equivalent
numerical expressions. For example, 3^2 ×
3^(–5) = 3^(–3) = 1/(3^3) = 1/27.

CC.8.EE.2 Work with radicals and integer
exponents. Use square root and cube root
symbols to represent solutions to equations of
the form x^2 = p and x^3 = p, where p is a
positive rational number. Evaluate square roots
of small perfect squares and cube roots of small
perfect cubes. Know that √2 is irrational.




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CC.8.EE.3 Work with radicals and integer
exponents. Use numbers expressed in the form
of a single digit times an integer power of 10 to
estimate very large or very small quantities,
and to express how many times as much one is
than the other. For example, estimate the
population of the United States as 3 × 10^8 and
the population of the world as 7 × 10^9, and
determine that the world population is more
than 20 times larger.
CC.8.EE.4 Work with radicals and integer
exponents. Perform operations with numbers
expressed in scientific notation, including
problems where both decimal and scientific
notation are used. Use scientific notation and
choose units of appropriate size for
measurements of very large or very small
quantities (e.g., use millimeters per year for
seafloor spreading). Interpret scientific notation
that has been generated by technology.

CC.8.EE.5 Understand the connections
between proportional relationships, lines, and
linear equations. Graph proportional
relationships, interpreting the unit rate as the
slope of the graph. Compare two different
proportional relationships represented in
different ways. For example, compare a
distance-time graph to a distance-time equation
to determine which of two moving objects has
greater speed.




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CC.8.EE.6 Understand the connections
between proportional relationships, lines, and
linear equations. Use similar triangles to
explain why the slope m is the same between
any two distinct points on a non-vertical line in
the coordinate plane; derive the equation y
=mx for a line through the origin and the
equation y = mx + b for a line intercepting the
vertical axis at b.
CC.8.EE.7 Analyze and solve linear equations
and pairs of simultaneous linear equations.
Solve linear equations in one variable.

CC.8.EE.7a Give examples of linear equations
in one variable with one solution, infinitely
many solutions, or no solutions. Show which of
these possibilities is the case by successively
transforming the given equation into simpler
forms, until an equivalent equation of the form
x = a, a = a, or a = b results (where a and b are
different numbers).

CC.8.EE.7b Solve linear equations with
rational number coefficients, including
equations whose solutions require expanding
expressions using the distributive property and
collecting like terms.

CC.8.EE.8 Analyze and solve linear equations
and pairs of simultaneous linear equations.
Analyze and solve pairs of simultaneous linear
equations.




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CC.8.EE.8a Understand that solutions to a
system of two linear equations in two variables
correspond to points of intersection of their
graphs, because points of intersection satisfy
both equations simultaneously.
CC.8.EE.8b Solve systems of two linear
equations in two variables algebraically, and
estimate solutions by graphing the equations.
Solve simple cases by inspection. For example,
3x + 2y = 5 and 3x + 2y = 6 have no solution
because 3x + 2y cannot simultaneously be 5
and 6.

CC.8.EE.8c Solve real-world and mathematical
problems leading to two linear equations in two
variables. For example, given coordinates for
two pairs of points, determine whether the line
through the first pair of points intersects the
line through the second pair.
CC.8.F.1 Define, evaluate, and compare
functions. Understand that a function is a rule
that assigns to each input exactly one output.
The graph of a function is the set of ordered
pairs consisting of an input and the
corresponding output. (Function notation is
not required in Grade 8.)




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CC.8.F.2 Define, evaluate, and compare
functions. Compare properties of two functions
each represented in a different way
(algebraically, graphically, numerically in
tables, or by verbal descriptions). For example,
given a linear function represented by a table of
values and a linear function represented by an
algebraic expression, determine which function
has the greater rate of change.

CC.8.F.3 Define, evaluate, and compare
functions. Interpret the equation y = mx + b as
defining a linear function, whose graph is a
straight line; give examples of functions that
are not linear. For example, the function A =
s^2 giving the area of a square as a function of
its side length is not linear because its graph
contains the points (1,1), (2,4) and (3,9), which
are not on a straight line.
CC.8.F.4 Use functions to model relationships
between quantities. Construct a function to
model a linear relationship between two
quantities. Determine the rate of change and
initial value of the function from a description
of a relationship or from two (x, y) values,
including reading these from a table or from a
graph. Interpret the rate of change and initial
value of a linear function in terms of the
situation it models, and in terms of its graph or
a table of values.




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CC.8.F.5 Use functions to model relationships
between quantities. Describe qualitatively the
functional relationship between two quantities
by analyzing a graph (e.g., where the function
is increasing or decreasing, linear or
nonlinear). Sketch a graph that exhibits the
qualitative features of a function that has been
described verbally.

CC.8.G.1 Understand congruence and
similarity using physical models,
transparencies, or geometry software. Verify
experimentally the properties of rotations,
reflections, and translations:
  -- a. Lines are taken to lines, and line
segments to line segments of the same length.
  -- b. Angles are taken to angles of the same
measure.
  -- c. Parallel lines are taken to parallel lines.

CC.8.G.2 Understand congruence and
similarity using physical models,
transparencies, or geometry software.
Understand that a two-dimensional figure is
congruent to another if the second can be
obtained from the first by a sequence of
rotations, reflections, and translations; given
two congruent figures, describe a sequence that
exhibits the congruence between them.
CC.8.G.3 Understand congruence and
similarity using physical models,
transparencies, or geometry software. Describe
the effect of dilations, translations, rotations
and reflections on two-dimensional figures
using coordinates.
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CC.8.G.4 Understand congruence and
similarity using physical models,
transparencies, or geometry software.
Understand that a two-dimensional figure is
similar to another if the second can be obtained
from the first by a sequence of rotations,
reflections, translations, and dilations; given
two similar two-dimensional figures, describe a
sequence that exhibits the similarity between
them.
CC.8.G.5 Understand congruence and
similarity using physical models,
transparencies, or geometry software. Use
informal arguments to establish facts about the
angle sum and exterior angle of triangles, about
the angles created when parallel lines are cut
by a transversal, and the angle-angle criterion
for similarity of triangles. For example, arrange
three copies of the same triangle so that the
three angles appear to form a line, and give an
argument in terms of transversals why this is so.

CC.8.G.6 Understand and apply the
Pythagorean Theorem. Explain a proof of the
Pythagorean Theorem and its converse.
CC.8.G.7 Understand and apply the
Pythagorean Theorem. Apply the Pythagorean
Theorem to determine unknown side lengths in
right triangles in real-world and mathematical
problems in two and three dimensions.

CC.8.G.8 Understand and apply the
Pythagorean Theorem. Apply the Pythagorean
Theorem to find the distance between two
points in a coordinate system.
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CC.8.G.9 Solve real-world and mathematical
problems involving volume of cylinders, cones
and spheres. Know the formulas for the volume
of cones, cylinders, and spheres and use them
to solve real-world and mathematical problems.

CC.8.NS.1. Know that there are numbers that
are not rational, and approximate them by
rational numbers. Know that numbers that are
not rational are called irrational. Understand
informally that every number has a decimal
expansion; for rational numbers show that the
decimal expansion repeats eventually, and
convert a decimal expansion which repeats
eventually into a rational number.

CC.8.NS.2 Know that there are numbers that
are not rational, and approximate them by
rational numbers. Use rational approximations
of irrational numbers to compare the size of
irrational numbers, locate them approximately
on a number line diagram, and estimate the
value of expressions (e.g., π^2). For example,
by truncating the decimal expansion of √2
(square root of 2), show that √2 is between 1
and 2, then between 1.4 and 1.5, and explain
how to continue on to get better
approximations.




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CC.8.SP.1 Investigate patterns of association in
bivariate data. Construct and interpret scatter
plots for bivariate measurement data to
investigate patterns of association between two
quantities. Describe patterns such as clustering,
outliers, positive or negative association, linear
association, and nonlinear association.


CC.8.SP.2 Investigate patterns of association in
bivariate data. Know that straight lines are
widely used to model relationships between
two quantitative variables. For scatter plots that
suggest a linear association, informally fit a
straight line, and informally assess the model
fit by judging the closeness of the data points
to the line.
CC.8.SP.3 Investigate patterns of association in
bivariate data. Use the equation of a linear
model to solve problems in the context of
bivariate measurement data, interpreting the
slope and intercept. For example, in a linear
model for a biology experiment, interpret a
slope of 1.5 cm/hr as meaning that an
additional hour of sunlight each day is
associated with an additional 1.5 cm in mature
plant height.




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CC.8.SP.4 Investigate patterns of association in
bivariate data. Understand that patterns of
association can also be seen in bivariate
categorical data by displaying frequencies and
relative frequencies in a two-way table.
Construct and interpret a two-way table
summarizing data on two categorical variables
collected from the same subjects. Use relative
frequencies calculated for rows or columns to
describe possible association between the two
variables. For example, collect data from
students in your class on whether or not they
have a curfew on school nights and whether or
not they have assigned chores at home. Is there
evidence that those who have a curfew also
tend to have chores?
CC.9-12.A.APR.1 Perform arithmetic
operations on polynomials. Understand that
polynomials form a system analogous to the
integers, namely, they are closed under the
operations of addition, subtraction, and
multiplication; add, subtract, and multiply
polynomials.

CC.9-12.A.APR.2 Understand the relationship
between zeros and factors of polynomial.
Know and apply the Remainder Theorem: For
a polynomial p(x) and a number a, the
remainder on division by x – a is p(a), so p(a) =
0 if and only if (x – a) is a factor of p(x).




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CC.9-12.A.APR.3 Understand the relationship
between zeros and factors of polynomials.
Identify zeros of polynomials when suitable
factorizations are available, and use the zeros
to construct a rough graph of the function
defined by the polynomial.

CC.9-12.A.APR.4 Use polynomial identities to
solve problems. Prove polynomial identities
and use them to describe numerical
relationships. For example, the polynomial
identity (x^2 + y^2)^2 = (x^2 – y^2)^2 +
(2xy)^2 can be used to generate Pythagorean
triples.

CC.9-12.A.APR.5 (+) Use polynomial
identities to solve problems. Know and apply
that the Binomial Theorem gives the expansion
of (x + y)^n in powers of x and y for a positive
integer n, where x and y are any numbers, with
coefficients determined for example by
Pascal’s Triangle. (The Binomial Theorem can
be proved by mathematical induction or by a
combinatorial argument.)
CC.9-12.A.APR.6 Rewrite rational
expressions. Rewrite simple rational
expressions in different forms; write a(x)/b(x)
in the form q(x) + r(x)/b(x), where a(x), b(x),
q(x), and r(x) are polynomials with the degree
of r(x) less than the degree of b(x), using
inspection, long division, or, for the more
complicated examples, a computer algebra
system.


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CC.9-12.A.APR.7 (+) Rewrite rational
expressions. Understand that rational
expressions form a system analogous to the
rational numbers, closed under addition,
subtraction, multiplication, and division by a
nonzero rational expression; add, subtract,
multiply, and divide rational expressions.
CC.9-12.A.CED.1 Create equations that
describe numbers or relationship. Create
equations and inequalities in one variable and
use them to solve problems. Include equations
arising from linear and quadratic functions, and
simple rational and exponential functions.*

CC.9-12.A.CED.2 Create equations that
describe numbers or relationship. Create
equations in two or more variables to represent
relationships between quantities; graph
equations on coordinate axes with labels and
scales.*
CC.9-12.A.CED.3 Create equations that
describe numbers or relationship. Represent
constraints by equations or inequalities, and by
systems of equations and/or inequalities, and
interpret solutions as viable or non-viable
options in a modeling context. For example,
represent inequalities describing nutritional and
cost constraints on combinations of different
foods.*
CC.9-12.A.CED.4 Create equations that
describe numbers or relationship. Rearrange
formulas to highlight a quantity of interest,
using the same reasoning as in solving
equations. For example, rearrange Ohm’s law
V = IR to highlight resistance R.*
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CC.9-12.A.REI.1 Understand solving
equations as a process of reasoning and explain
the reasoning. Explain each step in solving a
simple equation as following from the equality
of numbers asserted at the previous step,
starting from the assumption that the original
equation has a solution. Construct a viable
argument to justify a solution method.
CC.9-12.A.REI.10 Represent and solve
equations and inequalities graphically.
Understand that the graph of an equation in two
variables is the set of all its solutions plotted in
the coordinate plane, often forming a curve
(which could be a line).
CC.9-12.A.REI.11 Represent and solve
equations and inequalities graphically. Explain
why the x-coordinates of the points where the
graphs of the equations y = f(x) and y = g(x)
intersect are the solutions of the equation f(x) =
g(x); find the solutions approximately, e.g.,
using technology to graph the functions, make
tables of values, or find successive
approximations. Include cases where f(x)
and/or g(x) are linear, polynomial, rational,
absolute value, exponential, and logarithmic
functions.*
CC.9-12.A.REI.12 Represent and solve
equations and inequalities graphically. Graph
the solutions to a linear inequality in two
variables as a half-plane (excluding the
boundary in the case of a strict inequality), and
graph the solution set to a system of linear
inequalities in two variables as the intersection
of the corresponding half-planes.
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CC.9-12.A.REI.2 Understand solving
equations as a process of reasoning and explain
the reasoning. Solve simple rational and radical
equations in one variable, and give examples
showing how extraneous solutions may arise.                              Algebra
CC.9-12.A.REI.3 Solve equations and
inequalities in one variable. Solve linear
equations and inequalities in one variable,
including equations with coefficients
represented by letters.
CC.9-12.A.REI.4 Solve equations and
inequalities in one variable. Solve quadratic
equations in one variable.
CC.9-12.A.REI.4a Use the method of
completing the square to transform any
quadratic equation in x into an equation of the
form (x – p)^2 = q that has the same solutions.
Derive the quadratic formula from this form.

CC.9-12.A.REI.4b Solve quadratic equations
by inspection (e.g., for x^2 = 49), taking square
roots, completing the square, the quadratic
formula and factoring, as appropriate to the
initial form of the equation. Recognize when
the quadratic formula gives complex solutions
and write them as a ± bi for real numbers a and
b.
CC.9-12.A.REI.5 Solve systems of equations.
Prove that, given a system of two equations in
two variables, replacing one equation by the
sum of that equation and a multiple of the other
produces a system with the same solutions.



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CC.9-12.A.REI.6 Solve systems of equations.
Solve systems of linear equations exactly and
approximately (e.g., with graphs), focusing on
pairs of linear equations in two variables.

CC.9-12.A.REI.7 Solve systems of equations.
Solve a simple system consisting of a linear
equation and a quadratic equation in two
variables algebraically and graphically. For
example, find the points of intersection
between the line y = –3x and the circle x^2 +
y^2 = 3.
CC.9-12.A.REI.8 (+) Solve systems of
equations. Represent a system of linear
equations as a single matrix equation in a
vector variable.
CC.9-12.A.REI.9 (+) Solve systems of
equations. Find the inverse of a matrix if it
exists and use it to solve systems of linear
equations (using technology for matrices of
dimension 3 × 3 or greater).
CC.9-12.A.SSE.1 Interpret the structure of
expressions. Interpret expressions that
represent a quantity in terms of its context.*
CC.9-12.A.SSE.1a Interpret parts of an
expression, such as terms, factors, and
coefficients.*
CC.9-12.A.SSE.1b Interpret complicated
expressions by viewing one or more of their
parts as a single entity. For example, interpret
P(1+r)^n as the product of P and a factor not
depending on P.*




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CC.9-12.A.SSE.2 Interpret the structure of
expressions. Use the structure of an expression
to identify ways to rewrite it. For example, see
x^4 – y^4 as (x^2)^2 – (y^2)^2, thus
recognizing it as a difference of squares that
can be factored as (x^2 – y^2)(x^2 + y^2).

CC.9-12.A.SSE.3 Write expressions in
equivalent forms to solve problems. Choose
and produce an equivalent form of an
expression to reveal and explain properties of
the quantity represented by the expression.*

CC.9-12.A.SSE.3a Factor a quadratic
expression to reveal the zeros of the function it
defines.*
CC.9-12.A.SSE.3b Complete the square in a
quadratic expression to reveal the maximum or
minimum value of the function it defines.*

CC.9-12.A.SSE.3c Use the properties of
exponents to transform expressions for
exponential functions. For example the
expression 1.15^t can be rewritten as
[1.15^(1/12)]^(12t) ≈ 1.012^(12t) to reveal the
approximate equivalent monthly interest rate if
the annual rate is 15%.*
CC.9-12.A.SSE.4 Write expressions in
equivalent forms to solve problems. Derive the
formula for the sum of a finite geometric series
(when the common ratio is not 1), and use the
formula to solve problems. For example,
calculate mortgage payments.*



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CC.9-12.F.BF.1 Build a function that models a
relationship between two quantities. Write a
function that describes a relationship between
two quantities.*
CC.9-12.F.BF.1a Determine an explicit
expression, a recursive process, or steps for
calculation from a context.
CC.9-12.F.BF.1b Combine standard function
types using arithmetic operations. For example,
build a function that models the temperature of
a cooling body by adding a constant function to
a decaying exponential, and relate these
functions to the model.

CC.9-12.F.BF.1c (+) Compose functions. For
example, if T(y) is the temperature in the
atmosphere as a function of height, and h(t) is
the height of a weather balloon as a function of
time, then T(h(t)) is the temperature at the
location of the weather balloon as a function of
time.
CC.9-12.F.BF.2 Build a function that models a
relationship between two quantities. Write
arithmetic and geometric sequences both
recursively and with an explicit formula, use
them to model situations, and translate between
the two forms.*




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CC.9-12.F.BF.3 Build new functions from
existing functions. Identify the effect on the
graph of replacing f(x) by f(x) + k, k f(x),
f(kx), and f(x + k) for specific values of k (both
positive and negative); find the value of k
given the graphs. Experiment with cases and
illustrate an explanation of the effects on the
graph using technology. Include recognizing
even and odd functions from their graphs and
algebraic expressions for them.

CC.9-12.F.BF.4 Build new functions from
existing functions. Find inverse functions.
CC.9-12.F.BF.4a Solve an equation of the form
f(x) = c for a simple function f that has an
inverse and write an expression for the inverse.
For example, f(x) =2(x^3) or f(x) = (x+1)/(x-1)
for x ≠ 1 (x not equal to 1).
CC.9-12.F.BF.4b (+) Verify by composition
that one function is the inverse of another.
CC.9-12.F.BF.4c (+) Read values of an inverse
function from a graph or a table, given that the
function has an inverse.
CC.9-12.F.BF.4d (+) Produce an invertible
function from a non-invertible function by
restricting the domain.
CC.9-12.F.BF.5 (+) Understand the inverse
relationship between exponents and logarithms
and use this relationship to solve problems
involving logarithms and exponents.




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CC.9-12.F.IF.1 Understand the concept of a
function and use function notation. Understand
that a function from one set (called the domain)
to another set (called the range) assigns to each
element of the domain exactly one element of
the range. If f is a function and x is an element
of its domain, then f(x) denotes the output of f
corresponding to the input x. The graph of f is
the graph of the equation y = f(x).

CC.9-12.F.IF.2 Understand the concept of a
function and use function notation. Use
function notation, evaluate functions for inputs
in their domains, and interpret statements that
use function notation in terms of a context.


CC.9-12.F.IF.3 Understand the concept of a
function and use function notation. Recognize
that sequences are functions, sometimes
defined recursively, whose domain is a subset
of the integers. For example, the Fibonacci
sequence is defined recursively by f(0) = f(1) =
1, f(n+1) = f(n) + f(n-1) for n ≥ 1 (n is greater
than or equal to 1).




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CC.9-12.F.IF.4 Interpret functions that arise in
applications in terms of the context. For a
function that models a relationship between
two quantities, interpret key features of graphs
and tables in terms of the quantities, and sketch
graphs showing key features given a verbal
description of the relationship. Key features
include: intercepts; intervals where the function
is increasing, decreasing, positive, or negative;
relative maximums and minimums;
symmetries; end behavior; and periodicity.*

CC.9-12.F.IF.5 Interpret functions that arise in
applications in terms of the context. Relate the
domain of a function to its graph and, where
applicable, to the quantitative relationship it
describes. For example, if the function h(n)
gives the number of person-hours it takes to
assemble n engines in a factory, then the
positive integers would be an appropriate
domain for the function.*
CC.9-12.F.IF.6 Interpret functions that arise in
applications in terms of the context. Calculate
and interpret the average rate of change of a
function (presented symbolically or as a table)
over a specified interval. Estimate the rate of
change from a graph.*
CC.9-12.F.IF.7 Analyze functions using
different representations. Graph functions
expressed symbolically and show key features
of the graph, by hand in simple cases and using
technology for more complicated cases.*



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CC.9-12.F.IF.7a Graph linear and quadratic
functions and show intercepts, maxima, and
minima.*

CC.9-12.F.IF.7b Graph square root, cube root,
and piecewise-defined functions, including step
functions and absolute value functions.*
CC.9-12.F.IF.7c Graph polynomial functions,
identifying zeros when suitable factorizations
are available, and showing end behavior.*

CC.9-12.F.IF.7d (+) Graph rational functions,
identifying zeros and asymptotes when suitable
factorizations are available, and showing end
behavior.*
CC.9-12.F.IF.7e Graph exponential and
logarithmic functions, showing intercepts and
end behavior, and trigonometric functions,
showing period, midline, and amplitude.*

CC.9-12.F.IF.8 Analyze functions using
different representations. Write a function
defined by an expression in different but
equivalent forms to reveal and explain different
properties of the function.
CC.9-12.F.IF.8a Use the process of factoring
and completing the square in a quadratic
function to show zeros, extreme values, and
symmetry of the graph, and interpret these in
terms of a context.




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CC.9-12.F.IF.8b Use the properties of
exponents to interpret expressions for
exponential functions. For example, identify
percent rate of change in functions such as y =
(1.02)^t, y = (0.97)^t, y = (1.01)^(12t), y =
(1.2)^(t/10), and classify them as representing
exponential growth and decay.
CC.9-12.F.IF.9 Analyze functions using
different representations. Compare properties
of two functions each represented in a different
way (algebraically, graphically, numerically in
tables, or by verbal descriptions). For example,
given a graph of one quadratic function and an
algebraic expression for another, say which has
the larger maximum.
CC.9-12.F.LE.1 Construct and compare linear,
quadratic, and exponential models and solve
problems. Distinguish between situations that
can be modeled with linear functions and with
exponential functions.*
CC.9-12.F.LE.1a Prove that linear functions
grow by equal differences over equal intervals
and that exponential functions grow by equal
factors over equal intervals.*
CC.9-12.F.LE.1b. Recognize situations in
which one quantity changes at a constant rate
per unit interval relative to another.*
CC.9-12.F.LE.1c Recognize situations in
which a quantity grows or decays by a constant
percent rate per unit interval relative to
another.*




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CC.9-12.F.LE.2 Construct and compare linear,
quadratic, and exponential models and solve
problems. Construct linear and exponential
functions, including arithmetic and geometric
sequences, given a graph, a description of a
relationship, or two input-output pairs (include
reading these from a table).*

CC.9-12.F.LE.3 Construct and compare linear,
quadratic, and exponential models and solve
problems. Observe using graphs and tables that
a quantity increasing exponentially eventually
exceeds a quantity increasing linearly,
quadratically, or (more generally) as a
polynomial function.*
CC.9-12.F.LE.4 Construct and compare linear,
quadratic, and exponential models and solve
problems. For exponential models, express as a
logarithm the solution to ab^(ct) = d where a, c,
and d are numbers and the base b is 2, 10, or e;
evaluate the logarithm using technology.*


CC.9-12.F.LE.5 Construct and compare linear,
quadratic, and exponential models and solve
problems. Interpret the parameters in a linear
or exponential function in terms of a context.*
CC.9-12.F.TF.1 Extend the domain of
trigonometric functions using the unit circle.
Understand radian measure of an angle as the
length of the arc on the unit circle subtended by
the angle.




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CC.9-12.F.TF.2 Extend the domain of
trigonometric functions using the unit circle.
Explain how the unit circle in the coordinate
plane enables the extension of trigonometric
functions to all real numbers, interpreted as
radian measures of angles traversed
counterclockwise around the unit circle.
CC.9-12.F.TF.3 (+) Extend the domain of
trigonometric functions using the unit circle.
Use special triangles to determine
geometrically the values of sine, cosine,
tangent for π/3, π/4 and π/6, and use the unit
circle to express the values of sine, cosine, and
tangent for π - x, π + x, and 2π - x in terms of
their values for x, where x is any real number.

CC.9-12.F.TF.4 (+) Extend the domain of
trigonometric functions using the unit circle.
Use the unit circle to explain symmetry (odd
and even) and periodicity of trigonometric
functions.
CC.9-12.F.TF.5 Model periodic phenomena
with trigonometric functions. Choose
trigonometric functions to model periodic
phenomena with specified amplitude,
frequency, and midline.*
CC.9-12.F.TF.6 (+) Model periodic
phenomena with trigonometric functions.
Understand that restricting a trigonometric
function to a domain on which it is always
increasing or always decreasing allows its
inverse to be constructed.




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CC.9-12.F.TF.7 (+) Model periodic
phenomena with trigonometric functions. Use
inverse functions to solve trigonometric
equations that arise in modeling contexts;
evaluate the solutions using technology, and
interpret them in terms of the context.*

CC.9-12.F.TF.8 Prove and apply trigonometric
identities. Prove the Pythagorean identity (sin
A)^2 + (cos A)^2 = 1 and use it to find sin A,
cos A, or tan A, given sin A, cos A, or tan A,
and the quadrant of the angle.

CC.9-12.F.TF.9 (+) Prove and apply
trigonometric identities. Prove the addition and
subtraction formulas for sine, cosine, and
tangent and use them to solve problems.
CC.9-12.G.C.1 Understand and apply theorems
about circles. Prove that all circles are similar.

CC.9-12.G.C.2 Understand and apply theorems
about circles. Identify and describe
relationships among inscribed angles, radii, and
chords. Include the relationship between
central, inscribed, and circumscribed angles;
inscribed angles on a diameter are right angles;
the radius of a circle is perpendicular to the
tangent where the radius intersects the circle.

CC.9-12.G.C.3 Understand and apply theorems
about circles. Construct the inscribed and
circumscribed circles of a triangle, and prove
properties of angles for a quadrilateral
inscribed in a circle.
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CC.9-12.G.C.4 (+) Understand and apply
theorems about circles. Construct a tangent line
from a point outside a given circle to the circle.
CC.9-12.G.C.5 Find arc lengths and areas of
sectors of circles. Derive using similarity the
fact that the length of the arc intercepted by an
angle is proportional to the radius, and define
the radian measure of the angle as the constant
of proportionality; derive the formula for the
area of a sector.

CC.9-12.G.CO.1 Experiment with
transformations in the plane. Know precise
definitions of angle, circle, perpendicular line,
parallel line, and line segment, based on the
undefined notions of point, line, distance along
a line, and distance around a circular arc.
CC.9-12.G.CO.10 Prove geometric theorems.
Prove theorems about triangles. Theorems
include: measures of interior angles of a
triangle sum to 180 degrees; base angles of
isosceles triangles are congruent; the segment
joining midpoints of two sides of a triangle is
parallel to the third side and half the length; the
medians of a triangle meet at a point.

CC.9-12.G.CO.11 Prove geometric theorems.
Prove theorems about parallelograms.
Theorems include: opposite sides are
congruent, opposite angles are congruent, the
diagonals of a parallelogram bisect each other,
and conversely, rectangles are parallelograms
with congruent diagonals.

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CC.9-12.G.CO.12 Make geometric
constructions. Make formal geometric
constructions with a variety of tools and
methods (compass and straightedge, string,
reflective devices, paper folding, dynamic
geometric software, etc.). Copying a segment;
copying an angle; bisecting a segment;
bisecting an angle; constructing perpendicular
lines, including the perpendicular bisector of a
line segment; and constructing a line parallel to
a given line through a point not on the line.
CC.9-12.G.CO.13 Make geometric
constructions. Construct an equilateral
triangle, a square, and a regular hexagon
inscribed in a circle.
CC.9-12.G.CO.2 Experiment with
transformations in the plane. Represent
transformations in the plane using, e.g.,
transparencies and geometry software; describe
transformations as functions that take points in
the plane as inputs and give other points as
outputs. Compare transformations that preserve
distance and angle to those that do not (e.g.,
translation versus horizontal stretch).

CC.9-12.G.CO.3 Experiment with
transformations in the plane. Given a rectangle,
parallelogram, trapezoid, or regular polygon,
describe the rotations and reflections that carry
it onto itself.




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CC.9-12.G.CO.4 Experiment with
transformations in the plane. Develop
definitions of rotations, reflections, and
translations in terms of angles, circles,
perpendicular lines, parallel lines, and line
segments.
CC.9-12.G.CO.5 Experiment with
transformations in the plane. Given a geometric
figure and a rotation, reflection, or translation,
draw the transformed figure using, e.g., graph
paper, tracing paper, or geometry software.
Specify a sequence of transformations that will
carry a given figure onto another.


CC.9-12.G.CO.6 Understand congruence in
terms of rigid motions. Use geometric
descriptions of rigid motions to transform
figures and to predict the effect of a given rigid
motion on a given figure; given two figures,
use the definition of congruence in terms of
rigid motions to decide if they are congruent.
CC.9-12.G.CO.7 Understand congruence in
terms of rigid motions. Use the definition of
congruence in terms of rigid motions to show
that two triangles are congruent if and only if
corresponding pairs of sides and corresponding
pairs of angles are congruent.

CC.9-12.G.CO.8 Understand congruence in
terms of rigid motions. Explain how the criteria
for triangle congruence (ASA, SAS, and SSS)
follow from the definition of congruence in
terms of rigid motions.

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CC.9-12.G.CO.9 Prove geometric theorems.
Prove theorems about lines and angles.
Theorems include: vertical angles are
congruent; when a transversal crosses parallel
lines, alternate interior angles are congruent
and corresponding angles are congruent; points
on a perpendicular bisector of a line segment
are exactly those equidistant from the
segment’s endpoints.
CC.9-12.G.GMD.1 Explain volume formulas
and use them to solve problems. Give an
informal argument for the formulas for the
circumference of a circle, area of a circle,
volume of a cylinder, pyramid, and cone. Use
dissection arguments, Cavalieri’s principle, and
informal limit arguments.
CC.9-12.G.GMD.2 (+) Explain volume
formulas and use them to solve problems. Give
an informal argument using Cavalieri’s
principle for the formulas for the volume of a
sphere and other solid figures.
CC.9-12.G.GMD.3 Explain volume formulas
and use them to solve problems. Use volume
formulas for cylinders, pyramids, cones, and
spheres to solve problems.*
CC.9-12.G.GMD.4 Visualize relationships
between two-dimensional and three-
dimensional objects. Identify the shapes of two-
dimensional cross-sections of three-
dimensional objects, and identify three-
dimensional objects generated by rotations of
two-dimensional objects.




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CC.9-12.G.GPE.1 Translate between the
geometric description and the equation for a
conic section. Derive the equation of a circle of
given center and radius using the Pythagorean
Theorem; complete the square to find the
center and radius of a circle given by an
equation.
CC.9-12.G.GPE.2 Translate between the
geometric description and the equation for a
conic section. Derive the equation of a
parabola given a focus and directrix.
CC.9-12.G.GPE.3 (+) Translate between the
geometric description and the equation for a
conic section. Derive the equations of ellipses
and hyperbolas given the foci, using the fact
that the sum or difference of distances from the
foci is constant.
CC.9-12.G.GPE.4 Use coordinates to prove
simple geometric theorems algebraically. For
example, prove or disprove that a figure
defined by four given points in the coordinate
plane is a rectangle; prove or disprove that the
point (1, √3) lies on the circle centered at the
origin and containing the point (0, 2).

CC.9-12.G.GPE.5 Use coordinates to prove
simple geometric theorems algebraically. Prove
the slope criteria for parallel and perpendicular
lines and use them to solve geometric problems
(e.g., find the equation of a line parallel or
perpendicular to a given line that passes
through a given point).




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CC.9-12.G.GPE.6 Use coordinates to prove
simple geometric theorems algebraically. Find
the point on a directed line segment between
two given points that partitions the segment in
a given ratio.
CC.9-12.G.GPE.7 Use coordinates to prove
simple geometric theorems algebraically. Use
coordinates to compute perimeters of polygons
and areas of triangles and rectangles, e.g.,
using the distance formula.*

CC.9-12.G.MG.1 Apply geometric concepts in
modeling situations. Use geometric shapes,
their measures, and their properties to describe
objects (e.g., modeling a tree trunk or a human
torso as a cylinder).*
CC.9-12.G.MG.2 Apply geometric concepts in
modeling situations. Apply concepts of density
based on area and volume in modeling
situations (e.g., persons per square mile, BTUs
per cubic foot).*

CC.9-12.G.MG.3 Apply geometric concepts in
modeling situations. Apply geometric methods
to solve design problems (e.g., designing an
object or structure to satisfy physical
constraints or minimize cost; working with
typographic grid systems based on ratios).*




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CC.9-12.G.SRT.1 Understand similarity in
terms of similarity transformations. Verify
experimentally the properties of dilations given
by a center and a scale factor:
  -- a. A dilation takes a line not passing
through the center of the dilation to a parallel
line, and leaves a line passing through the
center unchanged.
  -- b. The dilation of a line segment is longer
or shorter in the ratio given by the scale factor.

CC.9-12.G.SRT.10 (+) Apply trigonometry to
general triangles. Prove the Laws of Sines and
Cosines and use them to solve problems.
CC.9-12.G.SRT.11 (+) Apply trigonometry to
general triangles. Understand and apply the
Law of Sines and the Law of Cosines to find
unknown measurements in right and non-right
triangles (e.g., surveying problems, resultant
forces).
CC.9-12.G.SRT.2 Understand similarity in
terms of similarity transformations. Given two
figures, use the definition of similarity in terms
of similarity transformations to decide if they
are similar; explain using similarity
transformations the meaning of similarity for
triangles as the equality of all corresponding
pairs of angles and the proportionality of all
corresponding pairs of sides.

CC.9-12.G.SRT.3 Understand similarity in
terms of similarity transformations. Use the
properties of similarity transformations to
establish the AA criterion for two triangles to
be similar.                                                                                                                                                           250
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CC.9-12.G.SRT.4 Prove theorems involving
similarity. Prove theorems about triangles.
Theorems include: a line parallel to one side of
a triangle divides the other two proportionally,
and conversely; the Pythagorean Theorem
proved using triangle similarity.

CC.9-12.G.SRT.5 Prove theorems involving
similarity. Use congruence and similarity
criteria for triangles to solve problems and to
prove relationships in geometric figures.
CC.9-12.G.SRT.6 Define trigonometric ratios
and solve problems involving right triangles.
Understand that by similarity, side ratios in
right triangles are properties of the angles in
the triangle, leading to definitions of
trigonometric ratios for acute angles.

CC.9-12.G.SRT.7 Define trigonometric ratios
and solve problems involving right triangles.
Explain and use the relationship between the
sine and cosine of complementary angles.
CC.9-12.G.SRT.8 Define trigonometric ratios
and solve problems involving right triangles.
Use trigonometric ratios and the Pythagorean
Theorem to solve right triangles in applied
problems.
CC.9-12.G.SRT.9 (+) Apply trigonometry to
general triangles. Derive the formula A =
(1/2)ab sin(C) for the area of a triangle by
drawing an auxiliary line from a vertex
perpendicular to the opposite side.




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CC.9-12.N.CN.1 Perform arithmetic operations
with complex numbers. Know there is a
complex number i such that i^2 = −1, and
every complex number has the form a + bi with
a and b real.
CC.9-12.N.CN.2 Perform arithmetic operations
with complex numbers. Use the relation i^2 =
–1 and the commutative, associative, and
distributive properties to add, subtract, and
multiply complex numbers.

CC.9-12.N.CN.3 (+) Perform arithmetic
operations with complex numbers. Find the
conjugate of a complex number; use conjugates
to find moduli and quotients of complex
numbers.
CC.9-12.N.CN.4 (+) Represent complex
numbers and their operations on the complex
plane. Represent complex numbers on the
complex plane in rectangular and polar form
(including real and imaginary numbers), and
explain why the rectangular and polar forms of
a given complex number represent the same
number.
CC.9-12.N.CN.5 (+) Represent complex
numbers and their operations on the complex
plane. Represent addition, subtraction,
multiplication, and conjugation of complex
numbers geometrically on the complex plane;
use properties of this representation for
computation. For example, (-1 + √3i)^3 = 8
because (-1 + √3i) has modulus 2 and argument
120°.



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CC.9-12.N.CN.6 (+) Represent complex
numbers and their operations on the complex
plane. Calculate the distance between numbers
in the complex plane as the modulus of the
difference, and the midpoint of a segment as
the average of the numbers at its endpoints.
CC.9-12.N.CN.7 Use complex numbers in
polynomial identities and equations. Solve
quadratic equations with real coefficients that
have complex solutions.

CC.9-12.N.CN.8 (+) Use complex numbers in
polynomial identities and equations. Extend
polynomial identities to the complex numbers.
For example, rewrite x^2 + 4 as (x + 2i)(x – 2i).
CC.9-12.N.CN.9 (+) Use complex numbers in
polynomial identities and equations. Know the
Fundamental Theorem of Algebra; show that it
is true for quadratic polynomials.
CC.9-12.N.Q.1 Reason quantitatively and use
units to solve problems. Use units as a way to
understand problems and to guide the solution
of multi-step problems; choose and interpret
units consistently in formulas; choose and
interpret the scale and the origin in graphs and
data displays.*
CC.9-12.N.Q.2 Reason quantitatively and use
units to solve problems. Define appropriate
quantities for the purpose of descriptive
modeling.*
CC.9-12.N.Q.3 Reason quantitatively and use
units to solve problems. Choose a level of
accuracy appropriate to limitations on
measurement when reporting quantities.*
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CC.9-12.N.RN.1 Extend the properties of
exponents to rational exponents. Explain how
the definition of the meaning of rational
exponents follows from extending the
properties of integer exponents to those values,
allowing for a notation for radicals in terms of
rational exponents. For example, we define
5^(1/3) to be the cube root of 5 because we
want [5^(1/3)]^3 = 5^[(1/3) x 3] to hold, so
[5^(1/3)]^3 must equal 5.

CC.9-12.N.RN.2 Extend the properties of
exponents to rational exponents. Rewrite
expressions involving radicals and rational
exponents using the properties of exponents.
CC.9-12.N.RN.3 Use properties of rational and
irrational numbers. Explain why the sum or
product of rational numbers is rational; that the
sum of a rational number and an irrational
number is irrational; and that the product of a
nonzero rational number and an irrational
number is irrational.
CC.9-12.N.VM.1 (+) Represent and model
with vector quantities. Recognize vector
quantities as having both magnitude and
direction. Represent vector quantities by
directed line segments, and use appropriate
symbols for vectors and their magnitudes (e.g.,
v(bold), |v|, ||v||, v(not bold)).




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CC.9-12.N.VM.10 (+) Perform operations on
matrices and use matrices in applications.
Understand that the zero and identity matrices
play a role in matrix addition and
multiplication similar to the role of 0 and 1 in
the real numbers. The determinant of a square
matrix is nonzero if and only if the matrix has a
multiplicative inverse.

CC.9-12.N.VM.11 (+) Perform operations on
matrices and use matrices in applications.
Multiply a vector (regarded as a matrix with
one column) by a matrix of suitable dimensions
to produce another vector. Work with matrices
as transformations of vectors.
CC.9-12.N.VM.12 (+) Perform operations on
matrices and use matrices in applications.
Work with 2 X 2 matrices as transformations of
the plane, and interpret the absolute value of
the determinant in terms of area.
CC.9-12.N.VM.2 (+) Represent and model
with vector quantities. Find the components of
a vector by subtracting the coordinates of an
initial point from the coordinates of a terminal
point.
CC.9-12.N.VM.3 (+) Represent and model
with vector quantities. Solve problems
involving velocity and other quantities that can
be represented by vectors.
CC.9-12.N.VM.4 (+) Perform operations on
vectors. Add and subtract vectors.




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CC.9-12.N.VM.4a (+) Add vectors end-to-end,
component-wise, and by the parallelogram rule.
Understand that the magnitude of a sum of two
vectors is typically not the sum of the
magnitudes.
CC.9-12.N.VM.4b (+) Given two vectors in
magnitude and direction form, determine the
magnitude and direction of their sum.
CC.9-12.N.VM.4c (+) Understand vector
subtraction v – w as v + (–w), where (–w) is
the additive inverse of w, with the same
magnitude as w and pointing in the opposite
direction. Represent vector subtraction
graphically by connecting the tips in the
appropriate order, and perform vector
subtraction component-wise.
CC.9-12.N.VM.5 (+) Perform operations on
vectors. Multiply a vector by a scalar.

CC.9-12.N.VM.5a (+) Represent scalar
multiplication graphically by scaling vectors
and possibly reversing their direction; perform
scalar multiplication component-wise, e.g., as
c(v(sub x), v(sub y)) = (cv(sub x), cv(sub y)).

CC.9-12.N.VM.5b (+) Compute the magnitude
of a scalar multiple cv using ||cv|| = |c|v.
Compute the direction of cv knowing that when
|c|v ≠ 0, the direction of cv is either along v (for
c > 0) or against v (for c < 0).
CC.9-12.N.VM.6 (+) Perform operations on
matrices and use matrices in applications. Use
matrices to represent and manipulate data, e.g.,
to represent payoffs or incidence relationships
in a network.
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CC.9-12.N.VM.7 (+) Perform operations on
matrices and use matrices in applications.
Multiply matrices by scalars to produce new
matrices, e.g., as when all of the payoffs in a
game are doubled.
CC.9-12.N.VM.8 (+) Perform operations on
matrices and use matrices in applications. Add,
subtract, and multiply matrices of appropriate
dimensions.
CC.9-12.N.VM.9 (+) Perform operations on
matrices and use matrices in applications.
Understand that, unlike multiplication of
numbers, matrix multiplication for square
matrices is not a commutative operation, but
still satisfies the associative and distributive
properties.
CC.9-12.S.CP.1 Understand independence and
conditional probability and use them to
interpret data. Describe events as subsets of a
sample space (the set of outcomes) using
characteristics (or categories) of the outcomes,
or as unions, intersections, or complements of
other events (―or,‖ ―and,‖ ―not‖).*

CC.9-12.S.CP.2 Understand independence and
conditional probability and use them to
interpret data. Understand that two events A
and B are independent if the probability of A
and B occurring together is the product of their
probabilities, and use this characterization to
determine if they are independent.*




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CC.9-12.S.CP.3 Understand independence and
conditional probability and use them to
interpret data. Understand the conditional
probability of A given B as P(A and B)/P(B),
and interpret independence of A and B as
saying that the conditional probability of A
given B is the same as the probability of A, and
the conditional probability of B given A is the
same as the probability of B.*



CC.9-12.S.CP.4 Understand independence and
conditional probability and use them to
interpret data. Construct and interpret two-way
frequency tables of data when two categories
are associated with each object being
classified. Use the two-way table as a sample
space to decide if events are independent and
to approximate conditional probabilities. For
example, collect data from a random sample of
students in your school on their favorite subject
among math, science, and English. Estimate the
probability that a randomly selected student
from your school will favor science given that
the student is in tenth grade. Do the same for
other subjects and compare the results.*
CC.9-12.S.CP.5 Understand independence and
conditional probability and use them to
interpret data. Recognize and explain the
concepts of conditional probability and
independence in everyday language and
everyday situations. For example, compare the
chance of having lung cancer if you are a
smoker with the chance of being a smoker if
you have lung cancer.*
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CC.9-12.S.CP.6 Use the rules of probability to
compute probabilities of compound events in a
uniform probability model. Find the
conditional probability of A given B as the
fraction of B’s outcomes that also belong to A,
and interpret the answer in terms of the model.*
CC.9-12.S.CP.7 Use the rules of probability to
compute probabilities of compound events in a
uniform probability model. Apply the Addition
Rule, P(A or B) = P(A) + P(B) – P(A and B),
and interpret the answer in terms of the model.*

CC.9-12.S.CP.8 (+) Use the rules of
probability to compute probabilities of
compound events in a uniform probability
model. Apply the general Multiplication Rule
in a uniform probability model, P(A and B) =
[P(A)]x[P(B|A)] =[P(B)]x[P(A|B)], and
interpret the answer in terms of the model.*

CC.9-12.S.CP.9 (+) Use the rules of
probability to compute probabilities of
compound events in a uniform probability
model. Use permutations and combinations to
compute probabilities of compound events and
solve problems.*
CC.9-12.S.IC.1 Understand and evaluate
random processes underlying statistical
experiments. Understand statistics as a process
for making inferences about population
parameters based on a random sample from
that population.*



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CC.9-12.S.IC.2 Understand and evaluate
random processes underlying statistical
experiments. Decide if a specified model is
consistent with results from a given data-
generating process, e.g., using simulation. For
example, a model says a spinning coin falls
heads up with probability 0. 5. Would a result
of 5 tails in a row cause you to question the
model?*
CC.9-12.S.IC.3 Make inferences and justify
conclusions from sample surveys, experiments,
and observational studies. Recognize the
purposes of and differences among sample
surveys, experiments, and observational
studies; explain how randomization relates to
each.*
CC.9-12.S.IC.4 Make inferences and justify
conclusions from sample surveys, experiments,
and observational studies. Use data from a
sample survey to estimate a population mean or
proportion; develop a margin of error through
the use of simulation models for random
sampling.*

CC.9-12.S.IC.5 Make inferences and justify
conclusions from sample surveys, experiments,
and observational studies. Use data from a
randomized experiment to compare two
treatments; use simulations to decide if
differences between parameters are significant.*
CC.9-12.S.IC.6 Make inferences and justify
conclusions from sample surveys, experiments,
and observational studies. Evaluate reports
based on data.*

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CC.9-12.S.ID.1 Summarize, represent, and
interpret data on a single count or measurement
variable. Represent data with plots on the real
number line (dot plots, histograms, and box
plots).*
CC.9-12.S.ID.2 Summarize, represent, and
interpret data on a single count or measurement
variable. Use statistics appropriate to the shape
of the data distribution to compare center
(median, mean) and spread (interquartile range,
standard deviation) of two or more different
data sets.*

CC.9-12.S.ID.3 Summarize, represent, and
interpret data on a single count or measurement
variable. Interpret differences in shape, center,
and spread in the context of the data sets,
accounting for possible effects of extreme data
points (outliers).*
CC.9-12.S.ID.4 Summarize, represent, and
interpret data on a single count or measurement
variable. Use the mean and standard deviation
of a data set to fit it to a normal distribution
and to estimate population percentages.
Recognize that there are data sets for which
such a procedure is not appropriate. Use
calculators, spreadsheets, and tables to estimate
areas under the normal curve.*




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CC.9-12.S.ID.5 Summarize, represent, and
interpret data on two categorical and
quantitative variables. Summarize categorical
data for two categories in two-way frequency
tables. Interpret relative frequencies in the
context of the data (including joint, marginal,
and conditional relative frequencies).
Recognize possible associations and trends in
the data.*
CC.9-12.S.ID.6 Summarize, represent, and
interpret data on two categorical and
quantitative variables. Represent data on two
quantitative variables on a scatter plot, and
describe how the variables are related.*
CC.9-12.S.ID.6a Fit a function to the data; use
functions fitted to data to solve problems in the
context of the data. Use given functions or
choose a function suggested by the context.
Emphasize linear, quadratic, and exponential
models.*
CC.9-12.S.ID.6b Informally assess the fit of a
function by plotting and analyzing residuals.*

CC.9-12.S.ID.6c Fit a linear function for a
scatter plot that suggests a linear association.*

CC.9-12.S.ID.7 Interpret linear models.
Interpret the slope (rate of change) and the
intercept (constant term) of a linear model in
the context of the data.*
CC.9-12.S.ID.8 Interpret linear models.
Compute (using technology) and interpret the
correlation coefficient of a linear fit.*

CC.9-12.S.ID.9 Interpret linear models.
Distinguish between correlation and causation.*
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CC.9-12.S.MD.1 (+) Calculate expected values
and use them to solve problems. Define a
random variable for a quantity of interest by
assigning a numerical value to each event in a
sample space; graph the corresponding
probability distribution using the same
graphical displays as for data distributions.*

CC.9-12.S.MD.2 (+) Calculate expected values
and use them to solve problems. Calculate the
expected value of a random variable; interpret
it as the mean of the probability distribution.*

CC.9-12.S.MD.3 (+) Calculate expected values
and use them to solve problems. Develop a
probability distribution for a random variable
defined for a sample space in which theoretical
probabilities can be calculated; find the
expected value. For example, find the
theoretical probability distribution for the
number of correct answers obtained by
guessing on all five questions of a multiple-
choice test where each question has four
choices, and find the expected grade under
various grading schemes.*




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CC.9-12.S.MD.4 (+) Calculate expected values
and use them to solve problems. Develop a
probability distribution for a random variable
defined for a sample space in which
probabilities are assigned empirically; find the
expected value. For example, find a current
data distribution on the number of TV sets per
household in the United States, and calculate
the expected number of sets per household.
How many TV sets would you expect to find in
100 randomly selected households?*
CC.9-12.S.MD.5 (+) Use probability to
evaluate outcomes of decisions. Weigh the
possible outcomes of a decision by assigning
probabilities to payoff values and finding
expected values.*

CC.9-12.S.MD.5a (+) Find the expected payoff
for a game of chance. For example, find the
expected winnings from a state lottery ticket or
a game at a fast-food restaurant.*

CC.9-12.S.MD.5b (+) Evaluate and compare
strategies on the basis of expected values. For
example, compare a high-deductible versus a
low-deductible automobile insurance policy
using various, but reasonable, chances of
having a minor or a major accident.*
CC.9-12.S.MD.6 (+) Use probability to
evaluate outcomes of decisions. Use
probabilities to make fair decisions (e.g.,
drawing by lots, using a random number
generator).*

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CC.9-12.S.MD.7 (+) Use probability to
evaluate outcomes of decisions. Analyze
decisions and strategies using probability
concepts (e.g., product testing, medical testing,
pulling a hockey goalie at the end of a game).*
CC.K.CC.1 Know number names and the count
sequence. Count to 100 by ones and by tens.

CC.K.CC.2 Know number names and the count
sequence. Count forward beginning from a
given number within the known sequence
(instead of having to begin at 1).

CC.K.CC.3 Know number names and the count
sequence. Write numbers from 0 to 20.
Represent a number of objects with a written
numeral 0-20 (with 0 representing a count of
no objects).
CC.K.CC.4 Count to tell the number of objects.
Understand the relationship between numbers
and quantities; connect counting to cardinality.

CC.K.CC.4a When counting objects, say the
number names in the standard order, pairing
each object with one and only one number
name and each number name with one and only
one object.
CC.K.CC.4b Understand that the last number
name said tells the number of objects counted.
The number of objects is the same regardless of
their arrangement or the order in which they
were counted.
CC.K.CC.4c Understand that each successive
number name refers to a quantity that is one
larger.                                                                                                                                                              265
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CC.K.CC.5 Count to tell the number of objects.
Count to answer ―how many?‖ questions about
as many as 20 things arranged in a line, a
rectangular array, or a circle, or as many as 10
things in a scattered configuration; given a
number from 1-20, count out that many objects.

CC.K.CC.6 Compare numbers. Identify
whether the number of objects in one group is
greater than, less than, or equal to the number
of objects in another group, e.g., by using
matching and counting strategies. (Include
groups with up to ten objects.)
CC.K.CC.7 Compare numbers. Compare two
numbers between 1 and 10 presented as written
numerals.
CC.K.G.1 Identify and describe shapes
(squares, circles, triangles, rectangles,
hexagons, cubes, cones, cylinders, and
spheres). Describe objects in the environment
using names of shapes, and describe the
relative positions of these objects using terms
such as above, below, beside, in front of,
behind, and next to.
CC.K.G.2 Identify and describe shapes (such
as squares, circles, triangles, rectangles,
hexagons, cubes, cones, cylinders, and
spheres). Correctly name shapes regardless of
their orientations or overall size.

CC.K.G.3 Identify and describe shapes (such
as squares, circles, triangles, rectangles,
hexagons, cubes, cones, cylinders, and
spheres). Identify shapes as two-dimensional
(lying in a plane, ―flat‖) or three-dimensional
(―solid‖).                                                                                                                                                          266
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CC.K.G.4 Analyze, compare, create, and
compose shapes. Analyze and compare two-
and three-dimensional shapes, in different sizes
and orientations, using informal language to
describe their similarities, differences, parts
(e.g., number of sides and vertices/―corners‖)
and other attributes (e.g., having sides of equal
length).

CC.K.G.5 Analyze, compare, create, and
compose shapes. Model shapes in the world by
building shapes from components (e.g., sticks
and clay balls) and drawing shapes.

CC.K.G.6 Analyze, compare, create, and
compose shapes. Compose simple shapes to
form larger shapes. For example, "can you join
these two triangles with full sides touching to
make a rectangle?‖
CC.K.MD.1 Describe and compare measurable
attributes. Describe measurable attributes of
objects, such as length or weight. Describe
several measurable attributes of a single object.

CC.K.MD.2 Describe and compare measurable
attributes. Directly compare two objects with a
measurable attribute in common, to see which
object has ―more of‖/―less of‖ the attribute, and
describe the difference. For example, directly
compare the heights of two children and
describe one child as taller/shorter.




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CC.K.MD.3 Classify objects and count the
number of objects in each category. Classify
objects into given categories; count the
numbers of objects in each category and sort
the categories by count. (Limit category counts
to be less than or equal to 10.)

CC.K.NBT.1 Work with numbers 11-19 to
gain foundations for place value. Compose and
decompose numbers from 11 to 19 into ten
ones and some further ones, e.g., by using
objects or drawings, and record each
composition or decomposition by a drawing or
equation (such as 18 = 10 + 8); understand that
these numbers are composed of ten ones and
one, two, three, four, five, six, seven, eight, or
nine ones.
CC.K.OA.1 Understand addition as putting
together and adding to, and understand
subtraction as taking apart and taking from.
Represent addition and subtraction with
objects, fingers, mental images, drawings
(drawings need not show details, but should
show the mathematics in the problem), sounds
(e.g., claps), acting out situations, verbal
explanations, expressions, or equations.

CC.K.OA.2 Understand addition as putting
together and adding to, and understand
subtraction as taking apart and taking from.
Solve addition and subtraction word problems,
and add and subtract within 10, e.g., by using
objects or drawings to represent the problem.



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CC.K.OA.3 Understand addition as putting
together and adding to, and understand
subtraction as taking apart and taking from.
Decompose numbers less than or equal to 10
into pairs in more than one way, e.g., by using
objects or drawings, and record each
decomposition by a drawing or equation (e.g.,
5 = 2 + 3 and 5 = 4 + 1).
CC.K.OA.4 Understand addition as putting
together and adding to, and understand
subtraction as taking apart and taking from. For
any number from 1 to 9, find the number that
makes 10 when added to the given number,
e.g., by using objects or drawings, and record
the answer with a drawing or equation.

CC.K.OA.5 Understand addition as putting
together and adding to, and understand
subtraction as taking apart and taking from.
Fluently add and subtract within 5.




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CC.K-12.MP.1 Make sense of problems and            additional content?            different?
persevere in solving them. Mathematically
proficient students start by explaining to
themselves the meaning of a problem and
looking for entry points to its solution. They
analyze givens, constraints, relationships, and
goals. They make conjectures about the form
and meaning of the solution and plan a solution
pathway rather than simply jumping into a
solution attempt. They consider analogous
problems, and try special cases and simpler
forms of the original problem in order to gain
insight into its solution. They monitor and
evaluate their progress and change course if
necessary. Older students might, depending on
the context of the problem, transform algebraic
expressions or change the viewing window on
their graphing calculator to get the information
they need. Mathematically proficient students
can explain correspondences between
equations, verbal descriptions, tables, and
graphs or draw diagrams of important features
and relationships, graph data, and search for
regularity or trends. Younger students might
rely on using concrete objects or pictures to
help conceptualize and solve a problem.
Mathematically proficient students check their




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CC.K-12.MP.2 Reason abstractly and
quantitatively. Mathematically proficient
students make sense of the quantities and their
relationships in problem situations. Students
bring two complementary abilities to bear on
problems involving quantitative relationships:
the ability to decontextualize—to abstract a
given situation and represent it symbolically
and manipulate the representing symbols as if
they have a life of their own, without
necessarily attending to their referents—and
the ability to contextualize, to pause as needed
during the manipulation process in order to
probe into the referents for the symbols
involved. Quantitative reasoning entails habits
of creating a coherent representation of the
problem at hand; considering the units
involved; attending to the meaning of
quantities, not just how to compute them; and
knowing and flexibly using different properties
of operations and objects.




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CC.K-12.MP.3 Construct viable arguments and additional content?                 different?
critique the reasoning of others.
Mathematically proficient students understand
and use stated assumptions, definitions, and
previously established results in constructing
arguments. They make conjectures and build a
logical progression of statements to explore the
truth of their conjectures. They are able to
analyze situations by breaking them into cases,
and can recognize and use counterexamples.
They justify their conclusions, communicate
them to others, and respond to the arguments of
others. They reason inductively about data,
making plausible arguments that take into
account the context from which the data arose.
Mathematically proficient students are also
able to compare the effectiveness of two
plausible arguments, distinguish correct logic
or reasoning from that which is flawed, and—if
there is a flaw in an argument—explain what it
is. Elementary students can construct
arguments using concrete referents such as
objects, drawings, diagrams, and actions. Such
arguments can make sense and be correct, even
though they are not generalized or made formal
until later grades. Later, students learn to
determine domains to which an argument




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CC.K-12.MP.4 Model with mathematics.                additional content?            different?
Mathematically proficient students can apply
the mathematics they know to solve problems
arising in everyday life, society, and the
workplace. In early grades, this might be as
simple as writing an addition equation to
describe a situation. In middle grades, a student
might apply proportional reasoning to plan a
school event or analyze a problem in the
community. By high school, a student might
use geometry to solve a design problem or use
a function to describe how one quantity of
interest depends on another. Mathematically
proficient students who can apply what they
know are comfortable making assumptions and
approximations to simplify a complicated
situation, realizing that these may need revision
later. They are able to identify important
quantities in a practical situation and map their
relationships using such tools as diagrams, two-
way tables, graphs, flowcharts and formulas.
They can analyze those relationships
mathematically to draw conclusions. They
routinely interpret their mathematical results in
the context of the situation and reflect on
whether the results make sense, possibly
improving the model if it has not served its




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CC.K-12.MP.5 Use appropriate tools                 additional content?            different?
strategically. Mathematically proficient
students consider the available tools when
solving a mathematical problem. These tools
might include pencil and paper, concrete
models, a ruler, a protractor, a calculator, a
spreadsheet, a computer algebra system, a
statistical package, or dynamic geometry
software. Proficient students are sufficiently
familiar with tools appropriate for their grade
or course to make sound decisions about when
each of these tools might be helpful,
recognizing both the insight to be gained and
their limitations. For example, mathematically
proficient high school students analyze graphs
of functions and solutions generated using a
graphing calculator. They detect possible errors
by strategically using estimation and other
mathematical knowledge. When making
mathematical models, they know that
technology can enable them to visualize the
results of varying assumptions, explore
consequences, and compare predictions with
data. Mathematically proficient students at
various grade levels are able to identify
relevant external mathematical resources, such
as digital content located on a website, and use
them to pose or solve problems. They are able




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CC.K-12.MP.6 Attend to precision.
Mathematically proficient students try to
communicate precisely to others. They try to
use clear definitions in discussion with others
and in their own reasoning. They state the
meaning of the symbols they choose, including
using the equal sign consistently and
appropriately. They are careful about
specifying units of measure, and labeling axes
to clarify the correspondence with quantities in
a problem. They calculate accurately and
efficiently, express numerical answers with a
degree of precision appropriate for the problem
context. In the elementary grades, students give
carefully formulated explanations to each
other. By the time they reach high school they
have learned to examine claims and make
explicit use of definitions.




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CC.K-12.MP.7 Look for and make use of
structure. Mathematically proficient students
look closely to discern a pattern or structure.
Young students, for example, might notice that
three and seven more is the same amount as
seven and three more, or they may sort a
collection of shapes according to how many
sides the shapes have. Later, students will see 7
× 8 equals the well remembered 7 × 5 + 7 × 3,
in preparation for learning about the
distributive property. In the expression x^2 +
9x + 14, older students can see the 14 as 2 × 7
and the 9 as 2 + 7. They recognize the
significance of an existing line in a geometric
figure and can use the strategy of drawing an
auxiliary line for solving problems. They also
can step back for an overview and shift
perspective. They can see complicated things,
such as some algebraic expressions, as single
objects or as being composed of several
objects. For example, they can see 5 – 3(x –
y)^2 as 5 minus a positive number times a
square and use that to realize that its value
cannot be more than 5 for any real numbers x
and y.




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