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					     Objective I-4

  Recognize pronoun
antecedent agreement in
  number and gender


        Julie Mullins-Turner
      Agreement of Pronoun and
            Antecedent
• A pronoun must agree in number, person, and
  gender with its antecedent. (The antecedent is the
  word to which the pronoun refers.)

Joseph wore his swim trunks to
the beach. (The antecedent of his is
Joseph. Both the pronoun and antecedent are
singular, third person, and masculine; therefore, the
pronoun is said to “agree” with its antecedent.
                       Julie Mullins-Turner
        Agreement in Number
• Use a singular pronoun to refer to such
  antecedents as each, either, neither, one,
  anyone, anybody, everyone, somebody,
  another, nobody, and a person.

Neither of the girls likes her (not their)
dress.

                    Julie Mullins-Turner
        Agreement in Number
• Two or more singular antecedents joined by
  or or nor are also referred to by a singular
  pronoun.

Either Joanna or Gerri left her keys in the
library.



                   Julie Mullins-Turner
       Agreement in Number
• If one of the antecedents joined by or or nor
  is singular and one is plural, the pronoun
  should agree with the nearer antecedent.




Neither the manager or players were crazy
about their new uniforms.
                   Julie Mullins-Turner
       Agreement in Number
• Use a plural pronoun to refer to plural
  antecedents as well as compound subjects
  joined by and.




Jason and Joe are finishing their pushups.
                  Julie Mullins-Turner
        Agreement in Gender
• Use a masculine or feminine pronoun
  depending upon the gender of the
  antecedent.

Is either Connor or Grace bringing his or her
tennis racket?



                   Julie Mullins-Turner
         Agreement in Gender
• When a person or everyone is used to refer to
  both sexes or either sex, you will have to choose
  whether to offer optional pronouns or rewrite the
  sentence.




A person should be allowed to choose her or
his own footwear. (optional pronouns)
People should be allowed to choose their own
                     in Mullins-Turner
footwear. (rewritten Julieplural form)
For each sentence on the next slide, write
   the antecedent of the pronoun that
   appears later in the sentence. Then
 replace the incorrect pronoun with the
 one that agrees with the antecedent. If
    the pronoun is correct, write “c.”
                 Julie Mullins-Turner
Example: Should students always know the basics.
         about how to maintain her computer?
         students, their
1. Everyone should know how to delete files and save
   his documents to the network drive.
2. Susan and Sam know a lot about maintaining her
   computers.
3. Both of them keeps his computers running
   smoothly.
4. The computer lab tech helps students with
   problems they can’t fix.


                     Julie Mullins-Turner
               Answers
1.   everyone, his or her
2.   Susan and Sam, their
3.   Both, their
4.   Students, c



                Julie Mullins-Turner
Julie Mullins-Turner
1. Choose the sentence that is written
   correctly.
   A. The cat ate its food quickly.
   B. Each student voted for its favorite
   food.
   C. The groom found its tuxedo in the
   closet.
   D. Todd and Keith went to his own
   graduation on Sunday.

                  Julie Mullins-Turner
1. Choose the sentence that is written
   correctly.
   A. The cat ate its food quickly.
   B. Each student voted for its favorite
   food.
   C. The groom found its tuxedo in the
   closet.
   D. Todd and Keith went to his own
   graduation on Sunday.

                  Julie Mullins-Turner
2. Choose the sentence in which the underlined
   word is correct.
   A. Jane washed her car right before it rained.
   B. Each of the roses has their own smell.
   C. Some of the rabbits chewed through its
   cage.
   D. Most of the people clapped her hands after
   the show.



                    Julie Mullins-Turner
2. Choose the sentence in which the underlined
   word is correct.
   A. Jane washed her car right before it rained.
   B. Each of the roses has their own smell.
   C. Some of the rabbits chewed through its
   cage.
   D. Most of the people clapped her hands after
   the show.



                    Julie Mullins-Turner
3. Choose the sentence that contains an error.
   A. The bull lost her way in the storm.
   B. Mrs. Jones put her money in the safe.
   C. Mark guided his canoe to the edge.
   D. Jake and Ed put on their hats when they
   went outside.




                   Julie Mullins-Turner
3. Choose the sentence that contains an error.
   A. The bull lost her way in the storm.
   B. Mrs. Jones put her money in the safe.
   C. Mark guided his canoe to the edge.
   D. Jake and Ed put on their hats when they
   went outside.




                   Julie Mullins-Turner
4. Choose the correct word to complete the
   sentence.
   The citizens at the meeting expressed _____
   opinions articulately.
   A. Its
   B. His
   C. They
   D. Their



                   Julie Mullins-Turner
4. Choose the correct word to complete the
   sentence.
   The citizens at the meeting expressed _____
   opinions articulately.
   A. Its
   B. His
   C. They
   D. Their



                   Julie Mullins-Turner
5. Choose the sentence in which the underlined
   word is an error.
   A. Neither Bob nor Joe remembered to bring
   his notes.
   B. The singers spent long hours coordinating
   their outfits.
   C. Every dog in the show is wearing their
   own personalized collar.
   D. Both Mary and Sharon are taking their
   gym bags to class.

                   Julie Mullins-Turner
5. Choose the sentence in which the underlined
   word is an error.
   A. Neither Bob nor Joe remembered to bring
   his notes.
   B. The singers spent long hours coordinating
   their outfits.
   C. Every dog in the show is wearing their
   own personalized collar.
   D. Both Mary and Sharon are taking their
   gym bags to class.

                   Julie Mullins-Turner

				
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