The JOY of Reading “Broadening Your Horizons with Independent Reading” Communications 10 and 10H Mrs. Casteel and Mrs. Mohr along with Miss Angstadt This lesson will address several facts that you should know before reading. Standards: 1.1.11 Learning to Read Independently “All students in Pennsylvania 1.2.11 Reading Critically in All Content Areas schools should read 25 books per year.” (PA Reading, Writing, 1.3.11 Reading, Analyzing and Interpreting Literature Speaking, and Listening Standards, Department of Education, Harrisburg, PA) Main Menu Facts To Getting Know Started Literature Excuses for Not Reading Literary Reasons Canons for Reading Literary Lists and Mrs. C’s Top Reviews Ten Reasons for Reading Literary Awards What is literature? Literature means “an acquaintance with letters” according to the Oxford English Dictionary (from the Latin littera meaning “an individual written letter”). The term is used to identify a collection of texts. The word „literature” refers to any form of writing such as essays, short stories, journals, novels, etc. “Literature” with uppercase L refers to written work of exceptional intellectual caliber (quality), whereas “literature” can mean anything written. “Literature”—meaning it contributes significantly, intellectually and meaningfully to a culture. Thousands of books have immense mass- market appeal (general public), but are not high caliber enough to contribute significantly to a culture or warrant inclusion in a literary canon. Of course, what is intellectual and meaningful is subjective and often controversial or dubious in a culture. What is prose? Prose is any form of written or oral expression. Prose is the language of everyday speech. Characteristics of prose include •not having a regular or rhythmic pattern •having grammatical conventions like complete sentences, capitalization, and punctuation. Examples of prose include text books, definitions, stories, articles, essays, novels, research papers, essays, instructions, etc. Never define prose as the opposite of poetry! What is fiction? Fiction is any writing that is the product of imagination rather then a documentation of facts. Fiction means false. Many examples of fiction are designed to entertain the reader and contain literary elements and devices. Examples of fiction include short stories, novels, plays, personas, character sketches, etc. What are literary elements and devices? PLOT Literary elements are the major components of fiction and include characterization, plot, setting, theme, tone, mood, and point of view. Literary devices are tools used by an author to enliven the writing and include sound techniques like alliteration, rhyme, dialogue, onomatopoeia; and figurative language techniques like personification, simile, metaphor, satire, irony, symbols, and allusion. What is nonfiction? Nonfiction is prose writing that is not fictional (it is true). Nonfiction is designed mainly to instruct, to explain, to argue, or to describe rather than to entertain. Examples of nonfiction include magazine articles, newspaper articles, encyclopedia and reference book articles, research papers, essays, speeches, letters, book reviews, etc. What is literary nonfiction? Literary nonfiction is any prose that reports on actual (real/true) people, places, or events but which includes literary elements and devices that are usually associated with FICTION. Examples of literary nonfiction include memoir, autobiography, biography, diaries, journals, historical narratives, nature and travel writing. What is a canon? The most relevant definitions are “an authoritative list or a collection of books and scriptures accepted as authoritative or divinely inspired” and “a basis for judgment, a standard, or criterion.” “Canon” can also refer to a literary canon, a body of literature which is considered to define civilization by widespread consensus. Many canons exist such as the Western Literary Canon, Great Books of the Western World, the Harvard Classics, the Shakespeare Canon, the Jewish Canon, the African Canon, Children‟s Literature Canon, etc. What is the “Western Literary Canon”? The Western canon is a canon of books and art that has been highly influential in shaping Western culture. Harold Bloom‟s Western Literary Canon contains over 1,500 books written by over 900 authors, spanning the globe from the Theocratic Age (2000 BC) through the Twentieth Century. By widespread consensus, these works are believed to be of such high caliber that they define civilization in some way or have set a standard for literary excellence. College-bound students should definitely be reading works from the Western Literary Canon. Harold Bloom‟s Western Literary Canon can be obtained from any large bookstore. Our Bloomsburg High School library has over 100 Accelerated Reader tests for books from the Western Literary Canon. Who is Harold Bloom? “Dr. Harold Bloom is known as the defender of the 19th century Romantic poets, a controversial literary critic, author of countless books and publisher of The Western Literary Canon which he published in 1994. Bloom‟s Western Literary Canon is a survey of the major literary works from antiquity to the present . His recommendations and criticisms of contemporary authors and works carry as much influence as perhaps Oprah Winfry‟s recommended books for the masses. Bloom has come under critical fire for his dismissal of popular works like Harry Potter (gasp). What is the “Harvard Classics” or “Dr. Eliot‟s Five Foot Shelf”? The Harvard Classics, originally known as Dr. Eliot’s Five Foot Shelf, was an anthology of works selected by Charles Eliot, President of Harvard University. He had stated in speeches that the elements of a liberal education could be obtained by spending fifteen minutes a day reading from a collection of high caliber books that could fit on a five-foot shelf. A publisher challenged Dr. Elliot to make good on his statement, and in 1909, the Harvard Classics (Dr. Eliot‟s Five Foot Shelf) was the result. The “five-foot shelf of books” became 50 volumes of nonfiction and 20 volumes of fiction. Many are seminal works (the first of its kind). Our Bloomsburg High School library has over 30 Accelerated Reader tests for books from the Harvard Classics. What is the Great Books of the Western World canon or collection? The concept of providing a liberal education through the reading of seminal works was carried on by others. The Great Books of the Western World is a series of books originally published in the U.S. in 1952 in 54 volumes. The project began as a collaboration at the University of Chicago to develop a course aimed “This is more than a set of at businessmen, making the books, and than a liberal gentlemen more well-rounded and education. Great Books of well-spoken and familiar with ideas of the past three thousand years. Our the Western World is an act Bloomsburg High School library has over of piety. Here are the 30 Accelerated Reader tests for books sources of our being. Here from the Great Books of the Western is our heritage. This is the World collection. west. This is its meaning for mankind.” -Robert Hutchins What is “Harvard‟s Top 100 Books”? This is a list of the top 100 books as suggested by the faculty of Harvard University. This list is yet another look at what educated individuals consider worthy reading (high caliber) and does not rely on mass market popularity. What is the “Century‟s Top Novels” list? This is a compilation of the top 100 books suggested by the Radcliffe Publishing Course and the Modern Library Editorial Board. The New York Times Book Review also establishes its 100 Top Novels of the Century. Our high school library contains AR tests for over 50 of these “top 100” books. What is The New York Times Book Review? The New York Times is considered by many to be the most prominent American daily newspaper. The Times has won over 90 Pulitzer Prizes and has published leaked government documents, reported full transcripts of major speeches, exposed international cover-ups, and is known for its varied sections from news, sports, and Washington to book reviews, current- running Broadway plays, and the popular crossword puzzle. What is the “Nobel Prize for Literature”? “The Nobel Prize is an international award given yearly for outstanding achievement in physics, chemistry, physiology/medicine, literature, and peace. Each prize consists of a medal, a personal diploma, and prize amount of one million dollars. The Nobel Prize has been given yearly since 1901, as a result of the will of Alfred Nobel who was born in 1833 in Sweden. Nobel invented dynamite and later built up companies and laboratories in more then 20 countries all over the world. The Nobel Prize in Literature recognizes the whole spectrum of literary works including poetry, novels, short stories, plays, essays, and speeches Our Bloomsburg High School library Accelerated Reader program contains tests for works by 25 Nobel Prize for Literature authors, with a total of over 50 AR tests available. What is the Pulitzer Prize? The Pulitzer Prize (pronounced like the phrase, “Pull it, sir” not “pew-litzer”) is a United States award regarded as the highest honor in literary achievement and musical composition as well as in print journalism. The Pulitzer literary categories are as follows: Journalism: public service, breaking news, investigative reporting, explanatory reporting, beat reporting, national reporting, international reporting, feature writing, commentary, criticism, editorial writing, editorial cartooning, breaking new photography, and feature photography; Letters, Drama, and Music: fiction, drama, history, biography or autobiography, poetry, general nonfiction, music. The prize amount is ten thousand dollars. The prize was established by Joseph Pulitzer, a Hungarian-American journalist and newspaper publisher in the 19th century. Our Bloomsburg High School library Accelerated Reader program contains tests for works by 49 Pulitzer Prize winning authors, with a total of100 AR tests available by Pulitzer Prize winners. What is the “Newbery Medal”? “The Newbery Medal is awarded annually by the American Library Association for the most distinguished American children’s book of the year. It is named for the 18th century English bookseller John Newbery, and aims to “encourage original creative work in the field of books for children, to emphasize to the public that contributions to the literature for children deserve similar recognition as poetry, plays, or novels‟ ” (<http://www.ala.org>). You may have read these Newbery Award winners as a child: Julie of the Wolves, Roll of Thunder, Hear My Cry, Sounder, Bridge to Terabithia, Holes, The Giver, A Wrinkle in Time, Dear Mr. Henshaw, Kira Kira and Because of Winn Dixie, a Newbery Honor book. Because most of the Newbery Award winners are written on a third or fourth grade reading level, you will only see 2 AR tests on John Newbery Medal authors in the high school library. What is the “Caldecott Medal”? The Randolph Caldecott Medal is awarded annually for the most distinguished American children’s book illustrator. When you were younger, you may have read a children‟s book with the Caldecott seal on the front, depicting award-winning illustrations. Winners include Kitten’s First Full Moon to older favorites Owl Moon, Hey, Al, The Polar Express, Jumanji, Where the Wild Things Are, Once a Mouse, Make Way for Ducklings, and Mei Li. WHY THE FUSS ABOUT READING? Have you ever made any of these comments? “I‟d rather have a hot poker jammed in my eye than read.” “ I usually read the same paragraph over and over again and I still don‟t have any idea of what I just read.” “I haven‟t read a complete book cover to cover in the last two years.” “I‟d rather watch the movie than read the book.” “I am a terrible reader; I forget everything I read.” “I don‟t do AR.” “I hate to read.” “As soon as I try to read, my eyes get tired and I get sleepy.” Here are a few reasons why you need to make reading a priority this year: The PA Department of Education reading guidelines state that all students in Pennsylvania schools are expected to read 25 books per year. Pennsylvania Reading, Writing, Speaking, and Listening Standard 1.1.11, Learning to Read Independently; Standard 1.2.11 Reading Critically in All Content Areas; and Standard 1.3.11 Reading, Analyzing and Interpreting Literature are required BY LAW. To graduate, all students in Pennsylvania public schools must score at least a PROFICIENT on the state PSSA test in reading. In our district, those who do not must now take an additional remedial reading/writing class along with their senior English class. Here are a few more reasons: The SAT test now contains more reading comprehension questions and longer passages; the old verbal section is now referred to as Reading Comprehension. College professors are increasingly disappointed and concerned by the growing number of their students who are enrolled in college-level classes without having a basic knowledge of the literary classics or canon listings; who have only read mass market paperback authors like Stephen King, Danielle Steele, John Grisham, or JK Rowlings; or who made it through high school by depending on Sparknotes or other short cut to reading. A Reading Capstone is a major requirement of Communication Studies 10. Mrs. C‟s Top Ten Reasons for Reading #1 Reading is a lifelong skill for lifelong learners. Mrs. C‟s Top Ten Reasons for Reading #2 Research indicates that the more you read, the better your writing will become. #3 Research indicates that the more you read, the better your vocabulary development will become, helping you in college and on the reading section of the SAT. Mrs. C‟s Top Ten Reasons for Reading #4 The more you read, the smarter you will appear at your lunch table, gaining you more friends. #5 The more you read, the smarter you will appear at your family dinner table, prompting your parent to increase your allowance. Mrs. C‟s Top Ten Reasons for Reading #6 “Studies” indicate that girls prefer to date boys who read at least 15 minutes each day. #7 “Studies” indicate that boys prefer to date girls who read at least 15 minutes each day. Mrs. C‟s Top Ten Reasons for Reading #8 Mrs. Casteel rewards from 1 to 15 extra bonus points each nine weeks for the reading of designated books of high literary caliber! # 9 You will make Mrs. Casteel happy when you begin to enjoy reading and want to read just for the JOY of it. Mrs. C‟s Top Ten Reasons for Reading #10 You will marvel at the intrinsic reward you will receive when you finish reading a book! Reading Takes Practice!
Pages to are hidden for
"Reading for Pleasure"Please download to view full document