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Nursing Care of The Well Child and His Family by wpr1947

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									Nursing Care of The Well Child
       and His Family
Major Theories of Child Development
• Freud:

1. Id-
2. Ego-
3. Super ego-
    Developmental Stages-Freud
• Stages of growth

1. Oral (birth to 1 year)

2. Anal (1-3 years)

3. Phallic (3-6 years)

4. Latency (6-12 years)
                     Freud
• Genital (12 to adult)

• Problems with Freudian Theory:

• Erikson's Theory
    Developmental Stages-Piaget
• Sensorimotor (birth to 1)

• End of sensorimotor and beginning
  Preoperational (1-3)

• Preoperational (3-6)
                   Piaget
• Concrete operational (6-12 years)

• Formal operational stage (12-18 years)

• Terms associated with Piaget
• Assimilation-
• Accommodate-
                     Erikson
• Trust vs. mistrust (birth-1 year)

• Autonomy vs. shame and doubt (1-3 years)

• Initiative vs. guilt (3-6 years)

• Industry vs. inferiority ( 6-12 years)
                    Erikson
• Identity vs. role confusion (12-18 years)
           Kohlberg’s Theory
• Preconventional (4-7 years)

• Conventional (7-11 years)

• Postconventional (12 years and older)
           Normal Milestones
• Birth to 1 month-

• 2-4 months-

• 6-8 months-

• 8-10 months-

• 8-12 months-
                     Play
• Solitary play-

• Parallel play
• Imitation

• Associative play

• Cooperative play
          Anticipatory Guidance
• Education

• Page 60 Ball and Bindler

• Injury prevention for age
Car seat safety           Crib safety
Shaken baby               Co-sleeping
Baby toys                 drowning
Burns                     falls
Pet safety
         Physical abuse/neglect
• Clinical manifestations pg 244 Ball and Bindler

• Methods of physical abuse

• Risk factors

• Nursing plan for the abused/neglected child
  Some Health Maintenance Tips
• Honey

• Foods

• Common choking hazards

(Denver II developmental scale)
             Question?
              Whew!

Disclaimer: Any part not covered in
 this theory class according to your
syllabus will be discussed on Friday.

								
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