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The Rotary Youth Exchange The Rotary Youth Exchange Experience

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The Rotary Youth Exchange The Rotary Youth Exchange Experience Powered By Docstoc
					The Rotary Youth Exchange
       Experience:
      Culture Shock
           and
  Reverse Culture Shock
        YEO Pre-Convention
             Meeting
          Montreal, 2010

          Dennis White
               and
          Justin Burnett
This presentation may be viewed at
      www.yeoresources.org.

    i   d    li       t i lid       ith
If viewed on line, certain slides with
hyperlinks will lead to other articles
                   t i l
            or materials
       Culture
  An i t     t d     t
  A integrated system of     f
 learned be a o patte s
  ea ed behavior patterns
  that are characteristic of
       i        i t       f
any given society. It refers
   to the total way of life,
including how people think,
      feel and behave.
Metaphorically, culture
 is the lens th
 i th l      throughh
 which we view the
        world.
        world
        The Cultural Iceberg

Conscious                1/8th above
behaviors                the surface



Unconscious              7/8ths below
 beliefs and             the surface
      l
   values
    Ethnocentrism:
    The universal
  tendency for any
  t d        f
culture to see its own
 values and practices
as natural and correct.
   Ethnocentrism:
   All cultures are
 ethnocentric - and
   t b to i      t th i
must be t impart their
   values to their
      members.
      members
 Ethnorelativism:
 Eth    l ti i
The acquired ability to
             l
see many values and d
behaviors as cultural
rather than universal.
    Ethnorelativism:
 This approach attempts
to understand values and
 behaviors from the point
                         ,
  of view of that culture,
  rather than as right or
          wrong.
     Ethnorelativism:
                   one s
 It assumes that one’s own
culture is no more central to
  describing and evaluating
    reality than any other -
regardless of one’s strongly
       held preferences
The Golden Ruled

Do unto others as you would
have them do unto you.
The Platinum Rule

Do unto others as they would
have you do unto them.
      Culture Shock

       The profound sense of
 disorientation and discomfort that
   comes with extended travel or
living in a foreign culture markedly
                     one’s
     different from one s own.

                  Shock.doc
          Culture Shock doc
Stages of Culture Shock:

•   Initial enthusiasm and euphoria
•   I it bilit and negativism
    Irritability d       ti i
•   Gradual adjustment and adaptation
•                    bi culturalism
    Integration and bi-culturalism

                               Shock doc
    The Middle Wave of Culture Shock.doc
                         Rotary Youth Exchange

                Culture Shock Cycle


Pre-Departure               Months
                1 2   3 4 5 6 7 8       9 10     11 12   Return …...




 Normal
 Level of
 Feelings




                Adapted from a model by Robert Kohls
            Normal Distribution of Any
                 Cultural Trait
                                   A typical student

Frequency




                     Amount of Trait

            l     di id li                i     i
       Example: Individualism vs. Group Orientation
             p      g
          Comparing Two Cultures
              (on any given trait)




In this example, there is some overlap, but the two cultures are
                        mostly different
 Culture Shock




After Adaptation
Returning To Home Culture
Reverse Culture Shock




        g
Returning To Home Culture
Severe Reverse Culture
        Shock




        g
Returning To Home Culture
Most people anticipate some
degree of culture shock. Very
few people believe they will
experience reverse culture
shock.
         Reverse Culture Shock
           (Re-entry Shock)


The often unexpected and difficult period of
disorientation and readjustment experienced
after returning to one’s own culture after an
              g
      extended period of living abroad.



    So You Think You're Home Now.doc
The Stages of Reverse Culture Shock are
almost the same as those of Culture
Shock


 • Initial Euphoria (may be very brief or not
   happen at all)
 • Irritability and Negativism ( may be very
   lengthy)
 • Gradual Adaptation
 • True Bi-Culturalism
 Culture Shock and Reverse
 Culture Shock are not just
  unpleasant side effects of
     international living.


   They are the necessary
 ingredients that bring about
   lit i t     lt   l d    ti
quality intercultural education.
                  g
   How I Have Changed?
      How Have I Changed.doc




    An exercise using 44
 statements that have often
been identified by exchange
   students as significant
      changes from the
        experience.
              How I Have Changed

            One student’s response

My youth exchange year was one of incredible
change and growth for me. In addition to seeing
                           world,
so much of the rest of the world and making such
wonderful friends, I changed in ways I never knew
were possible.
               How I Have Changed

             One student’s response

I am more confident and positive when meeting
 new people. I have a greater ability to empathize
 with others and to put myself in their place when
 making judgments. I have greater willingness to
 take on new roles and tasks.
              How I Have Changed

             One student’s response

I have more ability to see myself objectively, in a
more realistic context. I understand more fully my
                     weaknesses.
own strengths and weaknesses I am more tolerant
of ambiguous situations and more open to
differing interpretations of them. I feel greater
                                  family.
respect and appreciation for my family
              How I Have Changed

           One student’s response

And most of all, I feel more surely that common
bonds unite all human beings. Thank you, Rotary
                         life.
for the best year of my life
Questions and comments
            l
     are welcome!!
  Dennis White, Ph.D.
  207 S. 4th Ave.
      g       y,
  Sturgeon Bay, WI. 54235
  Telephone 920-746-1346
  Fax 920-746-1347
  Email dkwhite@itol.com




      For more information,
 i it
visit www.yeoresources.org