Greek Gods and Goddesses Mr. Rutherford English 10 Zeus - King of the Gods - Ruler of Mount Olympus - Greek god of sky and thunder - Symbols: thunderbolt, eagle, oak tree and bull. - Hera was Zeus’ wife. Aphrodite - Goddess of love and beauty. - Married to Hephaestus, God of craftsmen and volcanoes - Symbols - Rose, scallop shell, dove and swan - Mother of Eros (Cupid). Apollo - God of music, prophecies, poetry, and archery. - Also known as god of light and truth. - Associated with the sun - Symbols: lyre, bow and laurel. - Apollo had a twin sister who was called Artemis. Artemis - Goddess of forest and hills, virginity, the hunt. - Artemis was often painted/depicted as a huntress carrying a bow and arrows. - Symbols: the deer and the cypress. Poseidon - God of the sea - Brother of Zeus - Trident, bull, dolphin and fish are his symbols. Hermes - The Messenger God. - His job was to send messages from the Greek gods to humans. - Symbols of Hermes: winged sandals, tortoise and rooster. - Hermes was athletic and always looked out for any runners or athletes that had been injured and needed his help. Hera - Wife of Zeus, and queen of the Greek gods. - The goddess of marriage and women. - Hera was also the older sister of Zeus. - Pomegranate and peacock feather were Hera’s symbols. Hades - God of the Underworld, and brother of Zeus. - Symbols of Hades: Helm of Darkness, Helmet of invisibility, and Key of Hades. - Persephone was his wife. - Poseidon was his older brother and Zeus was the youngest of the three brothers. Demeter - Goddess of Agriculture and the Harvest. - She has been known as “Earth-Mother.” - Symbols: Torch, Sheaf of Wheat or Barley. - Mother of Persephone. Ares -God of War and Bloodshed. - Symbols: Vulture, dog, burning torch, and spear. Athena - Goddess Warfare and Wisdom. - Born from the head of Zeus and favoured by her father. - Patron goddess of the city-states of ancient Athens and Sparta. - Symbols: Olive tree, owl, spear and shield. Hephaestus - God of technology, blacksmiths, craftsmen, and volcanoes. - His symbols: Hammer and Anvil. - Hephaestus served as the blacksmiths of the Greek gods. Dionysus - God of wine and grapes. - Dionysus’ symbols: Grapes vines and Leopard skin. - Dionysus is often paired with Demeter because they both represent the harvest. - He is depicted as bringer of mirth and joy as well as madness.