Purpose by wpr1947


      ven if you've never touched a computer, you will find them surprisingly easy to
      use. Before you know it, you‟ll casually browse the Internet, getting health tips,
      recipes, free samples etc. You‟ll send free e-mails, with pictures and sounds to
people around the world or next door. It‟s easier than it looks.

The professional looking “E” at the beginning of this page, for example, took exactly four
clicks of the mouse to create. How hard could that be?

N       ot very.

These pages will help you learn the basics of e-mail, the Internet, and word processing.

The real trick to speeding up this process is repetition. Just as in playing a musical
instrument or learning a new sport, a lack of physical skill can make you feel lost,
even foolish. But as you practice the basic moves, they become second nature.

This is especially true with computers. You talk to the computer either with a mouse (you
have to get familiar with this new device) or a keyboard (you have to be able to type and
learn a couple of new keys).

This booklet itself may look harder than it is-- imagine learning how to tie your shoes by
reading step by step directions! Pictures help, but doing is easier than learning.

It took two key strokes to create this box….

                      Section 1: Introduction to computers

                   Section 2: Opening Programs in Windows

                                  Section 3: E-Mail

                                 Section 4: Internet

                            Section 5: Word processing

                              Section 6: Ends & odds
        Section 1

Introduction to Computers

    Start                                                                         Time

Once the computer warms up, you see this screen, called The Desktop. The little pictures
are called icons. They are shortcuts to some (not all!) of what's available on the computer

"Shortcuts" means that you can use them directly to open programs or find
documents without shifting through the computer's layers of files. But there is much
more on your computer than what appears on your desktop.

Icons can be added or removed, so each computer's Desktop may be a little different.
You'll almost always see "My Computer," "Recycle Bin," "Neighborhood Network,"
"Internet" and a couple of others.

      Some of these icons are shortcuts to programs, like a typing program, a word
       processing program, a drawing program. Programs are also called applications
       Shortcuts to Programs have a little arrow in their lower left hand corner.

      Some of these icons are shortcuts to single documents in a program, like a memo
       in a word processing program, or a drawing from a drawing program

      Some of these icons are shortcuts to storage places, ex. "My Documents" or
       "Recycle Bin" which are like folders that hold any number of individual files.

   The next few pages gives practice with some of the vital "mechanics" of the
   computer: the mouse, keyboard, monitor, drop-down menus, tabs, and scroll bars. It is
   not only important that you be totally familiar with these, it is in your interest to
   master them as a musician masters the scales. It's a lot easier than learning a piano.

   If you don't need any refreshing on those skills, skip to Section 2,
   Opening Programs.

The five things you can do with a mouse are:
       (1) click (press and release the left button)
       (2) right click (press and release the right button)
       (3) double click (press the left button twice quickly)
       (4) drag (hold down the left button and move mouse)
       (5) point (glide the mouse around the screen to place it where you want)

Relax your hand, let it cover the mouse so the index finger falls on the left clicker, and
practice these five moves until you're bored to death. Practice making circles and other
patterns with the mouse by keeping your palm in one place and only moving your
fingers & wrist around. Sounds silly, but you'll soon become very comfortable with it
and be amazed at how important this simple skill is when mastering the computer.

The keyboard is a fancy typewriter. Notice that some keys appear in two different
places. It's just for convenience. There's no difference between them. Notice some new
keys, e.g. "Ctrl," "Alt," "Del," "Esc," and the "F1-F12" keys A C E X (.
They work like the "Shift" key in that you hit them in connection with another key, and
they change what that second key does. Sounds complicated until you remember that
when you want to write a capitalized letter, you hold down the "Shift" key and then type
the letter. And "d" becomes "D." So, for example, if you see the command "Ctrl + P",
you just hold down either of the keys that look like C and then type the letter "P."

The monitor is a TV screen that lets you see what's going on in the computer. If you
turn it off, you are not turning off the computer, just shutting its eyes. Just remember that
the monitor often shows only some of what's going on, so you'll get into the habit of
scrolling down (you'll learn how later) to check out what doesn't always fit on the screen.

Computers keep their information in files. Files have names which begin with a single
letter followed by a colon ":" (A: C: and so on). Those letters tell you the first part of a
file's address, that is, which Drive it lives on. Drives are like high speed turntables that
spin different kinds of disks that contain those files:

       Floppy disks go in the A: drive. Make sure the floppy has the circular metal
       piece face down before inserting one. You'll feel a click when a floppy is inserted
       correctly. Make sure to remove the floppy disk from the A: drive before turning
       the computer on. Inside their hard shell, they are very floppy. They are slow.

       CD ROM's go in either the D: or E: drive. Most new programs come on them.
       They're the same as music CD's. Their drives are either called D: or E: No matter

       The hard drive inside the computer is also known as the C: drive. It‟s the main
       storage place of the computer. It's the size of a hand and has spinning disks.
Make sure both the monitor and the computer are turned on. If they are, but the monitor
is dark, it may be “asleep,” i.e. in a power-saving mode, in which case just hit any key to
wake it up. Also, computers are often connected to the wall through a power strip to
protect them against power surges. Make sure the power strip is turned on.

Shutting off the computer should be done a certain, annoying way. Click the Microsoft
Start flag, lower left of the screen. Then click Shut Down. Then click Shut Down (again).
The machine will tell you when it's OK to finally turn it off. When in doubt, just leave it
on. If it's going to be over night, many people just turn off the Monitor, not the computer.

It may be helpful to keep three themes in mind when learning about computers:

               Layers: Computers are organized in layers; like roots with branches that
               have branches themselves. Sometimes the file you are looking for is
               "hidden" underneath a layer, and you'll soon learn to navigate through the
               layers to get what you need. As you go in and out of the layers, you are
               sometimes given the choice of going ahead (Click "OK") or backing out
               (Click "Cancel").

               Communication: You have ways (the mouse or the keyboard) to tell the
               computer what you want to do. You glide the mouse around the screen and
               click on what you want to open or where you want to begin typing.
               The computer has ways (a highlighted picture, a dotted box, a blinking
               line called a "cursor") to tell you what it is ready to do. It also has dialog
               boxes that give you choices at nearly every stage. You'll easily learn to see
               what the computer is "thinking," that is, where it's looking for your input.

               Duplication: There's almost always more than one way to carry out a
               command: Some keyboard commands appear in more than one place on
               the keyboard even though they do the exact same thing. Almost everything
               you can do with a mouse, you can do instead with the keyboard. And
               many of the commands you give the computer do the same thing in
               different programs. For example, the print command is the same in almost
               every program you‟ll ever use. Learn one, learn many…

The rest of this section covers the mechanics of how you communicate with this machine
and how it communicates with you. Practice these exercises until you absolutely master
them. These are your scales, and your mastery of them will make you feel like a pro.

To get into these exercises, double click the relevant little pictures ("icons") you see on
your monitor when computer warms up. We placed them on each computer.
                                 MOUSE PRACTICE

 If the teens removed this Mouse Shortcut icon fron the Desktop, double click the “My
 Computer” icon, then double click “Control Panel,” then find and double click the icon of
 the Mouse. You should see the “Mouse Properties” dialog box below.

 First, click in the blue bar on top while holding down the mouse clicker. Hold your
 palm steady, & drag the dialog box around like a crazy person. Knock yourself out. Stop

 Now double click on the jack-in-the-box in the “Test Area” to make it spring up & down

 Keep doing it until you are very comfortable with it. Then drag the slide bar in the
 “Double-click Speed” area to the right, towards “Fast.”

 Now double click the jack-in-the box. It's harder because you have to click faster.

 Now drag that slide bar over to the left and try to open the box. Should be easier.

 Experiment until you find a speed you are comfortable with.

 If you want to save your changes, click “OK.” If not, click “Cancel.”

Name of

                                                                           Slide Bar

                                                                              in here
                                                                              Jack in
                                      Open the “Date/Time Properties” dialog
                                      box by double clicking the time on the
                                      lower right of the desktop.
                                      You can tell that the "Date & Time" tab
                                      is opened (not the Time Zone tab) by
                                      their relative appearance. Date & Time
                                      seems to be ahead of the other. That is
                                      always how to know which tab is
                                      working. Get used to checking the tabs.

                                      The highlighted parts of this calendar
                                      tells you it‟s November 19th, 2000 (your
                                      computer will be different, naturally.)

                                      Click the down arrow to the right of
                                      the month and see the drop down
                                      menu (lower picture)

                                      Glide the mouse down to highlight
                                      different months & select one by
                                      clicking it. Click where it shows the
                                      seconds and hold down the arrow to
                                      watch time fly. Do the same with
                                      minutes, hours, and years. What day is
                                      Christmas in the year 2032?

                                      Click where it says AM or PM and then
                                      click either arrow next to it. It toggles
Drop           Click this "X" to      between AM/PM
down           escape
                                      Instead of the mouse, use your keyboard
                                      Tab key to glide around. Hold it down
                                      and see what happens. Let it land on a
                                      place, say the month. Use the keyboard
                                      arrows to move up/down and the Enter
                                      key to select. Do everything you did
                                      with the mouse, but only use the

                                      To save your new settings, click “OK.”
                                      To keep the setting you began with,
                                      either click “Cancel” or click the “X”
                                      on the very top right of the dialog box.
                          MOUSE & KEYBOARD PRACTICE


                                                                                                     Draw 3,

    Solitaire is a great way to practice mouse skills and to waste your life. You move cards by
    dragging them (hold down the left clicker and move the mouse). By the way, when you
    move a card to the scoring position, you can either drag it or double click it.

    This picture shows the drop down menu you see when you click on “Game.” If you then
    click on “Deal,” it will deal a new hand. If you have made a move and want to undo it,
    click on “Undo” (it won‟t always let you, because it‟s not always fair to be able to take
    back a move. Sorry.) Click on “Deck” and choose another pattern for your cards. Click on
    “Options” and change the rules. Click “OK” and play a game with your changes.

                                OPTIONAL WAY TO WASTE TIME
    As an exercise in substituting the keyboard for the mouse, play a full game and make all
    of the changes in decks, options etc. without using the mouse at all! Prepare to get
    frustrated. Open Solitaire the usual way.
            Use the “Enter” key to begin. (It functions like the mouse click). If you can use that
    card, move it with the keyboard arrow keys. Use the keyboard arrow keys to move cards
    around. Use the “Enter” key to deposit a card where you want it. Using the arrow keys
    without holding on to a card is like using the mouse to glide around the screen.
            Hold down the “Alt” key and then hit the letter “G” to get the drop down menu in
    this picture. Then either type the underlined letters to get what you want or use the arrows
    and then hit “Enter” to make your selection. If you go to “Options” you will have to use
    the TAB key to jump around. Be patient. This is a surprisingly good exercise.
                          SCROLLING FOR GENIUSES
What you see on the screen is usually just part of what there is. Use what these arrows
point to to find what you‟re missing. Get into the habit of scrolling up and down (and
left to right using the identical controls on the bottom). Especially when on the Internet!



             Like         Like                                                        C
                                           Like                Like
             "a"          "c"
                                           "b"                 "d"

[A] & [D] are the up and down arrows. Click on them to move up or down the page fairly
slowly. Hold down the clicker, and it does it for you automatically. When you open a new
page you should be at the top, so hit [D] and see what happens.

[C] is powerful. It shows you where you are in a document or a web page. Always give it
a glance. When it rests against [A], you‟re at the top; against [D] you‟re at the bottom.
       You can also use it to move very quickly. Just drag it up or down or side to side
       with its equivalent along the bottom. It‟s the fastest way to scroll.

[B] is blank space that appears above and below [C] (unless you‟re at the top/bottom). If
you click in that space above [C], you move more quickly than you would by using [A]

Clicking the [A] or [D] arrows is exactly like using the up/down left/right arrows on the
keyboard. Slow and steady. Clicking in the blank space to either side of the [C] is the same
as using the Page Up/Page Down (PgUp/PgDn) keyboard keys. Duplication Duplication.

PRACTICE scrolling up/down & left/right with the mouse and with the keyboard. The
Internet is notorious for loading ads and what they want you to see at the top of the page.
                               Scroll past, and you control them
              Section 2

Opening Programs in Windows

  (A) from the desktop

  (B) from elsewhere on the computer

  (C) from floppy disks or CD ROMs

You can access anything you see by double clicking on it.
       You can also single click to highlight it and then hit the "Enter" key on the keyboard.
       Practice doing it both ways.

                                                   Word is already open,
                                                   but has been
                                                   "minimized." Click this
                                                   rectangle to restore it to
                                                   full view.

Open & close each program on the Desktop. Once opened, you can close them either by
clicking on the "X" at the very top right of the screen or by holding down the "Alt" key
and then hitting the "F4" key on top of the keyboard (A + $)

If you find yourself where you don't want to be, just click in a blank space and begin again.

But just because a program doesn't appear on the Desktop doesn't mean you don't have it.

To find all your programs, click that Start flag and then click "Programs." (see the next page in
this booklet)

If a program you want is not anywhere on the computer, you can install it either with floppy
disks or CD ROMs. (see the page after next in this booklet)





                                                                      List of


        Here we clicked on (1) "Start" and then on (2) "Programs" and then on (3) "Accessories" and
        then on (4) "Games." We then glided (pointed) the cursor down to (5) "Solitaire," which
        becomes highlighted. Once we click it (or hit "Enter") we open the program and begin playing

        Notice that the computer is organized into layers. The arrow to the right of some Programs, ex.
        "Accessories," means that there is another layer under it. So, Solitaire is inside the Games
        folder which is inside the Accessories folder which is inside the Programs folder…

        If there is a shortcut for Solitaire on the desktop, you could skip these steps, but just because
        there's no shortcut doesn't mean that the program isn't in the computer. If you're unsure, just
        click on "Start" and then on "Programs" and see the list of programs.
                 Sometimes that list has an arrow at the bottom, facing down. That means there are
                 more programs than fit on the screen, so click that arrow to see the rest of the list.

        Practice moving left to right & back again, clicking on anything you like and seeing what
        happens. You can use the mouse or the keyboard arrows to navigate around. Make sure
        to keep the mouse steady as you go left to right. Most people accidentally let the mouse
        slip towards them when they're doing that. You will, too. Sorry about that.
Insert the program's floppy disk or, more likely, its CD ROM.
If using a CD ROM, wait about 10 seconds to see if it starts by itself. Really.

If it begins by itself, follow its "install" or "setup" instructions.
If it doesn‟t, or if you‟re using a floppy,

                   Click        Start (the Microsoft Start flag bottom left of screen)
                                 Control Panel
                                 Add/Remove Programs (not hardware)
                                 …and follow their instructions.

It is usually best to follow their suggestions if there are choices. They usually highlight
their suggestions by putting a dotted line around the choice.

You don‟t have to register the software, and if it's not yours, DON'T.
Just hit "Cancel" or select “Register Later” when they ask you to register.
Section 3

E-mail (electronic mail) has become one of the main ways people communicate with each
other. It's free, fast and easy. When you want to buy something on the internet or get
information, you usually need an e-mail address.

Like everything else on a computer, once you do it a few times, it becomes second nature

Typically, you sign in, write your message and click Send. Period. Or sign in, check your
new messages and exit. Period. But we've complicated it here to show you other features
you'll almost certainly need.

We spend some time on this because it's useful in itself and because it shows you how to
download, find, save and open files; skills that are required in most computer uses.
Learn one, learn many…

You'll quickly learn how to
 set up an account
 set up and use an address book
 send and receive e-mails
 send the same e-email to more than one person at a time and
 attach a file to an email

You'll set up a Hotmail account, so your full e-mail address will be something like:
myname@hotmail.com. All e-mail accounts have the "@" symbol.

If someone has an account at Yahoo, it would look like: myname@yahoo.com
An account at Earthlink is myname@earthlink.net. And so on.

When you write to someone, you must make sure you get their address perfectly, including
the three letters that come after the period (called the "dot.") Usually it's "com," but
sometimes, as with Earthlink, its something else, like "net" or "org" or "edu" ...

Hotmail is Microsoft's baby, so it won't go out of business. You could also set up a free
account for yourself at Yahoo.com, following steps similar to the ones shown here. You
can have more than one e-mail account. You just can't have an e-mail account with the
exact same name as someone else's at the same company.

Once you have an account (or accounts), you can get and receive mail from any computer
that connects to the Internet, from anywhere in the world. Any time. Anywhere.
                 CREATING A NEW EMAIL ACCOUNT or
Click "Internet Explorer" to get on the Internet -- anywhere on the Internet.

Glide the cursor anywhere in the "Address" box near the top of the screen. Click to
highlight whatever words are there and type "hotmail.com" (without the quotation marks).

If that doesn't completely replace whatever address was in there with "hotmail.com," use
the delete or backspace keys to clear it out first. Then type in "hotmail.com." Then either
hit the "Enter" key or click the "Go" arrow to the right of the address box.

You'll see this screen (they change its appearance occasionally).

If you don't have an account, click where it says Sign up now! They'll walk you through
the easy steps. It's OK to only answer those questions they require. And you're not under
oath when they ask about your household income and interests. They just use that to decide
what advertising they are going to throw at you. Be creative. Be quick.

If you already have an account, type your email name in the "Sign-in Name" box, type
your password in the "Password" box, and click "Sign in."
        (they provide the "@hotmail.com" part of your address for convenience, so don't
        type it. I would just type in "williamfried" for example)
                       ONCE YOU SIGN INTO HOTMAIL

This, or something like it, is what you‟ll see when you sign in. (Sometimes you get sent
immediately to your inbox, see next page) Notice the message summary.

Notice the boxes that say "Inbox," "Compose," "Addresses," "Folders," "Options."

If you want to check your mail, click "Inbox"

If you want to write a letter, click "Compose"

If you want to go to your address book, click "Address Book"

At some point you should check out “Folders” and “Options.” Folders lets you go to your
Trash Can, which is where deleted files go. To get those deleted files off your computer
forever (or to restore them from near death) you click “Folders” and follow their
directions. You can also save letters to the “Draft” Folder to send later (when you have
calmed down a bit.)

   First, we‟ll check our Inbox
   Then we‟ll create an address book
   Then we‟ll compose an email for a couple of people from our address book
   Then we'll attach a file to that email
   Then we'll send that email.
                               HOTMAIL INBOX


Having clicked "Inbox," I see five emails (one is from myself at another email address.
Get a life). Don't forget to scroll down the screen to see if there are others.

Next to Inbox I see that 2 of the 5 messages are new; that is, they arrived since I last
checked in.

All of the emails, except the one from myself, have subjects, a little note you may or may
not decide to put on an email to tip off the person getting your letter.

I can open any of them by clicking where they are underlined, ex. HealthCentral.com.
I can click the box to their left to mark as many as I like and then click the little box where
it says "Delete" above them and delete those I've marked. Good for junk mail.

Now, we’ll send an email to some people from our soon to be created address book,
and we’ll attach a file from somewhere else on the computer to impress them.
                      PEOPLE FROM MY ADDRESS BOOK
          First you click "Compose" to let it know you want to write a letter. You'll see a screen like


          Where it says To: you must insert a full email address, ex. janesmith@earthlink.net
          Where it says Subject: you may put in a word or few to describe your email.
          Where it says CC: you may insert email addresses that act like carbon copies in a letter.
          You type your message in the big empty space (you only see some of it on this screen).

          We could type in the addresses where it says, "To:" but we're determined to use the
          address book. If you type in more than one address, just separate them with a comma

          Before we send our message, we'll (A) use our address book to send this email to a couple
          of people at the same time (B) add an attachment to the email, and (C) spell check

          (A) To create and use an address book, we'll click "Insert Address."
                 When finished, we’ll return to “Compose”
          (B) To send an attachment, we'll click "Attachments."
                 When finished, we’ll return to “Compose”
          (C) Since we’re not perfect, we’ll use the spell checker before we finally click "Send."
                        CREATING AN ADDRESS BOOK
Click "Address Book,” then click “Create New” and see this dialog box.

Where it says "Quickname," type in the name you'll use to identify that person. If you only
know one person whose first name is Jane, you'd probably use "Jane," unless you had a
nickname you identified her by. I've written "Shorty" here.

You must also put in the First and Last name. My imaginary person is called Bob Shrimp.

The next box, "E-mail Address" says it is "optional," but that's silly. Type in the person's
full email address. I made up one: littlebobby@yahoo.com

You can go from one box to another by gliding the mouse until you land where you want
to be, or by using the Tab key on the keyboard. Practice using both. These boxes are
sometimes called fields.

The rest of the stuff really is optional. You may or may not want to have phone numbers
and street address. Just don't forget to put in an email address for each person you add to
your address book.

When you’re done, click “OK” and return to “Compose.”
Once I have created my (four person) address book, I can look at it my clicking "Address
Book" at any time. I can create new addresses, delete addresses etc. from here.

I want to send this letter to a couple of people, so I'll use my address book. I click
"Compose," then click "Insert Addresses" and get this dialog box.

I have decided to send this email to Shorty and Sally, and a copy (Cc) to Jim. Note the
check marks in their boxes.

If I change my mind, I just click their box again.This undoes the check, like an on-off
switch. In computer talk, this is called a toggle.

Next I'll click "OK" to get back to the “Compose” dialog box which will let me write the
letter, add an attachment, check the spelling, and then, finally, send it.
                      ATTACHING A FILE TO MY E-MAIL

From the "Compose" dialog box, we click "Attachments" and see this dialog box.

An attachment is a file that might be anywhere on the computer. It can be just about any
kind of file. It might be a word processing document, a spreadsheet, a picture, a video etc.
It is very common to send attachments. We'll walk through Hotmail's easy 3 step process.

To find the file you want to attach, you first click "Browse." Browsing is a very common
and powerful feature. It's how you find files anywhere on the computer and an important
part of moving files around.
                               ONCE I CLICK "BROWSE"

                                                                             This is the file
It’s looking
                                                                             I’m looking for
at files on
Desktop                                                                       Click here
                                                                              or on the
                                                                              arrow to
                                                                              see more

   Click "Browse" and get this soon to be familiar dialog box. The first step in browsing is to
   know where to look. Here, the computer says that it’s Looking at the Desktop. So it
   shows files and storage locations that are on the Desktop. Notice the horizontal scroll bar,
   showing that there are files that just don't fit in this window, and if you want to check them
   out, you must scroll over to the right.

   The box where it says File name is blank, since the machine can't read my mind. So I‟ll
   have to insert it. I must find and double click it. That will make it appear in that "File
   Name" box. Then I'll click "Open" and I'm in business. We‟ll do that now:

   For convenience, I put the file I want to attach on the desktop: “chbc0006.mpeg”
   I’ll select it on the next page. The rest of this page is for when you have to scratch a
   little to find the file you want to attach:

   If the file is not on the Desktop, the first thing to do is to click the down arrow, which
   activates a drop-down menu showing other places to look, including the A: Drive (floppy)

    Click this down
    arrow to get this
    drop down
    menu which
    shows the
    location of
    other files
 I double clicked chbc0006.mpeg which inserts it into the "File Name" box.
(I could have single clicked to highlight it, and then hit the "Enter" key)

I then clicked "Open" to tell the computer to attach this file to my email.

That got me back to this Attachments dialog box:

The computer automatically inserted the full file name into the "Attach File" box

When I click "Attach to Message," I see confirmation in the box below that says:
"-Message Attachments- chbc0006.mpeg (578k)"

"(578k)" is the size of the file. It would take up nearly half of a floppy disk. It's good to get
a feel for file size, since people often try to save files onto floppies that are too big to fit.
Also, very large files, when attached to emails, may overwhelm other people's email.

                If you're happy, click "done" and you'll be returned to "Compose"
                               BACK AT COMPOSE



Back at the Compose dialog box, I have written a message which explains what I've done
and what I'm about to do. I have:

(a) placed two addresses in the To: box (the computer automatically inserts them with a
    comma between them)

(b) written a little something in the Subject box

(c) sent a copy to Mr. Kirk in the Cc: box, and

(d) attached a file (chbc0006.mpeg)

Now I‟ll click "Check Spelling" to, um, check spelling.
                                  SPELL CHECKING

                                        c             b                d

Spell checkers catch most mistakes and gives their best guess of what you meant to type.
They are not perfect and have to used carefully, but they are always worth using.

When it finds an error (or a word it doesn't recognize) it stops, marks the word (in this case
"alsoo") and gives its "suggestions," in this case, "also." You would click (a) "change" and
it would replace "alsoo" with "also," and since there are no more mistakes, it would return
you to Compose.

You must either: (a) change your word to theirs (when they show more than one choice,
you must select from their list, (b) ignore its suggestions, (c) add a word it doesn't know to
its dictionary so it won't bother you again (usually a name it hasn't been told to recognize),
or (d) "close" and get out of spelling.

Always use the spell checker before sending an email. Everybody makes mistakes, and the
checker will even catch the the mistaken use of the same word twice in a row.

Once the spell checker is done, it returns you to Compose where you click "Send." !!!

SENDING AND RECEIVING SUCH EMAILS. The next pages walk you through it.

From “Compose” send an email to your own address and add chbc0006.mpeg from the
Desktop, where it should be found. Type a word or two where it says "Subject" and say
"hello" or something equally clever in your message. Exit the Internet. Don't ask why.

Now go to the Internet, go to Hotmail.com, enter your name and password and once in
Hotmail, go to Inbox, find and open your own letter by clicking on its underlined name.
You'll see something like this dialog box:

Notice that there is an attachment. IF YOU DON'T KNOW WHO'SE SENDING AN

Click "View Attachment" and hopefully see a virus check like this one:

Now click "Download File"
                              DOWNLOADING A FILE

Having clicked "Download File," you'll see this dialog box which you'll see a lot when you
get files from the Internet.

The default setting -- the setting the computer is gently suggesting -- is to "Save this file
to disk." You know this is the default because when you come to this dialog box, before
you make any choice, the computer puts a little dot in the white circle next to this choice

                                                             Default setting.
                                                             Always a safe

Who are we to disagree? Click "OK" and see this dialog box:

You'll see this "Save As" dialog box as you create, save and move files around in just
about every type of program you'll ever use on a computer. Learn one, learn many.

Since the last file I saved happened to be on the Desktop, it assumes that is where I want to
save this one, which is fine, but if I wanted to save it somewhere else, either somewhere on
the computer's C: drive or on a floppy in the A: drive, I'd click the down arrow at the right
of the "Save In:" box and select one of those locations to save it in.

The computer automatically inserts the file's name.      Click "SAVE"
                        DOWNLOADING IN PROGRESS
Having told the computer to save it to a location on our hard drive (the desktop), we see
the following dialog box which shows a piece of paper floating from the earth to a folder:

This shows us where the file is going ("download to") The file, "chbc0008.mpeg," will
soon live in a folder called "Desktop" which is in a folder called "Windows" which lives
inside our computer on the "C:" Drive. Note the backslashes (\) that are always used to
show the computer‟s hierarchy—its layers. Remember, this is not a forward slash (/) !!!

                             DOWNLOAD COMPLETE
When it's done, you'll see the following:

This tells you that you have successfully placed the file where you want it. You can click
"Close" and come back to it later, or click "Open" and see it right away. Click "Open."

When you have seen what you've downloaded, click the "X" on the upper right side of the
screen to exit the downloaded file (the attachment) and return to your email.

 Section 4

The Internet
                                     THE INTERNET

You get onto the Internet the same way you get into any program: double click it from the
Desktop or click "Microsoft Start Flag," click "Programs," click "Internet Explorer"

                                                                                         a site

                                                                                             Scroll !!!

                                                         These are
                                                         all links to
                                                         other sites

                                                                                             Scroll !!!

The first page you see is called a Home Page. You can set any Internet site to be your
home page. This one is named: www.thehungersite.com Check it out.

It's important to remember that although the word "page" is used, it rarely fits on one
screen at a time, so get into the habit of scrolling down. Most Internet “pages” are long.

Here are five ways to visit sites:

(1) click in the box near the top that says, "Address" to highlight whatever‟s in there and
    then type the address you want to visit. That should erase anything already in that box,
    so the only thing that appears is the desired address. Then either hit the "Enter" key on
    the keyboard or click "Go" on the arrow to the right of that address box.

       (Clicking in that box plus typing a new address should clear out what was in there
       and replace it with your desired address. If you have trouble clearing out the old
       address, click in that box and use the delete or backspace key to erase it first.)

       To visit the home page of the Boston Globe, for example, type www.boston.com
       (without the underling), and hit “enter.” (sorry about the underlining, but when my
       computer sees the letters "www" with a period after it, it automatically does it)
(2) Glide the mouse over the screen until the arrow becomes a hand with a pointing finger.
    That hand reveals a link to another site. Click the hand and visit the site. Links may
    be words or pictures. If they are words, they're usually underlined and a different color
    than the rest of the text—usually they‟re blue.

(3) You can go back and forth between sites you have visited by clicking the "Back" and
    "Forward" arrows at the top of the screen, just like the rewind/fast forward controls
    on a tape recorder or VCR. You don't have to wait for a site to finish loading if you
    decide not to visit. Just click the "Back" or "Forward" arrow or type in another address,
    hit "Enter," and you're out of there. The Internet does not mind being interrupted.

(4) If you click the down arrow at the right side of the "Address" box, you'll see the last
    several sites that were visited. Double click on any one of them to go there.

(5) When you find a site you like, click "Favorites," then click "Add to Favorites." From
    then on when you want to return to that site, instead of typing out the entire address
    you just click on "Favorites," use your mouse or keyboard arrows to find that site on
    the list that appears, and click to open it. Just like an e-mail address book.

Some Tips

"Favorites" appears on two different places on your screen; choose either. Play with them
to see how they differ. It's only a matter of appearance.

Click the "x" on the top right of a drop-down menu and it disappears from view. That
makes it easier to see the rest of the screen.

To make the print larger or smaller on your screen, click "View" on the menu on top
of the page, click "Text Size," and then choose your size. On some computers, you
may get to this by starting with the "Tools" command.

Clicking "Stop" stops whatever you're doing and is useful if it seems the computer is going
on endlessly and getting nowhere. This is more common than you might think, though
some sites with lots of graphics may load very slowly. And like traffic, some moments in
the day are a lot slower than others. You‟ll get a feel for how long something should take
to appear on your screen.
       As long as you see some movement in the icon of the earth spinning, there‟s a
       decent chance that progress is being made, but it sometimes makes sense to simply
       hit the “refresh” button (or F5) to try it again. The Internet is often fussy. Relax.

Clicking the icon of the Printer will print the entire "page," which may be many real pages
of paper.

The next pages cover the internet‟s most popular feature: its ability to look up information
on a wide variety of subjects.

Sites that do searches for you like a librarian are called search engines. Yahoo.com,
mamma.com, dogpile.com, askjeaves.com, altavista.com are good examples. There are
many more. I like "google.com." So, I clicked in the "Address" box, replaced what was
there with www.google.com (without the underlining), and got Google.com‟s home page:


Inside the empty box (where I've typed "parenting help") you‟ll see a blinking, vertical line
called a cursor. Blinking lines like that are how a computer tells you it's waiting for you to
type something and that you must type it right there! Get in the habit of looking for them.

Type in what you're looking for, as I did. Click "Google Search," and see what it finds.

                            I typed in "parenting help" and got:
See: "Searched the web for parenting help. Results 1-10 of about 539,000"

That means that if I scroll down this page, I'll see the first 10 sites of the many more it
found. Don‟t be intimidated. As is often the case, there's less there than meets the eye.
Some of the results you get are the same site over and over. And some have nothing to do
with what you‟re looking for, especially as you go past the first few pages. It‟s a powerful,
imperfect system. You‟ll soon learn to skim through results, finding only what you need.

More important, you’ll learn how to phrase your search. Each search engine has its
own tips. They’ll show you when to put the + and – and = signs around words to
help focus your search. For example, if you write in “bass – fish” you’ll get sites about
the musical instrument, but not the fish. Different search engines have different tricks

By trial and error you‟ll learn how specific or general to be. For example, if I only type in
"parenting" I get about 2 million results. If I only type in the broader word, "help" I get
over 80 million. Combining these two words limits my results to "only" about half a
million (and in fact, it will only show some 800, because once you start browsing these
pages, it gets rid of an incredible amount of fluff).

The Internet is so powerful, it will almost always give you more than you need.

The underlined words are links to the sites in question. They usually give a few words of
description that may or may not be helpful.

Now scroll down to the bottom of the first page of results…
When I scroll down to the bottom of the first page, I get:

At the bottom of the screen, after “Result Page,” the "1" is highlighted, (hard to see here,
but clear on your screen) meaning that you‟re on the first page of many. Click on any
number to go to that page, or click "Next” to go the next page. Once underway, use the
Back/Forward arrows at the top of the page to move—you guessed it—back and forth.

You can also change the wording in the “Google Search” box to any subject, of course, but
if you wanted to narrow this search, you might type in “parenting help for autistic
children” which would yield more focused results.

   When you see an interesting site, click on the underlined text and enter that site
   You can print out information by just clicking the icon of the printer
   If you really like a site, click “Favorites” and add it for future ease of entry
   Click the Back arrow to return to where you were before you entered that site

You could spend your entire life either playing solitaire or looking up information and
people on the Internet. We recommend solitaire.
   Section 5

Word Processing
                                WORD PROCESSING

Microsoft Word is the standard word processing program; a powerful version of a
typewriter. Like everything else in a computer, there‟s always more than one way—
sometimes 4 ways—to do the same thing, so it seems more complex than it really is. You
can depend very heavily on the mouse, or use the keyboard to get the same results. It's a
matter of personal choice.

We‟ll cover some of the more important Word screens and then walk you through the
features you'll end up using. You'll learn how to put graphics in a document and how to
change their size etc. You'll learn how to link a word or graphic in your document to a web
site, and so on. Just follow the instructions and repeat until it's a habit.

When you get the pull down menus, they sometimes show three ways to perform a
      For example, to print a document, you click File and see the drop down menu that
      includes the print command. It shows you (1) an icon of a printer, (2) the word
      "print," and (3) the letters "Ctrl +P"
      That is a reminder that you can print in any of those three ways. duplication

Also, most of the commands you learn in Word do the exact same thing in Spreadsheet
programs, Web design programs, Publication programs, etc. Learn one, learn many

One important technique to practice is selecting. Glide the mouse to the beginning of
what you want to select, hold down the left clicker and move up/down/left/right. You are
selecting blocks of text, which become highlighted. You can hold down the Shift key and
use the keyboard arrows instead of using the mouse. I find that easier to control. The point
is to get used to controlling blocks of words, however small or large. Once you have
selected something, you can print it, change its size, its boldness, its place in the document,
its entire appearance or just delete it.

Another important technique is erasing . You can go to the right of what you want to
erase and use the Backspace key, or go to the left of it and use a Delete key.
        Write out about 50 letters, like:
trdfj43hdfuhufdhuhgu837ghbn19gut75gqwiotyeyfyfydyeh, use either the mouse or the
mouse to place the cursor (blinking black line) somewhere in the middle of this line of
nonsense and experiment with both the Backspace and delete keys. Doesn't sound like
much, but it is.

You enter Microsoft Word either by double clicking its icon on the Desktop or clicking
Start, Programs, Microsoft Word (which may be hiding in a folder called Microsoft Office)
                MICROSOFT WORD: the first page you see

Notice the menu line at the top: File Edit View Insert Format Tools Table…
Click on each of them and see drop down menus.

We'll show the most widely used: (A) File, (B) Insert, and (C) Format on the following
pages. You should play with all of them.

Always look for the blinking vertical line: the cursor. That tells you where the computer is
looking for your input-- for you to type something.

The File menus primarily deal with opening, closing, saving and printing files
The Format menus primarily deal with fonts (computer handwriting) like this or            this

The Insert menus primarily deal with inserting graphics, like this frog, in a document.
                     (A) THE "FILE" DROP DOWN MENU
We clicked FILE and see this drop down menu. From here we can open, set up, close,
save, and print documents. We can also exit Word.

Click "Open" to find the documents. They are usually in the folder called "My
Documents," but its possible to place them anywhere else on the computer.

Click "Close" when done with a document. If we changed our document, the computer will
ask us if we want to save those changes.

If we click "Save," the computer will automatically save whatever changes we made
without asking us if we are sure. Only click this if you know you want to keep the changes

The best way to save is to click "Save As." This gives you time to make the right choices.

Click "Page Setup" to set your document's margins & orientation (up/down vs. sideways)

Click "Print Preview" to get a real sense of what will be printed. Monitors may mislead.

Click "Print" to print. You may want to only print certain pages.

The documents listed at the bottom are the most recently used. This makes them easy to
find and open. You can type the number next to the document you want or find it with the
mouse and double click to open it.
                  (B) THE "FORMAT" DROP DOWN MENU
The Format menu lets you control fonts, paragraph layouts, borders etc. Here, we'll just
look at how to change fonts; the computer's handwriting.

Having clicked Format, we click Font and get the top graphic on the next page.

It tells us that we are using a font called Times New Roman, that its Style is Regular (not
bold or italicized), that it is Size 12, that there is no Underlining and no Effects. A sample
of it appears in the Preview box.

This is a good, standard font for writing letters, essays etc. You'll learn more about font
choices later. For now, just see how easy it is to change the appearance of your writing:

By just scrolling up/down the side arrows on all of these boxes, or by checking in the
Effects box, we can come up with a very different look.

The bottom graphic shows that we have chosen a font called "Zebrawood Regular,"
Italic, Size 22, with dotted underline and a line through it (strikethrough).

It looks like this, for heaven's sake!

As you'll learn, you can apply font changes before or after you type text. Experiment!
                   (C) THE "INSERT" DROP DOWN MENU

We click INSERT and see this drop down menu. From here we can put footnotes,
comments, pictures, bookmarks and other exotic things in our documents. Notice at the
bottom of the list that we can put "hyperlinks" in, that is connect to the Internet.

     We'll put a graphic into a document, change its size and link it to the Internet!

We clicked Insert, then Picture, then Clip Art. We got the left screen, clicked the animals
category (the elephant) and got the right screen, which has the specific animals. (Scrolling
down either screen or expanding them by dragging out their corners shows more choices)

                                 to drag
                THE "INSERT" DROP DOWN MENU page 2

We click the horse and then click "OK" and the horse appears, very large, on our screen:


Notice the six tiny squares around it. They are handles that show the actual boundaries of
the graphic. If you click anywhere within those boundaries, you'll have a four-way arrow
which you can use to drag it around. If you click on the tiny squares themselves, you'll
have a two-way arrow which you can use to resize the graphic, but that will distort it.

The best way to resize it is to right click on it: A menu should pop out. Click the bottom
choice, "Format Picture" and then click the "Size" tab and use the down arrows in the
"height" box to shrink the graphic. It usually comes in at about 4.5 inches. Make it about
2.4 inches. Click "OK." It will keep its proportions. Experiment. You can always use the
left facing undo arrow on top of the Word document to undo what you've done.

Now that it's smaller, click on the graphic, click insert, then click hyperlink. The dialog
box that opens should have a blinking cursor where it says "Link to File or URL." Type in
www.lakeviewmanor.org (without the underlining). Click "OK." Now glide the cursor
with your mouse around the document until you get to the graphic. Notice how it becomes
a pointing hand. Click on it. If your computer is set up to connect to the Internet, you
should be taken to the web site. Feel free to browse around, checking out its underlined
links. Hit the "x" in the upper right corner of the screen to escape. Click the Microsoft
Word rectangle at the bottom of the screen to return to your document. You can make
any letter, word or graphic a link to any Internet site. Practice doing this, but do not tell a
soul how straightforward it is.
                    SOME USEFUL FEATURES IN WORD

(If it says, for example, "Click StartPrograms," that means that first you click the
Microsoft "Start" flag and then you click "Programs." If it says, for example,
"C+N" that means you hold down the "Ctrl" key and then press the letter "n.")

To Get Into Word
Double Click the WORD Shortcut on the Desktop
Click StartProgramsMicrosoft Word and select it

This should put you in a new document

To Open a New Document

Double Click the icon of a blank white page

If you Click FileNew you get a dialog box which lets you choose either a standard blank
new document or forms for mailing lists, memos, faxes etc. Check out the Memos & faxes.

To Open an Existing Document
C +o

Click the icon of the open yellow folder with the little arrow

Then choose which document you want from the list. Scroll if you don't see it. It may be
tucked away in a folder within a folder.

If you Click File, notice that Word saves the last several documents you have opened so
you can get to them easier. Glide the mouse down and double click the one you want.

If the Tip of the Day is showing, read it and then click on the light bulb nearest the top of
the page to hide it.
To Save a Document
Click FileSave As (or   +) and give it a name where it says, “File Name” near the bottom
of the dialog box.

Once you have saved and named it the first time, you can more quickly save it by
pressing C +s or Click the icon of the floppy disk. This will automatically replace
whatever you had with this latest version, so be careful before doing it. No going back.

If you want to make a copy of your document to work on without risking the original,
Click FileSave As (or ) and give it a different name (even adding an “x” will do). Now
you have two identical documents with different names, eg. “George” and “Georgex”

To Set Up Your Page
Click FilePage Setup, and then
       Choose paper size (you might want legal or envelope)
       Choose orientation (Portrait is tall, like this page. Landscape is wide)
       Choose the Margins Tab and set margins (you‟ll see a preview of your settings)
       Click OK to accept any changes you want to keep.

To Go to The Beginning of a Document
C +Home (see the number pad)
Use Scroll bars on right of screen with your mouse
use arrow keys  Z

To Go to the End of a Document
C +End (see the number pad)
        The other options are identical to going to the beginning, except you go down the
        pages rather than up

To Left/Center/Right or Full Justify Paragraph(s)
C + (choose one)  „L‟ for left‟ R‟ for right‟ E‟ for center or „J‟ for full justification. Most
documents, like this one, are left Justified. Centering can be useful for announcements.
Forget full justification.
To Change Line Spacing
Click FormatParagraph and choose your line spacing. If you have already typed some text
and want to change its spacing, say to go from single spaced to double spaced, first select
the text and then FormatParagraphLine Spacing and choose Double.

To Select Parts (or all) of a Document
Place the mouse at the beginning of what you want to select, even if it‟s in the middle of a
word, hold down the left clicker and drag it to the end of what you want to select.
Press the "Shift" key where you want to begin and use a keyboard arrow key to get same
effect if you don‟t like the mouse. I find this much easier to control.

A shortcut to selecting the entire document is to press C    +A

To Change Fonts and Other Attributes
If you haven‟t typed anything yet, Click FormatFont and scroll through the font window.
seeing examples of fonts and choices of size and other attributes. Make a choice, which
will remain in effect until changed
If you have some text you want changed, select it and then Click Format etc. as in the
above paragraph. It will make changes to everything you have selected, from as little as
one character to the entire document.

Every paragraph uses a style. The default is called “Normal.” It is in the window near the
top left of the Formatting Toolbox. The headings used in this document were all created by
clicking on that window and choosing “Heading 1.” That should make the font Ariel Bold
14 Point. Check out the other styles.

Universal is a “sans serif” font. (no little squiggly lines on the letters). Sans serif
fonts are often used as headlines. This paragraph uses Universal font.
        Note the extra little lines on many letters in this font (Times New Roman). It is a
serif font. It is used in text, as it easier to read over the long haul. Surprising, but true.

To Print a Document
If you know it‟s ready to print and you want to print the whole thing, just Click on the print
icon L   . It‟s a good idea to save the document first, just to be safe.

For more control, click  C+p or Click FilePrint hit Enter and make choices, including
printing the entire document, just the current page, or a selection of text (if you have
selected some). To print multiple pages, type, “3, 4-9, 15” to print page 3, pages 4 through
9 and page 15. Typing “26- will print from page 26 to the end of the document. Typing “-
26 will print from the beginning of the document up to page 26.

To Spell Check
Click on the ABC with the checkmark 
Type & (that's F7 on those special function keys)
Click ToolsSpelling

To Change your view of the Document
To zoom in or out. Click on the number on the menu (usually set at 100%) and play.
Click ViewZoom and play around with the choices

To see your margins or headers or footers, Click ViewPage Layout. Experiment going
       between “Normal View” and “Page Layout.” Page Layout gives you a more
       realistic view of what will actually print out, but some don‟t like the way it feels
       when you go from page to page. You can only see graphics in Page Layout Mode.

To Start a New Page at Any Point in a Document

To Cut or Paste Anything (THIS IS VERY USEFUL!!!)
To cut, select what you want, however small or large it is, then Click the icon of the
scissors or C +x. What you have selected will disappear. It is in what‟s called the Clip
Board. To bring it back, put the cursor where you want it to reappear and Click on the icon
of the clipboard or C   +v.
To copy, use C +C instead of C+X and do everything else the same. You won‟t lose the
original thing you copied.

You can keep bringing anything cut or copied back by hitting C +V etc. to make many
copies of the same thing. But as soon as you cut or copy something new, that goes into the
clip board, which remembers only the last thing you put in it. The clip board can be used
the same way to cut or copy graphics as well as text.
To Undo What You Have Done
C +z
Click the left facing arrow icon
Once you have undone something, you can redo it by C     +Y or by Clicking the right
facing arrow.

To Display or Hide Toolbars
C +VToolbars and play with the options

To Resize or Crop Graphics
Use the mouse to drag corner handles to resize proportionally (won‟t get distorted). Use
the end or middle handles to move only in those directions (may get distorted).

To cut off part of a graphic (cropping). Click on the picture, move the mouse over one of
the handles and hold down the Shift key. The mouse becomes a cropping marker which
you move in or out. It will make sense if you do it. It only sounds impossible.

To Put Borders or Shading Around Text

Insert the cursor anywhere in the paragraph that you want to put a border around. To create
this 20% shaded box, Click FormatBorders & Shading, then Click the Borders Tab: Under
Settings choose Shadow; under Style choose this wavy line.. Make sure that under Apply
To: you choose paragraph. Finally, go to the Shading Tab and under Style, choose 20%.
Play around. Check your results with Preview, otherwise, you can be misled by what your
monitor shows.

To Print Envelopes
Select the full address that you want to mail to. Click ToolsEnvelopes and Labels.
Make sure the Envelopes Tab is selected (not the Labels Tab). Check the Delivery
Address and the Return Address windows to make sure they are correct. You can omit
a return address if you don‟t want one to print.

Click Options and check Delivery Point Barcode to get the barcode printed on the
envelope, which makes the Post Office happy.

Check the instructions on the printer on how to deal with envelopes, which is probably
different than a normal page of a document.
                       WORD EXERCISES
           (Make sure you have specified floppy disks)
(1)   Open Microsoft Word by using the shortcut on the
      Desktop. Exit Word.

(2)   Open Word through the Start Button.

(3)   Open a file called “Aux_93.qtr” on the A: DRIVE

(4)   Minimize it.

(5)   Open a file called “Aux_94.qtr” in MY DOCUMENTS on

(6)   Minimize it.

(7)   Maximize the file called “Aug 93.qtr”

(8)   Use two different ways to view this file at 50%, then
      75%, then 150%, then 100% zoom. [check “View” on top

(9)   Use three different ways to move from the beginning to
      the end and back to the beginning of the document

(10) Select “EXECUTIVE BOARD UPDATE” at the top of the
     document and make it bold. Then unbold it. Then use
     another method to bold it again. Do the same steps with
     Italics and Underline.

(11) Use three methods to select the entire document.

(12) With the entire document selected, use two methods    to
     (a) center it, then (b) right justify it, then (c)    left
(13) Select from GED AND WHITMAN’S POND through the end    of
     that paragraph, .“go-ahead for this year.” Delete
                         ..                                what
     you selected.

(14) Restore what you deleted. Select and delete again and
     use another method to restore your deletion.

                     -continued- (unfortunately)
                   WORD EXERCISES, page 2

(15) One at a time, select the sub-headings,   (PAINT ISSUE,
     GED AND WHITMAN’S POND etc) and use two   methods to
     change their fonts. [toolbar and Format   on top menu]
     Make each font different, ie. one could   be Times New
     Roman, one could be Comix etc.)

(16) Do the same for their size. (don’t make them too huge)

(17) Use one method to spell check the document. Make the
     needed changes.

(18) Close the document without saving it.

(19) Reopen the document and use another method for doing
     the spell check. Close the document without saving it.
     Reopen the document.

(20) Use two methods to preview the document [toolbar and
     keyboard]. Magnify what you see. Escape from Preview.

(21) Insert a picture of arrows hitting a bullseye
     [InsertPictureClip ArtSports & Leisure]

(22) Change the size and position on the page of the
     graphic. Delete it and then undo the deletion

(23) Make a copy of the graphic and place it in the middle
     of the document.

(24)   Exit the document without saving it.
  Section 6

Ends and Odds


Play with
the "+"
and "-"


    Right Click on the Microsoft Start button, click Explore on the pop up menu, and get a
    screen like this. (You can do this any time you want, no matter what program you're in.)

    Glide the mouse so it rests gently on the vertical line between the two windows. It
    becomes a two-way arrow. Drag it to increase/decrease the size of a window. Do it!

    The window on the left shows all of your file folders and storage places, like the
    Desktop, the A: Drive, the D: or E: drive for the CD ROMs. (scroll to see the full list).
                               The window on the right shows what's inside the corresponding
                                                 folder on the left that we clicked to investigate:

    We've highlighted "My Documents" and see some folders, e.g. "Bill "Block" "Block
    Grants" "HTML DOCUMENTS" etc. We also see different types of documents,
    which appear with an identifying icon. Ex. A Word document has the big "W." An
    Excel spreadsheet document has a big "X." An Internet file has an "E."

    Notice the three letters after the period (dot) at the end of the file name. Those are file
    extensions. They identify the file by type. So, a Word file has .doc; an Excel file has .xls; a
    graphic file may have a .jpeg or a .gif etc. You'll get used to seeing these extensions and
    learn what they stand for. There are a couple of situations where you'll want to be familiar
    with them.

        (1) Right click the Start Flag and select "Explore." In the left side window, called
Folders, move the scroll bar up to the top and see the C: drive. Click a number of plus
signs to see how the computer keeps its files in layers. Click the minus signs.

       (2) Click StartProgramsAccessoriesGames to get a similar sense of layers.

       (3) Practice opening & closing files.


       Practice minimizing, restoring, and maximizing different windows.
       Drag windows around and resize them.
       Practice different ways to move the scroll bars up and down and left and right.
       Notice what happens when you right click on different parts of the screen.
       Notice where the cursor is blinking when the computer highlights something.
       Notice when a word or icon is raised and has dotted lines around it.
       Notice when a word or icon is grayed out. Try to click it. Go ahead, try.
       Open dialog boxes and experiment with ALL of the different options


Practice opening & closing files using only the mouse, and then only the keyboard.

Once you are in a program like Word or Excel, notice how the same commands do the
same thing in each one of them. Examples.

       Ctrl + O……opens an existing file
       Ctrl + N…...opens a new file
       Ctrl + W…..closes a file
       Ctrl + P……prints a file
       Ctrl + S……saves a file
       Ctrl + Z……undoes the last thing you typed
       Ctrl + A……selects the entire document
       Ctrl + B……bolds the type
       Ctrl + I…….italicizes the type
       Ctrl + U……underlines the type
       Ctrl + X……cuts text & puts it in the clip board memory
       Ctrl + C……copies text & puts it in the clip board memory
       Ctrl + V…….pastes the last thing you either cut or copied

To get this, we first opened Microsoft Word (a word processing program). Then we
clicked the middle of the three boxes at the upper right of the screen. This resized the
window through which we view the program to be about half way between taking up the
whole screen vs. being minimized down to a tiny rectangle at the bottom of the screen.

Then we did the exact same thing with Microsoft Excel (a spreadsheet program used for
budgets, charts and number crunching).

We adjusted the outside of these windows so they‟d be about the same size. We did this by
delicately gliding the mouse towards their outside edges until the cursor on the screen (that
shows where the mouse is) changed from a white arrow to a two-way black arrow. At that
point we clicked, held down the clicker and played around with the size of the window.
The lower right corner of these windows usually has an easy "handle" to grab.
        This exercise demonstrates that your computer can open many programs at the
same time, in case you need to go back in forth between them. It also shows how to alter
your view of a program; you‟ll find it very helpful to be able to control this feature of the
computer. Finally, look at the menu bars at the top of each and see how similar those
commands are, e.g. File, Edit, View, Insert, Font, Tools, Window, Help etc. And how
similar the icons are, e.g. blank page, open folder, floppy, printer, scissors, spell check etc.
Learn one, learn many...

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