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					   Christian
   Essentials
Canonicity of the Bible
 Canon



Review
         Question
• Is the Bible a book written
  by man about God
• or
• is the Bible a book given
  by God to man?
               Canon
               Overview
• Definition of Canon
• Principles of Canonicity
• Applying Principles of Canonicity
 ✴Old Testament Canon
 ✴New Testament Canon
• Common Objections
      Definition of Canon
          What a Canon is...
a rule, a norm, or an authoritative standard
      Definition of Canon



Canon also refers to a list of
divinely authoritative books that
comprise our Bible.  1
         Question
• Is the Bible a book written
  by man about God
• or
• is the Bible a book given
  by God to man?
       Relationship between
        Church & Canon   2

   Incorrect View              Correct View
• The church             • The church discovers
  determines the canon     the canon

• The church is judge    • The church is witness of
  of the canon             the canon

• The church is master   • The church is servant of
  of the canon             the canon
  Relationship between
    Church & Canon


God regulated the canon...
  ...man recognized it.
   Relationship between
     Church & Canon


God determined the canon...
   ...man discovered it.
    Principles of Canonicity

1. Was the book written by a prophet of God?
2. Was the writer confirmed by acts of God?
3. Does the message tell the truth about
4. God? come with the power of God?
   Did it
5. Was it accepted by the people of God? 3
Prophet of God


  What
  is a
Prophet?
   Canon



Questions?
    Principles of Canonicity

1. Was the book written by a prophet of God?
2. Was the writer confirmed by acts of God?
3. Does the message tell the truth about
4. God? come with the power of God?
   Did it
5. Was it accepted by the people of God?
Acts of God




Miracles
       Miracles
     Exodus 4:1-9

  Moses was given
miraculous powers to
prove his call of God
         Miracles
        Acts 2:22

Jesus was attested to by
   God with miracles,
  wonders, and signs
         Miracles
        John 3:2

  Outsiders recognized
these acts as confirming
         works
       Miracles
      Hebrews 2:4

 Apostles were also
confirmed with signs,
wonders and miracles
         Miracles
    2 Corinthians 12:12

Paul says these divine
acts are the mark of a
     true apostle
       A Miracle is...


        an act of God
  to confirm the Word of God
given through a prophet of God
    to the people of God   4
    Principles of Canonicity

1. Was the book written by a prophet of God?
2. Was the writer confirmed by acts of God?
3. Does the message tell the truth about
4. God? come with the power of God?
   Did it
5. Was it accepted by the people of God?
Message about God




Truthfulness
     Truthfulness
 2 Corinthians 1:17-18


   God cannot
contradict Himself
 Truthfulness
Hebrews 6:18


God cannot
    lie
        Truthfulness
     Deuteronomy 13:1-3


Fulfilled false prophecies
    are not from God
  Truthfulness




Negative Test
        Truthfulness
         Acts 17:11

    Bereans searched
scripture regarding Paul’s
         teaching
        Truthfulness
        1 John 4:1-6

Test “truth” claims by the
standard of known truth
    already received
      Truthfulness
       Summary

A book from the God of
truth must accord with
   the truth of God 5
    Principles of Canonicity

1. Was the book written by a prophet of God?
2. Was the writer confirmed by acts of God?
3. Does the message tell the truth about
4. God? come with the power of God?
   Did it
5. Was it accepted by the people of God?
Power of God




Edifying
     Edifying
   Hebrews 4:12


Living and Active
         Edifying
     2 Timothy 3:15-17

There is a transforming
force that is edifying to
     the individual
          Edifying
        1 Peter 1:23

There is an evangelizing
 force that is edifying to
      the individual
        Edifying
     Isaiah 55:10-11
 It can accomplish its
purpose in the lives of
  individuals who are
         Godly
        Edifying
        Summary

A message of God would
 certainly be backed by
   the might of God 6
    Principles of Canonicity

1. Was the book written by a prophet of God?
2. Was the writer confirmed by acts of God?
3. Does the message tell the truth about
4. God? come with the power of God?
   Did it
5. Was it accepted by the people of God?
People of God




Acceptance
    Acceptance
   1 Kings 17-19
2 Chronicles 36:11-16
     Galatians 1

   Rejection
       Acceptance
      John 18:33-37

  The truth of God is
accepted by the people
        of God
        Acceptance
    1 Thessalonians 2:13

Initial acceptance by the
     people of God is
         important
    Principles of Canonicity

1. Was the book written by a prophet of God?
2. Was the writer confirmed by acts of God?
3. Does the message tell the truth about
4. God? come with the power of God?
   Did it
5. Was it accepted by the people of God?
               Canon

• Definition of Canon
• Principles of Canonicity
• Applying Principles of Canonicity
 ✴Old Testament Canon
 ✴New Testament Canon
• Common Objections
                      End Notes
1.   Neil R. Lightfoot, How We Got the Bible, 3rd ed. (Grand Rapids:
     Baker Books, 2003), 152.
2.   Norman L. Geisler and William E. Nix, A General Introduction to the
     Bible (Chicago: Moody Press, 1986), 221.
3.   Norman L. Geisler, Baker Encyclopedia of Christian Apologetics
     (Grand Rapids: Baker Books, 1999), 81.
4.   Norman L. Geisler and William E. Nix, A General Introduction to the
     Bible (Chicago: Moody Press, 1986), 226.
5.   Ibid., 227.
6.   Ibid., 228.
References
Thank You

				
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